Newspaper Page Text
- MMBER 24. "
lv VOLUME 1.
Old .Series, vol. U.
. ., CLARKSVILLE, TENN., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22, 18G5.
Old Series, Ko. 31.
'I . . .1 . . .r -J i " . . .
. . . ' ' ' "
Kice& Moore's Old Stand,
Lately Occupied by L. STRAUS. '
: . .,.. , ,
liar taken tbe above stand, and wilt keep a wall
selected stock of. ...
Staple and Fancy
v DRY GOODS!
Suitable to the trade, including
SHOES, , :
' . NOTIONS.fEtc
We Wats engngtd' the services of Capt. W. W.
VALIANT, wbi will be pleased to aee his old
friends and former customers, and will aell good
aa low as ur regular bouse in Die city.
H MATT1LJ, will still remain, in the bouse and
MATTILL & BRO.
Tranklin-St., Clarksville, Tenn.
I would most rcsiectfiilly return my thanks to
the community at large for the liberal patronage
vxtended me, for the lust three yean, and would
respectful! uikl that a liberal share of the tame be
extended to mv successors.
Oct. 13, '5-tf .
New Drug Firm.
t ... li. '
WE, the undersigned, having bought the entire
. stork ot DRUGS, MEDICINES, etc., lately
kept by . U. anck, propose to make it a
' ASS, DRUG STORE
In all Its appointments for which purpose we have
Added ft Large Purch;(e qf Sew Drugs
to the Stock, -
And expecting to be in frequent receipt of NEW
;H)DS, our assortment will always he found com
pints, and, we do not expect to any "we bur nt
got it" to any cull for Articles in our line. Our
motto will lie
And we do trust our friends will not subject us.
Bt any time, to the pain of running credit, fur wt
say frankly to them, we do not desiie any but
CASH custom, and will hare none other.
A Druggist of Many Trim Experience
Will attend to the
And will he found in the store at all hours of the
night, und ou Sundays.
, I)m. i'niTLB will discontinue the rnptice of m;di-i-lnsj,
and devote bis entirs) attention to the Drug
Johnny Moon will be one of the clerks, and
rill be always glad to watt npoa bis old friends.
- Our stock; coaflb'U ef
t .. .. Varnishes,
. Family Djes,
, Surgical Instruments,
Wines and Liquors,
. (pure, for medical use),
Supcrb oss't of Soaps,
Aud everything to tie found in litrge and
e'oraplete assortmeut of this kind, all at" which will
fee sold at reduced prices for ensh.
J. Jfc PIRTLK.
Sept 15, 18G5-tf trs. HEWLETT.
TO THE PUBLIC. ,
llf E ARE RECEIVING, DAILY,- GOODS OF
1? the Latest Style, which we offer at the low
est rated, having bought heavily during the
nwuvT riL-rM i vu n -.1.., : ,1..
lriy I... i'r, 1.1 i. ui nil , iraie ui uiiuiis, iu viic
vinr viiuw ii i i.'i'i'T n.,r MtK.L ..r
EMPRESS CLOTII.CLOA KING
rOPLINS, CLOTH and SILKS,
FRENCH PL AIDS.SH HITS and
Dr-LAINES, PRINTS, ,aud
LATEST STYLES OF
Cloaks, Basques and Saques,
SHAWLS AND SCARFS,
Hoods, KonUgs and Nubias, Flannels and Linseya
Empress Collurs, I.uco Handkerchief,
Sleeves, Ladies' Ties, Perfume
ries, Gloves, and Notions
TOO NUMEROUS TO MENTION.
A!. the most completu stock sj rcady-ninde
Mcu a ad rioy's
Hats, Roots, and Shoes.
As we have constant H17YER of taste and
Judgment, iu the city of New York, we are able to
iMPr.TK with any house In LISUNNATI m'
I.Ol'l.SVll.LE, iu ((iiality and fashionable Myle of
of Goods, a well as cheapness of prije. '
Give us a call before purchasing elsewhere, aud
you will receive every attention aud accommoda
tion we are capable of giving.
Wa are buying Featluir, Ginseng, Beeswax,
Dned Fruit, etc, fur which the highest market
price will be paid, either iu EXCHAUE for Goods
. Not. ;4, l05-tf
rpill PNDERSIGNED, HEREUV FOREWARN
J- the public against trailing for a note held by
'. II. ALLEN. Said note is a couditioual one fur
prufrsMonal services whicb were never performed.
" I j ' III t L"
W. A. SETTLE,
(NEXT DOOR TO NATIONAL HOTEL,")
TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
CANDIES of every variety;
NUTTS S. S. Almonds, Filberts, Uream Kua;
PICLES In 1-4, 1-2, 3-4 Gallons;
PINK APPLES Put up in glass ana tin;
SARDINES In 1-4 and 1-2 boxes;
Vanilla, Rose, Lemon, Oinger, Strawberry, etc.;
r (CRACKERS Butter, Sugar, Soda, and
" ' Ginger Nutts; Rasins, Figs, Dates.
July 14 tf ., W. A. 8.
118 undersigned have purchased of vT. J,
Castner bis stock of
MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS,
. FANCY GOODS, C.
