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Saturday, Jan. 5, 1901,
The Sahuaripa district of Sooora is
noted far and wide for the excellence
and quality of the mescal there pro
duced, and the manufacture of the
beverage Is quite an industry among
It people, every stream through the
mountains being the site of one or
more "vlnateriaa," as the distllerieH
are called: and in t he distilling season,
which begins in October and lasts
about tive months, there are to be en
countered everywhere in the moun
tains of the district small parties of
m"n with burros gathering the bulb
ous stocks of the mountain maguey
plant, known as "maguey chlquito,"
in contradistinction of the "maguey
grande," which grows so profusely in
the vicinity of the City of Mexico,
and from which "pulque" and "Te
quila are made. There is a third va
riety of the maguey called "leehugia,"
from which there is distilied a villain
ous variety of mescal, a drink or two
of which would make a man steal and
hide bis on socks and handkerchiefs.
The quality t the mescal made from
the "maguey chlquito" is far superior
to that made from "lechuguia " Yet
there is something in the "maguey
cbiquito" growing wild in the UMun
tains of the Satiuaripa district, which
makes the product therefrom superior
to that grown elsewhere. It is prob
ably a peculiar combination of the
elements of the constituent elements
of the soil and water of the region.
thj formations being mostly of lime
sti'iie, the roots of the plants feeding
thereon, and the waters of the streams
partaking of the chemical nature of
the rocks over which they flow, im
parting thereto an elusive some thing
which in the still adds a quality to
the mescal made here, that is found
The maguey is uprooted from its
native spot anj the broad leaves
trimmed with a hatched close to the
bulbous stock, which grows above the
ground, from tbe roots, and packed
upon the backs of burros to tbe vina
teria. As trimmed be bulb is about
twenty inches long and six or eigbt
inches in dianuter, the bases of the
leaves sticking out !! around remind
ing one of an exagerated Jerusalem
artichoke. At the vinateria the
bulbs are roasted in round
bowl pits, tive or six feet in diameter
and two or three feet deep, lined with
stoHi. When properly roasted the
buib are macerated ia other pito of
the same Kind, and the pul 0 resulting
fro '.1 tht miceration is transferred to
rawhide vats. Each vat consists of
an entire ox hide, t tie edges lashed to
a frame about four feet square, set
Upon four upright-, driven icto the
ground, and standing up about three
feet The hide is hung with the
hairy side out, and the back the rent
hangs closely to the ground, making
a big receptacle which holds about a
ton of the pulp, during the process cl
fermentation, some fifteen days, a
layer of about three inches of earth
being put up-in the pulp to prevent
evaporation. For a few days before
putting on the layer, or until the
process of Jfermentation begins the
pulp is worked over in the vat. Fer
mentation completed the pulp goes to
the still, the ordinary closed copper
kettle and worm, the kettle set in a
rude stone furnace arid the worm in a
wooden tank or tub through which is
kept constantly running a stream of
water, fed from a reservoir, tilled with
bucket or a pump from a -veil near at
Of the finished liquor there are
three qualities determined by the
number of distillations to which sub-
iacted. The product of he first dis
tillation is called "vino," and is the
cheapest grade of mescal. The "vino"
when subjected to a second distill -tkm
loses about thirty per cent in
weight and is then known as "Baca
ooca." This is a niueii finer and more
expensive liquor than the "vino " In
the third distillation tbe "Bacanora"
loses another thirty per cent, by
weight, of the "vino," and tbe pro
duct, known as "pechuga," is a very
fine and costly liquor, within reach of
the purses of the wealthy only. It is
a soft, smooth liquor, having all the
strength of the "vino," contained
within forty per cent of its weight,
but losing none of its fiery qualities
and pungent taste.
This product of the maguey, parti
cularly in its finer distillations, is an
excellent tonic and diuretic, and of
great value for medicinal purposes.
It is highly recommended bv the med
The Bout FlMtcr.
