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WICHITA, SEDGWICK COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1877.
Hill IB U-m
U. M. MCKDOCK. n. r. vcmjock.
MTTKDOCK t imOTBCER,
PUBLISHERS AND VKOPKIETOKS.
TWO DOLLAlIS 1'EH YEAH, IN ADVANCE.
AITZItlKKS S1TX0 Sill IS5TH CH ATJUCATttH.
Eastern Mail fvia Wichita A Southwestern K.
X.) Mail and ExprisI.'o. 2 departs .S x. it.,
Mall Exprcsn No. 1 arrives daily at 10:40 r. u.
Augusta and Douglas departs dally at 1 r. i.
Arrives dally at 12 m. . ..... i .
Arkansas City, Caldwell. WinCcld.tW cllington
Nlnnrscah, Littleton. Oxford, Ucllejlain. Chlcas
jila, Sumner City and London Arrives daily at 7
r. m. Departs daily at 7 a. M.
Clear Water, Ohio Center and Rolling Green
Arrives Wednesdays and Saturdays t 4 o'clock
p.m. Departs Tuebdsys and Fridays at 0 o'clock
On and ailcr date the postofflce -will be open for
the delivery of letters and the sale ofstamps from
;i.K,to0r.u. Office open on Sunday morning
from a to 10 A. m.
Malls going east and south close prompt ai a
r. it. JI SI. Mdiidock, 1. JI.
.First Presbyterian Church J. 1. ILinsis, pas
tor. Services In Baptist Church every Sabbath at
11 o'clock A. M. and 7 p. m.
JI. E. ChurchJohn Kirby, paster. Services
very Sabbath at 10X o'clock a. m. and 7 p. jc.
Prayer meeting on Thursday evening.
St. Aloyslus' Catholic Church Heercnd J. C.
IcnrKZ, pastor. Services on the 2nd and 4th
fcuudaya of every month; hlsh mass at 10 A. M.,
Baptist Churcli, I F.Davis, pastor, serviceslOK
'clock a. m.. each Sabbath. Cliu.xh corner of
first and Market Street.
United Prcbbyterlan Church-J. 8. Tctwbcll,
rafter. Services at the school bouse, at 11 a. it.
SI tlioditt IR-ruian Kev. 1". W. JlatthacI, pas
tor. fciTvkea at the tcl.ool house at half putt 10.
Judge Thirteenth Judicial District W. P.
Cam rut ll.
State Senator John iveliy.
llipriJEcututltcs "iVilllam Baldwin, 'William
Board ofCoanri commissioners .T. SI. Stkslx,
O. 6. JACOiie, J. A. Nemo"
County Treasurer L. N . w oodcoce.
County Clerk John Tcckek.
bheriA 11. W. DWMSO.
Clerk District Court C. A. VanNxes.
Probate Judge E. B.Jewett.
Superintendent Public Instruction, it. II.
luster of Deeds JIiloB. Kkllog.
County Attorney W. E. Stanley.
County Surveyors II. L. Jacksox.
;jor J. o. nort.
City Attorney Wu. Baldwin.
Police Judge G. W. Beeves.
City Treasurer J. II. Black.
Marshal It. Coodell.
City Clerk Fued. Scuatiseu.
of the Peace D. A. Mitchell,
Constables C. B. Jones and D. X. illiasis.
Council-First Ward A. W. Oliveu and M.
Second Ward C. M.GAnnifosand L.Wecxeu.
Third Ward C. ScUATTMcnand B W. Aldeicii.
Fourth Ward C. A WALKEitaud F. A. bow.
Board of Education First Ward . B. Smith
and II. Iuiiodxv. Second Ward J. W. is
gaeb and II. L. Jackson. Third "Ward 1). P.
ALiXAXDzit, andC. S. Caldwell. Fourth Ward
Jl. S. Adaus and JI. C M akk.
TTCisurer School Board Kev. J. P. IlAnstx.
THE PASTOR'S REVERIE.
The pastor nits In hii easy chair,
With the Bible upon his kneo.
From cold to purple the clouds in tbo west
Are changing momently;
Tho shadows He In the valleys below,
And hide in the curtain's fold ;
And tho page grows dim whereon he reads,
"I remember tho days of old."
"Kot clear nor dark," as the Scripture saith,
The pastor's memories are ;
Xo day that U gone was shadowless,
No night without its star;
But mingled bitter and sweet hath been
The portion of his cup :
"The hand thatinlove hath fmltten," he s ittli,
"In love hath bound us up."
Fleet flies his thought OTcr many a field
Oi stubble and snow and bloom,
And now it trips through a festival,
And now it halts at a tomb ;
Young faces smile in his reverio
Of those that are young no more,
And voices are heard that only como
With the winds from a far-off thore.
Ho thinks of the day when first, with fear
And (altering lips, he stood
To speak in the sacred place the Word
To the waiting multitude ;
Ho walks again to the house of God,
una luo voico oi joy anu praise,
With many whoso foot long time have pressed
Heaven's sare anu uiesscu ways.
He enters ngatu the homes of toil,
And joins in the homely chat;
He stands in the shop ot tho artisan ;
He Bits, where tho Matersat,
At tho poor man's lire and the rich man's feast.
But who to-day are the poor.
And who are Uio rich? Ask Him who keeps
The treasures that ever endure.
Once more the green and the grove resound
With the merry children's din ;
Ho hears their shout at the Christmas tide,
When Santa Claus stalks in.
Once more he lists while the camp-firo roars
On the distant mountain-ildo.
Or, proing apostlcship, plies the brook
Where the ncrce young troutilngs hide.
And now he beholds tho wedding train
To the altar slowlv move.
And tho solemn words are said that seal
The sacrament of love.
Anon at the font he meets once more
The tremulous youthful pair.
With a white-robed cherub crowing response
To the consecrating prayer.
WICHITA ENCAMPMENT No. 2a. I.O.O.F.
meets on the 2d and tthSatunluyaofcach
xnouuh. W P. STEM, C. P.
G. W. REEVES, Scribe.
IO. O. F. Wichita Lodge, No. 03, meets ev
try Thursday night, at 7 o'clock, at their
bad, over the First National bank. All brothers
In good standing are invited to attend.
W- P. S1EM, N. G.
C. W. GBAHAM, T.. S.
By the couch oi pain he kneels, again :
Again, the thin hand lies
Cold in his palm, while tho last lar look
Steals Into the steadfast eyes ;
And now the burden of hearts that break
Lies heavy upon his own
The widow's woe and the orphan's cry
And the dcsolato mother' J moan.
So blithe and glad, so heavy and sad,
Are tho days that aro no more,
So mournfully sweet aro tho sounds that float
With the winds irom a far-off shore.
For the pastor has learned what mcancth tho
That is given him to keep
"Kejoico with them that do rejoice.
And weep with them that weep."
It Is not in vain that he has trod
This lonely aniTtoilsome way,
It is not in rain that be has wrought
In the vineyard all tho day ;
For the soul that gives is the soul that lives,
And bearing another's load
Doth lighten your own, and shorten the way,
And brightens tho homeward road.
