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VOL. I. NO. 11.
COLBY, THOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 21, 1885.
$1.50 PER YEAR.
ii r-B?3a itiiir v m m k l
I lot ol a pretty Gennsin jrirl
Kroli from tlic Ithinc;
I ihcl witli till my hi-art and soul
That f ho were mine.
I utked hud sfie a lieart to tfivo,
Anil she said "nine."
'I be;rrod my Uttlo German pirl
S fair, so fine.
To come ulong with me some day
Abroad to dine,
"i'ou'l! gnrc aoccpt on' treat from mo-"
And.she said "nine."
I did not urj?e her then to take
That treat of mine;
I simply said: "You're beautiful,
But if another) ou hould love"
And she said "nine."
0, what a cruel, fickle heart
And vet j ou can not wed but one;
Your choice nitrn;
Will jou not chooe u husband, dear?"
And she said "nine."
I grew impatient with that iflrl
Fresh from the Khine;
I said: "You think sucli jokes as these
Are very nne.
Perhaps j ou have a husband now,"
And she said "nine."
'0, tell me plainly, lady fair,
fresh from the Khine,
Why do you aln ays ansn er mo
With, 'nine, nine, nine?' "
"Ich kann niehf EmkIKIi '." All she meant
Was simply: "iiein."
G. 11. Jcto, in Jutltjc.
POISONS AND ANTIDOTES.
How Life May Often bo Savod by
Toison may be defined as any sul
Ftance which when introduced into the
system or applied externally injure-,
health or destroys life irrespective of
mechanical means or direct thermal
changes." 'Such is the concise and apt
definition of poison laid down in Dr.
Qnain's Medical fliclionary. The ac
tion of poisons is t ofold, bein cither
local or remote, or both, The local ac
tion is generally one of a corrosive or
inflammatory nature, or is character
ized l)j ita effects upon the nerves and
sensations. Although it i3 impossible
to deal with so ast a subject in detail,
3-et ne crthelets it can not be denied
that a geneial knowledge of some of
the mo-t virulent po-ions and their an
dotp. i.s not only a subject of great in
terest to the public but at times a inat
.ter of life anil death, lty a fair insight
into poisons and their antidote-, life in
deed ma- often be -aed, when th de
lay caucd by seeking for medical ad
viee would prob.ibl be fatal. The
purpose of thi-. paper, therefore, will be
to deal as elearh as po-Mblo with the
mo-t general poisons ami Ihoir symp
toms, and to point out Mich antidote
as in cases of emergency may be mo-t
An ncqtiaiutancp with the leading
symptoms produced bv eerta'n jioisons
is an impoitaut factor, for thereby we
may hope more rapidly to recognize the
especial destructive agency at work,
and thus to arrest its further progress.
(Jreal, care, however, is requisite never
to draw a hasty conclusion from one
bymptom aloii", but to bear in mind
other signs upon which a correct diag
nosis can alone be b.ised. Man at
tempts have from time to time been
made with a view to classify poons;
but the most rational classification is
obviously tl.tit which is in accordance
with their special action. They may
therefore be divided generally tinder the
following heads (1) Corrosives; ("J)
Irritants, mid (."!) Xeurot c-.
Under the head of corrosives, corro
sive sublimate stands foremost in im
portance, being the mo-t typical of this
class. The elleets are rapid in their de
".cloptnent. being well marked by a
burningsensat on felt in the mouth and
throat, followed h agonizing pain in
the stomach. The tongue and throat
have a white appearance, and excessive
tenderness andsweliinirof the abdomen
is noticeable. All authorities agree in
recommending albumen in the form of
raw eggs both yelk and white
Mvitched up with a little water, as the
best antidot in cases of acute poison
ing from corrosive sublimate. The al
bumen combines with the corros've
sublimate to form an insoluble and com
paratively inert compound. Should
eggs not be immediately obtainable,
gluten obtained, from llour. or wheat
llour alone mixed with milk or water,
may be given until "the more reliable
antidote is ready. The chief of the cor
rosive poisons are the mineral acids,
sulphuric, nitric and hydrochloric; the
vegetable acids, oxalic, binoxalate of
potash (commonly called salt of
lemon and salt of sorrel), and
occasionally in larjc doses tar
taric acid; the alkalies, potash,
sod-i, and ammonia, with certain of
their salts, such as pearl-ash (commonly
called salt of tartar), cirbonate of soda
(commonly called washing-soda) 'and
carbonate of ammonia; also various me
tallic compounds, including salts of J
zinc titij silver and antimony, etc.
