Newspaper Page Text
WICHITA, SEDGWICK COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER!, 1881.
1 i V
ffjjt Mlitpi k
M. xr. muhdock. n. r. mcboocx.
M. SI. 3IUBD0CK & BKOTHEB,
rcuusiuccs AND t'ltOrniCTORS.
1 WO 1IUU.AKS l'Ett YKAK, IS ADVANCE
ASVdlSOT SITES IU2S tUJW CM ATPLKATttH.
Mall via. A..T.4S F. railroad, from the
oorlli, arrive at 0:00 a. m. ,dfjiatsat0:05; from
tho south, arrives ati:10 p. i .departs at S:.
Mall via. St. Louis & San Francisco railroad,
arrltesatnUSp. ra. ami drrrtsat:00a. m.
Harper, Anthony. Ruby, Levy arrives Ttics
dav, Thursday "x1 &atnrdy; departs Monday,
Wednesday nod Friday
ICIoinnau, Aflnn. Marshall and St. llarki ar
rive Monday, Wednesday snl Friday ; de arU
Tuesday, Thursday anil t-atunlay
Ilouslass. Iontllle snd Llk Falls arrives at
12 m., Tuesday, Thursday and .Saturday; dejarts
I ji. in. Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Eldorado, Towasda and Benton arrive at G
p. m., Monday. Wednesday and Friday; departs
at 8 a in , Tuesday, Thursday and turday.
Hutchinson, Mt. Hope and Fayette arrive at
II a. m Monday and Thursday, deiirU at 2 p. in.
Ilaysvllle. Uolllnir Green and Clearwater ar-
ri cs Tuesday and alnnlay; departs at a a. in
Monday and Thursday.
Mails coins east and south close promptly at o
p. m. and all other malls half hour before de
parture, FostoEce open for delivery of letters aud sale
df tuinna m.in 7 a. m. to Cli p. m.
Money order department open from S a. in. to
p. in. M. M. S1UUUOCK. V. M.
Mayor Win. Ureiflcnsteln.
City Attorney W. F. Walker.
l'olice Judpe A. A. Gleun.
City Treasurer C. Klmmerle
Marshal James Knlrns.
Cily Clerk Fred ichattner
Justices or the Fence J ullus Junkermann aud
W. W. Thomas.
Constablei K. Grady and J. L. Cooper.
Council. First ward M. Zuiimerly and J.
Milliard , ,
Council, Second warilr.Gctto and Geo. uarrls.
Council, Third ward C. E. McAdams and
JohnM. Allen. ,
Coancll, Fourth wanl-J, I.. Dyer and E. II.
Hoard of Education. Firtt ward Kos Harris
ami II. K ISutler. Second ward A. II. tt right
and J. E. Caldwell. Third ward N. r N.ed
erlanderandM. W. Levy. Fourth ward J. C.
RedfleM and A. J. Eonctdorf
Judse or the Tliirteenth Judicial District E
State senator II. C. SIuss.
Representatives W. E. Stanley. V. M. Dof
fieravre. Hoard of County Commissioner. O. W. Wal
ter, G. W. Meenrud and S. E. Jocclyn.
County Treesurer John Tucter.
County Clcrt E. A. Uoreey.
SheriB 11. II. Watt.
Clerk cif DUtrict Court C. A Van Sess.
1'roUato Jmlre IS. 11. Jewett.
Sup'tof rulillc laslni ctlou Ljdia Kenton.
IU-gloteror Deed C. S. Caldwell.
County Attorney D. M. Dale.
Connty Snrve) or J. K. Hamilton.
Coroner J W. Winpard
Deputy U. S. llarJial James J. Mo', en.
St. John Episcopal Cliurcli Kov. Lewis De
Lew, rector, services on Sunday at 1DJ4 a. in. r.u
IX ji. m.; Weduesday evening t7 seats free.
M. E. Church I!. Kelly, nastor. Services
ever sabbath at lu' o'clock a. m. and 7,'i p.m.
Prayer meetins on 1 hnrxlt c eniug.
St. Alovsus Catholic Clmrdi Rev. McCnll,
pastor, "wnlces u the Sd and 4th Sunday of
very month; high ma3s at lua. in , cjicr at?,
Althodltt. German Rer. E. W . l'laffenbonrcr,
paitor. Uegularstrvlccs at the church bulluing
atl0. a in. ami;', p. in. Fraicr meeting on
Wednesday nljht at 7 ',. n
Frlenils meeting each Fin-t ilay mominp, nntll
lurther notice, at 10H o'clock, on north side of
JLOUf;ia9 avenue, ucinivu iiciauui anu wud
.Ilouee, entrance third door cast of Globe House.
Chrittlan Church Services eierj'Uinl's Oay
at 11 o'clock, A. M ,1" Eagle Hall Sundaj
achool at 10 o'clock, A. M.
llaptlst Church Rev "IV J . tandefur, patter.
Services at 10.JO A. M and 7.3)1' M.-sunday-achool
Immediately after morning semco: jiraj
r meeting Thursday evening.
The M. E. Sabbath school, W. E. Stanley,
Superintendent, meets at the chnrch at SJJ o'clock
- The I'resbyterlan Sabbath school, . . Bar
ton, ijupurintendent, mefU at the Fresbyterlan
church at Ji 211.
German M E. Sunday Bchoftl, meets at the
KhoolhouM.-, at 2Jt o'clock, ji m. 11. Kauttinan,
Eplfcopsl Sabbath school, E. S. Maglll, Suiier
lntendent, ineeu in Episcoj al Cluirch at 2,1; p. m.
Air. OuvctComjlisdej.tXo.12, K.T. Regular
(fecial e firtt Friday of r er mouth.
J . 1". Allen, E. C.
A. W. KiTTlxa, Recorder
WiciUT.ExCAiii-rSo,29, 1. O-O. F. meets
on the second and fourth Thursday ofrach month.
C. C. Fckley, C. I'.
AV. 1. Stem, Scribe.
I. O. O. F. Wichita Lodge So. 03. meeU every
Saturday night at 7 o'clock, at their hall In
Temple lilock. .Ml brothers In good standing
are Invited to attend.
M. W. LKVT, S. i.
II. W. Vices, R. S.
A. F. A A. M Meets on the Frst and third
Monday rEach mouth
Geo. E. Haious, Vi . M.
WICHITA CiuknitE, II. A. M. Meets on the scc
tnd Frlilsy in each mouth.
JT. Allex, II. I'.
Kkigutx ok Hoson, meet at Odd Fellows' Hall,
nery Brit and third Wednesday ofeach month.
J. W. WikQACD, Dictator.
Hob't Jaces, Importer.
FAtEVIEW 3ICTCAL l'EOTECTIO SoClETT
Meet eerv third Saturday of each mouth at'
o'clock J. it., at Falniew school-house, l'ayne
townrhip, Sciigwlck Onnty, Kaunas
10-30-5; J W. Muagg, secretary.
U. S. JND OFFICE.
Donglu Avenue, Conunerclal Block. It. L.
Walker, Regl.ter, J. E. Dyer, Recti er. Office
hours from 9 to 12 a. m. and from 1 to 5 p.m.
JOBS CLACI. 8. V. JOKES.
CLARK i JONES.
Lawteiw, corn' r Douglas aud Emjioria Ave
nuee, Wichita, Kansas. 3-
Aitouxetb at Law, Wichita, Kansas. Office
over liLwnutz A DulUr. 3s-
6LUSS & JIATTOS,
ATroiuccvg, Wichita, Kansas, office In Eagle
H. G. RUGGLES,
Attoii.net at Law, Wichita, Kansas. 17-
AliOa UAIUUS. K09. 11AXUUS
HARRIS i. HARRIS.
ATTOKXEldAT Law, WIcldU, Kansas. Office
In the building occupied by the u. s. Land Office.
Loans negotiated 011 improit-d lauds in Sedg
wick and eumner couutles. 3i-
D. M. DALE,
Attoesev AT Law, Wichita, ICaut-as
So. 'M Doagbu Aenue.
J. M. BALDERSTOS,
Attousetat law, Wichita, Sedgwick county,
Kansas. Office In Outeunlal Block, over Aley's
Shoe store. ap26-
J. F. LAUCK,
ATTOiofKY at Law, firbt door north or U. S.
TjinH iinir. Iii Commercial Ulock. Wichita,
Kansas. Sclal attention given to all kinds of
tiuslness oouuecieu niui me u. a mlu itur
Law aul oollertlou office aer Fanners' acd
UerchaoU' Bank Wichita. Kansas. Refers to
Farmers' and Merchants Bauk. 20-
ATToasEV-AT-LAW, Wichita, Kansas. Office
over Herrlngtou' bookstore R--
JAMia L. DYER,
Arronsiv at Law, Wichita, Kansas.
