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20 oi a 00 so 00 40 00
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t Squares, -Fourth
-1 OaVee Sooth-West Corner rablic Sqnar.
HUNTER NICHOLSON, Editor.
Advertisement im dotfbl cotnais, cfcarja t
percent. In advance of above rates,' K " , .
ray-Special Notices will be ehargal tweaty ssW
s line each insertioa. - . .
rcs-Obitaanr KgCtres, Tribates of Respect, set?
will be charged the same ss advarUaenaaata.
11' ' tit
SEUSmiE -dollies pes Anrux,
Invariably in Advance.
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, MAY 12, 1866.
W. GAHNETT RAINEY,
Attorney at Law,
- - lIEMPmS, TENNESSEE.
Prompt attention paid to all cr.lleetiors at and
MW Memphis. Claims tf ft with W. Rainey at
VMMibia, mil be immediately forwarded. - 27 -6m
war. r. nakvix.
vr. a- raixrt.
i . MARTIN & RAINEY,
Attorneys at Law,
r t Office in Lawyer' Block,
a. U CARITRERS.
BULLOCK L f ARlTIfERS,
HITORNEVS AT MW,
Collections Fromply Attended To,
Ota, Friersoa Block.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Cetttetkms promptly attended to.
JOSEPH H. DEW,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
fl - COLUMBIA, TENN.
Will practice m""tbe Conrta of Maury and ad
..AH oaUectionaJpromptlr attended to, and re-
Kwt aa aooa aa coiieciea.
Office, with L. I. llraaa, Esq., .
t ' OSBORNE & WILKES,
Attorneys at Law,
" Alt feHelUri I Chaieery,
Will practice in the County of Maury and ad-
Uoaimes.rarucniar attention paia to
aaa. a, will nr.
J AS. C ClnOKLL.
VILLETTj KIBDELL & CO.
Ghril Engineers and Surveyors,
Xo. 40 1t2 CJierry Street,
(P. O. Box 322) NASHVILLE, TENN.
Civil, Domestic and Ecleaiastieul Architecture.
Engineering in ail its braanches. Hurreys, Maps,
BrMgea, Alining and Bail Koad work, Water Fow
Comer Union and Cherry-Sts.t
".r.- NASHVILLE, TENN.
f.:E:C ALAND SURGICAL OFFICE
No. 64, SOUTH CHEKKT STREET,
, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE.
Ca4ar tka ezclasiTe cart of
- Dlt'L. L. COLEIMAN,
For tn treatment of diaeav?s of a private and
. chronic character of both sexes.
Female irregularities and all functional de
Vtogementa of the Womb, and cases of (iifficnlt
partantion reeeWe bis prompt attention. Patients
t at 4iatane can emit, or ronsuit hini br letter.
Paat-Offiee box, S02, NashvUIe, Tenn. 2vtf.
44 .H. B. TITCOMB,
Wholesale and Retail Dealeb in
PAINTS, OILS, DYE STUFFS,
Flancy Articles, School
Books, Stationery, &c.
Alsot Leather of all hinds, Slioc ma
ker and Saddlers IXndingif.
Stmt Corner Public Square and Soulk Ifain-St
(Sovtb Street, Dogger's old stand,)
KMpa constantly on hand a large stock of
Clitics, Cakfs, Xnts, &c.
'-Order for Balls and Parties promptly furnished
mm afDhcaaon. 1-lrr
a. l wRAaxcr.
T- J- TAUBOrOB.
- WEAKLEY & YARBROUGH
8aeoesors to Cokxok & ATassox,
- i-i .,!'T ' AND
JT. 3t Xorth College Street,
. NASHVILLE, TENN.
4 M. M, L. SXATDBJ.
TOMM M. SALS.
KEATBC, C1LE & 0
. ; 5o. 44 Socth Main Street,
7; , ST. LOUIS MISSOURL
SOUTHERy AXD EASTERN ORDERS FILL
ed prompUy. We make liberal advances on
ehipmentJ to our enrrespomients, John C. Hevetncy
mr k Bro. New York. 37-Sm
A I. MOWLAXD.
; l r. srktocc
L. U. ALLKX. JK.
j I HSIOCE t ROWLAXD,
(Snccessora to W. P. L. R. Shryock,)
fittoa and Tobacco Factors .
' And Agents for the sale of , .
Ho. 26 Lxrzx am) 52 Coxvercial Sts.,
ST. LOUIS, MO.
Special attention given to the parchase of Plant
fo ppliea and ytneral aerchandiae. Z7-tn
GRAHAM, DOESETT & CO.
tiuooessors to HA WES, GRAHAM 4 CO., J
!.'- niPOHTrna nv
it w i :
Rosewood and Mahogany,
" Vm.' 174, 178 aad ITS Centre Street,
. - NEW YORK.
KEEP CONSTANTLY OS EAND THE MOST
Catn&iv. rarWr finrlv fi nrnvl rnrnm mrx
Dimestie Wued. lo be fmnd in Ue United Suica, ia
s, Planks, Boards & Veneers,
mtabfe tar Cabinet. Piawt, iM nUUard Table lUa-
' Ea te Ccriw fctiifl mmtL. . . -
-i.la, eMMMetm wiiii oar nnmnrsR. we Iktc m hm
tvl tite most eclcbtaei Vender CuOinjr
-mwK, wuk-u eauuH-i uswuaui or'3 nvn-
wm s wrn yr"optni.w. -w-tf
WC. J. IXiBTER.
HANKS & PORTER,
NO. 45 YIXE STREET,
West Side, Between Front and Columbia,
COBB & AEMEL,
Extra Sugar Cured HAMS,
Keep constantly oh hand a general aaortraent of
PORK, FAMILY LARD AND BACON, "
Also, John W. Shay's celebrated Sugar Cared Ilams,
fried JKuf, and liruaklast iiacon.
"So, 2S7 to 27C Sycamore Stbeet,
: aNCINXATI, OHIO.
All orders promptly filled. ' 37-6m
KIES W. PQKTIR. . w. a: LOBD
- Edgefield. Late Brt. XI at.
