Newspaper Page Text
m r aaaifc&r
VOL. I. NO. 10.
COLBY, THOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY U, 1885.
S1.50 PER YEAR
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TJfOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS.
Colby Town Site Company.
STVTt. Ol KU,
Ol'Fliroi it IH-TUIVm'STVTE f
I. T. It Alli-n, Secretary of Mate- or the
-t.itc- of Kiuis.is. lo hcrelir certifv tliat the
loliouiii mill unncxid is a true ntitl correct
i-iijii oi mi original insiriiincui 01 uriuu;r
Weil In m ollici' April 14, IShS.
In tr-timon wlurc-on li.iv p hereunto ub
scr licil niv name and uiliTcil the ollicial seal.
Done at TnpeUj, Knii-j-, tln It th day of
-irjl, l-Si. I" 1 r.i kn.
Secretary of State.
nv v. r 1VN u c.ll,
II. S Ass staut bccictarj or State.
uie understKned. c.ticn' of the fctute of
K:.nns. do herebj loltmt.irllv associate our-
seles tonetlier ror the purpose or formintr
a pruate corporation under the laws or tlio
State or Kansas, and do herebv certify:
That the n imo of this Corporation hnll be
Colli) Towni-ite Couiian.
That the puipo-is for which this Corpora
tion is Icirmcd are lor the purchase of real
estate in Thomas Count, Kansas, the lota-t
t kiii and 1jimx out of town stesand the
sale r.ml the com ej mice or the same In lots
and siibdu isioiis, or otherwise, to erect
buildings, sink artcs'an wells and perform
such oilier labor, and make sm.h improve
ments as are incident thereto.
That the places wheie its business is to be
transacted iir- at Collij. Thomas Count,
Kansas, and board meetings of the Diiectors
in.n be had at such other points m the ftate
as maj be pro.dcd loriu the bj-lawa.
That the t rm for vhlch this Corporation
Is to exist is ninety-nine j ears.
That the number of Directors or Trustees
ol this Coipor it on shall be scenaud the
names and residences or those u ho are ap-pointi-d
foi the Hrst ji ar are:
I). I) Ho.nr, Wvandotle, Kan.
I). M. Dunn, olli. Kan.
.s C Mills, CoIb. Kan
II. Wallace Miller. Colbv, Kan.
JI Donelan, Colb . Kan.
J It MeConisal. tolbj, Kan.
That he pstlm.itccl value or the poods,
chattels, lands, r (jhts and credits owned bv
the "oriMir.it Ion is 3,() dollars; that the
amount or the capital stock or this Corpora
tion shall be 0,H doll.u s, and shall bo di
v ided into one hundred li.ue-, ot KKI dollar,
each. In Ipstimoii) whereof, we have here
unto subscribed our names, this Tth daj of
April, A. I). llVi.
1). D. l'O M.
.1. It. M(iOMt.AL,
S C Ml l.l.-.
II. W. Miliuc.
WlMIbLU Flll.LV W.
IJy-Lavvs of the
L'olby Ton it .Site Com
panj. This companv is duly organized and piim
Intr under and by virtue or the laws of
the State or Kansas for the purposes or pur
chasing real estate in 'i bourns County. Kan.
the location and laving out or town sites and
the sale or the i-amc, to i reet liuildiiuis, sink
artesian wells and make such improvements
as are in dent thereto.
Skction 1. It- olhcers -hall consist of a
Pre-ident, Vice-President, -eerotjirj and
The President shall preside at all meet-In?:-
of the Hoard of Directors, have
jjeneral charjre and -supervision or the
affairs or the company, shall sifrn
all stock and contract- issued and
entcied into by the company and may em
ploj such subordinate olhccr or agents a
may bo neces-ar.v to carry on tho business or
the companj and do iich other duties as
Rre usual Tor a President to perfonn,
Tho Vice-President in the absence of the
President shall discharge the-dutie or the
Skc. -. The Secieiary shall be present at
nil Board niectlnsr-unit have and keep ju-t
and correct minute- or the proceeding and
have charge of the record- and -eal. and
shall attest and place the -rulof tuocoinpany
on all Mock. contracts, deeds, instruments
proper to be -o attested and seal attached.
Sec. 3. The Treasurer shall hav e chanrc or
the mono s and thiiurs or value liclonpiujr to
the company and keep just and true ac
counts of the sau.c and mako report thereof
to tho Board of Directors and meeting- of
stockholders at all regular and special meet
ing's thereor, and such other times a he may
bo required o to do. and he shall deposit the
mono s or said companv in such bank as the
Board of Directors siall designate and cvxe
:ute to said company a bond in such sum li
the said Board of Directors may require,
lubject to the approv al or said Boanl, and in
railure to execute sucn uonu wnnin ininy
iays after election, such office shall be de
Sec 4. The regular meetings of the Board
Bf Directors shall be held quarterlvat Colby,
rhomas Countv, Kan- on tho flr-t Wednes
day In May. Julv. October and Jauuao.and
may be adjourned to such other points
in the State of Kansas as may be de
cided upon by a majority of directors
present, and special meetings may be held at
any point in the State of Kansas as ths Pres
ident may designate. Duo notice of all such
meetings shall be gnven by the President and
Secretary to each Director, by a letter di
rected to him at his post-office at least ten
. days prior to such meeting.
