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WICHITA, SEDGWICK COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 1883.
!MMM4wMIWIfeMli5MlBlWMMinkMhMikMM jl riy . -sjhjt If-
M X ULIUKICK.
b. r nrmncK.
M. MUHDOCK & BROTHER.
l'raLMIIEIM A!CI l'BOmi tTOH.
TWO DOI.LAUS l'KU YKAIt IN ADVANCE.
itninnrj uti: kaii xwin- es utumtu.
Mall via A..T. AS F. railroad, rrom th
north, arrlvatt).3a. in., lcpart at t0
from ihe south, arrive at & 10 i. m , depart
kt 6 IS. Lxprea mult arrive etio p m
Mall Tia ht. Lotil A Kan Francisco railroad,
arrives ate Up m and depart at tl Ma. m.
Mall via. ht. I, , Kt. 8. A . It B. arrive
at7 35 p. m.t depart at 8' 30 a tn.
Harper. Itiinnlmede, I.evy, Milton and Iiubjr,
arrive! Wednesday and Saturday M I i m
departs Monday and Thursday at i a m.
klnim.an, Waterloo Marshall and Alton,
arrives -ueday. Thursday ami Satorday at
at 0 i. m.s departs Monday. W ednesday and
riday at 6 a m
Casllelon, fcl. Jdaiks and fiermaiila, arrlin
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at Km de
part aanie day at I p m
Don:!. lUir Hill and Iowavllle. arrlrea
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at II m ; de
part same dart at 1 p. m.
Kl Dorado, lowanda, ISenton and Greenwich,
arrive Monday. Wednesday and aturday at
p. in i dejiaru Tuesday, Tnurvlay and Jatnr
Hutchliiton, l.ldrbljre, Mt Ho) and ayrtte,
arrives Monday, Wednesday and Friday at
Gi in :denrU'Iuesday, Thursday and Jatnr
llayiillle, Clearwater, Itolllne Green, Ohio
Center, W aoi and l'eotone, arrive Toewlay,
Tfcura-lay and baturday at 1 m. j deji&rti umi
daya at l)i rn
Malta goluit eaut anil noiitli cloee promptly at
H 10 a in : rualia for north at & 10 i. m.jel
preta mall for went and Newton at 12 in
; tofflc oin rordellreryorietun andaal
t 4aJM fnMU ; a su. to 7 p in
Moneynrderdeiiartmentoiiarii(ina. m to
City Attorney I M. IlaMrr.ion
1'ollre JudRe A. A. t.lenn.
Uy Treasurer C Klmmerle
Marthal .lanie Kalrnft
CllvllrL red 'Hjiattner
Jutlr of the I'rac W Hold ami
W . Ilioina
(Amf tablaa rauL 1 hoiiiaa and I . S orrall.
Council, Hret ward M Zliuiiwrly and N A.
Council, Second ward 0. I.. Adam and
V. (i imytli
Council, llilrd wanl C. h Medama aim
II K. Itron
Couucll, rourth wanl J L Dyer aud 4. 1".
lloanl of fduratlon, Hrt anl ho llarrli
and II. It llutler Seniml wanl It. h (.uihrle
ami J aroh IlUaantz. Thlnl anl M . . lvy
and M llrllar. rourth ward Jonh Misheraud
I .& Caldnrll
Judge or the klfthteenth Judicial DMrlrt
Mtate Senator II. O SIiikk
ICeprefientallves L, 11 Allen, John Huvll
ltoardnrCountyCoiniiilMfflonerM G. W Wal
ler, il. W'. Merarod, A. W Oliver.
County Treasurer I.. N. Wooilmck
unt) C lerk K A. Doreey.
bberlff II. It. W att. Deputy U. 8 Martha!
Clark of DUtrlct Court C A an Sett.
I'rouateJudKe K. 11 .lewett
up't of l'lihllc Instruction II D Hammond
lleglxler of Denis II D. HeUerntan.
County Attorney D M. Dale
Count surveyor J. K Hamilton.
Corouer J . W Ii panl.
lint l'renliyterlaii Church J. D Hewitt,
.lor Sen Ices every Salihath at loi o'clock
a in and 7 o'clockp m. rrayermeetlug every
Ihursda) at T,' o'clock, p. in.
M fc. ChunJi II Kelly. tator. Service
every Habbalh at 10, o'clock a in. and 7i!l m.
1'raj er meetlnu on '1 hurwlay evening.
.m. AlnvsualthoIlcChurcli UeV McCall.
pastor 'services on the 2d and 4tb Sunday of
etery month, lilgn mass at iva m ,vei.rai.s
Mathollst, Germau lte..lohn llaller, -lor
llegular services at the church building
atlOSa lu fcud'K P m. I'rav er meeting on
Wwdnemla) nlffbt at" p ii
frlends'nieellng each First day niornlug, until
further notice, at 10), o'clock, on north aldeof
Ihinglaa avenue, tetween Tremont and Globe
House, entrance thlnl dooreastof Globe House.
Chrlatlanl hurcli Services eery Ionl' day
at 11 o'clock, A. M , In Miller Hull sundat
et hool at lOo'clock, A. M.
Itaptlst CluirrJi lte W'. F. Harer, pastor.
Services at 10 30 A. M and 7.30 1' M.. Sunday
mJiooI Immediately after morning service,
praj er meeting Thursday evening.
St. John' J- plscopal Chnrrh hv.
hamberlaln, rector, servhea on Sunday at
10V A M. aud?),'!' M Wenesday eiening
ut7. Seats free.
Congrricatlonalist Services every alternate
Sabliathat looa m and TTOp m until fur
ther notice. In laxle Hall.
A M .. Church Uev M. 'A'ooton, pantnr.
Corner W ater and Church streets
Hrat (ColoreIJ Missionary llaptlat Uev.
Frank Durden, tor. Iletween nlral ave
nue and Kim street.
Tile M. K. Sabbath echixd, A. II. Nartzger
8iierlntendent, meets at the church at ti
o'clock p. m.
ThePresbytcrian Sabbath ecliool, J. I. Hew
itt, Suierlnteudeut, meets at the l'rrsbyterlan
church at II in.
German M. K. Sunday achool,meeta at the
church atSi o'clock, p in Herman Mueller,
Kplacoal Sablath achool.'K S.Maglll,Snier
luleudent, meeta In hpiscojial Church atZKp h'.
SIT. OmrrCoMUAKDtnTho 1. K.T. Itegn
lar txmclave first r rlday of every month.
C. i:. JliBTlx, K. U
F. W. Todd, Uecorder.
W'iciiiTahKCAMrurxTNo.'il.I.O O.F meet
on the eecond ami fourth Thursday of each
month W m. MArrniH act, C. 1
A.J Saun, Scribe.
I. O. O. F W IchltaUidgeNo W.iueela every
riday night at S o'clock, at their hall. Temple
Block All brothers In rood standing are in
vited to attend. WM.MArriiawso'j, N. G.
w. r. stkm, n. s
A. F. X A. M Meetont!ieflrstnd thlnl
Monday or tach month Members visiting the
rltyareronllally Invited. J.II.Alfi, W.M.
J. M. UnowjoMjv, Secretary.
Gauikld I'oat, No 23,G.A.M MeeUon the
nrat and thlnl Tuewlav of each month.
M stkwakt, iAmmaniler,
J. A. Wallace, AdjuUnt.
WicniTACiiArTi,Il.A.M Meeta on th sec
ond 1 riday In each month J. 1'. Allkk, II. 1'.
KorM Sons, Secretary.
Kmoiits or 1100, meet at Odd 1 el Iowa Hall
every first and thlnl n rdnesday ofeachmonUi
J. W. M inuakd, Dictator.
Uuu'r Jacks. Ilrxrter.
KaiuiiTaorrrtiilAa, rtarwlrk IlgeNo 44.
Meets on Mondav oreacli weekatOld tellowa
hall. CIIAS lUTTON.C. J.
II STUAKT, If. It. S.
O. II. W Meeta every Monday nlgrt at
Miller's Hall. fc. r W iuion, M. W.
Giui Calhol, Recorder.
U. S. LAND OFUCK.
Douglaa Avenue, Commercial Illock. K L.
Walker. Register, J. L.Dyer, Receiver. Offlce
hoiira I rum V to ii a. m. and from 1 to 3 p.m..
' i II A CU.SEICA.
AionNkvAT-Law. VTlchlli, Kansas.
ac.inNttAT-LAiK. VTlchlli. Kansas, oolce
over hanaas State l.aok, comer of Main street
and Douglas atenur. All binlneaa will receive
1 nunpt atleution 1 :-."-
T D HOl'STON,
Antii.T-AT-LAW. Office overKana Na
lonal llank. -H-
AiToutEYa at Law, W Ichlla, Kansas. Offlce
i.ver lllasautz & llutler. 38-
SLBSS A IIATTOX,
ArrouraTS, Wichita, Kansas, office tn Kagla
. . KL'CGIJiS,
ATToaxxT at Law, Ichlta, Kanaaa.
1IAU1US A. 1IAIUUS.
