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The Wichita city eagle. (Wichita, Kan.) 1872-1883, September 06, 1877, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85032573/1877-09-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOLUME "VI.
WICHITA, SEDGWICK COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1877.
NUMBER 23.
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. X. KCHOOCK. a. r. MCRDOCK.
MUEDOCK Jt UnOXITER,
PUBLISUEISS AND PIIOI'METORS.
TWO DOLLABS 1'KU YEAtt, IX ADVANCE.
uTKTXRxa 2it:3 Kiii isaws ex Arrn:AT::a.
MAILS.
Artn! 'y.ty.CaiawcU.'VVlnfleia ftVelltaRton
lnnc8cti. Littleton. Oxford, llellcrilaln. Cb'ais-
r astern Mall (Via Wichita A Southwestern K.
1.;-Mr11 and Express Xo. 2 departs 43 1.6 X. v.,
ilail 4 Uxiirei' So. 1 arrive daily at 10.40 r. m.
AugasU and Douglas departs daily at 1 r. ii.
Arrives uauy ai iz m
nla. Sumner City and Iondon Arrives daily at ,
r. Mi Departs dally mt" a. M. .
i..ivitr ni.ir,fVnipr..ii itnlllnr Green
Arrives Wednesdays and Satiirdnys at 4 o'clock
r. M. Departs Tuesdays and l'ridays atSo'clock
A On and after date the postoffice will 1) open for
the delivery or letters anu me eaie oi suuuiia nui
7 A. M. to C r. x. Office open on Sunday morning
from Dto 10 a. . , . ,
ilil coins east and south close prompt a t
r a. M M. aicitDOCK, r. 11.
"AFTER MAST DAYS."
nv E. L.
C1IUKCUES.
rirst Presbyterian Church-J. P. UAn-p;1. 1'"
tor. Services In Baptist Church every Sabbath at
11 .'clock a. M. and 7t P. M.
JC. E. Church-John Klrbr, pastor. Services
Tery Sabbath at 10K o'clock a. m. andTr. M.
Prater incctlne on lliursday evening.
St. Aloysius Catholic Church Hcvcrcnd J. C.
Iciiciiz, pastor. Services on the 2nd and 4th
lundays of every month; high mass at 10 A. M.,
Tcapcrat7Kr. si.
Uaptist Ourch, I P. Davis, pastor. scrvlccslOJi
clock a.m., each Sabbath. Church comer of
First and Market street.
United l'retbyterinn Church II. J . Thompson,
Pastor. Services at the school house, at 11 a. m.
Sabbath Scbol at 12 o'clock. ...,
Ji.thodist German llev. P. XV. Matthaei, pas
ttr. icrviccs at the school house at half pan 10.
COUNTY OK-FICEItS.
Jude Thirteenth Judicial District W.
KcpreVcnUtives-WiUiaTn Baldwin, William
Boa'rdofCotuityCommissloners-Jf. SI. Siiilk,
O. G. Jacobs, J. A. "o.v.
CoantyTrcasurer L. X. WOODCOCK.
Countv Clerk Jons TocKsn.
Shcrl4--H. W. Dousing.
Clerk District Court C. A. 'S ak Xkss.
PrebateJudge-E.B.JKWETT.
Snjcrlntendcnt Public Instruction, II. II.
Bruca.
Uegtster of Deeds Milo B. Kxlloo.
County Attorney W. E. Stam.it.
County Surveyors II. E. Jacksos.
city orncKits.
w.
Mayor J. G. Uorit.
City Attorney W. Baldwin.
Police Judge G. W.Kezvm.
CityTreasurerJ. II.Black.
Marshal U. COCDELI..
City Clerk Piiko. Scuattjcxh.
of the Peace D. A. Mitchell,
G. IUiids. . ,
Constables C. B. Jonks and D. A. Williami.
Council First Ward A. W. Olivxb and M.
ZlMMEULT. , .,
Second Ward C. M. GAamsosand E.Weiiseu.
Third Ward C.SCKATTJiEKand B W. Alduicii.
Fourth krd C. A WALKXUandF. A. Sovf-
ERS.
Board of Education First Ward XV. B, Smrn
and II. Ihiioden. second Ward J. XV. Wi.n
oakd and U. E. J ackbox . Third Ward D. 1".
ALexakdeb, andC. S. CalDwzll. Fourth Ward
M. 3. Adams and 11. C. Manx.
Treasurer school Board Ucv. J. V. IIakses.
Kill eh just onct in tho old, old dsye,
Dajs thai were bright with sunshlno and
with flowers,
And mayhap with the thrill ol your caress
I can forget tho present bitter hours 1
TiTo ioved each other in the sweet, lo-t put.
And counted not that coming years would
blight
The plory oi the summer's colden bloom,
And leave our pctli within tho gloom of
night.
Vas it but yesUrday that we two walked
Tho sunny woodland path wiwre wild flow
ers prw,
Where daisies, (tarring all tho grasse sweet,
Lent all their brightneFd to the emerald hue?
I ree agalu tho misty lights that hun;;
Like silver stare ahoc the purple hills,
And hear the rustling solt of whis paring
leaves
And the low, sad rippllngj ol distant rills.
I r eo the scarlet blooms that drooninc nunc
Like banners o'er the riTer winding shore
And blent their odors with the fragrant orseze
That swept thev alley and the woodland o'er.
A spicy sueetnc came from distant pine?,
A golden Fplendor fell o'er meadows fair.
And silent gladnc&s thrilled the hoarU that
knew
No shadow from the clouds of grief and care.
Yet blight comes ever after bud and bloom,
And to there eame a day to ray fond heart
Tf hen. with rebellou", bitter tears, I saw
Each tender hope that I had reared depart.
In licht and mocking tones the word wa
spoken.
The tendercst, saddest ofall words "good
bvo;" And then I felt thitevery tic was broken.
And that the flower ol lore must droop and
die.
And as I tood that day and mutely listened
To your cola mocking last "good-byo"
again,
I wondered H 'twas love as bitter hatred
1 That pulied my heart with such a madden-
lncpaln.
For years no peace came to my troubled life,
fcave silence that is born ol dark despair
The mocking stillness that rebelious liearU
Kind harder than tha tierce! pain to bear.
And now wo meet again whsn vanl hed years
Have robbed ut of life's brightest, swerto st
days;
Days when the world smiled on our youth
and love,
And hold for us no rugged, thorny ways.
Yet I but hold a welcome now for you.
And now a fierce, a maddening, uameleis
pain
Stirs z my IicarUtrlngi into eager wUh
To hold you in my ompty arms again
To (eel your kisses rain on lip and brow
l o near tou say once inoro "l lova you
dcarl"
I ask no more, yet for tho pat I pray.
And o'er its looses shed no bitter tear.
But kiss me once, at in the glad old day,
And bridge with tender words the mIuuco
dean
That lies between us. so that in my heart
may not
kcop,
mocking, haunting memories
FANOflETTE.
LODGES.
WICIUTAi;.CAMPMEXTXo. 29, l.O.O.F.
rnc'U on the 2d iind 4th Saturdaysof iaca
month. Y P. STEM, C. 1'.
G. W. BEEVES, Scribe.
IO. O. ". Wichita Lodge, Xo. 93, meets ev
ery Thursday night, at 7 o'clock, at Ihcir
hull, over the First National bank. All brothers
In cool standing ar invited to uttend.
b XX. P. STEM, X. G.
C. XV. GBAIIAM. It. S.
A.
F. A A. M. Meets on the first and third
Mondays of each month.
T. M. Tmceet XV. M.
ReEtrktHe
Story of & Qoit
ticancntj.
sad Her At-
WICU1TA CUAPTE1I, It. A. M. Meets on
the tccond and fourth Fridays in each
Bioolh. Geo. F. IIauo-is, II. P.
llito B. Kellooo, Scc'y.
SAJIUATII SCUOOE3.
The M. E. Sabbath school. G. F. Hargls, su
perintendent, meets at the church at 2; 'clock
p. m.
Th Presbyterian Sabbath school, C. S. Cald
well.iupcriutendent, meets at the Baptist Church
at 12, m.
