Newspaper Page Text
4 few .iirigXJrM-g
M. M. WUW, lifer ui Thariator.
WICHITA, FBIDAY, APRIL 13TH, 1872.
The first sentence of this new ven
ture is complete in tlic respectful sub
mission of the initial number of the
payer herewith presented. To the in1
Wichita, the queen city of the South
west, the prospective commercial nfe.
tropolis of this grandly rich domain,
the scut of empire and the politcal cen
tre of what must soon become a densely
settled portion of this young common
wealth; as, also, to the material inter
ests and the development of every re
source of the people of both Country
and City, the ,
Eagj,k will be honestly and earnest
ly devoted. The ambition of its foun
der is. and will be, to make it the lead
ing journal of the Great Southwest,
of the Arkansas Valley of Kansas.
Iu writing more wc might suy less
EDITORS OP KANSAS.
To our editorial brethren throughout
the state, who have so magnanimously
and kindly evinced a spirit of good will
in our behalf since disposingof the Bur
lingamc Chronicle, we fcef greatly in
debted, and we take this, the first op
portunity, of making known our feel
ings of gratitude. Hand in hand with
the older members of the Editorial As
sociation we have for years been co-'
oppcrating for the upbuilding of our
adopted state. As will be now seen,
we have not deserted the good cause,
or the fraternity; only changed our base
of opperations, only moved a little
nearer the centre of our fair domain.
"Wo send to each of you a copy of the
hands, in the full assurance that a new
name will be entered upon your respec-
tive exchange lis'ts. "
The "make-up" of our paper differs
we know from the great majority of
country papers. It is the execution of
an idea long entertained touching the
style of a country paper.' Jlaving per
sonally selected the material and per
sonally supervised the setting-up and
arrangement, the execution of the idea
became a pleasant tok. Besides, our
new home, Wichita J is already a city of
the second class.
Hoping that occasionally, at least, the
brainy men of the state may find an ar
ticle or wing-feather in -the Eaoi.k
worthy of note or comment, we take
FIFTH PARALLEL RAILF.O AD.
More than two years ago a company
was organized at Humboldt for the
purpose of building a Railroad from
Ft. Scott to Humboldt, and on west
through "Woodson, Grccnwood,-RutIer
and Sedgwick counties, to the' Arkan
sas river. The company was duly or
ganized and chartered and a prelimi
nary survey of the route made.
By an examination of the map it will
be seen that these counties arc on the
direct line of the St. Louis, Ft. -Scott
and Santa Fc Railroad. During the
last year that portion of the .road be
tween Fort Scott and Humboldt has
been graded and is now ready for the
iron. Last fall the three chartered
roads along the line of the Fifth Par
rail e, were consolidated, and we now
have a strong company of solid men
who arc deteridincd to push this road
through to the Arkansas river as soon
Allen county has already voted her
quota of county bonds. A few weeks
ago Greenwood county voted to take
!fc!00,000 in stock in this road. Wood
son county is alive to this great work
and has ere this submitted a proposi
tion to the people to take stock iu this
Road. Last week the citizens of Rut
ler county met at the court house iu
Eldorado and passed a series of resolu
tions pledging $l.")0,00t) to the enter
prise. We learn that a petition will
be presented to the county commiss
ioners of Hutlcr county asking them to
submit a proposition to take stock in'
this road to the amount of $150,000.
and to issue the bonds of the county
therefor; the Road to be
through the towns of Rosalia, Eldora
do, Towonda and on Southwest iu the
direction of Wichita. The people of'
Eldorado are alive to this work and
will without doubt carry a bond pro
We have always looked upon this as
one of the most important Railroad
projects in the state. Tapping the Ar
kansas Valley at. this point, it would
give us Railroad facilities that no other
town in this section could have. As
arrangements have already been made
for the construction of another line of
road from St. Louis to Fort Scott, we
deem it of the highest importance that
our people should lend their energies
to 6ccurc this road at an early day.
Wetfeallfroot time to time la before
readers, all the interesting facto iu
ectioH with the Fort Scott, Hum-
noMtimd Western .Railroad, and hope .
at no distant day to elicit such atten
tion to it as will secure its construc
tion to this city.
The election in Rhode Island aroused
more than usual interest owing to the
fact that about 3.000 Democratic regis-
tercd votes had their poll taxes paid for ,
the first time in two or three years. I
The result, however, was the election ,
of the Republican State ticket, except I
Lieutenant Governor. A special issue I
was made against the Republiban can
for Lieutenant Governor, the prcscilt
incumbent Pardon W. Stevens, because
of his alleged connection with trap fish
ing. He is probably defeated by Charles
1L Cutler, Democrat,
Ex-Governor Uanm, ol .nassacnu-
setts, lias accepieu a puaiuuii oa i m.
President of the Grant Clubof Boston,
..:..nf i,t ht. believes the Club rci-
D"-"'o ' . . ...";
resems uiy in;""- ,.- ,....--- .
of the people of the uoninioiuvcaiiu iu
its advocacy of the re-election of Gen
ic state convention says that it will
nominate a candidate for Governor, and
'take such other steps, in view of the
nnroachiMf "tatc and presidential
e!ectioM,s the condition f tho country
THE CITY ELECTION.