Arrou-iiTs at Law, W Ichlta. Kansas Office
lu the bulldlngocrupledby Ihel). rf. Ind Onico
Loaua negotiated on lmpro ed lands lu Sadg-
Ick and snmner counties. 35-
DALK A DALE,
Attorxit at Law, Wichita, Kansas.
.No W Douglaa Avenue.
J. M. I1ALDEUSTO.V,
AmrniiTAt law, Wichita, Sedgwick county
Kanaaa Office In Centennial Illock, over Aley'i
aSboa Slor. apis-
J. F. L.VUCK,
AttohsiT at Law, first door north of U. 8.
Ijinil Offlce, In Commercial Ulock, W IchlU,
kanaaa. Sjiecial attention given to all kind of
business connected with the U. S Land Office.
Law aud collection office over Kansas Na
tional Hank. W Ichlta, Kansas. Krfera to Kan
aaa National Bank. So
il. A. MITCHLLL,
Attobtt-at-Law, Wichita, Kansas. Office
over llerrington'a bookstore. 10-Sft-
JAMKS L. DYKE,
ArroaxiT at Law, Wichita, Kanaaa.
ATToaasT at Law. N Ichlta, Kanaaa.
DR. E. KU11EU,
Gekhak liTaiciA!r axd SracEox. remale
dlaeaae a specialty; competent and e iperleoced
treatment. Office open day and night, War
ner' building, Douglaa avenue, Wichita, Kan
A. W. McCOY,
PsrratciAK a Scaoao. Also U. B. eai
i alag Margaon for panalona. ;Oatc over Jtamaa
tSon'aDrngStor,Ueldence on Lawrence ave
nue in tnira oiotc norm of jieinotusicnnrcn
S. MATTHEWS, 1). D". 8.
OMce over Has A Charlton's ATI aeralloaa
IV antiiauy aaiiiiauy penurnieu. ji-
Building, Dongbu am.
,.....,. lA-taatsasj. tsaaiin..-taTa-Uwtf wTn.rri l .w A trm a a . ssal httseee tt wMIeasw iltMttiatisanwae '..'.at 1 -- , " ' " -; .-VV" ' . - 'rTTJZrT-Z'Zrr "Ig? wsaaawjatamesjamaaiaaija; 1
Bsanitr. ajssesovar tw Avnti ----j- - -T.ap. ?.- -. i nnjUaiata aTaaWsii 1 aisMwethMtef wtranTMtTf i iLinJ-..' . ' . J. '" -7 T, I tifri Jn "' "" , w,nwnmmmMmmrwm.$''',is -m.wrMam,tmmmmtm;mmm? atMih latltraaatsteaaar..'' ., - twabanee a.3 ' '
ttsTentBtBtBtanstsanfe i' '. .. -.. --.-' 1' v., J-' -' .".T . Ls!LI - ..X.IT - - --4ee. -W'JlHMliS KZ..- th'','':',J.,'S' a ".'.," ' ''"" " $ 'f' '! ' l tf!uf?&-r"'''C1' ' 'ja' "' ' ' ftp ejaaafcaii ? nn nOy ataaifi aim iti ,. riV 1 '"m Yr ffif ''1 1" C' " . 1" -'. . " 1 iT I.. ill7 aSBBaaattPJ
Baaeaeentasassaa ,, - , -, , -Tia.aaissssss ---fa-JST . .. ..jr.,' .'Jl'..'rALl- 1 .."' "Q&. JtirTTZTfr- M
BUNNELL & ROYS,
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
Agents for the A., T.
If there ever wasa safe and profitable field
for real estate luieatmruts, Wichita, and It
surrounding country, H audi a place o other
jportlon of Kanaaa ran compare with It. or
feneral exrellenceor will, variety of proilucts
n grain, vegetables an I fruits, and a delightful
climate, the Ktngdomor Wichita stands pre
eminent among the varlons kingdoms of the
Great Sonth-wet Our "rorest City," with
over K.OOO jiopulatlon. Its numerous schools and
churches, brick anl stone bus'ness blocks,
lieautlful residences, and IUdellghtmilyahalel
avenue, is the pride or Muthern Kansas Our
county of Sedgwick, with Its wide area of bot
tom lands for "hog and hominy," and It rich
and productive upland for small grain and
)Aaturage. Is shown by the agricultural rewrta
lo be the banner comity of our State.
Wehare both rltvaud country property for
sale, and can generally find some genuine bar
gains on our books.
Ihe Itallmad Comnj has for sale In our
district the following-described lands
TOW.NSIID' 21,1 WKST.
Sw'i lie1,' section 1 at $ 8 75 per acre.
section la at
He'iawjf or section 7 at
Nw; f section 11 at
SJ t tection 27 ut
Lota 8, ! and 10, section
h'f iw',' section 11 at
Lotsl 2.14 "
v'i nwt "
mU 2 3 4 '
NeX,' sw'i "
E'. nel "
UitS I. 7 "
Svr'i set '
TOWNSHIP 2, 2 EAST.
Iits 1 an 1 1 ( cection 27 at G HO per acre.
TOWNS II II" 20, 1 W KST.
Lot A or section S at (14 V ter acre.
Ixit 7 5 12 00
Lot 1 " 13 12 ) "
Uit fl " J 8 Oil "
TOW.SSHI1' 2t,2 WEST.
Vet of section 7 at (10 75 er acre.
Ntaet " IT 10") "
Lot l 27 8 50 "
Trlcea ghen are for the Heven-Year rian,
until August 1, 1883 On the Slx-ear I'lan
there la a discount of 20 per cent and for Cash
there Is a discount or 3.1 Mi tier rent. After Au
gust 1st, the discount on the six-year plan will
be only 10 ier cent , and for cash 25 per cent.
We are the exclusive agents In W Ichlta for
the following unimproved laud .
TOWNSHIP 25, 2 EAST.
Set section .'. at 7 10 per acre
Set aectlon 15 at $8 HO
Ktnwtsectlon IT at (
Net or section 3 at $ 8
Nwt "3 8 00
Set " 5 10 M)
Net " 5 9 00
S,t " ' 8 (
"tnet " 0M
Nwt " 0 10 ou
Set " 10 00
These lamia, at price given, are for sale on
four years' lime, one firth down, balance In
four eqnal payments, with Interest at 8 per
cent, paj able semi-annually. For cash we can
allow a discount ofS percent.
E3 The owner or the last above-described
lauds bare given us absolute onlers to prohibit
all persons from cnttlng hay, or pasturing on
them, and to pmvecute all caaes or tresiass on
To the ioi.te or Sedgwick and adjoining
countlea we wish to avy that onr offlce la head
inarter for cheap ami satisfactory real estate
loan W e obtain monev direct from Eastern
capitalists, and can,
lower rate than parties
second or inini-tianuej.
are paid at onr office.
and no delay If your
ness, and borrower will do well to call and
get rate or talk loan, and fee how It I that
rawer maae a specialty
we can maxe loan qoicaertnan anyoouy eie,
when title la all clear. There la one thing that
I very satisfactory to us, and speak well for
our manner or doing business, and that la:
Those men who borrowed of ns five year ago
almost Invariably come to u to make new
loans. In case they need renewal They are
aatlalleil to deal with ua again. We aim to be
accomodating In this line of buslne, a well
a tn every other. We draw paper so that a
loan can he paid off before due. If desired by
the borrower, and even when paper are drawn
absolutely for five year, we haT never yt
failed to get a release when waated. The long
and ahortoflt Is that th partlea East for whom
we loan money are satisfied, and willing to do
Just about anything that we ask or recommend,
and we can, therefore, sometime give special
favors to our enstomer.
ir yon have a family and have not yet laid up
sufficient of this world 'a good to leave them In
comfortable circumstance In case of your
death, or If from any other can yon need In
surance on yoar life, we can write yon up In
Hie atrongeat and best company In th United
states the Equitable Lire Aaturano Society,
of New York, a company that wrote more In
surance laat year than any other company n
th world. Allcylthloompanylagool
aa gold, and when such )iollclecan be obtained.
It is worse than nseleaa to depend oa pollclea
issued by companlea er uncertain reputation,
nch aa the amaller stock companies, and th
Mutual Aids," "Benevolent" and "Home
and Jtower" concerns no matter what the
name or where they ball from.
We have eight fire Insurance companies In
onr agency, and they have asset of over
(77.O0O.OO0 They an th largest, atrongest,
and best In the United States or uy other
country. A policy la any or the give Inror
ancejhat Insure beyond question, and It cost
no more than a policy In some small and uncer
tain company. From personal acquaintance
with the special agenU or th companies w
represent, w can guarantee to oar patron la
this line or buainess a fair, squars aad honor
able adjustment of loet whenever they occur.
To our country friend we wish to aay that, if
vron haT anything to Insure, call at oar ofluM
and get ratea and nnd out about compaaietbe
fon Insuring with men traveling about th
country as agents of some wild-cat concern.
Ws can almost Invariably save you soma
money. Th Home, or New York, aad th
rhaxlx, or Hartford, an now writing Cydon
and Tornado policies also. The aam compan
ie bars a farm department. In which they
writs on stock, grain, etc , and ws can take
your not for th premium. If you can gir a
good now, and It Is not convenient to pay cask .