The Baptist Sabbath school, A. IS. Anncnt, su
perintendent, meets at the Baptist church every
Sunday afternoon at Hi o'clock.
German M. E. Snnday School meets atSchool
Houee, at 2;; o'clock, p. in. A. Fuhrman, Su
perintendent. n'AXCIAX.
SIOO.OOO TO LOAN.
I am now prepared to make live year loans, on
patsntod farms, at ths lowkst rates.
20- It. II. EOT3.
XT. S. LAND OKl'ICE.
T"OUGLAS AVE., COMMEltCIAL BLOCK.
I J II. L Tayloii, ltcgistcr; J. L. Dteu.
becciver. Office hours lrom V to 12 a. m. and
from 1 lo 3 r. M.
COUNTY SimVEYOK .
II. L. JACKSOX.
COUNTY SUEVEYOK. Leave your orders at
the county clerk's oClce, or cull at the Vcst
Wichtta postouicc. 4C-ly
ATTOUXKVS.
SLUSS, STAKLEY A KATTON,
ATTOllXEYS, Wichita, Kansas.
41-tf
AMOS 11AKKIS. JiOS. 11A1UUS.
DARBIS A HARRIS,
A TTORXEY3 AT Law. WtchlU, KansaB.
f. Ofilce in the building occupied by the U. S.
LandOnice. Loans Xeuotiated on improved
Inula In Sedgwick and Sumner Counties, at ten
per cent, intensf with privilege of paying of at
any tune. Commlasion rcasouable. Abstracts
furnUhcd and jupers executed without charge.
25-
M. g. ADAMS. OCO. II. CXQLIS1I. U. O. BCCGLES.
ADAMS, ENGLISH & RUGGLES,
A TTORSEYSAXD COUXSELLOItS AT LAW
Cx. Wichita, Kansas, will practice in all the
couru of the J3th Judicial Disirict.Snpreme Court
of the State, und the United states District and
Circuit Court of ICansas. 14-tf
J. M. BALDEUSTON,
ATTOUXEY-AT-LAW, Wichita, Sedgwick
county, ICansas. Oflice In Centcnial Block,
over Aley'sShoc Store. ap2C-ly
" J. F. LAUCK,
A TTORXEY-AT-LAW, first dosr sonth of U.
jf S. Land Offlcc, in Commercial Block,
Wichita. Kansa?. Snecial nttention Riven to all
kinds of business connected with th U. S. Land
oaoe. 15-tf
W. 11. IUIUCPATEICK,
ATTORXEY AT LAW, AVichtta, Sedgwick
, County,, Kansas. id-tf
JAMES L. DYER,
A TTORXEY
AT LAW. Wiohlta, Kansas.
32-tf
E. B.JEWETT,
A TTORXEY AT LAW, Wichita, Kansas.
PHYSICIANS.
E. S. LEONARD,
T3HTSICIAX AXD SU11QEOX, Office np-SUIrs
T S Dors Sonth or l'ostofilce. Residence, 2d
Souta of First St., Emporia Ave., Wichita. 12-
DR. E. B. RENTZ,
"DUYSICIAX AXD SCRGEOX, will jrtve speci
J al attention to diseases of the eye and rnr,
also to dlieascs of women and children. O&ce
over Uraddock's Clothing House, Opposite P.O.
Wichita, Kansas. 4U-Gm
DR. McICINNEY.
QOTANIC PIIYS1CLAX OBSTETItlCIAX.
.D Especial attcnuon given to Chronic Diseases
Tooth male and female. Als Chronic Rheum
atism and Scrofula. Charges reasonable. OClce
Xo. 91 Main Strict. Residence corner Mead ave
andSecond street, Wichita, Kas. 23-tf
H
DRS. LONGSDORF A STIPP.
OM030rATlIIST3. Office on Main siren.
over Y . C. Woodman's store, Wichita.
T. H. SHANNON,
)1IYSICI AX AXD SURGEOX--44 Main street,
near First, Wichita, Kansas. 5-15-17
DR. C. C. FURLEY,
PUYSICLVX AXD SURGEO.V. Ofiice. Doug
las avenue, entrance cast of Main street, up
stairs (oyer Allen & Tucker's Store.) 12-tf
DR. E. B. ALLEN,
PHYSICIAN AXD SUUGEOX, Office Centen
nial Block, Wichita, Kansas. 3-
DR. W. M. HENDRICKSON,
(U. S. Examining Surgeon)
r-lHYSICIANAXDSURGEOX. Offlm 1 r
r" tennial Block, Douglas Avenue, over Aley ' e
MMV
boe Store.
4-2-1 y
DENTISTS.
J. C. DEAN,
DENTIST once Douglas Avenue, opposite
Steele A Levy's LanJ Oflice. Mf.
DR. W. L. DOYLE,
DEyTJt,T-Pffi ocrMathew'flJcwelry store,
CCatcnnlftl Block, Wichita. 41-tf
Whilo tho Germsin army inclosed in
its iron rrnsp the mo?t brilliant and
plcasure-loviug city of Europe, trans-
lorming' in a moment us epicureno
population into a people of ueroc,thc
environs once bo gay and so beautiful
had experienced a change almost as
great. Most of tho detached villas
were dcdcrtcd, or occupied by tho en
emy, and tho villages, who regular in
habitants had taken refuge in Paris or
ficd to a distance, were populated by a
singular assemblage of individualg,bo
louging to all classes of society, and
bound together only bv tl.e tio of a
common nationality, and tho necossity
finding a shelter and providing for
their daily wants.
Tho hamlot of Boulainvilliers, which
had been thus abandoned had received
an entirely now colony, and its boau
tiful avenue carpeted with turf of the
moat lovely green, had all tho appear
ance of a camp. As long as tho soason
would permit, cooking was carried on
in the open air, and grounps constant
ly seen surrounding the fires and ex
changing accounts of their mutual mis
fortunes. A painter of Flcure, be.iring tho
English, or rather Scotch, name of Mac
Henry, was among these refugees. He
had brought with him from Columbus
where he had before resided, a remark
ably beautiful white goat called Fan
che'ttc. This croaturc, to which her
master was so much attached, figures
in the most of his pictures. Light and
graceful as a gazelle, 8hc is represent
ed sometimes cropping delicately the
green branches of the hedgerows and
bushes, sometimes entangled 111 a in aze
of brier-roses, their pink blossoms and
green leaves tailing around her in ele
gant garlands, and contrasting well
with the snowy whiteness of her skin.
Fauchoctc was a universal favorite :
and few there wero at Boulainvilliers
who would not have deprived them
selves of a morsel of tho bread some
times so hard to procure, that they
might reserve a mouthful for tho goat,
which,howovor,tho saucy thidg would
only accept from her particular
friends.
The grace and rare intelligence- of
the animal frequently relieved the
miseries of the sioge. Ali wero sur
prised at tho wonderful education her
master had succeeded in giving her.
lie had even taught her something of
Ins art; anil it was really oxtraoruina
ry to see the sensible- crcaturo busily
employed in arranging pebbles on tho
ground, so as to form a rudo rcicm
blauco to a human profile, often gro
tesque, but still such as one occasion
ally sees on human shoulders; and
looking at nor work, one could not
help thinking that after all tho lower
animals are, perhaps, not so far inferi
or to us as wo may suppose.
The art with which Fanchette select
cd from a bunch ot flowers each one
that was named to her, was really mar
velous. Hoses, wallllower. tulips,
camelics, were promptly chosen from
tho number, and it was rare indeed
that she mado tho least mistake. Two
centuries ago they would have burned
tho poor brute for a witch.
The exercise which she preferred to
all others consisted in catching on her
horns a series of brass rings which her
master throw up in tho air. This she
did with the greatest address; and
when sho had got a dozen or so of
them encircling her brow liko a dia
dem, she would begin jumping and
galloping and shaking her head to
mako thorn jingle, till, over excited by
their rough music, sho would end by
dancing in the most fantastic style oil
her hind legs, till tired at length with
her exertions, she would bound to
ward her mastor and throw tho rings
at his feet.
