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title: 'Thomas County cat. (Colby, Kan.) 1885-1891, June 18, 1885, Image 1',
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CT VOL. I. NO. 15.
COLBY, THOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 1885.
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THE CONDUCTOR'S CAROL.
1 like to aixl by the platform guard
At the end of a rushing train.
To Trntch the rapid interchange
Oriorcn. hill and plain.
And see the Iron rails reeled off
Like threads from an endles klen.
I.lcketr. lankety. tin?!
The chords of Iron rlnjj
In tune with every Jar
Of the swiftly moving car.
Mn!c and motion, well combined.
Will Kit e relief to a troubled mind.
The trees and fences near the track
Co llj lujr backward fan,
And houses suimin level field
Until It seems at last
That I alone urn standing still
And the world is clnlii) pa-t.
Cllckety, claekely, clang!
A bridge goes by with a bang-.
The time to cros its span
Is a jot In the life of man.
And a span of life l much too brier
To bcshortcuedorclouded by uceles9 grief.
A dozen homes are. left behind
At every minute's run -
1 know that somebody's hope or fears
Are centered In eery one.
Somebody's race has only begun
And somebody's nearly done,
ltumpety. hHinpcty. Iiiml!
Around the curves 1 wind,
'ihe platform rocks and suing.
Uut rests on truty prings.
There's nothing o good for a tired brain
As a ride at the end of a lightning train.
.1. M. Enxhjn.
WHAT HE ItEMEMBERED.
Act of His Life.
George Ma-n was a very prominent
man in Heaver's Fall-. For M'eral
terms a nieniber of the Legislature, and
twice Governor of the State, his name
was 'widely known and universally re
flected; and his friends, many of whom
dated their acquaintance with him from
boyhood, said he was a .strictly upright
man and had never done anything
mean, dishonest, or cruel.
lint there was an incident of his early
3011th of which they knew nothing, an
incident he had never mentioned to any
one, and of which he could not think,
e en at sixty cars of age, without a ting
ling in iiis cheeks, and a feeling of
deepest shame and contrition.
It was connected with his sister Susan,
ami though Susan never alluded to it in
any way, and seemed to cherish only
the kindest feelings toward him, George
felt sure that she remembered it to the
tlay of her death, and that the remem
brance was as painful to her as to him.
She was only his half-sitter, and there
was a difl'erence of nearly seventeen
years in their ages. George could not
remember either of his parents, for they
had died when he was an infant; but he
had never felt their los, .so tireless and
complete was Susan's devotion to him.
For his sake she had given up her
dreams of becoming a teacher, and had
taken up the laborious occupation of a
laundress: and that he might be com
fortably clothed and sent to school, she
had denied herself almost the necessi
ties of life.
Hard as she was obliged to work, and
few as vv ere her pleasures, she never
complained and was so bright and
cheerful always that George, when a
little fellow, took it as a matter of
course that she should toil for his ma'n
tenance, and never thought to thank or
But as he grew older he began to re
alize his obligations to her. and to wish
that he could take on his own shoulders
the burden hers had carried so long.
When he graduated at the High School
in Heaver's Falls he beirged her to let
him find employment of some kind; but
her heart was set on his spending a
couple of years at lheDiinkwater Acad
emy, and she would not listen to any
Now is the time for you to learn,
George," she said, ami I want to see
you well litted to take your place in the
world. A good education is of the lirst
importance to a man, and 1 know if I
.allowed v on to leave school now I would
regret it as long asl lived. Nevermind
about my working so hard. I'm Used
to it. and wouldn't know how to be
So George went to the Academy at
Drinkwater, and iiis brave, unselfish
sister continued to wash and wring and
iron, proud that her labors secured to
him the education she considered of
such paramount importance.
Her letters to him were models of
cheerfulness and good humor, and she
made no mention of the severe head
aches which frequently prostrated her
for hours, or the terr.ble cough she con
tracted by doing without rubber shoes
whch she did not feel able to buy.
George could only guess at the sacri
fices she made for him.
Over the mantel in Susan's little sitting-room
hung a line photograph of
George, neatly framed. Susan valued
it-asher dearest earthly possession, and
at Christmas time it was alwavs
wreathed with bright holly and smilax.
George did not know hovv frequently
his sister's ev es sought that pictured
face, wiicn sitting at her sewing, nor
how many times she left her washtub to
take a look at it. He laughed one day
at the tender, gentle way in which she
handled it when taking it down to fasten
the cord more securely.
You show more respect to that pict
ure than you do to me, Susan." he said.
"Do you think a great deal of it?"
"O, George, you .can't imagine hovv I
value it!" answered Susan, warmly.
