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title: 'Thomas County cat. (Colby, Kan.) 1885-1891, August 06, 1885, Image 4',
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,t- -.i" - "-':3'i",'"
V2il-a S "1
ft ir-..- saw
d& S- a5 J3HM
r'" . m
sSr,r; - KANSAS.
RSsrar w Altruism.
Safe vsksj x ' .ggA-aytfa.
' aaOk - MLJ w aBT.l Hr
ana glorious weather,
I for dara twnthr-r-
rwaa rota well.
rMatJ fevatftlrai moir
bat aataut ntfct ...-
ttSfe awialaad near.
lV liw-preaerver. boat
E2ES Kt1' "l'l the land;
Wgf the caOaat aklp to sleep
rB&jA .Jtl" '
".? H "Oed. npoa that ship,
nwr fion an Eastern trip,
olau sailed, of ffreat renown.
VfSJf 225S5? P1"1 tBat naught could savo
yt!"" a watery grave.
Eg raanca would have It, each
9MthIar;taat both desired to own-;A-StrMIS!TiBw.Wch,tl8
EiEl,,J7ef' Med apon
Li "JTo hold up aafelr mora th
: op tala life-preserver itoth
Batted jn an instant, not hino- loath ?
lam. & asi-EaSSE
-- ,-i? aaKSMMb
?iiSr'J?i2.nla'I1s01 " equaled by
.Kjjr- -.kv -,.:!- rjrn mw.n.tf. t-i
e V?sS?tBcloft7bro'r' Brown.
sL, i" -!?,? tputWnk that selBsh thought
T KSiB!!,2ro?0bleioi0ns wrought,
nc ? I Will raladst. fia . i... "
Pjy wNVwa Mwt passed
SA'&aEg!'- g . aad Jones to Brown,
W.3HLir0oa aklB ,waa a-olnir down.
SaaSSJw. urttMw well in mind.
!.MS f- . . . .
- -v,v. xxror urown, pray ao not
SW' 'ES J? rear tbsit makea mo shrink
iv "TUkmb Jleldlnir up this wretched breath
s IftffS- r J? Te a fellow-man from death.
'-JJS- Ji0"?.!0 cry: 'Dear friend, oh take
l'-i' ' ButthtS. tliul T njin not iln.
6ML im Bot free. dear Brown. 'like you.
! Jv i-X6?.!?'' enlJr tho " divine
: .ixv -T. tXadvlnar tin rnnr lira fn. mio.
f?eA't, different with me: '
'SM,.1!T5 w.,f8 and Children throe:
7-A3i Jf or ineir saac, l must control
i -f'-ai? 'Te generous Imnulso of mv unul.
.'??,?5? ?Yet trust me. Brown, most willingly.
itJ'-iSiY'ifii un,ewnw aiacniy,
tt1 uK-jiirwncrj a resign,
rs5 i my case yours, or your case mine'.
"Dear 3oes, your reasons," Brown replied.
s. .-i000" na can not De denied.
(Al tkat your words inmly is true:
irmvt no w,re ar child, like you.
3-Bat, Jones, I have a tie to life
SfBlwr (do not start) than wiro
j Or child, though dear, could over bo:
vSJ,wliich, as you havq doubtless heard,
ui mr jrreat "Uosmoironv
5jiV "ne is to come t DO thlnl.
S&were that mighty tusk complete
i'IJ0W to the last corrected sheet.
v --pelleve me, Jones, to savo your life
' "?,3TlpW o you. timaurmuring.
a TBIft Trail KnnnrK tf whlnd b.a ltMt
P -.55; Jjatwhat aro wife and children three
fi " '5aSoa,?,,red with a Cosmogony
i" i.wr.waat confess it, dearest Jonc
" iaa' wives and children's moans
teTto that loud cry of grief and woo
i swth whioh the learned world shall know
. 'dosJatitcan jiever"hope to see
iJl lOBffAyrtAftfKl Vnlnmn ThMnV
55- IJ- r-- . W.UU.U AUU.
Ii K?QBMe true," sighed Jones. "And rp'-nmi
Vjglthlnk. dear Brown, that you forget
li ,JHad all the mighty men of old
3&fe I""8' scnoiars. statesmen, heroes bold
tfti v8uered untimely takIngK)ff
-5 ''J' measles, croup, or whooping cough,
"Think you that this great earth would then
i Bare nourished only common men
'Had Homer died a stripling lad,
"Should we have InKtthn lli.ul?
.Would Bhakcspere's early, timeless death
Have cost us Hamlet, !ar. Macbeth?
v abb voice or reason answers: 'So:
i wroag not prolific Nature sol
W. if this theory Is true.
not nrounc Mature hot
this theory is true,
aeolr. deiir Bmwn.
;,-- jnjnst apply, dear Brown, to you
feariesc. you mar leave behind
'jnaster-product of your mind
?gh all unOalihed, as you say,)
t --. -"
"Allow mfl!M Rtniolr In Tlmvn
LVThe ship is plainly going down:
,S.". ere cue biuks uencmn us, i
I WOUld most dAcM!dlv rtnnv
xTe theory of which you speak.
rat Is Ingenious, but weak
s A vain though pleasing fallacy,
I44.w UUWI BSSimiUUUU IUU.
I Mwaes, the theory. If true.
(Applies with equal force to you ;
xyr. uearosuones, ir you are drowned,
' Doubtless anntlu-r will ho fnnn.l
FXa eomfort votir dnnr wlfn nnrl ho
I -A father to your children three 1"
liJ,Iaynay, cried Jones, "you Jest, dear
f;t? iirown "
But at this point tho ship went down;
v arguments oi ooiti. you see,
lanced to such a. nlcrtv.
Iflae. so subtile, so profound,
kat both held on and both were drowned 1
pj RobtrUon Trowbridge, in Century.
TEE BLACK MUSEUM.
Ibor iSif -U .
PsWSiL, L ,,
irAwuiwuuuu u uuriua uunneciea
k. , .t ...
