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- t iifim tiiriil-ii
feerpHttttla pai -gtujle: SCfeiTucadaij..pioruittg, gct.cmlr.tit 12, 1888.
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feen. s. C- Ilotkwlth, Asort.
fcupcrlntcudcnts and Principals of Common
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Just completed .iml for sale at this office
"Record of Teachers Ability.'' for use by
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Tiik Wichita Eagle,
tf Wichita, Kau.
Any one -.vibhinij addresses or gold or
silver lettering of any kind nut upon books
for holiday presents can have it done in
the Eagle building.
W. II. Earl wa3 down from Xewton yes
terday. E. L. IFallock, of Chicago, was here yes
terday. W. O. Frazer, of New York, is at the
W. J. Crawford was up from Anthony
John A. Eaton came up from Winfield
J. D. McNealy, of St. -Joe, was an ar
E. H. Davis returned to the city yester
day from Topeka.
"W. A. BlHck, of Fort -Wayne, Ind., is
looking over the city.
W. II. Carter and C. S. Foltz were in
from Belie.Plain yesterday.
C. W. Shumway, Wm. Lowrey, and J.
R. Bell were in from Lyons.
B. B. Cushman is home from a visit of
t wo weeks to friends at Oswego.
J. P. Gnrris, Esq., director of school dis
trict 140. was in the city yesterday.
II. A. Heath, manager of the Kansas
Farmer, called yesterday at the Eagle
W. B. Crou5h, the well known, arrived
from St. Louis yesterday to fix up the
J. J. Augustine, a merchant having dry
goods houses at Wellington smd Ft. Scott
Was in the city yesterday.
The Rev. Dr. II. M. Paynter, of Chicago,
will be the guest of Mr. J. A. Wallace ouX
Lawrence while in the city.
William Finn, of Sedgwick, was in the
city yesterday and graced tho Eagle of
fice with his presence for a few moments.
Amonc the Caldwell peopfe in the city
vesterdav were W. X. Uubbell and wife,
E. II. Kilpatrick and wife,- J. F. O'Con
nor. E. II. Kilpatrick, W. -X. Uubbell and L.
H. Bailey three of Caldwell's solid men,
Were in the city yesterday and called on
C, W. George, Kansas City. John A.
Ladd. St. Loui3. W. T. Gniues St. Joseph,
nd E. J. Lator, New York were yesterday
registered at the Carey.
Rev, Father Dissenkamp. chaplain to
Billion JaiiMjn of Belleville, Illinois, ar
rived last evening and attend the lecep
,iou of Bishop llennessy this evening.
D J. Reber Eq., of Lorena. an old time
Kaumm and friend of the EAGLE, was in
tho city yesterday attending the farmer's
oiiventfon and favored tho EAGX.E with a
very pleasant call.
Among the Wellington people in the
-ity yesterday were W. J. SeLsou ai.d
Misses Lillie" and Mary Burns, Emma
ilhams, Mrs. Peter and William Spears,
f 'has. A. Newman and wife, W. S. Ndlsou.
W. R. -Savasse and iviae. W. D. Moore and
wife, B. F. Ryan and wife, Mrs. Claypole
Last evening the explosion of a lamp in
the Bargain house on North Main created
t.uite a commotion for a few miuutes.
R. A. Spears, of the Candy Kitchen, is
rejoicing over the arrival of a bouncing
bal)3boy, tho first born, at his home, No.
213 North Market.
Last night tho front door of the Boston
Store was discovered open bj Ofiicer Ire
land of the McMahau patrol and the pro-
3avt"y lit aBST
s- - C?
I netor notihed. He kindly remembered sn3 ny rai?e Here to will we erect wool
the boj-s for their vigilance. en ms at n0 distant day to manufacture
One of the events of th$ week will be the
Musical Soireo to be given this owning by
Miss Effie Cave's puoils at her limbic
rooms In tho Fletcher building. A pro
pram of unusual interest has been arrang
ed and will be most highly appreciaced by
a musical and critical audience.
a HE SKCONI) ATTKMPT.
ru-'.: -n. .rt.. i mii a tfmT,- !
t ,v t..v r ..-.,t.,T- nftwn uf k,.
room over the Brunswick billiard hall.
He look two aud a half grains of mor-
phine.-but it was not sntlieleut to carry
out his plan of rapid exit. The doctors,
too, it seemed, meddled somewhat in his !
cherished designs and altogether he K
baving-a pretty tough time to sliuJUe off.
He maj-profit fiom his two failures and
make a grand success yet of his third
THE WEST M!K PHEMtYTKJUAX r.VIK.
Tho ladies ef the above named church
opened their fair in the Enterprise block,
"onier Maple and Seueca streets, last evtm
:ng under most favomblc and promising
conditions. A large crowd gathered to
partake Of the exrwlent sUpp.r. wej ami
nmiuendiiu- served, and to inspect and
lurchaso the extensive and varied line of
rxhibit.s, comprisintr mauy iisefnl jum!
