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VOL. I. NO. 9.
COLBY, TnOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 7, 1885.
81.50 PER YEAR? ?
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nn i i i j-c i s giT5.ii ' stttmf
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r if ti rS i ihi" tictui: 3a hel 2i h c -
o VAlT TO-ut Jinit Xtilk. -t JJlUa
j cv Ui-L-iLL-ii .41 v-: ,"; !ru3CTi ! i i vTlT7f1
ioj :i E "R 1 b A II 0
TJIOfAS COUNTY, KANSAS.
Colby Town Site Company.
?T ITI. OF
Oi i n rot b:-i!i.TviiYorSTTi:
I. C It Allen. Setretuij of Stale of Hie
ct iJuiil Kiui-iis 1 In-roily ccrtitv that the
follow nx :ui(l .innriei! i n.tiue nml conect
cojiv of tin- original In-tntincnt of writing
1 11 in nn oilice Atr.l 11. 1SSV.
I tistimouv licrt-ofl naiu horo'into ul-
f r bcil nn 11 line an-1 nllixcd tlie oIIh-iiii cc,
Dorr ul Toick:i, h.in
as. this l'th day or
'' II Aukv.
fecrctary of State.
liv V,'. !'. r.vv wi.h.
II S .'. stanl fcorctan- of State,
i lie umli'r- Ki''''l- c t.zoii' of the State of
ICar.a. ilo 'herein oliint:ii-'iv ii-oeInte our-
vhc tuetl.cr for the purpose of foiiiiiiiK'
i pri-.aie torpoiation under uie laws or mo
State of Kansas, and do hereby ceitity:
- -. .
Tliat thenamoofj'i.slorporation shall be
Colbj 'loniiS.to Comi any.
That the pin eoes roi which this Corpo-a-t.ou
is lornied rrejoi the purctui-o o! real
:iic in "lhii!":i toimte. Kansas, the Ioch
ton psnl li-in out oi fiwn s res anil tin
sale and the ecu oj mice of the same in lot
and suiai s ns, " or otherwise, to eiect
lii'iliKus. s nk arte s an wells and perform
siith other la'ir.i. and lllakeucll iraiioe
ments a- ute incident thereto.
Ihattiie place wheie Miu-lw-s is to be
tran.iMiil i r at (ol'n. Thomas Count'.-.
Kansas, and I oa-1 incetliis;s of the Diieetors
may I had at i.ieh other omt in the State
u iu.1 be pru ded !er in the b-lws.
Tlirt the teim for which this Corporafon
Is to cjc.st is nint't) -n'lii' i ears.
Ilmt the nuiiiler of I) lectors or Trustees
1 th's Coir-'fal on shall be s(.cnniid the
l'ainisttnd r-alences of those who are -ap-poii'-ed
lor the lirst jenr aie:
D. 1) ilo-p ''Viaudolie, Kan.
1) M. Dunn. Colin. Kan.
S C Mills, Colby. Kan
I!. Wnl .ce Miller. C dlij, Kan.
M Done in Colbv. Ivnu.
.1 It Mc'ion'jnsl. " olln. Kan.
W.nlleld 1 rceman
Tnat h'e estiinnttd alue of the poods,
chattels, lands, r iihts .u.d credits owned In
the Vrpoi.it. on i 3.(VK) ilollars; that the
amount of the cap t.il stock or this Coipora
t on shall be lil.ou( dollars, ami sim'i i,0 di-
dell nto one h-.indreil -1i:iip-, ot U'JdolIais
each. In testimony when of, we h.nchcie
uiiio subscribed our names, this Tth daj of
April, A. I). lsN-i.
D D lTO'.n.
.1. It. Ml f'OMOAt.,
S C. Mills
M. DllN-l UN,
H. W. MlLLlIll.
WlMIFU) l'ltFCM VN
Ity-I-an of the Colby Town S.te Com
pun. This company is duly oijranicd and exist
ing under and bv virtue of the laws of
the State of Kansas for
r.v..istm- real estate in TI
thepuriiosesof pur -
homas lount;. Kan.
tiin lor-ii.nn nml lnimr out of tow n sites and
the sale ot the same, to erect buildings, sink
artesian wells and make such improeinents
as an; in dent thereto
fcncTios 1. Its officers, shnll eous.st or a
Irc.dcnt. V.ce-1'iesideiit, Secretary and
The President shall preside at all meet-iie-s
of the Uoanl of Directors, hao
pc-iicr-al clinrjre nnd iiervis.on of the
iirTnirs of fie company, shall si-in
nil stock n'ld contracts issued ami
entered Into In- the comj any and may em
ptor such S'iconi nate othcers or ajicnts as
may be ncccs-ar to carrj on thebusincss of
mo company and do such other duties as
arc usual for a President to peifonn.
lb" Vic Prtsidcnt m the absence of the
President shall l scharge the duties of the
g.V s -The- Secretary sliall be present tit
all Hoard mcet.ius and hare ami keep just
and correct in jnitc of the proceedings and
-c elini-jrc of the records and al. and
slTullattest anil place the -ealor tliecoiiipanj
on all stock, contracts, d-eds. instnur.ents
proper to I e o attested and seal attached.
Slc.3. The Treasui-er shall have eharjre of
thnmoncisand th lies ofMilue belonjrins to
the company nnd keep just and true ac
counts of the -nine and make rcportthcreof
i.. ,h Ttrmnl of IJ.rcctnrs and tneetinir of
t-tockholdcrs nt an leumriiuu spe-ciai meei
nocKiioiuurs in .". ..-";"' " -1 -;: "
ii:ps tncrcor. ami s-acli other times us he nia
be rcqu-red so to do. and l:o -lial 0-it the
i. i" .iiiocnnii vTniti vinir.
moneys or sain eei.-.p.in 111 sue-11 U.111A ;.s l;c.
