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WICHITA, SEDGWICK COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1883.
. .r-1 ir:r,i-.r.-t --,
' " V
' 4 V
. aft ? sii
M M. MCRDOCK.
It. r ML-ULGCK
31. M. MUIIDOCK & BROTHER.
1'lllLUIICU AXD 1'BOI'EHIOIW.
TWO KOIXTltS l'Klt YEAIt IN AUVANCK.
AXmSKntJ <Z31UIZ m:TK CS iPTUCATICtf.
Mall via. A..T.4S P. railroad, from the
north, arrives at 8.33 a.m. , departs at :W;
from tliesoalli, arrives at 5:40 j. m , departs
at S:(-1. Kinress null arrives kt 10 i. in.
Mkll via M. Louis A Han 1'ranclsco railroad,
arrives at G:4U p. m and departs at 8:20 a. m.
Mkll ilk M. I. , Ft. 8. A W. It. U. trrltn
kt7 33 p. in.! deiartaatt! aCk.m.
Harrier, Ilnnnlinede, I.ery. Milton and Ituliy,
arrliea Wednesday ami Saturday kt p.in ;
lei.arts Mumlkv ami 1 liu rsitay at t a in .
Klngniau, Waterloo Marshall and Alton,
arrlvra Tiirtilay, Tlinrxlaf ami bktimlky kt
at Gji.ni.; iVjiarta Mnn!a)'f Wlnrlay aud
Friday at 0 a. in
CMtlilon, St. Marin ami (.rraiania, arrltra
Momlay, VHlnrnlay and Kriday at !2iu.;ilr
tart aanie days at 1 p in
Iloulaa. Itotf If 111 and IitnarllU. arrives
Tuesday, "J hureday ami bfctunlay at 1J in ; de
Mirts ramp davf at 1 li. in.
1CI liorado, Touanda, IlenUjn aul Crreuwlcli,
arrlres Monday. Weilneivlay and ir-atnrday at
0i. in ; driarM luesdky, lliurhilay and hatur
dayalHa.iu. MutchliiiMin. l.Mrtdfre, Mt Ilniieand Kajette,
arriies Monday, Wednesday and Friday at
up in.: dtfjurtiv'JIieHilayfTliurisilay aud Satur
day at ft a. in.
Ilaslllr. ;irarralrr, llolllnir tirrrn, Ohio
Outer, aro and 1'rolon, arrives laeMlay,
lliunulayhiid satiinlay at ljin.; departs same
uas Ml j i ill
Malls going ea.st and toutli clone iniin4ly at
b In a in malls for north at b luti. iii.jes
press mall for w est and Neutou at lirn
l'otonireoien fordellrery of letters aud sale
or laniM from 7 a In. to 7 p. in.
Money orderdeparlineiitojieufrniiiSa. in. to
4 V in.
Major Wm (irriOennteln.
Ity Attorney .1 M. ISaldrMou
I'ollre.Iuile A. A. (ilenil.
I'lty Treasurer C Klinmerle
Marshal James Kalrns.
Ity Clerk Fred. sUiallner
Justices of the Peace W 4i. Ilolihs aud
tV W. Tliomas.
OinsUlile Frank Tlioinas audi. S. Worrall.
Council, First ward M. 'Iminerly and -V A.
Council, Second wanl C. L. Adams and
Council, Ihlnl ward O. K. MsAdams aim
II K. Itniwn.
louiicll. Fourth ward J. L. Ierand J. P.
Hoard of Ilucatlon, First wanl Kos Harris
and II. K llutler. bemud wanl K. K. (iulhrle
ami Ihm.Ii l!lautr. 'Ihlrd wanl M. W. !.eiy
uinl M llellar. Fourth wnrd-lniili Flslieratid
4 rt Caldnell.
ludenf 'the KlKliteenlh Judicial Dlitrlct
state Senator II. C. Klusa.
Iteiireneutiitltes K. II. Allen, John Itui-i-M.
lliarilof County 4omiiilssloners (j. V. Vtal
ter, i. W Sleenroil, A. W )ller.
'county Treasurer L. N. Woodcock.
County i;ierk K. A. Horsey.
Sherlar-ll. It. Matt, Deputy IT. H. Marshal.
C'lerkof lilstrict Court C. A. Van Ness.
1'niliate.luilee i;. II. Jeurtt
sup't of Pulillo lustnictlon U.ll.llauiiiioud.
lKlstenf leols II. II. Ileiserman.
CouutyAltonie) II. M Hale.
Comity Surveyor J. K. Hamilton.
Oironer -1 W. Wlnpard.
First I'rrslijterlan Church .1. II Hewitt,
pnslor. Sen li e ev ery saldiath at lot; o'clock
n In and7(a ofclickp.m. l'ra)enueetliiK etery
'Jliursilay at 7' oMock, p. m.
M i:. Churcti II. Kelly, iiastor. Seniles
eiery Sabhath at In1; o'clock a lit. and7i"p.iu.
I'ra) er meeting on '1 hursilay evenluK.
St. Aloj sus Catholic CliurUi Uev. McC'alt,
pastor senlces on the 2d andlth Buuday of
e cry month ;hiff h mass at 10 a. m . , esers at" ,
Msthoiltst, ?ernian Iter. John llaller, pas
tor Itejfular eenlces at Iheciiurch LullulUK
at lo1! a. in. aiid7S p. in. I'raer ineetlnicou
Wednesday nlirht al. p. n
lurther notice, at ln; o'clock, on north sldeof
lioulas aieime, lietneeu 1 remont and 4lolfe
House, entrance third door east of Globe House.
Christian Chunh Sen Ices every Isird's day
at II o'llock.A. M , In Miller Hall Sunday
school at lOo'clock, A. M.
Ilnollst Church Iter W. 1. Ilarjier, astor.
nices atlOiJtiA.M and7.3ir M.-snuda)
w hieil iuuneiliately alter morning senile:
I lajer meeting Thursday etenlng.
St. John's Fplscoial Church. llev.
lisiiilierlalu, ret tor. Sen Ires ou Sunday at
llOa A M aud7al M ; Wednesday evening
al 7,'. Scats Iree.
Ooigreationallst Senlces ciery alternate
.aiiiiaiuaiiiiu!iia. m ami T..xp in iiniii lur
ther notice. In Kagle Hall.
A. M H. Church. Uev 31. Wootou, pastor.
t-orner Uaterand Churcli streets,
first (Colored) Missionary llaptlst. Iter
Flank HuHeii, luiAlor. ltetneeti Central aie
mte and r.lui street.'
Tlie M. K. Salilutth m-Ii.k1, A. II.Naftzger
liiierlnteudent, IneeU at Uie church at -i)i
o' Imk p. in.
Iliel'rssbvlerlan Sabbath scliool, J. I. Hew
itt, Suierlntndent, meets at the l'resbjlerlku
church at 12 in.
iennan M. K. Sunday eclnxd, meets at the
liurcli afil; n'clixk, i in. Herman Mueller,
I ptsonpnl sabliath scJiool,;K S.Maglll,Siiier
liitendetit, meets In Kplooial Churcli at'iap.m.
Mr. OLlVkTOlklslAMlKllTKo. 12, K.T. ltegU'
lar imclae lli-st Fridayof eery month.
C. K. M.utix, K. C
F W. Toim, Icnler,
Wii.iiita KscAurHr.KTN'o,2!i,l. O.O.F.meet
nu the sei4ii'l mid fourth 'lhursilay of each
month. . MATTiiawsiiN, C. 1'
A J tjAL'it, Scrll.
I O. O. F-WlcliltaIsnIgeNn.10,lneetseeiy
Fridsy night nt h o'clock, at their hall. Temple
lllock. All bu.tlisrs lu good standing are iu
vlte to attend. Wh. Mattiikivson, N. ti.
W. P. STsJI, II. 8.
A. F. A A. M Meets on the urtnd third
Monday of each month Members tislting the
rityareconlially Iniilist. J. II. Atxr, W. M.
J. M. lIuowKKiN, Secretary.
(iAKnti.li I'imt, No 2.I.O.A.U. Meets on tlis
first and third Tuesdays of each mouth.
31 Stkwaut, Commander.
I. A. WAU.ACK, Adjutant.
WiciiiTACiiArTkn, It. A. 31. Meets on the sec
ond Friday In each month J. P. Allkn, II. P.
l!or M Son, secrrtary.
Knights or lIoNon.meetat Odd Fellows Hall
wry Urst aud third Wednesday ofeaclimonth.
J. W. W iNOAUii, lllctator.
Kon'T. 'Jacks, ICeporter.
IvMdiirsor I'lTiitAs, Varulck liislgeNo 41.
MerUiu3Iouda) or each WfekatOdd Fellnus
hall. CIIAS IIATTOX, C. C.
II slITAKT. K It. S.
A O IT. W Meets eery Monday nig tat
Miller's Hall. K. F. VWlkox, M. W.
Ckii Caliiih'X, Ileronler.
U. S. LIMI OFFICE.
Houglas Avenue, Onnmerrlal I'.lock.. II. I..