And will continue the same kind of business, at
the same stand, (Thomas k lira's old Btand, Public
They will say for themselves, in making their
bow to the public, that every exertion will be mnde
on their part, to render the bouse worthy of the
patronage and confidence of tbe public. They are
prepared to furuish
C01XTRY MERCHANTS AND IMIYSKIAXS,
with the best articles in their line, at wholesale,
and at moderate proSts.
Thev Will sell tor UASH U. L 1 , and wish to say
IMPIIESSIVEI.V, to aU who favor them with thefr
putronnsco THAT THEY DO NOT WANT IT,
unless vuh is paid at the time of purchase. This
rule they will strictly adHcre to, and no ticket or
memorandums will t mnde. They cannot afford
to pay cash for geods, and sell them on a credit.
PINLET ft 8TEWAIT,
THOM AS & RRl'S Old Stand, Pub'lc Square.
Aug. 2.1 ly
CHAPMAN & CO.,
Prttutft at! Comniisitn XurchMtt,
Tl'tncs and Liquor, Hardware, Saddlery,
Hoofs and Show,
WOOD AND WILLOW WARE,
IIATS, CAr. TOBACCO, CIGARS, ETC.
ALL kinds of Cotwtry Produce taken in ex
change for Goodi.
.Advances made on Tobwtp, Flour and other
Produce for shipment to our friends in Louisville,
Cincinnati or New iorlc.
July 14 6m ,
Jicvrio R. Willis,
GROCERIES and FLOUR,
PRODUCE, it C,
At Crnsman ic Johnson's Old Stand, Franklin St,
gkirWill keep constantly on lia".d a full and
asssortad stock of
Groceries of all kinds, at Lowest
Also, the liest lirauds of Robertson county Whiskey
N. U. Goods received on iHqrage and sold on
commission. July 21 tf
11. s. JULIAN, -Late
Cashier of Mechan
ics Hunk, l.oiiisvi!le, Ky.
T. D. TiLronn,
Late Cashier of Farmer's
Hank llcndersou, Ky.
a. MituLL, Danville, Ky.
II. S. JULUN & CO.,
AND DEALERS TH
Premium and Uncurrtent Money
UIMIITON'S BANK BlILDINU,
335 Main Street, 335
W Q. IIomk, Teller. July 21 tf.
The proverb I've quoted, no doubt, you've all beard,
Tho1 from it, at present, I claim but a word
'Tin the covering part, 1 will take for my theme ;
It has flashed o'er my brain like a mid-summer
Me thought, as I looked at mv TROW.SERS and
My COAT loo, that they were none of the Ixjst.
1 rummaged my jtockets, my fund they were low,
At the pai ly 1 wished to appear as a beau.
Fur a lass with blue eyes and dear little 'ceL
Peepiug out from her crinoline, promised to meet
The writer of this, but I will nut say when,
For killing and lulling was never yet lair,
1 was puiiled not long, for I thought of the name
Of REXIM'.Kll A CD., and went tojtbe aame,
For my uiall stock of cash I was fitted by It in;
And my dear liule cluu-iuur duclared I looked uice ;
Could scarcely believe when I told from whose aid.
' I'd been suited so well for the smalt sum I paid;
l uaii easu euougu cu me waul of tbe day,
Aud lo purchase two tickets, al nik'bt, for the play.
My simple advice, U each Ml and each beau,
If you want to dress will see HEXING Kit t CO.
lly dealing witb them, you will sare cash lor your
They can I cover all sins, but ran cover all sinntrs.
Nov. J7, Ci-Um
' Of ClarksvillerTenn.
WILL DO A
Issues no Circulation Incurs
Special attention paid to collections and remittances
; mad on day of payment.
DIRECTORS : .
GEO. II. WARFIELD, J. W. EDWARDS,
TUOS. F, PETTUS. Q. W. 1IILLMAN.
S. F. BEAUMONT, Pres't.
W. P. HUME, Cashier.
JVov. 10, '65-ly
GRTTSMAN & CHESNUT,
(Successors to W. S. PoUDEXTia & Co,)
Iron, Salt, Cement, &c,
Cor. Franklin and Market Su.
Oct. 20, 'C5-tf
a. POINDEXTKB M, B. EVKKKTT.
W. S. P01NDEXTER & CO.,
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Groce
ries, Hardware, Queonsware,
Glassware r &c, &c
NlftV TROVIDENCE, TENNESSEE.
I Our friends arc
respectfully invited to ex
W. 8. P. & 10.
amine our stock.
Oct. 20, '65-If
A. A. D0AK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WILL practice in the Law and Equity Courts of
Montgomery and adjoining counties.
Nov: 17, 'C5-ly
J. JAY Bl'CK, J. C. MCMULLEN.
Late Judgn Adv. Late Capt.
Dist Mid. Tcun. . V. 8. A.
BUCK ft MftMULLEff,
ATTRXKYS AT LAW. and KKAL ESTATE
AM) CLAIM AGENTS,
Will practice iu the State and Federal Courts.
HAVING served as officers in the t'B. Army,
will have facilities to prosecute succe&fullv-all le
gitimate claim ngiiinst the Government.
( I rksville, Tenn., Aug. 4, lHfiii-
R. W. HUJtPJIREYS,
-A-ttorney at Law,
CLA RKS YILLE, TENN.
Office, on Public Square,
CP 8TAIU9, under
(Jet. 6, '05-tf
wix is. DAirrni
A 1TORNEY AT LA U',
CLAKK8V ILLB, TEXX.
