Newspaper Page Text
' '-SS rl
- . s- a.'
- mWVHrt-','W .. &
"" ,iim' I fin ,'T- I T T i tWW
Smo of the Reasons Which Bender til
System Impracticable In the West.
A correspondent writes from Kansas:
'I have read with a great deal of inter
est what has been said in the Rural and
Stockman concerning soiling, and I am
impressed -with the profitableness of the
system tinder certain circumstances at
least But what I would like to inquire
is this: Do you recommend it under all
circum-'r.nces?"' In reply we would
say thai we have discussed soiling, so
far as the West is concerned, more as a
possibility of the future than as having
any special interest to Western farmers,
or the great mass ot them, at the pres
ent time. There i- no need of soiling
on the average We-tcm farm. The ele
ments of the neee-Ml v do not exist as
they do in the Ea-i. w here the farms
are smaller, and where it is desirable to
make every acre do the bet Generally
our farms consist of more acres than
we can u-e to advantage. We are land
rich or laud poor, a- you may choose.
Tht; iir-t element of the necessity of
soiling is a nigh price for land. That
ox'ists in some parts of the West, but not
in the Weil as a whole. That would re
sult in -mailer farms, and with smaller
farm, we should be under the necessity
of changing our methods of agricul
tm - f the end that we might
make our land produce more. Iu
mo-i or tne West we have the
bc-t land in the world for soiliug
purpose-, for there i- a. fitness in
land for the purpo-" v. hieh must never
be lo-t -ight of if the -weni is to be
made profitable. There j-. land that i
suitable for nothing No but pasturing.
.t:.i it would be iollv t ::tt'uj)t to do
n thing el-c wit li it. -iiinip-. stones,
:iid an exceeding profusion of hills
and hollows, for in-lanee. iiivite to
pasturage and nothing else. There
niav be piece-, of Mich land that may be
profitably u-cd for -oiling, but a-, a
whole 31 can not be with am marked
Mirei - lint on le el. or comparatively
level tand that i- arable, and worth
-eventy live, or even fifty dollars an
!!. 'I labor is not to liigh. it will pay
to -oil. There 3- no doubt about it,
the nge opinion of fancy dairv writers
to the contrary notwithstanding. In
the Wi'i labor is so high that it would
give main of u- n pause, liefore we
tuteted ujon such an undertaking. Hut
:ib far a- that it. concerned, we think
we have -how n in previous issues of
the lliirnl and Sfo-.mun that il the
conditions e"-t lo make the adoption
tf the sv-'-ni 'le-irable otherwise, it
.-.in he m:.di protitable notwithstand- i
mg tliait larm labor is high, very
oiten. in liilleient parts of the country,
part of a tarm will be verv hillv, or
otherwise only fit lor pasturage, while J
the iaiaice will lie goott tillable ian
On such a farm the -oiling sv. stem will
nonr.it the keeping ot double the
nnionut of stock that could be kept if
stock was furnished nothing but pas
ture. The increase of manure would
give an increase of fodder, and thus
make the winter keep of the increased
amount of stock po ible and easy.
Hut then' is one thing, and :t very im
- ,;'' ant tiling, for even the furmer who
:- perfect h -iluated for soiling to re
menib.T It is not be-t to make a sud
den and radical change from one sys
tem to another. Mich changes in any
diieclioii in matters of business do not
work -atisfactorilv. Many, or. at least.
-omj. have no doubt failed for this very f
rea-on. and are now among the few I
v. ho have giv en soiling any study what-
ever, who declare it a barren ideality.
The simplest thing- in life' can be per
formed well by the average man only
after -ome experience. Soiling looks to
be easv. and certainly it is not commu
nicated. Yet the majority, should hjo
ple ru-li into it .-uddenh , would fail to
achieve the be-t po-siblc results. It is
best to begin on a small scale. If the
stock of alarm is added to beyond what
the pasture will carry, do not add all
that experience suggests might have
been carried if the system had been
practiced until it had become familiar.
Reduce the pa-ture a little year by year.
A good plan to test the merits of the
system is to s il mornings and evenings,
permitting the cattle and other animals
to run on the pa-ture in the middle of
the day. In this wav the pastures will
be kept in good condition, and the cows
will give a good How of milk, and soil
ing will recommend itself to the farmer
and dairv man. Professional dairymen
can introduce the soiling system on a
large scale with more safctj- than the
general farmer can, for they are accus
tomed to gro.v and raise fodder to feed
when pastures are short. But as before
stated, the subject ju-t now is not of
much practical interest to the major
part of our vve-tern fanning community.