The City election in Wichita, under
the special act making it a City of the
second class, on the 2nd passcdjofTplcas-
autly and with no particular excite
ment, and no trouble of whatever char- j
acfer. The men chosen to till both the i
offices of the city and school hoard arc (
among our most substantial and lead- i
ingmen, in wjiich we lougratulatcotir j
citizen -The following .-m the unities '
of those chosen for the various positi
ons and are taken from our coteinpora
ry the Vidette.
Dr E.B. Allen va elected Mayor, J.
'31. Atwood, Polio1. .Iiidgo, Chas. A.
Phillip, Treasurer, M. Meagher, Mar
shal, Wm. II. Itoarke. Justice of the
j Peace, S. K. Ohuicrt and George
tP'Amour, Constables. In the First
Ward Charles Schnttuer and Dr. II.
Owens were elected Councilman, and
"N. A. English and X. McClease niem-
j hers of the School Board. Second
Ward, II. II. Linden y and J. A. JStev
! enson. Couucilmcu. and AY". C. Wood
! man and E. P. Waterman to the School
! Board. In the Third Ward, J. M.
i Martin and A. Long-dorfwerc elected
i CoHiiciliueu, II. If. Wot and George
j Beeves to the School Board. The
j Fourth Ward elected Win. Smith and
i J. C. Fraker Counciluieu, and Fred, A.
' Sowers and A. II. Fabrhjuc member
of the School Board.
HONORS TO THE DEAD.
Professor Morse, of telegraph fame,
died in New York on the 3d itnd. The
ceremonies attending his funeral wens
very imposing. He was hurried iu a
heavy roi-cwood casket and hi funeral
was preached by Bev. Dr. Adams.
The National Academy of Design
adopted resolutions of respect and at
tended the funeral. The Aldermen and
Assistant Aldermen done likewise.
as the Clay Council of Brooklvn and
I the Xcw York Chamber of Commerce.
j The Stock K '";-'' voted to adjourn
! bo,', ,ffuI- 8 f stock in nienmry of
j Morse, and pased appropriate
A. large mcctinir of the citizens of
Washington was hcld.to take
relation to the death of Profc
Morse. Arrangements were made to
obtain the use of the hall of the House
of Representatives for (he imposing
memorial services in honor of the late
professor, to take place probably on
Monday, the 1.1th of April, at which
distinguished gentlemen will deliver
addresses. The Secretary of the Xavy
has offered the marine band for the
occasion, and the Wnsiugfon Choral
Society have volunteered their servi
ces. Hon. A. S. Solomans offered the
followiiig(resolut ion, which was unan
imously adopted ;
llcxolcctl, That the people of the Fni
ted'Statcs be requested to meet iu their
respective cities, towns and villages,
on the evening of the 151 h day of April,
at 8 o'clock, to give expression to their
sense of the loss sustained bv the world
in the death of Prof. Morse, 'and to hold
simultaneous communication by tele
graph with the assembly of the peoples'
representatives and cifiens of W ash
ington, convened for a like purpose in
the capital of the nation.
The Western Union Telegraph Com
pany sent the prouil lwpotibc that the
company will cheerfully grant the ue
of the wires for direct communication
between simultaneous Morse memorial
meetings proposed to be held. A com
mittee of five on resolutions, with Sen
ator Patterson as chairman, and a com
mittee on arrangements of fifteen, were
appointed, with full power to act, and
the meeting adjourned.
Died, at Wichita. Kaune. on Mondav,
April 2, 187-2, Major W. I). CAi't
pkxtkk, of Sumner City, Kansas, for
merly of the State of Kentucky.
The bar of Wichita, after learning
of the demise of Major Carpenter, met
in the parlor of the Empire House,
when the following proceedings were
had expressive of the high estimation
in which they held the deceased, who
it is said was a man of genius, ami so
cially of the warmest impulses:
Wiiekkah. It has pleased an allwNc
and over-ruling Providence to remove
from our midst, even ere he had reached
the prime of life, our esteemed fellow
citizen and associate. W. 1). Carpenter,
Esq., late of the State of Kentmkj ;
?viiff 't'lmt lit f Iwi fliifiili tf fine hft
vmimr mifl iii-iimisiiifMS Minor AV. 1).
Carpenter, we are forcibly reminded
...,....,.. , .-..-.,.. ...,--- -.,., . ... - -
that "in the midst of life we are in
death," and that deeply as we may de
plore the los, w'e must, with resigna
tion, bow to the w ill ol Him who 'doelli
all things well."
Jlcsolrcil, That we deeply sympathize
with the relatives of the deceased, inas
much as the hand of death has been laid
upon one so near ami dear to them, in
an hour so unexpected.'and a place so
distant from the loved ones at home.