Uautifxil articles so generously contrib
uted b the tradesmen of the city.
t a "late hour the crowd seemed
undiminished and the interest
.nt reusing. The exhibits aud sates will
-outinne through today and touight, with
inother excellent supper of oysters and
substantiate at night- The hall evinces
much taste in arrangement, with well
filled bootiis, presided over by fair maki
eus and matrons, willing to bstow smiles,
while receiving shekels for articles sold.
An increased patronage - seems assured
THREE HUNDRED ItEPRESENTA-
TIVE FAIJMERS OF SOUTHERN
KANSAS IN ATTENDANCE
Ycslerday at the Board of Trade
Hall Discussing Questions of
Vital Importance to All
Earlier Seed Ooni, More Thorough Pann
ing and Smaller acreage Popular Pea
ture3 Interesting Discussions
and Sensible Suggestions.
"lroa-(T.acr S"rghum the Great Coming
Crop for the Southwest Silk a Oloie
Second Stock-Eaising Favor
Judge Parkinson's Able Address on Sugar
Mr. Bidwell Tells and Shows How
to Eaisa Silk The Great Dold
r Packing House Visited The
Convention a Grand
The Farmers' convention called for the
purpose of discussion new methods and
new seeds to be used in the pursuit of ag
riculture by the farming communities of
southwest Kansas and which convened
in the board of trade hall yesterday at 11
a. m. was in every respect a great success,
not only in point of numbers and interest,
but also in the feeling established, the in
formation gleaned from an interchange of
ideasjand thejood toresult'fromthis;begin
ning of what promises to become an asso
ciation for tho dissemination of much good
information. As this city of all cities in
this country, is one which primarily de
pend upon the success ot the farming and
agricultural pursuits, Wichita was tho
proper city to hold buch an initial conven
tion. That such a convention struck a
popular chord in the breast of the farm
ers of southwest Kansas wa?
plainly evidenced by the earnest and intel
ligent body of representative farmers of
southwestern Kansas who gathered here
yesterday to the number of nearly three
hundred to discuss these momentous ques
tions and awaken a spirit of investigation
which -will ere long revolutionize the char
acter of farming in the south and west por
tions of Kansas.
The trains Monday and Monday night
brought in a large number of delegate?,
but by far the largest number of delegates
arrived on the morning train. Arrange
ments had been perfected so that by pro
curing certificates from the secretary of
the convention, s-tating that the party
named had attended as a delegate, such
delegate could get a return ticket for one
third fare on the line over which he came.
Wichita's hotels had also made reduced
rates charjxing delegates only one-half.
The conentiou was called to order at 11
a, m.f sharp, by Mr. G. H. Blackwelder,
vice-president of the board of trade of
this city, who announced that the first
thing in order would be an address by Hon.
George W. Clement, secretary of the
board of trade, explaining tho object of the
call and tendering the delegates a cordial
welcome to Wichita.
Mr. Clement began by saying, in sub
stance, that tho purpose for which the
convention had been called was to bring
together the farmers of southern Kansas
for an interchange of ideas. Wichita had
been severely criticised by some of tho
press of the state, who impugned to Wich
ita selfish motives in calling the same.
They said she only did it as an advertising
dodge, as a scheme by which to
get the money which the delegates
might spend among her hotels and
business men. This he said he wanted to
deny at the very outlet. As an evidence
of the fact that Wichita's motives were
not mercenary, he cited the circumstance
that the hotels were only charging ac
credited delegate.4- one-hnlf rates.
"We are here." said Mr. C. "to build in
the southwest a large city and mako a
market for your farming products. You
farmers of southwestern Kansas hold in
your hands the germ of a mighty empire,
and it lies in your power to stifle this germ
or to cause it to grow. Whatever diffi
culties there are may be overcome."
He said that Wichita admits the general
proposition that "corn is king." and as
au evidence of the faith which Wichita
has in that proposition, he cited the fact
that within the wist twelve months, she
has given no less than $100,000 to secure
enoi'mou institution to utilize
the products of corn. That, he thought,
was sufficient evidence of her faith.
'We want you to furnish the hogs and cat
tle and our packers will pay you prices
that will make you more profit than you
can obtain by shipping to Kansas City.
Wo want j ou to raise sorghum and erect
sugar mills. We here in Wichita will
erect a mammoth sugar refinery to handlo
the products of your works. We will erect
silk mills in which to utilize- the silk co-
coona wnich the farmers of southern Kan
the fleeces you raise upon j-our sheep."
Tho people of Wichita were to listen to
the tarmers ot southern Kansas. How
ever, he thought that if anyone had a
right to talk to farmers he had, as lie was
a practical farmer in northern Ohio for
eighteen years. In his opinion, "If the
farmers of Kanas will work as hard as
those of northern Ohio and New England,
imagination cannot portray wnat
mav 1 tlie rp'tilis. uvppiauso ana cries
of hear, hear.l Labor tells everywhere
and better in Kansas than in almost any
other section of the country.
The speaker urged the formation of
Farmers Institutes all over the state for
the nurnose of exchanging ideas. The
present convention, ho thought should for
the nucleus for a permanent association.