'"-.' ... 1. . " 1 i
Hoard of Directors e:all designate, and exe-
sutc to sa'n compftiu a mum iu sucu sum as
the sad Hoard of Directors may require.
iibcct to thc approval of said Hoard, and in
ftliitro to execute such bond within thirty
iars after election, such offlce shall be de
Sr.c-.-l. The rcsrular meetings of the Board
af P rectors, sliall be held quarterly at Colby,
n.oma Cour.tr, Kan, on the flrst Wednes
day iu Mar. July. October and January, nnd
may be adjourned to such other points
In "the State of Kansas as may be de
c.ded upon by a majority of directors
present, and 'peal mcet'njrs may be held at
knr point in the State of Kanas as thc Pres
ident mar des cnatc Due notce of all such
mei!tiu?s -hail b- g.ven by the I'residcnt and
Secretary to each D rector, by a letter di
rected to him at h's postollice at least ton
dars prior to such meeting'.
Sec. 5. The olHcers and scrrants shall rc
rcve such salary and cornpens.it on as the
Hoard of D rectors mar decide upon.
S:c 6. lne Hoard of. Directors shall con
5 st of scren persons, each of whom shall bo
stocibolder. and shall hold his office for
jne year, or untl h's successor is dulv
slCsted 2CJ qual'ficd. but tho iirst
election or 1) rectors s'jall be held
on tho frst Wednesday ia Slav,
leO, an J esch ear nt the stockholders
tacot'njr w:li!ch shall be called for this pur
pose In manner and form as Is required by
l.w. fjf pro-ent Board of Directors as coa--'
I the charter shall be the Board of
4ircrthor.rt vear awl untuthenrst
ar n llnv. 1&3, A tnaiorltT of said
, 1 nil cou'-tnts a quorum for the
licia- 01 y
- u :. " " : j r. I v
stocklioMci-s'meet'nn majoritjof stoel;out-f-taniliiijr
fchall le iiccer.ir to n (jtiorum, ami
Inc.i-e there s no iiifetinr:it t incaihiiiiteil
or tnilure of m ljor.ty of tuck he iw repre
enteil s.i 1 meeting may lie ailjonrreil, or
in any failure hereof the Pre ih-at may call
a t-tocKholilei-s' :neetiiitr,4l'J" ;ri'iis tendajs'
At Mich -toekhoJilers" mect.ni: the Score
tary hall pioducc a l'-t of stoel.ho'jlers cer
titled to li him, ami shall announce the
number of shares preent. At imv Mich
meetins a ( i.i:rm:in, Societi'iv und t'.vo tel
ler Minll heehosen to eonil'itt the elect on
ot Director, and each Inro of -"tock sl.a'l
entitle the holder th-reol to one xote. Imt
. 'lock hehl by the company unsold s
' lie t niixl.
i -ft. , There shall be an Kxreuf'ie C
1 m.tteeof thiee, con" st'n-r of the I'res i
und iii II lectors c! o ei by fie iJo.ti-1 of
Diicctors, who-eduti it shall be ti determine
the scll.Mir pnceot lots a iI p-ircii s l Mn'
and the terms or pajir.cnt. the puich-tsc of
materials loi the construct on or lu Id njrs.
-" .---- - --- - -----
ml the purchase ot I imis. eon. met
pibor performed or to be perlormcd, and
.shall aull the llnar.c al siMus ot the
I piiiT.tnrit l.TiiI h-ill im .n.d I'er'oiTl sueti
.other tluncs a min le icon red
The seal of the com, '-in- sh ill 1 e in
circular form i-nd conta n the words "Colin
Tow n Site Coiap mv ' i.roued the maiorln and
the-xonl "Kansas" in the'ec'tci thcreor.
st.r y. Such d. dLiids on sto-k sliall be de-
I chired from t ine to tunc as the Hoard of D.
icctors may oiiler
tc hi All stock shall be transferable ouh
on the booksof theeomjnn iMid no stock
shall be tnnsrerabl'".iiiiess.i pnn.ous as
I sessiuents thei vol -hull I e full pa d.
I 'the Hoard of Dreitors s'l.ill fiom
I t me to time uii.ke as-essiacnts
I on imp ml stock hs the best uuciests
of the eoinp.'.n nn di-niaui. 'ili.rirdns
nofeeiu writ ivx mils; , en In theSecre
j tary b deposit. in; the -aai i.i the post o!l, e,
' pioperh d.iected to ' 'i stockholder a the
post ofice nearest h's n-i al pl.ueof iesi
ik'iu, or In pT-ouiI md.ee m wr.timr stat
ii'K that l.e" is nsii nil to make sued pa.
meiit.it the ofiice n tt.e Treasurer ot sad
eompain at Colby. IC.ins is aivl il he fa Is to
make, his stork and ail pipwoa- ivm'iits
thereon will 1 e forleitcd lor the u-e of the
eompain. wheli not ce -li.tll lt- -criiil .it
least thirt diis pre eras to the d iv on
which such pn; meiit s ic pi led to be .nade
Stc II. In cn-e ol r -s jjiiafon oi death.
or icfus.il to act of an d rector or i.tiicer.
his p'aee shall b hied b.. the ma.otlty of
the lemiiiniiw D lector-.