:T'VviuuriKa asa unminaia
i'AI AaillllBllimi Af tlm Hnf1 of SnnilM
,! Executed Critolnals The Storl-In-
xraar or various JSotru uurg-
lan-A Little Piece
: The name at the head of this paper
.' f ,wiu uo puuue hj a guuu iijuii ui uiir
III V- ..-! . I t
ilSMKlers. Even among Londoners born
jlJaad.bred, not one in a hundred per-
l VI'i-JMtps has heard of the Black Museum.
',-2-Wlu taker's Almanac knows it not; and
Jillickens' "Dictionary of London." that
l-i.,gHide, philosopher and friend" of tho
ll'Tnderer in the great metropolis,
-' wikeB no mention of it. Mr. Samuel
flWeller himself, extens"ve and pecu-
f Jgftted,to have been, might have ha
bio ptead guilty of ignorance in this one
vtrwHiUr. And yet-the Black Museum
1 ' fllli fim f T uaimfO wa , v au um j ivio
bo. ;' '"Counts a manv. and dukes a
i var'ri- -J -1 J u
(TrKere 'inscribed their signatures
lit rf -T iHrihirn onrt mm i srn nnnintiil
rrJfr.5W.S Gilbert and S:r Arthur
-.OWll van, we ,uriua uy iu.isa miuuiu
v PWmer.-.the fire,, brigade by Captain
8fciw, and the last' offices of the law by
?MjfcflvllIiai Marwobd, who. we are
leHws;X 'frequent visitor. Not to
. '.- jraip 'the Tender ia.' suspense, the Black
, T Ifneonm ;1n r f; mall " pirlr mini on the
:ot the'officesof the Convict
SttertisRm?, Department, Scotland
TtrdTaid ha carlo consists exclusively
.. jfrteke'eoaneeted in one way or an-
" 4lw with crimen and criminals. The
fecta 'exhibited are about one hundred
'- ad fifty in timber. They are careful-
fy lMe4, aadare further described in
- llllr";ctlog which, in addition
C'to Hse'i'datea-aeaother particulars.
' iBDOtAinA'niisbo of photographs and
' swvpaper tiuUiBfa haviog relation to
., The clWetioeib arranged as to
- ItUpMr ire iaipeetien of. the various ob-
- feet. Md thewarat6r. Sergeant Brad-
.fltecesvaa ,erideat .pride in his
taa. WMl wroJeSethe history of any
' itM ft : wit4g remarkabk) prompti-
i aad abQraef.BouMl three sides
' WhsootVoh'high:snelf..are ranged
JMWMirtift wf'yhwter-caste from Derby
k:iir awl rert Cs-repre-eatiBg the
: MMnrrQBBUs wiw, lOTione
I theaw. - itM w eww
(of thc"r personal appearance, wc. should
I s-tv that most of these centry fully de-
8y mat most 01 inese gentry iuny ae-
served their fate. They are not a
nleasant sight, and for the most part
have not even notoriety to recommend
them. One of them, however, a big
heavy head, ticketed as that of "John
Platts" executed in 1847 for the mur
der of one George Collis. of Chesterfield
acquires a factitious interest from the
fact that the identical rope which
hanged the original is looped over tho
gas pendant in the center of the room.
The halters connected with the other
casts are also preserved in the mueum.
but this one chances to have the place
of honor. The curator calls our atten
tion to the thinners of the rope about
five-eighths of an inch onlv in compar
ison with that at present ued, which is J
nearlv or quite an inch in diameter, i
He further points out that the rope is
much shorter than that now in use.
Under the old regime it was an even
chance whether the criminal died 03
strangiing or by d.slocationof the neck;
whereas. 7y the present more merciful
"long drop." the neck is invariably dis
located, and death is pr.1ctic.tlI3' instan
taneous. Together with the halter are
seen the cord now replaced by a
leather strap for p"u:oning the arms
of the condemned man, and the cap
a tall conical affair like a large cotton
night-cap. but of double material for
drawing over his hea I at the supreme
moment. These tine items the halter,
the pinioning gear and th cap. cjuti
tute the complete "hangman's kit."
Sergeant Hradshaw inform-, u-,, not with
out a touch of regret, that Mr. Mar
wood, on paying his last visit to the
Museum, promised to present to it the
ropes Willi which the murderers of Lord
Frederick I'.ivendwh anil Mr. Hnrko
were executed, hut died without having
redeemed his promise.
From the appl'anees of the hangman,
we pass b- an e.isv transition to the
last relics of the late Mr. Charles Peace,
which rank aming the chief lions of tho
collection. Sergiunt Hradshaw shows
us. handling them "tenderh. as if he
loed them," the working tools of the
venerable micre.int; the neat little
picklocks and .skeleton-keys; the gimlet,
miitllcd in an India-rubber cabins; tho
hnml)" little "jemniy;" the crucible for
melting down his spoils; and last, but
not least, his "ladder," a .s'mplo wood
en contrivance, folding into so small a
compass as to go Into an ordinary
hand-bag. and 301, when extended, af
fording ample foothold for the cat-like
"prince oi burglars, as he is called, to
climb up to a first-floor window. So
original is the contrivance that until
Peace himself reealed its object, the
police were quite at a loss to imagine
its use. Here, too, are the inventor's
blue .spectacles and his artificial arm
a leather stump with a hook in it
wor 1 for the purpose of d sguise, the
real arm lying snugty within the coat.