Walker, KegUter, J. I..I)jer, Itlver. Office
bourn ImiiiU to 12 a in. and from 1 to3ii.iu.
t x r r : -s z. s. r-
II. A. CKKMiKA,
An oiiNr.-Ai-I.sw, Wlchltk, Kansas. Office
over kkitsas Stale i:auk, corner of 3Ialu street
and IMiglas avenue. All luislncsi will receive
prompt attention. 12-20-
.1. 11. HOUSTON,
Arrouas.Y-AT-l.AW Office oterKaiisks Xa
loual ISauk. Xl-tf-
AiTohnkts at Law, Wichita, Ksnsas. Office
uer IllssanU A Itnller. Sa-
ArrouaKVs, Wlchltk, Kana, offlco In Kkgle
. . ku;i;i.ks.
Attokbxy ATliAW, Wichita, Kansas.
AslUS IIAHHia. KOS. IIATOIS
AnucNKTS at I-Aw, Wichita. Kausaa. tlfllce
mine kiilldlngw-ctipledbylhcU. S. Ijuid Office
iAiaiu uegullaltx! am lniproel lainls In Se.1-
Ick and aiunner caiuntles. 23-
AminMV at Law, Wichita, Kansas.
So. 94 llouglas Avenue.
J. 31. IIAL.iKIUTOX,
ATTOllNKTAT LAW, Wlchltk, Sedgwick OOUUty
Kauskk, OiUca In Centeuulkl lllock, over Alsj's
Shoe Store. tp20-
J. K. I.AUCK,
AmiBkKY at Law, first door north of U.S.
IjiiiJ Office, lu Comruerclkl lllock, WlchlU,
Kknsks. ieclal attention glieu lo alt kinds of
busluesB oonnecteil with the U. S Land Office.
Ijtw and oullecllon offlcs) over Kkaskk Xa
lluuklllank. WIchlU, Kausaa. Itefera lo Kan
sas National Hank. Si
ll. A. MITCHELL,
Attouit-at-I.aw, Wldilta, Kknsas. Ofllc
uvcr Heriiugton'a bookstore. 10-3- .
JAMES I.. HYKU,
ATToaxaTAT Law, WIcIilU, Kacsks.
K. B. JKW11T,
ArroturBY at Law. WIchlU, Kanaka.
- TIB. E. KUDEE,
(sKKstAK PllTSiaAH AKD SCatOEOH. Femsjs
diseases a speclklty ; competent and zpaiiatscad
trektment. Office open day and nlrhl. War
ner'a bulldlnr, Uonnlks avenue, Wlchltk, Kaa
'"" ' A-W-MeCOY',
PnraiciAKAirD'BCBaKJil Also U.8. exk
I lug Surgeon for pensions. ;ooe over Bknvee
" Son'allruxStore, Kcoklenca on Lkwrsmc kte
aue In third ulJk nerUi of MetbodlslcAkrc.
B. HATTUKWS, D. D. 8.
Om orar IIom Clikrttoa's. All operatsow
hi dHttty jklllfally fttonfi. j, Jl-y
"" II. W. SMITH, "
Bid BelkUatr, Dtntttt tremae,
vDB.W. Is. DOTUJC,
Matenr Bree ASosa'adrssT
a-SN, OWIslllll MtNlC. WIMHW. .
BUNNELL & ROYS,
L.eading Firm in Wichita,
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
Agents for the A., T.
If there ever was a safe and proGtable field
fnrresl estate lufestments, Wlrblta, and its
eurromiding country, issudi k place. Mo other
sirtion fir Kansas can compare with it. For
general excellence of soil, variety of products
In grain, vegetables and fruits, and a delightful
climate, the Kingdom of Wlchltk stands pre
eminent among Hie various kingdoms of the
Oreat South-nest. Our "Forest City," with
over H,ots) imputation, its nnmerons schools and
iliurches, brick and stone business blocks,
lieautiful residences, and lis delightrnlly shaded
atenues. Is the pride or southern Kansas. Our
county of sedgw Ick, with its wide area of bot
tom lands ror "hog and hominy," and Its rich
and producllie uplands for small grain and
liksturage. Is shown by the agricultural resirts
to lie the banner count) of our State.
We have both city and country property for
sale, andean generally find some genuine bar
gains on our iHtoks.
The llailroad Comjiany lias for sale in our
district the fullowlng-descrllied lands:
Nw'.' nf' section ." at
section 19 at
Se.'isw i of section 7 at
Nw1, of section II at
Sei " 11
sw.'i " II
SS' .' section 27 at
Isits H, u and 10, section
TOWNSHIP 25, 2
E; aw1,' section II at $ 5 50
Sw'i " 17 10 75
iAitsl 2 3 4" l'l 1075
l.ot!l " l'l 14 25
Ne's' se; " 19 !)75
Kr'i " 21 9 75
E'. nn'4' " 21 11 l
Nw,',' li' " 21 11 W
I.t 1 " -M II Ul
lits 2 3 4 " 21 10 t
Nefsni " 21 10IU
Ne " 2:1 9 in
E ne'' " 23 H2S
Ix.ls C, 7 " 33 14 23
l)t 8 " 33 12 (l
Sft'i 33 12 ()
TOWNSHIP 211,2 EAST.
lyits 1 an 1 2 o( sectiou 27 at fC is) ier acre.
TOWNSHIP 2fi, 1 WEST.
Lot 5 of e lion 5 at $14 50 )r acre.
Isit 7 " 5 IJtsi
Ij.t I " 15 I2J "
I)t ft " 2-1 8 00 "
'I OWNSH1P 2, 2 WEST.
Ke?4 of section 7 at $10 75 iter acre.
N.fse,'i 17 10 in "
1)1 ft " 27 8 S4 "
Prices given are for Hie Eleven-Year Plan.
until August 1, 183.
there Is a discount of
there Is a discount of
pist 1st, the discount on 1
be only lojierceni.,
We are tke evcluilve agents ln Wichita for
the following unlniproied lands:
TOWNSHIP 25, SEAST.
Se'i section 5 at $ 7 50 per acre.
NeV " 19 9 ui "
Nw.'.' " 31 10 00 '
TOWNSHIP 23, 3 EAST.
Se.V section 15 at $8 () per acre.
TOWNSHIP 20, 1 EAST.
EVnw.'X section 1.1 at $ 9 50 per acre.
ES nw.'i "21 9 (10
TOWNSHIP 2fi, 2 EAST.
Ne'.' of sectiou 3 at $ 8 no r acre.
Ns "3 HIM "
SeV "' 5 10 SO "
NeV 5 00 "
SwJ' "5 8 00 "
SlieJ,' " 9 0 50 "
Nw;,' " 9 lu ou "
Se'i " a 1000 '
These lamls, at prices given, are for sale on
four years' time, one-Anil down, balance ln
four equal iaymeuts, with Interest at 8 per
cent. ayable semi-annually. For cash we can
nllojtv a discount of 5 tier cent. -
if The owners of the last above-described
lands have given 119 absolute order to prohibit
all jhtsoiis from cutting hay, orpasturingou
them, and to prosecute all cases 01 trespass on
To the )eople of Sodgwlck and adjoining
counties we wish to ssv that our office Is head
quarters ror cheap aud" satisfactory real estate
lokns. We obtain money direct from Eastern
capitalists, and can, therefore, make loans at
low er rates than iarttes getting their money
second or Itilrd-hauded. Princljial and Interest
are sld at our office. Money a in are on hand,
and no delays I r your title is all eratght. W
rather make a siiecialtyof this loaning busi
ness, and borrowers will do well lockll and
get rates or talk loans, and see how 11 Is that
we can make loans quicker than anybody else,
n heu title Is all clear. There Is one thing that
Is very satisfactory to us, and speaks wall for
our inknner of doing business, and thktls:
Those men who liorrowed of us live years ago
almost Invariably come to us to make new
loans. In case they need renewals. They are
satisfied In deal Willi us again. We aim to lie
accomadating In this line of business, as well
ksln every other. We draw papers so that a
loan can be paid off before doe. If desired by
the Isirrower, and even where papers are drawn
absolutely for the yean, we have never yet
failed to get a release when wanted. The long
and short of it Is that the parties East for whom
we loan money are satisfied, and willing to do
lust auoni anv ining mat
and we can, therefore,
fsvors to our customers.
If you have a family and have not yet laid np
sufficient of this world's goods to leave them lu
comfortable circumstances In case of your
death, or If from any other cause you need In
surance on your lire, we can writ you up In
the strongest and best company ln the United
States the Equitable Lire Assurance Society,
of New York, a company that wrote more In
surance last year than any other company in
the world. A (nllcy In this company Is as good
as gold, and when such iiollclescan be obtained.
It Is worse than useless to depend ou policies
Issued by companies ef uncertain reputation,
such ka the smaller slock companies, knd the
"Mutual Aids," "Denevolent" and "Home
and Dower" concerns no matter what the
name or where they ball from.