Jlet. Waihinffton Gladden, in Harper t Maga
foreign countries for the fivo years
Xcxt is a tablo showing tho market
price of wheat in St. Louis on the first
day of each month for a period of fivo
years and eight mouths, commencing
January 1, 1872, and ending August 1,
1877. This will cnalilo tho farmer at
a glanco to detcrmino what mouth in
tho year is tho best to send his wheat
Then follows threo diagrams, tho
first of which shows tho number of
farm animals on thefirstday of March,
1876-7, and tho increase in ' ono year;
tho second shows the value of farm
animals March 1, 187G-7, and the in
crease in ono year; and tho third
shows the "total valuation for State,"
for all products named, for 187G,which
is composed of "livo stock and the
products of livo stock," and "field
crops and garden products;" also the
aggregate valuation of "forage crops,"
'live stock and products of livestock"
and their relation to the aggregate
valuation; also the valuation of wheat
and corn respectively and in the ag
gregate, and their relative importance
as compared with "livo stock pro
ducts." In tho explanation of these
diagrams .we glean the following in
teresting information :
'iNurabcr of horses for tho year end
ing March 1, 1876, was 214,811; for the
vcar endiujf March 1, 1877, 240.870; in
crease, 26,059, or 12.13 por Jcent. The
uumber of mules and asses lor tho year
ending March 1, 1876, was 26,421; for
tho year ending March 1, 1877, 32,470;
increase, 5,019, or 14.73 per cent. Tho
number of cows for the vcar ending:
For the Eagle.
From the Topeka Commonwealth
Kansas Agricultaral Report for July.
F. & A. M. Meets on the first and third
. Mondays of each month.
. in. imtliKV " . -a.
WICHITA Cn.VPTEr., It. A. M. Meets on
the ticond and fourth Fridays In each
monib. Geo. P. Habuis, II. P.
MiloB. Kkllogo, Scc'y.
The M. E. Sabbath fcchool. G. F. Hargis, su
perintendent, meets at the church at 2i o'clock
The Presbyterian Sabbath school, C. S. Cald-wi-11,
Superintendent, meets at the Baptist Church
at 12, m.
The Baptist Sabbath school, A. B. Arment, su
perintendent, meets at the Baptist church every
Sunday afternoon at 2,' o'clock.
German M. E. Sunday School meets at School
House, at2)i o'clock, p. m. A. Fuhnnan, Su
SIOO.OOO TO LOAN.
I am now prepared to make live year loans, on
patented farms, at the lowest rates.
20- It. H. BOYS.
U. S. LAND Ol'i'ICK.
pOUGLAS AVE., COMMEP.CIAL BLOCK.
LJ II. L. Taylok. Itcglster; J. L. Dteu.
Urcclvir. OCice hours from 9 to 12 A. v. and
from 1 to 3 r. m.
COUNT!' SUKVEYOIt .
II. L. JACKSON.
CIOONTT SUSVETOIL Leave your orders at
the cuuuty clerk's oSice, or call at the West
Ichita iK)itoulr. 4tt-ly
SLUSS, STANLEY & HATTON,
ATTORNEYS, Wichita, Kansas.
AjtOi UA1UU9. KOS. 11A1UU3.
HARRIS JtlLVIt KIS,
A TTOUNEYS AT Law. Wichita, Kansas.
f. Olllee In the buildlugoccupied by the U. S.
LanJ Ouice. Loans Negotiated on improved
Ias.1. iu sedgwick und Sumner Counties, at ten
iierccul. interest" with privilege of paying off at
fciiy ttuie. Commiasion reasonable. Abstracts
furniahed aud papers executed without charge.
u. b. adajis. oeo. n. -NCLin. n. a. bcccles.
"ADAMS, ENGLISH & RUCCLES,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW
Wichita, Kansas, will practice in all the
courts of the 13th Judicial Distnct.Supreme Court
of the State, and the United States District and
Circuit Court of Kansas. u-tf
J. M. BALDERSTON,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Wichita, Sedpwick
county, Kansas. Office in Ccntcnial Block,
oi crAlcy's Slice Store. ap26-ly
" J. F. LAUCK,
A TTORNEY-AT-LAW, first dor south of U.
J S. Land Office, in Commercial Block.
Wichita, Kansas, Special attention given to all
kinds of business connected with the V. S. Land
The monthly report of tho Kansas
State Board of Agriculture for July is
out, aud possesses unusual interest
and merit not only to the farmers and
stock raisers of Kansas, but also to
everybody interested iu the industrial
prosperity of the State. Thcso reports
arc prepared with a great deal of care
and tho data upon which they are
based furnished by intelligent aud re
liable correspondents iu every county.
In this report the first table shows the
condition of the crops and larm ani
mal s aud the prospects of tho fruit
crops by counties. According to that
the average condition of the corn crop
is 104; of Irish potatoes, 93; of sweet
potatoes, 96; of castor beans, 99; of
broom corn, 99. The average condi
tion of the cattle throughout the State
is 106; of work animals, 103; of sheop,
103; of swine, 109. In explanation of
these figures, 100 is .made tho basis,
and the comparison is made with the
average conditiou of crops of former
years. Au increase of one-tenth, or
ten per cent., is recorded 110, and a
decrease of oue-tcnth,or ten per cent.,
is recorded 90, etc. Of tho fruit pros
pect tho report says :
"Fruit is doing well and a bountiful
supply is assured wherever orchards
aro old enough to bear.
"Apples. Of tho fifty-eight coun
ties reporting for July, nineteen re
port full crop; seven, threc-iturths
crop; ten, one-half crop; two, one-
iuuuui.1 VP buA t'M iuk uvuiguiug 1.1 UJ.
Seventeen do not report.
'Tears. Ten counties report full
crop; thrco, three-fourths crop; eight,
ono-half crop; ono, three-eighths crop;
nine, one-fourth crop; ouc, failure.
Twenty-six make no rcrort.
"Peaches. Seventeen counties re
port full crop; three, three-fourths
crop; seventeen, ouo-half crop; three,
three-eighths crop; eight, one-fourth
The next table occupies twelve
pages, and it shows by counties the
uumber of acres of each crop for 1876-7
aud the increase and decrease for the
counties named, as returned by the
assessors. Tho table is followed by
another, which is a general State sum
mary of tho former, and which is here
General summary, showiug the
acreage of the principal crops for 1877.
f. It. K1KKFATRICK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
JAMES L. DYER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Wichita, Kansas.
A TTORNEY AT LAW, Wichita, Kansas.
E. S. LEONARD,
"OHYSICIAS AND SURGEON, Office up-Stalrs
XT 3 Doors South of Postoffice. residence, 2d
South of First St., Emporia Ave., Wichita. 12-
DR. E. B. RENTZ,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, will give f pcci
jT al attention to diseases of the eye and ear,
also to diseases of women and children. Office
over Craddock's Clothing House, Opposite P.O.
Wichita, Kansas. 4S)-Cra
BOTANIC PHYSICIAN OBSTETRICIAN.
Especial attention given to Chronic Diseases
oi both male and female. Also Chronic Rheum
atism nnd Scrofula. Charges reasonable. Office
No. Id Main Street. Residence corner Mead ave.
and Second street, Wichita, Kas. S3-tf
DRS. LONGSDORF A STIPP,
HOMOEOPATIIIST3. Office on Maln.trcet,
over W. C. Woodman's store, Wichita.
T. H. SHANNON,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON-U Main street,
pcar '"t, Wichita, Kansas. 5-15-17
DR. C. C. FURLEY,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office, Doug
las avenue, entrance east of Main street, up
tairs (oyer Allen & Tucker's Store.) 12-tf
DR. E. B. ALLEN,
JHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Office Centen
nial Block, Wichita, Kansas. 3.
DR. W. M. HENDRICKSON,
(U. S. Examining Surgeon)
UYS1CIAN AND SURGEON, Office in Cen-
"'i uiock, uougias Avenue, over Aley'a
J. C. DEAN,
DENTIST-paice Douglas Avenue, opposite
SWtle A Levy's Lau j offlce. o-tr.
