Newspaper Page Text
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VOL. I. NO. 13.
COLBY, THOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JUNE 4, 1885.
$1.50 PER TEAR.
S'j'SSit JS-fe5r- . '. rr:
fHE BLUEBIRD'S SONG.
Tlio MucMnl nz. III trill of hopo
f nines imi'Injf iWnvn on snow loe
To .i: ( lieor up; cliff r tip; 'tis sitting:.
1 licjr hi-rgrci tins on irij vni."
Oooil liyc to Kintf r, tcrn iiii'l coM;
Cood-Iijo tosorrons. new and oM:
AVclcitnip to hope anil warmth anil oliecr.
The lilucliinl sjiirs and sprinj? ia here.
How soon eueh frost-lioum! Held and -n-ood
will Jiear his jirophecy of pood.
Jftiw lmds mm .wrll, now .ii mnj- llotr,
.Ami lmppy lirooksiuay -eawnrd ?"
.A thousand thoii-iind iIocinir things
AVjiKen when llr-t the lilneMrd s!n(,",
jnd 'nrnth the sheltering turf Ijejjin
N itli joj their rainbow-robes to spin.
What hear I in this clear refrain?
The phiddenins; Found of April rain.
The How or nuw-, the hum of bees.
The so'lp or the woodland trees.
I r-littt my ejeMUid listen. Lol
r-iiiili!ni aloe and bloom below.
- .No winds to cx. no rime to w ronjf
A world of beaut j- and of ont?.
A prophet' oke. -o wi t, -o strong.
Thousli wait the jjlad fiiliillment tons',
Hope, e er tru-ttul, trust anew
Ami holds the ble--ed promise true.
The sun N hid. The cloud hang- low
With Milieu threat- ofclnttiiiif sr.ow-.
And in the IriilW-ss Imiijrhs 1 hear
The Xorth Wind tumid his bugle clear.
lii t nee I'e heard the bluebird Mng,
No matter what the dry may lirniff:
Thewmtrj winds iiiiij wake or sleep.
My heart with Spring her tr st will keep.
jMtlUi Clmh, in Clnciujo Curtail.
JtEAL LIVE COWEOYS.
On tho Drive, in tho Camp and at
Jfcn Who Dally Itisk Life and I.linli In
the Performance of Duty CowIkijh
Graduates or Colleges Smile
"Do I know the cowboys? Young
man. I think I do. When 3011 have
woikod with them, camped with them,
and been among Uirm forbears on the
:rio, on the plaint, and on and oh"
duty, you might say you know them."
The .speaker was Henry Kxall. a
Texas cattleman, who has been .spend
ing several d.i3 in the city at the
Seventh Avenue Hotel.
'The Te.as cowboy," he continued,
"is the 1110-t thoroughly misunderstood
man, outride of the localities where he
is known, on the face of the earth. 1
know him in all his alleged terrors, and
as a class there ate no nobler-hearted
or honorable men in the world. Urate
to rashness and generous to a fault, if
3 on .should be thrown among them you
would lind them cer ready to share
their last crust with 011, orlie down at
night with you on the same blanket.
"Why, joiing man. see here," and
the Texas man twitched hs chair
around until he could put his foot upon
a window s'll. "Say that I have 10,000
cattle which I am about to send oer
land from Texas into Montana to fatten
for the market. Those cattle will be on
the drite from the 1st of April until the
middle of September. They are diidcd
into three herds, with adoen orsixteen
men with each herd. I entrust those
cattle in the ham's of a gang of cow
boy. Tor six months I know absolutely
nothing of my stock. 1 trust their hon
cst to the extent of many thousands of
dollars without a contract, without a
bond, with no earthh hold upon them
legally or tnoralh beond the fact that
1 am pating them &?." or .I0 a month
to protect tin interests. And these are
the men pictiued in the East as outcasts,
of eiviliafon. I tuist absolutely to
their judgment in getting those cattle
thtough a wild and unbroken country
without lo-s or injury. 1 trust as abso
lutely to their braterv and endurance
in the face of danger.'
"Danger! Ye, indeed. A man to
be-a cowboy must be a brae man. Tor
instance, we are on a drive. These
slab-sided, long-horned Texas cattle are
a wild as deer nat 111 ally, and. being
in an unknown countn, are as nenoiis
and as timid as sheep. The slightest
liui-p may .startle them into a stampede.
