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Jppe IKidxiia gaily fuqjle: fahir.claajl0nxmg ptag 5r 1888
COWARD OR HERO?
EVERY MAN PROBABLY HAS THE IN
NATE CAPACITY TO BE EITHER,
And Hb Is Qnite Likely to Bo the Other
oa Occasion, If Circumstances Favor.
Heroes Are of Different Breeds and
An Indian lad at school recently produced
an essay on the subject of courage, which
had, as the young ladies say, "quito a success-1
in the way of circulation. If that suck
ing brave had lived from half a century to
a century ago ho would not have written,
though ho might havo acted, the sort of
moral courage of which ho speaks. Some
people say that I havo been in forty-two
fights of one sort or another. At any rate, I
have been under fire at least on twenty dif
ferent occasions, and my experience leads mo
to the belief that though any man has the in
nate capacity to be a hero, every man is
more or less of a coward, and most men more
rather than less at the start. Every old
soldier despises shell fire; yet if any old
EoMier were to tell mo that he did not feel
awfully like either fainting or bring sick at
the first shell which burst nctuallj- near him,
I would tell that man, if he w ere smaller
than myself, and there was good reason to
believe he had no revolver in his hip pocket,
that ho trifled with facts. Nevertheless, be
it said, I havo seen such a man daring to look
calmly at a shell bursting closo on his sinis
ter hand, and yet ducking at the "siflling" of
a conical bullet, though if he knew enough
to toll an oyster from a clam ho must havo
been aviaro that when any one hears the "f-f-f-w"
of a bullet that bullet is far past him,
and incapable of finding its billet in him un
less it ricochets like a boomerang.
The man who bolts today may to-morrow
earn the Victoria cross in tho English servico
or tho cross of St. Georgo in that of the czar.
There are plenty of instances of men con
demned for cowardice who havo faced tho
platoon that shot them without a quiver of
the lip or the flutter of a pulse. Some peo
ple's courage is batter on tho start; indigna
tion, impulse, revenge all play their part in
this sort of courage. But tho truer courngo
is calmly to face a danger that is realized.
Carey, who deserted tho Princo Imperial in
Zululand in a moment of panic, might have
resolutely stormed a breach in a happier hour.
3VIany a man who proudly wears tho bronze
cross "for valor" in the British army prob
nbly wonders how the inspiration came upon
him to earn it.
Hearing some firing one day in central
Asia, I and three others who had been out for
an afternoon rido jumped a littlo river into
the camp and pelted away down its main
Btreet in tho direction of the shots. As wo
passed headquarters a general officer begged
us to stay with him and get the men turned
out in tho camp of tho nearest lino regiment,
as ho "had feared a surprise from the town
all along." One of tho party stopped be
cause ho was on that general's particular
staff , but tho rest, unbuttoning their holsters,
galloped on. Fivo poor fanatics, carrying
rusty blades under their sheepskin coats, had,
as a chaplain observed, "prayed themselves
Kill v" in a mosque and then had lost their few
remaining wits through hasheesh, so they
Bought immortality and at least ended mor
tality. This was all there was of it, and tho
old general was vastly reserved that night.
Yet that same old goneral had been in tho
Crimean trenches and in tho mutiny fight
ing in India, and he showed he was no cow
ard nino months later. Was ho a coward
thattlay the Ghazls from the bazaar attacked
tho camp? "Why, certainly. But ho was a.
coward on impulse and a hero on calcula
tion. "Forty men to lead tho sortie 1" ho
said on one occasion; "ten will bo killed."
Four hundred volunteered and thirty were
killed. But the general who was inspired
months before, by tho idea omne ignotum
pro magnifico led that sortie all tho same and
did not gain tho death ho sought. One of tho
bravest officers I ever knew had been mor
tally wounded in tho leg and was hoisted on
to a camel. Presently ho cried, "Tako mo
down, thej- aro shooting at me!"' So loss of
blood and plrysical pain in this case turned a
hero into a coward.
Tho beau sabreur is tho popular ideal of a
hero, but is he tho finest hero after all?
Bkobeleff tho 3'ounger shono in both phases
Df the character, but in his heart ho
cherished more tho thought of his tenacity
on tho Grocn hills at Plevna than his dash
Into Khiva, or his swim under firo across tho
Danube, or his planned movemont to tako
the central redoubt on tho Tehataldja line3
at Constantinople. On tho other hand,
Mebemct Bey, "the captain," as tho Turks
called him, prided himself moro on his
Euocessf ul dash up the slopes of Xizil Tcpo in
Armenia than on his heroic defense of Yahni
ngainst an apparently overwhelming force of
Russians, or oven upon his defeuse of one of
tho forts at Ardaban, for which tho generous
3Iucovitcs mentioned him with approval in
their dispatches, none tho less readily, per
haps, because he was a Polo in tho Ottoman
service. Ye; heroes aro of different breeds
nnd natures, but none tho less heroes, what
over their manifestation of the heroic quality.