DR. W. L. DOYLE.
DENTIST Ofilc oitr 51 .itlitfTv'e Jewelry atore.
Centennial Block, Wichita. J ""i-tf
Kind of Crop.
Millet and Hungarian...
Blue grass pasture
l'ralrie pasture (under fence) 551,093.00
Tho next tables show tho number
of farm animals, by counties.March J,
1877, and the valuo of tho products
marketed, valuo of poultry and oggs
sold, valuo of animals slaughtered. ami
pounds of chceso, butter and wool
produced in 1876, tho totals of which
will bo presented subsequently in this
In an article on "wheat," we find
"At tho tinio tho July reports wore
returned to this office, so little thresh
ing had been done that it was impos
Biblo to obtain much beyond rough
estimates of average yields. Wo do
not feel at liberty to give these figures
by counties iu this issue, lest they
may bo accepted aud published as of
ficial. We will state, howovcr, that
from the reports received, wo find au
estimatcd average yield for the State
of fifteen bushels per acre. An aggre
gated acreage of tho winter and spring
varieties of 1,051,226 acres gives, at
fifteen bushels por acre, 15,768,390
bushels for tho product of 1877. Wo
bolicve this too high. . Wo shall be
mistaken it Iho averago" for tho State
shall excood thirteen bushels per acre,
or 13,665,938 bUBhels, a decrease over
the product of 1876 of 951,287 bushels,
notwithstanding tho increase in acre
age of 1877 over 1876 of 28,013 acres."
In tho eamo article arc figures show
ing tho wheat product of tho United
States for fivo years prior to 1877, aud
tho estimated product of this year.
Tho produci, of 1876 was 260,000,000
bushels, and the estimated product ot
1877 is 325,000,000 bushsls. Figures
are also given showing tho amount of
March 1, 1877, was 227,271; lor the
year ending March 1, 1877, 260,455; in
crease 33,181, or 14.73 per cent. The
numbor of other cattle for the vcar
ending March 1, 1876, was 173,250;" for
the year ending March 1, 1877, 515,163;
increase, 42,113, or 8.88 per cent. The
number of sheep lor the vcar ending
March 1, 1876, was 143,962; for tho
vcar ending March 1, 1877, 201,188; in
crease, 60,226. or 41.81 per cent. Tho
number of swino for tho year ending
March 1, 1876, was 330,355: for the
vcar ending Marcii l, 187, 697,180; in
crease, 366,831, or 111.04 per ccut.
The valuation of the horses for tho
year ending March 1, 1876, was $11,
S14.605; for the year ending March 1,
1877, $13,217,850; increase, $1,433,215,
or 12.13 per cent. The valuation of
the mules and assc3 for tho year end
ing March 1, 1876, was $1,849,470; for
the year ending March 1, 1877, $2,272,-
900; increase, $123,430, or 14.78 per
cent. Tho valuation of tho milch
cows for the vcar ending March 1,
1876, wa3 $6,363,772; for tho year end
ing March 1,1877, $$7,032,285; increase,
$068,613, or 10.50 per cent. The valu
ation of all other cattlo for the year
ending March 1, 1876. wa3 $9,467,000;
for tho vear ending March 1, 1S77,$10,
566,991; increase, $1,099,991, or 11.62
per cent. The valuation of tho sheop
lor the year endins: March 1, 1876. was
$351,706.90; for the year ending March
1, 1877, $612,5C1; increase, $260,857.10,
or 74.17 per cent. Tho valuation of
tho swiue for the vear ending March
1, 1876, was $2,641,810; for tho vcar
ending March 1, 1877, $5,917,031: in-
creaso, $3,282,211, or 124.23 per cent."
Tho total valuation for tho State of
tho live stock and products of live
stock, and the field, garden and forage
products, for 1876, was 895,967,011.91.
The valuation of the livo stock and
the products of live stock was $50,
181,729.05, or52.29 per cent, of the to
tal valuation. Tho valuation of the
field crops and srardou products was
$45,785,312.86, or 47.71 per cent, of the
total valuation. Of this the forage
crops, consisting of corn, oafs, rye
aud hay, amounting to $26,90g,221.07,
or 28.03 per cent, of the total valua
tion. The valuation of the field aud
garden products, less tho forage crops,
was $18,879,091.79, or 19.67 per cent,
of tho total valuation. The combined
valuation of tho live stock, livo stock
products and forage products was
$57,088,900.12, or 80.32 per cent, of the
total valuation. The valuation of the
wheat crops was $12,413,780.89, or 12.
93 per cent, of the total valuation.
ino valuation oi the corn crops was
$19,217,332.24, or 20.02 per ceut. of tho
total valuation. The combined valu
ation of the wheat aud corn products
was $21,631,113.13, or 31.95 per cent,
of tho total valuation. Of tho field
crop and garden products, tho valua
tion of tho farm products, including
grain and forage, amounted to $15,
581,826.39; garden products, $203,3S6.-
47. Of the live stock and products of
live stock, the valuation of tho farm
animals was $39,658,671; of the ani
mals slaughtered or sold for slaughter
$3,022,180; of dairy products. $1,869,
291.72; of poultry, $433,203.08: of wool.
$138,380.25. It will bo observed that
in this valuation the products of or
chards, small gardens, Tincyards.apia
ries, nurseries; mines, manufactories
and betterments were not included.
The increase in the products of cheese
from March 1, 1876. to March 1, 1877,
over the preceding twelve months,
was 360,282 pounds; of butter, 1,887,
738 pounds; of wool, 42,860 pounds.
It will probably be surprising to many
to learn that tho valuation of tho live
stock aud products of live stock ex
ceed the tofal valuation of all Uio
field aud garden products by 4.58 per
cent. If the valuation of the forage
product, which is directly allied with
tho live stock interest, is deducted
from the total field product aud added
to tho lire stock product, tho valua
tion of tho aggregate livo stock and
contributing products will exceed all
field and garden products, less tho
forage, by 60.05 per ccut. Tho amount
of the excess of valuation of tho sole
livo stock and livestock product over
tho wheat product was $37,767,948.16,
or 39.36 per cent.; over tho com pro
duct, $30,964,396.81, or 32.27 per cent.;
over the combined wheat aud corn
product, $18,550,015.92, or 19.31 per
cent. This exhibit shows clearly
that of all our productive interests
stock raisiug prcdoniinatcs,and yields
a larger revenue than all others com
bined, with the possible exception ot
tho mining industries. Under this
latter head may bo designated coal,
lead, zinc, gyps'um, ochre, fire brick
clay, cement, etc. Tho predominance
and speedier growth of the live stock
interest is in tho right direction. A
higher standard of excellence in the
quality of stock is being constantly
attained, and the pork packers at
Kansas City testify that Kansas hogs
aro tho best received at that market.
Hon. D. B. Long, the commissioner
of fisheries, has au article on fish cul
ture, illustrated by an engraving rep
resenting a rectangular fishwnv, lor
the upward passage offish ovr'dams.
On the last page is a list of 1 1 tecs at
which district and county fu s will
bo held this year, and also t,.- dates.