Sec-. U The Due tois sliall. ir.tli.n om
week after the r elect, on. meet a:..l pioceid
to orirani7e h lioo'iij- from smoii? thcsi
numler a Pies dent. V.ee Pres.dent, and
thin shall aNo elect a Secrtan :.ndlress
urer, which olliees n ls be held b oee p r
sou Voueher- lor the pament of lm.nev
shall be certilled to as lonect b thepioper
otlicer and lie apprmed m wi.t n"- b the
Pre-ldent belnre the'lreasurer shail pay the
The town of Colby is siiunled on the I'rur e
Ikijt. nh e!i taks ii nortne isterly d --eet'oii
throuph Thomas ( ounty. It isc-itiall io
cated on the soutn h.'lf of -ect en SI, to-n
sh p T, south, ranyeyt. wi st. acconliiir to the
(lotermnent suni... section SI be.ntr the
northern 1 ui't or tiie nillroad land (Kim-is
Pacillc Dnision ot the Cn'on Paeilie Ilail-
i i-onill Tin frm n s t Is a liivmriflll irt'Ci of
1 in,,,! it i.einjr smooth. et siillicient dra n
I ue to earn olf a'l surplus water. There is
set .mart by the Town llompiny one tdock
for school purposes, one block as a court
house square, one block and a half as p.uk
and lake and a s f tor u town hall Tnere
arc thuty-s blocks miiiib'-ied the -ame e.s
a poiernMient toi.ish p of land ncli block
contains twont. lots, i rmbered fi-oin one to
tweutj.coinir.e'ic : -' ." the northeast comer
of the block Ircm rjrlit to left mid lert to
r eht. One hundrcil acres of the leilf sect o.i
is at present l.i'rt otr in lots. lea Iiifr one bun
dled acres of the tract on the east and one
hundred on the we-t and twenty acies on
the north not jet platted.
At the present r t n.r. Apr 1 i". thirty-five
shares hae 1)3011 d sco-eil of an 1
spoken for, and 1 lots hrc been sold: on
twent-siv or the-e bu'ldmss are lie iw
erected. These 1 C! lots do not include the
seicnty-two lots hct apart Tor publ.c pur
poses tucnt oned abo e.v z.: 1'orcourt house,
school house, park and lake and tow u hall.
Shareholders have an interest In the whole
SO ncie tract. Additions w.ll be added as the
case seems to demaui All shareholders
ha e an interest m any lands purchased or
additions laid off.
ii " .. J- .. -
ance or pure water lor all. '
. , 5choo, hou.0 u , t0m
! and ,he crectUm of thc tmvn
The bu ldins of
be commenced, j
UIIU UlC L'lLXUUll tk ki.1V ! ll 1 1 ail it 1 1 A liJU I III
i hall and the 1111-1
. ., . , . . . ..
.-.w.r, fi.ll.wr fV!fw- ... ,in,i- tl)n iTi?rY- nf
r. Colin- is near the center of
mntj. and only twenty miles from
,a station on the Kan-as Pactie
iv,,n.,- ,rl,,i II ,. -.,.nl ..M,.l. ir.ll t.l n
.It Oi iUUUliLS
place, from present indications, this fall.
-..- ..t- ?"" i .!, -.1
into cous.uer-uuu iu
is the bealthfulness
hundred and s-ity
..WAJ .'.sfM..tJ W.U SV .-... .SWV. ..... S.S.U
bcro boins 3Jy feet above the sea level.
Oao can sec at once that tho air Sere Is puro
The abundance or ozone to purify the blood
ana clear, idc suusaiuy uays preuomini.iuur.
ll aril the hSth ter to'raSthat
which ls so prec.ous to li-jood health.
Th TltpAftAr iT Wl ITnthv Tmrn flit iklPAm-.
ittay are frenmraea vko ar. veu aaowaia
The town company dots and malnta'ns a', ... :r"to keen it from f-tllin" into
nhllewell. at iircsrnt afford in.' an atiund-I ,le llM1 u lo KceP..11 ,ru'? i:lIII"c- """
road. Mail facl'tes are bemir increased i ants 01 wnom came 10 .viuenc.iiu iu.w, inf sneli intention, he is a -ett er. Hnv- I
mt the da ly. ; papers can bo read in Colby ! bringing the book with them. This in ma(ie a settlement, his next step V ,the lrea-:ur
one.day ol4. At present the pr.ee of , , fot, ,:K. nf rms Rne-ers ivho ! !5 .?. .IS. :'..." i?.. - 'which the saiae is
in color is not niga. Any iniormation j s. ....... ., ....-.- .v-0. , ....., i0waru bccuring line is me uuug ui ma , ,t, . . ,nriav ,
his po.nt or concerning thc town or , in tr.ivclini throush the New Lngland I ,iPelnratnrp statement within the time tne purcU.lsC monej, 1
ntv -nil be answered br addressing the .;-, i,.- -w ,..r..-T.-iI the liihle in his' ?cj "i.-.t. :.:... .1 r .i-. . a proper ooucl, conuitK
lbyTown Company." Colby, Kan. .. ....... -v,. -.....-- ..... .. . . sp-CI,,cu. which is unieiy uajs iroiu uaio - , , , - f .
hntnm nml nserl it for a mlloiv. It v.ms V fit -. -.. .i. :.,(., .1...... i pa tne Daiauce oi iuc- 11
SETTLAKS. --- .."-..-----....,... "1 K"'-uu niliil lUB muci,. uyS, a . - . , . . . ,
El'IJf,"'!.,"3",1"81"; off the devil and the Indians. It de- ou;red to ma.e final ,iroof an(1 myneBt'lhJlJ!?iJZ
Thomas iTountr. lis ean lie. sren in another lelie-pd U1:1L 1L was an tunuiec HiaLKeUL i .i.in,l .,!. ,, ln moni ,,-ill lu ra- . s..s.... . ..., ...
peo'ple from all partrorYeUnVon.Tgreat scended through three generations of willliri thirty months at 51-23 per acre,' "" y P -. "yr not
many of them haviur lived in Nebraska and the Rogerscs iu this country to Judith but mav make Droof at anv tine after ' J,me n installments oi not
in other parts of Kansas farther east, thus W-, ,v.i,nT11o,.rie rl ThnnTi Potter of- u.ulHa "ar P1 '" -. ,ut: u'1' eSA than 52-j. Bv promptly
taking advantage of the chejper lands and , KTr-who pjaineei J nomas 1 otter, ot slx months' continuous residence and . , - , , r .
a chance of securing lots in a s-ubstantial I Hopkinton, R. L, :n 1o3. Thc bible has - cultivation at the option of claimant. If 1D8 !"e int!S1t na uxe3, in? lur.