Ovfh'K, south sida Ptiblic Square, under Chroni-
Offii-e. Sep 29, '65-tf
, IAW XTlt'.
G. A. FiErnylTT. F. HEllBY,
A AT ILL attend to all kw business confided to
IT them in tlw 7th Judicial District und the
Supreme Court at Nashville, Tcnn.
Office on Public Square, Clarksville, Tenn.
Sept. 1, '65.-tf
QUAItLES tt RICB, f
A. 1 1 o rn e ys at Law,
tflk. Oflke under the 'Chronicle" "office.
Nov. 10; 1865-6m
DR. H. M. ACSEB;
fPENDERS his services to the chizcus of the city
J. and vicinity, jm tbe different branches of hia
A Not 1 Second hand case of Dental Instruments,
with plate tools, all complete, for sale? .
BfftHice, at his residence, one door east of Dr.
Cooper s. LJu'y '-t'
w. s. u cluii
II. W. COl llTS.
MKLIKE & C01KT8. .
WE ARE NOW PREPARED AT OUR FIRE
Proof Warehouse, near tbe Depot, to
Receive, Sell and Snip Tobacco
Clarksville, Tenn, 8, '65-3m McC. & C.
BELL & SHERIDAN,
Opposite Ibe Market House, Franklln-st.,
- CLARKSVILLE, TENN.
Sept. 1, 'C5.-ly "
EURKIN & TARPLEY,
House and jSign Painters,
BflJuShop on Strawberry Alley, over P. Young's
Tailor Shop. Orders promptly attended to.
QF SUPERIOR QUALITY, AT
Heisterberkg & Co's Saloon,
4rt)n Franklin Street, near tbe Court Hoiise.-tfia
Swiss Cheese, Limburg Cheese, Buffalo Tongue,
Itoulngna Sausage, Salt Holland Herring, Pickled
Herring, ect., by the plate n pound.
No. 3, '5-3m
Fine Rosewood Piano For Sale.
AN t PERSON WISHING TO PURCHASE A
No. 1 Rosewood, li Octavo Piano, can bear of
iu h an ope by calling at tbe Chronicle ('dice.
Apply immediately-. Dec. B, tji-lf
raiifTKn wekxlt, ivinr fhidat MonNmn, bt
neblett & OBANT,
PDBLISIIKB)) AUD PR0FKIETORS.
Terms Three Dollars per year.
We would call attention to tbe following
important order, from tbe Freedmen't Bureau. Its
publication has been delayed in consequence of
tbe crowded condition of our columns. Let every
one read it : , '
Bureau Refugee, Frcedmen and Abandon
STATES OP KENTUCKY, TENNESSEE A NORTH ALABAMA.
Assistant Commissioner's OrricE,
XtuhvUle, Tenn Octuber 10, 1803.
CIRCULAR NO. 8.
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen ft Ab'd., Lands.
Wathmgton, October 4th 1805.
"State laws with regard to Apprenticeship will
be recognized by this Bureau provided they make
no destinction of color, or in case they do so the
said laws applying to white children will be ex
tended to the colored."
"Officers of this Bureau are regarded as guardi
ans of orphans, minora of freedmen within their
"The principle to be adhered to with regard to
paupers is, that each county, parish, township, or
city, shall care for and provide for lis own poor."
"Vagrant laws mnde tor free people, and now In
force, on the statute books of the States embraced
in the operations of this Bureau, will be recognized
and extended to the freedmen." 9
"Assistant Commissioners will draw un specific
instructions applicable to their respective States, in
accordance with the foregoing principles. '
(Signed) O. O. HOWARD,
Maj.-Oen. and Cvmninioner.
In obedience to orders to me directed in the fore
going Ciicular from tbe Commissioner of this Bu
reau, tbe following instructions are published for
the information of all interested parties;
f ifficers and Agents of this Bureau are regarded
as GuardiiiHS of Orphans or Abandoned Minors of
frcedmen within their respective Districts, and
State laws With regard to Apprenticeship will be
recognized, provided, they make no distinction on
account of color, or in case they do so, the said
laws applying to white children will be extended
to the colored.
Colored children or minors, white refugees whose
parents are dead or unable or unwilling to support
and educate them, and other minors of these class
es, with tbe consent of their pareuta, may be ap
prenticed to some good trade or suitable occupation
males until they arrive at twenty-one years of
age, and females until they are eighteen years of
age, unless a shorter period of tim may be agreed
upon. Mulled trades are to be preferred.
Ihe binding of an Apprentice shall be by inden
ture and said indenture shall be acknowledged be
fore tbe County Court, and recorded as provided
Persons to whom minors may be apprenticed
shall provide for thamood diet and clothing da
ting the term of apprenticeship, and all other nec
essaries meet and proper in sickness and iu bjaltb,
and at the expiration of the term allow the appren
tice such Bums of money and. suits of clothiug m
may be agreed upon between the parties.
Agents are directed to grant to children of the
age of fourteen years and upwards, the privilege of
choosing the persons to whom they shall be appren
ticed, provided the persons designated are not un
fitted for such responsible positions. Minors will
not be appreuticcd to persons who have been guilty
of cruelty to slaves by them formerly owned, or of
injustice to freedmen since their emancipation.
