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gfcje W&ixfaite gailaj g9 Ifritiaij IJfcovttittQ. Heceralrer 10. 1886.
7s-- -s- sr 2rtJ;JH--
. 3L MUBDOCK, 1 R. P. UUJUJOCK,
Editor. j ub1uv) "'Rnaer.
M". M. MURDOCK &BRO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
FRIDAY MORNING. DEC. 10, 18S3.
All letters portalulng to the business of the pnutliu;
booae or bindery, or for Information of alvertlsiiis,
thould be addressed to the business manager; all
other communications to the editor.
Tun only Dally Paper In Southwest Ifnnsas or the
Arkansas Valley receiving both tho day and night
An-ocluted IVess reports lii fall.
TERMS OF SUHSCKIITIOXS.
DAILY BV MAIL, l5S7AOE rREr.Ul.
One copy, one year
One copy, six months
Ouflcopy, three rr .u.hs
One copy, one mo .ill
By carrier, per year.
B i-jirrler. three months
. 4 It)
. 2 0)
T-onty cents per week deliver! by carriers ia tno
One copy, one year, in the State
Oue copy, six months
Our rates for advertising shall be as low as those of
any other paper of equal value as an advertising me
dium. All transient advertisements mast be paid for in
Entered In theiiostofllceat Wichita as eecond-class
matter, and entered for transmission through the
nmil.u kk mjc!
CRAWFORD'S OPERA HOUSE.
l.. M. UR.iv. rouit, Jianager.
COMING DECEMBER Cth.
One solid week of opera by
; TIIK CKI.SJIIL.vTKI "
CASINO OPERA COMPANY, o- j
:KI!0M the casino, ciiicaoo.:
In a rcpetoire of popular operas.
.Clilmts of Xormaiidy
GRAND II. 31. S. PINAFORE MATINEE.
t2fPeojile'8 Popular Prices.
"OOPULAK FAMILY RESORT.
X THE WICHITA MUSEUM,
South Jlain Si, near Douglas Ave.
ENNI3 & YOUNG. PROPRIETORS.
WEEK OB- DECEMRER CTH. 1SSG,
Cap. Ureck AuMrian Giant,
3!nj Look. Iowa Liliputinn,
Zola Zlntfara, Circassian lady,
Tlie Dufranes, Glass Eaters'
Monjjo Park. Lt-opard Roy.
And many other Interesting objects.
t AUDI TORIU.M
'TEflS ARTFUL DODGER.
HY OUR SELECT STOCK COMPANY.
J. in. Mcintosh, May Smith,
red RoblSns Jerome Abbey,
s In re lined specialties.
10c. -ADMISSION TO ALL 10c.
OPEN DAILY FROM 1 TO 10 P. M.
SEATSSj.V AUDITORIUM, 10c EXTRA
H.Eugland, of "mporia, is at thu Tremont.
John AVhiters hasreturned from a business
trip to Illinois.
Mrs. Martin Heller is visiting
ter at Clearwarter. t
Chas. Hood, of the lAVelliugton Monitor,
was in tho city on business.
The dust was present and the benefit
sprinklers absent yesterday.
Don't forget to seo tj:ho Manhattan Cloth
ing company's ad on 8idi page.
Business men's Yankee supper at "i :"0 to
night at the First Presljteriau church.
Tom Ileston, tho gentlemanly ticket agent
of tho Ft. Scott, is off on a vacation trip.
Tonight is the tinio to get a regular old
fashioned supper for a very small sum.
F. C. Hitter, representing Clemens, Cloou
& Co., of Kaunas Citj, is in tho metropolis.
M. J. Keyes, A. L. Sharnick, J. II. Cam
fell, of Scott City, are in tho metropolis on
If Niederlnnder's ten clerks can sell ninety
lots and tho Mead farm in one day, as they
did yesterday, how many days wil it require
to retail out tho entire county?
The man who sends this otlice a communi
cation headed the Right of Way Question,
must send us his name before wo can even
give it any consideration.
Mr. 1. Howenstein and wife and Miss
Fleta Lawrence- left last evening for Los
Angeles, California. They will spend the
winter there and return to Wichita in the
Miss Nettie Eisfelder, of Wellington, and
Miss Mary Morgan, of St. Louis, arrived in
the city yesterday, to take positions as tele
graph operators in the Western Uniou offices
of this city.
Mr. T. J. Harris, a gentleman who has
been a resident of Winlield for twelve
years and a prominent real ettntc man of
that city, will remove with his family to
The Park school had a flight about half
pat eleven o'clock from tho rattling of the
steam pipes. A haty dismissal was tho only
result. No harm was done, but what caused
such a racket remains unexplained.
There will be a special meeting of tho AVo
man's Relief Corps today at 'J:"0 o'clock,held
in Oild Fellows hall. All members requested
to bo pros-eat as business of importance will
come before the meeting. Ily order of the
Miss Sadie Kelley, one of AVinfield's
brightest ami most accomplished soeiety
young ladies is a guest of Mrs. M. E. Lease.
It is said Miss K. will remain with Mrs. L.
some tune, aud our young people will find
hn-acquaintance very eajovable.
The AVestern Safe and Door company of
Kansas City has established an agency in
this city. 3ir. Van Dondier represents the
company at this point and for tho present
holds forth in the otlice of the Chicago Lum
Hitting Bros, are rapidly getting both the
externr and interior of their magnificent
block in Miaie. Besides the artisans at work
upon the building, there wn a force of men
engaged yc-teid-iy in hauling away the
debris on the street aud sidewalks around
II. L. Ilayues will take an office with M.A.
SaUs. corner of Douglas and Lawrence
avenue. In tho matters of real estate, collections-
and other work reouiring legal train-
and knowledge. .Mr. Hayues, who was I
lor sometime connected with tho Beacon
very fully equipped and fitted, aud will not
fail to give satisfaction
ju. .1. u. viauu auii .a. ij. ponslor, of i
Arlington. Reno count v. call. .f,..nv J
count-, called yestordav.
iuero is a iuture lor Arlington. Tho Rock '
lsiauil is uow gradiusr down to that
Arlington has one of the
io finest water nmvm- i
ic nucst water power
ens, tho material of
iu the state, and clav bed
....... . . lwt lHX.u snou IO OI grcat .
irit fni nvrtt t.i.i -,-.. i- . . . . '
Wnln 1 !!- Ill- n.-t . .
w "" "-" ai! ior un "nek. j
Mr. J. J. Burns, president of the D.. M. &
FT rflii ,.,
L. Sharrock, of Scott City, called yesterdav.
. wMtuu iXLiii -i
Tne lietmlo nf sVntr. fnmitv o - ; 1 '
L j . .... ., 41UA.JUIIS IO '
get connection with the metrojiolis of the
southwest, which they will have as soon as
the D., M. & A. reaches them, which will Ihj
next summer if the counties interested ex
tend the aid.