tou;i-c they ure cheap, for Colbv win un-j been kept in the pos--eioa of the Pot- When an individual has made a settle- chaatr ,s ent'tled t an extension of
doubtedlv be the count r seat of Thomas I . , !, . r,. .. -,,.., . imea iu iuuoiuuj iiiu miuis a xiut .Mi veurs fter the nnneiti.d beeomts
scieciiiiaiui.urc uuuie icio u..i uoi-iumj .,l .... . ..v. goofj i.utn to -Comply Wlin tae pre-emp- lauu, uuicmiucuv, uccucu, a.nM ...us. v.
or tho location. One j Kina. James verson. It was printed . .; uc nmn si, eimn ; ffiwtaH , -.-.s, r;,. m in Xr.Wnrr.
talies west or Colby the i . . -, i-.-vi v u.J - s.w. ........ s...... w wv.s.-, ju juuj,.,, ,...- , .s... ...
..... I ...r. . ..If, ,.,,!,. aUOUl IUC Vear lOiU. X. J. rOSl. oil tho timn ilurinwhl- thA nirtvlias .. -, l J p. T: rt1L rn...--
a believer In the jrreat future of Kansas.
Dr. D. .M.Dunn. Colin, is ore of t!ie propr e-lor-
of the Thomas .( ountj C vt. a -pr shllv
weekly paper published m Colin, and i cll
knov.-n in ia ddle Kaii-a- S C. lil!-, Colliv.
was one of Iowa' substantial eitien- who
tame heie on account f luiitf trouble, ana
Hud ho hajrained about Uttetn pounds in
ueiglit in the la-t thiee months. II ".
Miller. ( olby. has Incd iu Thomas County
forthe!-it iie j ears, and could hardl be
liersuadetl to Ile am where else lleione
ol ilieen'.erpnsiiu' larmeis and stock Krow
rr of tin eoimti. J! Donelau. Colby, i- a
IiiisIik'ss man from Ion a. anil i-howshis faith
by putt niu a lanre-totk of poods In Colby.
'. U JlcCflii-sal. rlln. is from Dickinson
County, Kniisa. here, r.'id tli'iotiphlr
identified w.th the interests of Colby and
Thomas County. He is enjraged m siicep
litisi,.u:drv and his ileil.s t.iii be brought
heie in Jiiue. He i wt.l ki.o.wi in m'ddle
W micld l'reeiunn. K- . oT Wyandotte.
Kansas, is an esper enced attorney, liarini;
a statewide reputat on n u man of -orth
and ah:lit. Aio iuformat'oti coneerinnj;
Thomas County, or Colby, can be obtafueJ
by addrcsiiur anv of the ircntleincu mm
t oned. or wnfnv to the "Colby low u Com
pany," at Colbi, Kansas.
D .M. Dr. Pre'ilent,
M I)o.t.. Vice re'Idcnt.
.1. It. VcRiiMOti. Secretary.
S. C. Mima Treasurer.
D. X) Ui)(.. Director.
II. Vt. Jliu.Ht. D.rector,
The Smoothest ami 1'iettie-t County in
the WluAc List.
Tliomas County is as yet an nnolp.in
ied county, situ itcd in the second tier
of Kansas Counties from the north, and
one county cast of the v.e-t boundary of
the Fttte. Its area is 1,0S0 s-qu 're miles,
with a present population of five hun
dred and rapidly increa-injr.
The nearest railroad point is Monu
ment, on the Kau?a l'cinc Kailroad,
twenty miles from the center of the
There is no county in Kansas that can
boa-t of the number of smooth acres
that Thomas County can.
The headwater of the two Solomons,
the i-outh fork of the Valine, north fork
of the d.ippa and the Prarie Dog. arc in
Tliomas CVunty. V.'ator can be had at a
depth of from 17 to la") feet, soft and
beautiful water, perfectly free from
Coal cm be had at from 3.50 to 5.00
per ton at the railroad.
There U n timber in the county.
The people of the county are supplied
...,1. . it! fr.-ol wlV sf-of'll.Ts Tiailll'lV
.lL.llil.tlllli.oi.-ivi I-...-.....-, ..--.
, , . ' . . ,-.,, ,
Colby, Cumberland. Let tt.l, Ottcroourne,
1 .. . rit - I .....
iU:CKj.c a.iu . ireaioi.
Tliere t-. plenty oi nnu suuject. w
homestead and prr-emptu n, and a limited
number of acre.s that can be t'ken under
t'le limb r-cu'.titro act. 'J lie otiur land
are '202 fi") acres of railroad land, not yet
in market, and :iS,0'jO of school 1 ind that
is subject to'ecttlcnicnt or can be brought
in market by petitio.".
Thomas County nflers at once the best
of inducements to those seeking homes,
mil can be summed u- brielly:
Denver, Col., beinsr the neaiest and
ce-t market, the bulk of the produce
must net c-sarily move in that direction
The County is improving rapidly, and
the ela-i of -ttier earning in is far
above t!u average that move to a new
The Central Branch of the Missouri
Pacific Railroad have completed their
survey through the county, ami the I!.
& M. surveyors are expected in the
ounty before the end of the year on the
-through to Pueblo" route, which taker
the road through the county ftom north
east to sjuthwest.
Stock live through the winter on the
nutritious bullalogris? and without other
feed. The past hard winter there was
no lo-s of stock. It is a natural elimate
for sheep, while lursSs and cattle keep
fat the year through without other feed
than the buffalo eras.
In the matter of agriculture, there has
not been but one failure in five years.
Good farming here produce the '.tine re
sults that it does in the Eastern State-.
For further information in regard to
the county, send 5'J cent- for the Thomas
Couxty Cat for three months.
A Noed Bible.
