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WICHITA, SEDGWICK COIHsTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 22; 1874.
""Hjgg gifo jack- -
Cjjt 8SicJjaa (Eagle,
St. K. IICKHOCK. II. T. SlUUlOCK.
MUIIUOCK i JHIOTIIKIC,
PUIILISHLIIS AND I'llOPKIETOnS.
T.VO HOLLA Us I'Klt YKAU, IN AIY'ACK.
5vj.r:::3 sat;: ai zszmi t:i m:.H.
Till: KS.TT.S we hate establish! 1 for tulvcr
t.sln,; 11 ill be strictly wile-rcil to in every in
s..ncc 1 1.1-j are ns low as clist-Reil by n majority
.f (lie iiairfTB In the Wt, nml ait low as any ia-
cr lunilnlird on n Ihx i"i-l lasting basis, Willi a
Lrje circulation, will ily business. We thitik
usintss men i-an p . utile recelictl by a-liertis-ilip
with us. Wcil i.'xinc to patrunUf us olitof
tLsrit t ami b not want a min'i inonc unices
kixv linn mine rrieiieil Wo coulil easily
CH our columns witli rureiim mlurtiseincnts,
liunihugs, puteut mi iliciiic, i tc , at Km than our
1 1 jniliir rates Kulve hope that we neur mil be
rompclidl to tlo so. Nutlilii;r!lfJ w II lor a
town and the enterprise ofils citit ni Its erutrth
sn-l irosjieritv as the toliimns ul tlie local paK r
well Illleil with home u-liertis. menta or liouie
raile ami business We shall harpe all alike,
ltnijm un-1 local, s.n-1 shall nut iki late Iroiu our
estnlillsne-1 laics -o isi.i- ijj-e. turpi r uiau
l'ica will he tise-1 ill these columns, and in no case
will rut, or Mac, and unsecnly illustrations be
admitted into this lui-er.
MRS. W. T. BAKER,
ILNINKU AND DlCKtSMAKUIt. on Jlarlet
nt.. between 1st and lid. Wichita. Kansas.
ml Hue of millinerygoods aluajsonhand. il
Alii DUKSsEll Ml kinds of hair dressing
lone on the shortest notice and in the latent
llooins on Alain striet, optKjpitc. llrick
HOOKS AXI) STATIO.VEItV,
J. T. HOLMES,
:ali;i: i.v books, s,ta-iioni:kv, r.ii
.!.......... ...I.... ... :...1(m1 . ... ..n.t ..
pliipapir, twine, .rio-licah, etc , io-t-of-buildiii,
hasten) Mail ,!a Wichita A. touthwrstern It
ItJ Arnica dally ut IJ'.Om DejMrta daily at
Eureka, Eldorado and Augusta Arrnr Mon
daH, Wedneblays ami EridajM at G r. M. le
parts Tuttdas, Tliurdj and saturdaja at C
Arkansas City (tia Winfleld, Douglas and An
icusla) Arritra daiiv at 0 r. x. ICiarL) dally at
6 A. JI
WellinBton Arrives daily at C r. X. Drarts
daily at 7 a x.
AikHiifas City (via I.ittletown, Nenneiscah, Ox
ford antl hi 1'iuoJ Arril is Tuewlav, lliumla) s
unci Miurua at r r. i. utjiarts .nouuaj",
tnlnehdax g anfl l'rida r at 0 a . M.
Caldwell fiiaCl'lunska, Wellington and llellc
riaiue) Anives Tuerdays, Tliurailata and at
ulas attj r. M lepaita Monday, Weduesdas
and f-'rida n at r a. u
pallia (ia MilgtvicL and Newton) Arnica
Saturday at IMS r. i. Departs Saturday at 3 05
rtumner Cits Arm rs Tucftdai , hursda s and
Saturdays at 1 r. i Departs Mondays, Wednes
days and Fridava at 1 r H.
London and W ellliigton Ai rives Tuesdays and
Fridays Departs Wednritdavs and Saturdays.
Dry C'leik, Clarion and Clear Watel Arrive
and depart iWUucHdays, once a week.
On and alter date the Mitlorucc will be open for
the delivery of Utters and the sale of stumps from
"', A. M to?1; 1. M.
llercaflcrche onlce will be open on Sunday from
t to 10 a. m.
.Mails going cast and south close prompt at T
r. m. h. l. Wl9t, r. ji.
G. VV REEVES,
(Clirk of the District Court)
ATE, I.NSlIIANCi: and Ojllecting
ichlta. Kansas Collections made
aud taxes paid. All businefs eutrusUd to my
care will recene prompt attention. Il-lf
M. D ELLIS,
CI.KIIK OF1IIL DISlHICTCOEKTandtJen
eral (neanctr, makes colkctions in all
points. Taxes paid Abstracts furnislud At
Untiou gnen to the drawing ofdeeds, mortgages,
bonds, hills of sale, etc Correspond nee eolie
ited Otlice in court lio.lse, I.ldoiado, Ituller
county, Kansas 7-3mw
BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
MAIX STKKLT, AVJCHITA,
BOOKSELLER AND STATIONER,
ICttri coa&tanlly on band a full Hue of
A full line of
jutici:s or the peace.
E. A RE1MANN,
JUSTICE of the peace, notary public, rjaleftatc
and collecting agent, Iteimanio Kansas. Col
lections made and ta paid All business en
trusted to my care will net lie prompt attention.
T5 K'CK n
D the I.ittl
anynuantitv for ojle at mv lards.on
ittle Arkansas Itiier, north of Wichita
nncK work iioii on fhe sriorif si no-
u-trj j. w. nui.i.iiv-,.
Constantly on hand
PAINTING &. DYtTINC.
First rrcsbyterian Church I I" IlAitscv, jas
tor .Services in ijtxle llnll eiery babbath at 11
o'clock a. ii ami 7J. e u
W E Church II .1 WAi.xkR, pastor Scriicts
every babbath at lO'i o'clock a l.ud7r. u.
1'raj cr meeting on 'I hursday ei euing.
llaptist Church J. C I'ost, pastor. Services
ttlie new'chuiclion Market tr. teleri Sabbath
t 10 s; o'cIwkA. u. nml 7 r. I'rajir in t
tlug Wodnesda iulug
bt Aloyaius' Catholic Church lit v. Fklix I'.
eWKKMtixai:ii, pastor enices on nd anil 4th
huudaiH of eiery month; flrsl mass at Ho'clock
a. M., high mas at ln'i A. m . ierersat7 r. i.
Episcopal Church ! A T. Ih'im iill, rec
tor. Services eicr unday at old court hou-c
building, on Main strut, at 10,'.' o'clock a in.
and 7 JhJ o'clock p. in. .Seats trie.
Judge Thirteenth J.idlrlal Disjnct W. I'.
Hoard of County Comnilssiomrs .7.T. CAitru.N-
TLB, .w Holllls, .1 II. tollS
'iiuntj Ireasuier S ('. Jiuinsos.
OHintv leik .Ions luthtii.
Sheritr r. II Massei
;ierk District Court W. Krivti.
I'robatc Judge Wn C I.ittlk.
buiH-ruitendent 1'ublic Instruction A. KilLitJ
Jlegister of Deeds Milo IS. ICtLUx.r..
County Attornei II. C. htt'f.
County buneiur II I.. Jaciuv.
Comer of First and Main Sts.
GRANT is ELaIENDOPvF,
(successors to AILMENT & COT1 ON.)
Dialers in all kinds of
HOUSE AND SIGN PAIS! KG, GLAZIKO,
Granning, l'aprr Haivjlnj end CaUo'nining.
HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTERS!
E3-A11 kind' of punting, graining and paper
hanging doue in a practical and jrtMic manner
REESE & SAWYER,
Carpenters, Designers and Builders,
Ao 15 .ifjn Strett, near corner Ifouglai Av.
All w oik t xecuted in the iuo-1 durable and mod
ern stile, and warrant d to give satisfaction.
1'Jaiis and spciillcation luruishul Jidibingot
all kinds done to order. my31-ly
DYEING AND RENOVATING!
Authorized Capital, - -Capital
Paid In and Surplus,
Jtlayor ti Horr.
1'ollce Jmlge I M Amoot.
( Itylreasuicr Ciiaiiles A. 1'iiiLLir.
Marshal M Daoiik
City Attonici Wm. I1ilpwi(.
It I lerk .(. I Xrssi.T
Justices of the IVace D. A. 31ITCMLLL, E. U.
Ixinstables J VT. 3loCAT.Nr.r and Gio W.