Poisoning by ovilic acid is a very com
mon method chosen by -would-be sui
cides, probably owing to the fact that it
is a substance much used in household
operations, and therefore readily ob
tainable bv' any one bent on committing
suicide. In speaking "of the action of
this poison, that renowned authority, the
late Sir Uobert Christison, observes in
his splendid work on Toxicology: "If
a person immediately after swallowing
a solution of a crystalline salt which
tasted purely and strongly acid, is at
tacked with burning in the throat, then
with burning in the stomach, vomiting,
.particularly of bloody matter, imper
ceptible pulse and excessive languor,
and dies in half an hour or twenty
minutes, or still more in ten or fifteen
minutes, I do not know any fallacy
which can interfere with the conclusion
that oxalic acid was the cause of
It is obvious in such cases that the
chances of success in applying antidotes
depend very much npon their immedi
ate employment. For the mineral acids,
alkaline bicarbonates, such as bicar-
-bonates of potash or soda (baking soda"
chalk or magnesia should at once be
given, followed by milk; whilst oxalic
acid is best treated by the administrai
tion of chalk, or magnesia either. plain'
or in the form of carboHatewhcrebv
tt-Cw 'ne insoluble and almost , inert oxalate
When poisoning is occasioned Jjy the
alkalies potash, Soda, or ammonia, or
their carbonates, carbonate of potash
(also known as pearl-ash or .salt of tar
tar), carbonate of od.i (washing-soda),
and carbonate of ammonia, a strong
burning sensation is experienced in
swallowing, followed by severe pain
and great tenderness at the pit of the
stomach, increased by pressure. There
are frequent vomits of a brownish mat
ter, swelling of the stomach and hoar-e-ness
of the voice. When seeking t
counteract the disastrous effects rps dt
ing from this var.ety of poisons, the
great object aime 1 at is to n-iitrjlizc
caust'c alkalies. This may be best ac
complished by UK-ins of Well-diluted
acid drinks copiously imbibed, as a 1
vised by Stev en-on, who. I urther, is of
opinion that the prompt Use of an
emetic is never inadmissible. Vinegar
and water, lemon-juice with water, aNo
oil. are recommended by Dr. llu-sdl
under such circumstances. The oil
forms a saponaceous compound with t!i
alkali, whilst a"id drinks neutralize
the alkaline action.
Irritant poisons are divisible tinder
two heads (1) Metallic irritants; (2)
Vegetables and nninnl irritants, the
latter two being grouped together. It
would, however, appear that none of
them act purelv as irritants, as the irri
tant symptoms to wh'ch they give ri.se
are likewise usually accompanied by
well-marked action upon the nervous
system. The most serious poison of
this class is undoubtedly arsenic. Salts
of antimony, zinc and other metals con
stitute a variety of other metallic irri
tants. Of the vegetable irritant
poi-ons, elaterium. various essential
oils such as aviu, and gamboge, afford
examples. Poioning by arsenic m iv
be either acute or chronic, the
acute form being by far mo-.t common,
following criminal att"inpts on life. Its
ellect on the economy is twofold, the
most Usual being by inducing inflam
mation of the gastro-intcstinal mucous
membrane, or by lowering the heart's
action. Its effects in some instances
may be purely narcotic The first
symptoms of arsenical poisoning, ac
cording to Orlila, are sickness and faint
iipss, which arise about fifteen minutes
after bcin taken. An intense burning
pain is also felt in the .stomach, quickly
followetl by vom'tlng, increased on at
tempting to swallow.
Poisoning by arsenic is distinguished
from :ui ordinan bilious attack by the
fact that pain and sickness are not re
lelieved by vomiting, which Usually
happens in biliary derangements. A
feeble and irregular puNe, accompanied
by thirst, with clammy hands, are
prominent symptoms of ar-enical pois
oning. The immediate emplovnvnt of
emetics except tartar emetic dilu
ents and deivulcents, iias been suggested
as perhaps the most serviceable anti
doles: but no confidence .should be
placed in the so-called antidotes, ferric
livdr.ito and magnesia, unless a solution
of arsenic has been taken. In chron'c
arsenical poison'ng. most frequently
engendered accidentally, by inhalation
of arsenical vapor in factories, or by
arsenical du-t, loss of mu-cular pivver,
failure of appetite are amongst the most
prominent svmptonis manifest. Under
such circumstances, the cause which
is usually some occupation connected
with the manipulation of arsenic
should be promptly sought for and re
moved quinine, iron and change of air
Neurotic poisons mav b" divided into
a large eategorv; but in one and all the
sv mptonis produced from their admin
istrat'on chiefly attack the nervous sys
tem. Under this head are embraced
pure narcotics, s'tch as morphia,
chloral hvdrate. trychn"a hyoseyamus.
etc. Pnissie acid occupies a prominent
pVsition. as its effects and termination
are very rapid in nrogre-s, bjing one of
the most powerful of all po'sons. Diffi
culty of breathing, speedily followed bv
convulsions, the commencement of
which isannouncel by a loud shriek oc
cassionally, are manifest; .sub-equentlv,
loss of consciousness and muscular
power. Fiftcn minutes is the longest
time known to elapse between taking
this poison and its elects. In some
works it is stated that th best mod" of
treating pru ic-acid jw'soning is by the
application of cold pfl'uMons before or
after the convulsive stage has com
menced, and the. inhalation of diluted
ammonia or chlorine. Steven-on ad
vises an emetic to b" administered also.