Sbc. 5. The officers and servants shall re
ceive such salary and compensation as the
Board of Directors may decide upon.
SEC-6- The Board jf. Directors shall con
sist of seven persons, each of horn shall be
a stockholder, and shall bold his office for
ane year, or until his successor is duly
sleeted aad qualified, but the first
election of Directors shall be held
OB the first Wednesday in May.
UK, and each year at the stockholders
' meeting- which shall be called for this pur
' pose in manner'asd form as is required by
law. The present Board of Directors as con
tained in the charter, shall be the Board of
ssday Jay, 1886. A majority or said
,ntftittft a nnnnim fnr tha
' tc- , business. And when a
tockho'.iler' meet nfrn majoritjorstock out-i-t.ui(lii)K
tmll be nccc"-sar to u quorum, anil
ine.i-e there is no meetinat time ut)ioiuteil
or railure of majontj or Mock Ie'n reine
entcil .! il meetinir 111.0 lie adjourned, or
onnnj falliire hereof the Pieident may call
u stockholders' m etiiiK.lby jriMiijf tcndH&'
At such stockholder"' meetlnir the Peeie
tary shall produce n list ot stockholders c r
tiflcd to hi him. and hall announce the
number ot shares present. At anv such
meeting a ( hainnan, Secretarv and two tel-
ehosi n to iMinduct tin; elect'oii
of Dircctois and ctcIi diaie of tock shall
entitle the holder thereof to one Mite, but
Mock held bj the company unsold t.hall not
MC. .. There "shall be an Kccutlc t'oin
inittce or three, consisting ot tiie I'ros'dent
and two I iectoi eho n bv the Ilourl of
the selling- p.ice or lots and parcels t land
ttlld the terms or iiajment. the purchase or
mater.iiN lot the construct on ot buildings.
Directors, whose dutj it shall be to determine
and the purchase of lands, contract lor
laboi performed or to be performed, and
shall audit the financial affairs ol the
company mid -hall do and peifonu such
other thing- as mav be required.
Sic. s. The seal of the companv shall be in
ciieulur fin in n ml contain the wort!- "Colb.v
Town site Companv ' mound the margin and
the word "Kansas" in thereenter thereof.
Si t. Such div.dends on stock shall lie de
clared fimn tune to time as the Board or I) -
rectors mav order.
vc 10 All -tuck shall bo transferable only
on the books of the company, and no stock
-hall he transferable unless all previous a--e-iiieiiu
thereon bhall be rull pa'd.
The Hoard or Directors shall from
t.nie to time make assessments
on -unpaid stock as the best intcre-ts
or the companv may demand. 'Ihirtydaj-'
notice in writing must bo given bj the Secre
tary I13 depositingthe .same in the nost-othce,
propeilv directed to such stockholder at the
post office nearest hi- usual place or resi
dence, or b pet son il notice in writing stat
ing that lie Is lequirtsl to make such pig
ment at the office or the Treasurer of sad
coiiipanj ut Colby. Kansas, and if he r.i is to
make, his stock and all previous puj iiient
thereon will be forff lied for the use or the
companj. which not ce shall be served at
least thirty dajs prev 011s to the day on
which such pavment is requ red to be made.
Sic. 11. In ease ol res guation or death,
orrcrnsalto act or 1111. director or officer,
his place shall be filled b.v the majoritj or
the remaining Directors.
-jt-c. li. The Director shall, within one
veek after the relcit on, meet and pioceid
tooiganto'C b.v choosing from nmong Iheir
number a President, Vice President, and
the shall also elect a s-een tarv and 'i'reas
uter, which office- m iv beheld by one per
son. Vouehei- Toi the pavment of moiicv
-hall be eertilled to a- orrect by the proper
ofliceratd Le npprovol u writ ng by tho
Picsident before the Trci-urer shnll pav the
The tow 11 or Colby is situated 011 the Prairie
Dog. which tukes a uoitlieasterlv direction
through Thomas County. It 1- cMitrall lo
cateil on the -outh half of sect on .11, town
-hip 7, south, range '.i, west, according to the
(Jov eminent survey, section 31 being the
northern limit of tiie railroad land (Kansas
Pacific Division or the I'nion Pacific Itail
load). The town -.te i- a beautiful piece or
Iand.it being smooth, jet sufficient drain
age to carrj off all -urplu- water. There is
ser apart by the Tow 11 Company one block
lor-cnooj purpo-us. ne iiock -a- a court
hou-e square, one block and a hair a- park
and lake and a s te tor a town hull Theie
are thfrt-s blocks numbeiisl the same as
a government township or land, eacii block
contains twentv lot-, numbered from one to
tvventj. commencing in the northea-t corner
of the block Ironi rght to left and iett to
right. One hundred acres or the half section
1- at pre- nt laid off in lots, leaving one hun
dred acres of the tract on the east and one
hundred on the west, mid twentj acres on
the north not .vet platted.