The State Board of Health and
Sanitary Convention Com
plete Their "Work
The Board "Will Next MCeet at Topeka
A Pointer for the Comhi
Session of the Legis
lature. Able Papers Koail by Dr. I). W. Stormont, Kev,
r. S. 3IcCa!c, Mrs. M. K. Lease, Hon.
T. DwlglitTliacIicr and Others.
Tho State Board of Health rc-convened
yesterday morning at 8 o'clock. A quorum
was present and the work of the previous
clay reviewed and accepted.
Th? defects of the law in regard to the
power of the committee were discussed and
it was agreed to attempt to induce the legis
lature this winter to make the necessary
amendments in the law.
The board adjourned and held a meeting
in the afternoon, beginning at : o'clock. It
was decided to have all papers read at the
sanatory convention printed with the pro
ceedings of the board at the state's expense.
Dr. Alexander of Topeka, was elected
chemist for the board.
On motion a vote of thanks was tendered
the ladies and gentlemen who attended the
sauatary convention, and especially to the
count health officers.
The executive committee of the board was
instructed to visit the public buildings as re
quested bj' the trustee3 of charitable institu
tions. The following preamble and resolutions
AVhereas, it is the sense of this convention,
assembled in the city of Wichita to consider
tho various subjects pertaining to public
sanitation, that the adoption of such public
measures as are calculated to prevent the in
ception and spread of disease amongst the
people, is of prime importance, aud impera
tively demanded bj the highest considera
tions of public interest, and
AVhereas, recent discoveries made by tho
researches of eminent scientific men into the
origin and causes of many of the diseases
that most afilict communities may be guard
ed against aud often prevented by intelli
gent sanitary regulation, and much of tho
sickness that commonly prevails may be
avoided by well directed effort, and the
health and prosperity of the people largely
dependent thereon bo greatly nromotod; and
AVhe-reas, the rapid growth of towns
and cities in this state increases the
need for more perfect sanitary measures and
tlieir eulorcemeut, ana uenoviug uiai. c
people of Kansas should enjoy tho bonelits of
every reasonable and known resource tend
ing to the conservation of lifo and health.
Resolved, That tho state board of health
heretofore created by the legislature has ex
erted the limited powers conferred upon it
with intelligence aud useful purpose and re
sult, but that the highest usefulness of such
a body can only bo secured by arming it
with the more ample powers, to the end that
its more important functions may be more
efficiently exorted towards the accomplish
ment of benelicicnC ends.
The board adjourned to meet at Topeka on
the second Thursday of next March.
The sanitary convention met yesterday
morning at 'J o'clock. Dr. AY. L. Schenck, of
Osage City, read a lengthy and able paper
on sanitary necessities of school houses aud
school life. The doctor commenced by say
ing that man is compounded of matter aud
spirit and injuries to either involes injury to
the other. Health is tho condition resulting
from the harmonious relativo development
of all organs and functions of tho physical j
and .spiritual man.
No organ, factory or function can be de
veloped at the expense of the other. Every
attempt at such leads to disease. Both phys
ical and spiritual education commences early
and the fact that half die before they reach
tho school age, shows how imperfectly we
comprehend guarding early life.
The general subject was discussed under
such heads as location, of school buildings,
construction of school building and its ven
tilation. The doctor stated that in tho sys
tem of ventilation threo things should bo ob
served: pure air before admitted, supply
constaut, and removed as soon as coufami
nated. The doctor elaborated upon tho topics of
seats for school looms, the rod, commodious
physical traiuiug, sex, school sessions, arti
ficial stimulants to study, over work in
school teaching, physiology, hygiene and
physicological effects of alcohol aud sleep.
In clodiug he said: "The state
as an aggregation of individuals
can only reach its true grandeur as it is
reached by its individual members, who can
only reach is by the full aud harmonious
development of all their organs and facul
ties. And as each generation lives for that
which is to succeed it, that which is pledged
to that which is to bo and as parent and
patriot is bound to its best possible develop
ment. As tho children and schools of Ameri
ca are tho hope of tho nation the sanitary
condition and success of school life should be
tho special care of national, state and local
boards of health.
Dr. C. E. McAdatns of AVichita, read a
paper on "Polution of AA'ater as a Cause of
Disease." He stated that impurities of water
came mainlv from two sources, from organic
and inorganic matter.
The first paper of the meeting was by Dr.
J. F. Lewis of Howard on exposal of exereta
and decomposing organic matter. It con
tained tho following:
Tho subject here presented is one of no
little importance, ami to a thinking mind,
is a subject that is admissable ot a great deal
It is a subject that has been n constant
source of thought for ages past, and perhaps
at the present time is no neurer a correct so
lution than when Moses administered hvgenic
laws to the hosts ot Israel while journeying
luiuugu iue wiiuerness
.-v M.uiK-1 iu;a siiuuui ue 01 iue uiinrnr mi.
portmivv to the present generation, and one 1 negative. Tho rush and hurrah of our po-u-xm
the correct solution of winch, tho life pie shortens life. He stated that the mot
ami health of more persons depouds th-ui inv . "....
other subject. ucikuu man am miportant agenies for securing health were
A subject the incorrect solution of which I Iur.c nr- Pure witer and wholesome food.
an invitation lor all zvniotic
pestilential diseases to spread abroad
our laud, and. closolv n11i.-i t,J
them, are sickness, long sufferiiicr and dmrh I
and death with countless numbers of mourn- ' '
ers, parentless homes, orphan children and I
even whole lannlies swept into the crave i
This is a subject that is of vast interest to '
the citizens of the great state of Kansas th I
banner state of the Lnion. Youthful vr
""" "; : -u . uuuui ciues within
wr ooruer. -nun a population of over
u' ,'7,. ;;,t, ;,.;.