We have eight fire Insurance) compaaiea la
our agency, and they hare assets of over
$77,000,000. They are the largest, strongest,
and best In the United States or any other
country. A policy In any of these gives Insur
ance that Insures beyond question, and It costs
no more than a policy ln some small aad uncer
tain company. From personal acqaaiataace
with the special agents ot the companies we
represent, we can guarantee to our patroaala
this line of business a fair, square and honor
able adjustment or losses whenever they occur.
To our country friends we wish to aay that. If"
yon have anything to Insure, call at our onto
and ret rate and find out about companies be
fore Insuring with men traveling aboat the
country aa agents of some wild-cat concern.
We can almost Invariably aare you awn
money. The Home, of New York, aad the
Ptxralx, or Hartford, are now wrltlaf Cyclone
aad Tornado polities alto. The same eceapaa
lee hare a farm department, la which they
write oa stock, grain, etc., aad we caa take
your note for the premium. If yon caa give a
good note, aad It la not convenient lo pay cash .
Please examine this Hat or compaalee, aad re
member where you caa get their pollcise :
-twa. of Hartford, - 9,064,641
German-American, N.Y., 3,704,275
Hartford, of Uartfonl,
Home, of Hew York, -Ik.
Co. op N. America,
Lrv.& Lot. & Globe,
PwKNir, of Hartford,
UNBHWMTBBg, of N. Y.,
Orwtem, wpttin, Bay' Bteefc, C&aer)
& S. F. Railroad Lands.
, 1 WEST.
$ H 73 er acre
t 9 ( ier acre.
8 Ul "
C SO "
7 OK "
03, 2 EAST.
M er acre.
23, 3 EAST.
$ 7 23 jr acre.
23, 1 WEST.
8 Ml iter acre.
31 at l I on er acre.
On the Six-Year Plan
20 ier cent, and for Cash
.13 1; per cent. After An
il the six-year plan will
for cash 23 ier cent.
we asa or recomroenu
sometimes give si
BY C. M. COWLING.
My dear old wife! bow (till she gll Jes
Within tbe open door;
I aeem to bear ber gentle ttep
Ueslde me on tbe floor ;
I lift my eyes 'twas but the wind
Tbe wind, but notbing more.
1 ait beside tbe cottage lire,
It Maze warm and bigb,
And as I tit, I bear ber knit,
How twin the needles fly ;
I look and lot aTtcantebair,
And aeelng that, I igb.
Tbe wailing wind across the moor
Is floating like a knell;
Tbe snow ii resting soft ami white
On many a feathered swell ;
And, ob 1 it falleth cold and cbill
Witbin my heart as well.
I miss tbe precious tones of love
I've beard for many a year,
And still alone, I seem to feel
Her gentle presence near;
Ilut when I look, and see ber not,
I brush away a tear.
I travel back the mist of time,
And with a thrill or pride,
I clasp her little trembling baud
II y graceful, girlish bride ;
And, ah I I love ber better far
Than all the world beside.
And one by one, tbe by-goae years
Come gliding to my view;
t seem to meet her loving ej es,
So lieautiful and blue;
And, meeting them, I softly smile,
Tbe picture seems so true.
Tbe clock iipon the mantle strikes
I start the drcxra has flown ;
I only bear the wailing iml,
.So mournful in Its tone ;
Perhaps it knows an aged roan
Is sitting here nlouc.
Alone! for, oh! the coflln-lid
. Her placid brow bath pressed,
And silent now the loving heart
That throbbed within her breast ;
And, ab ! 1 yearn to lay inc down
II j' her side and rest.
Poor, lonely heart ! the weary throb
Will soon be silent here;
For, oh ! I bear the heavy snows
Of many a wintry year,
And it is very sweet to me,
To know that death Is near.
My pulse grows weaker, day by day,
And I am glad to go ;
I shrink not at the chilling flood.
Though cold Its billows flow;
1 know a Father's guiding band
Will bear me safely through.
Andlo! what blissful world beyond
I seem to enter there ;
I seem to hear her wtlcome sweet
Float on the scented air
And lift my eyes to get herown,
And see ber vacant chair.
PROTECTION VS. FREE TRADE.
UiVKitsiDK Farm, August 10, 1SS3.
To tkt Editor of Ikt KagU :
That tall tamarack of the American Nile,
"Farmer Doollttlc," lias challenged me to
show that we farmers are benfitted, and not
plundered, by a protective tariff. I will
not intrude upon your space by referring to
statistics; but, be It known to your read
ers that I hate tbe statistics to prove any
statement I may make.
It seems tbat ever sineo this old earth
swung around in the sunshine, it has been
blessed with an abundance of seers, and
sophists, and smart Alecks, and jnst at the
present time there is a full supply, trying to
educate us upon tbe great advantages that
tbe people ot this Nation would derive from
tbe adoption of a system of free trade, and
as soon as I can overcome tbe teachings of
experience, the teachings of tbe history of
freo trade, and of tbe calamitous conse
quences that has ever befallen any people
tbat has ever had free trade forced upon
them, or made such a blunder as to adopt
the system, then, perhaps, I may become a
It may be sclOsb, but I am iu favor of
American enterprise, American develop
ment, American growth, American great
ness, and above all American independence ;
and whether it be "free trade" or a "pro
tective tariff" tbat will the more surely ad
vance thoso purposes, that, in my opinion,
is tbe system to be advocated by every man
who values above all other things on earth,
bis country's weal.
Free trade means unrestricted competi
tion in labor. The object of all labor is the
general good, and requires to be governed
and regulated to be productive of the most
beneficial results. Free trade would have
it unregulated, uncontrolled by any rule or
law. It would let everybody loose to prey
upon everybody else, and tbe most success
ful would be those carrkblo of the greatest
amount of brute endurance. Protection Is
simply a defense of our Industries against
foreign invasion. Protection favors the
growth of trade. It diversifies the indus
tries of a Nation, finds employment for
young and old, makes all of them producers
and thus creates an abundance of tbe nec
essaries or llle, and aa it provides employ
ment and wages lor all, so It enables all to
puTcAatt largely of tbe abundanco created.
Being somewhat acquainted with the work
ings and effects ol free trado on both sides
of the Atlantic, I make bold to lay before
your readers what I know about this prin
ciple of "buying where you can buy tbe
In 1853 1 was a worker In one of the larg
est Iron manufacturing districts In Europe.
The "iron masters" were men of great
wealth. They took It Into tbelr beads
about tbat time to form a combination for
tbe purpose of "breaking down foreign
comnetitlon." Tbe workmen were renueat-
ed to submit to a reduction of wages, with
the promise of flush times when the object
of the combination bad been accomplished,
and I am sorry to say that a great majority
of the workmen willingly entered Into tbe
project and toiled like slaves; on - half ra
tions, or just enough to keep soul and body
together, while tbe manufacturers run their
mines, their furnaces, and their mills, at a
clear loss of millions ot money. Tbe more
unruly of tbe -workmen refused to submit
to tbat kind of nonsense, held meetings and
resolved to "strike" against tbe reduction.
I, with many others, was singled out as "a
bad and dangerous youth. Inciting discoid
and agitation among my fellow-workmen."
And rather than submit to tbe coercion
which I knew was In store for me, I waved
adieu to their "blarsted" Institutions and
sailed for tbe New World.
Itside of two years I was engaged in tbe
same occupation in Ohio. The iron trade
of tbe United States was struggling for a
foothold, but I earned $2.23 per day at Jfa
aliloo, Stark couaty, Ohio, while ay chums
that I left across the water, who were put
ting lo their best licks to "break down
foreign competition," were earning S4
cents per day. Tbe British capitalists be
gan to glnt the markets on this side by sell
ing iron below tbe cost of production, which
was o experiment with them. By this
means they had overwhelmed the industries
of many countries, impoverished their peo
ple, and reduced their governments to bank
ruptcy aad dependeBca. Bat we "bought
where we could bay tbe cheapest," and en
couraged the Invasion ot American Indus
try, aad the "coabiaaUoa" were getting in
their work. The frtt signs of coming dis
aster was a lallare on lie part of the Amer
ican operators to pay their workmen, mines
began to "shut down," furnaces to "blow
oat," until the sound of tbe mattock and
the blast of tbe furnace were no longer
beard in the land, and the whole mining aad
tronmsinfsctarIng Industries or the coun
try were completely deeaorallxed. When
work atopa wage eeaae, when wages cease
coasaMtpUon deereaaei, nntll every branch
of UtHsUTtsJaterted. Tins tt went oa, at
that time, from ted to waratf until It InaHy
la the taandal crash of 1S67,
aasl far several years we saaerad all the fo
rioaa heaeiaS Jsad reirnHa ef free trade. '
We "heeaffet where we coaldbuyUe
fceapaetn mH ererythiac gat cheap
laiaih toeaUafy the lendert free trade ad-
fte imAetmiMjynmt aetd far
RNHsmf MtB Mw VEaMBy WH JEV 0aaeHBy BBS pO
tee mt heahd, drams a beef 11
parte a.asate.hnHit g-eeatt
n . Xf . .nW
MII SgV WM& WBaMMgM 1
we naWW by tfca ibiM.wt, atMt the aaay wiiwt pwselse. a .agatnat wsitrn aatT
VsBsHHnNa) sssBWnawanaF SsanlM..a.iM H.Wsf UMH jaMHy w9wtKwttf9tffyfwtW9)ttW0ftfw0&m
HflMV tW Pajf VMS. WMtBIHHMflMBsftj W HV.III MaarMMMMRr 't T.,"Jr,V
foreign countries, and 10 per cent, were of
home manufacture,. To-day91percent.are
of borne manufacture, and 9 per cent- made
abroad. During that period manufactured
goods, on an average, have decreased in
price 30 per cent., while during the same
period agricultural products have, on an
aterage, advanced in price 33 per cent.
