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THE THOMASJCOUNTY CAT.
OFFICIAL COUNTY AND CFIY PAPER.
Issued ty Thomas County Publshing Co., at
Colby, Kansas every Thursday of each week.
! V. Km.h
Editor and Manager.
All final proof notices must be paid
.for or payment arranged for in ad
Tance. The charge for publication is
$4.00. Parties having proof notices
running in the paper should notify
us at once in case of mistakes in
It is about time to be looking around
for Mayor timber.
A number have mentioned the name
of J. P. Bayha for cur next maT.
He is a wide awake earnest worker
for the people's iuterest and would
make an excellent mayer.
The effort on the part of a few lo
cal papers to excite public sentiment
on a state division question des not
seem to meet with much success. The
"western part of Kansas has it hard
enough now, and if the state was div
ided into two states it would be worse
3et. Let well enough alone.
Do you know that a man reads the
advertisements in a paper when he is
at leisure? He will scan the local
news when he is in a hum, but after
his work is done and he sits down to
rest, it is then that he reads the ad
vertisements. Any sane man can see
the point in this. Salina Daily Re
The Medicine Lodge sugar plant
and ground cost 125.142 and was
completed September 20, 18S0. Apart
from the bounty the frofits on the sea
son's work were 5,810. This is not
big monej', but it is at least as good
a return as an experimental industry
should be expected to make at the
start. Pluck and patience will win with
beets and sorghum in Kansas.
Virginia has an inspection law
that will stand. It provides that it
shall not be lawful to offer for sale
within the limits of the State any fresh
meat (beef, veal or mutton) which
shall have beer, slaughtered 100 hun
dred miles or over from the place in
which it is offered for sale, until it has
been inspected and approved by in
spectors of meats, to be appointed in
each city and count- of the state.
growing in Kansas will find an excell
ent counsellor and friend in 3Irs. Mary
M. Davidson, of Junction City. She
has been a long time earnestly work
ing to establish the silk industry in
Kansas, has written several books and
pamphlets about it, besides many let
ters. She is thoroughly well qualified.
Her books ought to be in the hands of
ever person interested in the Kansas
Advantages of listing corn depends
on soil and temperture, largely. Hard
clayey and fiat is not well adapted to
listing. Loose, sand and undulating
ground is the listers place. Whether
the lister should have the drill attach
ment both operating at same time
depends on conditions, also. If early
iu the season and ground is cold, bet
ter list several das in advance of
planting; but if late in season and
ground is warm, then combine.
Here is au item from the Garden
Git' Sentinel that ought to be read by
even farmer in Kansas wh is burn
ing coal for fuel: "Alfalfa seed being
worth 4 per bushel here and corn 10
cents a bushel in eastern Kansas, the
price of a bushel of alfalfa is worth a
forty bushel load of com. A farmer
recently brought to this market a fifty
bushel load of alfalfa seed and receiv
ed 200 for it To obtain the same
amount f money an eastern Kansas
farmer would have to deliver 2,000
bushels of corn, which means much
hard work and no profit"
Our Washington correspondent
Chicago has fairly captured the
World's Fair as far as the house is
concerned, and it was accomplished
by honorble straight forward methods.
People who talk about money having
been corruptly used are simply igno
rant, or have allowed themselves to
be imposed on by silly stories told by
irresponsible parties. The general sent
iment here is in favor of the Senate
ratifying the action or the house as
soon as possible so that Chicago may
go ahead but in the Senate there is a
growing sentiment that there is not
time enough, to make the preparations
necessary fer a successf uf fair in time
for the date specified, so that it would
not be at all surprising if the fair
should be postponed, and some sort of
a national celebration to last only a
day or two, in this city, be provided
for the 400th anniversarj of the dis
covery of America,
The Ludell Gazette of March 1 con
tains the following:
The people want the enactment of
useful legislation, laws beneficial to
their interests, at once. No man in
Kansas so much desires to serve this
people faithfully and well as does our
present congressman. He is now
ready for the work. He has a defin
ite policy. The people can easily un
derstand what Mr. Turner desires to
accomplish, and his renomination
would not be experimental, but on the
contrary it would be an omen of the
accomplishment of definite results in
legislation. He will soon introduce
in congress a measure compelling the
foreclosure of mortgages in the coun
ty in which the real estate is situated.