AT IMiLsLNT. ,
At the present w r ting, Anrll 2Ti. th!rty-flv e
share- liavo been d -posed of and
spoken Tor, and i 5.1 lots have been sold: on
tweut)-M or the-e buildings are be ng
erected. Thc-clWlots do not Incluuethc
scventv-two lots set apart tor public pur
lioscs mentioned abov e,v 17.: For court house
school house, park ami lake and town hall.
I Shareholders hav e an interest in the w hole !
1 SSI acre tract. Addition'- will be added as the
case -ems to demand. All Miareholdcr-i
have an interest in any lands purchased or
additions laid off.
iue mini companv uigs ami maintains a
public wclUnt pre-ent affording an abund-
The town companv digs and maintains a
ance of pure watei for all. The building of
the -chool house will soon be commenced.
and the erection of the town hall and theim
provement of Carp Lake and the park will
soon follow. Colbv is near the center of
Thomas County, and ouly tvrentj miles from
.Monument, a station on the Kansas Pac tic lue "anus 01 111- ciuesi -on, cieseenu
Kailroad. Mail facilit es are being increased ant- of W hom came to America in 163o,
?nlVhoVebdW bVk with them. This
lots in Colby is not high. Anj information was the family of James Roger-, who.
on this point or concerning the town or
county win re answered in addressing the
"Colby Town Company," Colby, Kan.
Thomas Countv. a-can be seen In another
column, is rapdly tilling up with an intelli
gent, industrious and substantial class of
people from all parts of the Union, a great
many of them having lived in Nebraska and
in other parts of Kansas farther east, thus
taking advantage of the cheaper lands and
a chance of securing lots in a substantial
town whilothey are cheap, for Colby will un
doubtedly be the countv seat of Thomas
County when it i- organized, w hich will take
place, from present indications, this fall.
HEALTH. " -
Another matter horne seekers should take
into consideration in selecting a future home
is the healthfulness of the location. One
hundred and siyt3- miles west of Colby the
Kocky Mountains can be seen, the altitude
here being S.500 feet above the sea level.
One can see at occe that the air here is pure
and clear, the sunshiny davs Dredominatiiur.
The abundance of ozone to purify the bjood
ana neaiine lungs witn toe ortgnt sunsnine
will aid the health seeker to regain that
which is so precious to all food health.
The Directors or the Colby Town Site Com
sany are gentlemen who jiro well known In
Kansas ana are men -or integrity and aub
a believer in the irreat luture of Kansas.
Dr. D. M. Dunn, Colby, is one or the proprie
tor or the Thom i (County) Cit, a spr.jrhtly
weeKiv paper published in Loiuy. ana is wen
known in middle Kansas. S. C-Mills. Colby,
vras one or Iowa's substantial c:t.7cns w ho
came here on account of lunjr troubles, ana
Unds he has gained about fifteen pounds in
weight in the last three month-. II. W.
Miller. olbi. has lived in Thomas County
forthelast Ave years, and could hardly be
persuaded to live anj where else. Helone
orthr enterpr;:n;r lanner and stock Krow
rrs or this county. M. Donelan, Colby, is a
business, man Trom Iovrn, and show s his faith
by putpnz in a laivestock or irood- in Colby.
.1. M Mct;oulpal. olbv. is from Dickinson
County. Kansas, here, and is thoroughly
idcntitled with the Interests of Colby nd
Thomas County. He is entrasc-d in sheep
husbandry and his flocks will be brought
here in June. He is well known in middle
W ntleld Freeman. V.i . if WvanJotte,
Kansas, is an ejcper.ence.1 attorne. havinif
a fctatc-wlde reputat on as a man of worth
and ability. Any information concerning
Thomas Count, or Colby, can be obtained
by addressing any or the jrentlcinen tuen
t.oneil. or w ritin,r to the "Colby Town Com
pany," at Colbv, Kansas.
1). M. Dun. President.
M. Doti..s., Vice-President.
J. II. MlGomr u Secretary.
S. ". Mii.u-. Treasurer.
I). I). Howl Director.
H. W. Mililil Director,
Director and Attorney.
The Smoothest and Prettiest Couutj In
the Whole List.
Thomas County is as yet an unorgan
ized county, situated in the second tier
of Kans.i Counties from the north, and
one county east of the wet boundary of
the Stute. Its area i- 1,0S0 square milea,
with a present population of five hun
dred and rapidly increasing.