Plea examine this list or companies, and re
member when you can get their policies :
JEtka, of Hartford, - $ 9,054,611
Hartford, of Hartford,
Homk, of New York, -Iks.
Co. of X. America,
Lrv.&LoN.& Globe, -Phcxnix,
UlOtaiWBrTBBS, of N. Y.
& S. F. Railroad'.Lands.
$ 9 00 per ai r.
7 (si "
25, 2 EAST.
i M T acra
2T., 3 hASl.
7 23 per acre
25. 1 WKST.
8 wl lier acre.
31 ai til 0.1 jier acre.
23, 2 WhVT.
1 SO per acre
25, 3 EAST.
2fl, 1 EAST.
9 H per acre
20, 2 KST
Oil jier acre
therefore, make loan at
getting their money
rrincinai ana interest
Money alwaya on hand.
title Is all sraight. We
oi una loaning onsi-
A BABY'S FEET.
A baby's leet, like sea-abelbj pink,
Might tempt, ahould bearen tee meet,
An angel's lips to Hit, we think,
A baby's feeL
Like rose-bned aes-flo wers toward the heat.
They stretch and spread and wink
Their ten soft budi that part and meet.
No nower-bells that expand and shrink
Gleam hair so heavenly sweet
As sbtne on life's untrodden brink
A baby's feet.
A baby's bands, like rosebuds furled
Whence yet no leaf expands,
Ope if you touch, though cloae tipcur'ed,
A baby's bands.
Then fast as warriors grip their brands,
When battle's bolt is burled, bind.
They close, clenched bard like tightening
No rosebuds yet t dawn impended
Match, even In loveliest land",
The sweetest flowers In ail (be world
A baby's bands.
A baby's eye, ere speech begin,
Kre lips learn word or sighs,
lllc$ all things bright enough to wiu
A baby's eyes.
Love, while the sweet tbtag laughs and lies,
And sleep flows out and in.
Sees perfect lo them Paradise.
Tbeir glance might cast ont pain and ein,
Their speech make dumb the wise.
By mute glad godhead felt vtitbiu
- A baby's ej cs.
FREE TBADE VS. PROTECTION.
Wichita, Aug. 22, 1883.
To Ihe Editor of Ihe Ecgle :
ily esteemed friend, Hon. Wm. Koss, iu
bis letter to the Kaglk, in which he bis
undertaken to convince Farmer Doollttlc
that a protective tariff is very beneficial to
the farmers of Kansas, first informs your
readers that all who do not believe the gos
pel be preaches are "smart Alecks." As
that does not prove that a protective tariff
ever added one cent to the wealth of Kan
sas I paas it by.
Mr. Ross says he is iu favor of "American
enterprise, American development and In
dependence." I am, also, In favor of that,
and, in addition to that, I am in favor of
every human being on this earth having
the product of his own labor, and 1 regard
any s) stem which takes from one that for
which be has toiled, w Itbout remuneration,
and gives it to another, as robbery. That
is what a protective tariff does. I must
confess that I do not understand your dsf
finition of free trade. What I mean by
free trade is this : That ev cry one shall tie
free to dispose of the products of his labor
wherever be pleases, and that he shall get
for it just what it is worth. Jll a man In
China can raise five pounds of tea for one
dollar, and a man in Kansas can raise one
bushel of wheat for one dollar, free trade
would allow them to make the ev en ex
change. Now suppose some man down in
Georgia wishes to raise tea. He makes the
experiment and finds that his tea costs
him five dollars per pound. Then we say
here, We must protect this man in Georgia
against this cheap Chinese labor, and we
levy a duty of five dollars per pound on
John Chinaman's tea. Then tea will sell
for $3.20 per pound, and the Georgia man
will make 20 cents per pound profit on his
tea, and every one who wished to buy tea
in this country would have to pay this
enormous price ; and, if the Kansas farmer
wished to use any tea, instead ol his one
bushel of wheat buying five pounds of tea
be would bavo to give more than five bu
shels of wheat for one pound of tea. That
would be protection, and, in my opinion,
would be robbing the Kansas larmet under
pretence ot protecting American labor in
the tea field of Georgia.
sir. Koss tells of the terrible effects of
free trade that finally culminated In tho
financial craa.li of ISO". I Imagine that Mr.
Koss has made more than a hundred speech
es to bis Greenback friends, and every
time proved to the satisfaction of his au
diences that the crises of ISo? was caused
by the worthless banking laWB then In
vogue. Times were hard because all the
money of the country was issued by worth
less, "busted" banks. In 165? times were
bard in Ohio, where Mr. Ross lived, and we
had partial free trade. In 1871 times were
hard in Kansas, where Mr. Koss lived, and
we bad a high tariff. In Ohio, in 1857, he
bad no money, and bad to sell corn for ten
cents per bushel. In Kansas, in 1S74, he
had no money and no corn to sell for ten
cents, and the high tariff didn't help bim
any. In my opinion free trade caused the
crisis of 1857 just about as much as a high
tariff caused the grass hoppers in 1874. Mr.
Ross makes the startling statement that
the consumer, at the port of import, does
not pay the duty imposed on the products
of labor, but that the producer, at the port
of export, receives for his products the
amount of their value less the duty. He
says, "this is the logic ot protection to
home Industry." That is not logic. If it
is there can be no such thing as a protec
tive tariff. Take the case that Mr. Ross has
given, that steel rails can be produced in
Liverpool for 950 per ton. Of course the
American manufacturer will have to sell at
the same price. Now suppose wc wish to
protect our home factory. How can we do
It? By raising the price ol rails, ot course.
Impose a duty of $10 on Liverpool rails, so
as to make them sell for $00 per ton, and
then our home shops can sell their iron for
900 per ton, and pay big prices lor labor.
But Mr. Ross says the consumer does not
pay the tariff. He says the Liverpool house
would still sell here for 950 per ton and on
ly realize 940 per ton for their iron. I am
of the opinion that if Mr. Boss is correct in
in his view a tariff could not possibly pro
tect our home producers of Iron rails. Ir
Mr. Ross can tell how a tariff can protect
our manulactnrers of iron without raising
the price of iron to the consumer, 1 want
to hear it. I am inclined to think my friend
Ross has failed" to prove1 thai protective
tariff has benefited the farmers of Kansas-
Perhaps his statement in regard to India
will alarm tome of our farmers. He says,
In substance, the once happy people ol
India adopted free trade, shut up their
theps and ail went to fanning, and In
twenty years they nearly all starved. I
cannot tee that their paying a tariff to en
rich a few manufacturers would have made
the crops any better. The fewmanulee
turers might have been able to take a sum
mer vacation In some more fortunate clime,
but I can't see how a tariff would bave
helped the Indian farmer. Mr. Ross, in hit
closing remarks, gives bis side of the ques
tion away. He says, "If the world were
one brotherhood, under one national flag,
aad justice was the motive for all Individ
ual action there could be no objections to
free trade." That is" a square admission
that free trade is right in principle. A thing
that Is right in principle It right in prac
tice. Mark that. When Justice is the mo
tive for Individual action, then tree trade
Is right, ssys Mr. Boss. When a man be
comes a protectionist justice It not the mo
tive of action, because protection takes
one man's labor from him aad gives it to
another, and that is injustice. Whtaa
man toils under the hot ran ia Kansas aad
raises a bnshel of wheat that it iu wheat,
aad whoever takes from Mm one grata,
wltkoBt reaauneratioB, k a robber. When
that bushel of wheat It sold in the market
of the world for one dollar, that dollar be
longs to the aaaa who raised the wheat.
When a Nation compels that man to ez
ehaage that doUar for aa article that it not
worth, a dollar ia the aurktt or the world,
that Nation it a rotter Nation. "Let ut
have peace." Fauckb Doouttu.
Tfce Bar. Btdy BaMH tautjaald, la writ
lag et klttJtg: Wearela'savoror isyneaa
wlsea atria It ireaed, but It should aet
b coattad too leag, aad when tht) tatr
m gtrrt,ltK fctf aita liltifTerT wKa
wanaaatdeaarfy. I tJara ba aatal la
it. If aha elmsa ht eyea aad aigat daapiy
aftarH,tlMtssV9ttt greater. She sMIl
U taawMtitjiaa'tsawUr a Uta,BatfiTK
tHJtSstHaaVM4aBVMP MK MtWeMtaU IMtrFS M BMWbI
vlrtaataaldatwkaa watl ittrvariB. "Wa
hatMaaam7jrNe Uwt w neJval
tatSBBmmt Bmmmfmmt SBn-Maaaaa lasM sLtattttaSSBnl BBttt Btttttt4ar Vtaama-BttS
It vM -m aa r th laat
From the WeUinglonlan.
THIRTY-SIX HOURS IN WICHITA.