It i- a great question whether we should
not be- better oft' if our farm- were
smaller, and we strove to make our
land produce more. But the fact remain-
that we have anv quantitv of
laud. and while we have it. 3
such a vs-
tern as soiling is scarcely practical with 0
u-. Western Burnt. " j
-lvegoi iv.omucgem. La HKe to :
opinion aboiii them." .-aid the in
The editor sighed heavily and n
dropped his overworked scis-ors on
The visitor read the first poem with
deep feeling and in different voicas.
The editor listened with closed eyes,
occasionally he groaned in his spirit
Wei!, now what do yon think of
that?" asked the visitor with some
animation, looking at the editor with
an air of eager expectancy
1 1 ke tiie other one best"
' But I've not read the other one to
That's why I prefer it It's in
finitely superior to the one you have
jnst road.'" 'Texas Sif tings.
Oatmeal drink. Three
epurmfuls of coarse oatmeal put into
three quarts of cold water. Boil it for
half au hour, and vvKSe hot sweeten to
taste with brown sugar;stram. -Itmay
be flavored with cloves or lemon peel
boiled in it if liked. X. Y. Herald.
All proposed improvements may be
leisurely "con-idcred at this season, but
do not let that be the end of tnem.
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Dispose of the small potatoes by
boiling: and mixing meal with thenv
and feeding to the pigs. A bctterjfeedj
ior iaitemng purposes is nam 10 ooiaia.
Toledo Blade. 4
Make a study of feeding. I The
animal which comes out in good con
dition in the spring has a long ways the
start of one that, from insufficient food,
must take a month on grass to "get
thrifty again. Exchange. - -
Hanging plants dry out rapidly.
Plunge the pots or baskets in a pail or
tub of water, and after they have ceased
to drip, return them to their places.
The water, however, should be of the
same temperature as the room.
Bread Sauce: Pour half a pint of
boiling milk on a teacupful of fine
bread-crumbs and a small onion, stuck
with three or four cloves, a small blade
of mace, a few peppercorns and salt to
taste. Let the sauce simmer five min
utes, add a small pat of fresh butter,
and at the time of serving remove the
onion and mace. Boston Globe.
Fried Potatoes: Peel a number of
raw potatoes as apples are peeled. Let
the parings be as near as possible the
same thickness and let them be as long
as possible. Dry them thoroughly in a
cloth and put them in the frying basket
and plunge it in boiling lard. When
they are a golden color drain them well
in front of the lire, sprinkle fine salt
over, and serve. The Household.
For citron pudding take half a pint
of cream, one tablespoonful of flour,
two ounces of sugar and a little grated
nutmeg. Mix aiTthese ingredients to
gether with the well beaten yelks of
three eggs. Cut two ounces of citron
into thin slices, place pieces of it in
small buttered molds or cups, fill them
with the mixture and bake until the
pudding assumes a light brown color.
This quantity will make five puddings,
which are sufficient for a- side dish.'
The mot serious problem now de
manding solution at the hands of the
farmers is how to reach consumers di
rect with their farm prodncts. Our
farmers to-day arc not so much con
cerned in widening the area under culti
vation as in growing larger and better
crops on present areas anil in securing
more remunerative prices for that
which they do raise. The middleman
exacts by far too large a percentage oi
the farmer.-' profits for his .services.
Some practical system of co-operation
among the farmers in buying and sell
ing is essential to their .-uccess. X. Y.
Some .Sujcgentiuus fur the dtlrutatlou
Profit fro hi Forest Culture.
From the American Forestry Bulletin
j "we take the following suggestions re-
Jating to the interest suggested, because
j our people have not yet learned it great
In discussing forestry matters in lhi
country we must not forget that the
needs of the various sections differ
"widely, as do also the conditions for
.successful we mean financially sue--cessful
forestry. The theories of cli
mate and hydraulic influence of the
forest, which have given the first im
petus to the forestry movement in thi
- country are now doubted by few -th
few having for the most parr an inter
est in doubting; the majority accept
them on faith, and some few on con
viction. But, after all, these consider
tions will guide only the statesman and
the Government The individual for
est owner desires to m:ike forestry a
profitable business; he tries to produce
in the shortest time the highest rent
from the soil which ln devotes to forest
ry. Therefore, unless other considera
tions necessitate, wheat land should not
be given up lo fore1 growth; for what
ever may have been said on the profita
bleness "of forest growing, with some
'.few exceptions forestry, compared with
agriculture, is only profitable on poor
:soil, paradoxical as this may appear.
