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- LAND FRAUDS7
The offlcttt of tUcKov'Jmnjct Wn Joubt
leu Inform us that . a none or our butl"
ne, but Tor all that wc itg Icave t0 nquirc
what the eovpVumeot hopca to accomplish
In tbli fraudulent land entry hutlneat Tbe
cuauccn are that If a quarUr hectiou of
lana nan been fraudulently entered, tbe
party who practiced tbe fraud sold tbe land
to Innocent parties as toon as lie could get
rid of It. Does tbe government propose to
ueciare mis land forfeited and thus rob an
Innocent purchaser of his borne t When
wc comedown to a strict coiibtructlon of
the law there are, no doubt, hundreds and
nunureas 01 claim In tbls country that
Lave been Illegally enUrcd. Eldorado 7.V
pfllitau. Last winter there were four special land
agents appointed from Kansas, by the gen
eral government, Al. Green, Geo. Orncr,
luos. James and Tom Cavauaugb. Their
duties have taken them all over the United
Ssates, where public lands arc to be found
In view of tbe recent fraudulent entries of
lands unearthed in the Wichita district, It
may bo interesting to know what work Is
being done by these agents. Commissioner
Jlcrarlaud, of the general land ofiice, was
icisrviewed by a ctv York Trilunt report
er, wutn tie said, In answer to the question,
"Uow Is the system of special agents work-
"The special agents have hem In the Held
about air months, and reports from some
of them are received every day. I have
examined and acted upon about 800 Illegal
unu irauuuicnt entries reported by them.
Those entries cow red about 128,000 acres,
of which the government would have been
deprived except for tho new service."
'In eighty cases only, out of the 600 ex
amined under this system, have objections
been oficrcd to the proposed cancellation
of the entries."
A very large per cent, of these lands have
been pre-empted by cowboys from the Tex
as anil Indian Territory ranges, and the
money for proving up has been furnlsbej
by ranchmen and cattle companies. The
lands were selected lying along the streams
reaching for miles and miles, said streams
were Immediately enclosed in wire leiico,
and In this way the poor settler coming In
to the country with a family and a half a
dozen bead of cattle was crowded out both
for the want ol water and land, as the best
land In tboe counties, in fact the only land
that Is stiseeptlblc of cultivation, is em
braced In tho valleys along the streams.
And tiulcss tlie.e fraudulent entries arc
cancelled and the land thrown open for set
tlement, us it ought to be, it will remain a
herding ground with only here and there a
settler when eery quarter section ought to
have a settler upon IL Senator Ingalls'
bill, just introduced, will defeat nil further
fraudulent entries. It proposes to amend
the homestead act by prohibiting commu
tation thereunder until two years have
elapsed from the dale of settlement, one
year of which must bo of record In the land
otllco. It also repeals the provision law un
der which local land ofllrcrs arc authorized
to receive relinquishments and Immediately
throw the claims relinquished open to en
try. In effect, It requires all relinquish
ments to bo forwarded to the commissioner
ol the gedcral land otllce and approved by
blm before the land In question is thrown
open to entry.
It is expected that the inauguration of
tbe measures proposed by these three bills
will result in limiting the amount or public
land a single Individual can securo under
government title to 100 acres. To secure
land under these bills, two years actual res
idence will bo necessary, with the payment
of ?1.U5 per acre. Five years actual resi
dence will secure 100 acres without tho
payment of money.
Stafford county people arc all torn up
about a railroad from Denver to Jlcmphis,
and propose to vote bonds to the amount of
three thousand dollars per mile for each
mile the road runs through the county,
which is a bad break for tbe Stafford coun
ty folks to make at this time. There will
be plenty of time to vote bonds to a railroad
company after the road has been built up
to, or near the county line, or at least after
Cii somo ol tbe road Is constructed, and not all
ijli.n paper. If the county tics herself up In
bonds to some company wbo perhaps do
not own a foot of railroad, but who pro
pose to build one beginning no place and
ending at a place they cannot reach on ac
count or tbo route selected for they cannot
right-of-way through tbo territory,
will ever regret It, for In tho meantime,
ongbtfore the time expires for building
the road for which the bonds arc voted, an
actual, live, lure enough road will appeir
at their border and knock for ndmlssion
and aid, a favor they will bo powerless to
grant, consequently tbe road Will pass them
by taking some other route.,AValt gentle
men until tho D., -M & A. Eallroadhua
track with cars upon It Inside tbo borders
ol Kansas before you tic yourself up with
bonds, or limit the time for the construction
or tho road to six months or a year.
The president's message was read to Con
gress on Tuesday, the 4th Inst. Itisaplaln,
business-like, mattcr-of-lact paper. He re
fers to the gratifying condition of aflat In
the postoffice department, of the warm re
lation existing between our government
and the Mexican republic, of the opening
or the Congo Valley In Africa, or the
American hog, recommends the establish
Ing of a commission, with necessary power
to suppress polygamy, Is opposed to the
postal telegraph system, but thinks the gov
ernment ought to exercise a supervision
over tbe telegraph business. Tho treasury
exhibit shows tho astonishing prosperity
and wealth of the country. For tho fiscal
year ending June SO, ?1.H,178,7.V or tbo
public dent was paid off, and there were
about ?400,O0O,000 IcR in the treasury. The
president thinks that National taxes can be
still further cut down, hut docs not advo
cate any sweeping reduction of tho reve
nues. The treasury department recom
mends that the tariff on sugar be taken off.
Senator Ingalls will soon Introduce a bill,
providing that any person who encloses an
area of public lands to which be has no ti
tle shall be liable to a fine of ?100 a dsy ror
the time such enclosure is maintained, and
any person who obstructs the passage of
another over or through the public domain
shall, lor every offense, pay the aggrieved
Also a bill authorizing the rcsurvcy ol
townships erroneously surveyed or in
which monuments marking tbe boundaries
have been obliterated or removed.
Also a measure providing for annexation
to one of the Kansas laud districts and for
judicial purposes to the district of Kansas
an unnamed area l)lng between Kansas
and the Indian Territory, and authorizing
tho completion or Its survey.
WAR ON FRAUDS.
