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Clarksville weekly chronicle. (Clarksville, Tenn.) 1865-1867, October 20, 1865, Image 2

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, . rUlXTKU H IMK.LV, KVI11V rmilAT MUUMXC, BY
NEBI.ETT & OJl A NT,
V I MUMfrttlw !NlTiiaopiiir.ToBH.
11. w-tiiom is, i:mtor.
. Clai UsvUlo, Tenn.; j
OCtOBEB...",..r..".'..7.w7..7.1"-
:o, 1865.
. Hbo River Bkiihik. We have been nrged by
unOrjr person", this "week, to writa tipon ' tlic
iuiiwuiuce of , rebuilding the . upper Red .river
bridge. There cnn be but one. opinion on
this subjectall feel anil seo the Imjiortflnce
of the work.'' to the prosperity cf town and
country, end purely pone need urging to action
who hare the ability to give it aid. A gentleman
who line been traversing the bdrder' counties of
Kentucky, inform us that the people of some seven
counties express their desire to buy their, groceries,
mid ship their tobacco at this plnce, provided they
hate the means of access to it. ' If, however, onr
town continncs to be inaccessible, from the east,
the trade, in that direction, must Beck another out
let. This is obvious to every lody, and the only
question is, how w tile rrmrdy to be oMnined T
As we said, in reference to the railroad, 'we know
nothing of the complications which embarrass the
undertaking, and nothing of the ability of parties
to accomplish it. It may be that preliminary ac.
lion has already been takes, and tliat newspaper
interference may embarrass rather than promote
the object in View. Under these circumstances, we
. do not feel free, to meddle much with the matter.
In the meantime, we indulge the. hope that none
are idle who can promote the work, and that the
day It not distant when we can announce the fact
that it will soon be under contract with the pros
pect of early completion.
. "Brownlow would make a pretty mess of Tea
ne.'Ste. He would disfranchise all the small rebels,
hnnr all the lenders, and banish the negroes. This
would leave about four thcusind men to do all the
votiasr and hold aH the offices, llrownlow would
be sare of re-election for tho next ten years." ,
On the firet tending of the above extract from
the 5ew York Tribune, of 7th inst, we were dis
posed to ascribe its assertions totbeeffervescence of
tho editor's fancy; but siuce the action of the Leg
islature, last week, on Cameron's resolutions, the
extract has a point and significance not to be Mis
taken. Horace Greely knews the character of his
allies, and has defined, in a few words, their inten
tions as to the future of this State, ffc bad confi
dently believed that, in the work of pacification
and restoration, now progressing under the guidance
of a wise administration of the National Govern
ment, there was hot a man in Tennessee, of sound
head and heart, who would not cheerfully and ac
tively exert himself to forward the good work.
Hut this belief founded, in part, upon a toe- flatter
ing estimate of the innate goodness of the human
heart, and partly upon the feelings and actions of
the honest and intelligent men with whom it is
onr good fortnne to associate, has been unhinged
by the fact that there exists, in Tennessee, a faction
eager to crush the rights and liberties of the great
majority, and to hold the Union dissevered until
malignant, hale is satiated, or paltry ambition
gratified. ,
Elevated to oflke, as our present tivil rulers have
been, by circumstances adverse to an expression of
the popular will, the very nature of the tenure by
which they hold and exercise power, and their own
lr-i-u--f .1.0 miuuiiij wuicli tUey repre
sent ought to teach moderation, if not wisdom.
True magnanimity scorns the idea of vengeance,
and enlightened patriotism looks to the greatest
good of the greatest number spurning that con
temptible ambition which erects self as a bnrrier to
the onward march of peace und unity and prosper
ity. ThtHe should be the motives and ends of en
lightened legislators; yet those of Tennessee, when
invited to endorse this policy, as avowed and acted
npon by President Johmon, not only refuse to do
so, but indicate, by subsequent action, their inten
tion to pursue the victims of their vindictive hate
regardless of justice, and in order to maintain Ihcir
hold npon power in defiance of tho popular will,
and coutrary to all the furms and principles of
of frco government. Tie same power which
placed the reins of government in tho hands of tho
present civil rulers of this State, is now directing
its efforts to a restoration of the Union upon the
basis of the equal rights of the States and the en
franchisement of those who took up arms against
the South. This is the policy of the President, a
policy lauded by all, save fanatics, nnd yet the
Legislature of Tennessee not only refuses to en
dorse it, but, like Shylo'-k, demands the pound of
flesh nearest the heart of liberty and Union.
It does seem as if the government, al Nashville,
is resolved, in the words of onr text, to "disfran
chise all the small rebel?, hang all (be leaders
that it and its friends may. " du nil the voting and
hold all the offices. If this is not true, they will
repeal the ditfiauchiseuient act, and reconsider the
Tote condemmg the President's policy. If they do
neither, we shall be constrained to believe that
Horace Grecly is right in his estimate of their mo
tives and his declaration of the ends at which they
aim. We wish he may lie mistaken, nnd that the
Legislature may estulili.-li a character for wisdom
and justice that will secure fir it the approval of
all good men throughout the State.
Tua Nashville J'rtts and Timtt seems to think
the people of the South are not sustaining the
President's policy of restoration unless they advo
cate an amendment of the l-'ederiil Constitution,
striking therefrom the slavery clause. We have
not seen liny thing from Pi esi.lent Johnson which
looks like a demand to that effect ; and in order to
sustain his assumption, the editor quotes extracts
from old speeches to provo Unit mic Ii is the Presi
dent's position. The proof is not sufficient, lie
cause it can be effectually rebutted Ivy abundant
proof of the same kind old speeches. Such testi
mony is worthless now; new i.-sucs, new facts, and
new surroundings call for new ideas and new
iolicy, and no man's coesisteury can bo Impeached
becauso he yield to the iricsistuhlo foreo of cir
cumstances. If President Johnson intended to
make any 6uch condition pinulcr.l, he would not
leave it to be inferred liuui foiim-r iiileimicej.
