M-Jr r'rvi .mt-f.mti J. ."7 ""t" .,
" v "r.-.g
fofc&fertqfcJiaCTwai Air? nn
WICHITA, SEDGWICK COUNTY, KANSAS, -THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 1877.
n l r-
t Mktn (Bugle,
V. w. MUBDOCK. tt. T. KCT.DOCK.
-MUltDOCIC it UUOX1TJGR,
I'UBLISUURS AKU PROI'RIETOBS.
1 WO DOLLARS I'EB YEAR, IX ADVAMHS.
i:7i:r2:n;a sitri: kate zs:ts ch ir?u:ix:i.
j- iistcru Muil fvln Wichita & Southwestern K.
tj UjII nd Express No. 2 dcrartatS.t. A. M.,
Hull K Exprw Xo. 1 arrives laily at 10:40 r. k.
AuustH and Douglas departs dally at 1 r. M.
Amvcs daily at 12 x.
Arnikusae City, Caldwell, Wlnfield.IWtlllnslon
Mnnricali, Littleton, Oxford, llelleplain. Cbicas
Jila, Stunner City and London Arrives daily at 7
I-, u. Departs dally at7 a.m.
Clear Water, Ohio Center and ICoHing Green
.Arrives Wednesdays and Saturdays at 4 o'clock
r. v. Departs Tuesdays and Fridays atSo'clock
On and after date the postoEicc will be open Tor
the delivery of letters and the sale or stamps from
7 a. m. to 6 r. m. OClcc open on Sunday morning
from 9tol0 a. m.
Mails colnr cast and south close prompt at 9
r. K. SI. 11. Mcnpocx, V. M.
LIFE A POEM.
r"ir"t Vreebyterian Church J. 1. Uabskn, pas
tor. aerlces tn Uaiitlst Church every SaUhath at
11 o'clock a. m. and 7K r. .
M. K. Church John Kirby, pastor. Services
very Sabbath at 10),- o'clock A. M.and7r. u.
St. Aloynius Catholic Church Reverend J. C.
Bcntitz, pastor. Services on the 2nd and 4th
Sundays of every month; hlsh mass at 10 a. m.,
vespers at 7J r. m.
HaptUt Church, I. F. Davis, pastor, serviceslOK
clock A. m, each Sabbath. Church comer or
First and Market Street.
United l'rcsbyterisn Church It. J. Thompson,
1'aBtor. Services at the school house, at 11 a. si
Sabbath School at 12 o'clock
lit thodif t German Rev. 1'. W. Matthacl, pas
tor. Services at the school house at half past 10
Judicial District W. 1.
ll;?rSShuita Baldwin. William
Hoard orCoanty Commissioners J. JI. Stkslk,
O.G.JACOBS, J. A.XEtSOS.
County Treasurer L. X. OODCOCK.
County Clerk Joux Tcckeu.
Shcriff-II. W. Dussiso.
Clerk District Court C. A. anXiss.
Suj erintendent l'ublio Instruction, SI. II.
Register of Deeds MiloB. Kelxoo.
Uoi.nty Attorney W. E. Stanley.
County Surveyors II. L. Jacksox.
JIayor J. G. HOi-E.
City Attorney Wm. Baldwix.
l'olicc Judge G. W Beeves.
City Treasurer J. H.Black.
Marshal It. Cogiiell.
City Clerk FnED. Sciiatmbb.
Justices of the l'eaccD. A. Mitchell,
G. 11bes. , ,,.
ConsUblcs C. B. Josks and D. i. illiajis.
Council First Ward A. W. Oliveb oud il.
Second Ward C. M. GAUmsosand E.Wehneb.
Third Ward CScUATTSinaudB W. Aldiuch.
Fourth Ward C. A WALKEnandF. A. SOW.
Boardof Education First Ward W. B, Smith
nd II. Imdodex. second Ward J. W. Wl.N
(.AUDandll. L.Jacksox. Third Ward 1. r.
iiuiMiia, andC. S. Caldwkll. Fourth Ward
11. o. Adams and II. C. Manx.
IreAsurer school Board Uev. J. 1". IIabskn.
WICHITA aXCAMl'MESTX'o. 23, 1.O.O.F.
meets uu the 2d and 4lhaturdaj a of each
zuoulh. W l'.&TEM, C. 1'.
U. V. Iil.KIES, Scribe.
IO. O. V. Wliblla Lodge, Xo. !I3, meets ev
er! Thurdj uigui, at ; o'clock, at their
Lull, owr thr t irsl Xational b:uik. All brothers
lu rtod standing arc invited to attend.
fc W. I SI EM, X. G.
C. W. CK.VIIAM. It. S.
F. . A. M. Meets on the first and third
a. 31. Thicket W. M.
BY WILL F. FREEMAN.
As I steer my licht pinnaco with unsteady
I am fearfully thinking, where, vv here Is the
llelow is tbo sea, and above is the sky ;
The billows arnund me rlso, restless and high,
Life Is the broad ocean that bears up my bark,
Its sorrowt, the clouds that hang o'er mo so
The tempest Is rising, the winds madly wail ;
I must up and be striving to weather the gale.
1'ar out on the deep nre quick-sands and
Against rocky rceis the sea madly rolls ;
Xo llght-bouso tends beams to brighten
Ifo sun-beams betoken the dawn of day.
When I left the fair shore all was gladnessand
1 laughed to the breeze aj It bore mo along,
I danced o'er the wacs as they rippled and
Kach sail was out-spread each penaut un
furled, Xo haven In view : no harbor I sought:
And only of music and mirthfulncss thought,
l.tle's jjea was all pcacef Jl,tt6 breezes all calm.
The breath of Goath'd morning was laden
Around me the sunlight of happiness shone,
And the blossoms oflove o'er the waters were
In the strength of my youth, in my confident
All careless I drifted, far out on tho tide.
Ah. soon do 1 wake to the voice of tho storm.
I And look on the billows with rising alarm.
Tho dream of tbo morning is vanished and
A haven I ask, in Death'snfght shall be down,
Ktcrnity's shore is the land that I seek,
Though storm-clouds are lowering and winds
aro so bleak,
There beauty and sunshine abide all the while,
Tor tho glory of heaven beams forth in God's
Though Life is no streamlet that idly can ring,
Hut a turbulent sea that shipwreck may bring
If my craft Is woll manned and its captain is
It may land its rich freight in the land of gold.
Yea, why should I shrink, though tho tem
pest Is near ?
If Youth is my pilot all safely I'll steer,
Hope's anchor is ready to cast 'neath tho
Taith's strong arm is waiting, tho trembling
Though trials beset, and temptations allure,
Jly heart shall lie bravo and my courage en
dure. The storm-gust will lower, the winds cease
The sunlight beams down o'er the billowy
Xo Idh'r, no dreamer in tho tempest of life,
I'll up and be ready for turmoil and strife,
Then my frail boat shall land on the heavenly
And I'll sing the glad song, Ilcdccmed ever
WU.llH A CUA1TEB, K.
the second and fourth
Mi-o I!. Lkllogo, Sec'y.
A. 31. Meet on
Fridays in each
IIauuia, II. I.
'Ibt. 31. E. Sabbath school, G. F. Ilargis, su
perintendent, meets at the church at 'J; o'clock
The Presbyterian Sabbath school, C. S. Cald
well, Superintendent, meets at the Baptist Church
at 12, m.
The Baptist Sabbath school, A.B. Arment, su
perintendent, meets at the Baptist church every
bitnilay afternoon at 2H o'clock.
Girman M. E. Sunday School meets atScbool
House, at VI o'clock, p. m. A'. Fuhnnan, Su
$100,000 TO LOAN.
I am now prepared to make live year loans, on
patented farms, at the lowest rates.