The secret of Peace having .so long kept
out of the hands of the police is that
he had no accomplices, but worked en
tirety alone. Under cover of his dis
guise he collected the ncccsa- infor
mation for his exploits; and after some
daring burglary, wherein the activity of
a practiced gymnast had been disph'cd,
the last person to be suspected was the
little one-armed old man with the blue
spectacles. Wonderful are the ways of
hero worshipers. Some eccentric
relic-hunter lias actualty cut a piece out
of the artificial arm, and in some ob
scure corner of the universe doubtless
dazzles his kinsfolk and acquaintances
1)3' the exhib t on of a veritable bit of
leather formerby belonging to a deceased
burglar and murderer. The reader ma3
remember that Peace, after having es
caped the consequences of mairy pre
vious crimes, was convicted of attempt
ing the life of a policeman, and of the
actual murder of a Mr. I)yon, at Ban
nercros. near Sheffield, and after a de
termined attempt to escape b3' jumping
from a railwav train, was executed at
Leeds on the 2.1th of February, 187U. A
carle dc uiiitr of Peace, taken by the
Stereoscopic Company, is presen ed in
the catalogue, and should be a valuable
example to the student of pin sognom;
the high forehead, deep-set" eves atid
bulldog lower jaw indicating a singular
combination fulh verified in the life
of the man of strong intellectual pow
er and force of will, unbalanced b3 cor
responding' moral qualities.
From the Peace collection we pass to
the stock-in-trade of less notorious burg
lars. Here is a miniature dark-lantern,
manufactured by some ingenious
scoundrel out of one of Bn-ant &
May's three-pen S3' tin match-boxe.
"To such base uses nm' we
come at last!" The bull's eye is a
mere b't of window-glass," oval
in shape, and so small that the opera
tor can. when nece.-aiy. mak it with
his thumb, no slide being u-ed. The
light-ghing power of such a lantern
must naturally be small, but it is prob
ably quite sufficient to enable the burg
lar to avoid stumbling over tables and
chairs or to illuminate a ke3--hole.
Here arc the working tools of Wright
and Wheat lev-, the Ho-wton burglars,
now undergoing penal servitude. Wright
being condemned for life. Wheatlev' for
twent3 years. Kach carried a revolver;
that belonged to Wright, with which he
shot at and wounded two of the police,
being st imped "British Constabular3"
a queer illustration of the irou3 of fate,
and of the provedral "engineer ho st
with his own petard." Each of these
practitioners carried his tools in a sort
haversack slung at his side. A later
expert, oapturod in the act of an at
tempted burglarv at the British Mu
M!imi in 1831. took a bolder oaurse, ana
carried his implements also here pre
served in an ordinary carpenter s tool
basket, over his shoulder. This gen
tleman affected the early morning for
his explo ts, and unless caught in the
verv act. would naturalh" be taken for
a harmless British workman going
about his lawful vocation.
As might perhaps be anticipated, we
find here an ample collection of crow
bars or "jemmies" of various descrip
tions. These formidable appliances are
made, it appears, in regular gradations
of size, the three largest being known
as the "Lord Mayor." the "Alderman"
and the "Common Councilman." The
Lord Mav'or is four feet three inches in
length, ami-is onlv' used on great occa
sions, s.w, the breakingopenofastrong
room or very heavy safe. The specimen
here shown was used in what is known
as the Ilattou Garden burglary in 1839,
by Smith and others. The Alderman
is three feet three inches in length; the
Common Councilman about two inches
shorter, and, as befits its lower dignity,
not quite .o stout. Whatever may be
sa'd as to the projected reform of the
city of London, our readers will agree
with us that the sooner this corporation
is abolished the better. Passing down
ward from the Ccuimon Councilman,
we come ultimately to the "pocket"
jemmy James the less, in more re
spectful language which is about
twelve inches in length. The Black
Museum specimen is ol finely tempered
steel, and hinged so as to fold in half.
ia which condition a curate Bight carry j
: :.i.:. u--r... 1 .. .i.m.0 ... "I
it ia his breast-Docket
- --?- irf.-tflL. - l.-.-
two or three lengths, which are screwed
tosether when required for actual use.
rogeiuer waen requircu ior actual use.
Some are solid, some of tubular steel,
the latter construction giving increased
i lightness without any sacrifice of
strength. .acn cna terminates in a
chiselpoint. the one straight, the other
slightly bent. In close contiguit3' to
the crowbars we are shown specimens
of the "knuckle-duster," a small but
formidable weapon, for which we are
indebted to our American cousins. The
ordinary knuckle-duster is a flat piece
of iron or brass about half an inch thick,
with four oval openings of such size as
to allow the passage of the four fingers.
The fingers being passed through these
holes, the hand closes with a firm grip
on the "butt" of the weapon, while the
remainder of the metal stands out in
the shap'j of an iron ring or guard over
each knuckle, a blow from the hand
thus armed coming with terrific force.
Sfll more formidable is the "spiked"
knuckle-duster. Here each loop of the
projecting guard over the knuckles,
instead of being rounded, as in the
former case, is fashioned into an angle
of about ninety degrees, giving
a cutting effect in addition to
the natural force of the blow.
Passing on from the knuckle-dusters,
we give a cursory glance at a varied
collection of life-preservers, pistols,
daggers and other lethal weapons, all
of which have seen service at some time
or other. The butcher's knife, we note.