It is a curious illustration of the absurdity,
not of the special decorations for horoism,
but of the popular appreciation of them, that
neither of the two mo;t widely circulated of
British annual books of reference takes tho
blightcst notice either of tho Humane society
medals for life saving or of the Albert medal
for heroism iii civil life, while a whole pago
is devoted to tho Victoria Cross. Yet it was
said by tho great teacher "greater lovo hath
no man than this, than a man lay down his
life for his friends." How much less can it
bo to lay down or desperately risk one's life
for a strangor? "Cuilrathen" in New York
Announced Too Early.
The secretary of tho Limo Kiln Club an
nounced a communication from Terre Haute,
Ind., forwarding a series of resolutions
passed by the S. 0. Q. club on tho death of
"I'd like to ask the chaV -do meanin' of
dis!"' exclaimed Penstock as he sprang to his
"Why, do report of your death has prob
ably reached Tcrre Haute,"' replied the pres
ident. "But I ain't dead, sah!"'
"Wear' not to blaino fur dat, Brudder
"But I tell you I ain't dead, an' datsa
slander on me!''
"lo, you doan' seem to bo dead, but dis
club can't help what other people resolve.
Wo shall return our thanks to do S. O. Q.
club, an' dat'sas fur a we kin go. Please
sot down, Brudder Penstock.'
Penstock sat down, and the only way ho
could get even was by sticking a brad awl,
which he carried in the toe of his boot, iato
Elder Toot'-s calf with such effect that tho
Elder awoko and shouted "police!" at the
top of his voice, and was fined $1,600 on the
spot Detroit Free Press.
Thero are in tho Sunday schools of the
Christian world 16,4-17,990 scholars, 1.9o2,167
teachers, making a grand total of 1S,400,157
riio 3Iustacho llrusn.
The latest fashionablo fad for ttie toIlGt
tablo of tho gilded youth is the mustache
brush, which is expected to have a great run
during tho gift season. Tho brush is about
tho length of a lady's finger, its face covered
with baby bristles, short and white. Tha
frame and back is of gold, enameled with
forget roe notsor tiny heartease; some aro
studded with semi-precious stones. They aro
to be -seen in tho windows of the uptown
jewelers, and without tho labels might be
mistaken for fairy crumb brusies.Kew i
Gradual Decline of Social and Domestic
Sweetness Tho "MIsglnjf Xink."
Higher education has something to do with
tho gradual declino in that social and domes
tic sweetness which is the outgrowth of tho
performance of loving little duties and at
tentions one toward another. The daughter
has her school, her college, her post graduato
courses, her societies and her discussions of
political economy and her "aims," and no
longer relieves her mother of household care3
or places tho slippers by the firo for her
father. The son has his night key, his own
set of companions and associates, is only seen
at meal times and not always then, and has
so many engagements that mother or sister
pin .ovili. to!t. nnrtn liim nc nri OQrvlfr nnrl
which thoy do not find at home.
But this is not the worst of "society" young
men. Vanity and imbecility aro fast rend
ering them an indistinguishable race nei
ther divine, human nor respectable as brutes,
but a now species, possibly the "missing
link," to bo investigated and assigned a place
by naturalists. A young dude recently mado
it a condition of going to a party with his
sister that she should not "interduce" any
one. Ko didn't want to "incweasa" his list
of acquaintances; besides, ho was "afwaid"
tho "collection" might be "mised." This is
ilodern improvements, inventions and lux
urious appliances havo done their share
toward ridding us of the humanities.
Nobody now wants to "take any trouble" for
themselves or for other people, not even the
members of Iheir own households. What is
the use ot taking a messago or carrying a
parcel? There is the telephone in the houso
or offico and tho messenger boy on the corner.
Memory is no longer cultivated in the direc
tion of performing thoughtful littlo acts, and
fails even in tho servico of directing others
to attend to them. Personal solicitude, per
sonal sympathy is dying out for want of ex
ercise, because overy one is too busy to more
than write a note or send a bouquet of
flowers, and oven tho illness of our nearest
and dearest is turned over to tho "trained"
nurso and doctor, and the busy nothingness
of our lives goes on as before. Jenny Juno
in Now York World.
Stonewall Jackson's "War ITorso.
Old Sorrel, Gen. Stonewall Jackson's war
horse, has been in the hands of a "Washington
texidermist since his death. Ho
ueatn. no is now
mounted on a rock of moss green color, and
stands on all fours. The erect position of tbe
head and tho pricked up ears give a startlod,
listening position, as if while grazing he had
beard some unusual, unexpected sound. Of
Old Sorrel's early history nothing is known.