Tbe commissioner or pensions says It Is
the intention or the department to employ
all legal means to break up tbe existing
practice among a certain class or brokers
and agents ol taking certificates for pen
sions as collateral security for money ad
vanced. Suits to test tbe constitutionality
or the law forbidding tbis practice are now
pending In Philadelphia, Boston and other
cities. Tbe commissioner will Issue dupli
cate certificates to pensioners In all cases of
tills kind and declsre tbe originals In the
bands of brokers to be void.
Tbe Fort Scott Monitor came out in anew
dress lost Friday morning. Tbe Monitor Is
one or tbe things tbat Fort Scott could not
err well set along without. We r.ever
tWBk of that city without thinking of tbe
-Monitor. The Eaclk extends congratula
tes to tbe bappy Monitor, located at tbe
great and fast growing city at tbe other
ad of the Sunflower road.
Mayor "Wilson, of Topeka, has resigned
k4 .position as Mayor on account of poor
health, occasioned principally by the worry
Mtd work connected with the duties of the
XotwlthsUndlnghtr. Wilson's m
experience there are a large nam
's)! prominent citizens who are wlfflag
t hgafered up to fill the Tacancy.
We wsssder who's hefcHaj- dowu Sedg-
wfaHe Marsh Xarstocklaad
are at Washlagton. Mmfmit
i - , ' 5
thy aetil ia peace, Capt. White, ol
SSt sitwsw. f
jHeir, of, Kasii Hsipshlre, has
sas jvras rsw
ta last OMsgraaa.iisc aa
(Mr iiyiiuMiav mm t H
WOY SHIRT AND SHOT GUN.
llr. Carlisle was elected speaker of tbe
lower bouse of Congress. He was backed
by a wild aouth and won. Wichita Eagle.
Why didn't tbe Eagle publish the ballot
taken la tbo Democratlccaucusf That bal
lot shows tbe statement or the Eagle to be
false. We give a portion or the ballot else
where in our columns, from which it will
be seen that Carlisle was backed as much
by a solid West and Xortb-west as by a sol
Id South. Tbe cry of "solid South," "con
federate brigadiers," "shot-gun policy of
tbe South," etc, etc., has been tbe stock
In trade of the Uepubllcon party lor years.
We do not believe, however, that it will
ever again be able to rfde Into power by an
appeal to tbe prejudices merely of one sec
tion of the country. Wellington iJemocrat.
' Well, let us see where the Carlisle vote
came Irom. In the Democratic caucus for
the nomination of a speaker, IBS votes were
cast, of which 83 were from the Southern
States. Or these, 72 were cast ror Carlisle,
19 for Ilandall aud 4 for Cox. In other
words, three-fourths of the "olld South"
went for Carlisle, and he received In addi
tion, only 33 votes. North or the l'otiniac
and cast or the Allegbantes he received but
one vote, that or Morse, or Massachusetts.
Or Ilandall's OS votes, only 33 were cast by
Northern members, aud or Cox's, 28 or the
32 were cast by Northern members. Thus
it will be seen that more than two-thirds of
the Northern votes were cast against Car
lisle, while three-fourths of the Southern
votes were cast for him. The "solid South"
had a majority ol only two votes in the
caucus, but It carried off four or the six
offices to be filled.
Mr. Carlisle, In a speech In 1S7G, during
bis canvass ror Congress, said :
"I deny that tbe United States is a Na
tion. It Is a vicious system that has de
stroyed sovereign States and oppressed
nine millions or people in the South, if a
State has no right of secessions, she cer
tainly has the right or revolution. The
ltepublicau party wants another amend
ment to the constitution. Why do they
want it? Is it not that the government
shall take the school fund into Its own
bands, and appoint a commissioner who
shall select the teachers and series ol books
to be used In the schools, and your ehild
and my child be denied the right to learn
the alphabet except In such a book a shall
learn them to lorget Wnshingtnn, Jackson,
Jefferson and the statesmen of Virginia
and the South"
We don't know what you would call sol
id if 72 out of llj is not solid. So lar as the
shot-gun policy and bloody shirt is concern
ed, allow us to call jour attention to the
late massacre at Danville, Virginia; but
then there were only seven killed aud they
were Ncgars, And when the States were
called, by the clerk of the house, fur leprc
sentatives to come lorward and be qualified
ninety of them could not swear that
they had never borne arms against the Uni
ted Stales, or furnished aid to her enemies.
"Do jou hear the rebel yell J" said one
ltandall Democrat to auoth.tr, when the
Democratic caucus bad nominated Carlisle
and his friends were cheering. The selec
tion or a Mlssotirian for chief clerk, Mr.
Clark, who was a brigadier-genera! of the
confederacy; a Texan Tor door-keeper,
three of the best places in the gift of the
house, means a "solid .South" ir it means
anything. And it mean that the country
is destined to hear the rebel yell a number
of times before the present scf sion of Con
gress adjourns. lu the language or Major
Edwards, Democrat, to bis paper In St.Joc,
"The Southern confederacy is again in the
saddle, and is pushing things."
INGALLS' LAND LAWS.
The three bills relating to public lauds
Introduced by Senator Ingalls, arc design
cd to materially simplify the operations of
the general land oflice,and change iu sever
al important particulars the method of ac
quiring title to public lands.
The first provides for the repeal of the
pre-emption laws, but authorizes a second
homestead entry by persons who, having
made one homestead entry, have, for any
reason (ailed to perfect title and who, at
the same time, never made filiug under the
The second repeals the limber culture
law, but permits title to be perfected In ac
cordance with the provisions of that law
upon all claims entered before the passage
of tbe repealing act.
The third and last of the scries proposes
to amend tbe homestead act by prohibiting
commutation thereunder until two years
bavo (lapsed from date of settlement, one
year or which must be or record in tho
land office. It also repeals tho provision
of the law under which local land officers
are authorized to receive relinquishments
and immediately throw claims relinquished
open to entry. In efl'cct it requires all re
linquishments to be forwarded to the com
missioner of the general land office and ap
proved by him bcrorc the land in question
Is thrown open to entry.
Tbe eflect of this series or measures If
they became laws will be to limit the
amount of public land, a single individual
can secure to one claim 100 acres. Land
may be secured after two years' actual res
idence thereon by paying fcl.2 per acre, or
after five years' residence, for nothing.