He did not believe that the conventions
shou'd always be held in Wichita. There
were plenty of other good cities ia south
ern Kansas. Wichita had no desire to
monopolize these conventions. What she
wanted was the welfare of southern Kan
sas and this would be her reward. She
has no malice toward any. He wanted to
hear a free discussion of all tojiics in this
Mr. Clement concluded his remarks
amid aoplause, by thanking the conven
tion, welcoming the delegates to the city
and also extending to all an invitation to
visit the great Dold Packing House, free
transportation having been tendered by
the City Street Railway company. Ap
Mr. Blackwelder stated fbat the selection
of a temporary chairman was next in
Mr. L. C. Miller, of Pratt county, placed
Mr. Daniel Winters, of Haviland, Kiowa
countj-, in nomination and Mr. Winters
was unanimously chosen.
Upon being introduced the chairman
returned his thanks tc the convention and
said he realized he was looking into the
faces of men who meant business. He
stated that gentleman who had preceeded
him made some ver3' large promises, which
the speaker believed would be fulfilled. In
the olden time tho Lord made great prom
ises to His people, hat they were condi
tional. So are theselfconditioned, and it
lies with us as farniers to carry ont these
conditions. He had been in almost all
southern and western states, but consider
ed Kansas the best he had seen.
The climate, he thought. wa3 better
than California's, while Kansas' soil
is far superior. As a Grazing
country Kansas far excelled all others.
Your corn fields are in their infancy. Ycur
sorghum fields have jiot yet been opened.
3-our cotton fields have not been planted.
Your stock raising is in its infancy. Your
industries are scarcely commenced. We
have met here today to have a practical
talk, an interchange of ideas, to consult
with one another and if possible raise our
standard of farming. Our corn crop is
light at times, from the fact that we have
not brought our seed up to a proper stand
ard. Our corn is too late, we want corn
that matures earlier. We want to ex
change ideas on this and other grains aud
products. The talks should be brief.
Again I thank j-ou for the honor and
await jour pleasure Applause.
Messrs. E. R. Smalley of Kingman
countj-, and Senator John Kelley of Sedg
wick count', were both placed in nomina
tion for temporary secretarj-. The former
tried to withdraw in favor of the latter,
but the senator stated that in
his opinion the temporary secretary
should come from outside of this citj- as it
was a farmer's convention for this entire
state. He however, graciously tendered
the use of hi3 office in the
same building and also proffered the
use of his library and his individual ser
vices. Mr. Smalley was then unanimous
Mr. S. H. Snider, of Kingman county,
moved that a committee on permanent.or
ganization and order of busioes be chosen.
Carried. The.committee was as follows:
M. J. Albright, Kingman county; L. C.
Miller, Pratt county; W. E. Bolton, Kiowa
county; A. G. Fornej-, Sumner county: J.
L. Gillespie. Butler comity; James Worry,
Clark County: E. P. Thompson, Sedgwick
county; D. A. Cross, Harvey county; L. G.
Schwarz, Barber county.
The chairman of the committee announc
ed that they would meet immediately up
On motion of L. C. Miller, of Pratt coun
ty, the following committee on resolutions
was appointed: S. H. Snider, Kingman
county; A. L. Eley, Harvey county; STohn
Kellej', Sedgwick county; P. D. Tilden,
Butler county; A. D. Brownell, Clark
covntj". Ed. Galloway, Sedgwick countj-.
On motion an adjournment was taken
to 1 p. m.
The convention was called to order at
1:30 and tho report of the committee on
credentials read and adopted was as fol
lows: CREDENTIALS COMMITTEE.
We, your committee, respectfully repre
sent, that many delegates being present,
who are not furnished with written credentials-,
therefore we recommend to this
convention that the names ot delegates as
shown bv the registration in the rooms of
the board of trade, entitle all such persons
to seats in this convention, and that they
be accredited as delegates from their vari
ous townships and counties as shown bj
Report of the committee on permanent
organization and order of business called
for was as follows:
1. Report of the committee on creden
tials. 2. Reports of the committee on perma
3. Report of the committee on resolu
tions. 4. General discussion bj' convention.
Subdivided as follows:
.'nd Diversified farming.
Discussion limited to one and one-half
hours. Speeches to five minutes each.
3. Address by Judge Perkinson.
0. Visiting packing house.
7. Convene at 7:30 p. m. at board of trade
room for one hour discussion of sugar
question and hear address of Miss David
son, of Junction City, upon silk culture.
Report of committee on permanent or
ganization: "We, j-our committee on permanent or
ganization, recommend the following:
For permanent chairman, Daniel Win
ters. Kiowa count-.
"For permanent vice presidents your
committee recommend the selection of one
from each county, who shall be chairman
ex-oflicio of his county organization. Said
vice-presidents to be selected by the dele
gates present today.
For permanent secretary, Senator John
Kelley, of Sedgwick county. For perma
nent treasurer, the board of trade of the
city of Wichita. (Signed)
M. J. Alhright, Chairman,
A. G. Forney; Secretary.
The committee on resolutions not being
ready to report the discussion of the corn
question was opened by an address deliv
ered by Mr. S. B. Mann, of Sedgwick coun
ty. Mr. Mann was for several years a
member of the state board of agriculture
of Michigan and was listened to with
The very able address of Mr. Mann will
be found On Fourth page.
