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MAIJSHATjD 31. 3IU.KDOCK. Kditor.
The Albany Argus tells us that the
flag of the Democracy is nailed to the
tnast, but it forgets to mention that the
pelt of the Democracy is nailed to the
barn door, or words to that effect.
Our government is investigating the
matter of new arms for the infantry of
the army, especially looking at the points
of the new French rifle. It is hoped its
experiments in this matter will not be as
costly and futile as its big gun experi
ment at Annapolis the other day.
WICHITA IN THE EAST.
The Estimate in Which the, City is Held
bjr Capitalists and Investors.
It seems to be a very serious condition
that confronts the state authorities of
Alabama at Birmingham, that state.
Too much looseness somewhere. Laws
for the government and protection of
society cannot bo ignored with impunity
without somebody suffering. The cost
to Birmingham has been fearful if it
shall cndwiththo experience already had
3Ir. Gleed. one of the Santa Fe's attor
neys at Topeka. sayt in referring to the
rumors of Jay Gould having obtained a
controlling interest in their road: "All
this talk about Gould seems idle."' But
this does not seem to stop newspaper
comments on the subject. Isor does it
bring an authentic denial from either the
managers of the Santa Fe or 3ir. Gould.
"Whether intentionally or not. 3Ir.
Cleveland lias certainly paid the corps of
officials and attaches at the White
House, fouiteen out of tho sixteen of
w horn it is stated are Republicans and
In the annual report for ISSS of the
stockholders committee of The Farmers'
Loan and Trust company of Kansas, just
submitted to the company and published
we find the following reference to the
present condition and future prospects of
this city. Tho report is based upon in
formation gatnerc'd by the committee
during a visit to the city about six weeks
ago made for the sole purpose of ascer
taining the true condition of its affairs,
and is not based upon information gath
ered at haphazard or hearsay. Such
statements as this, made by shrewd in
vestors who are sent out to investigate
the exact situation for the guidance of
the organization they represent and
others who may be pecuniarily inter
ested in knowing the facts, go
further to establish a city or
section of country or state in the public
confidence than tho strongest exparte
statement that could be made by any
one of its mosc widely known citizens,
whose statements would not be ques
tioned by anj'one who knew him touch
ing any other subject. Another point
of the great importance in fixing the
city's rating in tho money centers of the
country, but not referred to in the sub
joined report because the facts were not
known to the committee at the time the
report was submitted, but learned by the
committee since the arrivaLin the city of
one or two of its members within the
last day or two, as the writer is assured
by Mr. Gould, the chairman of the com
mittee, is that the city has practically no
bnn led indebtedness hanging over it and
i a :i consequence its tax rate is reduced
THE CORN PROBLEM.
nave nem uieir pmces irum uio piecuu- to til(J inillimum: 1)0;ntSj Mr. Gould says,
jng auiuiiusiKiuuii, uy luiuiiuiig mem
in the service. As strong a partisan as
lie has been in other respects, when it
came to matters affecting the public ser
vice immediately connected with his
own official acts and duties the presi
dent has placed experience above per
gonal favoritism or party bias.
General Longstreet, of Georgia, says
that so far as his observation goes, tho
folks down south feel more kindly to
ward Harrison than they did toward any
of his post helium predecessors, and ex
pect a great deal from him, more, the
goneral is afraid, than they ought to.
It is hoped that the last part of tho re
mark need not be applied to the president-elect's
expectations concerning the
south. In other words, that the south
may give no occasion to render it nec
cessary for President Harrison to dis
appoint its people in tho administration
of the government as a wliolo or any
uart of it.
"While our northern friends,"' re
marks that aggravating Fort Worth,
Tex., Gazette, "are plaing snowball and
getting ready for the toboggan season,
the glorious climate of Texas makes no
stronger demand upon us than to keep
the flies fanned oir tho dinner table.
The day is coming when Texas air and
sunshine will be worth nearly as much
to the state as its blackest and waxiest
soil."' The enticing picture thus penciled
by our Texas contemporary of that great
state will just as accurately and appro
priately represent this the central em
pire state, only "there aie no flies on
her" dinner table and she is not "stuck
tip"' in winter in black wax.
Senator Frye in his remarks before the
senate in regard to the situation in tho
Samoan islands and this government's
Beeming remissness in not enforcing its
right of interference in tho interest of
peace and right, may have been a little
more severe in his criticism of the ad
ministration than was fully warranted
by all the facts and circumstances of tho
case, but his reference to the
course of the administration in the Hay
tian affair, in contrast with the other,
was both timely and forcible. Nobody
in this country wants war or warliko
complications with any power on earth
just for the sake of :i row, but no true
American citizen is willing to see his
country truckle to or fail to maintain its
dignity and the rights of its citizens
against the most powerful nation or
combination on earth.