Friction and artificial respiration have
been recommended by-heraurhorities.
Opium and its p-cparations de-erv.'
especial notice, as the greater number
of poisoning cises are due to their
action. Although the symptoms of
op"um-poieon greatly varv.yet they are
mostly usherp'l in by gidd'nss, listless
ness and drowsiness, followed by stupor,
lapsing slowly into complete insensibili
ty. Opium-pois jning is unfortunately
often occasioned bj- the indiscriminate
use of "sleeping-draughts"' and quack
nostrums. In cases of opiiim-po'son-ing.
the immediate ue of an emetic (a
tablc-poonful of mustard mixed with
tepid water) has been advocated.
The head and face should be dashed
with cold water unt'l the stupor is par
tially removed. The patient should not
be permitted to sleep, but should be
kept in continual motion. A cup of
strong hot coffee ought to be given to
him on his recov cry.
Our space will not permit of a more
minute inquiry into other varieties of
neurotic poisons; suffice it to say that
in most instances arising from the ad
ministration of any, preparation of
opium, the antidotes "above mentioned
are considered the most serviceable.
We must not omit to notice poisoning
by copper, which at times has arisen by
the employment of copper vessels fo'r
cooking purposes, whic'i never should
be employed in any household. The
first indications of copper-jioisoning are
sudden attacks of griping pains, aggra
vated by pressure, often accompanied
by sickness and a peculiar sallow aspect
of countenance. According to Ryan,
the white of csz is the best antidote fori
poisonous nreparationsbf copper. Lead-
drinking watcr.which has. remained. Jor
some iiLucan jeaoe P'peSj.or oy;cenain
of leaJisius: Gonlard- watafUkenJ
-bynistoke cause ea4:pptonlBg.4iIiSid4 i
sis of the limbs is auother well-marked
indication. Sulphate of magnes'a has
been recommended as an antidote. A
dram of sulphate of magnesia,
five drops of dilute sulphuric acid
and twenty drops of tincture of
hyosyamus" in two tablespoonfuls of
camphor-water every two hours till the
bowels are relieved, and then thrice
daily for five d.ns, is the treatment
which some consider most appropriate
under these circumstances.
In drawing this article to a close, we
desire to impress upon o'tr rciders the
vital importance, in all cases of poison
ing, of being able immediately to ad
minister the antidot ', while the med
ical man is being summoned. Many a
valuable life would undoubtedly be
saved' were the precautions before men
tioned ad ipted without a moment's
delay. Chambers' Journal.
THE MODERN DEDALUS.
Ilmv Ship are to lr IMiuvii Up In tli
Our equipment was the same as be
fore, except that halt of us carrieil a
single ten-pound bomb instead of three
five-pound on.s. We followed the shore
on the southern side of the bay as far as
Dalkey Island, which borders it in that
direction. About a mile in the oiling
were visible the lights of a large steamer,
the first of the line. We knew that the
next one lay two miles beyond her. but
from that distance we could not make
out her lights. Arrived at a point al
most directly above the vessel, I halted
my little party and explained my plans
which were exceedingly simple. One of
the men. Hearing a ten-pound tomb,
was to descend cautiously until he was
near enough to drop his burden into the
funnel, after which he was to rise up
ward again as fat as possible. The
rest were to remain in ieadines to re
peat the manoeuvre if it. should fail the
first time. The m in selected at once
began the descent, and for a few mo
ments we strained our eves through the
gloom, vainly trying to follow his move
ments. Presently a slight rattle was
heard; there was a bright (lash am? a
stunaing report. The bomb had missed
the funnel ami exploded on the deck.
For a fewseconds tliere was dead silence,
then a confusion of many voices; then
a shot was heard, a rocket whi..cd
up past us ami burst into a thousand
points of dazzling brightness, which
lighted up with noonday clearness an
area of more than a mile. In the un
earthly glaru we could plainly see our
comrade hastening upward to rejoin us.
Ik fore the intense brightness had gono
out there was a seco id report, auother
rojket came hurtling and screaming
right among us, and burst into great
bl.i.ing stars above. The ellect was in
describably magnificent, but sadly dis
concerting to our plans. We were con
fused ami dazz.led, and must have been
plainly vivble to those on board. "Scat
ter, men. seattcr!" I shouted a a third
rofket came almo-t in the track of the
second. It was plainly impossible to
remain where wo were; but in spite of
t'i- lla'iiiug. Milphurous masses that
were falling like a rain of fire around
me, I balanced myself for a moment
while I found with my plumb line a
point exactlv over the ship. Then I
loosed 1113 ten-pound shell from ils sling
and dropped it. I heard the crash of
its fall upon the deck, and a deep
mullled explosion, which told it had
broken througli and burst below. I did
not wait to see the end. but. striking olT
at my utmost speed I blew a shrill blast
on my whistle to rally my followers,
and held my course toward the next
ship. It was not easy now to make out
her exact position. Evidently aroused
by the commotion, though probably not
understanding its caue. she was throw
ing out luminous shells on the side
nearest the land. Each of these, bursting
at a lofty elevat'oti at a distance of
about half a mile from the ship, diffused
a bright light over the w.itr. by which
the smallest boat w.thin the distance of
a mile might have been distinctly seen.
