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VOL. I. NO. 48.
COLBY, THOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1886.
$1.50 PER YEAR.
.1 k II v
THE THOMAS COUNTY CAT. I J- J- sears & soxs,
Oolby Union Sunday School maets every
Sunday tit 10 a. m.
Preuchinjf at 11 a. w.
Singing at 7:3J i m.
Preaching at J i. m.
Service hold "in Mr. Bean's Hall. All aro
hrslted. "Whosoever will may come."
E. A. CHOUSE, Pastor.
I. O. O. F.
U"Mght Lodge Xo. tTT3. meets regularlv s-very
TueMlav evening at Bean's Hall, at "o'clock
p.m. Ail members of the order are cordially
mvited to attend.
'lerk Jauie. X. Fike.
Treasurer X. D. llean.
Begisterof Deeds John W. Irwin.
Superintendent Public Iiih't W.W.Walker.
Bepio-entative W. If. Copeland.
Attomej W. G. Porter.
ghentr V. H. ICinjrtry.
Probate Judge M. L. Lacev,
Cleik Di-tnct ( ourt K. J. Paine.
urvujoi T. P. Chambers.
Oorouer M. McGreevy.
( Frank Pingree, Ch'n.
Oonunissioners -' M. W. Withnin.
I H. T. Hewing.
V. U.TOMIILIN. W.K SOER.
E. A. Hall. Cashier.
Thomas County Bank.
Tomulix & Sageu, Props.
Does a general banking biiFiut,, loans
fcteney, write insurance, tells eastern oa
nausc. Collections promptly attended to.
WWLLNS COUNTY - BANK.
R. A. HENDRICKS.
Nocotiates loans on real estate In Thomas.
ifftwliie- and Chejenuo counties.
JST'Eiwj term- and quick return.
H. E. WELD,
Attorney & Counselor
, Will practice before U. S. Land Oillce at
OhcrIin. or beiore the general land othee at
ffuhington, 111..I in all State and lederal
courts. Heal estate and couunorcial law a
Pf-Oilico, w ect -Me. o cr Central Drug Store.
Law, Loan and Land Office of
WILLCOXON & HOVEY,
Do a general law bu-inc". Deeded and
ohool land for salu. Money to loan on el at
ul or real eMiite ieturity. Correspondence
Olhce. Cor. Franklin A v. and 3d St.
LESSEXGER & JAGGAR,
Law, Loan and Land
All kinds of legal business transacted. Deed
4tA and miuooI Iniids tor t-ale. Monev to loan in
tftlius- to suit the borrower. Correspondence
OHice opposite Central Drugstore,
OOLHV, THOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS.
W. (K PORTER,
-.Attorney at Law
fyAll land business promptly aud accurate
ly done and satisfaction guarauted.
teMC PiNoiiKr. Notary Public. Colby, Kan.
J W. Cox, Collector, Colby, Kansas.
PINGREE & COX,
Real Estate! Insurance
We havoehoieo farms and wild land in Ne
tatokn. also -eliool and deeded lauds in Thom
M county. Kansas. Locating done in Thomas
jZid Sheridan counties promptly and accu-
GEO. W. GOODSOE.
ittoraeyand Counselor at Law.
Heal Estate bought and sold. Momy
leaned on chattel and rual ouite security.
Office ovku alles& koj5' TonE,
HEKHlfO A BUKXZfO,
Real Estate Agents,
sarFino claims for sale. Locating done.
Jill kinds of land business promptly attended
Money .To Loan en Real Estate.
M. J. OSBORN.
OSBORN & MONROE,
Real state Ag'ts
If Wx-Kkkney, Kansas
Real Estate Agents,
OAKLEV, ST. J01IX CO.
Pt. John county, U. P. R.R.. where all trains
htop. We are doing a general hind business.
Locating in Thuiuit" and St. John counties
made n wcitilty. All kinds of land businet
'JAKDINE & REED,
We have choice farms and
school lauds for sale in
Thomas county, Kansas.
JOHN A. WALKER,
Livery & Feed Stable
Good rigs and plenty of
Stabling and Feed.
Grocery Store !
W. H. ARCHER.
JSA good selection of fresh groceries, also
carry iouie elothiMg and dry goods.
Coal for Sale at Reasonable
OTTERBOURNE, - KANSAS.
City Meat Market !
T. 1. FEEHAN.
Fresh and cured meats for sale at all
Contractor & Builder,
Jobs solicited, estimates furnished for all
kinds of buildings. I hao now got my shop
in running order. Scrole sawing and bracket
work a specialty.