A goodly number of these cities hnvo tha '
above subject under cousidenition and dis-!
cussiou at tho present time, and a great man V !
fim, lheir reVeuuo cmirelv inadequate to the '
expenses of the common -ewer system, from '
lue jaCC m.u lo mai-e a succcss of tfais svs
t - kti eh. vitlt Unv.k !.....- .. . - I
",- ..1 " -"
" "iy " "; " - """"?. wai": r SUF
" the removal of excreta by the sewer sys- j
t.... -.u.u.u.. .... iviuiurui VIUJCCHOn '
im is. mat ii to - oniy carrying from
alter th 'oid style of boVrowii ' f ro n "S
nnr iiAnr ntirt (iiivCTrinrr ir x.. . 1. i
and iiavintr tinnk tA PruI
,,., t W , . . "
imuK ui iue ciuzeus 01 loneica, receivm
good nure water from the Kaw river.
UUt O. OninnilHltlwIv slint-r .liclnnn..
the excreta from a thousand iusane patients
at tho asylum is deposited by the sewer into
tho same placid stream.
The city of AVichita receiving her water
supply indirectly from a stagnant pool in
the Little Arkansas river, at the bottom of
which there is a great deposit of decaying
organic matter. J
The water supply of numerous other cities
in tho state might be criticised with profit
to the citizens, for we find a great many of
them receiving their water supply from
wells situated near some foul stagnant pool
whoso waters have become thoroughly
impregnated with decaying animal and
Vegetable matter, with but a few feet of soil
for a filter, which probably has become so
foul with organic matter, that the water is
no better than if taken directty from the
Again, we find a great many of the smaller
cities and towns receive their water supply
from wells, dug, bored or driven, while per
haps within a radius of 100 or 200 feet there
will be from 5 to 10 cesspools or privy vaults
from which sooner or later throughthe soil
the orgauic matter will be sure to find Its
wa-. Especially is this true where the soil
is sandy or porous.
It has been stated as a rule that no privy
vault should be placed within 100 feet of a
well, yet there are cases recorded where wells
have been contaminated from vaults more
than twice that distance.
It has been demonstrated beyond a doubt
that typhoid fever is a communicable
disease caused by a special contagion,
the infection of which, frequently is taken
into the system, by drinking water, contam
inated with the foecal discharges from a per
son affected with this disease.
The dread scourge smallpox, has occasion
ally been spread through districts, by emul
ations from foecal discharges from "the af
The terrible disease Asiatic cholera, the
fatality of which perhaps has never been
equaled, and the rapid spread of which has
been directly traced to excreta from the
body. The experiments made by the cele
brated Dr. Robert Koch, at the expense of
the German government, demonstrated
clearly that Asiatic cholera is caused by the
growth and reproduction in the body, of in
numerable baccilli, or one celled plants, of a
kind peculiar to this disease, invis
ible to tho naked eye; that these
baccilli may enter tho body
by the air inhaled; but are far more likely to
enter, bv food or drink taken into the stom
ach, that they are present in the excreta of a-
person sick with cholera, and in his clothing
soiled therebj-, and therefore may be almost
every thing that comes in contact with the
Diphtheria and scarlatina are diseases,
both of which are contagious, tho spread of
which are only equaled by Aheir viruleucy.
The once happy homes can be numbered by
the score, where these terrible diseased have
entered, soon after tho wail of broken hearts
have been heard, tho mourning for lov.ed
ones that were, but are not: the lullabv of
many a parent has been hushed, and in the
place thereof the low, sad strain of :
Sleep, baby sleep,
Not in thy little bed,
Not in thy mothers arms
Rut with'tho silent dead.
Tho iufectiou from both theso diseases cro
often communicated by tho excretions frflni
tho body of those affected.
To dispose of oxcreta, and decomposing
organic matter, and thereby prevent infec
tion, and preserve health is a subject of
vital importance, to accomplish which vari
ous systems have been resorted to, ami nono
Perhaps the one most common in our state
is the vault sj-stem. Either cemented or not,
exterior to houses.
This system may become quite beneficial,
where the vaults are cemented and cleansed
frequently during tho year, also using disin
fectants freely. However, should tho vault
not be cemented or the cement become
broken it may easily become a hidden source
Dry earth closets are perhaps a
superior system. Yet on account of the
great amount of dry earth required, will per
haps never came into general use. It has
been estimated that to obtain the best results
it will require about one ton of dry earth
per year for each individual.
I shall also mention tho sewerago system
as tho one most iii use in all of our "largo
cities, and perhaps the one by far tho most
practicable, for by it tho oxcreta is imme
diately removed from the house and all
danger from sewer gas obviated so long as
it is kept in good repair. However, this
system is not entirely without fault. Tho
sower ordinarily empties into a running
stream, thertbv depositing tons of excreta.
to bo mingled with the water, tho stream
thereby becoming often tho cesspool and
Tho sewers of Chicago deposit within the
waters of the lake, and river, over 1000 tons
of human excreta each twenty-four hour-i,
and at this rate, the waters of tho lake will
soon become polluted for miles from shore.
AVill not this become a terrible field of pesti
lence? Out of decaying organic matter infinite
disease germs develop, water becomes both
the solvent that frees them, and the vehicle
which conveys them.
Tho pail or tub system is proving to be of
inestimable value in numerous towns and
cities in tho eastern states. The process con
sists in the us? of pails or tubs as a reservoir,
to be gathered by scavengers once or twice
a week and burned in a furnaco. This is be
yond all pread venture the best method where
it can be carried out properly. Tho furnace
used is one patented 03 Mr. Engle, of Iowa,
and has tho endorsement of tho most
noted sanitarians of tho states of
AViscousin, own, Illinois and other
states. This furnace not only cremates
human excreta, but filth antf garbage of
evory description. Thereby securing absolute
immunit from iufectiou by excreta of all
diseases that are contagious.
It purifies by fire what has been attempted
by water, earth and the various disinfect
ants. No eHensivc gases or diseaso germs
can pass through it without being thor
Then lot us hail the process of cremation
as a great advance in the sciance of .sanitary
reform aud heartily endorse it as the best
method of disposing of excreta and decaying
Dr. J. Milton AA'elch, of Wichita, read a
paper ou schools, occupations and habits and
their relations to health. lie said that
schools were popularly considered to bo the
place whero the young gained information
for use when thrown upon their own re
sources. He offered the criticisms of Mill
and Spencer on tho manner of conducting
schools. The intellect ii frequently dwarfed
and more injured than strengthened. He
suggested several remedies for" the existing
evils iii schools.