Jicsolvcil, That though the deceased
isa comparative st ranger here, whither
he had come on business from hi- home
iu Sumner county, in this state, his con
duct and intercourse with hi fellow
men, and especially with the members
of the legal fratcrnitj, has been of such
a character a to nd"ar him to all who
formed his acquaintance.
Hfsoh-eil, That the proceedings of
this meeting be forwarded to the rela
tives of the deceased, iu Kentucky.
licsolvcd, That the proceedings of
this meeting be published in the papers
of Butler, Sedgwick and buninercoiui-
On motion the meeting adjourned.
J. M. ATWOOD. "Chair'n.
G. P. Gaulaxd. Secretary.
PrcsidcntThiev. on tlic adjournment
of the French National Assembly, on
Saturday, until the22d of April., made
a speech in which he guarantied the
i imiintemiticc of internal order, declared
t,ia, tl0 army wa5 faithful, and assured
(he cnaml)L,r (j(!,j ,, interruption of
peac(J WJg tj,reatencd. He also
i,,timated that France was not cntirely
isol.ltcd . tliat si, uot without alli-
In the Congressional proceedings of
April 2nd, we find the following:
Various bills were reported from the
Committee on Public Lands, explained
and passed, including the following:
To'atncinnowutme law?: to aeciare
th(J 0sac q!nn lrust Iaill iu jfansas
subject io aisjosai itr casu oiuy to
actunl6cttlcra,mquaiititiesiiot exceed- ,
'S iw -ryi., . . -niau- ....
ijcneral principles ol t lie pre-emption
,aw8 - ,
Charles A. Danna, eilitor of the Xew
York Sun, was examined at some
I lemrtli. Kridav.bv the committee encajr-
uivcgtitinf thefwHcHil conduct
of secretary ltohcson. .Somethings iu
J thig inyitit look rather black
j hlst Robeson.
Thirty-oao rouyerts to the Babtist
ai4JtHiirriwgjrelBiiMer?d in the MisMiari
flfcW.kJui(f -,-- - .j.
Correspondence of the Eagle.
THE ARKANSAS VALLEY.
IIctchixbox, Itr.NO Co., Kansas. J
April Mh, 1S72. $
Editor Eaot.e: In attempting to
outline the most striking characteris-
tics of the Arkansas Valley, one natur-
allv commences with the Kivcr which !
flows through the valley.
THE ARKANSAS RIVER.
(pronounced according to the best au
thoritv of the state bcariiiir that name.
Ar-kan-saw,-acccnt on the first sylla
blc) is one of the largest streams in the f
United btatcs, as its winning course
measures little less than 2000 miles. It
rises in Colorado Territory, latitude
106 1-2 degs. west of Greenwich, and
lougitiic 39 1-2 degs. north. Its source
is iu the Rocky 3Iouutaiiis, at an alti
tude of about ten thousand feet above
the ocean, where it flows from the
base of Mount Lincoln, one hundred
miles southwest of Denver, and imme
diately to the west of that delightful,
but almost unaccessable region known
as the South Park of Colorado. Grand
River takes its rise in the immediate
vicinity and flowing wesward unites
with Green River, and these comming
led torrents are thereafter known as
the Colorado of the West, which flows
into the Gulf of California, at a dis
tance of 800 miles in an air line from
the head of the Arkansas. The latter
stream, intent upon an eastern outlet,
breaking through invurncrablc moun
tain barriers, hews for itself gorges
and canons iu the eternal rock, floods
over precipices, receives innumerable
tributary rivulets foaming with clear
blue water from the mountain sides,
and finally, after as rapid a run of two
hundred miles as river ever made, de-
iiouciius jiiio wiihi may oe lermcii me
upper plain region of South Colorado. J
From thence its flow due eastward is
more tranquil, but yet very rapid. In i
Colorado it receives several large trib-
'-', most of I
of them rising iu the
iinioug which are
. . . ,.
! !". Ta' .
pas, Purgatoirc, Squirrel, Little Sandy,
Big Sandy, &c. The Arkansas enters
Kansas 7;" miles north of the south line
of the State, runs due cast 140 mile,
and then makes an angle to the north
cast about 75 miles, whence it diverges
to the southeast forming what is known
as "the Big Bend" of the Arkansas
River. At this point is situated Fort
' Za"l" nn bandoncd government post.
1 he course of the Arkansas from Ft
Zarah is southeast, to the state line, a
distance of 150 miles, where it enters
the Indian Territory. Its general
course whence is a little south of east,
until it enters the Mississippi River,
iu the state of Arkansas, at a point
j midway between Memphis and Vicks-
burg. It must be remembered that the
' distances above given are iu direct
lines and not by the windings of the
stream. The Arkansas is a broad
! shallow stream, but so far as I have
i seen it, is unlike the Platte in that it
has well defined banks and few islands.
, Its banks are very low, varying from
four to ten feet in height. Rut we
i come now to one of the most rcmarka-
I blc features of the river. Although
I draining a country before reaching
Central Kansas, larger than all 2few
England, and although it carries the
torrents from the melting snows of one-
i half of Colorado, it never flows outside
its shallow bed. Its banks duriugMay
' and June are nearly full, and apparcul-
' lv its vast and rapid waters are about
to flood and devastate the entire valley,
but it is curiously kept from injury
and caused to work a great benefit
the Valley, or, at least to the soil
the lower bottom lands.