'TllK immense benefits awvuiiig to the negroes
enticed away from tlnir homes iu ilh-souri, during
the four or five ist years, by tha gojd ieoplu of
Leavenworth, to 1 -njuv the hospitalities uf freed.
men iu " frco Kan
iiiso," uie itcinplilicd ill iliei
0 T.m.e of that citv of a late 1
1
following fiuin t'
date:
1 hi Miiiiiay, . In. Iv IivIiil' 111 South" l.cnvcu
wurili went to ilie pool-home on Tenth ttiei t
where aNiiit fitly uei'iesses are kept at the expense
ol llie co.iuiiiy, thinking thai llu re ini-l.t be some I or . IVd. j t.asHi oppose a measure conferring privilege
who uuiild l.ke to tioik. I 'n cuieiiii-, she raw j 'J lie lautej-uintul of tho 1 11 1 led Slates is resioii.j which they have not the Intelligence to couiprc
weieml slout, nHn 'American women of An U .111 ail le lor any and all property seized for military . bend and apprei Lite. You are even uroecMidin" in
decent,'' and rouu made kumvu her c ri.ind. None ' puipo.-es, nud any damage resiiliing to priiale ri'i- Vipposiiion to the counsels of vour aged and vene
uf Ihi'in mutd a orK -we .loii'l u ant 1 1.1 k an y ; .em llieiefuiui is of the came nature as oilier claims j ruble (jovernor.' All ibu Senators within the
iiior.' - hi- e got 11 e ! a tnin-; :n we nim riehl li damage, and will I submitted for adjudication sound of 111 v voice know ih..t tl.xc. .. .
Iir
w ere Ihe iui u -r
10 Ilia "iiiiinv npplii n !
ins In help.' And tax p.
ii!c I Ih-v Irliisc lo Uu'l,
must -uppoi t tlu-ni 1
I
i Rr.sot,rTio(iS p !E.mOHRKiutiiT.-Tha tofiginaIv
Linrn'n and JolinMai memltcf.?' of the Letrkiatt r
will most likely voto uniformly to lay on 111- tn'tti'
all resolution of endorsement of the present a(
'.ninistration,:aud all political resolutions- of every
kind, which amy be offered by the supporters of
McClennn;" ami by delegate to the Chiorgn Vnn
ventiou. They think that after having stood for three
years' by Andrew. Johnson and voting for Jiiin for
the Vice I'rcsfdency' In 186, they Can easllj' afford
to decline considering the eleventh hoar resolutions
of approbation offered by the. supporters- of Ilia
Chicago jiUtfurm, wlm-U. pronounced the war lor
the Uuiou l'fouryenrT)aiture.h-XiihvilleI'rtit
and Tttnel.
We hardly know whether to look npon the above
paragraph as a practical joke, or a bona fide effort
to plaster over apolitical sore,, One thing la very
certain, and that is that the determination or the
legislature is "expost facto,", for at the timo of its
refusal lo endorse the policy of tho . President,
nothing trfia said about uniformly voting down any
resolution of the kind becanse it might have cma
nated from a mn who was not an original sup
porter of Lincoln and Johnson,., The Cameron,
resolution wna treated . npon its merits so far as
the proceedings' indicate and it was voted down'
without any declaration that the opposition t H
was based upon the sourre whence .it came. The
thing was done it looked bad, and hence the
necessity fitr plastering It over. Bnt suppose the
explanation, above given, bo laterally true, istrure
any sense in it? If a man, once disloyal, wants to
prove his loyalty now, has the majority :of the
legislature a right to deny him that privilege? On
the contrary, if that majority, Itself, be loyal to the
Union and the boil interests of the countr, is it
not bound to encournge every such manifestation
of renewed loyalty on the part of members who
have erred in the past?., But, look at the inconsis
tency in which the Legislature is Involved by this
explanation. It first voted down the wise and
humane policy of restoration adopted by the Presi-
dent, and then sustained, by an almost unanimous
vote, a resolution endorsing a declaration of An
drew Johnson, to the effect that treason, is a crime
nnd must be punished. . The two propositions,
taken together, prove conclusively that the majori
ty Is, in truth, opposed to the plan of restoration,
and iu favor of the bloody policy which might
possibly be inferred from the declaration of tho
President which that majority 10 promptly en
dorsed. Had there been a pre-de termination to
vote down all such resolutions, as that offered by
Cameron,, then was not a shadow of excuse for
going farther and passing another resolution which
was directly opposed to the one reject, d. The
evidence of design are too palpable to lie over
looked, and too important to be sot aside by the
explanation above given. , ' -' ,'
Wg scarcely pick up a radical paper that we dd
not see, in every phase of eloquence nnd bathos;
the still triumplint cry that the shackles of slavery
have been stricken from tho limbs of the negro of
the South. It is true, nnd the radicals are entitled
lo tho much or little of honor that is to accrue from
the deed. But, unfortunately for the negro and his
peculiar friends, the liackles of inferiority which
nature has rivetted upon him, cannot be strioken
off by armed intervention, or the enlargement of
his political privileges. Mental iufcriority and
physical indolence mark his character under all
circumstances, and wherever the experiment has
been tried, freedom has been followed by thritft
lcss vagabondism and a decided tendency towards
barbarian. This is the teaching of experience, and
not the suggestion of prejudice, nnd we are satis
fied that the result of the experiment, now being
tried in the South, will be an additional confirma
tion of the foregoiug assumptions
Whatever may be said pro or con of the uni
ty of races, wo can not deny the distinction of
color, uur can wc be blind to the fact which the
history of all ages teaches, that t.uo - pre
gressiou of the three races white, red and
black towards civilization has been in the
order iu which we have enumerated them.
Look ' at thera to-day, and see bow they
stand, relatively, nfter the lapse of so many centu
ries! The ncro, when not in contact with the
white man, is still a savage a cannibal, and with
all the advantage political and social which
have beeu allowed him, in the Northern States,
what evidences has he given of a capacity to go
forward to a higher state of civilization? So far
from being competent to self-government, and
capable of high moral and intellectual attainments,
every experiment yet made upon him, proves a
radical tendency to relapse into the barbarism
which is his normal condition wherever he is left
to his own resources. The rare exceptions, of
comparative excellence attained by the negro, goes
no farther to prove the aggregate capacity of his
raco than similar examples selected from still
lower grades of animated nature, to prove the ag
gregate capacity of the particular family of an!
mills from which such examples may be taken.