Among thoso who had found refuge
in tho hamlet was a child of fire years
old called Marie, tho daughter" of a
poasaut whose farm had been burned
by tho invaders. She was an object
of general interest in the little colony
on account of her gentle manners, and
tho sweet but suffering expression of
her pale inlantine features. A year or
two provipus sho had been so severely
bitten in tho arm by a vicious dog that
tho limb had to bo amputated, and her
delicato constitution-had never recov
ered from the shock. Fanchetto soon
took a fancy to tho little girl ; and tho
doctor having advised that she bu fod
as much as possible upon milk, Mac
Henry offered that of a goat. It was
beautiful to see the pleasure with
which tho affectionato crcaturo took
upon herself tho office of nurse, and
the avidity with which tho child suck
ed in the grateful nourishment which
was giving her now life. Fancheltc
becamo every day more and mora at
tached to Mario. Sho rarely left her
except when wanted by her master
for some new study; and when it was
ended, and Macllcnry set her at liber
tv. saying, "Now be off to Marie."
with what ;oy tho creature boutidcd
away, aud how rejoiced was the little
one to havo again by her side her dar
ling Fancaotte! Nestling her head
under tho child's hand, a world of lov
ing things wero interchanged in their
mute caresses.
It once happened that a lady having
in her hand a crown ot artificial ivy
which sho had picked up somewhere,
probably tho debris of a school fete
during happier times, placed it on the
head of the little Maria. Fanchetto,
raising on her hind legs, examined it
with comical curiosity; and, having
made up bor mind on tho subject,
scampered oft to an old trco closo .by,
around whoso trunk tho real ivy
twined in thick and glossy wreaths,
buttod at it with her horn, twistinj:
it around them, and and tearing off
long trailing garlands. Sho then rau
back in triumph to throw her treas
ures at the child' feet, saying as clear
ly as if sho had the gift of speech :
"Look. This is better than tho coarse
imitation thoy have deckod you with;
this is the real thing!"
Another day the child was looking
at herself in tho mirror,and Fanchetto
immediately began to do tho same
The expression of sadness and wonder
in her eyes seemed to say so plainly
"Why are Mario and I so different? If
I were like hor I could speak to her
and then we should love eaeh other
still better!"
Ono evening Marie, who was sitting
by iicr mothers sute, began to liugit
and complain ot an uneasy sensation
in her back. Her mother, busily en
gaged with some work, anil thinking
tho child was only disposed to bo
troublesome, examined it slightly and
told her to bo quiet ; but tho poor lit
tlo thing continued to complniu, when
hor mother, getting out of temper,
gavo her a sharp slap. Fanehette,who
was present at this scene, presented
her horns in threatening atlitudo to
tho woman, and gently stroked the
shoulders of her littlo friend with her
foot. At the sight of tho dumb ani
mal's pathetic appeal tho woman be
gau to relent, and calling tho child to
hor cxamiuod moro carefully tho state
of things, when she found, to her hor
ror, one of those large and poisonous
caterpillars, called in French "proccs
sionarics," which had painfully irrita
ted the delicate skin of tho child.
It was about this time thatMacIIen
ry, continued his artistic labors in
spite of the difficulties of tho situation,
resolved on taking for the subject of a
now picture his goat Fanchetto nurs
ing tlio littlo Mario. Fauchottc lent
herself with her usual intelligence and
docility to his wishes; and Mario rra3
represented lying among grass and
flowers with her four-footed friend
bending over her. This picture,which
was afterward regarded as ono of Mac
Henry's beat works, obtained tho most
signal succe3 at the Paris Exposition
of Modern Art the truthfulness of
the design, the froshncss of tho color
ing and tho grace of tho composition
bciug equally striking.
But theje "bright autumn days soon
passed awav, and manv recollect the
bitter cold of the sd Christmas of
that dismal winter. Poor littlo Mario
suffered so severely from it, that after
a vain attempt to recall some warmth
by lighting a firo o! brushwood, tho
only fuel that could be procured, her
mother, as a last resource, put her in
to her little bed, hi tho hope that by
heaping upon her all the clothing she
could proeuro, the child might regain
a little heat; but it was in vain; no
heat came, and tho blood had almost
ceased to circulate in her frozen limbs
At this moment Fanchetto arrived and
without waiting for an invitation,
sprang upon the bed. It was in vain
they tried to drive her away; she only
clung the closer to hor nursling, and
covering tho child with her body,
soon restored her to warmth and animation.
From tho Atchieon Champion.
Europe in Affair aad Lift.
Wo met, some days ago, a very in
telligent foreign gcntlcmau. who has
traveled extensively throughout Eu
rope aud America. His ideas are cos
mopolitan and his opportunities for
observation, fine intelligence and inti
mate acquaintance with the peoplo
aud politics of Europe enabled him to
present tho position of affairs there
with great clearness and vigor. What
he said was of such interest that we
take the libertv of summarizing his
talk.
There was, ho said, no doubt about
tho result of tho war now in progress.
Russia would bo victorious and drive
tho Turks out of Europe. The map
of Europe would have to bo remodel
ed when the war closed. Civilization
was interested in tho re3ult. Eussia
represented the interests of tho civil
ized world. The Turks wero a bru
tal barbarous people, who wero inca
pable of progress. Thoy occupied ono
of tho richest aud fairest portions of
Europe, and had been making it a
desert. Russia was not so advanced
as Germany or Englaud, but it was a
progressive Nation. The Czar was a
wise ruler, a patron of tho arts, a
friend of education, and a man of pro
gressive ideas. Russia was the largest
country in Europe, and yet a lot of
barbarians wero gquattc"d.on the Bos-
phorus, its only outlet to tho ocean,
and put an embargo on its commerce.
Tho Northwest, in Amorica, would bo
in tho same position as Russia, if tho
Comanche and Cheyenne Indians held
Louisiana, and controlled the mouth
of tho Mississippi. Tho Northern
ports of Russia,on the Baltic sea,wcrc
closed for nine months in tho year by
ice, and the commerce of hor southern
port, on the Black Sea, was at the
mercy of tho Turks. Sho had n just
right to demand the control of tho
Dardanelles.
The Turks woold fight well. Thoy
wero fanatics. Thoy would probably
gain somo victories at first. But ovc
ry victory they gained would ouly
stimulate the Russians to greater ex
ertions. A Bull Run would be the
best thing that could happen to tho
Russians, just as it wa3 for the North
during your civil war. This was
said beforo the battle of Plevna, aud
subsequent events have fully confirm
ed il. Thcltussians were a sluggish
people, but very obstinate and deter
mined. Their military organization
was admirable with tho exception of
Uonnany, it was the best in .Europe
aud they could put into the field a
forco that would literally overwhelm
the Turks by sheer power of numbers.
It needed a reverse or two to arouse
the National enthusiasm of tho Rus
sian people.
This gentleman believed that thero
was an alliance bctwocn Russia, Ger
many and Austria certainly botwecn
the first two Powers. It was to the
material interest of all of them to
have the Turks expelled fr.i -i Europe,
ana as Uhristian Nations.
gious prejudices uatnrai'v
an important influci'.-o "n
England would not iutcil"
alio did not daro to. The t.
about their interests was st
hind had no more interests
iu this war than sho had in tho Amer-
cau civil war. Franco could not move
a hand for two reasons first, her in
ternal difiicnltlci were of such a na
ture that a foreign war would result
in the immediate overthrow of the
present government; aud, second,
Franco wanted war with only ono
country, Germany, aud was not ready
for that. Her peoplo thought she
would bo somo day, but sho never
would.
Germany was the great war power
of Europe". Tho Minister of War in
Berlin could ring a bell iu the morn
ing aud have half a million armed and
disciplined soldiers moving towards
the frontier by night, and a million in
forty-eight hours. And every gun
would be in order, every hor-"e equip
ped, every wagou fully 'prepared, and
made great preparations, and tho cher
ished lunacy of evory Frenchman was
to whip Germany and restoro tho
Rhino frontier. Go into any French
town aud if you saw a largo now
building yon need not ask what it was
for it was a barracks, with railroad
tracks running into it. Tho French
wero much better prepared for war
now than during Louis Napoleon's
time. Thoy wero united in hatred of
Germany, but divided in everything
else.