, JJinors will not be apprenticed to persons other
than of good cbarcter and reputation. Special
attention will be given to poor friendless children
of frcedmen who have been thrown npon the world
liy tbe violent changes of the social order, aud
who, unless aprcnticcd, will become vagrants and
The principles to lie adhered to in regard to
pai pkiw is that each County shall provide for itt
All cases, therefore, of pauperism coming under
your nuttce, are to be referred in each County to
tbe Chairman of the Hoard or Commissioners lor
tbe Poor, and jou will co-operate witli tbe civil
authorities in their efforts to care for the. helpless.
And to place the restonsibility of support upou the
County to which the pauiiers properly belong.
Vt hen a question arises as to whether a late mas
ter shall provide for his former slave, now aged and
infirm, the case must be reported to tbe Commiss
ioner for the Poor for decision. The Bureau does
not favor the compulsory removal of such persons
from tbe plantations on which, they have spent
When either of the classes of parsons over whom
this Bureau exercises control neglect to apply them
selves to an honest calling, or saunter ubout neg
lecting their business, or try to maintain themselves
by gaTwing or other dishonest means, or by quar
tering themselves upon industrious and well l
haved persons, you will see that they are properly
arrested aud punished iu pursuance of the laws
made and prescrilied in such cases. .'
The credit and well-being of the industrious, the
peaco and good order of the community, and the
success of free labor, depend largely ujion the vig
or and thoroughness of your action iu relation to
But while yon deal sternly with all such char
acters beeareful that no innocent and well-dispos
ed persons are unnoyed ind oppressed becnuse of
("LINTON B. FISK,
vj.-Gcn. ani A fust. Ccmmwwitrr,
Mishissati'i's CoNiuTiOfS. The Legislature f
Mississsppi passed the Constitutional Araedmeut
with the following proviso1:
Retolred by the Legitlaiure of the State of Miei
ueiiii, That the proposed amendment of the Con
stitution of the t'uited States be, and tbe same is
Reolvtd further, That this ratification is ex
pressly made aud adopted upon the conditions and
witb tbe reservations folli ing:
1st. It Bhall be conr'rui'4 into an approval or in
dorsement of tbe politicsi! principle or doctrine,
that the reserved rights of a State can, without the
consent oj such Slate, be Usurped or abridged by
the Federal iiovernincut through tbe iustriiiucnUl
ity of a constitutional amendment.
2d. It shall not bo couftrued into expressed or
implied consent on the pa4 of the Legislature, that
t-ongress snail iiboli-li slvery where it lawfully
exists in any Stuto that
ay refuse to ratify said
:td. Tbe emancipation
of slavery in thii Slate
oeing a Jized lact disll
tly recognized by her
condition, and by recent lt;ilutne cu&ctiucuM de
signed in good faith to
milium mid protect th
civil right of the freedn
new condition of freedom
a uppcrtauung to their
The Sd section of said amendment shall not be
construed as a grant of iower to Congress to leg
islate iu regard to the fii dmen of this State ; but
so far as relates to this .Hlate, It shull be construed
I'impiy as a grant of po r to Congress by appro
priate legislation to pro Oil aud pievcut the re-
establishment of slavery
Bka."Do you suppose
lord iu the Lady of Lyo
seedy actor in quest of a
at you can do tho Innd
.'" said a manager lo a
"I bbould think I uiiuli
vkuj the reply, I bam
Jint a great luiiny laudlotjJ
Interesting Letter From Ei-Cot. Ilnrrls.
The following letter from Hon. Ihham G. Harrir,
Ex-Governor of this State, containing the only
satisfactory and reliable intelligence of bis move
ments, received since he left the country will be
read with interest, not only by his former political
friends and associates in Tennessee, but also by
those in wbom bis exile and misfortunes have long
since softened tbe bitter feelings once engendered
by party animosities aud strife:
Corpota, Mexico, Not. li, 1865.
My Dear Sir: I lingered near Grenada, en
davoring to arrange some business 'matters, until
the LMh of slay. In the meantime, I had a skiff
built, and on Ul knotting of the 14tb I embarked,
some six miles east of Greenwood, and set sail for
tbe trans-Missis.ippi, the party, consisting of
General Lyon, of Kentucky, myself, and our
two servants. We navigated the back-water
for 120 miles, and on tbe morning of the
21st, just before daylight, I crowd over ' to
the Arkansas shore. I crossed t the foot
of Island No. 75, just below the month of the Ar
kansas river ( proceeded west-ward as far as the
bock-water was navigable, and on the morning of
the 22nd, I left my frail bark, bought two borates,
mounted the party, and set out for Shreveport,
where I hoped to find an army resolved on con
tinued resistance to Federal rule; bat before reach
ing Shreveport, I learned that tbe army of the
traas-Uississipiii, had disbanded, and scattered to
the winds, and all tbe officers of rank bad gone to
; IN ROUTE fOR TEXAS ANn MEXICO.