AVe hae been on the drive all day and
night is coming on. It is eohl and
raining. AVe have reached the point
wheic we intend to round up for the
night. The men commence to ride
around the droc, sinsrinir, shouting.
and whistling to encourage the animals
by the sounds they are familiar
with, and to drown any noise of an un
usual character which might provoke a
stampede. Kound and round the cattle
they ride until the whole drove is trav
eling in a circle. Slowly the cowboys
close in on them, still shouting and
singing, until finally tho cattle become
ipiiet, and after a time lie down and
commence chewing their cuds w th ap
parent contentment. A .stampede of
Kittle is a terrible thing to the cowboys,
and may be brought on by the most
trivial cause. The slightest noise of an
unusual nature, the barkingof acotote,
the snapof a p'stol, the crackling "of a
twig will bring some wild-eyed steer to
his feet in terror. Another instant and
the whole droic are panting and bel
lowing in the wildest fear. They arc
ready to follow the lead of any animal
that makes a break. Thenthe cool
ness and self-possession of the cowboy
is called into play. They still continue
their wild galloparoundthe frightened
drove, endeavoring to reassuto them,
and quiet them once more. May be
they will succeed after an hour or two,
and the -aniiualg will again be at rest.
But the chances are that the-can not be
quieted so easily. A break is made in
some direction." Here comes the hero
ism of the cowboy. These cattle are as
blind and unreasoning in their fright as
a pair of runaway horses. They
know no danger but from behind, anil
if they did they could not stop for
the surging sea of maddened animals
in the rear. A rocky gorge or a deep
cut canon may cause the loss of half
their number." Those in the rear can
not see the danger, and the leaders an
not stop for those behind, and are
pushed on to their death. A precipice
may lie-in their way over which they
.plungeio destruction. It matters not
' to 'the cowboy. If the, stampede is
made. the. Captain of the drore and his
men ride until thov head it, and then
a horsc.s foot, a stumble"' and the hoofs
of three thousand cattle have trampled
the semblance of humanity from him.
He kndws th's. A gulch or gorge lies in
their path. There is no escaping it.
There is no turning to the right or left,
and in an instant horse and rider re at
the bottom, buried under a thousand
cattle. But what of it? It is only a
cowboy, and they come cheap. But
history records no instance of more un
questioning performance of duty in the
presence of tlanger than thec men un
dergo on every drive. Should the
stampede be stopped there is no rest for
the drivers that night, but the utmost
vigilance is required to prevent a re
currence of the break from the fright
ened cattle. This may happen hun
dreds of times on a single drive.
"I rennnember one instance, which,
from the friendship in which I held
the xictim, has made a lasting im
pression on me. Two brothers were
together on the drive. Both men had
been educated in an Eastern col
lege, but for some teason had drifted to
the cattle plains of Texas and had be
come cowboys. The elder was the
captain of the drive. Sitting about the
camp-lire one night, the younger was
d sheartcned about something and final
ly said: "Charlie, let's throw up this
drive. I doift want to go. I feel that
one or the other of us will never go
back. lam ashamed cf this, but I can
not shake it off.' His brother was im
pressed by his seriousness, but could only
say, 'George, here aie. '1,000 cattle in un
charge. I could not leave them if I
knew that I would be killed to-morrow.'
A stampede!' cried one of the men.
In an instant they were all at their
animals, saddles were adjusted and
aw ay they went. The Captain gained
the head of the drive and had succeeded
in tinning them a little when his horse
stumbled. In another instant horse
and rider could hardly have been dis
tinguished from one another. So 3 on
see there is some responsibility upon the
"These wild cattle away from home
are as variable as the wind, and when
frightened are as irresistible as an ava
lanche. The slightest thing stampedes
them. For instance: AVe hav e rounded
up the drive and the cattle are lying
down. I am one of the men detailed to
ride around them. Finding them all
(ptiet I get oft" my horse to light nry
pipe. Relieved of my burden, the horse
rests himself at a stake. The whole
drove is on their feet in an instant
listening to discover fiom what quatter
the noi-c came. No one can foresee
which way they will make the break,
and only the utmost self-possession and
good judgment on the part of the men
on duty will prevent a general stam
pede. That is the elas of men eow
bovs are made of, and I never knew of
many instances where they failed to do
The enthusiastic Texan had now
wai med tin to this subject, and when
asked: "Where are the cowboys re
cruited from?" repl'cd:
"From all parts of the world. Some
from the plains, where their to.vs in in
fancy are the miniature lariat and a
shotgun. Some f 10m Mexico, with
many of their half Indian character
istics, and many from the East. I
know a do.en college graduates who
cowbos, and have become so infatu
ated with the life that I suppose they
will never leave it until the final grand
Theie is another interesting period in
the life of a cowboy," continued Mr.