Tho report consists of thiity-four
The peculiar phases of eccentricity,
or incipient insanity, in patients of a
reticent naturc,afford a more puzzling
study to psychological observers than
do tho wild outbreaks of a disturbed
mental organism. In Brooklyn.a man
appears daily beforo the city-hall
clock at precisely noon, and in Balti
more, at one o'clock, Francis Farlhiug
lakes his station at a pump, and
countr those who drink until the
number reaches seventeen, and then
departs for his home. Both men are
remarkable for tho regularity of all
their habits. They rise, breakfast,
dine, sup and retire with tbo same
method that characterizes their eccen
tric application of themselves to a
fixed duty at a certain hourof the
day. Thero is but one action on the
part of either indicative of defective
reasoning iacuities, auil this is so
it attracts nttoiition
onlv bv the nerlinnrit.v vritli irliiMi 5
wheat and flour that was exported to ' is carried out.
Cowskin, August 13, 1877.
Editor Eagle : In a communica
tion to the Eagle a few weeks ago I
mentioned the subject of co-operation.
Since then I have been requested to
give my ideas of co-operation, the
workings and benefits, if any, in tho
Some may wish to know what the
diffcrenco is between co-oporatiou
and joint-stock companies. Tho dif
ference, as I understand it, is simply
this : A few men in Wichita may in
vest a certain amount of money in the
grocery business aud, by using all the
inducements in their power, got tho
trade of five hundred customers, aud
at tho end of a certain time, say oue
year, they divido the profits among
those who furnish the capital. Those
customers who furnish tho profits get
2Jow co-operation is carried on in
an entirely diflorent manner (I refer
to the Rochdale plan.) Stock is sold
at so much per share, each share
drawing interest as fixed by tho com
pany. Business is commenced as
soon as sufficient stock is sold. Of
ficers are elected, an agent appointed
to sell, and the goods are sold at the
regular prices as sold by other stores,
and a strict account kept with every
customer, S3 to the amount sold to
each, which is easily done by means
of checks used for that purposo, and
at the cud of a fixed time a settlement
is made, and after deducting all ex
penses . and paying tho interest on
each share, as fixed by tho corporation
the remainder of tho profits are divid
dd among tho customers according to
the amount of goods each ouc has
purchased, as shown by the amount
of checks each ono holds. Tho stock
holders get interest and nothing more
for tho uso of their money, and those
who furnish the profits pay this inter
est and all other bills and divide the
balance of the profits according to the
amount of profits they have furnished.
Now, the question as to the benefits
is one of much importance to the
farmers and laboring classes. Tho
co-operativo plan can bo carried out
in buj ing or selling as well as manu
facturing; and by putting ourselves
in connection with the State and Na
tional associations we put ourselves
in a position, if wo will take advant
age of them, to bo benefited according
to tho way in which wo take advant
age of the following proposition, as
made to all good Tatrons, and all who
mav become such :
Among the. many important objects
specified, including the business of
bankers and agents, to mako advances
of money to auy member of the com
pany in tho United States, individual
ly or in auy collective groups ou tho
security of real estate, to enable them
to dcvelopc the agricultural resources
of tho country, or to enable members
to manufacture articles that they may
require; for the erection of ware
houses, or auy other legitimate busi
ness iu which capital is needed at a
low rate of interest, or to enable pro
ducers to ship direct to the consumers
or to exchange commodities cither in
this country or in Eugland, besides a
great many other plans that arc pro
posed anu are uemg carried out to a
great extent iu a large part of our
Co-operation can bo carried out in
this country by farmers holding their
wheat until they can get tho full val
ue. But some say wo must sell to get
a little money; but co-operation says,
let every Grango or neighborhood
take hold of it, and if a man must
havo a little monoy wheu tho prices
are low, let somo two or three men go
on his note aud let him borrow the
money for thirty or ninety days, thoy
taking his wheat for security, and iu
sixty days time co-operation could
burst any clique iu Wichita and farm
ers could hold their wheat and wheat
buyers could not dictate the prices as
they did during the strike, when
prices went down about forty cents,
without any earthly reason. It has
been said that there was no rings in
Wichita; perhaps not, but 1 cannot
see why wheat should decline from
thirty to forty cents in Wichita and
keep up to tho same figures in Kansas
City, St. Louis and other 1 arge places
all through the strike.
Some Bay that farmers cannot got
cars to ship their wheat in. That is
so to a certain extent, but tho railroad
company want to ship tho wheat and
co-operation says, "don't scll,butship
your own," and if you carry out tho
teachings of co-operation and common
sense you can get cars, always remem
bering that wheat buyers and agents
of all kiud3 are doing their best to
make money, and you can save it
yourselves. All the Patrons and farm
ers lack is a little more energy, a little
more ambition, and a little more inde
pendence in their dealings; a little
more love for one another as Fatrous,
a little more love for the Order, re
membering that if we want others to
lovo and rcspoct us as Patrons that
we must lovo and respect tho Order,
and we will be recognized as a power
in the land.
Is it right for the farmers and labor
ing classes to go on, as they are in
Kansas, with 30,000 mortgages on
their farms on which interest has to
be paid at from twelve to forty per
cent ? No voico in legislation, no
voice in school matters, no voico in
fixing the prices on what they buy or
sell, in fact, living a life of slavery and
bequeathing the same to their chil
dren ? Or is it best to bo up and do
ing something for themselves ? If so,
now is the time to assort your rights
and to take advantage of co-operation.
As soon as you do that thero will be a
change in tho affairs of the farmers of
Sedgwick county and other classes
will bo benefited by the change.
Georqe A. White.
may synipathizo with you even in
what you havo done if you wcut -to
them and sought employment, they
would not employ you if they thought
they could have the service performed
as "well at a less rate. All men aro
alike about this ; there is no difforence,
and cannot possibly be any difference
among men on that subject. Wc all
seek that which we desire at as cheap
a rate as we can obtain it, and vou
yourselves, when you go to buy any
thing, buy it as cheap as vou can. This
is the universal law of society, and it
is an axiom in political economy.
Important to Pensioners.
Tho Pension Agent at St. Louis,
where all Kansas pensions aro now
paid, writes as follows to a pensioner
in the neighborhood of Lawrence:
Sir It is not necessary for you to
send your pension certificate to tho
Honorable Commissioner of Pensions.
If you have been paid for June quar
ter, 1877, and havo no voucher forScp
tembcr, 1877, inform this agency at
once, and one will be sent you.
From the Lawrence Journal
Tho Vital Principle.
The great and dominant fact in the
recent strikes was that they were au
assault upon the fundamental right of
tno lrccciom otexenange in labor, 'iius
Is a right which lies at the basis of in
dustry. It applies to every business
and to every occupation. It is a right
which is jn'st as vital to the laborer as
to the man who hirc3 him, and to ono
laborer as to another. It is a right
which no man or set of men has a right
to interfere with. The men who work
and tho man who hires must bo left
perfectly free-to settle the matter of
wages between themselves, No third
man has a right to interfere.
It seems strange that thcso almost
self-evident truths should need to bo
6tated. Yet men arc sometimes very
inconsistent, aud arc ready to deny to
others a right which they claim for
themselves. It is only by showing
where an erroneous principle would
lead to that some persons can sec its
wrongfulness. Many people even oi
ordinary intelligence were inclined to
think that the striko was a good thing
as long as it was confined to interfer
ence with tho railroad companies. But
let the same principle bo applied to
themselves aud seo how quickly they
would resent it. Let the farmer go
homo and find his farm hands on a
strike and declaring that no other
hands should work for him, while his
grain was wasting in tho harvest field
for want of beiug gathered, aud his
views on the striko business would at
once become very clear. Even the
rampant demagogue, who howls so
loudly as a self-constituted champion
of the "poor man," would change his
tunc very speedily were the measures
he advocates applied to himself. He
is a communist iu the press ; but pro
pose to him to divido up his vast es
tates for tho benefit of the unemployed
poor, and how Isoon he would sing an
other song! He howls about the self
ishness of "capitalists ;" but ask him
to lend you some monoy out of his idle
thousands, and seo if ho doesn't want
as big interest as the veriest Shylock
of tho street?