Tho 1aui.i: means no fulsome praise
or flattery when it says that no body of
men ever assembled in this city or state
superior in intellect, well-directed pur
pose or keener appreciation of the needs
of country to biing it up to the standard
of excellence that it is capable of attaining
to, than constituted the farmers' conven
tion in session here yesterday. The con
vention was business all over and all
through and thf practical common sense
that characterized its proceedings cannot
fail to impress its impoitance upon all
present or who read its proceedings. If
largely beneficial effects, the result of its
deliberations, are not seen upon the agri
cultural interests of tho entire scope of
country represented in tho convention
henceforth tho Eagle will confess its
disappointment in the efficacy of conceit
of action backed by intelligent endeavor.
Acts cf outlawry under tho guise of
protection to the community can not but
bo sorely deprecated at any time and any
where, but it can not bo denied that such
acts are often rendered seemingly justi
fiable by the remissness of officers of
the law in the dischargo of their plain
duty. 11 may be that too much is ex
pected of civil officers at times some
ooplo have a notion that to invest a
person with office and legal authority at
once places him in position to know all
that is going on and confers upon him
power to prevent crimes. But whilo'.this
is not literally true it must be allowed
that civil officers are not always as vigi
lant and prompt as they should be.
Local disturbances, whether in Penn
sylvania, Oliio. Indiana. Missouri, Ar
kansas or Texas, are in most cases the
result of official dereliction, and this in
turn is but the reflex of the popular
.sentiment of the community in which
such troubles occur. These observations
aro suggested by recent occurrences in
the states named, and tho list might bo
extended. Thero is no state but that
has ample laws for the protection of so
ciety, aud in nine cases out of every ten
. xtreme offenses, such as seem to call
for extra legal proceedings on the part
of a community to adequately punish,
would never occur if the local officers,
backed by a proper moral tone to tho
sentiment of the people in regard to
minor offenses which ahnost invariably
lead to and culminate in tho graver,
would but discharge their plain duty
midtn- the laws thev take oath toeuforce.
of perhaps a greater value to a city in
the estimation of investors than any other
that can be advanced. But to the report:
"Wichita, the 'Peerless Princess,'
as her enthusiastic and admiring citi
zens delight to term her, is not
by any means in the stagnant condition
we expected to find from the unfavor
able reports scattered broadcast, through
the envious rivalry of some aiid tho
rancorous malice of others. It is true
that rampant speculations in lots and ad
ditions far removed, in some cases miles
away from the center of population and
business, has come to a perfectly just,
although inglorious end.
Laying out a city on a wild Kansas
prairio to cover a territory equal to that
of Now York or Philadelphia, with an
expectation of immediate success, was a
vain and foolish fancy, only to be real
ized by the intervention of a miracle
similar to that which caused the rod of
Aaron to bud, biossom and bear fruit in
a day. Wo believe, however, that Wich
ita property inside tho limits is sound.
She has a census of about forty thous
and, and enjoys the reputation of being
the most populous city in Kansas.
Many of her buildings would bo a credit
and an ornament to any city; among
them we would especially mention the
block in which is situated the board of
trade and the new opera house. Wo be
live her prospect is good, though
natural situation and transporta
tion facilities (eastern rates of freight
being the same as to Kansas City, her
only rival, two hundred miles north), to
cantrol a large share of the trade of
southern Kansas, and especially the new
Oklahoma country, of which we hear so
much, and into which thousands are
preparing to push at the first favorable
The new Burton Car Works have re
cently erected a magnificent plant at
Wichita capable of giving empltwmont
to hundreds ot workmen. 1 hey claim
to have two years work in sight. Jacob
Dold & Son, an immensely wealthy
house of more than foity years
standing at Buffalo and Kansas
City, have just con pleled the
finest packing-house in America.
They commence operations at once.
These two large concerns when in lull
running order ought to give an impetus
to business which shall bo lasting. Oth
er manufacturing industries are being
developed "which add materially to the
resources of tho city. After a careful
examination of man loans made by our
company, your committee feel them
selves warranted in the conclusion that
Ave have no reason to doubt the general
character of our investments there, or
the future of this enterprising city.
"General Mat Ransom is not having a
walkover in North Carolina," notes the
Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle. "The Farm
ers' Alliance has put up a candidate for
the senatoiship in the person of S. B.
Alexander, a prominent joung planter
and politician. Then tho Hon. Alfred
M. Waddell, the ablest man in pnblic life
in the old north state, has a strong fol
lowing. Back of them is ex-Governor
Jarvis. who has a three ' months leave
from his post as minister to Brazil, and
will take a hand m the fight. He is a
broad statesman and popular man, and
probably, next to Zeb Vance, the strong
est man with the people in that state.'"
Unfortunately King Caucus will settle
the rivalry between 'giants' so that the
minority party in the legislatuie will
have no show to elect any other than the
party nominee. The political drift in
the turpentine state, however, is in the
right direction and she will get there
Of the retiring governor of Illinois,
Uncle Dick Oglesby, the Cincinnati
Commercial Gazetto savs: "He did
not wish the office any longer. His
abundant head of white hair, like a
gieat snow-bank, his clean-shaven ex
pressive face, broad shoulders and tall
form make up a personal appearance that
attracts attention wherever the fine old
fellow is seen. In his sixtv-fifth vear.
his step is as firm and elastic as it was
when he strode through ths army camps
in the war. In the fighting days he was
over six feet in height, but now, when
he draws himself up to the top notch, he
cannot go above fi"e feet eleven inches.