France was weak, however, and tho
French Nation was doomed, for two
conspicuous reasons : First, tho pro
vailing ignorance of its masses ; and
second, tho French lack of rospect for
woman. Fully soventy per cent of the
French soldiery could neither read
nor read; fifty per cent, of them did
not know who their fathers wero.
When tho Germans invaded France
their private soldiers understood the
geography of tho country better than
the French; when tho vast German
army was mustered out.aftor the war,
there was not a man in it, who did not
sign his name to tho pay-roll. Go to
Berlin, or any other German town,
with a letter of introduction, and tho
gentleman to whom you present it
wiil invito you to his house where you
will bo introduced to his wife and
children, and will see a3 beautiful a
homo life as thero is iu tho world. Go
to Paris or any French city with a let
tor of introduction, and the chauccs
arc threo in four that the gentleman to
whom you present it will eutertain
you at r hotel or cafe, or if ho invites
yon to his house the woman who 6it3
at tho head of his tablo will not bo his
wife, but his mistress. The cancers
that are eating away the life of tho
Franch people are ignoranco and lack
of respect for women. There is little
home life in France. Germau), Eng
laud and the United States are grow
ing prosperous, great and powerful
because of the strength and boaty that
flows from their homo lifo. Tho homes
of theso countries are typical of tho
State ; tho pride, aud aflcction, and
glory of their people centre in thorn,
make education popular, inculcate re
spect for law aud good government,
and constitute a strong, self-reliant
anu disciplined citizenship.
Yet France is the richest country in
the world, because itproduces aud ex
ports what all the world buys aud pay
good prices for, and imports' very little
Franco paid her war indemnity,
amounting to over a thousand million
dollars, in four years, aud never felt
that it was a drain on hor. Germany
is really poor. Thero is a vast amount
of aboluto suffering among her peo
ple. She feels severely tho enormous
expense of maintaining her great mil
itary organization, yet she is compell
ed to koep it up because tho temper of
Franco is a constant menace to hor.
Sho has great statesman and great sol
diers Franco has developed very few
recently, aud distrusts hor greatest
men. The Republic is tho only hope
of Franco, yet a very large number, if
not a majority, of her peoplo arc Bo
napartists aud Orleauists. Tho Re
public has a chance to lire, because
theso two factions hate each other.
Tho better classcsln Franco arc eucr
crgetic, enterprising and intelligent
Talk with them on any subject oxcopt
politics, and thoy arc sousible, lation-
al and self-controlled ; but on politics
nearly every Frenchman is wild ei
ther a wild" Republican, Bonapartist
or Orlcaniat and ou that subject he
acts and talks liko a lunatic.
Tho great and growing countries of
Europe, tho self-controlled, progress
ive peoples, are thoso of tho North
England, Germany and Russia, with
the sraallor countries of Holland, Don
mark and Sweden. The Latin races
aro receding iu power and intelligence
the Saxon and Gothic peoples nro
progressing. Tho difference in their
home life accounts for this tho peo
ple who do not respect womon and
who havo no pride aud aflcction in
thoir homes are a doomed people. Tho
bohe aud sinew and brain of a great
progressive people can only be reared
amid the beautiful associations that
cluster about pure, happy and affec
tionato homes, which fathers, mothers
and children aliko reverence and lovo.
Wo do not pretend to quote tho ex
act language of the gentleman whoso
talk we report, but only tho substance
of what he said, and his words as
nearly as we can remember them. His
viows of European life and affairs
were so fresh, vigorous and entertain
ing that wo believed they would inter
est our readers, and so wo have en
deavored to reproduce them.
THE Bid HOLS BATTLE.
On a of ths Liveliest Indian Fights on Koecrd-
OEcsra aad Mea Fighting Shoulder to
Shcddtr,
- ir relt-
tercised
r them.
- because
wsh talk
V. Eug-
r.t stake
Ths Galling Gnn.
Tho press has had much to say of
lato about tho Gatling gun, and wc do
not think it will come amiss to publish
tho subjoined description of it:
The gun consists of a number of
very simple breech-loading rilled bar
rels grouped around aud rovolving
about a common axis, with which
thoy lie parallel. Theso barrels are
loaded from a feeder and fired, while
revolving, iu rapid succession. Each
barrel is fired only once in a revolu
tion, but as manv successive shots aro
delivered as there are barrels, so that
tho ten-barrelled Gatling gun fires ten
times in ono revolution of tho gun.
The gun i revolved by a man turning
a crank, and the action of each barrel
is wholly independent of the ethers,
so that the bursting of one will not in
terfere with tho tho efficiency of tho
gun, simply reducing the number of
shots fired. The first guns mado were
operated with what was known as a
feed caso, which was filled with car
tridges and replaced with others when
exhausted, but the latest guns contain
an automatic food hopper, which has
greatly increased the rapidity with
which the tiring takes place. It is be
lieved that as many a3 one thousand
shots in a single miuuta have been
fired, the penetration at long range
being greater than from the common
couislor shell fired from a Napoleon
e;un. Tho guns aro mado of several
different bores, ranging from 0.42 to 1
inch calibre, and even above tho latter
tho smaller bores being served with
tho oediusry centre-fire, metallic-case
cartridges used with small arms, so
that the ammunition is interchangea
ble!. Tho gun 13 so hung ou its car
riago that it can be swung laterally
when fired, thus increasing tho execu
tion to a very great degree.
Why Ilesry Cla7 Eissad a Woaaa.
During tho "compromise" discus
sion of 1850, a lady from Georgia, ac
companied bv her husband, called on
Mr. Clay at the National Hotel. He
was extremely busy, and sent down a
card apologizing aud expressing the
hope that they would call again in the
morning. But tho lady would not be
put off so easily. Sho immediately
wrote him a beautiful note, in a beau
tiful hand, iu which sho said that she
and her husband hud come a hundred
miles out ftf their way to seo him, and
begging tho honor of a brief inter
view, as they wero under the necessi
ty of leaving that evening. The great
Kentucky statesman of course mado a
graceful surreuder. The party was
introduced, aud a pleasant conversa
tion followed, which Mr. Clay seemed
to enjoy no less than his guests. As
it was drawing to a close that lady re
marked that she had still auother" fa
vor to ask, tho rcferoncc to which
seemed to givo her some embarrass
ment. "What is it, madam, if you
please?" "Sir," sho said, "before
leaving homo I told my friends that 1
would not only see Mr. Clay, but 1
would bo kissed by him!"
"Mv dear madam," said he, rising.
as Mr. Lowndes said of the Presidcn
cv.thatis an honor neither to hi Koni'ht
rations and ammunition lor a six I nor ilnrliixvL" and thn l.iflv's wish w.ia
months' campaign ready. Fi anco has ' gratified.
Sax Fkaxcisco, Aug. 11. Gibbon's
command came up within six miles of
tho Indian camp on the 7th. Ou the
8th Lieutenant Bradley aud his party
mauaged to get near onough to the
camp to observe tho Indians, and in
the middlo of the night this forco
passed within a mile of the Indian
camp, where General Gibbon and the
main body joined thorn. A short
while after one of the Licutouauts
crawled down and rcconuoitcred the
Indian position. Tho central camp
was located across a bend on tho north
fork of the Big Hole rivor. The lodges
uumborcd eighty-nine. The stream
was thickly fringed with villows.arid
tho lodges were pitched on the south
side. Gibbon came up ou the north
side. His force was formed on a high
bar, one hundred yards from the In
dian camp, whero thoy remained until
daybreak. Just as daylight had fairly
appeared a singlo Indian on horseback
started to bring the herd of pouios,
numboring seven or eight hundred.
He did not suspect the presence of tho
whitos, but rode so elo3e to Bradloy's
command that the Lioutcnant saw
they would bo discovered, and it was
no timo to take chances; so tbey
opened fire ou ths ludinu, killing him
and his horse. Alter firing they in
stantly started for the Indian camp.