Council First Ward Dn Om.vs, (,'uai.ii.s
Sciiattskii. teioud IVanl Ias. A "-miiNeoN,
. IUmki. Ihir' Ward I. .M .MAllTINi
A ' IjAMimiom . ri.rt'i Ward I.C Fiiaki it.
A 11 FAiinion.
Itoiird ol l.dlnjtioi.-Iirst Ward M. 11. Jl
in, Xluov 3Ici.irss seejind Ward .M.
dAiinisoN', W I . Woodman Third Ward
(i W. lir.r.w.a. It h Wkst l'ourtli Waul A.
11. KAiimgui:, W A.'Iiiomah.
w. a thomas, vc
.lso. w. ei.dkidre,
J. C. iiiakei:.
Ihe siibciilx r bigs b .tic to inform the public
gcncr.ill that he h is opuud n shop for the pur-po-e
of rtnoiating clothing All ki nils of woolen
goods, co its pants, icsts, ttc . 1 aned of gre.ie
uuo mi l itoii niu uic iiiusii oi u new garment
Jly loom is on .Main strett, west tide, nev.
door to Johnny ThonipouV barber shop
C. S. MAKTIX,
TO. O " Wirlilla Iodge, So hi. meets v
, eij' alllrd.y night, nt 7 o'clock, at their
ball, on r the First Nation il bank. Ail brothers
in good standing are iuiited toattind.
J JL hIELI.K, X. (J
IL W ViitfM. U S.
J. C. HIAKLIS L. !..... .-.,,.. ...I'lesi.leut.
J. H. JIKAD . Vice I'resident.
JXO. 1". CAMHILLL. Clerk.
F A A .M Mitts on the llrst and tlunl
Montla)s of each luoiith.
Miiccai ("ox, W. M.
Hie JI i: Sablulli tchool, Ws i: M.mlev, m
jicriittuidiM, iiieils at the church atJ'aoclock
1 1 in
The l'rcMli in fcabbath school, K C. Jlartsolf,
superintend!, meets at Eagle hall at 3 o'clock
1 1 in
'lhe llaptist Sabbath school, J C I'ost superin
tenilent, mttts nt Hie school house eier Mindai
runt iilng at U ti'clock.
V. S. LAND OFFICE.
U . .1
hllll.ET, next door to Creen Front.
irhiss, Kegtsur: .1 l i;i nrir-i n.
lltcditr Onlce hours irom ti to 1J a. it and
trom I to3r. si.
Will do a guiertl banking business. tiOI.I)
AND MLVEK. FOKEIIiV AND KA-. I CltN E
ClIANCi: ItllCCIir AMI siji.d. Willbuvnnd
scIlCOUMi bCKir and oilier local stcurities.
Iittcrat allowed on time deposits.
Collections promptly attended to.
l'osesiiig ample f tcilitles for the iidv.mtagt otisj
conduit ol our bu-intss, we proml-e to all oui
customers the most fjioiable rates and the
promttst attention l-ly
OSAGE CITY MILLS,
FLOUR, MEAL, BUCKWHEAT FLOUR, FEED.
In large and sm ill uuiutitit, atthelontst
pritts for cash, or on thirty dai s
to good pai ties.
(' S MARTI .V,
2J-.im O.age Cil , O.age count-, KM.
Tlicgrowih of the stale dtiring the
past year has been rapid and contin
uous," the bull: of immigration having'
apparently been uircctcu to the west
ern anil southwestern portions. Ford,
Iiatbotir, Harper, Xess and Comanche
counties have been organized under
the general law. A significant and
cheering indication of the'fittureof the
Mate is found in the gradual extension
of settlement and the corresponding
extension of our frontier limit. The
crude and erroneous idea- which for
tneralls prevailed as to tin! adaptability
of ai cry large proportion of our soil
to profitable cultivation ideas which
took form in the earlier geographies
and in the romances of early adven
turers have been exploded by the test
of actual experiment, and individual
enterprise has so far extended its
opeiatioiti as cHectunUy to demon
strate the capacity of the state to sup
port with it production uianv mil
lions of inhabitants. The historv of
the nation furnisher no parallel to the
rapid growth of our state, whether in
population or in varied evidences of
productive wealth. Substantial im
provements among the older settle
ments are not le noticeable than the
multiplication of new f.irins and the
c-tubiishmeiit of new communities.
To this end the enlargement of the
means of iuter-cotumuuieation by the
contiuction of railways, the increased
and increasing interest manifested in
the catte of popular education, and the
comparative financial independence.
efureu by iucreaetl production, have
largelv contributed. The fruits of the
labor devoted to the improvement of
fences aud furui-uouscs ; to the plant
ing of tree ; to the erection of excel
lent school buildings and to the utim
berlev enterprises, general, local and
individual, which tend to the advance
ment of civilization, arrest the atten
tion of the observant visitor, and are
full of hope to the thoughtful citien.
Wherein ligislationmay be made effec
tive in promoting a continuance of
such enterprise it is your duty to leg
islate, as it is the duty of all citizens
to encourage it by their influence and
THE FINANCIAL CKI&IS.
If the progress of our late has been
remarkably rapid, it has doubtless been
(omewhat improved by the liuaucial
crisis which has so recently prevailed,
and from which wo have not vet on-
tirelv recovered. To the pi ecipitation I approved March 2, 1871. it is provided
of this crisis uianv causes have con- tll.at t,ie average gross receipts, per
tributed, the principal among which, mile, of the road assessed, for the vear
perhaps are the mania for unprofitable ending December 31, preceding, s'hall
railroad building upon borrowed capi-1 "c prima facte evidence of the value,
tal, and the absorption of capital I per mile, of such railroad."
through the iniquitous process of wa- With our system of taxation this
tering stock"." To such an extent ha provision is unquestionably, at Vari
the s stem of borrowing upon inade- a,lclJ- I'10 constitution directs the
quale or worthless securities been car- Icgiblattue to 'provide for a uniform
rir-d, that American credit abroad is ! a." equal rate of assessment and taxation-uttcrlv
prostrated, except as re- tion." If we were to adopt the "gross
gams such undoubted securities as are leceijusj oi an uuines as a measure
CCSTODY Or COVSTY FENDS.
Recent defalcations of countr treas
urers have directed attention" to the
necessity of limiting the now absolute
control which the custodians of the
public funds have over those funds.
The subject is a diflicult one to deal
with. The choice of a person for treas
urer presupposes a popular belief in
his integrity. The exaction of a heavv
bond, with apparentadequate security,
implies that no loss can possibly accrue
to the treasury. Yet such losses are of
frequent occurrence, and it is seldom
that the treasury is fullv reimbursed
by the securities. The dispatch of
business requires that some degree of
confidence should be reposed in public
onicers. Hits confidence, however,
should not be allowed to take the place
of the most rigid safeguards, but should
be accompanied bv them. All experi
ence proves that that svstem is the
repressive of theft and ncculaiion
which provide the greatest number of
checks upon the custodian of nublic
mints. Jt i for you to consider what, I ncs "uve been hitherto a heavy btir
if any, additional checks should be ini- lle UP0 the commonwealth, bv the
posed upon our treasurers. It occurs adoption of this system they are "made
to me that, for instance, a svstim nf , to yield to the stale a Ianrc "revenue.
duplicate accounts miirht ha dnyisiil ' I recommend the passage of a lau-
! which would render defalcation im- which shall give to the board of direct-
poMUic without theconcurrcuceofthe or 01 '" penetcntiary the power to
Blind Asylum. The trustees re
port the blind asylum in a prosperous
condition. The. number of pupils is
'"i""1: nitreasiug. j.nere are ample
accommodations, however, for all who
arc likely to be present for several
1'exitextiahy, The warden re
ports 340 convicts in the penitentiary.
