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THE KINGDOM OF EOMEL
by n una strxra.
tTnfonowlDf U UBTlseOeaT to wntca WBS
nrMiti tl'JS ooered by the pabliahera of
Dark is tlx alf tat, and itf nl ana dTMrilT
Baaae the wind Ilk the waves of the m:
Aittle car L, m her. I alar cheerily,
Wifti ( mv .Itfl. and aKk Mm .
Elar.atlag, crowaaM tbcKtnri '
Bobm U theaUagdoat and Lot is the Xiag'f
Thnkas the firelight apoa the dear faces.
Dearer aa dearer aa onward we ro.
Force th ehadow behind aa, and place
Brtphtneea arotad as with warmth la the clow.
Kiar, Kin J, erowa m the King:
Hobm U th Kiacdota and Lot Is th King I
Flashes th tovellrnt teereastn th glory.
Beaming from bright ye wit, warmth of th
Telling of trait and eoatMt Oe tweet story,
lifting the ahadowa that ewr a roIL
Kiag, King, crow aie the King:
Home is the Klngdow and Love is the King l
Richer than miser with perishing treasare,
Served with s ferrice no conqaest eoald bring;
Happy with fort a a. that word cannot meaaare,
UgM-heartod I oa the hearth! one Caa alng.
King. King, erowa aae the Kinr:
Home m the Kingdom aad Love : s the King )
nnmgk the Air.
The prevent wnn seems likely to fur
nish as vrith jta fall crop of aeronautic ex
cursion Prot Samuel A. Kin)?, of Bos
ton, accompanied bv Mr. Luther T. FT olden
of the Boston Journal, who had made
twelve previous ascenalona wlih Prof
King ; Mr. Henry K, Appleton, of Boston,-
wno naamaae two ascensions ; and two
Journalists of Buffalo, ascended from that
city on Tuesday, the Bin Inst, in the M Hy
perion, and, after the usual exhilarating
and exciting adTentnrea in travelling over
hike Erie, and occasionally dipping, gull
fiifcvj, Into its w at era, they rose and soared
way oyer Cattaraugus Lake and the for
ests of Pennsylvania, Anally grapp'ing,
near midnight, with a pine tree top 60 feet
from the groand, on "Rock Robbie," a
sort of ratUe-anake park, situate at the top
of a spur of the Alleghany Mountains, on
the line of McLean and Warren Counties
in Western Pennsylvania. After quietly
hanging, like Mahomet's Coffin, midway
between heaven and earth, until daybreak,
they cut the rope which suspended them,
and, out of abundant safety, dropped the
sixty feet to the earth, which they reached
with a rtrmnce, but without other injury.
The Buffalo journalist assures us there
we-.e several occasions during the trip
when any of the party would hare gladly
surrendered their seats to outsiders anxious
to divide with them the tame and peril of
Simultaneously we learn that the trial
of the model air-ship M Avitor," at San
"FrancUeo, on the 5th of July, was a quali
fied success that is, that the wind blew
so hni it could not be tried in the open
air, out thit the trial was successfully
aatkde under cover. This is like the trial
'of a boat on land, as the wind is the only
enemy to be overcome to render balloon
ingas safe as stage coaching. It is enough,
however, to enlist the world's active curi
osity in the work of this unknown me
chanic of California, that he has produced
r i : i ; a
u tiur-Bujp wuicn, ere a. uauer cover,
rose in tbe air, and waa propelled back
ir&rd and forwards guided in any desired
riirBM inn k sTafjMari n annsfatni I im
Bwiuisj away aM as. A ao
moved by an engine and boiler weighing
lew than a hundred pounds. At the ex
hibition of the Aeronautical Society f
Great Britain, a year ago, at the London
Crystal Palace, the Dukes of Argyll and
Sutberland,and other patrons of aeronautic
experiment, offered prizes of 100 to the
Inventor of any machine, not of the
nature of a kite or balloons which would
ascend with a man to tin height cf 120
tt and 50 for aty machine which
should carry and be worked by a
team ensure or other motive power,
and sustain and move itself in the air for
twenty minutes at a height often feVt from
h ground. The Avitor " seems at least
to fulfil the conditions of the latter offer,
if the ship to be constructed from it shall re
deem the promise of the model, the expect
ation that it would make tbe vovare from
San Franciaoo to the Atlantic States might
easily be fulfilled. The difficulty of floating
a balloon was almost as fully mastered in
1783-84, immediately upon the discovery of
hydrogen gas, as it has ever since been.
The thousands of experiments during the j
three quarters of a century which have '
followed have mads little change from the
fin voyages cf tbe Montgolfter brothers
tad of Mont, and Madame Blancharr'.
