Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Thomas County cat. (Colby, Kan.) 1885-1891, December 17, 1885, Image 2',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
THOMAS COUNTY OAT.
X. P. WORCESTER It CO., Vnllisliixs,
Before my mind there comes to-night
My dear old Grandma's lace;
I see her sitting by the Are,
in her old accustomca pmce.
f I see those dark and lovely eyes
. Look full into mv own.
1 1 fee her smile, and hear her voice
In soft and tender tone.
Che lays her nped hand in mine,
And speaks of daj s tfone by. ;
She tells me of her many lriends,
While tear-drops dim each eye.
She speaks in tender, lovinp tones
Of those whom we call dead;
"Recounts their many acts of lovJ
And kindly words they said.
Ehe tells me of the living ones
Who re scattered far and wide,
And gric c because thev can not meet
Around the home Lieside.
Ehe tells mo of her dear old home
E'er Death had entered theie;
Of youthful da-, hen hope was strong,
And life seemed bright and iair.
' be speaks of many sorrows borne.
Of trials hard to bear;
Of failing health and tended form.
Of j ears of pain and cure.
And now. In half impatient tones.
She sais "She wonders whv,
jWhen folks havo past their usefulness,
They're not allowed to die."
Uo one has past life's usefulness
I While love beams from the ee;' '"
"While pleasant smiles and cheering' words
( Brine Heaven to Earth so nigh.
There's nothing else in all the world
Can thrill my bein so
As happy smiles and love lit eyes
And tones so soft und low.
As I, In fancv, sa7e upon
JIv dear old Giandma's face,
I think: "Who else in all the world
Could really 1111 hor place."
j Jlorc than four "-core weary years
Ha e v. curbed her do n with care;
Hn e made her steps so slow and weak,
And bleached her lovely hujr.
I know full well that oon they'll say:
"Your Giandma's laid to rest.
The tired hands will folded lie
On a cold and pulseless breast."
' But Grandma ne'er can die (to me),
I For mcmoiy's magic power
Will e'er surrouud me with her lovo,
,ikc lragrauce from a llow er.
childhood's hour she tended me,
Tln sickiie bathed my blow;
With mild rejtroot she taught me rlsht;
Can I xorgct her now.'
Can I forpet those handsome eyes.
So filled with love's own light;
Or the geutl'' voice and loving words,
Wlncn made mj childhood bright.'
Eaith may (.lpim the feeble form,
llut Grandma s lot ely face
In the jjcred halls of mcinorr
Shall isave an honored place.
Mrs. p. 1 Tiari i.mih. in Chicago Herald.
STEW YOPiK NEWSGIRLS.
Tho Tricks, Charms and Dangers
of thoir Trado.
Sitting in comfortable down-town
restaurants on these chilly autumn
evenings, with the grateful fragrance
of a good dinner perfuming the atmos
phere, the man of business witnesses
an occasional sight outside of the doors
and windows in the cheerless street
that sometimes tills his heart with pity
and perhaps take away some of the
exuberance of his appetite. It is the
sad and wistful face of one of the in
numerable little newsgirls who sell
papers in the lower part of the city,
and who now gazes wistfully and hun
grily from the outside cold at the
jricturc of good cheer within that she
may not share. Perhaps, if the wait
ers are not near the door, she ventures
to open it, conu inside and oiler her
paper to the m n at the tables; but
i-he is generally driven into the street
nirain before she is able to effect a sale.