is a decidedly popular weapon. There
are also some half-doen razors, all of
which have been used in the commission
of murders or attempted murders. It
is a curious fact that they are without
exception black-handled, the innocent
whiteness of bone or ivory being appar
ently uncongenial to the "murderous in
stinct. Our attention is next directed to sun
dry tin canisters, which prove to be in
ternal machines. As a rule, they look
harmless enough, one even assuming
the innocent semblance of an ordinary
lump of coal. The imitation is so good
tJiat it is onby on taking it in the baud
that we discover that the supposed coal
is in realit3' metal, hollow, but of great
weight and substance. This singular
article was brought to the police b3' one
Fraser Palmer, otherwise Farrell, other
wise "Warhawk," a man who had a
mania for warning our own and foreign
governments of plots which in reality
had no existence save in his own imag
ination. He asserted that this supposed
piece of coal, with others of the same
kind, was intended to be charged with
explosives, and mixed with the genuine
coal in the bunkers of some doomed
steamship. It is said that, in conse
quence of his revelations, an examina
tion was made of the whole of the coal
in the bunkers of the late Czar's steam
yacht Livadia, then h'ing at Glasgow,
but without result S5dc b3' side with
this last item is a far more formidable
looking affair. It is of small size, but
thu solidity of its construction and the
peculiarity of its shape a flattened
oval, tapering down at the extremity,
where the fuse is inserted indicate
that special thought and ingenuity have
been expended on its design. Even the
most accomplished of criminals, how
over, can not always be on his guard,
and this deadly contrivance was inad
vertently left in a tramcar. The con
ductor was persuaded that his "find"
was an infernal machine of more than
ordinarily d abolical character, and he
conveyed it with infinite precaution to
the ijdlice, who at first were of the same
opinion. Further investigation, how
ever, satisfied them that the supposed
explosive was merely a model, artistic
ally cast in lead, of a new design for
A more serious interest attaches to
the truncheon-case pierced with a bul
let ot Hie unfortunate policeman Cole,
shot at Dalston in 1882 by the cowardly
rullian Orrock. in an attempted burg
lary at a Baptist chapel. Orrock's soft
felt hat, found on the scene of the mur
der, is also here preserved, as also the
chisel, with the letters "rock" scratched
upon it. which led to his identification.
A photograph of the chisel is alto
shown; and it is a curious illustration
of the detective powers of science that
the mark, which on the chisel itself is
imperceptible to ordinary e3"e-sight, is
plain' legible in the photograph.
Among the cartes-dc-visite which
adorn the Museum Catalogue is that of
O'Donnell, the man who shot the in
former Care3'. Here, too. are the two
bullets which were extracted from
Carc3''s body, and the revolver, a small
pocket weapon, from which tliey were
fired. A larger revolver, found among
O'Donnell's luggage, lies beside it.
Under a glass shade hard by lies a gela
tine capsule, a harmless looking affair
enough, but helving its appearance, for
it contains a deadly poison, aconite
being, in fact, the fellow to that used
by Dr. Lamson in 1882 to destroy his
youthful brother-in-law. We areslfown
the carte of this criminal also, a gentle
manly looking man. b3" no means an
swering to the conventional type of as
sassins Appearances, however, are
deceitful, is the copybooks of our 3011th
so persistently reminded us. Under
another glass shade is a piece of dark
brown leather, which proves to be a
portion of the tanned skin of Belling
liam, the murderer of Mr. Perceval.
Side by side with this is a curiosity
of a different kind, a pin-cushion, skil
fully worked in human hair, with the
inscription: "I w.ll instruct thoe and
teach thee in the way thou shalt go. I
will guide thee with "Mine e3'e." ilere,
apparently, the worker's stock of Scrip
tural quotatTon fa'led, for she continues:
"My home is in Heaven." It is painful
to hav e to relate that the good lad3'
who worked these pious sentiments has
been over thn?c hundred times convicted
of drunkenness and disorderh' conduct!
She nrcsented this nin-cusiiion in
I honor, we presume, of old acquaintance
to Kcv. air. llorslC3', chaplain of
the House of Detention, who in turn
presented it to the Black Museum.
A tall hat on a peg and much covered
with dust next attracts our attention.
This homeh" relic was the property of
Rev. Mr. Speke, the eccentric cler
gvman who suddenlv disappeared.
leaving his headgear here present in
the Green Park, and was believed to
have been murdered, but was subse
quently discovered, in the garb of a
laboring man. at Padstow, in Cornwall.
He ultimately died, we believe, in a
lunatic asylum. Close beside Mr.
Speke's hat hang a coil of rope, a pair
of boots and an old horse-pistol. These
articles were the property of another
clerical gentleman. Rev." John Selby
Watson, an eminent scholar, of St
Michael's Road. Stockwell. He was
convicted in January, 1872. of the mur
der of his wife, whose bodv he had in-
1 closed in a packing-case, corded with
mu piece 01 rope nere snown. lie was,
however, respited on the ground of in-
! sanity, and thenceforth kept in confine
ment, lie uMea quite recently at Park
hurst Prison, in the Isle of Wight, falling
out of his bank in a fit and fracturing
Not fardistaatareawoMatos of other
well-kaowaT jMsvtano&lIm b the por-
I Lefroy, the murderer of Mr. Gold, oa
the Brighton Bailwar. Here is the rope
the Brighton Kailwav. Here is the rope
used by Marguerite Dixblanc to strangle
her mistress, Madame RieL in Park
Lane. Here are the boots of the unfor
tunate girl, Maria Clausen, murdered
at Kidbrook Lane, Eltham.and the plast
erer's hammer which did the deadly
deed, With another plasterer's ham
mer, also here preserved, Mullins mur
dered Mrs. Emsley at Stepney, in 1860.
Here, too, are sundry memorials of the
Wainwright case, or Whitechapel mur
der, of 1874. Here are the chopper with
which the unfortunate Harriet Lane was
dismembered, and the spade which dug
her grave. Here is one of the buttons
cut from her dress, and a correspond
ing button found with her body; and
stranger item still the piece of shin
bone taken by a surgeon from the leg
of the living Harriet Lane, and which
formed a last unmistakable proof of tho
identit3" of the nameless corpse. Even
the cigar which Henn' Wainwright was
smoking when arrested is here preserved.
Turning to offenders of a more frivol
ous character, we have the peep-show
apparatus wherein a pretended as
trologer, calling himself Prof. Zen
davesta, and residing in Homer Street,
Marylebone Road, London, was wont,
"for a consideration," to call up the
image of an inquirer's future wife or
husband. To illustrate the audacitv of
the Professor and the fatuit3 of his
dupes, we ma3 mention that among his
p"ctorial collection of promised hus
bands were found Mr. Hnlman Hunt
and Mr. Henn- Neville. Another branch
of the Professor's business was the
casting of nativities; and a number of
his hand-bills, showing the great ad
vantages to be derived from possessing
the "straight tip" in this particular, are
preserved with the peep-snow apparatus.