Arriving at tho willows that lined the
stream an Indian rose up and fired at
Lieutenant Uradicy, Killing him upon
the spot. Tho Indian was immediate
ly riddled with bullets. Before arriv
ing at the willows, Gibbon had cau
tioned Bradley about entering the
brush, aud his men had called out to
him, "Hold, Lioutcnant, don't go in
thore;" but the fearless soldier led on.
Tho soldiers charged acro3s the stream
aud into tho Indian camp beforo the
Indians had timo to escape from thoir
lodges. The attack was a complete
success, but these shots had aroused
tho Indians, who were sleeping on
their arms and watchful. Still, the
suddenness of the attack surprisod
them. The Indians rushed out in the
wildest confusion, the men with guns
boys with knives, aud equawa with
pistols, all fighting desperately. The
Indians were well armed aud had
plenty of amuuitiou.
Amons: the iodiros desperate hand
to hand fighting was carried on for an
hour and a half. By this time tho In
dians had recovered from thoir sur
prise. Thoy outnumbered tho soldiers
largely, and now began to fight with
desperation. They fel) back into tho
brush aud to high points commanding
the camp, and kept a galliug firo on
the command, who then endeavored
to burn tho camp. Tho canvas lodges
were burncd,but the skin lodges could
not bo fired, and tho grass and the
brush wero too green to take lire.
Continued occupation of the camp was
useless. Under direction of Gibbon
the men moved toward a wooded
point, about half a mile off, near the
canyon from which tho troopa had
come down. Ths Indians, seeing the
movement, endeavored to intercept
the command, but tho cdol-headcd
General ordered them to fight their
way. His horse was killed, aud he
was shot through tho calf of tho leg.
But all the men got in, and, covering
themselves as well as possible, a bush
whacking fight commenced. Tho In
dians took their usual tactics, and tho
sharpshooting was lively aud fierce.
Gibbon expected his howitzer to
join him hero, but the fight had begun
earlier than expected, and the hovtit
zcr moved too far down tho mountain
side. Tho Indians discovered it, and
a party of them charged tho little
squad of six men who had charge of
the gun. lho soldiers gave them the
bonollt of the howitzer's contents,fired
and loaded again, aud after tho sec
ond fire tho sargcaut threw tho gun
from the truxious and died beside the
dismantled piece. The other sargcaut
wa3 wounded, but, with the four men,
escaped to tho command. The Indians
dared not charge upon tho position.
Wlnto Bird was plainly heard and
seen endeavoring to animate the In
dians to charge upon tho command;
but in vain. Ho could not bring them
to it. Gibbon's command to his own
men was not to expose themselves aud
save ammunition. The sharpshooting
was oxcollent.and whenever an Indian
exposed himself he got it, while they
retorted iu skillful style. Tho Indian's
circled all around General Gibbon's
position, posted their sharpshooters
in tho woods above him and at every
available point, to pick oil" the men.
They would raise their fiercest war
crv and advance- upon the fortified
party until they would como within
range of the soldiers' riflc3,whcn they
would halt.
Genera! Gibbon, seeing a largo band
of Indians goiugiu the direction of his
supply train, feared it might bo cap
tured. Ivirkcndall, who had charge
of the train, fortified and made such a
lormulablo show with his littlo squad
that tho small baud of Indians who
wont back on tho trail dared not at
tack him. They were too much occu
pied with Gibbon to spare any large
number. The fight kept up until dark,
the Indians in tho meantime moving
their lodges and gathoring up their
wounded and such of the dead as wore
not covered by Gibbon's rifles, and
when night came on tho scene, leaving
a few stragglors to keep up the rear,
retreated in a southwesterly direction.
Many remarkable incidents occur
red. It was after tho first regular on
sot, an individual fight. General Gib
bon using his rifle like tho rest, aud
oflicors and soldiers fighting shoulder
to shoulder, with rifles in their hands.
Men were giving each other warning
of Indians aiming at thorn, and shoot
ing Indians who wero aiming at their
comrades. Soldiers and citizens wero
mixed together. Sergeant Wilson
docs not remember to have heard any
command save the order of General
Gibbon, which wa", "Boys, don't
waste your ammunition." Tho Indians
used every device to draw tho soldiers'
firo aud use up their ammunition. A
half-breed boy in Gibbon's camp heard
a chief call to his men to charge; that
the white man's ammunition was al
most gone.
As an incident of the fight, a man
raised an Indian blanket high in the
air. When a dozen bullets struck the
grouud and brush around him, he qui
etly remarked, "Boys, this is not a
good place to fly a kite."
General Gibbou had marched his in
fantry over COO miles from Fort Shaw,
and left everything boliind. He now
?cut out for aid for the wounded.
Geuoral Howard was notified, who
rapidly pushed forward with his
scouts, and roached Gibbou on Satur
day. The Warm Spring Indians with
Howard, on arriving in sight of the
field, set up a howl and began to scalp
the Nez Perces. The Nez Perccs did
not scalp or mutilate the dead who
fell iu the charge on tho camp.
Crrsrding tie Citie3.
A mob of half-starved mou is a piti
ful sight: a mob of idle, vicious mon is
a sad commentary on our civilization,
and in all our largo cities wo are fre
quently called upon to contemplate
both pictures.
That such a condition of affairs ox
ists is not the fault of the cities or of
the public at large. Thero are moro
peoplo in tho cities than can find em
ployment, and those people are in
Chicago and other cities by their own
choico. Tho facts that came to the
surfaco la3t week as to tho number of
peoplo out of employment wero ap
palling; but will they provent one
young man from currying out his pet
scheme ol coming to tho city? Will
ono farmer's boy, with a good home
aud plenty to do, road of tho great
masses who have bad homes, little to
eat, and nothing to do, and bo deter
red from coming to tho citv? Not
one. The rush will contiuuo, aud our
cities will continue to be burdened
with more people than can liud em
ployment within thoir borders.
Boys aud girls raised in the country
have an insane desiro to live in towns.
They dwell on the bright sido of city
iifo so much that their own life in the
country seems dull and prosy, aud
city lifo always charming and bright.
They magnify tho drawbacks on ono
side, and oxaggerato tho pleasures on
the other. They drone ovor tho dull
ness of country life, and doclinoto see
tho dark side of city lifo at all. In
this way they encourage a dishko for
what is in their possession, aud culti
vate an insatiate longing for what
their fancv makes existence in the
city.
A boy hesitates to round out his life
on ths farm. It is iu some way be
neath him. and ho goea to the city to
realize his ambitious scheme, aud be
comes a clerk in a dry goods storo, or
a laborer in some manufactory or a
driver of a street car, or a brakcinan
on a railroad. IIo comes from a'homo
where he was, in a certain sense, mas
ter of his own movements, aud enters
a business whero ho works harder,
where he lives less comfortable, and
whero ho is always in a subordinate
position. lie comes from the farm
whore his living is assured, and enters
a field where a position, ever so hum
ble, is difficult to sccuro ami hard to
retain; where ho takes great chancos
of being thrown out of employment
under most embarrassing and distress
ing circumstances. He comes from a
locality whoro there aro no beggars,no
poverty-stricken people, no men pre
suming to dictato as to when ho shall
labor, and when aud how, and outers
callings in which ho ceases to bo mas
ter of his own actions.
The boy that does this sort of thing
is indefinitely multiplied, and he keeps
doing it all the time. In nine cases
out of ten, ho is disappointed, but he
never acknowledges this, and other
boys, knowing nothing of the disap
pointments, and tructiug only the ex
aggerated statements, manufactured
to hide his real feelings, follow in his
footstep3.J
Let tho boys and girls, the young
men and young women remain in the
country, patiently aud thankfully..
Let them disabiKsc their minds of tho
fal3c notions they have formed of city
life and look at facts.
A j oung man omploycd ou a farm
has to work hard. He" would have to
work harder in nearly anv occupation
in the city. Ho has to work in the hot
23, J803; adjutant (sous) October 2D,
1811; sous lieutenant, at review bv tho
Emperor. Juno 18. 1812; chevalier of
tno Legion ot Honor, September 7,
1822; lieutenant, Octobers, 1812: pris
oner at Wilua (retreat from Russia.)