But he is a hard-heaited man, indeed,
who, coming out well fed and content
ed, can resist the appeal: "Mister,
please buy a paper. I've only got two
Down at the ferries, about Park row
and the Post-Office, in Nassau, Wall,
all the down-town business streets and
in Broadway, scores of little girls are
encaged afternoon and evening in the
sale of the papers. They are in all de
grees of rags and tatters and they rep
resent almost every nationality fur
nished by the tenement-house popula
tion, with a majority of Irish and Ital
ian children among them. They are of
all ages and sizes, from tiuv mites of
even four and five years, up to well
tgrown lassies of sixteen and seventeen
j ears. Many of them are careful and
tidy in dress and person, and some of
the older ones compare favorably in
appearance with the pretty New York
shop girls, but there are others who are
dirty, careless and abandoned. Not a
few of them are gentle, sweet and pretty
when they begin their career as news
jvenders, but contact with the others
and the life they are forced to live in
the streets, soon rub off the bloom,
and in most cases harden them into
premature little termagants. They are
obliged to take their own part in the
struggle with the rough boys of their
own class; they fight their own battles,
regardless of sex; they frequent saloons
and bar rooms late at night and listen
to the vile jests of brawlers and roughs.
No wonder that they lose their gentle
manners and girlish traits and become
uusexed and depraved; that their faces
3ose the innocence of childhood and
oftener than not become impressed
.with the unmistakable stamp of low
cunning and vice. Nevertheless, there
are exceptions to this rule and a few of
the little newsgirls retain their pretty
faces and modest manners through all
the years they run about the streets.
The newsgirl is differently situated
from the newsboy. Not a fer of the
3atter are homeless and fatherless little
Jsomads who drift about from one city
Jto another, living "at the newsbovs'
tomes, or sleeping in the streets. Iiut
most of the little girls have homes to
!go to, squalid, andnumble though most
bf them are, and a few even attend
school in the morning and leave in
Pjrime to begin the sale of the afternoon
p.ers as soon as the first editions are
ued. From this early hour many of
them remain out until midnight, in
Egorm or sunshine, heat or cold, until
Wxejast pfcper is sold,
i The hackneyed story of the little girl
wrfid i beaten when see returns home
without having disposed of her stock
in trade is generally pooh-poohed
when it is mentioned; but it is true,
nevertheless, in many cases, and it is
not an infrequent occurrence for men
who are out late at night to find a little
girl, with one or two papers under her
arm, sobbing in a doorway or under a
gas-lamp because she is afraid to go
home. Ask her what is the matter,
and when she tells you the tale will
sound so familiar that you scarcely be
lieve it. Tell her harshly that that
story is played out and go on your
way, and notice how uncomfortable
you feel when you consider that it is
barely possible that her tale is true.
Then sneak back stealthily, as
if you were about to commit
a crime, buy her papers and
give her a coin you can always
easilv spare and you will sleep better.
A few of the little newsgirls are well
known to down-town business men.
One little Italian girl, not more than
seven or eight years old, has a pretty
little ti-ick of her own.which very often
proves effective in selling a paper or
bringing forth the present of a coin.
The hurried pedestrian on Nassau
street, near Fulton, is surprised to feel
a soft little hand close upon Ins linger,
and when he looks down a pretty but
dirty little face is turned smilingly uj
to his, and the child who trots t along
beside him holding his finger asks:
"Please buy a paper, mister?" Even a
rough man dislikes to break away from
the gentle grasp of the small fingers,
and the confiding smile and soft voice
of the child almost invariably effects a
sale. Most of the newsgirls, however,
make sales by sheer force of endurance.
The will follow a possible customer
for a block, walking so closely in front
of him that he can scarcely take a step,
and imploring him to make a purchase.
If the victim argues that he already
has a paper and does not desire a du
plicate, the girl will say: "Well, you
didn't buy that one of me, mister.
Please buy one of me!"
What becomes of the newsgirls is a
question almost as abstruse as the prob
lem relative to the disappearance of
pins. One who frequents the same lo
calities down-town notices the same
faces 3 ear after jear, until they sud
denly disappear entirely from his observation,-and
others take their places.
But they never seem to grow older,
and as their newspaper trade does not
lead to advancement, they can not be
imagined to have climbed out of sight
on the ladder of prosperity. One little
rirl who for several years sold papers
in front of Nash & Crook's restaurant
in Park Row had sufficient resolution
to study telegraphy in her spare mo
ments, and now stie holds a position as
operator in the Western Union build
ing. Another newsgirl who came un
der the writer's notice had one of the
opportunities that are usually offered
only in Sunday-school books, but she
failed lo take the right advantage of it.