Perhaps very little improvement is desira
ble in the mere matter of affecting tbe
ascent and descent But if the San Fras-1
cisco mechanic has succeeded in baliding
a machine which will go to and fro in the
came atmosphere even though it beatol
rably still one he must have applied
some new and important principle, which
may redeem ballooning from the rank of
a foolhardy experiment to that of a ripen
ing and progressive art. Aeronautic ex
periments are not only mure frequent in
.he United States of late years than ever
before, but conducted with a greater aver
age of safety and succeea. The remark
able voyage, a few years since, of an aero
naut from St. Louis to the John Brown
tract, ia the northern wilderness of New
York, a distance of one thousand miles, in
four hours, ia safety, is both the longest,
most brilliant and most rapid aeronautic
journey ever made, and. places our coun
trymen at the head of all nations in this
field of scientific adventure and experi
ment. We await with interest the arrival
of the " Avitor " from 8an Francisco, to
know whether its inventor has at last
solved the daring and dazzling problem of
atrial navigation. Chicago Tribunt,
There are many kinds of kake some
of one kind, and some not.
The "ho kake" is particularly adapted
to that kind of society who have nothing
to bake and nothing but a hoe to "bake it
on. It is a native of "Westward, ho V
Ioe kake is good enough to weigh down
lemon peels in dog days ; also to hold but
ter that would otherwise travel on the
plate; also, toothache.
Orease kake, otherwise called doughnot,
alias M crulls," is made by holding hunks
of doe, by the Sogers, in bllin' hot grease.
They are a very common but unhealthy
be vers ga.
" Pound kake" is my favorite. I always
aim to get one that runs eighteen to
twenty oz. to the pound there i more
good eating in it for the money.
Sponge kake is like pound kake, only it
is a little different, and dont run so many
oz to the pound, though an unpraktikal
eye would think it the cheaper kake.
Oil kake is the rqueeziBS of a oil mill.
They are good for cows' milk and fat
Tuorsea. It is never knoed in a well-regulated
dairy, as it makes the hair too slick,
and rain having no effect on the milk.
Bride's kake. I dont know much
about this kake, as I bever was a bride.
But I suppose they make it very sweet.
A tocko man having preached for Dr.
Edmonds one day, was anxious to get a
word of applause for his labor of love.
The grave doctor, however, did not intro
duce the subject, and his younger brother
was obliged to bait the hook for him. I
hope, sir. I did not weary your people by
tbe length of my sermon to-day ? No,
sir, not at all ; nor by the depth either.
The young man was silent.
Venice is built on 177 Islam's. The
grand canal cuts the city into two equal
parts, and is serpentine in its course.
Prom these start out a great number
of smaller canals, which correspond to
streets in smaller cJea, There are 150
small csnals ; add to these the small roads
or streets of the city, and the whole
amount to 2,430. The canals are crossed
by 400 bridges.
A Pittsburgh witness put on the
stand by a defendant, who was having a
hearing for selling liquor on Sunday, tes
tified that be had broken the bar open and
Uken liquor and treated Lis friends; also,
that be bad frequently got liquor on San
day at tbe same place. Be was immedi
ately arrested and placed under bail,
charged with violating the Sunday Liquor
Complaint was recently made to the
London authorities by persons residing in
the neighborhood of a chignon factory
that the process of preparing human hair
by baking and boiling was an intolerable
nuisance, but the officers did not find any
warrant for proceeding to abate it
A. cute Yankee farmer advertises po
aioea "jutt fifteen minutes earlier than
he Early Bose."
finicking pipes to the Value of $10,
00,C00 were manufactured in Frasoe last
What ia the difference between a farm,
er and a seamstress One gathers what
U towi, tat. ctfcer pwf what ib gttters-
J3y Alfred S. Horsley.
OUT ET THE BAI5.
BT GRACE GARDSKK.
EprikxxeI rain I shower 1 rieht down
on Millie Warner's tasteful little hat and
graceful shoulder, unprotected save by a
thin shawL notwithstanding tne beseech
ing glance 01 the prettiest pair of hazel
eyes that ever looked up to a cloud in that
way. The inexorable, stony-hearted thing
just poured out its deluging treasures
wiin out minding mem tne least du m tne
Now. Millie wasn't afraid of a shower.
unless there was thunder and lightning;
bnt she had quite a regard for her pretty
hat, which was not two weeks old, and
did hate dreadfully to have it spoiled. Be
sides, she knew vain little gtrl that it
was exceedingly oesoming. xier glass
told her that, and Squire Johns, the great
man of the town, had whispered to her
just the same, looking at her very admir
ingly all the while. It was too, too. bad.