Last Saturday afternoon, at the sultry
August sun poured hit red-hot rays unob
structed over our city, baking the very
roots of our houses and parching the very
stones of our pavements, we thought of
the long shady avenues and cool sparkling
fountains or Wichita; and the more we
thought of them, the more we wished our
selves there, at least until sundown. Fi
nally, we concluded to get up and 0, and
spend the Sabbath in its umbrageous de
lights ; and we got up and went. At the
train approached within the line of vision,
a huge emerald pile rises in the distance,
like an enchanted mountain. Drawing
rapidly nearer, the emerald pile dissolves,
and becomes a vast forest, from out whose
leafy branches, peep the clean white cot
tages, with their turkey red or Venetian
blinds, while there and yonder, church
steeples and school house spires pierce the
verdant canopy and glitter in the descend
ing sun; and over all, there arises In soli
tary grandeur, what one might think was
Cleopatra's Needle; and, indeed, lest some
might, even for a moment receive the lm-
presaiou, that this live Kansas town had
spent a nickel to transplant the old scar
faced monument ou the amber beach of
the Arkansas, a patriotic citizen of that
practical city, proudly points to the lofty
shaft, and with an air of triumph Informs
the numerous home-seekers from abroad
that it Is "The Stand Pipe or the water
works." "Water works 1" simultaneous
ly cxclaimjialf a dozen excited capitalists
from some sleepy old city or a century's re
pose, In Connecticut or Massacnnaetts.
"Yea, sir! water works, with a stand pipe
one hundred and fifty feet high" anawers
the eloquent Wlchltan.
"Wichita!" shrieks the brakeman, and
the capitalists and the enthusiastic citizjn
are lost tight of in the outpouring crowd.
Presently, however, as the impecunious
editor, with lengthy strides, is heading for
a cheap hotel, a painted street car flashes
by, and through its open winjows, the
group of capitalists with the e. c. In their
midst, are seen gazing, anon, at the sum
mit of the "stand pipe," and then at the
smooth-shaven lawns, the playing fountains
and the brlgbt-hued flowerbeds that dec
orate every door-yard. After tea, we stroll
out, and walk for miles under the bows of
tall, stately cottomvoods, and spreading
maples that lino the streets on cither side,
and almost arch tbe intervening space
abot e. It it Saturday evening and In front
of many bouses, the thrifty owner of the
grounds, with bis own bands, (there are no
nabobs in Wichita) through a long rubber
hose, is shooting a silver stream ot pure,
limpid water, now against the windows
and walls of his house, now on the yard
fence, and now, nlth hiss and spatter, on
the flagstones without washing off tbe
dust and clothing bis premises in their
clean, Sabbath dress. Night presently
spreads her light veil ov er the besprinkled
city, and soon "Nature's sweet restorer,
balmy sleep." folds tbe happy inmates of a
thousand homes in her soft embrace. All
too soon, the fierce heat of a dog day morn
ing, calls up the slumbering inhabitants ;
breakfast over, bevies and swarms or
cherry-faced children, in ribbons and slip
pers and white, patter along the clean side
walks, beneath over-hanging shade-trees,
with Innocent prattle and merry laughter,
In gleeful unconsciousness of a blistering
sun. They are going to Sunday school
each led by the mellow tones of the bell in
the direction of the church where pa and
ma belongs. They meet and pass each
other at all angles until each has fouud its
church always nestled among the trees.
An hour spent in the beautiful and never-to-be-forgotten
exercises ol the Sabbath
school and the bells summon the maturer
portion of the populace to aprofounder
but no more worthy or acceptable service.
A few in carriages, but vastly more on
foot, leisurely bend their steps thitherward,
inhaling as they go, the fragrance of tbe
fresh, shady bovvers. Another hour
where the pious worship God, the more
worldly minded turn their imaginations
loose to ramble at w ill, and the thoughtless
resign themselves to Morpheus and high
noon has reached us. A few hours of quiet
is mostly to our taste after one of the Sun
day dinners that tbe Occidental serves, and
then a kind friend invites us to a seat be
hind his fast steppers, while he shows and
explains some more of the beauties of
Wichita. Wo past up one street and down
another, with everywhere, on right and
left, the same continuous columns of over
arching trees, past ample grounds, thickly
studded with shrubbery and trelllsed
vines, green lawns besprinkled with iresb
blooming plants, hammocks twinging
among the trees, and rustic seats, where
many a family group Is gathered to enjoy
tbeir Sunday reading and conversation.
This house, points my fnend, and that one
and the other, on cither side, it supplied
with water from the water works; there
you sec ii a service hydrant, and under
the trees a hose-reel with its coll ol hose ;
down this street comes the principal main ;
yonder is a fire hydrant, and a little further
on Is another. At tbe foot of this street is
the engine house, where two engines drive
the water through ail these arteries ; close
at hand ia tbe Immense well, and near by
the colossal "stand pipe," which bad
caught the gaze of the curious capitalists
and brought them to know that Wichita
had water works. We slaked our thirst at
several hydrants with copious draughts of
the pure, transparent beverage they afford,
and listened to tbe praises or tbe citizens
in behair or the water works, and thought
we detected an expression of contempt for
the Kansas town that has none. Wells
next morning at 9 o'clock we left this little
paradise, and at the train sped southward,
tbe forest city became an emerald pile
again, and the ' Stand Pipe" faded out of
tight, and we wished not that we lived in
Wichita but that we had water works In
NO GLORY FOR THE RANKS.
JAMES RCaSXLL LOWBLL.
But somehow when we'd fit an' licked, I
alien round the thanks
Got kin o' lodged afore they come ez low
down ez the ranks ;
The gin'ralt got the biggest share, tbe enn-
neis next, and to on
We never got a blasted might of glory ez I
Tbe Eldorado Prrtt gave utterance to
some good thoughts, last week, upon the
folly committed by tbe editors of many
flourishing weekly pa pert that of seeking,
on city dallies or other pretentious publi
cations, greater latitude for their talents
than they imagined was afforded them "at
borne." The Pre$$ might have illustrated
itt position by a citation familiar to all Its
borne readers the case of Mr. T. B. Mur
dock. While "Bent" waa runalag the
Timet he amounted to something. Hit pa
per bad a State reputation and be bad a
name, an individuality and influence. But
he tired or being counted among the "ru
ral roosters" to ute one or hit expressions
and hieing himself to Topeka connected
himself with one of tbe "great dailies"'
there. Then It was be bid bis Mght under
a bushel. In bit present position be doet
not amount to a row or pint. He doesn't
count. He's nobody. If be writes any
thing meritorious the mythical genius who
presides over every "daily" establiskaieBt,
and who Is without form aad void, gets
the credit for it. There Is, there eaa be,
bat oa star ia each newspaper grsMamt,
aad its satellites are unseeable by human
ken. He who would live a life of perfect
Intellectual hermitage should seek'asab
ordlnato poaltloa oa a dally paper. Sop-
pose Sol. Miller, Geo. W. Martia, Marsh
Murdoch, ABea B. I moe, 0. 8. Haas
aad others we might aaate, should yteM to
the sireaof aablUoa that calls ttea t a
"wider aJd," aad eeaaeet taaataeeli
with setae ewtpaper I Wetrida'ttheacht-MJetjnaHteie-eiiMttelr
PreaUi is attest the oaly writer we knew
or who hat escaped obUrlesi la'ssjeh a aaisi
ItM, aad he deea tt Iwtry- by IttlM lag,
aad by lateawthodtaetat ag 'legtder.
Wfl nWsCjliy CfvSQtW erfeS CIVeTaHaaf NssTaWsWBJ
of the article, Ia whteh Bte. Balterth
waKsays - J
' "the tt lya iMaery yMrmm lit
V.M.I... ,.. ..-muA.-.. Hit ttmmAmmt W e . laMMBjait 1S1B anil a ! STaa .fMMBMMHM . a -" JP.'A '- ' ' -
,-,....,.-.w.! ,,. t.-w-. !. --?"" - . mm'ir-- "x .. . .- - j-MnjanL-'T,: ' ;;-:
IBWA AND PROHIBITION.
Senator AHaton, who is a strong prohlbi
tioalat, formally opened tbe Republican
eaaapaign In Clarinda, Iowa, on the ma
in defining tbe attitude of the Republican
party of that State on the liquor traffic, be
Tbe end aimed at it tbe mitigation and,
ir practicable, tbe suppression or this great
evil. The people have said this method
should be tried; it may rail. Mr. Glad
stone, England's great Premier, tpeaking
on thli very question, said : "It it tbe
duty of the government to make it as bard
at possible for a man to go wrong, and as
easy at possible for him to go right." If
thit can be a true maxim of public policy,
It it wiser aad better to stand with thove
who propose a move In the direction of
right doing than to stand with those who
woald atake your laws to at to encourage
men to walk in the pathway of evil. If
tail method tails, others will be tried look
ing to the same end, possibly more stringent
than that proposed to-day, at we know
thit quettion will not be settled in a day or
in a year; it wilt be a living question at
long as human Infirmity and human pas
sloat exist. Moralists, philanthropists,
good men and women hare preached
against these evils ; all countries, especial
ly civilized countries, have grappled with
them lor centuries ; more recently the pub
lie mind bat been quickened by renewed
discussions, and now nearly every State in
the Union Is struggling with this question
of the liquor traffic, freshly awakened by
the evils that follow in its pathway. Ger
many, having now most stringent laws,
proposei to increase tbeir stringency
England supplements tbe moral movement
which has gained strong fcothold there by
a recent vote In tbe Commons fav oring pro
hibition through local option. Tbtia tbe
work goes on, and we in this State are
simply contributing our measure to tbe
common purpose of good men and women
throughout the civilized world.