Animated nature seems to constitute one great
chain, ascending, link by link, from the lowest
specimen to the highest, which is the white man;
and if this be so, tho nc;rro ii the third link from
tho top, and, of course, can never be the equal of
tho white man unless the latter sink down to the
level of the former. The hand of creation has
measured and fixed the distance between the two
races, nud every effort to annihilate it will prove as
futile as it is foolish. That tho black mnn is sus
ceptible of improvement, 110 one will deny, but
there are limits to it which fall far short of the
capabilities of the white mce which limits can
not be enlarged by social contact ; and the effect of
miscegenation will be a slight elevation of the in
ferior, and a threat degradation of the superior
race.
Tint Wirx trial still drops on, at an enormous
cost to the country; and judging from the manner
iu which it is conducted by the military commis
sion, we believe the uiidoning power will relieve
the victim Iroin whatever penalty may bo decreed
against. 1 i iik.
Tilt elections in Ohio mill I'l'iitmvlvfitii.i Imt-jJ
rerulted iu Republican victotins. It is paid that the
Democrats gained largely iu those States. It may
he so, but having no means of ascertaining the faei,
we can look at the result as it is that is a victory
of ihe negro-suffrage party.
Ei-T.. Thefulbwing is a modification of nud sul.
stiliite lor general order, No. :)2, which appeared iu
our columns some days ago. The order then con
tained only the latter clause. Tho addition here
gicii is fiplaimtorv nnd consequently modify ing.
AWu-ii- I'rttt and Timet.
1Ikaih,iu's Mii Div. ov tub Tksskbskk, )
Na.hviliyi'cmi , Sept. 19, 1805. j
fiVii. rul Oidtr, ..Yu. Si.
All sales made by Ihe United States through the
pioper olliccrs, to pmalo iwtrties either of horsi-a.
Ml sales made by the United States through Ihe
pn.per ohiccrs, to pmalo lrties either of horses,
"ii'les or oilier proper ty. are heathy declared valid
m"' ""! '"!c ' A1";"-'''"' indisputable. Citizens mak.
i"g I'm hio'Vof sui Ii prnM-rly lim-t not be mules,
led by Ihe civil imlhoiii.v in the Hieasioii of the
Mime
nnd suits or actiou peu.ling 111 the civil
tfnuK 1 uher fur the property itself or its
pioK rty itselt or iu money
I value, w ill he set nr-'uio and cui.sidered of no force
to lln proper authorities al Washington.
...I ...vlll.Ll at ll'u.l.
Bv command (' M-ii.-tJen, Thomas.
' tt J, l wmppj.K. A.
A-
TonAeBsee Legislature, ui
t ) ; senate. j j ;
kl0!trr, f)ct. 1ft, The Senate riot at Ip'clotli
a u. Prayer by Kev. Mr. Gee. ' '
Senate bill, No. 151, by Mr. Trimble: Prescribing
tfie qualifications of voters abd the; limitation uf
the Elective Franchise, a-ndr Article ne,-r3ect'n
nine of the Constitution of the Stateof Tennessee,
as ameiHeH bywvore of the people of the- State,
on the 22d dnvof February, 1805. , , .....
Sko. .He it ituictrd by Ihe Genrral 'Asutmbly
of the Stole of Tcnnetnee, That each freeman of
the age of twenty-one years and upwards, a citizen
of the United States, and a citizen of the State of
Tenn., able to read and write, residing tn the coun
ty wherein ho may offer to vote, six months next
preceding the day of election, and each alien male
pf the age of twenty-ono years and upwards, able
to read and write, who has filed bis Intention to be
naturalized and become a citizen of the United
States, and who has actually resided in the Stale
of Tennessee one year, and, in the county in which
he offers to vote, six months next preceding the day
of election, shall be entitled to the elective fran
chise, and may vote in all public elections, and na
tional, State aud county, but Mibiect to the follow
ing limitations and restrictions, viz: Freemen of
African or Indian decent of the ago or twenty-one
years and upwards, citizens of the United States
and of the State of Tennessee, able to read and 1
write, residing in the county wherein they may
offer to vote, six .months next preceding the elec-j
tions, irfto were free prtvtoM to the 22d day of Feb
ruary,' 1865, nnd colored loldmt, who were enlisted
in the United States army from the State of Ten
nessee of good character, or honorably discharged,
also qualified as above stated, shall be entitled to
rote, in all the public elections, from and after the
passage of this act. Freemen of African or Indian
descent, freed by the amendment of the Constitution
of the State of Tennessee, of date 22d February,
18C5, and free from said date, citizens of the Uni
ted Stales and State of Tennessee, able to rend and
write, and residing in the countica wherein they
may offer to vote, six months ' next preceding the
election, (hall be entitled to vote only from and
after the 22d day of February, 1875. ...
Sac. 2. That to long as any free men of the
State of Tennessee who by this act are entitled to
vote, shall be in the Army or the United States, or
with the military force of this State in actual ser
vice, the Govemor shall issuo writs of election to
the commanding officers of such brigades, regi
ments or companies, or detachments of Tennessee
soldiers, wherever located, who shall open and bold
the elections and receive the votes of said com
mands, and. return the same to the ' Secretary of
state, and which shall be counted in the samo way
and manner as if said votes hud been cest in any
of the counties of the, Slate to which .the soldiers
belonged.
On introducing the above bill, Mr. Trimble made
the following explanatory remarks
-This bill proposes to admit to suffrage the entire
body and population of Tennessee, although the
word white 1a not mentioned in it. ' It is intended
fo wipe out. the past, and to admit again the people
of Tennessee to the elective, franchise, and to estab
lish' a broad democratic and truly republican spirit
obliterating the past, and, trusting to the genen
rosity and the faithfulness of the people of Tennes
see' to take their places and perform their duty as
citizens of the Liu ted states. This is the principle
of the till.
It Dronoses ffcondly to admit naturalized immi
grants, males of tiiO ago of twenty-one, who have
tiled their declaration ta occoio tuutm ui me
United States, who have lived in Tendyasce twelve
months lugeod tutu:
' Thirdly, it proposes to"offer suffrage to a feriftiit
class of colored persons now recognized everywhere
ns citizens of the United Stntes. It- proposes to
admit a very limited number of colored persons
who were free previous ,to the 22d of February,
1865. The free persons of this class, by the cen
sus of the United States, Is only 7,300. Tbey are
required to read and write... By the first provision
of this act, what number out. of that 7,300 will be
admitted to suffrage in the State of Tennessee ?