Exall, "and that is in the spring round
up. In the fall the cat'Ie stray away,
and in working away from the storms
they sometimes gel away 100 miles or
so. Each cattle owner has his own
particular brawl on his cattle. A Yell,
the ranchmen in some natural division
of the country w:ll organi.e a grand
round-up in the spring. The cowiovs
will drive the cattle all in together in
one big dinrc. Then the Captain of the
round-up will direct the owner of Uanch
A to 'cut' out his cattle. One of A's
most experienced men will then ride
into the drove until he sights an animal
with A's brand on. l)efil- he will drive
the animal to the outer edge of the herd,
and then with a quick dash runs the
beast out away from the drove and it is
taken in charge of by others of A's
ranchmen, while the cutter goes back
after another. After some fifteen or
twenty minutes A's cutter will be taken
oft" and 1 given a chance. This will
be continued until each ranch has its
cattle cut out. If any cattle are found
without a brand they are killed for the
use of the men on the round-up. This
cutting1 is a work requiring great skill
and experience, and ftequently requires
the use of the lariat. Often cattle with
a strange brand are found. If anyone
recogni.cs the brand, ranchmen living
nearest the owner take charge of it and
notify the owner. If no one recognizes
the brand the Captain of the round-up
advertises it, anil if no owner is found,
it is sold at auction for the benefit of the
"These things will go to show the re
sponsibilities resting upon these men.
They have to be men of integrity and re
liability, and their labors are such that
you can readily sec they can not be very
d'ssipated. l"w ill tell you how they get
the reputation for recklessness. AVe
will suppose these men have been on a
drive for six months, anil have finished
and been paid off. Then they arc just
like any other body of men, they go in
for some fun, ami on their lark ride
yelling through the streets of some lit
tle town, shoot' few lamps out or get
into a saloon row. It is no more than
a band of college boy at Harvard, or
"Cornell, or Princeton" might do, and
frequently do, but some imaginative
correspondent immediately sends it to
some Eastern paper, where it comes
out headed "Another Cowboy Outrage,"
and giving a wholly fictitious account
of the battle between the outlaws and
the citizens. Now, I know hundreds of
cowboys who never carry arevolvef.
and if" you should go among them to
day your life and your pocketbook
would be as safe as it is in the city.
The$ have strict ideas of honor and
they stand upon their honor. You won t
find any of them who would be safe to
impose upon, nor will yon find any of
mem wno win auempt to impose on you.-1
They are off duty, a lot of big-hearted,
who rob trains or hold up people cross
ing the plains, and 1 believe that, taken
for all hi all. the American cowboy
will compare favorably in morals and
manliness with any similar number of
citizen, taken as a class. I'iltsbvrgh
Some .Sensible Advice to a Uoy Proper
Self-esteem is a good thing, my boy,
but 3 011 don't want too much of it
enough of aiiv thing is enough, and no
matter how good a thing is, too nitid
is more than 3011 need, and self-esteem
is no exception to the rule.
It is all well enough for a man to
hold his head up, and step around with
an air of considerable importance, if he
is really doing atn gooil to the world
by living in it. But if he has never
done anv thing to be proud of, or any
thing to win the esteem of others, lie
shows a want of sense in being too
ptoud of himself. Of course, a man
wants to possess -elf-confidence, and he
wants to think that he is just as good as
anvbody, but he don't need to think
that the welfare of mankind hinges on
his action, or that the world rests on
Iiis. shoulder. That is too much of a
responsibilit3' for anv- one man to as
sume, and besides other people would
want a savin the matter, and every
thing miht not go on peaceably.
AVliile it is all well enough for a man
to have a good opinion of himself, and
feel that he is able to go it alone, he
should be careful not to go too far.
Self-esteem is like mince pic, all right
in moderate quantities, but seven or
eight slices is all one should indulge in
at a time. A man has to assume an air
of some importance in this worltl to get
along, but the trouble is-, too manj slop
This is a big world, n- boy, and no
man is iniperativeh- necessary to its
success. Presidents, Kings and school
directors 11133- die, but still the old
vvonu goes round, uorernors 111.13- rt-'-sign,
road-overseers 111:13- move awav
but the great mass of mankind never
stop to weep. Mary AValker, Yseult
Dudley, Ben Butler" and other noted
men 11133 I):l awaj-, but the old world
will still swing around the circle as
though nothing had happened. When
3-011 and I pass o(T this stage of action,
my bo there will be several people,
pcrnaps, wno win not miss us.
The man w ho has self confidence, and
who starts out in life confident of his
ability to perfoim great deeds, and who
has the nerve to try, and keep trying,
will eventually succeed. But before he
achieves success he is apt to get a great
deal of self-conceit knocked out of him.
There are jouug men who have an idea
that the world is very much in need of
their services, and grand positions are
standing open just read3- for them to
step right in, and that all they will
have to do will be to reach fortb. and
grasp great fame, honor and riches atone
fell swoop. But in the coui.se of time
they ate prett3' sure to wake up to the
cold knowledge that things are not so.
Many avouug man. 1113- boy. has an
idea that the eves of the world are fixed
admiringly on him, when in leality his
neighbors are keeping a lookout to" pre
vent his getting in debt to them. Many
a woman imagines the vy es of her sev
are gazing with envy o"n her beauty,
when in truth they are only looking at
tl.e mole on her nose. Mankind is
queer, 1113- bov and appearances are de
ceiving. When 3011 think people are
applauding 3 oar wisdom the3-11133- '.v
be giving 3 on tallv and laughing at 3 our
Don't bank too much on vour self-
importance. Remember that the digni
fied citizen is just as liable as anv othei
to slip up on the banana-pojl. and that
a dog with a can tied to his tail is just
as apt to run between the legs of the
most pompous individual as anv-. Have
faith in vourself, and have confidence
and self-pride, but at the same time
keep a lookout for sharpers. Remember
that there are plenty of other men who
know as much as 3-011 do, and some of
them 111:13- know more.