20- It. U. BOYS.
u. s. z..vxi OFificn.
20UGLAS AVE., COMMERCIAL BLOCK.
II. L. Taylor, Uegister; J. L. Dyeb,
elver. Oflice hour3 from 'J to 12 A. M. and
Irom 1 to a r. u.
COU3JTY SUltVEYOU .
n. L. JACKSON.
COUXTY SUBVEYOB. Leave your orders at
J the county clerk's office, or call at the West
it iciuia posiomce. o-jy
SLUSS, STANLEY & HATTON,
ATTOBXEYS, Wichita, Kansas.
AJiOS X1AKCI9. X09. UABUIS.
HAKniS Jt HARMS,
A TTOKXEYS AT Law. Wichita, Kansas.
f. Otllce in the building occupied by the U. S.
Land Office. Loans Xluotiated on improved
land; in Sedgwick and Sumner Counties, at ten
per cent, interest ith privilege or paying off at
any time. Comniiaslon reasonable. Abstracts
furnished and papers executed without charge.
V. S. ADA1IS. GEO. 11. EXGL1S1I. U. O. EUGGLE9.
ADAMS, ENGLISH 4 RUGGLES,
ATTORXEYS .VXD COUXSELLOliS AT LAW
Wichita, Kansas, will practice in all the
courts or the 13th Judicial District , Supreme Court
of the State, and the United States District and
Circuit Court or Kansas. ll-tr
Sjscch of Senator Morton ia Oregon.
The Portland Oregonian prints a
full report of the speech delivered by
Seaator Morton, atSnlcm, Oregon, ou
Friday evening, July 27th. That ' lie
spoko with directness aud point the
following liberal extracts will show :
I shall spenk to you for a short time.
my friends, to-night, in reference to
the political situation. I did not
come to Oregon for that purpose. I
did not tniuK ot speakMng, but now
that my official duties have terminat
ed, and at the request of a largo num
ber of my political aud pcrsoual
friends, I liave agreed to say some
thing upon the general situation. Our
Government is at thiR time in n pecu
liar situation. It is divided in its
power between two parties. The
Democratic party had a majority in
the last House oflteproscutativcs,and
will have in tho now one about to be
organized. The Republican party has
a small majority in tho Senate. " The
Republican party have elected a Pres
ident, a patriotic and able man, who
has entered upon tho discharge of his
duties under circumstances of great
difficulty and embarrassment. A con
dition of tilings has come to pass
which many believed would never
take place iii this country, and which
I had hoped to seo'long deferred, if it
ever should happen. Wc arc now at
a period of retrogression. There is no
use in disguising tho situation from
ourselves for one moment. Whenever
wo arc iu danger tho best thins: wo
can do is to confront it, meet it bold
ly. There 3s nothing to be gained by
disguising the situation of affairs. Let
us understand it fully, and courage
ously address ourselves to it.
A BAWD BEVIEW Or FIFTEEX YEARS.
"When the war was over, the Repub
lican party, being in tho ascendency
in every part of the Government, liav
iug a majority in each House of Con
gress, and having tho Presidont, pro
ceeded to the work of reconstruction.
But very soon a President, elected by
the Republicans, doserted tho party
and wont over to the Democratic par
ty. But tho Republican party was
still left iu possession of both Houses
of Congress. It proceeded in 18G7,
after a long debate aud consideration,
to tho work of reconstruction. It de
vised and adopted a system upon
which the States which had been en
gaged in tho rebellion might return
to their normal condition in the Un
ion and exercise full political power.
Undcc the circumstances it was one
ATTOiiXEY-AT-LAW, first dor south or u. ot cxTraoruinary magnanimity, bo
S. Land Oflice. iu Commercial Block, fnr ns ironrnailv wnti onnrornml if n--
Wichlta, Kansas, Special attention given to all ii.i nvfl,Ini in ihn hiatnrv nf lin
kinds of business connected with the U.S. Land CCilca anj tiling in. UiejllStOrj 01 tUO
uui in, iinu winy uu musu muii who nau
been in arms against us to take part
in the administration of our Govern
ment. All those who had been en
gaged iu the rebellion were at once
forgiven. Their offenses wore at once
wiped out forgotten they never can
be. The great mass of the southern
people were at onco admitted to the
enjoyment of political rights. .Now,
thero wero a great many wiso men in
tho north who thought this wat un
wise, aud that the timo would come
when they would regret it. Amnesty
was conferred on all except a few of
tho leaders of tho rebellion, those who
had been members of Congress before
tho war. those who had been in the
army and navy, those in tho diplomat
ic service of the country who had oc
cupied positions of high trust most
of those were excepted for tho timo
being. But the rules were relaxed,
even in regard t them, until now
thero arc not more than two hundred
persons in tho United States under
political disabilities ou account of
thoir connection with the rebellion.
Most of the military officers and those
who had been in in the Congress of
the Confederacy were pardoned or
amncstcd, and many of them arc now
in tho Congress of tho United States,
making laws for the government of
this people. "We had hoped that this
magnanimity of the Republican party
that party which had been in power
all these years we had hoped this
magnanimity on the part of tho Re
publican party would have beon met
in the samo spirit, and that the Re
publicans in tho south, whether white
or black Union men or Confederates,
would be regarded as having political
rights, and permitted to enjoy them
iu security. This was what wo had a
right to expect. Our ideas compre
hended a perfect system of freedom of
action to carry out our views in any
legitimate way, by having liberty of
speech, by having liberty to publish,
by having tho right to meet iu con
vention, by resorting to any machine
ry necessary to carry on government,
in every act recognizing their right to
J. M. BALDEBSTOX,
A TTORXEY-AT-LAW, Wichita, Bedirwick
- county, Jiansns. unlce lu Centeniai mock,
over Aley'sShoe Store.
J. F. LAUCK,
W. K. EIKKPATRICK,
ATTOltXEY AT LAW, Wichita, Sedgwick
. County, Kansas. 45-tf
JAMES L. DYER,
ATTOltXEY AT LAW, Wichita, Kansas.
A TTOnXEY AT LAW, Wichita, Kansas.
E. S. LEONARD,
nilTSICIAX AXD Strut EOX, OlCcenp-Stairs
XT 3 Doors South ot I'ostoBlcc. Evidence, 2d
South or First ot , Emporia Ave., Wichita. 12-
DH. E D RENTZ,
PHVsICI N A!D SUBGEOX, Will give speci
al a'teutiun to diseases of the eye and ear,
uuoto uUuaeso! women aud children. Office
orer O mlaws't clothing House, Opposite 1. O.
V lcniu, Kansas. 4'J-Cm
BOTANIC PHYSICIAN A OBSTETltlCIAN.
Especial attention given to Chronic Diseases
oi ujiu male and female. Also Chronic Uheuni
lUism andbcrolula. Charges reasonable. Oflice
No. ill Main Street. Ucsldcncc corner Mead ave.
nd Second street, Wichita, Kas. 23-tf
DRS. LONGSDORF A STIPP,
OMOCOPATHISTS. Office on Main street,
over W. C Woodman's store, Wichita.
T. H. SHANNON,
PHYSICIAN AXD SUKGEON--H Main street,
near First, Wichita. Kansas. 5-15-17
DR. C. C. FURLEY,
PHYSICIAN AND SUBGEOX. Office, Doug
lajavenne, entrance castorMainstreet, up
stairs (oyer Allen & Tucker's Store.) 12-H
DR. E. B. ALLEN,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Office Centen
nial Block, Wichita, Kansas. 3.
DR. W. M. HENDRICKSON,
(U. S. Examining Surgeon)
PHYSICIAN AND SUBG EON, Office in Cen
tennial Block, Douglas Avenue, ovcrAley'a
m itA m . w
J. C. DEAN,
DENTIST pmce Douglas Avenue, opposite
Steele & Levy's Land Office. 5-tr.