The nearest railroad jioint is Monu
ment, on the Kansas Pacific Railroad,
twenty miles from the center of the
There is no county in Kan-as that can
boast of the number of smooth acres
that Thomas County can.
The headwaters of the two Solomons,
the south fork of the Saline, north fork
of the fc'appa and the Prarie Dog, are in
Thomas County. Water can be had at a
depth of from 17 to 13"i feet, soft and
beautiful water, perfectly free from
Coal can be had at from So.30 to &3.00
per ton at the railroad.
There is no timber in the county.
The people of the county are supplied
with mail from t-ix xst-offices, namely:
Colby, Cumberland, Lctitia, Otterbourne,
Quickville and Streator.
There is plenty of land subject to
homestead and pre-emption, and a limited
number of acres that can be t.ken under
the timlier-culture act. The other lands
are 202,(5.).r acres of railroad land, not yet
in market, and 3S,00G of school land that
is subject to settlement or can be brought
in market by petition.
Thomas County offers at once the best
of inducements to those seeking homes,
and can be summed up briefly:
Denver, Col., being the nearest and
best market, the bulk of the produce
mut necessarily move in that direction.
The County is improving rapidly, and
the class of settlers coming in is far
above the average that moe to a new
The Central Branch of the Missouri
Pacific Railroad have completed their
suncy through the county, and the B.
Si M. surveyors are expected in the
county before the end of the year on the
'through to Pueblo" route, which takes
the road through the county from north
east to southwest.
Stock live through the winter on the
nutritious bufFalo grass and without other
feed. The past hard winter there was
no loss of stock. It is a natur.d climate
for sheep, while horses and cattle keep
fat the year through without other feed
than the buffalo grass.
In the matter of agriculture, there has
not been but one failure in five year.
Good farming here produce the same re
sults that it does in the Eastern States.
For further information in regard to
the county, send 50 cents for theTHOMA
County Cat for three months.
A Noted Bible.
There is in the po-e-sion of the Pol
ler family of Rhode Island a bible,
not onlv notable for it-, an
tiquity, but for the history connected
with it. It belonged to John Roger-,
the rnartw. During the persecutions
1 1 1 -. , 1 ;. , ,n: :...
lie ' ll to keep it from falling into
the hands of Gardiner and Bonner and
their spies. After ho was burned at
the stake, more than three centuries
and a quarter ago. the bible fell into
in traveling iiuougn iueevv r.ugi:inu
wildernc-s, carried the bible in his
bosom and Used it for a pillow. It was
believed that it was an amulet that kept
off the ilevil and the Indians. It de
scended through three generations of
the Rosrerses in this countrv to Judith
Rosers, who married Thomas Potter, of
Hopkinton, R. L, in 1753. The bible has '
been kept in the possession of the Pot
ter family since. It is Matthew's or
cranmer s Dime, ana it is uot u.viaea ;
- -" "Ugculc U1 CUJtp.
ters differs materially from that of ihe
KvDg, iameS Vf- r i?v Printed !
about the year Io20.-A. I- Post.
A bor was recently before a, riolica
. x, : .: iiipaiiiiw mu uc vrcuiieu upuu me
court in San Francisco on the charge j of residence ud cultivation re
of having maliciously stabbed a cum-1; under homestead laws
ber of his playmates. Upon mvetiga-
tion it wa? found that the promjsinsr
youth was ia the habit of sticking ny
nonlrnifA Sntn nthpr KiMrptir fnr ihn it
Synopsis or the United State? Htaic-
stead, Pre-emption and Timber
culture Law?, and the State
School Lend law.
To the people of Europe, where the
high price of real estate confers dis
tinction upon its owners, itr seems be
yond belief that the Government of the
United States should give away ICO
acres of land for nothing. Yet such is
the fact. A compliance with the kointv
stead law and the payment of small fees
and commissions to the local officers
secure the title to a,quarter-section of
Government land. Laborers in other
countries, who find it difficult to sup
port their families, can here acquire
wealth, social privileges, and political
honors by a few years' of intelligent in
dustry and patient frugality.
All in the Atlantic or Eastern States
who are discouraged with the Blow,
tedious methods of reaching independ
ence, will find rich rewards awaiting set
tlers on the public land in Northwestern
Kansas, who have talent and energy,
while the unfortunate in busi
ness, and tho-e who are burdened with
debt, can in this county start anew in
the race of life, for the homestead law
expressly declares that "no land acquired
under the provisions of this chapter -hnll
in any event become liable to the satis
faction of any debt contracted prior to
the issuing of the patent therefor. '
Citizens and those who hae declared
their intention to become citizens, and
over twenty-one years of age, or the
heads of families, irrespective of the
amount of land already owned, may
claim under the homestead laws, to the
extent of 100 acres, any unoccupied Gov
ernment lands in Northwest Kansas.