The provision in respect to relinquish
ments Is designed to put a stop to the prac
tice or filing entries upon public lands and
holding them for the purpose of selling the
relinquishments to incoming settlers. Un
der tbe existing laws a citizen may obtain
three claims one each under the home
stead, pre-emption and timber culture laws.
He secures the timber culture claim with
out residence, aud maup purchase prc-emi-tlon
and homestead claim after six months'
Representative Hill will Introduce a bill
at the earliest opportunity providing that
surviving soldiers or the late war including
privates, non-commissioned and commiss
ioned officers, shall be entitled to public
lands iu allotments graded according to
length of service, and widows and minor
children of deceased soldiers shall be enti
tled to the amount which would bo under
tbis law allotted to the husband or father.
Allotments of land shall be divided as fol
lows: To those wbo enlisted for three years
or during the war and served twelvemonths
or were honorably discharged after shorter
service lor disabilities received in the ser
vice, 100 acres ; to those wbo enlisted for
twelvo months and actually served nine
months, or were discharged after a shorter
period for disabilities Incurred In tbe line
or duty, SO acres; to those who enlisted Tor
three mouths, served three months or were
honorably discharged before the expiration
of their term or service, forty acres.
BELFORD'S RAILWAY BILL.
The bill introduced by Mr. liclford to
regulate railway traffic between tbe States
and Territories provides ror tbe establish
ment In the department or the interior a
bureau to consist or three commissioners
appointed by tbe president to receive a (al
ary of 910,000 each with the necessary and
proper expenses. Within ninety days after
tbe appointment or the beard, railway com
panies are required to forward a statement
of tbe franchises and present condition of
the roads. Power is conferred on tbe com
missioners to examine tbe books and records
or any person or company operating any
railroad. Tbey ore also empowered to pre
scribe tbe maximum rates to be exacted,
and make regulations touching tbe pack
ing and transporting of freight and tbe ac
commodation of passengers.
The Salt Lake AVsh (Mormon) has this to
say of the president's message:
The message will be nallca by mo Hire
ling clergy with pleasure, and will receive
an amount of 'popular support. It Is not
shown In what way the destruction of our
local government would effect the question
of polygamy. The plural marriages of the
MormoM are eot recognized by the terri
torial laws and could not be dissolved by
commissi, by edicts, by armies or other
earthly power. They are ecclesiastical,
perpetual aad eternal. Until the Mormons
become reereaBt to their faith with high
heaves, these unions wilt be reeaf ataed by
the Almifhty Being, who eetabHehed them
for the beaeft of HI people aad tbe fulness
ot Hie iory'
We suppoM If CoacreH appoiau a com-
missis tad deprives tc Terraory or lie
prteert IffsteUr4 that the Latter Day
tssistts w 4tOnrmt fatas the fovers-
MMtU MX eM thatTery tempw Utah
ta aaarseaal of stMe.wlth put holes aad
Jt .the other suaosary .cMvealeaeM for
uwriui", U 'Jota
a l 4 "a'ii m fth&
5- -,-. VK
STRAINING AT A GNAT.
The Constitution or tbls State provides
that no Justice of the supreme court or
judge or a district court' of Kansas "shall
bold any other ofllco of trust or profit un
der tbe authority of the State or United
States, during the term ot office for which
raid justices and judges shall be elected."
No law to enforce this constitutional
provision was ever enacted until last win
ter. The purpose of this constitutional pro
vision was to prevent judicial officers from
holding or seeking other civil places.
There is grave doubt, however, whether,
without legislation to enforce it, tbe pro
vision has any binding effect. A constitu
tional enactment docs not enforce itself.
It is doubtful, also, whether a State can
prescribe any qualification for a Represen
tative in Congress that is not prescribed by
the constitution and laws of the United
Stales, ir a Kansas judge was elected to
any State or county office during bis judic
ial term, he would undoubtedly be ineligi
ble, liut tbe position or Representative In
Congress is a United States, not a State of
fice, and the constitution and laws or the
United States specifically define the only
qualifications necessary to constitute eligi
bility to Congress.
Judge S. It. l'cters was elected a Repre
sentative in Congress from this State, in
November, 1882, by a majority or 10,502.
His term or office as judge had not expired.
An attempt was made to obtain an injunc
tion restraining the State Hoard ol Canvass
ers from canvassing his vote and granting
him a certificate of election. The courts
refused to issue such an injunction.
Now it appears Governor Click "aud
other State officers" have scut Mr. Spring
er, of Illinois, u protest against the admis
sion ol Judge l'cters, "on tbe ground that
under the constitution and laws of Kansas,
he is ineligible to bold office." There was,
however, no law of the State on this sub
ject until some months after Judge l'eters
was elected and had resigned his position
The governor appears to be much dis
tressed over the awful results that might
follow this doubtful infraction of the con
stitution. Nearly one hundred thousand
legal voters ol Kansas a majority of 10,j02
of all tbe votes oast elected Judge l'cters
to represent them, llut the governor and
his adjutant-general wbo constitutes, no
doubt, the "other State officers" mention
edarc so distressed in mind and tortured
in spirit about it that they have sent to
Washington a foraial protest.
As the governor and his adjutant-general
appear to have developed a very ardent de
votion to the constitution and laws of the
State, aud aie sitting up nights devising
ways and means to prevent Congiess from
countenancing any infraction of them, it
may not be out of place to direct their at
tention to tho following section of the con
stitution of Kansas:
"The manufacture and sale of intoxicat
ing liquors shall be forever prohibited iu
this State, except for medical, scientific
and mechanical purposes."
This constitutional provision was supple
mented by the enactment of a stringent
law, providing penalties lor its violation.
The governor and his 'other State officers""
meaning his adjutant-general, for no oth
er State officer signed that "protest" took
a solemn oath to respect and support tho
constitution and laws of Kansa. It would
be much more creditable to them if they
would devote some of their time, energy
and influence to the duty of cntorclngthese
provisions of our constitution and laws
which are entirely within their jurisdiction
rather than to destress themselves over a
technical and doubtful Infraction of a con
stitutional provision by the action of Con.
grcss. The governor ami his "olhcrSlatc
officer," while straining at a gnat arc swal
lowing a very large camel. They are at
tempting to defeat by a quibble the will of
the people, fairly expressed In the election
of Judge l'eters, while at the same time
they arc neglecting a plain duty near at
hand. They are distressing themselves
about a shadowy infraction of the consti
tution away off at Washington, while ig
noring and encouraging the substance or
constitution-smashing and law-breaking at
Chicago, December 7th, 1SS3.