The money sharks of the country, re
siding in other states than that in
which their land is situated, often
take advantage of their non-residence
by bringing actions of foreclosure in
the united States courts, often hun
dreds of miles from the land affected
by the suit, instead of bringing them
in the local courts in the neighbor
hood of the land, thus causing the
mortgagee, although he may have a
just defense, an amount of money in
attending the distant court, to defend
his rights, nearly equal to his equity
in the property in litigation. This
legal, though outrageous manner of
proceedure, often results in the man
of limited means being deprived of
his property on account of his inabili
ty to defend his rights and causes it
to be gobbled up by the greedy non
resident Shylock without price or con
Mr. Turner proposes that the ser
vice disability pension bill shall pas
the house at an early date during the
present session. He, like all other
patriotic Americans, feels that we owe
n debt of something more than grati
tude to the men who defended our
Hag against the legions of the most
gigantic rebellion of modern times.
The patriotism, fortitude ahd nerve of
the men that fought with Washington
for the creation of our government
was not deteriorated in their posterity
that fought with Grant and Sherman
to save it. If the first were rewarded
for their sacrifices in the intersets of
their country, why should not the sol
diers of the Union in like manner be
remembered for their heroic sacrifices
and services during the Nation's perd?
Mr. Turner says the time has come.
The republican party, the party that
saved the Union from ignominious
destruction, has the power and if she
fails to use it in the interests of our
battle-scared veterans, she is not
worthy to retain what tlie people have
given her. This bill, if enacted, will
bring into the state of Kansas annual
ly 12,500,000 additional petition
money which will enable many an old
soldier in the winter of life to lift the
mortage from his farm that now rend
ers his life one of discontent, and cau
se his declining vears to be those of
peace and prosperity.
Mr. Turner, in common with other
members from the west, is now assur
ed of the passage, at an early date, of
a bill providing for an unlimited coin
age of silver. This enactment alone
will produce an annual expansion of
our currency to the amount of 850,000,
000 and forever loosen the grip of the
money power upon the industries of
our common country. Then demand
will truly regulate the supply. Mr.
Turner himself has already introduced
a bill, a ud is industriously urging its
passage to issue 350,000,000 of
green-backs to take the place of the re
tiring bank notes and thus prevent a
forced contraction of thr currency.
Farmers are not these measures in the
interest of the debtor of the west, and
would not their enactment be the com
mecnoment of the return of industrial
activity the country over? Many of
our people do not seem to understand
and realize the fact that the present
hard times are due to the ruinous pol
icy of the democratic part in forcing
a constant contraction of the currenc.y
during their four years of power. As
Mr. Tinner said some time since in
relation to this matter, the cause and
effect do not come together. ut we
are realizing the latter iu Kansas,
which is not felt in sections remote
from commercial centres for sometime
after the occurrence of the fronier.
Another measure that Mr. Turner
is urging to an early passage is the
matter of the reduction of double
minimum laud to 125 per acre.
Farmers, can you say thatE. J.Turner
is a man without a policy? Can 3011
say truthfully that his continuance in
the councils of the Nation is not de
manded in your interests. He is a
man of measures and not of words.
He is nota bellows that gives forth
only win when the lever is pulled, but
he is the making of a heavy weight
for the lifting of western interests in
to the forum of National legisation.
The farmers of the Sixth District -can
not rfford his defeat either for re-nomination
or election. He must not be
defeated by any "local pride'' trick
that urges conceited fellows to offer
themselves as candidates in each
county of the district only to be used
by the scheming politician at the con
gressional convention for the purpose
of traffic and trade. Let as look out
for this candidate from every county
deal, for it means the defeat of the
people's interests and the reward of
the politician for his treachery.