It is such a comfort to nic when you
"lthiuk I ought to have one of you,"
"George!" She flushed painfully,
and the tears rose to her eyes. Some
accident which had occurred when
George was only two years of age, and
about which he had never been told,
had taken from poor Susan's face -all
the beautv it had ever possessed, save
that which shone in her gentle, earnest
eyes. A terrible scar hopelessly dis
fignrcd brow, cheek, and chin, and the
skin was withered and faded like that
of a very old woman.
"I did cot mean to hurt you, Susan,"
'jeprge, goiqg -to her, and putting
a -t.-QtTier, "and 1 really would
fja nay a photograph of you."
June irnshed away her tears with
J.) while with, her other she
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"You must not ak it, dear George. T
know you love me too well ever to feel
ashamed of either me or ray picture,
but I would rather not grant this re
quest. Say no more about it, dear
So George turned the conversation to
something else, and speedily forgot all
about the matter.
The most popular teacher in Drink
water Academy was Prof. Reeves, who
had the class in English Literature anil
Natural History, and he was particu
larly kind to George, who took a great
and genuine interest .11 everything per
taining to nature, and was an excellent
historian. It may therefore be tinder
stood how great was George's pride ami
pleasure in being asked by the 1'rofessor
to make one of a small party which had
in view a lisit to the nutuui at Heav
George had frequently strolled into
the inueiun when at home and knew
by heart the contents flf almost even
case it containe 1. but he had never had
any one with him who could talk in
telligently abytit them, or who could
explain to him the nature, of various odd
objects which had puzzed him.
"I'm sure to nave a capital time," he
thought, "and perhaps I may. have a
chance to call on Susan. FT1 give her
a genuine surprise."
Heaver's Falls was only sixty miles
distant from Dr'nkwater, and the natu
ral h'stiiry party, taking an earl- train,
reached the museum at eleven o'clock.
George kept as close as possible to
Professor Reeves, and was deeply in
terested in the discussions which took
place between that gentleman and a
noted scientist who was an excellent
talker and possessed a womlerful fund
of information on the subject of natural
history. Hut some of the other boys
grew tired, after a time, of the learned
gentleman's views, and strolled away
in different directions in search of
amusement of some kind.
George was listening attentively to
the Professor's description of a strange
species of moth found in Australia,
when he was annoyed by a touch on his
arm, and turning.savv Ijohn Drake, his
boon companion at the Ac.ulemvand
the son of wealth- and aristocratic
"Come along with me," Mb'sporcd
John. "1 know you have heard enough
of this soit of talk, and I want 3011 to
see the ugliest woman you ever laid
cy'cs on. She's enough to give a fellow
the nightmare for a week. Dill and
Manning have been trying to chaff her,
but they can't get a word out of her.
Look, there she is now,"
George turned his eves toward the
door, and saw, coming slowly toward
him, a heavy- basket of towels on her
arm, hi sister Susan.
All the boys at the Academy knew
that George had a sister, and that she
lived in Heaver's FalN, but vv'c not
aware that her occupation was'ihat of
a laundress. He had never considered
it necessary to mention that fact.
Could he acknowledge it now? Could
ho go forward anil embrace fraternally
this tired-looking, stooping, plainly
dressed woman with the scarred, dis
torted face? What would the boys say
if he did so? And Prof. Reeves '-.
No he cjiulil mil do it.
Yet he hes'tated a moment, his better
feelings, his love for the sister who had
done so much for him, struggling for
the ascendancy; then, with the thought:
"She will never know," he turned
aside to avoid the meeting.
But he turned too late. Susan had
happened to glance in the direction in
which he stood, and recognized him at
She gave a slight exclamation, ami
was about to put down her basket,
when suddenly she paused and her face
llushed crimsou. In her brother's ex
pression of mortification and annoy
ance, in his attempt to av oid her. she
read the truth he ira ashamed of her.
For an instant she stood motionless;
then with, a long, gasping sigh, which
seemed to George to come from the
depths of her heart, she lifted her
heavy basket higher on her arm. and
with averted face passed by him with
out a word.
He saw her stop at a desk at the other
end of the room, and give the basket to
a janitor, who gave her some money in
return, but saw no more; for fearing to
meet her eyes again, he turned his face
toward a case of butterflies and moths,
and pretended to be deeply interested
He was startled by an exclamation of
surprise and pleasure from Prof.
Reeves, who broke off in the middle of
a sentence, and started forward toward
the center of the room with outstretched,
"Susan! Susan Slr-clds?" he cried, in
a voice that was distinctly heard by
every one in the room. "I can't be mis
taken! Have I met you at last, after all
It seemed to George as if the room
was whirling around him. Could it be
possible that it was Susan, the sister of
whom he had been ashamed, that the
Professor held by the hand so gladly,
and whom he was leading toward the
man of science with so eager an air?