It is not well to dcbitc in 3onr mind
whether or not 3011 will accept a seat in
Congress, when 3011 do not know that
3 ou could secure a nomination for jus
tice of the peace. If vo;t do 3011 are
liable to be disappointed. And th's
reminds us that much of our disappoint
ment comes of our expecting too much
The world is full of jonng men who
rate themselves at about four hundred
cents on the dollar, when thc3" arc not
actually worth over ten cents on tin
dollar. Such men have got to come to
a knowledge of their true worth, and ii
takes them a long tine to do it They
have to be knocked down a great many
times before they ill stav-down There
are men who feel very important, and
who seem to believe that the world
swa3's at their command, who attract
attention by the aroma of their feet and
the smell of their breath.
M3- bo3 remembjr that this is a big
world, and that spread 3-oursclf as 3 ou
will gain all the name and fame pos
sible reach as far to the front as 3-011
can, and still 3-011 have succeeded" in
attracting the attention of but few.
And when 3011 die millions of eves will
never shed a tear, and millions of
tongues w'-ll never speak 3-our name.
Your children will quarrel over 30111
wealth, the lawyers will gobble it,"and
the world will soon forget 3011. Thonui;
1 Monfort, in i'cevr's Sun.
The Bible in Olden Times.
In 1274 a Bible sold for 50 marks
33 Gs. and 8d. The price of wheat Was
3s. and 4d. a quarter, a laborer's wage 5
halfpence a day, and a harvestman's 2d.
So that the value of tfie Bible sold for
50 marks was equal to the value of 20C
quarters of wheat or the p.13- of 4,000
harvesters for one dav In 1429 a cop3
of AA'yclifle's Xew "Testament was 4
marks and 40 d. 2 16s. and 8d. Ir
1433 the sum of 66 13s. was paid foi
transcribing a copy 01 Jne works o
Nicholas de Lyra, which was chained
In the library ot tlieUrav tnars. 'Jin
Rrice of wheat at that time was 5s. ant
THE ART OF THE BAKER.
An Improvement in the McthmU or .tl.ik
iiiff C'.iIcp The I.iti-it Xteltie4.
Fine cake-makiug is not a secret, but
it is manifestly an art The regulation
old-time pound-cake, and jumbles are
still to be seen, but U1C3- no longer hold
the palm. Even the delicious sponge
cake, so delightful in childhood's mem
ory, now takes a modest back seat be
fore the appearance of the multitude of
other light, feathery loaves and layer
"Wc sell on an avera
worth of cake each month," said a
3-oung lad3- behind the small counter of
a place where genuine domestic com
pounds in the way of bread, cake, pre
serves, etc., arc oUtred for sale. "The
demand is aBoul'erpiarforUellC-iftc loaf
cakes and la3'er cakes. AVe have some
call for old-fashioned fruit cke, but
there are several fruit cakes made now
much lighter and less indigestible that
really taste nicer, too, and they seem to
be preferred: AVe keep that old-time
stand-by, pound cake, on hand alw:iys,
too. Laj-er cakes are filled with every
thing jellies, chocolate, nuts, creams,
and fruit. A favorite cake is the one
made with English walnuts. A new
cake is called 'walnut cream.' the flavor
being in the filling. Another new cake
is 'pineapple.' The canned fruit is used,
being chopped line and mixed with
frosting for the filling. 'Pinafore' cake
is made with alternate 133 ers of pink
and white icing, the pink being given
its tint 113- using a few drops of the fruit
coloring that can be bought at 3113- gro
cer's. 'Dolly Vanlen' cake is the same
thing except that instead of pure white
icing chocolate is mixed with it. The
lighter and more delicate cake can be
made the better it is liked. Conse
quently the greas3' loaves, heavy with
good butter, which our mothers were
taught to consider the proper tempta
tion to place before company, no longer
have an existence. The cake made
now is mostly harmless to the most delicate-
organized stomachs, but it's aw
fully expensive to make.
"But few ornamented cakes arc used
by Americans except on some pro
nounced festal occasion like a wedding,
and not alvvw-s then. The Germans
make (he most use of ornamental cakes,
but the cake is xerv light. Some of the
ornaments designed to make the tops
of cakes glorious are indeed of fearful
and wonderful construction I saw a
lot the other day four or live hundred.