The rattle of a drum beating to quarters
came across the wat-r, and it was clear
that she at least would not be caught
napping. But while within a wide cir
cle all was bright as day, the ve-sl her
self lay bevond in the darkness, now
denser than ever from the contrast.
Her lights had all been extinguished,
and the only clues to her po-ition were
the frequent flashes of her mortar and
the dull rejwrts, as shell after shell was
sent up. This was the very thing we
wanted. The darkness in which she
was shrouded was necessary to our suc
cess, w'hile the in.'ensity of vigilance
with which her crew .scanned the sur
face ot thejwater prevented any eye
being turned toward the sky. With a
low whistle I brought all my men
around me, and, in a few "words,
directed one who carried a large shell
to descend low over the vcsel, and
make quite sure tint it dropped into the
funnel. He was then to shoot away to
the dark side as quickly as possible. The
rest of us ascended to a greater height,
keeping as directly over the doomed ship
as we could in the darkness. For a
few minutes, which seemed an age
we waited, looking down. ,No grander
or more striking spectacle could be im
agined than met our gaze; the quick
flashes of the mortar, the intense blaze
of the bursting shells, the quivering
light reflected from the illuminated cir
cle of sea, and in the distance the rock
ets which the' other vessel continued to
throw up. The 'third ship was now
burning lights too, and so brightly was
the surface ot the -water displayed that
even so small an object as the head of a
swimmer mnst have been seen. But
we had not long time to admire this
brilliant d'splay. We could not follow
our comrade's movements in the dark
ness which fortunately enshrouded him j
but after some minutes of suspense a
deep thunderous sound was heard, fol
owed, after a few awful moments, bv
loud, confused " shouting. The firing
ceased; the light of the last shelf went
out like a dying lamp; and through the
darknes-''horrible' tnshing, gurgling
soad cttfte nn to our ears. "That's the
JujMflM5) JaidVne jpf Jthe merCinj
"Tl nV JfWil IlllFif rT ihmu rhatHliolll
hWifiSiii6IeinJiEer 'bottom- -Sav
THE "ENTIRE TROOP."
One of the Ailrrnturm of the Irish Brig
ade in France.
Among the adventures recorded of
the Irish Brigade while in France, ono
f the most amusing was an occurrence
in the time of the Kcgent Orleans, in
iionor of whose birthday a grand mas
querade was given in Paris. It was a
high-class affair; tickets were a double
louis d'or each. All the rauk and beau
ty of Paris was assembled around the
regent, and a luxurious supper crowned
the attractions of the night. While the
entertainment was proceeding one of
the Prince's suite approached and whis
pered to lijra:
"It is worth your royal highness' while
to step into the supper-room. 'Acre is
a yellpw domino there who is the most
extraordinary cormorant ever witnessed.
He is a prodigy, your highness. He
never stops eating and drinking, and
the attendants say, moreover, that he
has not done so for hours."
His roval highness went accordingly.
and, sure enough, there was the yellow
domino, laying about him as described,
and swallowing even thing as raven
ously as if he had "onry just begun.
Kaiseil pics fell before him like garden
paling before a field-piece; pheasants
and quail seemed to fly down his thioat
in a covey; the wine he drank threat
ened a scarcity, whatever might be the
After w atching him for some time,
the Duke acknowledged he was, a
wonder, and laughingly left the rogm;
but shortly afterward, on passing
through another, he saw the yellow
domino again, and as active at work as
ever devastating the dishes everywhere,
and emptying' the champagne bottles as
rapidly as they were brought to him.
Perfectly amazed, the Duke at last could
not restrain his curiositv.
"Who," he asked, "is that in-atialo
ogre that threatens such annihilation to
all the labors of our cooks?"
Accordingly one of the .suite was dis
patched to him.
"His royal highness the Duke of Or
leans desires the vcllow domino to un
iiask." But the domino begged to be excused,
pleading the privilege of masquerade.
"There is a higher law." replied the
iflieer. "The royal order must bo
"Well, then," answered the incog
nito, "if it must be so, it must:" ami.
unmasking, exhibited the ruddy face of
an Irish trooper. .
"Why, in the name of Polvphennis!"
xclaimed the regent, :ls he advanced
to him, 'who and what are you? I have
-ecn 3011 eat and drink enough for a
dozen men at least, and yet you seem
as empty as ever."