DR. W. L. DOYLE,
DST-pfflce over Mathew'ijewelry store,
CChttanUl Block, WidUta. 1-U
do all these things. There is no liber
ty without this. It is a condition of
slavery, aud just so far as auy class of
people come short of this, just bo far
their liberty is abridged. In tho re
construction of the southern States
we voluntarily restored them to equal
political rights. But whou the Dem
ocratic party 111 the south camo into
power they set out to destroy and an
nihilate the Republican party, not
simply to beat it as you would beat it
by voting it down; not to beat it in
that way, but to destroy it to make
it impossible to bo a Republican, so
that a man cannot be a Republican
without the danger of losing his busi
ness, perhaps his life, losing all chauce
of social happiness so that his children
caunot go to school in other words,
to destroy him politically, and espe
cially professionally. This has been
the penalty for being a Republican in
tho southern States. This was the
plan adopted in Alabama. They pro
ceeded afterward iu the samo course
throughout the States of Xorth Caro
lina, Arkansas, Mississippi, aud now
in Louisiana,South Carolina aud Flor
ida. State by State tho Republican
party has been destroyed by force, vi
olence anu persecution. Tlio Ucino-
crntic party has but a small majority
in Georgia I think not over C,000 or
8,000 aud yet thev gave a majority
for Tildcn of 81,000. In Mississippi
the Republicans have a majoritv of
not less than 30,000 or 35,000, and yet
iu 1875-C that State gave a Democratic
majority of CO.OOO. Alabama has 16,
000 Republican majority, and yet it
gave Tildcn a majority of over 30,000
nearly 40,000. Soutn Carolina, tho
strongest Republican State in the Un
ion, in proportion lo its population,
having a clear majority of not less
than 30,000, had that majority brought
down to a mere song to a mere nom
inal number. How did it happen? It
has been done by violence; it has been
done by murder; it has been dono by
oppression; it has been dono by per
secution; it has been dono by every
influence that the tyranuy of man can
devise. The colored men were killed
by hundreds, and I may say by thou
sands. This evidence is complete and
overwhelming. Tako the campaign
in Mississippi in 1875, in which there
were hundreds of murders and crimes
of every description. It is a tale of
horrors too terrible for belief; yet the
vast volumes of evidence taken to
prove it is a scaled book, because it is
a task too huge to read it.
A SOLID SOUTH AND THE CONSEQUENCES.
My friends, the Democratic party
has acquired a solid south. They have
gained a solid south, not by Voting
the Republicans down as you would
vote the Democrats down in Oregon,
but by these crimes, and they have
control of these States. The south
has been conquered from the Repub
lican party as the rebellion was before
conquered by tho armies of the Union.
Xow, friends, let us consider what it is
going to bring to you as Republicans
or as Democrats in Oregon. "What
will it bring to the people of the north?
For, my Democratic friends, wo arc
all in the same boat in this matter.
What affects them disastrously will
affect you disastrously, and you can
not afford to stand byaud sco'any class
of men deprived of their rights, no
difference whether they be white or
Hack, Republican or Democrat, Prot
citant or Catholic you cannot safely
s aud by and see any class of men de
prived of their rights. For when any
class of men aro successfully deprived
of thsir rights it is a blow" struck at
human liberty. The south is to be
wielded as a solid south. It is to be
tied up as one sheaf. It is to be a unit.
It is intended thereby to make it the
master of this country, aud when they
have crushed the Republican party's
existence in the south, they hope by a
solid south, with the aid of a few
States in tho north New York, New
Jersey and Connecticut will suffice
by having a solid south they expect
to dominato the northern Democrats
as they did the southern Republicans.
This is their policy, and it is a ques
tion whether the peoplo of the 'north
will long submit to this. My friends,
they will not. We cannot sacrifico
principle because those who may be
tho present victims of it happen to dif
fer from us in politics. I want my
Democratic friends to understand we
cannot consent to have 5,000,000 or G,
000,000 of men struck down and made
slaves because they happen to differ
from others in politics. This will
come back, and caunot be practiced
upon one class without other classes
being injured thereby, Wc must in
sist that every man shall have full and
complete enjoyment of his political
rights. Thank God, the Republican
party stands on that platform; it is
worth everything else. Wc want to
bo a party of equal justice. Wo believe
in giving equal rights to all men with
out regard to opinion and without ro-
gard to their condition.
SOUTHERN PLEDGES VIOLATED.
In Louisiana aud South Caroliua,
when Mr. Hayes was inaugurated, he
found their government simply exist
ing in the State houses, lie deter
mined not to undertake to sustain
them. I am not going to discuss tho
question whether he could or not, but
my own impression is he could not.
But he determined that ho would not
undertake it. But they gave him cer
tain pledges, gavo to him certain
promiso3, agreed to do certain things
in case the army was withdrawn from
Louisiana and South Carolina. Every
one of theso pledges have been violat
ed. In direct violation of their prom
ises, they havo indicted members of
the returning board, a circumstance
that should make the face of every
southern man crimson. In the State
of South Carolino they violated every
pledge, fchowing that these men will
keep faith with no one. They will
keep no faith, observe no obligation.
Observe that I don't intend to say that
all the people of tho south arc of that
character. There is a largo clas3 in
those States who abhor these things,
but they are powerless. They dare
not express this, they dare not raiso
their voices in regard to it. There Is
a firc-cating and aggressive class who,
though in tho minority, dominate
these other men just as they did be
fore the war. When tho rebellion
came on thero was a large element
who opposed it; a majority in Louisi
ana'oppoied it, a majority in Tennes
see, in North Carolina, and perhaps
other States, but tho firo-eating class,
who gambled and ran horses, these
are tho men who controlled tho poli
tics of the south. The men of proper
ty and education aro silent because
their protection demands it. Wado
Hampton is but a rcpreci.-ttivc of
this class. Nichols is but t'e repre
sentative, aud several other - ttheru
men that I could mention. A l then
the murder of the Cuishn'm family
took place under circumi,..iccs of
such extraordinary horror that it
shook the whole world; you havo read
the story. The Btory of that girl will
go down to posterity, and that son
aud murdered father will be recorded
among the martyrs; yet so Btrong
wero tho murderers that tho Govern
or of Mississippi did not dare to utter
a word, nor did their Senators orTJcp
rcsentatives. I will not say their
Governor did not abhbr that deed in
his heart; I will not say that their
Senators did not; but I do say they
stand in terror of that tcrriflc element.
They dare not offend it or open their
mouths against it. They aro them
selves slaves in that case. They are
driven to do things which I am glad
to believe thev execrate. But that nl-
emcut which brought ou tho rebellion
that terrific slave-driving clement, is
dominant at tho south to-day.
PAYMENT OF THO REBEL CLAIMS TO
Now, friends, a few words as to
what is likely to lrappen if tho Demo
cratic party of the south shall get con
trol of this" Government. I may say
right hero to you that tho people of
the south are desperately in earnest.
They have a policy. Our Democratic
friends of the north havo no policy.
I will ask the most intelligent Demo
crat in the State of Oregon what is the
policy of his own party on any subject,
I do not caro what it is, aud ho can
not tell mo. I would liko to put them
on the stand and have them answer.
They have no policy. On tho curren
cy no two hardly agree; on the tariff
question they do not agree; and on in
ternational improvement the)' do not
agree. They have a policy upon only
one point they are all for tho offices.
Not so with the south. They have a
policy in which they agree. They will
say to you, "Take the oihecs, but give
us the measures." They will give
you tho President, Vice President and
members of the Cabinet, but they
waut their measures. What are your
measures, gontlemcn ? The first is to
pay them for their losses during the
war for property destroyed by our
army and their army; for the real es
tate injured and personal property de
stroyed. This is what they as.k. The
wilfbc satisfied with nothin'j lost.