To the Editor of the Eaglt.
Never 111 the experience of your corres
pondent, which extends over a period of
well, it doesn't matter bow many years,
women generally arc indefinite as to figures
which betray their age have the streets of
this great, enterprising city seemed more
full of lifo and activity. Turn which way
wc will, there arc throngs ol people rush
ing in every direction, at almost any hour
of tho day, aud naturally, tbe query arises,
"where do all these people come Irom?"
State street, the liroadway of Chicago, Is
like a vast panorama, and n few days ago,
securing a good post or observation, at the
imminent I isk or being jostled out or my
position, 1 determined to enjoy the"show"
In a leisurely manner. Though lacking the
charm of novelty, these street scenes can
never cease to attract mc. Matinees in
stifling halls, where God's glorious sun
light Is carefully excluded the "subdued"
light from gas being preferred may have
their devotees, but give mc a drama in the
opou air a little smoky though it may be
where natural characters arc unconscious
ly playing their part. A rcslle9s, sway
ing, surging sea of humanity, ah! what a
study. Stately matrons, elegantly attired,
pass up the marble steps of a "first class"
dry-goods store. They are or the "crcme
do la crcme." A little further down tbe
street, an immense stock r goods or every
variety draws patrons from all ranks and
classes. Silvery-haired and feeble grand
pas pass Into the basement, where are
found all manner of toys and trinkets dear
to tho hearts of the little folks. On the up
per floors, mothers and grandmas probably
find pretty things to combine the useful
and ornamental iu the toilets of the girls,
and if I cau read aright, many oftlicru coin
ing out with great parcels will be glad to
be rid ol the bore or "shopping," and pass
It to tho girls afore mentioned. Of course,
rrom my ccrner, I can't sec what purchases
are made, but cau do n good deal of guess
ing. Somo of the young men going Into a
large jewelry store opposite, look to the
right, then to the left, as if fearful of being
pursued. It is easy to guess their errand
and the cause of their embarrassment.
Young ladles seem to like going alono to
make their purchases, tbclr motive Is quite
apparent. There 1 a pretty blonde has
dropped her parcel.aud the paper has burst,
displaying a yes, it js a smoking cap.
Weil, I hope It is ror somebody who is old
and too confirmed a lover or tho weed to
mend. It would be too bad to give that cap
to a young man. It is so pretty he'd want
to wear it all tho time, and 'twould make
him bald, ror It is so warm.
How some ol the men dodge through the
crowd! I vvoudcr if they have learucd
that some women have sharp elbows? Men
and women, Utile and big, pretty and plain
the women, I mean, who ever heard of a
pretty" man? all trying to get there first.
Only tbe young folks can afford to take
time to look about tbem. Dainty misses in
"Mother Hubbard" cloaks, with fair young
faces peeping out from under the brims or
those guant fancies called "Kate Greena
way" bonnets, almost make one wish to be
young again. Tiny midgets of misses, in
zephyr hoods unit fleecy cloaks, prattling
merrily and "blppety-hopplng" along,
throw out a temptation to kidnap, but a
wholesome fear or the law Is a restraining
What food ror reflection one can gather
In a few minutes spent In watching pass
ers-by. How the expression of a face will
linger in the memory, and tbe tone of some
strange voice sound in the ear for many
My next study will be In some ol the es
tablishments that are calling out tbe
crowds, of whom I've been writing. II in
the rush, I am cot wholly extinguished, I
may tie heard from again. Uka.
A party of railroad engineers wbo are
surveying- tbe route of tbe proposed Ne
braska, Kausn & Colorado railroad, ar
rived in Sterling Mondiynlght, bavins
completed tbe survey to thlspHce. This
road It to run Irom Beatrice; NAnska,
through Sallna and Sterltnr; theaee aotdtb
Into tbe Indian Territory: The UtttchU-
ton people have offered tbem a boats oi
Ljkte sad the expense of the awTey to
wfce ai preUwaary .wejr treat BaHnta
Hutehlnaon, wMrisg to get tko reed ran to
tfcaViDltee instead of -SterHac. Stttiutt
JhdleK: "' - ?
- O. Uet rridsvy eveaia DeKUj'VH4
SHU mwaal WiUtaaaa, -oc. WMWeMii,
iitfai arreeted tfciaaar'feiwZHitlaB Hr
BOOMING WICHITA ITS INSTITUTIONS
RAILROADS, PARK, ETC.
Wichita, Decembers, 1883.
Ta the Editor of tt ConmovieeaUJk .-
You go over Kansas In all its parts, tbls
glorious year ol 1SS3, and each locality you
visit seems to be exceptionally prosperous ;
each town with a boom of its i-wn. Yet
there arc few, If any places la Kansas,
which exhibit so largely tbls feature as
does Wichita. Its streets are crowded
with loaded wagons, and wheat and corn
overcrowd the capacity of Its many eleva
tors. Tbe bridge over tbe Arkansas river
Is crossed by a thousand teams a day ; one
day lately a count Was made, aud the num
ber reached thirteen hundred. Its hun
dred restaurants show rrom tbe streets ta
bles filled with eating farmers. Its old
time frame rows of one-story buildings are
everywhere broken in upon by new brick
blocks, or two and three stories. Its hotels
arc crowded full. Its sidewalks on Doug
las avenue and Main street are thronged.
Its ftreet railway, two miles Iongand more,
seems to have a profitable patronage. Ky
tbe way, Mr. Uartzell tells me tbat an ex
tension or little more than another mile
will be made In tbe spring. This will take
the track to his park, which is a truly beau
tiful spot. It lies, almost surrounded by
water, at the junction of tbe Little River
with tbe Arkansas. Along one tide ol the
park, the first-named forms a sheet or wa
ter not equaled Iu the State. A mile stretch,
straight, deep and wide; such another
place tor boating is not to be round in the
Wot. Tbe park has a fine track ror speed
ing. Mr. Uartzell showed mc its qualities
behind his black pacing stallion,.Sam Haz
ard, record, 2:18.