I know there are many sincere Republi
cans who believe that this method of deal
ing with this subject is not tbe best, in
view of the existing state of public opin
ion, and that high taxation would be wiser.
To such, I wish to say, a large majority in
our State has decided otherwise. It it not
better to make tbe lest in accordance with
tbeir method T But even if you are uot
willing to consent to this, Is a difference of
opinion on this one local question a juti
fixation for you to give up cherished opin
ions and beliefs for the maintenance of
which you have struggled for a lifetime,
and by your votes place in power in this
State your ancient enemy holding antago
nistic views on questions of national im
portance f Shall Iowa, by her example,
make it appear possible that through Re
publican votes tbe Senate ot the United
States shall become Democratic; that a
Democrat shall be chosen for president
next year, with all the doubt and uncer
tainty and danger that is likely to follow?
Macaulay says : "It is at times necessary
to consent to a measure we dislike in order
to save others we think more important."
This advice to public men applies with
equal force to you, when you differ from
your party only upon one or tbe many
questions Involved in the contest.
I would be glad to discurs other phases
or the campaign before us, but time will
not allow. I bave endeavored to show that
Republican succcst meant national growth
and national prosperity! Democratic suc
cess meant disturbance, doubt and uncer
tainty at to the future on all great ques
tions or national concern. 4 bare faith
that Iowa this year, as heretofore, will be
true to Republican principles and Repub
lican candidates, and will contribute her
part to make success certain next year in
tbe national contest.
CALM IS THE NIGHT.
Calm Is the night, and the city it sleeping
Once In this house dwelt a lady fair
Long, long ago she left it, weeping;
But-still the aid bouse is standing there.
Yonder a man at the heavens is staring,
Wringing bis bands as in sorrowful case ;
He turns to the moonlight, his countenance
O, heaven! be shows me my own sad lace.
Shadowy form, with my own agreeing !
Why mockeat tbou thus, in the moonlight
Tbe sorrows which here once vexed my
Many a night in tbe days or old ?
The report or tbe State Board or Agricul
ture for tbe month ending July 31st, esti
mates tbe winter wheat crop of Kanaaa for
1883, at 27,127,803 bushels. Tbe area har
vested aggregates 1,470,095 acres and the
average yield is pliced at 13-3 bushels per
acre. Many yields or 25, 23, 30, 33, 35 and
even as high as 40 bushels per acre have
been reported to the board. The area bar
vested Is larger than that or 18S2 by 14,520
The oats crop is the largest ever harvest
ed in the State. The area aggregates 694,
760 acres, and the product 29,321,862 bush
els, or an average of 42.2 bushels per acre.
The area harvested It larger by 11,192 acres
than that or 1882. Many yields or 75. 80, 90
92 and 100 bushels per acre are reported.
Early corn, the board states, is now as
sured, and tbe late corn Is In excellent con
dition. Tbe condition or the crop Is bine
per cent, better than a year ago at this time.
Tbe area planted aggregates 4,055,022 acres,
the largest in tbe history or the State ; and
the product, the board estimates, will reach
170,000 bushels, or 10 per cent, moro than
that or 1882.
Of rye, 321,505 acres were planted ; 14,040
were winter killed; 30,979 acres used for
pasture exclusively, and 270,480 acret were
harvested. The average yield was 17 bush
els pir acre, and tbe aggregate product
Tbe area town in barley aggregated 15,616
acres, or an increase of 6,869 acres ov er that
of last year. The product aggregates 312,'
The area ol millet and Hungarian was In
creased 49,006 acres over that of last year,
and aggregated 452,016 acres. Tbe average
yield Is 1.17 tons per acre, making a total of
The area planted In Irish potatoes aggre
gated 80,645 acres an Increase of 21,322
acres over 1882. They promise a good crop,
aad the product will probably reach from
3,000,000 to 10,000,000 bushels.
In sorghum, 103,043 acres were planted
an increase of 35,364 acres over tbe area in
1882. It promises a larger yield than tbat
of last year.
XePherson is this year, as it baa been for
several years past, the leading wheat coun
ty or the State, having 104,456 acres, pro
ducing 2.402,488 busheU or this cereal.
Dickinson produced 1,084,364 bushels; Sa
line, 1,624,688 ; Marion, 1,239,979; Snmner,
1 ,28680; Sedgwick, 1,145,151, and Barton,
1,068,480. These are -the only counties in
the States producing over a ralllloa bush
els. Three counties: Sedgwick, MePherson
aad Marshall, eaeb produced over a million
bushels of oats.
Seven counties each bave over 100,010
aeretpUaledia eora.vlx: Sedgwick 137,
501 acres, Cloud 16,104 acres, Nemaha 124,
12, Jewell ltM8 acres, Sutaner 122,422,
Republic 1SMN acres, Cowley 117,088 acres.
Marshall 11634 acres, Butler 114,855 acre.
XlsaaiMTMaeces aad Brown 186,798 acres.
tVOAWAK PEACH MtiWER'8 RECMB.
E. C Fenlmore was oae of tbe IrU to go
lata peach cattare extsaslvely In Delaware
aad his crept yielded him big returns. At
eMtifaelM had llrM perineal bear
ing, aad his total yield oae year was ,
Frees UN to lffl he shipped Hty
which he received a greet
ntarBetlA4V3U. la 1MB hie orchard ea
ly yielded him aomrtMag ever 4,960 baskets
ItsM Ueerep aetaed him Jwt n a battsst.
laecrepwsatlmgetatetl failure every
wlseie that year.. Ia M7 the aetretoras
received by Mr. rtalmera far his peaches
exeat Ii I WM. average helag ahewt
fXaaaatart steam arntsre erep. Jtr.Feai-
i giaasjiwy reaaetd Me orchards la
httulat KHaVafiaa Tlaaiaftf ta.iemae wtatxstm utiMatji aav re-
r7 -" S: - - ' - '
. . .. r 1 11 ..... aaairanBaiad adaaadt
A special dispatch to tbe Kansas City
Journal, dated Wichita, August 21st, is as
Tbe growth and progress of this enter
prising city is typical of the wonderful en
ergy of the section ot Which it It tbe me
tropolis, la spite or the prognostications
made a few years ago to the effect that the
building of branches to tbe south of ber,
would not only retard but fatally check
Wichita's growth aad leave ber blgb and
dry, she bat gone steadily forward until
now she Is the sixth city In size In tbe State,
with tbe probability of soon becoming the
fourth. Tbe establishment of jobbing
bouses is tbe only thing now needed to give
permanency to her prosperity and this fac
tor will soon be added to the sum total of
her other accessories to renewed grestnesa.
So much hat been said about Wichita, Sedg
wick county, and the fertile section tribu
tary to the former that there It very little to
add in the way of Information upon tbe
subject ; they bave sufficiently advertised
There appears to be every probability of
a severe political fight in Sedgwick county
thit fall, though tbe Republicans are confi
dent of success. There Is legitimately a
majority for the Republicant in this county
of COO, and this tbe Republicans hope to poll
in November by nominating a, ticket upon
which they can all unite. In common vv Itb
some other counties in tbe State the prohib
itory agitation has caused tbe Republicans
to lose votes in Sedgwick, and while it is
possible some of these votes will not again
be regained there Is no reason to doubt that
the Republicans will come to the front with
a majority sufficient to enable tbem to ob
tain tbeir old-time supremacy. The contest
wbicb will excite the greatest Interest aud
enthusiasm is that to take place between
Senator Sluss and Judge Harris for the
judgeship or the new eighteenth judicial
district. Harris it tbe present judge and is
tbe appointee or Gov. Gllck. He is a moss
cov ered bourbon of tbe old echool, and is
neither in natural ability or legal learning
tbe equal or Sluss. The Democrats propose
to make a bold fight, but there is a reeling
that Sluss will win. Tbe Republicans real
ize the ract, however tbat the contest will
be a warm one.
Tbe split In the ranks or the Democracj ,
as exemplified by the chasm recently creat
ed between the adherents or the governor
and John Martin, creates a good deal or in
terest here, but the bulk or the sentiment
is with the governor. The ract that Martin
as district judge, did his duty toward tbe
violators of tbe prohibitory law, and there
by secured the conviction of several of these
estimable gentlemen, tells heavily against
him. "Personal liberty" obtains very large
ly here among tbe Democrats, and it has
been tbe means of causing a v ast deal of in
dignation in tho breast of tho "truly loll
here, that Martin ahould so far have forgot
ten himself as a Democrat as to enforce tbe
provisions of an obnoxious Republican law.