December 10. 1812; returned to France,
July 14, 1815; tterm of service, ten
years, nine months, twenty-fivo days;
wouuded at D'Efsling, Mav 22, 180D;
and at Polotsk, August 18tli, 1812; lost
threo fingers of left hand, aud first
joint of too of left foot by frost-bite,
and captured a cannon from tho enemy
returning it to his regiment. lie was
in all the battles of his regiment,
among them Wagram aud Estrassan.
IIo came to this country iu 1818. IIo
had been adjutant of Nismes, on half
pay' aud the people were bitterly op
posed to tne soldiers, uuo night when
when in chargs of the patrol he pur
sued a man who struck him, and a3 he
tried to get into tho house pinned him
to the door with his sword, and as tho
colonel could not protect him he loft,
"for the people wero after me liko
devils," said ho. Arrived at Marseil
les ho mot Captain Georgo Crownin
shield. of Salem, brother of the Secre
tary of the Navy to President Monroe,
who took him on board the Cleopatra.
At Rome they were presented to Mad
am Letitia Bonaparte, mother of the
Emporor, and became bearer of letters
to Joseph Bonaparte, then in this
country, 1813. For live years ho had
acted us Joseph's agent, and then was
professor of mathematics at Monticel
lo in 1S25, Gen. George B. McClellan
being one of his pupils. He has been
married twice and has four children
living. He states that he has been a
professor of languages. music.danclmr.
mathematics, and has many specimens
of portraits painted by himself.among
thorn ouo of Francisco Chcmbini, the
great Italian maestro, who was one of
his toachers. viotte, the violinist
maostro, told him, when fouitcen years
old, at the Musical Chambers iu Naples
that "ho was tho first violinist iu Ita
ly." Ho belonged to the troupes of
Garcia and Malibpan,was leader of the
orchestra, singer, arranger of music,
and teacher of tho chorus. IIo ap
appeared iu concerts iu Boston, New
York and Baltimore, and presents slips
from journals commending his execu
tion, style, and volume of touo as a
vocalist.
Osmaa Pasha aad Marshal Bazaias.
The extraordinary story to tho effect
that Osman Pasha, "fie commander of
tho Turkish military camp at Widin.
and tho Turkish commander in tho
battles near Plovna, i3 Marshal Ba-
zaine, the celebrated French soldier,
revives interet in the romantic ca
reer of a very remarkable man.
Marshal Bazaiuo was born at Ver
sailes, France, in 1811. He entered the
army a private by his own choico in
1831, His first 'campaigus wore in
Africa. From 1835 to 1833 he was in
Spaiu; from 1810 to 1824, again in Af
rica; from 1851 to 1857 in the Crimea;
then two years in Italy; 6ix years in
Mexico: again iu Africa, aud then in
then in the Frauco-Garman war. He
rose from privato through all the in
termediate grades to the rank of Mar
shal (1861), and was one of Louis Na
poleon's favorito3. He was continu
ously iu the service of France for thirty-five
years, and participated in thirty-two
military campaigns. He was
one ol the most trusted and most ex
perienced soldiers of France, aud at
Gcod Crops.
Three or four years ago tho burden
of complaint among thoso who knew
little ot the real condition of thecoun
try, was that the farmers wore the
most pitiablo clas3 in the whole couu
try; the- wero represented a mort
gaged up to their ear-i, paying exorbU
taut rates of interest to tho money
power, aud giving away their crops
and stock to oppressive corporations
and transportation monopolies. A
great deal of indignation was wasted
on their oppressors, and a great many
laws were devised for their relief, but
iu the general disturbance of fortune
in tho pa3t four years tho farmers
seem to bo tho only solvent class.
One-third of the bloated bondholders
cry in vain for their usufructs, one
third of the grasping monopolies of
tho railroads are in the hands of the
receiver; in all the large cities proper
ty has shrunk iu value, rents ars
somewhat lower than taxes, merchants
aro ouly saved from ruin by goiug in
to baukrtiptcy,manufacturers arc con
tent only to exist, banks arc disappear
ing, insurance companies have up as
sets, the unemployed arc numbered
by tho thousand, but tho crops are
good, prices fair.aud the farmers seom
to be comparatively happy.
i1 rom every quarter ot the country
the reports agree that tho season ha3
been unusually propitious, that froh
rains have filled the ears, and warm
suns ripened the grain",so that plenty
&milea over the whole land. The sta
tistics of this year's crop will prob
ably show a greater production than
in any previous year in our history,
and the consequences will be felt in
the impulse given to every department
oi our prosperity. It would be hard
to exaggerate the value of tfiis agri
cultural prosperity; it is the most im
portant clement iu our national pro
gress and in our natioual wealth, and
it serves moro purposes, answers more
questions, and produces more benefits
than any other causs that cau bo
uamei. Globe-Demoerat.
Why she wouldn't : A young lady
wa at a party, during which qnar
rols between husband and wife ware
discussed. "I think," said an unmar
ried older son, "that the proper thing
is for tho husband to have it out at
once, and thus avoid quarrels for lho
futuro. I would light a cigar in tho
carriago after the wedding breakfast,
and settle the smoking question for
ever." "I would knock the cigar out
of your mouth," interrupted tho hello.
"Do you know I don't think yon
would be there," ho remarked.
A Thaaifal Christian
It wa3 m a Baptist church at Sprint
fiold.the other evening, that thoso who
felt they had special came for thauk
fulnes wero asked to testify, aud a
genuine son of toil arose and said :
"I am not much of a public speaker;
I don't know as I am a Christian ;
mebbo I'm not, but the Roverent Heu
ry Ward Becchor said a fortnight ago
as how tho workingman could live ou
bread and wather, and 1 thauk tho
Lord tho newspaper aro giving him
h II for it." lioslon Globt.
Jersey Cattle.
sun, anil iu the rain and suow, it may
be. In tho city ho would havo to work
iu the dirtv, smoky atmosphere of
somo manufactory, or would be ex
posed to just as inclement wcathor a
on tho farm. A farm hand get ting ."JslO
per mouth and his board is making
more money than he would bo in the
city at $40 per month. And yct,whi!o
farm hands arc scarce, Iaborurs in the
city aro ever abundant, and clamoring
for work in every department of busi
ness. In addition to this influx from rural
districts, cities receive the larger
share of immigrants from other coun
tries. The pauper classes cluster in
squalid localities where thero i3 littlo
comfort aud little to do, when outside
of tho cities arc broad farms where
there is much comfort aud much to
do, or new lands inviting them to the
possibilities of ownership. While
every department of labor in tho city
is overstocked, thousands of acres of
public lands await owners and occu
pants. Poonlo havo pervcrsclv looked in ouo
direction for employment. They must
adopt a different rule, aud look in all
directions. They have expected to
fiud employment whero laborers aro
most abundant; they should look for
it whero laborors are scarcest. Inter-Ocean.
Legion cf Honor A Soldier Undo? Napoleon.
Saddle Galls.
To prevent saddle galls tho saddle
should be lined with some smooth,
hard substance. Flannel or woolen
eloth is bad. A hard,finishcd, smooth
rawhido lining, similar to thoso of the
military saddles Is preferable. Then,
if the saddle is properly fitted to tho
horse's back, there will be no galls un
less tho horse is very hardly used.
Galls should be washed with 6oap and
water, and with a solution of three
grains of copperas or blue vitriol to
ono tablesponful of water, which will
harden tho surface, and help to restore
the growth of the skin. White hairs
growing upon galled spots cannot be
prevented.
Residing quietly at No. 333 Julianna
street, is, and has been for twenty
vears, an old soldier of Napoleon I,
Lieut. Solidor Milon, tho record of
whose life would mako a story exceed
ing in dramatic interest many of the
wildest romances of tho day. A rep
resentative of the I'ress had a very
pleasant chat yesterday afternoon with
tho veteran, who will be ninety year3
of ago on tho 10th of November, and
yet is as spry as a man of forty-five or
iifty,aud declares himself that ho is as
young as ho was at thirty. Ho is
cheery and lively in his ways, and de
monstrative whilo talking, as are moat
of thoso born under tho sunny skies of
Italy. He chatted freely, and" gave an
account of his life, which of space
will prevent giving entire, the outlines
only being possible. IIo was born at
Nice, Italy, iu 1787, then under Italian
rule, and the old soldier says soon to
bo so again. When five vcars of gc,
during the first Fronch revolution, hi
father removod to .Naples, anil young
Milon was placed in tho Conservatory
of Music for six years.