LaU Mai- 14th
H. TOMPKINS & CO.,
U. S. Claim Agents,
OlBoe, Corner Cedar and Cherry 8ta up stairs,)
ALL CLASSES OF CLAIMS AGAINST THE
United States Government collected witn
promptness. With our experience in the Army,
and in the business, we Gutter ourselves that none
can excel us in making collections. Particular at
tention is given to Claims for property taken by
CoL Funkhousen, and Bounty for Colored Troops.
Address us stating all the particulars, givingnames
of the witnesses to prove the same, and Vc will
make out the claims and send back for execution.
Post Office Box 1112. 13-tf
. W. TABAXORE. F. S. SOWERS.
Lata Col. 3d Ohio Cav. Late Capt. 3d Ohio Cav.
JNO. T. WII.PER,
Late Col. 17th lud. Vol. Inf.
PARAMOREj 8GWERS& WILDER,
U. S. Claim Agents,
2?b. 45 Xortk College St., Up Stairs
Headquarters for the sale and phrchase of
Oil and Mineral Lands,
Oil Stocks, &c.
Geological Surveys furnished.
Muoa C. S. Cow as, Agent. 14-lyr
SAX'L R. AKDER80N.
EFSHBOD B. JOHNSON
g. r. SMrrn.
AKDE2S0N, JOHNSON & SMITIL
Office otek W. T. Beret's Book Store,
,L ATTEND PROMPTLY TO THE
Salef Ptirehase, Erelmnge, Rent
ing and Leafing ofJteal Es
tate in Xashville
Aa well as Plant atioxs and other Real Estate in
Tennessee and ailjoiuin States. Oil Lands will
receive particular attention, as one of our firm lias
made himself familiar with the Oil Regions of this
N. B. Parlies in 3Lwrv County, who desire our
Ecrvices, in the sale 01 lieal LsUJe, are informed
that we possosa mar.v ad-antaffes in srenrintr the
atter.ion of purchasers, and are referred to W. C.
VniTTHOHF, Esq, of C-Iitmbia, who will attend
t all business c-nimstea to us.
March 3, l55r-29-tf
H. CLAY BROOKS,
mim CLii AGEHT.
VTTENDS TO THE COLLECTION OF ALL
Claims against tlte Government, and selling
Can arrange Claims Ten Davs sooner than any
other office in the eity. IL CLAY BROOKS,
35, Union -sU, at A. Wbeelea A Co., Bankers.
December 9, 1865.-tf
W. C WRITS. J. K. XVILLARI).
OFTOSmm 00CRT HOOSB,
Just Completed, Xcwr fitted sad
WHIPS, "TOJ.ASD & CO, Prepr's.
Chtkch Street, Near High,
I WOULD KESFECTFTLLY INFORM THE
pablic that the above-naaied House is now
nearly eonrcleted. This will be one of the largest
Hotels in tile citv. and is centrally located in cue
of its most' pleasant portions. The rooms are ar
ranged with especial view to comfort and conven
ience, and furnished in a most elegant style, every
tLing being new throughout wih all the modern
improvements of first-class Llotels. 1 ne larfre ara
splendid Dining Hall not beinc quite complete, the
cember, at which time
ill be ready to receive
J. EDWARD STACY, -lroprietor.
I. C. NICHOLSON & CO.,
Ckwriocr Cliurcli ttnjl 15prnco Streets
' Y -': . Kesr Chattanooga Depot, . . : ;
v - ,. .
Passer eeja goin either way us procure BrtaV-
J AS. A. IVIcCLURE,
And Dealer in
' . .. r
STEINWAY & SONS.-J. B. DFN-
IIAM and A. H. GALE & CO'8
Sole Agents for C&rhart. Needham & Co'g
m, a a a.
Harmoniums and Helodeons.
K. B. New Music received daily, together with
Italian Strings t ir all kinds of Instrument?. School
Teaciiers and the Trade furnished upon Eastern
Nov. 19, 1365.
No. 1 Masonic Temple,
Between St. Cloud and Post Office, Cnrssn Strext,
FOR THE WORLD RE-
CHICKERING & SON'S
Miller's Pryor's, Chamber's,
GABBLER'S, and other First Claw
Alao, the celebrated ,
Which excel all other similar' instruments for the
use of Churches, Halls, Schools and Parlors.
And flnest impnrtc-1 Strings for all Instruments.
me largest stocK oi
And Musical Mercnandisc in the South.
FliENCH AND AMERICAN
Stationery, School Books, &c.
Wholesale and Retail. Terms :
Lowest Eastern IPrices!!
Give ns a call before pacchasing elsewhere.
Dec. 2, 18C5-Gm
Di Pi FAULDS,
90 Main-St Between 2d and 3d,
WHOLESALE AND EETAIL
CHICKERING & SONS,
AXD EltXEST GABLEB'S
S. D. & n. TT- SiHTH'S
For Parlors, Churches, and Sunday Schools, all
styles and sizes, and
Martin's Celebrated Giiitars.
Importer of and Wholesale and P-etail Dealers
in all kinds of
An J the best Italian Violin, Guitar. Cello and
Banjo strings, and
Publisher of Music.-
Liberal Discounts made to Dealers, Schools.
Clergymen and Teachers. Musical Instruction
Iiooks, Strings, &e. forwarded by mail or express.
Send for Catalogue. Address,
ao Alain street,
March 10, 13G5-30-8m Lonisyaie, Ky.
A. C. PETERS & BRO.,
No. 50 West Fourth Street, Mxlodeos
HAYING PURCHASED THE STOCK OF
Wm Peters. No. 50 West Fourth Street, we
are prepared to fill all orders for
Music and Musical Merchandise,
At onr New Stand, 50 West Fourth Street Thank
ing oar numerous friends for their kind sympathy,
and our patrons for their past favor, are hope to
cent inu u receive the liberal patronage so far ex
tended to s. ' -,!;.-..;-! apriI28-4m
D. C. OOLEKAR.
COLEMAN & O'KEEFE,
..... Manufacturers of
Marble Monuments, Tombs,
Head Stones, Urns,
Vases, c, fc. -
Of the finest Italian and American Marble '
Yard on College Street
(Between Church and Broad. andL opposite A.