Tho Democratic party of tho north
can never agree with them except up
on that policy. There is one secret
tonic of you hero do not know. Mr.
Tildcn wrote a letter just beforo the
first of November, late in October,
driven to it by 6tres3 of circumstauccs,
iu which he said : "I shall never be in
favor of paying the rebel dcbt3." He
put it oft until the last moment, but
that letter lost him tho confidence of
the south. They never respected him
afterwards. The south now, if they
were to nominate, would not touch
Tildeu with a forty-foot pole. They
voted for him afterward becauso they
wero clearly satisfied it would be bet
ter lor them than to have o Ropubli
cau. If it had not been for that letter
they would havo filibustered and pre
vented tho count. It is sometimes
said that the decision was produced
by contract. They consented to lose
Tilden because ho had declared against
their claims. No Democratic candi
date will ever do that again. The
vcrv moment he did that ho cut his
juglar vein. The south arc determined
on that policy. They wilt not act
with the Democratic party except up
on the conditions that they concede
to them that policy. Once begun, it
will bankrupt the" Government, run
ning up to hundreds aud thousands of
millions of dollars. I may refer to one
thing, that so far as these southern
claims aro concorued, they havo beeu
voted upon for this last five years.and
that no Democrat has been found vot
ing against any claim in the Senate be
cause the owner was a rebel. So far
as that distinction is concerned, it has
been ignored almost entirely. Votes
in both Houses have ignored that dis
tinction. The claims have been de
feated in the Senate of the United
States whero it was known that the
property belonged to rebels, not oue
of the Democratic members voting
against the claim upon that account.
Tho southern men will not stand it.
The southern men will not permit,
them to vote against these claims; if
they do the partnership is dissolved
it only exists upon that condition.
But it don't stop thero, friends; this
is the first thing, and, when they pay
all claims, whether of rebel or of" Un
ion men, they say this is the way to
allay all fecling,abolish all distinctions
created by tho war between loyalty
and disloyalty, aud thus yon frater
nize. If the Democratic party gets in
to power do you think they will ever
vote a dollar'to pay tho pensions un
less you pay tho pensions of tho sol
diers ongaged in tho rebellion ? Whest
they get into power it'will be pension
all or pension none. Tho next, per
haps the last thing, will bo to ask for
tho payment of their slaves.
THE PUKRr03E NOT ABAXDOXED.
It there is auy oue who thinks they
have abandoned tho idea of getting
payment for their slaves, that is a mis
take. They will not como to that at
once, but they will como to it gradu
ally. It is well known they have pre
served a catalogue of their slavcs,their
appraisment and their value, and they
will demand payment for thoir slaves",
and when they make that demand the
Democratic party of the north cannot
consistently refuse it, because when
slavery was abolished wo were told by
our Democratic friends iu Oregon, ami
everywhere elso, that it was unconsti
tutional. And the Democrats voted
against the thirteenth amendment.
Lincoln's course was deomed an op
pressive tyranuy. Tho Republicans
wero uiamcu lor bringing on tho war
and as responsible for its conse
quences. If they got into power thcy
will demand payment for their slaves.
They will say : You said wo were
right, you said the emancipation proc
lamation was unconstitutional, you
have agreed with us; now, if you be
lieve wc arc right and thoy wore
wrong, then you must bo in favor of
paying us. I say that if I were a Dem
ocrat and belivcd the proclamation o(
emancipation was a crime, I should
feel impelled as an houoSt man to pay
tho men for their property taken im
properly, and thero is no answer to
this argument But this is not tho
first step. The first is the payment of
their claims all their loss. Next is
the pension of their soldiers, widows
and orphans. Pension all or pension
none, and the next is their slaves.
Aud pcrhap3 next will come tho rebel
DOCTRINE OF THE REBELLION STILL
In the Bouth they are to-day teach
ing in every school, academy aud col
lege the doctrine of State sovereignty
and Stato rights tho same doctriuo
that they taught beforo the war. It is
taught in every Democratic newspa
per iu the south, in every book that
they publish of a political character,
more industriously than ever before.
That alarms nobody, and,, don't bear
fruit to-day or to-morrow; but it bears
fruit in a" generation or two. The
alarm and the danger aro that the
south aro now being taught these doc
trines that brought on the rebellion.
It is a part of cvory young man's edu
cation. "What aro "theso doctrines ?
That the Statc3 arc sovereign and in
dependent; that each Stato is a nation;
that our Government is a confederacy;
is at the samo time a combination or
collection of States bound together by
treaty, fcvery atato is a nation, inde
pendent and sovereign, and arc simply
held together by a written agreement
called a compact. That was the doc
trine of Calhoun, and is tho doctrine
of Alexander II. Stevens to-day, and
is that of every leader of the Demo
cratic party to-day in the whole south.
That made rebolli'on possible; it was
soized upon by slavery. The idea is
that New York is one nation and
South Caroliua another, just the same
as France aud England.having entered
into a treaty, and that instead of hav
ing one nation wo have thirty-eight
nations; if the constitution should bo
suspended we havo thirty-eight inde
pendent nations; just as independent
as France and England. When tho re
bellion came on they determined to
secede: they insisted they had the
right to withdraw at pleasure; that
they came voluntarily and could go
out voluntarily. South Carolina could
go ont by the same process that she
came iu. Virginia could do tho same
thing. That doctriuo is being taught
in the south to-day. We cauuot tell,
no man cau tell, what may be before
mE NATIONAL DOCTRINE.
Tho Republican doctrine is just tho
opposite of all this. With them there
is but ono instead of thirty-eight na
tions. That wc arc ono peoplo, mscn
erablo and indivisible; that Oregon is
a part of this nation, just as Indiana
is a part of the samo great people,
subdivided into States for local and
domestic purposes, and theso States
have their" rights under the constitu
tion, sacred, invincible, Anprcgnable.
We have uo right to violate them.
They were given by the constitution
when Oregon was admitted into tho
Union. Congress might havo kept
yon out for a century. You wore
made a Stato by an act of Congress.
Every right you have as a State is giv
en to you by the constitution of the
United Slates. You agree to tjiis doc
trine as soon as you become a sover
eign State. AVe "teach tho doctriuo of
nationality. It is the only doctrine,
my friends, that can keep tho people
together in tho far future. Wherever
wc arc, wherever wo go,ve aro Amer
icans, whether iu Oregon, in 'Indiana,
or South Carolina. We have thesams
rights, wo belong to ono people, and
no Stato has aright to withdraw from
the Union. Wo teach tho doctrine be
cause it is safe to tho States, and be
cause it i3 the only ono upon which
union can bo preserved. ,
THE NEXT POLITICAL STRUGGLE.
My friends, I have spoken longer
than I intended to. My remarks have
been dos'iltorr, aud I kttfHmd no pre
arranged speech. 1 want to say, in
conclusion, that tho harmony and
preservation of tho Republican party
is indispenaible to the prosperity and
safety of the Union. This is now" more
so than it ever was before. There is
a solid south against us. How long it
will last I do not know, but under
stand this is the situation to-day, and
that the south expects to wield the
sentiment as one voice iu the ap
proaching political contest. It is im
portant, therefore, that tho north
should stand together; that you should
stand together in tho great" struggle,
that wo shall not lose all that wc have
won. Wc must preserve the constitu
tional amendments, we must preserve
the fruits of tho war; all our Interests,
both Democrats and Republicans, are
alike. If tho people of the south arc
struggling for their own recuperation
they caro not a fig for tho Democracy
of tho north. Nothing has happened
showing that they caro a whit for
them. They have not forgotten that
tho Democracy of tho north encour
aged them togo into rebellion, and
mado them believe thoy would not
permit them to remain in tho Union.