When the paper had been read Senator
Kelly said it was the best paper he ever
heard read on the question. He moved the
paper be published. The motion carried
and the chairman said he was very much
pleased with tho e?say and thought it
would be well if all the farmers in Kansas
could read it and make practicable appli
cation. Mr. Snider, of Kingman, chairman of
the committee on resolutions rend the re
port of the committee, which is as follows:
We, your committee on credentials, beg
leave to report the following:
First Resolved, That it is the judg
ment and Jrecommendation of the conven
tion that the farmers in all the different
counties of southwestern Kansas form in
their respectiv counties tissociations to be
known as "Farmers' Institutes," wnich
shall hold annual meetings in the interest
of agriculture and the general advance
ment of all matters pertaining to the wel
fare of the farmer., and it shall be the duty
of the vice-presidents of this conven
tion to taice ccjirge ot ims uus.uess
and i organize these associations
in their respective counties, and that this
convention become a permanent organiza
tion, to be known a the Southern Kansas
Resolved, That it is the sense of this
convention that the legislature of Kansas
this winter shall make some arrangements
for supplying seed corn to any farmer in
western "Kansas, who may have failed to
raise a corn crop this past year, and who
may be- unable to furnish himself with
Third. Resolved. That this convention
nree uoon our legislature the necvssitv of
passing an equity redemption law of two
years alter judgment, to reacn sticn cases
ai thoe who are living on their farms and
endeavoring to make" for themselves per
manent homes on the same.
S. H. Snider,
J. 1. Ely.
He was asked to explain what was meant
by the last resolution. He said the object
was to give a farmer two years to redeem
General Eggleston Would hate tose it
published all over the world that the Kan
sas farmers are not able to protect thexn
selTes and appeal to the legislature The
farmer would be injured beianse he won't
be able to borrow money.
Linch Kansas is mortgaged less than
many eastern states where the same rights
are granted the farmers. We want as
much equity aa Illinois in case of a failure
of h crop.
It was asked if it would not be a reDudi
ation of debts already contracted.
A. B. Moore, of Kingman, said
tbti meeting was to consider
questions relating to farmers. He argued
in favor of the resolution. He thonghtit
not desirable to advertise Kansas as a
warm countryt ont or t',vo years farmers
in western Kansas had suffered.
Mr. WiUiams I arrived here in
defense of the farmers. Nothing in the
resolution against the many loans from
any state. All the farmers ask is an ex
tension of time.
JohnM. Ferguson The resolution of
ferred is merely instructions asking a rem
edy. Why should the farmers not ask for
au extension of time?
Gen. Eggleston The only part I ob
jected to was the advertising part.
The resolutions passed by securing a
unanimous vote. (
It was moved to change the order of bus
iness, allowing Judge Parkinson to speak
at night ami adjourn at 4 p. m. to go to the
pacKing house. The motion lest and then
were calls for Parkinson.
There was cuite a little discussion as to
j whether or not Judge Parkinson's address
should be delivered in the afternoon or at
night, as mauy wanted to visit the great
Dold Packing house and also wanted to
hear the judge. It was finally decided
that the judge should speak in the after
noon and that after his address as many
as could not wait until this morning at i
0 o'clock to visit the Hold's, could leave at
4 o'clock after Judge Parkinson had con
cluded his talk.
JUDGE PARKINSON'S REMARKS.
The chairman next introduced Judge
Parkinson.who statedjthathehad not;come
over here to make a set speech and had
none prepared. He only intended "to give
which had been called for the purpose of
discussing the opening of Oklahoma. The
present convention, however, he consider
ed of far greater importance iu as much as
it did not contemplate the opening of new
homes but the improvement and develop
ment of the homes already started. This
is one of the most important conventions
ever held in the state and he honed all
would go home better equipped for bat
tling with the elements. One object of
this convention is to talk over and con
sider sorghum, that plant which smiles at
drought and laughs at hot winds and
chinch bugs. If this can be made profit
able why not adoDt it? There are three
things I'never failed to raise. I could al
ways raise a nice crop of cockle burrs and
they stuck to me like a brother. Sunflow
ers were another good crop and I had
always supposed that some fellow would
find a way to utilize these plants.
Then there was sorghum that 1 could
always raise, as no other person utilized
it, and I have made myself quite a crank.
It has never been known to have been any
thing akin to a failure. I am told that
sorghum flourishes well in western Kan
sas. Tl at information may have been
started by the Wichita Real Estate bureau,
but I have experimented on some samples
from the western part of the state aud
found them rkh in sugar.
Sorghum can be raised with a very great
degree of certainty wherever you are try
ing to raise corn and millet. But it is only
as a sugar plant that I desire to dissuss it.
You all know of the efforts and the fail
ures to perfect this industry. There have
been a large number of failures in Kansas.
There was a large plant at Sterling, an
other at Hutchinson and I built
one at Ottawa. They were all
failures and had to be abandoned. It is
not ti question of whether it will produce
sugar but whether it will produce a divi
dend. Is it going to prove profitable?
That is the question.
OLD METHODS BY l'RESSCRE.