The convention then adjourned to meet at
7:00 in the evening.
Dr. D. W. Stormont, of Topeka, read a
paper on "How to make our homes healthy.'
He asked the questions: Is life worth liv
ing? Is health worth saving? A negative
answer would excite universal surprise and
ridicule, but viewing the -ickuess of people
generally tho logical answer would be in tho
He discussed each asrencv separate,
Kev. F. s -lcCabe 0f Tonefea had been
-u.tv.iu., ui itiea, nau iw..i
assigned the "Relation between tho physi
cian and clergvmau in tho call of the side."
for a subject
. , -
' aml 1S a
His paper was one of rare
paper by rev. f. s. m'cabe, n. n.
Pflrh. I mnv l iitfi m .i-0 -.
, lutroductor- statement that for many years
I my personal associations with members of
the medical profession have lnvn intimnt.
that thev have been of a character verv
1 ". , v. T . ' , ' .
Pleasaat to n"e' and that l brfleve tbaE the-r
U:lve hen mutually satisfactory and agree-
ab& 7he sacsestion5 wbich l mav re5eat
on my theme-tfae relation existing between
if,ffiT - ''
r:. .u'.?:,.. I.." ' . , i ' """ UT"' '
only. the friendly, feeling toward, the i ..
ulii. lui-. Liitr zire iiiiuie uv tnir wnn nris
AlK'IXlB-ra-l - Ul Lilt IIIMlllVil llITliKVMIITr "triii ii:ih l
reati,e,red bv UIm m the posiUon as laTe
"lvould saj as accomplice after the fact,
A German metaphvsician, lecturing to a
class in the university, began thus: &entle
men, think the wall. From this starting
point he proceeded with his philosophical
definition and analysis.
Imitating the phrase of the professor, I say
Gentlemen, think a man. It is sufficient
ly exact for our present purpose to affirm
that the man whom you have theught pos
sesses a dual organization. He is endowed
with a body and a soul.
The work of the physician is tho cure, to
wit, the care of the man's body. The work
of the clergyman is the cure, to-wit, the care
of the man's soul.
Gentlemen, think this dual man as sick.
The physician being called engages in his
duties of examination, diagnosis and pre
scription. The needs and claims of the dual
man's soul remain essentially as they were
before he wa3 attacked by disease. The
clergyman'may not be excused, nor excluded,
from the discharge of his duties tovrarJ tho
soul with which the sick body is associated.
Therefore into the presence of the sick man
the physician and the clergyman enter with
equal rights. "
CONCURRENCE AND CO-OPERATION.
But this is not a complete statement of the
case. Tne connection between he body and
the soul of this dual man is such that tho
condition of each infallibly affects the condi
tion of the other. This reflex and sympa
thetic influence Is constant and powerful,
and it is a factor which can never be safely
disregarded by tho physician or by the
clergyrran. It logical!' follows that the
work of the physician in the care of the
sick man's body is directly aided and pro
moted by the work of the" clergyman in the
care of his soul, and the proposition is true
vice versa. Assuming the intelligence and
competency of the physician and the clergy
man, they are colleagues, and their position
in relation to the sick man is in uo sense one
of antagonism, but it is wholly 0110 of con
currence and co-operation.
ROND OF UNION.
The medical profession and the clerical
profession exist for the welfare of humanity.
The physician and the clergyman receive for
their services fees aud salary as a matter of
justice and right, yet each of them is in
fluenced by motives entirely apart from
mercenary aud pecuniary considerations.
The purpose of the medicalprofession and the
clerical profession is substantially the same
the relief of suffering, tho promotion of
tne welfare ot men. lo oho profession are
committed the bodies of men: to the other
are intrusted tlieir souls. A true p aysican, a
true clergyman, equally recognizes "his high
and sacred trust, and for the faithful dis
charge of this trust money is neither the
chief motive, nor tho sufficient recompense.
AVhatevcr may bo the fact a3 to some
physicians and some elergjmen, a man is
unworthy of tho name of a physician or a
clergyman who does not head the cry of suf
fering humanity, and administer care and
help to tho needy, though there be no pros
pect nor expectation of any pecuniary re
ward. This common motive in humanity's in
terest is the bond which unitod theso two
professions. As the physician and the
clergyman, vigilant and intent, stand side
by sido at the bed of tho sufferer, they re
alize that each has his own duties anil obli
gations that both seek the same end, tho
welfare of the patient, and that each is helped
by tho success of tho other.
CHARACTERISTICS OF A CLERGYMAN IN THE
PRESENCE OF THK SICK.
Tho qualities exhibited by a clergyman in
his treatment of tho sick, are largely those
that should belong to a physician and a sur
geon. A clergyman should show steadiness and
self-control. Sick persons keenly read and
quickly interpret tho tones and looks of those
who have charge of them. Whatever the
tongue may say, tho countenance and the
eye aro eagerly watched and studied. No
one cun control others who does not hold
himself in hand, making it evident that he
has a reserve of force to bo used at will.
Nowhere are falsehood aud cant more de
testiblo than dealing with th9 sick. In his
intercourse with tho sick, every word aud
act of the clergyman should bear tho unmis
takable stamp of sincerity and naturalness.
Candor and truth, always diamonds of tho
first water, shiuo with peculiar splendor In
the conduct of a clergyman ministering to
the sick entrusted to his care.
The avoidance of all whispered communi
cations aud hulf-coacealed signs aud gestures,
the use of low and distinct tones, a natural
voice, a natural manner throughout these
peculiarities of a clergyman favorably affect
both the patient and his attendants and
Add to these the quality of cheerfulness
that renders groaning and whining impossi
ble, that puts courage and hope in the place
of dispondency and gloom that cheerfulness
which Addison calls the perpetual sunlight
of the soul and you have in tho clergyman
moral elements that directly aud powerfully
cooperate with the remedial agencies eai
ployod by the physician.
Now and then you meet in tho chamber of
the sick a poison whoso manner remiudi: you
of the innti of whom it was declared thathis
manner was so gloomy that his presence cast
a damper over a luneral. Such a cae re
quires heroic treatment. Nothing will an
swer but Dix's famous formula "Shoot him
on the spot!''
PARTICULARS IN WHICH TIIK CLERGYMAN
MAY AID THE PHYSICIAN.