Your free trade advocate will claim tbat the
reduction in manufactured goods is due to
tbe employment of improved machinery in
tbe factories. If tbat be tbe only cause,
why baa not tbe employment of Improved
machinery ou tbe farm bad tho same effect?
How are free traders going to get around
tbe above facts? They cannot claim tbat it is
foreign demand with tbe fact staring them
in tbe face tbat 92 per cent, or all our farm
products are consumed at home, while only
8 per cent, find a foreign market
Free traders claim that we are paying an
excess! vo price on all the goods we consume
to the extent of tho Import duty levied on
same class of goods. I have been reading this
kind ot stuff until I have been on the point
or jumping up and declaring that "hence
forth I'll be a free-trader." Then I calm
down and begin to reason after this style:
No people export any thing but their sur
plus. If they have a surplus that they arc
compelled to find a market for, they arc In
no position to dictate terms to the people to
whom tlicy would sell such surplus. There
fore, if Kansas farmer have a surplus of
wheat for which they must find a market,
aud heat Is selling, say in Wicbiti at GO
cents per bushel, and suppose that Knglaud
should see fit to impose a duty of 10 cents a
bushel on all wheat entering her ports, what
would be Hie result 7 Would the'constimcrs
In England have to pay more for their
loaves, or would the farmer at Wichita sim
ply have totake f0 cents for bis wheal?
Again, suppose that wc have a free trade
system, aud suppose that the Iron manufac
turers of England have a surplus for which
they must find a market in the United
States, and under our free import system
they arc recch ing t Litepool 930 per ton
for rails, then should the United States
government sec fit to impose an Import du
ty of $10 per ton on all rails entering our
ports, would the American purchaser bare
to pay $00 per ton for them, or would the
manufacturer have to content himself with
$t0pertonr lwiilluaic vour intelligent
and unprejudiced readers to answer these
questions far themselves. And I think they
will clearly see tbat it is not tho consumer
at the port of import that pays the duty,
but the producer at tbo port of export.
This is the logic of protection to home in
dustry. We are referred to Kugland as a free
Nation, and requested to accept a laith she
professes, but by which she is not govcrn
erncd. One thing you may rely upon, tbat
whatever England may do she docs It, not
for tbe love of God, but for tbe lovcof Eng
land. The motto ol tho Cobden Club is
"Krco Trade, Teaco With all Nations," and
history dou't show that she has ever lost an
opportunity to carry out the spirit of that
motto to the letter. There Is no nation on
earth, heathen or christian, savage or cl il
ized, tiiat she bad tbe physical power to
pacify tbat nho has not pacified. Ilut she
has done It by tbe clash ol arms, tbe roar
of artillery and tbo flow of human blood,
Let me reler to a few of the nations with
which she has free trade and is at peace
She threw open the ports of India and ex
posed the industries of the people to unllm
itcd competition. Il took only twenty years
to completely destroy the native industries
Men, -women aud children wcro driven from
the workshop to the fields, and all demand
for labor was at an end, except for agricul
culture, and latnincs were of frequent oc
currence. Mr. Thompson, a member of
Parliament, who traveled fn India twenty
five years ago, in a speech delivered in the
House of Commons, describing the result
of free trade, said : ''Go with mo to tbe
northwest province ol the llcngal I'rcsldca
en, and I will show you the bUaching title-
tons of 500,000 human leinji who ptrithtl
ffom hunger in, the tpaceofaftw thort montht.
Yes, and of hunger in what has been called
the granary of the world."
Itefore Turkey was cursed with this "free
trado" and "pcaccfulncss" the Turks were
famed for their industry; powerful In
arms and rich In resources. Their treaty
with England stipulated that the duty on
British goods imported, into Turkey should
be fixed at three per cent., and tbat provis
ion, by subjecting the industries of Turkey
to unrestricted British roinpctiliou.wrought
tbo overthrow or a power that bad just
threatened tbe conquest or Europe. The
rate ot India and Turkey is tbe fato of Ja
pan, Egypt, Ireland, Portugal, and other
nations too numerous to mention.
Now let me quote from an Englishman,
David Syme, in bis Induttrial Science. "The
manner in which English capital is used to
maintain England's manufacturing suprem
acy Is well known. In any quarter of the
globo where a competitor shows himself,
who Is likely to interfere with ber monopo
ly, Immediately the capital of ber manufac
turers is massed in tbat particular quarter,
and goods arc exported In large quantities
aud sold at such prices that outside compe
tition is effectually crushed out- English
manufacturers bare been known to export
goods to a distant market and sell them un
der cost price Tor years, with a view to get
ting tho market into their own bands
An English writer in the I'ottnigMly lie
tiew for July, 1874, says : "In tbe same way,
and at tbo same time, wo have everywhere
obtained tbat our goods shall be Imported
into all these countries at duties of cither
three or five per cent. Wo are continuing
to apply to Eastern Nations this double sys
tem of tariffs and jurisdiction, of goods and
judges. To attain theso' ends wc use all
sorts of means, from courteous invitations
to bombardments. Wc prefer to employ
mere eloquence, because It is cheap and
easy, but, if talking fails, we follow it up
by gunboats, and in tbat convincing way
wo Induce hesitating 'barbarians' not only
to accept our two unvarying conditions, but
also to pay the cost of the expedition by
which their consent to thcsccondltions was
extorted from them."
I have much more to say on this question,
but I must draw to a close for the present.
If tbe world were one brotherhood, tinder
one national flag, and justice was tbe mo
tive for all Individual action, then there
could be no objection to free trade. But
while mankind antagonize each other, as
individuals and nations, and seek only to
gratify their own selfish ends. It will always
be necessary to govern, control and protect
their respective industries.
I am of tbe opinion tbat Americans are
not yet ready for free trade, or competition
with European countries. When they get
down to that point where they can consent
to see their women around a mine besmear
ed with dust and smut doing tbe workol a
donkey, as in England; or taking the place
ot an off ox, as in Germany; or bate laws
on their statute books 'prohibiting girls un
der thirteen years of age from working In
tbe mines, as in Belgium ; I say when they
can witness these things, and look upon
them as a matter of course, aud a majority
of their tolling millions be satisiedto live
In a state or chronic starvation, It will be
time enough to agitate tbe question or free
trade. Until then, let us have peace.
OSES AND HIS FMB VIEWS.
Of late years It has been considered cul
tured to despise the directions of Moses
with regard to food, but careful scientlnc
research Is steadily coming round to his
support. The "ceremonial" Cetloa of the
clergy, will hardly stand against the facts
revealed by natural history.
A large number oi very instructive es
says on sanitary preesatloas ,aad hserr
aaces could be written from the suggestive
texts of the books or Leviticus for instance.
Kany of the distressing ailments, which
pass under the fashionable name of malaria
lean easily be traced V violations of scene
of the directions of the great Jewish law
ABaferjeadashorttiaeago before the
CaHtoraia Academy- of SdeaceTglvea a
very pertinent reasea whs- tbtfwil. bare
sh)d not be eaten. The so-called water
IsHsten, or water bells, rreqentlylBd
onthebedyef that. salisl,,awjnrilher
ere nor leas than "tape-warns In the
larva stage, waiting patiently far their
ibis H, oily an af hnndresh af ex-
aaplM which .nigh-hr stt.isniU.wm at,
LEGENDS 6F THE YELLOWSTONE.
J. V. 8.
The first white man to look upon the Yel
lowstone river, was tbat intrepid explorer,
Lieut. Clarke, who descended this stream
in the year 1906 with a part or the command
popularly known as tbe Lewis and Clarke
expedition. A history ol this exploration
was printed, describing the country travel
ed through, which was read by thousands,
and attracted universal attention. Tbe
mouth or the Columbia river on the Pacific
coast was, however, considered the point or
most commercial value and political inter
est to the Nation, the vast interim being
soon forgottou and delegated to tbe trapper
and fur fathers who maintained a precari
ous existence among the Indians.
The American Fur Company established
two trading posts on tbe Yellowstone dur
ing tbe years 1811 and '15; this company
was controlled by John Jacob Astor, and
here was gathered the means to place the
name ol Astor high up In the list of the
money kings to-day.