Under the old methods of extracting the
saccharine by pressureJbelieve in more
pressure. And I believed in more work
and more grit and more "hang on." So I
got a 150-horse power engine which, as the
maker said, was warranted to extract
iuice from hoop-poles, but I found that I
got out less of the juice than the "horse
mills" did, because it took so much thicker
buntUes of cane than they did that the
juice did not get out. in the laboratory
they could do a little better because they
only pressed one stalk or so at a time. The
best we could do was to get out about fifty
per cent of the juice in the
cane by pressure. Then in the
process of "defecation" or boiling and
skimming in off, we lost from 5 to 13 per
cent of the rest.
TWO SETTS OF CRUSHERS.
I thought I needed more crushers and
brought the Hutchinson rollers, very
heavy ones, over to Ottawa and set them
in front of those in our mill. Well, we
got a little more juice, but also got more
impurities which gave us more trouble in
defecation and the best we could get was
i")j per cent. The thing had to bo aban
doned. It was out of the question to make
sugar at a profit with only 55 per cent of
the juice while ten per more of that was
lost in defecation.
INTERESTING THE GOVERNMENT.
Efforts had been made by the depart
ment in Washington with a little hand
affair, which were somewhat better,
because they worked on so small
a scale. "I do not wish to
be considered guilty of egotism,
when I say I wa3 instrumental in getting
the government to take the matter up. I
interested Senator Plumb and to interest
him means to get about what you Want or
rather what ho wants. Dr. coring, then
the commissioner of agriculture, had
grown cold to sorghum, if indeed he had
ever felt warm towards it and he said that
there was no more appropriation needed.
But Senator Plumb got $30,000 appropri
ated. Here the speaker cited the fact: that they
found beet sugar manufacturers in Europe
had experienced the same difficulties with
the pressure process that he had with sor
ghum, and after grading up the plant,
from one of little saccharine quality it has
become the greatest producer of sugar.
Thev had been compelled to "slice" or cut
up the beets and extract the saccharine by
what is known as the 'diffusion process."
This plan of operation was then decided
upon for the sorghum in this country.
THE DIFFUSION PROCESS.
The government had some diffusion bat
teries or large tanks built for receiving the
"chips" or sliced cane. Bus for somo rea
son he could never understand, the gov
ernment built them up-sfde-down. It was
no trouble to fill the vessels full, bat as
they only had little openings at the side,
it took two hour t$ empty one. By the
time we got one emptied there was vinegar
in the next one and another failure was
credited to sorghum. Sorghum was al
ways blamed with all failures. After that
I expected and felt In awe of the "fool
THE SUCCESSFUL PiAN.
The next year we had a "battery" built
in a cylindrical form withlhe bottom so
arranged that it dropptd down by a hioga
and let the contents all out at once.
Now, I don't like to criticise
"Uncle Sam." but as a sugar maker, our
Uncle is not n uccess. Three years aco
$73,000 was fooled away. We got some su
gar but they iaid it was purely an acci
dent to get sugar out of sorghum. I think
it will be an accident if they ever get any.
The sugar we got that year ctst $L"5
cents per pound. The government paid
the II Xl and we had to pay the 23 cents
which left n.i in pretty bad shape.
Thai method however, got ont 05 per
cent of the jutce instead of 53 per cent as
before, but the leaves of the cane bothered
us. To get nd of this was the next ques
tion. The -rvmoval of the sheath of the
leaf where it joins the stalk wa the next
part of K "it wai declared that that
woold be too expens.ve. A party down in
New Jersey, wbere 'he government was
running an experimental station, said that
it could only be removed by hand ana that
would cost $3 W per ton o cane,
machinerv heavier was devisL by which
the leavesTand stalks are cut up together
and the pieces of le:tvrs being lighter are
blown out b" a erie of fans. In addition
to getting clean stalk.- ami the leaf for
feed, we find it a very cheap process.
Everybody wa? discouraged with the cit
lookfvicsorghiiHi. The present commis
sioner 6T agriculture, a very, witrui friend
of sorghum and a gentleman for whom I
have the highest respect, did all he could,
but he believed his subordinates, who I
think were not worthy of belief in the mat
ter. We said to the government that if
they would let us alone, and permit u to
Use some of the machinery which we have
in, our factory at Fort Scott, we would get
along all right with some money. I
I do not know what we would have dons j
or where the sorghum sugar industry i
would have been had he not come forward '
with the "where-w:th." I had all of the
confidence necessary to supply a plant, but
needed the capital, which Mr. Drake sup
plied. The ratio of sugar used per capita is
i constantly on the increase, and in the past
twenty years in the L uitetl states it has
increased from thirtv to sixty pounds per
capita. When he was a boy they only had i
sugar when there was company. Now j
everybody uses it. For the marketing of J
sugar there is almost an illimitable field.
in lftb( we made money. Again tais year
we made aprofit. Sorghum sugarcan now
be made profitably at present prices but
not with jnst nny'kind of machinery or by
anybody any more than a flour mill
There are two classes of people who in
terfere with the development ot .sugar
from sorgnum. Those who lay behind and
say it can't be done aud those darned
fools, who want to do it all at once and
put a mill on every quarter section in the
The Judge referred to the several sugar j
plan's in the state and said that if soma.
of them had not been nnancial successes,
it was not the fault of sorghum, but be
cause those places had neither the ma
chinery or the skill. He hoped tosee more
mills iu Kansas. The consumption of sugar
has grown to be 4,000,000 annually
' HOW CANE YIELDS.