This remarkable phenomenon is
sily accounted for, when the facts
understood. The bed of the' fiver,
least throughout its course in Coloia-
do and Kansas, is composed of sand
and gravel, and the subsoil of the adja
' cent lauds consisting of the same mate-
rial, the super abundant waters spread
themselves through this subsoil, in
I stead of overflowing the surface if the
country, as would be-the case of the
suboiI was composed of clay. So !
completely does the porus subsoil
dri.uk ui this river, that last sinmr, t
following a winter of extraordinarily
light fall of snow iirlhe mountains, the
bed of the river was iu places absolute
ly dry, althougli water could be ob-'
taiued a short distance below the
face, where iu realitv the river
flowing iu the gravel.
The attention of the impatient read
er is now invited to that portion of the
Valley below Dig Rend, which proba
bly includes the largest amount of till
able valley laud to be found in an equal
distance along any stream in the Uni
ted States. The river varies in width
quite considerably in this distance of
200 miles of windings, but I have only
obtained accurate figures at two places.
At Hutchinson the measurement for
the bridge shows a width of 1658 feet,
while at Wichita, 40 miles farther
down the stream, the bridge will be
1000 feet long, with a short till at each
THK V.VI.LKY AND SOIL.
The word valley is ordinarily appli
ed to such lands, called in the west
"bottoms,' as are adjacent to a stream
and considerably lower than the iij
lands or hills which lie farther from
thotreani.' Applying the word strict
ly in this sense, it is difficult to tell
the width of the Arkansas Valley.
There is occasionally a tract of land on
the margin of the river, which is so
low that it is too wet for cultivation
during high water, and must therefore
be devoted chiefly to the grasses, but
the rise is gradual as we travel back
from the river, that few can tell where
the 'bottom' ends and the "upland"
begins. That portion of the Valley be
low Dig Dend is from five to twenty
miles wide. The soil is chiefly a sandy
loam, made up of such mineral element
as have been washed from the
Mountains bv the attrition of ages. It
is a marked Dmlsre of Kansas soil tbut
Mdi larger proportion
rthan the prairie soils
oflllinoisaMMiwa, which are chiefly a
vegetable MiMl For this reason
Kansas will ksprove by cultivation.
Especially k tkit true of the Arkansas
Valley. Te tlMW only accustomed to
a mucky soil, Ihcr appears to be iu
places in tkte VUy, too much sand,
bu t tliose faauHar with portions of Min
nesota, witU ike and ridges along
the Illinois Hvcrar with the Arkau
sas, with t
ri river bottoms
? in MisoHii,o146aiJuive seen the mag- even If the country wa fenced, than to
----mxwn'ymwa xXvenubihcmt run tlrge ad take
vlaU..ffi'u,A'. x - vr'!j5 -
-- i T-ff-?- ittJWiiiTi lVT"iM -i J
on Kansas valley lauds, need no argu
ment to be' convinced that this-soil is
equal to the best in the country: The
most productive lands in Kansas have
hitherto confessedly been found iu the
Kansas valley, and none in the State
are so sandy cxceimnsf tins vallev.
The crops raised in this region during
the last two years have 'sufficiently
demonstrated our agricultural' Wealth.
Last year there were grown upou the
sod in this Valley, i. e. upon .ground
- . vl' ",okc flroui.80.nito 50
uusueis io me acre: oais aiho -hi
bushels, vines of all kinds;, potatoes,
beets, peas, lettuce, etc. Osage orange
I-wed. miwu upon the sod, produced
plauts from three to five feet in length.
The uplands of this region are un
surpassed in the State. Thev lie verv
'.gently rolling, and arc abundantly wa
: tercd with clear, living streams. The
; soil of the uplands contains consider
' ably less sand than the bottoms. In
deed its general appearance is but lit
tle if any different from the upland
prairie soil of Eastern Kansas. The
, surface however here is much less
rolling. The subsoil of the uplands is
! composed of clay and land so intermix
as to form a coinpact'ina?, which stands
iu wells, and along the d.ccasioal little
bluff of the streams, in perpendicular
walls, but it can be spaded to any re
required depth, and will not absolute
ly prohibit thesub-draiftage of the soil
in wet seasons.