March S, lSefi-lyr
GEFTLEMEN DESECOUS 0J GETTINQ A
Clean Bed and Bedding,
And Elegantly Sited and comfortable airy rooms can
be sommodated kj applying at . '
. Riddleteger's Eestauraiit,
Conifr of Cherry and Deadrick-Sls.
I hare fitted ap number of Booms hi the rear
of my Restaurant, which for comfort, neatness and
cleanness, cannot be exce'led anywhere. They
will be found especially adapted to the wants of
Travelers and stranger, in the crtr.
. .. fc. S. RIDDLEBURGER.
"DICK KEEL," formerly cf Cclnn.bia, tnay el
aravs be foc'nd at this establistment, and begs to
aaaure his eld friends, aad the Maury tkrauty peo-
1 generally, that be will leave no moans untried
render tueir stay at tiU ileourgers ptessaat ana
lice. 1, j.
The following fine effusion was originally con
tributed tt the "Amulet," an annual which aged
readers of hterarv taste may remember with pleas
ure. It was a 1 huadolphia publication, we believe,
and in the issue of ISoO this noble noum appeared.
The" copy before us is in another old periodical.
Protestant EtscoraIun and Church Beeister.' for
April 1S30. We have no information of the author'
ship : Atlanta Bulletin.
City of God! Jerusalem,
- Why rushes out thy living stream T
The turbaa'd priest, the hoary seer,
The Roman in his pride are there !
And thousands tens of thousands, still
Cluster round Cavalry's wild hill.
Still onward rolls the living tide,
There rush the bridegroom and the bride ;
Prince: bepjfar, soldier, Pharisee,
The old, tiie younp, the bond, the free ;
The nation's furious "multitude,
All maddening with the cry of blood.
Tla plorions morn from heiplit to height
Shoot the keen arrows of the light,
And glorious, in their central shower,
Palace of holiness and power, ,
The temple on Moriab's brow
Looks on a new risen sun below.
But wo to hill and wo to rale !
Against them shall come forth a wail;
And wo to bridegroom and bride I
For death shall on the whirlwind ride;
And wo thee, resplendent shrine,
"Tbeaworri iavot iw the, mma afeaoaa
Hide, bide thee in the heavens, tlioa son,
Before the deed of blood is done I
Upon tliat temple's haughty steep
Jerusalem's last angels weep ; ; " r .
They see destruction's funeral pall
Black 'ning o'erZion's sacred wall.
Like tempests gathering on the shore,
They hear the coming armies' roar ;
They see in Zions halls of state
. The sign that makcth desolate
The idol standard Pagan spear,
The tomb, the naaie, the massacre. ...
" ' ' - . . y i 1 ; it ,f
They see the vengeance fall t the chain,-. '
' The exiieR thousand desperate years, J 'l '
The more than groans, the more than lean ;'
Jerusalem a vanished name, : .n.
Ita tribes earth's warning, scoff and shaaac.
Still poors alonr the mnltitnde; ' 1 '
StOl reads the Heavens the shoot of bloed;
. But In the murderers' foriou tar
Who totters on T A weary man ; .
A cross npon his shoalden boad ' '
His brow, his frame; one gushing wound. -
And now he treads on Calvary,
What slave npon that hill must die T '
What hand, what heart, in guilt imbrned,
Must be the mountain vulture's food T
There stand two victims gaunt aixTbare, ) '
Two culprit emblems of despair. ? -
Yet who the third t The yell of shame . '
Ii frenzied at the sufferer's name, . ; '
Hands clenched, teeth gnashing, vesture torn.
The curse, the taunt, the laugh of scorn, ..
All that the drinir hour can xtinc. . -
Are round thee now, thou thorn-crowned ting.
Yet cursed and tortured, taunted, spumed,
No wrath is for the wrath returned ; ,
No vengeance flashes from the eye ;
The sulR'rer calmly waits to die ; -
The spectre-reed, the thorny crown,
Make on that pallid brow lio frown.
M last the word of death is given, "
The form is bound, the.nails are driven ; -Now
triumph, Scribe and Pharisele I r.
Now Roman bend tlie mocking knee I
The cross is reared. The deed is dose ; .
There stands Messiah's earthly throne I j
Thiswas earth's consummate hour ;
Fcr tliis had blazed the prophet's power ;
For this had swept the conqueror's sword.
Had ravaged, muted, cast down, restored ;
Perscpolis, Rome, Babylon,
For this ye sank, for this ye shone. J
Yet things to which earth's brightest beam
Were darkness earth itself a dream :
. Foreheads on which shall crowns be laid
Sublime, when sun and star shall fade ; '
Worlds npon worlds, eternal things, n
Hung on thy anguisn King of Kings !
' Still from his lip no curse has gone,
His kitty eve nas touted mo scorn ;
No earthquake-burst, no angel brand.
.Hrjuibes tha JsbKk, JhUapheiving "ifx -'
What say those lips by anguish riven'
" God, be my murderers forgiven T' '4
ne dies I in whose high victory"' "
The slayer, death himself shall die. '.
He dies ! by whose all-conquering tread '
Shall yet be crushed the serpent's head ; :
From his pmud throne ti darkness hurled,!
The god and temptur of this world.
He dies! Creation's awful Lord,
Jehxvah, ChrL-t, Eternal Word I v.
To come in thunder from the skies ;
To bid the buried world ariso : . "
The Earth His footstool ; Heaven His throne ;
Redeemer, may thy will be done 1
Treasure Beneath the Sea. ,
The English Western Morning Xev$
says: , -
Upwartl of eighty ye&rs ago, in the
winter of 1774,a vessel bouni from Spain
wp.8 totally lost, with Iter entire ci-ew,
being driven, in a stormy night, on the
rocks at Gunwalloe, in Mount's Bay.