The jude said a ton of cane would yield
100 hundred pounds of sugar and from 10
to 12 gallons of molasses, which was ex
cellent feed for hogs even should it find no
market. Their two plants at rt. bcott
had made 100 car loads of mo-
vear. Can't maKe it into aico-
et no authoritv aud there
is no one to use it in this state
The leaves, seed and molasses of the sor
ghum plant will make the pork and beef
for your packing houses. 1 have a letter
from the director of the experimental sta
tion at Columbia, Mo., who says that in
ferdinc our molasses to hogs, he finds it to
be worth lcents per pound or one pound
of molasses as good as one and onr-ha'.f
pounds of corn. This makes
the molasses worth 1GV cents
per gallon for such purposes. 1 will fur
nish any amount tit that figure. But sup
pose it is not so valuable as that, see what
you have when you raise eight to ten loas
bf cane to the acre. You can make more
pork from an acre by feeding the molasses,
the seed and the leaf than you cm from
corn at seventy bushels per acre. The leaf
weighs about ten per cent of the total ton
nage. We also burn the dry leaf for fuel
at the factories.
COST OF A FACTOEY.
"How small a factory can I build and
operate profitably?" is a" question I cannot
answer. The tendencj is to larger rather
than tosmaller ones. It takes just as much
skill to run a smaller one. Would
now build a smaller one than
the one at Topeka last year.
The size of the factor- soould be con
trolled to a certain degree by the area that
can be brought into it. Cane cannot be
hauled with much nrofit for more than
three or four miles. W ages can just about
be made at eight or nine.
Wichita when she builds, says she will
build the biggrst one in the country and
they will, if thev build any. From $C0,
000 to $100,000 should be about the cost of
a proper sized one. The one at Ft. Scott
cost $100,000. Probably one that large can
bo put up for fs0,000. It has a capacity
for working 200 tons of cane per day. But
you oueht also to have money to buy
cattle and hogs to feed from the crop.
HOW TO MAKE IT PAY.
The way to utilize the product of the
sorghum plant Is to prepare the
hogs and cattle for' the great
Wo now have a cheaper sngarplantthan
the tropical sugar plant, a cheaper plant
because we h:fvo the leaf as a feed
The judge then began to answer uues
tions. To the question, "How many kinds
of cane are theref" he said there were
over 100 varieties. At the Sterling ex
perimental station those to be used gen
erally are the early amber, early orange
and Link's Hybrid. At Fort Scott we paitl
$2 2 per ton. This included the leaf and
the seed. That grown by others in 187
there averaged O,1 tons to the acre. This
year it averaged 0 tons. The company's
this year ran 10 tons aud a little over. In
1&S7 it made 14 tons. Teu tons is called a
usual average, but it is safer to say 7 or
S tons. We have had cane make IS tons
to the acre. A ton ot cane
will make about
seed, 100 pounds
ten to twelve gallons
seed must be ripen when the cano is cut for
best sugar results. Yes-, you can raise a
second crop from tho same stubble after
cutting the first crop, but the season must
be very long or the second crop will be oply
fodder. It will take experiments and ex
perience to solve the small mill problem.
Don't know the plan of cutting and clean
ing and mascerating in a small mill and
then hauling the dried chips to a large
mill will work. The chips ein not be cut
and stored as the cane sugar will be turned
into invet sugar or glucose. The cane
should be delivered to the mill within
wtwenty-four hours or not longer than
thirty-six hours. The cane can rwar freez
ing all right. It is the thawing that
It can be burned In a Silo, but It will
cost more than it is worth. Yes, this
sugar can be refined just like any other.
It simply consists in washing the molasses
from the crystals. The sugar we made
was 93 per cent pare. Oxdinary sugar ou
the market of the same color as ours
without refining will not be over sQ p
cent pure There are
eetting forth fasts I cave stated.
Prof. Cowgill's reports of our work
at Ft. Scott, are rather full. The country
is full of sorghum literature.
The Judge was then
not the system under v
asked wheber cr
nS.k ihw ,
nich they operated
at Yt. Scott was patented. He explained
that Prof. Swenson had discovered the use
of the carbonate of limo in the process to
be a very good thine and applied for a pat- i
ent on the same The government is now
claiming the patent on the ground that
Prof. Swenson is alleged to have
made the discovery while working for the
government. The validity of the patent fe
now in litigation. But no man need hesi
tate about going into the sugar lxsine-v
on account of that patent; it will make
verj little difference. The nse of lime had
simply had the effect of making better
There being no other questions th jodsc
thanked hi- audience and resumed his seat
followed by a vsgoroas round of appiatiHS.