And out came Millie's handkerchief, which
she threw over the hat just about half
covering it She drew it off, the next mo
ment, and laughed. As if such a deluge
of handkerchief could do any good, she
said to herself: H How could she be so
Mulie, not so very wise yet, tried nest
to run away from the shower I bat, in her
haste, ran into several mud puddles, there
by muddying the pretty little feet in a per
fectly scientific manner.
She walked quite leisurely, after that.
saying, philosophically :
" As my hat is spoiled already, there caa
be no use in hurrying. I am neither sugar
nor 1'. i
Nevertheless! when Millie came to a
large white farm house, she very gladly,
ana rather hastily for Just then there was
a heavy peal or thunder opened tbe gate
and went up the flower bordered path to
the house, and knocked for admittance.
Nobody answered, and as another peal of
thunder was heard, accompanied by a
vivid flash of lightning, Millie entered
without ceremony. She took in at a glance
the contents of the first room she came to
a large square room, plainly but neatly
furnished the Cane seated chairs, the
Eretty chintz-covered lounge, book-case
lied with books and sheet-music; the vio
lin in its case in the corner, the vase of
faded fljwers, and the ornaments on the
manteL There was no one there, but she
heard childish Voices in the room, and
again knocked. A dark-eyed girl of ten
or eleven years, opened the door.
Millie explained why she was there.
With the ease and good manners of one
much older, the child bade her welcome,
placed a chair near the stove and took
Millie s dripping hat and shawL
'I was just beginning to get dinner.
that was the reason I didn't hear you
knock. It will be a long time before the
shower is over, and you mnt stay with
us to dinner. It will bo ready by the time
Ben roraes cut that will not be for about
a half or three quarters of au hour."
"s. dinnie'll be weddy wh:n Ben
turns" lisped and laughed a little girl ol
The elder child, whose name was Hetty,
M I can't get a very good dinner, I ain't
quite old enough, but Ben says I do nicely.
He puts it on tor me, and I see to it Bat
he does not allow me to take off kettles,
for fear I will burn or scald myself ; but I
think I am large enough to do that. I like
to have everything ready for him when
he comes in tired and hungry. I can't
make biscuit I wish I could, for Ben
likes thtm ever so much; but Martha,
who comes in to make bread for us, says
she will teach ma"
M Where is your mother ? " asked Millie
of the little Eva, when Hetty waa out of
M We is got no mudder but Pen," the
litfe one lisped.
When Hetty cams back, Millie said :
" Nov? I &ave got nicely warmed, and
cy dress will dry just as well at work as
sitting still ; so I will help you get dinner.
If you like, I will make some biscuit, and
we will have dinner ready in a very short
Hetty was delighted. Ben would be
glad. Might she look on and learn how f
Mil'ie was young, and frank, and gay,
and she and the children soon became Very
well acquainted over the biscuit. She
said, presently, trying a potato with a
"The potatoes are done. I will pour
the water off so, then put them on again
to dry. That will make them mealy. In
a few moments we will peel them, and
then dinner will be all ready exoept taking
The dinner seemed-very meagre to little
Hetty as she ran over the ittms in her
mind potatoes, peas, pork, biscuit, but
ter, cucumbers, milk, water. She had
wanted to mske tea for her visitor, bat
she declined decidedly. The poor child
said, apologetically :
M When father and mother were alive
we used to have a good many things fr
dinner, and Martha, our hired girl, used
to get them all, but when they died, and
Squire Johns said he bought a mortgage
on cur farm, and that we had got to pay
every cent the day it was due or lose
everything, we had to do without a good
many things, and are very poor now, and
Ben is afraid we can't hare enough to pay
it, and they all say we may look for no
mercy from Squire Johns, for he is a very
hard man to tne poor, and he has always
wanted our farm, because it J ins some of
his own land where he wants to build. I
heard all about it when one of the neigh
bors was talking with Ben., though he
didn't want me to know about it."