The vessel was known to have an im
mense quantity of specie on board in
Spanish pillar dollars, and ever since,
after violent gales, dollars have been
picked up in the neighborhood of he
wreck. Two or three companies l&ve
been formed for recovering the bulk of
the silver, which is known to lie depos
ited within a very circumscribed area ;
but the undertakings were not vigorous
ly pursued, and after a time was aban
doned. One of these parties, however,
many years since, attempted to recover
the treasure by means of sinking a shaft
in the rock in-shorc, and driving an adit
from its bottom seaward, to get under
the spot where it was supposed the hnH
of the vessel lay imbedded in sand,
shingle, &c, but this was abandoned
without result Lately a company has
been formed, and they have decided oa
making another attempt.-: They have
communicated with the Admiralty, and
received formal permission to prosecate
the work, and this summer they hope t
secure the long-coveted silver. :, 114
Jonn Toy went last week with two raea
to the place, which ever since the wrack
has borne the name ot Dollar Cove, and
the tide being low, they proceeded ta
clear np the month of the old shaft. It
was filled in to a depth et about six fee
with large bowlders and shingles, aad
they had not worked long before they
had picked up eight dollars. Two or
three were brightly scoured by thesaad,
while others have sand so firmly attach
ed to theui that it would be difficult to
separate the coins from it Some bear
the dates cf 1782 and 1783,' and others
are older, wliile the dates on some are
quite illegible. The presumption is,
that this winter these have all been
thrown tip, with probably thousands of
others which did not find their wariatp
the little opening of the shaft.; White
Mr. Toy was . engaged in the clearing
operation, a boy wlib was picking, np
some dollars since Christmas was on th0
rocks and saw a dollar thrown up by a
wave, but before he could reach the rork
a receding wave washed it out again V
After heavy weather from the son th and
west dollars are often found on the beach
and rocks : very likely a box or package
which contained a portion Is disturbed,
and knocked to pieces, and its contents!
scattered about . The shaft is about firei
hnudred yards west of Gunwajoe charrlti
from which it is separated by, a rowan.
and lethre of rocks., Apart from the'
financial success of the speculation the,
progress of the new company will be
watched with interest . -
May is considered an unfortunate marry
ing month. A girt on being asked to aoite
herself in the t il ken tie, tenderly hinted
that May wis an unlucky month for nurry
ing. . ,
-Well, make it June, then," honestly re
plied the swain, tuxious to please. j
The damsel Unshed a moment, hesitated.
eat down hr eves, and with a modes!
blush said : "Wouldn't April do as wM V
The following ei ?stkra Is being afaedl
ia the debating societies throughout t'.e rrni
ml districts: -Which Is jnostlcstracuve 10
life? war. cholera, . prraHniads? At last
accounts the railroads were away ahead.
The Cholera and its Treatment.
The following letter from Kev. Cyrus
Hamlin, D. D., who has been for many
years a resident in Constantinople, as
missionary of the American Board, to
the Christian Mirror, gives the best
view of tho cholera and its treatment
that we have 6een. As the pestilence, if
It has not already reached our shores, is
"evidently making its way westward, it
is well for every one forewarned to be
forearmed against it
In a communication addressed to the
Mayor of Burlington, under date of No
vember 2d, Dr. Thayer, Surgeon Genera!
ei me estate says :
Cholera, in its westward course, is ran-
idly approaching this continent, and in a
few months more may be sweeping
over this country, more fatal and wide
spread than ever before.
Dear Sib : The cholera which has inst
ten ns, alter committing learrul ravages,
is making its way into Europe, and will
, . .... . f
rooaoiy cross tne Atlantic belore ano
ther summer has passed.
Having been provmcnually compelled
to have a good degree 01 practical ac-
acqnaintance with it, and to see it in all
its form and stages during each of its in
vasions of Constantinople, 1 wish to
make my friends in Maine some eugges-
gestions which may relieve anxiety, or
be of practical U6e.
1st On the approach of the cholera.
every family should be prepared to treat
it without waiting for a physician. It
does' its work so expeditiously, that
while-you are waiting for the doctor it
is done. .. r . ,r
2d. If you prepare for it, it will not
come. I think there is no disease which
may be avoided with so much certainty
as the cholera. Uut providential circum
stances, or the thoughtless indiscretion
of some member of a household, may in
vite tne attack, ana tne challenge will
never be refused. It will probably be
made in the night; your physician has
been called in another direction, and yon
must treat tke case yourself, or it will
id. ijavses of attack. 1 have person-
ally investigated at least a hundred ca
ses, and not less than three-fourths could
be traced directly to improper diet or to
intoxicating drinks,' Or both united. Of
the remainder, suppressed perspiration
would comprise a large number. A
strong, healthy, temperate laboring man
had a severe attack 01 the cholera, ana
after the danger haa passed I was curi
ous to ascertain the cause. He had been
cautious and prudent in his diet. lie
used nothing intoxicating. His residence
was in a good locality. But after some
hours of hard labor and very profuse
perspiration, he laid down to take his
customary noon nap, right against an
open window through which a very re
freshing breeze was blowing. Ak-Jier
cause is drinking largely of cold water
when hot and thirsty. Great fatigue,
great anxiety, '. fright fear, all figure
among inciting causes. If one can avoid
all these he is. as safe from cholera as
from being swept away by a comet
4th. Symptom of attack, while chol
era is prevalent in a place, almost every
one experiences more or less disturbance
of digestlbn. It is doubtless in part ima
ginary. Every one notices the slightest
variation of feeling, and this gives an im
portance to mere trifles. There is often
a slight nausea, or transient pains, or
rambling sounds, when an attack follows.
No one Is estSa-cly.sreo rom tfcewi. jJnt
when a diairrhea commences, though
painless and slight, it is in reality the
skirmishing party of the advancing
column. . it will have at first 110 single
characteristic of the Asiatic cholera. But
do not be deceived. It is tke cholera
nevertheless. "Wait a little, give it time
to get hold, say to yourself, "I feel per
fectly well, it will pass off," and in a
short time you will repent of your folly
in vain. 1 have seen many a one com-,
mit suicide in this war.