When the French troops coma to Na
ples the father went to Nice. Iu 1034,
when Napoleon was crowned Emperor
Milon was assigned as an ensign to the
French National Guard, and he went
to Paris with Col. Cashelandenavo to
get flags. lie was left in Paris and as
signed to the military school ol bt.
Cyr, remaining there ono year, when
he ran away aud returned to his home
in Nice. On the 1th of July, 1806, he
was engaged to tho 2d regiment infan
try of the line, stationed at Alcxandri,
Piedmont. In 1812 he weut into that
horror of the French army tho Rus
siau campaign to Moscow being,lur
ing all its disasters, successfully, sec
retary of the colonel, secaetary of tho
paymaster of the regiment and of the
army. Of his regiment, numbering
2,500 men, only six returned to France
the colonel, drum-major, sergeant
major, quartermaster, commissary and
tho subject of this sketch. Ho was
scut from Polot to Moscow with dis
patches, and was with the artillery,
four pieces of which were attached to
every regiment, during the retreat,
and was taken prisoner at Wilna, Po
laud, where the treatment was good,
but at one of the skirmishes they
drank from a brook that ran water
and blood. Tho veteran summed up
the campaign by laughingly remark
ing, "when wo went to Russia wo
chased the Russians ; when we came
back they chased uc" He was under
command of Marshal St. Cor and Bar
on AVimpffen, tho latter signing hi3
certificate of service, which ho has
framed. Tho cross of the Legion of
Honor wa3 given him personally by
decree of tho "Little Corporal" him
self. Tho official military record 13 as fol
lows: Infantry of the line, enlisted volun
teer, Id regiment of the line, 1806 ,
graded corporal, November 19, 180G;
i'ourrlcr, April 15, 1S07; sergeant, Juue
the time of tho Franco-Prussian war
was to have commanded one of the
two armies of invasion. But wheu
tho Emperor took the field in person
Bazaiue was given the command of a
corps. After the defeat of Marshal
MacMahon, Bazaiuo succeeded to tho
command of the army of tho Rhine.
This was on tho lGlh'of August, 1870.
From that dato the conduct of the
campaigu was peculiar, and on the
27th of October Marshal Bazaiuo sur
rendered Mctz, an army of 160,000
men and 1,800 pieces of artillery.
Tho surrender was a great humilia
tion to France. Bazaine had declined
to recognize what he termed tho in
surrectionary government at Paris,
holding that there "was no govern
ment; there was nothing." He wa3
accused of intriguing iu behalf of tho
Emperor, and of treason to Franco,
lie was tried in 1873 on the charge of
having capitulated with tho enemy
without having exhausted all the
means of defense, was found guilty
aud sentenced to be degraded and
shot. The sentence was commuted
by 1 resident .uacjlahou to imprison
ment for twenty years without mili
tary degredation.
His prison was on the Isle St. Mar
guerite, and he remained there until
Augut9, 1874, when, aided by his
wife, a mo3t devotod woman, he es
caped. The escape was planned and
carried out by Mmc. Bazaiue. The
apartments occupied by the Marshal
opened upon a terrace, which wa3
built upon a precipitous cliff over
hanging the sea. Although a sentry
was pobted upon this terraco,the Mar
shal gained the edge of the precipice
on tho night of August 9th, and de
scended by a knotted rope to a boat
iu which was his wife. Mmc. Bazaine,
taking lho oars herself, rowed directly
to a steamer lying in wait, and the
two went to' Cologne, where they
awaited the arrival of thoir children.
The Marshal wrote a letter to the
French Secretary of War, stating that
he would not havo attempted to es
cape but forjthe humiliating condition
of his imprisonment, and taking the
position that his trial was not rightly
conducted, a3 the members of the
court wero not his poors.
After a time Marshal Bazaine and
family disappeared. Thero were many
stories told as to their whereabouts,
but none more probable than tho one
that identifies him with Osman Pasha.
Tho Turkish Government, having
availed itsolf of tho services of such
an experienced soldier, would bo very
likely to place him iu command of a
great camp like that at Widin, whoro
his experience and military training
would have the best effect. If Osmau
Pasha is Marshal Bazaiue the episodes
of the Russian campaigu but add In
terest to the romantic career of one of
the veteran soldiers of France.
The Jerseys are essentially butter
cows, and iu quantity of milk aro ad
mitted to bo inferior to the Ayrshircs,
Dutch aud Short-horns, though in
richness thoir milk yields from twen
ty to twenty-five per cont. of cream,
while tho ordinary cow a produce av
erages only twelve and a half per cent.
Their nativo pastures in tho islands
aro of the richest kind of feed, aud as
the flush of green grass comes in. the
Jersey farmer tethers his cow and re
stricts her feeding to a circular range
of about a dozon feet, where sho is
forced to eat down the grass as clean
as though it were mowed. She is
usually moved forward several times
during the day, but only two or three
feet at a time, to prevent her tramp
ling the grass. By this mode of pas
turing, cows arc known to havo pro
duced an average of fifty-one pounds
of rich.yellowbuttorina single month
of May or June. Their winter food is
ten to twenty pounds of hay daily to
each cow, a faggot ot straw, with ten
or twenty pounds of parsnips, while
carrots, turnips or mangel-wurzol.
the two first named roots in cnunl
proportions, being preferred in the
production of tho best butter.
As fattening cattle they have but
few good points, though their flesh is
fiue grained, high colored aud of ex
cellent flavor. The best breeders es
teem a largo ield of milk as a serious
drawback iu tho value ot the cow,
since the animals which produce vcry
largc quantities afford proportionately
less butter aud of an interior quality.
At home the Jersey cow is a family
pot; the fawn color approaching to
the tawny preuomiuatiug in the moro
perfect specimens, resembling in col
or, shape and motion that of tho fal
low deer. Tho wooded scenery of
their fields heightens the impression,
a3 the gentle creatures aro seen graz
ing or standing listlessly under tho
shade of branching elm aud leafy
beech. Tho agriculture of theso isl
ands lacks tho improved cultnro of
the day, and had tho development of
the Jersev breed ot cattle, now so
justly celebrated in Great Britain aud
the United states, depended solely up
on the skill and enterprise of the
farmers of the Channel Islands, the
worm at large wouiu stiti oe in lgno
rauce of their superiority iu dairy
qualities over other breeds. Ameri
can Cultivator.
Ths Russians to Finally Conpir.
Field Marshal Count Moltke, it is
ijuui, wu3 aiKeu uy a princely person
age the other day, whether he would
not presage a speedy and complete
victory of tho Russiaus and the entire
subjugation of Turkey. "Certainly."
said the Count; "the" Russian will
vanquish Turkey s. aoon as their
commander-in-chief is found to pos
sess tho four'Ga' which aro nccesiary
to evory General." "And which Uur
'Gs' do you mean ?" asked the Count.s
questionor. Moltke replied; "Geld
Geduld, Genie, and Gluck," (amae
patience, genius and good luck.)
How Bimarck Livea.
Bismarck is living very quiotlr at
Varzin. He receives no visit frui
his noighbors, with the oxccptiou of
his old friend, Count Konigadorf, who
occasionally looks in. Bismarck u
chews oarly rising, getting up at half
past nine. His first brcakfau is taken
on tho veranda of the palace, in com
pany with the Princes and Counter
M. von Bismarck. Tho Prince ridea
morning aud evening. At five ho
dines and thou goes out in a family
coach with all his people. At night
ho drinki champaguo by regulated
doses.
"Say, mister !" said a small bay to
one of the assistants at the public li
brary, "I can't find the books I want to
git into theso here catalogs. I wish
yer'd iind 'em for me." "What work
do you wish to draw?" paternally in
quired tho official. "Well, hev yor
got 'Mulligan tho Master, or the Gorv
Galoot of the Galtee3 ?" Tho man
shook hi head. "Well, I'd liko 'Rod
headed Ralph, the Ranger of the Rear
ing Rialto." "We don't keep any of
that kind of trash, my bov." "Wot
sort of a libery u this, anyway?" re
torted the gamin; "why, It's just like
evcrythin' else in this country run
for tho rich, an' the poor workingman
gits no show at alt." Daitnn TV...
eler.