After what has been written of the
Arkansas River, it is almost superflu
ous to say that the water of all this
i Valley region is abundant and pure.
t It is iu truth the best watered portion
of Kansas, so far a. mv observation ex-
' , i
On the bottom lauds 'drive
wells, ' or 'tube wells' are univeially
used. They consist of a tube of galva
nized iron, with a steel point, the low
er end of the tube having small holes
on the sides, around which is wrapped
a piece of wire-gauze for a strainer.
pr!liu lillio is flriVf.ii liitfi tlirk irifmii.l
j ... i"!' .....v,.. .; lilt, m trim!.
f through a holein thekitchen floor if de
sired, or wherever inclination dictates,
and water is reached at a depth of from
six to fifteen feet. A pump is placed
upon the pipe and in an hour's time a
boundless supply f pure soft water is
obtained. The blessing of flu' intti-r
quality will be fiillv appreciated bv
j JSAKD HILLS.. .:J,MA.T
So much is said about ihefcaudTiills
,,of the Arkansas by people -who have
never been here, that a definite de-
, scription of their location i,inl charac
ter will not be out of place. They com
mence iu the northwest pari of Harvej
county, lately part oi' Sedgwick and
' McPherson, and run nearly west. un
til about four miles north of Hutchin
son iu Reno county, where they deflect
, northward and extend into Rice couii-
. ty. Here they are intercepted by Cow
' creek and farther west by the Arkan
sas River. The row of hills thus detin-
i ed are about forty miles iu length and
; two to four miles across. They rl.e
above the valley by gentle slopes, to a
I height of -10 to 80 feet, and their sum
j mils are made up of small taWehuuH
of 50 to 200 acres iu extent. The liill
, ocks are sometimes composed of pure
sand, upon which nothing grows but
two varieties of plums, and large wild
'grapes. At least four-liths of the ( u
i tire surface of the sand hills is cover
ed with wild grass of various but nu
j tritious varieties. The most singular
! feature of this strange region is that
' these hills are full of water. In (he
I drvest season, the soil, or even the sand
of the hillocks is moist an inch or two
. below the surface, and there are to be
! scc'i a considerable number of lakes
or ponds, several acres iu extent, and
always lull of pure, fresh soft water,
although none of of them havuanv vis-
i ible outlet. There are also many liv-
mg springs irom wiucli Utile rivulets
trickle down the slopes of the hills, un
til lost in the bottom lands below.
Some of these streams are the sie of
a man's arm, and bulrushes my b
seen growing in their waters. These
hills arc a great resort for wild fowl,
and will soon become famous for dairy
ing and fruit foowino;
.South of Fort Zarah and eifs't" of Ft.
Lamed, there is a wide extent of sandy
hill country, which is aid to posc-s
all the characteristics of the hills above
described, but its extent will conddcr-
sur-' ably interfere with its develo mint,
was This last named sand hill country com
mences about fiO miles west of Wichita.
Excepting the regions above describ
ed there is no propriety whatever in
talking about the sand hills of the Ar
kaiisat Valley, for there is actunln less
waste Jand within twenty miles of the
river from Ft. Zarah than there is
along an equal distance of the Kansas
The Arkansas Valley i but sparsely
Indeed it is for thi rcas-on
alone that this vallev remained unset
tied until the rapid construction of the
Atchison, Topcka & Santa Fc Kail-
road rendered it certain that inn verv
..... .. . .,,. . . . ' ". e
uiiii- iiuiv, .Mui.iu.f; ludicuai .. luci
would be brought to everv man's door
on the cars. There is enough timber
for the immediate necessities of set
tlers, and In this quick soil and conge
nial climate a very few years suffice
to grow timber. Ten acres planted to
quick growing varieties, intermixed
with others of slower growth and more
enduring qualities, will after live years
supply any farmer with all the timber
needed on a farm, as le.-s time and a
very little labor will have fenced hi
premises into convenient lots protect
ed by the invaluable 0age Orange.
The latter plant i native to the conn
trv, but a short distance south of us.
THE HEM) LAW.
By the taking effect of this law,
which woultl not have been accepted
in this valley, if the first settlers had
found an abundance of timber every
acre of this land may easily and chrai-
ly be fenced with Osage Orange, and
orchards, groves and field crops grwjt.
Far better i it for this region tii-'it it
have the herd law and little timber
than be deprived of the herd law, wiilt
an abundance of timber. The enor
mous cost and trouble ami delay of
fencing is here avoided, and a poor
man may grow into all the improve
ments of a lirst cla farm. As for rich
farmers, it certainly must be true that
wherever a poor man can thrive, a rich
man cannot well fail. As to stock rais
ing it is cheaper-for neighbors to put
their stock into herds and hire a keeper.
kT.c.J'.,J - - v: - ' - ?1rr.'H.iwl!e - . . 3r' frtW. .. . . ..
ilPi ip - 't3j--:ii?rirJ
tin rik of estrays. Even- other section
of land, in a grcatportion of this Valley
is owned by by the A. T. k S. F. Co.,
and thosa who settle upon Government
lands can range their stock upon the K.
R. suctions until sold. Iu a few years
this entire valley will be fenced and cul
tiar;l, or put down to tame grasses,
and then the herding ground will b3 in
the unsettled portions of the remote
southwest, and cattle will be returned
in the fall to consume the corn and win
ter pasturage of the Valley.
COAL, KOCK AXl) CLAV.
There i.- no longer any uncertainty as
to the discovery of coal in this Valley.