E B. JEWETT,
attoesetatLav, Wichita, Kansas.
A. VC, McCOY,
Fiiysician AJiD Sl-eoeox Also U. S. exam
ineing burgeon for jieuslons. Office oer Barnes
A tiou'e. Drug Store, Residence on Iji wrence ave
nue In third block north of Methodist church .
DR. A.J. LOXGSDOBF,
IfOKccorATir. Office on Main Street, oyer
Myers iilro' store, tiicnita. zi-
S. S. BAUGHMAK, M. D.t
I'mtsiciaw axd Sueceos, Wichita, Kansas.
Ofiice 18 Uain street, npstalrs. Will be found in
nry office at all hours, day or night, when not
jirofeselonully engaged eUewhere 1-
i). W. SMITH,
Dentist, Eagle Block-, Douglas avenue, Wich
DR. XV L. DOYLE.
Destist. Office over Bames & Son's d
tort, CenJennlU Uloct, Wichita.
German Immigration and Aid Society,
SEDGWICK COUXI'l KAX8A.S.
JNO. P. DIETER, Prident.
S3" IVrsons desiring fnnn hands, laborers,
house f-ervanta, etc., will please notify
JULIUS JUSKEKMAX.V, Secretary.
E3OlIlce, over Farmers and Merchant KanU"Ca
S-tf Wichita, Kansas.
MAGNETIC THEATJIKXT OF DISEASE.
Jin axd Mm. S W RICHMOND,
Eminently successful magnetic healers, are now
located at No. M, South Water street and will
devote their time to healing diseases of eiery na
ture at their residence or at tho residence ol those
desirlnr their services. Mr Richmond learned
to mesmerize when but sixteen yearn old and has.
been wonderfully successful in curing dropsy,
parslyslsnnd epilepsy, and never fails In curing
chronic aud Inflammatory rheumatism, nenral
rla and cases of general debility Mrs. 11. has
had much experience In treating diseases of
women and In practical raldu llery. 42-
Iiotice of Final Setflsment
THE STATE OF KAN 'AS,
Sedgwick County, J 5S"
In the I'robatc Court In and fortald Connty.
In the matter of the estate of Rosa Calvert, de
Creditors and all other persons interested in
the aforeaid estate are hereby notified that at
tho ne.t regular term of the I'robatc Court, in
and for said Connty, to be liegnn and held at the
I'robatc Court room In Wichita, County of-Scdg-wick.
Matt of afonsald, nn the first Monday in
the month of January, A D. IsSJ, I shall apply
to said court for a In 1 and final settlement of
said estate aud for my fees as administrator.
Administrator of Rosa Calvert, deceased.
Notice. Timber Culture.
V. S. I.AXD OFFICE, j
Wlclilta, Kansas, Notembcr21st, 1S1. J
Complaint having been enteredat this office by
W. 11 . ltu-cll against l 1'. Owen for failure to
comply wltli law as t timber-culture entry No
1233, dated June 7th, U.S. upon lot 3, section 11,
townships; south, range 1 el, in sedgnlck
County, Kansas, with aIew to the cancellation
of said entry; contestant alleging that the said
I). I' Owen has wholly failed to break, plow or
cultivate and of said land, or plant and cultivate
timber thereon as required b law, the said par
ties are hereby ssmmoued to appear at 'lil-i office
011 the 21et day of December, 11, atO o'clock
A M , to respond and furnish testimony concern.
Ing said alleged failure.
J3-5 It. L. WALKER, Register.
To the Honorable, tlie Iio'ird of Conuty Commis
sioners of -edgttick Oountv, Kansas
We, the undersigned property liolders of Sedg
wick County, and more eiiecUlly of Wiclilti
ton-iirhlp, do respectfully 1 etitlin yon to make
an appropriation tuQicient to grade the road be
ginning at thecoutb-ncst corucrof tectionNo
;i in towmhip 27, Kulh of range 1 a-t, thence
eat along and between sections SI and IB to the
Houth-eai-t corner of the couth-west quarter ol
section luintowjshlp 27, outhof range 1 twt,
the etlmated coat of which Is four hundred
(3l(. CO) dollars.
S. S. R1DLK,
34-3 anil fifty-seven others
Notice for Publication.
Lasd Office. 1
At Wichita. Kitisas, Xov. Kith, 1SS1. (
Notice Is hereby given that the following
narr.cd settler ha- tiled notice ol his inten
tion to make dual proof in t-npport of hi
claim, aud that aIU proof will be made be
fore the V. S. I JUil Oflico at Wichita, K:m
m, on December 3Ut. 1SS1, viz: Joliu WIII
isnis, for the toulh-wcst fractional quarter oi
section IS, tovihip UJ rausu U wrt.
He names the following witnesses lo proc
his contlnuotit- reridence upon, and cultiva
tion of, said land, iz: II. II. Ilansou, John
Ilati-on. Aliruham Tire aud Thomas Will
iams all orSciigwtcV 1". O., Harvev Coutitv,
Kansas. R L. WALicnn,
Notice of Fiual Settlement.
The State of Kansas. )
Sedgwick. County, J "
In the I'robatc Court in and for said Coun
In the matter of the ei-tate of Jacob Lan,
Creditors diid all other persons interested
in the aforesaid esdnte are hereby notified
that st the nest regular term of the Probate
Court, in and for said County, lo be begun
aud held at the Probate Courtroom in Wich
ita, County of Sedgwick, State of aforesaid,
on the firt Monday in the mouth of January,
A. I). )Si-2, 1 tball" apply lo said court for a
full and linal settlement of said estate nud for
my fees as administrator.
31. W. Levy,
Administrator of the estate of Jacob Lang,
2S3 acre In sec 31, twp. 28, r 2e, Gyum twp
ICO acre." In nee. 27. tu p. 2S, r 2e do
S) acres In sec. 13. twji. 28, r. le, Waco twp.
ICOacresin pec. 17. twp. 1. r. le, do
1UQ acres In sec 22, twp. 28, r. 3w, Alton tr.-p
lUOacre.In sec 25, twp 27, r I w, Delano tup.
liiO acres In sec Is, two 23, r 2c, Cypsuni twp
100 acre- In sec. 2, twp. 29. r. Iw, Ohio twp
ICO arres in sec 2J, twp. 2-J. r. 1 w, do
IC 1 acres in sec. 26, twp. 29, r. Iw. do
100 acres In sec 30. twp. 2S, r Iw. Kile twp.
) acres In sec 2G, twp. 2, r 4w. Morton twp.
40 acres in see. II and II, twp. 2S, r. Iw do
3JJ rcrcs in sees. 21 and 25, twp. 27, r. 4 w Crar.d
lCJacresinsec IS twp 27, r 2w. Attica twp.
100 acres in sec. 17, tup. 2i. r 2w.IllIuol twp.
All of the above lands will be sold for ca'h, (or
on lime atbp rcent in'erestou payment nfmie
third cn-h. A Iczj nun vill tlarve on any afthm.
An energetic man can Invest the proceeds of his
croiwluU S. 3 ier cents In thrco sears and lite
a tjiell) on the lnte est.
Harris a .tiarris.
(Office same building with U. 8. Land Office )
In the District Court of Sedgwick Couuly,
ltobcrt Cnthbert )
John Akin. )
Tlie alxii c named John Akin Is hereby notified
that he has been sued by the above named plain tiff
lu theDittrlct Court of SedgnickCounty, state of
Kansas, and that unless he answer the ix-tltlon
of said plaiutiCagaiust him, filed In said action
In the office of the clerk ofsaid court, by the Sutli
day of December, Ibil, said petition will be ta
ken as true, and judpnenl will be rendered lu
said action In favor of said plaintiff and against
said defendant for the sum of fifty-fiie dollars,
with interest thereon from tlie 3lth day or Octo
ber, lev-0, at the rate of 12 Ir cent per annum,
and fur the sale of the following rial estate, ly
ing and situate In tho County of Sedgwick aud
Slate of Kan-as, to wit.
1 he north-west quarter of the sonth-wes quar
ter of section 2i lu township 29, south of reuge
two east, under a mortgage to satisfy said sum
of money. Interest and costs ofa'd action In ac-
coniauce wmi me praerui fain iirimtui
.11 v. ana . 1. iulau, i-iain-
School Land Sale.
