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title: 'Clarksville weekly chronicle. (Clarksville, Tenn.) 1865-1867, December 08, 1865, Image 1',
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..GO & HI
JOUJe' - ,.
4 i : i 'i
Old Series, vol. U. '
" CLARKSVILLE,' TENN.; FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 18G5.;
..Old. Series,. No; '32.
.t . Of .Clarksvijls, Term. , ,
r r WIL1 DO A .
Tssties ;no Circiilat lonIncurs
v no Risks.
Fpecial attention paid 1o collections and remittances
' ' made en day of payroenL 'f
GEO H. TYARFIKLD, I J. W. EDWARDS,
TUOS. F. PETTlia. .. 0. W. H1LLMAN.
S. F. BEAUMONT, Pres't.
W P. HUME, Cashier. v
Nov. lp, '65-ty . ; ' ' ' '. . ', . A ;'. "
CRUSMAN & CHESNUT,
; (Successors (o W. S. PowDMTih & Co.,)
"' ' MALMS IN 1
G10C ERIE S,
Iron, Salt, Cement, &c,
' ' - Cot. Franklin and Market Sts.
Oc t. 20, '65-lf
W. . rOIKDCXTIR h. n. eviuett.
. W. S. POINDEXTER & CO.,
' : ij j : DEALERS IN j. f j, - .
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Groce
ries,' Hardware, Queensware,"
- Glassware, &c, &o. -V
NEW PRUVIDENCK, TENNESSEE
,. fgg- Our friends are respectfully invited to ex
amine our itock. W. f. 1. ii CO.
. Oct. 20, '65-lf
J. 1X1 HITS, -
Lt JikIpu Arlr,
Dlst. Mid. Teni.'
J. C. MCMCLLKK.
: t'. a. a.
buck & Mcmullen, '
ATTORNEYS AT J.AW. and KLAL ESTATE
AND CLAIM Af.ETfl,
Will practicin the State iiud Federal Courts.
, OAVI'S served s officeia lu the I'. S. Army,
Vill have facilities to prosecute successfully all le
(i i nate claims against the Government, -tl
r-iville,Tenn., Aug. 4, 18G5.
R. W.4 HUMPHREYS,
j. 1 1 o ii o y at Hi a av ,
Office, oo Public Square, ip BTAite, under
' "Cbroniclo" office.
Oct. G, '65-lf
WM. M. DANIEL,
ATTORNEY A T- L A IT ,
C L A B V I L I E T E K N . a
Orrici, ouib side Public Square, nnJcr Chroni
,Oftic. SP 29, Ci-tl
G. A. HENRY Tl". F. HENRY,
WILL atteil to all law business rontided U
them in tbe 7tb Judicial District and tbi
Supreme Court at NHshville. Tcnu.
Oflice on Public hijuara, Clarksville, Teun.
QUARLE3 & RICB,
Attorno ys a t Jj a w ,
B?9ul11'0 under tb 'Chrouicle'' oflice. '
Nov. 10, 1G5-Cm ;
Dr. W. C. WESTER FILi,
TlflLL Dractic Medicine in C)nrkiTe, ud
Vl rioiaiiy. Offlct, at bis resilience, lulelr dc
capied by. Joseph Johnsou. 8eot. 15, U:S :
DR. H M. AiTXEE, :
S u v l; o o n I) o n t i t .
rniKDKKS his services to the citizens of the city
X nd vicinity, in the rtifl'erent brauches of li it
profeosion. A No. I Second band ease of DentHl Instruments,
with Jtc tools, all complete! for sale.
(FtA-OIKce, at bla reeidence, one door eat of Dr,
Coouur'i. ''' H-tf.
" BELL & SHERIDAN,
Opposite the Market Ilouse. Franklln-kt.,
M CLARKSVILLE, TENN.
Sept. 1, 'c&.-iy '
" " "PRESLEY A. BYRNE,
Forwarding and Commission
M 13 it CHANT,
AND STEAMBOAT AGENT,
WA REU 0 VSIl J.oKtr WV Wharf,
, July U-tf
FURKIN & TARPLEY,
House and Sign Painters,
t,Slmp on Steawbeiry Alley, ever P, Young'
Tailor Miop. Orders promptly attended to.
Dealer in Groceries and Liquors,
COUNTRY PRODUCE, &,C.
CLARKSVILLU. . TENNESSEE
KEEPS constantly on band a full line of Family
Cirocerles, of the best quality, ind otl'cis tiiem
to the putilic upoit rea.ouable terms.
tf. Articles purchu.-ed at my um-e. will Ke de-.
llveivd, lioc of charife, anyvvbei in the limits of
the city. IJuly 1 l-tf J. C
tf BLA NK ! I1LANKS! We keep coa.mntly
bnJ, ajel fer .-' i , t-.r' Iiuds of lUuk
fl. S. JULIAt, I T. D. TlLFonn, :
Late Cashier of Median- I Late Cashier of Farmer's
ict Bank, Louisville, Ky. Rank Henderson, Ky. "
t. MtrcnELL, Danville, Ky.
IIoS.,, JHIJVN .& .CO,,
li.a 4 ( 4 -. . -
AMD DEALERS IN ,
Premium and Unc'urrent Money
DiSIUTOJi'S BANK JIUDIXC,
1 lOriSVILLE, KEMrCKY.
W Q. IIisie, TilU'r. ; , July 21-tf.
Type, Stereotype & Electrotype
, , FOUiNDIlY, , ,
108 Vine Street, between 4th and Sth,
R. Allison, . -guperintendent.
'. . iANrActctiia or, ako DtAi.EiBJN .! ,'i
I3ook and ISTcws 'X'ypo
. . axo. . ,-. ...... -
Or K tt V rK.)CtllPT10H.
Stereotyping anri Eleclrotyping
IN ALL TRRlll VAniOl'S PHANCHEft:
Dooks MiihIc, Pateut, Medicine Label i and
Directions, Jobs VocmI Cuts, Etc.
ROWLAND, IRVINE & CO.,
. Manufactures and wholesale drnlcis in ''
Boots and .Shoe's !
No. 102 Walnut Street,
Between Pearl and Third, C1XCIXX1TI. 0.