Her story is not uninteresting:
About five years aro, a newspaper
reporter was passing along Park Row,
near Ann street, in the afternoon, when
he observed a particularly gloomy small
boy moodily counting a few pennies at
the edge of the gutter with a bundle of
papers under his arm. While he was
thus engaged a depraved and ragged
urchin, several years older and many
sizes larger, swooped down upon him.
seized his pennies and bolted across
the street toward the Post-office. The
gloonry, small boy seized him by the
coat tails or that portion of his" coat
nearest where the tails would have
been if they had not boen torn eft and
was wafted with him across the street
through a labyrinth of horses, wagons
and street cars, screaming -Meanwhile
:it the top of his voice. The depraved
urchin was so much annoved bv the
little fellow's attentions that he" pro
ceeded to confer upon him a scientific
thrashing, and all the other newsboys
and girl in the vicinity became inter
ested and came over toobserve and ad
mire. But before the thrashing had
been entirely administered a tattered
damsel of perhaps ten or twelve years
appeared upon the scene, and, "from
the manner of the reception, it was ob
vious that she was a person of some
reputation and importance in affairs of
a similar nature.
"Wot's the row?" she inquired, el
bowing her way toward the center of
the throng. A score of voices informed
her. At the sound of her voice the de
praved urchin suddenly ceased his pu
gilistic operations, turned pale and
made a violent effort to break through
the crowd. The tattered damsel
caught sight of him.
"Take my papers," she cried, hand
ing them to a conscienceless small bov,
who at once bolted and sold them it
Fulton Ferry, to his personal aggran
dizement. " co
The luckless fighter made several
fruitless efforts to get out of the ring
and then began to wail in anticipation
of his approaching doom, though he
was older and taller than the avenger.
The little Amazon grasped him bvthe
hair and delivered a series of rVht
handers upon his countenance witlf so
much fervor that the life-blood streamed
from his nose and his bellowings might
have been heard six miles away, wllile
the group of small spectators howled
with delight. Having punished him
sufficiently, the tattered damsel let him
go and turned her attention to his little
victim. The gloomy small boy was
gloomier than ever. "His nose was also
bleeding, and the little girl vrho had
avenged him of his adversary produced
a very dirty handkerchief and sent one
of her maids of honor to dip it in the
"Wot was he lickin1 ye fer:'" she in
"He he stole my my Uxon'-v "
sobbed the little fellow. "
The Amazon at once looked savao-elv
about for the depraved urchin, who",
v..,..6 uauSa pasi, was siaucinng
the flow of blood from his nose near a
neighboring street-lamp, howling dis
mally the while and gazed upon fcv an
interested throng. Seeing her Jo-am
descending upon him he screamed,
cowered and gave himself up for lost'
"Where's the kid's monev?" de
manded the little Amazon, in a terrible
"Her,e 'tis," cried the culprit, divine
into his pocket. "Don't lick me no
more. I'll give it to you."
The Amazon counted it and asKed
the small boy if it was right Then
she turned to the depraved urchin and
said: "If you ever touch that kid again
won't I just lick yon, though! m lick
you till they call an ambulance.1'
The reporter who witnessed this san
guinary affair "wrote it up" forthwith.
A day or two later a gilded youth ap
peared at the newspaper office and de
sired to be placed in communication
with the writer of the story. He told
the reporter that his aunt, a wealthy
and philanthropic maiden lady, had
read the tale of the chivalrous little
Amazon, and desired to see her with a
view to adopting her and giving her
an education. Therefore the reporter
and the gilded youth went forth to
seek her. They found her 'in Ann
street playing pitch-penny with four
ragged boys. This somewhat damp
ened the ardor of the gilded youth.who
decided to see his aunt again before
bringing a gambler into the family.