He was one of a carload of United Statea
horses captured by the Confederates, and waj
bought by Gen. Jackson from his chiof quar
;ormaster, ilaj. John A. Harman. The price
paid was about $150. The horse was but fif
teen hands and one inch high, but though
undersized was compact and hardy, and
moved very quickly and was remarkabh'
gentle. At that timo, soon after tho battle of
Manassas, tho prevalent opinion was that tha
war would soon end, and Jackson's idea was
that tho horso would servo him in tho army
and would then do for a riding horse for his
wife. "WheivGcn. Jackson was a lieutenant
in tho United States army and stationed at
Fort Hamilton, Xoir York, he owned a horso
named Fancy, nnd was very much attach6d
to him, and so ho named tho little sorrel after
Jackson said of littlo sorrel, which after
word camo to bo called Old Sorrel, that ho
had never known a horso of easier gait. "A
ceat on him was," ho said, like being rocked
in a cradle."' Fancy nover was a stylish
horse, but though Jackson had two fino
mounts Superior, a magnificent bay pre
sented to him by tho people of Augusta, and
Big Sorrel Fancy ho loved best and trusted
most, for tho littlo animal was rapid and
hardy and was as calm under firo as tho man
who rodo him. A peculiarity about this
tough littlo horso often noticed and com
mented upon by tho soldiers was that on a
march when a stop was made and Jaclcson
dismounted tho littlo sorrel would lie down
like a dog. Jacteon rodo the littlo sorrel
through tho Romney campaign; was on him
at Kernstown, McDowell, Port Republic,
Winchester and Cross Kevs. Mounted on
him he appeared at the head of his division
when, liko a thunderbolt from a clear sky,
ho swept down upon McClollan's right at Cold
Harbor in 1SG2. Ho did not rido him in
Maryland, but ho rodo him at Fredericks
burg and finally at Chancellorsvilic, and on
tho little sorrel ho received his death wound.
Richmond (Va.) Dispatch.
Beauty of Persian "Women.
After riding tho bicycle about tho garden
walks for them, thoy clustered around to ex
amino tho bicyclo and mo too. Tho women
of Kukuanaland wore not a whit more in
quisitivo about Capt. Good's white legs (King
Solomon's Mines) than theso black eyed
houris of the Persian harem wero about the
first Ferenghi they had over had an opportu
it3' of scrutinizing so Closoly. They wero
coquettish, too, these "grown up irrespon
sible children," and they lifted their faoa
veils and favored me with no ond of bewitch
ing smiles. They thought it rare fun to let
tho stranger from far off Fronkestan gaze
upon their Oriental loveliness.
Tho flower of this interesting flock was a
young creature not moro than fifteen sum
mers old; her glorious black eyes seemed to
cover well nigh half her soft childish fea
tures. And yet, as if this were not sufficient,
black lines were skillfully drawn to make
them look still larger, still moro languishing.
Her complexion was a clean olive, with a
flush of worm sunset on tho cheeks. Her
beauty, however, was entirely passive, purely
animal; there was no intellectuality there
whatever; ten years later, or by the time she
reached her twenty-fifth summer, sho would
already bo old and faded. The beauty of
Persia is very transitory; at an age when the
western rose is seen at its best the morning
glory of the Orient has already withered and
died. Thomas Stevens in Courier-Journal.
The Keoper of tho Huron).
A conspicuous person about tho sultan's
palace is the Bairam Aga, keeper of tho
maidens, a jet black Xubian, probably from
the Soudan. Ho wears a gorgeous uniform
of scarlet and gold, has tho air of authority,
and on his amplo breast displays a doren im
perial, royal and Christian orders of which
ho is knight. He ranks with prime ministers
and field marshals, disputes precedence with
embassadors, and is courted for his influence.
A genuine African, ho loves jewels, and on
tho hand graciously extended for the kisses
of tho faithful thero glitters a ruby second
only to tho one for which Kubla Kahn offered
a city, and was refused. From the savings
of his income the guardian of the lilies has
built a mosque for his lordly sepulcher when
his term of vigilant servico is ended.
The true Oriental is unsurpassed 1 secrecy,
and thero is a fascination in his silence which
moves the gossip to insatiate curiosity. Tha
foreigner must stop at the carved and gilded
portal of the consecrated place. Even Bairam
Aga does not pass it. Embassadors havo
petitioned and princesses sued in vain for
entrance into tho Gato of Felicity. The out
side world hears not tho faintest echo of the
strange, adventurous lifo of women whose
loves, hates, spites," intrigues, are plays
played out with neither audience nor specta
tators to report. If Bairam Aga knows more
than we do, ho makes no sign; ho is secret
as the grave.