Jjejit. 15, '65. 3ia . ,':'( ' v 4-
PEARCE,- TOLLE Si HOLTON,
Importers and nho'sjalo
Dealer in.DB.Y GOOCS!
o. U, South-west Cor. Pearlne,
Sept. 15, 'Cj 3m ' : .'
ti. n. HLAfjl MORE,
i. L. WOOLM'.UK.F.
U. D. BLAKl'.MOtlE.
A. W. DLAXKMOUk'.
BLAEKMOEE, WOOLDBIDGE &C0.
TOBACCO FACTO US, i-
- --AD - '
General Commission Merchants,
No. 131 ravlcr Street,
Orl. fi, 'G5-3m ,
H. X. WALK
J. r. JWHNSON
sR. It. WALKER Li CO.,
;l(()!i and Tob icrt
Factcrt' and fienertl Coision
Xo. 73 Carondelct Street, lit (IftlEAXS.
Sept. 23, '0S-3m
IUjBT MlRIIELL, II. ('. CaUITII,
ol Mumll k Rolca, N. Y. Lonisvilli-, K.
" R. T. PoLLAnn, t'lrkKvii:e, ft nn; ,
ftfUS&ELL, CARUTH A CO.,
C0BIS510N PfSRCHANTS, '
lit PEAftL- fcT.,
A)Tf..l-; . NEW YORK.
I. II. Iivi.nwiN, J. ft mm;ngj, New York.
liiiuiHAlTi 0. M. JL!T, favauuab, (a
D. 3t. BALDWIN ft CO.,
' Cotton end Tobacco1 Factors,
GEXERAT, COtfUSSGX .VfKCUXTS,
No. 178, Pearl .Street, ;
J? Refer to E. N. Kennedv, , V,". I. Hume,
Esq., 8. H. Seat. "
Consignments Tjlr lfu'lt Ted, iimn which
libeinl advances will be ma e : r.d to which prompt
attention will be piven.
Our .Mr. A. J. McWhirter, who lias had moro than
fifleeil 3' ears experience in the wholesale dry poods
mule, of the Weal and ouili. will take pleasure in
exeriitinK i 'orders, addressed to us, lor I)ry
Goods, lUta, lioovs, bboes, Ac., ie.
Au'. 25 ly 1). II. BALDWIN k CO.
R. II. ERASER,
(SriTEiwm -to FIIASKR ti IV..)
C0TT05 & TOBitfO FKTOlt i GENERAL
NEW CHILEANS, LOUISIANA.
Biji" Reforinc to !iv hImvo Cird, 1 solii it your
ihipmenu nud uii) safely promise LAUGEU AET
PROOfcEUS than any Northern market
Oct. 13, 'Cfl-Gm
A. A. DOAK,
A T T O 11 N E Y V'A T LAW,
1 VlLL practice in tW Law and Equity Courts ol
V Montgomery ainVfldjoining counties.
Nov. 17, 6"-ly
QV fifPEUIDR QUALITY, AT
Heisterberk.fii Co's Saloaci,
irtribi Franklin Street, near iheCourt Hoiise.'ia
Swifs Chre.e, l.imbiir? Cliee.e, Buffalo T'liij-'ne,
BoubiKiw S.oi iie.'Salt Holland llerrinjr, Pickled
Uerrini,', ed., by the plate or poaud.
No. a, 'or)-:ti'n
.'New Millinery Goods.
MIM8 MAUllRK MRS. HDDOSON
AYE reifivixl it Jurgi- and wrl! wlnted utock cf
FALL AND WlMEii titxib,
Featll rs and l.mvs,
)ri-s Ti iiamin,.s,
l'!oik. 1111J Cloak Trinitiiii'tt-'. Pe; limn ry and Toi
let Ariietea, etc., elr.
t liifb well ii our friend lu call and examine.
It.-. ni-.M tally. M.V'JL'litE A iiODSUS'.
ftpt Z., 'ii-ii
(NEXT DOOft TO NATIONAL HOTEL,")
CANDIK3 of every rarirty;
M'TTS S. S. Almond?. Filbert?, Cream Nuts;
l'K'I.KSln 1-4. U2. 3-4Cnllons;
PUNK APPLES Put i in gln9 nnl tin;
! bAf;t)IN'K8 In 1-4 ud l-'4 boxes;
SCPERltlll EXTItACTS .
Vanilla. Ros?. Lrmon, Ginger. BtrnwWrrr, t?.;
CltAOKKItS Mlnttt-r, Pugar. So.1, und
' ' Ginger Notts; Rosins, Fijrs, Dntes.
JnlvU tf : ' W. A. S.
J.. P. MEHLHOPE & CO.,
Groceries, Wines and Brandies,
WHISKEY, ALE, BEER, CIGARS,
General ' Asxortmtnt nf Cuvfcctioncrut!
FAXCY NOTIONS, KTC, ETC.
IN FACT HOUSEKEEPERS CAN FIND MOST
As we ntend keeping a. '
g aneii l variety stoke !
And will sell our Goods as LOW AS ANY nOUSE
in the.city. Sept. 1, 'C5-tf
T.eceiyed by Express, every dy, for yale by the
can Ht Imlf'-cau, or eookcdiu any style desired. m
Lewis Rt Willis,
GROCERlflS and FLOUR,
rRoprcE, t c,
At Crosmnn ft Johnson's Old Stand, Franklin St,
py-Will keep constantly on ha".d a, full and
asssorted stock of ( .
Groceries cf all kinds, at Lowest
Cash Prices !
Also, the liett brands of Robertson county Wbis-key.
N. B. Goods received on Storage nnd sold on
conimiBsion. ' July 21 tf
II. UUAXT, I'roprirtor.
HAVING leased this well known House from Mr.
C. M. tiieuarij,, I am now renovating ami re
Qt tinv; it fur lhe accomodation of the public
When the nrninerfients beinir made are compter!
t will ben Hotel in all lis appointments. I In
public are res) ecilullv invrtrj to rail. iuli hrs;
rhe niame! alturjs, pieiariu in style, lie serve.:
tt ail tiin4)
0tf Polite nnd nitentive servants will be in at
tendance in every department.
U'- M'Kiiiri. a lany 01 lonp experience, wih
uivc (leneral supervision of the ludies and culinap
lhe House at Tail s Station will be kept up, a-
herelofjre, fur the accommodation of the traveiiiij
julv U tf S. R. GRANT.