The aunt was of the opinion that a
course of The Shorter Catechism
would eradicate all desire for pitch
penny from the child's mind and im
bue her with a preference for sewing
patch-work wherein that estimable
lady made one of the greatest mis
takes of her life. The little girl was
infatuated with the idea of going to
live in a fine house, and her parents,
who had half a dozen more children.
were easily persuaded that it would be,
to her advantage.
The philanthropic lady took the child
home, and she received a bath and a
new outfit of clothing. For the first
day she was perfectly happy with her
dolls; and but for the fact that she
brought in a strange dog from the
street and organized a frgnt between
that animal and her benefactress1
favorite cat in the parlor, her conduct
was exemplary. The next morning she
had to be washed by main force, and
before night she was pining for the
street and her old acquaintances. The
following day she was miserable in
spite of all attempts to amuse her, and
at night she escaped, exchanged her
dress in a cellar in Ann street for one
that allowed greater opportunities of
ventilation and joined her old compan
ions. She was twice taken back, and
the last time she remained a month,
but her spirit was too wild to be tamed,
and at present sho is selling papers at
the Brooklyn Bridge entrance. Her
ease is an extrordinary one, however,
for numbers of little girls who have
been taken from the street have grown
up to respectability when adopted into
Many of these children earn enough
to help out the domestic finances con
siderably. One little girl ten jears old,
who sells papers in Park row told the
writer that she made fifty cents some
days and that she was enabled to pay
her own tuition at a parish school, be
sides helping her mother. She is one
of eight small children of a bricklayer
who lives in a tenement house in Oak
street, and she reads and writes re
markably well. But it is a hard life
the little ones lead, and he who heeds
the timid appeal: "Please buy a
paper," may always feel that he "has
not squandered his mono, even if he
should tell the small girl to keep the
change from his dime or nickel. N.
A NOVEL ORGAN.
One Which Is Bull! J uoii the Model of the
One of the greatest novelties shown
at the Franklin Institute Exhibition in
Philadelphia is the vocalian organ. It
has followed the process of producing
sound which is peculiar to the vocal
organs of men and animals, and by
this method great sonority,, purity and
strength arc obtained by more compact
means than those employed in the pipe
i"S" In te vocalian organ the wind
is conducted into the wind chest, which
represents tho human lungs, y a wind
trunk from the bellows below. Lead
ing out from this chest is a throat, re
sembling the trachea, and a short dis
tance within and across the throat is r
peculiar reed, which performs the same
function as the vocal chord in the
human throat. The bound produced by
the vibration of the reed meets with a
contraction a little distance further
within the throat similar to that at the
fauces, whence it enters into the mouth
cavity. For low notes there are
large throats and reeds and mouths
a foot square and for high notes
proportionately short throats and small
reeds and mouths, In each mouth
cavity is a round hole, corresponding
to the nasal opening of the human sub
ject and performing the same function
for the vocalian that the nostril does
for the man, assisting the vibration
and modifying or improving the quali
ty of the sound emitted. Economy of
space is one of the advantages of" the
vocalian organ, the equivalent of eight
hundred notes or pipes being packed
in a compass not much larger than an
upright piano. The instrument has
three banks of keys, two and a half
octaves of pedals and twenty stops, by
means of which the sounds of all the
instruments commonly imitated on
pipe organs can be reproduced. The ad
vantages claimed by the vocalian organ
is that it remains in perfect tune. Pipe
organs being subject to the influence of
changes of temperature, their pitch va
ries with heat or cold, and to the re
fined ear they, are seldom in perfect
tune. The merit claimed for the voca
lian "is that certain of its stops are even
finer than airy known to the pipe or
gan, anu mat in the matter of power it
is equivalent to the pipe-organ, except
in the heavier bass notes.Vhich, in the
inventor's opiuion, do not require a
greater volume than that of the voca
lian. Mr. Hamilton's invention is an
altogether novel instrument, and is at
tracting a great deal of critical atten
tion. Cor. Chicago Sun.