There is in the possession of the Pot
ter family of Rhode Island a bible,
which is not only notable for its an
tiquity, but for the history connected
with it. ft belonged to John Rogers,
the martvr. Durinir the persecutions
-t .1 r tt.. , -,.j ir . ... ...... .i
the hands of Gardiner and Ronner and t
their sy'cs. After he was burned
. . 1 !... !... n, ...
lne sUlKe? more man ime-c- e-uiuai
ami a quarter ago. the b ble fell into
',, i.-'t, nt ,K eldest son di-cend-
i h J11, ": . .
I . 5, - T. -- -....! 1
lef iaillll SIHCC. II Is .UUllIIUW S. Ol
Cranmer's. bible, and it is not divided
into verses. Its arrangement of chap-,
Aboy was recently before a police
, court in ban i rancisco oa tne cnarge ,
?f haJ!i"? milLciollsI-v j a n"m
. cr y- u" V "-- i'- tu..ga- r
I yoatU was" m the" oabtt of sticking 1 1
:fLiii ir- fi ..L u:ij jvl
i f, "- .-' ii. -"zl!ir t
Synopsis or the UmteJ Sti'et Kojic-
stead, Fre-ent)!iiMi and Tintljcr-
cnltnrc I-tur--, an I theSlato
School Land Law.
To the people of Europe, where the
high price of real esttte confers dis
tinction upon its 6wners, it stems be
yond belief that the Government of the
United States slrould 5:1 ve away ICO
acres of land for nothing. Yet such is
the fact. A compliance with the home
stead law and the piymetit of small fees
and commissions to the local officers
-ecure the title to a quitter--ection of
Government land. Laborers in other
countries, who find it difficult to sup
port their families, can here acquire
wealth, social privilege-, and political
honors by a few years' of intelligent in
dustry and patient frugality.
All in the Atlantic or Ka-tern States
who are discouraged with the slow,
tedious methods of reaching independ
ence, will find rich rewards awaiting set
tlers on the public land in Northwestern
Kansas, who h .ve talent and energy,
while the unfortunate in busi
ness, and those who are burdened with t
debt, can in this country start anew in
thc race of life, for the home-tead law
expressly declares that,-no land acquired
under thc pro isions of this chapter shall
in any cent become liable to the sitis
faction of any debt contract',!! prior to
thc issuing of the patent therefor."'
Citizens and tUo-e who have declared
their intention to become citiens", and
over twenty-one years of age, or the
heals ot families, irre-pectivc of the
amount of land already owned, may
claim under the hornet, csd laws, to the
extent of lb'U acres, any unoccupied Gov
ernment lands iu Northwest Kansas.
The p'trty apph ing for lands under the
liomestc.il laws must present to the Reg
ister oi the local land office, for the
district in which the lands applied for
are situated, an application to c:itnr, un
der section 22S0 of the Revised Mitutcs
of the United .-t tt's, and a. description of
the land applied for., and .-t the stme
time file his or her affidavit - Uing forth
that thc applicant is qualified, 1.11 1 that
said application is made, for the ex
clusive i euelit of the applicant, and for
the purpose of actual settlement and cul
tivation, etc. He must thereupon pay
the regul ir fee and ccti missions, which
an piy-able when the cnlr is mtde
fourteen dollars in all.
Where the applicant hai mtde actuil
settlement on the land he do-in . to enter,
he is entitled to ninety days fruit date 01
settlement to aj'jvar ir. i'r-on :t the
local land office and file application and
affidavit, as above st'ilcd. If not an
actu-ii ettler at the time of iiiin,r applica
tion and aflid nit. he will be ulluutd a
month in which toestiblish his residence
liym.iking entryas above, an inceptive
rigut. is ve-ieu 1:1 111" seiner, aim 111s uuai
title depends on hi- continu m-. residence
upon and cultivation of the land cm
braced iu his ilitm. This residence and
cultivation nnt-t continue five year from
date of entry, unle-s he was a -obiter or
sailor iu the late war. Or, if he prefers
to pay for his hind as a private
entry, he may, after six months'
resilience and cultivation, mike
the necessary projf of that fact and pay
3:.2r per :tcr. This early ptyment is
c.iled coinntutin' houu-teid entry.
The refusal ot the Wife to iive on
homestead, provided the husbiuJ com
plies with the law, will not injure his
A 111111 and womm after making each
a homestead entry, may purry without
invalidating their right, if the law i
complied with. As to residence and cul
tnation, either "lion stead may be con
nected. if they choose.
Where a man and woman marry after
each has made a homestead entry of ad
joining land, they may live in a houe
Luilt on the dividing line between the
Residence in a double hott-e, built on
the dividing line between adjoining
homesteads, i residence in compliance
with the law.
The pre-emption privilege is restricted
to heads of families, widows, or sueh per
sons over the age of twenty-one years
who are citizens of the. United elates, or
who have declared their intention to be
come citizens, as required' by the natural
Ti!o-e are excluded who own 320 acre
of laud. Under the pre-emption law.;
thc "head of a family" means the actual
1.....1. u... .uc ......... ,
a family A deserted ,fe , .
husband is a continued!.,
liv.Hg head of
or one whose
drunkard, 111.1v be thc head of
or a mirric
anu nia.ni .111 nerseu m u cu . tren ,e
in ner own name.
rrom me momeni a cuimaut eiue-rs
11 .t a T . ..A
upon unocupieil Goven.mcnt lands i in ,
i AnrtliwesterTi K mile w ith the lntpiition
of rcm ,:., nj entering theame ac-
"""""""t, nu enicr.nc income ac
cording to law, and does some act shoTT-1
I - . --
montnn ! troi'l iiul dljil hu nrn.Miinlinil
decTirat-on therefor he may change his J
fii:nfi. n - home?stad. if he continue in
..Ms, .... ....W S.... .....Wb. ..... f. J ....
re-,?d&i unon and claimed the land as a
'r,rfl - emntrrr will be credited' unon the
period of residence and cultivation re-
quire under the homestead IawJ
1 womin who has minor chil- " -"- -; ";" ' " "v " -"-" "
and has been abandoned without tion,' for the appraised value 'theVeof, ex
by her husband and left to support ","" , ... f. ,.n,nh
.. t 1 e 1 I'll " 1 2l Ufli Z Ul iliU 111 11 J t,iit ;
TLe object of ,the timber cultura law t
s .. LL.x .t.:-t. ..u-:.Mk.'
shall be grown thereon to the extent and
for the period of time therein specified.