CHAPMAN & CO.,
Produce au J ( onimiioii Merchants.
' , DKALEHS IN
TJ7itc anil Liquor, Hardware, Saddlery.
ESoot nnd Mjops,
AVOOD ANT WILLOW WAItE,
U. ITS, C.ir. TOBACCO, CIGARS. ETC
"rtA'Kl.iy .ETBKCT, .
ALL kinds of Country Produce taken in ex
ilian ge for Good.
Advances made on Tobacco, Flour nnd othei
Produce lor shipment to our friends in Louisville,
Cincinnati or New Yolk.
July 14 liui
H IS W ID) S U
R. II. WILLIAMS,
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS,
Boots, Shoes, Halt, Cups, and Trunks.
MY stock is large and complete in nil depart
. ments, adl respectfully solicit an etamina
lion of it. I especially desire a rail Irom the la
dles. My goods were iiought for ca-h, at the lowest
prices, iiavi 1 will sell them for a very short profit.
Give me a call, at E der'i uew block, Franklin
meet, Claiksville, Tenn. Sept?r-t.'
WUL'LD respectfully state lo the cilixens ol
Clai'k-vllle mi l v:oinity that I have secured the
Agency for selling the follow !ii Machinery: '
Htcaiu F.ukIiich, nllU lult'kt luiproyenients:
Tbe Imiiroied AiiierltHii Turbine Wulcr
I line A Uodley's Circular Saw MUlJ
Freiit li Mill Utirr. Uoltlng Cloth, RtUlitg;
Oil Well Maihinery.
Hauls will be furuiel.il to .cpuir Mills and put
: up .U.ubUK'iy.
tll'l. e nt T. VcCullnrh's Cluthin j Store. q
Cl.uksyille, Aug. 4, 'ti iy
' 'ZZL "ZTZ Z -
lR. J. II. H1LLIMLSLE Y bus relumed to the
! 1 ciiy, and is now ready to attend to his piofts- miinii aiion fiom the tame source n itified thecoun
I -multi business, li s friends and patrons will find icil that the military force will bt withdrawn on
1 Liio his f'.rii,r r(,i.diuc. No. :'4 linitbt ?0;h loot.
' mtSTKU WtritLT, ttVPRV MIDAT MURNINO. MT
X K n LT-T T. & G It A N T,
, , . rrgMSIIKIlfl AND PROpRIETOUK.
TermsThree Dollars per year.
' For the ClironitW.
. mi lost uorx. . ,
"Where ha it (toae? ' I wonder and ask,
And set myself to the wenry task,
Of finding its hiding placet -
But the more I search, the more In vain;
I doul t if ever I see it again s
"Gonef has it left no trace? ; ,: .
"Lost 1" did t say my hope was lost 7
Yes, but docs ever; one know its cost?
That h Tt "gone down at seal" m-
Kof they think 'twas surf to sec It go,
They could not fel all the hlary woe,
., , ' 'The dying away silently I ' '
I set sometimes and wonder blindly
Think nnd ponder over, it drearily .
, O'er thiit life-hope of mine i
And wonder if it will come no more
Connt the days that hnv gone before
And think it oily to rfpine.
1 mnsojsyer tbe brightness that once it left
, In the heart that is now of it bereft ( '
' " Once with it, beating so itrongl ''
, How it rtjse and rose that hop: of mine,
' Till it in my soul did burn and shine
Till it broke forth in long.
Horn it glowed and burned there too, - -
., Cbnrmiuguiy "cold heart'' through and through
Till it grew n, "hope divine! ' ''
I cared not for the clouds o'erliead.
For it rnu not then brokm and Utad,
That hope that hope of mine I
But its earthly glory began to fade,
And soon t know it must be laid
'Neath the folds of dark despair;
I wi pt o'er Its grave, MM what good came?'
I could only lay it beside one name,' ' : '
' And heart-grief farther spare.
tf . f ' -.
0b but I long to he buk onccmcre, .
Reside that dreamy, pleasant liie-shore,
lly whu h that hope wnsledl, '
Rut in tnti the name is folded awny
The hope-is lost umid shadows pray . .,
The name and hope, both dead I
Then shall I walch fur it to come once more,
When I know it lie.?, with wrecks on shore ?
"iVrecks of hopes and dreams of orA
No on knew what it cost to (brow nway,
That which made life, rAeiibut one blight Hay I
Only I knew ill great uorth I
Ivy Blcfp, Tkxk., 185. g
AN I SLUCKY DlICnMAN.
Ililliflicker Snirktnarkrr. a teutonic render of
sour kiont, wooden romt, urude enbbagip, striped ! other., hiihirui the object f Aiuer cau 11 imiratii n.
m.lten', cotton sii'tenders and srh "lidille dinp?," ICa'u theium.- th'.n be 11 v rau when olheri sull'er.
with tixe panioiic xenl btl bis ht&ne in Lit (Yo st and tbe bhn k,t of crimes tt heu it i 'jnres 011
tt lhe ( oii.mcntwir.eut of the war, and enlisted nsa's' lvef .' II.' he 1 uied under the pre.-ent rxei c
-lop gnu ery keeinr liehlnd the tutor's tent 011 the1 meat there run be lilile iloubt a lu the verdict;
Poiomne. When he went nway it was with tlie
intention to make rume tnnni-lv if it took nil .11111
iT, niul n:llydid lie fi jlit it out on bisque. How
did U is be.-t told as he told it to ns on bis ' re
turn, last-week. 1 -
You see, Mr. R,-mroy, der dnim beet, und der
n'l com -s to go to wars mit arms. Ise de 1 ml riot
nini h"as iheiiral Washburn, or Sheund Curtiss,
or Sli nral lliitier, or Sheural Rungs, or any di m
tiiiiial what live to come home great men 80
I pays some liddle lings, nnd gelt some babers from
le war roiumitteq und goes nut ter bovs ter be pa-
n iots and sell some Pddle tings nnd rniiko some
m inih, I kiss my vrow five, nineteen dimes, und
;oes mil der war. 1 goes ter Sluirabersburg nnd
makes inm ti monisli. I'n day J poke mine window
nit uii mine head to ber ter serenade, und dink of
1 .ihiedingt, wheu I see dat SthouewMll Shaekson
nut li 1 droops und der pig brass band coomiiidown
ter street play iug like ter t v til on der prass pand,
"Whos' pin here since Ish pin goue?'1
Dat Slhonewull Shaekson is ter tyfil mit fiL-htins,
und I put my mouisli in mine pocket und mine lit
tle babtrj in mine bag. and I goes so quick nsuever
va-ili to Gettysburg. . I lid dele I owns, some more
b.li no unci eel's tome more liddl Aliugs. And nn
I i v I bears men nil der liors-burk ridnii; dow n der
-ithreel likejdiiMder. uud den I pokes der winder out
in lie head uud looks myself up der street, mid der
.'ojiues dat tyhl, Shenrnl blhoncwall .Ahackson
playing dat same odder 'line ns I heard before,
"WI.oj' pin here since Lh pin gone?'1
Den I make inine mi in ish gooines inter mine
pockets, uud nukts mine m goome inter minf
pamrs and tntte mine sign on ter pig nture ou der
corner so I loses more goods as 1 had not got, uud
tings 1 go to iscousin to see rume. viow ns 1 liamt
seen in dese two years, so long time as never vash.