Public notice Is hereby given that I will
offer at public sale to the highest bidder oil
&iturda?, DtccmberXiUt, 1S1,
In accordance with the provision ol chapter
122 of the session laws ol the State of Kan
sas, for the year A. I). 187U, regulating the
rale ol school lands, "aud acta amendatory
thcrcof and supplemental thereto," the fol
lowing described property, to wit;
Se.'i of nwl of sec. 16, twp. 23, range 3-.V, ap
iiraledatf.3 00 per acre.
itxrii or dm '4 ol sec JO, twp. 23 range 3w, ap
praised at 3.o0 lier acre.
seif or nwU oi sec 10, twp. 2S, range 3w, ap
iiraised at $3 00wr aere luiiroements Sli 00.
SW.'i or u vr'i or tecllon '.C, tw M range 3w, ap-imiii-ed
at $3.00 jr acra.
Se.'l of se,U or section 10, twp. 2J, range 3w, ap
praised at S 0J per acre
SwM of se'i of section 1, twp 28 range 3w, i
pralsed at S3.00 lr acte
kcJ of sej or section IB, twp 23, raugeSw, ap
praised at 83 03 per acre
swU of seJiof i-ection 10, lwp.2j, range 3w, up
praised at MOO per acre.
Said sale will be held at the office of the
County Treasurer of Sedgwick Couuty, Kan
sas, between the hours of 10 o'clock A. 31.
and 3 o'clock P. 31. or said day.
County Treasurer, Sedgwick County, Kan
sas. Wichita, Kansas, 'ov. lltb, 1831. 31-5
In the Probate Court, Sedgwick County, Ivan-
lu the matter of the rttato of J. Host Minuicli,
To tlie heirs of J. Ilout Miunich, and all others
lttereted lu saide-I.ite-
You are notified that the undersigned duly ap
pointed administrators of the estate of J J'out
Jlluuic.li, late of Sedgwick County, Kan-as, de
ceased, have filed In Uilii coart their petition.
jiisTing that an onler may be made by sjld ourt
tor the sale or the following real estate situate in
in Sedgwick County, Kansas, to wit.
Lots 121, J22, 123 and 121 on Gergia aeuue;
lots 13, . 45, 40, 17, . 119, 122 and 121 on Balti
more avenue; lots 30, 32, 31, SO, 33, 10, 42, 44 and
46 on Market street; tho tract known as "ilia
nlch's Iteserve." "lhe Public square," all In
the town of El l'aso, a$uown by the reccrdeil
plat thereof! also, lot No. 1 and the north-west
quarter of the north-east quarter of section 12,
township 29, range 1 east, except that ort!on
platted as the town of EI l'asoj also, the north
east quarter of -section 12, township 29, rar.go2
catt-aUo, the west half of the south-east quar
ter or section I, township 29, range I ent; lots
Xos Sand 11 on Mead's aienuein East Wichita,
except 10 feet off the south side of said lot No 8,
to iay the debts of said deceased aud the costs of
adminl-tcrtng said estate
You are further notified that said petition will
be heard at the office of the Judge of the Probata
Court of Sedgwick County, at hU office In the city
of Wichita, lo said County, on Thursday, the
first day or December, ltSsl, at the hour or 10
o'clock in the lorenoon, and yon may appear at
that time and place and show cine vruy tho
prayer of ald petition should not be granted.
' JOHX TUCKElt,
Administrators of the estate or J. Ilout Min
SI-l Sluss&IHttOD. Attorneys,
DOES WHEAT TORN INTO CHEAT.
To iU Eiilor of the Eagle :
We think it certainly does under certain
unfavorable conditions. Upon what princi
ple? Atavism, or inverted Evolution. Xear
ly all plants and animals that are used by man
arc Improvements upon simitar forms of life
that exist in a state of nature. AH forms of
life tend to progress or improve under favor
able conditions, that U under proper culture.
On tho contrary they tcndlo retrogade or to
return to the original forms whence they
sprang, when placed foe any length of time
under unfavorable conditions. Tho former
principle is evolution, or that progressive
impulse by which tho higher forms of life
arc evolved from the lower. Tholattcrpriu-
clplc is atavism, or the tendency- that all
higher forms of life have to return to their
original or ancestral forms when placed for a
sufilcicnt time under unfavorable circum
stances. One principle necessarily implies
the other. According to Darwin, species are
only permanent varieties. By the same law,
varieties are only variable species. All sim
ilar varieties, whether of plants or animals,
"pring fioni a common ancestor. The apple,
in all its different varieties, comes from the
crab, and the many kinds ol peaches, necta
rines, etc., are descended from the almond.
Tlie peach shows this origiu at certain sea
sons, by bearing almonds as well as peaches
on the same tree. 3"ot to notice f.uthcr tho
cudjeis forms of life that refer themsehes to
commou ancestors that st'M exist In a wild
state, or have long since become cxtiuct, we
pass on to state our belief: that cheat, or
chess, is the original ancestor of all the va
rious forms of wheat now cultivated ami un
der certain unfavorable conditions, in ac
cordance with the law of atavism, the latter
may rcert to the former. The latter lact is
certainly true, it the opinions of a large class
of observers go forany thing. And we must
bear in mind that those who deny tho fact do
so upon the improbability rather tliau upon
the evidence. We will now give two exam
ples in point, one reported in tlie New York
Sun, the other .1 case coming under our owu
obseivation. Case first, a fanner living in
'In the year 1S79 he cleared a piece of ir-
giu pine forest and put it into wheat. The
fall of the large piucs upon the soft mellow
soil had made deep grooves in the surface
that subsequent cultivation did not entirely
till. In these long narrow depressions water
stood upon the wheat more or less Uuriug
the following winter. The next season the
wheat that grew in these depressions on the
surface was a splendid crop of cheat. Tlie
rest of the field grew a line crop of wheat.
Whence cune the cheat J"
Cate second: In the fall of 1ST" 3Ir. Ar
metit sowed the first wheat ever planted on
the farm of Dr. L II. Allen uear this city.
We suppo-e Ihe seed planted was at least or
dinarily clean, as Mr. Armcnt is well known
as a careful farmer. That rail there was an
excellent stand of wheat all oer the field.
The winter of 1ST" was a wet one and water
stood in the low places more or less of the
time, and froze upou the wheat. The next
soa-ou, just before hart ct, casually passing
near the northwest corner of the field, tve-
notlccu that just at tlie corner and for a lit
tle distance away, hardly a head of wheat
wa to be seen, tt hile the cheat stood there
as thick an the wheat in other p-irts of the
field. This comer of the wheat field lapped
over into a little "swale,' or low place, such
as is oflen lound iu these bottoms. Follow
ing the Hue of the field to Ihe east where
there was a gradual rise to a higher ground
wc observed that the cheat thinned out and
the wheat thickened iu until within the space
of two rods the latter stood thick upon the
ground, whilt the formcrhad nearly or wholly
disappeared. Our attention hating been
drawn to Ihe subject iu this manner, we
found on further examination that the same
phenomena existed, more or less, all over
the field. The cheat was confined almost en
tirely Jo the low places, where it preponder
ated, while very little oi It was to be found
upou the higher and dryer grouud.
But says an objector" "The cheat was t cry
likely sown with the wheat." It is a matter
for philosophical contemplation what sort of
a "sower" a farmer could make use of that
should throiv the wheat upon the high places
and cheat into the low ones, especially where,
as in case first, the low places had Tjeeu made
by the simple fall of a tree. The same arsu
mei't is good against the idea advanced by
many : that the cheat is of spontaneous ori
gin, with the additional reason against it:
that it is remarkable, if the cheat is of vol
unteer origin, none should make its appear
ance out-ide of the sharp lines and angles of
the wheat field.
The fact is that cheat is a plant that seldom
troubles the farmer outside of the limits of
the wheat fields and during certain unfavor
able years. It is also highly probable that
while the immediate change from ono to the
other takes place within the limits of a sin
gle season, the natural stamina or vigor of
the wheat has been undergoing a slow pro
cess of deterioration by poor cultivation and
bad seasons, possibly for several seasons pre
vious to the cheat year. Wc think this is
likely to be fouud.truo.
But, says some one : "Why will uot cheat
turn to, or produce, wheat If" Wc never
heard of any ono sowing cheat to try it, and
if he should do so he would likely have to
try it inauy seasons aud with careful culture
to bring it back again into wheat. Still, we
think it could be doue. But the law of au
tism works more rapidly than the law of ev
olution. It is far easier to run a thing Jou-n
than it is to run itvp.