The party applying for lands under the
homestead laws must present to the Reg
ister of the local land office, for the
district in which the lands applied for
are situated, an application to enter, un
der section 28!! of the Revised Statutes
of the United States, and a de-cription of
the land applied for. and at the same
time file his or her aff davit setting forth
that the applicant is qualified, and that
said application is made for the ex
clusive benefit of the applicant, and for
the purpose of actual settlement and cul
tivation, etc. He must thereupon pay
the regul ir fee and commissions, which
are payable when the entry is made
fourteen dollars in all.
Where the applicant has made actual
settlement on the land he desires to enter,
he is entitled to ninetv davs from date of
settlement to appear in per-on at the
local land office and file application and
affidavit, as above stated. If not an
actual settler at the time of filing applica
tion and affidavit, he will be allowed a
month in which to establish his residence
By making cntrj'as above, an inceptive
right is vested in the settler, and his final
title depends on his continuous residence
upon and cultivation of the land em
braced in his claim. This residence and
cultivation must continue five years from
date of entry, unless he was a soldier or
sailor in the late war. Or, if he prefers
to pay for his land as a private
entry, he may, after six months'
residence and" cultivation, mike
the necessary proof of that fact and pay
1.25 per acre. This early payment is
called commuting homestead entry.
The refusal of the wife to live on
homestead, provided the husband com
plies with the law, will not injure his
A man and woman after making each
a homestead entry, may marry without
invalidating their rights, if the law is
complied with. As to residence and cul
tivation, either homestead may be con
nected, if they choose.
Where a man and woman marry after
each has made a homestead entry of ad
joining land, they may live in a house
built on the dividing line between the
Residence in a double house, built on
the dividing line between adjoining
homesteads, is residence in compliance
with the law.
The pre-emption privilege"!- restricted J
to heads of families, widows, or such per
sons oer the age of twenty-one years
who are citizens of the United States, or
who have declared their intention to be
come citizens, as required by the natural
Tho-e are excluded who own 320 acre
of land. Under the pre-emption lawi
i:..: i..i r .. -,.;k. a .!.. 'i .. :r..
or one whose' husband is a 'confirmed I
drunkard, may he the head of a family,
or a married wom-n who has minor chil-
Hren and Iu Wen nlmmloneil without .
onuse by her husband and left to support
and maintain herself and children is the
head of a family and entitled to pre-empt
in her own name.
From the moment a claimant enters
upon unocupied Government lands in
Northwestern K-vnsas, with the intention
of remaining and entering the same ac
cording to law, and does some act show
ing such intention, he is a settler. Hav
ing made a settlement, his next step
n.4 .,.; ;l : !, i: f l.; '
declaratory statement within the time , the purcha-emeney and shall execute
specified, which is ninety days from date ! a P?" ' J'" d.' '0"i monij
ofaettlement. After the ninety days, as Pa;v. tne balance .f the purchase money
stated above, the claimant will Ue re J. thin twenty yirs, at six per cent an
quired to mate final proof- and pavment I nual intereat, the same bmes due
lu;n ,i.5nti,t i -. !.;,., Purchaser may pay the principal at any
!... w- '...".:' r.JL
but may make proof at any time after
six months continuous residence and
cultivation, at the option of claimant.
When an individual has made a settle
ment on a tract and filed his pre-emption
declaration therefor he may change
fiU iDto a homestel,d ,f he continue in
J ?fauh tn mn.n!w.--ii ,- ,m.
Uon k UDtil 6Uch change effected. '
4 the time duringwhich Jhe party has,
- 4 :,i v. j:.i t '
Timber Cnitar. '
The object of the timbervculture law
lAmMnt li wnvlL nf am (inlu
shall be grown thereon to the extent and
for the period of time therein specified.
The wisdom of this law is seen in the in
creased annual rainfall in regions hereto
fore subject to fretjuent drouths.
The person puttingut the timber re
alizes all the benefits which accrue to the
land and has the timber in after years for
his own use.
Persons who are oualified under the
homestead law are eligible under the timber-culture
law. Not more than 160
acres in any one section can be entered
under the timber culture law, and no
person can make more than one entry.
It is required that an affidavit and ap
plication similar to that required under '
tne homestead Jav- is required in this
case, with the addiUjn thai the applica
tion shall specify thu'.he section in which
the land applied for . situated is natur
ally devoid of timber.
The applicant i- squired to pay to
the local land office the saa:c fees and
commissions as in case of homestead en
try. The entrynian is required to break five
acres of the land taken within one year
from the date of entry. During the sec
ond year from date of entry the appli
cant should break five acres more, and
cultivate the first five to crops or other
wise. The third year he must plant the five
acres broken the first year to trees, tree
seeds or cuttings, and cultivate that por
tion broken the second y ear.
The fourth v, ear he should plant the
five acres broken the -econd year to trees,
tree-seeds or cuttings, and cultivate that
upon the first five.