The vital principle of tho freedom
of exchange in labor, of the right of
employer and employed to settle wages
by mutual agreement is most admira
bly set forth by Jungo Urunimoud, of
the United States Court, at Indianapo
lis. Ho says :
Admitting that thcso defendants had
grievances against railroads, how are
thoy tobc redressed or removed? That
is a very serious question. Arc they
to be removed by violence, by force,
by tiampling upon the laws of the
country, by interfering with all the
business, or most of tho business re
lations of tho country, by preventing
tho operation of the roads i Is tins
the way iu which grievances aro to be
redressed ? Do these defendants, or
auy parties who are in similar circum
stances, suppose that their wrongs are
to bo righted by violence, by force? Is
that tho way in which the sympathv
and kind feelings of all tho citizens of
the country arc to bo stretched out to
wards them ? Do wc not all desire to
stand by the law? Is not the law am
ple to protect the rights of all?
These defendants, under tho belief
that wrongs had been done to them by
the railroad officials, entered into a
combination "to right these wrongs,
real and imaginary, by stopping the
trains, by interfering with the business
of tho country. That fhis was a great
wrong will appear when wc apply such
a principle to any of tho business re
lations of life. Suppose that the em
ployes of tho various departments of
business iu this city should think tiiat
their employers did not pay them ade
quate wages, and they should combine
together, conspire togctucr,go around
and require all partios thus employed
to cease their employment, to shut up
all the business places of this city, and
put a stop to all departments of "busi
ness, to Iho stores, to the manufacto
ries, to everything of that kind.
Would that be right? Would it not
bo a great wrong for persons thus to
do? Suppose that iu sccd-lime the
farmers' hands throughout tho larger
section of the State should come to
the conclusion that the farmers did
not pay them wages enough, and
should combine together, and go
around to the various farms and re
quire tho hands to strike, and prevent
iu this way tho planting of the seed ?
Suppose that during harvest time they
should do tho same thing go arouud
among farmers and require all hands
to strlkc,and prevent the farmers from
harvesting their grain, corn, or pro
ducts of tho soil? Would that be
right? Would it not be great wrong?
Aud yet that is the same thing, or
would be tho samo thing in principle,
that these railroad employes havo done
in this case, and throughout the coun
tr v with the last two weeks.
If I undestand the object of these
various strikes, it is to compel the rail
road officials, by force, namely ,by sus
pending the opcratious of tho trains,
to pay thorn thoso prices that they
thought they were entitled to receive.
If there is any thing that is an axiom
and truth universally admitted to bo
correct, it is this : that wc cannot by
law fix the price of labor, or of a bush
el of wheat, or a barrel of flour, or a
piece of domestic, or of a horse, or of
any thing else. Thcso arc things that
aro to be regulated by the wauts of the
community. Just so it is with labor.
Wo cannot say by law that the laborer
shall have just such a price for his ser
vices. Wc cannot sav bv law that a
fireman shall have such a price, that a
switchman shall have such a price, a
conductor such a price, and so ou.
Throughout all tho various classes of
railroad employes these arc matters to
be regulatsd by the necessity for the
labor. It is so with everything ; there
fore every particular class of a com
munity should receive compensation
for services performed, whether it is
railroad men, clerks, superintendents,
lawyers, doctors, merchants, or what
ever they may bo. When they do this
it must bo settled by the partios them
selves. In the case of labor, tho man
who seeks the employment of a man
who wauts the employment, it is a
matter of agreement, and must always
be; thercforo it may as well be im
pressed upon these defendants as up
on all other pcrsous, which a little re
flection will convince them is necessa
ry, that it is not possible that they
can say precisely how much they shall
have for tho service which they per
form ; they havo no right to dictate to
their employers what they shall re
ceive. It is a matter of comnioti bar
gaiu and agreement, and unless it cau
be settled in this way wo havo to de
stroy all tho rolations of life. It is
upon that principle that everything is
bought and sold, labor as well as oth
You cannot go into tho store of a
merchant in this city and say, "I will
give you such a price for any thing ho
has there, and if you don't take it I
will leave the money and remove it
from your store." No; the owner of
the article has the right to say what he
will take for it, a3 well as the purchas
er what ho will givo, and unless they
agreo the article must remain there.
Just so it is with everything that is
subject to barter nnd sale, labor as
well as everything else.
When these railroad employes tried
to force those who employed them to
pay a particular price in this wav,they
were guilty of a wrongful 'act. Un
doubtedly, they, as well as others,can
not be forced or obliged to perform a
service without their consent. If their
employers don't givo them as much as
their service arc entitled to, they have
a right to leave and seek employment
elsewhere Let me impress unon the Tho man didn't say. tor somo in
defendants this truth, that even those explicable reason he refused to enter
who may sympathize with you and into any explanations, but hastened
we all do in somo respects those who away. Detroit Free Press.
Waea to Cut Whiat.
They were a sleepy lot on tha four
o'clock car going down Michigan ave
nue yesterday. The day was hot, the
dust thick, and ouly ono man, and he
beyond tho prime of life, opened his
eyes as a woman crowded in, with a
long paper box under her arm. His
eyes opened a little more as she sat
down near him, and, presently, they
widened to their fullest extent as he
read the label on tho box "One dozen
open-backed shirt3." He glanced
from the box to the female and back,
and groaned out :
"Land o' love I but what will come
Sho looked around at him as if she
feared that a case of colic would como
next, and he brightened up a little
and said :
"Well, Pvo worn them for a year,
aud I know they aro handy and reli
able. If my daughters want to get
half a dozen apiece I shan't cry over
"Wero you speaking to me," she
asked, after seeing that no one else
"I sorter was and sorter wasn't," he
replied, as he worked a faint smilo to
his face. "I was saying that it's won
derful how much the inventive genius
of this countn' has done for us ou the
She hitched away a little.
"Twenty years ago," he mused, as
ho hitched after her, "if any man had
told me that the dormant genius of
this country would, soon rouse up and
invent a button-behind shirt, I'd havo
looked upon him a3 crazy. But dor
mant genius was all O.K. She roused,
sho invented, and I've got ono o' them
very shirts on."
Tho look sho gave him ought to
have torn him all to pieces, but it
"One year ago," he calmly resumed,
"if anybody had told mo that the gent
ler sex would soon demand open-back
shirts I'd have gone a fishing aud nev
er returned. But the epoch lias hove
in sight she's right here. I can rec
ommend them as boss."
"Who aro you speaking to, sir?"
sho demanded in an awful voice.
"To you, madam. I was saying that
if I wear 'cm there is no reason why
"I appeal to these passengers I" she
"So "do I," ho answered. "Every
body in this car with a button-behind
shirt on will please stand up until 1
can count noses."
The old man stood up. He
alone. Ho looked around iu a
ful way, and said :
"The noses have it, and the resolu
tion is laid on tho table. However,
I'll stick to mine, and I don't believe
this woman here will ko back on her
dozen till she has given 'cm a fair
show. Which side of tho neck do
they button on, madam ?"
Tho yells that followed brought in
tho driver. Tho old man was pointed
out as a drunkard and a woman iu
8ultcr, and the driver was feeling for
his neck when tho astonished man
cried out :
"Who's drunk? Who's insulted
"Ho kept talkiug about shirts !"
screamed tho woman with the box.;
"And you've got a box full 1" shout
ed the man.