Tuliocb's fort was located about a mile
below the mouth of the Big Horn river, and
its ruins are still visible. Different stories
are told as to its destruction and abandon
ment, the most probable one of which is,
that the agent In charge was "short" and
purposely forced the fort to mako a short
settlement or bis accounts.
Another visit and attempted settlement at
the mouth or tho Big Horn is told or by
some old-time trappers, and this is our le
gend No. 1 :
During the year 182), a small party, con
sisting or four families and some employes,
left Illinois, bound ror California. Tlicy
were.wcll equipped for tbe trip, and to com
mence anew in a wild couutry, having iu
their outfit seeds, tools, provisions, horses
and cattle. On the Platte river, they con
cluded to go to Oregon instead of Califor
nia, and turning north too soon, while not
exactly lost, tbey struck tbe Yellowstone
river at the mouth or the llig Horn.
The winter season was near aud thccoiin
try being the fairest they bad gazed upon,
being, in comparison with what tbey had
passed through, a paradise, therefore the
conclusion to stop was soon arrived at with
out much discussion or opposition. Cabins
were erected ; apple, peach and cherry seeds
were planted; provision was made ror
horses and cattle, and tho little settlement
prepared well for winter, all aparcntly be
ing happy and contented. Influences were
at work however, that brought destruction
A young man who had come along lu the
employ of one of the families, became en
amored with his employer's daughter, while
she bad given berscir to another of the par
ty. The seed was sown, and the tree of dis
cord grew right thriftily. During the win
ter tho rejected suitor left the settlement,
Intent upon consummating his purpo$c,aud
wreaking vengeance upon those who had
thwarted him. Or course his disappearance
caused anxiety, but it was finally concluded
that the missing man-bad strayed off and
perished, aud bis absence restoring harmo
ny, but few regrets were manifested. All
being more tbau pleased with their location
and surroundings, the temporary halting
place was made the permanent borne of the
Tbe Blackfoot Indians were at this time
lords of the soil, although their title was at
times disputed by roving bands or Sioux;
during this particular Tall and winter their
camps wcro on the Missouri, Sun and Mari
as rivers and were visited occasionally by
white traders from Fort Ilentou. Clarke
had been Tor some time a resident among
them, had taken a squaw for a wire, and ac
quired influence in counsel. How Is it that
the career or this man has escaped the peu
or the novelist? Descended from the V. V.
V.'s, a graduate ot WestPoiut, and wealthy,
be buried himself iu the Kocky Mountain
wilds and finally perished by a Blackfoot
bullet, ir bo bad not survtveduntil the ad
vent ot white men inconsiderable numbers,
he too would have been recollected only in
His taking a wire was to exercise a power
fill influence over the little settlement on
the Yellowstone, ror that particular squaw
was sought arter by a rising young warrior
or tho tribe, and when the white man bore
off the prize reveugo was next In order. It
would not do to attack Clarke openly, so ho
must bide bis time.
The lost man from the Yellowstone made
his way to the Blackfoot camp ou the Mis
souri, and fate decreed that the two reject
ed suitors should come together. Tbe Ind
ian readily agreed to assist the renegade,
for the blood ol w.bitcs would go far toward
satisfying his vengeance; so a war party
started for the mouth or Big Horn.
One morning when the settlers were Jut
preparing for the day's work, the lllaekfoot
was upon them, and It was all over iu a few
minutes. Not a soul escaped all perished
by the bullet and knife. The renegade,
even wa9 killed, In order thai the bloody
deed should not come to the ears of the
whites. The sad story was learned by a
few old trappers, whose suspicions were
aroused by seeing fine horses and household
goods in the Indian teepees, tbat could only
have been obtained by mttrduriug white
Like silken down, from mllk-wecd blown,
With sunshine flecked, and ovcrstrown,
Tho joys to be, float through the mi ml.
So subtly sweet, and hair defined
As rhythmic murmurs, through the trees,
Or odors borne upon tbe breeze.
Yet real all, with life replete
O'erleaplng tlmo's winged feet
Each sense to thrall. No wizzard's dower
Can match the mind's creative power.
Visions illume religion's face,
Xml mark the faith of every race.
Knowing this, why wonder then,
Kcalitlcs oft tame have Lccn?
Jtrt. n. E. KimUll.
THE GARFIELD HOME.
The large, airy house Is in splendid con
dition and the entire place is kept up as
well as any suburban borne on tbe Western
Iteserve. The spacious lawns in front and
at the sides of the house are velvety green,
and are kept well cropped. The drives and
walks are beautifully gravelled and not a
spear of grass dares lift its bead between
tbe pebbles. Beds of geraniums and hot
house piants In full bloom dot tbe lawns.
Tbe trees are symmetrically trimmed. The
barns are clean and in good repair.
A pleasant plctuic of tbe daily life of the
now famous family was presented to tbe
eye of tbe reporter. On the front piazza, In
an easy rocking chair, sat the aged mother,
a little grayer, perhaps, for the experiences
or tbe past two years, but looking very cool
and comfortable In the twilight- A little to
tbe cast on tbo broad piazza wero tbe chil
dren, seated in a knot whittling, Irvln and
Abram, and the two Rudolph boys. Around
tbe corner to the east was Miss Molite, tit
ting on a window-sill and toying with the
shutters of tbe blind. In tbe rear, on tbe
west side of the bouse, the family horse aad
carriage stood, as il In readiness to take
some members of the family for a moon
Mrs. Garfleld, Ilarry and James were not
visible, but are living on the farm, having
returned from Saratoga last week. Here
the family now live and will remain during
the master. There are twelve members in
all, besides the help : Mrs. Garfield, grand
aaa, aad the f re children ; Mr. Joseph Ru
dolph, bis father, wife, ami two children.
Their Mentor life Is by no means tedious.
The viHags Is a decidedly pleasant one, the
family is provided with every comfort, and
there Is no one to molest or make afraid.
Occasionally a trip Is made to Little Moun
tain te eseape the heat for a day or two.
Last week the Rudolph boys aad some of
the Garfield boys drove over to Klrtlaad aad
Inspected the Mermoa temple there. Fre
quent trips are made down to Cleveland,
tvad i occasional trips to ether places even
more distant, but tbe family spend most of
tteir time la Mentor.
i Thaysiiagstsii,.AWm aad Irvln, seem
te enjoy themselves hugely. There is a
stream ef water- cabled Kane's creek, jnst
west of the, hnmsslssil. and here, la con-
neetlon with' other boys of the neighbor
hesesLtfcayhetebsilita dasn,tau cawing
the water to deepen aad make a good place
MTaWimmlag. Hera they hareQiome roe
lTrny alsago on seenslsasl ishlng
exasoimna., AltinsttirthaOsrtHW home
aaV-emmmnma' staasvmtat tts ' oaaesMnnnv on'
ISO ,sMKOaT WaMemmmo mfsWOsOO,
rssssj & - r i
tf!SLrBSS y ifdbc&t?'JrL ffiJI!1 . : m - . a Ltili fct ttmti . ? '
A LETTER FROM TOPEKA.
The Political Uttile ud the State Fair.
TorKKa, August 14, 1SS3.
To the Editor of the EagUz
Believing that your readers would like to
read of how things are moving at tbe capi
tal, induces me to forward you a few jot
tings. At present tbe business or Topeka
Is not very lively, every branch or mercan
tile business complaining or the dullness or
tbe season, but all feeling cheerful over the
bright prospects of the near future. Con
siderable building is going on, and some
very fine residences and business bouses are
going up, but yet it cannot be called a
The only thing tbat is booming is politics
and tbe Republicans are all at sea over tbe
judgeship. By some clever manipulating It
has been so arranged that no Republican
conventiou will be called to nominate a can
didate, whereat many Republicans are no
way backward In expressing their disap
proval and exhibiting their wrath. Tbey.
think it Is a nice bow do you do when Re
publicans are asked to vote for the chair
man or tbe Democratic State Central Com
mittee ror tbe important position or judge,
and that too iu a district largely Republi
can, and where there are so many compe
tent Republicans who could fill the position
with equal honor and credit.
Then again we are in a terrible muddle
over tbe county offices. The primaries are
called ror the 29th InsL, and candidates are
as thick as flies around a molasses barrel.
Oue meets about hair a dozen In block, and
by the time he walks from Fourth to Tenth
street be will have candidates' tickets in ev
ery pocket. They are so extremely polite
about the business here, that all the candi
dates have neat little cards printed ou which
is printed their names and the ofllco to
which they aspire and these are liberally
distributed. The truth Is we are In a ter
rible muddle, politically, and the ground
work is being laid for some pretty loud
swearing after tho nominating convention
adjourns ou the first of September.
Other matters arc being attended to,bow
ever, of much more Importance to your ag
ricultural readers than politics. Prepara
tions are being made ror tbe grandest State
fair ever held In the State, and the indica
tions point to the most magnificent display
and largest attendance ever witnessed in
Kansas. The secretary or tbo State Fair
Association is overcrowded with business,
and notwithstanding tho largefoico.it work
he finds It almost impossible to keep up
with the demands upon him. The grounds
are being improved and beautified, new and
commodious building are being erected, the
different balls aro being put in readiness,
the racing track is being made not only one
of the finest in this State, but in any State.