Thereafter he must continue to culti
vate tho entire ten acres for a period of
eight years from date of entry.
No final certificate shall beghenor
patent i-sued for the land entered, until
the expiration of eight years from date of
entry; and if, at the expiration of such
time, or at any time within the years
thereafter, the person making the entry,
or if he or she be dead, his or her heirs
or legal representatives shall prove by
two credable witnesses that he or she or
they have planted and for not less than
eight years have cultivated and protected
the required quantity and character of
trees, that not less than 2,700 trees were
planted on each acre, and at the time of
making proof there shall lie then crowing
at least G75 living trees to each acre,
they shall be entitled to receive a patent
for such tract of land.
In caic the trees, -eeds or cuttings are
destroyed by grasshoppers, or extreme
and unusual drouth, or for any other un
avoidable cause, for any ytfa ..r Umi of
years, the time for planting such trees,
seeds or cuttings is extended one j ear for
eery such year that they are so de
stroyed, provided the party files an affi
davit with the Register or Receiver set
ting forth such fact- and asks for an ex
tension by reason thereof.
By recent instructions trees that are of
value for commercial purposes or forfire
wood and domestic purpose are included
among the trees that maybe planted and
culth ated. The planting of black walnut
an-1 other trees that will produce the
greatest income is recommended.
The planting of fruit trees and shrub
bery is not in complcanrc with the law.
Land acquired under thN act is not
subject to the payment of debts or lia
bilities incurred prior to the issuance of
State srhool I. tntl Lm.
By the laws of the State of Kansas, it
is provided that all lands granted by the
Congress of the United States for school
purposes, known a.- sections Ifi and 36, in
each Congressional township, together
with all such as have been granted in
lieu of said sections, may be sold, and
such sale shall be regulated as follows:
Whenever twenty householders of any
organized township in which the land is
situated, shall petition the Superintend
ent of Public Schools of the county in
which the land ii located to expose for
ale any portion ? said land, describing
the same, the County Superintendent
shall, by and with the consent of the
County Commioiioncrs of said county,
appoint in writing three disinterested
householders resi ling in the county in
which the land ii situated, who shall ap
praise each legal subdivision of said land
separately at its real value; and in case
any parcel of tl e said land -hall have
been improved, Ihe appraisers shall, in
addition, make a separate appraisement
of the improvements upon the land, but
no land caa i"ld at less than 3 r
Any person wto has settled upon and
improved any jiort'on of school lands
prior to the appraisement, may within
sixty days from t'leappraismentfile in the
Probate'Court cf the county a petition
setting forth that fact and the amount of
the appraisemen '., and asking that he be
alloweu to purchase tiie land at tiie ap-
praised price, Ics? the. improvements.
!e -e"1" pro" to the satisfaction of
"ie "" to0 "Y"'
,on- tl,e pctitnner may purchase said
land, not eXeCSUlllg one quarter SeC-
tiofl, for the apprised value thereof, ex
clusive of the improvements.
The County Tieasurer shall then ofTer
the unsold portion of all school lands
(included in thr petition of the twenty
householders anu not claimed by actual
i settlers) at- public auction, and giving
four weeks notice tuereot in some news
pajier published -a such county.
Any person purchasing such land shall
pay to the TreS surer of the county in
which mc sam? a snuaicu uue-iciiui 01
time in 1 istallments of not
less than "$2o. By promptly
paving the inteiQst and taxes the pur
chaser is entitled to an extension of
twenty years afU'r the principal becomes
For further information in regard to
land, Government, deeded, school land or
town property, write to Auld &
ter offend &Paira, Colby,
W. C. Horn deserted from the Con
federate army at the battle of Gettys
burg, and. has since been mournea as.
dead. "Recently he returned to his
linma in I'TnimeTutrrfT fta.. anrf'fllir'-
Opinion or an Acknowledged KntiUh Au
thority on Ratals.
Mr. Charles Marvin, the acknowl
edged English authority on Russia, has
recently published a work upon the
posit'on of the two in reference to Cen
tral A-ia and especially Herat. It will
be of special interest ju-t now.
Hi- outh was passed in Russia, and
he is thoroughly familiar with its people,
language and literature. He has for
ears made a study of tho Central
A-ia question. His Rtt-sian intimacies
have enable 1 him to see and under
stand their view of it. 1114 acquain
tance with Rus-ian o'licers, engineers
and diplomats h is mad; him familiar
with the movements and the country on
the Russian side of Afghanistan.
Hi acquaintance with Anglo-Iiid'an
officer- has done the -ame for him oa
the Indian s"de of the d"-puted territory.
Having access to both Ru-sian and En
glMi otlicial records, he is believed to
know mora of both side- of the question
tlui'i any other writer of the day.
'i'heojjjct of the Russian advance
upon India i- not the conque-t of India,
but the cnpplingof England. Russia is
po ir, and iin ler a con-tant commercial
pres-ure. It believes that its only relief
lies in the occupation of Armenia and
Constantinople, thus largely increasing
its internal le-ource and widening
it- possibilities for fure'gn commerce.