Den I guomes rfdme, and knoks- uud deer door
and my vrow she make talk uud tell me "whos
Din t any ' Ililliflicker Snicksnnckcr,'1 und she
knows dat U mine mime and she make herself goome
mt of ter nouso, and give 1110 nine, seven turns
ki ou mine face ns goo 1 as never vivih.
Deu Mr. Dummy, I looks mit mine eyes, und 1
sees some dings 1 And so I ask mine vrow if
slies beeu married since i go utf lo be patriot, und
if she no got married, ti by sire makes so much
gro.v, when I be gone mit ter wars? und 1 gets
mad as tyhl, uud den I links of dat tamn Slicnral
Sthouewail Shaekson und hit pig bt.11 pttud, aid I
4iu8s - 1 . ,
" Who' fin hire since Ish pm jonef
Vud now Mr. Dummy, soompody makej (roobles
mit me, for Ise ten gune two year., und I know
some dings, uud I guea pack mit ter 'war und 1
Sings Uul turn isthoncwull Blm-kton tongs all ter
Mexico and the Ln;tkd Status. The Rrowns
villr, Texas, correspondent of the New Orleoua
limes uriting on the IC1I1 ull., says the corn s-
pondence I etween Gen. Weitzel nnd Gen. Mejin
culiuinatrd in the following order:
"The Mexican authorities having oflii-mlly noti
lied the coiumuudiuu General that the Hanchero has
been 01 dered to cease publishitg articles iusultiup'
lu Luited ot&tcs soldiers soil citizens, it it heieby
ordered that alt ollicen and Soldiers in this cbiu
mand will not allow any person on the neutral
bunk to insult any person ou the Mexican kiJe."
All reuiaiued quiet around Mntatnorasj
C1.Geu. Turner has notitied the city council uf
Richmond, that in eonf eqin-rn of the diminution
..J' ll.tt M.1I.I..W tn lllut l.a.....l...Anl tl,U
1 m. . .ii.,n,v inn. ... ...w. vHiuuriii, Hit. i.
arnt v of mrdiLnl ottictrs. it ia iirconaurv fur lhe
city authorities lo assume charge of the almshouse
ind inmates within, without dc'ny. Another com
From tbe London Qunrforly Review.; J hers In-tUe Senate equally with New York, State
Trial of JcfTerEOIl BaviS. 'exceeding in nil respt.-l teveil or tbe kinajdomsof!
, , ;: T 'iEurope. And II the whole bl tbe other thirty-live f
An AtlO i English View of It IlOW the
, , World Kfunrds It.
. of ,,
Rut lhe other day Jefferson Davi was one i
1.1 - r. ,' ... ..
,... .. d i-,e!.,i.,n it... V.-Jh-.Z, ,!n ..r'
iiiiouirr srenrrai iou oi iae auie nice. -'oiv. none ,
e.. ... ... .1.. I.! 'I t.. .1.1
" U" """" "'". i tumi-
,r.v. "PP"J irve i rem eiciienieni, we can cauuiv
l, I, .... .i..l, ...I .... ... i. iU .;.. .1,... u
-."V.. ''"v "
rtieuishiriiUK meuin ot prejuditv and passion.
Jefferson Livin simply followed the example of
(Jeorge Washington. Ilylh were Soullieiner, both
slavi, olden, liotli levied war iiaiut an older gov
ernmeut. , Wiu-JiingUm, . subject of, t)e British
Crov u, under which he held f eommUaon,. commit
ted a n net ot unquesilonab.c treason.' Jenunop
Davis was never a subject, of Abraham Lincoln.
He was the chosen rukr uf uiillious of the Aiuci-
cau people, twice as umny iu demanded their iu
deper.deuce ftom this country. Over them he ruled
tor years nmhr all tbe most complete furius of con
stitutional government. - .
1 bat , such n man should be bunted down ns n
felon is one ot the dark spots that will he by
this stritgle on the pacof American history of
m llie Uarkcot. lue cliarnv u liu ll t resi.leiit Jolin-
son attempted to fasten uiu ft fallen foe has lieen
scouted upon every band. Th?. nssassiu of Air. 1
Lincoln was n slaue-sti ickcn fanatic. iucaimbU
tbe time of feciuil that bis crime would le ruiunus
to tln.se lie thought to serve. Alter the furieydr
of Lee, even il tbe whole Kortlieru Cabinet had
perished, this couhl only have influenced the result
by rendering lh'i irresistible armies ol Grant and
Sherman more revengeful, and adding to ibe suf-
lenu-s ol llie vauquithed. Jiootli was not 11
Soiithirner, had no connexion wiiU any State of
llie LoiikUeiacy, bail endured no outr 'jte. sultered
no toss. It w ns well kuon n that bis lather's in
tellect was disordered, and that be had committed
oetsot riuleiice. The circiimstances of the crime
tlie theatre, tbe stage, the, flouiiiih, tbo quota
tion, Uie man's life, his letters, hia dying rtque.-t
to , tell lii mother that he had done what he
thought for the best nil indicated the individuality
of the net, the oripuator, the intended beru of the
tragedy. It is one of the crimes that throughout
all history, nud with ull untious, has invariably nc
rompauicd su b touvulsinns. No great disturbance
occurs in European hlsiory but sjuie ouecoities for
ward to lilay bis part, j
There u.Iiard!y u sorereign reigning in Europe
whose life bos not Ixcn ut empted. nod tliero nie
tliose old enough to remember llie conspiracy ol
Thisllcyvoud, w hen it wus intended to destroy the
wlio.e government ol tins country at a blow, bo
far, then, from the event being a inre phenomenon,
it was one lu be nuticlpntcd ; iudeed, it seems to
buvc been expected bv Mr. Seward. As in certain
sanitary conditions ceitain diseases attack the body,
so amidst wars and tumults ibis form of monomania
seized on minds so predisposed, lu all this, how
evtr deplorable, there is nothing astounding; bill
ustoiiniiing it is that a. President of the. ("niled
SiatifH il.ouUI biing a cluirge of comp ieity i 1 Mich
a crime aguiu?t Hn emine:.t Ametiuan statesman
nud suldier. , To make such a cbarge heedlessly,
without evidence of lhe clearest cha'ranter, was .to
bring an ineffaceable stain ujion the dignity of the
coHutry. li bears the it-peel of an utiempt to ns
curiiiaiij the n jiutiitioii nf n i'ei t leis man.