"Beaufort," he heard him say, "I
want to introduce you to the bravest,
noblest woman it has ever been my lot
to know. But for her I would in all
probability not have been alive now.
She saved me liftecn or sixteen years
ago from a frightful death. I was ly'ng
sick in bed, unable to move hand or
foot, when a sudden breeze, coming
into an open window, blew the curtains
into the gas-light. Susan Shields,
waiting in the hall to speak to my
mother, who was engaged with com
pany, snielled the smoke, and rushing
up stairs, made her way through the
flames, and carried me bodily from the
"A brave act!" said Prof. Beaufort,
"I am indeed proud to know you, Misr
"An act that I have nevr been able
to reward, deeply as I have.felt mv ob
ligations to her for it," said Prof.
Reeves. "When I recovered my health
and I inquired for Miss Shields." I found
that she had moved from the town, and
I hare never baen able to discover "
George could endure no more. Pale.
bewildered and coatriterJe hurried
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buried in the great patchwork cushion.
He did not move or speak as she ap
"George," she said, tremuloualy,
"won't you look at me. dear? I hare
something 1 want to say to you."
Still he did not move.
"You must not feel so badly about it,
dear," continued Susan, still in that
tremulous Toice, and laving her hand
tenderly on his shoulder. "I was a
little h'irt at first, of course. But it
don't matter, and I don't wonder that
you acted as you did. It was only
natural that you should be ashamed of
me, coming in upon you o unexpectedly
and in this plain, cheap dress and
I don't mind it at all, really!" But
even as she spoke she sank down in a
little heap on the floor, and hiding her
face in her hands began to cry as if her
heart would break
George was by her side in an instant,
his arm around her: and as he kissed
over and over again the poor, scarred,
tear-wet face, he poured forth words of
deepest sorrow and contrition, and
pleaded humbly to be pardoned for the
pain he caused her.
"(), Susan!" he said, it is ijou who
ought to be ashamed of me. I can
never, never forgive myself. If you had
only told me how you came by these
fears, dear s'ster! If I had only
Of course Susan returned his kisses
twofold, and told him over and orer
again that she loved him just as well
as ever. Then she began to look for
something nice for him to eat, and
packed a little basket full of goodies
for him to take back to the Academy.
"This painful matter must never be
referred to again, dear George," she
said as she kissed him good-bye. "Wo
will both forget it."
Ah, that was easier to say than to do.
George knew that the memory of it
clung to his sister as long as she lived,
'and made her doubly sensitive to her
unfortunate appearance, anil he would
willingly hav e given all the wealth and
honor he acquired in his later years to
rid her eyes of that mournful expres
sion whit h reproached him for that one
never-to-be-forgotten act. Florence J!.
Hallowed, in S. Y. Examiner.
How a Couple of Young Americans
Secured a Supply for the Winter.
"Go whiz! Look at the huckleber
ries?" "Golly, ain't that immense!"
The speakers were two small boys,
sun-burned, barefooted, and with big
straw hats. They wore short pants,
buttoned to a waist, with large white
buttons, and were on their way to the
creek to swim; but at sight of a large
patch of ripe bei ries forgot all about
"(Jo for 'cm!" said the older boy;
and without more delay both scrambled
into the bushes, and were soon stained
inside and out with bright blue juice.
It does not take long for a boy to till
himself, and soon both boys were as
full as they could hold.
"Urn guess that is all I can hold,"
remarked the lirst boy.
"I'm full too, you bet! but I wish I
was holler all the vvav to my feet, so I
could hold more. Let's take some home
"All right, but how can we carry
"em? I can't hold any more inside of
me. and we ain't got a basket or sack."
"I'll tell ye what! Let's take off our
pants, tie up the legs an' carry 'em
"All right." And without a mo
ment's delay the two little rascals
-lipped oil" their pants, tied up the bot
tom of each leg with string and soon
had each pair of pant- full of ripe ber
ries. Slinging their pant- over their
shoulders tliey started for home, slipped
along by the woods, down the hollow,
past the old watering trough, and
reached the barn, where they found a
large basket, emptied the berrie- and
put the pants where they belonged. And
do you suppose the berries were all nice
whole ones? Not a bit of it. About
one-third were mashed and the inside of
the pants were damp and blue.
The boys didn't notice this but picked
up the basket and carried the berries to
mother. Wa-n'tshe delighted! That
same day the berries were prepared and
put in jars, and all that winter we had
huckleberries. But you should have
seen those boys that night when they
undressed for bed! Of all the Wue
sights vou ever saw, and it would not
rub off either.