Of Interest to Farmers.
In the course of a conversation with
one of the heaviest importers of steel
and iron in this city, he said, speak
ing of his difficulties, caused by the
late rise of prices in England and
Germany, that mild steel billets which
a year ago could be imported for 29
could not now be imported for less
than 50, and American billets are
selling for 35.
A. great deal has been said and writ
ten to farmers, of the injustice to
them of the tax of 45 per cent, ad
valorem on billets, and elaborate cal
culations have been made showing the
increased cost of fencing arising from
this tax on the raw material of wire.
Nothing, however, will be said by free
trade orators of the present state of
the market; nor will free trade papers
use these prices to point a moral that
that is unfavorable to foreign inter
Iu the last calendar year our im
ports of steel ingots, blooms, billets,
&c. were 73,708 tons, as against 101,
812 tons in the calendar year 1888.
The same two periods our imports of
steel rails decreased from 03,010 tons
to 0,202; this was a decrease of 84,
85S tons, or over 51 per cent. If we
had taken as much in 1889 as in 1888
does any one believe that billets would
be selling iu England as low as 7
now? If our protective policy had
not enabled us to make 2,900,000
tons of Bessemer steel last year, does
any one believe that our farmers
would not now be paying for their
fencing on the basis of billets at 75
per ton instead of 35 as at present?
THE YOUNG MEN OF THE SOUTH.
BUIIHAU OF SOUTHERN NEWS. )
J. T. Patkick, General Manager, -
Haleigu, N. C. )
It lias often been said that the young
man is the hope of the Nation. If this is
true in a general sense, it is forcibly true
in the case of the young man of the
South. Does he hear and consider the
sound of going among the trees; the
note of preparation for future work?
Does he see and appreciate the move
ment going on around him, which means
immense development and future wealth?
Does he feel the air 'and movement of
the day? Will he be quick to perceive
and seize the opportunities of the hour?
And will he measure up to the demands
and responsibilities of the times? If so.
then is the young man the hope of the
South. We will not give direct answers
to our own questions, but will try to
show to our readers the young man of
the South, and let them answer the ques
tions. The young man of the South to-day is
the product of one of the greatest social
revolutions which ever affected a civil
ized nation. The present condition of
the social structure, and its condition
before the civil war, are as unlike a
clover and grasses, and a garden show
ing at the same time the most beautiful
flowers and the most noxious weeds. Be
fore the war society was divided into
two classes; viz. the poorwhites;without
education and refinement, almost with
out the common decencies of life, with
out wealth or the means to acquire, and
yet counting in the census and in the
political life of the people. The other
class, consisting of planters and impor
tant business men, was fairly wealthy,
with the means of wealth always within
their reach; they were able to give their
children the best educational advantages
and to surround them in their homes
with comforts and luxuries. Both classes
reproduced themselves as the generations
followed each other, almost without
change. The poor whites remained poor
whites, and the joung men grew up to
be like their fathers. The rich and pros
perous remained rich and prosperous,
and the sons succeeded to the advantages
of the fathers The sons of the lower
class, without education, still were edu
cated to believe that they were to be
nothing more than their fathers, and
that thej existed mainly to fill the gap
between th negroes and the ruling
whites. The sons of the other class were
educated to and with the idea that they
were to be the future business men, law
maKcrs, governors and presidents of the
land. The two classes lived side by side,
yet far apart. They did not intermarry,
and they were socially .separate and dis
tinct. More than that. Generations of '
such life and conditions had made them
almost two distinct types of humanity in
But the civil war 'came, and all the
men of the South of every condition and
almost of every age, was swept into its
destructive current. The existence of a
common belief in the justice of their.
cause; the common discipline of the
camp; the common necessities of the
march: and the common dangers of the
battle field, leveled all distinctions. Then
the drawing together process of the two
classes of people began. Similar influ
ences were at work at home too, during
the process of the war. A common cause
aad a,common suffering were breaking
down social distinction, and were draw
ing together those who had lived apart.