The amount of freight received over the
three railroads coming into Wichita from
the cast is away beyond the capacity of a
tender foot to realize even to believe.
Forty to filty carloads of merchandise, coal
and lumber arc received and unloaded
daily ; nor do the cars return empty, for
the grain men want them all.
The city has settled down to a satlslac
tory daily use ol lis water works and of
its street railway, but has not yet become
accustomed to its latest Institution thegas
works. The gas has now been in use but a
few days, and the gaslitters and plumbers
arc raising Ned everywhere putting it into
Prosperity, push, boom on all hands; no
small part or it due to the work going on
in extending railroads beyond. The A.,T.
.t S. F. extension has track laid fourteen
miles west, with prospect of regular train
to Kingman by February. The Fort Scott
t Wichita has bridge material on the hank
of the Arkansas, and about ten dajs hence
Will be pushing it line towards Anthony.
All this Is one side of the picture. New
comers will see the oilier side as well, but
it is so familiar to periodical visitors like
mc as to fall out or mind. Wichita has no
natural beauty. It lies spread out on fiat
sand, skirted on the river side with some
natural growth limber. Industry and taste
have added shade H ees, fruit trees, slirun
bcry, very line residences, etc, still the
foundation alwavi. will tie Hal sand. Its
churches arc many, some of them very
line; the same 1. true of its saloons.
A POOR AUTHORITY.
It appears from an iutcrview with Rev.
D. N. Utter, published ill the Chicago Trib
une, that he obtained ino-t of bis alleged
faets he embodied in his article on "Old
Osawatomie ltrown" Irom George W
Itrown, who publMied the Lawrence Jlir
ald of Freedom many years ago. Dr. Utter
quotes a very poor authority. George W
ltrown was known in Kansas as a man of
violent prejudices, given lo drawing facts
Irom his hates. He hated old John llrown
lutcnscly. "Old Osawatomie" was a man
of extraordinary courage ; George W. was
known as a man or equally extraordinary
cowardice. Old John was a radical; Geo.
W. was a constitutional conservative. Old
John was an enthusiast and fanatic; Geo.
W. was cautious, timid, insincere anil cal
culating. Tho tno men entertained a cor
dial distrust ami dislike for each other, and
Geo. W's. bitterness was such that he
would believe aud circulate as true any
story be ever heard to the discredit of "Old
Osawatomie.' Dr. Uttet could not have
quoted a more prejudiced and untrust
worthy authority concerning old John
llrown than George W .Champion.
PETITION FOR A SOLDIERS' HOME.
The petition previously mentioned iu tho
dispatches as being prepared asking Con
gress to establish u Soldiers' Home in Kan
sas, has been completed and was forwarded
to Senator Plumb. It contains 20,000 names
and is handsomely bound, making n book
as largo as Webster's dictionary.
Public l'rintcr Hounds and his foreman
set all the type for the president's message,
read all the proof, and took the number of
copies required in advance on a prool press.
All this was done at tbe Soldiers' Home
with the purpose or preventing the news
paper men from stealing the message. Mr.
Hounds had not set type since he was a
boy, but he did the job like a veteran.
At it again. Just as soon as the Democ
racy gets a show of regaining control of
the government they begin to show their
hand. Some of tho-cx-'lavc holders ol Tex
as are preparing to make a demand on the
government for the value of their emanci
Tho men who murdered McMillcan at
Emporia, a short time since, have been dis
covered in the peron of J. E. Tierce. A
lad about fifteen years old named Elmer
Heed, vvhasc home is in Emporia, tells the
whole story. They are both iu jail.
President Arthur advises Congress to
abolish legislative governmcut in Utah and
to establish a commission authorized to ad
minister justice and enforce whatever leg
islation Congress may itself provide for the
government or that territory.
Wc have no grudge against Alrica, and
TCt we cannot lnrhcar the sweet hope that
Dave Payne will give special attention to
that portion of the president's message
which sets forth the alluring features of the
Congo valley. Emporia Sent.
The Atchison Champion states that John
A. Martin, secretary of the Itepublican Na
tional Convention, originally presented to
the committee tbe change iu National con
vention representation for which Scuator
Frye is now receiving credit.
The ten largest cities of Kansas are as
follows: Topeka, 23,025; Leavenworth,
19,544; Atchison, 15.770 ; Lawrence, 11.SG4;
Wichita, 10,005; Wyandotte, 8,077; Fort
Scott, C.C70; Eniporla.C.OOO; Parsons,0,003 ;
Tho three principal candidates for tbe
chairmanship of the National Republican
Committee, are Hon. John C. New, of In
diana; Forbes, or Massachusetts, and
Frye, or Maine.
Senator Ingalls has sent his article on
John Brown, in reply to David X. Utter, to
tbe JVcrM American Retiea, and it will prob
ably appear in the January number.
Tbe bill, offered by Jlr.Ingalls, to remove
certain limitations of the arrears of pen
ion act, ia ot Interest to thousands of dis
abled soldiers throughout tbo country.
"Ninety members of tbe present House
could not swear tbat tbey "bid never borne
arms against tbe United States or furnish'
ed aid to bcr enemies."
Senator Ingalls is spoken of at one of two
or three gentlemen for president of tbe
Senate. An bonor worthily bestowed abontd
be be elected.
Kaaaon, of Iowa, and Washburn of Min
nesota, both Itepublican congressmen, have
announced tbat tbey will not bq candidates
Tbe production of distilled spirits dur
ing tbe laat fiscal year exceeded the year
prerioua thirty million of gallons.
Wleblta it plunged U sullen gloom over
the removal of Nellie Bailey, the murder
ess, to Topeka. Emporia Stw$. ,
One week has .elapsed alaee the speaker
ot tbe Hoose wa elected, aad (till bo com-
Bittee have beea appointed.
BatkeH It dangerously ill
WlCWTa. Kalf:, Oct. JU TO.
m. mtnetw mm tka'Wicfeita
:W4Nlam nMMyM not; be'iwvcatt.