Millie had listened to this with a curi
ous mixture of feelings, for Squire Johns
was a declared lover of hers, and though
she had not yet accepted him, sh had
been both pleased and flattered with his
attention, and had certainly given him
encouragement. Moreover, he was to re
ceive his final answer in three days from
that time, and she was not sure the answer
reserved and laid away for that time was
no." True, Millie was not in love with
him, but she had waited so long in vain
for that ecstatic state of feeling she had
heard and read so much about, that she
was quite decided that she was not capa
ble f love, and that to like any one was
as much as she could expect. Bat she
certainly liked Squire Johns as well if not
better than any one, and his love must
certainly be disinterested, for he could not
know that 1 But now Millie
stopped. Could he not f Might he not
have found out in some way t If this
story were true, would such a man be
likely to marry a poorgir' f For Millie
Warner ' was really an heiress in a small
way. She was sole inheritor of a fine un
encumbered farm from her father, and
five thousand dollars in bank stock. Bat
the farm was two hundred miles south of
this town, where she was visiting a cousin,
and nobody knew of it; and dnring her
visit she had helped her cousin in her
work as she had always helped her moth
er when she was at home capable, indus
trious little girl that she was.
This story agreed with things that she
had heard hintod at, but only hinted at,
and even that the next moment was
smoothed over, for Squire Johns was a
rich and influential man, and people could
not afford, without some reason, to lose
his favor. She remembered it all now.
Could he in reality be such a scoundrel f
She could judge better about the truth
of the story when she had seen Ben.
Who was Ben? Two or three enquiries
had amounted to nothing. The children
spoke just as if everybody must know who
Ben waa. Was be an uncle, cousin, hired
man, or what? Evidently somebody very
old by the way Hetty spoke cf him.
Whoever it was, what would he think of
her intrusion ? But she couldn't help
what he thought, and she shrugge1 her
shoulders as she looked out at the still
Young Ben Harwell, out in the field,
pitched up the last hay on the load, leaned
his pitch-fork r gainst a trie, and took ofl
his straw hat to cool his moist forehead.
His gaze followed the hay-cart, went over
the broad lands, and returned.
"The nay is all gone in." be said, with
a long breath of relief. " I could not af
ford to loose even one load now. I don't
kmw that I can do it; but if I can cell
part of the land I may. It will be a hard
TbsTt WM 80ie of carriage wheels,
and he looked towards the road. His
brown face darkened as he looked.
" I could, perhaps, have got an extension
01 time U tnai viuainnaa not got the
mortgage In his hands; and, dastardly
rascal who makes it his business to rob
and defraud the poor and the fatherless,
he may take this farm ; he will if he can :
for he has been mancsuvering for it a long
time ; but he shall have it with the sound
est horsewhipping that ever a man had.
Twice! thrice the number of strokes of
the united years of my tender little sisters ;
and my arm is strong." And he looked
after the carriage with his hands firmly
"My two years at college did me but
little good. If I -could have finished, and
got a profession, or had a good trade, I
should not hove been so helpless. If the
worst comes to the worst. But I won't
look on the dark tide."
The young man followed the cart into
the barn. The storm was at its height
when he went toWaids the house from the
back way. He stopped in surprise, as he
saw urougn tne window some one stand
ing at the table, with arms bear to the
elbow, mixing flour. It must be Martha.
No; those fair, white arms are not Mar
tha's, neither her's ths slender, graceful
figure. As he came hearer, he could dis
tinguish the spM-kling piquant face. She
was laughing ard talking with Hetty, and
evidently giving her the directions for
what she waa making. Hetty was gazing
upon her, eager and absorbed. Little Eva
was sittirg at the table in her high chair,
working at a piece of dough.
u A tate f r Ben." It waa as black as
her soiled little fingers could make it ( but
it did not occur to Eva that that could be
any objection. It Was a pretty, pleasant
sight in that long desolate home ; and he
stood there, unconscious of the pouring
rain, eagerly gazing at this fair young
stranger, himself a picture of manly beau
ty, till the voice of one of the men calling
to the oxen, awoke him from his reverie.
By-andby there was a spluttering of
water heard in the next room by Hetty.
M Ben has come," running hastily for
ward and opening the door.
" Ben has turn ! " echoed the little one.
clapping her hands and lisping, as he came
in, bright and smiling, what she had in
store fjr him! "lit made a tate for oo,
He caught her np In his arms and gave
her a kiss, while she laughed and shouted ;
but his eyes were seeking the stranger.
Hetty said, prettily : "My brother Ben."
Then to him : u This lady got caught in
the shower, Ben, and is Buying until it
clears up. She has been so kind as to
help me to get dinner, and has made some
They both stood mute a moment, she
with surprise at the real Pen, young, hand
some, and wll bred : he with admiration,
and a strange new feeling he could not de
fine. He had hardly made her welcome,
with a return of his self-possession, when
there was a loud rap at the street door.
Hetty went to the door, came back pale,
and whispered to Ben : "Squire Johns."
MiUie drew quickly back from the half
opened door. Ben went in to his visitor,
Closing the door after him, but every
word was distinctly heard by Millie, for
Squire Johns did not speak in the low
suave tone she wss accustomed to hear
him, but loud and peremptory.