Sometimes, though rarely, the attack 1
commences . with vomiting, uut in
whatever way it commences it is sure to
hold on. In a very few hours the patient
may sink into the collapse. The hands
and feet become cold and purplish, the
countenance, at first nervous and anx
ious, becomes gloomy and aptalieiic, al
though a nwnttl restlcness and raging
thirst torment the sufferer while the
powers of life are ebbing. The intellect
remains, bnt all all the social and moral
feelings seem wonderfully to collapse
with the physical powers. The patient
knows he is to die, but cares not a .snap
In some cases, though rarely, the diar
rhea continues for a day or two, and the
foolish person keeps about, then sudden
ly 6inks, sends for a physician, and be
fore he arrives "dies as the fool dieth."
COCRSB OS TREATMENT.
1st For stopping the incipient Diar
rhea. The mixture which I used in
1843 with great success, and again in
1855, has during this epidemic been
used by thousands, and although the at
tacks have been more sudden and vio
lent, it has fully established its reputa
tion for efficiency and perfect 6afety. It
consists' of eqnal parts by measure of 1.
Laudanum and spirits of camphor ; 2.
Tincture of rhubard-, 30 drops for an
adult, on a lamp , of sugar, will often
check the diarrhea.; But to prevent its
return, care should be taken to continue
the medicine every -four hours, in dimin
ishing doses, 25, 20, la, 10, 5, when care
ful diet is all that will be needed.
Ia case the first does not stop the diar
rhea, continue to give increasing doses,
35, 40, 45, 60, at every movement of the
bowels. Large doses will produce no
injury while the diarrhea lasts. When
that is checked, then is the time for cau
tion. - I have never seen a case of the
diarrhea taken in season which was not
thus controlled, but some cases of the
advanced diarrhea, and especially of re
lapse, paid no heed to it whatever.: As
soon as this becomes apparent, 1 nave ai-
wavs resorted -to this course. Prepare
teacup of fetarch, boiled as lor use in
starching linen, and stir in itafulltea
snoonfui of lauduum. for injection. Give
one-third at each movement of the bow
els. In one desperate case, abandoned
as hopeless by a physician, I could not
stop the diarrhea until the seventh injec
tion, which contained nearly a teaspoon
ful of laudcum. The patient recovered
and is in -perfect health. ' At the same
time I use prepared chalk in ten grain
doses, with a few drops of laudnum and
camphor to each. . Bat whatever course
is pursued must bo followed up, and the
diarrhea controlled, or the patient is lost
2d.; Mustard Poultices. These should
be applied to the pit of stomach, and
kept on till the surface is well reddened.
3.' The patient however well he may
fee), should rigidly observe perfect rest
To lie quietly on the back is oue-half the
battle. In that position the enemy fires
over you, bnt the moment yon rise you
are hit.- ...
When the attack comes in the form of
diarrhea, these directions will enable
every one to meet it successfully.
4th. But when the attack is more vio
lent, and there is 'vomiting oi vomitin
and purging, perhaps also cramps aad
colic, the following mixture is far more
effective and should always be resorted
to. The missionaries, - Messrs. Long,
Trowbridge and Washburn, have. sea
it in very many cases, and with wonder
ful tnccess : . it consists of equal parts
of laudannm, tincture of capsicum, tine
tuae of 'ringer, and tincture of cardamen
sood ' Ik5-c. 30 to drops,' or a hall
teaspoonful in a little water, and to be
increased according to the urgency of thfi
case. In case the first dose should be
ejected, the second, which should stand
ready, should be given immediately after
the spasm of vomiting has ceased. Du
ring this late cholera siege no one of vs
failed of controlling the vomiting and
also the purging, by at most the third
dose. We have, however, invariably
made use of large mustard poultices of
strong, pure mustard, applied to the
stomach, bowels, calves of the legs, feet,
etc., as the case seemed to require.
Collapse. Thi3 is simply a more ad
vanced stage of the disease. It Indicates
the gradual failing of all the power of
life. It is difficult to 6ay when a case
has become hopeless. At a certain poin t
the body of the patient begins to emit a
peculiar odor, which I call the death
odor, for when that becomes decided and
unmistakable, I have never known the
patient to recover. I have repeatedly
worked upon such cases for hours with
no permanent result But the blue color,
the cold extremeties, the deeply sunken
eye, the vanishing pulse are no signs that
the case is hopeless. Scores of such ca
ses in the recent epidemic have recover-,
ed. In addition to the second mixture.
brandy (a table spoonful every half hour)
Dottles of hot water surrounding the pa
tient, especially the extrimities, sinop
sism and: friction will often in an hour
or two work wonders.
Thirst. In these and in all advanced
cases thirst creates intense suffering.
The sufferer craves water, and as 6ure as
he gratifies the craving, the worst symp
tom return, and he falls a victim to the
transient gratification. ' The only safe
way is to have a faithful friend or atten
dant who, will not-heed his entreaties.
The suffering may be, however, , safely
alleviated and rendered endurable. Fre
quent gargling the throat and washing
oat the month will nnng some relief: A
spoonful of gum arable water, or of
chammomile tea, may be given to wet
the throat.. "Lyndenham's White De
coction" may also be given, both as a bev
erage aad nourishment In small quanti
ties, frequently. Ina day or two the suf
fering from thirst wilt cease, ma large
majority it has been intense for more
than twenry-fonr honrs.
' Viet, lace-water, arrow-root Lyndon
ham s Whits r Decoction, crust-water,
chammomile tea, are the best articles for
a day or two after the attack 13 control!
ed. 1 Chamomile is very valuable in re
storing the tone of the stomach.
The Typhoid Fever. A typhoid state
for a few davs will follow all severe ca
ses. There is nothing alarming in this.
It has very rarely proved fatal. Pa
tience and careful .nursing will bring it
all right The greatest danger is from
drinking too freely. When the patient
seemed to be siuking, a little brandy and
water or arrow-root and brandy have
revived him. . In this terrible visitation
of the cholera, we have considered our
selves perfectly armed acd equipped
with a handbag containing mixture No.