Bv taking a posit'on on the Indian
frontier that will be a con-tant menace
to England, it believes -that England
will be at last forced to acquiesce in the
Russian occupation of Constantinople,
which in reality means the conquest of
With thU object in view Ru ia has
been steadily moving forward to Herat.
All that it ha- thu- far accomplished
has b en done by fraud and the viola
tio 1 of express engagements. The pre
texts that the tribesof Central Asia are
unruly and must be subdued have no
foundation. As a rule they are feeble,
poverty-stricken and peaceful. At all
events" Russia has pu-hed on until her
armies stand in striking distance of
He hold- with many Anglo-Indian
officer- th it the -urrender of Penjdeh,
which is clearly in Afghau territory, is
to surrender Herat; and to give up
Herat is to ojien tho wavtovthe invasion
of India. Between Penjdeh and Her
the mountains are by no means impas
sable, nor on the other side is there any
barrier lietwecn Herat and Quetta, now
the outpost of British military opera
tions. Herat is therefore highly valued by
both governients, not solely on account
of tiie city itself, but because ot the
re-o'ircei of the district around it. Its
corn ami beef would fqed an army ol
100,0 JO men, and sustain them during
an advance on India. There is no such
other camping ground between the
Caspian Sea and India.
The suppo-ed impenetrable ranges
lying between Afghanistan and India
are discovered to be not such obstacles
to an 11 lvance as they have been sup
posed. In the Suleiman range 285
pass for camels have been found and
sixty more in the Behuchistan Moun
tain's. Herat in Russian hands would not
only intimidate the Afghans, but, in the
opinion of many English experts, make
the English hold upon India very
insecure. General Skofelofi'iu 1832 pre
dicted that were an enemy to occupy
Herat, "the Engli-h army without hav
ing fired a shot would find Itself beaten."
Mr. Marvin thinks the Russian
means for an ifdvance to Herat or India
much greater rfian the English means ol
defen-c. In addition to the railways
the Volga and its tributaries are covered
with -teamer- and huge barges for the
conveyance of troops; while fifty large
steamers are available on the Caspian
Sea. He estimates that in ninety days
the Russians could mass 100,000 troops
in float of Herat. '-Russia," he savs,
"could -urpa-s anv efforts of ours on the
Quetta side of India.' He declares
that bad roads, fierce tribes, fearful
mountains and horrible deserts exist in
Afghani-tan, but they are all oil the
direct route wh'ch the Russians are
taking to the Indian frontier.
These positive and .startling state
ment- from an authority which is re
garded as -econd to none, will throw
interesting light upon the altitudes of the
two goerrai'nts. Philadelphia 1'ress.
THE VOICE FUNCTION.
In What Part of the Human Anatomy ft
. I Located.
Aphasia is a disturbance of the pewer
of -pecs'h. It appears in two distinct
forms, viz., amnesic and ataxic aphasia.
Tiie per-on suffering from amnesic
aphasia forgets substantives and names,
other irts of .speech being properlj
used ; or he forgets a language which
he once knew, or he misapplies terms,
'using pamphlet for camphor, hors
for man," etc. In ataxic aphasia th
power of articulation is completely lost
Tiie person tirtderstands fully the word
to be used, and makes vigorous effort tt
use it, but is unable to do so. Sometime--articulation
is half destroyed, sc
that the first part of the word can b
spoken, but not the other. Sometime
automatic phrases can be uttered, suet
as yes and no, while it is perfectly clear
that these exelamations do not satisfy
the person. Another form of th'u
general trouble is agraphia, or the in
ability to express ideas in writing; thii
is frequently complete, and all attempt
at writing end in a scrawL It is notice
able that aphasia is sometimes, though
seldom, unaccompanied by insanity.
As early as 1861 Broca, in Paris, ex
pressed the opinion that aphasia was
connected with disease in the third
frontal convolution. JVhile a large
number of cases have been cited (or aad
against this conclusion, many pathologists-are
disposad to regard it as sub
stantially correct. It would seeqi just,
then, to connect these central functions
which are concerned ia speech with the
peculiarly developed region, of the
human brain that lies oa the anterior
m1 Inwor limit of the'Svlvri&B fUoM.
THE "ENTIRE TROOP."
Oa of th Advrentam of the Irbh Brig
ade la Frmaee.
Among the adventnres recorded of
the Irish Brigade while in France, ono
sf the most amusing was an occurrence
in the time of the Regent Orleans, ia
honor of whose birthday a grand mas
querade was given in Paris. Il was a
high-class affair; tickets were a double
louis d'or each. All the rank and beau
ty of Paris was assembled around the
regent, and a luxurious supper crowned
the attractions of the night , While tho
entertainment was proceeding one of
the Prince's suite approached and whis
pered to him: " 1
'It is worth your royal highness' vvhilo
to step into the supper-room". There is
a vellovv domino there who is the most
extraordinary cormorant ever witnessed. ""
He is a prodigy, yoiir highness. He
never stops eating and drinking, and
the attendants say, moreover that ho
has not done s6 for hours."