A pieoe of flannel dampened with
Chamberlain's Pain Balm and bound
to the affected parts is superior to any
plaster. When troubled with lame
back or pains in the side or cbest, give
it a trial and your certain bo be more
than pleased with tbe prompt relief
relief which it affords. Pain Balm
also cures rheumatism. One appiici
tion gives relief. For sale by L. W.
Mix & Co., druggists.
IN THK DISTRICT COURT UK Tit E KLKjjT
1 Judicial District, Territory of AriKuna. in
and for 8aU Cru County.
K. B. Klcbardson. plaintiff, vs. The Empire
Smelting Company : The Columbia tmflut&f
Company; William K. Leach, individually
and as receiver of tbe property of the Em
pire Smelting Company; J. Kimber Terry and
Abraham D. Wallace, defendants.
Action brought In tbe District Couri of
the first Judicial District of the Territory of j
Arizona, in and for the County of Santa I
Cruz and the complaint Sled in said County
of Santa Crui iu the office of the Clerk of
said nistrlct Court..
In the name of tbe Territory of Arizona,
to The Empire Smelting Company: The Col
umblH Smelting Company: William H.
Utttcb, individually and an receiver of the
projH-rty of the Empire Smelting Company:
J. Kimber Terry and Abraham D. Wallace,
You are hereby summoned and required to
appear lu an action, brouf bt agalopt you by
the above named plaintiff In the District
Court of the First Judicial District of tht
Territory of Arlsona, In and for Santa Cruz
County, and answer tbe Complaint therein
tiled with the Clerk of this said Court, at No
gales in said County, within ten days after
t he service upon you of thin summons If serv
ed in this said county, or If served out of this
slid County and within this said Judicial
District, then within twenty days thereafter,
or In ail other cases within thirty days
thereafter, the times above mentioned being
exclusive of the day of service, or Judgment
by default will be taken against you.
Given under my hand and tbe seal of the
District Court of tbe First JudlciaJ District,
Territory of Arizona in and for tbe County
of santa Cruz this 7th day of December.
A. D. 1900.
S. K. NOON,
(Seal) Clerk of said District Court.
A true copy. Attest: T. ft. BKODKICK.
Date of first publication, Dec. stu, 1800.
Attorney, Counsellor at-Uw
and Notary Public,
Memrjer of the United States Law
Translations made to and from English,
French and Spanish and consultations given
In these languages. English spoken.
NOGAl.ES. SONUBA. MEXICO.
MEXICAN ORE Co.
Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico.
PRICES LOWER THAN THE LOWEST
Wm. G- DUMONT,
Lumber and Building material,
KoiikIi and Dressed Lumber, Doors, Blinds, Lath, Kte.
g " MACHINIST, g
(m general repair work promptly executed Lathe Work" a Speciality ffc
Theo. Gebler & Son.
NOG ALES, ARIZONA
Fuse & Caps,
w Agents for-
VIGORITE I'OWUER CO.,
HOJSNET-NANCE STOVE CO
CANTON STEEL CO,
Cohn Bros., Prop's
Th, Oniy Flr,t Cl Amine
Motl In th CH.
Table supplied wit!
tbe best the Mar
It V c ) u
Branoh of El
For Partlcularb Address.
GEO. J. WAN LESS,
HERMOSILLO SONORA MX E
F L 1 i ri Lc of Traveling
Ariel Went to oe irr
Wuen You Reach Your Destination.
Take the line which never fails to Give Satisfaction, vjfi
"SANTA KK ROUTE."
THE SHORT LINE VIA DEHING OR EL PASO
To all Points in the North and East. Elegant meas
Served by Harvey Eating Houses west of
Kansas City and "Diners" East-
Apply to the undersigned tor all information
F. H. HOUGHTON, General Agent. W. J. BLACK. G.
tfl Paso, Texas.
Daily sleeping cars from Otamiiiff to Denver,
Leaves Doming .S:o p; m. Arrives Doming a. in.
Agent Sante Fe Route, Doming, will make reservations-