But we have written this more for the pur
pose of stimulating inquiry into tlie subject
and to call out the Ideas of others than from
any oilier design. And here we will leave
ihe subject for the present.
S. A. 3lEimi:i.r..
QDITEIU'S MORAL RESP0NSIBIL1TF.
One of the clearest and strongest articles
on the ques ion of Guitcau's mental condi
tion tve find in the Cincinnati Ganttt, under
the heading of "Insanity aud Murder." The
follow ing paragraphs seem to us to cover the
"Does lie know when he kills that he does
that for which the penalty Is hanging)' Then
he should be hanged, uo matter what insane
pranks he may play. It is necessary to him,
and to restrain others like him. Does the
tnanslaycr know the latv'n consequence of
his decdr Then the consequence should fol
low. Even rating maniacs arc subject to
fear of punishment. The threat of the whip
is a terror to them. What folly aud aban
donment to hold that persons who arc a lit
tle queer, butare thought sane enough tobc
at large, are not responsible, when they
know the penalty of their offense I
"If it be said that to commit a crime know
ing tho law's penalty, is proof of Insanity,
then there would be no conviction forany of
fense. Before the law one man's life should
be as precious as another's. The Gatttti
docs not desire any straining of the law to
convict Guiteau, because the man he mur
dered was President. We have expressed
views similar to these with regard to several
atrocious acquittals of murderers in our
State courts, upou the plea of insanity,
through juries duped by alleged medical ex
perts, who testified as if there was a fixed
boundary between sanity and insanity, and
they knew the exact line."
HE GOT DRONE HIMSELF.
Gov. Gorman, of .Minnesota, is ex-otlicio
Indian agent for the Minnesota IudiausY At
a recent council with the Cbippewas, he
threatened any of them who might be found
drank, with the loss of their annuities, and
said that whst was thus forfeited, should be
equally divided auong the sober ones. Jlole-in-thc-Dark,
a distinguished orator, remark
ed in reply, that it was just, but that the
rule ought to bo applied to the agent, who
was a great man, and had a great annuity. It
ought to be taken from him and dit ided, like
the.olhc.r8, for he gotdrunkTery often. The
Indian had him tlut time.
ANNUAL REPORT OF: POSTMASTER GEN
Wasihxgtox, November 21. The post
master general has submitted his report
showing tho operations of tho department
for the fiscal year ending June SO, 18S1. It
shows this department of tho government to
be in a prosperous condition, and ncaring
the time when the debit and credit sides of
the balance sheet will be together.
Its financial statement is as follow :
Expenditures ......., $.50,2.11,73040
Receipts 3J,78J,X97 07
Excess or expenditures $ 2,4CC,333 40
"Bad debts" and "compromise"
accounts. 11,790 S3
. 42,741,732 05
Kxcess or expenditures 8 920,077 93
The total number of postage stamps,
stamped cut elopes and postal cards issued
was 1,501,311,342. valued at 831,025,435,01,
showing an aggregate of 7.9 over the fiscal
year ending June 3a, 1SS0.
The whole number of letters mailed In this
country during the fiscal year was 1,010,107,
334. The number reaching the dead letter
office 3,333,031. Of these 2,791,050 were un
claimed domestic letters ; 270,244 held for
postage, aud 24 1, KG misdirected. The re
mainder came under rules forbidding trans
mission. Of those opened 18,017 were lound
to contain money amounting to $40,537.80;
22,012 contained money orders, drafts, etc.,
the aggregate face value of which was 1,-
93,0J2.54; 33,731 coutainc'l photographs, aud
in 75,213 were found valuable at tides. The
amount of money separated from dead let
ters for which uo claimant could be found
was ?C,5M.40. Two thousand, six hundred
and fourteen registered letters reached the
dead letter otUce, and of these 2,131 were
finally dclltcrcd to the owners.
The total number of registered letter; aud
parcels was 8,333,910. The amount ol regis
try fees collected was 712,SS2.20,aniucrcasc
over the pretious jcar of 19.19 percent.
The registry system is now in most excellent
The money order ststeni is growing under
the influence of prosperous trade and the in
fluence of immigration, with the rapid dc-
telopmcnt of the newer states and territo
ries, and the demand for additional inter
communication aud exchange. The whole
number of money order offices now in oper
ation is 7,003,232, valued at 103,075,700.33.
The value of payments is 104,024,853.01.
This shows au increase of 4.71 per cent.
The atcrage of the orders issued was $13.71,
and the fee 12 02-100 cents. There are seventy-seven
cases of alleged lost remittances
The conventions for the exchange ol mon
ey orders between tho United States on the
one hand, aud Switzerland, Great Britain
and Ireland, the German Empire, Canada
aud Newfoundland, and France aud Algeria
on the other, have remained iu force, with
out alteration, siucc the close of the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1SS0. A contention ha
rcccutly becu concluded for the establish
ment or a like system of exchange between
tho United States and the island of Jamaica,
to go iuto operation on the 1st of January
next, aud negotiations for a similar purpose
are now in progress between the United
States and the British. Auslralliun colonics
of Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania
aud New Zealand.
The postmaster general urges a new build
ing for the money order system iu Washing
ton. He speaks of the growth of the de
partment, of its increase iu the west, aud of
tho rc-cstablNhmcut of the southern mail
scrt ice at the close of the war. There Isalso
mention of the period when straw bidding
prctailcd, aud of the scandals that had at
tended the postofllcc department during the
past quarter of a century.
The country has reached that stage in the
progress of its material development where,
it seems, an effort ought to be made to bring
the debt aud credit sides of the department's
balance sheets nearer together. All or near
ly all the long and cxpensitestarroutes hate
been superseded by railroad scrtice. The
cost of tho star service ought therefore to
rapidly decrease in the western states and
Tfic actual payment forjthe railway mail
service during the fiscal year ending 1S31,
was $11,411,110.90. The cost for the current
fiscal year will be 12,000,001, and the esti
mates for 1SS3 arc 13,181,001. The enor
mous growth of railroads in 1SS0 and 1831,
and their auticipatcd increase of mileage in
the near future, will account for a great pro
portion of the augmented cost of the service.
But there is another cause which must also
be taken into consideration. The increase
in the weight of the mail transported by the
trunk lines has been unparalleled and the
maximum does not appcarto havobceurcach
ed. It is undoubtedly true that while some
railroads may uot be paid for the service they
render, the great majority are overpaid.
There is and always has been a disposition
on the part ol railroad corporations in deal
ing with the department to exact their own
tenns. The subject Is a complex one, and
while It demands immediate attention it
should have a most careful consideration.
Some saving ha already been cfiectcd in
the matter oi allowance of postmasters, and
still wore tiL. 'Jjc practicable The salaries
of postmasters, iu towns of 10,000 inhabitants
and less arc greater than the compensation
for equally onerous aud responsible duties
paid by banks and express companies. A
Saving iu this direction can be made without
Injustice to the officeholders or detriment to
the postal service.
If these suggestions are deemed worthy of
consideration, and congress carries tlicm out,
the reduction of letter postage from three to
two cents will be possible within three years.
1 believe this reduction could be accomplish
ed without the proportionate dimuuution of
receipts which followed the adoption of
three-cent postage in 1851. The people have
shown their appreciation of cheap postage.
The Introduction of the postal card, Instead
of diminishing tho receipts, has on the whole
largely increased them. Two-cent postage
would, I believe, after one or two years'
trial, produco the same result. It is my de
liberate judgment that two-cent postage Is
feasible Ju the near future. I would favor
it even if tho rates ofpostagc on third aud
fourth class matter had to bo Increased.
Tho great mass of people arc interested in
cheap letter postage.
Postmaster James next discusses tho reor
ganization of the mail scrt ice aud subsidies
connected therewith. He speaks .of foreign
malls and the cost of the ocean mail service.
Niuc countries and colonics have since the
last report declared their adhesion to the
postal union. He sugests an tmprotement
of the mail communication with .Mexico.
There arc 00,530 employes in the postoflicc
department of the govcrmnct. The free de
livery system was extended during the year
to Leadvllle, Colorado; 3Ianslield, Ohio;
31eridcn, Conuccticut; Richmond, Indiana;
and Zauesvillc, Ohio.