The close of the war left all alike poor
and face to face with the solid fact that
henceforth they must work for a living.
Labor had been menial; the fortunes of
I the war made it a necessity; its pleasures
and its gains have now made it honora
ble in all. The'conditions forced upon all
classes of people r.t the South, though
modified in some degree. As a result of
those conditions a new social life has
been evolved, and is now quite well es
tablished. The upper class has lost its
opportunities and means for education,
culture, refinement and luxurious living.
The lower class has gained greater op
portunities tor acquiring education and
wealth. The children of the upper class
have manfully accepted the situation,and
by labor of hand head are working out
their own support and the support of
those dependent upon them. The descen
dants of the lower class, working side by
side with the others, are forcing them
selves into the avenues of wealth; agri
culture, business of all kinds and the pro
fessions. The present generation of the
two classes associate and intermarry
without any thought of former distinc
tions; the physical types of personal ap
pearance are rapidly vanishing away;
and within a few years it will not be.
possible to find proof of the existence of
such former types, except in those dist
ricts most remote from all changing in
flueuces. Social equality exists nowhere.
There are social distinctions in the South
as in the North, but they are formed in
a different manner, and rest on a differ
ent basis from those of dajs before the
war. As was stated above, the young
man of the South todaj is the product of
the tremendous changes which we have
briefly described. He recognizes social
distinctions; lives with them; but not
with social classes. He is doing all kinds
of manual and mechanical labor, and
pushing himself into all classes of busi
ness, into all the professions,politics and
legislative bodies. He is ready to do any
work, engage in any business, or hold
any office. Whatever he does he does
cheerfully and hopefully. Young men,
descendants of parents who were rich
before the war, may now be found
cheerfully and uncomplainingly perform
ing haid manual labor as a necessity of
living. They may sometime speak of th
former times and wish tbe3 had them
back; but seldom in that tone or manner
which constitutes a complaint. The
young men of the South are courageous
in undertaking. !No matter how great or
how hard the "work, if they understand
its nature they will uudertaKn it cour
ageously and work through it patiently.
They are hopeful. As they compare the
present condition ef the South with its
condition twenty years ago, they see
great gain; and they base their hopes for j
the future on the promise of the past. :
The are not disheartened by temporary
set backs and losses They have been
accustomed to them and have learned
that a temporary loss is not a crushing
They have not enjoyed and do not
now enjoy the advantages for education
which the young men of the North have'.
but the work more while having them,
and use them more effectually in the
practical business of life. The young
man of the South lives in the present and
hopes for the future. He cares no more
about the past than the young man of
the North, and studies the causes of the
Civil War in the same manner. Our per
sonal experience with the young business
men of the South is that they are upright
and honorable in all their dealings. They
have a just regard for the value of a good
To sum up, the young man of the
South today presents a character to be
admired; a character which promises to
build up a good business and social
fabric. The young man of the South is
really the hope of his part of our common
Through Vestibule Train.
On Sunday last the long looked for and
much talked of vestibuled train was put
on, leaving Chicago at 6 o'clock Satur
day evening, via the Chicago and Alton
to Kansas City, and the Union Pacifie to
Denver, reaching there at 7 o'clock Mon
The new service is as perfect as it can
be made, and the equipment is rich and
elegant in the extreme. Five trains are
needed to cover the service, tind each
and every coach of each and every train
has just been issued from the Pullman
car shops. Each train consists of baggage
express and mail coaches, a smoker, an
ordinary coach, one chair car, one din
ing car and two sleepers, and all vestibul
ed. W. P. Moon will sell flour cheaper
mini anj uuuj cisc. 11c uauujcs iut ucst
patent Blakeman flour, feeds, brans, and
Seed Wheat Furnished on Shares.
We have about 1000 bushels -of good
spring seed wheat to furnish farmers on
shares for seeding this spring.
Sriuxc. Wiieat Surri.Y Co.,
Office with Oakley Graphic.