Jin all calculations oa the profits of for
est .culture our friends have neglected to
-bring into use a factor which will place
jthe balance on the wrong side every
Uinie, unless due care has been taken to
Treducc the initial outlay for land, labor,
etc., to the smallest amount In agri
culture we take every year in our crops
the interest on the capital invested in
the shape of land, labor ami seed, and
can apply this interest in any way we
like, investing it, for instance, in rail
road stocks and deriving the interes
"in dividends thereon. In forestry,
unfortunateiv, the calculation is more
j -complicate!, from the fact that the full
returns on our capital can not be ex
pected for 100. 80, 60r or as .-'omi! advo
cates of rapid growth will have it, 40
tyears from the start of the. plantation.
If then we begin with a soil the price
of which was JB0 per-ncre, on that part
ot the investment alone, the returns
will have to be. taking; a rotation of
jears, $560, to pay interest at live
pay interest at uve per
cent. Mr. Foster, of Muscatine, J a.,
calculating for profit, allows $100 for
plantation of one acre. The amount
would demand at the end" ot 60 years.
,11,868, in order to eover ii.ierest on the
investment, or the whole acre must
lave produced $2,400 in 60 years. This
amount will be somewhat modified by
d "returns from thinninjrs dunna" the time
of rotation, with compound interest
added up to the end of 60 yerrs. But
taxes and the extra profit wkeh any
mam expects from an enterpcfeelao haz
ardovs as forestry growing; wH.I ' more
than couBtettoalance this uion'ttt. In
i walnut, at $100 per 1,000 feeCdVear of
expense, we would have to cut at (A)
years 24,000 eet of clear lumber! We
doubt whether this will ever be dVme.
Yet we do &otea to discourage for
est plaatiag-bv these expositions; we
only want toUkaet attention of fo rest
growers to ttoaeceasky of simplifying
aad cheajeftiag.etfeod8 of forvbtgn iw
ing, and tt selecting suck so!k" as c an
not ba utilized to-belter airaatasre ibr
agricakwal purposes. Fortunately t be
acmaMS ot iorem trees ot tne sou a.e
very iasigmificant Whilst the agricul: W
ural crops deprive the soil of its rarest
mineral constituents, tree growth makes
demand only on the physical properties
of the same, taking its nourishment
mainly from the air. The ooor soils.
therefore, are those which, in a highly-
cultivated country, will propetiv be do-
Totod to forest growth.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL.
The Union Theological Seminary,
of Xevv York. City, has a paid,-up capital
and' property 'worth 2.000j0t)0.
M-Bi-hopsJArlhurj flferilaurt Cove
jvishes tm? Prtuv-tim Episcopal Church
to clnuigeriL-nain lo the f "American
Much progr is reported to have
been male in ! eland of late in the
study of fie Irsh laniruac. Tne larg
est sehojl-bo ,k firm m Ul-ter has just
issued mo Ids of Irish cha're ers for
use in .si..iCrwritin;r in he National
Prof. .T. ( Ciam oi IV ,-tiold. X.
H.. is now keeping 'is ;10tu - nging
scho d. being in his fifrv-firt ve.tr of
teaching. He hss -img in the church
choir lifty-fiv yeir-, and ha- taken
charge ot "t : y ig'iig in the church for
The. .Baptist ehu'-ches ot Hoston
and vicinity stand twenty-three to two
in faror of unfermc :ted wine. After
several mouths noti e. during whHi
the subject was carefully -t"died, the
First Church ret on' lyvofdieMih unan
imously to usq 'h .pmc fruit of the
vine'" uiifernieutei, wine for sacra
mental purpose-.. qo-ton Journal.
The Pope has "-sued a de :et creat
ing thejAmo-foau College in Home, un
til leeently a parr of t e I1 ':..ig,inda
property, a el. . al j-liege with an or
ganization of i - own. t ' e mled kc
the college of tn X' o .igandu. This
relieves it of :" y da of confi-v'a-tion
or contiol by the itn iau Covern
ment as part of the Pmpagamia. -V.