The clergyman may render valuable ser
vice by assisting in securing the conditions
favorable to the pick. For example, ho nmy
encourage order, quiet and systematic care
in the chnmher of the sick, in many cases
the senses of sicl: persons are specially alert,
and it is often the fact that tho most a-sidu
ous efforts of the physician are counteracted
by the disorder and noise that annoy and
distract tho patient. Loud and boisterous ',
tones in the preenie of the verv
sick are almost as offensive and injurious 1
as winsporiiig mm muttering, a.id chattering
in tones which allow the putient to catch an
occasional word that eouvnys to him tho
cheeiing information that hois believed to
have "sunk powerfully since morning,"' and
that he will probabh' "not last 'onger thau
the turn ot the mgnt
The sick man, though he mav lio silent !
and with closed eyes, would bo thnnklul to
nuvbodv who would drive from his room the
ravens that perch by the hour aud croak-
the birds of ill omen that fix the iek man
with their guttering e;o. and entertain bun
with detailed and circumstantial reports of
the deaths and funerals in the neighborhood,
dwelling particularly ou certain fatal cases
that presented symptoms precisely like his
A'ery often the clergyman may confer a
uoui on 11 sic uu u, ouuiiiiig vni iub tor-
reuro' Sunday talis, u -ints many people
Sat eaimVLeZl to th ,Ll, " i
1 ins cheap kindness is to such an extent a
damage to those upon whom it is iutli-tl
that it is a matter of common observation
that patients are apt to b worse ou Monday
than they were ou Saturday. I think tliHt
in some iutances, at me critu-ai sta-'e m
the historj- of the ease. I have ptrbajs saved j
forbidding the intrusion of
1 lif cifrgraan lias some special laciiitios
for keeping out neigh borhood mtermwldlers
with their idiotic advice and prescriptions.
Such iaterratHldler. t-quallv uninformed as
to dismasts and remedies, have al ways found
iu the r.Km f the sick pers-m a favorite field j m, of tJavareto come the physician, ; awi coosfats of card cnw, eigsr aad
for the displar of their ignorance and luper- , lawy, judges, Itslator. all bo c-ar hoW-r. of tfa latest strks
tin.noe. To defeat and rout them entirely I ""f:' ',,,, tL-rork Ab -orld Civil- a-ar!!"lww-r,WH,"-MlkByi-willprobablybeon.of
the latest bZ'tikiiit Inalir . or ke
men-w-s precwhng the inilliemum. and one of- aml ,vomn. " iM compljca:! work ! graph attwas. This cm, ai&howzh f ell. ha.
the clearest indications o. the mr approach I ",. ,... an,. hr!liH .13.? t-vond adHr- !tm the li mir: sil diiT- i ia
of that -rood time cominz.
A good nurse is invaluable, but there
sex, no is a. nau-&y meaicai pracriuon-r;
T . , , j- - t
that is. practitioner enough to interfer with
th trmLiment ordered bv the nhvsician. but !
not precuneus ougn-to take , charge of
tae ca aad to be hoM responsible for its
iiTvwrtv oumov- -o riprcr !
liEASOrvsi Will t'BJl.- ilJS il) l SiiKAL.
v is.it ars soJiEnMEs) iiADi s
If there sometirat-. exists on the part of
physicians an unwiihagce to have their
wtients Trno are seriously kk receive the ;
sui that tne un
visits of clergymen it may generally te a
nmiasura! ari.va i.uiu out
or Sv,h of :h- foil
:vman aad tuat thts
patient, aad hi
f.(n niinerit I
tances this belief j
mav be well founded. There mav be min-
Lsters who idsa of honor penaits them to
tako adrantaja of thr proftsion&l privi
lege aad standing for the purpose of practic-
ing or encouraeing empiricism, and of weak
ening the confidence of a patient and his
family in the skill and fidelity of the attend
ing physician, and of criticising tho treat
ment pursued, suggesting a different prac
tice or another physician.
I should say with emphasis that a clergy
man who would stoop to such meanness as
this is unworthy of recognition by a plrysi
cian that he has no rights which a gentle
man is bound to respect. It is no part of the
right of the clergyman to assume in any de
gree the medical treatment of the sick man.
As a man of sense, he should encourage tne
nurse and friends of the sick man to ob-erve
to the letter the instructions of the physi
cian. He may properly remind them that,
as a rule, it is" bad policy to change physi
cians after a case has become critical, and
that the wiser course is to seek the best
coumel to be obtained, and to follow im
plicitly the directions of the attending phys
ician, and to hold him to a full responsibility
for the treatment of the case.
It may sometimes bo insisted by physicians
that religious services unduly excite their
patieuts that this excitement is exhausting,
and liable to be followed by reaction and
prostration. In reply to this, it may be
suggested that clerical practice, " like
medical practice, assumes souad judg
ment and srood sense on the part of
the practitioner. Religious services proper
ly conducted the reading of the scriptures
and prayer marked by sincerity, siaiphcit3
anil naturalness serious without gloom
earnest and devout, yet free from cant such
services tend, not t excite aud exhaust tho
sick man, but to soothe and strengthen him.
They do this through the direct uppeal for
wisdom and help from Him under whose con
trol are all agencies, and in whose hands are
all lives. Thero are clergymen to whom
physicians say: Our patients are better af
ter your visits.
TnE FUNCTION AND OFFICE OF RELIGION.
Fanaticism and superstition are sometimes
exciting causes of insanity: moro frequentlv
they are the results of unsound mental con
dition. The statement occasionally mado that re
ligious excitement is prominent am mg the
causes ot insanity does not seem to be con
firmed by statistics.
Of 1,332 cases in Kau-as, 50 cases, or ?.
per cent are alleged to be caused by religious
excitement. One of large experience in the
treatment of the insane says: "I doubt if
persons of well balanced "minds are very
often made insane by rel:rious excitement
Genuine religion, the handmaid of reason,
brings to mankind a ministry always cheer
ing and beneficent. It tends to "promote
health of body an-i of mind. It insists on iu
duwtry, sobriety, purity, and observance of
natural laws. It enjoins that confidence in
the divine oversight aud care which is favor
able to mental quiet. All its influences, di
rect and incidental, are in the line of secur
ing the ideal Sana mens in sano corpore.
Tho cure of tho body and tho cure of the
soul alike include the departments of pre
vention aud relief.