But they act with the Democratic par
ty in the North, because they have an
object. The people of tho South have
their own policy to carry out, their
own wrongs to redress, their own loss
es to pay off. And they waut to make
the Northern Democrats and Republi
cans pay lor their 1033C3, and it wo
have to pay them the Northern Demo
crats will have to pay their snare.
That will be some consolation. Tho
South wo havo forgiven thorn. Thoy
cost us 500,000 livos and $0,000,000,000
by their crimes. There ia scarcely a
family in all this land iu which there
is not a vacant chair. But we forgave
thorn all that. All wo ask is that they
shall be good citizen3. Wc claim the
right to go thero, live and have our
own opinions and access to every priv
ilege that we givo them wheti they
come here. With that wc will be sat
isfied, and nothing else.
cannot bear, and which can do
no possioie good in anv wav
form or manner.
If a business man is looking for a
location in which to establish himself
in the dry goods, grocery or hardware
trade, ho will not if possessed of or
dinary common sense, locato in a com
munity where these branches of busi
ness aro already overdone. But such
vitally important cousidcrations as
these, which no merchant fails to tako
into consideration, seems to be ignored
entirely by many men who go into the
newspaper business. Can they hope
for any success when they do deliber
ately iguoro such facts?
Wc do not forget that in business
every tub must stand ou its own bot
tom. Wo do not overlook the fact
that in the newspapcr.as in overy oth
er business, a man deserves all the sue
cess ho can win. But there aro under
takings predestined to failurc.because
all tho circumstances attending them
arc adverse. No ono can fight the in
evitable. The business of journalism
should be engaged in just a3 other
business undertakings arc. It is ab
surd to forget or ignore, in attempting
ii, coiisuieraiions, iacts and circum
stances which in tho end, will assert
their existence and. dominant force.
Tha Gen of tia Sierras.
Tee Bcsincs3 cf Journalism.
The publication of newspapers is a
business like, nuil yet unlike, other
pursuits in which mon engage. "We
speak, of course, of tho publication of
newspapers as a legitimate business,
conducted as other businesses are, by
those who engage in such publication
to earn a living for themselves aud
their families ; aud no''.' tio publica
tion of papers started by ambitions
politicians to advocate their political
interests and promote thoir personal
Tho business of journalism is unlike
other business enterprises in that it is
of very slow growth. It takes years
and years of constant labor, caro and
attention to build up a successful jour
nal. Subscribers are not in tho habit
of "pouring iu" upon any now paper
that is started, for very many excellent
reasons. First, they want to know
what kind of a paper it is going to be.
Second, they are uncertain whether its
publication "will bo continued for auy
length of time. Third, they arc al
ready subscribers to ono or more pa
pers, to which thoy have become ac
customed; and thoy arc not able to
take another papcr,and havo no dis
position to do so if they were able.
Advertising patronago depends vory
largely on such an assured and perma
nent circulation, for advertisers aro
not as a rulo so verdant and gullible
as to nut. tho filisrhtost confidence in
tho loud yaporing of a iledgling jour
nal concerning its "iramcusc circula
tion." Advertising is a legitimate
business with most people. They ad
vertise because they find that it pays
to do so when done in tho riht way.
If an advortiser knows anything about
advertising and as a rule men who
advertise aro well informed, and know
exactly what they want he knows
that advertising in flrmlv established
papers is tho only kind that doc3 pay ;
first, becauso such papers are the most
widely circulated; second, becauso
their subscribers arc, as a rule, sub
stantial citizens and heads of families;
and third, becauso ho i3 suro to get a
return for his expenditure. Ilenco old
and well established journals secure
the bulk of the advertising business,
because they can alone afford advertis
ers the thing they advertise for, viz :
wide spread and general publicity.
Again, newspapers cauuot be sus
tained where they are not needed.
There is a certain " amount of legiti
mate business for newspapers in every
community of from ono to fifty thous
and people or more, and that business
will sustain just so many papers and
no more. Kansas sustains more news
papers thau any other region of equal
population in the world, but tho news
paper business is sadly overdono in
this Stato. AVe have in this State a
171 periodicals, and a population of
but littlo over half a million ono pe
riodical, daily, weekly or monthly, for
every 3,000 of our population, men,
women and children. That is, one pe
riodical for every three or four hun
dred families In tho State.
A Kansas town of from ovcn to fif
teen thousand people will sustain two
daily papers, and as a rule give them
sufliciont patronage to enable their
proprietors to bo decontly indepen
dent and prosperous, as all newspaper
publishers should be in ordor to make
their journals a benefit and a blessing
to tho community, and not a nuisance
aud cursti. A Kansas town of from
seventeen hundred to threo thousand
inhabitants, or a county with from ten
to twelve thousand population, can
sustain one or two weekly papers in
tho samo way. But whenever such
towns or counties attempt to do more
than this thero will be an inevitable
failure. The people will find tho pa
pers a hnrden they cannot sustain.and
they will let the surplus journal drop.
For instance, advertisers know that
it is absurd to advertise in more jour
nals thau the number we have given
as tho maximum any community of a
certain population can sustain, because
by advertising in just so many papers
they reach every reader they could
possibly reach if thoy advertised in a
dozcu. Subscribers as a rule will not
take more than one or two papers, be
cause they get iu these all the news of
tho day, and all the reading matter
they havo tho timo or inclination to
peruse. Hence the starting of addi
tional papers in a community already
supplied with as many as it cau sup
port, is on the part of their proprie
tors an ab3urd business venturc.and i3
justly regarded and resented by tho
mass ot the peoplo as an attempt to
impose upon them a burden which
Truckco is a thriving railroad town,
and the starting point for Lake Tahoe
called the "Gem of tho Sierras."
The road from Truckce winds along
Truckco river up a canyon bearing the
same name. It is fourteen miles long,
and a succession of fine views the
whole length of the road. The snow
clad Sierras are on our right, and beau
tifully timbered hills ou each side of
tho river. A few miles up the canyon
a successful fish farm is iu operation,
where tens of thousands of trout can
be seen iu every stago of a trout's ex
istence. A3 wc reach tho head of the
canyon, we find we arc also at the out
let or head of tho Truckce river.whose
waters, liko all the other rivers in Ne
vada, are lost in sinks. None of them
have an outlet into the ocean.
The view as wc emerge from the
canyou is beautiful. Tho broad ex
panse of the lako lies beforo us encir
cled ou all sides by towering moun
tains. Half of tho" lako is in Nevada,
tho other half iu California. It is
twenty-eight miie3 long, and from
twelve to sixteen miles wide, and has
beeu sounded to tho depth of ), COO
feet. Its waters aro ultra-marine, and
it may be called tho purest water in
tho world, containing by analysis only
four per cent, of impurities. It is so
light aud mobile as to bo easily lashed
iuto foam or calmed to a mifror-liko
surface. In tho early morning it is
like a looking-glass, with surrounding
objects reflected in it with surprising
accuracy. Several steamers of small
tonnage arc used in navigating it. Its
altitude is about G.200 feet; it is al
ways cool and pleasant in tho hottest
weather. Tho lake never freezes and
never givc3 up its dead. No person
that was over drowned has over risen
to the surface. Wood, a3 soon as it is
saturated, sinks to the bottom. Tho
water is clear as crystal, and huge
rocks fifty fcot down aro plainly dis
cernible Tho fiuest place on tho lake is Emer
crald Bay. Ben Holladay owns a beau
tiful villa at tho head of it a very neat
residonco in a shady nook, with the
snow-clad summits of the Sierras for
a background, and a magnificent wa
terfall lor the middle distance Noar
by is the beautiful littlo islet called the
Emerald Isle, on which an old salt
named Sailor Dick built a home aud a
grave where ho intended to be buried
slfuld ho die on land, but 1 am credi
bly informed that he got on a drunken
spree and sunk to rise no more.