"I am in haste, young man ; I just
stopped to say that the time for the pay
ment of the money due me being day
after to-morrow, if it is not ready 1 shall
be obliged immediately to f eSoft to severe
"Impossible!" exclaimed the young
man in a surprised and excited tone, " you
are very much mistaken. It is not due
till the 28th, it is now but the 18th. At
that time, if I sell the piece of land I part
ly expect to do, I hope, with some other
money coming in, to be able to pay it."
" Your are laboring under a singular
mistake, young man. Here is the mort
gage, and you can see for yourself that it
is the 18th."
' Let me see it"
The figures danced upon the page. He
passed bis hands over his eyes and calmed
himself with a great effort He grew ashy
pale as he read.
u It reads so, certainly, but I can't under
stand it" He went to the desk. " Here
is a note my father made ol the circum
stances, and it is the 28th, and he was a
very sure, methodical man, and would not
be likely to make a mistake that might be
fraught with very important and evil con
sequences to him. I believe" a sudden
suspicion coming into his mind, as he de
tected a lurking triumph in Squire Johns'
eye, " I believe there's some villainy about
this matter, and that you are at the bot
tom of it," he exclaimed excitedly, fixing
his eye firmly upon the lawyer, who
charged color in spite of himself.
"Be careful what you say, young man,
as you may get yourself into trouble,"
he said angrily.
" Yes, sir, I believe that you are a base
villain I I remember that yon are the
lawyer who made out the mortgage at the
time, and know that you have been aching
years to get hold of this property. It
there is justice in law you shall be ex
"In the meantime you had better have
the money ready," cooly and insultingly.
" That is impossible as you know. You
knew very well I could not raise so much
money in two days, when you made your
u Then you know the consequences."
" And what is to become of my young
sisters f "
" I neither know nor care. Thai is your
The young man strove to repress his
" Squire Johns, by the 28th I can pay
this debt I expect."
" That will do you no good. It must be
ready by the 18th, or I take possession. I
might have shown you mercy but for your
insinuations. Now, none."
"That is false! liar! villain! and you
know it You never showed mercy ia
your life. You have won your ill-gotten
wealth by robbing the widow and the
fatherless. If you take this property, may
it bring you a curse with it, now and ever
more ! But while it ia in my hands 111
kick you from it yon dastardly scoundrel?"
The Squire waa a small man aa well as
a coward, and while he was being igno
miniously ejected from the house bv the
angry and excited young man, Hetty
was crouched down .close to Miilie, pale
and frightened. Eva was sobbing in her
lap, and Millie it would be difficult to
describe her feelings.
Ben did not come into the room for
sometime afterward. When he did, he
looked haggard and aged, and was passing
through hastily, as if to escape notice,
when Millie, business) like and straightfor
ward little girl that she was, began :
" Mr. HazweD, I want to talk with yon
a few minutes. There would be no use
in pretending that I haven't heard what
you and Squire Johns have been saying,
for I have heard every word. I think I
know of some one whe cn help you ; but
first may I ask you a few questions?"
Ben, at first, looked displeased and
haughty; bnt her kind, straightforward
manner disarmed him. He bowed assent
" What is the amount of this mortgage ?"
" Two thousand dollars and interest"
was the brief reply.
" What ia the total value of the farm ?"
" My father valued it at ten thousand
" Are there other mortgages f
" Very well ; I am quite positive I know
some one who can loan you the money. I
am Millie Warner. Call on me to-morrow,
at my cousin's, Mm. 8andford's.
Ben's dreams were strangely mixed np
that night with mortgages and hazel eyes.
The next day waa a long time of suspense
and anxiety, and early in the evening
found him at the Sandfords, where he was
received by Millie herself.
The next morning, accompanied by a
neighbor, he called on Squire Johns.
" He was at breakfast" the servant said
Aa angry light shone in Squire Johns'
cold, gray eye, when he heard who was
"How dare he comeler? I warrant,
though, the chap isn't quit so high and
mighty as be waa the last tizpp I saw him.
Humble enough this morning. I will hold
out hopes, of mercy until he grovels and
begs my pardon grovel low as he laid
me, U(J than Til he rtTwred. Tp mojfow,
this splendid farm, added to my other
property, and the possession of Millie
Warners hand and fortune, will make me
a rich and happy man, indeed. I will
Muiiauian juui w mum uoui vuuwai.
He went leisurely into the other room.
" Yon are early this morning, young
man. l conclude you nave come to pay
the money," he said ironically.
"That's my errand,'' replied Ben,
Squire Johns started back aghast and
" Do you mean to say yon have raised
the money ?"