During the past year there have been 401
arrests of post officials; 42 of this number
were postmasters aud 11 assistant postmast
ers. The laws governing permissible writing
on mall matter of tho fourth class and ex
plosive and other dangerous articles iu the
mails are referred to The postmaster gener
al advises a new edition of the "Postal laws
BALAEIIJ OF LAUUE OST:cX
Chicago, HI &.10J.0G0
Philadelphia, I'a Iso.Guo
uoston. Mass 150,000
St. .Louis, 3Io . , ISO.OoO
Cincinnati, O ,. SXl.OU)
San Francisco, Cal. . 350,000
llaltimore, Jld , 20O.COJ
In view of tho facts thus presented it is
recommeuded that tho compensation of the
postmasters at Chicago, Philadelphia, Bos
ton aud St. Louis be increased to $7,0)0, and
that of tho postmasters at Cincinnati, San
Francisco, New Orleans and Baltimore to ?6,-
000 per annum.
The report closes with the pcstmasler
general's view of conducting the office on
business principles. In conclusion, govern
ing tho selection and retention of employes,
"Tho public 13 best served by houest, ex
perienced and competent officers, and
changes, therefore, should be made carefully
aud only for reasons affecting official con
duct. 3Iy views upon this subject are tho
result of prolonged official experience, and I
am persuaded that the practical application
ofthese principles would promote public mor
ality, increase the economy and efficiency of
the public service, and assuage tho fury of
party spirit, against which Washington
warned the country as its chief peril."
DEFECTS OF 0DR SCHOOL SYSTEM.
The press is paying some attention to the
matter of schools. The criticisms are very
general, Public sentiment iu this country
seems to run iu waves. There has been, for
fifteen years, a special awakening on the sub
ject of education. This has been in the di
rection of providing means of educating the
youth. If it could be ascertained how much
money has been invested iu improving the
means for educating the children of the coun
try, in tho time above named, no doubt the
figures would be startling. Now a wave ol
inquiry as to the result of this vast expendi
ture seems to be sweeping over the country.
The people are saying, "What are tve getting
for our investments in school houses, in im
proved furniture and apparatus, iu educat
ing teachers, and for the millions glvett-tol
school book publishers?" The inquiry is a
very proper one, and a very important one,
also. It is gathering strength every day.
Whiic the question was whether tho funds
should be raised to improve the facilities for
educating the children of the country, those
who crsticiscd were regarded with suspicion.
Liberality and the advanced and enlightened
citilization of the time won tbo tictory.
That fight Is over. The policy of liberally
supporting common schools by taxation is no
longer questioned in this Union, except iu
very limited and obscure sections. The time
has come when the exposure of ail that is
wrong or defective in school management,
can only inure to the benefit of the schools,
and hence the press is demanding reform.
The uniformity of the complaints is the most
striking thing about the demand. This re
sults from the fact that the common schools,
especially in all our cities, arc of oue stereo
typed pattern in organization and routine,
slavish imitations to a model to which all the
teachers are trained till they seem wedded to
Its defects and incapable of suggesting or as
serting any change. Reform must, therefore,
come from without, aud tho journals of our
leading cities are handling the subject ener
getically. There is great dissatisfaction with that sys
tem of grading which requires the pupils to
advance iu platoons exactly abreast in each
of a half dozen studies at once, or uot to be
advanced at all. But the universal complaint
is that the course of study in tho graded
schools is arranged primarily Tor the text
book publishers, and that, whether so Intend
ed or not, it does wrest from three fourths of
the children the benefits which they might
receive, and which they should receive from
the schools. Instead of giving these little
ones the key to knowledge and sclf-improvc-meut
while they cau remain iu the schools to
receive; instead of teaching them reading,
writing and arithmetic between the ages of
six and ten, the course of study is begun up
on a foundation as broad as If they were to
remain in the schools from six to twenty.
They are required to begin a multiplicity of
studies which they can never complete, and
are thus deprived of tuition and opportunity
in the essential branches they might master
before the poverty of the family withdraws
them from school and puts them at work. In
regard to the public schools in that city the
Philadelphia Ittcori says :
"Of the 50.000 primary scholars barely fifty
per ccut. go into the secondary schools. Forty-two
per cent, of the scholars who get from
the primary schools into the secondary never
get any further. They do not reach the
grammar schools, and, worse yet, they do
not reach a well-grounded knowledge In
reading, writing and arithmetic They aru
tolerably ready to be educated ; but they arc
not as ready as they should be to get about
their business in the world. "They are the
youngsters for whom the common schools
were protided, but for whom the common
schools of Philadelphia do not adequately
provide. 31oney that should first be dedicat
ed to the proper housing and schooling of
thcnc infauts between thu ages of six and
eleton years is devoted to furnishing a high
er education for scholars who should be oth
erwise provided for at private expense. The
difference in the average yearly cost of teach
ing the pupils in the primany schools and the
pupils in the high schools is the difference
between 10 per head aud 50pcrhcad. The
money that is poured out like water by the
people of Pennsylvania for tho maintenance
of public schools is very much of it squan
dered in the effort to reach beyond what is
practical for all school children into a system
which is possible or desirable only for a few.
As wc said at first we say again the system
Here is the statcmcut that over seventy per
ccut. ol the children iu the Philadelphia
schools, though they are iu school about five
years, have to be withdrawn before they
reach a well-grounded knowledge of reading,
writing and arithmetic! Tho Chicago Tri
bune alleges a still worse state of affairs iu
that city. It says :
"The present system, which costs the tax
paycrsodearly,is largely a failure. Between
80 and 93 per cent, of the children who at
tend the public schools of this city leave them
as goon as they can read and write. Beyond
that point, the time spent at school Is re
garded by many parents as pretty much
wasted. They see their children tied down
to a routine car which moves but little faster
than a snail's pace. Boys who could master
their arithmetic in one session arc held back
so ns to consume several. Girls who .could
go th ougu their English grammar in a lew
months are kept at it for several years, sim
uly because some scholars can go no further
in those studies. The school history of the
United States cau be succinctly studied by
mauy quick aud apt pupils in oue term, but
they arc not permitted to do it iu less than
several terms, and so of all the studies. This
bad system must be broken up and common
sense be permitted to take its place. The
teachers are not earning their wages In the
educational results they arc accomplishing
for the rising generation."
The Inter Ocean of tho samo city says :
"The course of study in connection with
the grades of classes is made up on a theory
that every child spends more years iu school
than he actually docs. The theory falls to fit
the facts in ono thiid or ono halt the cases,
and yet the course of study does uot bend to
the requirements of the boys and girls who
arc compelled to begin the struggle In life
Citizens' associations are forming to de
vise and apply some remedy for this evil.
The remedy may yet take the form ol a posi
tive law, forbidding tho waste of a child's
time upon any other study until he is well
drilled in reading, writing and arithmetic.
As It is his precious years are lrittered away
with drawing lessons, geography got by rote,
a dull collection of jejune facts and dates
called history, etc., so that the school funds
arc practically- administered and applied for
the benefit of the favored few who have leis
ure aud means to complete a thorough educa
tional course, while the very classes of chil
dren for whom the common schools were pri
marily intended are cut off from the feast.
It is evident there must be a change.
Some days ago, tve said that unless hunters
brought us some of the game they bragged
about, we would not publish their fabulous
tiles. The following afternoon, a man from
over near Laramie Peat, brought in eleven ar looks troubled, and observes :
blackbirds, and a mule that be bad shot byf "Now, where in the world are them chil
mlstake, and laid them at our feet. Wc do.dren? If they ate out robbing trains again,
I not insist on documentary evidence now any
From the Atchison Champion.
A QUESTION FOR REPUBLICANS.
The Paola J!ejuMcaa says that while it Is
strongly In favor of temperance and good
morals, it is unalterably opposed to making
the temperance question the paramount Is
sue in the political arena. It adds:
"The Republican believes in letting men of
all parties vote upon this question as they
please, believing that tve can safely trust the
solution of the question to the moral senti
ment of the whole people, regardless of par
ty lines, and that it is not and ought not to
be made a plank In the party platforms. The
Itcpublican party Is made up from men of all
shades and conditions of life, and is made up
of temperance menandanti-tcmpcranccmcn;
of religious and non-religious men, ami to at
tempt to whittlo the principles of the Repub
lican party down to this one idea, would, tve
believe, be fanatical in the extreme, and
would bo prejudicial to the interests of the
country, as It would endanger the suprema
cy of the Republican party, which has long
been styled, and truthfully, too, the party of
liberal instincts and progressive ideas."
Wc copied an article from the Winficld
Courier, expressing like sentiments, a few
days ago, and one of similar Import from the
Fort Scott Monitor a few weeks ago.