Apart from this the Stdwick county Demo
crats feel moro than a passing and ordinari
ly partisan interest in Glick from the fact
that tbe delegation from this county to tbe
Emporia convention were the original dis
coverers or the gentleman who occupies tbe
executive office in the State eapitol build
ing, guberna tori ally tpeaking. The delega
tion from here was friendly to Martin, but
after hit platform was presented to the con
vention and found to be not strong enough
to suit their fancy tastes a bunt w aa begun
for another candidate. Tbe Sedgwickitcs
bad taken a strong fancy to Gllck and after
talking around vigorously among the mem
bers of tbt convention he was agreed upon
as the nominee. If I am correctly inform
ed the blatherskite Van Bennett, tbe Chero
kee wind-mill, made the nomination, which
is to say be put the governor's name before
the convention. Now be cannot find a suf
ficient number or words in the English lan
guage to vent hit spleen upon Glick, who is
better man In every way than this canting
hypocrite. But, as was said before, the'
Democrats down here are for Gllck as
against Martin, and they assert unqualified
ly that tbe latter, having seen fit, as they
express it, to go back upon tbe Democratic
party, bas no chance or preferment at its
This section, since Sluss bas entered the
judicial race, bas no candidate for the gov
ernorship before the coming Republican
State convention. W. E. Stanley, of this
city, Is somewbat actively in tbe field lor
Congress as against Judge Peters, and some
think he may hare more strength tnan he
is given credit for and may prove a more
formidable opponent to Peters than has
heretofore been anticipated. The presump
tion is that he relies upon what strength
Booth can throw to him, this being predict
ed upon the theory tbat Booth will continue
his opposition to Peters and array as many
counties as be can against tbe latter. 3Iany
profess to believe, however, tbat Booth will
not again enter the congressional fight, ei
ther as a candidate himself or favorable to
any one who may prov e detrimental to Pe
Tho probabilities or the United States
senatorial fight, to come off In tbe Legisla
ture of 1885, are being generally discussed,
tbe interest being newly awakened by tbe
fact tbat Senator Ingalls anticipates making
a vitit to thit section in a few days. Tbe
senior senator is very strong here, and un
less there are some new and unforeseen de
velopments between now and tbe time for
the election of members of tbe Legislature,
this section will come up practically solid
for him. His conspicuous ability and bril
liant record are potent arguments as re
gards bit return to tbe Senate, and it is not
probable any man can come up who will
jeopardize his interests with the people here
to any marked degree.
Upon this bald old earth of sin,
Which whirls rrom day to day,
There are many things to make us grin,
And laugh our breath sway ;
But there's nothing will a man Invest
With mirth, and make him holler,
Like finding In a last year's vest
A long-forgotten dollar.
A PREHISTORIC IRAVEYARD.
Two miles from Msadea, on the bluffs
near tbe Junction ol tbe Hart and Missouri
rivers, It an old cemetery of fully one hun
dred acres la extent, fitted with bones of a
giant race. This vast city of tbe dead
lies Just east or tbe Fort Lincoln road.
Tbe ground bas the appearance or having
been filled with trenches piled full or desd
bodies, both man and beast, and covered
with several feet of earth. In many places
mounds from eight to tea reet blgb, aad
some of tbem oae hundred feet or more la
length, have been throws up aad are filled
with boaes, broken pottery, vases of va
rious bright-colored flints and agates. Tbe
pottery is of a dart material, beautifully
decorated, delicate la finish, and a light
as wood, showing tbe work or a people
skilled la thtfarts and possessed of a high
state of civilization. This bas evidently
been a grand battle-field, where thousands
of mea aad horses bave fallen. Nothing
like a systematic or Intelligent exploration
I baa been made, as only little boles two or
three feet ia depth hare been dog in some
of the monads, but many of tbe parts of
the anatomy of man aad beast, and beauti
ful specimens of broken pottery aad other
curiosities bare been fouad la these feeble
efforts at excavation. Five miles above
Manden, oa the opposite side of tbe Mis
souri, is saotaer vast cemetery ss yet un
explored. We asked aa aged Iadlan what
bis people kaew ef these aaeteat grave
yards. He answered :. "Me kaew notb
lag ahoat Uses. They were there before
the Red maa." rJw Sm'
"Reaaa 1 right,'" aay a Genua writer,
"ia rearing Gtxsnsay Use eoutryof caste ;
for la aw eeber dvftlsed eetmtry do the dtf
f treat aatleaalrtle, rellgiotj beHeft, raaks
ttiiaa4cy,sia flirmtay.. The sjeMHty
the aaea efseteaee, aad the
Btea Of jatea17asd
trad. Tha leak epelMlesI aevily,the
poverty of the ptspU, aad the eseie preya-
dieet, fsdtjeejmtietia saeitty, hsagh
ttasM ta the htgher daaaet taward the lew-
CUCaVft Mat yRTVel pv"WWMM MsMt MpV
rattttatj etjaT (fatst paieta seMtjaja eaaajseaV
THE LANB ' THE LEAL.
I'm wearia' awa Jean,
Like saaw-wreaths in thaw, Jeaa.
I'm wearia' awa
To the land o' tbe leal.
There's asc sorrow there, Jeaa,
There's neither caakl nor care, Jean.
Tbe day it aya fair
In the Und o' the leal.
Our bonnle bairn's there, Jeaa,
She waa bathe gudc and fair, Jeaa,
And oh ! we grudged ber salr'
To the land o tbe leal.
But sorrow's ael' wears past, Jan,
And joy's a-comin fast, Jean,
Tbe joy that's aye to last
In the land o' the leal.
Sae dear's tbat joy was bought, Jean,
Sae free the battle fought, Jean,
Tbat sinful man e'er brought
To the land o' tbe leaL
Ob 1 dry your glistening e'e, Jeaa,
My saul laags to be free, Jeaa,.
And angels beckon me
To the land o' the leal
Oh! ye have been leal and tiue, Jean,
Your day It's wearia' thro', Jean,
And I'll welcome yon
To the land o' the leal.
Now, rare ye weel, my aln Jeaa,
This world't cares are vain, Jean,
We'll meet, and we'll befain,
In the land o' the leal.
LAST WEEK OF THE SEB8WICK COUN
To th Editor of tie Xaglt.
Our Institute bas closed alter four weeks
of hard work. Owing to the warm weath
er, and the extra amount of work and close
application made necessary by tbe course
taken by tbe instructors to make the work
thorough, a large number are completely
tired out. Nothing has been done for show,
aa is tbe caae sometimes with instructors,
but everything has been made practical,
and a spirit of Investigation bas been de
veloped that Is commendable. Methods
have been freely discussed, and everything
that was considered simply theory was
eliminated rrom them and the practical
part retained. The different systems, In
cluding the celebrated Grubc system, bas
been investigated. This (Grube) system
will be tried tbit winter to a considerable
extent. Some will make a success, others
will fall. The only trouble is In overdoing
tbe new methods, for if a person does not
thoroughly understand hit subject be bad
better let it alone, and not try tbe experi
ment on a large number, as it might be
detrimental to a school. There is a great
revolution going on In tbe manner of teach
ing, what was once copsldered right Is now
considered wrong, and experience bas
proven it to be so, aa results are all we have
to go by, and there is no doubts lu the
minds of our best men as to the superiority
or our present system over tbe old style ;
and it wilt be found, If any one will look up
the matter, that the greatest results have
been achieved where they bave tbe beat
Institutes. And why should not this be
so? There we discuss the different meth
ods, and a majority decide at to the best
methods of teaching the different branches,
and by securing uniformity in the different
schools and using the samo method we at
once secure what is so much needed in this
county that is, a scholar may go from one
school to another and find a uniformity in
tbe methods of teaching the tame subject,
thus saving the confusion tbat usually
takes place in the child's studies. Thit, or
course, refers to the teachers that attend
the Institute. Those who do not take ad
vantage or the Institutes cannot be sup
posed to bave the tame ideat at those that
do attend, and if a system of teaching Is
adopted by seven-eighths of the teachers
in tbe county It will bo a marked improve
ment. Tbe different departments have
been conducted in a vary successful man
ner, hampered, as all were, by tbat myste
rious book called a course of study. Prof.
Hallock bas been very suceesttul in his de
partment, especially In natural philosophy.
A successful teacher can be known by the
Interest he creates In bis elssses. His
arithmetic and geography classes bave
been as much interested as they possibly
could be, showing that Prof.Hallock knows
human nature. In Prof. Hammond's room
we have had everything done that could be
done to make the recitation practical and
Interesting. In physiology we bsvehad
illustrations or various kinds by skeletons,
charts, etc., and by to doing made physiol
ogy a different study from what it usually
Is. Prof. Hammond, at well at Hallock,
bat mtde tbe arithmetical department very
profitable by tne latitude given in drawing
out and putting before the classes tbe dif
ferent methods, and many have gained
new Ideas that could not have done so un
der tbe stiff, formal style some times used.
Prof. Phillips has made as he has hereto
fore, a success in bis department. He has
history, grammar and civil government.
These are very dry subjects unlsss the
teacher bas a thorough knowledge and the
happy faculty of presenting them In the
proper manner, but Prof. Phillips Is equal
to tho occasion, and tbe teachers wilt al
waya feel under obligations to him, as well
as to the other Instructors, for the interest
they have taken to make a successful la
stltute. We have had lectures by practical
men that knew what tbey were about. Dr.