" I do, and I have brought Mr. Foster to
prove that it is all right There is two
tnousand dollars. We have eacn counted
it There is the interest Now I will
take up the mortgage. Squire Johns."
Livid, and trembling with psssion,
squire Johns wai compelled to yield the
mortgage, and execute the usual release.
" Now. Squire.' said Ben. " I have one
word more to say : Dont yon ever dare
set foot on my land aeain. or 1 U kick
you off Mind that Nor ever dare to
speak to me again. I a-raX know such
rascals as you ! "
" I'll have satisfaction of you ! " and the
Squire literally foamed with passion.
" Have it and welcome," replied Ben,
coolly, " as long as you haven't got the
farm. Comes Foster."
There was no trace of the violent pas
sion to which the Squire gave free license,
when, tbe next evening, he drove up to
Sandford's. He looked happy and smil
ing. There was a queer little smile on
Millie Warner's face as she saw him
through the Closed Slihds. tt was a little
ominous that he was compelled to wait
in the parlor alone five, ten, fifteen min
utes. Still more ominous that she came in
at last, distant and unsmiling. Still, he
could hardly believe he heard aright when,
to his suit "he rave a prompt, uncom
promising " no I" He urged t she waa
firm. He threatened she flashed out
brave and indimant something of what
she knew and felt, and spurned him and
his suit with scorn and loathing.
" such a threat to a girl is wormy ol
you ! of a piece with your conduct to the
Hsiwellsl " she ended.- .
"To the Hazwells! What do you
know about them ? Perhaps yon are the
one who loaned the money to them ?
"Yes, it was L I went in there for
shelter from the storm. I heard it all ;
The cqulre muttered curses low and
deep, but Millie did not stay to hear them
She only saw him ride away;, with that
same queer little smile on her face.
Squire Johns rode a long distance out
of his way, six months after, to avoid a
wedding party just returning from church
Ben Hazwell and Millie, his wife
which he came very near blundering upon.
Power of Imagination.
It was during the famous Jersey cam
paign of 1777-78. Attached to the com
pany to which he belonged was a private
soldier, an inveterate faultfinder, sour.
crabbed, perpetually " disgruntled " about
something, but who, nevertheless, was
never suspected of leaning toward the
enemy, and had always done his duty as
a good soldier of the Continental army.
On one occasion, a lieutenant and a
part of his company, including the subject
of our story, were sent out on a scouting
excursion, instructed to watch the move
ments of a body or the enemy wno were
prowling in the vicinity. It was a Very
warm day, and the party, after three
hours' tramp, cane in sight of the foe,
who, being in greater numbers than was
anticipated, compelled the Lieutenant and
his men to use " the better part of valor "
and prepare for a retreat
On this " Old Grouty," as he was called,
lowered his musket, broke forth into a ti
rade against military duty in general and
scouting parties in particular, and finished
by declaring that he had done enough for
one day, and was determined to remain
where he was for the remainder of it
To the representation of his comrades that
he would be captured by the enemy, he
replied that such an event would be pref
erable to any further exertion, and stay
he would and abide tne result
After exhausting argument and entreaty
the Lieutenant informed him that rather
than suffer him to be taken by the British
and give them the information they would
seek concerning our forces, if he persisted
in his determination to remain, he must
shoot him in order to secure the general
safety. Tbe reply was, "Shoot and be
hanged I shall stay where I am."
Oa this a hurried consultation was held
by the officer with his men, and it was re
solved to experiment with him, and avoid
if possible, the sacrifice of his life, He
was told to take a seat upon a log in the
woods where they then were, and to avoid
alarming the enemy by a general volley a
single soldier from behind was to send a
bullet through his heart
Tbe announcement was received with a
dogged resignation and an unaltered pur
pose. All being ready, the soldier detailed
as executioner, at tne word or command,
fired a blank cartridge, while by prear
rangement a second simultaneously threw
a small pebble at the spot intended to be
hit He fell and groaned, and the Lieu
tenant approached, expressed his opinion
that the wound was mortal, and his sor
row that his duty compelled him to the
measure, bade him adieu, and then led his
party to the rear, where they concealed
themselves to watch the rest
The martyr to stubborn ess lay for some
time, uttering an occasional groan, varied
with maledictions upon tne service, ms
fate, the redcoats and his comrades. His
wrath toward the latter seemed to be kin
dled by the bungling manner in which
they had performed their duty, leaving
him to a lingering death instead of dis
patching him at once.