Having no further motive to visit Shreveport, I
turned my .course to Red River county, Texas,
where a portion of my negroes and plantation
slock had been carried some two years airo. I
reached there on the 7th June : was taken sick
and confined to my bed a neck. On the 15tb June,
1 set out for San Antonio, where I expected to
overtake a large number of Confederates, civil and
military, officers, en route for Mexico. Reached
San Antonio on the 26th, and learned that allCon
ferates bad left for Mexico some ten days or two
CnotSES THE FRONTIER AND REACHES THE CITT OE THE
On the morning of the 27th, I started to Eagle
Pass on the Rio Grande the Federals holding all
the crossings of that river below Eagle Pass. 1
reached Eagle Pas on the evening of tbe 30th, and
immediately crossed over to the Mexican town of
Picdrns Negros. Ou the morning of 1st July, set
out for Monterey; arrived there on tbe evening of
the mu. Here I overtook Uen. t'riup and bx-Uov.
Polk, of Mo, who were starting to the City of
Mexico the next morning, with au escort of twenty
armed Missourians. As I was going to the City,
and the trip a long and dangerous ono to make
alone, I decided to go with them, though I was
literally worn ont witb over 1500 miles of contin
uous horse back travel. I exchanged my saddle-
horse, saddles, Ac, for an ambulance , put my two
mules to it, gave the lines to Ran, bought me a
Spanish grammar and dictionary, took tbe back
seat, an commenced the study of the Spanish
language. We made the trip at easy stages of 25
miles per day, and reached tbe City of Mexico on
the evening of tbe 9th of August. The trip was
one of tbe longest, most laborious and hazardous of
my life, but I will not tax your time witb its
details, many of which m ould iutercst you deeply
if I was there to give tlicui to you.
TUB iOll'ITAUTV OF THE EMPEROR AND TUE SYMPATHY
Of TUB EMPRESS.
Our reception upon the part of the Government
officials here wnt-ull that we could have expected
or deiKl. we' were TnTttea to an" snoience -witb
the Emperor at the Palace, tho far-famed Halls of
Monetezumas. ' At the timed fixed, we called and
were most kindly received by the Emperor and Em
press, and were assured of their sympathy in our
misfortunes, nd of their earnest hope that we
might find homes for ourselves and friends in Mex
ico. . The Empress was our interpreter in the inter
view. She speaks fluently the French, Spanish,
German, and English languages, and is in all re
spects a great woman.
happy au-rsiox or coneederates.
We overtook at the City of Mexico, Gen. Ma
gruder, Coin. Maury, Vor. Airen, of La., Judge
Perkins, of La , Gov. Reynolds, of Mo, and Gov.
Murrah aud Gov. Clark, of Texas, with many other
aud lesser Confederate lights.
MEXICO OPENEB TO EMMICRATION.
On the 5th of September, the Emperor published
a decree opening all of Mexico to immigrat:on an I
colonization, and Com. Maury and myself and
other Confederates were requested to prepare regu
lations to accompany the decree, which we did, and
which were approved by the Emperor on tbe 27tb.
Tbe decree and regulations ofTer very liberal induce
ments to Immigration, amongst which are a dona
tion of public lands at tbe rate of 610 acres to each
head of a family, and 320 to each single man, a
free passage to the country to such as are not able
to pay their own expenses, freedom from taxation
for one year, und from military duty for five years,
religious toleration, etc, etc.
COMMISSIONER A)AU:iT AND HIS ASSISTANTS IN THE
Commodore Maury has been appointed Imperial
Commissioner of Colonization, which makes bis
authority in the matter of Colonization, second
only to that of the Emperor. Gen. Price, Judge
Perkins and myself were appointed agents of colo
nization, and requested to examine the lands lying
upon and near the line of tbe railroad, from the
City of Mexico to Vera Cruz, for ihe purpose of de
termining whether they were suited to American
colonization, We are engaged at this time iu the
discharge of that duty;
A VERY PABAPIBB.
We find in the vicinity of this place the most
beautiful, and all things considered, the best agri
cultural country that I have ever seen The cli
mate is delightful, never hot, never cold,
always tempeiate, always pleasant. The soil richer
and more productive than the best prairie lauds of
Mississippi iu tbe Ukoloue county, yielding large
crops of corn, barley, rice, tobacco, sugar-cane aud
coffee, witb all the fruits of tbe tropica, and the best
that yuu ever tasted. You can raise two crops of
corn on the same land each year, the usual mode
of farming here is a crop of corn and a crop of to
baao on the same laud, the corn ripening always
before time to plant tobacco, and ten miles from
here, iu tbe ' direction of the coast, vou strike as
good a cotton couutry as ran be found iu tbe world.
COFFEE AND ITS PROFIT. '
The mosfcprofitable crop here is coffee, you plant
about 0 or 700 trees to the acre, It begins to tieur
at two and produce a full crop at four years old,
you can always calculate safely on an average of
two iounds to the tree, though there are instuuees
of a tree's hearing as high as twenty-eight pounds.
Tbe tree is bard, ami will live rifiy or one hundred
years. It costs about us much labor to cultivate
and put into market an acre of coll'ce as it does an
acre of corn in Georgia. Tho cotfee plantation
with its shade of bananas, figs, oranges, mangos
and E :potes with th walks fringed with pine apple,
ail in full bearing, is the richest and most heuuti-
jtul spectacle Uion which my eyes have ever rested.
I THE (lOVERNOR lll'ILUS HIS NEST ANU IS Ilil'PT.