It has been found in several places, and
there is not the least doubt that it will
soon be de .'eloped iu sui-h quautitit sas
to supply fuel at very low rates. Even
now it is being delivered along the line
of the A. T. & H. F. R. R. for 25 Vents
mi- Iiiicliet liv lm fii- lnnrl liniiitr
pil 01ISIK.1 T) .110 car loatl, t.eillg
brought tioh:0?ago tonnty mine-, .w
miles distant northeast. Rock is not
so abundant as to be troublesome, as is
the ca.ic in portions of Kansas, but it
has been found iu many places and will
withaut doubt be developed elsewhere
as the country is developed and occu-
S I Mill- a i 1 1 1 fit 4TfiV lllaiiil m.TT
Mtl. V-1.1. .-WM...7.1; i! UWl.IV illUIVllIJi
..I..... t)i. .i.t.l f tin linf riiinlU.. . 4
n au uiiw.iiii, uii uiu irtui ijtiiiiiw ui
sand being everywhere accessible, there
is no lack of excellent building material.
Should constant cultivation ever de
velope the fact in this Valley, which is
apparent in all other countries in the
world, that fertilizers must first or last
be applied to all lands which are not
subject to overflow, if farm?, are to be
kept up to their state of original pro -
d!;ctivcne-sii; I .ay. manures are
ever needed here, as tluy nn nnodiil in
,, . , , ,
ansiaieseasi 01 us. Ave nave a never
failing supph in the vast gypsum beds
which intersect the valley at various
pritn. mid not ably, in Marion, Dutler,
Sedgwick and CoWley counties. The
A. T. &S. F. R. R. crosses this deposit,
whit it is unsurpassed in quality and in
exhaustable in amount. When broken
in pieces and ground iu a mill it be
comes the "land plaster' of commerce
which sells for ten dollars per ton in
Washington and Xew York, and which
is especially adopted to the needs of
overtaxed sandy soils. With clover its
use has brought to a statu of high fer
tility the sandy flats of portions of
Xew Jersey and Maryland, compared
with which even the sand hills, of the
Arkansas A" alley arc as garden soils.
Two years ago this magnificent Val
ley was a vast solitude, whose c Hence
was only disturbed by hunters iu the
pursuit of gum:;. Xov; there are with
in the Valley below Ft. Zarah. the coun
ties i.l" I'aiton, Rite, IJeno, Harvey,
Sedirwick. Sumner and Cowley, all of
which, excepting Darton, arc organized
and contain from 1000 to 5000 inhabi
tants each. Here arc the thri .'ing towns
of Dig Dend, Zarrah, Atlanta, Peace,
Hutchinson, Xewton,edgwiuk, Park
City, Wichita, Sumner City. Delle
Plaine, Oxford, Wiuiichl and Arkansas
City. There arc schools, churches,
printing presses', railroads and tele
graphs. Here is the seat of empire for
all Southwestern Kansas. Ilerearenot
less than 40000 square miles of as fertile
soil, as well watered and as healthy as
any equal extent in the state of Kaunas.
Here is a country half as hup' as the
state of Vermont, and quite capable of
supporting a half million of people.
Ami yet in this fair domain lauds may
be had for nothing by the homestead
settler, and Railroad lands are sold at
low r.itcs on long time, while town lots
can be bought for a song (tune twenty
to one hundred dollars each.) which
will be shortly tlouiue quadruple in
value. Cr.ixrox C. Hiitciiix.sox.
HUMPHREY MARSHALL DEAD.
The Louisville Journal gives tliufol
Itiwinjf particulars of the death of this
distinguished man :
Hon. Huninltrey Marshall died at his
residents; in this city, at '2::50 o'clock
this afternoon, of general acute bron
chitis. 'I he city was startled by the
announcement, "for his illue-s was of
such hort duration that few had even
heard of it.
(iener.il Marshall went to Frankfort
j u'ooli nfzir YrMntlnt , vn jnIVitjiml
business. On Friday he eat a hearty
dinner ami retired to his room for an
afternoon nap. "When he awoke he
found himself M'florinj' from u severe
buni'iur and smothering sensation in
the breast. The symptoms contin
ued to affect him 60 severely that he
came home on Saturday and took to
his bed. Dr. Forte wa called in on
Monday, and attended him during his
short and fatal illness. The smother
ing sensation continued so severe that
the doors and windows of the sick
room were kept open both night and
day. Mrs. Marshall, his wife, was iu
Mercer countv at the time ir.d though
I sent for as -oon as the general's indis
position became dangerous, could not
arrive until after 1:5s death. Two
daughters and one son and other mem
bers of the family, however, were at
his bed dde. He su flereil severely. we.
! very ;v-t ;.- at!ti s uprtgni in m-u
i lUUt'll oi His lime. lie feesiieu .iw:iru
i several davs airo "f hi annroacliiiiir
j cud.and awaited if cHmly. Yesterday
! afternoon.one of his daughters. Mrs.
j Strader . assisted him to rise up iu the
ibed. and A'.lnie voting upon her arm.
j,e susldenlv remarked, "It is all over,'
and then dropping back upon the pil
low, died without a struggle. The
bodv, after being laid out. va, vim fed
duriuirtlie afternoon bya 'arse number
of the member-ot the bar and promi
nent citizen. The General has been
i in feeble health during the whole of the
past winter, and on j-cvcral occasions
! got outofasi.fc !,.-l to attend to im
i poitant professional duties.