From the waist down those boys were
one, or rather two, masses of blue.
(Blue mass is a better phrase.) How
they did yell and laugh, until their
mother came up to see what the matter
was. Then both crept into bed and
drew a blanket over the scene. Peck's
There is reported danger that the
latest eruption of Vesuvius will over
whelm Pompeii afresh. - The whole of
the old city has not yetleen disinterred
by any means. It is slow-work to res
urrect a wealthy place which once con
tained at least 20,000 inhabitants, from
such a deep tomb of ashes and scorue;
and furthermore th work had to be
prosecuted with extreme caution. Reck
less haste might result in the destruc
tion of priceless works of art; a too
sudden exposure to light and air might
cause masterpieces of fragile material
to crumble into dust. It has been
hoped that further researches would be
rewarded by the discovery of precious
manuscripts works of unknown auth
ors, or complete copies of works where
of the greater part has been lost, and of
which we possess only fragments of ex
quisite beauy. Already many manu
scripts have been found; but these were
not of the character hoped for. A del
uge of lava would end all research of
this kind, and deprive the world of one
of its "most delightfully interesting
places of p3grimage. X. 0. Times
Democrat. v Chinese doctors iadnce faith ia
4hcirpreriptiQas.hy. making them 'of
e'ratieiiie.A-wrHapiii the Jjfcrfjefc.
tteagyilyTBjaf $MM twefcefcjoof .
WIVES OF SOLDIERS.
Ilovr the Matrimonial Question is Beffa
lalel In the llrltUli Army.
The general reader knows more,
probably, about the solar system than
about the details of regimental life;
though he is always ready to listen to a
tale of wrong like that which was lately
told about soldiers' wives. It will bo
news to many that a soldier can not
lawfully get married, or is not recog
nized as lawfully married, until he has
completed six years service and is also
the possessor of a good conduct badge.
Having served the allotted ppriod, leave
has to be obtained from the command
ing oflicer of the regiment? but as a rule
permission is granted readily enough.
Hut even then it may be some time be
fore the newly-elected benedict can
avail himself of the privileges of "free
The proportion of married men for
whom accommodation is provided by
Government is about ten per cent, of
the total strength ot the regiment, and
when a man ha obtained the necessary
permission to enter the holy estate it
may happen that the "married" strength"
of the regiment is already above
the limit, in which case he has
to support his wife and self
on his regimental pay and rations. Hut
he is allowed the privilege of "living
out of mess;" that is to say. instead of
taking his meals in barracks with t he
other men he i- permitted to draw his
rat'ons ami do his best to make three
quarters of a pound of meat per diem
and one pound of bread till two mouths
instead of one. Hovv the men contrive
to make both ends niisjt under such cir
cumstances is a mystery; but they do,
and as a rule the married men of a reg
iment contrive to keep up a better kit
than their unencumbered companions.
Of course there are exceptions: and
manv an oflicer will be able to call to
niintl some startling effects encountered
in his subaltern days on the occasions
of "kit inspection" as when what to
all intents and purposes seemed to be a
neat folded linen shirt or flannel vest
has proved on closer inspection to bo
the remains of an article of female attire
not usually worn by the male sex.
When once a married man has bc
come enrolled on the "strength" his
position is materially improved. Ho
has his single room in barracks, w'ith
coal, gas and wood free; his wife get- a
.-hare of the regimental washing, and if
she is a good laundress, frequently has
some of the mess and oflicer's linen to
wash. By the practice of strict econo
my a soldier's wife can, undersueh con
ditions, enjoy a more comfortable ex
istence than if she is mated to an agri
cultural laborer or mechanic. But
even under the most favorable condi
tions it is hard to lay by for a rainy
day; and we may be sure t! at many of
the wives of the brave fellows who have
lately set out for the Soudan had not
more than a few shillings to
make a fresh start with. In civil
life a thrifty housewife will en
deavor to l:y by a small stock against
bad times occasioned by slackness of
work, when the bread-winner may,
through force of circumstances, be com
pelled to endure a spell of enforced idle
ness; but with the soldier's wife this
necessity is not so apparent. So long as
her husband remains in the service (ill
or well) so long will he receive a certain
amount of daily pay; and although the
contingency of his services being re
quired abroad may at times present
itself toher mind, the possibility of such
an event is usually overlooked until it
arrives to And her quite unprepared.