It is said that harem etiquette was regu
latetlages ago by laws that change not, and
is oberved with rigid exactness and minute
observance of detail. The mothers of chil
dren have apartments separate, as families
ia flats, and visit with the grave ceremonials
by which Oriental salute straneors ht
jealousies may flash in tho languishing dart
eyes whose witchery has made their fortune i
who knows may tell. Susan H Wallar in I it
Mew York Sun.
are often obliged to seek or accent theatten- lauc"w luUkt,JUIC " ie .. ut
tionfmm t.rT.nr nr mPrA nmnintunmi ' door exercise more than they do medicine.
DEVELOPING ONE SET OF MUSCLES
AT THE EXPENSE OF OTHERS.
Pedeatrianism, llowing, Baseball, Tennis
and Running The Sensible and Phy
siological Way Horseback Exercise.
Field Sports Very Healthful.
I am a strong believer in physical cul
ture, but physical culture is something
entirely different from outdoor sports as
they are carried on at present. Ameri
cans do not? take enough exercise. Many
! m..4-.. 4-1...4- ..n..i .- 4-Vi r r rn r-n vemr rwtt:
I As some one has said the dyspepsia from
i which a man suffers is oftentimes more in
his legs than in his stomach.
The great difficulty with our sports is
that they develop one set of muscles at
the expense of the others. A man who
trains for a specialty is trained only in
the parts of the body brought chiefly into
play in that particular sport or recrea
tion. A tennis player trains in one way,
a runner in another, while a boatsman
goes through an entirely different courso
from either. Each of these athletes is
strong in one direction, but he has neg
lected general muscular exercises for tho
' sake of developing a special locality. It
will be found that tho man who is phy
sically strong in a special sport is weak
in some part of his body. A man, for in
stance, who intends to be n runner will
bo train as to develop tho muscles of his
legs; but ho will reduce the weight of his
, body above his legs in order to carry less
DAGGERS OF POPULAR SPORTS.
Pedestrianism is wholesome when in
dulged in for pleasure, but is bad in con-
tests. The professional pedestrian finally
becomes thoroughly broken up; the stom
ach and general system are exhausted by
too much exertion. Rowing is one of the
best exercises if indulged in moderately
but an oarsman can row ma contest unti
entirely exhausted and not know it until
he is taken from his boat paralyzed, so to
ball pitcher's arm" as well as the "tennis
' arm" are recognized in the medical pro
fesslon as special dseases. The exercise
in baseball is very violent and sooner or
later causes overstrain.
Tennis is a violent exercise and is liable
w w v-aii(-u lu Atii..
Running is too much of an outburst to
be of service in a general way, and is only
good on account of the previous training
necessary to follow it up. It carries its
own remedy with it in the natural giving
out of the legs before the rest of the body
Training should bring up the general
physical status to a point that will enablo
it to endure its utmost and with just a
little to spare for the push of the urgent
moment. There should be just enough
strength left to make the finish better
than the start to break the record of tho
individual, so to speak, and leave him In
better physical condition than before.
Tho sensible and physiological way for I
a man to take outdoor sport is, acting on i
medical authority, to develop by special ,
exercises the parts of his body that are
weak. If a man take any pride in a sym ' j
metrically rounded physique he should
give his whole attention to tho organs that
HORSEBACK EXERCISE HUNTING.
It is surprising to me that horseback
exercise is not more indulged in than it is. ,
Many young men spend enough money on
their vices or follies to enable them to
keep a horse. I would suggest that for
those who cannot own a horse riding clubs
might be formed. Let the horses be used
by the members of clubs just as boats are
ussd by boating clubs. Tho expense of
keeping the horses under such conditions,
when divided up among members, would
be small, and the horseback exorefco
could be varied with the more vigorous ,
i sports in which young men now indulge,
In that way the strength of tho body
t w'ould be more equalized. The outskirts
of New York and Brooklyn furnish many
lanes and roads through beautiful country,
and the liders could not fall to eujoy
I do not know of any outdoor exercise
so suitable for men ns the sports of tho
field. Hunting is a healthful and bene
ficial sport. There is just enough excite
ment about it to make the exercise you
tako beneficial. While you are walking
you aro thinking about something of in-
terest; while your body is bcinff exercised j
your brain gets a stimulus. Hunting is ,
good for the well and good for many who ,
aro sick. I have known invalids sent to ,
the south with the advice that they should ,
"go shooting" to come back restored in J
mo man wuti coniomus miming in ir.u
field with horseback riding, as is done in
the south, has the best kind of outdoor
recreation. Field sports are for young
men; the older ones must bo content with
fishing or following the rabbit. S. Fleet
Spier, il. D., in The Epoch.