In- Mi.4yj-; a mi fonary of the
American ;S i.i.i -t!itol I'nion found a
church fill tv rs! oJ. m.-euiig iu a
good hotis o1" . os jip. Wfll appointed
:ls to torn is "i: h'rge coi.gvg.i
tion, but wli l ii id' iif er had a Sun
day chool h.e th 'ie was ji-i-afhing
to p:tiMits anTaduh-, the children
were hunting, :.-hing, etc. Here he
organized, a gooiLschool with till, sehol
urs. Baptist Weekly.
" -Thc Yale v( jc-jsuvs of.tho propo-cd
abolition'of theUVeduc-day half holi
day of the college: "Tnis change will
be a serious blow to our athletic interest--,
and it will make it abnot im
possible for our uine and loot-ball
eleven to engage in enough pr.iet ce
game- lo enable thorn to meet the
teams of other colleges on :iu equal
footing.' Yale's foot-ball Captain,
Kic; -irds. who was injured on Thanks
giving Dav. i- again about the campus
Piv-ideni ilcCosh, of Princeton
Universi'j. believes that the eo!!cJge
which g'vo- to its students a wide
choice ol studies during all the vcar- of
1 heir come commits a. radical error.
He holds that theie aro branche-rudimentary
and fundamental, "which
have stood the le-t of tune, fitted to
call forth the deeper and h'ghcr taeul
ties of the mind, and opening the way
lo fiuthcr knowledge, which all should
be requiivd to -tu'v." Sti'-li are the
clas:cai ton nie' w :li certaiii Kuro
pean oiies, ami, a '"ore ali. our owu
tongue, with their literature-. Such
arc mathematics, phy-ie-. chemistry
and tertain branches of natural hi-toiv.
Such are tlu stu'h ot the hum in mind,
logic, etiiie- njid ciitic 1 economy.
De loude-" 'a
lin't alius de
vvi-e-t men. G,-e.-e 'uake- more noi-e
den deroo-tors. 'jut da ain't got nigh so
much -en-e. .ti:ann Trmefer.
A child's thought
A little child lwokrd out at niir'st
l"ioii the -lar- hi lic.uta -o hliie,
And cued .uci.il. in j.l.iil clohulit:
Dod - :lom- li.ts crack-, ill- Hutu -limes
I .-.: '
-.Judge " What sori of man. now,
w as it whom v on saw commit the as
saultl'" Con-table -'Sure, vim- Hon
or, he was a small. on-'g?'ilicii ca
ttail about vour own sJ7e. ver Honor.'"
X. Y. Herald.
A dude returned from college lo his
parents' city ppariments As he was
undivs-ing to go to bed at night he no
ticed a haml-onic motto on the wall,
"God bless our ilat,' and it bothered
him all night -o" that he could hardly
sleep. Chicago Tribune.
'Where' re you been Frank?"
"Down to StLoui-." "What do
ing?" " Running a p-in'ogmph gal
lerv." "Hid it Work .,' Nm".: I
- o'lld .-ay it did. l"ir,t day I hung
oiu a sign: Uabie- tiken without
prior. not ce," and tiie next moiViing I
found lour on mv doorstep." Omaha
"HasBurliugton a very intellectual
-ommimity?' asked the new minister.
"Intellectual, par-on? Well. I should
con-true. There" three danc'i g club
on North Hill, two skating rinks down
town, four bowling al'eys on Main
stre -f , a weeklv hop at the South Hill
barn, and a scheol-house oi West Hid.
Intellectual, liaison? Town jest runs
to brains." Ihirdctlc.
A 2sew York inventor has made :i
machine; by which he cl lints to reduce
the temperature of a room to e'ghly
live degrees below zero if nces-nry.
It will, no doubiTbo in great demand
by voung men "who have at last
screwed up courage to :isk fie old man
for the hand of his daug.iter an
agonizing moment when the tempera
ture of a room suddenly goes up to
110 deg. iu the shade Xonistoicn
He had just gene clown and uur-
1 chased two tickets for the opera, and
grasping the two halve.- of his week's
salary he hastened to the house and
was ushered into her presence. "Ah.
Miss De Smith. 'a very cold day. is it
not? Will you not allow me the pleas
ure" of being your escort to the op ra
to-night?' "O. thank vou so much,
but Mr. Brown has asked me, and I am
afraid I shall have to refuse you; I am
so sorry. Yes." indeed.it is a very,
very cold day.'' Chicago Inter Ocean.