Putting aside the men married "with
leave,"' there are in nearly every regi
ment a large proportion of men who
hav e got married without the necessary
permit to do so. Although they do not
actually offend against military law,
their status as married men can not be
recognizwl by the authorities. The man
who marries without sanction is to all
practical intents and purposes looked
upon as single. He i- compelled to
continue to mess with his comrades in
barracks, although as a rule a certain
amount of laxity is observed in allowing
leave to sleep out of barracks. When a
regiment moves from one station to an
other the wives of such men often find
it a matter of extreme difficulty to scrape
together the necessary funds for the
railway "journey; although, to their
credit be it said, they as a rule do man
age to solve this difficult problem some
way or other, and before tlieir husbands
have fairly settled down in tlieir new
quarters tfiey are generally located in a
lodging within easy distance of the bar
Incredible as it may seem, not very
many years ago as many as three or
four'soldiers" families hadto accommo
date themselves in a single room in bar
racks, the only division being curtains
stretched across. After a time the au
thorities awoke to the fact that this
state of things was not quite what it
should be, and a single room to each
couple has long been the order of the
dav. London Sews.
The Anamese Aristocrat.
The tipper class of Anamese have
mcdeled their life and manners as
closely on those of the same class in
China as their circumstances would
permit- They dress much the same,
but in silk of "less glossy hue. They
never wear their hair en queue. They
either wear sand"s or go barefooted.
When they appear in public it is with a
certain number of huge umbrellas or
parasols, some before or beside them to
indicate their rank. The number has
been considerably abridged since the
occupation of Tonquin by the Chinese.
The vehicle in which they travel is a
horselike palanquin or hammock,
covered by an oval roof, bent down at
the sides. The dignitary always re
clines, and is entirely screened from the
vulvar gaze by curtains that entirely
fill t!ie uncovered openings. He is at
tended by a multitude of coolies, who
carry, beside the parasols, his betel-nut
box, spittoon and any other articles
which may be wanted daring the excuf
t'oa Con. 8L Loh& Olobe-DenweraL
r""--'.-'Sr- c rf -!es- ..
" Mria tiMKiMkCl3iuMCIiisMri
Mftefcr tha lar jiwa, Jor. I :.-
FOUR OF A KIND.
How a Chicago Harkman Playd It oa
Quartette Who Were Tainting the Town
Some time ago a quartette of Colo
rado bucks came to Chicago to swap
wealth for soaring hilarity and to
:arniinate the metiopolis. They paid
homage to Bacchus nnrll they began to
2;et somewhat shaky in the legs and
then chartered a hack, and then the
jamboree commenced in earnest. After
in hour's ride, with stops at all way sta
tions for refreshments, one of the Big
Four took the hackman aside, and with
an air of much impressiveness inquired
in a cautious whisper the extent of his
claim to their beneficence. Ho was
quiet about it, because the leading char
acteristic of a Colorado man is to insist
on paying for everything when he
knocks around with a crowd.
The hackman said his bill was ten
It was paid, and the carnival pro
gressed at a rattling gait. At the next
pause to irrigate, another man found
an opportunity to exchange a few
private words with the jehu. in the
course of which he inquired the amount
of political influence he considered him
self entitled to.
The hackman said he had no hope of
getting a post-oflice and would have to
call it ten doWars.
It was paid and the excursion re
sumed its winding way. Tn a short time
the wheels of the chariot had cea-ed to
vv hirl, and the four gid-ome bri i were
again looking to the zenith and hoaring
something gurgle. At nis pause the
third man made it his biisine-s to quiet
ly step aside and put a few words in the
car of tho acquisitive pilot of the expe
dition, as to the nature and extent of
Ills claim upon their standing in society
for the kindness of Ids escort.
The hackman said that times were
hard, but that he could get along with
Again they loaded -up and went for
ward in quest of a still further addition
to their prospect for headache in the
morning, and, when the corks had
popped and the evanescent sparkler
disappeared, the remaining philanthro
pist found an opportunity to get his
breath in the neighborhood of the brig
and's nose, and with much incoherency
of speech wanted to know the extent of
The Lackman said Colorado people
came his way so seldom that he would
have to exact a ransom of ten dollars.
Once more the wheels were put in
motion, and along towards morning the
boozy party brought up at the Grand
Pacific anil disembarked for good. As
they were about to go into the hotel
one of the men said to.the hackman:
"I paid you. I believe?"
"Yes," said the bold buccaneer, "vou
"Hut I paid you myself, didn't I?"
inquired the second man.
"But hold oil. I paid the rascal, too.
Didn't I, John?" put in the third.
"It runs in my head that you did?"'
"But I gave him ten dollars just a
short time ago. Didn't I?" sanT the
"You did. for a fact."
"And do you mean to .-ay that you
have taken ten dollars from each one
"That's the way it looks to me."