"I hain't ue "
Sho turned up the box aud saw the
label for the first time. She grow red,
then white, and thero was an awful
silence. Hipping oft' tho cover she ex
hibited a bolt of mosquito netting,
nestled away iu the box. Nay, she
held it up, and then shook it at the
old man. Ho smiled softly, nodded
his head a dozeu limes, aud blandly
"Correct, madam I tumble to it.
That doesn't look like a dozen button-behind
shirts, and I'm grieved if I
offended. Put it back, madam; for
get that you ever saw me, and wear
any kind you arc a mind to I" Detroit
A Missouri farmer sends his views
to tho New York Farmers' Club in the
following language : What is the prop
er stage of ripeness to cut wheat?
Fifty or sixty years ago, if you had
asked a Pennsylvania Dutchman this
question, ho would have said : "Yen
do heads begin to stoop." There is
the whole secret in a nut-shell. Wheat
must become thoroughly ripo before
cut, or disaster is the result just
wnat wc aro now suuenng. it has
been tho cmtom for many years past
to cut wheat while in the dough. This
custom was introduced by incompe
tent millers, who had not the skill to
Uress their burrs so as shave tho flour
off tho bran while cutting it Quo,
hence they recommended farmers to
cut green eo the bran would bo tough,
and they could gratify tho rago for
white flour, (or starch) when in fact,
puro matured wheat Hour is not white
but of a yellowish cast. This cast or
color signifies tho oil and aroma of
puro wheat flour. It signifies life and
vigor in it, and was the 6ign of origiu
ality sought after. But O! tho de
generacy of man. Now all the rago is
white flour, littlo olso but starch, a
poor, sticky, clammy, tasteless stuflT.
Now, shall we continue this custom of
violating the laws of nature, or try to
get back to the first principles? To
continue, wo may gratify our super
fluous notions, but it is very expensive.
This custom has brought upon 113 a
train of evils, such as smut. rust,IIos
sian fly, weevil, chinch bug, etc. Can
you recollect about what lime smut
aud rust were introduced into Ameri
ca? According to mv recollection it
was soon after wo commenced cutting
our wheat green. Previous to that,
thoso evils "were unknown. Now if
wo should bo disposed to get bacK to
first principles, wo find ourselves iu a
dilemma, for wc have nothing else but
green cut wheat to propagate from,
and it has been demonstrated by natu
ralists that no vegetation is inclined to
become auy riper than the seed that
produced it; it will arrivo at just that
state and then stop and dry up, and it
is called ripe, and if there is any more
sap in tho stem, it must bo expended
iu somo other way, as iu wheat the sap
exudes from the s'traw and forms rust
or scab on tho straw. Then wc say
our wheat is injured by the rust, which
is an ontiro mistake. When the wheat
begins to ripen, .you can tell whether
tho seed was ripe or not iu this way
if from green seed, th" straw will be
gin to turn yellow nest tho head, and
that of pure ripened seed will begin
to turn yellow next the ground and so
advance upward until it gets to tho
head, then tho head will begin to
droop and then is tho time to cut. But
here arises a dilemma, we have not got
the ripe seed to sow, aud from such as
we have we will never have any thing
It is easy to retrograde but hard to
get up a again. I think I can device a
plan to get back once more to first
principles. You no doubt have no
ticed that when the wheat began to ri
peu that there were some heads ripen
ing first. Well, those heads wero pro
duced from -eed that had escaped be
ing cut green. Select thc3c heads, let
them get thoroughly ripe, then cut
them out with a knife, and sow again,
and repeat this two or threo times
from the improved seed, and you will
have a seed that will pay you for all
your trouble. Thereafter be snrc and
let enbugh of your crop for seed get
thoroughly ripe before cutting. The
standard weight of wheat sixty
pounds to the bti3hcl was thought
very low, mi.de so that the poorest
could find a market. Now it i3 our
best grades only that come to th3 stan
dard. I have raisod wheat in three different
States tliat a.-eraged sixty-eight ponnd
to the bushel, struck standard meas
ure. Pursue these instructions and
you will not be troubled with rust or
any ether pest, and you will have the
best flour the world can produce.
Ths Queen's Adiro93t3 tie Closing Parliament.
Parliament adjourned tho afternoon
of the 11th inst. Tho following is the
Queen's speech, which was read by
"My Lords a:.d Gextlemex: I
am happy to ho able to release you
from y6ur attendance upon Parlia
ment. My relation with foreign pow
ers continues friendly. The exertions
which. Jsincc the commencement of
disturbances in Eastern Europe,! have
not ceased to make tor the maintaiu-
ancc of general peace, unfortunately
have not been successful. On the out
break of the war between Russia and
the Ottoman Empire I declared my
intention of preserving an attitude of
neutrality as long a the interests of
this country remained undisturbed.
The extent and nature of those inter
ests wero further defined in tho com
munication which I caused to be ad
dressed to the Government of Russia,
which elicited .1 reply indicating a
friendly disposition ou tho part of
that Government. I shall not fail to
use my best cfibrts, when a suitable
opportunity occurs, for the restora
tion of peace ou terms compatible
with tho honor of thj bclligorcnts and
with tho jreneral safetv and welfare
of other Nations. If, in the course 6T,
the contest, tho rights of mv Empire
should bo assailed, or endangered, I
should confidently rely on your help
to vindicate aud maintain them.
"Apprehensions of a serious famine
in southern India, which I communi
cated to you at the opening of the ses
sion, havo, I grieve to say, been fully
verified. Tho visitation which has
fallen upon my subjects iu Madras and
Bombay and upon tnr people of My
sore, has been of extreme sevcrity.aud
its duration is likely to be prolonged.
No exertion will be wanting on the
part of my Indian Government to mit
igate this terrible calamity.
"The proclamation of my Sovcrcign
cy in Transvaal has been received
throughout tho provinces with enthu
siasm, and happily brought to a close,
I trust, the measure which has been
passed to enable south Africa to unite
upon such terms as may bo agreed on,
will be the means of preventing a re
currence of similar dangers, and will
increase and consolidate the prosperi
ty of this important part of my do
main. "Gentlemen of the House of Com
mons: I thank you for tho liberal
supplies you havo voted for tho pub
lic scrvicb. My Lords and gentlemen,
iu bidding you" farewoll. I prav that
the blessing of the Almighty God may
rest on your recent labors, and accom
pany you iu tho discharge of all your
How to Manage a Jury.
Presently tho stillness of ths court
room was interrupted by the entrance
of a man who came in with a shuflliug
uneasy step, and with his hat in hi3
hand. Ho halted and leaned against
tho railing. Nobody took tho slight
est notice of him, however. -Atla3t
he took courage and spoke :
"Is the Judge in?"
The clerk immediately awoke his
"Well, what do you want ?'"
'I'm lookiu'fora iob. votir Honor.
I've been lookiug for work over a,
"There's nothing for you here."