I will make a reduction in cabinet pho
tographs as follows: for clubs of ten 81
per dozen; in clubs of 20 and over, $1,50
per dozen; in clubs of thirty and over,$2,
per dozen. . E. E. Van Epps.
Trees! Trees!! Trees!!!
Nursery grown fruit trees for
timber claims at wholesale
prices, other nursery stock
equally low. Send for price
list. Hulbert & Jackson.
s.,Mt. Fairbury, Neb.
The township assessors of Thomas county
mot at the court house last Monday and av
eraged the assessment for the different arti
cles of property. The following assessors
S. W. Ford Wendell.
J.W. Gilbert Smith.
John Watts Lacoy.
Elijah Colvln -Randall.
J. T. Marshall Summers.
Louis Fleming- Barrett.
K. E. Meek-Hale.
B. F. Potter Klngery
H. W. Marshnll Hovohl.
W. M. Irwin Morgan.
The assessment on real estate for Smith,
Lacey, Randall, Summers, Rovohl, Barrett,
Bale and Kingery townships was fixed at ?-.
per acre and for Morgan at $3. per acre.
The assessment on personal property was
fixed at about half the real value.
Colbv, March 4th 1H),
The couHcil met at their regular session.
Present, T. P. Feehun, mayor, Councilmen.
CantTeld, Goodsoe, Lovitt, Riddle, Buschow.
The committee appointed to sell the city
horse power reported that they had sold the
same for the sum of S20. aud deposited the
proceeds with the city treasurer.
Moved and carried that the report of the
committee bo accepted and committee dis
charged. Moved and carried that the treasur
er and clerk make their yearly report and
present it at the next regular meeting. The
major appointed R. L. Riddle, Geo. W. Good
soe and Chos. Buschow us judges of the city
election to be held on the 7th day of April
1890. The council appointed C. IDukin and C.
T. Dallam as clerks.
The following bills were allowed:
CBDakin, salary ti.CO
W C Dodds, salary, ic 33.ro
M H Jackson, hauling garbage, J.O
Moved and carried to adjourn.
C. B. Daki.v, City Clerk.
Final Proof written, and satisfaction
assured by Probate Judge J. E. Lesh, at
Colby, Kansas. Give him your proofs.
We desire to call the attention of
our friends to the fact that the
price of the Cat has been reduced
to $1.00 per year payable in advance
Ask your neighbor if he takes the official
County paper; and if not, tell him of its
special features and ask him to subscribe.
The Cat is now the only repudlican pa
per published at the county seat of
Thomas county and is filled each week
with upwards of 40 columns of local, tele
graphic and foreign news. Kemember al
so that we have the only first class job
office in Thomas count' and are prepar
ed to do plain and ornamental printing
and posters from a thumb-nail "flyer" to
a twelve sheet stand. Farmers and all
visitors to the city are invited to call on
us and make the Cat office their head
We will sell one large lot of 30-inch
Printed Twilled Sateens that arc re
tailed everywhere at 12Ac foi
We would call your attcntiou to our
very extensive line of all grades of
Domestic, English and French Sat
eens, ranging in price from Sc to
If 3ou want a handsome sateen
dress, send for samples.
DEIiEUQED AC 8cn1 samples ot goou
nCMkRIDCn h'HKE OF CIIAKUK, mid
attend to all orders for Bamples or goods tho
SAME DAY T.VE ItECElVK THEM.
We depend on low prices, good, honest
values, und prompt attention to orders to
secure und ke-'D your trade.
KAK8A8 CITY. HO.
Hardware, Stoves and
COlby, - - - - Zan.
GEO. MILLER, Prop.
I am now conducting the ahove
named laundry in Colby, and guaran
tee all work to be first-class and at
S2T Next door to Walker's Barn.
NORTH and SOUTH
ImHVI on sale
mWmM to atiTi
U. P. DEPOT.
W. Cr. Nichols, Afcent
THE TIRELESS TOILER FOR TRADE V
C Jim if
Tours, anxious to please,
Ed. 1m. HoxiXEr.