Space bas already been engaged for almost
every breed of blooded stock kuown to
stockmen. Kansas comes with herds or
Cruiksbank's short-horns, Devonsand Dur
hams. Iowa will be represented by Alder
neys, Jerseys and Ayrshires. Missouri bas
engaged space ror several herds or short
horns, llliuolv asks room to exhibit her
Uerefords. Ohio puts forward ber famous
Clydesdale horses, and Illinois expects to
take the premium on her Norman 1'erche
rons. Many or the otvners or tbe fastest
runners and trotters in the country have
signified their intention or being in attend
ance, and a letter was received tbe other
day by G. Y. Johnson, tho secretary, from
a Mr. Flynn, at Grandvllle, Now York, no
tifying him that many of tbe horses on that
circuit would be present at the fair.
The display or cereals will be tho finest
ever witnessed in this or any other State,
and the horticultural department will chal
lenge successful competition from alt parts
of the world. The management are detcr
termined to leave nothing undone to make
the fair a grand success, and to make every
Kansas feel proud of his State and its pro
ductions. Judging from the uuincrous at
tractions, the grand display or all kinds of
blooded stock, the promised contests ln the
speed ring, the unrivalled exhibition of
fruit and cereals, and the abundant crops
with which tho farmers havo just been
blessed, and the prosperous condition of all
agricultural classes, tho coming State fair
gives promise or being the most largely at
tended or any ever held In the State.
THE DOG WAS ALOFFIN'.
Old mother Hubbard
Went to tbe cupboard
To get her poor daughter a gown ;
She made it up slattern,
With a sack ror a pattern,
And the style spread all over the town,
A Lively Fall In Passenger Rates, and
Events in Store Which will Greatly
The busy uotc or preparation In llalti
moro ror tbe coming Summer Night's Car
nival is heard on all sides, and the city ap
pears to be waking up as never beforo to
the determination to make this year's cele
bration certainly tbe biggest evtnt or the
character ever conceived or In this or any
other country. Tbe novel features being
steadily added to tbe already most brilliant
programmcspcaks strongly or the striking
talent possessed among the good citizens
who spend day and night in planning and
The city Illuminations promise to be up
on a most extensive scale, and almost alto
gether in the electric line. Many buildings
wilt be literally ablaze with bright lights
in all colors, and It is proposed to demon
strate in hitherto untried fields what can
ho done with electricity.
The harbor display on tbo opening night
will be as unique as possible to imagine,
and a veritable fairy scene. Every descrip
tion or light will be Introduced, and tbe
pyroteebnical features novel and of great
scope of design. Baltimore, as tbe nearest
Atlantic seaport to an enormous section ot
country, will show her unsurpassed harbor
to the multitude after a fashion never be
fore dreamed of. Tbe reception of Lord
Baltimore on the night in question, with
all Its attendant effects, will be something
to remember for years, and amply repay a
journey even across tbe continent. Pageant
night will also prove another memorable
occasion, for never la European or Amer
ican cities bas a parade cf such magnitude
or or such remarkable richness and novelty
beeu attempted. Last year's pageant was
coneeded by New Orleans mystic experts
themselves, as well as those from Mobile,
Memphis, Galveston and St. Louis, to have
been beyond all comparison tbe grandest
pageant ever witnessed In this country. If
such was tbe unanimous verdict last year
it would be difficult to measure the limit of
praise this year, as the psgeant, now in Its
finishing stage, Is inestimably superior,
larger, grander and In every way finer than
that of 1832. It will require a regiment or
men and horses to put It upon the street
upward of thirteen hundred men and two
hundred and sixty odd horses. Thirty
thousand dollars would not begin to cover
tbe expense of this one display. From
this prospective visitors may glesa some
idea of what Is in store for them. Not on
ly will expectation during sojourn in tbe
city the second week in September le more
than realized, but travel to and from will
be looked after with moat painstaking care.
Tbe Baltimore k Ohio, not content with
nuking tbo exceptionally low rate of half
fare, or one regular fare for the round trip
from all stations on its great system, but
arranged a scries of excursions which wilt
afford the greatest possible facilities for en
joyment. The visitor cannot indeed lad a
single point to criticise, far should he so
choose be need not hare an hour unoccu
pied during his entire week's pleasure
hunting. What with trips to Harper's
ferry, to Obi Point Comfort, to Fortress
Monroe, to Mouat Vernon, to Luray Cav
erns, to Washington, aad.the Oriole in Bal
timore, tbe man who could complain would
certainly' growl If he hast tho earth. Tbo
B. O. has, with characteristic enterprise,
issued aa elegantly engraved programme,
aad which can be had for tho mere trouble
of an application to aay of Its represeata
Uvea or at any of IU omens threnghont the
eommry N ,t "
The B. ft 0..exreiona aaaosaced for
September aaferd epportaaJUes for pleas
ore seeking uaptstsjdcntsd of late yean.
With .tew eotUttT1 of- srganlnailsa main.
isit4i the pes of tbe eastern tinea and
shamed, batf tWtsM'seferetls a big
thing, aad a ttnmng whsa it wW bestssead
LINCOLN'S FIRST INAVwHRAL.
When Mr. Lincoln arrived in Washington
in sdvance of tbe announced time, to i
cape assassination, be brought his inaugur
al address with him in print, rather annoy
ing to Mr. Seward, who as secretary of the
new administration, bad hoped to draft the
production which was so eagerly awaited
by tbe country. Mr. Lincoln had written
his inaugural at Springfield, and bad It con
fidentially put lu type by bis friend, the lo
Four copies were printed on foolscap pi
per, and wherever the writer thought that
a paragraph would be effective, be preceded
it with a typographical fist. A carpet-bag.
containing these printed copies of the forth
coming inaugural, was intrusted by Mr.
Lincoln to bis eldest son, "Bob," now Sec
retary of War, who was so taken aback by
tbe enthusiastic reception which they re
ceived at Uarrlsburg, tbat he permitted a
waiter to take it and forgot all about it.
When asked for it by his father, ha was
forceu to confess tbst he knew not where it
Mr. Lincoln Immediately started for the
baggage-room, and, striding over the bar
rier at the door, he began overhauling with
out ceremony a large pile of carpet-bags,
until be was fortunate enough to dad the
ono containing the precious document. Af
ter arriving at Washington, Mr. Lincoln
gave one copy of his inaugural address to
Mr. Seward and one to the venerable Fran
cis P. Blair, asking them to read and criti
cise. Some changes were made of no great
Importance, which were given to Mr. Nlco-
lay, tbe President's private secretary, to
write in a fair hand on one of the printed
copies from which Mr. Lincoln was to read.
Mr. Nlcolay corrected another copy, which
was furnished to tbe press and which I now
When Mr. Lincoln came out on the plat
form In front of the capltol, bis tall figure
rising above those around him, the usual
genial smile was on bis angular countenance
but he seemed much perplexed to know
what to do with a new silk hat and a large
gold-headed cane. The cane he put under
the table, but the bat appeared to be too
good to place on the rough boards. Senator
Douglas saw tbe embarrassment of his old
friend and, rising, took tbe shining hat from
Its bothered owner and held It during the de
livery ot the inaugural address. Mr. Lin
coln was listened to with great earnestness,
and evidently desired to convince the mul
titude before him, rather than to bewilder
or dazzle them. It was evident to all that
he honestly believed every word that he
spoke, especially the concluding paragraph
which I copy from tho original print :
"X33 I am loth to close. We are not en-
mice, but friends. We must not be enemies.
Though passion may be strained, It must
not break our bonds ot affection. 138" Tbe
mystic chords of memory which stretch from
every battle-field and patriot grave to every
loved heart and hearth-stone all over our
broad land will yet swell the chorus of the
Union when again touched, as they surely
will be, by the better angels ol our nature."
Sen. ferley Poore, in, Voutk't Companion.
A sweet disorder in tbe dress
Kindles in clothes a wantonness ;
A lawn about tbe shoulders thrown
Into a fine distraction ;
An erring lace, which here and there
Enthrals a crimson stomacher;
A cuff neglectful, and thereby
Ribbons to flow confusedly ;
A winning wave, deserving note,
In the tempestuous petticoat;
A creless shoestring, in whose tie
I see a wild civility;
Do more bewitch me thsn when art
Is too precise In every part.
CARNEY AND PLUMi.
A Delaware, Ohio, correspondent of the
Philadelphia Timet Iu writing of the birth
places in tbe Buckeye State, of prominent
men, draws the following pen sketch which
will Interest Kansans :
"Three miles from tbe borne of the Rose
crans family, in 1833, stood tbe cabin of a
Dutch farmer named James Carney. He
had a son named Tom, who grew up a
strong, tall, energetic fellow, fond of going
a fishing and making horse trades on Sun
day. He was jovial, ingenious and liked
by all. He bad a Loon companion and
friend named Plumb, a little runt of a fel
low, whose father owned a small farm
about four miles away through the woods.