Probably when he quits office, ho will
will retire to his Logan county farm, a
tract of 300 acres of good land. Beyond
this the governor has not much proper-
tv. In building up his noblo famo he
has neglected to accumulate a fortune.
The Best; Disinfectant.
There is no better element of purifica
tion than the uir of heaven, and when
this is tempered with the frost and chill
which aro characteristic of the far north.
it eats up the infection of fever as the
sun of the tropics devours tha wander
ing iceberg. Dr. Poiter, who has on
hand every known artificial agencv of
disinfection, has still been moved to
stamp bis official indorsement upon the
element which Nature intended should
do the work of purification. "Let the
air into your houses." hesavs and everv
householder in the citv- should obev the
injunction. Fresh air is cheap, and it!
doesn t disfigure or deface tho finest
fabric in ottr houses.
The following paper was prepared and
read before the farmers' convention at
the afternoon sessian-'y&tX'i'.cUir. by S. B.
Mann olTSedgwick county:
In accepting the invitation to prepare
and read a paper before this convention
on corn culture, I can not but feel some
misgivings as to being able to do the just
ice required to such an important subject.
As the object, however, is to open the
discussion. I trust that what errors I may
make or any radical views I may ad
vance may bo corrected in the discussion
While the laws that govern the growth
of cereals are the same, everywhere, the
methods employed in different parts of
our great country in their cultivation are
wide apart and. it may be said witfi some
degree of certainty, men who may raise
the greatest amount of grain sometimes
practice least the laws which govern the
yield of a crop. Especially is this true
with the great corn growing west.
If one of our Kansas farmers decides
to make a trip east to New England his
first inquiry is, which of the many pop
ular lines of railroad is the shortest, and
which will agree to land him at his jour
ney's end in the shortest possible time?
If he decides to build a house or barn he
will give the contract to the builder who
will complete the work in the shortest
time, other things being equal. In short,
it has come to be the habit of our west
ern people to be in a hurry when
once an enterprise is planned, to see the
end of it. We plant corn for the crop
we gather, not simplv to have something
to do, hence the sooner we can mature
the crop, and have it gathered, tho soon
er we can realize on it financially. In
the north, it is a matter ofabsolute ne
cessity, if the farmer raises corn at all,
that he shortens the time for maturing
it, to the minimum.
He has studied long and hard to pro
cure that variety of corn that will ripen
soonest, to be out of the way of tho
early frost. To this end he has sought
to aid the rapid growth during the short
season, by high cultivation, as well as
every other art in his power.
He" has accomplished much in this direc
tion, and while he has shortened the
time, he has lengthened tho yield as
well. Tho Kansas farmer found on lo
cating here, the season man- weeks
longer than in Michigan or New York.
He found also that tho native soil was
almost inexhaustible in its lesources.
As a consequence he soon relaxed his
care, as to the time his crop was planted,
as well as the husbanding of every par
ticle of fertilizing material: two points
he was obliged to regard, while at home
on the old farm in the east, if that was
his former home.
I have often heard it said that if a Kan
sas farmer can .get a good crop once in
three years he can live. If this be true
then if he can learn how to get a good
crop every year, he can certainly get
rich. Now I am going to hazard the as
sertion that good corn may be raised in
Sedgwick county every year, barring, of
couise, the extraordinary occasions of
cyclones, earthquakes, etc.
Corn may be planted here as early as
April 1 to 13. Counting f i om the first
date, one hundred davs, will bring us to
the 0th of July. If from the loth it will
take us to the 21th of July.
While a farmer in Michigan I have
matured a crop of corn in ten days less
than that, and it gave me a yield of 100
bushels of ears, which shelled out nearly
seventy bushels of shelled corn to the acre
which is to me evidence that it does not
follow that because tho variety is early
that it is neccessarily a small corn. From
the best evidence I can gather, the dry
season seldom ever sets in here before
the middle of July to the first or middle
Had the farmers of this county planted
some of the earlier varieties of corn last j
spring, as early as April 1.1th. there
would have been plenty of time to have
matured the crop before the rains ceased.
1 believe there are many instances that
may be found where it was done, and
proves what 1 have said.
The expense of obtaining early varie
ties of seed is not great, and when once
had it may be retained a number of
years if not indefinitely beforo new
seed must be again imported. With
these facts beforo us, then, is it not worth
the while of Kansas farmers to experi
ment at least in this direction? May I
not ask your indulgence while I give my
method of saving and importing seed
Men improvo their stock by selecting
trie most iierfect animals to breed irom.
They pay largo prices for imported,
thoroughbred, choice animals. Can any
one deny that it pays to do this ?