Among savages it U the practice to uloat over be
tortures of the defeut'd, fc' make a tiret of the
quivering body, and triinsbx'it with arrows as a
pastime. Civilized natiims. usually tieat the vic
tims of war with humanity, even with generosity.
The whole conduct of the governmeut ijj this mat
ter of conspiracy trial, is painful in the extreme
the trial cf au otfeuse w holly unconnected w itb war
by court martial; the composition of that court
its president, its reporter tbe tittle-tattle received as
evidence, mid, Leyond nil, the secresy altemiued
carry us back to the tyorot usuages of the darkest
times. . ... ,
JeRcrson Da-is is now in the band? of hiscnemies,
and remaining to be tiR-J lor ireasou. If be had
comiui.led this t r ine be would then stand on a
level w.tb Washington, Kossuth, (biribaidi and
but it uiuiiot be supposed t ii.it the. American -op!i
Will commit sinh 1111 act as to aku aiy man 3 lilt
lor simply following tue example ot their own
idolized hero, aud cvrcisiu 11 tight they are ali
taught i Uiiiin vst tuost 1 suctvti right,.'' as Mr.
Linuilu deciured it to be. And as .Mr. Joliusoo re
iu rates that tie.iison U the gaaitst of ciimtH, wt
are led to examine bow it is regarded by- the Con
el itution of the I' tilted Stales. Here, no far from
bfing thus ac'cuuiited, it selected from all pthei
oli'eicc; not to be tuigutatized, bit lo be deali
wiih gcuily, and hedged round, wiiliprotcclion
IVom extreme puiiWiunnt. Thus, Art.., sec. 0:
No bill of otuiinder iimll- 1 pTused,'! Art. Ill,
sec. 3: 'No K.'rson shall, ue convicted of treason
uule.-ti oil the tenliiuony of two witnesses to the
same overt act, or on cimlcsniou iu opeu court."
In Art. II, nc. 4, il is classed with briliery ; and
the Clh amendment 10 the constitution requires that
the accused shall have the right lo ' a speedy ami
public trial by un impartial jury of the Statu iiml
district wherein the crime shall buvc been cuinil led
Art. Ill, sec. 3. oidaint that "no attainder of trea
son shall work corriq ton of bipod or forfeiture
except during lhe life of the perso i attainted. '' And
if this trial is lo be ti.ni! uc'i tl calmly as an nfl'.iii
instate, the dilU.-iilt t.uk must lie encountored ol
d t.iroving the right of a St.vg eign Stale to with
draw Iroui up 11 11011 ttiih lhe others, if any counsel
dare to 11,-0 the Hrguiiieiit. It is not generally be
lieved in this country thai such 11 right exists; bin
ibtwle, a coiiipelcul leg authority, a Nurtheruef
ami devoted Unionist asserts, iu his work outl.t
Coiistiiuliou, that the riht is inherent iu tlie 11
e al system. That the Slaies were originally, each
ol tiiein, a fiee sovereign nud iudepeudeqt iower.
is vern certain, as they were Eeiniuilcly nckuowl-
t Iged by this country in these terms. That iheii
uniou under the title ot the tnilcd btn'.es (tut no'
destroy the sovereignty cxlsf'ng separately 111 etch
it also certain, us it is declared 111 tlie Vonstilution :
"Each Stale retains its sovereignty, freedom nnd
indrpeuilence." Thac each Stale ia sovereign uu
der the present Constitution m also certain, as it ha
been so decided on several occasions Uy tlie pu-
i bie.ne Court, a decision from which there it no up-
...1 v.... :. w . ! , I..I ... ...
pCUl. .low, II wnvretuu ll'tiv lUlliiut niiimntn
lioiu its union with oilier Slates, there must lie
some power whi h prevents it a power over it and
superior lo its own will, if so, its condition is
thut of inferiority or subjection, to thut higher pow
er, and therefore cannot bo sovereign. No such
iiuw tr U kuotvu to the Constitution, for the Stale.
are co-equal ; nud, what is popularly termed "tin.
'Jusnrtinieiit, ' is simply tht) ijimuon adminittra
lion, or Federal ngeut, to whom certain limited
powers neru deleg.iied 1 by the Stales. The re
cipient of a de'e'aitd power cannot be superior iu
aiithur.ty lo ihosi; of whom it is the delegate.
This Would bj to put the agent uloiu the principal,
or the servant ubove the master ; and where a Stun
dclayles" limited powers loan agent lor certain
ends, it is dilliciill to see that it cannot withdraw
tin pi hen tliostfmds are not attained. Tids riyht
to withdraw, -to resume'' them, ami n'Berled by
Viniiiiin xluiii 1n.1t .Stuto became a nartv to Hi.
Ciiiistiiiiiii.ii. und il was asserted in the solemn !
loiuiuf au act of assembly a law of thu Sb.te.