"Well, then," said the trooper,
"since the savcret must come out. plase
your royal highness, I am one of Clare's
Horse that's the guard of honor to
night and when our men wereordereil
out we clubbed our money to buy a
ticket, and agreed to take our turn at
"What!" exclaimed the duke, "the
whole troop coming to supper?"
"O, it's aisy, plase your highness.
Sure, one domino would do for all of
us, if aich tuk it in turn. lam only the
eighteenth man, and there's twelve
more of us to come."
The loud laughter of the jovial duke
was the response to this explanation,
followed by a louis d'or to the dragoon,
and a promise to keep his "savcret" till
the entire tioop had supped. Ez
Whom the Itn!.-in Threaten to Tnrn
Loose on Afghanistan.
Colonel lvanoflf one of the high Kus
sian officers who conducted the Khivan
campaign is still a young man, very
tall and handsome, with a fa'r com
plexion and a full thick beanL This
beard has won him the appellation of
Sara-Sakal-Tura, "The Yellow-bearded
Chief," and the natives of Turkestan
never speak of him nor address him by
any orther name, not even at official
Ivanofl" has been for twenty years in
active service in Central Asia; and it
would be hard to find a keener observer
of Oriental manners and customs than
he. His extraordinary tact, resolute
character and immpnse energy, are well
known to the natives; and it is wholly
owing to his renown that, although
having only two battalions of troops
with him. and separated bj a distance
of six weeks' journey from the nearest
Russian fortress, he feels quite at home
in the country of the Amoor-Darya, and
fears no trouble.
I have known this man since the time
of ray first trip to Central Asia; and 1
always found him the same calm and
collected, never losing his -presence of
mind in any critical situation. The
following incident affords a good ex
ample of this faculty he possesses of
keeping cool and calculating in the
midst of danger. Once, when accom
panied only by three Cossacks, an in
terpreter and a few natives (Djighites)
IvanoT found himself surrounded and
attacked by a band of at least 200
Turkomans. The Russians immediately
grouped themselves close together, back
to bae'r. and opened Are. Ivanoff had
a si-chambered revolver: he fired five
shots, and reserved the sixth, in spite
of the desperate attack of the enemy.
When reinforcements arrived, when
this handful of Russian troops was
saved, and the General, severely
wounded, had been carried to camp,
somebody ventured to ask him what he
had reserved that last shot for. "Why,
formysolf,v replied Ivanoff, very coolly.
"I kept watching to see if the " Turko
mans had lassoes. If I had felt the
touch of a lasso, the Turkomans might
have had my corpse, bnt never a living
prisoner-. y ft Tima -Democrat
Translation from Ae French.
v I While exploring "tBe -timber arbnnd
the .Lake otnelWoocb a Wip'v'pec man
loundVyoofcfc8fofcboj tViWBd ):
'1 11 ! i-iii,i ai - ii -n 1 iu. .u
Opinion of an Acknowledged KnglUh Au
thority on Knuia.
Mr. Charles Marvin, tlw acknowl
edged English authority on Russia, has
recently published a work upon the
position of the two in reference to Cen
tral Asia and especially Herat. It will
be of special interPst just now.
His youth was passed in Russia, and
he is thoroughly familiar with its people,
language and literature. He has for
years made a study of the Central
Asia question. His Russian intimacies
have enabled him to see and under
stand their view of it. His acquain
tance with Russian ollicers, engineers
and diplomats has made him familiar
with the movements and the country on
the Russian side of Afghanistan.
His acquaintance with Anglo-Indian
ollicers has done the same for him on
the Indian side of the disputed territory.
Having access to both Russian and En
glish otlicial records, he is believed to
know more of both sides of the question
than any other writer of the day.
The object of the Russian advance
upon India is not the conquest of India,
but the cripplingof England. Russia is
poor, and under a constant commercial
pressure. It believes that its only relief
lies in the occupation of Armenia and
Constantinople, thus largely increasing
its internal resources and widening
its possibilities for foreign commerce.
By taking a position on the Ind'an
frontier that will be a constant menace
to England, it believes that England
will be at last forced to acquiesce in the
Russian occupation of Constantinople,
which in reality means the conquest of
With this object in view Russia lias
been steadily moving forward to Herat.
All that it has thus far accomplished
has been done by fraud and the viola
tion of express engagements. The pre
texts that the tribes of Central Asia are
unruly and must be subdued have no
foTmdation. As a rule they arc feeble,
poverty-stricken and peaceful. At all
events Russia has pushed ou until her
armies stand in striking distance of
He holds with man Anglo-Indian
ollicers th.it the surrender of Penjdeh,
which is clearly in Afghan territory, is
to surrender Herat; and to give up
Herat is to open the way tthe invasion
of India. Between Penjdeh and IlertJ
the mountains are by no means impas
sable, nor on the other side is there any
barrier between Herat and Quetta, now
the outpost of British military opera-tion-.