There were those not, more than an
inch high, anil some queer coiistruc
t'ons at least three feet tall. One had
the form of the trunk of a palm tree
given it, with an immense, bushy head
composed of trailing rose vines, with sil
ver leaves and orange buds. Beneath
it stood a winged figure arnivcd
in a cloak a la Hamlet and engaged
in the act of hurling forth a crown of
thorns. It was a touching matrimonial
svmhoI. Then there were hands clasp
ing hands, some tinted flesh color, with
the most miiaculous culi"s and frills
about the wrists. Of course there were
marriage-bells and horse-shoes without
number and ot considerable price.
There were brides whoso candy heads
and sugar features were shaded by little
veils. Think of a bride standing on a
cake! But more elfectiv e than the bride
alone were the representatives of the
bride and bridegroom: he was clothed
in the prescribed full dress black suit,
with gloves, 3nd shirt-front as immacu
late as the confectioner's art could
manufacture for him from sweet stuffs.
"The German people sometimes use
colored flowers on cakes for special oc
casions, but not for weddings. Many
Americans, however, consider cakes
ornamented in anv way suggestive of
being a thing to gac upon and not to
eat, m very bad taste, and seldom Use
them. It is gcncralh" understood, even
by the bin ers of these decorated loaves,
that being for ornamentat'ou thc3 are
of inferior quality. Chicago people biry
a large quantitv of nice cake, and we
could sell far more than we do if we
had stores in different sections of the
city. It is a field of enterprise open to
anv woman who knows how to bake
skillfully, and I'm sure 1 don't know why
more do not venture upon it." Chi
cago Xeivs. '
A Central ATriran Cm to 111 Which is Xot
Considered :in Indignity.
Most people consider it one of the
worst of indignities to be spit upon, and"
3"ct, according to Mr. Thomson, spitting
has a very different signification with
rhe Masai of Central Africa from that
which is given to it elsewhere. Willi
the Masai it expresses the greatest good
will and tiiu best of wishes.
"It takes the place of the compliments
of the season, and j-ou had better spit
upon a damsel than kiss her. You spit
when 3011 meet, and 3-011 do the same on
leaving. You scrA your bargain in a
similar manner. As f was a h bon (med
icine man) of the first water, the Masai
flocked to me as devotees would do to
springs of healing virtue, and with the
aid of occasional draughts of water 1
was equal to the demand!
"The more copiouslv- I spat upon
them, the greater w.as their delight; and
with pride thev would relate to their
friends how the white medicine-man
honored them, and would point with the
greatest satisfaction to the ocular proof
of the agreeable fact. It was certainly
rather drying work for me when I had
a large number to operate upon, and I
required the aid of bullets and stones in
my mouth to stimulate the production
of the prec'ous fluid.
"However, their simple faith in the
efficacy of it made me suppress my feel
ings, and give them pleasure. How
could I, for instance, resist the upturned
face of a Masai maid: and what better
reward could I have than her delighted
and grateful glance when I expectorated
upon the little snub nose so eagerly pre
sented ?" IbntA's Companion.
A wealthy and well-known manu
facturer of Paterson, N. J., was arrested
in New York City the other evening 01.
a charge of drunkenness. He offered to
NO FLAT-IRONS IN CHINA.
ITow the Chinaman Took to the Laundry
Mam- people believe that the average
Chinaman of New .York comes over
from the Flowery Kingdom an adept
laundnman. Nothing is more opposed
to the truth. In China there are no
cuffs, collars or shirt-bosoms whatever.
Ironing is an unknown art. Bleaching
is effected b3 leaving the cotton, linen
or siik in the sunshine. A Hat-iron,
therefore, is in China a rara avis. As
1 na"''mg is a pin eh- phvsical labor, in
volving no intelligence wnaiever, me
social status of a laundrvman in the
Middle Kingdom is the lowest possible.
His pa3' there averages about ten cents
a day. In the United States this con
dition of affairs is reversed ; laundry
work is a fine art. and the pay seldom
falls below $15 a week. Tlicorigin of
the Chinese laundty in America is quite
odd. AVhcn gold" was discovered in
California the news spread all over the
world, and in due time reached China.
As told b3' gossips and as published in
the newspapers and magazines of that
land, there was far across the ocean a
countr3r in which the mountains were
solid gold, and in which the
poorest laborer could easily earn
twenty taels ($28) a d:n-. This
news to a populace whos'c daily
toil brought in from eight to thirty
cents a daj- was a revelation. All who
could beg or borrow the necessary cash
set sail for the ("-olden Gifj. Upon
this came the contracts from the rail
road builders of the West. They could
not obtaiti American laborers for less
than $! a da-; but tiny could bring
over unlimited numbers" of Chinese for
almost aiy price. Mongolians have
been impoi ted from Hong Kong and
Canton time and again for $12 a month
and board. This movement culmi
nated in the building of the Union and
Central Pacific These c mplovvd over
10,000 Chinamen. For several 3 ears
mining and railroad construction "gave
employment to the multitudes of Mon
gols who flocked to these shores. They
all did well and their letters to their
homes, and more especially their con
tinual remittances served to increase
the desire to emigrate to the United
States. Then came a sudden change.