He had a crowd around him ou
the Campus Mnrtius. and when he had
placed his toothache-cure on the board
before him and got his lamp brightly
ourning, he said: "Genth men. the last
time I was in your fair city some one
hit me with an egg. I siueerery "
At that instant a turnip, thrown by
some one in the outer circle, -truck the
man's hat and carried it ten feet away.
He reached'ont his hand for it and con
tinued: "Thank yo::' I was gong to
say that 1 prcfen ed turnip- io e xg-. but
would it be ask'ng too much of you to
boil them first?" Detroit Free Pre.
A NEW DRESS REFORM.
A. Fashion Which Will Danbtless Find To
tarics in the United States.
A German professor, Dr. Jaeger, lias
started a theory respecting clothinjr,
which is creating qnito a sensai'on "-m
fatherland. He objects to g r uents
made of linen or cotton, and gives many
reasons why wool should be the sole
clothing of human beings. Wool is the
natural clothing of animals. It rids
their bodies of effete and poisonous
emanations and protects them Irom the
inclemency of the weather. But cotton
and linen are composed of vegetable j about forty-live years of age, sbarp
fiber. Thcv arc dead materials, and re- I featured, long-haired, and with the ap-
tain the noxious emanations from our peamnce of a Western miner. He care
bodies, thus slowly poiioning 115. Silk ; h- unwrapped a newspaper from a
is not o objectionable, as it i- a p-oduct
of an'iual life, because spun from the
body of an animal. But it is far less
wholesome, cspeciallv" when wora next
the skin, than wool or the hair of one
of the lower animals. These are some
of the reasons why Dr. Jaeger demands
the exclusion of cotton and linen from
the materials out of which we make our
clothing. For men Dr. Jaeger recom
mends tight-fitting under garments,
made of pure undyed wool, fastened
over the shoulder arid of double thick
ness over the breast The coat or
jacket should be double-breas.c I, but
toned xvell up to the throat, a ad con
taining no lining or padding except of
pure wool. Inside the sleeves and
trousers legs, there is a contrivance that j
fastens tight around the limb, prevent
ing updraughts, for cold, rheumatism, '
lumbago ami the like are caused jv tho
sudden rush of cold air to one part of
the body and not by the cooling giadu -
illy ot the entire system llie tcet are
clad in pure woolen socks with i ivisions
for each toe, while the up, er par; of the
boot is made of fek, the lower pait also
of felt or of porous leather, ud the
inner soles consist of perforated leather
aim layers oi ieir. 11 is me
boot is thoroughly porous, and
is tliorougiuv porou:
the feel arc consequently kept
as clean and as pure as the
hands. By doubly protecting the front
of the body, where tha blood-vessel-converge,
these are stimulated: and, as
an even temperature throughout is
maintained, the necessity for great
coats is obviated, rain or damp having
little or no effect, for in every ca-e
gradual and even evaporation is in
sured. While they are the b'-t pro-
tection against cold, these clot es are
uso the coolest m summer, u ttle or
no change need be made between winter
and summer, at least in the tempeiatc
region; and means have been lo.md by
which this .system can with equal facili
ty be adopted by women. 2v'oi can a
"vvoolenite" be easily distinguished
from the "vvoodenites" as the wearers
i of vegetable fiber may be called. The
substitution, of a collar made of un
starched white cashmere for the cus
, toman starched linen cijlar is Hi j most
' conspicuous feature in the chess; other
I wise it would be difficult to detect the
1 disciples of this system. The enshmefc-j-
1 collar, however, is not only mos com
; fortable, but is a preventive of throat
I disorders. All these precautious t iken
during the day must br continued at
night. The bed must also be free rom
1 vegetable fiber. The linen sheet must
bi replaced by woolen blankets or
camel-hair rugs, with white cashmere?
sheets, if preferred. The matt-'e-s and
the pillow should also be stut.ed and
covered with wool; but when t nis pro
tected the sleeper need feel neith -rcold
nor change of temperature, and is.
therefore, urged to keep his window
well open at night According to Dr.
Jaeger, fat and water in the human
system are the nudia through which
diseases are communicated. The woolen
clothing dav and night acts as a drain
upon the body by removing unneces
sary fat and moisture, leaving the sj's
tem hirdened and in a position to avert
outside contagions. These theories are
accept ""d as true by mauy Gi rmans,
some Russians, unci not a few 1 nglish
men. There is not, a doubt but that
this new fashion will have it- olaries
in tlu United States. DunorcsCs
It AVill Make Tcnce Tost Proor AffainU
the Weather for Years.