Herat is therefore highly valued by
both goverments, not solely on account
of the city itself, but because of the
resources of the district around it. Its
corn and beef would feed an army ol
100,000 men, and sustain them during
an advance on India. There is no such
other camping ground between the
Caspian Sea and India.
The supposed impenetrable ranges
lying between Afghanistan and India
are discovered to be not such obstacles
to an advance as they have been sup
posed; In the Suleiman range 23S
passes for camels have been found and
sixty more in the Behuchistan Moun
tains. Herat in Russian hands would not
only intimidate the Afghans, but, in the
opinion of many English experts, make
the English hold" upon India verv
insecure. General Skofeloll'in 1882 pre
dicted that were an enemy to occupj
Herat, "the English army without hav
ing fired a shot would find Itself beaten."
Mr. Marvin thinks the Russian
means for an ddvance to Herat or India
much greater liian the English means of
defense. In addition to the railways
the Volga and its tributaries are covered
with steamers and huge barges for the
conveyance of troops; while fifty large
steamers arc available ou the Caspian
Sea. He estimates that in ninety days
the Russians could mas 100,000 "troops
in fro'it of Herat. "Russia," he says,
"could surpass any efforts of ours on the
Quetta side of India." He declares
that bad roads, fierce tribes, fearful
mountains and horrible deserts exist in
Afghanistan, but they are all oft the
direct route wh'ch the Russians are
taking to the Indian frontier.
The-e positive and startling state
.ments from an authority which is re
garded as second to none, will throw
interesting light upon the attitudes of the
two goverments. Philadelphia Press.
THE VOICE FUNCTION.
In Wittt Tart of the Human Anatomy It
Aphasia Ls a disturbance of the pewer
of .speech. It appears in two distinct
forms, viz., amnesic and ataxic aphasia.
The person suffering from amnesic
aphasia forgets substantives and name,
other parts of speeeh being proper;
used : or he forgets a language which
he once knew, or he misapplies terms,
"using pamphlet for camphor, hors
for man," etc. In ataxic aphasia tht
power of articulation is completely lost
The person understands fully the" wore
to be used, and makes vigorous effort tc
use it, but is unable to do so. Some
times articulation is half destroyed, sc
that the first part of the word can bt
spoken, but not the other. Sometime.'
automatic phrases can be uttered, suet
as 3"cs and no, while it is perfectly cleai
that these exslamations do not satisfy
the person. Another form of thii
general trouble is agraphia, or the in
ability to express ideas in writing; thi
is frequently complete, and all attempt!
at writing end in a scrawl. It is notice
able that aphasia is sometimes, though
seldom, unaccompanied by insanity.
As early as 1861 Broca, in Paris, ex
pressed the opinion that aphasia was
connected with disease in the third
frontal convolution- While a large
number of cases have been cited lor and
against this conclusion, many-pathologists
'are dispostd'-'to regard it as sub
stantially correct- It would seem just,
then,' to connect, these central functions
wbichare coaeeraed im speech wita the
peculiarly Tdevelopd npait of the
bamai. braia Itiut'lierf on Hie anterior
Wd lower lfairitflta5slTMa ifftire.'
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
At tho recent conference of the
Jewish ministers in New York City, it
was reported that the Jewish syna
gogues are increasing every year.
Rhode Island occupies only one
thousand square miles of territory, but
it has about nine hundred schools, with
about eighty per cent, of the children of
school age in them.
Fifty-six new Baptist Sunday
schools were organized iu North Caro
lina during the year lSSl, m tnyof them
in communities where no other religions
services whatsoever are held. Ar. Y.
A clergyman in Bo'to-i a man
well versed in the Bible, devout, earnest,
a goo 1 worker and a fa'r preacher :
a suttled pastor over a church which
pays him only $12 a week, and that is
his whole salary. BoHjii Traveller.
Mortimer F. Reynolds, of Roches
ter, N. Y., has given 523,00) to the Uni
versity of Rochester for a chemical Ial
oratory, as a memorial of his brother,
William A. Reynolds, who was a mem
ber of the Board of Trustees.
The University ot Virginia recently
ded'cited an ob'crv.itory and telescope,
presented by Leander J. McConnick, of
Chicago, sta cost of 87.5,00'J. The ob
servatory has an endowment of -"JoO.-O.XLone-half
of which was given by W.
II. Vanderbilt. 'Jhiciyo Time.
A few weeks ago Solemn High
Mass was celebrated in Copenhagen for
the first time since tlte Reformation.
The occasion was the twenty-fifth anni
versary of the priesthood of Rev. John
Euch. Apostolic Prefect in Copenhagen.