TheChinsss Qssation.
California is not alone in hor com
plications growing out of the Chinese
question. Australia is also alarmed,
particularly Qneensland, a colony es
tablished in 1850. The head of tho
government at Ciuecnsland has sent a
dispatch to the Premiers of the othor
colonies notifying them that the colo
ny is completely flooded with Chincso
who are flocking there in groat crowds
by virtue of a treaty between Queen
Victoria and the Chinese Empiro. Aa
Queensland is in a tropical climato
and whito men cannot work thero,the
Chinese ought not to ba nntrelcomo
visitors; but what thcanthorities fear
is, that tho colony will shortly be pop
ulated mainly by thorn, bringing with
them all thoir vices. In view of tho
difficult-, if not impossibility, of flop
ping tho emigration, they no'w talk of
compelling them to pay a polI-tox,and
of not allowing them to land unless
they bring their wiros with them.
How to Talk.
To talk well is a talent not possessed
by all. Yot it i3 easily acquired. Fa
miliarize yourself with tho exact
meanings and the nice uses of words
by the study of synonyms. You can
bo careful in vour daily conversation
to avoid false, or vicious,or low forms
of expression, under which head ws
group everything which belongs to
the dictionary of slang, and you can
be equally careful to speak woll. A
little care in the choico of words at
home, aud in your ordinary talk,
would be repaid. If we wero half so
earnest in the formation of our habits
of conversation as we are in. trying to
gain other accomplishments," there
would bo a great additional charm
given to the intercourse of a society.
Bear in mind that simplicity is ele
gance, and pedantry is generally only
transparent self-conceit. The word
which most directly convoys your
meaning is tho best vehicle of your
thought. Secondly, you can read
every day some good, strong, torse
author, whose stylo will insensibly
form and color yours. Nocding to
givo scope and vigor to yeur imagina
tion, read, after the bible, Shakspcaro
and Milton. Never be without some
volume which will help and feod you
and stimulate your own thoughts" to
uew flights.
Growth of Hunan Hair after Death.
Dr. Caldwell, of Iowa, states that
iu 1862 ho was present at tho exhuma
tion of a body that had been buried
two years before. The coffin had
sprung open at tho joints, and tho hir
protruded through the openings. On
opening tho coffin the hair of tho head
was found to measure eighteen inches,
tho wiskcrs oight inches, and the hair
on tho breast five or six iuche. Tho
man had been shaved before boing
buried. In 1817 a similar circumstanc
occurred in Mercer county, Pennsyl
vania. In digging a gravo" the work
man cams upon the skeleton of a man
that had been buried ten years. Tho
hair was as firm as during life and had
grown to the length or cloven or
twelve inches.
Cultivate the Orchard.
Augur Holes in the Stout.
A vessel captain was effecting a char
ter with a well-known ship broker and
alderman yesterday afternoon when
an elevator man walked into tho office
and said to the captain : "Don't trans
act any business with an alderman un
less it is in black and white." The
city father looked up and told tho cap
tain to keep his weather eye open
when the elevator men were around.
"Yes," said the captain, "I always do,
and especially when the spout has au
gur holo3 in it. My vessel was un
loading at an elevator once and when
all tho grain was out I owed the con
cern $50. I had not received a cent of
the freight money, and 1 didu't know
what to do. I thought thero wm a
"nigger in tho fenco" somewnere, and
examined the elevator. I found augur
holc3 lu the spout, and received $500
to keep mum."
The elevator man went off to reflect.
Bujfalo Courier.
Governor Brockmeycr, of Missouri,
when somebody said " to him, "You
can't expect mo to work for a dollar a
day," answered : "Why not? When
I came to this country, a boy of
eighteen, I worked as a bootblack in
the streets of New York. Thirty
yeard ago i worked in a foundry for
three dollars a week, aud 1 saved my
mouey until I hail enough to buy a
pieco of land, and then I wa3 inde
pendent. I should have spent the bal
ance of my life on this piece of laud, j
out was ronton out by the war."
A long experience in fruit growing
has satisfied me that one prolific cause
of short crops from tho orchard, and
the yield, such as it is, of an indiffer
ent character, is the lack of attention
or cultivation among tho trees. An
improssion seems to prevail that about
all an apple tree needs U setting out ;
when that is done it will take care of
itself; so it will, but it will bo only a
tree, not a fruit tree. The act of pro
ducing fruit, a with auy othur crop,
draws essentia! elements from the soil
that must be provided, else, in the na
ture of things the yield must decrease
aud the quality deteriorate. The soil
should bo cultivated by planting some
grain crop, that the soil may be stirred
and its surface made more of an absorb
ent. It is a good practice, now aud
then a srason, to sow pca3. corn, oats,
or some crop that will furnish the de
aired elements, r.nd plow it when
grown, but the practice of seeding an
orchcrd down is attended with peril
to Its greatest fruitfulness. I find the
most thrifty orchard will manifest its
appreciation of thencgloct by shorten
ing up the crop ; and it would bo well
for all who have fruit trees to at once
plow the grouud, if it is in grass, and
put on somo manure, and they will
find my experience is true aud will bo
proven by theirs.
0AKETHALL.
Buried From tha Werld.
A London correspondence has tho
following: "bpeculatiou regarding
Oakcy Hall's whereabouts is a waste
of time. Where he is probably Tory few
know, and they won't tell, ft is prob
able that Hall is still in London. That
he is not seen hero signifies nothing.
Nowhere elso could he be so effectual
ly hidden. It is useless for his friends
to look for him. Those whom ho
would be willing to see knew jf hi
intended flight before he went, and
they know how to communicate with
him. It is Hall's present intention to
be utterly lost to tho world. I havo
reason to boliovc there Is no truth
whatever in the tale regarding his
connection with James Gordon Bcn
nott. Bennett fUtly denies it, at all
events. He mads some inquiries hi
London as to Hall's residence a fuvv
weeks ago, but they wero merely in,
behalf of a friend.
tfatriaosial Soheai HiaianJ.
A widow in ilazardvillc, Connecti
cut, ha3 lost five husbands by powder
mill explosions. "Now, what iu the
name of commou sense," exclaimed
Gail Hamilton, "wa3 the uso of that
woman calling iu a powder mill to do
wnat auv woman ot spirit
handed pen with the terrible name aud
the next minute the pale air was
streaked with ink and Joseph Medill
wa3 leaning out of his sanctum win
dow looking for the rest of tho carth
Jnake. lluwkeye.
The Empress Maria Theresa was left
a widow at an ago when her beauty
was yet striking. She wa3 aecrctly in
formed of a tcheme projected by hor
mrcu principal .minster, to raiko
themselves agreeable to her; of a com
pact mado between them that the los
ers should not suffer themselves to ba
infected with any feeling of jealousy
toward him who shounl be forlunato
enough to gain his sovereign's heart;
and they had sworn that the success
ful one should bo always tho friend
and support of the other two. Tho
Empress, boing well assured of thij
fact, one day, aftor the breakirjr up of
the Ceuucil, over which she had jre
eided, turned the conversation upon
the subject of womou, female sover
eigns, and tho duties of their nx and
rauk, and then applying general re
flections to herselt Iii particular, she
told them she hoped to guard heraolf
all her lifo againat weaknesses of tho
heart; but if over an irresistible feel
ing should mako her alter her resolu
tion, it ahould be only in favor of a
man proof against ambition, not en
gaged iu State affairs, accustomed and
attached only to a private life and its
calm cujvymeuts. In a word, if her
heart Hhould betray her so far as to
lead her to love a rnau invested with
could do
herself?" Aud she called for her two-I anv important oflice, the moment he
should discover her sentiments he
should be contented to resign his
place and his influence with the pub
lic. This was sufficient; the three
Minister?, mure ambitious than gal
lant, gave up their project! forever.
"S

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