.Next to this latter is a circular board
with a number of shallow cups or de
pressions, painted of different colors,
but higgledy-piggledy, like a solitaire
board "gone wrong." This is an appli
ance for public-house gambling. A
marble, being dropped into a cylin
drical arrangement at the side, is
allowed to wander at will over
the board, bets being made as to
the particular color in which it
will finally settle. Not far distant is a
bundle of "flash" notes, used b3 sharp
ers to simulate unbounded wealth, for
the purpose of the "confidence trick"
and similar frauds. "Flash" differ
from "forged" notes, the latter being
intended to be actually passed as 11101103
and conseqiienth made as like the real
thing as possible. The flash note is a
very rough affair, and onby aims at sim
ulating the general appearance of a
genuine note. The specimens before us
are headed "Bank of Engraving." and
run: "I promise to engrave and print in
letter-press on demand for the sum of
ten pounds, in the first style of the art,
or forfeit the above sum. London 29
April. 1810. For Self & Co., Bank of
Engraving. J. Duck." There is the
customary "Ten" in large Gothic letters
in the left-hand corner, and the paper
and printing of a genuine note arc imi
tated with sufficient closeness to deceive
an unwary observer who merely sees
the note in the hands of another person.
Among curiosities of a different kind
is an Egyptiau conrbash, or bastinado,
an article having the appearance of an
ordinary walkiug-cane, tapering consid
erably. It is said to be of rhinoceros
hide. Whatever the material, it is of
great weight and flovibility; and when
applied, after the mild Oriental fashion,
to the soles of the victim's feet must be
extremely persuasive. The specimen
before us had the honor of being exhib
ited during a recent debate in the House
of Commons. Hard by it is an ancient
watchman's rattle, with which an ex
pert performer, if allowed full opportu
nity to use it, could make a noise audi
ble at nearly two hundred 3ards' dis
tance. As a matter of fact, however, it
was chiefly used to batter the head of
the watchman himself, for which pur
pose it was greatly approved by the
malefactors of the period. A similar
appliance in an improved form was
used by the police up to a recent date,
but is now happiby superseded b3 a pow
erful whistle, which leaves the wearer
full use of his hands for attack or de
fense, and can be heard for nearby three
quarters of a mile. Here, also, are hand
cuffs of various dates and construction,
including the pair in which the notorious
Jerry Abershaw, the highwayman, was
hanged in chains (17!)j) on Wimbledon
Common; and an ingenious wristlet of
Yankee contrivance for securing an
offender on his wa3 to dur.iuca vile. It
is not unlike a pair of caliper-compasses.
but with a cross-handle, like that of a
corkNcrew. The compass portion, being
slipped over the wrist of the criminal,
closes with a spring; and the handle
being grasped firnny b3" the officer in
charge, the captive has small chance of
freeing himself, for a broken wrist would
be the probable consequence of a strug
gle. Apropos of the useful appliance.
Sergeant Bradshaw favors us with a
little piece of professional advice, which
will appropriately conclude our paper.
"Always grip your man, "ne tells us,
"on his right side. Then, if he shows
fight, he can onby let 3"ou have it with
his left, and you have 3-our right hand
free to tackle him. If you grip him on
his left side, v"ou leave him the use of
his right hand to your left, and like
enough he'll get the better of you."
A Happy-Go-Lucky Yankee Farmer.
We ran across an old New Hampshire
farmer last week in one of our rambles
who has lived sixty-five v'ears on the
farm he was born. He "guessed" he
had about five hundred acres of land,
a large share of which is mountain pas
ture. A small brick cottage and two
barns were on the place, and he
wintered last 3-ear twenty-six head of
cattle. He sells milk to the Whitings,
at present furnishing five cans a day.
But he could not say exactly how many
cows he has, how many he is milking,
or just how much he is getting for
milk. Nor could he sa3". more than
approximate-, how much land he has.
how much ha3 he cuts, or how much it
costs him to make his milk. He did
not believe he was getting what it cost
him the year through, but just at this
time, when pasturage is at its height,
and he feeds no grain, ho thought he
was making something. He said he
thought the whole place was worth
S6.0U0. He had raised a family of ten
boys and girls, all of whom are still
living, amine had twice served in the
general court, and always voted the
Democratic ticket It was a fair illus
tration of the happy-go-lucky Yankee
farmer, who seldom has an3r system or
indulges in any plans, and possesses
only such an indefinite idea of his busi
ness as would ruin a manufacturer or a
merchant Lowell (Mass.) Courier.
Chinese doctors, prescribe a stew
made from dried lizards . for weak con-
stimtions, and thev -oeetlieextract of.
wild, tomato rntfrnH jgrlliifirr iirr Tn
jmna a anaa wao
I FARM AND FIRESIDE '
, , . .. , ,. .
Rock salt, put where it can be lickea
at pleasure, suits sheep. Prairie Farm
er. To stain wood blue, boil a pound of
indigo, two pounds of wood and three
ounces of alum in a gallon of water;
brush well over until thoroughly stained.
Lemon Pie: Into one pint of boil
ing molasses put one-half cup of water,
the grated rind and juice of three
lemons, one tablespoonf ul of corn starch J
ana two beaten eggs; bauo witn only
an under crust. The Household.
A very good wa3' to clean rag car
pet is to cut fresh grass and sprinkle
over the caqet and sweep. A good
wa3 to clean wall paper is to take new
baked cold bread and rub the paper.
It will take off almost all kinds sf dirt.
X. Y. Times.
A clothes-pin apron is made of two
pieces of ticking the sme size; these
are fastened together in a band for the
waist; the lower corners are rounded;
In the upper piece of ticking make two
round holes large enougii to admit the
hands, bind, or stitch firmh around the
edge. This is convenient for hanging
out or taking in clothes, and the pins
can be kept in it anil be alwa3"s read3"
for use. Boston Budget.