M Urimr ;
"i n' m;Mm -MJk'ma
- (SUCCESSORS TO
"The Old Reliable"
It is jjo longer necessary to speak iu unccttain terms of the capabilities
of Kansas. She stands pre-eminent among tho agricultural States of the West
lite acknowledged queen. Aud
States the region comprising tho lower Arkansas and Ninnescali Valleys is
to Kansas the garden spot of the State.
The last ten years have demonstrated beyond question that Southern
Kansas is more genial iu climate, more bountiful aud certain iu productions,
than any other portion of tho West. Nowhere else in all our broad land do
these conditions Tiuite in such hannouy to make possible the establishment
of the ideal fanner's home. Many such arc springing up into living pictures
and adorn the landscape on every hand.
Tho projection of two lines of railroad from Wichita west and south'
wot through the county and beyond opens tip a hitherto practically undevel
oped country, where lands are still cheap, and than which there is nothing
better in the State. Tho ricks of wheat and dark green Holds of com over
laden with heavy ears sccu on every
We have taken pains to extend
our books many thousand acres not
priced lands in the Arkansas Valley mid adjacent thereto but equally rich
lands farllicr west and south, at prices accommodated equally to the p'clhorie
purse of the speculator and the more
a home. Subjoined is a partial lit of
37ft--1 acres west ot Vallsy Center; all in
cultivation, 40 acres corn, 40acreHirninj;
hsat imillnjr well ; corn rom viiili .!,
and 13 bushels miarsnteed. Scora-li.
8100 lu 9 month. S.VW in .'. jears. All best
bottom land, and a bargain nt$l,iO.
SSI-Hotel doing line business In a railroad
town in eastern Kanta ; proprleter. n lar
lner will sell, or exchange Tor a good farm.
.V.-10) acres iii miles from city, Chbbolm
creek Innila. Ml acres lu cultivation, bouse,
C"rrI,etc. A bargain nt3,.'i.
jl-so acres IK miles from town, second bot
tom, (10 -acres in cultivation, overlooking
town, 'r ine place Tor residence. 3,rs)
335-lMacres adjoining city limits between
the rivers; rich bottom, all llrst-clas,
timber ninl water ; nothing better for trait,
stock-leedlng, market-gardening, or resi
3l-a acres 1i miles from town ; watered by
race, plenty of rrult, a desirable place,
317--H) acres 2 mile north ofclty ; Talr house,
7 acres In corral, M acres in cultivation,
vines, small fruits, tailt and forest trees.
12 acre lu wheat.' to purchaser. .-.Ill
SK--24II acres 7 miles north of town ; 170 acres
CliUholui bottom, 70 acres sliqw land,
well watered, nothing better Tor corn ami
stock rarm. liiOO.
3:11 -10 acres 7 miles north ; " acres In culti
vation, all line second bottom, soacrejin
wheat--K to purchaser; house lUvSI. 1.
storr, andellHxiO; hedged ami crun-cd.
IW-bO acres 4 miles west, all in cultivation,
best Oowslln land. 2,000.
I0S-.1S0 acres 4); miles nw ; 1.10 acres In cul
tivation, !) acres In corn good and ready
ror crib, 40 acres growing wheat, voiing
orchard, hedged, 20 acres niu-ture, lioute
of 2 rooms, stable J a bargain at .t.OtO.
ss;(;40 acres 7 miles eat or Valley Center
400 acres in cultivation, 210 acres gra, all
hedged. 40 acres pailnre, wire tence, line
house of 5 rooms, good barn and outbuild
Ins;, living water on 3 quarters. 10 acre
choice fruit bearing ; nothing liette a in the
county; cheap at y,ui0.
S24-320 acres 31 miles aw, 101 in cultivation.
170 100 acres 30 miles sv, raw. 030.
.TMiei acres 15 miles sw, B0 seres In cultiva
tion, house, good Improvements, cheap.
331 inn acres 20 mile sw. Ninnescali bottom
land, a bargain. I, "00.
3lol(Xlacreeo miles west. 1,10.
HO 1C0 cre 5 mile east of Derby; good
bouse, all hedged, 110 acre under culilva
It4) 100 acres 10 miles nv, all choice bottom
land.llo under cultivation, large uoui-e
Hud barn, stable, cribs, etc., all fenced
with wire and hedge, and crossed in ws
turei and feed lots ; a One place. 5.UW.
105100 acre Zi miles east or Valley Center ;
ChUholm creek bottom, Wlarrea in culti
vation, good tinuxr, acres In fruit nnd ror
et trees. 4.KX).
ml .V) seres between the rivers ; all Ie3t
lottom land, 4wi acres under cultivation
ti,.,a. unrior ffnrn .0 acre bog-tfgllt. :
2 house, several acres in timber, 4 miles
to Valley Center. This I oneol the bet
stock ami crslu farms in Kannaa. U Is .V)-
land at .lo ier acre. 15,ooo.
1(12-100 acres 8 miles nw; 12.1 acres In cultiva
tion, good veil, house or 4 room, orchard,
hedged ; very cheap at 3,0.
lVln) acres adjoining new town or tJoddnrd.
231 4M acre in same. locality a No. IStS; all
thoroughly i edged anil In excellent culti
vation, SJiacre In cultivation, 2 houses I
cost 81000, 3,100 fruit and lorest trees. Can
be wibl lu single quarters, or together at
2- 100 acres IS miles west, SO acre In culti
vation, bouse, 2-acre hog-lot fenced, fruit,
21)6-320 ie in 2S 3w, house, 120 acre In cul
tivation, acres pasture with wire fence,
IK miles hedge, living water, li,'m-rcor-
cliaru; nan casn. j.jjo.
318160 acres 1.1 miles west ; 00 acres In culti
vation, stone houie, stock water, l.nuu.
3ffi-KM acres 10 miles weft; 80 acre in culti
vation, house, well, living creek water.
33S-100 acres 10 miles sw, JOacros In cultiva
tion, house and good Iinproqcment ; cheap
319 100 acres 20 miles west. 1,000.
"The following 2 1 numbers can he bought for
;esh, balatce on 5) ears" time at 8 i-r cent :
312 100 acres, 123 Improved $l,.Vi
311-100 do 110 do 1,400
311100 do 13.V do 1,000
346-10(1 do 153 .do 1..VO
317100 do 00 Mo house l.io.)