Plumb was a freckle-laced, awkward boy,
perfectly willing to go to school when It
was too wet to go hunting or fishing with
young Carney. He was as full of life and
sunshlno and as bright as his companion.
What thoughts possessed these ragged, un
tutored lads, no one can tell. Tbey both
"bitched their horses to tbe stars." Car
ney left tho farm and went to Cincinnati,
from there he wandered westward and fin
ally located at Leavenworth, Kansas, and
soon after became famous u the war gov
ernor of that State. Young Plumb also
became dissatisfied with the farm, aad
gathering together a few effects walked to
Springfield, a distance of seventy miles,
There he secured employment as devil In a
printing office. After remaining there a
short time be went to Xenla, where he fin
ished his trade. For several years be led a
nomadic life, but at last, full of tbe hope
that never deserted him, be turned bis face
westward. He landed In Leavenworth snd
was given a royal welcome by bis old friend
Carney. He succeeded, and instead of the
freckle-faced farmer's boy and printer's
devil, he is now United States Senator
There was a young king of Madrid,
Who married, though merely a kid,
Ho deserted his queen,
Whose name was Christine,
And off to ber mother she slid,
THE MASHER MASHER.
There were plenty of seats in tbe ear, but
as he walked down tbe aisle he looked
sharply to tbe right and left until he reach
ed a pretty girl wbo was sitting alone.
"Scat engaged, Miss 7" he asked with a
"N-no, sir," stammered tbe girl, looking
around with dismay.
Down he plumped; and braced himself
for the campaign. He was a regular pas
senger, and held his commutation ticket In
"Shall I open "
"Tickets 1" roared the conductor who
had watched him from afar.
Tbe regular passenger smiled sweetly on
the pretty girl, aad put up his pasteboard,
out ot which two sides were promptly
"Hold on !" protested tbe regular passen
ger, "yon punched this twice. This lady
isn't with met"
"Sorry," replied the conductor, "but you
walked la, sat down, aad went to work on
the regular married style. Snppoeed, of
course, It was your wife. Too late now.
Take a vacant seat next Usee. Tickets V
And tbe passengers went to the conduc
tor and asked him to driak, aad odered
him cigars, aad bought out the train boy
"I knew they weren't married," said he,
as he squinted at a glass of extra prime.
"I've seen bim before, bat thie Is the drst
time it cost bim a couple of doHara to play
"Do you know wbo tbe lady Is r" asked
"My wife, gentlemen," replied tbe con.
dactor, and even tbe task ehnekted a marry
"glag gtug" as he spoke. TrtUrt Mr-
MtWTH tf TMCNCW SWTN.
Thirty years ago, la tbo heyday of the
slavery regime, the total rata of tke South
ern crop of cotton, tobacco, rteo.kay,
hemp aad sagar cane was I1JUW.7V. Tbe
census report of lfltw shews tho Soathern
products were In the last esMasyssvr.Tal-
aed at VMfimfm, oae-thkd ol whlefc waa
the yatac of the cotton pradasf. wbteh ro
aulas tho great staple of tho Soath, whose
standing la tbo aaarkau of tho world has
not been cmtetee by tkammtawl West In
THIHs anSflVsaWS Of SMMMaVaff' 1
to Xew Bagtaadaad OW
, -- . r . -" m . m ' .. - 2 amWW Maftf dsfftV J
W wm smmmsrTaVHWSkmmn mmrmmmmal mmmmma, mnmS em . 1 - - - -" - -
1ffjJWm;1trbwWH MNSpIlM M4 ," " -yTyirtHMMmmmmmmmmt- -tmaVmi.-TmT.mv..
"-" Am,- MMf sktaT-Mmmt ! ft3fa mma
RafHnmrmJ CmTV e"salVIVale Wsfmntmarsj gsjj sjj anpsunmsmafsj myesj
A Constantinople newspaper announces
the discovery of Noah's ark. It appears
tbat some Turkish commissioners, appelat
ed to investigate the question of avalanch
es on Mount Ararat, suddenly came upon a
gigantic structure or very dark wood pro
truding from a glacier. They made In
quiries of the Inhabitants (Q 1,7 In their
report.) These bad seen it for six yean,
bat bad been afraid to approach it, because
a spirit ot fierce aspect had been seen look
ing out of the upper window. Turkish
commissioners, however, are bold men, not
deterred by such trifles, and they determin
ed to reach it. Situated as It was among
the fastnesses of one of the gleas of Mount
Ararat, It was a work ol enormous difficul
ty, and it was only after Incredible hard
ships that they succeeded. Th'e ark, one
will be glad to hear, was ln a good slate of
prescrvatIon,although tbe angles observe,
not the bow or item had. been a good
deal broken 'In Its descent. They recog
nized It at once. There was aa Englishman
among them who had presumably read his
Bible, and he saw it was msde of the an
cient gopher wood of Scripture, which, as
every one knows, only grows on the plains
of the Euphrates. Effecting aa entrance
into the structure, which was painted
brown, they found that the admiralty re
quirements for the conveyance of horses
had been carried out, and the Interior was
divided Into partitions fifteen feet bigb.
Into three or these only eonld they get, the
others being full of Ice, aad how far the
ark extended into the glacier they could
not tell. If, however, on being uncovered,
It turns out to be 300 cubits long, it will go
bard with tbe disbelievers in tbo Book of
Genesis. "Needless to say," says the rail
Mail Oaxtlte, "an American was soon on
tbe spot, and negotiations have been enter
ed Into with the local pasha for Its speedy
transfer (o the United States."
LOVE IN A PIE.
At dinner, I
Ate ol a pie
Such a pie t
By quarters, I ate up the whole
Or that pie.
Laughing, said I,
To wife so shy,
"Tell me shall I you most extol,
Or the pie f"
Then drew she nigh.
Winking her eye,
"Loving thee, I put my whole soul
In tbe pie."
A CHARITABLE A6ENCY.
O. W. Jackson, city bill poster, Philadel
phia, on July 4th, 1870, established at his
residence an agency for the recovery of
strayed and lost children.
Prior to this date when a child bad stray
ed from Its home, If too young to tell its
name or localty, there was more or less or
a quandary as to where it should be taken
so tbst it could be the most readily regained
by Its anxious parents; but Mr. Jackson
cut the Qordian knot when by his generos
ity aad goodness ot heart ho converted bis
own home into an asylum where tbe little
wanderers would be kindly cared for until
borne by loving bands back to tbelr parent
From the first of January of this year
until the present date eighty-five strayed
children have found a temporary home un
der Mr. Jackson's hospitable roof and
since tbo institution of this sharitable en
terprise, nine hundred and fifty-seven have
been cared for until it could be ascertained
where tbe youngsters bad strayed rrom.
The ages have varied rrom eighteen
months to seven years.
Mr. Jackson established this new depart
ure simply as a work or love, as he nukes
no charges for cither the Inconvenience be
may be subjected to or the time It may con
sume. But there are but few so thought
less or inconsiderate as not to give Mr,
Jsekson a generous reminder of their grat
itude for his kindness of heart.
Mr. Jackson has recently taken a resi
dence at 113 West 9th street which will be,
ln tbe future, the headquarters for all lost
A Dog and a Booster, who worked tho
Damon and Pythias racket, were traveling
together, one summer, and finding no
Wayside Ion eu route, wherein to resist
night, took up their abode on tbe soft side
of a tree. The Fowl flew readily to a leafy
branch near the tree top ; but the Dog, re
marking tbat "it was a heathen clime up
there," laid down en root, and slept the
sleep of the Democrat.
At early dawn tbe Booster waked, and
tooted bis calliope as only a Rooster can
By his noise; which, Indeed, was louder
thsn the bark of a Dog or tbe tree, for tbat
matter he attracted the attention of a
Fox, who was In search of his morning
meal, and who viewed with delight tbe
prospect of Booster on toast.
"Ab, my pretty bird," said be, "how use
ful you arc. Will you not come down and
live with me, and be my own Mttle alarm
clock? Come down; It is raining you'll
"Does It, Ualn-bardr" smiled the Fowl
"Don't move," said the Fox. "A bird
that w ill make such tough puns must, ac
cording to the proverb, 'toughs from tbe
tough,' be unfit for my purposes. Why, I
believe you're so tough tbst, If you were a
ben, you'd lay hard-boiled eggs. You're
Just then tbe Dog awoke, and striking
the Fox on tbe collar-button, sent bim to
his halo, thereby deducing tbe moral that
It don't pay to Vituperate a Booster. J. K.
Bangt, in Life.
According to tbe Emporia Jfemt, Marsh
Murdoek bas a new town In tbe western
part of Sedgwick county, on tbe line of the
proposed Santa Fe extension. 1 1 Is a mov
able sort of town, containing about fifty
bouses. The only thing It bas never moved
is Its name Marshall. It first moved to tbe
NInnescab river. Then, not being satisfied
and for some unknown reason, it moved
down tbe "river." Before It got well set
tled some one waa unkind enough to build
a bridge at Its present location, aad Its In
habitants were again brought face to race
with tbe necessity of tearing up and mov
ing. This time It got pretty well settled,
but finally railroad rumors were heard, the
people got up oa the fence and sat there.
not knowing which way to Jamp to strike
the road, or whether to jump at all; Im
provements were forgotten, wells remained
undug, for the wise Inhabitant knew he
eonld not move his bote la tho ground. But
tho railroad baa at last made up Its mind.