Of this number 147 have been rccicved
since the last report. Scveutv-tivc
boys, ranging from fifteen to twent
years of age, have been inmates of thi
itistitutiou during the year. Thepcui
tcntiary is not a sui tabfe place for these j
louug tnaieiactors. Tiiey should be
sent to a house of correction or reform
school, and I hope that the legislature
vt in. ere long, provide for such an in
stitution. There has been some doubt as to the
power of the directors to let, bv con
tract, the labor of the convicts" The
experience of other states proves tint
the contract system is the bct. In
some instances" where the penitentia-
thc works ifor which they were intend- The disposition to legislate is co,ICur
cd ha. fallen Ur short of the total f rent with the de-ire to be paid tor if
amount upon whioh the taxnaver are i sml nih,ii-ti...ftr....i..:.., . i...u'
compelled to pay in teres, amta'lso pro-i payment is limited members besiu to
vide a Mukiug-ttind for the ultimate thfuk of their return home, aiufiucaj
rcdemption ol the nriucmal. Tlicei- nrM .f ?inr,r.n... --I ..
tent to which this sjsteni of voting through with inordinate haste, under
bonds has been emed may properly be a suspension of the rule. Thwc reach
characterized reckless m the extreme, the governor in such profusiou durin
rinancial embarrassment t and im- the closing hour that he cannot read,
paired credit arc the inevitable results. ! much kW consider, a large portion or
Vi V ' w ' '"-,L- tlIC"'. anil is tiicretore compelled to
Hie lavonte argument for voting ..T.Mi-i.. ... i,..,..,.ni .1....., ...-.-..:.i. .,
bonds is that such a policy will hasten , bv withholding hi approval render
-ctt ement aud promote development ; nugatory much legislative labor. It i
wliile the other consideration, that iu this wav, too, that incongruoti-. un
higu taxes keep away the ven cla-s of grammatical, immature ami often
PCQpIe WC mOSt IlCed tilO.Sn With e.111. I flnuiMrnnc ...-........ ...,.... !... .!.
', " . ii , J l .....j.v u, ii...?iii v- tltTO lllltl till'
nil i . "I'linnin,- nirnidii... - ....... . .... . i. ... . .
..... .- r - . -"ifjjs.nit lusi smut iaime uook
oi. al llie best, tlie svstem is nf
county clerk. A rigid examination of
me couuition or the treasury by prop
ei ly authorized persons should tic made
as often as once a month, and the re
sult, verified by affidavit, made public.
It should not be deemed sufficient tn
show that the accounts are properly
kept, and th.it all the moneys received
have been properly entered ; but the
examination should show that the act
ual cash is where it is represented to
be. It seems to me that such a sj stem,
or something approximating to it,
would sppptllly cposc irregularities,
and render .stiv laige defalcation ex
tremely inii ri JiMp; while it would
tend to divide responsibility too
heavy to be borne In - single person.
ii'r i lie as-cs-
lct by contract, the convict labor.
Tire law for the it-organization of the
siate institutions aNo provides for the
creation of a commission to visit and
examine them. The commissioners,
consisting of Hon. J. C. Wilson. C. S.
Urodbent, esq., and Hon. Charles luf
fcr, have devoted much time and labor
to the performance of the duty impo.ed
upon them by the law. Their labor
has been productiicof much good, and
the wisdom of the legislature in pro
viding for the appointment of the com
missioners has been amply demonstrat
ed. The report of the commissioners
is herewith submitted for your consid
eration. THE COMMON SCHOOLS.
lhe caue ot education continues to
receive its share of attention. New
of. This complaint rets uj on the as- attendance at the public schools Ik rap.
sumption that the law in its op-ration ! ''"' increasing. The safety of our re-
t, for the purpose ol tjation, of school houses are being erected, new
oad property, is much n'lplained districts formed, and the number in
rit.! .. t . I AltAllflllllArt .4 si ......l.tf --I ..?
discriminates iii favor of the ra.bo.id
corporations m that it admits of, . ml
results in, a valuation of their 170111 r-
ty at a lower figure, comparative!),
publican institutions denend mainlv
on the education of the masses of the
people. In our government the voter
i- the ruler. He makes the laws and
than property employed in other enter- ( N'ccutcs them. It is of the first im-
pnscs. In the huh clause of section
seven, of the railroad assessment act.
bevoud the reach of material deprecia
tion. To these causes of disaster is to
of the value of all capital employed
therein, we would, perhaps, conform
i:xci:lsiok wati:u hills.
I!uilin;tnn, ---------- Kansas.
WICHITA SAVINGS BANK!
Ji.. SE.OTJ-JTE, .A-G-rEisra?.
ri.tlUi: at Mlioleaatt and KcLtil.
No 51 M 11.1 Street, opposite 1 iret National Hani.
81-tf TEI'.MS CASH.
lest tendency of government policv
prematurely to hasten the return of
specie payments by undue contraction
of our present circulating medium.
The business interests of the west de
mand more, rather than less currency,
and it i to be hoped that congress will
correct the vicious policy which ha
increased, if it has not directly occa
sioned, the embarrassments of the
country. The monopoly of the nation
al banks ought to be summarily dispos
ed of, and a free banking system estab
lished. STATE FINANCES.
The leports of the auditor and treas
urer exhibited the financial condition
of the state. Our total liabilities are
fl..'il."i. 100.(17, and our resources $rCi7,
878..'.1. Of our bonded debt .-Jtj3J.12.
belong to the permanent school and
inking funds, and is in the vaults of
be added, in my judgement, the inani- ! to j f"c constitution ; but not so if we,
a in tiiu incsciu instance, so provide
for but one class of business.
This clause of the iaw should be re
pealed for another reason: It is wrong
in principle. Legislation for the ben
efit of any particular class of citizens,
or an) paiticular interest, to the ex
clusion and detriment of others, is not
in harmony with the spirit of the a'c
in which we live, and should not be
With the exception of the clause re
feried to, the statute mentioned seems
to hove received the sanction of the
supreme court of the fAatc.
THE 1T11LIC INSTITUTIONS.
,). 31. ItlLIH.USlO.V,
TllU.in-AT-LAW, Wichita, SedKHlt.
3T- C. ZIIVnaVnEJRIM: -A-ITJCT,
I01Gi: t II V, - - Ford Count , - - K VNSA
KI IJE ARMS, A M:LUXITrON,
3A;:Tri;; i :i::tta::- ;:i 12 oz: ;: :?:::Uj Ar.!:!.-
A;t fsr til ctUira'.-i Siirj IicjrHal Sportjj alia.
1 hat eon hand a I irpestoeL of Sharp's Improved J
tlinu lundid ritles a-id .ill nisol luip'sini-priiieiHpiirlinjtrille-;
alsn a larjjt a-Mirtimnt of
other inipiined luweh-lonling lire nttin, nhiclil
in wn 111 ie.iou loie niyires end In jour or-
With the exception of the peniten
tiary, the reorganizing of the various
public institutions, by the appoint
ment of new boards of regents and
trustees, wa provided for by the leg
islature at its Iat session. 'The oiii
cer mentioned in the act were dtilv
The receints into the treasury for the I appointed, nnti llie reorganization of
1 .'cneral revenue fund during the pat ' l,e l,a., "V""," "'7' l,prfc:,l early
j ear amounts to 7 J4.5J.i).. and tlie ' "' APr"- J-n,1,ur. "'? management of
rpences of the governinent, as ap- )hce boaids the institutions have been
1 pear bv the exhibitof warrant is,icd '" operatjrm nine months, and I am
liv the auditor, $Ut,:i7G.7fi. Thciehas "lM t;'-".'""' '".- '""i me care cx
alo been paid out, 111 the ledomption f'''d in inaking the appointments
of warrant outstanding at the begin- was not miapplied.
ning of the last fiscal vear, upwai ds of. State Tnivliisitv. Thi institu
p nance, therefore, that he should be
prepared to perform his duties m an
iutelHvent manner. The education of
the niac-es of the people is the educa
tion of tho governing power of the na
tion. 1 lie degree of intelligence which
prevails in the governing power is lelt
in every branch of tho government.
The action of the legislature is but the
echo or it justice is administered bv
it. It is exceedingly gratifying, thcie
fore, to note the progress made in our
state in t'm cause of popular education.
The superintendent of public in
struction reports 4,001 school districts,
an increase during the vear of 585;
121,090 persons enrolled In the public
schools, an increase of 15,027'. 3,133
school houses, an increase of 6UC; the
value of echool houses $3,10:5,956, an
increase of .503,G93.42. Tho interest
bearing scciu itics belonging to the per
manent scnooi hum now amounts to
$1,002,688.99; M-t,58G of this amdtint
has been added to this fund during the
FIVE l'EIt CENT. ON SALE OF 1'1'IILIC
There has been received from the
general government, during the past
year, under the fifth clause of the thiul
section of the act of congress admitting
Kntnas into the Union, the sum oft 10,
615.87. This money has been turned
into the treasury aiid added to the per
manent scool fund or the state.
An equitablccoiistructioiiof the law
leads to the conclusion that there is
now due from the I nited states to this
state, under the clause of the act of ad
inssion above referred to, a large sunt
ot money. The act provided that we
legalized confiscation, and the people
are to be congratulated that it is last
falling into disrepute
Connected with tlii. general subject
arc four special considerations to w hich
) our attention should be diiccted:
1st. The courts have held that bonds
in the hands of innocent liolder are
valid, no matter how widely or fraud
ulent!) the stipulated conditions pre
cedent to their issue was denartod from.