Mines and mining became unpopular
and to a certain extent unprofitable.
Railroad construction dropped off sev
enth -live percent. As a result tens of
thou-ands of Chinese were thrown out
of emplovnient. In a strange land,
eontronied ly a language and customs
whose genius was diametrically opposed
to tneir own, tuey wete wituon: warn
ing thrown on their own resources.
Man- adapted themselves to their new
surroundings and b'-c.imc cooks.nurscs,
domestics, street-sweepers and express
men. The majority, however, became
laundnmen, AVah Lung, of San Fran
cisco, noticed in 18.J2 that all Ameri
cans who had monev- wore white
staiched linen and paid enormous
prices to washerwoman for washing
and ironing. He opened up a laundry
in consequence, and by charging lower
rates than his competitors succeeded in
building up a large and lemunerative
business. His friends and relatives
soon followed his example and cnjoed
a similar success.
GRANT'S LOVE FOR HORSES.
Ills Skill as a llnri-h.ick Kider AVliile a
Hoy Still Iteinembercd.
Grant's love for horses is a matter of
hist on-. He was a fine horseback rider
as a bov- at his little countn- home in
Georgetown, O., through which he
loved to ride standing on his bare feet
on a sheepskin tied to the back of his
horse. The onby thing he realhr ex
celled in at AA'est Point was his riding.
He was the most daring rider of the
school, and in jumping the bar the olli
cers who were accustomed to hold the
bar over which the horses were to go as
low as their waists for the others, put if
up even with and above their heads
when it was Grant's turn to jump. He
-aved his life in Mexico by his riding
abilities by throwing himself at the side
instead of staving on the back of his
hor-e, and when he was in the AVhite
House Ids horses were the wonder of
Grant's Arabian' horses are, I think,
on General Real's farm, ne:ir AVashing
ton. They were given him by the Sul
tan while he was in Turkey; in 1S78.
The Sultan had taken him over his pal
aces and grounds, and finished up with
his stables. He had his attendants show
oft' his finest horses-, and asked Grant
to pick out the finest for himself, telling
him he would make him a present of it.
Grant at first was reluctant to accept
so valuable a present, but one of the
Sultan's officers interposed, telling him
he would offend His Majesty b- a refu
sal. He then selected a "dapple-gray
Arabian steed, and the Sultan formally
presented it to him. The Sultan after
ward sent it to him at New York, adding
to his present another Arabian as black
as jet, and as magnificent in form as
the one Grant had chosen. The two
horses arrived in New York in the latter
part' of the following "ear, and sporting
men admired them greath. The3-wero
taken to a blacksmith shop to be shod,
and man3" persons came to ec them,
trying to buy their old shoes, or even
the nails, as mementoes. AVhcn the
horses were taken from the boat to the
stable, one of them kicked a spoke from
a carriage which they p3ssed, and cost
Grant twelve dollars" to pa- damages.
"Carp," in"Clcveland Leader.
Spring and Summer Bonnets.
, Small bonnets remain in favor, but
are slightly larger than those of last
year. The only changes in shape are
the narrow and short crow ns used when
the hair is dressed high, and the more
fully trimmed fronts, which now have a
puff of lace .or velvet, or else a small in
side trimming of lace, bows, or flowers.
There are also round and longer crowns
for those who wear the low Catogan
braid, but the general preference is for
the high slender crown that may be cut
off square across the top, and is usually
curved at the. end to show the hafr,
turned upward iromxne nape 01 sine
SCHOOL. AND CHURCH.
One-fifth of the whole population
of Switzerland s in the schools.
If compelled to choose between the
two, always pifer a good teacher to a
line school house. Chicago Inter
It is pleasant to see that the sani
tary condition of the school-rooms is so
frequently a matter of discussion now.
And it is to be hoped that the discussion
will result in some practical reforms.
X. V. Tribune.
An application for the position of
teacher in a school at Lawrence. Kan.,
could not explain the difference between
horizontal and perpendicular and de
clared that "circular" meant a fur-line 1
cloak. Chicago llcmlil.
Rev. Richard Hartley, of Ogden,
Utah, say it i useless to send mission
aries to the great territories bcond the
Rocky Mountains unle-s we provide
means to build churches""" on the fields
they are to ocenpy.
The Roman Catholic churches 01"
the diocese of Massachusetts, under the
dircctiou of the Bishop, will hereafter
sell seats at every mass. Free seats
will be given to thoe too poor to p'.
and Ushers will protect those vdu do
pay. llotoii Post.
A lad in the Cambrian deaf and
dumb institute, on being asked a ques
tion he potild not answer, thought for a
moment and then wrote on his slate:
"Short of information on tho subject."
Such candor is worthy of imitation.
Dr. Philip Schaff states that, while
ihe change of text in the revised edition
of the old Testament will be found more
numerous than in thatof theNevvTesta.
ment, thev- are less important. He
thinks a long time will elapse before
another revision is made, and that it
will take about a generation for the
new revision to crowd out the old Bible.