At length, with a dolorous exertion, he
raised himself on his elbow and looked
over and beneath his shoulder, as though
to determine the nearness of his exit by
tbe quantity of blood that had issued from
his wound. Apparently astonished at
Hading none, he next with slow bat seem
ingly less painful movements, commenced
feeling his back for traces of the bullet
hole. Unsatisfied with this, he raised him
self to a Bitting posture, and with much
exertion took off his coat, and Aiding no
perforation, the truth of the trick flashed
upon him at once, when seetng some
stragglers of the enemy in the distance,
. . . i . . .
ne siarxea up, seizea nis musaet ana ran,
as none had ever seen him do before,
toward the American lines. He arrived
long in advance of the Lieutenant and his
party, who never had occasion therafter
to censure his baffled subordinate.
Thb ensuing incidents, gathered from
the French, illustrate the spirit of that age
when a duel was almost necessary to the
reputation of a man of fashion and honor:
A terrible and fatal duel between two
brothers-in-law was fought in the horse
market at the back of the Hotel de Vcn
dome. The Dukes of Nemours and Beau
foit, though so closely connected, were
actuated by the worst feelings toward
each other. More than once tbey had
been on the point of crossing swords. On
one occasion they exchanged slaps on the
face in the presence of Mademoiselle de
Montpensier. At last they quarreled
about some ridiculous question of prece
dence, and nothing would satisfy Nemours
but an appeal to arms. They met, each
accompanied by four gentlemen. The
weapons were swords and pistols, provided
by the Due de Nemoura When they
came on tbe ground the Due de Beaufort
exclaimed: "Ah, my brother, how dis
graceful this is! let us be good friends."
But the other made answer, "Ah, yon
scoundrel, either yon must kill me or I
shall kill you," and with these words he
pulled the trigger, but his pistol missed
fire. He then advanced upon M. de Bean
fort, sword in hand, so that the Duke was
compelled to fire in self defense. M. de
Nemours fell to the ground dead, pierced
with three balls, with which his own peo
ple had loaded the pistol. Two of M. de
Beaufort's seconds died within twenty-four
hours, and a third waa badly wounded.
The other combatants escaped with eggk
Towards the 4oae of the eighteenth:
oratory, two offloeri of the Oardea Fran
0aitf cusa to T?0 wWch faded in cue
TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1869.
of them receiving a box on the ears.
Baron deC . who had suffered this in
explicable insult, forthwith gummed on
his cheek a piece of UffeUjthe exact size
of the palm of his hand. He then polite
ly invited his adversary, the Chevalier de
T , to accompany him to the back of
the Hotel des In values, inconsequence
of that meeting, the Chevalier was con
fined to his bed. for two months. The
Baron, on the other hand, before leaving
the ground, drew a pair of scissors out of
nis pocket ua cut on a narrow strip ail
around tne piece or taneta. The Cheva
lier had hardly recovered of his wounds,
when a valet came to him one morning
and said that a gentleman with a piece of
taceu on nis cheer wss at the door, and
had declared that the Chevalier expected
him. "Yes," replied Monsieur de T
"tell him I will be with him in an in
stant" Again the two disappeared be
hind the Invalldes, again the Chevalier
took to his bed, arain the taffeta wel trim
med all round. This was repeated time
after time, until the taffeta was reduced to
a small black speck. " l have CDine to my
last scrap." said the Baron to the Cheva
lier, "and you td the end of yoiir trou
bles." S- saying, he ran him through
and killed him on the spot
The Kegtment du ItoL in garrison at
Nancy, had acquired a pre-eminently bad
reputation for dueling practices ; and so
much had discipline suffered, that the Due
de Brissae wa commissioned to restore
ordef at any cost The day after aasum
ing command of the regiment the Duke
invited the officers to a grand dinner, and
when the servants had retired he address
ed them in a courteous tone, with a pleas
ant smile upon his lips, and told them be
had no intention of interfering in their
meetings. He was one of those, he said,
who disliked the idea of rust collecting on
a sword. He. begged, therefore, they
ofild go On and amuse themselves as they
pleased: ''only, continued he, "before
going out you will come to me and relate
what has passed, and I will tell you what
I think of It After that yon will be at
perfect liberty to lunge away at each
other, if such be your pleasure. Do you
agree to this, gentlemen?"
"let, colonel, exclaimed his guests
with one voice.
The Duke was the first to quit the table.
and hardly set foot in his own apartment
when he was inlormed that two vounr
can tain a wiahed to sneak to him the Via.
count Richard de It , and the Chevalier
Ajmand de .
"What do vou want with me. gentle
men ?" inquired the ColoneL
"Monsieur le Due, we came simply to
inform you that we are going to fight one
another to-morrow morning."