It is quite evident that this question will
presont itself for decision in the nearfuturo,
and it is time that sincere Republicans should
be giving it consideration. The policy or
impolicy of committing the Republican party
to an endorsement of prohibition is one upon
which there Is likely to be a wide and sharp
difference of opinion even among Republi
cans who arc earnest temperance men. The
extracts tve bavc published, from tho papers
named above all of them steadfast advo
cates of the prohibition amendment and law
prove this. We may add, with appropri
atcness, the following extract from the Junc
tion City Union, whose old editor, Geo. W.
Martin, has recently resumed editorial con
trol. That paper sat g :
"We arc opposed to drunkenness, aud all
wo can do about it is to say : do as tve do.
As a moral question it will always be with us
and is worthy the thoughtful effort of every
man ; more especially his example rather
than the product of his lip. But as a legal
and a political question, wc arc of the opin
ion that it is a gorgeous fraud. When some
fellow is done riding it that will be the last
of it as a political .question until some other
fellow wants to ride It. Aud as a legal ques
tion the farce of whisky trials was just as
apparent under the old license law as it is to
day." 3Ir. Martin is not only strictly temperate,
but he has always been an earnest adtocate
of temperance. A lew years ago he wrote a
letter to the Union which was the most vigor
ous, eloquent and contiucing argument in
favorof temperance that tve have ever seen
in print. There was no gush orsentiment in
it. It was a square, truthful talk about what
liquor had done in Junction City about the
men, personally known to the writer and the
members of the Club, it bad ruined, morally
and financially ; about the danger attending
"social" drinking; and tho story was told
with such directness and t igor that no oue
who read it could have failed to be vividly
impressed by it.
It is quite evident, however, Iremtlieabove
extract, that 31 r. JIartin docs uot believe the
present law has accomplished what its sup
porters claimed it would; and, entertaining
such opinions, he would of course be opposed
to committing the Republican party to its
But this is a question, us tve have said, up
on which even the most earnest advocates of
prohibition may differ. It is one thing to fa
vor temperance and the adoption of laws to
suppress the evils of intoxicating drink; it
is anothc and an entirely different thing, to
make this a partisan question, by committing
the Republican party to it.
That such an effort will be made, however,
is absolutely certaiu, and hence it is time that
its policy or impolicy should be thoroughly
discussed. The Rvpublii au press of the
State ought to bring up the subject, and en
deavor to a-certaiu the drift of Republican
sentiment concerning it. We do not believe
that those men who arc prohibitionists first
and Republicans afterwards are the men,
whose opinions shou'd be consulted. This
class of men would destroy the Republican
party, and dance with delight over its grave,
if it did not fully agree with their ideas upon
the subject of prohibition. But there is a
very large class of Republicans who are earn
est temperance men or prohibitionists if the
term is a better one who are first and fore
most and always Republicans. And these
arc they the men who love and reverence
the Republican party, and believe in it sin
cerely, for what it has been, is, and is to be
these are they who ought to discuss and de
cide this question. Not iu passion ; not in a
spirit ol resentment; not with reference to
its effect on the personal ambition of this or
that man ; not with a view of building up or
tearing down anybody; but with reference
only and solely to the welfare and continued
triumph of the Republican party.
BROTHER GARDNER'S OBSERVATIONS.
"Doorin' my three score y'ars of life, I
have obsarved some curus things," began
Brother Gardner, as the thermometer showed
93 degrees and rising. "I hev obsarved, fur
instance, dat men most consarncd 'bout dc
welfare of do kentry, am do men who do
least to prosper her.
"I hev obsarved dat de politcsliun who sots
out to save de kentry, am gin'rally hauled up
for robbin' her.
"I hev obsarved dat de men who seem to
hev do most sympathy for de poor, nebber
wait five minutes to foreclose a chattel mort-
"I hev obsarved datgood clothes and Impu
dence, wilt pass for riches and education.
"I hev obsarved dat brag and bluster am
better dau argument and tntf.
"I hev obsarved dat a grand monument In
a graveyard doan hide da meanness of a
dead mau's relashuns.
"1 hev obsartcd dat charity kin make pau
pers almost as fast as a contlagrashun.
"I hev obsarved dat while all agree dat
honesty am do best policy, not one man in a
hundred hesitates to work a lead' uickle off
on a street kyar company.
"I hev ob'arved mauy oddcrthlngs equally
strange and inconsistent, and I am prepared
to say to you :
"Mottoes doan mean blzncss.
"31axim kin be forgotten faster dan writ
"Promises am a wheel with one cog gone.
"Friendship will last as long as you kin af
ford to pay 10 per cent, per annum. Let us
now proceed to biznesj."
The sorting of potatoes, the marketable
from the scrubs, after coming from the field,
is a tedious and tiresomo labor, much more
so than a person not a raiser of the crop cau
well comprehend, and the farmer will there
fore be pleased to learn that Mr. 'William
Slra'iss, an ingenious carpenter, residing
near Bittner's saw mill, in Ileidleburg, Pa.,
the past scasou invented and brought into
use in his section a machine tor doing tho
said work. It is iu the form of a drum, so
arranged that on being revolved by a crank
the various sizes drop out at ono end, tvhilo
on the opposite side they are shoveled in
through a hopper. The drum is composed
of three slatted cylindrical compartments,
each discharging at the end according to
size, and very rapidly. It is a great labor
saving contrivance, and doing its work
thoroughly and satisfactorily, wo think it is
bound tp eome into general use, especially so
since it costs but a small sum. Allentoun
I Iu Arkansas, when a couple of ten-years-
I old boys arc not home forsupper, thcirmoth
I'll take the hide o' them tyhen they come
uume cuuxoru meiui
A PEN-PICrURB OF GUTTBAU.
Cincinnati, November 22. "Gath," in a
letter to the Enquirer, sends the following
pcn-pictnro of Guiteau :
A wild, fierce man, with a certain bravery
of character, such as Booth, might excite
the animal interests by his tvildness, but
this dastard, who killed without offense, and
for no purpose beyond the filthiest thirst for
notoriety, merited neither curiosity nor
rage. I detected him the instant I entered
the room, though he sat among many people
in tho same kind of a chair, and without any
railing, officers or anything else to hedge
him Iu. I observed a sort of stubbed head
of hair, such as is seen in the criminal pic
tures of England, with hair rather bristly,
set low toward the front, and rater fiat back
in the corners, uncleanly looking, hair, and
boorish. Under his hair was a nasty skin,
a little like a corpse, with some reddishness
oterspreading its generally yellowish damp
ness. Tho face was rather long and pear-
shaped. Around the chin was a consldera
blc quantity of brownish beard, yet without
any warmth In its sandy hair. The hair, the
skin and the beard all appeared to be dusty,
and dampened, as though out of some grave
yard. The perspiration of this roan appear
cd to be at fault. There was nothing woe
ful in bis face, though it was wolfish. In the
middle of bis forehead was a deep, varying
wrinkle, the principal sign to me of proba
bly decaying mental faculties. It is gener
ally said that a depression between the eyes
shows a memory well gone. In this case it
was a deep depression, with a sort of wrin
kle attachment to it, which was agitated
right and left, like his flitting eyes, which
had a sharpness about them, but not much
rest except when something occurred to ex
cite his vanity. If you were to meet the
man, small as he appears to be In the body,
in a lane somewhere, or in the woods, you
would go past very quickly, and might won
der as you passed whether he was a little
crazy or very wicked. As a friend described
him to me, he was one of those men who
always wanted to do something that was not
the thing to be done. I judge that be be
longs in the number of that tribe of ill-balanced
Americans who think that to publish
a book of any sort is a lofty pursuit, even if
nobody reads the book but the author, while
to be on a salary of a newspaper, and serve
one's day and generation, is rather beneath
human intelligence. I look at this man again
and again, but never with any increasing in
terest, merely wondering how to set before
my mind and the public a little of the wonder
ing which wag iu his countenance. By this
I do not mean more than that something
seemed to drive the man on and on, from
poiut to point, from thought to thought, and
let him rest uotvhcrc, as if a voice was
always crying out : "31ove on '." whenever
he halted. If you were to take your eye off
him a few moments, and would bring It back,
he seems to have gone a hundred miles since
you looked at him before. That rapid, ner
vous head had drawn him through great pe
liods of space and agitating suggestions.
He could not any more pause thau a mad
dog, ever wanting to drink, ever frightened
at the pool, ever snapping, ever dashing on.
I asked myself the question, if he was crazy,
and it seemed to me very probable. The ob
servation of persons I know who have seen
much of Guiteau Biuce the killing, Is to the
effect that ho is not cognizant in his mind.