What is true of animals is just as
true of the vegetable kingdom, it pays
equally well to select tho most perfect
ears ot corn. Not only in size, shape,
color, length of kernel, smallness of cob
ut that it grew on a strong, vigorous
stalk and matured earliest of anv in the
While the corn is yet standing, before
it is dry enough to crib. I would select
the ripest part of the field: from this I
would carefully pick out tho choicest,
earliest, best developed ears, taking care
that tho ear is well filled out from the
but to the tip, with not a blemish or
missing kernel. It may be safely pulled
oil when well out of the milk, even
should it shrink a little it will do no
harm, the husks stripped back and tied
into bunches to dry.
It is not a long nor expensivo job to
gather in this way corn enough for the
next year's planting, and I am sadly at
fault if you do not find that your corn
not only holds its own, as to earliness,
but will improve in quality every vear,
and soon such a thing as nubbins or im
perfect ears will be the exception in your
Another important point right here,
that should not be overlooked, is, that
we should aim most to improve the ear
more than the talk. It is tho ear or
rather the shelled corn that we want. A
smaller stalk with not only one. but two
or mote good ears, should be the aim of
our ambition. This, it is now proven,
may be done like all other improve
ments. However, it must como from
patient and painstaking efforts. While
gathering your seed corn, watch care
fully for those stalks bearing two ears.
If one of them is at all suitable, pick it.
If possiblv both are fit save them both.
Continue tiiis year after year, and you J
will soon find a large increase in the j
the number ot stalks bearing two ears,
and some putting out the third, perhaps.
To illustrate this point I wiil add, I
once obtained from a seedsman a pack
age of sweet corn, upon which this ex
periment had been thoroughly tested. I
found the first season singlestalks with
ix well developed ears on eaeh. 1 have
myself practiced this experiment on
field corn to tho extent of producing
doubk. eared stalks on nearly 2-3 er
cent of the crop, while the stalk
itselk was not above the average size.
As to the cultivation of corn during the
growing season. I ninv be called a little
soil needs it; in short, never plant till
the ground is well fitted and in good
Germination may be hastened by pul
verizing well the soil and exposing it to
the sun (thereby warming it) much soon
er than if 6imply plowed, and planted
on the furrow. I long ago learned that
early planted corn will always be
the best corn. Plant in rows both ways,
made as straight as possible. As soon" as
the corn can be seen to 6lnrt, put on a
smoothing harrow again, regardless of
hill or row, to kill the small weeds that
always get the start of the corn if left
till the rows are plain enough to follow.
As soon after that as the rows are
plain I would put in the cultivator or
corn plow as it is called here I believe,
with shields on, taking care to uncover
all hills that may get covered. The
next week 1 would turn tho other way,
and every week after that for six weeks
at least, I would go through it one way
or the other.
Hera is where I shall run against the
prac tice, if not the views of many who
have perhajis raised more corn than I
To maintain my point, however. I will
say that careful experiment has proven
to mo that the growth of corn may be
greatly hastened by keeping the"Soil loos
ened up often.
Tho gases in the atmosphere necessary
to the growth of plants, aro more readily
absorbed by the fresh soil than is possible
if crusted over and hard. Again if the
soil is often stirred, the roots of the plant
will run deeper. To do this amount of
work it will be understood, I could only
plant as many acres as my team or teams
could go over in one week one way. If
the corn gets too high before that time
to pass over it with a two horse plow, or
cultivator, 1 would put each horse to a
single plow and a man after it and keep
up the work. I would not make just
six weeks or just six times through the
corn, the exact rule; but would make it
more rather than less, unless it be while
the corn is just in the fertilizing stage,
and the ears setting. I would not stir
tho soil much, to any depth especiallv,
after the ears are formed. Many other
reasons might be given for this constant
stirring of the soil around the corn crop,
but I think it unnecessary to enter into a
further discussion of that point in this
short paper. Ono of the greatest errors
that the Kansas farmer has fallen into is
that he spreads himself out too thin, he
tries to cover more territory than he can
do justice to. I believo that there are
those here who will agree
that it is possible for one
man, with one team, to raise more i
bushels of corn on forty acres than ho
can on eighty acres. It has long been a
maxim that what is worth doing at all,
is worth doing well. Better far to let
half, or perhaps three-fourths of your
ground lie in pasture or meadow, than
break up all and plant more than it is
possible to care for well. The ground is
not benefitted, your pocket is not bene
fited, by breaking eighty or one hundred
acres of ground, to be worked with one
team; to find in the fall instead of a clean
well developed corn field, a vast terri
tory of earless corn stalks, sunflowers,
burrs and all manner of weeds, scatter
ing their seeds to tho four winds to
harrass all coming generations who may
seek to till the soil as a livelihood.
Finally allow me to recapitulate by
saying, plow and fit your ground early
and well, plant the earliest variety ot
seed you can get, early. Begin culti
vating early and keep it up with dili
gence till tho corn is made. Multiply
your men and teams by two, or divide
your acres to be planted by two or in
some instances better take three for the
multiplier or divisor as the safer rule.
Again, not a bushel of corn should
ever be sold olT tho farm till it is con
verted into pork, beef or mutton.