II. B. VANCE,
Shop tlrst door north of Cat office. Gsnort
al blacksmithlugand repairing done on skor
notiee. riorseslioeing and plow work a spe
cialty. All work guaranteed. Give me a call.
THE LEAVENWMTIl TIMES.
BOTH ONE YEAR,
The Times is the best State paper.
And the Cat for $4.50.
The Topeka Capital
And the Cat for 12.00
The Kansas ' Farmer
And tho Cat for $2,50.
The Press of Kansas.
BY D. W. WILDER.
The saying of Governor Berkeley
lias been worn threadbare bv nunt.i.
tion. because it shows the spirit of the
people. In 1G71, long after books
had been printed in Catholic Mexico
and Protestant New England, the gov
ernor of Virginia said: "1 thank
bod we have not free schools nor
printing, and I hope we shall not have
these hundred years' Virginia has
255 newspapers now, and Kansas 017.
Her sons brought revolvers to Kansas:
the levolving cylinders brought heie
by Yankees carried the lead on the
outside, in an impressive way, aud
and were long-distance, paper-wad
shooters 1,000 an hour at the slowest.
We inside the other kind, to, and Gat-
Jiu himself matured his invention in
Doniphan county, Kansas.
In 1775, the thirteen American
colonies had thirty-seven newspapers.
Imperial New York had four about
the number they now have in Dodge
City. The average circulation of
these three dozen colonial sheets was
COO, or the same as that of the Kans
as papers of to-daj-, including the
"patents," or co-operative and auxil
In 1784, 102 years ago, the first
daily newspaper appeared, the Ameri
can .Daily Advertiser, of Philadelphia.
There were only four dailies in ti.e
country in 179S. Kansas now has
thirty-two. In 1800, the whole union
had 150 papers; in 1S10, 359. In
1824, when the republic was half a
century old, the whole country had no
more newspapers than Kansas has
now. And 3et they say we are a
boastfid people. Wiry, so much mod
esty and so much progress never met
betore to boom a s.ate. Modesty's
no name for it," as the saying goes:.
No young state has ever equalled Kan
sas in the number of papers; none in
preserving its history. Every issue
of even paper in Kansas is bound
and preserved by the state historical
Prof. North says the "American press
is the freest, the most self-reliant, the
most loyal to home and vicinity inter
est in theworld," and these traits our
papers have in the superlative degree-
for we have the most of them, taking
in all vicinities. Newspapers are not
to be sneered at by ptesidents. politi
cians or moralists. The reading mat
ter in one issue of all the papers and
periodicals published in the United
States is equal to the contents of a
library of 1,500 octavo volumes, of
500 pages each. All Kansas families
have a library. In 1880, the mail
matter passing through all the offices
in thd United States was counted, and
Kansas led the twenty-three states.
In 18S5, last year, twenty-eight
states had less newspapers than Kan
sas: we are the tenth in the list headed
by such states as New York, Pennsyl
vania, Massachusetts, Ohio and Illi
nois, but we have gone higher in the
list every year; twenty-eight states
passed in twenty-five years, including
the state founded nearly three cen
turies ago. The central state will
In 1S00 Kansrs had 27 papers; in
1870, 07; in 18S0, 347; in 1885, 617.
En 1S80 wc had 20 dailies; in 1885, 32.
There are now eighty-six organized
counties, and papers probably in a
i.undred. Before the courier could
reach the capital with the returns, one
or two more papers would be started.
Do yon saj' that these papers are
ephemeral and transient? Oh, no!
papers die, but others are born, and
the number is doubled every decade.
When the fever and strife of immigra
tion and early settlement have passed
away, and every county has a staple
population, say in about 1900, the pa
pers will cease to increase in numbers
and gain in size and quality. The
are now telling the world where to
come; that part of our mission will
aoon be ended. The true pionce:
looks forward to that day of a finished
stite with a sad sigh. It is such fun bill for the admission of Kansas was
to start new papers, to see them, and received with slight applause on the
to read them. We have irot used to Hoor and in the naileries."
it like the miner nho couldn't ko to
sleep with au- satisfaction unless
there was a roaring row in the next
room. Every day I look for new pa
pers. The Cheyenne County Rustler is 0
months old; the county is not organ
The Sod House is doing duty, in
snug quarters, on the Cimarron, in
Ford county playing a game of
-freeze out" as it were.
The Border Ruflian, a term originat
ed by a pro-slaveay man who still
lives, is the name of a paper, now for
the first time, in the unorganized coun-
tj- of Hamilton.