, mixture No. 2, (for vomiting, etc-) a
few pounds of powdered mustard, a
bottle of brandy, and a paper of cham
omile flowers, and a paper of gum arabic.
1 lay no claim to originality m recom
mending this course of treatment I have
adopted it from suggestion ot able and
experienced physicians. ' Having been
the only doctor of many poor families
living near me, I have tried various rem
edies recommended by physicians, but I
have found none to be at nil compared
with the above. Daring tho recent chol
era, I cannot find that any treatment haa
been so successfully as this. ......
Cwfwwfi-rbe" Idea - or contar1ra
should be abandoned. All the mission
aries who have been most with the ma
lignant cases day after day, are fully con
vinced of the non-coutagiousuess of the
cholera. The incipient attacks, which
all have suffered from, are to be attribu
ted to great fatigue, making the consti
tution liable to an attack.
In another letter I will give you a de
scription of the cholera as we saw is, and
of some individual cases.
Yours Truly, , ' C. HAMLIN.
From the Sew York Times .
When shall we Pay our Debt?
The burdens of taxation are hard on
the people and hard on industry. No
business man can pass a day without
groaning under them, and no man what
ever, except the rich, can live without
suffering severely from them. The com
plexity of the taxes, as well as their mag
nitude, troubles us alL There is hardly
anything that escapes taxes, and on near
ly the half of all things they are levied
twice or thrice, or half a dozen times,
under a variety of forms and upon the
most remarkable pretexts.
The patience with whicli the country
has borne them is now severely tried.
It has been sustained heretofore by con
siderations of necessity and of honor.
The people themselves we may almost
say as a body were the owners of the
Government securities, and consequent
ly interested in sustainhig the Govern
ment credit at the highest point ; and no
one conld fail to see that to effect this,
the revenues of the Government must be
large as well as steady. Our national
pride, too, has worked greatly in aid of
the Government in this matter. We are
bound to show an incredulous world
that our debt and credit had a broad and
solid basis ; that we could pay the high
est taxes in the world as well as wage
its greatest war; and that ctrr financial
honor should not be tarnished, as onr en
emies sneeringly asserted it certainly
would be. Then again, it was univer
sally felt that in settling the affairs and
closing the accounts of a great war the
Government was compelled to draw
from the people all that it eonld without
irreparably damaging public interests. 1
But now we are in the second year of
peace. . Onr Government, in all its de
partments is, or should be, on the perma
nent peace basiSw. Ou no hand, or in no
qnartcr, are exti-aordinary expenses call
ed' for. Our estimate of revenues for
this year should be 110' higher than that
for next year, or for the years of peace
which we trust are to follow; and our
burdens of taxation no weightier now
than then. We have the advantage of
definite estimates as to the amount that
will be needed, as well as the amount
that can be raised, and the sources that
will produce it ' We can say so much
for the array and navy ; so much for State
and Interior expenses. We can also say
so much from Customs and so much
from Internal'Revenue.' And, setting
the one against the other, we can say
so much surplus or so much deficiency.
The country, is now sufficiently settled
after the pertnbations of the war, and its
material interests are in a sufficiently
healthy working order, to enable us to
make such estimates witii as much accu
racy as it can be done in ordinary times
in the financial operations ot any nation.
And as the tax-payers are continually
making these estimates -or rather, as
Secretary McCulloch takes the trouble
to do it monthly for their enlightenment :
the pablic are continually kept informed
of the fact that the receipts cf tby Gov
ernment from taxation very greatly ex
ceed the actual necessities of the Gov
ernment, and that it is intended to ap
ply the surplus thus, raised to reduce tho
volume of the national debt In his Ute
speech on the Loan Bill, Senator Sher
man used these words : .
. "Daring the next year the estimated
etpenuttores of the Government' are sta
ted at 480,000,000. These estimates
have been reduced somewhat by the
bills ent to us by the House of Repre
sentatives, audit- k scarcely uot&iUo that
the expenditures dnring the next year
can reach $275,000,000 on the present ba
sis. We have a current revenue now of
nearly $500,000,000 during this year.
The amount of the gold receipts during
the first three-quarters of the year was
?140,000,000 and for this quarter will not
fall below $20,000,000. It Is supposed
that the internal revenue will yield du
ring the current year not less than $320,
000,000, so that, Including the profits re
alized on the sale of surplus gold wo have
an income of not less than $500,000,000
this year, and some authorities place it
higher. Tims it is evident that we have
$'200,000,000 more income this year than
we will have expenditures r.ext year."
There have been cxtracttd from the
country by the Govcrment during a
singlo year, two hundred million dollars
more than the Government required to
pay its way. This toe, during a year in
which the derangement of industry and
business of the currency has had the
most damaging, effect upon business
men, and laboring men, and all men and
all interests. I3 it judicious, under these
circumstances, to continue onr present
enormous rates of taxation? To take a
philosophical view of the matter as re
gards the past, we may think it well that
such revenues have been raised and such
taxation patiently 'borne. for. oneTesrf
It has shown what we can do and bear.
It has made us perfect through suffering.
It has established public confidence in
the Government credit and given thank
ful faith in our national honor. Aside
from these moral aspects of the case, it
has doubtless done vast and incalcula
ble damage to our material interests;
but the moral aspects in this case have
palpably overridden - all temporary" ma
terial, considerations. , Is it wise, how
ever, to continue to tax the people and
injure industry, merely for the purpose
of attempting at this time to pay off the
hnge debt contracted dnring the war?
We have no thought of permitting this
debt to become a permanent thing in our
governmental economy. v e have 110
idea of permitting the fact that it must
be paid to be lost sight of. We have no
notion of ceasing entirely in the labor of
reducing it But would it not be welL
after what we have borne and accom
plished in the late exhausting military
struggle, to ask of the country a little
less than to plnuge at once with its en
tire energies into an equally exhausting
and altogether necihess hnancial strug
gle?' Would it not bo well to give the
people and the public interests a period
ofrest,orat least to lighten somewhat
their burdens, when it is evidently fea
sible to do so ? It will tike but a limit
ed time for the country to regain its for
mer prosperity, and for our industrial
interests to reach a point of develop
ment far beyond anything in our past
experience. And the measure of taxa
tion that is not afflicting to endure, will
then seem bnt as a feather on the back
cf this broad shouldered people.