Virginia, therefore, In feceding from the Union,
tlniply exercises the' riijht whi-h she reserved by
law when she Ctitereit It. n may re s ua uini mis
law has no force beyond ber limits; but they who
accepted her adhesion lo the Unijn with 1M1 re
serve right, solemnly proclaimed, t i the world,
.'ntinl now muil.laill Hint il is exirc'sed: und in
ilt-pit it is dift.rnlt to sic bo any rilaiu could have
entered into lhe Federal compart without the pnwtr
ol withdrawing if its terms were broken, 'lliii
was tbe only possible nicai t ol" redrew or es iiie
Irom wrung if cot.iiiiitieti by the miijority. One
nf lhe poiuu of the Couililitoou will Ululrit this.
The small fil.it' S iu4-lJl that each, v. l,aieytr II-
ie, (hoiild have rqu tl weight in t he Senate, andj
i bat Ibis si.oiil I never be nl.ere I to the prejudue o. ma l upm i. upland, by tlm ! Itcd HuliiAiitut
any SikU w itliuul its o u couscnt. Il usu is that . l deliver i.p the onVcrs und crt uf tht Hi-nnti-ihe
ll'.tli fc"ip f so l, I'elawarf, has its two uv.io-' ti- 00 unler tar i stra rllniry 'r 14' f-
iSmtcs should desire It, they cannot rightfully alter
tuis wumjut tne consent ot Delaware
! . Bl suppose thev do so with or without the right,
what rcdVoM has 'Delaware ( She could not ou.l
vote or Aght the btl.ers, and rnu,t either Submit to 1
ffttn n. Itrrl.l lln tiMinnl
a bn-aeb of the eomr.et without redress, or retire I
-it.n.,. ..,... ....
f.jimrr mr nuwi kauiv nmw
i ment ol Kuwle.
inpflf uf I?l.iwln ivTltl. ,r ht tl, it rtf mm,.asai..n 1
- v......unvuo iiiFiinii iwui uuu in
liosil on of the eeneral irovernii.eni whirl, lhonol.
. z r .. ' r
il wnicn. mouKii
nut rAirrrffni, 3 ii.uiuniiT uiii.rrBiumi, ' I mni
, .... , , . j ti , i
Constitution is proved by the fact that in the early
debates of Congress, nnd r tlie cxijiimg Constitu
tion, the threat of seceding" was made tare than
once, nnd the right lo (1j so was not questioned.-.-Pi
the Constitution there is no principle that per
mits the coeicion of estate. When suggested, it
was deliberately excluded j nnd if there be nothing
flint can 'lawfully coerce n State to remain,' what
can lawfully prevent its going? , 11 . ...1. . ,
, And if, in De Tocqueville held, the right of se
cession cannot be disproved, it follows that when
the event occurs, the fctate becomes a foreign power
as regards the rest; iind If war ensue, the acts of
its citizens are a is of wnr, .and not of -treason.
The ditferrnce produced by the step 1$ very mole
rial. If a citizen of Maryland were now to take
"P Hrn" -'piinst the Federal Government, he would
commit an mt of trvnon. ftnt if that State Should
Hri trcede, and call out its forces lo resist invasion.
be imut then respond to the call, in ubedieuot to
the laws uf the laud. Can he commit mason In
acting -in obedience to law ? According to the
Washington theory, the position of the Moalhem
man would be hard indeed) for if he . obeyed the
federal, and should lie lound in arras onanist Ins
State, he would be guilty of treason against the
law ot' that State; and if 'he obeyed the State call,
tie it now cbarpvd with treason against the Federal
Government. Such a position cannot be Rouble.
The law of tbe State plainly absolves the citizen
who has no choice but to obey it. Against the
Slats Itself redreai mav be desired and demanded;
bat it cannot be foo nd rightfully in that Constitu
tion from which the coercion of a Stale was ex
cluded. A traitor, too, takes up arms against the
government that is over him, aud attempts to over
throw it. te cannot nnd that any one attempted
to overthrow the Washington Government; on the
contrary, strong efforts were made by the South to
enter into amicuble relations with it. Rut argu
ments of this kind are not likely to obtain much
attention at n period of so much excitement. ' One
that, can not be overlooked is the fart that a state
of war was recogulicd by the Federal Governmeut.
It wits so adjudged not only by prize courts, but bv
tbe Supreme Court, whose decision cannot beset
aside. It was recopnized in the exebwngc of pris
ners, and various conventions entered into during
the war. It wo admitted in the most striking
manner by President Lincoln, and his Secretary of
State, who went in person to treat with couiuiis
sicners of Jefferson Davis.
' It has been said thnt All this was done under the
pressure of events, leaving original rights in abey
ance, which may now be revived. By this kind of
argument almo. t npy breach of faith could be de
(ended. t hattver the motives, there is the fact.
It is impossible to sny that President Lincoln went
16 negotiate with embassadors appointed by a trai
ler. Whoever treats with the embassadors treats
with the Government, and with the head of the
Government; and alter this, Mr. Johnson lias no
more right to charge tbe head of thnt Government
with treason than we had lo charge iL upon tbe
tCmperor of Russia at the close of the Crimean war.
We an not take opposite principles, chan-o them
a'jout, reverse 'hem, leave them, return to tlttm,
to suit the convenience of the day. No govern
ment can play fast and loose in matters of life nnd
death. ' .-
There are other considerations. For four yenrs
Jefferson Dayis was the appointed, ruler of eh-ven
gteat Stales States, seven! of which bad been
acknowledged as free, sovereign and independent
powers by the-governments of Kuropr.a His. do
uiiniou was no mere insurgent district, but a region
amp!c.iiough for many kingdoms. He sent in o
the field great nrmies, nude illustrious by bri'Iiiu.t
victories, und leaders of cndiiriiifc reuown. Hu
ported by a niuinimous pcoole, he ruled in strict
our.irmity witti tlie luw3 ot tue inn a ana iu col.