They will not number more .than five hundred.
The bill fourthly proposes to give the right of
sutirage to colored men who hnve, been enlisted,
citizens of the State, not those who may come Into
Tennessee, but the soldiers of the State who can
rend and write. How many will that admit to the
elective franchise? Probably not more than IJve
hundred more. . -
Then this bill proposes to admit but one thous
and voters of the colored race in the State of .Ten
nessee. '
The last provision proposes tbnt the freedmen of
lenncssee, who were rendered free by the Constitu
tion of Tennessee, shall not be admitted to the polls
before 1773, or tea long years of probation and
education, during which they may learn to read
and write, and otherwise qualify themselves for the
election franchise. "
I desired to Btate the facts connected with this
bill, and hope it will be printed fur the ubo of tke
Senate. " " '
The bill then passed on first reading, was refer
red to the Committee on Franchise, and one hu , ?
died copies ordered to be printed for the us of the
Senate. ' '
' BESOLCTIONg. '
. Sonate resolution, No. 14, by Mr. Carrigan:
Kttolved, That the members of this House pledge
their faithful and candid supoit to the administra
tion of Andrew Johnson, President of the United
States, and thot his statesmanlike poliry in the re
organization of the Southern Slates meets our
hearty and entire approbation.
Hetolced, That in our present difficulties, we look
to President Johnson with hope and confidence, and
that we have full and implicit faith in his states
manship and patriotism, and firmly believe that his
policy, iron wiHi and his unyielding firmness for
the right, will restore order and fraternity among
the people, bring peace to the country and prosperi
ty to the nation.
" ItetoUed, That his reconstruction policy as en
unciated to tho provisional governors of the South
em States and to Southern delegations, contains the
only true solution of our unhappy condition, and
if faithfully sustained and carried out by the peo
ple, will unite the nation in bonds of fraternal love,
peace and prosperity.
Rftolred, That the national maxim which he has
adopted in the administration of the affairs of our
unhappy country, that Hhe I'nivn inunt and ehall
be rettored," demands and shall receive our cordial
endorsement.
Jieiotved, That the Speaker of the Senate be re
quested to furnish the President with a copy of
lliese resolutions.
After discussion, referred to the Committee on
Federal Relations.
Senate resolutions, No. 15, by Mr. Alridgxs:
Rnolccd l;i the (Ir.neral Anembli of the State of
Tennrnre, 1 bat the recretary or Mate be and he
is hereby instructed to have the public Inns passed
at the last session nnd nt this session, of the legis
lature of the State of Tennessee, published In the
Knoxvillo U7i7' and tho Memphis Daily Ktvicw.
Laid over under tho rulo.
Senate bill, No. 89, laid over from lost sessson i
To render persons of African or Indian descent
as competent witnessea.
This bill hcinx on its third reading,
Mr. Carri,an said: We cannot constitutionally
endow any person not a citizen with the privilege
contemplated by this bill. Three separate decisions
in the highest courts of Tennessee have declared
that nonu but whites are citizens. If we puss this
niciiiiue, we run directly in the face of these decis
ioLS. - Stop and consider the fundamental princi
ples which govern this question. I would mthur
uive every cent of the school fund to the colored
race than tho privileges of this bill to their hurt-
I than admit them to what thoy can't appreciate, and
will ubuse instead of use.
j '
'lot d
I
court
in..
1 ho bill has 0110 vital defect ; its provisions are
definite enough, lou cannot pick up a law
anywhere and show me where the colored
rui-n H4 & f- iiL litifl twii nlHCeil eniuil rifiirA IIia
courts with nieu of intelligence and cultivated iu-
tellect. If I cnn stand beloro a court, and swear
'away your life, I an
1 thisbill lo clothe w
j money, without nm
am your equal. 1 ou propose, by
1 Ui this power people without
mnrntiL nml feillirmt intrllprl tn
j appreciate llieir new position before the luw. You
wiU ,. iie door to dissensions and quarrels
j throughout the State. I owe it to mv country and to
iusiii-e n onn .f tho I10-1 iv;.,.,,l r 11.. H.,oiui,i
. , . . .'
ignoram lor inese heavy responsibilities. (The
Speaker then read further from th Governor's
M .i:-e.)
MJrimble : Ipoe ndt the povermjr recommend
this fvry wensura T )-- '! i
Mr. ("arrigan i Not silfch a bill at this, ,
Mr. Trimble : Dr this bill do more than- make
th persona designated competent witnesses. 1
Mr. Carrlganr If you permit such classes to
toetify in 4he courts, they at ooce become my
equals.
i Mr. ) Trimble : If podr haa made anyone eucb
your equal,' he if'; oV "power on earth . can make
him either your inferior or superior.
Mr. Currigan: Whrn a man is c'olhcd with the
power to swear away my life, he becomes my equal,
that is th question. ' ! 'T v
Mr. Triai bin: Now then Tie wjijd borau superior.
But this-bill gives such power. Thereh the
eonrt; there is the jury; they judge of the credi
bility 01 tne witness.
Mr. Carrigan: If these people are not citizens,
why legislate to give them privilege! they can't
exercise, which will do them- no good? If you will
change the Constitution, then ' yon pass this
bill. Otherwise you cannot, constitutionally.
I lieu iwould work, tor it; but now.I cannot. .
Moreover, you will defeat German colonization
by passing this measure, for the negroes will imme
diately flock In from all the surrounding Statr.--
Pass this bill, and in twelve months you Will be
overrun. Meantime, we r not adopting, or everr
inaugurating auy measures looking to the welfare
of the Door white man. crushed to the earth bv the
depredations or trie late Inlamoirs war. Yoa have
no word or comfort for them. I love charity, gen
erosity, benevolenre, but I have been taught that
charity begins at home. Instead of quieting our
distracted state, this opens wide, the door to strife
and trouble. We have had yet comparatively no
murders; '.but If you pass this measure, you will
bring npon the heads of the unfortunate you seek
to benefit only a curse. The whole United States
army will be required for their protection. .
in closing, the speaker inld that We are told that
we must take choice between this bill and the
freedmen's bureau. For myself and my constit
uents, I prefer the freedmen's bureau.- I Implore
you to let this measure lie by for some years onlil
puotic opinion shall bo allayed' until prejudice
snau aie out. 11 ns not distract the country.