The Prosoects of Maxamilian.
- From the Pall Mall Cazstte, April .
According to Montaigne the strength
of a horse or of a ruler is shown in the
suddenness with which he can stop short
f aire un arest rond etnet). As regards
ruler it is a much greater strain upon
his courage and prestige to cut short an
impolitic course of action than to enter
on it abruptly to close, for instance, an
unsuccessful war, without the the color
of even a temporary succeess, than to
enter on hostilites from a state of peace.
Measured by this rule the Emperor
Napoleon is neither weak nor timid. If
we are to believe the reported results bf
Baron Saillard's mission, the Emperor
of the French has renounced his pro
tectorate of Mexico at the moment when
such a retreat had become most difficult
f Maximilian's arms had just achieved
some showy advantage, if some conspicu
ous opponent had been won over, if any
single province had ieenmaniiestiy ana
permanently civilized, or i lastly, the
United States had shown any sign of re
moving the ban under which they have
placed the new Emperor's conduct would
.. 1 , a mi . , 1
not nave iiaa mucn menu mere woum
have been no taunts to encounter, per
haps no shame to hide.
But at a time when the pacification of
Mexico seems nearly as far off as ever
when a foreign mission and its escort
are attacked by rebel gucriilast within
a few miles of the capital when the
loan is spent, the treasury as ever, and
the able Minister. M. Langlais, who
miffht have done much to restore the
deficit, no more there can be no ques
tion about the character of the withdraw
al. The Emperor Napoleon abandons
his 3Iexican enterprise, not because Jits
work is done, but because he at last
despairs of doing it It must have cost
him much to confess in the face of his
subjects that they were right and he was
wrong, and to announce to 3Iaximilian
that he had been too rash in affording a
patronage when his. duty to his own
people might confpel him to withdraw.
tvenrs nave certainty ueu umuuMn
unkind to the two Emperors. Firsts the
- A J
secession war wouiu come u an ena,
and then the Mexican Republicans would
neither fight nor yield ; and, lastly, the
United States would do nothing to re
lieve submission of its sting. Lndcr
these untoward circumstances what little
can be done to throw a dignity over the
retreat will be done. The French troops
will not be withdrawn at once, but as we
announced yesterday, in three " detach
ments in November of this year, and in
March and November, 1807.
On this last date the last French sol'
dier will psobably have quitted Mexico.
Of course the perpetual maintenance of
a French contingent never formed part
of the Imperial programme, although a
conjectnre may be pardoned, whether if
a French occupation had been pleasant
and possible, bnt unnecessary, it might
not have been prolonged, like that of
Kome, indefinitely. Still it wa3 distinct
ly intimated that the stay of the French
Annv would be determined onlyby
Maximilian's ability to do without it
by the "organization of tJie Mexican Ar
my." That organization, in the eenae in
whicb.it was understood and meant, is
as diitant as ever, and the French, nev
ertheless, is going. - Of course, Maximil
ian is not precluded from replacing the
departing French troops by Austrian or
Belgian subetitnJca. But the ivrt re
mains that France was tho declared pro
tector of Mexico, and that she now ac
knowledges she must retire from the
risks of the protectorate.
We have not the slighest wish to tri
umph over tho Emperor. The Ameri
cans may Le trusted to do that So far
as we arc concerned, the recollection of
our own desertion of Denmark is too
fresh to permit us to venture on imperti
nences which might be so effectually re
torted. Perhaps we may be permitwd
to point, out to the French critics, who
did not spare U3 upon that occasion, that
the English is not the only Government
which recognises that after all its su
preme duty is to its own tpeople, and
that "greatly to find quarrel in a straw"
is hardly admirable in an age when war
is so very expensive, and where the ex
pense falls on the elementary comforts
of the people- On the whole, we think
that in a distressing dilcmmn the Empe
ror has chosen well. He has preferred
prudence to bravado, and has rot been
afraid of seeming afraid. This shows
not only : a. confidence in Lis. own
strength, but a sagacity to make tho most
Of it' . " r
But what about the prospects of the
Emperor Maxiuiilli in ? II U position is
certainly hard. He lows tho support of
French bayouctv and doesi uvt api-
fently escape the necessity of paying for
the aid which they have only incllectu-r
ally afforded. The Jresk treaty which is'
to 'be substituted "for fhe, ffanncial ar
rangements' of the treaty of Miramar hi,
to afford guarantees for the debt owin-
to France, and for the French Lsterest
involved in the Mexican loans." . Ce-"
tainly the Emperor of Mexico has i dift-
cult task before him. Bet que oVoaia
fait-il dans eette gale t What took hi)
to Mexico? The country had been welt
traveled and well described. ' He might
have known what to 'expect. . realm
where within forty years at least fey ru
lers (Emperors or PrestaeBts) Itar
pide, Guerrero, Bustamehto, ttii An
na, Paredes, Arista, Carre ra, Alvarea
Comonfort and Joares have bees vie
lently deposed, was oue whifcli ebakf
only offer temptations to a PrincI tjd
garly greedy of a "crown, or else inspirea
by very lofty and self-denying ambition;
Assuredly the sovereign wht shonld
succeed in bringing one of the molt bean
tiful of the naturally richest rtjrioni of
the earth within the pale of civilisatioa;
and convert one of the Ifiaat estimable
populations in the world to quiet indus
try, would be entitled to fan among;
the great benefactors of . mapikindL .
Whether Maxaroiliaa was at, all aware
MrotQf the dimcjittjf oitue last ne waa
undertaking we do not knowV -. But if be
entered on it rashly and ignorantly Je ia
at any rate . endeavoring manfully, to
carry "it out ' .. ' t
The poet bid9 its prefer "flfly year! of
Europe to a evelo of Cathay." On the,
whole we shonld think Cathay had tho
advantage hi point of agremeni over tte.