Sanitation and medication are required
both by the body and by the soul. The more
intelligent and thorough tho sanitation, tho
loss will be tho need of medication. The
better tho sanitary mftisures for the body,
the les3 demand will there be for hospitals
aud asylums. The better the sanitary meas
ures for th- soul, the less de inaud will there
be for prisons and scaffolds. Therefore, on
this common ground of prevention and re
lief, the phynician aud tho clergyman meet.
The sanitary convention and "tho Sunday
school convention have essentially the same
justification. The medical eolleires and the
theological seminary have a similar origin.
The institutions and tho instrumentalities of
the medical profession and of the clerical
profession have in view the sanio end the
welfare of men through prevention and
To say that physicians desire tho preva
lence of disease and the spread of epidemics
in order that they may reap a pecuniary
harvest therefrom, is as stupid and false as it
would be to assert that clergymen desire tho
prevalence of sin and crime in order that
their services may bo in demand at good
It is one of tho highest of tho many honors
secured by tho medical profession that its
members were the earliest, as they aro tho
most active, udvocates of systematic ami
scientific sanitation. I take special plua-ure
in referring to tho fact that a friend of my
college days, C. B. White, M. D., for several
years medical director of tho board of health
of tho city of Now Orleans, was 0110 of tho
founders of th American Public Health as
sociation which held its fourteenth annual
sessiou at Toronto, Cauado, October 4, ISStJ.
Wo believe with Lord Bacon, who said.
"I hold every man a debtor to his profession;
from the which as men of course do seek to
receive countenance and profit, so ought they
of duty to endeavor themselves by way of
amends to bo a help and ornament" thereto."
Interest in smitters within tho scope of tho
medical profession aud of tho clerical profes
sion will endure no long is men continue to
have bodies and souls.
The most ucuto and comprehensive of all
observers has shown us that lie had closely
and successfully studied tho signs of ap
proaching dissolution. "For after I saw
him fumble with ihd sheets, and plaj- with
flowers, nnd smile upon his fingers' ends, 1
knew there was but one way: tor his nose
was sharp as a pen, and a 'bubbled of green
A score aud a half of centuries before
Shakspeare wrote, Job had asked: "If a man
die, shal ho live again?"
Two thousand years ago Terence uttered a
sentiment that has neror ceasd to stir the
blood of men like tho sound of a trumiut
when he declared: Homo .-urn, et nihil hu-
rnntii nlienum a mo puto I am a mun and I
regard as loreigu to myself nothing that per
tains to humanity.
With a higher inspiration than that of the
Roman, St. Pnul declare I to the Athenians
God hath uvwle of one blood all nations of
m'ii to dwell on all the face of the earth.
Today we repeat the switiment of the poet
ami tnat of tho apostle we pass on tho
watchword of humanity. Tho final man
possessed of body and of soul-dying from
the hour of his birth, yet ondowed'wnh end.
less life whatever affect.-
his welfare is of
interest to us.
c. t , n ., . . . . ,
' -hool Hygiene was the subject treated
y -is--! .E. La-e. Her paper is given in
I can give no other ronton for being ac-1
corded the honor of speaking before this di-1 . '. . . . .,.
tinguished assmblage of intelligent ladies I Christmas cards are, however, mors bnB
aml honored gentlemen, than that I am a j tiful than last year, ami a fall stock of
mother, and as such take a deep ami abiding ; Prang's. AVorthV, PHlatfcfs and Tuck's cards
interest in all that j.ertaius to the hygin of I nr . frnlndtI1M1 --hfbuk.
th hnm. ,.,. .lwVli
H.,,illh, is llIlt Rtlth.,P , for nhvim !
rl:!SZ?Z i I
yuj -i 1-...,. ....... .v .. - """b " "; bindinj:. On feature u wwen wis proftrts-
anv manner be undulv einpba-L-ed. On of ' , , . . .
our riirtinguisrwsl mwli.nl sag, on whows ' tf'rs 'hrorUjd s-clal aUMiUoo, 0 O corn
name is wind-fcuotni and orld-foonorel, j plets sU of worts of sli Utelf-adiitg authors,
Dr. Oliver AWn 111 Holmes, has said "that rtn nrlitc
UU Hit? UJS-eTls-a OA.Fl JilS if V.41 MU.fUiUlfcJ JU
..it.t.. .1. -..4 :ii.- ...u...t. W. ....;. w ;.. !
faints can be cured, but tuat v. ith many
t fcogin two or !
-- y b" - -"-' !
, .-, r -.
children of todnv. who will be tho mn aud I
wom-c of tomorrow. Chit of the school-
rooms 01 toaav are k row? tne pT.eniv
..., ,...i .. At - , r r tvL-iww.".
We. Wh'fn we take into coasi.lration the '
' ,-rwmri!nnrtnT!s nrui amount 01 sraooiwork re- '
corapSications and ntnount of school wort;
,f.ini1.,nf- ot the ass in which we Jive
.11 , eWne -, a rlnft TtJtiifr nnprlrfwl
"c "" " '"V ' " .T ".""." ' V-.TT " :
JSre "of rte a'for W.Ti; '
creat tnj toc'difnenlu of en-tog a live-.
lihoo.1 grow - inteiw with every gwx-
, 1, , jUu a t-.i v. t rwit fk raf th&t.
njgQ rv&sh the allotted ags of four scon
vra ad ten It ha. bn not-1 that re-
ported cases of exvav.ve old age alway oc
ur amoccs- " .. ""- "ff7 "?"- "Ji '
birtn can rareiy i iu. u.r u,
iixjiR mm .ci... .
.-..1.-. ..t ..i.... .r-u rii ttw i .titu ri.
' whose recoras are tppt, in no age or country
ST"TS of the i
... i.a -
hundred vc&r;y from
ttityzs every chiUi
thiit 1 well born should live a hundred jerx
,S t I X I
There fe no question but n-faat th vholw
ksircan ra-e docs not enjoy use neaitn
and vigor it i jo-nbl V attsin
There i ome dtf set in tae constituaon 01
even tee etronget o. oar race c .aa
J. ... - .&. . c jt t rrMt
sag o: niijcal lore nre 1 w
todav can ir&ecif v ranch better than can I, I
but that proper ventilation is one of the
most active agents in the promotion of
health and longevity the most careless and
ill-informed will readily perceive. It and
water are our greatest friends as well as our
greatest foes. AVe get our fevers, and they
are legion, from contaminated water: our
malarial diseases, and they are legion, from
poison-laden air. The great problem for
science to solve is to render air and water
strained, purified, inocuous and in every
way beneficial to the human race.