A cascade of surpassing beauty is
seen at the head of the bay. It is over
100 feet high. Tho towering mass of
rock on each side makes a beautiful
setting for the shower of pearls. Salt
CAPTAIN AND MRS. CRAPO'S V0TA&B.
A Liter George Washington.
During the war Major Tom Ochil
tree was aide-de-camp on tho staff of
Gen. Dick Taylor, and was sent to car
ry dispatches to Richmond reportiuga
severe engagement in Arkansas. Ho
was compelled to cross down into Tex
as in order to make his way through
the federal lines. One night ho stop
ped at a fine mansion in Northcru
Texas. Tho only members of tho
family at home were an old lady aud
her young and beautiful daughter.
Tho only son of tho lady of the house
was absent in tho confederate army.
Tom's confederato uniform secured
him a hospitable reception. The lady
had heard rumors of a great battle
having been fought and was auxiou3
to obtain tidings of her son, and, final
ly after Tom had given a glowing de
scription of the battle, sho hesitating
ly inquired if ho know of a young offi
cer named in tho army. "Know
him, madam," cried Tom ; "why, he
was my bosom friend ; wc wero inti
mate as brothers; in tho heat of bat
tle he fell by my side ; I was with him
during his last moments; ho breathed
his last breath in my arms."
Tho old lady stared at him wildly
for a moment ; theu sho cried : "My
6on 1 in' son I" and fell fainting into
tho arms of her daughter. Tho two
ladies left tho room, and for hours
Tom could hear their bitter sobs injan
adjoining apartment. When copious
floods of tears had somewhat assuaged
their grief, tho young lady re-entered
tho room, her eyc3 red with weeping,
aud with tear-stained cheeks sho, ap
proached Tom and said, between her
sob3, "Both my mother and myself dc-
siro to know your name, that wo may
always hold it iu remembrance for
your devotion to onr dear, departed
"Miss," said Tom, "I only did what
was required of me as a friend, a sol
dier and a gentleman. I am Major
Ochiltree of tho coufederate army."
Tho youug lady stepped back.
"What!" she cried, "arc you Tom
"Major Tom Ochiltree, at your ser
vice, miss," wa3 the reply.
The young lady turned, and rushing
back to the other room, cried out :
"Stop crying.mother.Georgc i3 alive
aud well. Why, that fellow 13 Tom
Ochiltree, the man who would rather
lie on credit thau tell tho truth for
The Major tells the story somewhat
differently. He says he was doing hi3
best, aud'with gratifying success, to
console tho si?tor when a younger
brother came. To him tho Major was
introduced, aud tho sad news conveyed
"Hi! yi! mother," shouted the boy;
'it's all right; George ain't auy more
dead than I am. Tom Oclnltrcc'd tell
a lie for fifty cents when the truth was
going at par."
Forty-Nina Days and Nights en the Ocean in a
The boat Now Bedford, after a voy
age of forty-nino days, arrived iu
Mott tu's Bay, Penzance, last night.
This tiny craft is a schoouer-rigged
lifeboat7twcnty feet long. Her entire
crew consisted of Mr. Thomas Crapo
and his wife. On the 7th inst., when
thirty-five days out, sho was spoken
by the Natioiial Company's steamer
Denmark, which found all well, and
supplied tho littlo sailor with provis
ions, brandy and twenty gallons of
water. Tho fourteen remaining days
of the vovag-! was most arduous. Cra
po and his wife were exhausted on
their arrival in port. For tho thrco
days previous the woman was unable
to help her husband, aud his left hand
had become useless, owing to its pro
tracted employment in steering. Dur
ing fifteen duys the New Bedford was
hove to in the worst of three gales that
wore cucoui tcrcd. Tho advonterous
couple lost their rcsorvc of clothing
The voyago was begun on tho 28th
of Ma)', whe l the vessel left Now Bed
ford, but by stress of weather sho had
to put into Chatham, Massachusetts,
whero sho staid until the 2d of June,
when the sai's wero again hoisted and
the New Bet ford started on her peril
ous voyage with a fair wind. All
went woll foi- the first three days, tho
wind being southwest aud the sea
calm. The wind then changed to
southeast, a-td it camo on foggy for
four days and continued foggy up to
tho time they reached the Hanks, sev
enteen days out. Here a most fortu
nato thing tiappened for the navigat
ors. Tho drogue which they had
brought wit j them was found to bo of
little use, because it was found to bo
too light. While off tho Bauks they
saw a keg floating by, which, luckily,
they were ablo to" secure, Captain
Crapo kuocted off tho iron hoops, and,
with some cttnvas, mado a new drogue
which answered admirably. When it
is considered that at one part of th
voyage they were obliged to Ho to for
nearly threo days in a great gale of
wind, you ecu imagine what a fortu
nato acquisition the new drogue wa3.
After leaving the Bauks, whero they
lay in a gale for fifteen hours, tho
weather improved aud they sailed on
till the 21st of June,when another gale
was encountered. While lying to tho
New Bedford spnke ihij steamor Ba
tavia, from which assistance was of
fered and tho opportunity offered to
bo taken on board, which was de
clined. After this incident thoy en
countered a succession of gales, the
only wonder being that they survived
to tell the story. During the voyage,
which lasted forty-nine days, tho rud
der broko, but happily there was a
spare one on board, which was used
until tho first could be repaired. The
sea was running very high, and dur
ing all tho tunc while lying down to
re3t they had to lie ou wet clothes,
everything being wet. At one time
the Captain was for seventy hours
steering without relief, tho weather
being so frightful, aud at another he
was eighteen hours successively at
tending to tho drogue. Captain Cra
po says ho could not have stood an
other fifteen days; indeed, ho had not
slept for sevonty hours wheu ho land
ed. His avcrago of sleep whilo com
ing across was under four hours a
One of the many extraordinary
things conweted with the voyage i3
that it had t j bo run by doad reckon
ing, as tho New Bedford was not big
enough to carry a chronometer. Only
on two occc .siotis could they got their
longitude, v, hen speaking the two ves
sels. Capta n. Crapo had intended to
make for Fa mouth, but the wind was
against it, a- tho boat cauuot beat, on
account of i s lightness. Ho boro up
for Graves Like, which he reached at
about midnight, and they afterward
came ashore and received the kind at
tention to b expected from Cornish
A corresp indent wuo signs lumscit
"A Britou,' writes to us to point out
that if Mrs. Crapo, who accompanied
her husband and who during the last
three days ot tho voyago was so ill as
to be unabh to render auy assistance,
had died in British waters, Mr. Crapo
would have been morally guilty of
mauslanght' r. JIo trusts that Mr.
Crapo will iot be mado much of in
this countr .having exposed a woman
to such tli jughtlcss hardships and
snfiering. London Standard.
Stats Historical Society.
The Kansas State Historical Society
was organized December 13th, 1875.
and incorporated under the laws of
The following aro declared to bo the
object of tho society : "To collect, cm
body, arrange and "preserve a library
of books, maps, charts, manuscripts",
papers, paintings, statuary aud other
materials illustrative of the history
and antiquities of the State; to rescue
from oblivion tho memory of its early
pioneers, and to obtain and preserve
narratives of exploits, perils, hardy
adventures and patriotic achievements;
to exhibit faithfully the past aud pres
ent condition and resources of Kansas,
aud to tako proper steps to promote
the study of history by lectures and
other means for tho diffusion of infor
mation relative to the history and re
sources of tho State."
Memberships of tho society aro as
follows: Annual, by the payment of
S2.00 ; life, bv the payment of $20.00;
and corresponding and honorary, by
voto of tho Board of Directors. Edit
ors and publishers contributing their
papers to tho collections of tho society
become members during the continu
ance of their contribution.