"I thought ye occasionally gave ju
rymen a job. I don't read "tho ne w
papcrs any, aud bciu' a stranger in
town I haven't any prejudices agin any
body. A paid of mino wrote down to
me at Reno, la-jt week, and said that
the jury business up here wa3 brisk,
an' it would pay to come up. As I'm
a stranger to you and a little hard up
I'll start in aud serve for a case or two
for half price, au' you can see what I
"What aro your main qualifica
. "My strong 6uit 13 mafciu' a jurv
agreo. No juries over get hung if I'm
on 'em. I jest lay low till they take
the first ballot, then jine the majority
and argue the rest into it. I can din
count auy lawyer talkiug. I can show
'em up points they never tumbled to
before. Sometimes I have to use lorco
but seldom. Once, down at Truckee,
iu a murder case, there w.t a couple
of fellers standin' out agin hangin' and
after arguin' with 'em as smooth and
gentlemanly as I could for over a quar
ter of an hour, I went for 'em with
chairs, aud by the time I'd busted half
a dozen pieces of furniture over 'cm
they wero irlad to coma in with a vi-r-
dict of 'Murder in tho first degree,'
aud tho feller was hung not long after
ward. In these justice courts I can
get on a jury, aud if you'll just givo
mo a wink as to how vou want tho ca-to
to go, I'll guarantee to fetch iu the ver
dict you want, or not take a cent."
The man was told to drop around
again in a day or so and they would
try and make a vacancy for him. In
order to tlo it, however, somo regular
juryman will probably havo to be dis
charged. Virginia Cttij Chronicle.
Rapid Growth of ths Railroad.
Thfl Magnanimity Of Germany.
Tha Morning Ereas.
The ideal morning dress for women
who do their own work is of calico,
not so dark as to be gloomy in its sug
gestions, nor 60 light a3 to show every
spot that may happen to soil it. It is
simply but tastefully made so that
laundering it will not bo difficult or
tedious, and so that it will not bo 'too
nice to wear every day. "When any
body knocks at our door," said a
wealthy farmer, "all the women lolks
run and hide; they don't want to bo
seen with their old clothes ou." They
were sensible women, too, to run and
hide. No one who saw them neatly
attired in their afternoon dresses
could have believed that "such "nice"
women had been around tho house all
the morning in old, worn, dirty, spot
ted, highly trimmed cashmeres and
merinos, with unkempt hair, with no
collars about their necks, aud looking
like anything el3c than ladies, as they
prided themselves on being. For
kitchen wear nothing is so unsuitable
as woolen goods. Thoy absorb and
retain odors; and as they cannot easily
be cleansed they arc uuhcalthful for
the wearer, and untidy. With calico
at six and ten cents a yard, there are
few women who cannot afibrd to dress
neatly and tastefully, even while thoy
are about their work. Tho lessons of
tidiness thus taught arc of great value
to children aud the comfort ono has in
seeing tho mistress of the houso al
ways presentable, as she should be, is
not of small degree. In this, as in
other things, very much depends on
habit; and a habit once formed in
early life is not easily broken. Wc
recommend these few suggestions to
daughters as earnostly as to their
Tn9 Mean Small Boy.
Tho mean small boy is different from
the mean big boy, becauso all of his
tricks arc calculated to inako othor
hearts acho. He now takes a silver quar
ter and makes it fa3t to a string.and to
soo him hanging about the post office
one would set him down as a boy who
never had an evil thought. He selects
a victim and drops tho quarter where
it will do tho most good. Tho ring of
tho metal commands attention at once,
and tho programme is carried out as
in a case vestcrday. The victim was
a short m'an, with a very red ncck.and
when ho heard the quarter drop he
clapped his hand ou his pocket aud
"Did you drop a quarter?" mildly
asked the mean small boy, pointing to
one on the stono floor.
"Ah ! must be a hole in my pocket,"
replied the fat man, as he pulled up
tho knec3 of his pants and bent over
to pick it up.
lie had his fingers on the money
when it slid away, and as he straight
ened up he was greeted with fiendish
chuckles from half a dozen mean big
aud small boys.one of whom inquired:
"Which pocket has a hole in it ?"
Upon his return homo from Europe
Senator Conkling was serenaded at his
hotel iu New York, and in the course
of his eloquent speech in response to
the screnadcrs, which was to a great
extent descriptive of his trip, ho said :
Going from London to Paris, one
thing struck mo of which you will
gladly be reminded. That is the mag
nanimity of Germauy, of Germans.
This is sufficiently illustrated by the
palaces and parks of Arcrsailles, splen
did as they are in the treasures of art,
captured from half tho people of Eu
rope. They were among the palaces
occupied by the armies of Germany in
the Franco-Prussian war. It was, you
remember, in the great ball room of
the chief palace that King William
was crowned Emperor, and his sol
diers wero quartered everywhere. But
lawlessness or resentment laid uo hand
on the place. No rough sense of jus
tice said ; "These grand cmbelishmeut3
come here as spoils and trophies, and
as spoils and trophies wo will take
them away." Everything was left
and restored untouched, and the resi
dents of the neighborhood, bitter as
they arc, confessed that the Germans
paid for all they consumed, one man
adding that they paid double prices,
too. Versailles is, perhaps, the most
magnificent possession of France, but
it is also a majestic monument of the
grandeur and forbcarauco of victori
ous Germany. I rejoice to look ou its
preservation, not alone for the credit
it docs to humanity, but for the honor
it reflects on that great body of our
own citizens, who camo from "the laud
of the Rhine.
Woodson county has two newspa
pers. The Board of County Commis
sioners at the July session, carrying
out the spirit and tenor of tho law,
gave the county printing to one of the
offices (without bids) at statute rates.
This is as it ought to be and is but liv
ing up to the intention of the law."
T-n Cygne Journal.
Evidently that was the iutcntion.
Aud it is just as evident the cut throat
business ought to be done away with
by legal ouactmeut. Such was the iu
tcntion of tho friends of a measure in
troduced last winter, and but for tho
cowards and demagogues who mako
their wav into the Legislature, Boards
of County Commissioners would have
no alternative. It occurs to us that
a paper having the largest circulation
of right ou"ht to do the county work.
The public have some interest and of
risht are entitled to have the publica
tions where it will reach the greatest
number. But it is said that unscru
pulous publisher: would flood tho
county with the "free list" just before
the letting of tho county printing.
Our remedy for that would be to make
it the duty of the assessor to return
bona fide subscribers. And then make
it tho duty of the commissioners to
award the" county printing to the one
having the greatest circulation iu the
county. Advantages to advertisers
might be derived iu thi3 way. Ad
vantages to legitimate publishers will
be readily seen. Chttopa Herald.
Famine in India.
At a public meeting held at Madras
ou the 9th inst., to consider step nec
essary for securing help from England
for famine sufferers, the Duke of
Buckingham, Governor of tho Madras
Presidency, stated that the famine
district contained eighteen million
people, of which a large proportion
were dependent for their daily food
on the exertions and activity of those
who transport grain to the country.
The necessity lor supplies is stcadily
increasing. The wants of Madras arc
already beyond the means of the Pres
idency. Every aid that can be secured
is used to save tho 'people. The in
creasing severity of distress necessi
tates an appeal to public charity. Dr.
Cornish, saiiitary.commissioner, said
that there were already 1,500,000 peo
ple beiug fed, and over 500,000 had
died. A resolution was adopted that
the principal cities of England, Scot
land, Ireland aud India to be informed
of the urgent necessity for assistance.
The mover of this resolution said that
more people were fouud dead in a
single morning iu Madras than in the
whole Bengal famine.
Congress has Power to Regulate Commarca Be
tween tho States.
Oue of the most glaring of tho pop
ular errors of the day is the supposi
tion that Congress can do nothing to
wards preventing blockades of inter
nal commerco unless it assumes entire
control, ownership, and managemeut
of the railways. It might as well be
said that nothing could be done to
regulate foreign commerce unless Con
gress bought aud managed all tho
steamships, and merchant vessels that
ply between native and foreign ports.