When vehermntly urged; ns he was, lo tupprcs
the opposition papers, which were ever buzzing
and stinins at Richmond, grestly lo the prolii o!
the enemy, lie resolutely refused to interfere with
the lrecilom-of tlie press. ' When urged to retaliate
the murder of ten men sl.t t iu cold blood at Pal
myra, by 'the Federal McNeil, under circtimstnnrcf
of atrocity that none ran read without a shudder,
he refused to listen to the voice of natural Indig
nation, aud declined, to fbed one drop of blood ex
cept ou the open field Of battle. In all but penury
lor his property fell earlyjnto the enemy's hands,
and his salary, payable in the depret fated enrrenry.
soon but afforded the necessaries of life ralm, dig
allied, swaying wjth commanding Intellect theabli
men I hat surrounded him; eloquent as a writer.
giving Sta'e papers to the world which are among
.ueiiueM .omiosition of our tune; ol warm do
mestiu affections iu his inner life; and of ttronr
religious convictions; held 11 11 by vigor ot the spin.
that nerved a 11 exhausted und enfeebled frame
iii.h was the clio.ten conMiliiiional ruler of one
fourth of the American people, whom it is nov
proposed tn visit with a lelon s death. . We do not
believe that sui h an act will be periietrated. Thret
minutes may end that life on the scaffold, but ah
the centuries to come cannot undo the deed. We
feeJ assured that there are thosa.in the North who
ill relied how such an act would read in the fu
lure history of the couiilrymcu of Washington.
Nor can there be wanting in the North ineu ol snf
.'iceiit judgment to discern thut the obstacles' in the
way of reunion arc great enough without adding
anoiher, a spot that could never be washed out
while memory holds its place umong the people ol
the South. ' ,
Mobtamty Ahoxo tub JCEonoKs. The New
York Herald says: '."intended observations by
medical officer connected with lhe Freeduien's Bu
reau iu tho Siaith, nud now beginning to figure at
considerable length iu their reports toCommistlotiei
Howard, are indicating very positively that tht
mortality of the negroes varied during the wui
iruia thirty to fifty percent in proportion to tlieii
r-niutcnea from the fcena of active ro-llict, and
that iu those portions of the Southern States now
reached by the dispensations of the ageuts of Ibt
above bureau disease is still making as fatal iu
r.mds among the blacks ns before the icace. Duta
........ tl.. I. .1.1 t.t It. .1,1 t.lir.i flint uu l.ita n. 10ft'.
l.-ll-lUIJ UIUIINI IW v.iv.. ,,,.w ,M
the" mortality among the frcodiuen in the District of
Columbia, was us great as tinny per cent, and iu
1 8 g 4 the dentin iu the intcrigt of North Carolina
amounted to fifty cent of t'10 whole colored popula
tion of 1 hose sections. The Medical Department ol
ihe bureau complain thai it i in a (treat measure
powerless to stay the progress of disease amorg
these pontile evlille HI suregeotis are teaiteren at
such widsi intervals tliroii"h the Southern country.
and fuudt aie not provided lor the employment ol
1 1 cal jiraclillonerj."
I.iKR in Di:Ttl Remarkable due if Trance.
Uu Tuesday u iu lit Mr. Crow der, young gentle
man residing on Hih street, Pillsburgh, died to all
appearance, ilia curp-w was laid out, Mild th
Ki ief and l.tiiii iiiatioii was km.fr as it usuid In such
caset. Hi brother w tut lo iuve beeu married on
Wednesday, but all piviatiation for the happy event
was sloiiiied by tin sad uud solemn oue, uu n id-
nesday morning, however, the lupKed Jeivl Wjjji
got up and dic.jSriUiiiii.-ei!', and is now enjoyiue
much vitality as toiild be expected of a coiine.
I he in.ii 1 i.igo curu" oil aciordiug to appointment,
toe HoiiriccUJ tttlitida. H oifia Ind-.i.
J-Tj. At the annual electlorj Iu Hartfiinl, Conn.,
on the 2 7i h alt., the lUpubiican m.ijuritles ranged
from 2 5 to 331).
. It is Hat.d per telegram, thule Ueuinu l will
fl'DE HAMPTON'S LETTER TO THE PI0
pi u nc'sai th rRftl IWi
Of BOLItt CAR01IHA .-.w
ExpeCtinir lo leavo1 tba State lu few Vats fcr
7 " " r w,,"ou'11 "Z
& J . Tf T"' P !d
'?no' 1 ,a. th ,ul' P' "
an uncertain period, I cannot do to without i-
rfm,' 9hV" 'ur, . returning my
to them for the late spontaneous and (Sir.
ordinary tnffnli'wmilon of thHr kindness It ht. dn
tn them that I should State thk tva.onawl.irh
au,. m. ,,, H..Hn. in ho i.n,t;tm. In tl.. fit
Id"ted ' 0v ' "8 wndidatf.. In tilt frit
... .u. r. :i. u! t. i..
l, ... . , . ' ..t .
y-.i-v ic vim' iiumi, wiiilu t'ii. i"w eiixnon 01
quested the distinguished gentleman who has been
elected to become a candidate for, the office. . This
he consented to do, though, doubtless, at, great
personal Inconvenience and a neary sacrifice Of bit
jn irate interests. ' Under these circumstance,' I
was unwilling to do anything that might' cause a
political contest In tbe State. I thought that no
good could nrite at home from such, a coolest, whilst
it might do tit infinite mischief abroad. The Pres
ident uf the United Slatct hnd exhibited not Only
a strong disposition to protect the South from tbe
radicalism of the North, but to reinstate lu in ovr
civil and poiitic-iit right. I feared ihot bit election
by cmbunaising hiinjn hit labort and poller
might ineidente.'ly do Larmtothe State. Superadfddd
ta Iheto considerations of a public character, detar.
ring me leutn appearing as a candidate, there wert
others of a private nature no less strong, , My f.
fairs, neglected for flveyears, imperatively demand,
el my j.ersonnl ntlcntioo. Had I believed that my
election nt Governor could really benefit the Slate,
or mbserre any of ber true Interests., do sacrifice
or a private nature, however great, would have
dmeried me from accepting that or any other posi-
t:. .a ....I. 1. .1.. :Jt.. T ' ,1.1 . t. .
tiuu iu nuiiu ev niigut nave ,caueu me; .out re
garding my nomination only at a compliment from
some of my former comrades, I felt at liberty to
decline, though dejply sensible of tbe honor paid
to me by the nomination, and the manner in which
it was received throughout the State. These rea
sons, which I hope you will understand and pprt
ciute, impelled me to withdraw my came. , Having
given the reasons "for the course I pursued, and ex-
preaserj my tii.mns lor your generous confidence in
me, I should, perhaps, close. Rut tht evidence
you have given of your kindness to ani Ciinfidaqee
in me evidence as unexpected as it is gratifying
authorizes me, f trust without presumption, to add
a few words of counsel. ' '.