At a meeting of the Base Ball fratern
ity, on Mm:d.t evening, a club was
formed and the following officers were
elected for the ciiMitng session; Pres
ident. Ij. A. Brown: Vire Fre-ident,
C. F. Gilbert : Scrretaay. A. K. Allen ;
Trea-nrer. S. E. Bell: Directors. Geo.
S. (laike, M. O. Craigmyie. Henrj-
I a! . Keed. Ben Aliinrli. little
itrownee is to bef horJ stop, for in that
position he needs no step lacider. I i
deite. At a meetinv: of hpiropnI f'Jiurrh 1
S-ocietv. hold on the i.t in?t., George:
Clarke and Henrv II. Lindtcv were
elected "Wardens, and (.has. Scltattncrr
Fred. Schattner, Geo.S- Henrj-.J. MvJSTiiSriS
ritllMMi (. AV l:rnmrrlL Geo. ftlin-
mons. W. P. Rouse. ('. W. Aldrich and ,
AVm. B. Hutehi-)n wereelcctinl Ve-try-ineii.
O. W. Uroin Weil wa elected Cleric
bv the Wtty, and B. W. Aldnch
"riir t-,-.n!d von do if mara'ia
should die";' asked a ladyofalittlepirl. ;
Well' was the alow and melancholy
rc?uonc. "I 'sioe I would have to
K Jt.V KHrn twljy nisiit o or be
fore Use ("nil &! twh inoTiUt
U. 5 SLCC, W Jl.
(tHW TKJJ!tMK-Veet t.Jt-OMi Hall
VJ i li'btr niyht ofeeU erk. ,
t, tULXsrmirr, - v
Spnurnc's and Merrimack prist.. .. IJUA
Stark A ami Indian'he'adafce'riiBga
j i-aciuc extra unbleached. "
inuian. neau unbleached
Dentau and hirting atripe'I"!"""
irewmra oil wool. .,-..........,..
, r'lannt-la, bent all wool..
Factory Jcaiw, best .
j Itonu-Jtic Gingbattis
Ynnnir If ruin 1V?t
Oolong and Japan . ..J........
I.iuColTce ,.. .....
Jjviv old white
Crushed anl pulverized
New Orleans hrpwn
Virjiinia natural leaf tobacco...
Fiuer.it . . .
Uolilen Syrup ,
65 U 30
1 2J 0.
i a i su
10 (I. 13
I I,r!tt Apples ami Peaches.. ."..."
f olrniiit5 .in.l lllackl.rrrlw
Canned Cherries' and Strawberries..
Lobsters and Sardines v
' Itri Istftlf. t ll I
I -.. ...
Kiour vvv BIEAIsTUfs
FHKSH MEATS .VXD POULTRY.
Choice beefsteak liiift 13
itoast.. .. in t.r m
Freh Pork tytft,
1 Chickens m a.
j T,,rkeJr i fe
i Xlltivi. WllInut aml K?f; Mua &
I Softwood 4300
t Pine 3Juo
(Iri-en salted .
113 MA IX STREET.
Capital Paid In, -
WM. (.UEIKFEXSTEIX, W. 1. GOSSAKD,
J. It. MEAD, J. S. OANKOKD,
J. C. Jr'KAKEU.
Will do n frcncral banking lniilne. GOI.H
AM) SlI.VEi:, FOItKKiX AXI EATEUX EX
CHAMiK UOlTtUIT AXl) MLI. Will bnv and
sell COUNTY M'ICIl' :md other local ecuritieH.
Interest allowed on time deposit.
Collections promptly attended to.
Jtereni'p Stamps for sale.
I'oMirMing ample facilitlei for the advantaeroiH
conduct of our luine4, we iroinle to all our
rii'tomers the nu?t fawinitile r.itc and the
promptest attention. 1-ly
WM. C. WOODMAN k SON,
FIRST ARKANSAS VALLEY BANK
Loan, Emhango, Doposit and Collcctios.
MONEY TO LOAN ON I0RT6AI
And a.i-taiice remlrrtM In provinjr legitimate
AV. & N. M'CLEES,
FOR -SAKE OR
OKOlJXtlS FOJI SALr", REST OR I.EASK.
A larjre and raried tnRti
C-JHI IHTed 31
mV al n4 ro-n-
tiuned in the followuvc
Sebednle to tdl
EXCH ANGEITABLES !
PEASCE c V.
N'EW YORK STORE!
(OL. H. lOUX-" '
SOL. H. KOnX'&.BROTIIER,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
TJ30E1 BEST PLACE
rim toe to nrv
1 at the Cheap I'lace,
CORSEIt OF SECOSD MAIN STREirTfe',
Call and ne them If ym do not hur.
cot you a cent.