The Thomas Cat, at Colby, pro
ceeded by aborit a year the organiza
tion of Thomas county. The New
York Sun hits an office cat; our Cat
has the office. It is '-a fighter from
way back," and "whoops it up" in a
most livery manner.
The Buffalo Chip was burned
some years ago.
Ihi newspaper starter and killer
they aro one is a cheerful person.
He is a rustler, and keeps up the fun
as long as he can pay for coal aud rent;
aud'when he dies his last words are
as chipper as the first. He don't ut e
"salutatory" or "valedictory" when he
steps on to the platform or when he ifc
' dropped off)" but plain United States
words "Here we are," "will bee you
later," and captions of that sort. And
he has no notion that the world is goinii
to stop, or he himself cease to "bob up
serenely," because his subscribers in
llaiubelt and Greeley Center did not
comedown with the dust.
The pioneer free state press of Kan-
'- sas showed what it was by the enemies
it made. The ruffians destroyed the
presses Judge Delahay's at Leaven
worth, two at Lawrence, and all again
at Lawrence when Quantrell4s assas
! sins came in. The Parkville Lumi-
uary, a Kansas paper on the other
side of the river, the paper of the
staunch Presbyterians, George Parke
aud Frederick Starr, was destroyed.
'I he first free state paper in St. Joseph,
further up the river, started by our
Doniphan county boys, and edited by
your present talker, was ruined by
tuffians a few years later, and its own
ers left penniless, indicted as criminals.
Let those apolog ue w ho come after
us! Those who were there don't buy
When your friend is away from
home you want a letter don't you?
Want one ever' day. And when the
letter conies, how happy you are; in
what a friendly state of mind and
heart! Well, that is the paper, the
weekly paper and the daily, and that
is what they do for the mind and
heart of Kansas; they make us pleas
ant persona ami helpful neighbors.
Some men take a paper fcr no oth
er use than to growl while they read
it, and, to them, the newspaper is a
benefieent visitor; if they did not
growl at the papor the wife and chil
dren would be pouted at. But this
subscriler, who reads the article aloud,
who reads everything in the paper,
and finds fault with every line and syl
able, is one of our best patrons. He
really enjoys the paper; he would no
more miss a number than the consti
tutional candidate would do so. He
calls promptly on the 1st of January
and pays his bill like a little man, say
ing the while. "Your blamed paper!
gets worse aud worse ever' year, but
my wife wants to see it, and long as
we take it I'm blamed if I don't pay
The Congressional Globe, of Wed
nesday, January 30, 18G1, under the
aub-head, "Messages from the presi
dent," annouuees the approval of "An
ac for the admission of Kansas." The
Globe was a paper that recorded the
talk of others, but made no talk on
to own account, and yet, on this oc
v&ssion thti Globe said: ''The an
nouncement of the approval of the
That little ripple of applause, be
gun on the Potomac, has been grad
ually deepening aud broadening until
it is now a tidal wave of joy. good
cheer and enthusiasm, flooding the
Kansas is the child of the north,
not of the union; the union was her
enemy until she made it. And she is
the child of the newspapers Before
we had an influential press the editors
Horace Greeley, Joseph Medill, Chas.
A. Dana, Dr. Ray, Henry Ward Bcech
er, John Wentworth. Chas. T. Comr-
don, Wm. C. Bryant, Parke Goodwin,
the aggressive republican editors of
the north, made our cause their own,
fought fr us, raised money for us,
and sent us men, clothing and rifles.
During the darkest davs of "5G. Gree
ley published daily in the Tribune a
Kansas fund; it reached more than
$20,000, and wes one of the newspa
per uifts to us. The present was ro
peated during the drougth of 1SG0.
i'hese gifts from so many persons, like
Gerrit Smith, George L. Stearns and
Horace B. Claffiu, saved the life of
Kansas, aud made us a kindly, chari
table people saved us from ruffians
and from locust plagues, and taught
us to pay back in kind when others
were afflicted. Now Kansas sends
money to yellow lever Memphis, to
inundated Cincinnati, to burned Bos
ton and Chicago, and to suffering
Ireland and Germany. The Kansas
editor's long ears are joked about, but
they did not flap above his head with
out hearing the cry of distress raised
anywhere on God's green earth. A
kindly people, these to whom so much
was given: good to each other, good
10 foieigners; and the evangel to
spread the glad tidings and to put the
icd blood of love- into the hearts of
Hiiih upon the roll of writers for
Kansas must ever remain the names
of two editors and brave men who
had no papers William A. Phillips.
correspondent of the New York Trib
une, and James Redpath, of the St.