Ask your dealer for Ed. L. Huntley & Co. '3
If our eooda are not in the bands of aom
STOREKEEPER in your section, von can PRO-1
CURE THEM from the BEST KNOWN and 1
largest Mail-order Wholesale Clothing House
In the world, at prices that wiU MAKE YOUR ,
eyes snap and KEEP YOU guessinghow we can J
afford TO DO IT. If your DEALER does not A
keen our goods, send to us and we WILIi fur- '
nisn you a Suit or Overcoat, express or mail i
paid, on receipt of prioe. We will win and bold. ,
your patronage if you try us with an order 1 We j
have buUt up this immense business by our
PAINSTAKING methods, and by doing byoth
srs as we would be done by. I
Ed. L. Htotlet & Co., Style Originators.
P In ordering Suits or Overcoats obsorre i
PJIF strictly following rules for measure f,
ment: Breast measure, over vest, close up an- '
der arms. Waist measure, over pants. Inside j
leg measure, from crotch to heel. , j
References First National Bank of Chi. !
lagoT capital $3,000,000; Continental National i
Bank of Chicago, capital ,000,000.
ED. L HUNTLEY & C0.? Mtmifwt j
Brers and Wholesale Dealers in dttiimg
for Men, Boys and Children, 122 and 124
Market St, Chicago, III. P.O. Box 667.
MARCH 7, '90.
FEBRUARY I, 1890,
TUrST.J'.lVL. MISSKAVOLIS .V- 31.1X1
TtHt.l JIY. ( ISrmirlirs brcrntrthr '
GREAT NORTHERN RY. LINE.
v ov vi(i:r.oiM
To the !HKK KAHMSol- tin Milk ltivcr
Great Northern Railway Line
To tin ii!I, Silcr, Cj.-ier. lion mid CohI
.Milieu or .Montana. ,'
TAKK TIIK 5
Great Northern Railway Line, f
To Great Falls, tho future Industrial Center n
of the Northwest, take th If
Great Northern Railway Line.
To Helena, Untie. Spokane Kails and the Coast r,l
Citic?. take the l."
Great Northern Railway Line- j
To Far-ro, Crookston, Grnnd'Forks and Win- fjj
HjfivfK, lakv imt;
Great Northern Railway Line. 3
To all 3IIniic-nta. South Dakota, North Dako- M
in, .iuii i mm. luituu, wn'KU'i. "naiiiujf
ton, California, und Manitoba
Kiint8, take the
Great Northern Railway Line.
For ticket?, maps und iruide. apply to your
homo ticket HK-'nr, or write to
General Pas?eii;rer and licket Agent
Great Northern Hallway,
St. Paul, Minn.
"2B"" The Great Northern Hallway Llneruas
Ittfown Miiiriiitlce-t DlnlojcCurs.PalacoSlero-
injr Cat , Suecial Apartment Curs, and Free
Colonist Sleepers on all daily through trains,
SEND FOR OUR CATALOGUEano PRICES
ATLAS ENGINE WORKS, )'i
INDIANAPOLIS, IND. (H
OMqaalrd, and to latrodacacas
Mjttrior food we win minus
tools rauox ia eack lm
bora. OalyUMM irk nfi.
tlM dune. All 70a haata,4ai; f II
i T gnUi
lam who call roar aaUkkaaatl
tkt tkl, ad.
- .- " --.-.-.- H
teoff. TkafcHawaratciT tHaapacanacaafHrateMii
alwXIha of -tobnlfc. It Uaaraa.nMa-aWi
aeaf,MiaiYaaa6aatyta cany. W wlHal ahuw aaafcyu
mililliiiMmiti lit) ! Ii Ml On la !
as nimm nmnrr tm ai omer. m aar an rcstaaa i
AMNM.8.RAIXETT CO., Box 88.TQXTtI?,
sr- .i. j - iS"