1 nc pcopid are, tneretore, held both for
principal and interest, even though,
bv-ltiiltira of the conditions, no w ar
rant remained for their- istio and ne
gotiation. Severe penalties should be
provided for the punish meiit f local
officers, or other persons entrusted
11 im any tuny connected witn theisuo
01 bonds, who lmll neglect such dtitv,
or who shall in any respect vary the
conditions upon which bonds "were
2d. I earnestly recommend such an
amendment to the general law on the
subject as will restrain anv couutv,
ton iiship or city from incurring "a
bonded indebtedness in excess of live
per cent of its assessed valuation.
3d. The sinking fund w hich has ac
cumulated for the redemption of bouds
should be profitably emploved. At
present tins ttitid remains 111 the vari
ous treasuries, or i employed in pri-
litu; spuciiiaiiou ; in either event it
draws no interest. Tho law should
require it to be invested in the bonds
ui int.- various itiiiutcipalilics', juir-
cnaseu at me lowest market rate,
preference being given tothosc p.titic
lar bonds for the redemption of which
tlie fund is provided.
4th. The state treasurer suggests
some diiliculties in the way of the ev
ccutioii of the law of 1872J which pro
vides for the pav incut of municipal
bonds, and die interest thereon, though
the stale treasury. The law has not
been generally oberv ed, the pavnmiit
of interest, except in a comparatively
rew cases, having been paid b the
county treasurers. Under the tax laws
cuiuuy treasurers mtiKu tlieir euii
annual .settlements with the stale trea
mcr 011 thc20tltot January and the lt
ot" -Tilly, whils the interest on thee
bonds is generally made pav able on
the 1st or January and Jul)". It the
law should be so amended as to have
the money for the payment of the in
terest in the state treasury at least
thirty la)S prior to the time when Mich
interest is payable. If this change in
the tax law shall not be made, the law
providing for the payment of munici
pal bond through the state treasurer
should be icpealed.
All important legila
tion should be entered upon during
the early tlav s of the esiuu, aud per
fected a rapidly as i couiteitt with
theiequi-ite deliberation, llaeh day
uated, and each day thectoii i- ex
tended, eots the people more than live
hundred dollars. 1 have determined
hereafter to approve iio bill which I
have not had ample opportunity to read
I renew my recommendation that a
propocd amendment to the constitu
tion providing tor biennial seiotti of
the legislature be submitted to the
people, lhe system give entile sat
isfaction in the slate where it is in
force, and, a it wouid relieve the peo
ple of a large expense, I think we ought
to adopt it. In cac of emenrenev the
Iegi!aiuie could be cotiveite'd by the
proclamation of the governor, a i
now provided, while an additional
provision might be madeforndjotirut-d
-ciotis when necearv. We are bur
dened with too much legislation. The
enact inputs of one session are scarcely
btotight to the attention or the poop fi
at large before they are repealed, or
amended beyond recognition. Kieu
nialsesion vvoii!ddiieiie with much
useless legislation, and give to the peo
ple :i more general knowledge ot" the
It v. ill be v our duty to divide the
slate into three congressional districts.
This duty is imperative, becaue wp
will not be purmittcd, under the legis
lation of congress, to elect representa
tives upon a general ticket herealler.
The districts might to bo etabiihcd
not alone with ti view to preent equal
ity of population, but. a the division
now made must stand until after the
apportionment baed upon the cenu
tt 18-0, with regard aNo to population
in the near future. Tho eonllirting
claims of candidate and localities have
postponed this work tor two session:
they should not hav c a feather i w eight
with von now.
The report of tha secretary of thp
tate board of agriculture gives evi
ilence of marked progress in this, the
leading industry of the state. The
farmers are devoting especial care and
attention to the growth and breeding
of stock. They find this to be much
more profitable than unr other branch"
of agriculture. liaising corn for ex
portation is not a remunerative busi
ness. Thiity cents per bn-hel is the
average price at which the corn crop
ha been suhl during the pat ) ear, anil
this, it is round, will scarcely pav for
the labor lequiictl in its production,
vv hereas, pvtn at the pieent low quo-
f'lttftliL it jiii Im iiimli. tn MAnl... r....
eceivefive iicr cent, of the nro-l.r' ;:.' ..." 'V":1, v 'K"" ""
coed of the t.nl.lin l.-.inls ,vlilm. il.. . .'.' ""'" e.ng te i to siock, irom
.. . .1 ..' . 1 ,.... "'IIIIV
stuic, iiu-i t-auci 10 oc soiu. i ne gen- 1
crai lanii oiiice lias allowed ttie state
its per cent, on the sale of such lands
to sivtv cent per bushel.
It i cau-e for congratulation
atentiou is being din-ctcd to tin
onl) as ate sold for cash, through the 1
portance fa mure diversified produc
various land olhces, the proceeds of
yisA ifCi liinriiwr i tiolmwi.i t tlm fi-..n. tirifi lantiimna fi. Tirnitvrtf mul !o ..
v",vvv, iliii '-. iiaituai, lit iii 11 vs. "" .wni-. j im 'i i'-ii 1 , 11111 is ii t
belonging to this fund of . 35,001.- ing in itluence and public f.iv or. I)nr-
lion. JIanv croiis. lint n low
lie proceeds of : ...:.'t ft... ... .1 . -. "
.v..'i.ia. ... niv i.niii.iiiikiiii;?, 1 itiniSf, ' !,..,
!... .1... 1 ...1...:. .. !... . Iltl
milt, tnu titiv :tuuiii ui an uiiermeia'
1 or the first tune since the organ- 1 ing the past vear the university irradu
i.ation of the latc the year lus closed ated its first class. 'rjC total number
with no warrants outtaiiding, and a in attendance during the vear was 239.
lalance in the treasury. Since the 10th students were present from thirteen
states of the I 111011. 1 he university is
of January last, our state warrants
have been as good as the national cur
rency, ft i liopcd t lint our liuaucial
an honor to the state, and with a vvisc
and liberal state policy, is destined to
s, winch Mill he promptlr ntli tided to Al
111 mi? done prompt H and in a MoiLmmilikt
interests may be so managed in the fu-! become one of the first educational in
iire as to continue this condition of ! stitntions of the country.
S. F. Craig's Drive Well Tube,
I'attutrd JuH' 11, 1'I7.
jas. I., nrru.
noiLNEV-S-Al-LAW, Wiihita, Kinas.
AITOUNLY-A'I-LAVV, Wieliila, Kaunas.
.1 r LAUCK.
A'nOKNEV-A'l-LWV, llrst thwr south of IT.
S. Ijtnd llliee, .Mam Mred, Wirlilla, Kas.
special attention jriitn to all kinds oriMuinees
oonnectfd with the t'-. Land Ollice. lVtf
NV. II. KNAPP,
I-IOUNEV-AT-LAW, Land Arent and No
tary l'uldic, Oxford, Kansas. mi4-ly
BALDWIN A STANLEY.
l BAtDITI-S W E, BT.4M.KT
A TTOK.NEVS AT LAW, Withita, Kansas
M OI til.
il. CL.VUK, of Claik A Co., I.ai-
Vice I'resid. nt, SOL. II. KOIIN, or Wichita,
Caihicr, AA. II YDK. former with Clark A Co.
Organized Under the Laic oj the State.
Will nractire in all the courts of the state
in the United .-Mates 1 and UlUce -'T-tf
A nOUNEV-AT-LAW, Wichita, Sedgwick
M is. AIIAM,
noiSEVAxn cou.nsli.loii at law.
Ofiice on Main street, Wichita, Kan. t-ly
itEiin 1. c IlItiUEU
NVEDD A DIGGER,
TTOKNEYS AT LAW, Wirdlcld, Kansas.
News I)eHt, Jlaln strict. 12-tr
P. T. WEEKS,
noilNEY AT UW, No SS Alain street.
A GKNr.lt.Yl. HACKING, COLLECT
ING and IlUOKKIt.YGi:UUSlSEsS.