McAdams, on physiology; Msj. Bear, on
surveying ; Prof. Arbuckle, on music, and
Dr. Wbitlock, on the eye ; and last, but
not least, we had some music by Prof. Baa
ford and Prof. Thompson. They gave ut
some music tbat wat rendered in a manner
tbat few can equal and none excel. All of
these lectures were good aad contained
valuable Information. We bave formed a
teachers association for this county that
can be made very beneficial to all tbat take
an interest ia teaching.
That this Institute bas been a success
cannot be denied by aay one. We have
been improving from year to yesr. Every
year has developed new plans for conduct
ing aa Institute, and profiting from the ex
perience of others the natural results are
better work on the part of the teachers aad
students. There are some tbst do aot see
any advantages arising from these yearly
gatherings, even tome teachers claim that
tbey know as much as those tbat do. Tbey
may know all there Is ia tbe books, but
tbat is not the only qualification necessary
for a good teacher, be mast kaow bow to
impart his knowledge to others, aad to pnt
them oa tbe righ t road to kae wledge. The
test is going on. Throughout the State
tbey bave adopted the Normal system, and
soon it will be decided a to tbe advantages
of them, if there it aay. The people are
being beard from on tbi subject, aad tbe
officer show a preference for those that at
tend th lastitate," thtH giving a good op
portunity to test the question aad compare
the work that is done by those that attend
with those that do not, aad sooa either tbe
Normals will go out of existence or those
that do not attend wilt seek tome other
calling. That Is a It should be, for If the
Normals are uaeless the quicker they are
abandoned tbe better, for it Is a great ex
pense to all. J believe tbat tbe Institute
will be sustained aad all wUI see the bene
fits to be derived from them.
ttslnV MIT sVaaalgatB! MtaATEI
www wm. rsnseawab wasvearess&r.
The phrase "acknowledge the cera" is
variously seeoBated for, bat the foHowiag
I the true history of it origia :
Ia ISM, Andrew Staart, of South Caroil-
aa, atid la a speech, that Ohio, Keatacky
aad Iadtaas, teat- their bay-ttacki, eera
field aad fedder teSew Torlr aad PhUadel
phlafor'sal." WlekIir."orKeBtueky, esB
ed him te order, deetariag thee State did
aot ead hy-taekor eera-eeMt to N w
Weil," aaked Stewart, "whs doyoa
"Way, horses, satdee, etatl abd hogs."
"WeH, whet make year stsaa. mall,
eaetle aad hagef Tost mod a haadrtil det-
rasto-ead get apoa th efyetar hay
HMK saaPS HM VaV VaaWaseMsr JJntVW IS H
wHhyovecttlet Yeei ssavko.eoatef
etrr7wty deetsaV weeth of haay aad
It tate at tairly-ttjree coats a basket ta
"Wr hBhrtr hasmsfa."
A CHAPTER tNBwtS.
There af Madara Whm. la Mm atattcr of
IVtt-Tlra BffJ Ml will 61.
Women have a faculty of affection which
Is apparently never appeased. Tho marital
aad filial relations do not complete their
happiness, unless the household lucludet
oae or more pet of the animal creation.
They bave elastic affections, that enable
them to include almost anything, but tbe
pet dogs have tbe strongest bold upon them.
Tbe.other day a fat woman on tbe urooklin
road nearly fainted because, forsooth, her
ugly-looking black-and-tan. showed a ills
position to bave a quiet fit all to Itneif. The
Beacon street "drive is thronged almost
every pleasant afternoon with handsome
equipages of evtry sort and kind, and it is
more than likely tbat In eight out of ten
carriages, single or double, in wbicb there
are ladies, there wilt be dogs.
It Is not a long time since it required a
lady or considerable hardihood to dare to
startle the proprieties by appearing on the
street with one or th dog creation under
ber arm. Little by little the exception be
came the rule, and to-day rat women, thin
women, old girts, youagglrls, every variety
or the feminine portion or society, hat Its
dogs. There are pretty little sllken-baired
dogs, slender little greyhounds, funny lit
tle tootsie woetaies, apparently all hair
with an apology- for a tail, ami two twink
ling black eyes hidden In bair recesses.
These, and now and then a magnificent
Newfoundland or a superb and stately
bound, aro what can be seen on the prome
nades of the city, In little dog-cart, in ba
rouches, and In every placekaown to femi
A Charleston omnibus rattled up Wash
ington street tbe other day with six men
and six women as passengers One of tbe
women bad a black-and-tan In her lap. The
dog may have been six inches long and
three Inches bigb. Next to her sat a very
uncomfortable rat woman. She and a long
tbln dog with a rice like an Irish setter.
Tbe dog was too unwieldy for her to hold
In her lap, and In laet she bad no lap to
speak of. So she placed the dog between
herself and a Chinaman who sat next to
her. The Chinaman didn't like the dog and
tbe dog knew it. Hostilities were early
developed. Tbe setter becoming a little
too interested In tho Chinaman's clothing
that Individual with estrange ejaculation,
suddenly soized bim and propelled bim out
ol the window. Tbe passengers applauded,
the other dogs enlivened the occasion by
sundry yelps, while the fat woman, rising
on ber sturdy limba, with one hand pulled
the strap leading to the driver's foot, while
with the other, holding her parasol, she
belabored the grinning Chinaman over tbe
bead and shoulders until the stage stopped
for her to get out.
A very tall, exceedingly old-maidenish
fomale was greatly agitated at Ocean Spray
a few days ago, because ber over-petted
pug dog in a fit bad bitten his tongue and
filled bis mouth with blood. Dog, on re
covering, trotted quietly towards home.
Tbe fuss was all made by the females. A
little girl followed the pug, exercising tier
voice at tbe highest pitch, while tbe woman
had to be assisted home by two sympathiz
Tbe mania for dog is such a common
misfortune tbat people are used now to
find them In public conveyances, tn restau
rants, In parlors, in bed-rooms, In ladles'
laps, and, finally, In cburche. There ad
vent in the latter place, however, Is very
recent, and in no way general.
In the Back Bay Sunday morning In one
ot the fashionable churches was seen the
merriest, Jolllest,wsgglest-tail6d black-and-tan
ever seen. He was tbe companion ot a
littlo girl of ten years, who w as alo accom
panied by ber mother and father. The lit
tle girl held tho dog as she would a doll,
with bis pretty little bead on her shoulder.
He took the congregation In with bis twink
ling eyes, and a worshiper In a rear seat,
while tbe preacher was in an eloquent
passage, winked at that dog. At first the
dog regarded the worshiper with unfeigned
amazement. Gradually his little tali with
drew from between hit hind legs and wav
ed over his back, lie pricked up one ear
and then the other, until, exasperated be
yond endurance, he stiffened himself up,
and standing straight In the little girl's lap
gavo one tremendous bark. Tbe minister,
congregation, rasblonably-drcsd parents.
sexton, choir and everybody that was
awakened by tbat one bark were all aston
ished, and tbe little girl was compelled to
give over her pet to tbe tender merclet of
What effect this mania for dog will have
on the rising generation It Is difficult to
predict. Some dogs that come Into public
places are not of pleasant odor, and the
balr of some of tbem does not seem to be
securely fastened to their skin. A magnifi
cent Newfoundland, a full-blooded Siberian
greyhound, a noble mastiff, these are de
lights to tbe eye and companions to tbe beat
of men. But these are rarely seen In Bos
ton, and one Is compelled to watch the ten
der affection of tho female sex extended
upon pet poodles, which are of no earthly
use unless as objects of interest, of curiosi
ty or of utility. Children are sometimes
even neglected for dogs. Women who
would never think ol taking a child to walk
with tbem absolutely love to promenade
tbe street, carrying In her arms the precious
TRUST A BOY.
During the session or the late Episcopal
convention in Boston, the bishop or Loui
siana, In crossing the common, met a boy
whose face be fancied, and, calling to him.
he asked if he bad any thing to do Juat then
to wbicb be said :
"Are you a good boy V
The little fellow scratched hi. head and
"I am not a very good boy. 1 cut a lit
The candid answer inspired the bishop
With confidence, and he then said,afterglv-
ing hit name and address :
'II want you to go to a certain place and
get a bundle for me, and bring It to my ho
tel. There will be a charge of 98; here I
the money to pay fsr it, and half a dollar
wbicb you will keep fordoing tbe errand."
On hit return to tbe hotel the bishop's
friends laughed -af bim for bis credulity,
telling him that be would never see tbe boy,
bundle or money again, but In bair an hour
tbe boy returned, bringing tbe bundle and
a receipted bill for 98JS0, the bishop having
made a slight mistake at to tbe amount that
"How did you manage to pay tbe extra
half dollar!" be Inquired.
"I took the money you gave me for tbe
job. I knew yon would make It all right."
And "ail right" It was made, ami I have
no doubtibat the confidence tbat was re
posed in that boy because of bis truthful
ness, will do him good at long as be lives.
Boito feral J.
KEEN A8 A RAZBR.
"Yes, there' a bep o' difference in
boys," replied tbe old man, as he tied up a
bag or oats. "There's my tea John, for ia
staace. Everybody beat bim In a host trade,
swindle bim oa a watch dicker, and leaves
him out ia tbe cold when be farms on sheers.