Mr. Smith said : I boned" the session would pass
off without anything of this sort, 1 will not trouble
the Senate with a long speech, but as' I expect to
vote for the bill, It is due to justice and humanity
tnai me reniieman should r answered bt me.
lie says we nave no constitutional ground to pass
this bill. ' But do not let ns 'approach this impor
tant question with the prejudices of two hundred
years. Not a line of the constitution was road !n
opposition to this measure, but the assertion is
broadly made that the black roan is hot a citizen.
This assertion grows out of that infamous Dred
Scott decision. ' Tell me 'riot that a man tinder the
laws, amenable like others to punishment for viola
ting the criminal code 18 not a citizen. The' high
est tribunal in this country has settled this ques
tion of citizenship. Congress r.nd the Executive
hare decided the blacks to be citizens. Onlv the
other day the President commenced an address to a
number of colored people by Calling tlnm bis fellow-citizens,
by telling that 'hil is Uicir country ai
well as his own. - He addressed them not as brutes,
but . is citizens--hii fellow-citizens. Jf tbey. are
not, bow can you trr them for criminal offenses,
And punish them as you would xitirena. Read
what the President says. . : r
Mr. Senten -Tha President has also said this is
the white man's country. Which saying do you
support.'".. ; :,:'
Mr. Smith: Tim last one, made in the light of
experience.. This. not a question or voting, but
of competency to be a witness. -. We assemble here
not under the old constitution merely, but espe
cially under the amendments adopted in February.
The clause-the gentleman depends on was adopted
: J835 thisin J6G5. The last does away with
th supposed conflict. If this is pot so, wo had no
right to Bass' tho franchise 'bill..;, The Courts have
decided that we had Such right. ' Then what be
comes of the renikroad'a argument? The sched
ule is fart of the constitution. When we past a
franchise bill, and to home finally, then the 9lh
section is fulfilled, and ceases to be pari of he
constitution.' - u
I wuut to refer to one other question negro
equality. I am not tnveclMineasy about that. 'All
the laws that legislatures can make, all that Con
gress cm make, or the potentates caq declare law,
tin not make me associate with those I .do not
choose. Let worth be where it. will, let it receive
due homage. It is significant that a race that has
been shrouded in darkness for two "hundred years,
made fewer depredations while they were troops
than our own soldiers. Nineteen outrages. have
been perpetrated by whites during the war where
one was perpetrated by a nogro. . I have seeu num
bers of men go iuto court to testify without know
ing the obligations of an oath n'en whom I would
not associate with, aud who did not become my
eqIs by being legally compettut witnesses. -
PHocLAiunoi or Piicsidbst Jonxsox. The
President of the United States has issued the fol
lowing proclamation:'
Whereas, By a proclamation of the 5th of July,
1864, the President of the Pnited States, when tho
civil war was flagrant, and when combinations
were in progress in Kentucky for the purpose of in
citing insurrection raids Inlo that State, directed
that tho proclamation suspending the privilege of
the writ of habeas corpus should be made effectual
in Kentucky, and that martial law should be es
tablished there and continno till said proclamation
should be revoked or modified ; and whereas, since
then the danger from insurgent raids into Kentucky
has substantially passed away.;
Now, therefore, be it known -that . I, , Andrew
Johnson, president of the United States, by virtue
of the authority vested iu me by (ho constitution,
do hereby declare that the laid proclamation of the
5th day of July, one thousand eight baiidred and
sixty-four, shall be, and the same is hereby, modi
fied in so fur that martial law shall bo no longer in
force in Kentucky from and after the date hereof.
in icsiimony wucreoi, i nave hereunto set my
. i . i.
be nflixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this, the 12th
day of October, a. D. 1885 and of the Independence
of the United States of America the 89th.
. By the President. -Aniihkw Joiikhom.
W. IIuktbr, Acting Secretary of State.
B5l,The New York Journal of Commerce says:
'The simple, unvarnished truth is, that the ngro
soldiers have been of no manner of use to us in
this war. Where ten thousand of , them have been
used to fulfil a purpose, one thousand or ouo hun
dred white soldiers would have been of more value
by far. We have conversed with scores of returned
officers and soldiers, men of bo political aspirations,
who have seen Ilia negro regiments under all con
ditions, and their testimony is unanimous that the
colored troops were nowhere worth their salt.
This is the uuiforin statement of every soldier
whom we have seen, who is not a political candi
date for sumo office. It is the notorious verdict of
all the most eminent officers of tho army."
Tbanspobtation roalixtTuiK Asa Frkedmk.
The Secretary of War directs, in a general order,
that upon the requisition of the Commissioner of
the Freedmen's Bureau, transportation be furnished
such clestituto refugees and freedmen as are depen
dent ujon tho Government for support, to points
where they can procure employment nnd subsistence
and support themselves, and thus relieve the Gov
eminent; provided such' transudation be con
fined by the Assistant Commissioners within the
limits of their jurisdiction. Chattanooga Gazette.
CEUSMAN & CHESNUT,
(Successors to W. S. Poixdbxtx & Co.,)
DEALERS IN
GROCERIES,
Iron, Salt, Cement, &c,
Cor. Irankli and Market St. ,
CLAKK8VILLK :.. TENNESSEE.
tkt. 20, 'GD-tf
W. K. rolMDEXTKB.
M. . CVIIOTT,
W. S. P01NDEXTER & CO., -
DEALERS IN
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Groce
ries, Hardware, Quecnswaro, ,
Glassware, &o., &c.
NEW PROVIDENCE, TENNESSEE.
eiajr Our friends are
respectfully InviUvi to tin
V. 6. P. I (0.
amine our stock.
(M. :o. 'Cj-lf
NEW CLOTIIIiOQUSE
Lil
V o
. t-ASD-
.'Ull.l'.i
Cent's
Fashionable
. . i i. i i
if ri iiiu' r I
r
i j i .j ill ' j
PURNISIlIJJBJlffiQRIUrf.
:i" T hi .
:.lOf.