Ourself and wife were pleased U
meet and form the acquaintance of Mr.
and Mrs. Walter E. Cansdcll, of Cam
eron, on our wav to St. Joseph last
Thursday night. "Mr. C.-is the brilliant
editor of the Princeton Telegraph. Mrs.
Cansdell and Mrs. Bear enjoyed them
selves hugely together, while , their old
men were out with the remainder of
the boys imparting a crimson glow to
the town of old St. Joseph. Jamesnort
A disappointed man is Thomas A.
Edison's father, who says he didn't
think his boy amounted td much when
he left home to sell newspapers on the
cars. Philadelphia Press.
The Founding and Development of tae
Magic City of the South.
Birmingham, the magic city of the
South, was incorporated December 19,
1871, and is beautifully situated in
Jones' Valley, Jones County, Ala., and
is the county seat at present The
former capital town of Jefferson County
was Elyton.distant about two miles,now
a suburb of tho- city, containing a num
ber of fine residences. James R. PowelL
John T. Miller and Samuel Tait were
the original promoters and founders
of the new city. They saw their chance
to make a fortune, and had the nerve
and means to go in and win by buyino
up the lands about the time the South'
& North Alabama & Chattanooga
Roads were being built through tfis
then wild and comparatively unknown
section, for, until then, little if any
thing was known of the vast mineral
wealth here deposited.
The gentlemen previously named,
after a careful survey of the lands, for
the purpose of ascertaining beyond
doubt the extent, quality, etc., of the
ooal, iron and limestone, were fully
assured of the almost inexhaustible
quantity and of the superior quality of
the same. Immediately they set about
forming a company or syndicate for the
purpose of developing the lands and
bringing into market these rich depos
its that had lain hidden for unknown
ages. A location for a city was care
fully and judiciously selected, surveyed,
and, as our friend, "Boss" Shepherd
would say, laid out in a comprehensive
plan, with the eye of faith to the future
greatness of the embryo city. The re
ports at first were doubtfully received,
so incredible they seemed. It was
hard for the staid old iron masters of
Pennsylvania and other mineral re
gions to believe that such vast deposits
bf minerals could exist in the South,
and that it could remain here or else
where for so long- a time undiscovered.
Shrewd and enterprising iron men and
capitalists of New Castle, Pa., and
Wheeling, W. Va., came on to see for
themselves, and were convinced of the
truthfulness of the statements made.
They purchased lands and erected fur
naces, mills, etc. The result has been
marvelous. The taxable property of
the ' city of Birmingham was in 1883.
S2,682,yG9, and in 1884 had increased
to 83,302,136. The city is lighted with
a superior gas manufactured from eoal
procured in the immediate vicinity.
Water of c good quality is furnished
from a clear stream that flows near by.
A paid fire department is maintained,
while the police and sanitary are alJ
that could be expected. The citv
boasts of a pretty opera-house, capable
of seating 1,260 persons, one of the
best arranged places o'f amusement in
the South. Birmingham (Ala.) Coz.
SHE FIXED IT.
How an Enterprising Widow Managed on
The three of us had been tramping
over the battle-field of Malvern Hill all
day long, and as night came on there
was every evidence of a steady, soak
ing rain-storm. We had to get shelter
fight away, and we found it in a small
farm-house owned by a widow. She
was willing enough to furnish us sup
per, but when it came to lodgings sh
seemed greatly embarrassed.
"You see," she said, "my house is
very small. Indeed, I have only this
room with a bed-room off."
'But can't we sleep in the barn?"
asked the Colonel.
"I have no barn."
"But you can go to bed and let us
sleep on the floor, can't you?"
"Y-e-s. but but "
"Oh. von needn't have anv fear of
ns, madam," pretested tho Colonel.
"It isn't that, sir, but"
She blushed like a rosf, but none of
us could understand until she said:
"Well, to tell the truth, my beau
will be here to-night."
"In this storm
"Oh, yes. William would come if it
"Well, we won't hurt William."