Complete religious toleration now exists
Dr. Moorehouse, Bishop of Mel
bourne, has refuses to order prayers for
rain in his diocese. His lordship gives
as his reason that, before complaining,
people should do something themselves
towards storing up the superfluity in the
wet season against the drouth.
The Japanese Commissioner at the
World's Exposition in New Orleans re
ports that there are now in his country
seventy-eight normal schools, 2'J,2of
grammar, intermediate and high schools
with.an attendance of .',017,(WS pup.l-
Chinese, Japanese and English are
taught. In order to increase the dign"
ty of teachers in the eyes of the people,
the Government has conferred upon
them title.s and official positions.
There is a religious life in most
English families. It is a matter taken
for granted. Family worship is ob
served in the vast majority of the fami
lies. Among the upper classes domes
tic religious observance is looked ujion
as a part of the well ordering- of the
louschold. It is not a subject of which
children light shy in any way. 1'hc
children are asked to sav grace at the
table Iwys and girls alike except when
gue-ts are present. Children are taken
to church at a very early age, and grow
up accustomed to church attendance.
The institutions and ordinances of re
legion are held in profound respect.
The clergy are honored and hohI a dis
tinct place in the regard and even af
fections of the family. Robert Laird
The lazy fellow who emigrates to
escape hard times carries his hard times
with him. Christian Advocate.
A Connecticut cow swallowed 200
Inir-pins the other day without injury.
What became of the young lady is not
stated. I'h iladclph i'i Call.
A 3'oung man sent twelve stamps
to an advertiser to learn "how to make
money fast," and was advised in reply
to glue a five-dollar bill to the bottom
of his trunk. Troi Times.
You may have seen a young man
on one side of a gate and a maiden on
the other side. Why thpy talk so long
is because a great deal can be said on
A Boston tailor stamps his bill
heads with a picture of the forget-me-not.
He should substitute the golden
rod, the significance of which is "Down
with the dust." X Y. Journal.
A woman who has taken in sewing
for a couple of years to support a lar.y
and drunken husband tavs it is surpris
ing that the Board of Ilealth has not
hail her indicted for "maintaining a
nuisance." Xorris'.oum Herald.
"Diamonds found in a dream" Is
the head-line in a cotemporary. If this
story can be authenticated its author
can realize a handsome sum by disclos
ing what ho ate before he went to bed
.V. Y. flrnph'c.
It is stated that out of one hundred
men who parade in a brass band at least
forty are dummies and only pretend to
play. It will be seen that b mds are
more considerate than is generally sup
posed. Philadelphia Ci I.
A new York circus is advertising
for the second year a sacred white
elephant An anim il that can keep the
company of circus men for a year and
remain sacred must certainly be a
curiosity worth stealing under the tent
to see. Yonkcrs Statesman.
"Here, Jenks, that watch you
traded me two weeks ago and warranted
to be a good horse-timer won't keep any
time at all. It won't go more'n half the
time." "Well, I told you it was a first
class stop-watch ." Chicago Herald.
An Illinois doctor thinks 'he has
found a sure cure for rheumatism in
geranium leaves. Perhaps he argues
on the principle that like cures like; for
spooning over geraniums in the garden
after dark during the "summer is a
favorite way of catching the disease
'with many susceptible young persons.
I neber wastes my time in wnshin
dat I wuz like de man whut am greater
an er way up yander. I doan kere how
high de buzzard flyway up 'mong de
clouds he's got ter come down arter
er while an' be jis ez low ez a bird what
coaldn fly ha'f so high. Arkansaw
"I see," said a passenger from
dawaEast. "taat-taa Central A-nericaa
iojnrgeats have barnedTJolon. That is
ute eaa 01 me rronoie. - - "now ao von
know , it ,s.'.'-Wlir; they woaWa.'t
iwipVoat thaJColoa. .would they? there
j-an off the,;
PERSONAL AND -HWFgrfOWMj
The late Thaddetss Stevens xtent
passed a pin without picking it,uju ,
At a recent election for town affl"
ccrs in Smithtown, L. L, there wen
five Smiths on the Republican ticket.
The richest man in Portlawl, Ore.,
began life by buyinjr a- eaUssia am
credit, tanning it, and selling it for tea
The son of the slain Barrios, who
has been a student in 'West Point, goes,
to his Guatemala 'home to avenge the
death of bis father. A. Y. Herald. '
Miss Fanny Wills, who 'lives on a
farm near St. Thomas, Pa., has feet
eighteen inches long. She is emly
twenty-two years. old.-iB&68r77fti&C
Calvin Bright, wbo'dled in Spartan-
burg County, South Carolina, the-other
day, was a lunatic, and had been con
fined by his "family in a small cabin
President James Buchanan's houso
at Lancaster, Pa.; has been kept in al
most exactly the same condition in
which it was" left by him at the time of
his death. Philadelphia Press.
Miss Maggie Mitchell has produced "
in Boston, at the Park Theater, a new
play written for her by Mr. Fred Wil
liams, entitled "Maggie, the Midget"
It was well received. Boston Herald.