'
I;
v.ti...
g:
er;&, Co.,
i-.i-i r
ii . r. tr( '! '
Are now In receipt of 'their
New and Fashionable Stock of
.-.if.
)LoTifflinm
3 FoF-Med and B$W"
: a; " : Consisting or. "!. -! :"
No.
1 Bear Overcoats.1
1 : " ; ' . . Caasimere Suits ;
- A splendid assortment of ,
i i
BOY'S CLOTHING
t) " A' general assortment of ' '"
p . ; I -- .. a j, i. m
Such as
Fine Cassimerc Over Shirts;
" Merino Cnder Shirts;'1 ' ' -
Drawers, botn Nett and
,. . White Bleached
Domestics,
Socks, etc., etc Also
Hats, Boot's', Shoe's ' TrVmks,
, Carpet SackB, Umbrellas,
1 vL( CI i't A U JwKi;!.
PAPER AND LINEN CO!.LARS,
CRAVATS,
.lu-WVi
In act everything usually found in a
"y:i :; 'firsticlass ,;t,?
IF urn ish in g Store !
To which we invito the ottculion of tlie public
believing that we can please both in ; goods and
prices.. .Keppect fully,, ; , ,-i .;-,'.
. . G. :R. & CO.
rtlJKldrr1 Block, rubllc Square, Opposite
Postmcc. ; ..
. 'Clarksville, Tenn.
t, yrXoKO. .W. RlGE is. salesman J for this
house, and will lie pleased to have his numerous
friends and Hcauaiutance to ck.ni aia.ciRinine our
stock tfon) purchasing, j c J
tOcU-50,65.tf x i. 1. .1. '
Special Notice.
GREAT OPENING
n rr .-- ii -f.:: ' - . ; irrt
- - i." v. ... .-
Two doors -above, the b National, irotel," a
. t. J -plete slock or-" '.',
corn-
, ,-r BB1DI-M1DJS .
CLOTHING and GENTS'. FDENISH-
ING GOODS j ' f ,r
Hats, Caps. Valises and Railroad Bags. Moots and
Shoes, all of which haVe been bought
' early, at LOW FIGl'RES. and .
Will be sold at LOWER than they can bit bought
in the Eastern Market. " 1 ;'
,. Kerne m her the place to get good Goods at
LOW TICICES. ' '
' .' - . . i D. KLKKXAX ii CO,
Oct. aa.'owm . ..
'-i ..... i ..t-t -
f ),".,: ; , WANTED I- v,r,:i ... , -500
BUSHELS PEALED DRIED PEACUESj I
500 Bushels Dried apples. 1
.. - 250 Bushels nnpealed Dried Peaches.
For which the highest market price wilrt paid
t t 30- '85-41
( KlttMi.M tt llttSiMT. ',
CJHEKIFF'S 8AIK.....BY VIRTUE OK AN
VJ execution, in my hands I will, on the 22no py
orNovKMh'iia KtXT ' epoVe td public sale, -'hi the
hiirhest bidder fur ca-li, lit .the .Court Hou?e door, in
the town of Dover, the following described tracts of
land, to-wit: "Two tracts of laud, purchased by
Geo. Slacker from 4. It. James, by deed recorded in
the Register's office of Stewart county, Tennessee,
in Book 16, pngo 1J0, containing 177 acres; also
three other tracts of land purchased by same from
O. M. Shelby, liy deed recorded in samo ofllce, in
Book 16, nag 830 and 331, containing 6 JO acres:
also another tract purchased by same from II. II.
Trinkle, by deed recorded in same ofnee in Book,
No. 19, pt'K6 containing 107 1-3 acres; also
auothor tract of land, containing IS? 1-2 acres,
purchased by same from Jesee Parchinen, by deed
recorded In tne same office, in Hook, fo. 21, page
3Q9; also another tract of land ill Stewart count)',
District No. 7, on the waters of Long Creek, being
tne place on wlucli Samuel Macker, deceased, re
sided at the timo of bis death, containing, by esti
mation, 100 acres, levied oa 'as the' property of
Geo. stacker! also another. tract, of 1170 acres,
bounded on the east by Montgomery and Dickson
counties, on tho north by ItobertStoele and William
Ravens, Mrs. Davis and Crockett Moore, on the
west by Dr. Marablo's lands, Sam. Warden and
Alex. Moore, on the South by A. A. Brown's Isftdx
levied on a the prorty of I. D. West said lauds
levied on as the projicrty of the aforesaid parties to
satisfy an execution, to me directed, from the
Circuit t.'onrt of Stewart county, in favor of t'hria-
topher Dudley nnd against I. U. West, C- W. Beau
mont Uco: ge Macker. kale witniu the uoiirs pre
scribed by law. This October 1 1, 1865.
W. T. KEEL,
- Sheriff of Stewart county.
Oct, 20, '65.-t Prs. fee, $8 00
QIIKBIKF'S
fiiI,K..BY VIRTUE OP TWO
U ei
executions in my hands aifaiust I. D. West, C.
W. Beaumont and George Stacker, issued from the
Circuit Court of Montgeniery and Stewart coun
ties, Tennessee, In favor of C. Dudley, I will pro
ceed, ou Mo.nuav,tii 27th bat or Novrmhkh nkt,
at the Court House door, iu the town of Charlotte,
to sell, to the highest bidder for cash, all the lauds
of I. D. West, In Dickson county, Tennessee, lying
principally on Yellow Creek and Its waters, and
bounded on tho Uoilh by tho Montgomery county
line, on the west by the Stewart county line, on the
south by the lands of A. A. Brown, John Wclker,
L. T. Hughes, John Buchanon, W. T. Patterson
and otheis, ou ihe east by tho lands of the "O. K.
Furnace," Sophia Sheltou, Coleman Sbelton, Joseph
Halle s and Robert McCallom, containing, by esti
mation, Six Thousand Five Hundred and Seveniy
Eiirht (6578) acres, more or less. October 16,
1865. O. W. McMAUAN,
fberiff Dick i.o County.
Oct. :o. 65-41 TlS. fee, I
LAGER iBEBR,
i ; ew rum ruttt qqautt. 4
AtSohlicii's Saloon,
(Strt.wlierry Alley.)
BY"fltfi"GLASS, "KEG T)R HALF "BARBEL.
Octn, '5m, . .