"No, sir, but we that is, he will ex
pect to spark me, and and "
"Exactly." said the Colonel. "I see
the situation. You don't want to dis
"Xo, sir; and I don't want to turn
you gentlemen out, either. You see,
sir, it's probably my only chance to
get married and it won't do to offend
William Thia is his sparking night,
and he's got to come live miles."
"Well, we won't stand in the waj;
we will hunt some other place."
"No, sir, you shall stay; but you see
how it it is. I think I can fix it. I'll
take this room, and you three can have
"What! Deprive you of sleep P"
"Oh, no, sir. William and I always
spark till daylight. If you would only
fix it that waj. sir."
e did. Ai ter supper we locked
ourselves in the bed-room, and taking
the pillows from tiie bed la down on
the floor and slept like bricks until
called to breakfast. When we went to
breakfast the Colonel asked:
"Well, did William show up?"
"Y-yes, sir,"' she stammered, "and
he ask"ed me to m-marry him! If we
hadn't fixed things may-be he'd have
waited a whole year longer. B-brcak-fast
is ready, and I'll never forgctyour
k-kindness to a poor widow!" Detroit
Violating His Contract.
"Pa," said Bobby, who had been al
lowed to sit up a little while after din
ner with the distinct understanding
that he was to ask no foolish questions,
"can God do everything?"
"Can He make a two-foot rule wfch
only one end to it?"'
One more question like that," said
the old man, "and you will be packed
off" to bed."
Bobby nodded sleepily for ten min
utes and then asked:
"Pa, can a camel go seven day
"Well, how many days could he go
if he had water?"
The next thing Bobby knew he was
in ad. .AT. Y. Sun.
VALUE OF PEDIGREES.
The Merits of Registered Animals One
Those Not Registered.
This subject Bobs up periodical! c
Some person discovers his inability
see any difference between an anima..
that is registered "and the same animal
if it was not registered. That is a clear
statement of the difficulty in such cases.
We are in receipt of a letter from a cor
respondent who is experiencing this
trouble. Well, the answer is that there
is no difference. Record makes an an
imal no better than it would be if it
were not recorded. Nobody claims dif
ferently. The value of a recorded ped
igree is just this: An animal can not
be recorded unless it is well bred. Rec
ord establishes its good breeding. It
also gives the history of its ancestors, a
matter of great importance. It tells of
the blood that is in its veins and no one
of experience need be told that but for
this safeguard the purchaser would
often be imposed upon. There are men
who are unprincipled enough to repre
sent a grade to be full blood if they can
safely do so. From time to time we are
written to about such misrepre
sentations. Down in Pennsylvania
there is a firm, or was . one
we haye heard little about
it recently who were engnged in sell
ing what they called pure bred Jersey
cattle. So far as we ever learned they
misrepresented in every instance. They
sold their cattle under the representa
tion that they were recorded or eligi
ble to record, when it was not true. In
all the cases that came to our notice
the purchasers did not consult the reg
ister until it was too late. But there
was the register. They might have as
certained the facts if they had investi
gated, but they trusted a stranger and
What is the merit of a registered ani
mal over a good animal that is not
registered? asks our correspondent.
Generally speaking, the merit consists
in the characteristics of the breed being
fixed in the one and not in the other.
The animal that is not entitled to regis
try is a grade. As an individual the
grade may be superior to an individual
full blood. But there is an uncertainty
as to its ability to transmit its individual
excellence. It may do it and it may
not. The full blood, however, will
practically reproduce itself. In esti
mating the value of a recorded animal
its individual excellence should always
be taken into account. Pedigree can
not cure faults in the indivual. A lino
blooded animal ma- have been so bod
ly treated as to be worthless or com
paratively so. The first thing to look
after is not the pedigree, but individual
merits. Find an animal that fills the
eye and satisfies the judgment, and
keep on looking until that object is
achieved. Having found such an ani
mal then the next thing to settle is its
purity of breeding, and pedigree is the"
only means by which that can be set
tled. The pedigree must be had in
some waj, and now the question comes,
shall we take the unsupported word of
the breeder as to the pedigree, or go to
the trouble of tracing it ourselves, and
supporting every step by evidence of
our own accumulation, or shall we go
to an organization whose business it is
to have such information, and there
secure it? It would seem as if no one
I could hesitate for an instant to answer
such a question.