The Legislature of 1877 mado an ap
propriatiou of three thousand dollars
to aid the society in carrying out its
For the use of the society a room
has been furnished at the State House
and cases provided for tho convenient
arrangement of tho collections made.
The society is receiving tho regular
issues of mo3t of the Kausas newspa
pers, of which there arc over one hun
dred and .seventy published, and is
binding thorn as files are completed.
A valuable collection of books, doc
uments, pamphlets, and manuscript
papers is being made, and in all re
spects the society is actively endeav
oring to fulfill the objects of its organ
ization. The following aro the directors and
officers for tho year 1877:
Diroctors Sol. AlHlor, T. u. xnacti
P. Baker, Thos.
raucis, Oieorgo -iV..
Officers Geo. A. Crawford Presi
dent, John A. Martin Vice President,
John Francis Treasurer, F. G. Adani3
1ilUUlUk UUI. -U.111V
er, John A. Martin, F.
Cavanaugh, John Fran
A Nevada Sand Stora.
Her Watering-Placa Heme.
It i3 a strango thing to seo a city
chap at a country party, but he was
tnere. and in his conversation with
one of the prettiest lasses he ventured
"Were you ever at a watering place
"Ohj yes," replied she, "I livo right
"Indeed!" exclaimed he, growing
interested, "where misht it be?"
"Oh, just out here .-Tlittlo way," was
her innocent reply, "my father keeps
the railroad tank!"
Tne city chap, wondering whether
sho was in earnest or making fun of
him, thero dropped the subject.
Tibby and the Bees.
Charles K liscr, who has tho only
hivo of bee? in town, says that when
he first got Ids swarm his old cat's cu
riosity was nuch excited in regard to
tho doings of the little inscct3, the
liko ot wh ch sho had never before
At first she watched the comings
and goings : t a distance. She then
flattened he-sell upon tho ground and
crept along oward tho hive, with tail
horizontal ind quivering. It wa3
clearly evidout that sho thought the
bees some n)w kind of game.
Finally shs took up a position at the
entrance to tho hive, and, when a boo
came in orjstartcd out. made n dab at
it with her paws. This went on for a
time without attracting special atten
tion of tho inhabitants of tho hive.
Prasently, however, Tabby struck
and crushed a bee on the edge of the
opening leading to tho hive. The
smell of the crushed bee alarmed and
enraged tho whole swarm. Bees by
the scoro poured forth and darted in
to the fur of tho astonished cat. Tab
by rolled herself in tho jrras3. spitting.
sputtering, Wting, clawing, and squal
ling as cat never squalled before. She
appeared a mere ball of fur and bees
as she rolled and tumbled about.
Sho was at length hauled away from
tho hive with a garden rake, at the
cost of several severe stings to her
resenrer. Even after she had been
taken to a distant part of the gronds
the bees stuck iu Tabby's fur, and
about once in two minutes sho would
utter an unearthly "yowl" aud bounce
a full yard in the" air. On coming
down she would try to scratch an ear,
whon a sting on the rump would cause
her to turn a succession of back som
ersaults and givo veut to a running
firo of squalls. LiKe the parrot that
was left alo.io with the moukoy. old
Tubby had :t dreadful timo.
Two or tliree days atter this adven
tore Tabby was caught by her owner
who took har by the neck and threw
her down noar the bee hive. No soon
er did she s'rike the ground thau she
gave a fearful squall, and at a single
bound react. ed the top of a fence full
sis feet iu height. Then she clung for
a moment, with tail as big as a rolling
pin, when with another bound and
squall she was out of sight, and did
not again put iu an appearanco for
over a week. Nevada Enterprise.
The Virginia (Nevada) Enterprise
of July 27th,has the following account
of an unplcasaut kind of tempest :
For a timo yesterday afternoon quite
a heavy sand stornrwas in progress on
tho large desert some forty miles to
tho eastward of this city. Great
clouds of sand were seen to rise aud
sween alomr over the plain, gradually
ascendins uutil the highest peaks of
the Humboldt Mountains were hid
den. In appearanco tho drifting ,sand
much resembled the clouds of suow
raised by the winter storms ou the
prairies of tho west. The sand also
forms drifts, or dunes, as drifts are
formed from snow. Every clump of
grcasewood has it3 surrounding hil
lock of sand, and in many places long
ridges of sand arc sceu, as in many lo
calities on the ahorc3 of the sea.
Among thco dunes, and on the level
alkali flats, the mirages play their fan
tastic tricks upon weary travelers.
Bunches of bushes become forest trees;
crows look like giraffes; and broad,
sedge bordered lakc3 lie simmering in
the sun all to recede or vanish when
approached. Here, too, pillars of
sand, formed by whirlwinds, glide
along over the desert like a troop of
ghosts, half a dozen sometimes being
seen in company. Theso are frequent
ly several hundred feet iu height, and
remain intact for an hour or more.
Three or four small pillars of this
kind were yesterday afternoon waltz
imr about on Twenty-two-Mile Desert
for half an hour or more. Thoy are of
the same nature as the water spouts
met with at sea, and therefore might
not inappropriately bo termed sand
spouts. Tho deserts being generally
basins surrounded by high mountains
eddies or whirls in them aro of fre
quent occurrence when a heavy wind
is blowing and thus aro produced the
great pillars of sand.
Legend of Solomon's Temple.
The New York World states a3 a
curious fact, that stone cutters always
get higher wages thau any other me
chanics, and arc commonly tho least
prosperous. The German stone cut
ters explain this by the following cu
When Solomon's temple was bnild
ing there wa3 a general strike among
the workmen for better pay, for tho
King of Israel was a hnrd and penuri
ous task-master. Solomon stood out
manfully against all demands, ex
plained that he was running the con
corn at a loss a"d maintained that ho
was erecting it for the publlo good and
for God's honor, wherefore they should
all make due sacrifico and co-opcrato
with him. AVhothcr it was that his
arguments overcame their judgmuuU
or the want of money subdued their
inclinations, cortain it is all tho trades
men and laborers but the stonecutters
gave up the strike and went to work
at tho old rates. The stone cutters
stubbornly held their ground anil in
sisted upon au advance. Solomon iu
despair, appealed to tho'Lord to inter
fere, as it was really His work, but
tho Lord said to him quietly : "Givo
them what they ask it will never do
them any good'." And from that day
to this the htono cutters always got
higher wages but never profit by
Indian Jack's Dying Retjaost.