318 100 do inn do 1,600
SSI 10) do 13.1 do 1,500
352100 do 100 do 1.500
313 ICO do ) tin 1,310
354-320 do 220 do 3,(rt)
315-1.0 do 13t d l.CO
356100 do N) do house 1,200
357100 ito 1(0 do do 2,5)
358101) do 120 do b I.0O0
359-10!, do 155 do do .. .. l,fl
361100 do 8C do 1,5
302-320 do 121) do 3,000
363-160 do 50 do 1,0(10
354160 do no do 15ml sw... l.ono
365109 do HI Improved 1,0"0
360160 do 4 miles rrom Cheney 1,5"0
303160 do SOBcreslmpmved, house,
8 miles ne, ii mile from station 2,000
292100 acres, 120 acres Improved, good house,
spring living water, I mile hedge, 5 acres
In hog lot ; equidistant from Goddard and
280160 acres K mile south of Cheney, wi tered
by South Nlnnescan. 2,000.
279480 acres ii mile west or Cheney; all
smooth and best land ; bargain. 4,800.
371160 acres IU miles sw of Cheney; 45 acres
In cultlqatlon, house,' grove, creek; all
black, sandy loam. 2,0O.
229240 acres SJf miles west of Valley Center :
120 In cultivation, good, new house with 9
rooms. Una young hrenard. all well Im
326 80 acres on CowsUn 10 miles nw. 1,600.
321320 acres, one of the best and most highly
Improved farm In Lincoln twp. 6,000.
372-480 acres adjoining Augusta, llutler Co. ;
commodious buildings, all bottom land,
and one of the best farms In all respects lu
the State; a great bargain at 925 per acre.
Wc liavc some special bargains on our books, iu the range or immedi
ate railroad developments, which wc regard as the best ia the market and
which, wo wilt take pleasure in showing to our customers iu quality of soil
not to be excelled, and in price far below their real value. The prices range
from $800 to $1,500 per quarter for loads that iu our judgment will double in
value within the next six months. Wc have several thousand acres of these
lands, and cau accommodate the views of the speculator or the immigrant
We offer above a limited list, to
business permits, aad snbjcct to changes from sales from day to
vcyancing, collect reals,
rge list ia our control,
optional as well as
Eeal Estate Agency.
but liave jjood
which hits lowed
to serve our cast
thedrtaiarU af ear.1
. ,v '& -r "ij-. ,. ,?
SfHE .-i-- VL ',-iB. -ii-' 1
ss& t-mm mmim aacvm
,".rt i-.lTti,. .. -r
J. 31. STEELE,)
Real Estate Agency.
what Kansas is to the other 'Wcsicrn
hand tell the story of the vahie of these
our list in this direction, am have on
onlv of the highly cultivated and high-
limited means of the poor man seckin
2I."N)ncre2,,imlle northeast, second bot
tom. I, Duo.
213 100 ncres.IJa mile southeast, well Im
proved, hedged, good boue, rrult and for
est trees, u very dlrrtble place. S32 per
113 Spheres 3 miles south, in excellent culti
vation, iieugeii, plenty or mill ami rerent
trees, nil ricii nral bottom lanu. J,:to.
Ini loo acres, large dwelling, b.tru and out'
buildings, all fenced wire and hedge, or
chant, 2 acres timber; Uneplsco. T,ln.
We have several entire section and over
which we can sell lnlKvlIes for stock purposes,
ueingcuenpanu ai me same umecnoice inmi
AI.ONC WKSTKUN" KXTI'.XSION OF S.
TA I'll KAII.UOAU.
3S-9 320 acres, all best CowsUn bottom land,
:?acre nanve iimuer, -.Mil cultivation
2 houses. 2 barns and all other outbuild
ing, 8 seres tight Itoard corral, 3-1 acre
Hedged pislure. .1 miles ueilge, 3 inncu am
2aiqle orchard, stream ol living water,
This Is h great bargain ut d,rw.
71320 acres 3 miles from station, good
house, orcliard, vester. Improved. 5,oUu.
73320 acres, improved, house, orchard ; a
good place. Cheap at 5,0)0.
107 109 acres .Indies west, llo acres In culti
vation, house, granary, stable, etc.; cheap
53--lU ncre 8 miles west, new hnue, 3 acres
orcnani, an Hedged. i,ot.
141 ICO acre all lu cultivation, tlnugrove and
orcuam, a mue irom station ; a bargain
ILV- 10i ncres 1 mite viest from station, o
acres In cultivation, good hune. 3,tw.
94320 acres 3 miles from station. 3,000.
121 100 acres 4 mile from proOscd station
O1) lot) acres, 120 acres lu cultivation, house
2tt7lc.o acres, well improved farm, 10 mile
soiiuuvesi on r i. .--jit route. r,isi.
279 320 acre., house nnd stable, 2(r) acre in
cultivation, all bottom, watered by the
norm .-xinnesc.tn. z,oui.
130 100 acres lu high cultivation, 7 acres In
grove and rrult, good houe ; a choice farm,
1 mile from new town of Chenev. 3,2jo.
81320 acres. 130 in cultivation, good honc
living water and wells, foret and fruit;
u nargain, i, mue irom new town or me.
49 SO acres 8 miles sonthcat. hou-o 11x21.
stable, etc., good stock water, SO apple, 60
iencu, a i cnerrj nnu .aw plum trees, anil
looricottonwooils. I. loo.
5080 acres 8 miles sonthiast, 05 acres under
cultivation. hone 3 rooms, stables, etc.
6 acre fenced lor hog, living water, 150
apple, oo peHcii,;io cnerry. .ikj plum anil
small fruit, 12 000 eottonwoods. -'.(.
138 160 acres 8 ndles roull:e.-ii, 13 acres In
timber, OOacre in cultivation, good house,
barn, etc.; n bargain. 2.(l
46210 acre ten miles east of tuv n, 1 10 acres
in cultivstion. bam 39x32. house Mi. storr
1421, and other outbuildings, 1 mile of
nenge. imi pcaeu and a lew apple and
cherry trees. 3.509.