On motion of a delegate the convention
unanimously tendered Jndge Parkinson
"a vote of thanks for his Interesting and
M. J. Albright, of Kingman, offered the
following, which, at the reqne&t of the
derk, he read;
Resolved, By the Southern Kanas
Farmers a.ocjAtfon in convention assem
bled at "ft ichita, that we heartily approve
the action of concre-a in extending aid to
the sorghum enjar industry and earnestly
request a continuance of said aid until the
industry is thoroughly established.
Resolved, That the legislature of Kan
sas be requested to authorize mnnieipiU
ties within the tate to bond their credit in
aid of establishing plants to manufaciare
sugar from sorghum, and further
Resolved. That the iegL-latare of Kan
as be requested to make sttfilcient appro
priation of state funca to continue the
payment of bounty of two cents per poand
THIS -:- WEEK
Barpii in Every Department. "Holiday Godso
CASH -:- HENDERSON,
132 NORTH MAIN.
Dec. 15 -9 o'clock -Jan. 1
In order to give everybody an opportunity to sea my
immense stock of Holiday Goods, K2s(), the" Furniture
Man, will keep his store ope,n until 9 o'clock m the even
ing, from Dec. loth to Jan. 1st inclusive.
Large Assortment of Plosli Rockers.
My prices tire lower than other concerns are charging
Everybody says they are and I Intend They Shairj3e.
My location is not as good and that is why I mark my
goods at a less ligure.
Remember, my store is
street, on Douglas avenue.
tilled with fine Furniture.
ENO, The Furniture Man
ONISY TWO DOORS WEST OF
DISASTROUS CONFIaAO HATION.
The Gamlolfo Mable on North Main llurnt
Yesterday afternoon at 4: 10 the Gandolfo
stables,on North Main between Third and
Central was discovered afire. Icw Taylor,
an employe of the stable, went to tho tide
phone to give tho alarm but according to
his statement, he could not get central un
til he had rang twice. Officer Wibklng
attempted to turn in tho alarm from the
fire box at the corner of Second and Main
but the box was from some cause out ot
order and ho rushed to the Occidental tele
phone and hesays had the attention of cen"
tral immediately, and thus got the alarm
into the department.
Upon the arrival of the companies the
flames were well under way and spreadiug
rapidly to the building? on each side of the
stable. By dint of hard and judicious
work the flames were controlled in a re
markable bhort time; the stable of course
could not le saved, as the lire had good
headway when discovered and being of
pine and containing hay burnt like kin
dling wood. The buildings on each side
were considerably injured, but were saved
The people in the row south of tho burn
ing stable commenced removing their
household goods as soon as they saw the
fire, believing that it would be impossible
to save their houses if tho first should get
afire. Mrs. Johnson, who lived in the
house just south of the stable, managed to
save her household goods, but the house
Itself was made uninhabitable Mr. Mc
Carty's family, who occupied the
next south, too removed every
thing In the place, but found the hotine
little damaged. On the north Rardon't.
shoe shop had it roof burnt and the in
terior drenched with water, almost all of
the contents were, however, saved.
There were in the stable at the, time of
the ffre twenty-threa buggies and twenty
six hores- Thanks to the energy and hard
work of Lewis Taylor and another em
ployee of the stable, as well a per-oni
attracted by the alarm, all the3e were
saved. While the building was burning
the last lior?e enveloped in fianten ran out
ot the rear door. His ftide were terribly
burnt, his mane gone, his eirs half burnt
away and eyes blinded by the heat- He
was taken to the car stables and cared for.
The building, a well as lb bmy occn
nled bv Mr. Johnson, were owned by Mr.
McFariand. who is at present at San Frau-
: ...... P.l.fn.U T'rttfi .Truro inwrfrwl TIim
U19CM, .Olllilu. .un. ...n- .... v..
owner ol the ftable was Mr. Edwin
LTa?!or- ana ' Upon Mm Ul" J'
i - , .. .,,. . l0 t,, j i-.-
WJH Mill 1JU4WC uriitj . v. v .........
ance upon any of his stock, feed or harness
The canse of the Arts not definitely
' Knon- " "' ,ifS uwTer.-i iu""
i out ot tee south Mdd of about the central
iiuu. . - r- r, ..
imibVt mc uiiiiuiii. ... ....... .... -...
work nailing boards on the side of the
bci'.ding where the fire was only a few
minutes afterwards fim en. By some It
j is thought that It might hve ben stArtel
j from his lighted cigar. Still sach was not
last night definitely known .to be the caw.
REST CrTY ON THE CONTINENT.
Mr ijrvi S. Gould, chairman of th
ptockboWTS conu3itt-e of tbs Fanner
Loan and Investment company of Kansas
and president of the Board of Specimen
ex-oi&ck mayor; of Melro, near Boston.
Bccompirifcd. by Mrs. Gonld, reached the
city Monday morning and are the gUrt
of Mr. J. F.' Re"s family for a ier days.
Mr. Gonid and wife are en route to uth
em California for a winter vacation, hnt
bdng fo completely enAmoml of Wichita
frvm a recent vilt here on buinrw, Mr
G amid not resist th desire that fab wife
should : the "wonder of the west."