There passed through North Topeka yes
terday, on thei Union Pacific railroad, aparty
en route for Washington, D.C., one member
of which has become famous from the fact
that her former husband murdered President
Garfield. The lady iu question is Mrs. Dun
mire, now a resident of Lcadville, Colorado,
who, in company with her present husband
and two children, and Mrs. Wilson, a cousin
of Guiteau, were en route for Washington
to testify for the prosecution in the case of
that criminal. The party dined at the Palace
hotel, and just as they wero leaving for the
train a Captlal reporter appeared upon the
scene, and receiviug a hasty introduction
from an acquaintance who bad met them on
the train, the Faber pusher asked :
"Mrs. Duumire. do you think Guiteau
"No, sir; he's mf.more crazy than lam.
He's ouly playing it."
"What do you think will be done with
"1 don't know, but he ought to be bung.
He is a scamp, and sharp enough to play the
insanity dodge to perfection. He knows
that Is the only thing that will save his ueck
from the halter."
"Are you the lady that he refers to as bis
'ex-wife' in his speech to the court last Mon
day?" "Yes, I presume so. I am the ouly ex
wife of bis that I know of, and I am not at
all proud of the distinction."
':Where did you marry him V
"We were Carried In Chicago in 1809, after
a brief courtship. Ob, he's a smooth talker,
and at that time made love as prettily as any
gallant could. It didn't take me long after I
married him to find out what a good-for-nothing
fellow he was. However, tve never
kept bouse, but boarded 'rouud, and my hus
band practiced law for a living, and such a
living! He seldom paid his bills, and tve
were compelled to move from boar-ling house
to boarding hoti'c, and from hotel to hotel,
and oftentimes suffer for want of proper food
'When were you divorced?"
"I got rid of the beast In 1374, and haven't
seen him since. Our meeting In Washing
ton, when tve get there. I don't think will be
very affectionate. I could tell you many
things about the viper had I time."
"Where Is your homfnotv?"
"In Lcadville, Colorado. I married 31r.
Dunmlre, who formerly resided in Jefferson
county, Kansas, several years ago, and we
are living bappify together."
"Are these your chlldcen?" asked the re
porter, noticing the llttlo folks sjated.iu the
"Yes, sir, and they are Dtimnlre's, not
Guiteau's. He has no children, and deserves
Just then the bell rang, and the brief col
loquy, which had been conducted partly on
the platform and partly In the car, ended,
31rs. Punmire observing as the train moved
off, with an emphasis that evinced a desire
for vengeance provoked by iormer exper
ience, "We intend tc do nil tve can to hang
him." Topeia Capital.
GOVERNOR ST. JOHN.
Jlilt. Iteynolds writes to the Kansas City
Timet that Governor St. John told him, re
cently, that he tvas not a candidate forSen
ltor. He said that 3Ir. Plumb tvas a tood
representative, and would probably be re
elected ; that he (St. John) was interested
ouly in prohibition work, an I the Senate
was no field for him; and he intimated that
a third terra a. Governor would suit him as
well as anything else. Further, he said that
be bad hundreds of calls to lecture from all
parts or the country, aud could make fifty
dollars a night on the lecture platform.
There tvas more money in this business than
in politics. The general tenor of his talk, as
Reynolds reports it, was that the Governor
was in the hands or his friends as a candidate
for a third term, but that he also had in view
the lecture field as a future resort, it prom
ising larger pecuniary results than any po
The bovs of Detroit seem to be going down
hill intheir morals of late- Sunday, ono of
the legion, who has always'been noted fur
his respectful -demeanor toward tho great
public, observed an old citizen yawning and
gaping ou the street corner, and said to him:
"Better not open your moutS too wide."
"Why?" was the surprised inquiry.
"There'a a law agin openiu' a saloon on
Sunday I" continued the sinful child, s ho
UU lor the jniuuio ov-me street.
"No ; I refuse."
"Reflect a moment, 3Iyrtle, I beseech you I
You hold my Hie and happiness in your
hands," and the voice of Adelbert Tompkins
trembled as he spoke these words with an
earnestness that forbade, even foran instant,
any doubt as to their being the outpourings
of his heart.
3Iyrtle Mahafly tvas a beautiful girl, just
budding into sweet womanhood, and Adel
bert loved her dearly. They had wandered
together this summer afternoon from the
matinee to de street car, and he had asked
her to be his wife. It was in answer to this
question the earnest appeal of a man whose
whole nature tvas wrapped up in a passion
he could neither control nor cast aside that
31yrtle had spoken the words with which
our story opens. She bad watched him close
ly during an acquaintance of nearly two
years, and noticed with pain bow he sedu
lously avoided candy stores and ice cream
saloons. "I can never marry a man," she
had said to her mother one day, "who shies
at the sight of a candy store like a country
horse at a fire engine." And when the ex
pected avowal came she had kept her word.
Adelbert turned around in a dazed sort of
way after Myrtle had rejected him, and
walked swiftly toward the dry goods store
which had beeu so fortunate as to secure bis
AH the afternoon Adelbert stood moodily
behind the ribbon counter, thinking of how
he should revenge himself on the naughty
girl who had wrecked his happiness. At pre
cisely 4$ o'clock a fierce joy lighted up his
countenance, and, putting on his hat, be left
As the bells of St. Agnes' church were
striking!), a young man sprang lightly up
the steps of a magnificent residence, and was.
soon seated in the sumptuously furnished
parlor. The proprietor of the house, a be
nevolent looking old gentleman, entered the
room, "Do you wish to see me?" be said to
Adelbert Tompkins for it tvaj he who had
sprung lightly up the steps.
"Yes," he replied, "you are the person I
"What would you?" said the old gentle
man. "You are the cashier in the bank, I
believe," said the young man.
"You have been stealing the concern's
money. Do uot seek to deceive me. You
arc a cashier; 'tis enough. Give me 20,-
000 or I will expose you and ruin your life.
Having heard me twitter, you can chooc
your owu course."
For au instant the cashier did not move
and then, going to an elegant escritoire
which stood in a corner of the room, he
wrote a check for 50,000, certified it, and
handed the piece or paper, now a fortune, to
"I have but one favor to ask," he said,
"and that is that you will marry my daughter.
1 wouldn't like to let as sure a thing as you
go out of the family. She has 100,000 in her
on right, and when I am dead, and the
bank directors are to jail nn account of my
bookkeeping, it will .suffice to keep you in
Two months later 3fyrtle Mahafly, the
cishier's only child, became Adelbert's bon
ny bride. One child, a blue-eyed boy with
golden hair, has blessed the union, and as he
sits on his grandfather's knee in. front of the
fire, and aks in his innocent, childish way
if "papa isn't a smart man," the old man
kisses him fondly, and says in soft, low tones :
"You're singing on the right key now,
sonny." CJiicnya Tribune.
B0IT0M3 OF PONDS AS FERTILIZERS.
Bottoms of ponds certainly have a value
though in some cases the deposits may con
tain so large a percentage of sand as to make
the value of the sediments inconsiderable.
Some idea may be termed of the value of
these sediments from their action upon the
grass lands on the banks of such rivera-as
are periodically overflowed. A great mmy
of these are kept fertile, bearing heavy crops
of hay with no other fertilizer than the sedi
ment left when the rivers are overflown in
spring. This sediment found at the bottom
of ponds, dams or drains that catch the wa
ter as it comes from the hillsides or drains is
very much the same as th-it deposited upon
the grass lands by the rivers in time of a
freshet. This is a most excellent time to
clean out thee ponds aud basins, unless, as
tve have already hinted, the bottoms of clear
sand and sandy mixtures. The ordinary
sediment will make a good dressing for the
grass cither this fall or in the spring, irput
in a heap till spring it would be advisable
this fall to mix the mud with wood ashes.
Among the coming publications we hear of
none seems to bate a brighter prospect than
Ihe remarkable ditty, "Baby' Empty; Cra
dle's Gone." There is something so pathetic
so emotional in this song, that it strikes home
in a most fervent and passionate manner.