To nil t-tnsi it rmv rnicrrn: .Notire is herebr
gnen that nil Dine w ell IhIm-s th.it li-ne a wiri
-i rt t n or piuze placeil and eeurt 1 la-tened oi er
the iierforatetl holes in said tidies, ior the puriHw
of keepinj; tin sand, itc , out or taut tuhe aud
trom heinr dr.i'.in up thrmih the tulie to tin
iiuuip when in lire, ale inti myelin uts upon pattnt
Itttsr No UV,Us and iin mi nclu-ive riKhts
under said patuit, and the politic are liclib
warned and eautione.1 not to purch tc orusean;
PriieWell I u!e constructed as ahoie describ d
without mi concnt. as the lis' of eanl wt 11 tuhes
is an Infringement on mi iwlent, and the uer is
liable .mil will he prosecuted for inmnseriRnt, a
I am ditcniuned to stop unlawful piracy of nit
Is the ONLY Al 1 IIOKII.D p-r-oti for the sle
of my intuit VVdl luhes at II'It'IIIM, from
whom all purcha-es juu-t be msdu in onKr to ob
W ichlta, Kansas, Julj , 71,
SAJirEL I tKAIG. htentor,
IS-tf North Topeka, Kansas.
.Ilaits. To insure this it is nccesary
that a due regaitl for economy should
be observed in all public matters. Ex
travagance in public expenditure
-hould at all times be avoided, hut it is
espc-ciall) important now, because of
the general degression of business and
the conseqtii t carcitv of money.
.Measuie providing for the epend"i
ture of money should be carefully con
sidered, ilie appropriation lulls can- , tiitght
not uc loo rigidly set utilised.
A veiy small propoition of the tax
which the people are annually called
upon to pay is for state purpose. The
levy last vear. to supply tlie general
revenue fund, was lour nulls to the
dollar. If it can be reduced below that
The report of the board of regents
and other officers are snbmittcd for
A omrri.Tcn a i. Collkoe, This in
stitution has started on a new career.
The new lv -tppointed regents propose
to make it vv J "t congress in providing
it endowment., uteniplatcd it should
be a practical st '-m ', where agricult
ure and the met hit' " art are to be
An incrcati' . 'trest in the
institution, throughout '. -fate is the
result. The cause or indn-t t ial educa
tion has many enthusiast;, iend in
Kansas who hope to ee dein . icttatcd
in the success which the) pr-itfct for
the pre-cnt managements tji- Agri
cultural college, the practirabilin or
VV Ichita, Kansas
M GRAY, M. D ,
Ei3lern and Foreign Exchange Bought and Sold.
PIIYiri.Y.N A l Ufil.ON -3d sears practice.
Graduate of N. Y 1'iivtrsity SKCia!ti the
reiuoial of all kinds of deformities, Mich as'Club
foot, Halrllp, crosfeje, tc Also
Mrs L. M GRAV,
Obstetrician, nnd tllseases of women and child
ivn iifiiee West side of Main street, bs tn.
1st and 2nd, VV ichlta, Kansas 37 tf
P. A. MEDLIN.
)IIYSIC1AN AM) MKGKON OEice No. 30
Maiut-treit, Wichita, Kas uo2-2l-ly
DR. C. C FURLEY,
(U S. Examinipg Surpecu)
OIIY.ICIA AN11 M l.'KEON Oaice,
two doois north of First
D1L C E. JIcADAMS,
)MYS1CIAN AMI M'Kl.KOV Office No 2IJ,
Main street, Wichita, Kansas. 4-ly
PHYSICIAN ANP M-ntlLOV, will doai-n-eral
practice, but lias made climnir tllsea-es
oi ei cry kind nsjiecialii for more than i i ears
Dfllce on Main Mutt, time doors south vf Chica
go druR store. J2-ly
DR. NV. L. DOYLE.
LN1 1ST Ofiice opjHislte Woodman's liank.
Douglas Avcimc, comer Market Street,
Bcsncr SwHes ana Stock Taris!
Comer Firtt and Water Sts..
THOMPSON, BASLEY& CO.
Life Insurance Company!
Cash hcani", 1S72, - -Paid
PoKcr-Holdcrs in 1372,
- SQ.267 49
tiffun" tlii vt-.-tr. witliout iletrmiciit to j tlio "syeteiti and the ;ooil results wl.i''i
tlie public fntcict, it should be done. , tlicy claim should flow from it to tlif
The tniiniit'r in wliiMi tho fmuU lm- ' lalorilir cl.l-C:
re. naiiiioiiii ptoiits are iicliis: re-
..:., .t i. ..t.t t... e ;.
liTin '-public land," a uetl in the art ,!:i, ,..: ,i i .
eminent, sold nnd patented. The
amount which would accrue to the
state, if my view of the law -liotild prc-
A variety of conctirriii"; c.iuvph ren-
vau, im noi occii ti'cciiainetl, tmcau-c tier it certain, as I have alreadv inti
ot the inability of an intilliticut cler- mated, tli.u Kanens will be ranked in
leal loi ce, to ftuiiisli a list of the sec- the fnture, ao she is at the prcK-nt lime,
rctatj of the interior, on account of jm.'hciilially anajfriciiltiiinlaiid ock
thc Indian lands-old within the utatc. producing -state. While thi if. tiutle
lhe sum would, however, be quite, uiablv true, it is citiallv certain that
M?,e ''"-' fetal1-' is not witliout iiiuncroiiB, va-
1 here are those who believe that the i ricd and admirable facilities for manv
aw, liberally coiiftrucd. include the i branches of manufacture. Our roa'l
land within the limit-of the state cn-beth are ineihau-tible; water-power
tcred under lmlitarv laud warrant., j Is abundant; alt, jrvpsutn, ilre-elav.
A movement i in progress in several orhru and lead tire found in tiiauv jio'r-
ol the we-tern tate where a similar! tion of the state. A proliticftoifguar-
prov 181011 ofiaw applies, having for it I antec ample production and compara-
ohjeet a recovf-ry trom the pencral ' tivelv cheap rate of Hiinjr. It i true
government, under this construction I that mamilacturiin eiiteri.ries ot cn-
of the law.attd they have provided for i couragin m-ignlt ude and variety, have
the emplov nient of attornev s to proc- been etabli-hed m diirerent localities,
cute the claim in th" proper depart- , but the progrcn made in tlii direction
meiit-, and, if necc-ary, in the court-, j hu not been so rapid a itidiould havt-
The amount involved in thedcciion . been. Manv of the articles which an.
of these question will iutnc a vigor-, now imported from other -late-, and
his rr-itance antt strong opposition, from foreign countries could lv profit-
J IlL- llliliiiai 111 t UaUl UlU 111 lilt? UV" . . I.
loii"in- in the treaurv have been kent ' ' '" regent report that "the prc-cnt i "" """ ""' "' "- '' ' e amy niaumacturcti ncrc, ami the titir-
h.trbce.iat. vv.th dilhcultv. 'Io the end chase money kept nt horn-. ThU h
A eva nh.a tioi. of thr.i'not",f the ' il,si tliat "the lime I,as cotno when ' ' c a" ma-v V I'W- !- particularly true of the larso ami c(5n-
aiiilitorandtre-i-iircr 'iidtle c ver-.I ' prudence and cconomv.a well a hon- utca ml prosecuted, and that Kan- stnntlr growin-cla of farming Im-
report of "tic board f"t"tc offlwr or. ami a just ro-ard for the intc.ct- sa- " co-operate with her sister plcm-nts for which the demauil, al-
who-e dutv it i ta "examine into t he , of,,'e industrial clare of Kan-as, im- - recomincud the pa-sage of a rr-ady large, mul contitittc to incrrasn
condition of the treaiui " Vill irive peratiT-elv rail for tho erection of suit- J"1"1 resolution authorizing the em- with the proyreM of icttlement and
vol fu information u non thi ?ili ""''"""nFB anil shop.'' ploymcnt of an attorney to prosecute cultivation. Thi. interest deserve,
volt lull inlormatioii upon this sub-, r I ...,,. snrx claim. The resolution should and will. I doubt not. receive rotir en-
THE TAX LAWS.
The assessment ami collection of
taes to meet necessary publiceApend
iturc should bco regulated by law as
to give the greatet po-ible liberty
and oi-coiiituodatiou to the citiren con
sistent with a careful regard to -omul
liuaucial policv. The tax laws con
tains one pr-v laion which iiejcrvc
have undertaken a great work, and it
is hoped that they mav receive proper
encouragement from the legislature.
Xoit'i l Fciiools. The regents of
the state norma! school at Emporia re
port the number of students in at
tendance durinsrtheyearat -13. agr.int
190 for the previous vear. Twentr-
eight comities of the state have been
represented at thi school, and tudent
W.rt,t Rteeiftrftr 157J. $S:000 it tntn of
iJWtlll S JS.IS.