Lancashire Pie: Take cold beef or
veal, chop and season as for hash; have
ready hot mashed potatoes seasoned as
if for the table, and put in a shallow
baking dish first a layer of meat, then
a la3"er of potatoes, and so on till dish
is heaping full; smooth top of potatoes
and make little holes, in which place
bits of butter; bake until a nice brown.
X. Y. Exnnuncr.
For Scotch shortcake (not ntraw-
beny) take one-half pound of slightly
salted butter and one pound of flour;
then mix flour and butter with the hands;
then add four ounces of loaf sugar, and
work all into a smooth ball; then roll
out until it is an inch thick; prick over
with a fork and pinch round the edges,
and bake for half an hour in an oven,
with a moderate Are, in a round or
square pan, according to taste. Toledo
Mr. Thomas Median sa3s: Rose
cuttings are generally easily raised 03
those who know little about it. In pro
portion as one becomes a skillful florist,
the failures to strike rose cuttings in
crease. Almost evcr3" one who puts in
a few "slips" of half-ripe wood into a
pot of earth, and sets the pot under a
shady fence, succeeds; but as soon as
he or she knows "all about it, the3'
can't strike roses. Here, at least is an
encouragement to the beginner. X. E.
For a good common whitewash
take a piece of stone lime as largo as a
child's head, having it new and entire
ly uuslacked, and nut it into an iron
kettle that will hold a pailful. Pour
over it a few quarts of boiling water at
night; cover and let it stand till morn
ing; then fill up with water and set on
the stove. Add a handful of salt and
stir occasionally till hot. Pour off into
a pail, and if too thick, add more water.
Allow it to become cool before using, as
the smoke will strike through worse if
used hot. Ititral Xcio Yorker.
Some of tho Trifles in Dress Which De
light the Metropolitan VVom.iii.
Stripes are coming in vogue.
Ver3" little crinolette is worn by the
The Marquise Catogan coiffure grows
in fashionable favor here and on the
Large wooden or porcelain beads are
some of the decorations of the latest
The new woollen laces with velvet
figures applique thereon come in colors
to match fabrics.
"Housemaid" frocks of white lawn,
nainsook, and mull are the order of the
Flufly Fedora hair curlers are in de
mand this warm weatner.
Woollen lace conies for fall enriched
with the addition of a velvet pattern
chain-stitched on the wool ground.
For evening, dinner, and garden
party toilets 3oung ladies wear one
small tuft of natural flowers in the hair
and another on the shoulder.
The coarser and rougher the fabric
the more fashionable it is for the d.13
wear, but for evening it must be the re
verse, as line or sheer or elegant as pos
sible. Drawn thread work, filled in with
braidene, the new fancv- embroidery
stuff for flower petals, is the popular
occupation for mornings on the piaz.as
at Saratoga and .Newport.
A woman must have a good figure to
wear the English housemaid's dress,
for its plain skirt reveals all deficiencias,
and to tr3" to cancel them with crinoline
makes the matter much worse.
The "housemaid dress," so popular
in England, is gaining ground here. It
is a good dress, but its chief charm, sim
plicity, is entirely lost when it is worn
over crinolette or artificial protuber
ances of an3- kind.
The costumes seen on the various
beaches near the cto 3"esterday, when
the wearers were near enough to be seen
under their portable canopies of red,
blue, black, beige, and white their
parasols showed that the art of dress
making has progressed lately among
the masses. But for all that, there are
still plenty of women that nothing can
ever float into the heaven of taste in
color, form, anil niceties of detail.
A gown or printed lawn, rhythmic in
form and harmonious in color, is made
b3' having the ground of the material a
warm, pinkish shade ot cream falling in
a full straight ccnlisse skirt overa white
petticoat, banded with maroon satine
edged with narrow cream-color woollen
lace, the blue bodice of lawn worn un
der a short cutaway Figaro jacket of
maroon satine, bordered and edged
with woollen lace, and a high collar
and cuffs of maroon velvet to match the
satine. This frock, worn by a tall,
slender, pale brunette, along with a hat
of pinkish cream straw trimmed with a
nodding tuft of maroon and cream
feathers, and lined with maroon velvet,
makes a picture worthy of the study of
a Vandyke, Joshua Reynolds, or Angel
ica ftaullman X. Y. Sun.
A Russian Trick.
A number of Bashkirs havo just been
brought to account for reducing the
si of their chests by semi-starvation
and other tricks, and thus obtaining
me lical certificates of exemption. In
Russia a conscript is rejected by the
doctors if his chest does not measure at
least half the length of his stature. In
one quarter only of a small district
there were 150 men disqualified on this
account ot ef 500, which fact Jed to a
striet nrtMtigatioa. It was found,
sevnlP-aionths afterward, that tkose
reJMtg'aTfcjisl quite reebvered their aor-
t condition; aid v
In the earl v davs of Methodism in Sex
In the early days of Methodism ia Scot
land, a certain congregation, when there
was but one rich man, desired to build a
new chapel. A church meeting was held.
The old rich Scotchman rose and said:
"Brethren, we dinna need a new chapel:
I'll give C for repairs."
Just then a bit of planter falling from the
ceiling bithitn on the head.
Looking up and seeing how bad it was,
be said: "Brethren, it's worse thon I
thoucht; I'll make it 50 pun'."
"Oh,Lord,"exclaiml a devoted brother
on a back seat, "hit 'im again 1"
There are many human tabernacles
which are in sore need of radical building
over, but we putter and fuss and repair in
spots without satisfactory results. It U
onlv- when we are personally alarmed at
the'real danger that we act independently,
and do the right thing. Then it is that we
most keenly regret; because we did not
sooner use our Judgment, follow the advice
born of the experience of others and jump
away Irom our perils.
Thousands ot persons who will read this
paragraph are in abject misery to-day
when they might be in a satisfactory con
dition. Tliey are weak, lifelcxs, full nf odd
aches and pains, and every year they know
they are getting worse, even though the
best doctors aro patching them in spots.