. JDried Fruit!
wisn TO bi:v, ' ,
ni iff
I
For which 1 will pay the highest market price,
money or goods. ........
Oct. 30, 65-31; ; t B. V. .WILLIAMS.
Tdttiiccd, 'Planters
.... " WAND'-' , - ,
TOBBACCO BUYERS,
WILL PLEASE TAKR NOTJCB ,TnAT THE
Next Sale of Tobacco,
. . . AT '. '
,' trice's landing; : ;
WILL TAKE PLACE ON -
s tr i jl
' ! doiOBEll 218 ' -
And will commence at 10 o'clock." ' '
Your attention Is respectfully aolieited. '
' POINDEXTEK TOLLAkD.
Oct. 13, '5-2t
MATT'ILL
Has just received full supply of
Pall and' Winter
DRY GOODS!
To which the attention of the' puhne isSnvited,
' ,i . We hare all thejiewest Styles of i ; '. r :
i-.-i l : . ,.r - ... ,. ',
Ladies' Dress G-oods,
TRIMMINGS,
' :'I'Q
A Full Stock of
Prints, .
' '- : . . . I I .
GENTLEMEN'S 'WEAR
Both -ruads up and in the piece.
A large stock th tf l'"J P "i .'?.?,
-1 ''DOMESTICS ' ' '
t ; A r.; ' , Of. best ikt tnttuls.
Shoes, Hats, Etc.
I rrspectfally iuvite purchasers )
i CALL AND EXAMINE'
STOCK and lIilCES !
' .' . , i .,,.-'
tta, W. W. VALLIANT is connected with my
business, and solicits a call from his friends.
Franklin -St.,, Clarksville, Tenn.
Oct. 13;, 'C5-tf , ,-.
w.s RARpr.a.
C. A. RERXOl'VY.
HARPER & EERN0UDT, ,
Cotton & Tobacco Factors,
i
GENERAL COMMISSION
m 'k iVo H v isr T fet ;
' ' yo. et commercial st:,
ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
llROMFT'' AND FAITHPUL ATTENTION
JL given to the salo of Produce, and remittances
made without delay, . ......
ffci? Special atwution paid ctu the filling of
Southern orders. .
n .. . . .: .- ' n;-j'l :i- i,
.REFERENCES:
Oupt. II. G. McComas, Steamer. Imperial.
Meesrs.'Jno. C. Bull & Co, it. Louis. .
" trader, Ruby It Co., St Imu'u.
.'(.'"' ' Honwr, 4tex fc Tracy, St. txiuts. 1 '
" J. B. Carson h Bra., St. Louis.
" Yoo Phiil. Water It Co., St. Louis.
Building and Saving , Association and St Louis
.c . oircnanui penerauy. -. - -. .
St. Iuis, Mo., Oct. J3, 'C5.-Gm
J. r. rox.
w. D. SMITO.
FOX & SMITH,
DEALERS IN
HARDWARE,
GUNS, CUTLERY, AC,
AT TIIE SIGN OF .
. s
i i
FRANKLIN STREET,
ILAKKSVILLE, TK5X.
ILL, IN A FEW DAYS, BE IN RECENT
VV of a full and complete stock of HAttDYT ARE,
ic, consisting of
Anvils aud VIi-o. ..... i -
IStilorH, btoi hs and Dim,
llauimrra, lUtchi U and SIrel,
(arpenter'n, i'uoperi and
. - ' - ' Kho Tools, . -
Mill. CroNN-Cut aud llaud 8aw-
Ait, Ale, a!U aud Chains,
Table and Pocket ( utlcr) .
- liniors, Locks and Tacks,
And everything else usually fouud in a llardware
HtlUKf, all of which we will wll at reasouuble
price lor cash ouly.
JIvMirs. h. P. Pox, T. U. HuiUU and Willie
Rrinhurst will be in altvudunce, and most cordial,
ly invite their friends, and the public generally, to
give them a cull.
BWk. Orders solicted and carefully filled.
Oct. A, '65-ly K. 1 8.
ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTIf:E.AU jiersons In
debted to Ihe estate of Johu Long, deceased,
are notified to come forward and make e'tlemetit,
and all having claims against tho estate will pteseut
them, duly authenticated, within the tim prescribed
bylaw. K. C. LONG,
(ct. 18. '65-4t Adminiitiator.
- . - - - -1
Prom WILLTAMS';vADVERT7SIN(l and PA
TENT AGENCY, 97 ChesnuUSt., St. Louis.
I Establiilied 1851.
CUPPLES '& MAflSTON
55 Mid 67 Jf. 8ffOiid-8t 8T. I0l'l8r
1U0 Koulk Waler-bt., . (HKitO.
Manufacturers of and ihotatale dealers in;
Wooden and Willow" Ware,
- - -brooms -
8hof , ficrub, ilonr , nnstios and Wh!tewH'
' BJtTTBirES,". K 'v
CORDAGE r l ; .' i.i-i M
From 1-4 inch lo 2 Inches diameter.
. : ;, : .-. , rWWBfJ, . :: -7 .c"i-'.ol5
Cotton, jute, flax, wrapping, sail, sacking, and
I -.-A every other variety.'.'"- ji,-
! PAPKK,
. ,i, ', Wrapping," Tea, lintel, cj .
PAPER BAGS, '
Every site and . description, m
MAit.ur.n,
ova caps, ' - g
BUOf)M-MAKER3' STOCK.
SIEVES, : i...;;-;
V
KEROSENE WICKS.
"Jl WIUKINtl.V' .,j
A JO
BATTING, AC.
TN CALLI.VQ THE ATTENTION. OF THE.
1 Southern and Western trade to our facilities for
furnishing the above goods (and everything in connection-,
with.' this Uiranch of business) !wt would
direct especial reference to Ihe superiority or the
OAK, PINE AND KEI CEDAR WARE manu
factured in St. Louis and Menasha, Wisconsin, over
the products of other manufacturing district. l'n-
like our competitors In the older States, we have a
class of timber to work op which years ago has dis
appeared fmn their forests. That of the Upper
Mississippi is not to be surpassed in quantity or
quality, ami our pineries in Wisconsin-continue to
be as productive as ever of.fi rst'.va timber.- lilt
from these sources we procure our material, and
Hie result Is tbat our warn surpasses in stock and
excellence that of any other market on the con-.
tinent, r
; An impression seems to exist with onV Southern
trade, that Cincinnati possesses advantages over St.