He's good-hearted, bat there' bo buslne
aboatbim. If I bad to depend upon John
I'd die la the poor bouse." He wrestled
the bag aside, seized another, and contin
ued t "Aad there's my sob Philip keen as
a razoreyes opea wide, and so sharp that
ao maa ia New Jerrey dare offer him a pair
of old boots for a $300 boss, for fear of be
"Is be dead V
"Yes, he's gone ; tbst was the sharpest
trick ol all. He foaad he'd got the eon
ramp Mob, ami what did he do but boat up
a life (asurasee agent, take oat a 96,060
poMey, give hi aote for the premium, sad
eeme home sad fall oat a load of bay aad
mapateeferk dear through him. Some
eat would hare naag oa aad doctored
arad, aad wealed ewrrsat Jeaey aad
ehladtM te9 for elgMmawathe; bet that
wata'tPhil. No, sir! He dida't eve ask
ferssaTmiaglserter'a a t tombsteae;
aad hesaidlaeeda'tgK that as less the
atatMo etjeter woald trade e vea ap for a
. ," aaM Mft. XtCHtL
beau AH ,' De? Uawkesit. The
er pays saetittsasltB te Itwai
aeesaT snaye , eaa ae sat sae, 1 eel jsxst aa
SRINBINC AT THE MILL IN THE IMT.
Southward through Pbiiistla. there ire Be
nin streams, and one constantly hears the
hum of the hand-mill at every village and
Arab camp, morning and evening, and of
ten deep In tbe night. When at work two
women alt at tbe mill facing eaeb other;
both bave hold of tho handle by which the
upper Is turned upou the nether mllbHoae.
Tbe one whoe band Is disengaged threw
in tbe grain, aa occasion requires, through
tbe hole In the upper stone, called el rukfcab,
tho rider, in Arabic a it was long ago In
Hebrew. It is not correct to say tbat one
pushes It bair round, and then tbe other
seize tbe handle. This would be alow
wotk, and give a spsemodie motion to the
stone. Both reta'n their bold, and pull to
and push from, as men de with tbo whip or
croscut saw. Tbe proverb ol Christ is
true to lire, for women only grind. Dr.
Tomson recalls no Instance In which men
were grinding at the baud-mill. It is a te
dious, fatiguing work, aud staves or serv
ant are set at It. From the king to tbe
"maid-servant that is behind the mill,"
therefore embraced all, from tho very high
est lo tbe very lowest Inhabitants of Egypt.
This grinding at the mill was often Imposed
upon captives taken In war. Thus Samson
was abused by the Philistines, and, with
Milton for the poet, bitterly laments hi
"To grind ' brasen fetters under task.
Eyeless tn Gaza, at the mill with slaves. "
TESTIN6 THAT WARTEfT.
"What are you butting your head agvlnat
that wall for- asked tbe mayor ef au old
"Ter aso wbui'er or not l'se asleep, ahl'
"Don't yon know tbat you are uot
"It's sorter doubtful, sab. I found a quar
ter Jes now, an' I wans ter eo wilder or
not i'se dreamin'," and he jammed his bead
against the wall again. "T'uther ulght,!
fuun' a ban'ful ob money un'er a rod. I
aot down an' counted it, an' turned it ober
in my 'jcyment, Daritwas; all silver., I
won'ered ir I was dreamin', but I heard a
bird slngln In a tree, an' I saw do leave a
tremblln' in do air. Den 1 knowed JVwa
awake, an' I rejlccd wld aloud monf. 1
went up town to de man dat owns my cabin
an' bought it ob bim, an' I wentterde clerk
an' had him write It down In der bU book.
I wa mighty happy, an' 1 bought a big cat
tish and a moml'ous cabbage. I come home
and v 'grattiiatln' myse'f, when all ol a
suddcnuicnt my wife yell out : 'Ye' a ole
liar, fur yer ain't bought dis cabin. Yer
better get outcn dat bed and chop some
wood, or yer won't get no brcakfa' beab
to-day.' I got outen bed mighty sheepish,
kase I'd been talUu' In my sleep. Now,
wld dis quarter, I'se gwlno ter satlaly my
se'f dat I ain't dreamin' 'fore I 'gratutats
myse'f." and again he jammed hl head
against the wall."
LIMBUR6ER CHEESE STORY.
An unfortunate policeman or tbe fifteenth
precinct, on Thursday night found a pack
age of highly-scented Llm".urger cheese,
and, as In duty bound, brought it to tbe
statlon-bouse. It was first placed in tbe
office or tbe station, but the odor wat too
much for the sergeant. Then It wat put In
the sitting-room ot tbe patrolmen, but as
several of them at ouce reported tick, and
applied for leave or absence with full pay,
acting Captain Smlnk ordered It put In one
of tbe cells to prevent bis whole force from
coming under tho surgeon's care. Tbe un
fortunate prisoners were compelled to smell
the delicate odors of Llmburger for two
nlgbts,and several or them protested tgal nat
being tortured as well as imprisoned.
Finally, the aroma spread ltsel: through
tha staUon-house, and acting Capt, Smlnk
hired a tramp to carry the cheese to police
headquarters. There was a rush made out
or the property clerk't offlce when the bear
er ot tbe cheese entered, and tbe acting
captain was invited to tako bim and hit
cheese off to hit station house. Finally,
the property clerk suggested tbat tbo cbeese
be sold, ir unclaimed to-day, and tbe money
banded to Its owner.
Uueluliy the cbeese waa carried back to
tbe station-bouse and deposited on tbe roof
to await its much-desired owner. WI-
Jeremiah S. Black was born In Guides,
Somerset county, Pennsylvania, January
10, 1310. He was admitted to tbe bar la
1830. The first high honor he won wa tbo
appointment ae presiding judge or the Ju
dicial district In which be resided, In 1842.
In 1851 he was elected Judge of the supreme
court of bit State and chosen chief Justice.
He was re-elected In 1854. On tbe 5th or
March, 1857, be wa appointed attorney
general of the United States, by President
Buchanan, which office he held until. De
cember, ISO), when he became secretary of
Slate, and remained In tbat position during
tho remainder or President Buchanan's
term, lie then resumed the practice or his
profession, and bas always ranked aa one of
tbe leading Jurists or the United Stales.
As a controversialist, be hat or late years
been very active, having contributed many
able and thoughtful articles on political,
theological and historical topics to tho lead
ing reviews. Ill answer to Robert G. In
gersoll, and his late controversy with Jeffer
son Davl on secession, are among his best
known works or tbat class.
At a circus In Bismarck, the otlur day,
according to the Biamarck Ttilunr, a col
ored man and hi wife occupied front seats,
and when a terrific gale of wind began to
rip tbe canvas, tbe woman planted her knees
right down In the dust and began to eall
upon the Lord to save ber and spare! ber
life. Tbe man threw hi arm around a
stake driven In tbe grountf, and cried out: , '
"Look 'yah, ole woman, you ucttlli ease j
up on dat pray In' an' grab a centalfpole, ef .
yo' iloan waut'er leab di country ahead ob V
de reg'lar preceaalon. Hit's all right to '
rassle iu pra.'r lade ordinary program ob
life; but de Lewd ain't gnlna to bead off
dis tornader, a a puaaonel favor to you.
Yon je grab a centah pole now, An' shet t
Dr. Hawks, au old time eloquent and pop-
ularNew York divine, once asked the ves-s 1
tryman or blYchureb to Increase bis salsry .
because of hi increased family expenses. A
"Don't trouble yourself," ssld the vestry- rf
man, "tbe Lord hath said be will care for
the young raven when they cry." ,,
"I,know that," ssld the clergyman, "but?
nothing f said about tbe young Hawks." W
Msrk Twain may not be a great a man a '2
some tblnk him, but he stxm to understand f
matrimony. lie writes: ,
"Whenever I wsnt one thing aad Mrs!
McWllllauui wants another, and we deeldi 1
upon the thing that Mrs.' McWIlllaai want- ,
aa we alway do she call that a compro '
Teacher to Infant dats ia Sunday school!
"Whst Is premised to th righteous r"
Chorus "Eternal bliss, marm."
Teacher "And to tbe wieked?"
Thin small voice from tbe bottom of t
class "Eternal blister."
There was oae penny less patoa the pit
Beferriag to the statement made by Ji
Davit la bit reeeat letter to the We J
Bek, to the effect that if there ha
ao attempt to reiaferee Fort Sst4r the
Johattoa ay there I aot a tehaoiboy Siorf
or Sooth, who doe aot kaow better.
Lord Y., who popaltrtty wa aot exeaj
tire ia a certaM iwoteatewa, aeviagtv,
fused aa Importunate beggar, she re
her sppllestioB :
"Now, my lord, If y'd Jt gi' ate
little saxpeace, I could treat every trie
ye hse ia th toon."
Boy rneioa shady spet-
it yum! all
email. uvj svwaa waaaw cvaraar taw - .
Jaws doctor come ceaegeot .boy we tt
want mere (aotiee of aaTsi,bfiarV ,g
- ? i
The maa who mimed ska Mates, aeee- '
of betag detalaed at
repair oa lu peataaVMM, atteajftrMy f i
f4 that It UaHfeBy lose: "Hlea!
MBTaaasaVr , . .jj..
ery raatny weald hoe a has
I . 4