I I have selected about six hundred and forty acres
laliout ten milvs from where I propose to surround
myself with the cotfee. plantation, in the midst of
which I will nestle down, constantly inhaling tile
odors of the rich tropical truiu, and gaudy culored
and fragrant tropical Mowers, in an atmosphere ot
perpetual spring, yet turning the eye to the North
west you constantly behold the snow rapped punks
of Oritaba, and Pnpo Cutaicl from which lean
'drtw my ice at all sou sum of the year. There are
about ,io Confederates now hare all of whom will
' locale their lauds and commence the work of net-
tleint'iit witliiu a week or lea days.
THE Rt'lNS or A FORME It OPt't.RXCE.
The place where we lie-in tho first ouluny, w..s
highly improved an I in a hih state of cultivation
a bundled years a-o. The eUcu.ivv ruiuj vf what
was oneff magnificent structures snow that these
Haciendas were highly productive and the home of
wealth, luxury and refinement, but nbuut 60 years
since slavery was abolished, in the State of Vera
Cruz and the proprietors of lhee magnificent
estates lett the country wltli the lirge fortunes they
had' amassed. The - church seized tho lands
and allowed tbem to lie idla and go to ruin. The
buildings npon each of those places must have cost
100,000 to 600,000. The church held ihe prop
erty until about 5 years since when it wy tnken
by the Government and the Government aw sells
it to us for colonization at $1 per acre in quantities
of 6-fO acres to each head of a family and 320 to
eacn stogie man, on a credit or 1, 2, 3, 4, ami 5
years. This is the beginning of the first Confede
rate colony in Mexico.
rORTONE FOB INPIITRT ANI EKTERPRJSB. .
Amongst those who propose to settle immediate
ly are Gen. Price and Gen. Shelby from Mo, Judge
Perkins of La, and mygcif. Tbe resources of the
country are such as to insure fortune to the energr
and Industry that bas usually characterized our
people. The wonder is that they hare been per
mitted to remain undeveloped so long, - but this is
the most indolent, lazy and worthless population on
earth. . .
WILL YOU. Sot
Will many of the people of the Southern States
feel inclined to seek new homes? or will they fol
low the example of Lee, Johnston and others?
Mexico, presents the finest field that I have ever
seen for the enterprise of our people, and now that
slavery is abolished in the South, hired labor
can be much more easily procured here and made
much mora profitable than In any part of tbe Uni
ted States. I do not propose, however; to' urge or
even advise any oae to come, I only propose lo
give them facts and leave them to decide for them
selves as I have done for myself. Such as feel in
clined to como will be received with open arms
aud cordial welcome. But enough of this.
tsguaiea after friends at home. "
Where is-Forrest, arid what is be doing? and
where and how is every body else T for I have beard
from none of onr friends since I left Mississippi.
Give my kind regards to Mrs. Adair, Robbin, Jack,
and Forrest, and kiss Mary for me, and tell her
that it would give mo gBtat pleasure to ha re a
romp with her this eveniufSP
STILL NEAR BY STEAM TIIoCOD FAR AWAY.
I neglected to say to yon that this place is situa
ted on the line of railroad from Vera Cruz to tbe
city of Mexico, seventy miles west of Vera Cruz.
The rnilrond is now in operation to within 18 miles
of this place and all ' the balance of the city of
Mexico is under contract and the work rapidly pro
gressing. It is a few hours run by rail from here
to v era Cruz which is 3 days by steam to New
Orleans and from New Orleans it is 3 or 4 days by
rail to Atlanta, so you see that we are still neigh
bors even if yon should remain in Georgia. The
road is owned by an English Company but is al
most entirely in American bands. ' '
ROUND AND WELL .
My health U excellent, and I feel that It cannot
be otherwise in this charming climate. Direct
your letter to me at Cordova, Mexico, and in con
clusion let me beg you to excuse this hurried and
disjointed letter, as it was written in the midst of
a crowd half of whom were continually talking to
me and compelling me to talk to tbem..
Very truly your friend, . Iaiiam G. Harru.
A Letter from Gen. Lee. A public meeting
was held at tbejcourt bouse in Stanton, Va, last
Monday week, to consider and inaugurate a plan' to
aid in raising an additional endowment for Wash
ington College, Lexington, Va. The following let
ter from Gen. Iee was read : j
" '" ' ' t : T.EWNaTOff,TA.?7vov."22.
My Dear Culonel: The friends of Washington
College are making efforts to advance its nwfulness.
and to elevate it to the position of other Institutions
of the present day. For many years it has stood
still, content to dispense in a quiet way its benefits
to the youth of the neighboring counties, While
other colleges, with enlarged means have been en
abled to keep pace with the progress of science,
civilization and improvement.
I am aware that you are acquainted with the de
sign of tbe Board of Trustees to extend the course
of studics,"so rs to promote the education of the in
dustrial classes, and fit them for the several pur
suits of life, aud have promised your generous aid.
But I wish to ask also your influence with others,
in extending the knowledge of the project of the
Board, and giving it the weight of your approval
The citizens.Qf Virginia are accustomed to see
your undertakings prosper, and hare confidence in
what your judgment approves. Should they know
that your sympathy and assistance are engaged in
behalf of the College, its friends will be encour
aged to persevere. , ,
With much respect, rour obedient servant,
R. E. LEE.
Col. M. G. Harmon, Staunton, Va.
New Orleans and Texas. A late letter from
New Orlenns snyB:
Never before was the Crescent City so well filled
with people, and at no time iu its history
was the population so large. It is estimated that
at least 75,000 strangers are now here a large
number of them being from tbe North. I do not
include the army in this number, but only the
pleasure seekurs or travelers who have come to
spend the winter. They are generally well sup
plied with funds, and spend their money freely.