Science has performed wonders in
the past, and it has not yet entered
into the heart of man the wonders that sci
ence will reveal in the future. Judging the
future by the light of the past, there is little
doubt but at the close of the twentieth cen
tury the foul diseases which affect humani
tv will be under the control of, and many
of them stamped out by the scientific physi
cian. AVith pure air and water, and the diet that
science will prescribe for the future races,
will dawn the golden age of humanity when
every child will be well born, its life aud
habits conforming to the scientific laws
governing our existence on this
earth, one man's surroundings will help him
to achieve the highest possible physical vi
tality. It will be seen then that" tho two
great objects of the best men and women of
this life should be first to improve the race
morally and physically: secondly to make
this earth a fit abode for the superior people
who will theu occupy it. For this reason I
have found it almost impossible to confino
myself to the subject nlotted me, viz: Hy
giene of the schools. Tho laws which gov
ern our existence, the laws which bring to Wear
an unspeakable influence upon our meutai
and pbj-sical forces were violated by our
predecessors, aud we suffer and aro deficient
because of this violation, and fathers and
mothers yet move on in tho old beaten trnck,
and generations of children yet unborn will
suffer mentally aud physically because of an
ignorance of the laws of heredity, tho viola
tion of laws governing the lives and happi
ness of our posterity. AA'e, the parents, need
an awakening rather than the teachers of
our schools. Mothers aro negligent anil
neglectful of their God given
responsibilitj their divinely appointed
guardianship of children. Therefore
In the name of tho mothers and women of
AA'ichita, I am glad to be present, glad to
welcome to our city this sanitary conven
tion, and when we realize that a convention
of this kind, will do more for tho ameliora
tion of pauperism than a Bonham, moro for
tho suppression of crime and ignorance than
a reformatory, because it teaches suppres
sion, more for the upbuilding of our city
thau banks and loan associations, because it
renders both secure and jiennnnent, tho peo
ple of our city will accord a greeting and
hearing as such a broad, scientific benevolent
scheme for tho betterment of humanity de
serve. The next on the program was a papor by
tho Hon. T. D wight Thatcher, of Topeka, on
tho "The Relation of the Press to Sanita
tion." It is given complete on the second
Judge James Humphrey read a very able
aud lengthy paper on "The Relntion of the
AVater Supply to the Cities and Towns of
The following by-laws were adopted with
a view of forming a sanitary association of
1. The object of this association is to pro
mote aud diffuse scientific and practical san
itation. 2. That all persons interested in tho above
subject are disable and are solicited to be
come members of this association.
y. The name of this organization shall be
known as the Sanitary Association of the
State of Kansas, and shall bo auxilliary to
the State Board of Health.
1. Tho officers of this association shall con
sist of a president, two vice-presidentd, two
secretaries, one of which shall be the secre
tary of the State Board of Health.
. The members of the State Board of
Health shall bo ex-ofllcio members of said
A vote of thanks was tendered Judge
numphro3r for tho efficient manner in which
he had performed his duties as president of
Tho following is? a list of the ladies and
gentlemen who attended tho convention :
Dr. Maxfield, of St. John; Dr. Jew-U, of
Mornu; Dr. Lewis, f Topeka; Dr. Mnndon,
of Burlingtn; Dr. Alexander, of Girard;
Dr. Cummins, of Larned; Dr. Wiley, of
Fredonia; Dr. Righter, of Topeka; F. S.
McCabe, D. D., Topeka; Hon. S. Dwight
Thatcher, Topeka: Judge James Huniplicry,
A reporter was j'estorday shown through
the large and complete store of Messrs. Ify'do
& Humble, and his attention called to the
mnny rich and mrgnificent articles that
make most appropriate presents for the holi-dn3-s.
In the front show window were exhibited
a number ot beautitul books. "l:.ngmn
Etchings'' by leading artists of England, its
companion piece "Idyls and Pastorials" 113
American artists, and another with colored
plates,"Orehids,the it-03'al Family of Plant"'
were three books of rare excellence and veri
table works of art that can not be described
but must be seen. Another cheaper but
nevertheless u fine book was '-Nntune's Hal
leluah:"the engravings were artistic and the
style of the work is such as to make it on of
the most sought for of the wholo collwrtion.
There were many finely illustrated editions
of the more familiar poem ; among those
published for tho firt timo this 3-oar were
Tonn3'son's Brook and Longfellow's Evange
line. There were also some new books made
from eggshell and parchment ipr with
hand painting in water colors, or the inot
superior India ink ami etching sketches,
which will make flue prwwits awl will no
doubt be much used instead of the holiday
Then, thesiielv were filled with lite
w ta " ia ""
The collwctlon of juvenile book is the vsry
b.t: sp.cJi attention was j-ive t tM de- j
Pan - snt that no war o...r 'baa Ok- of
b. offered for a. Blocks, doll sad tors
IK Mf "H-rfc 1UU. iaV- -ariM-lML un.T? -aWIUU J
ro imo-t siren wr as it b the inteatioa 1
to joj.. boodle ihai kirf of oods.
,..,... . ,
: The stock of leather goods a Terr Uub
desi , iheX a Wvei. aoot fail to U
. . . . .
la another ca were jwsl, oder, man-
c ; ? t. 1
ICHre aa" "rsag S "85105 . pneo
' Thfc cfc of sdo-J. b X-r
cent cheep-v thaa hK year.
On tb-waiJ, are mirrors ia tztum of all
J . , j
ohoraphs &ad phorrah of ihtpiriurmot
the ieedins gaZiwiri of Ue -arortl.
liesMex the article 'jorriJ are rasny
which woold aaake
-. ., ..
eojHJjiy preheat. lae
attacln- of tb siarrt -will take pkejare m
sbowiag their magniaceat torf-, an Bf
ttoa of which -rfll mere tima rrynj a rt to
MLs Abba Ordwar, dacghter f Rr. L. &.
rvH. t V-u huz, evester sad
will ridt frieari- there for wveral tiay.
A NEW KEAI., ESTATE OFFICE.
Attention is called to the advertisement in
another column of Smith, Ozanne & Co.