Tho Capital of Veneinc.'a. "
Caracas, with its regular streets arranged
after those of our American cities, has nu
merous ohady squares and parks with lofty
palm and evergreen trees, bananas, tho bread
fruit tree, raangoos, almond trees and
lecbosos. Tho patio or interior court of
nearly overy houso in Caracas is nothing but
a beautiful flower garden, with tropical flow
ers in full bloom all tho year around. Tho
streets aro well paved with cemented side
walks, better kept than those of our great
northern capitals. During winter time it
never rains, but a fine aqueduct, tho work of
Guzman Blanco, keeps houses, gardens and
fountains, of which there is one in every
square, well supplied with excellent water.
Owing to the many earthquakes which
Caracas experienced in bygono days, the
houses aro mostly one story high. Except
the government buildings, thero aro very
few houses two stories high, and, to my
knowledge, none of three stcrics. Elevators
and staircase climbing are, therefore, un
known things in Caracas, as, indeed, in tho
wholo of Venezuela. One would bo liable to
think these one story buildings, with their
tiat roofs and long rov of grated windows,
nould givo the streets of. Caracas a dreary
appearance, but nothing would bo further
from tho truth, for windows and doors are
all open, and, while the latter permit a pass
ing glimpse at the beautiful flower beds and
luxuriant platanas in the courtyard, tho
former are usually adorned with flowers of a
far superior kind, with beautiful senonias,
whose like aro not to be found all over Cen
tral America. Caracas is deservedly far
famed for tho beauty, grace and elegance of
its ladies, but ven the highest expectation
of an unpoetical, scientific traveler liks my
self fell far below the truth. E. D Hesse
VTartegg in New York Sun.
Meat Consumed bj- the French.
In the rural districts very little meat Is
eaten, but Frenchmen who Kva in cities con-
Kume a great deal of animal food. In Paris,
for example, the annual consumption of
butchers' meat is 3,200,000,000 pounds, which
means an average of 176 pounds, for eacli
man, woman and child; and yet the total an
nual consumption for the whole of France is
2,040,000.000 pounds, or an average of only
TO pounds per head. If people in all parte
of France were as great meat eaters as thesa
of Paris it would require something like
6,600,000,000 pounds a year to supolv them.
Outside of Paris the average per capita coa-
sumption in other cities varies from 170 to
pounds per head, and in the rural sectiona
is not more than 15 to 20 pounds. Henrr
Qojoio in 2ew Orieas FicYun
WILD PONIES OF THE COAST.
Peculiaritics .of a Hardy Race of Horses
Called "Bankers" The Con-ailing.
On the banks or sandbars that divide tho
Atlantic ocean from Pamlico sound, North
Carolina, just inside the lighthouse that
marks out to the mariner dreaded Capo
Lookout, there is to be found a hardy race of
ponies known as "bankers." Theso pomes
have lived thero as long as the tradition of
the oldest inhabitant dates back. Entirely
surrounded by deep water at all seasons,
having no communication with the main
land, and being barren of vegetation save a
scant' growth of sedge grass and low shrubs,
the banks have remained uninhabited except
by these ponies, which seem to thrive and
multiply in spite of the hardships to which
they are exposed. How thej first came
j there, or of what origin, is conjecture, and
tradition merely hints tho story of a violent
storm, with its attendant shipwreck and loss
of all on board, save a lot of ponies from
Eome European port, which were cast upon
the sands, and surviving the storm became
the progenitors of tho race of bankers now
Having to rely on instinct clone, theso ani
mals are a subject of study to the naturalist,
as they are a prey not only to tho driving
sands but to tho storms of the cape, that
break upon and over tho narrow sand bar
and change with each recurring hurricane
tho topography of tho country. Tho ponies,
choosing tho protected side of tho sand hil
locks, burrow deep into tho yielding &and
and stamp out a protected stall, where they
take refuge from the storm; and, while many
are destroyed, their number has increase!.
Now the stock is owned andj'early herded hy
enterprising owners, bo brand with a regis
tered mark such old one as are driven into
the pens, and the colte of all, which instinc
tively follow their dams into the inclosure.
This corralling is the event of theseown,
, and takes place early in June, late in July
and early in September of each 3-ear. The
days selected are gala days, and the inhab-
itants of tbe coast) aud oven victors from the
, intcrior of the ate, gather to witn-s, the
. gi ht The herders grating in squad,
tko thdr ition far un tho, bank-, and
gradually forming by concert a continuous
living fence drawing in its line and forcing
! each stray pony before
.e pens itl? shout.
them they approach
and yells that onlv
bank's herders can produce. Tho ercitement
' is intense as an occasional pony escapes
through the surrounding, and then tbe lino
1 must bo at once strengthened by reserves, for
fear of a general stampede. As the fright-
1 ened ponies draw near the stockade thoy bo-
I come confused and seem to tread each other
1 , ... ., ..u-.. - -.r ,.ii.r ..