Kamine oar plans ! rates before la-urlcf:
el-ewhere. The imfl popular and adrantae
fonns and favorable terms for inuraaee pre
sented All iHilicies non-ferf'tUklde after the second
annual ai rnent Diiidend- are declared annu
ally after the llrst atvment, arailalde immedUtc
li as cash ta jroent of premium
Contracts direct mth lhe Csjmbanv 11 ill be made
t in all parts r the country 111th enieient and re
1 liable men 11 ho prpie ta canvass pcrseaally for
nn. h. owens,
J-JIIYSICIAN AXI) SrilfiLO.V. Strirt atten
tion to business and clianre reasonable
dice Main etrvet, Wichita, Kan. il-ly
DR C. E. FISHER,
(I)rs. Lticgsdorf A I'isher )
HOMEOPATIIIO I'lIYSlCIAN and Sirseon.
(ffice opiwsite jiostottire, Wichita, Kansas.
. ....esstonal rails nroraptli obei i-l both nlrht and
ALLEN A FABRIQUE,
X. 11. At-LKN, U. I). A. II. rAURlgl-E, it. D.
P1IYMCIAN AS!) hUItCLOX O.Tire nt J.
I'. Allen' drug store, Main street, Wichita.
Ilest turn-outs in the city and Nu. 1 saddle
horses, rassenpers camtsl to all virt ,ef the
1'articular at'ention iaid to horses left in our
dZ. tt. MOSEB,
WAGON, CARRIAGE AND PLOW
your early ci iider.itioii. I refer to have been present from nine different
the clause which provide? that all tax- - states.
sale certificate shall draw interc-t at I The Leavenworth normal chool ha
the rate of M per cent, per annum. To ' had enrolled in its classes ninetv-ninc,
bv thia law
tion ot the
and nine hundred have been in attend
ance at the model school connected
failure in the collec-1 with it. Sixteen counties in Kansas
secure the prompt pavnicnt oftax.es is
the olijcct sought to be accomplished
neees-.iry rerence might
provide that the attorney employed by
virtue tliereoi Miouki receive no com
pensation for hi scrviccs until the
tin.il determination of the matter in
dipute. and then only incascof recov
erv bv the rtate.
AXI TOPOHKA! 1IICAL
cs.vm: i:ut:i lands.
The controversy in regard to the ti
tle of the O-age ceiled land is not vet
settled. Thi tract of laud comprising
nearly t,000,WO acre, was bv tro.itv
procl.iimeti, on the '.'ltit of .'lauuarv,
tSii7, ceded to the rnitttl Mates. The
treaty provide that tho "land -hall
be survevfctl aud old under the direc
tion of thy secretary of tho interior,
011 the most ndianta'geous terms, for
cash, as public laud aresurvered and
sold under existing law IiK-liidiug
any act grantittg lands to the statu ol
ktuiba in aid ot the coin-truitiou ot a
r.iilro.id through aid lands -but no
1-iii;iii'uiiii ciaim or noiiteicau M-llie-meiit
ehall bo iecogui7t.-il." The land
wa eagerly sought lifter, nnd evcrv
quarter section soon hiJ it occtipnut'.
i'here sremed to be no quct-liou a to
the policy which the government
would pursue in dispIng ul the bind
It Wllh Clltcllded by this tolTilllti-
tivea'of the government, u-t well a thr
settlers, that the laud should be sulit
as providetl in the treaty, 011 the most
.idvantagt'otts terms, tor cash. I'lu
policy ol gi anting linds to actual set
tlers ouli, had at that tune mini
liii-iid in emigre, and its early adop
tion bv the gov eminent appeal ed to lie
certain: heure, the coiit-l'iioii bv thr
.-I'llh'is that when the laud liotil.i l,e
oll't-rttl for r-ale, the government would
lie luelllieil to (avor tlioxe who hail al
readv gone there, in good taltli. to set
tle and iiiaLe their Itoim-, and. hence,
the uxpeuditurLMif labor and money li
tliOM-ttlvrs in the improvement of theii
farnii, the building of hou-e., etiltivn
tion of orchard, ami establishment o!
bint the settlements; ami improvement-,
the secretary has decided ihnt
a large proportion of this land ledting
to tl.e I.t-avenworth, Lawiuurr iitid
Gnlvextou railroad componv, aud the
.Misoun, Kansas and Tcxit railway
company, under their re pectivegntiirt
from tongre ot Match 3, 17:. and
July 2.', W,r,. The act of ctingrea).
nuking these g-anti were ptissetl le.
ftire the lntttiratlou of the trratj, atid
both cont. lined pi o Vision to lln: ftl.-cl
thai all linils prior iheretti rcerveil for
any purpose whittover should be ex
cepted from the operation of the re-
-pettive acts, except no tar a. it might
be necessary to locate said loads
through such reserved laud, 'lhu-,
notwithstaiidiiig U10 positive prohlbi
thin in the act of emigre, and in
-ceuiing tleftunio of tho provisions ol
the truatv which rc-jtiiri-stli.il it slioultl
be sold for raoh. about nix. hundred
acres of this body of laud, oeruriicsl
and unproved lij'Brl ul settler, hav
1mii patented to the railroad eompn,-nic-s
without Mir roitdlriomtioii vvli.it-
CA.iminatioii of the rjuestion atifie-
me that thi law i in conflict with thrt
provisions of the eontitutioii, and
therefore I recommend It repeal.
CT.XTK.VNI A L CKLKIIKATIHX.
Acoiumuiiicatioii from Hon. .lohii
A. Martin. United State? centennial
comniiiouer- for Kaua, and Hon.
Geo. A. Crawford, nltcrnnto commi
iot:cr, reroiumeudiug the creation of
a tate board. lj the Iegilature. In co
operate with them in securing from the
state a proper ropreentntlnn ot it re-ource-.3t
the centennial international
exhibition to be held .it rtiitidelphu
in 1?76. i herewith lab! ln'fore votl
I'ho rommuiiicalion contains uianv
valuable suggestion, and It i hopeil
that it may n-ceiveth.il conideratuu
which the importance of the subject
of which it treats eem to demand.
SLNATOIU VI. LI.KiTION.
On the Ctth f March lat lion. Al
exander Caldwell tendered his resig
nation a Tinted :tate senator from
this state, and tin the -JiUli ,iay of Xtv.
vcmberl appointed lion. K'obort Cr.o
zir to srve in hi tead until the till
ing of tlie var.mrv bv the legislature.
Although this t!ut i iltiolveil noon
iou e.cluive!j. the bjcct Mtggest
contder.ition which mav lie appro-priNt-Iy
noted bv the evecntive.
While the election of a senator Is
alvrav an Important matter. It r.inuot
jutly lie saiil that the subject ha not
received at leat its due share of atten
tion in thi tate. Indeed, if the pro
gre and Isne of ottrovcral senatori
.il route! had been in just nerord
with the degree ot popular Milirltndo
which they have evoked, we should
have reason for eongr.itulat ion addi
tional to those conceded to us to-dar.
Thoroughly united ami v lgnroul- di
rected, tho predominant public sent!
nient of the tate would have averted ro--ults
which we havetunple reason IimKv
plore. lfitt nutty of purpose nnd n
common direction of eflott lmvo not
iisilallv previiletl. and the issue haft
been left to bo derided by the superi
or epergv of this or the uinvorthv act
of that faction. Important o the
projier choice ot .1 senator may jiiotlv
bo eonsltiered, It I by no means of
paramount coumiucucV. The beius
licil results of Judicious, 01- the evil
coueitience ot bad legislation, mav
be fraught witn a more enduring in
fluence upon lhu wetlare of tliti tnto
than the success of the best or worst
candidate for senator. It follows-,
therefore, that (here mu-t be a certain
tlegreeof unhenlthfulne! in the politi
cal atmosphere when the mere petition
cv of a senatorial contest is permitted
to dwarf nc.11 I.v evcrv other considera
lfthrpoiultrcirervrrpiire were rou
tined within 1 lasoiiiibh) Hmits.lt would
not challenge stirh unitiaUllcd condem
nation. Itul its fountain seems to be
perennial. The election of a senator
ha served hitherto tncielv tolutenltv
poptilai nnxietv ami stimulate new
hope. 'I he termination of one eon
test is thus lueielv preliininan to
mother, null a continuous broil, to
which the vital Interest of the state
are often iiimle itbldarv. Is the un
happy consequence. Individual inn
billon, nlwawsi-tiiitagitius, in tirh nn
ittno-phere bcrnine eiiidetnlr. rind
iwirniptlon Issues from it n uiinsma
fioiu .1 mora. When public opinion
shall have reached the conclusion that
'he chiet purpose of a great couitiion-
wealth I not th" eretitlon of Cnltnl
-state senator, nnd that a ssmntor.
whether for six venrs or "sixty d.iv.
iiu neither iibsolntgli iusiiro or st-r-!oti1
tinpi tie It prnjrrr, conltietiitg
isplrntlon will 1m niljittcHl with more
'Hgnltv, nml douhtle with grenter re-
gard to the publl iuterrsi.