The wisdom of this law is seen in the in
creased annual rainfall in regions hereto
fore subject to frecjitent drouths.
The person putting out the timber re
alizes all the benefits which accrue to the
land and has the timber in after years for
his own u-e.
Persons who are qualified under the
homestead law are eligible'under the timber-culture
lav,-. Not more than 1G0
acres in any one section can be entered'
under the timber culture law, and no
person can mate more than one cntrv.
It is required that an affidavit and ap
plication similar to that required under
the homestead law is required in this
cose, v. ith the addition that the applici-tion-sball
specify that the cecHon in which
the land applied for is situited is natur
ally devoid of timber.
The applicant is required to pay to
the. local lsnd oilice the .same fees and
commissions as in case of homestead en
try. The eutrymiMi is rcquiied lo break five
acres of the land taken within one year
from the date of entry. During the sec
ond year front date of entry the appli
cant should break five acres m-ire, and
cultivate the iirvt five to crops or other
Th" third year he must plant the five
acres broken the lirst year to trees, tree
seeds or cuttings, and cultivate that p ir
tion broken the second e.ir.
The fourth year he should plant the
five acres broken the second year to tr e,
tree-seed.- or cuttings, and cultivate that"
upon the first live.
Thereafter he mu-t continue to culti
vate the entire ten acre for a period of
eight years from date of entry.
No final ceitiiicate shall be given or
patent is-t:ed for the land entered, until
the expiration of eight years from dateof
entry; and if, at the expiration of such
time, or at :.ny time within five year
thereafter, the person miking the entry,
or if he or she be dead, his or her heirs
or legal repre-entatie shall proe by
two credable witnes-es that he or she or
ihey have planted anil for not less than
eight years have cultivated and protected
thc required quantity and character of
trees, that not less than 2,700 trees were
planted on each acre, and at the time of
making proof there nhall be then crowing j
.. 1..., . n.r-. 1:..: ,., .. ..".!. ....,. '
.11. ic.ise im.j iiwn.: uccs iu i-.ieu uVIl,
they sh..ll be entitled to receive a patent
for "such tract of land.
In c i-e the trees, seeds or cuttings are
destroyed by gras-hoppers, or extreme
and uuu-ual drouth, or for any other un
avoidable cause, for anv vear or term of
veaf. the time for planting such trees,
eds or cuttings is extended one jcar for
everv such war tli.it thev are s lie-
stroved, provided the party files an alii- I
davit with the Reinsti-r or" Receiver set- ,
ting forth such facts am' asks lor au ex
tension by reason thereof. -
By recent iii.-tru"UOiis trees that are of
value for commercial purose or for fire
wood and domes-tic puipo-o are included
among the trees that may be planted and
cultivated. The planting of black walnut
an 1 other trees that will pn duce the
greatest income is'reennmcnded.
The planting of fruit trees and .shrub
bery is not in compleince with the 1 iw.
Land acquired under t!ii act is not
subject to the payment of debts or lia
bilities incurred prior to thc issuance of
St U. Sili tnl I. mil I.ius.
Ry the laws of tlieStite of K-insis, it
is provided that all lands planted by the
Congress of the 1'niteil States for school
I urtMi-cs, known as-cciions 1G and Sti. in
eieh Congressional town-hip, together
with nil such as haw been trramed in
lieu of siid sections, may be wild, and
such sale shall lie regulated as follows:
Whenever twenty hou-eholders of any
organized township in which the land is
situated, shall retition the Superintend
ent of Public Schoils of the county in
which the land i- located to expose for
sale any portion of -aid laud, describing
the tame, the C-junty i-'uperintendent
shall, by nnd with the consent of the
County " Commis-ioners of said count,
appoint in writing throe disinterested
hoiis-holders r. siding in the county iu
which tjie laud is situated, who shall ap
praiv; each legal subdivision of said laud
separately at its red value; and in case
any parcel of the said land shall have
been'improved. the appraisers shall, in
addition, make a separate appraise.nent
of the improvements upon the land, but
i no lauu can ue soiu ai icss man 50 per
Any person who has settled upon and
improved any -jort on of f-chool lands
prior to the" appraisement, may within
sixty days from the sppraisment file in the
I'robate Court of the county : petition
setting forth that f.ict.aud the amount of
the appraisement, and asking that he be
allowed to purchase the land at the ap-
. . - j h improvements. If
,r prvea to the satisfaction of
. ;,.... ., r...i. :.. 1.: .,..:
111c court ine lacis :ti iuuii m u j'uu
Th, Q)lmtv AM then oncr
the UQ-o!d P-irtion of all school hnds
,:..i...ii : .1 -:.:- , t,,-..r,f,.
1 UilJlUUVU HI fcilli IA.fclfcl' - vmv. fciiw.
.' ,.,.i .,' ,.. t. ;.,1 t.,. ..,oi
,,, . an'd giving
' . " ' . . . B
Iour Wc, ,. ,noV - "' , '";"ue """
published n such eountv.
P I' tlIIr,.,1!:n,. ,,IciriniI sb.-.ll
...., ,..... , ... -- --
er 01 tnc county in
situated one-tc:ith of
nd shall execute
tioned that he will
six per cent, an
IWflTlll' VAQ INS T TPT J HP T1TI RCI ll.-ll II
w.,s.. ,...-.-...... t t
or further information in regard to
W. C. Horn deserted from the Con
federate army at the battle of Gettys
burg, and aas since been monrned as
a family,' "l. ' 1 .:, " ; " ,"" 1
dead. Recentl v be. returned, to
Vabu ) -ToAmilmm. fi- and
THE TOMBS BARBER.