His royal highness. went accordingly;
and, sure enough, there was the yellow
domino, laying about hhm as described,
and swallowing ecrything as- raven-
ously as if lie had "only just begnn.
Raised pies fell before him like garden
paling before a field-piece; pheasants
and quail seemed to fly down his throat
in a covey; the wine he drank threat
ened a scarcity, whatever might be the
After watching him for some tirae
the Duke acknowledged he was a
wonder, and laughingly left the room;
but shortly afterward, on passing
through another, he saw tho yellow
domino again, and as active at work as
ever devastating the dishes everywhere,
and emptying the champagne bottles as
rapidly as they were brought to him.
Perfectly amazed, the Duke at last could
not restrain his curiosity. f
"Who," he asked, "is that insatiato .
ogre that threatens such annihilation to
all the labors of our cooks?"
Accordingly one of the suite was dis
patched to him.
"His royal highness the Duke of Or
leans desires the yellow domino to un
mask." But the domino begged to be excused,
pleading the privilege of masquerade.
"There is a higher law," replied tho
jfficer. "The royal onlcr must ba
"Well, then," answered the incog
nito, "if it must be so, it mnst;" and.
unmasking, exhibited the ruddy face of
an Irish trooper.
"Why, in the name of Polyphemus!" -exclaimed
the regent, as he" advanced
to him, "who and what are you? I h.ivo
seen you cat and drink"enoujh for a
dozen men at least, and yet you seem
as c7pty asywr." x
"W?ns t.-A." zasrae-- ucow
"since the savcret must come out, plast'
your royal highness, I am one of Clare's
Horse that's the guard of honor to
nights and when our men were ordered
out we clubbed our money to buy a
ticket, and agreed to take our turn at
"What!" exclaimed the duke, "tho
whole troop coming to supper?"
"O, it's aisy, plase your highness.
Sure, one domino would do for all of
us. if aich tuk it in turn. lam only tho
eighteenth man, and there's twelve
more of us to come."
The loud laughter of the jovial dnko
was the response to this explanation,
followed by a louis d'or to the dragoon,
and a promise to keep his "saycret" till
the entire troop had supped. Ex
Whom, the Rnsiiuui Threaten to Tarn
I-ooje on Afghanistan.
Colonel Ivanoff one of the high Rus
sian officers who conducted the Khivan
campaign is still a young man, very
tall and handsome, with a. fair com
plexion and a full thick beard. This
beard has won him the appellation of
Sara-Sakal-Tura, "The Yellowj-beardcd
Chief," and the natives of Turkestan
never speak of him nor address him by '
any ortlier name, not even at official
Ivanoff has been for twenty years in
active service in Central Asia; and it
would be hard to find a keener observer
of Oriental manners and customs than f
he. His "extraordinary tact, resolute
character and immense energy, are' weB, r
known to the natives; and it is wholly - .
owing to his renown that, although
having only two battalions of troops
with him, a'nd separated by a distance
of six weeks' journey from the nearest
Russian fortress, he "feels quite at home
in the country of the Amoor-Darya, and
fears no trouble.
I have known this man since the time
of my first trip to Central Asia; and I
always found him tho same calm and
collected, never losing his presence of "
mind in any critical" situation- The
following incident affords a good, ex
ample ofthis faculty 'he possesses of
keeping cool and calculating in the
midst of danger. Once, when accom
panied only by three Cossacks, an in-
terpreter and a few natives (Djighites)
Ivanoff found himself surrounded and
attacked by a band of at least j?0fl
Turkomans. The Russians immediately
grouped themselves close together, back
to back, and opened Are. Ivanoff. had v,
a sixHchamberetirevolver; he fired five m v ,
shots", and reserved the sixth, in spite
of the desperate attack of the enemy.
When reinforcements arrived, when
this handful of Russian troops was jy
saved, and the General, severely
wounded, had been carried, to camp,
somebody ventured to ask him what he
had reserved that last shot for. "Why,
for myself," replied Ivanof, very coolly.
"I kept watching to see if the Turko
mans had lassoes. If I had felt the'
touch of a lasso, the Turkontans might
have bad my corpse, bat never a lmsg -
frisoner. y. O. Times-DemearM -
'ranslation from the French. - ,J-
WMearploriBfts timber arotod.'. r
foBdayogoc Mtaffiis. j-
tiTT Sfc i wTnwi. tA kk --'--r" -"" 'i -' , '-.
14 sg j -esent the meeting may be
Prof. W. M. Mtm4M, tif lfnliurSiknr
ETSSCSiil -lUTSBk,' C