In a former incft.nge I aunoiiuced
'in self in favor of the rlerlitsu ill I'nl
ed Slate etietr bv the people, nh'l I
now rccomiurud (hut vmi mrtnoriiilife
emigres to InlliNte the iiertifirv
Uicnsoic to llmti-Iiil, TlmexperiviiM
of the ew Kittflmitl atutes ha slsuwn
llml their In IB e li-ttiilatnies re liiae-
tieally a Imr to the emptor nient if enr
rilpl nppllrnlloisa l like ittHnNsir the
unworthy arts uossjafHll stsI f..
eoutrol of a leirislaturr would W? used
ill vain .ijrslnsl the fie Ismlt of the
people IT It bs nrjftsd thut. In swcii
ca-e", tlie ehtle ofstStsHtom wiihIiI be
remitted to sttHli-al coMTtintloii..
wlier lntncfie-. n-ouM tilt sirosluee
unwho1eniiie resiills. It Is i.nir ,
irvtoreplr thni therts I nolbfrsif in
the code if niorjil w bih wolihl vent
rant or jmlifv anv polltis-iil pnt-tv in
ruiifving the blander or otr-nnresi ofli.
rMpresetitatives; he nee un anne.sl
would lie front rsinventlon to the noo
ple. while nn i-Ii-rllon hv th frnt)n
ture, tlio'ili utlwrlr rr-jMiKin-nt to it,,,
popular ehoire. a 0nliH Auisthor
IKnltlve ilritiffe flwitf from this
refrirm Would Ise the diel(nit tf
teirisl-iMoti to.I hn ssirititrtlimtltttf !ti.
Ilncnce rtf sntintrtrtsil nutt. When
it i rnmetnlwresl Ihsit lite li"blr"
of thi tnte Unre oerpr pfsrfetjd ov
feefclattnn irirlh In'fltttvtttiitf during
Ui Iietnletter nf a OSitoHil eUHVn.
wlillsj t Itc liri- t;enst r T'limlCle
Iv IirHteete4 .skWo1 )uis losMti (ulllrd
to tin bnnteHa of Ike urnttlm tuilfclutr
orgvnj lit support of
The settlers claim that the grant.
never attached to the )age ceded
land"; that the jiatentsMifs( tO tie
railroad conipatii- hou!d be vacafetl;
and that th- binds shoubl be toM, a
provided in the treaty, outli- mostad
vant.igeas term. for! cash.
lhe growth and prosperity of tlml '
part or tlie tate, iiuinediatelj 3trrtd
are, by reason of the cont ro v-rsj , Wing
serioti'lv retarded, and it Is of lhe ut
most importance to the entire state
tbat thedisputr 'hotild be sp"Ur amJ
definitely settled. The n-ltlrr eii
enter the courts for lhe purpose of in
quiring into the validity of tho paten
of" the railroad eoinpatiin. an-l I am
unttbi" to a how thi, Hh- reel ques
tion in the ntroverv. is u b- ls-ier-
iniiel, exrpt by a soil lu beltal of th
further i-l t
U l fortuHsTO thr the MsMte Inter-
el. Benllemett of tlw IettiilHte. that
rou ri'setiilittj i, n (rrie wh"i lot qHet
tlon of a inerf fxslllieal elmruelor n-
llltlln m I .w.hIIu-. .. . .
1 '- ' "" '' "rsisnjjsjs'ipfir, II
H'.LU In 1i ertibersisse t,( nsr- aitfrK
iml tl.n ferrr of tmrlr sMarhoient.
that Tibne tr (.ti'IuhMs- hot coretv
nurtiireiL Tlie time Is t iikoi to
rome when noKtle iHsrtfe isltl ewe
tn exist Their afr esHtnl to til"
ftllls-sf devetsmmf of wU" jolfe-t
nrlii'-lplea. nl riinrht f ). thed-f'tH.
s-rs of Milbie imrtlv. the nrimtil-r of
j eiillKhtenwl i-rsrreM Vn prtr, Jmsh -
evT honnresi Its rtolO". or bosverer
slrsrinns Msiorr of l neWere.
itirnts. an long- orYtr rsf)lil -rllUo
isf ImiHTttrr dutr. It
lUU truth. VAfstv rirulirMl v Mr
Hllorr. wMei WtM fwmrw foe
WHit ssiHf-o'ne- (sOfte Aftts fsstfw of
!. ntt ast'I ti- tsitt I'jtrt-rssil.rs
govmiuet of tl.s, t nlted Mates. On ?" r-T.ZSZT Lj .1!? JZ?? V"'
. 1 ..- vui'Bf i"l-r 1 n--x 9ISSS Ht" SiffS-
fnr srf !- I trrfs Jf
er t rseMswf svbe fi
HOrt'AIAN, 11 L. NtWJI.VN.
T. A. HL'UU.
E. B. AIJ.KN, J V. lMCHAIU),
J. L. H"T!NG.
J. I. JONES,
t5-?!Q of the B1; Wheel, south f Doujlas
avenue. .i-i- I
W. E. ILVRVEV. St. Ivonl.
I-lT ClmsulUnc Aetusry.
. A. IICT.D.
erioulv cripple our liuaucial credit : 'he name of student from Missouri.
hence the neces-iny for the establih- ' Illinois, Ohio, New York and rennyl
ment of a rate of interest which makes ' Tania, arc found on its rolls,
it to the advantage of every citizen to I The success of the normal school
pay his taxes promptly "when title, j 'peak well for their manigemenL
The present rate is. however. 111 mv Ivve Asyuti.-The trns:ee. nf
judgeinciit. higher than i nece-irv", j the insane a.vlum report 121 patient
ami nnglit Willi saretj be rettuced to in the institution. The present build
2.1 tier cent, in anv legitimate busine, wig affords accommodation for but
and no citizen who ha the mean- with ri-litv patients, and. in endeavoring to
which to pav hi taxe. when due can , care lor the unfortunate on- who ap
aflord to allow it, drawing iuteres at ph for adrais-ion, thoe iu charge have
that rate, to leinaiii uupaid. J allowed the asi lum to become unduly
Your consideration is called to the j crowded. Many have, however, been
feasibility of so chancing the law a to , refused adniie-i'on for want of room,
make semi-annul payments of taxes aud the tru-tcc report tliat there are
optional with the tar-pav er. Tlie pav- more than two hundred inanc people
incut of t.ixe- to nievt disbursement , '' ta'e for whose accommodation
covering the entire vear, i- now made , there is no provision. .Nothing more
in the main, under "our irbitrarv and j neel be said to .iiow the necessity f.r
CMicting svtem. between the first of i action, by yon. in providing for addi
Xovetnberand tenth of Janu.vrv. The tional room in this in.titution. It i-a
producer JMompelled to go into a fuir -hame that it has been o long neg
market with hi product, at an nn-! looted.
favorable eaon, to obtain monev with Dilvf ami Doid AVi.iJt. Theav
which to pay hi tax, a large portion terare attendance at the deaf and dumb
of which remain in the ireaurr. un-, a-ylum, for the rt.ist year, i- sixty,
used, for month. Uv making tho pv-i There are fifty-two pnpil now in at
tnent semi-auunalh, -ay in November' tendance, and cveutv-.eve:i have been
aud may. aud provide for thenialldt enrolled daring the vear.