In the manufacture of illuminating
gas from bituminous coal, a large quan
tity (amounting to about eSht per
cent, of the coal), of a thick black,
strong-smelling liquid is col ected,
known as gas tar and coal tar. This is
a very complex substance, and by dis
t illation vields teveral oil-, etc.. leaving
behind a solid pilch, caKcd coke-pitch,
and incorrectly asphaltum, true
asphaltum being .i natural product
Gas tar, as it conies from the gas works,
is used for various purposes, among
others, for the preservation of timber,
especially fences and fence-posts, for
the making of roofing composition, and
in laying what are called asphalt walks.
We have had complaints that it ap
peared to be of little value in preserv
ing wood, and several have inquired as
to the proper method of using it It is
not unlikely, as there are diJercnt
kinds of coal used in gas making, that
the tar varies greatly in its properties.
In England, where it is much more used
than with us. one writer recommends
as follows: Three gallons of coal tar,
in an iron kettle, is set over a slow fire
and allowed tj simmer for alout an
hour. This should be done in the open
air, as there i- danger of it- taking lire.
After it has simmered for this time, add
a handful of fine quick-lime, a id stir
wen togetiier. lip-move from the tire,
and add a quart of benone or n iphtha.
or sullicient to make it work vv ell from
a brush. The coal tar thus prepared is
applied to fence-posts and other wood
while hot The writer says: "Two
coats will do. and will make" any kind
of wood proof from all weather for
years."' . Another writer advses to
make use of the tar as it comes from
the gas works, adding enough benzine
(from half a gill to one gill to each
quart of tar), to make it work like thin
paint. It is to be applied with ?n old
brush to the wood, which -hould be
perfectly dry. Amcruiin Agrtcit turist.
Eighteen 3-ears in State Trison was
what a .New York State negro received
for horse-stealing. Tiie Judge could
have made it twenty-seven, but did uo.
want to be too hard-on- the m-n. X
.Western Story Tellers That Assaycrs Ilavo
to Deal with Two Blp liars.
Some big liars come to an assaycr's
' office once iu a while," a down-town
assayer said incidentally in a talk about
win ng property, "but I think the two
biggest liars I have ever seen came into
my office last summer, not together,
thank goodness, for if they had I would
have kicked theni out for supposing
i tiiat I might be an eternal fool. In-
!.... - . -.
stead, 1 listened to eacu, and then gave
him a piece of my mind. The first was
lump of silver ore, and asked in a busi-
ness-like way to have it assayed. I
picked up the lump and said off-hand:
There s no need of having that as
sayed, it's seventy-iivc per cent, silver
at first glance." And it was. Il was
about as rich a specimen as 1 had seen
in some time. It was worth at least
$18,000 a ton.
"But I want it assayed,' he said.
I've got a drift of ore like that six: feet
wicle, and 1 want to sell it I don't
want to lie about it, and I want to
know just what it is worth.'
"That's my business, and. of course.
1 knocked off a piece of the lump. I
eha-ged him more than I would any
body else. Jiecause I knew he intended
to swindle somebodv. I ground the
Dieen of ore into cbist. and mit. in a bot-
e. Then I took a little and assayed
, ;. j, turned out iust what I thought
jt would. As usual I made record of
the assay, and waited for the man to
"About four chvys after the assay four
or five respectable old gentlemen came
' jnlo tlc ouice together, and one of them
unwrapped a piece of ore and said
'Will you please assay this for us? Wc
are thinking of buying a silver mine,
and this is some of the ore. What do
you think it is worth?'
"I looked at it closely and discovered
that it was from the lump ray Western
man had brought in.
" 'Excuse me, but I have a
ore within live days,' 1 said.
-i-e-e-s, me. spoilsman oi me
.- .1. l -e ii. . I
party said, hesitatingly.
i stand f hat it has linen asn.vnd. but we'
j thought it would be safer to have it
is-a ed for us particularly. How much
did you make it out to be worth?'
" "Twelve or fifteen thousand dollars
a ton.' 1 said, not wishing to be too
particular at first 'I'll see".'
"While f was looking over my record
book I noticed the gentlemen looking
knowingly at one another.
" 'It was S1S,000.' I remarked, turn
ing toward them. It didn't startle them
" 'That's pretty ricl?, isn't it?'