This makes a good retuil lnviness, and puis a good
dral of money in circulation. Greenbacks art
plentiful, and seem to have so little value, that I
wonder bow they can bo kept at the present figure.
People bore, as well as in Texas, begin to dislike
paper money, and dedire to return U a gold basis.
I know several persons who do all their trading in
gold, and this morning wa3 shown, as a sign of the
times, thri-e letter from Texas merchants demand
ing gold for the cotton they offered for sale. Some
other interesting items were given me, but I do not
dure write thein now. Tho presence of a large
umber of English commercial men has probably a
good deal to do with this teeling about tbe curreucy.
Df). The fjcbanon Register states that Mr. G. A.
Howard, of that place has been elected by the Law
'.'lass of Cumlierhind Univcghly to deliver an ora
tion on Hie life and character of Gun. Robert Hat-
ton, anri Mr. II. II. Lurton, of Clarksville, to deliver
an oration on tbo life ani character ot Judge Abra
ham Caruthers, at tbu commencement ia January
B,A new question has been sprung in Charles
ton, 3. C, whether debts incurred for the purchase
of slaves previous to the proclamation are collecti
ble. Many South Carolinians arc largely indebted
to the sluvs traders of irginia.
Jifi5 Gencnd Lee writes to a gentleman in this
city in reference to the recent senseless rumor that
ho had requested neriiiUsiou of the Government to
retuiu certain pieces of artillery at Lexington for
the use of In students: "I have nothing to do
wuh tbe Military Institute here ; did nut know
there were any nuns here: have no me for an v
jruiis, and never made un iippliculloii for them."
BP3U Ono hundred negroes voluntarily filtered
into lalxir contracts nt Hie Frccduicu's Bureau in
Memphis on the 27th ult.
-- - o- -
BfX. One hundred mid sixty-u!na Major aud
Brigadier GeucraU have been mustered out of ser
vice since March last.
Bfk."Tlicre's a dirferencs in time, you kuow, be-
tweta this countiy and Europe," said a gentleman
in New York to a nswly arrived lishumn, -For
instance, yuur ftieiids in Cork a-e iu bed and fist
asleep by this time, while we hero are enjoying
ourclvt!s in the early evenim.'.'' That's alwavs
the way," exclaimed Pat, ''Ireland uiver
SIKVEVS' 10.MJIIITEK RES0LITI0N.
" When the rexolut bin offered In the Hons of Rep
resentatives by Mr. Tbad Stevens on Ihe first day
of the session, for a committee of fifteen ,to inquire
into the condition of the States which formed Ibe
so-called Confederate State of America, and report
whether they, or any of them, are entitled IS be
represented in either home f Congress," came
in the Senste, Mr. Doolitlle, of Wisconsin, spoke as
follows : . . '
Mr. Doolittlc said that n'nder oilier eiriimslsnces
he shonld not have spoken upon the subject; but ssl
Mi". Howard had demanded tbe yea and nays, bs
felt it bis duty to give bis views on the subset.
After speaking in favor of the reference of lbs
whole matter of reconstruction to tba Judiciary
committee as tbe proper place fbr the ronaideratiou
of the Subject, Mr. Doolitlle spoke against tbu
adoption of the resolution. He objected to it be
cause if adopted it became the law of tbe bind,
and bound the next Congress as well as this, in casa
tbo committee should not make a report in this
Congress. He objected, also, because on tbe com
mittee proiosed the Senate was to hav but six
members and the House nine, giving to tilt House
majority of thtee votes. He denied tbe right Ot
th two Houses to art concurrently on this subject.
Each House must act for itself and exclusively lo
determining the qualifications of its members. It
would be a sacrifice of tho self-respect of the Sen
ate to pass this, resolution. Ths resolution also
Cut off debate, which was contrary to all pruotioa
and precedent. , ,
The Senator from Michigan had referred to tba
Southern Suites as subjugated ' territories." Till
theory could not be maintained, The doctrine
npon which the war was fought denied the right
of secession. Tbe object of the war was to save.
and not to destroy the States. The flag which
wared over the capitol contained thirty-six stars,
and he would ask if that was a flaunting lieif
there were not tbirty-six slates in tbe union.
Mr. Doolittle, in referring to the action of tba
House on the subject of the resolution,' was In
formed by the chair, that a discession of tba action
of the House was not in order. He then said:
Butsir.it is not improper for ma to refer lo the
proceedings of a caucus held In the city of Wash
ington. By the published proceedings of that as
semblage, It r-eniB that on the first Saturday id
December, without any discussion whatever, cer
tain resolution, which reads, woss) for word, just
like this resolution' which is sent here from ths
House, was adopted In that cauens, undet the read
ership of a certain gentleman whom I will not
speak of as a member of the House, but as onn
known to history, who resided in the State of Penn
sylvania. His history is known cf all men, and
one thing we know of him he is most bitterly
and uncompromisingly hostile to tbe policy of tba
present Administration on the subject ot a con
struction. He goes with him who goes furthest.