A new Christian church is about to
be built in Jerusalem. The Germans
have obtained possession of the site of
the ancient hospital of the Knights of
St. John, and arrangements have been
made for the erection of a German Pro
testant church. In this cradle center of
Christianitv- are to be found Greeks,
Romanists and Protestants; and Jeru
salem presents in miniature divided
The eagerness of the Japanese for
the Scriptures the past year, writes Dr.
Nathan Brown, from Yokohama, has
been astonishing. Four thousand Gos
pels were disposed of and over 10,000
smaller portions and tracts. Dr.
Brown's principal colporteur has sold
and distributed over 12,000 books and
tracts with hisovvn hands. He is, be
s "de, an exhort er, and never goes among
the poplc without giving them an ex
planation of his work and what is the
object of selling the books. All Japa
nese Christians, uev. ,. 11. Jones writes,
own Bibles and read them, always
turning to the passages referred to oy
the preacher in his sermon not a bad
habit for Christians of every race.
The colored people of Philadelphia
have undertaken to raise funds for the
cstabl:shment of an industrial training
school. They claim that while there is
no lack of opportunity for the colored
outh to study Latin, Greek, astronomy,
theology, etc.. no provision Is made
w hereby he can learn to make a boot or
perfect himself in any industrial avo
cation. It is high time that something
should be done to give colored youth
these advantages, and it is especially
gi-atif3'ing to observe that the colored
people are taking the matter into their
own hands. Current.
After the death of a man at Bidde
ford. Me., over $10,000 in cash and
bonds were found concealed in his bed.
An illustrated paper tolls how
sponges are caught. What Americans
want to know most is how to get rid of
sponges. Here the sponges usually do
the catching. Burlington Haivteyc.
The sea-serpent has been seen at
San Francisco. His head was "crowned
with two huge horns." If you will
notice it. there is always an intimate re
lation between horns and the sea
serpent. JTotlon 1'ott.
"Are 3011.103-relation to my sister?"
asked little Johnnie. He blushed and
stammered, until the voung ladv", taking
pity on him, solved the matter by
s33ing: "No, but 3011'd like to be
wouldn't you, Alfred?" Detroit l'oit.
The humorous market is dull. AVe
quote coachmen jokes prime, at live to
six cents per million; ice-cream jokes,
no demand; bank cashier jokes, weak
at one to one-and-a-half cents per ton;
choice plumber jokes in demand atone
dollar to two dollars per ton. Linruln
(A'. M.) Golden Era.
Aji English lady reccntl- gave a
whole ounce of tobacco to every soldier
of a regiment about to start" for the
Soudan. Here is a chance for the men
who are always trv ing to borrow tobacco.
Go to England and volunteer for .service
In Egypt. Dolon Courier.
"Arc you enjov-ing your dinner?"
asked Bobby of the new minister, who
was taking a Sunday dinner with the
family. "Yes, Bobby." responded the
minister pleasantly. "Mamma said this
morning that she thought 3011 would, as
she didn't suppose that with your .small
salary and big family you got much to
eat from one week's end to another."
X. Y. Times.
A negro brought suit in a Mitchell
County Justice's court for possession of
two shoats and a sow and pigs, and
gained it. His lawyer, as soon as the
case was decided, settled the fees for
himself. Squire A., the lawyer on the
other side, and the court. "AVell, Joe,
Squire A. will take one of the shoats.
I'll take the other one. the Judgj will
take the sow and pigs, and you've
gained the case." Macon (Ga.) Tele
graph. "Do you know," said a bashful
swain to his sweetheart, "that doctors
say there is danger of contracting dis
eases by kissing?" "Is that' so! she
said, with an air of interest. "So they
say," he murmured, "do you believe
it?." "Well, I haven't much faUh in
doctors," she replied,- blushing fnribns-
lyr "oemaeaf J. to oeeH vaccinated.'
Cottou may be king? or. Com -mmy
be king; but the Cow is Queen, smppfy-
ing essential wants, necessities hP
luxuries of life to the mass of cmMaed
humanity, says a correspoadent of tke
Kew Yofk Tribune..
All persons who havergivea attea-,
tion to the matter unite in' recomBBend-
ing the liberal use of milk: - The neces
sity of a milk, diet for young children is
admitted, and the desirability of raSk.
for adults is generally acknowledged.