During a brief call at the EAGLE office yev
terday Mr. Gould expressed hliaf en
thusiastically concerning the pr?nt
raagaiccienc of the city and the fntaxe
grandear it is sare to attain to, in his
judgment. He wax Mire the city U with
out an equal in the Uai:wl States ia many
There is. an oW sentleman ia the
who should have wxt one to care for
in a kind. way. He needs a plain, .
fortabie room. Any ne who wfll J&ok
af ter him for a irnall cash oonsidtratioa
will confer a fatr by calling en 'W. B.
Smith or A. A. Hyde.
only two doors west of Main
1 have Three Large Floors
MAIN ST., ON" DOUGLAS AVE.
A 31 AN WHOW.I.SNT HANGED.
The way false rumors touching Wtchl'n
are originated, gain currency aud fly It
amazing. One of our business men yen
ierday showed the writer of this a lcUei
from an ncquintanco at Great Bvnd mak
ing Inquiry concerning tho reported hang
ing at Or near this city, one day hiat wvck,
of a man accused of Ix-ing a horse theif,
the execution being reported to have been
performed in a peremptory manner and
without the intervention of tho law or tho
officers thereof. The inquiry contained
the first intelligence received here of tho
imaginary transaction The K.U.I.K is nt
advised of any such transaction of recent
date In any part of the stato or the south
west. It Is certaiu none ha occurred near
this city. How such rumors get into cir
culation and for what purpose we aru un
able to so much a gue-s.
.MOirSAL.r h'KOM KINfiJMN.
The Moore salt company, of Kingman,
sent to this offico yesterday a iv irncn of
the output from their work, which, a fr
as we can judge, ii perfect in quality, as
it certainly ii In Its crvhtnline whltcne
There's nothing tho matter with King
man's salt: It's all right. Tho Moore salt
company U composed of tho following
representative clticrts of Kingman: J. ".
Martin. John P. Moore, a E. Iloibrvok.
George T. Almond, A. R. Dnrllug and F.
A N N OL'NUHit BNT.s.
There will be a meeting of Dm ftrjftrd
Suffrage socioty for the election of oiVitrn
this afternoon at the ro4dace of .Mr.
Baldwin, l'i 1 South Ivtwrtttco nveno.
Do not forget th- MKiial tonight at the
corner of Emporia avenue and Tdth
htre-t. Admission freu. MmMc by ths
Mi nick orchestra.
The Bcnovoi'nt fcochsty ot tho First Pres
byterian church will meet VVdnxlfly af
tf rnoou at 2 o'clock at th; hotM at Mfcs. A.
M. Wfuwun, -HO Wiwo Hvenit
Mm. C. J. tftHns,
Mrs. H. IA SiMpgo, Pro&dgirt.
Regular meeting Elmo Lodge of PcrSfce
tlon, No, y, A. & A. Soottfch Kfc Mftn.
on East Douglas at 7 'r'eltwk V"etiSMUy
evening, Drc 11. Work In nteUi dorsto.
A f nil a wUnce Is dch-d. By order
J. 8 CeiJt, Y. M.
O. P. Hckkj, Stsj'y-
CONCERT SKXVICE OT tW ASTU SON.
Prof. W. H. Powers niH edwiact a r
vice of mefcic at Dv!sje uvea ahMtek tht
evening. The nrke wUH be led by n or
chestra and choir rt' good atogsri. A
Prof. P. fe a man of ttpfar M& fa
both fwcbiag ami cxeevUoH, K wiQ n. n
gnuul treat for $VL W. J Tcu
Mayor Allen rcvri a lUrr fns a
brother who rtmides is NsbratVa ad $ o
editor of a pipe' lii-i iapttuttott, be
Ji73 since the election l that be kaow
more than be did before, tmt ha i f tb!
opinion that he has sot quite m tnmmh is
Snence if. J. Aibrighr, of JUzo. Klan
county, wm in the city zUctnlisKt ts
Helpless 40 Days.
T crrat csr ea 4 by rVeun U s
"vrKb. &4 t rri i4 to "UUV
WfA't s?rU d nr wl h ofts I--
ny7n&&, Tt loflvwlzjt H Uva 3-is"
Winocl r-r j4 i srs Vj- UU !" f
ti JUiiUrt: iTU. TL J rly irv
"Per S y-tr I rc?r i jic r"
stlia. Iu errat I -m t i wm U
era-, mi t 5iiV logrt tnX of t fco. J
tea : ! iartr & rrfc-i tar
s Is :sctW I ..6 UilSf
IloSrusr. xftw Ct vsA Vsi I i
bid ta It era. M iroaxA i Ul4 Stf luti'
I.olcrijJ-. v:a sn o U trots rvi.
J tls tfci 7 rd. -47 I ti II ClgUr a
Klirm ? " --. X - ru ittlen
ia 'l,i Fr5-r- Cwstt Haxxax.
CJar5U. CI! C, TU.
f. E. I a ? r to r M.frr
l. -frU. Ce s-t ti !lt5 to i 7 c.
fI4bTSirtu. tkKtiseiX JT-tJier
VrC.BOOO -CO, p6tKJ-iv . X-m
100 Doses One Dollar.