KINGMAN'S SALT INTERESTS.
Kixgmax, Kan., Dec. 10.
To the Editor or tho Eagle. .
Your correspondent today made tho
round of the various salt plants in King
man of which so much has been heard.
It is safe to estimate that this little city
has, until recently been sending away
!? 1,000 per month for salt. It is certain
that henceforth the movement will be
turned, and that Kingman will soon be
exporting vast quantities of salt.
Stout & Babcock. tho pioneers in tho
evaporation of salt, aro producing 7o
barrels per day, and are enlargcning
their works to a capacity of 300 barrels.
Moore & Co., made their first salt to
day: tho capacity of their pan is from 130
to 200 barrels per day.
Bronson & Craycraft are erecting a
largo building, and will in a few days
put in their pan, 23x100 feet, estimated
capacity 200 barrels. These gentlemen
will use direct heat; the others aro using
Hinton & Holon have begun work on
an immense building, to contain three
pans, with a capacity of ,100 barrels per
day, the works to be completed within
sixty days. Other plants are as yet only
But the most Interesting sight of all to
your correspondent was the shaft in the
northeast part of the citv, which is sink
ing to rock salt. The Kingman Mining
company, after great discouragements
from lack of capital, have secured the
necessary funds to sink the shaft and are
actively "at work, the hole being now 300
feet deep. It is thought that the rock
t.alt will be reached during the month of
April next, when if the reason
able expectations of the company are
realized, they will mine salt, instead
of evaporate it. This salt that is evap
orated is shown by a qualitative analy
sis by tho Santa re chemist to be 99.33
per cent, pure, and two-tenths per cent,
of the impurity is simply moisture: so
that it is believed with considerable rea
son that the rock salt will be found ab
solutely pure, the slight impurity in the
evaporated product being attributed to
the water, which is a little "hard.'"
Denny Bros, are putting the finishing
touches to their packing house, which
has a capacity of dOO hogs daily.
Notwithstanding tho cry of hard times
in Kansas, more men are employed in
Kingman today than at any time in the
last eighteen months, and the whole city
has taken on an air of activity that is
refreshing. The prosperity of Kingman
is not a fiction, and her prospects are
brighter today than at any former time.
gress. He is quoted as saying in expla
nation of his bill that, in view of the
great length of California and the re
sultant diversity oX interests, it is be
lieved that both the northern and south
ern counties would be benefitted by the
"Without having as yet seen th text of
Mr. Yandever'a bill, we assume that
it must contain a proviso making the
consent of the state of California a con
dition sine qua non. Otherwise it would
bring up at once against a pretty serious
obstacle. The constitution or the United
States which, in spite of all that has
gome and gone, is still the supreme law
of the land says (Article IV. Sec 3):
New states may be admitted by the
congress into this union: but no new
state shall be formed or erected within
the jurisdiction of any other state; nor
any state be formed bv the iunction of
two or more states, or parts of states,
without the consent of the legislatures of
the states concerned as well as of the
If the legislature of the state of Cali
fornia has passed an act making pro
vision (subject to the consent of congress)
for the setting off of any of its counties
as a new state, tho facthus escaped our
We observe with interest that sundry
esteemed Democratic contempararies"
while calmly discussing the probable
effect of the proposed division on the
future of California, accept the appear
ance of this bill for the purpose m the
house of representatives as a matter of
course, having nothing extraordinary j
about it and not calling for a word of
Yet congress has no more power of its !
own motion to divide California, or any
other state, than it has to blot the state j
of Connecticut from tho map and j
make a present of these eight
counties of Hartford, New Haven,
r.M,Jl.- -V..... T 1. -rrei.i I
juuutoca, nc Xiuiuion, rairneiu,
Litchfield, Windham and Tolland to New
York, or Massachusetts or Rhode Island.
Not a particle. It cannot with propriety
take tho initiative in a project of this
sort. In doing so it commits a tiespass
on the premises of tire state. It is for
the state to ask congress's consent to a
division, if the state desires a division.
It is no part of the business of congress
to propose to a state to let itself be di
vided. That, from tho point of -iew of
the constitution, is an impertinence.
Since the constitution was ratified,
there have been three instances of tho
admission into the Union of states form
ed out of the teiritory and population of
existing states Maine, Kentucky, West
Virginia. In the case of Maine, the
Massachusetts legislature firt mssed
an act submitting the questiou of
separation to tho people of the future
state; then they met in convention at
Portland and adopted a state constitu
tion; then congress passed the act of ad
mission. In the case of Kentucky the
people held their convention, the Vir
ginia legislature gave its consent to the
separation, and then congress passed the
act of admission. The case of West Vir
ginio is not a quotable precedont. It oc
curred under wholly exceptional and ex
traordinary conditions, at a time when
war was flagrant in the land, and when
congress supplemented the exercise of I
the powers confided to it by the consti
tution with the exercise of what was
known as "the war power." it was
a case of violent dismemberment
rather than of division. "The whole
process of tho formation of this state,"
says one of the publicists who have con
sidered it, "is a difficult problem in
American constitutional law. It was
evidently revolutionary in tho main,
but there aro many features in it which
go to support Sumner's 'state suicide'
The state of California has not com
mitted suicide certainly, and the first
section of the act of September 9, 18.10,
runs as followo: "Bo it enacted, etc.,
That the state of California shall be one.