The gentleman of tho firm Messrs. Oscar
Z. Smith and Pnul A. Ozanne, are so well
and favorably kdown that they need no in
troduction to the citizens of AVichita and
vicinity. The have arranged and furnish
ed in a most dvignnt and attractive manner
the large room on the first floor of tho Ma
sonic building, making of it one of tho larg
est and best arranged real estate offices in
Besides doiug a real estate and loan busi
ness, they will paj- special attention to ab
stracting, Mr. Ozanne, himself, having this
department in charge.
The new firm has started out in business
under the most favorable auspices. A long
list of valuablo property has beea entrusted
to them, and the amount of tho sales consid
ering the short existence of tho firm, is far
in excess of their expectations.
A serious accident happened yestenlar at
the Appleby Planing Mill on North AVichita
During the absence of the proprietor, Mr.
Appleby, tho jointer, a iarge machine nsed
in the establishment, was left in charge of
Otto Miller, a 3oung man of 20. In some
way his left hanil became fastened upon tho
table and the machine descending cut off all
tho fiugers of that hand except the first. He
was taken immediately to a physician and
tho wound dressed.
The injured boy will be disabled for fur
ther work during the winter. He has been
in tho citj- and in the employ of the plan
ing mills about ouo 3"ear, and is considered a
bright industrious bo- with promise of be
coming a good mechanic Ho came hero
from Topeka where his mother still lives.
MAX AM) SHOTGUN.
A few das ago a mau stopped in tho
street opposite tho boat house and leveled
his shotgun at the building and fired. It
happened that a man was painting the
building on tho other side. Two or three ot
tho shot ho claims went through his hat.
He objected to that kind of target practice
and started on an investigation tour, finding
the marksman with gun in hand going west
ns fast as possible. He did not follow him,
but thinks ho would know him nt sight.
A member of the boat club made nn in
vestigation and found that the shot had
had passod through both sides of the build
ing and that is not all of it. A couplo had
passed through ono of tho shells, which fact
excites auger when t ontomplntcd b3'a mem
ber of the club.
Ilenrj Herbert, a lad who was making an
effort to have a little show of his own while
tho Museum was in progress AVedmisday
night, camo to grief bj' falling under tho ob
servation of Officer AlcKee. He was fined
7 and given a lecture upon deportment in
public places, by his honor.
Jap Marlatte then turned into the cit'
treasury $222 rollocted as fines from tho fol
lowing persons: Mollio Johnson, Juvoy
Da3', Hoxy Clark, Dode Gaiiisy and Sallio
Davis, prostitutes; Henry Smith, Joseph
Buckham, John Day, Jessie Jirk, Mike
Staler, John Preston, and John Kite, viola
tors of tho liquor ordinance.
A PLEASANT KURl'KISE.
After 11 long and pleasant visit to relatives
in Iowa, Mrs. James Longmiro returned
homo AVcdnesday ovoning, and was greeted
by a verv- pleasant surprise party at her
homo, No. 4 IS Xorth Water strt-et. AVheii
tho dining room doors were thrown open ut
'J o'clock there was revealed nn olegantnup
per, which tho guest afterwards tuoxt
Mre. Longmire feols vor3- gratoful to her
friends and neighbors, and sho ns well as all
UtOrc present will long remt'mlwr the affair
IIOMKR !. COriC.
The recital this evening nt G. A. It. hall by
Mr. Cojhj is one untiroiy outride of tho usual
order of such entertainment. Mr. Copoox
cells, rather than fall below thu oatmintw of
him. To stn that his rformoiiCi nn x
cellont hi tamo praise. At 1110113 placo whfre
he appears onc, n engagement Is immwli
atel3" mado for his second nppoarnncy. Tho-
who fall to hear Mr. Cop will inks n rare
At the cloe Mr. Cepe will p?mmnJo "Jirn
AA'olf," a very lauhnWs clwrneWjr. Tk-kU
and reserved mnt at Union t idiot oUku.
J. R. Mend has sokl half of his imrm south
of ths city for fSfi.OX). This propsrtr wm
purchased nine ycar ago for JRO. D-aruuc
this -(oricd lm.1 boon oos of tho mi ntvlw
tiv farms in the county and is mow in n.
high state of cultivation. Mr. JI. bssdwirly
dttinonstmtsd that intetlig'iit fnrmJa ys
fad that it fe jiroJttabls to hold farming
lands in Sdw"ck county as wll writy
AT Til It OPHICA HOUSIt.
The botMB was rrmvli lnt wmkT: t"
hear th Casu Opra eompra in Oti-sU
Thk apfHstred to b Us taosi wnewiiful
Drfrmanc of ills w'soss-nn4. TV
o-erawnpRtR-Km the stags ki foed M.jUe
nnd wa.i wll received hf.the nwiiontm.
This wsttittg will m given ft Ottrreio.
VAwmrd E. Smith, only son rf Col J'
IL Hatilh. died Tterdy taorukm .
Uf residence of his father . 313 orifr m
porta. The daemrml wm 25 years C Mtfc
of . nad Ut&rot a wife ied child. Dim
jj fooeral wfU be give.
A good aojlfhnre ifirf ia the O A
R. Wl la afc-hi , I H. A
Cniapb'jl' dwrrtataw af bis trip to Ceo-
aia. H? coatratJ btrtsr-ns the afcia
wftih a taok tweo ty -no T
trip, fcfco-viag aB the grtat iais a eaaart ef
this oiaetcesth ceatary H oWran of
mxam aad ia rklt aJoag "
iaipre4oas aaads .- li
graad eowpsaj t old varaas "earf" 1
their fny a-roi th mtft f,tmvm coa
trs earth, kh 1 "' -
Thaw aad rata. timij imlt.'.i9z at
tlaJt, bat - 9m r "
e0B.1t of it With fate awKil alaoaee hr
bM ihi U aueatloa f hb sa4iiiati to
Ue and. U "- f oOowad by Col 3. Clair
,' 1MI Piaiaa. ho ge a brW aad later
acting deterlaiioa of idt trta r Uw utik
Thfs caramiti: aaaaiatad bv He Jaas
SnvkiT od taaer mMm ie arraagag
a ChristaMJt tree iae itwbaf, etc., tort
IbjC nfgkt at Je rtMfefearw ot 2dt. ilarila
IMlsj- aad recsiTfd the r!frt ot the leJt
lag eouaiU" Uek vary aeaurag
PbaUt;, rrnltt ic Qrnsv have reicorrd
their law juid real estate 2ce froai lit) to
tW Mohj, roa I, al fioo-i