11789 ncre 4 miles from Valley Center, bot
tom laud, all under cultivation, houpe,
com cribs and other buildings, nil under
hedge, 6 acre apple, peach, plum, etc.
Ill loo acies 12 miles southeast ol Wichita
and clo-e to Derby, 130 acre under culti
vation, hou-e 16x1, stable, corn crib, etc.,
1 mile r hedge, good well, 2 to 3 acre in
orchard, lo.UMcoltonwoodsgrowliig ; price
110-100 acres 8 miles east of Wichita; line
l.iudo, no improvements, l.u-o.
2014011 acre 7 miles cast of town. 20 acres
under cultivation, house and outbuilding;
a very line stock farm with living water.
101 llou'e, 5 room?, 90 feet front on Topeka
ave. Kireet cars rnn imst hoiie. 1,690
102 House, 4 rooms, CO feet front on Topeka
ave. All lu trees nnd tluely shaded. 1,500.
107IIoui.e, 3 rooms, 110 feet front on Topeka
103 House, Knioria avenue north of Doug-
105 House, Central avenue. 3,000.
Hi6 House. Kmimrla avenue north of Dong
109 House on Toiieka avenne south c.f Doug
110 2 houses on north Topeka ave. 3,50).
illHouse, 7 room, on Kmiiorla ave. close to
Douglas live. ::,-2uu.
112 House, 3 rooms. Central ave. near street
113 House, 6 rooms, 65 feet front on Market
street, clo.e to Douglas, stable, etc., all In
good condition. S,(i00,
129 Uonse, 4 room, Wichita street. 2,000.
125 Hone, 3 room, Water st. 700.
lit lloufennd.". Intson tt llllams St., stable,
cellar, etc, 1,750.
115 House, 4 rooms, 3 lota, on Market street.
170 Houke, 4 rooms. 5(1 feet front on Mnsley
172 Honse, 4 room, 135 feet front on Law
rence nvenuo, all hedged. 2,000.
173 2 houses, CO feet fronton tonth Malnet.
173 House on Emporia avenue, 50 feet front,
stable, etc. 1,700. '
177 House with 2 acres ground east passenger
178 House. IH story, 5 rooms, kitchen, cel
lar, stable and imthuildlag, all kind of
frmtand shade trees, on south Market st.
ISO Ifon-e, 3 rooms, 7 acres ground, on Law
rence ave. 1,600.
1849 lots on Waco street, line halldln.
Hi feet front. 2,200.
-100 feet front on Emporia avenne; house.
house, lj;-story, 6 rooms ; fmlt shade and
snrnnnery or an aiims, good uarn ami ont
hoiues ; cheap at 2,500.
which wc, shall add from time to time
pay taxes aad rent lands, of which
to be leased snbjcct to sale.
Axed loans, and do ftt all things the
Steele at tho daUest season of the year.
ourselves upoa the ge&croa patroaage
.volume. We are weM prepared. aew
i .. -! ' :. 'rsjiav . 5s
aad witBoat, exaeaae to t
. . .. i " 4?.. -;.
idrini JacStiai ta Met
.Jt- . & 9W' VTST" t-rt4.
swis njm AetTJijfcMfs-;
- V4 -,J-'i, vlV-4.'
. ,-.14-!. "
i t nwHvw ta .
vu;l is-?$$-!,; i'Jir
E. P. HOVEY & CO.
Saturday, December 15th, '83,
"250 Yards Satin Foulard I"
"200Y-Yards Ottoman Silks!".
OOYdsCol'd Gros GriiritSiiks!
-; z "i dflSSv.'
.... -:?.; '
" ji ?s&ry. s -,-??- - -
Vn $.&& -tJ&SSMfi
us , ' j 'i.iiJ'Ws.. .'j.T5i afia-tL "jV . 'A
4r.TaaW.aaaa :JMaaW ata Miaatoiltiraaia
.r. . v ,t -. j,t.,. .. " w . - i -
ffitf- ftti -fir i
4f-! ''5? ' .N. fig
Thursday, December 6th
"Fresh from the Loom."
Same as sold at Si. 10.
One Week Only!"
zsnE-w- "StToirIk: store,
M. KOH-N & CO.
, . .&,v
T ,, vva. ta
a aaiaaaiii asau
. -. .- " -., .:
i-J5 JiC&r ' -wi a;
.V - -H
(J. urea Horn to
MARKET PRICK PAID FOR
PRODUCE, CASH OR TRADE.
HAVE EVERYTHING TO BE
It?" Comer Douglas and Lawrence nienue. In
ir. j. iiAitiif.Nfi.
Who would think that it is only four necks before Christina, and that
in another week or two the Christmas rtih at nil the stores will commence.
As this season's trade promiics to he unusually heavy, wo wish to call tho
attention of our friends to the necessity of buying earlier thsn usual, so m to
securo the choicest goods ami
The reputation of our atoru nnd stock is already established, and wc need
say but little on that score. Wc have an immense stock of
in every department bclongintr to our line. Can sell you everything you
need for presents for tho whole family.
BOOKS! BOOKS! BOOKS!
The lirst slock of books worthy of tho name ever brought to Wichita.
Fine Oil Paintings. Uenuine r'nglish Artist Proof Steel Engravings.
Albums of every grarii
vcr offered Mart gMrtotf
cheaper than wc Iiavo ever
Writinsr desks, toilet Bets, odor
jewel cases, and hundreds of other
Fine novelties in toys.
g Remember that tee have marked
are selling them strictly one price lo all.
Full Lines for the
Come and sec us.
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods -f
28 Main Street,
g" Call and sec us. Ouf goods
Boseobel I IBreecBHl--IFarmJ 1
:h " 'iC ' ai
fit fe33. ?-.--- L ' i
. -J.-. ,
np - -immwm: imaiiaili ? -
i.ii.MA.iou. ammsmitt mem: umjjs a:
A. I. Wheeler)
AND FANCY GROCERIES.
FOUND IN A FIRST-CLASS
Itnjg' bbiek, Wichita, Kansas.
,t. least one-third
w s?rK-xil. 'l ..
fancy goods fi pltlrt n wood.
all goods at lowest Utiny price, and
-- HARDING A FISHER,
11 Main 8L, Wichita, Kaniai.
411 please ton.