and is hereby declared to be one, of the
United States of America, and admitted
into the Union on an equal footing with
the original states in all respects what
ever."' If, now or at any future time, Califor
nia in the constitutional way informs
congress of its wish to be divided, it will
be for congress to give or withhold its
consent, as ic may deem proper. Until
California does so, let congress mind its
own business. There is plenty of it to
The tendency to look to the general
government at Washington at every
moment, to run to it on every occasion,
to think of congress as an omnipotent
American parliament instead of as what
it leally i? a body of strictly defined
powers, hedged in on all sidesby consti
tutional limitations is a tendency to
beie&isted by every citizen who intelli
gently loves his country. The suites aie
nnt mprplvnnrfv-rnlnrpd ivitr)i. nn lw.
mnp, or convenient subdivisions of tho I tfoods. groceries, dm
territory and population. They are vital j P'les-
political organisms no less truly ao than
tho union itself, and no less sovereign,
AN IBAL HOLIDAY QUN.
A Striking Opportunity for Christmas Shopping.
Buy Early for a Selection.-
-Buy Often to Save Money.
The Dolds Slaughtered Piss last week.
THE -:- MITE -:- HOUSE
Will Slaughter Kids this week.
Board of Trade Especially Invited.
The Genuine ''Alexandre" EM Gloves with the Foster Pat
ent Hook: 5 hook m hiack and colors at 150 cents a pair.
Regular price 225 cents.
10 hook Genuine Foster Kid Glove at 150 cents you aro
paying 250 cents for the same glove.
4 button Kid Glove at 48 cents, worth ICO.
We are the agents for P. Centlemerrie & Son's Kid Glove
the best glove in the world.
A Colossal Sale of Handkerchiefs
For Ladies and Gentlemen 5,000 Handkerchiefs from 1 cent
to 250 cents. We are confident that for magnitude, unusual
values, positive bargains this sale of Handkerchiefs sur
passes anything heretofore offered. Everyone an appropri
ate Christmas gift.
Ladias Embroidered Aprons for Christmas gifts 25 cents,
50c. 75c, 100c, 150c, 175c and 2C0c. Great values; practical
gifts; just tha thing.
Dress Goods Department Sale.
20 pieces Plain, Plaid and Fancy for 9 cents per yard.
S3 pieces Assorted styles at 13 cents, worth 25 cjnts.
12 pieces at 21 cents, considered cheap at 35 cents
21 pieces at 48 cents, Stripes, Mixtures, Plaids and Plain,
regular price 75 f o 85 cents per yard.
A new dne of Henriettas and Hortense fabrics at 51c, G6c,
and 73 cents, In black and popu.ar shades.
A Big Lot of High Grade Novelties.
We do not wish to carry them over, hence a deep cut. Bng
lish and French novelties, exquisite designs, raclucaU from
125c. 135c and i50c to 96 cents a yard. Special now thingi
for Evening and Receptiou dresses
Just received for Holiday trade a superior lot of Smyrna,
Turkish and Handmade India rugs. The colorings aro now,
novel and beautiful, and every design Is a radical departure)
from any thing on the market. Prices on our entire stock of
'rugs are so low as to make them se 1 on sight. We can only
enumerate a few prices as follows: Smyrna rugs at 86c, 103c
137c. 148c, 162c. 195c, 2s6c, 260c. 27Sc, 392c. 420c and 14
higher grades. Everyone offered at from 25 to 50 per cent
less than value
Turcoman and Chenille Portiers; a superb assortment of
new designs ana colors, oougnt cheap, especially ror Holiday
t.vn.rlp TllPl'fi ic: norhltirr lllro rliom -frit t-.-urira Thr mnnmr
-.WA W -M- .AAW VA-t.... AAA..W VA-AtS. . W W.VAVS W V MWtW.
t paj's lo trade at the "Wliit Houmo of
Innes & Ross
116 TO 120 MAIN STREET.
EDWARD VAIL. & CO.,
No. 145 Main Street, show the most complete stock of
Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
And Fancy Goods in the city. Our goods are new In design,
of highest quality, and are sold at very low prices. Custom
ers contemplating purchase or Holiday presents are request
ed to come early white stock is full. di-j-im
A NARROW VALE.
bo the Kansas City of Kansas. K. C.
News. That's what she id a ready.
The state board of chanties will meet
in Ti-irvnl.'n t nmnrr.'iu. fT'ltliPsilnv t It
the contract for furnfcliiiiK the" ciiantn-1 lr. vuhi toloot boyond tliehe,;ku.
i.i .... ,;.,;,.o ,.r 1 1, c -;r. .1.-,. v. j . mi.uj.j n
UltJ IIIIUUIIUII UL UU OtIV .. V"J
ami ottier snp-
Ufc to a narrow rate tntweea ths eoM
Ajh! tmrren pck of twa eteraiiAM.