"Well, are you satisfied, now? Do
you want any more?"'
"Just as y ou please, gentlemen. Suit
yourselves and you'll suit me."
"Thunder, man! You ought to Imj in
Congress. You're a credit to Chicago,
and I'm proud to know you. Do us the
honor to come in and have a bnt'.le oi
wine with us. What do you say?"
"That strikes me," said the man of
staggering gall, as he threw the blanket
on his horses.
And into the hold the party went,
and put in the remainder of the night
pouring wine into the gourmand, with
the vain hope that they would crowd
him to the wall and make him refuse to
take anything more. But he sat up
with them till they gave it up as hope
less, and beat a retreat.
He hail learned his trade at Niagara,
and understood his business thoroughly,
as they found to their cost. This is not
a flight of fancy, but an actual occur
rence. Chicago Ledger.
m THE CZAR.
Whom He Must Consult anil Convince In
the Kvent of War.
We do'not, like some of our contem
poraries, accuse the Russian Govern
ment of habitual and deliberate bad
fa'.th. Its statesmen are probably no
worse than half the diplomatists of the
Continent, who are all, from Prince
Bismarck downward, possessed with the
notion that guile is upon occasion an
allowable weapon. They regard the
making of feints as part" of statecraft,
just as it is part of strategy, and have
no more scruple about gaining time by
assurances than about preparing an
ambuscade. But we do think, as we
have all along maintained, that the
Foreign Office at St. Petersburg has not
the full control over the acts of Russian
Agents which is enjoyed by other For
eign Offices. The "Foreign Minister
may give assurances in the most perfect
faith; but he does not appoint and can
not remove either the Governors-General
orJbe Commanders-in-Chief, and
if thejr.act for themselves, the Czar, who
alone "can control all alike, may for
personal or dvnastic, or even political
reasons, feef compelled to side with
them rather than his Foreign Minister,
who, again, when this has occurred,
makes the best of it. He may resign,
and according to Western ideas he
should resign; but that is not the way
of despotic courts, where resignation is
regarded as implying an impertinent
censure on the sovereign. If M- de
Giers meant resigning, he would not
resign but fall sick. England can not
conquer Bnssia, and can never be in a
position inwhich, a few concessions
would act Indsce Jer to make peace,
The Knastow -war ps,tiBrefori
thoagk BOT aided Ib tW.psiplerJMW
r.ttte ioimt iroa jtta iMWUfnyociaeir
w ipfanMr tj aaaNM
One reason why the Jerseys have
monopolized about all the poetry and
romance there Is to be found in the cat
tle business is because the ladies have
become, in many instances, enthusiastic
Jersey breeders. There are many la
dies in our own State who have raised
beautiful little herds of Jerseys and
gained a great deal of pleasure and
profit from the work. Most of these la
dies started with a single animal. We
know of one lady who invested some
years ago in a single heifer, and has to
day a herd valued at sv.fKM. Southern
Live Slock Journal.
I have known an ordinarily good
cow when owned by a farmer, to devel
op into a wonderful milker after being
purchased by a villager. The secret
was that she had all the farmer ever
gave her and the kitchen slops of her
owner and some of the neighbors. This
excess of food stimulated her. milk
glands, ami especially as it was exceed
ingly succulent. There was with it a
considerable amount of potato skins,
apples and withal b't- of bread and the
wastes from tiie table. A cow thus fed
will acquire an appetite for anything. 1
speak of this example not to recommend
the system of feeding, but to show hovv
a cow may be stimulated to an exces
sive yield of milk by an abundance o!
food, aud also the" benefits of non-exhausting
conditions. Colonel E. IK
Curtis, in Mirror and Eariher.
When the thoroughbred cow's day ol
usefulness in the butter dairy is over,
and she is ready for the butcher, will
she sell for more per pound than the
high grade? Next: Jf grade cows
worth from .o0 to $100 each, will, with
just ordinarily good food and care, av
erage 2.")0 pounds of butler apiece in a
year, how manv pounds will thorough
bred cows worth (?) from ?300 to"?,"00
each average in the same time, if giv
en the same food and care? Will a
pound of butter from thoroughbred
cows bring any more intmey in market
.han a pound of butttr from grade
cows? Is the extra creamery butter,
that is quoted at higher prices than the
best dairy butter, made from thorough
bred cows? If the creanf from a mixed
lot of milk from common cows, grades
and thoroughbreds, will make first
class, "gilt-edged" cresmery butter,
why will not the cream from the milk
of high-grade cows make first-class
dairy butter. Farm awl Field.