The town will move again, Its new location
will be fear miles from the present one,
When once fairly settled It will be one of
the ascot thriving towns la this section of
the State, bat whether it will eontiaue to
hold Its present name or not, we are unable
THE STREETS if VEMCE.
Many persons are aader a great misappre
hension aa to the mesas of transit or loee-
motioa In Venice. It Is a mistake to sap
pose that there are no streets, aad that It
Is absolutely nsrcmsry to go from pises to
ee by gondola. It is true that three
bridges the Btako bridge of tho middle
ages, aad two amodera Iron bridges spaa
tho Grand Caaal which divides the city la
halves; it is true that tbe city It
pea 117 Islands, intersected by IN
mmmmJa! aaaU ajl 4 .mama mmstfmmamlmml fstlat tssmmansmt
BBBBBBami amaaaamssm anaasja, ,0f sssrmn1 JMVtmyVJV y itHft flDtpapa,
very one of tho water streets bare a quay
or footpath borderiag it. white W bridges
unite Islaad to island, so that Ittsoaltepoo.
asbto to go to every part ef the dtyoa foot,
aMhotjgfc few perhaps woaU care to do as,
for there is not, In aHtho wectd,amore
iHtasak ptaoo tor the traveler, gaMoa oaly
bytherhjbtofnattre,''to dad a gtvea
That spot may ha oaly atwwha.
yards away, bat to Maehtthomay
to erase half a amarn twtdaea. isms
leading to tho right, aad isaw to thw toft,
memrfJmammmi mm sssW -
ab Americaa engineer, wbo being en
gaged in the construction of a railroad in
China, bas had unusually favorable oppor
tunities for examining the greet wsll built
to obstruct the Incursions of the Tartars,
gives the following account of this won
derful work :
The wall Is 1,723 miles long, IS feet wide
at tho bottom, and 15 feet thick al- the top.
The foundation throughout is of solid
granite, the remainder ot compact mason
ry. At intervals between 380 aad 300 yards
towers rise up, 23 or 30 feet bigb, snd SI
feet In diameter. On tho top of the wall
and on each side of it are masonry parapets,
to enable the defenders to pass unseen
from one tower to anoter. Tbe wall It-elf
Is carried from point to point In a perfect
ly straight line, across valleys and hills
without the slightest regard to tbe config
uration of the ground, sometimes plunging
down into an abyss a thousand feet deep.
Brooks snd smaller rivers are bridged over
by tbe wall, while on the banks or larger
streams strong flanking towers arc placed.
THE HALL SPY AHEAD.
Among the guests or a New York hotel
was a maiden lady from the rural districts.
The landlord noticed that about 9 o'clock
every night she would come down stairs,
get a pitcher or ice-water and return to ber
"One night," bo said, "I made bold to
speak to be. aad asked ber why she did
not ring the bell for a hall-boy to bring tbe
lee-water to ber."
"But there is no bell in my room."
"No bell In your room, madamet Pray
let me show you," and with that ho took
tbe pitcher ot lee-water In his band escort
ed ber to her apartment. Then bo poluted
out to her the knob or tbe electric bell.
She gazed at It with a sort or horror, aud
"Dear me! Is that a bell! Wby, tbe
ball-boy told me that waa a fire-alarm sig
nal, and that I must never touch it, except
In case of fire 1"
"And that is bow the ball-boy saved him
self the trouble of going for Ice-water."
.Vew 1'ori Star.
Tbe 400th anniversary of the birth of
Martin Luther will be celebrated, on the
14th of November next. In this country,
however, It Is proposed to begin tho cele
bration on the 31st of October, which will
be the SGfitli anniversary of the Protestant
reformation in Germany. Tbo centennials
of Luther's birth and work bare been at
tended, in the past, with great ceremony
A German artist in New York bas a collec"
tlon of medals, struck on such occasions.
The oldest Is of Iron bronze, four and a
quarter Inches in diameter, and about hair
an Inch thick. On one side Is tho head ot
Luther; on the obverse Is an animated rep
resentation of tbe sccno at tho church door,
Ith Luther In robes, directing attention
to his challenge. Tho encircling legend in
German words: "With God Begun at
Wittenberg, 31st October, 1517." Ho bas
also a Luther medal about 250 years old,
and a dozen others, Issued at various times,
to commemorate Important celebrations In
honor or tbe great German reformer.
When the head or a Bulgarian family
perceives that be Is about to die, ho sends
for the priest and begins to bargain with
him about tbe cost of the funeral.
The moment he dies all tbe pots, pans
and kettles In the house are turned upsldo
down to prevent his soul taking refugo In
any one of them, and great cara Is taken to
prevent either man or animal especially a
cat or dog from stepping across bis body,
as otherwise, in the opinion ot his family,
he would turn into a vampire and be a con
tinual nuisance to them and to their neigh
bors. Tbe body Is buried without a coffin, In a
shallow grave, and left there three years,
during which lime many offerings of rood
and wine are placed upon it.
At the end of tbe third year the bones of
the dead man arc dug up, carefully washed,
and put in a linen bag, laid before tho altar
Iu the village church, and, after receiving
tbe blessing of tho priest, are burled for
THERE'S VIRTUE IN WHISTLIN6.
An old farmer ones said ho would not
have a hired man on bis farm who did not
habitually whistle, lie always hired whis
tlers. Said bo never knew a whistling la
borer to find fault with bis food, bis bed or
complain of any little extra work he was
asked to perform.
Such a man Was generally kind to chil
dren and animals In bis care. He would
whistle a chilled land Into warmth atid llfo,
and bring his bat full ot eggs rrom tbo barn
without breaking one of them. Ho found
such a man more careful about closing
gates, putting up bars, and seeing that tbe
nuts on bis plow were all properly tighten
ed before he took It into the field.
He never knew a whistling man to beat
or kick a cow or to drive her on a run Into
tho stable. He hsd noticed that the sheep
he hsd red in tbe yard or shed gathered
around bim as be whistled, witbout rear.
He never bad employed a wbi'tler wbo was
not thoughtful and economical.
"Mister," began a small boy, as be en
tered a Woodward avenue grocery, yester
day, "ma bought some mackerel hero last
"And in making cbange,yon gave her"
"No, I didn't 1 I haven't bad a quarter
with a bote in It for a month."
"But ma says you gave ber a "
"Don't believe It don't believe It 1 I re
member now ; I gave ber a halt dollar, a
quarter aad a nickel."
"Ma ssys you gave her a gold piece for a
penny, and here It Is."
"Good gracious alive I but so I did so I
did. I remember now that I gave her a
dollar bill and a lot of small change. Hub,
what's your nsme, and do you think you
can eat three sticks of lemon candy r Ab I
It does me good to And honesty snd reward
It Vm Prut.
CIVIL SERVICE EXAMIMATHN.
I remember an eminent Russian diplo
matist once telling me that be bad passed a
very successful examination on bis enter
ing the diplomatic service, although be
knew absolutely nothing ol the test sub
jects. His success so surprised bim tbst
be asked the chief examiner bow It was
that he bad not failed. "We perceived,"
observed the geatieataa, "tbst you In real
ity were utterly Ignorant of all the sub
jects, but you concealed your Ignorance so
cleverly In your replies tbst we came to
the conclusion that yon would make aa
excellent diplomatist." It is In vain, bow
ever, to expect that examiners aro often
likely to show this sort of Intelligence.
A boy of eight yean was asked by bis
teaehsr where tho senilis was.
"The spot la the heaveas directly over
oae's head," he replied.
To test hia knowledge further, tbe teaeh-
r asked : "Caa two persons nave tbe same
zenith at the ssme tlsser
"If oae stands oa tho other's head 1"
"Caa 9t body oat wUh these things t"
asked aa elderly lady, who was handling a
pair of artideial palates la a deatlst'soake,
aad admiring tho flaeaey with wbieh ho
"Msstiealloa caa ho porformed by them
with a faeflity scarcely exeeHed by Baton v
Tea, I know," reeled tho Udr; "bat
caa a body oat with 'ansf"
aF.M9"afJ sfmimTsnrfr MaflfJBa.
," was thraliRac her tail aad, whoa Aey.'
eieaeherela algal, nasi .wstwa sisyhof m .
m the aabipar ism iadamtmsith. east .
WeM MMlr MOVma B0 f ft I
s. - - I -sss.sjo. ,
lev. Dr. Joaee, tatrodastag to aa ao
dteaeo a fameas mlssisaary fremladto,
eeaeladed Ma rumsrfca wmh tho feaowtag ;
"Bo eeoaea to yoa feeat tat land waetw
erery prospect pleases, aad aafy nsaa la
LV ' .
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