As between the linvenya, Minute;
3Iaddern. Milton Nobles niidRer. Anna!
independent and inviolable in the snhero Shaw, Tonekn sociotv ia tolerublr well j
l.:..l. .!. i:i..i- .. l - .1 . ...... ..I : "i. ... .1.,. .
enioriaineu uvemns juet ;it uiu jirCTwm.
You pay your money and iak your
which the constitution has assumed
them. The very life of the union is
bound up with the life of the states. It
is the local self-government represented
and perpetuated bj- them that makes the
general government possible. Even the
appearance of aa encroachment upon
their reserved rights should be jealously
resanted and discomfited.
You Hit. It, Exactly.
Topeka has one priceless jewel that
every ambitious burg in Kansas would
like to lilch, namely, tho state capital.
Tho best way for" Topekaus to guard
this treasuro is by ceaseless labor to
promote the growth of tho capital city,
and by fair treatment of all other por
tions of the state.
THE PROPOSED DIVISION OF CALIFORNIA.
This interesting item of news appears
in the otllcial report of "Wednesday 6 pro
ceedings in the house of representatives
as published in tho Congressional Bec
ord: Mr. Vandever introduced a bill H. B.
HEr)) to divide the stat of CaliforaUinto
two states, which was read a first and sec
ond tune, referred to the committee on
cranky when I give what I believe to be the judiciary, an 1 ordered to be printed
the beat method even in Kansas. Firet
I would plow deep enough only to war
rant a good quantity of earth without
disturbing the sou. If I havo turned
uier a sod while fitting the soil for the
sect 1 1 would then put on a heavy roller
to pre&s the sod down on the bottom of
the furrow; put on next a cultivator or
a spring-tooth harrow, and pulverise the
soil well by going over it as many times
as is nece.-vsary to do this. A smoothing
harrow next as many dmes over as the
Tho Hartford Courant makes the item
and incident the text of the following
editorial article which our readers will
find full of interest and profitable in
Mr. Vandever sits in the house- for the
Sixth district of the state named. He was
a gallant soldier of the Union and came
out of the service a major-general by
brevet. He will be 72 years old next
Slarch. but this is his first term in con-
The United States Isn't n Hob.
The nonsensical talk is now doing duty
again about Cleveland having, the
country through, more votes than Har
rison. The fact, if it is a fact, is of far
less importance than the appearance of
the invisible side of the moon. It has
nothing whatever to do with the choice
of the president. The United State-, isn't
a mob. Iuis a union of states. The po
ple vote in their stales and choose elec
tors whose number is apportioned to the
population. These elector; choose the
president. "Whether they select a candi
date who happened tohavvan accidental
majority of the votes or one who is in a
minority, is altogether Immaterial. Thev
are the choosers and they ire elected by
the people of their states'; and it is about
time toreraark that states exist.
The residonce of W. T. "Williams at
Osage City was entirely daetroyed by
fire Saturday night. The loss is about
"3,o00; the house was insured for 2,.j00.
The fire is supposed to liare originated
from the explosion of a lamp.
A ITlnt to Tlieatr!?j;ocr.
1 notice that in leaving places of evening
arnusemnt people almost ulvrays wrap up
their throsts. This is a great raiitakc, nod
braigs on the very evil they Trfgh to avoid,
by making the throat hot and susceptible to
cold air, causing the voics to become hard
and harsh. When leaving a crowded build
ing the neck should to left uncovered and
the mouth kspt closed for a fcr minntc;
thia will Tvann the nir beftjro it reaches too
longs, and prevent chest cokJ. Ladle can
wear a thin wrapper orer the shonkier. A
n finger hare proved bow valuable thw
precaution vrfll be to all who take my ad
vice Cor. Nw York Teleeram.
The Marquko TaGlai d'Accegllo oi Italy,
considered ono of the beauties of King Hum
bert's court, ivasfonncrly 3Hm Wlckerthara,
of Philadelphia. Her husband, tho marqnia,
isabeutenaat general in tho Italian army
acd a man of wealth, besides IxsBg th
tn-enty-first inheritor of bis utla, A titier
of tho march?GntJ marrfod es-Preiidest
Gowea. of the Ueadin? road.
TIms Speed of yjrlor.
Tho velocity of rofr1ti Ij waethfag
wocdcrfaL While the isost rapid caaaoa
tacts scarcely atta.n a velocity of 000 yard a
second, EetecmJ are knos-n to penetrate
the afr with a velocity of. 40,000 or erea 6X
COD yard per lecood -a Telocity which raises
the air at once to a t2npcratare of 4,03ti.
5,adgs. ceatigrad Brooklyn Eatf.
Kansas has S40 publications still ago
ing. Christian "Spply, of Eudora, was run
over and instantly killed by a Santa Fe
train at Argentine, Friday last.