Miss Addie Kurtz is the Deputy
Sheriff of Franklin County, Pa, and
she recently escorted seven male pris
oners from the county jail to the peni
tentiary at Philadelphia. Philadelphia
It is not generally known that C.
P. Huntington, the railroad magnate,
can enter a car at Newport News, Va
on the Atlantic coast, and ride all tho
way to San Francisco, on the Pacific,
on his own rails.
Among the bridal gifts at a wed
ding inMiddleton, N. Y., recently, was
a tidy made of silk and antique lace,
the former being part" of a dress worn
at a party given in honor of Washing
ton, at New London, Conn.
Jay Gould has twenty-seven tele-
graph instruments in his office. Sitting
at his desk he can be put in communi
cation with any place that is reached!"
by a wire of the Western Union Tele
graph Company. Therefore the man- -. S v
V;ia ml un fiujjuiuua iiiu ammo
accessible, no matter where they may
be. N. Y. Mail. . . f
The.Iate Sir Harry Parkes, British v"i,3
Minister at rckin, was once in ins cariw"
days arrested and condemned to deat
dv ine untnese. 110 snoweu no icar,!-
but merely said: "Very well; bnt when'
yon hiT, -J off my head' the Quccn.-
will senatcny soldiers as there are,
hairs ,on nrm JjG avenge my death-"
He was put ia"-n.tgil nts 5JJJJ
1 ne piace 01 execution, anu iv!L
lowed to escape.
Ex-United States Senator Nesmit
of Oregon, after about mix months' con
finement in an insane asylum as a hope
less patient, is now reported to bo-regaining
health, with good prospect of
entire recovery. He used to livu on
a huge and productive wheat farm on
the Willamette, and on several occa
sions when his neighbors were in dis
tress through loss of their crops ho iu-
vited them to come and fill their wag-
ons at his overflowing granaries with- J 5
out money and without price. San j 1
.A' I li'ltli" V V'W V --
"A LITTLE NONSENSE."
There is a lady inlndiana who con--"
fesses that she was hern in 1773. "'Th
true date of her birth' is 'doubtless to,
be found somewhere in 169. Detroit
Hotel Waiter "Hete's -your beef
steak with egf;, sir!" Traveler "I
see the egp. but where's the steak?'
Waiter "It's under the egg, girl"
A beginner in Latin was asked to
translate a sentence which, properly
rendered, would have read, 'Honoy
redolent of age." But he preferred thp
freer translation, "This honey smells
like time." Harper's Bazar.
"Yes, sir," said the entomologist
"I can tame flies so that when I whistlo
they will come and alight on my hand."
"Pshaw!" said the bald-headed man,
"that's nothing. "They come and'alight
on my head without my whistling."
The entomologist sat down. Somcr
Little girl on'a visisjtoJSt. Loetsf
"Oh. mamma. I think this" twirt be
heaven." "Do yon, pet? Why?"
"Don't you see, mamma, all the laaes"
and gentlemen have wings; but they
are on the sides of their heads instead -of
their backs." "Hush, darling, those
are not wings." Boston Post.
"What is your business?" tho .
Judge asked a drunken tramp who whs
brought up on Saturday. "Well, I've .
been in an office, ""was the answer. "Why
don't you try and get into an oflJ'co.
again then instead of tramping around
the country?" "Becauso LJiaven't thflr
necessary "tools," said the tramp.
Chicago Tribune. "
Mr. Simpkins of the Bugle was
down in the mouth yesterday a very
unusual thing for him. "What's" the -matter,
Simpkins?" asked the city
editor. "Boss been rakingyou down?
"Yes; says I don't know nothing."
"Hl ,nn nvthinc- to sav lor VOMT-v-'. i'
sell?" "I asked hint how the dece-
he could telL" Boston Tosf. ? ' iJ&i
The Supreme Court of Pcnl-spn,
vania has decided that unless" persa-jl.4.-?
look both ways in crossing- a rallreasK 4
track they can not obtain damageyJs, "
injuries luoy way "." nwr -
cross-eyed people a eeMedadvatafgv;-:;
over tnose wno casee.strag(, ajav
iAm mnuim iiiTlfn ill ri'lhti aaflfliflS 1 " -&i J
of being cross-eyed. Life htwaPciu
compensM,iiOBa.Jo$lonJ7ourUr "--. -J
Whv' did William Belloe? 'WImW 2
can Bliss Eliza Cook? Whom did Jafc- ,
Crown? What creek did -JohaJbrd?.
Whv was John Gav?5al"whaOia:1 -V-J
was John Homef Why, 4JdJfw0Z j
MoweJJr fray an aienm jJwinitrjAv
A coa or-",M"twrr,
ww 'aid 'JooMh sTraao? JiH
wnrmyv. !??rg : -?ij