Louis Democrat, and of the Boston
Press, Phillips, a Scotchman, Red
path, an Englishman, but both Kans
as men at heart; much abused once as
foreigners, they have made bright
The Kansas man may be born any
where, of any race or color ; he makes
good his abstract of title, and secures
his heritage when he comes to Kansas.
Though blind in both eyes, his heart
will lead him here, if he is a Kansas i
He might have been a Rooshun,
a Spaniard or a Prussian, or an Ital
ian, but in spite of all temptations, to
belong to other nations, he is a Kan
sas man ! They are all glad to get
here, and they can't see each other
too often. From the 1st of July to
the first of January there are insti
tutes, fairs, re-unions, grand lodges,
conventions, associations ; six months
of sociability ; the glad and happy
meetings of Kansas men and women.
The Kansas editor, going to a new
field, with a "patent outside and a
shirt full of type," as Prentis has it,
makes a name in that county and
tate that will live while the world
turns round. Tho millionaire, when
he dies, is cut off from his money ; he
All that editing could do for Kansas
was done by Editor Greeley, The
overt act was done by Johu Brown.
Through his own blood ho obtained
the territorial und national redemp
tion. "And ulmost all things are by
the law cleansed with blood ; and
without shedding blood is no remis
sion." The New York Tribune of Tuesday,
Jrnuary 29, 1861, copied from the
Rome. Georgia, Courier, a poem be
ginning in this way :
I Come. Mr. Greeloy.eomo to the )utb
The laud you have lied and re-lied on.
You can lower our chin und open jour mouth
waoa your neck struiu tho ropjjoaarfc
Bring old Granny Giddings, and blustorin g
Fred Douglas and Henry Ward Beochor.
And Negro-thief Hatt, from Washington JaM
Aud Sumner, tke Devil's om n prtachor.
The Tribune of that morning, onr
Tribune, our Greeley, contained th
following editorial paragraph:
"The house yesterday passed th
senate bill for the admission of Kan
sas, which thus becomes the thirty
fourth state of the union, and tho
nineteenth free itate. This aet nf
only opportunely amis to the confed
eration a sound and loyal member.
untainted by the petiferous blight of
slavery, but does rightful though tar
dy justice to a state which has suffer
ed for five years gt eater wrongs and
outrages from federal authority than
all the slae states together hae en
uured since the beginning of the gov
ernment, even if their own clamor
about imaginary oppression be admit
ted as well founded.
The present generation is too near
to these events to see them in their
true proportions, but in the future, ia
iPart history, the attempt to foice
slavery- upon liansas, aud the viola
tions of the law, of order, and of per
sonal aud political rights, that were
peqietrated in that attempt, will rank
among the most outrageous and flag
rant acts of tyranny in the annals of
A plot to dismember Gove. St. John,
and Thomas counties has just bivu
unearthed. Some two months ago the
members of the Oakley Town Site
Company seut out feelers to ascertaiu
what tke people would think of tak iug
ranges 30 and 31 from Gove and at
tuching them to St. John county.
They soon found that such a measure
would be opposed by a great majority
in both counties, and we supposed tluf
the matter had been dropped. But
not so ; for we have discovered that
a petition has been drawn up request
ing the legislature to create a new
county out of parts of Gove, St. John
and 1 nomas counties. The petition
after being carefully guarded for it
week, lest someone other than a friend
would behold it, has been carried c
Topeka, ly Dr. Dunn, of Colby, why.
will make an effort to lobby the 'diim;
through. The petition represents tL
wishes of the Oakley Town Site Conv
pany and a few land agents -and office
seekers and is in direct opposition to
the wishes of the mass of the popu
lation. Golden Belt.
We are not yet ready to believe that
Dr. Dunn is into such a scheme.
He has frequently expressed himself
against the division, but should he tx-
working for it, he will be unanimously
condemned in Thomas county.
N. J. ADAMS'
Keeps in stock a full line of Bed
Room Sets, Bureaus, wardrobe?:,
lounges, tables, fancy stands, wash
stands, and everything belonging tp
jUX ORDSftq IK
Promptly and carefully filled. Atofc
agent for all kinds of SCHOOL FUR
NITURE, for Thomas Kane &&,
tho largest factor- in the worli
School directors of this and adjoin
ing counties will find it profitable tc
see or correspond with we before piu
Remember the Red Front.
N. J. ADAMS, Pxop.
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