Louis In furnishing our line of goods. Prior to the
development of our resources, and the impetus
which late years has, give to onr manufacturing,,
interests, this may have' been - the cwse; but now,
for every dollar's worth of our ware manufactured
in Cincinnati or vicinity, there is One hundred dol
lars' worth made in St. Louis, and that of a quality
superior jn every respet.to Uiuirs., , The same tiling
applies to Massachusetts, whose manufacturers aro
compelled to offw their goods at a. low -figure in
consideration of their inferior (and almost worth
less .quality. - Number one ware is to-day sold at
less price in Chicago aud St. Louis thou jl is in
Boston. Of Oak Ware?, ? . :'
Well Buckets; Kegs, Runlets," &c.
We are the largest manufacturer In the United
States, and these goods; together With the products
of tho. 'Iv;..': i.;' -." ' i,-,,'!
ST. LOUIS
PINE AND, CEDAR WORKS
"(In St. Louis,) and the
Menasha Wooden-Ware Factory
of Wisconsin, (in Chicago,) wa'can furnish at tho
lowest possible figures. T, r.,. -,.
We would respectfully suggest to .every one' visi
ting the cities of St. Louis or Chicago, "to pursue
the same course with regard to their purchases of
wooden ware and corduge. as ihey would do in tho
cities of NoV York. Bostdn. or Cincinnati, vix : to
purchase of those who make a speciality of thjs
brunch of business, and not rely upon their'groccry
houses for their supplies, whose stocks must of lie--ccssity
be limited. . ' - '
We v. ill be glad to sec all who may favor Us with
a call, and when iwrsous desiring to purchase can
not visit either Chicago or St. Louis, or both, Ww
will cheerfully fiirni.-h them with catalogue and
price list. Our business is strictly cafh, hence tall
orders from those w ith whom we are unacquainted
must be accompanied with a draft fur Ihe probublo
amount of the order or sath-Eictory city references.
In all cases remittances must be promptly made on
reeciptof invoice. AH orders filled at lowest cash
prices when shipped viithout reference to -previous
quotations. Goods at owner's risk after lieing
shipped.
N. B.k-AU p'irennsers will find it l. their
pecuniary interest lo call and examine our stodil
before making their purchases. , 1
(.TITLES & MAKSTON,
Oct 13-lm.. St. Louis and Chicago.
-n '' SIIEUIFF SALE.
" ' '- C. Dudler, '
' : vs. ' ' ' i
I, D. West, George Slacker and C. W.' Beaumont.
BV virtue of an exevntion which issued from the
Clerk a Office of the Stewart County Circuit
Court, lo me directed, 1 will e.tpose to public sale
and sell lo tho highest bidder for cai-b, at the Court
Home door, in the city of Cinrksville, on MONDAY,
the 13th day of Novemljer, 1866, vtbe entire inter
est C. Beaumont nuty have in the following
described itroiierty i One lot of ground in the citv
of Clarksville, upon which, are situated tl j Dwell
ing House and Tobacco factory of the late Henry
V. Beaumont; also one other lot of ground, it being
a part of Block No. 2, In the. Firet Ward of the
city of Clarksville, Jying between Spring atreut
and Cumberland river, and south of Jno. JlcKeagcs'
property f alsni one tract u land, about 3 mile
northeast of the city of Clarksville, and contains
146 3-4 acres; also onj other tract of land adjoin
ing the one. hist mentioned andcontains 1288 acres,
both tracts being the same oned by the late Henry
P. Beaumont ; also one Store Ilmise nnd lot;
levied ou as the property of George Stacker, sltua
ted on the east side of pub'ic square, in the city of
Clarksville, and known as the old Met lure
Roberts store. ,0. M, BLACK MAN.
Oct. 13, '65-4t Prs.fea $0. Deputy Sheriff M.?C,
ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. All jiersons in
dchted to the estnte of J. K. Barnes, deceased,
are notified to eome forward and make immediate
set'leuicnt, and all having claims against said estate
will present them, as prescribed by law, or they will
bo forever barred. . U. A, BARNES,
tVt. 13, "65-3t ' Administrator
FOR SALE.
fpilE fiue residence, llcnging to Wm. Ware, on
X tollegn street, WIIU intee Htm of good gar
deaiui; lund attuched. This properly will be ao'd
cheap, and is one of the most desirable locations in
Clarksville. Cull and examine the premises.
. r. - .- WM. WARE.
Oct-lf -
Land For Sale !
I NOW-OFFER FOR SALE SOME 80Q QH
1,000 acres of land, in separate tracts, to suit
puichasers, funushing springs with each tract
these lauds belong to the Lafityette Furnace Tract.
Tc ana One-half cash, one and two yean on the
balanceby giving bond and good security.
1'ci sons Will do well to call and examine tne
premises.
Oct, 6, :65-4t
0. TUSLKT.
EXECUTOR'S SALE !! ' '
ON SATURDAY, THE J!8TH DAY OCTOBER,
I will sell, at Ihe farm, ou West Fork of Red
river, all the perishable proiierty bclouging to the
estate of II. F. BEAb'llONT, deceuscd. Included
in the list is a variety of Agricultuul Machinery,
Blacksmiths' and Carpeuters' Tools, Live Stock,
Wagons, CarU, etc, etc. '
Tkkms: Six months credit, with npproved secu
rity. C. w; BKAl'MONT,
IM. 13, .1-U1S . Exeeumr.
":"DKmUTrdN." " 7 '
aMiE partnership berttofure riMtiug betwrea
. JAilES H. ACHEY aud U. A. NVOODSti.N,
Jr., has this day (October TtH, 18ti, ten dis
solved by mutual rouseut, said Achey retiring.
O. A. WOODSON, Jr, is aloue authoriaed U setll
the business of the late .firm.
J. II. ACIIEY,
' a: A. WOODSON, Jr.' .
Woodford, Tth Oct J3-41 1
C. C, SMITH,
ATT0BSEY AT LAW,
CLARKSVILLE. TENN.
Office over M. Multill's store, Franklin stret, or.
lkite the Court Uous. Oct 10, 'tVloi

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