Much growlingrhatf-beea the fash
ion with those who Ijad interests in "
creameries of late years; but three at,
least of the creameries of the West-
those in Madison Comity, Iowa pay to
the farmers from $125,000 to $150,000'
annually, which is not bad for a business
that has been supposed. to have had the
bottom knocked ont of it
The cool nights of the fall months
are particularly misleading to dairy- "
men They think.' because the
nights are cool, there is no need
for taking the trouble to cool
the milk when first drawn from the - -
cow. Cootie should ever trust bis own
feelings as to the condition of the
weather. Always consult tho ther
mometer, but even the coldest nights
will not save the milk, if it is allowed to
remain hot in the cans for any length of
In dairy work all the senses require
to be constantly brought into requisition,
remarks the Canailian Breeder. It is
113- the exorcise of tho sense of hearing
that the butter-maker learns when to
stop churning, or, at any rate, when it
is prudent for her to exercise her eye
sight in order to verify the evidence of
her ears. The sense of smell is proba
bly the most necessary of all in a dairy,
but it has this peculiarity of use that
it is chiefly employed in finding out
what ought not to exist, and what wo
do not desire to lind very much liko
the holes in the old woman's, stocking.
It is qnite needless to tell you howuse
ful is the sense of taste, particularly in
enabling vou to judge of the quality of
Some Information About aa Important
Ailjnnrt to Chrse Making. - 3 I
This is supposed to be the gastric-.jfl
puce from the calf s stomach; but as tao -sg1
stomachs of all milk-eating animate
yield rennet of a similar character, it hwj
noc so sure oui mo siomacns 01 iuee . I
iuuuai3.HgBiuujii.ra iu kiuuuuijid-
tho manufacture of the extract now so
largely used especially under the head
of "Bavarian," which comprehends all
sizes and qualities. These stomachs are1
calfed rennets, and the preparation from
them, rennet They are variously pre
pared the "jsavarian" By Mowing. 1
Ii!:r bladders tlio two ends Beincr
suit mn stretched on a bow or 1
stick, others are simply filled with
and hung up to dry. These latter, if -exposed
to a moist atmosphere, are apt
to attract enough .moisture to drip and
thus waste strength. Another mode of
preservation is to pack down in salt, as
meat is preserved in barrels. Some ob
ject to this method, but I have- had ,
good "luck' with rennets saved m this.
wa3 When hung up to dry. it shonltj
be in a cool, dry place, new
b bad for them, but freezing and
thawing appear to be beneficial?
probably by disintegrating the fibre
and permittine the secretions to bq
soaked and washed out more fully. Old '$
rennets are much to be preferred. They ft
make a firmer and more satisfactory - -curd.
Precisely why, I do apt kjuoc" "
but the fact is within the experience of
every old cheese-maker. When- dried,
rennets should be tied np in light paper
bags, or otherwise made secure against
the attack of flics; otherwise they are
liable to become fly-blown and wormy.
The fourth stomach of the calf is "what
is saved for its coagulative properties,
and this should be done with care. In
cutting it from its connections, no por
tion ofthe adjoining stomach, or of tho
intestines, should be included, as it is
liable to taint, and has no cheese-making
virtue in it. The'calf should go
without eating long enough to permit
the stomach to become completely
empty say from feeding time at night
to the next dav at noon, when ltsnouta
be killed. By" this time there will be a
liberal secretion of gastric jnice ready
tn flinrat. tho nnxt meal, and the rennet
will be at its fullest strength. Mean
time the calf should be kept where it
can not get hay, hairs or other sub
stances into its stomach to require
cleansing out If these .are In" the
stomach they should bo very carefully
picked ofT when the' stomach is tnrnetl :
wrong side out, and great care should
be taken not to remove-the delicate
secretion that lines the stomach. It is -difficult
to wash the stomach without
injuring its strength. It should be
emptied of its contents, if there ore any,
and cleansed, if possible, without wasu
ing.Hural New Yorker.
WHY BUTTER DETERIORATES
The Comtrjr.Dealrr'a Coaaslalat tfcat th
Commodity U a Drag- fat the Xsrkc "
A correspondent of the-Foncl duXacv
Commonwealth mak5 a point on cohb-
try storekeepers who complain that
butter is a drug in the market by show
ing that it is a fault jnore or less theit
own that such is the case. He says ?- -
Thev An not exnect farmers to be. abla ". .
to market a fine gilt-edged article of'
butter manufactured in filthy snrroand-i
ings and stored amongst amass of farm v
Tirodnct. It is amusing to watchja. LJ
dealer stick his nose dowartp wbatfiur- ; f j
ports to be butter, frying" to detect the ji
nno nartiiilitr nlriectifM to its fina : i
aroma. If it should be 'a-tine andde-;.i
sirable" article, how long will :k remain j .J
so ia the dealer s..hanasr aa -norcs iw 2?
perhaps, amongst nis potatoes, mmm,,
fish, cheese and miscellanepus -goods,,
and then complains-if 'his .custoaiera.
leave it on his hands. Would, itaot ba
better for-himvtoproyjde saiUblfceta!
ties for storage and trading air stocky
buying on merit and -kel&g-byicratte,.
HH inus nuwHKnnm iimj XjJ." . TT" jraT
tie care la these panieawn wmua er -i
. , - ' - --"I-.- 2t-,L ..Mi W
lOIRClvaw Jim umufiM,,MM. in ib .--