Mexico of the present cday and we are,
half disposed to wish, in the interests of
a'well-intcntioned Prince and .his accom
plished and high-spirited wife, fhat hia
enemies may prevail, that the wonderfor
report in the American papers, to the
effect that "Marshall Bazaino was to be
President ad interim of the Ifexieaa
Republic, may be true, and that llaxi-.
miiian may shortly fol low or accompany,
his French allies to tho oil worn out
continent which Monroe and his 1
trymen have abandoned t(t decay
The Reign of Lava--A .
, bliiae Spectacle. .
. A jet of lava of more stupendous pro-"
portions than. ever conceived of. Is do-"
scribed by Mr. Cotm; hi-the HonoItnV
Friend of Febrnary, in the aecoimt of the"
eruption of Manua Loa, on the island ox
Hawaii: , r , .
The eraplicm itJmmenceu on the innV,
mit of the mountain, and only live or
six miles south-east of the eruption far
in 1343. For two days this snmrdt era
ter sent down its burning. floods' alone
the north western slope of the mountain
then suddenly the valve closed, and the
great furnace apparently ceased to blast
After thirty-six hours the fuiia vtl seen
bursting out Of the side of the moos tains
about midway from the top id the base,
It would seem that the s'rfimnit lava
had fonnd a subterraneatt tmrnet," fo1
half way down the mountain when cons-
ing to a weak point or meeting with
some obstruction, it burst tip vertkally
sending a column of iucondensceut fusia
one thousand feet high into the air. Thtaf
fire jet was about one hundred feet ia di'
amcter, and it was sustained for twenty
days and nights, varying in bight from'
five hundred to oue thousand feet The'
disgorgement from the mountain side
was often with terrific explosion, which
shook the hills, and with detonations
which were heard for forty miles. ' This'.
rcolBrmrof lfrprld ere was Rir object of
surpassing brilliancy, of intense ami aw
ful grandeur. As the Jet issued from'
the awful orifice, it was as white beat'
As it ascended higher and higher, it red-'
dencd like flesh blood,' deepening Its
color, until, in its descent, much of it a-
sumcd, the color of clotted gore.
I n a few days it had raised a cone some
300 feet high around the burning orifice,
and, as the showers of burning minerals
feu in livid torrents npoa tae cone, if
became one vast heap of glowing coala
flashing' and quivering with festlVail ' ac-1
tion, and sending ont the heat of 10,00f
furnaces in fall blast The straggles In!
disgorging the fiery masses, the upwariF
rush of the column, the force which raie"
ed 1,000 vertical feet, and the continnooa
falling back of thousands of tnrs of min
eral fusia into the throat of the crater.'
and over a cone of glowing coala one -".
mile in circumference- was a stent to In
spire awe and terror, attended with ex,
plosive shocks, which seemed to rend the -
mural ribs of the mountain, and sounds
to waken the dead and startle the spirits .
in Hades. From this fountain t river of .
fire went rushing and leaping down the'.
mountain with amazing velocity, filling
un basins and ravines, dashing over pre-'
CIllllCH, BUU CAUlVUllia I WJk, U 11111 1
reached the forests at the base-of tlvf
mountain, where it burned its fiery way,
consuming the jungle, evaporating tbe'v
water of the streams and pools, cutting v
down the trees, and sending np clonda
of smoke in murky columns of fleecy
wreaths to heaven.
All Eastern Hawaii was a sheen of
i'gui,wiuviu jiigu tvas uiium miwuajr
So great was the illumination at night'
that one could read without a lamp, ana
labor, raveling and recreation might go
on as m the day time. Manners at sea
saw the light at 2CX7 trflles distance. It
was s pyroteehnif al display, mora mac-'
nificent'and marvelous than was made,
by an earthly monarch. ., Ia the daytime
the atmosphere for thousands of square'
miles, would be filled with a murky
haze, through which the sunbeams shea
a pale and sickly light. Smoke, steam
gases, ashes ciuders furnace or eapiW
lary or filamentary or vitrifications call
ed'Pelo's hair floated in the air, seme' - ;
times spreading out like a fan, omsf-Haf.
careering in swift currents YpTO tka
wind : or mrratin? in ever ehannaa ec4'
n!nn In th fitful brawn. That taobxT-""
from which the fire fountain issued. Is
10,000 feet above the level of the sea,' :
thus making the igneous pillar a dutinct
object or observation along tne whole
eastern coast of Hawaii. ' - ;
-During the eruption the writer tiatcr
an, excursion to ue source. Alter urea
days of hard struggle In the jungle a.-T
ot er field?, ridges and hJffs of bfUCiAg'
scoria, be arrived near sunset at the sceae , '
of action! All night long he stood a ;
aear to the glowing pillar aa the vebe'
roent heat would allow, Jftt-mng5 ftho
.l.rflinir .mtniinnl a'niT that aarfnl PMr
of the molten column, as it rushed an-'
ward one thousand feet and fell back W
a fiery avalanche which mad the rndfea-.'
tain tremble. It wax sncb g.seene aa
few mortals ever witnessed. There' aa4'
no sleep for the spectator The
red glare, the subterraneous' nrlSLe'ria js .
and stragglings, the rapid explosion of
and startling bursts, as of crashing thoa-i i
der all were, awe inspiringr '
combined tar render the scene one of wtf 1
describable brilliancy and terrible aS-''
Hmitv. The rivers of fire from the foes
tain flowed abont thirty-five mllerawf
stopped witMn lOmTlCi of Hilo. Had tbrf
fountain flowed ten days longer, it wont?
probably have reached the shore. . - ; t
Hiss Griffith, a pretty Raws agwff tf
fears eloned from her fetber's L W
Somerset I'a- with, si ftail blociW itfyrOv
I Jack as'Srtebtn. He bad lived in tae ""i'
i!y for severs! years, ate at the same t -
r "Rf Was" mneh- layered by Jtr.' Or.
thorns sentiments t r -3" ej
negro eqair.tr, ti-ter r--?z
The new At'onO tilla is beinj . Zf
at &4 rato cf isi5teCi1u: 1 a Caj4"
- . - v - '
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