The great panacea f jr the ills of the
farm is cornstalks, fully matured corn
stalks; no farm comes Kp to its proper
standard. Or farmer to the full measure
of his privileges, vvitho it them. They
should be made an every-ycar crop.
There should be enough put in to have
an ample supply to eiit up aud be pre
served in stooks for aMtumn feeding. I
have a great amount of faith in "tlrs
cheap crop, and reallv would like never
to be out of them. Tlfcrq-is butter in
cornstalks fully mature!, with the
sugar and gums and mineral properties
entirely developed, while in the green
and immature state there is npt butler
in proportion to th? amount of milk. In
the more watery form there is an
abundance of succulence, with a lack
of real substance. When fed in this
soft and immature state meal should ba
given with them to get the full benefit
of the first. Boston Globe.
The Proportions orvIIy and Grain Itc
ijiilreil to Produce the Best K-nllK.
A subscriber in the State of New
York, where hay is worth from 18 to
$20 a ton, asks whether, in feeding
dairy cows, it is wise to let them have
all the good hay they will eat when
they are fed four quarts of grain a day,
ami whether they will not eat more
than they will digest properly, and so
be fed at a loss.
This is an important question when
hay is high, but comes rather late now
for use. When dairymen shall study
the composition and feeding value of
all the different foods, they will be able
to produce milk at less ciwt. There is
no branch of agriculture that is. in fact,
less understood than the principles of
feeding. Most dairymen suppose that
hay is the cheapest food for their cows,
and think it a misfortune to be short of
hay which is in a sense true, for every
one should try to produce all the hay
required by his stock but it is
seldom true that the market price
of grain I higher than hay.
If we consider the relative nutritive
value of hay and grain, or product of
grain, we find -that good meadow hay
or clover i-"no cheaper at $13to$N
per ton than good wheat bran or mid
dlings is at $20 or $21 per ton, or corn
meal at $22 or $2.1 per ton. or linseed
cake or meal at $32 to $38 per ton.
Now this does not mean that corn meal,
middlings or oil meal would be just as
appropriate for the complete food of a
cow as hay. We know that such con
ccntrated'food would be quite danger
ous to feed a cow without any coarse
fodder, but it means that the nutriment
in thce foods will be as cheap to make
up any deficiency in the ration at those
prices" as hay at the price mentioned.
Therefore, "when hay is dear in the
dairy districts, instead of buying hay
the dairyman should buy grain in
some form to help him out. The
grain will be cheapest, ana his cows
come through in much better condition
for the milking season than if they had
all the good hay they could eat- "All a
cow requires over 12 to 15 pounds of hay
should be made up in grain food.
Twelve pounds of hay and eight pound.
of middlings per day will wintera thousand-pound
cow much better than thirty
pounds of hay per day. But the ground
feed should be mixed with cut hay,
moistened, so' the ground feed will ad
here to it, and must be eaten with the
bay, and raised and remasticated. Fine
feed, fed alone, is not raised and re
masticated, but goes on to the fourth
stomach without further mastication.
Our correspondent will see that we
would limit the bay when dear, and
make np a full ration with grain. Bat
it does not pay to save feed and have
the herd poor' at calving time. The
safest extra feed to give, near calviag,
is middlincsl ., Tkis does not beat the
blood Kkeeontaaeat Com rfwoM far I
oiswtiTy afay at.etJyng. asor.ort
mm! ftt aay Tsv tibnMtfM
SCHOOL AND CHURCrtv-
The CongregatioBal- Academy-at
Salt Lake City, Utah, has six, ,feacherV
and 240 pupils, a large proportionVet "
whom come from MbraaonSotaes. '- 1.
Washington is aTemarkably rej.'
ligious city. Statistics show v 480" '
churches, with. 491351 members, fit '
this total membership, however,", about
21,000 are in the colored churches,
A returning missionary writes to n
church paper: We suffer so much in -the
hot season thatr we are" fully con- t
vinced that it is the will of the Lord
that we should return to America be
fore the hottest-iHilianweather is-upon
us again. .
He was gjyfaateiajjtnre"a
university. Nature is -w?rf,thaa "the
schoolmaster; she educates,-but she
never crams. Her scholars do not go,,
up to take their degrees; their degree .
come to them. Jecurinqelow. t .
In 1877 there were twenty-thrco
Danish-Norwegian Baptist- churches in
eight Western Mates, with 1,350 mem
bers, seventeen ordained ministers ami
twelve meeting houses. Now there are
thirty-nine churches, thirty-fonr min
isters and twenty-seven meeting houses.
aV. Y. Examiner.
Since 1870 women have been ad
mitted to universities in Sweden, Nbr
way, Hussia, Switcrland, Italy, Spaiu
and France. At St. PetersSurg in. .