What is to prevent the breeder from
imposing upon the record? further
asks our correspondent. These ques
tions, it will be observed, are about
the same series that even one pro
pounds, who questions the value of
record. In reply we would say that
practically it is impossible for the
breeder to impose upon tho record.
The breeding associations are efficient
ly managed, as a rule, and their rules
arc stringent, so stringent that the
truth of a record may be depended
upon with as great certainty as any
business transaction can be depended
upon. It has sometimes happened
with some associations that they have
been deceived, but the deception has
been found out, and tho record has
been stronger as a result of the very
attempt to impose upon it. and the evi
dent watchfulness of the association to
guard against imposition. A printed
pedigree does not necessarily Imply
that we shall shut our ears and eyes to
everything but the record. But a. rec
ord is exceedingly helpful.
THE GREAT DESIDERATUM.
Can Power and Kiectrlciry Be Produced
Direct from Coal.
The problem of problems in the world
of scientific research just now is how to
produce power and electricity direct
from coal. Steam sets free only four
teen out of a possible hundred atoms
of force in a given quantity of coal;
hence the waste of power in the com
bustion of that carbonized material.
Thomas A. Edison, the great American
inventor, thinks that some means will
vet be devised of aettinjr electricity
direct from coal. At present it is gen
erated by steam, but in making the
steam more than tour-fifths of the pos
sible power of the coal is wasted. It is
this that prevents electricity being used
as a motor. Even as an illuminant it
is far more costly than oil. The annual
charge for certain light-houses on the
English coast was about $3,500 when
oil was used. The cost of the electrical
machinery in the same light-houses is
over $11,000. Were it possible to get
all the electrical power there is in a ton
of coal, there would be a revolution in
transportation. Great heavy loco
motives would be no longer needed.
The noise and smoke and fire of en
gines would be abolished, and the great
space in steamships occupied by ma
chinery and coal could be utilized for
profitable cargoes. The solution of
this problem would open a new era in j
the history of intercommunication be
tween distant localities. Bcmorest's
Baked Bread Pudding: Soak piece?
of dry bread in milk; when soft mash
them, and add four eggs, butter, sugar
and spice, cinnamon or nutmeg, and
rasins if preferred. Bake one hour and
a half. The Cook.
Toads "in hot-bed or 'rreen-house
destroy, it is said, many harmful in
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
The Fourth Presbyterian Churcfc
!f ew York, has had but seven pastors
in one hundred years.
Seven female ministers were mem
bers of the general convention of the
rjniversalist Church in Brooklyn re
cently. Evangelist Moody says that church
fairs are an abomination. He would
rather wqrship in a barn than a church
built by such methods.
Many kindergarten teachers agree
that the first choice among colors of all
children under seven years of age is.
yellow. This admits of few exceptions.
N. Y. Sun.
Miss Catherine L. Wolfe's latest
gift to the Protestant Episcopal Church
is $75,000 for the erection of a clergy
house on the ground of the General
Theological Seminary in New York.
The Boston Young Men's Christian
Association has over seven hundred
young men enrolled in its eighteen
evening edncational classes. Few col
leges have a larger number of students
There is talk of establishing dairy
schools in some part of New York to
teach dairymaids and others how to
make butter and cheese. They are to
be modeled aftor those in England and
Ireland. Troy Times.
An arrangement has been made in
Worcester, Mass., whereby the books
in the public library are placed at the
disposal of school children during the
regular school hours and are freely
loaned to teachers and scholars in con
nection with their studies.
An eminent clergyman was asked
for a series of brief papers "on what9
he knew about preaching." He replied:
"The papers required will be ver brief
and very few, but if you should ask me
to tell you what I don't know about
preaching, I would reply, life is too
short. Chicago Inter Ocean.