holding even that tbe State of Tennessee was an
allien State at war with the United States; and if
I am siot mistaken, in the convention at Baltimore
which nominated Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Johnson for
President and Vice President. Tbaddeus Stevens-
objected to the nomination of Andrew Johnson,
because be was sn alien enemy. 1 have seen noth
ing of the history of that gentleman to lead, me to
suppose that be has in any respect changed his
opinions ; for it is not long since wa read speech
of bis, delivered in the state of Pennsylvania,
marked with his nsual ability, and with that cool
assurance that sometimes rises lo the sublime, in
which he proposed, if I do not mistake, almost thn
entire and universal ronnscation of tba whole
Southern States. Now, Mr. President, with tba
doings of thai assembly iq connection, witli this
resolution, I feci ut utterly, to speak without viola-,
ting the rule of this House. " I will simply say tba
within three minutes by tbe clock of tba boat
when that assembly was called, Thaddsos Stevens
had moved his committee ou resolutions, and Wan
withdrawing with his committee from the body tu
make his report Within ten minutes, without an v
discussion, without any consideration whatever.
it was, br ,,t cool tact of bis, ircsscd through the
liody, declaring it to i un;mu8y ,,i..a
Whv this hot haste? What necessity for such hot
haste? Sir, who does not know that tbe leader of
that enuens did not desire to wait nor did be wait
until the President bad sjiokon to the couutry in
his anuual message on the state of lite country T
The constitution requires the President from timo
to time to give information of tba state of tba
Union, and we have no right to presume that tha
President would not furnish the information which
his constitution duty requires. He has at bis
control all the agencies which are necessary for this
purpose. There is an able Cabinet which surround
him and is able to furnish bim Witb assistance.
Mr. Doolittle then declared it to be tbe duty of
Congress and the country to support President
Johnson in bis policy of reconstruction, which wa
similar to that of Mr. Lincoln,' i
DAVE WE X0T D0XK E.VOIGH?
' The Charleston South Carolinian' ttsks in tha
name of that Suite, "have we not done enough?'
and then goes on to say :.
Wa nrotest against the disposition manifested by
tbe politicians of tba North to griud us farther in
the dust. In God's name we ask, are wa not low
enough? Did we not fight as brave people nntil
we could stand uo longer; uia wa not succuiuo as
a brave people, in good limn acanowieage oar
selves to be overpowered, and promise under oath
to abide by tbo issue? Iiava ws since raisea a nnger
in disobedience to the law! nay, have we not done
all within onr feeble means, and in su honorable
war, to appease tbo angry spirit ot radicalism by
which we have teen beset? Has not South Caro
lina acted fully up to tl o spirit of thd President's
Has she not gone further, and popularized ths
State, by breaking down the Aid landmarks and
giving elections to the people? Has she not been
the first to indorse tbo Amendment to the Consti
tution, and as she did in 1800, asiuina alone ami
single huuded all the responsibility, and if there ba
any, all the blame which attaches to au independ
ent act? Is she not to-day as thovougbly prepare!
to enter the Union as she ever can be, and to do her
duty In that Union as woll as any oilier State of
the Confederation? Have wu not thus done enongh
to satify any truu man who desire to sea tba coun
try united In ieace Or, do tha Nortbtrn politi
cians In their Wind rafle for power ik-sire to drlva
the people of tie South to that point when natura,
as well aa reason rebels t
Vet, iu the fate of all these ftcts, t'j0r, U un
doubtedly a class of ipnbliij men ul, tiir North
whether backed by a, resiH'cuible party wa' know
sad tare not, whostHl'urge ou. further pnnishineu.
They demand au impossibility that we sluill aciul
tu Congress wtu w ho. during tbe war, were traitor
to their S'tite. , .
We have no such iiiividuals Iu Hotitli Carolina;
or,?f they exist, their names are unknown. Tfceai
the nlternalivo is presented, "Ink the test ontb or
wait." Let us wait., If there is not strength, amj
humanity, and synqiatby, anj pnliiolism, and st
desire to bury tire dead past a quickly as jKwslble.
among th eoiiiervutlv men ot' tba North ami
they uow claim to be largely in the majority sufli,
cicnt to overrule the querulous objections of tbu
turbulent onitsrs and lobby members uf Washing
ton, let our members of Cungrcsa stand back until
I bey are culled for and Wanted, Let us preserve at
least a roiic of our imli pcudciiw wlieu we are rn.
titled to a place on tho national floor. If ncccssarv
thc South can live without representation until tbu1
good sense of tbu Northern people pushes asld tha
I hud jenso of their legislators. The military author-,
Hies are not oppivmivo. Their rcbiiimis to unisl (,
the cUixcus of tlie State are not unkind. There U
little or no lntuilVrence with legitliiinlo business,
ami, if tbo Government rhunse lo maintain them,
Iters at a gnat epcu-, It in not our faun, It U
true, tliuMlii parly or that may dt-slra uiir ikmii,
ration in Soiiiu of Ihe mea-Mirce I'oiiteuiptaled an'
future Issues, sod no tiou'it litis Is ttiu M'cretof lliu
opposition: but by all that is nimilv and dlLMilfied
; let unr luemla-rs elect m ike no sign and take mi
'step from which rvtu an inliireuoa may ht druivn
tluit we are lubiUo. .
I . , ' n i u 1. " ' '
I Jim Pcitii tv
trr, and aio prepared In do nio:'t any kind off
ii'rirt'iuH jib luatncci mid di 'patch,