What He Says About the rrsons Wlio.
Fare He Iaitlien Partlenlar Custom.
Yes, I am the Tombs barber,'" said
Morris Haber, an intelligent young Ger
man, who was found in his barber shop
on Canal Street by a reporter, "and you
are the lirst newspaper fellow to linil
me out. although I have held that posi
tion for nearly two years. Any other
barbers admitted to the prisons? No.
sir; I am the only one, ami was ap
pointed by the Commissioners of Chari
ties, and Correction. Salary? "Not any.
My earnings consist of. what the prison
ers gie me, except in cases of con
demned tunrdoreis. and then thcSherifl
1 -a s ni-.
"I am allowel to enter the prison at
any time, but u-ually bnly go there
three days of the week, on Mondays.
Wednesday-! and Friday.. I am now
shaving abiut twenty prisoners a day
there, and what I get averages about
eight dollars a week. No prisoners ate
compelled to get shaved, but the greater
number who have any .spare change
always, wish to. This is generally the
case with those who tiro about to go
into court. 'Ihey want to make their
best appearance, before the court and
jttrv, and it bus come to be a common
sa ing among them that a clean shae
means ten ears oil" their sentence.
"Ih winter I go there legularly every
morning at eight o'clock and iu .sum
mer at seven o'clock, learn my razors,
scissors, soap and bottles in a small
hand-bag, and my hair-clipping ma
chine in a leather case. 1 generally
take liw or si razors with me eery
time. When I get there, the first thing
I do is to look oer the slate and tind
the prisoners' names marked with an
X.' This means that they are the ones
who are to go to conit. As court
always opens at ten o'clock, and as I
haw learned from experience how
much importance is attached to a 'clean
shave' by the pri-ouers with" reference
to their appearance in thc court-room.
1 always take pains to get through with
the 'court cases" eirlyandas soon as
piTssible. even leaving nn regular cus
tomers there and I hawsewral until
they are out of the way.
"So 1 go along each" row of cells the
first thing, and I ask eath prisoner
whether he wants a shave or not. some
time I find a great many who do and
then it is lively work.for I hac to-hae
them in their" cells, an I there are no
chairs in them for the men to .sit on,
consequently 1 liavc to .shave tlieui sit-
ting on iuc euge oi men- narrow ucus.
I each case the keeper locks me iu
with the prisoner, and I have to call his
attention by knocking on tnc door
when I am done and want to get out.
"I have never bad a prisoner niola-t
me or even act rudely to me while at
in- work there, notwithstanding the
fact that the Tombs has an average of
from I.'jO to 210 prisoners all the time,
and from all classes of criminals. The
prison .seems to haw a quieting influ
ence on them and they are more, polite
to me as a rule, in s:mng their 'good
morning,' and 'good d.iv,' than nianv
outsiders. 1 have never Iiad them ask
me to bring them things they ate no'
permitted to have or try to get mo to
help them to escape or get the best ol
the keepers. As for the sight of m
razors, stirring up any desperate
thoughts in the minds of any of them,
if they have I've neier known of it.
"Tlie new prisoners seldom talk to
inc. and of course I don't ask questions.
Naturally, the faces an: changing all
the time, in the going away of some
and coming in of new prisoners. Kwry
now and then some new comer will
greet tne with a 'how-dy-do,' and I
will tind that he is an old ofl'endcr who
has been in the Toihbs before and re
members mo. Rut they all seem glad
to see me, for iLmakes a little change
in their pri-o'i life. Tboe who have
been there some time talk more, and
'isometimes tell me about their case-.
but I don't take much interest in the
particulars, naturally, though I give the
poor fellows all the .sympathy I can.
"My oldest customer here? Let me
see. ItisConroy, I guess, the poliee
in:iti condemned to be hung on the
charge of murder. He has been iu the
Tombs about cwnteen months, and is
now waiting for a new trial. 1 believe.
I have shaved him regular!- twice a
week since he has been there, and he
is one of those who have talked to me
about their affairs.
"Another of hiv regular customers
there is Donoian, condemned to im
prisonment for life for killing a man
nith a billiard etie. He is also waiting
or trying to get a new trial. lie has
been" there a year. John Carpenter,
condemned to be hung for killing his
wife, is another of my customers there.
lie has been in theTombs eight months,
hoping for a new trial.
"People might readily "think that
these men. knowing that they must stay
there so long, and perhaps in pr!on
forever, or be hung, would get careless
about their appearance, and let the bar
ber go bj-. Rut they don't, and they
are as particular to be shaved twice a
week as my customers here at the shop.
They will take pride in their look's, and
as they have frequent visitors, they
want te look nice for them. I suppose.
"One of the most particular customers
I ever had in there was Rhinelander,
thc man that was claimed to be insane.
He was in a long time, and always paid
me extra, but he was very particular to
be shaved three times a week, and just
so. If I missed a day he would get very
angry. Veri few, however, pay me
Cvtra. Thej" are not lavish with their
monej- when they get in theTombs, and
those" who are fortunate CL-ough to have
any keep it wry c!oc.
"Billy McGlory pa'd me extra,
though, and I found him a very nice
man. Another man I thought was
pretty nice was Martin, the celebrated
counterfeiter. He became blind while
iu there and was in the hospital. He
had a long beard and was very particular
to have it trimmed to a hair. Another
very particular man was a negro of
Spanish descent, a voting- man con
demned for murder. He was always
one of the neatest and cleanly-looking
men. of the whole lot, and he alwas
watI me to take nest paiasovarhiBB.,
THE SEA DOCTOR.
Duties and Trlalu or Steanuhlp hjsK
clan HU ltty BespoBslbllltles. '" .