1882 ninety-nine young women were
given degrees in the literary and histor
ical department and sixty-four in the ,
Japanese educators are making an
effort to substitute Roman letters for
those now in use in Japan. It would
probably require but little persuasion to
induce the people to adopt the English
language outright; if onemay judgefrom
the. willingness with which they have
accepted other American and English
customs and methods. Current.
The public hears from time to time
of a discussion over the question of
public worship at Harvard University.
In point of fact, there are at present
no regular Sunday services in the col
lege chapel. During the winter an oc-.
casional discourse was given. Attend
.ance upon some church on Sunday is 4
.no longer requisite, but by a recent de
cision compulsory attendance upon
morning prayers in the college chapel
is continued. N. Y. Sun.
An ancient custom was observed
recently at a London church where, in
accordance with the will of Peter Sy
monds, which dates so far back as the
year 158G, sixty of the younger boys of
Christ's Hospital attended divine serv
ices in the morning, and afterward re
ceived arnew penny and a bag of-raisins.
It was stated that this was the two
hundred and ninety-first celebration ot
tiiis quaiut ceremonv.
At rortl:mii7ll"-. .rciJyTTQir'A'Tr"5,::-
has organized a "Gideon's Band," which
is said to introduce Wagnerian effects
in the choruses sung during the.sw'V
ices, the idea on which the schemtr'is
founded being taken from Judges,-"vil.,
16: "And he (Gideon) divided. 300
men into three companies, and he put
a trumpet into every man's band, with
empty pitchers and lamps within the1
pitchers." Boston Journal.
The famous "Codex Argentenf,'
the four gospels translated by Bishop
Ulpbilas, is preserved in the University
of Upsala. It is written on 182 leaves
of parchment in letters of silver on a
ground of faded purple. It is kept in a
glass case and under lock and key. It
dates back to the second half .of the
fourth century, and, besides beingt
value to thereligiou3 world, it gives the
secular worliLall the knowledge it now
possesses of the early Gothic, the parent
of all the Germanic tongues.
A man content to live in an oleomar
garine boarding house does not know on
which side his bread is buttered.
X. O. Picayune. ' ..
Schools are are to 1m establishedjn
the navy for'instraction in the culinary
art. Tne fine old expression, "Son of df -sea-cook,"
will henceforth have added
force. X. Y. Mail.
Ella Wheeler has written a poem on
malaria. She must think editors are
idiots if she expects to get one of them
to take it willingly, even if she offers, to
give if to him for nothing. Oil City'
A Jersey City doctor forma his
written prescription into poetry: A.,
doctor's prescription is bad enough
under any circumstances, but written
verse must be an awful dose. Yonkcrs
Statesman. "' "
Electric scarf pins arc the -latest
thing in dudedum. Thevspark l4s -Icept " ;
alive dv means oi a jiocKes Daitery. w,-,
PoJionn It am.i1 ! n ltfr4ln liorlsf a fA J.
x cuar3, UJ u ... .. t , . j.
lar process. Broome Republican. , x" &&i
A shrewd old gentleman once- said, d ""tl
to his,daughtcr: "Be suref,ray dear, '.
you never marry a "poor man; bat .res-" r"f
member that the poorest man in ttie
world is one that has money and Beth- H
An" nnrW naner sneaks of . the ""
"shrinksure of tront streams." Atriwtr
ctn.m - ihmik HuC the trn'at MTW- j'" "
on.u uiij o......-, -. . -. - --. ar
does. It generally expands ana, in- CV.jadf.
creases in weifrnt alter ucibk rcatuvew -"js
from tke' stream by an angler.' Aorrts- - fg
town Herald.' " ' 'JlL
If a man weiehinr 150 poinds were , ifU -, '
as active in proportion to his weight M")
a nea, he woniu oe-aote 10 jp orcy:-3 $? ys
threejstorv building., Bntv "M5"5wi'""Vi
rr.o Mni" o foatbor Twul with sthsKitab- & ..- ?
fall on, he wouldB't"jumpoyer 'tKiiMrt, .i"" 1
story bnildinj; more than oacey.K V-l
Two nJimxt -aiwlWCwM'favar' !.sH:r:l
heard indulging in the folfeirin'eisE.S t
versation on one of -tfae 'slTeetBraf &. ""Sk" i
Texas town: "I say, j,jo noes tT3- '-V.
de bouse ob lfias MaUHa Sawbatt-Tc
"De trtxrf in. JuHws. r ialad. an 1
so manv ttaaea m dase h i Muti i '4ttn
l's nawcM saw wtu
robe a ImiUd."
Wra ! lam:
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