?""" U"L" """ --; 'Lum l"
iTinlnciii-n vnTv flirt orTwrr. linT-Ini- ..-.tli
inclosure. !Now tho expert herders with
lassoes, accompanied by helpers shouting and
wildly enftng, select tho animals designated
by their owners, soon bringing them into
subjection, and while the more refractory
3'oungsters have to be thrown in order to bo
branded, the majority aro held and branded
with tho initial of their respective dams,
This work done, the older ponies are picked
out b- speculators and individual purchasers
and caught and penned separate!- until the'
are sold, and, on fiats or sail boats, brought
, to tho mainland to bo scattered over the state
for use on the farms and as saddle ponies for
I the j'oung folk. American Agriculture.
Servant of an Kngllsli Tlouseliold.
At family prayers the servants come in in
regular order according to their position,
housekeeper and ladies' maids first the men
(in their order) following tho maid;. Tho
servants' dinners, too, aro conducted with '
much ceiemony. Tho under servants wait
on the upper ones, etc. Indeed, the servants
aro great sticklers for and observers of rules
of precedence, and conservers of social dig
nity and etiquette among themselves. And
the' expect, and require, nay demand it. to
an intensified degree among their masters and
mistresses. A gentleman or lady w ho neglected
to observe or follow airy of the trivial niceties
or ceremonies of high life would lote caste at
once in the ej-es of their servants, and forfeit,
with their respct, all influence with them.
I can fancy tho effect on the groom of tho
chambers or the butler, if any gentleman ap
peared at a homo dinner except in full even
ing dress. Why, not only would theso men
conider themselves degraded in tho house,
but scandalized throughout the neighbor
hood, through which the tidings would soon
spread. Tho only excuse to be made for a
gentleman so wanting in dignity as to dine
in a suit of dittoes would be that ho was ec
centric, and no ono cares to be thought that.
The ladies' maids, too, could never brook a
failure to dress for dinner on the part of
their mistresses. And so, for fear of tho
resentful eye of the house steward or butler,
smoking is confined to the smoking room;
soup js never indulged in twice; Leer not
drunk at dinner save in one draught from a
siiker tankard handed to (and replaced bv)
tho drinker on a wlver waiter; and clothes
aro worn but a short time and "cast" while
thcy are reaiiy i,en-. i havo often contended,
aud will contend, that it i tho servants who
fcrn tm. nnd through their inflnonrB ornrt
'good form" among tho nristocracy. IVcre
it not for them you ouldn't see half so many
usages kept up or customs followed. "Cock
aigne" in The Argonaut.
The American Standard.
Europeans say that we Americans value
everything by a dollar and cent standard.
"Wo Americans i efuta this as a slander. Yet
is it not significant that at Gett-sburg, of all
places in the land, tho visitor is told first oi
all that the battlefield monuments cost such
and such a sum? This is not wholly the fault
of the particular guido or driver "whom yci
may engage to take you to the scene of tho
momentous action. Experience has taught
your pilot that the averago visitor wishes to
bo told at once the exact cost of everything
he sees, as if that were tho chief element in ita
value, or as if jt were any element of absolute
value. Thus, -when v. e drove to tho National
cemetery and stopped before tho national
column which Lincoln dedicated m immortal
phrase, our driver began: "Tins monument
cost $o0,0(X).,, A murmur of approbation ran
instantly through the human freightage of
claimed: "Humph! Didn't cost within $2.-,,C09 '
as much as our monument at , Massa
chusetts." Boston Herald.
Iinportation of Opium.
Since 1S7S there has been a large Increase
in the importation of opium to this country,
and while a portion of the increase has been
due to legitimate causes, tho mam cause is
undoubtedly due to its pernicious use in
opium joints and by means of the hypodermic
syringe. Dr. Hammond, the great ?7ew
York specialist, advues physicians to mako
up the medicines thej prescribe without
letting the patient know what they are com
posed of, thus preventing them from dosing,
themselves or trying experiments. St. Paul
In Deep Moarnin?.
Caller Your i-ca sems very much affected
over his uncle's death.
Omaha Dame Oh, he's almost crazy; be
neither eats nor sleeps.
"Poor fellow. He is uncle's sole heir, is
he no: P
"JS'a All the money has been willed to aa
orphan asylum." Omaha "World.
X Sufficient Excue.
Old Lady (on southern railroad The fire's
gone cat in that stove, young feller.