" 'Decidedly so. Where's the mine?'
In Colorado. We have a drift
thereby feet wide.'
'Color idol' I exclaimed. 'That ore
never has svn Colorado. That's from
-ome Me.xicalrr lmne. - "
"1 knew what l was talking about
when I said that, because I can pick out
Colorado ore from two thousand speci
mens. 1 can pick out ore from the
Comstock 'ode anywhere you put it
After getting a few more particulars
about the man who wanted to sell the
mine, I said : 'Gentlemen, 1 don't
want to hav e you taken in by anybody,
and especially by one of those West
ern mining sharps. Instead of taking
my word for this assay, goto somebody
else, and I've no doubt you'll find many
who will be as honest with you as I in
tend to be, and have your ore assayed.
Take some of this dust with you and see
if it be like your ore."
" ' But we can buy this mine for only
j?,")0,000,' the first speaker said.
If vou can find a mine where the
ore is all like thai,' I said. 'I'll find
men who will give you .?o0,000,000 for
it. That isn't a true specimen, and,
besides, it isn't from Colorado. It's a
rich find from some old mine in Mex
ico.' They looked rather glum and went
out I really pitied them. The next
day the Western man came in to sec
me. I gave it to him hot. 'Lookhero,'
I said, 'we have just about enough of
such fellows as you around here. When
you come on here to sell a mine, don't
try to palm off Mexican ore for Colo
rado ore. Take my advice, and don't
show that lump to any miner, because
he'll know it in a minute. Xow .skip."
'"I have never seen the old gen
tlemen since. I guess -they found
somebodv who told them the truth as I
"The other chap was a short, dumpy
fellow. He wanted to have everything
very secret. He had a jiieceof ore that
I knew was Mexican, and it was a long
time before I could get anything out of
him. At length he said: ''Vm a com
mercial traveler, and while I was in
Mexico this summer I struck an old
trail over the mountains that, I thought,
would take me by a short cut to where
I wanted to go. I took it, but it was
the roughest ground I ever struck.
About noon I was almost overcome, and
I dropped off my mule near a shady
place to catch a nap and rest My mule,
that was wandering about, awoke me
after awhile by nearly stepping on me.
In pulling my blanket off that served
as a pillow. I noticed that the rock
sparkled. It struck me all at once that
it was silver, and 1 looked around to
see if there were any other rocks like
that. I don't know whether you'll be
.iieve it, but a short distance off the trail
the ground was covered with them. I
icked up about twenty- pounds and
acked them on my mule and started
for the nearest settlement I didn't say
anything to anvbody in that neighbor
hood, and T didnt dare to have the ore
assayed until I got to El Paso. But I
inquired about the price of land, and
found I could buy that piece of ground
for about $l.i,000. I've come on here
to raise that and then start a mine. .
What do you think the ore is worth?"
" I took the fellow all in and said:
Did you pick this off the ground?'
'Certainly, he replied.
"Was it in this condition?"
" Of course." he answered, although
e was beginning to be frightened.
" 'Then vou are the Ligtst liar I
nave ever seen,' 1 said, very decidedly.
The fellow winced, and I eon-
tinned: Tou don't know anything
about ore, and you don't know any
thing about Mexican land. This ore
came irom .soma mine more than
twenty feet under ground and it isn'fc
necesaryobujTccan. land before
starting a mine. , you, tell your story
well, but you'll have hard work to find
anybody who will give you $15,000 to
pay for Mexican land. "Get out'
There's a great difference, you
know, in the appearance of, "ore that
hasainonthcsurfacc any length of
time and'thafof ore just dug from un
der ground. The laltcr is -more crys
talized, for one particular: The sur
face pickings are what wc call the re
sults of a blow-out Two drifts, com
ing together peak-shaped, are gradu
ally,projecte.d out Jbvthe washing away
of the earths Warcrgets in the crev
ices, and, after awhUc-lhe-peak breaks
into pieces, which are scattered over
the surface. If that chap had had sur
face ore he might have been believed,
except that part about the, land, which
was wav off.' X. Y. Sun.
TWO BRAVE WOMEN.
A Thrilling Episode or Life In the Kockj
The heroines of history arc usually
characters made conspicuous by the
emergencies of war, or revolution, or
an unsettled state of society. The
samcLheroivvqualiUc exist in woman's
nature at till times, only in a peaceful
age, and a peaceful laud, the situations
that call them out occur less frequently
and aro less likely to go upon, record.