The origin of these aches and pains is the
kidneys and liver, and it they would build
these all over new with Warner's safe euro
as millions have done, and cease investing
their money in miserably unsuccessful
patchwork, they would be well and happy
and would bless the day when the Lord
"hit 'em" and indicated the common-sense
:ourse for them to uursue. London Press.
Baxaxas ar more easily recognizsd in
the fall than st any other tims of tksysar.
Alt "Tlare'l Out,"
'Don't know what ails me lately. Can't
at well, can't sleep well. Can't work,
and don't enjoy doing anything. Ain't real
ly sick, and I really ain't well. Feel all
kind o' played out, someway." That is
what scores of men say every day. If they
would take Dr. Pierce's "Golden Medical
Discovery" they would Boon have no oc
casion to say it. It purities the blood,
'ones up the system and fortifies it against
Unease. It is a great anti-biliouB remedy
Halli.vo cabs is a common thing when
it is raining pitchforks. Boston Times.
"I Feel So Wen."
"I want to thank you for telling me of
Dr. Pierce's 'Favorite Prescription,' "
writes a lady to her friend. "For a long
time I was unfit to attend to the work ot
my household. I kept about, but I felt
thoroughly miserable. I had terrible back
aches, ami bearing-down Bensntions across
me and was quite weak and discouraged. I
ent and got some of the medicine alter re
seiving j our letter, and it has cured me. I
hardly know myself. I feel so well."
Tn man in the moon most feel all broke
up when ht is reduced to the last quarter.
Glenn't i'nf jAur Soap heals and beautifies. 25a
German Coun Remover kills Corns a Bunions.
Cax a place to teach swimming; be called
dive-in-ity school? Attlcboro Advocate.
Don't disgust everybody by hawking,
blowing and spitting, but use Dr. Sage?
Catarrh Itemed - and be cured.
THE GENERAL MARKETS.
KANSAS CITV, August L
CATTLE Shipping ftcers... ft 30 B M
Native cows 2 50 & 3 80
Hiitehors'otifW... 3 no ft 4 50
HOGS Good to choice heavy 4 3) i Ui
LlKht 4 tt) (i 4 15
WHEAT No. 2 red 78 (ft, 78tf
No.Il red 67 & er,'i
No. 2 soft K)1; V
COItN No.2 33V& 34
OATS No. 2 21 ii 22
HYE No. 2 42 g. 47
FLOUlt Faticy. per sack.... 2 (10 (ft 2 10
HAY Lanre baled 4 75 5 )
JiUTTEK Cho.ce cn-umery.. 18 Cs 1
CHEESE Full creuin 10 GJ 11
EGGS choice 0 ft 7
POIIK Ham fly 10J
Shoulders 4ii4 5
Sidos 6!i Gii
LAUD C'ito 7
WOOL Missouri unwashed. 13 fa 15
POTATOES Xew 30 40
CATTLE-Shlpplntr steers.... 4 25 6b 6 00
Hatchers' steers... 4 50 fc 4 N)
HOGS Packing 4 9) dt, 4 75
SHEEP Fair to choice 3 00 & 3 60
FLOUK Choice 3 ffi fr 4 05
WHEAT No.3 red 98 ft US1,"
CORN No. 2 4iy& 424
OATS No. 2 24J,i 25',
KYE No. 2 52 53i
HAKLBY 50 70
HUTTEK-Crenmcry 15 & 17
POItK 10 30 (S10 40
COTTON Middling 9 10
CATTLE Shipping steers.... 4 50 0 75
HOCS Pncklng and shlpplnp 4 45 4 75
SHEEP Fair to choice
FLOUK Winter wheat
WHEAT No. 2 red
No. 2 sprinir
OATS No. 2
CATTLE Export s
HOGS Good to choice
SHEEP Common to (rood...
VLOUK Good to choice
OATS Western mixed
10 02 10 12!,
500 (i 835
4 30 J 530
300 & 400
4 15 & 5 50
52 & Sift
11 25 11 50
68 SS'i I
For all disorders of the Blood, use
i'-eiared by Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Maaa. BoldbyDrosgjaU. Price il; six bottles, $5.
PARSONS' 7"7 PILLS
9iHalyjire 8ICX-HXAXACr,.Saiocsnam, aad an IJTZB aad BOWXL Complaints. wit.ii
BLOOD tOlSOST. sad Skla Dieeeeaa (OHZ pfu. A DOSS). Wot TaaBalTcoSSuSS SasaWaSa
have bo equal. "I mad thsrn waloabl Catkartla aad X.1 ver PW. Dr. T. IL laas7rTcrntlMnav. Urn?
In nr praetiee I waa no ether. j. Zkmaieoo. IA. BaWltt. lmwualm si j swaTe? awataV
ataUfoz 40 eta. la ataaapa. Talaabla latsaaatW JTaZaV 2.S.JOZQaT OtC JSStOJT TlUfZ
rea ataalac aad can aora
aawarksat vraaaa saasa la acav
H-wW aoakttvelT atvnat
wvawaaarw. sausaaj cast aai
laasagaVaw Vflat CmWOM, amaajsjaaw inc.
IkarehM a gnataa
ftcer fram Har-Farer
Xyatta, I real C the
agatraai carat br Xtt
Cream Bafen aad Otoagbt I
weald try oaee more. Att
ar oaa apsUcaUoa I waa
woaderronr helped. Two
weaka ago I eoaweaced
cured. It lathe grrat
ert dlicoTety mows.