.src. tr.i.-en csi 11 me u.-ui.iuou, ami . llIimrr, tfin ,nro , I,,.,!.
count for full pavnients in November,
the public luteret would be equally
well served ami protected, aud the pro
ducer who might deire to tjke ad
vantage of a spring inirkct, in the dis
posal of hi commodities, would be 'been judiciously- and csajcotcicajiy ex
The new bnildir.-"- nrovidetl for bt
the lat leuislatnrc isnearJj- completctl.
and Triil. it it atiMcipated. Ikj ready for
oocupsnev by the 1st of February." The
approp3t:ou for that purpose his
It lias been urged, with much forct
and justice, that our resource', pe
' daily lho'e of lhe eartn, have not bocn
I suflicientlv made known, and thai con-
lu mv ines'3''e nf last rear the nl-t -.mrctitli hut limitml lnvi.iirni.tirs
tentlon'of the legislature was directed ' have been made for their development. lM tbeil ot Depiuibr la.l I dilre,Mj rmVkU. tt ,,,,
to a number of defects in the funds- It occur? to me that a thorough geolo- a "'jtw, U tUe preMdwit, in w-hieh 1 e-,ntMt' toet
mental mw 01 tne state, aim tlie pa t irical stirvcry ttie resntt to be priuteif - snu mn aiwiusni im mm romn- ) ,) frmwtalw fr wfsvm r.
sage 01 an aci suomiiung 10 me people , ana widely oirmiatr-u, wouiu contrib- '"-? -"' -' " ' 'H,rw . rnA p,,, , ,r(, mmtm
a propo-itionfora constitutional con- ute largely to t'lC rcmedving of this !"; rrne n-ttlrr. ami tl rtate. tot.t-i -,,-rr-f - ,f .t.fnihti.ir m ..iii tin
....;!..- l.l Tl... ie il 1 1.- ?.i . !lu tul tlint stills mi'ht l lin.1,1 !. . " '.. "s ! 'ssstftqvr
icuiiuu iJ.-iti.uiuiiit;iujt.-it. iiui in- ocicci. iv na-s irrn nz"Cieu, ilo, 1 ' '"r '. -...n... ., ... -r-.. ... ifu,
1 - .! i -. ..I Il .. . . .. .. .. flf. fM.IM..f .MS It- fl. ff.r... .. T
oiumeuuaiiou 1 now rcpcaicti. 1 n 11ml ail 1
con-titution i. in manv particular, renort 1
inconsistent with it-elf. It defect ' of the t
1 1 rritktl a
iiu7a,v "v-'I'st v-wii r ... " ' - . m .-
fv a belief that thev can be cured br the ubieet to vour esruct at tent ion. ! n .' were f.tovita o go bo.
AT sYtMUl fcJlsW ...! . tm... -
---- yrwwv--v eff'll-TTiq; If
ouiciai surrey 01, ami rename - '- " - : " i".ro. ,. eoOiMe itlMellmttwes f ii.
utK.11 the aratlaWe water iwwer " Ki7 "' " ' " i t,j, UnisM -1 ii-..-.i Z.t
ate would prove high! advan- "llrosd f J U ld I fh.lorfiss? r,mr rertl for i r:
I...s-e-e e!,.. I e .,....( ! OUMtlOII. TJ IHfl ggtiow eXMUiMi I -i !... T7 .." . . ..?
rs KSUTTStJ SSJ JSH" CSSIKirHHtWAUM.
1 xrmnKwt to MeHfs osJ ev.ss4tSes
,.a t. t
oss r,i wit. ojje ejt r,i .... ..-Itl L. .... .1. .
j ' ' " ' -r .-. , .- - wiwa ' srjr- rwwwv
It is eUfnaid that ther more 1 1 it.. .. a..t e .'.-..t- '
.. ,- -. -.-.--, y' t --
TIIfJMA- A. OulinilX,
It prfs.-,"ffHr4 oMn-elsyii."
by the ubitft to vour esruct attention, i :n ,9.' .'
an amendment, in the ordinary way. 1 1'rudeat cconornIti wlllt not naglett f i"rf 3W4
- tlis. Iiilrtre- in tirilseirortrir re.i! foe JI.. ; '"uu
jirNicii'AL noNiih. ; ... ''.Z r . i
1 rr.-.rit ififr.4ts of a t.r-f vimmr.ii-f
A vriic provision of the constitution wealth. iihwi-wj inwmt oswjnc tm u ,tterT.
limit the public debt to a mere 1,0m- ,, jftjMiI IrjnJs. Hi con of tbe
inal tignre when compored with onr mbs.nomtco and pmibnw. eouiitrr rp. fr tbss j,nrfm f ihi
resources, present and prospective. Yoo tiavebeenmaileacquaintesl r.h "7 . ' JW' . T"."'11"
The benetits which hive aerraed from th fset that a considerable nntaber of; vW ' or,t1 xw- .
that provision will be shared bj tho-e Mennonite- fr0m otberstot awl from T " m Tl. OH rerti.-, for ", 1-sl
who are to come atlcr n. Itha-lMssn forei?m oantrte r settling 1b the , m' rrXtcU I o ssorlts tfcJ iVr . f
a frequent subject of complaint that, soutbwe-teru tertion of this it. ' f WJ', ar 1V' "" " '
with resource- ootnpaaaiireiy unde- The bHief. nrligioo aleeraf uf'hnm ?"' htt!?'y Md 0f" A )llnow isthw hu We. ffr
velopeil, ami in a period of infancy, e , this ieritorei cia- ol person? a- ( r1"'' i.z!eT ,l,' " ihsW hf a Imj Jsri itwthna Unn
hare attemptexl too much; tna: our j simifatte very closetr, 1 am inloraisstl, ' "' l"rt isf srfj fv!HniS .
public iustitulion are too numerous a that entertained br inemteer of ifee , lnm"" "' -w""rj. " rr ( MsTVn ttrjr swl a j '.
andeo-tlv; awl tliai by means of ex-. society of Friend, 'rises ,k tbat tle thgorcnimf(. fMgrtsps?ri-sT its. m1 tsw-rsi - .Vn
ces-ive taxation we liavw anticipated law be o amended that tlwrr may U--' w IrBi- av' ' " prepw mmm tssres.
l,n ... Hi., nf ?.. fit I;T If Lrl, .l.r-.l (V n.Mifi.. .lC wMknal fr ltfc a W4it!I&B). IHil. OO tht -
jj , irary. ir-usre . rowgistt-s i, -j n pr r s s "t iw t,ttrr. ir
iHapt 1 tinnn iit Ms- MX S ' at
) t aVirfe.
s-ltlerss-nt of :hl lr-ab4vwM- w.h4-i- ', . . - v .
.1 T vm f fWT 7ii .T,p-jp4OT en
21 a 1'J-U! ls- - mtht
mnrnkntt iff - 4r f Us-rtfi tunt 44
if a Jn
ba. been the tendency under oar pre tlwr payment of any due or pltj
ured how greatly that teinleey vumVi made to tbe
SHI ffc wi -ni.i-1. n - . . .
cut -y.tem. ii may resdily be eottjsset- j boned Otat Jarge ae-4on inaj- be'Prot"'K N?1 0 I"
nnurtser or usse wortsr --.------ --..-.
hlvA liMti rrmt-A listl.r 4 .srsttn k.f!L-i -...fist Ae re.-r-lvr lu. a SSteniSkfSt
trlitli irfTioTts ati UftlimitMi i.ss'ue of ! siHs-isri 'h,ll.er asit els.. nt -usoitt., Vers br lb JWtsps-riJ ctltvd
public -eouritie. ' who are coeieislortT otmsomhI t court. (
Unhapinly the constitution has iin-tk bearln- of arm sbo-trt be eanj-' 7Ur- -ETriK law
imiKi-esl no s-eb restraint upon, lhe ' oeticd io mf aa oBorr.oi uts tube r-' The lair ut4 at be Jt inZt,u mi
the various local orramzitioas. I'.'snsl- tW-re! tberefrom. It strikes rae a 1st- tb lgll-lcr U jroTJe for tin? is-. -j-j. tt"rreW i'rtttttxiimtU VrM
Uave lieen voted "without tiat for eotsmton tliat mrvn reHglons -' eorjrtion of og aoI :rai et- L.rj j ctjiw-n. to so be-fore that be
publie improvements of divers eftsr-f vfeeo sbonW be made lasaW- bj . p'smies,' eotataoarjr ksowu Ut tie-froowry ,l,j notltb w tolc .
acters.bat mainly to -id in the eon-otirlaws. ' lrcnturel-w. cs-In snie -rrrr bj-- COOB tbni lot of "ds4 lxi1
structioii of railwavs. In rnaisr caes -.-,- T - - - 'tlonaUc fcafur, ad shoflbi 1 re- -
they bare been Is'ue.1 tmnecels.rily;! "-GB- -- -CLATto.t. ip.jej. J -KlUM br tits rbsOiksn f prmt-
in may the prveel bare been irrf-ap-' It bM 1$ji usal t fritter away the koktcsaue XXTtx t-nmy. Jrr Ibmngh tb rr4!jm of a lfiy
plies!, while aH bare been - to a , -w-for jrti'. of ibe- 4loti of Iht So attaJln fcss bH jsid bsr l-sj ra ti poronrr' ttr$i in dh'.
neaw discount m uerrotiatMsti ; itti--givistr. tuA theK rrosrd litrmtit r-rfoas -. tu ib art exmpif ut a Gcorjris & .., & V.J4 i
the sum of their proeU Ueroted to the busiue tlurinj lb; list fevif daj. taonz$tlit vol Uix-Uou. A earefui deatb.