The Bocky Mountain Xcics tells in the
following story what a girl can do bred
up in frontier life, and probably, for
that reason, better fitted to cope with
its dangers; but cases of female bravery
are by no means uncommon in our
towns and cites.. Those who complain
that the human race is degenerating
will do well to notice that ii this in
stance it was the girl who proved equal
to the occasion, while the woman was
Reed's ranch did not differ matcrally
from hundreds of others in Colorado.
The same straggling, one-story struct
ure, perfectly innocent of paint, with
I s.tliii1ilin rry lrr'nr ,ic if il,it- Tfl-0
.i."rf cVTa"";i .. 'n. fnmiii.
I If.liu li lumuii; uunu. u-u iiuiii
consisted, at the time of this story, of
. Jnn T,on(1 ,,, nPnr;lltftP i,:- w:fn .,nlI
! two children.
, i.:i.i., i?ii.. i. i,inc,t -.,:. ..
rathcr pretty girl of eighteen, who for
several years had relieved the tired motn
er of much of the burden of the housc
woik, attended to the duties of tho
dairy, and was a good horsewoman
withal, often accompanying her father
m rough rides of miles when looking
for stray cattle.
Once'a week Mr. Reed went to Den
ver to sell the dairy products, and pur
chase such articles of food as could not
be raised on the ranch. Willie fre
quently accompanied him, and the two
women thought nothing of being left
alone in the house until long into the
night, as the distance to the city made
the drive a long one.
It was on one of these evenings in the
early fall, just as they had completed
.their Simpeu .and. the, mother w"Ji ar
rahgingthe table for the hungry father
aniVsoK, that the younger woman went
tcV tho barn, the back of which was im
mediately on the road, to sec a calf that
Suddenly she heard the voices of men
in the road near the barn. Listening
and scarcely daring to breath, she heard
words that almost froze her with terror.
"The old man keeps his money-bov
in the drawer of the old bureau, but the
old woman carries the key."
"How can wc get at it?"' asked an
"We can bind both women, and if
they make any noise, we can stop
For a moment the terrified listener
was fairly paralyzed with fear; . then,
she started up, and running qnickly
around to the back of the house ami
crawling through au open window,
went to a closet and took from it two
revolvers which were always kept load
ed for emergencies, concealing them in
the folds'of Tier tlrcssf
Hastily rejoining her mother in the
larger room, she was just in time to see
two burly-looking ruffians enter by the
The taller ot the two men demanded
supper, "and let it come quick, too," he
said, in a menacing tone. The brave
girl placed the food on the table, know
ing that the scoundrels would satisfy
their hunger before putting their pur
pose of robbery, and possibly murder,
into execution! She then sat down in
front of them, and watched them. The
moment their meal wa? completed, she
suddenly thrust the muzzles of the
pistols in their faces, threatening to
shoot if thc3r moved.
Expostularionfftind protestations were
in vam; the neroic girl stood there with
eyes flashing and 'determined, for what
to her seemed ages. The poor mother,
as soon as she comprehended the situa
tion, overcome b her great terror, had
fainted and was lying on the Iloor,
At last the sound of wagon wheels
was heard coming toward the honse,
and in a moment the father and brother
entered the house in company with an
uncle who had arrived in Denver that
day from their old Eastern home in
Pennsylvania, and by the merest acci
dent met Mr. Rccd on Sixteenth Street,
As soon as they comprehended the
situation they compelled the ruffians
with revolvers attheir heads to submit
to being bound witlr ropes, and when
day-light came they were taken to the
county seat and placed in jail.
The brave girl as. soon as relieved
from her terrible guard duty, and the
horrible strain on ier nerves was taken
off, went into a succession of hysterical
spasms, and it was tor weeks'thafc her
reason, if not her life, was despaired of.
She cventiiallv recovered, however,
and afterward married a wealthy Den
ver gentleman, and is now living in the
Queen City. The two men were recog
nized as old offenders, in fact thev' wero
fugitives from justice from a distant
county, and afterward .served a. long
time in the penitentiary in Canon City.
Inwalkjng-, always 'turn your toes
outward and j'o.nr thoughts inward.
The former will prevent you from fall
ing into cellars, and tisq latterwill pre
vent you from falling into iniquity. X.
B Safety-. B
"-r- -- . ' ' " " - -.I-. mil - .11 1 - ; ' - ---" r -w - . . 4 ,m