PVhamki. Cun, farmer,
bu amlned as entiaMe rep-
otatlon wbererer Known. UITbLIi Wli If
aupuctog all otherprcpa.riA I f b TUi
rwloiu. A particle Uap-"""" " .TzT
piled Into each nostril; no pata: agreeable to oea,
Frtee 80c by mall or at drugairtf. Bendf or circnUfc
Mr wife haabeentorelr Oiettfjmlih & J
Salt Rneam from Infancy. We trll J"7jp7
remedy, bat to no aralL She wa alio, afflicted wa
aperwdlcalnrnwis bradachr. aomet!r foHowea
by an IfttennMrnf Urtr.to that hf r life Je"""
burden tar hcf. t Inally 1 drtermlned to trr S. 8- S.
he commenced rn weeks ago. Aner the third
bottle the taflsmmattal disappeared, and r pota
dried 03 and tnrnrdnhlte and aoaly.and finally" he
brnsnedtbi'mewfnan Impalpable white powder -enibMngpureealt.
6he 1 nuf taking the aixth bat
tle; every appearanre of the dldcaaefe jtone and hrr
neh la toft and whiten a child'. Her heartachea
ha e diMDPearrd and ahe eaioya the only good health
the halnown In 40 yean, no wonder jhr aeenu
CTery bottle of S.S.S. U worth attauaaniltimej lw
weight in pld. JOI1N Y. BKAD1KT.
Detroit. Mich., May 16. jssa.
For sale by all drug
THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO .
K.T,C7W.23dSU Drawers. Atlanta, Ga.
.1 uaviiciaa u ' """.-- . ... .;...-,
i Va? "7 ?l -HE J3V. . whin riven atrlctlr ao
nr imiira it. - ji - - - . -
the?? need ba vSrltttle tionbie from' bowel con
Phtim.Vndbto ThlTl .VfrftV tjgLSfS
never yet loit a child with any form of dHurhaaor
WlLHOFT'S FEVER AND Mb? TONIC
A warranted cure for att .J""""
earned by malarial polaontaj '
the blood, inch aa Chills and FeTr
Fever and Agne. Sun Pains, DmmV
China, Intermittent. Remittent,
Billons and all other Fevers caoscd
by malaria. IVit also the aaxzst
and best cure for enlarged Spleen
tFever Cake). General DebUIty
and Periodic Neuralgia. HT-ForalebyaUDmgslaU
CHA8, f. HEELER. Prop.i Chicago, III.
removes all writlnc inks, fruit and
wlnestalna without Inlury to the
fabric hery business man jnd
sgents. Oood live men can nnfca
II) to S12 a isr. Address, witn
stsmp. W. E. I1BIOGS CO.. IM
S.Clara: U Chlcage. HI.
... . .. ... until nai-wra if-lTUCD aVaw
WOOD. 0LAS8. CHIN.
AWARDED COLO M
PAKtH, 1.C ntn, m
. inurirtM t.HL
U9JJ tfMd by Mason a
ywa mats Car
tt nanov-. uhihwi
tBE.'SamleTia Csss sot br MsU.23b
Agents Wanted for Life anil Deeds or
JTa, COLO-VM XX J". A. JiVUR.
It contains a full history of his noble and eventful
llf.. The hent rhsnee forAcents to make money err
offered. Bewarrof catchpenny imitations. Col. Burrs
work is Indorsed by Grant's most Intimate friends, it
contains chapters on his Inner life and prli ate char
acter by hl pastor. ISev. J. P. Newman. Fully lllua
t riled. Send for tra terms to Agents. Address
NATIONAL PUBLISHING CO- br. Lotfl. Mo.
Beat 1st the world. Grt the genuti-e. Ev
ery patckatse baa oar TriMto-niiarlt susd la
commissions ; Deaertera rellev-
nist IT7a?D To lntpvloeJ'.tnem.
haa ws s
will GIVEAWAY 1.0
8 If Operating Washlmr Maihiiues. If jou want
i one srad as your nunc. P. O and expre, omeeaa
. Thsj National Co., 35Dey Bt.if.it.
The moecbeanttfnl aud finest toned
Treated and cun a without the knifn.
Book on trratmrni. sent free. Addiesa
F.L. POND. M. D- Aurora. Kaae Co. Ill
I8S5. THE NATIONAL NORMAL 1885.
' Entire expene 2J0 toanu
111 I Cn all I I Overaoiienartmentsmaln-
vldedfor. Isisl DIMomaa conferred. Oer5.00
Teachers and Bookkeepers, trained here havo
waa iMawa a fc
been heloed to Oood Situation. Anr Youne M no.
or nuwin can pursue any study wnn
in lsa .Ex-
penseoi aims ana stagey 1
than at any other Institution I
tn the V. 8. Catalogue and lull I
Informattiin fre Adriresa. I
f rcaldeat AIaFKI Lebanon, Warren Co, O.
aw lantt nrariicc hi s ui itiuar a wu.
Don't Discharge your Doctor
But tell him frankly you are
getting desperate. Perhaps he
will review his treatment, and
advise a trial of
In this case, as in many others,
the change worked wonders :
Three years ago I suffered greatly from
Liver Complaint, General Debility, Loss
of Appetite, and Headache; my stomach
was disordered, and, although I ate
sparingly, of carefully selected food, I was
in constant distress from indigestion. I
was troubled with sleeplessness, and be
came so emaciated and feeble that I was
unable to learc my room. After remain
ing in this reduced condition over a
month, and receiving no benefit from the
medicines prescribed for me, I obtained
my doctor's consent to a trial of Ayer's
Sarsaparilla. Before I had finished the
first bottle of this medicine I began to im
prove. By its continued use the troubles
with my liver and stomach gradually dis
appeared, and my appetite and strength
returned. After taking eight bottles my
health was fully restored, and I am again
able to attend to my business. Isaac D.
Yarrington, Bunker Hill St., Charlestown
District, Boston, Mass.
R. U. AWARE
t .-m.-v- a t
Way Cltasrtafcaaa taat LatOaaity jia sal
5S4V5 Fir7 : " J j"wti4o wins;
-C2 -, -
u -yirhz-i ut&..'-t3$$m.tP2f
SR?-k' g - i-i.5fi -f .-:- -:iZ:r--. Ti
lure)." fiik-X 3 Lc .fev., S