For t ear it has been the boast of our State that
there was but on party within hor limits. .Oora-
uendable and Vital at that Ktnte of affairs was Uu
lug the war, it Is scarcely, h ot fill, loss so now.
Every association of the past, every duty of the
present, ctery hope of the future, bid us still to
stand "shouider to shoulder." Tht work before
us demands all the patriotism, all the courage, all
the endurance of our whole people. Let no portr
strife, ho minor issues, no party politics1, divert nt
trora tae great and pressing work of the bouiw.
that of reinstating, as far at possible, our prostrate
and bleeding Stale, and rehabitnting her, as speed'
ily as may be, with the forms, the rights, and thin
sanctity of government and of lawj1 '"'
I hat bark, which was launched a few years ago
amid such joyous acclamations, which w, weighted
with such precious hones, and which was wafted
on by such earnest prayers, has Buffered shipwreck.
it orMiooves as, as wise men, to build of its broken
timbers, at best we may, a raft, whenever we may
hope to reach a haven of rest and safety.,. ,
' It may be that when the forms of government
are restored, anl freedom of speech allowed totos,
your late Convention will tie subjected to harsh
criticism and its nnlirui bnmiiri.it Klinulilai.K
. be the case,, remember that you, the
p-ople of South Carolina, accepted this convention
os a part and parcel of the terms of your surrender.
The President had no shadow of authority, I aoV
mit, under tho Constitution of the United plates, to
order a convention of tins or any other State : but,
as a conqueror, t e had the right lq offer, if not to
dictate, terms. The terms of!ertd'y him Tern have
accosted,, .a ml you are b mud,' by every dictate of
nonor ami ot iunaliuesa, tonbido by tliutn touestljr, ',
and to keep, in good faith, the pledges you have
giveh.i. 1 do not, myself, concur fully In Vl "the
monsiiret adopted by the Coiiventifm, but I shall
cheerfully acquiesce tn the 'action it took- to carry
out faithfully the terms agreed on, nnd ! willlntly
accord to it high praise for Hie manner in which ft
discharged its arduous and unwelcome labors. No
similar body ever represented more tnrgely than ft .
d;d lhe dignity, the learning, the 'virine, and tho
pitrintisni of iheMtalc, and I. am sure il wasuc
tuiited by pure and high motives.
Entertntuing these views, I think - that it Is our
1 it y to sustain the action of the convention in re
cogr izing the abolition of s'avery, . to support the
P.e.-idcni of the United S;lule3 su long oe be uiani.
f.sts a disposition to restore all our riniitt as a so v.
endgu titate, and to give to our hewly elected Got.
ornor a cordial co operation in hts grave and ret '
piusible dutios. Above all, let Ms stand by our
dinte her record is honorable, her escutcheon tit),
tarnished.' Here is our country thd land of our
nativity, the liomi of our affection. Here all onr
hopes should cco'-er; here, amid charred, and
b'n kened ruin, are the snots we once ; fondly
c 1 ed our home ; and here we buried tho ashes of
our kindreil. Ali these sacred ties bind ui to our
Stute, end they ure intensified by her luffering anl
her desolation, ' . 1
4 Ar.d, a a child, r hen searing sounds moleit, '
Clings close nnd closer to tbe mothtrs breast, ,
So the loud torrent and the whirlwind's roar
Rut bind us to our native land the more."
I trut that you will pardon 'me for thus Tenfnr
in to i-ounsi'lyon. Relievo me. that it li in no
presumptuous feeling that I do so, but solely in an
honest, sinveie, und bumble hope of contributing
my mite to the welfare and honor of out; Stnte.--
wnat 1 nnve shiu nas been evoked by your recent
manifestations of kindness to me. This 1 shall
cherish as one of the proudest recollection of mj
lie tor it assures me of your belief thu I have
tried to do my duty. Il ou'y renulas for me, la
hfddlnor tou farewell, to sav that whenever the .
State needs my services, tlie bat only to command
and I shall obey. 1 em very respectfully and,
jratefully your lellow-c.tizen, ,
CyA The discovery of rich mines of clnnaliar or
quicksilver, in Idaho Territory, it likely to be lm
portaiit, it prascnt estimates of its value are eoa.
lirmed. A letter from Ruby City, which we (lad
in the Id tho Statesman of the 19th ult.. say "the
existence of a vatt bed Of rjnnnuar ore In the loca-
tiou before spoken of M beyond all question. Of
one thing the world may rest assured, that Now
Alinaden will enjoy a monopoly of isiicksilrer
mining no longer than till tho p'liues'of Owyhee
can lie made to yield." fiererul new gold discove
ries are spoken of, but the want of facilities of
transortntion in Idaho is th great obstacle to m o
Jiftx, Several of tho Virginia newnpapert art dia.
cu.jing, with much earnestness, the fi-osioilily of
riibloring that State to the ttatH quo unit tllnn.-f
They argue that the. Wlifeltug-Alexander Legisla
ture Was a war necessity ; but t tie rebcllton being
iuppressed, they ask If CiMigcess will not review Us
action in dismembering a State and remit th
tiou back lo the people. They rsperially protest
against the claim of Will Virginia to th counties
of lirrklry and Jiiftrsvo. : nAnvlhrt slice off i
more than tlity ur, willing to tuure, j v , ,
1 triTLord PuV.xintnti was tVt first who Intro,
ducsd the walls 111 Knehtiul. Hit d int'ing at A
muck', fifty yent i ago, w iih iliePiiocetot'Li'ea,
tba I'cniiiuii iliu i.ut diplumslist aid iuithi'iki 1'titeJ
of M. Ouizyt, wa,t tine li a Iniired, , , j . .1
8.'!).. The Nashville Diipatch says:- "A tUspatch
has been received in the iHy from the Pnsldent,
rrspiiin the. si.ntein ol tiulcy imtil all the clr
ruiiisuincis in he rttt ran be pmiwrly brouglV
botiir biro. " This action cf Pietidnt Juhiitn,
laeeu uiih tht approval of the roaswi of our citt.
-' " ' . h. -i :
fciyOver ViM tiexrocs ifft'CharWlon oa the
lid utt., to return to ll.o et.iploymeut of their for
mer mHititi ou tie W(td-, Tuey appriurl Jovial
a ttc'.r r ! "r ti t?,;r ol 1 hArrir,