The duties of steamship doctors are
far more onerous than Is generally sup
posed. Upon these zealous and pains
taking officials fall a hundred petty
cares of which the "passengers know
nothing. To mention at once" one of hi
most disagreeable duties: the ventila
tion and disinfecting of tho ship is all
carried on under the doctor's directions,
and in rough weather he is, sometimes
obliged to issue formal orders to steer
age passengers to leave their poorly
lighted bunks below to come- up into
the keen air and the dashing-spra. In
rare ease-, forcer has actually tc be cm
ployed to make people" leave their beds;
there are ominous threatenTngs and
gmntings, but returning health, make
tho recalcitrant patients ashamed' of
their obstinacy. Indcedfhe saloon pas
sengers are now and then more refrac
tory than the humble denizens of- the
Peerage. The doctor and the purser -too.
together share the burden of tho
innumerable questions hurled at the
Captain by thc pas-cngers. Ten thou
sand demands coucc.iing everything,
from the cience of navigation to the
prospects of a safe "and speedy arrival,
are heaped upon the unusually good na
tured trio of ollicials, every one of whom
has probably been asked each question
at least a hundred times before. Even
when the pas-age from port to port is
smooth there is enough for a conscien
tious medical officer to do; but when the
rough gales swoop down'on the Atlan
tic the labor is quite trying.
"In the midst of a terrible ccone,
some years ago," recently Laid a
wteran sea doctor to the writer, "when
the good ship literally stood oa her
beam ends, anil when it seemed as if
she would be swept away into the abyss,
I suddenly felt the qualms of sea sick
ness creeping over me.- It was the lir-t
lime I had been thus affected for many,
years, but they were none the less ter
rible, and I fe't like crawling into my
room and resigning myself "to them.
Just :is I was about to do this I was told
that a sailor in the forecastle had one
of hs legs broken, and I was com
pelled to go to him and summon all
my skill and nerve for-a difficult- ca
of surgical practice. Scarcely had I
finished this exhausting work when
another siilor on decjc was nearly
killed, and I had to spend thc rest of
the day over him. Rcfora I bad finished
the .second operation I had quite for
gotten my own illness.
Sometimes, despite the elaborate. pre
cautions taken bv the agen-s of steam
ship companies in shipping passengers,
the iloitor awakens after tne vovagc 13
begun to the hor-riblo consciousness
tb.,t iw. ;- f ts yi,y
tsous ciiseas". wfiTnTiiy- sp
throughout the ship and result
destroying the reputation of the liil
He sets to worK to isolato the people
who are ill. If smail-po- is the dis
order, he persuades every one except
the sick that it is nothing of the kind,
and in the meantime takes extra
ordinary pains to get the sujlurcn out
of sight. He extemporizes a hospital,
and places a. trusty attendant in charge;
be issues orders- "that no cabin passen
gers shall be allowed to visit tho steer
age, and that no occupant of the stecr
.iire shall appear on the saloon decks.
He deluges every hole and corner with
disinfectants, and when asked by pas
.sengcrs why it is done, answers that
"one can never be too careful at sea."
If a patient dies of small-pox- he is
buried at inidnirht. or at an bom in tho
morning when it is lielieved that all tho
passengers are profoundly asleep.
"Do you meet ruuch with diphtheria
on your voyages?'' tho writer inquired
of the doctor abo e referred to.
"Why. yes, lots of it, and it is a ques
tion which is the worse of the twoon
board ship, small-pox or diphtheria.
Only a few weeks ago. while on the voy
ageto England, a mother in the steer
age sent for me, and when I went to
Iter, implored mo on her knees to save
her two children from tho perils of
ilphtherla. with which they seemed
threatened. 'O, doctor,' she Mid, sob
bing as if her heart would break, 'diph
theria has robbed me of every near rcl
aliw I have in this world except these
two children. My husband and thrce.
of my babes died of it. and now it has
come again. Well, sir. bless my heart!
I worked over tho-e children as I have
rarely worked beforcfor since But the
disease had certainly declared itselfon
board, and although I took oi cry pre
caution, one of the children died ho- -fore
reaching port and the otherina.r
botel in Liverpool.- Ther mother; re
slgaed herjelf o!emnly to her great
rriof. She said that wh en-they were
taken illahe knew they would not ro
covcr."tirooUtn EaCle. : -
While walking on a Galveston wharf
Mrs. Snivel fell inter thc bay and wiis
rcscued with difficulty by a strangeri.
Mr. Snivel shook thc hand of "the res
cuer of hi3 wife, and said:"
"You have saved my wife frpu--
waierr "rave, and I must reward X'on
"I only did my duty. I do n desire
"Well, if you will not accept ray -$gjM
money Til give you a piece of advice "gts3i
tlial will De worm someimng to juu. ju iw
will -snve vrm a doctor's bilL Don't eat MQ
sausage in summer. I know what thevpS
are made of. I'm a butcher" by-trade.'- jgkl
A nice old gentleman, seeing W'lad-j-'jS
eating an orange, told the boy:notrtt
swallow the sk:n, because it .wobm.4
make lum sick, xne uu was -nus saveu. , rmi
from probable sickness by the nice oitt 17
gentleman's thoughlfulness. The ladT "
turew me- ssin 0111 u uie ivmuvw, via , ,-
., - ..-1 ... ,.., A1 j -,1-Jif
ine nice otu guuiic-:uaij cu uu .-os., y
sat down very fiartt.npoa.tae- siaewais. gyc
xne nice oiu geuensaanui. riwiw-'.
laas nereaiier m:u oraugo jot mwu ;sa,
not be eatea lioslonlwt., .. t " J- k,i
!-i -:i.s j. i jtXt
There are said toTfragr.two tboay g
oanrl rxKtmastcrs 1aElIiWadtatMx - f''
With a aurT ors-iitwjirwifirt!:
m fli J s wAlK'I'sl 'o uji
VSfgSP-' v-- s- 'i's-?S