It will, however, soon be obliged to suc
cumb to the overpowering impression of the
last lyric effusion, entitled, "Father is with
Mother Now." The other song Is mere pap
to this, and this is mere pap to the o!hr,
"Father is with 3IotherNow!" botv intense-
lyoverpowering.how familiar the idea! Fa
ther, not step-father,nor father-in-law, but
simply, "uMeriswIth 3fother Now." It
will draw tears from the eye-lids of the most
m-itter-of-fact individual. The ideaol moth
er being In company with some one else,that
she is cot entirely alone, that it is i'athtr she
is with now, is it not sublime? It surpasses
tu witching tenderness, that other beautiful
song, "Father's Teeth are Plugged with
At the last meeting of the Lime-kiln Club.
the secretary announced a letter from the
State Department of New Jersey, inquiring
if Brother Gardner favored the annexation
of Canada to the United States, and the old
man carefully felt of his left ear and then re-'
"Dat's a subject which has troubled me a
great deal, and up to de present time, I am
onsartin an' unpledged. Dc sainu toof-brusb
which am sold for 20 on dis side, kin be
bought for 15 otier dar. If tve annex Cana
da, we kin hev cheap toof-brushes. On dc
odder ban, de same rat-trap dat tve sell fur
20 cents on dis side, can't be had oberdarfur
less dan 30. If Canada anucxes us, she am
suali ob cheap rat-traps. Dar it am, you see,
and whether we should aunex Canada or
Canada annex us, am a question which I can
not dceide, to my own satisfaction. Frit
REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT 0? A3BI-
WA3IHXGTOX, Novemer 15. The report
of the department ot agriculture says the
average yield of wheat per acre in 1SS1 is 101
bushels, 'against 13-1 in 1SS0, indicating a de
crease of about 20 per cent., or lC0,000,0CO
bushels, from last year's product. In the in
terior and western States there has been a
great falling off caused by the severe winter,
late cold spring and drouth, and in several
States ravages by insects. But while the
quantity ofthe crop is reduced the quality U
generally reported very good.
As to com the November returns show th t
average yield to bo 20 bushels per acre,
Indicating a falling off of (bout 25 per cent,
from tho crop or 1880, caused principally by
the general and protracted drought during
thegrowing season, and the excessive rains
since the crop tvas harvested. The quality
of the cropis somewhat below the average.
Tho question for discussion at a recent
meeting ofscicutist, "What travels fastest,
heat or cold?" It was decided in favor ot
1 heat, as many present had ofleu been able to
A BOLD 8XE0KE; OR THE
" onuer if grass widowt ever bare hay
The Boston Glolsnyn that gamblers ira
: betting that Guiteau will not be hanged.
The St. Louis papers are still growling
about the removal of the Pension OSce froa
that city to Kansas.
"Oh, yes ; he 'sook' my hand In marriage
said a Philadelphia woman, testifying in her
breach of promise suit.
3Iy son, get money, iryou can't bid fcr
Star route, go to New Jersey, and be a bask
A brfdge over' a stream in Missouri bear
the legend: Drive over as fast as you want to;
and be durnedl Everybody, therefore,,
drives at a walk.
The wife of "3Iax Adeler" weighs 300
pounds. When 3Iax asks her, "shall I help
you over the fence?" she replies dsmurely,
"No ; Lclp the fence."
The question whether an Indian will stop
fighting and take to agriculture or not de
pends on whether he has enough squaws to
do all the work. Phita. Seut.
The 31oravia JiegUter asks, "Are Ameri
can girls delicate?" It depends very much
whether you offer them cocoannt cake and
ice cream, or a bar ot aoap and a wash-board.
Iruluttraliit : "Kansas, the seventh Stat
in point of size, the twentieth in population,
and the first in dazzling possibilities," said
one of our Seniors yesterday, and cot badly
A Scotch schoolmaster having repeatedly,
and at last angrily, demanded of the pupils,
".Who signed 3Iagna Charts?" a little girl
tremblingly replied :
Please, sir, it was na me."
"Mr. Boatman," said a timid woman to the
ferryman who was rowing her across) tho riv
er, "are people ever lost in this river?"
"Oh, no, ma'am." be rpplied, we alwayi
finds 'em again, within a day or so."
Puck says that Mr. Patrick Muldoon wm
considerably disappointed after be bad pur
chased his tickets for Othello, at Booth's
Theater, by Boss!.
"Bedid." said he.as he walked down Twenty-third
street, "I thought it was O'Donovan
Rossi, so I did."
In a couple of hundred years from this, if
the Bible is again revised to suit the timet,
the passage in the parable of the ten virgins,
which reads thus :
"Give us of your oil, for our lamps have
gone out," will be changed to :
"Give us of your electric light, for our cir
cuit Is temporarily broken." Somtmllr
A little boy said to his mother the other
'Ma, I had the beautifulest dream last
night, you ever saw. I dreamt that I would
not go to school, and that you went out into
the yard, and cut a great long switch, bat
jut a- you tvas going to give me an awlnl
dressin. the world came to an end 1 Didn't
I get out of It easy, though ?"
n old farmer in England, hugely puzzled
by our meteorological reports andtrans-t-lantic
prophecies concerning the weather, is
-aid to have delivered himself of the follow
ing astounding sentiment :
'Well, sir. I did not mind the weather to
much when it tvas arranged and Ordered by
Providence ; but notv that it hag been hand-
edoVcrtothem interfering Yankees, why, r
bp ha-iged if I can stand it ,r
Y'cstcrday, when a red-faced man, wailing
atone of the depots for a train, blewhlsncM
ten or fifteen times with a gre-t echo, a news
boy ran out on the street and yelled :
"Comeyere, Jim here's Gin'ralGrantr'
Jim took a look at the man, and replied:
"He's not General Grant,"
"He ain't, ain't he?" shouted theflnt;
"well, you just wait and hear him blow hit
nose again, and see if be isn't some big gua
'You know," said Rice, "bow the negro
likes 'possum. Two negroes were riding
from a field after a hard day's plowing;. They
began to talk about the good things to eat.
"Take a good, fat 'possum pah bile him
put in ole-fashlon' Dutch oven roaa him
brown (the other darkey's eyes rolling and,
mouth watering as the description "went on)
sarvehim up wld c-o-o-n grabj'"
"Shutyo raouf, niggah! I'll fall right
offn dis boss I"
SHE WANTED SOME IPICAC
Au Akron phy-ician tells of a little Akron
boy, who came to him and said :
"Doctor, 1 want some Ipecac."
"What do you want tt for?"
"Never mind ; Just give it to me."
"Who sent you here?"
'-Nobody sent me j came myself."
"I can't let you have it, unless you tell me
what you are going to do with it."
"Well, doctor, our hired girl has swallow-
ed a silver quarter, and she said if I would .
give her something that would bring it up, I
might have it."
If you arc out shoaling, carry your gua t
with both barrels at full cock, and If you
have a companion, be sure that the Bmxzlei
are looking In bis direction. Blow down th
barrel of your gun occasionally to tail out
hcther it is loaded. When you bare load
ed up, place the but of the gu.i oa your boot
toil resttourarmsacrossthemuzzle. Whea
going over a fence, pull your gua through
after you. By following these directions wo
will soon write a spicy item, and probably
there tvili bo one fool less in tho land. Stir
Here are the names of the jurymen in the
Guiteau case :
John Hamlin, rcstauranteur.
Fred. AV. Brandenbcr, cigar-maker.
Charles G Stewart, flour 2nd feed dealer.
Henry J. Bright, retired from business.
Thomas II. Langley, grocer.
Michael Sbacnan, au Irishman, oecupatlca '
S. F. Hobbs, laborer; native of Maryland.
G. W. Gates, machinist; a young man, and,
lives in Washington..
Ralph Wormley, plasterer; colored man.
Wm. U. Browner, commission merchant.
Thomas Heinlein, Iron-worker.
Joseph Prather, commission merchaat-
POST OFFICE C3AN8M
In Kansas during the week eadlnj, No
vember 19, 1581, furnished by WnuVaa VIecV,
of the Postoflicc Department.
LaHarpe, Allen county, Evas L. Hacks?
Ashland, Ness county.
Appanoose, Franklin county, 3t S. Ea
ton. Empire City, Cherokee county, George B.
High Prairie, Leavenworth county, D. W.
Juret, "Wilson county, Elisha Cbetwrt.
Loring, Wyandotte county, VlWwT.
Otter Lake. Pottawatomie couaty, J.J.
Scammonville, Cherokee county, T. C.
Senator Mahone predicts that all.
opposed to sectionalism will b invited :t
participate in the next national ffifhUwa
convention. ,As a mean ot breakiaf ajt Uw
solid south, he recommend fHltefc aha. JFV
eral otEces la-North CaroHos.' JafMafsifff ,:
Teuneueee. with wen whew fan! "tia.fc)-'
the iwfct rUiifKfesj'th tti,; '
IT J k
' .si " tY
- w . rfVs s ,
. - ....Tr . . v "i -wsv-k.--
.. ' ".? i- -. -5. . z,r- -
'' $ - .v
' V"fe -A
i-i a ji-ah--!