And yet, everybody knows that the
Nation always has "regulated by law a
uumber of things relating to foreign
commerce without ever importing or
exporting, as a commercial transac
tion, a cargo of produce or merchan
dise. Philadelphia Press.
A Suamerged City in ths Lais of Geneva.
A strange discovery is reported from
the Lake of Geneva. A tourist having
lost his trunk, two divers were em
ployed to sparch for it. While they
wero below water they found what
they supposed to be a village, since
covered by the lake. Their statements
led to an investigation ot the spot by
the municipal authorities, who took
measures to ascertain the truth of the
extraordinary account of the divers.
On covering the placid surface with
oil, these latter were able to distin
guish the plan of a town, streets,
squares, and detached houses marking
tho bed of tho lake. The ruddy huo
which characterized them led the ob
servers to suppose that the buildings
had beeu covered with the famous ver
inillien cement which was used by the
Celts, Cimbri and the early Gauls.
There are about 200 houses aeranged
over an oblong surface, near the mid
dle of which 13 a spacmore open, sup
posed to have been used for public as
semblages. At the eastern extremity
lies a largo square, which was taken
taken for a rock. A superficial inves
tigation seems to indicate that the con
struction of these buildings date from
some centuries before our era. The
Council of Yaud has decided to have
the site of the dwellings inclosed by a
jetty stretching from the land, and to
drain off the water, so as to bring to
light what promises to be one of the
most interesting archaeological discov
eries of the day. London Telegraph.
A very curious example of Disracl
iau humor is that connected with nis
crest and motto. When he began life
as a candidate for Parliament he had a
crest ready for use, and a motto pre
pared to go with it. The former was
a castle, and wo know by his novels
how profoundly ho is "moved by a
"baronial dwelling place." Tho motto
was "Forti nihil dillicile," translated
during his candidature iu Shrewsbury
forty-six years ago by hi3 friends,
"Nothing is difficult to tho brave,"
and byliis enemies, "Impudence sticks
at nothing." For more than forty-five
years did that crest aud tho motto lie
dormant. It was understood that Mr.
Disraeli held his family to have been
superior to crests. But a Peer must
have his coat of arms, aud the castle
and the Forti nihil dillicile have
turned up again a3 tho ornament ap
pended to the Earl's title in the en
graved Peerage. Very appropriate is
the motto. Indeed the whole story
seems part of a veritablo romance.
This son of a country book-worm be
gins life by saying that he counts
nothing difficult. Ho drops his boast
ing till all is attained, and then he
again proclaims that he has not fouud
the fight a hard one. Liverpool 2Ier
eurij. Getting Ready for the Paris Exposition.
It has become a matter of impossi
bility now to obtain a long lease of a
suite of furnished apartments in Paris
a3 every landlord refuses to rent at a
fixed price beyond the first of next
May, after which their charges will be
largely increased. Hotels aud board
ing houses will double their usual tar
iff, provisions will go up, aud alto
gether thiugs promise to be lively for
the purses of persons who conio to
visit Paris next spring. We old resi
dents, secure in our leases for "three,
six nine," as they phrase it here,
(meaning the uumber and division of
years,) can afford to smile at tho per
turbations of transient visitors.
In 1740 it has beu estimated that our
yearly average of railroad construc
tion was about 500 milc3. In I860 this
average had increased to 1,500. In 1860
it was nearly 10,000, and iu 1871 it was
stated that enterprises requiring an
expenditure of $30O,CO3,0OO, and in
volving tho construction of 2U.000 milca
of railroad, were iu actual process ot
accomplishment. In 1872 the aggregate
capital of the railroads of tho United
States, which were estimated to em
brace one-half of the railroads of the
civilized world, wai stated to amount
to the sum of $3,159, 123,057,their gross
revenue being $173,211,053.
Thus within forty ycar.Vi itliiii a lit
tle more than a generation, this enor
mous amount of wealth had, as it wero
been created from nothing. Here is
probably ten times moro wealth than
was obtained by the "conquiBlodoras"
of tho sixteenth century at tho time ot
the discovery of America, when all
Europe was made wild by the stories
of untold gold in the new-found world.
The diiloreuce in tho methods of its
acquisition may roughly iudicatn tho
progress made 111 two centuries toward
tho organization of labor. Tlo Spanish
conquerors decimated the llourishimr
countries they obtained possession of
by tho sword, and making slaves of the
natives, actually exterminated them in
many of the West India Islands bv
their enforced laborin the mines. Tho
advent of the railroad has made tho
settlement of tho whole West possible,
and raisod the production of cereals iu
the United States for the year 1372,
according to the agricultural depart
ment, to the enormous total of 1,656,
193,100 bushels. Harpers Magazine.
Musis in the Rnssiaa Army.
There is only ono baud in each di
vision, and it affords music at inter
vals, but tho spirits of the men aro
cheered by their own songs, in which
they give vent to their enthusiasm
with a good will and melodious ex
pression which is quite enlivening.
At the head of each battalion aro threo
drummer?, and in the van arc goner
ally a score or more of good singer3.
First one strikes up a solo, whose not
unpleasant air is listened to in silence,
and then the company iu jinison and
harmony take up the chorus, tho
drummers joining in, while the re
frain swells along the whole lino iu a
manner which is emphatically warlike
and grand. Sometimes, where tho
musical element is strong and solo
singers rare, a soldier with a clarionet
plays the solo, then all the others,
with the drums, take up the chorus.
The songs arc often very spirit-stirring,
and the heartiness with which
they are rendered tells how deeply
the feeling of the men have been
stirred aud tho spirit lin which thov
arc marchiii'' to meet tho onnmr.
This sinsiiiK is maintained through
the march, and the effect is as pleas
ing a3 it is inspiring.
Soma SensiM8 Advica.
Thousands of men in the great cities
who find it difficult to get a living can
become owners of the -oil aud sccuro
a home for themselvc3 aud their fami
lies by taking advautage oftbejiame
stead law. fu all the new StateTof the
west and southwest there are large
bodies of public lands waiting settle
ment and occupation. The homestead
law applies to all of them. CoIouie3
can be established ou them, farms laid
out, and towns built. Before tho fivo
years necessary to securo an absolute
title shall have expired they will have
so increased in value as to make their
proprietors independent, and in many
cases rich. Better to profit by tho
liberality of the Government, and be
come a tiller aud owner of land in tho
rising States ou the Pacific, iu Texas,
Kansas, Arkansas, or in silver and
gold bearing Colorado, than to hope
lessly struggle in the crowded Atlan
tic cities. Philadelphia Press.
Bamum Eonnces an Eljpiaatlro Fraud.
I deem it a duty to warn the public
against the fraud being perpetrated
upon them by one Adam Forepaugh,
in conspicuously advertising for exhi
bition, and a3 tno principal feature in
his mcuageric, a baby elephant, which
he falsely claims wai born in Phila
delphia last winter. It is an estab
lished zoological fact that elephants
do not breed in captivity, ami there
never was one born this side of the
Atlantic. The one advertised by
Adam Forepaugh is a small and infe
rior Asiatic elephant, exported from
Singapore to Hamburg, and there of
fered to my agent, who declined to
purchase it. As conclusive evidence
of the correctness of this statoment. I
will give $100,000 cash for either a
baby or full-grown elephant born iu
Your obedient servant,
A St. Petersburg letter in the New
York World says that since the' first
battle of Plevna, Russia has been iu a
turmoil of enthusiasm, indignation,
hatred aud political passions. The
people seem united in demanding more
vigor in the conduct of tho war, and
with this intense war feeling goes in
dignation against Euglaifd,
" HI' . t