Topeka is organizing an Oklahoma
colony. The Democrat .says over 2C0
names have Ik-hq enroll! already. t
Geo. Y. Martin lias purchased It R
Armstrong's interest in the Kansas City
(KarW Gazette and is now Bole proprie
tor. tol. O. E. Learnard, of Lawreaoc, ha
"been appointed kuverimenaent of the
Haakell Indian school ad wU! take
charge January 1.
"Wir.listn tf!?itfTi innltiii-tvir! raV?
establishment. If she keti on ho wis
Coraparlon or Pa re menu.
A PhiladKpcia engineer wtiraatai that a
borac can draw on aa axphalt pavcjsm tirw
times a much ns it caa ca Eelgiaa block
and rfr tunes oi great a load at it can oa
cobbia Koaes, cad estimat- that tie wsar
oad trar of waai and earrcagw en Belgian
l!oct it about taa Kdh & greii a oa
ijphalt. Chicago IlerakL
There is a raaa in Albany who hss iolved
tbo problem of wirdtas Mj W'&zcthHrj
watch -sritbost -wasting half hi tiaaa la tha
o;ration. Ud is etsjJoyl tn a dasfctea
iiiop. Vbon Uw tf arrive for tfco wrtea
to t wooad tm xiarply bold tbe tzct cf ti
item agaizut oa. of t- belt far a rstnaeat
ad & tilsr la do C&kra? lara.ii
In lb; echo of our traftias cry.
From tbo votcJei Up of Uie usroiHrlDf: 4ad
There comes no word; but is ttic oJljt of lirnli
Hope w a tar. and listening love sa bir
The rtatto of a wfcig
Tbeew my tha w,ro bom of bopts. and tear, ad
Aad smiles; atui thej were Ucfced tad eaiores
Uy all there fet of Joy and tcrUX b-twem
The roy dawn of Wrtli and death' &l ttfsbt.
They ctotfaJ evr a the ar with pauion.
And pire to ;ote the taitfia anil fra&fcM
Of tho soos of mm. la them the wind
And TraTe wre tntuie, nd all the Itten am!
Streami, sprics, isoastalaa, trocl od prf iubM
Were biuatod by a thousand Wry forma.
ntrt O. Isgcwofi.
I'iano Difficult Ut Tnn.
In tuning ptaacs I Ami rco of them my
to pat in good tetf -. bt there aro nonw rtry
difficult to tune The rea-on of thU to it
improper rato in the length of Uw stricst,
rb?b, to jtfvo perfect harmony, mast have a
regularity of length and thickness. This to
especially required in tho ibarp. I rerambr
a pocalfarly Kinking instance, -trfckb wjj
sboTT why wnw piano always vxatl hfce tin
pans. Tho firm I tta with had broajfbt fcato
tbft bonne an okl piano. Oao afUjrooon, not
baring anything to do, I Uiad It After I
bad pot every nofc into tfca proper pitch. I
found that tb bar-moor toad goa u pot, and
( could not gat a decoat teat oat of U Ly.
Then I hail to Uiao It all trrrr tor harmony,
and let indirfciaa! new tak earn ot them
wlvfts. Tbo next atarawn ta other tunT
for ti boo-, -nitbot tfeinfeiag about tte
baxraoay, Ktreeic a tmrr notes on tha piano
and fonsd tb tricg oat of tene, jtut tu I
bad dose, lit ?arlM in to pnt tc-9 iatn
mast into thapx Jf tben found tb harcacny
lactiag, asd had to tnna the old thing oxer
mgaia. T! ratio of length of Uw trlngi
aid ant hym prrred in th manoactcm.
Many cf ikm caeap piaaoj of tbo prwetst day
ara dafectiva in thUrepct, and KrfJl nfr
rieaia kg la tsaa.IL A. Nicbac.1 m Gtob
TJvs KnVct of Grt liWU
Any borw tbonld bavo a rct of ft fw day
sraen fhrt tcraed to gras, bat after H has
become Bid to !& nr diet It may be wril
cartfaHy. It tbocld be driven t&rrtj, f- it
TrH! heat trp rapidly, and a 1$ caaac-i ct
rid of the -irater la ite yta by Tjrti
farfeaosghitTrllinreatprcfady. J! it did
not it woald dta. Tt fc&rva fd rla, aad
foil of fever and owsistlos, bai za water la
Its body, ocnjparatfireJy. aad c( axvm It caa
ctand tard ca. Tsa Irnls 1, xr and all
ssimalf would fre is wtetw If tbay nrt
in tb us physical coadiUsn iiy fa In
nsca!r--rba fad en era- "bfl ihia 1
traa it 1 -&! a. aerwiry that aU
aauKAl thoztlA bar ti rv&'l, hlib tta
tnanuast food of ta uuasr brlsg cboct
to wU. Tba at j zzxx t caw not jxrj hu
team wUaly bay busene cf ckrrr or grec
f7afcrbibcn,-tiaa ac3aa astldcta to
mT fvr tzl ht a liiticaiir York