For several nights past the wsils of
the Indian doctor, who has been try
ing after the fashion of his tribe to
drive away the disease or exorci3e tho
evil spirit which had taken possession
of a membor of his tribe named Jack,
have been wafted on tl.c breeze from
tho wickiup of the sick man on tho
ridgo above town. In vain ho howled
aud gesticulated the spirit of Jack
departed for the happy hunting
grouud3. Before he died, howcvcr.hc
requested lhat his wife and his wicki
up bo burned, as ho believed that sho
had bewitched him and was tho catiso
of his sickness. After the death of
Jack his relatives aud those of his
wife held a council, aud decided to
carry out the will ot Jack so far as his
wickiup was concerned, but to modify
that part of it which related to his
wifo by beating instead of burning
her. They burned the camp whero
Jack had died, and procured willow
slicks withAvhich to beat his wife,but
she, being informed of their determin
ation, escaped iu the night, and is now
supposed to be with a brother in Par
adise Valley. Tho Indians, without
cxcoption, seem to think that JacK's
death was caused by tho devilment of
his wife husic Jaue, and wniie a lew
of the most sensible ones do not ap
prove of burning the woman, all seem
to think tnat she ought to be severely
Of the thousands of stars which
have been studied, tho distance of only
twenty is at present known with as
tronomical precision. Among these,
Stiru3 has long been the mo3t notable
a sun2,C88 times larger than our own
surrounded by a system of heavenly
bodies, several of "which aro already
known, and distant from us 82,000,000
000,000 miles, tho polar 6tar, which is
a doublo star, distant 292,000,000,000,
000 ; aud Capolla, distant 425,000,000,
000.000 a spaco which is traveled by
light in seventy -one years and eight
months, so that the luminous ray
which reached us 1877, must have been
extinguished in 1806, but it would not
be visible ; or, it might go out to-day,
and yet the inhabitants of tho earth
would continue to be witnesses of its
uutil 1916. These are the stars that
aro nearest to us, the others bcinr in
comparably more remote. There arc
stars whose light cannot reach the
earth in le33 than 100, 1,000 or 10,000
years, though light travel3 at tho rate
of 185,000 miles per second. To trav
erse the sideral world of which we
form a part (the inilkv way) light takes
15,000 years, and, to reach U3 from cer
tain nart3 of the nebula;, it must trav
el for 300 timc3 that period, or 5,000,-
000 of years. Such, by mcan3 of tho
discs vcries made by modern a3trouo
my, are tho dimensions actually meas
ured in the general constitution of tho
The editor of the Fort Wayne Ga
zette don't appreciate "enterprise,'
judging by the following:
Thorc is a young lady on Wayne
street that has anew hurdy gurdy a
$50 organ and she is making Romo
howl in that peaceful neighborhood.
She has taken lessons about three
weeks, and what she lacks in experi
ence she makes up in practice. Sho
gets at work at 5 o'clock in the morn
ing, aud she docs everlastingly whang
that organ till late at night, until
there is not a person living within
three squares of her house that is not
praying thaf. tho strike (on tho organ)
may cease. Last Sunday was her field
day. Sho thought the neighbor want
ed a rest. So iu the morning she
whooned un "Tho Gates Aiar" and
"Sweet Hour of Prayer," Then sho
went in on the vocal and ground out
"One More Day's Work for Jesus"
and "What is Homo Without a Mu-th-cr."
Then sno held the "Fort" all day
and in the evening said : "Hark, I hear
an Angel Coming," and that angel did
come; and he added his bellow with
hers at the top of their voices, while
the organ got a fresh banging, and sho
yanked more groan3 out of it. It was
lively while it lasted, and made the
neighbors pray for "Rc3t Over There"
and "Sweet By and By." A man who
lias been very sick for some time, liv
ing next door, remarked to his friends
on Sunday night, about 11 o'clock.that
he was reconciled to die, and would
face the before-dreaded hereafter with
the mostsercne composure.
P. S. lie died.
A Long Submerged Oitj
If one only wished to bo happy, this
could be very readily accomplished;
but wo wish to be happier than others,
and this i3 almost always difficult, for
wo believe other? to bo happier ,than
Nebnch&icoizar's Hunting Diary.
Aisotig the discoveries made bv Col
Rawlineon, in the excavations of Bab
ylon, was .Nebuchadnezzar's hunting
diary, with notes, and here and there
a portrait of his dogs, sketched by
himself, with hi3 name under it. He
mentions iu it his having been ill ; and
while he w:s delirious he thought he
had been out tp graze like tho beasts
of the field. 13 not this a wonderful
corroboration of Scripture? Rawlin
sou also found a pot of preserves, iu
an excellent state, aud gave somo to
Queen Victoria to taste. How little
Ncbuchadnozzar's cook dreamed when
making them that twenty-five centu
ries after the Queen of England would
cat some of the identical preserves
that figured at his master's table!
European papers givo a marvelous
account of a recent discovery at the
bottom of Lake Geneva. An Ameri
can, it is stated, was in a boat which
up3ot near the village of St. Pregts.
The American's carpet bag went to
the bottom, aud the owner, after get
ting ashore, hired two divers to re
cover his baggage. That wa3 brought
up, and with it a superb antique vase
with handles, the form being Etrus
can. Numerous petrifications and a
fragment of white marble were also
found, and further exploration favored
tho belief that au ancient town was
thero submerged. The authorities of
the neighboring village took tho mat
ter in hand, aud literally spread oil on
the water to obtain greater transpar
ency. At latest accounts the remains
of two hundred houses have been dis
tinguished, laid out iu streets and
squares, with, at one end of the town,
a square tower, which had hitherto
been taken for a rock. The Council
of Vaud is said to have decided to in
close the site within a jetty built out
trora the land, and theu to proceed to
drain off tho waters from the lost city.
If the plan succeeds, it might, per
haps, bo tried clsewhcrs say with
Sodom and Gomorrah.
London Gos3i'p About Americans
The New York papers are adopting
a tone in reference to General Grant's
recent visit to London which is hard
to understand. I learn, for tho first
time, from theso journals that the cx
Presidcut was rudely treated here.
He was persistently "snubbed," and
it required all the ingenuity and de
votion of Minister Pierrcpont to pro
tect him from open insult. I read in
one paper, "when Grant and Pierre
pout went to Windsor the Queen kept
them waiting for hours and at her
convenience received Grant as a sim
plo American citizen." The Princo
of Wales made, him "file in to dinner
at the bottom of the lino." It appears,
then, that-we have only offended our
American friend3 by onr reception of
General Grant. From whom do the
malicious reports above refcred to
proceed? Certainly not from the ex
President. Is it possible, as one or
two of onr New York contcmporaric3
insinuate, that they come from Minis
ter Pierrcpont? London World.
Between the first day of August and
the first day of February, the laws of
Kansas permit the killing of prairie
chickens; and between the first day of
October ami the first day of January
the killing of quails. But it is unlaw
ful for any common carrier to receive
them for transportation. Considering
the ficrcencs3 with which the lovers of
game-hunting have charged upon the
prairie chickens, wc fear for the quails
And when the work of destruction i3
arrested again by law, thero will be so
few birds left that tho grasshoppers,
chinch bug3 aud other destructive In
sects will lay wa3te tho country, with
Kansas Jfcw Era.
It was an awful night. The howling
winds, rumbling thunder, and tho fu
rious, fast falling rain were enough to
terrify the stoutest heart. The light
ning, 'sometimes one continuous sheet
at others forked and jagged, flashed
through the blackness, but to make it
appear still darker. -
A pale-faced girl sat at a window of
an uptown residence gazing with
yearning eyes out into the storm.
Her face grows paler as she listens
for his Btcp.
Would he never come?
It wa3 some oue spoke her name.
She knew it.
She also knew the speaker.
"Billy, me darliut, what tho .divil
made ycz so late? The missus is in
bed this blissid two houri?, uhlapin'
like a top, and the tar is cold, but the
illigant lunch I have for ycz will taste
better wid wine. Come in, me bhoy,
aud we'll make a noight of it. Bad
cess to tho creakin' door.
A statue of "Faith" is to be erected
at Plymouth, Massachusetts, which
will cost between $30,000 aud $40,000,
and when finished is expected to bo
the finest memorial statue in granite
in the world. The expense of putting
it iuto position on its pedestal will
alone reach 86,000.
If you have not remarked that the
first breath of autumn is with us you
are way behind.
Gambctta, it seems, has but oue eye,
but that one, it may bo remarked, is
single to the public'good.
The fact that thero is somo uncer
tainty respecting the exact number of
moons Mars tho value of the discov
ery. Au Iowa justico refused to fine a
man for kissing a girl without her con
sented. He thoughtshooujjhtto'have
If doctors keep on with their warn
ings again3t baby-kissing, lots and lots
of big girls wilfbo driven to kiss ba
bies older grown.
, sJtpfefc-it jfcaAtft-. aA-wwfc -Jgg
xml | txt