Brakeman Yes, ma'am. You sea we're
goin' to strike a stretch of poor track, an' as
the train's an hour late, the condector al
lowed we'd better let the fires go out. Tie
TV be Bora In 3Iind-
Minister's Wife (to husband) TTOl you
put up the parlor stove today, Cetirt
Minister (vexstiously I suppose I will
AVif Anrl rJnn't: fcrrat. Jnnri- thtt, VKKT
1 lie pinigar oX Us- gCPck-Sarper's Barjr. 1
-- - M.v w.. rs 7 - , -w . -
MINE AND THINE.
The maiden said: "Oh, lover mine.
Tell me what U mine and thine;"
The ycuth made answer: "Sweetheart mine,
Thine azure eyes, sure they are thine;
But in their depths u gaze is mine.
Thy lips so rosy red art. tbine;
But then to kiss them, thjt is mine.
Kow fold me ia those arms Cf thine
They join ia wedlock thine aau mine."
From the German of Fischer.
POWER IN THE FUTUR5
Possibilities of tho Xext Century Power j
I in Hale and Uarrels.
' Let any one consider what the steam en
gine was forty years ago, and then examine (
the very latest improved compound engine of
today, with all its appliances for economy
and efficient service, and then let him try to
estimate what the electric motor of thirty
years hence will be. The compound engine,
with its wonderful performance, has eome as
a result of long practice, largo experience,
profound study, and the application of a wido
acauaintance with -nrincinles. "Whv should
; not the electric motor gain as much from the
And, if it shall so gain, is it unreasonable
to suppose that electricity may crowd out
steam, in a good many cases, as a source of
power? If large power can be stored in the
form of electricity, so that it may bo tran- '
sported on a street car, why may it not be (
generated at one point, and then be shipped
to another, like any ordinary commodity, to
bo used as it is wanted? Why, for example,
should not the water power of Niagara bo '
employed to generate power, which shall
then bo stored, transported and sold to opcr- '
ate mills in Philadelphia? There is a regular I
market now for coal. "Why should there not '
then be a regular market for stored power?
"Why should not a mill owner then go out
and buy his pokier, for tho season, just as ho
buj-s his cotton, lu's wool or his dye stuffs? ,
If power can Lo baled up liko cotton or
barreled up liko sugar, then we shall have
power dealers, power brokers, and, may be,
a power exchange in fact, all the details of 1
a now and important industry. Is this a ,
fantastic supposition? Xot half so fantastic
as the notion of traveling from Boston to
Philadelphia in a single m'ght was to our
grandfathers. It is rather a clearly indicated
possibility, the promise of which is contained
in tho street car which is now moving about
under an impulse derived from a steam en
gine that stopped before tho car started.
IV Here Gems Are Djerf.
Precious stones aro dyed at Oberstein, Ger
many, whero nearly the whole population is
devoted to tho work of making bogus jewelry
and fixing up cheap gems to look fine. Differ
ent families havo their different modes of
treatment, and some families havo the secret
i of some ono or another special tint which can
j be made nowhere else. Chalcedony is tho
usual baso of false onyxes and agates, which
aro most counterfeited. The stones aro boiled
j in tho coloring matter and then subjected to
J intense heat. The color permeates the wholo
stone. One family has tho secret of convert-
ing crocidohte into "cat's eyes." Gypsum
and hornblonde are also made into the same
gems. Tircous, which aro cheap stones of
silicon and zirconia, have the color washed
out and are apparently diamonds until tested.
A thin shco of diamond is laid over a topaa
so that tho whole appears to be one gam.
Emeralds aro easily imitated. Many stones
sold as rubies are only red spinel, and much
of tho lanis lazuli is onir dved chalcedony.
And all dfepiFp of the roctuia
DR. VVM. HALL
Without knife, llcature or rain,
1e paia until tiatlenl is curtdi.
( firimlc. jirfr.ito nd eTUAl
troublrsquickly cured. Diseases
f u mnrtu ft ti.vin!f v. f nd 2rMI
tV for book. Consultation free.
Ofllco over 'Woodman's Bunk,
lKX. Main St. Wichita, Kansas.
Hotel : Brunswick.
NEW BEIGE 2UILDIM.
KINGMAN, - - KAN.
58 Rooms, Baths, Etc.
GEO. H. RUDDY, : Proprietor.
Fonnerlj of L.icicdo Io:cl. dl JO-lrn
A. Demlnc hm leased and takon possession of
the Occidental, SI arch 3. V, ill put it in zorA shape
and y 111 be Klad to sco hH old friends and all others
posts d to give him a call. d31-tt
Government Collection Agency of the U. S,
And Security against "DEAD
BEATS" a special ly. We collect
all classes of accounts. Terms
furnished on application.