The professorship of biology held
by Professor Huntley in the School oi
Science in South Kensingtqn, London,
has been abolished since he resigned.
The salary was 83,200 a year, and the
chair was considered "one of the few
prizes open to biologists," so that its
abolition finds little favor among men
The Baptist Weekly says: "As a
mercenary measure, designed to lighten
the burden of church building, memo
rial windows are becoming somewhat
popular; but the object is otten too ap
parent, and these transparencies are
found to be suggestive of economical
management rather than of hallowed
memories of departed worth."
The annual "lion" sermon was re
cently preached in London. The origin
of this service date back some two and
a half centuries ago, when, according
to tradition, Sir John Gayer, who was
at one time Lord Mayor of London,
left a sum of money for tiie purpose of
commemorating his remarkable escape
from death while journeying in Arabia.
A recent address by Mr. Moody to
the students of Northfield, Mass., con
sisted of these two words: "Consecrate
and Concentrate." and he added a motto
that he saw in England:
"Do all the jroo(l you cm.
To nil the people jon oan.
In all tho wais jou can,
As lonj- as over j ou can."
Bronze is a very fashionable hue
nowadays, but brass has not entirely
gone out Boston Budget.
The energy and perseverance ex
hibited by a tramp in evading work
would make him rich in five j tars if his
toes were turned the other way. Phil
A Massachusetts gunsmith adver
tises "a perfectly safe boy's gun." But
a perfectly safe boy is very unsafe when
he has a gun. Korristown Herald.
The man who mortgages his prop
erty, while the money last, lives on
the fat of the hind, while the man who
loans the cash has to be eontent with
the lien. Loioetl Cilizn.
A would-be wit once said, speak
ing of the fair sex: "Ah! it's woman's
mission to make fools of men." "And
how vexed we are," said a bright-eyed
lady present, "to find that Nature "has
so often forestalled us." xV. Y. Ledger.
I here are said to be twenty-two
different causes for hcadaciie, which,
strangely enough, is about the number
of popular alcoholic beverages. But,
of course there is no connection.
A California blacksmith is danger
ous ill with glanders, contracted
while shoeing a horse. And a Penn
sylvania woman is suffering from a
sprained ankle, contracted while
"shooing" a hen. There seems to be
a fatality about tiiis shoeing business.
A man who has kept account of
the number of kisses exchanged with,
his wife since their union consents to
its publication, as follows: First year,.
36,500; second year 1G.000; third year,
3.G50; fourth year, 120; fifth year, 2.
He then left off keeping the record.
Fort Worth (Tex.) Gazelle.
A tavr Yorker said to a gentleman
rroni the Lone Star State: "I am.
thinking of spending the winter in the
South. Is Texas a healthy place? Is
the air o;ood?" "Well, I should smile.
You will get to be one hundred vears
old in almost no time down there in
that climate. We have the most won
derful climate in the world." Texas
Sijlings. "Mother, said a young wife,
"would you mind cooking the dinner
to-day? It would please John, I know.
He complains so much of the new girl
that I shall discharge her the moment
I can get another." "Certainly," re
plied the old lady, cordially. At din
ner John said to his wife: "Mary,
that new girl seems to be gettin1 worse
and worse." CooUs Journal.
An old bachelor was rather tiken
aback a day or two since as follows;
Picking up a book, he exclaimed, upon
seeing a woodcut representing a man
kneeling at the feet of a wnm. r,.
.fore I would ever kneel to a woman I
would encircle my neck with a rope
and stretcn it." And then tnrnine to
a young lady, he inquired; "Doyon
not think it would be the best thino- T
could do?" "It would undoubtedly be
the best for the woman," was the sar
castic repiy. Boston Bulletin.
IrtC - . - ... T -a.-iJL- .,'
Lary '&. .ttJs&Jd2S&4iam-
Srfa-ftg--JL-: --fejagf J -ov-f
r . . .