It will not
Our Motto.is : Live and Let Live I"
THE EMPORIUM OF FASHION.
LADIES! LADIES! LADIES INVITED!
Lait dVswYsii. StjlM Ssplksttd!
Come and see! Ask and price I
' inrriuM rrerleed a tarpr, rjamt.lrt a4 wrM
r)ra,.tUKX fcf KjKSroidrrin, J,
lotrrtUrua, Vaicseiraara, Charf ami Thread
t-oe, JtararlUea Ttitmmktg ad Haarfmrg Ed,c-
The UUM .lrt aT !- CjAUt aft-1 a full a
trart of all artictea prrta!alir So U4W' UMt
mart fnH dre.
M. 3L EMANUEL
DOlsPT "RELAJD 'I'M im
SaDLLIS ZSd 3A2X1IS
CHEAPER Til AN EVEK!
( a m; GAJRKISON,
31 mnalitrrerer of sad Dealer U
COLLARS, PLASIHHW lAH, W3M,
FURS, WOOL AND TALLOW, c,
87 Hah Street, Wiekita, Kami,
When I will keen cUMtaatlr oa haul a mat -Kirfraent
nfSatldle, Drart aa4 Carrtaftv Rarneas,
Collar. Whins, awl every article beliaa,tjrfi
the Irate, which I wiB eU at dm very tamrt rote
Tr caoh, or exr'ianjte (of (rrrcaliark. Ireamrr
Hor or fnu-tlonul rurrener. I am also prrparsil
to lo all kinds of mrri.-nre trimmln In (hurt ar
tier. Repair iirnmptly attended to for half cah
In h.-uid. the baiauce in twenty yean time, with
X. B. Bear In mind I will not be undersold.
All wurk warranted to euit thcparchacr. rleaae
call and examine my auodt.
U. M. UARJUSOX.
My 7 Main street, Wichita, Kanm.
OOTS AN SHOIS. i
FASHIONABLE BOOT AND SMI IAKBL
Manufacturer of all kind of
BOOTS AND SHOES!
tx nn: latcht ttl or tms tiluib.
J"ine Work ami Low 1'ricet my motto.
All lrurk warranted to Kite naiNraction or no
air. Keiairlng done neatly and rumitly.
7irp Joort toutk of t Firtt yitiivtuil Jianl,
Main Strut, Wicki'la.
AlCADE BLULiARD HALL,
RE AVIS BROTHERS, Proprietors,
MAIS STREET, WICHITA, KANSAS.
HiiTinjt rrrrntlr nurchioeil the nUive Well
known ritul)lUliliiVnt, we Invite the imldle to the
Ui-t tint It aiointiiienU lire eonilete iu ererj
rticnUr. Tlie hU U fnnilhcd with
FOUR BILLIARD, TABLES,
Alt llrrt ela., and keit In the bent order. Tim
Imr i Uiiliel with the wt of Wli xl-.
Llqlliirs lUidelioire Clnr,.
A FKEE LUNCH
Will he "t
et eTerr Tue-iliyr, Thiirlnr nd Sii'ur
iiijt, at IOo'cIiick.
1-tf UEAVIS HUOTIIKItS.
r.. j. nLoou.
LAMB & BLOOD, Proprietors,
WICHITA, - - KANSAS.
Tills 1 liirse threetnry hoiie, iut rontletet
mid newly fiiniUhed thnihiit It U I lie
Best and Moct Complete Hoxis
In 5otitlietem Kiiii.-m, mid Hie
ONLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL
IN THE TOWN.
CJ."tii(tri for Atrhlwin, TpLit A Sunt Ke
TTro Jil , und all iint" in Soiithnriteru Kniw,
arrive at and depart from till hoiue lullj-. I-ly
E. F. EICHTER,
5I.iinificIur(-r of und Dealer In
MATR ESSES, ETC.
jsro. 13 JJlajeit so?,
3AA, f -- .
!i""t' -r " - . a .-i.tJ-L?2?r.-.-
OMTIMMn wmm m mm mm wmmw,'-!
lxaa4MMf. ? If
CONTimCTOK & BUILDER
Shcp X7o., 41 ICadn StrMt,
SCHWEITZER k DAVIDSON,
CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS!
I "fcdLAJRICET snrBJEosrc
I ShenTs Sale.
smswioc ictt. (
' atw a.. t uul anauti. t A
, id deUr9. Um-1 mt nt th Sler lm
rtt Bkt fta!- f Kjvm, " r
iomisiU-arO4 real atBja.rJy ., '
MtmA't ddai rtw UT f- WJrbita. aart MMlfigr i
laa- thrreoa. -M i?Vf! -1 tMrmm fe, -
4 far Ux mM l eSrraitxM Jf'-i y, ,
Br Crowit 1'Amci, l r -nrriB
Jtarrir iMtrr. thUSn. i r A1TW, -, V9f
Mri-o-ft, AMwroet V JT4..
IBP?- v SU.
--, ' 111 ! I I
A ffista Vsm ii