P. T. CRELLER,
106 N. Main St., Wichita, KL
f6 6c,; 2?L.s.
capital, paiQ lip,
&& &?-. &
A. A. Hide. Pre.
Nr.lL Wjlkiz. Trst.
PE0YIDEN0E iHSEKAL WELLS
PKOVIDKNC t. BtTLLi; CO, KaS
Good fcotfl ami hxh hos The xaoti b4!tl:fBi
watriBjr pisce 1b Kacs Djpopia, InitSc:Joi.
Khttitiutt&m, JJUni B:rfir ar.fi KwiEey troaWtt
iwrm&aeoUy oartA. Suwre lia ut nl J-oas He
T4a ioedAf. V'e&t.e&ay ami ca:ariy. oos
ni!icfts: April lfc IrxTt MttlTin on rmsj I
reorains traia trozs. sortii: fr azlr M at
L. T. rvrEX, So- J- R03T- "VrAERE DER. MiB.
dKS vicWiU. Prortcitsee
R. T. ItEAV. Pr.
Geo. c. Srao.vc. ch.
o. H. Bu.CEwxLnxn, V.P. IL L. Dece. a.r. Cais.
PAID UP CAPITAL, - $200,000
K-. K. p-sUser. E. T. fcrorn.A.L iiczii. X- H.
ftF?r2, L.U. Cks.:-
. u Tl!.-.. ' '
Fourth National Bank.
w; LSVT, Tntuau.
WICHITA NATIONAL BANK.
A.W.GUVKK. 3CW.LSVY. 8.T. lUl'lLS. S.T. HDKRLAXDIB.
W.R. TUCKER, JOHXDAYIDSOS. J.G.BUTiJr,
DO A GENERAL BANKING, COLLECTING AND BROKERAGE BUSINESS.
Eastern and Foreign exchange bought and sold. IT. S. Bonds of all
denominations bought and sold. County, Township and
Municipal Bonds Bought.
The National Building,
Loan on Improved Real Estate or to build in city limits. Low
rate of interest and very reasonable terms. Investigate and save
'money. Office: 122 NORTH
-SUCCESSOR TO HACKNER & JACKSON,
Wholesale and retail dealer in all fcinds of
Anthracite and Bituminous Coal
And all kinds of fcuildlng material. Main office 1 12 & 4th Ave.
Brancn office ISSN. Main. Yards connected with all railroads ia
the city. setf
W. C. Woodman 4 Son. .
The Oldest Bank in the Arkansas Valley,
Available Qualified Responsibility to De
positors of $540,629.99
Do a General Banking Business in all Its
WICHITA CRACKER COMPANY,
Fine -:- Crackers -:-
138 and 140 NORTH
SMITHSON & CO.,
(Successors to tha Anglo-American Lon Inreatznent Cxi
No. 117 East Douglas Ave.
Land, Loan and Insurance Agents. Money alway on hand. Interest
at low ratea NO DfiLAY. Before making a loan on Farm, City,
Chattel or Personal security call and see us. Come in or send full
description of your farn or city property. We handle large
amounts of both eastern and foreign capital for Investment In
real estate, and are thus enabled to make rapid sales.
Correspondence Solicited. H. L. SMITHSON, Manager.
YOU CAN mi TIME
St Louis and ill Points
feY TAKING THE
FT. SCOTT ROUTE."
Leave Wichita 12 o'clock noon,
arrive In St. Louis 6:40 next
THREE HOURS QUICKER
and 43 mile3 shorter than any
Free Chair Cars and Pullman
Sleepers run through wlthou
change. Through Pullman Sleep
ers and free reclining chair cars
to Kansas City.
NEW SHORT LINE
To all Colorado, Utah, and Pacific
CHEAP BOUND TRIP TICKETS
To Pueblo, Denver, Colorado
Springs. Salt Lake, eta, now on
sale at City Ticket Orrlce, 127 21.
K. C. KEBRA27,
Pass, and Ticket Agent.
Fr recllntssj chair ear ar now ronais?
on all train on tbe C. K. ic X. railway,
"Kosx. Island RoGK." btttceen Wichita,
Tor. Xzzszi CItJ. St. Joseph, Chioso.
Loan and Protective Union.
and -:- Pure -:- Candi
DAVIDSON & CASE,
John Davidson, Pioneer Lumberman,
Of Sedgwick County.
ESTABLISHED IN 1870.
A Complete stock or PlneLum
l ber, Shingles, Lath, Doora,
Sash, etc., always on hand.
Offet tad Yari ra Motley tmt. btw
0E WICHITA, KAN.
State National Bank
-w;sv 'i-Ji & J&