"indeed? Why 1 fancied you were
friends of a very old date"
"You are quite right Colonel; we are,
and always will be, united in the bonds of
the closest affection"
"And yet you mean to fight one an
"Certainly, and with good cause, as yon
shall judge for yourself," said the Cheva
lier. "I maintain that at Versailles one
may go to the court in a roqudaur and
without powder, while Richard asserts
the contrary. We have agreed, therefore,
to settle the point elsewhere."
" The subject of dispute is a very serious
one, undoubtedly," the Duke gravely re
marked. The two young men exchanged glances.
"It is evident continued the Colonel,
that the ro&udautt is only Worn in the
morning. But when does the morning
end i Viscount R maintains that the
roqudaitre cannot be worn without a
breach or etiquette In tne early part ol
the day. The Chevalier T says that
it can. The insult is emphatic. Fight by
all means, bat fight in earnest A duel is
a contemptible affair if nobody is killed.
And he dismissed them with a slight
movement of his hand.
On the morrow the Duke, perceiving
the two captains at the head of their res
pective companies on parade, remarked
in an anrrv tone. "The affair did not come
off then, gentlemen f"
"1 beg your pardon, Colonel, replied
the Chevalier ; "and the proof of it is the
superb thrust which I received," pointing
to his arm in a sling.
"Hem! a scratch! and you stopped
there ! You forgot that the point at isue
was a most serious matter a question ot
etiquette! Come, gentlemen, you must set
to atfain, till one or two of you ia left on
The two captains fought a second time,
and the Viscount received a wound which
confined him to his bed for three months.
In the meanwhile several rfficers had de
manded permission to fight but were de
sired to wait until the two friends had
settled their little differences. One day the
Duke met the Viscount taking the air,
leaning on the Chevalier's arm.
Ah, ha ! he exclaimed. " So you are
once more about again ? That s right
Without further delay you will have the
goodness to begin sgtin to morrow. And
this time let there be an end to It ; l don t
like quarrels that drag on for such a length
The poor young men concluded the af
fair very completely this time. They ran
each other through, and both fell dead
upon the spot The Due de Brissae then
called together the officers who had ap
plied for permission to fight, and said to
them : "Now, gentlemen, you are at liber
ty to bring your disputes to an issue ; but
as I cannot allow the service to be preju
diced by these affairs, they must come off
one at a time. And it must be understood
that each quarrel is carried cut to a con
clusion similar to the one that has just
The cfSers withdrew without a word,
but they did not fight Dueling ceased,
and the regiment became one of the most
orderly and disciplined .in the whole
There is no such thing as perfect rest
in nature. If no alterations occurred
there would be no progress. It -does not
require a scientific education to convince
any one of common understanding that
the hills and dales were once under wa
ter On the highest mountain peaks in
8yria between Jerusalem, and Damascus,
the traveler sees marine shells which be
belonged to a primitive sea. Far inland
on the Atlantic borders of the Southern
States, immense beds and reefs of coral
show clearly that the sea once occu
pied the regions of dry land where these
tokens of geological changes are found.
How plain . it is that the mighty seas
and oceans which cover very nearly two
thirds of the earth's surface are slowly
but steadily shifting their borders! So
gradual are the movements of the wa
ters that centuries of cartful observation
would be required to define the exsct rate
of encroachment in some countries. But
snail paced as it is, the water gradually
creeps over the land. While gaining in
one direction new land is coming into
view in another, bringing on its uprising
crest the remains of the animals and plants
peculiar to the watery element ! L ke a
Spanish fandango, while one side goes up
the other side goes down. Thus every
atom entering into the organization of
this magnificent globe moves and shares
in the never-ending motion on which the
stability of this and tbe whole material uni
verse dependa EzcMng.
Josh Billings en tne "Sote."
The goto iz a koarse wollen sheep.
They hav a split hoof and a whole tall.
Thev hav a rood appetite, and a san
Xney awauo wna wey cat, anu wiu eat
enn7thing they kan bite.
' Their moral karakters are not polished,
they had rather steal a rotten turnip out
ov a garbage box, than tew cum honestly
bi a pek ov oaU.
The male gote has two horns on the
ridge or biz hed and a mustash on hiz bot
tom lip, and ia the plug ugly ov his naber
hood. - A maaknline gote will lite enny thing,
from an elephant down to hiz shadder on
They are faithful critters, and will s$kk
tew a friend as long as ha live in a shanty.
They kan klima enny thing but a greast
pole, and kno the way up a rock, az natral
i a woodbine.
They art cerUla tew ra'za u run
ones, sum famllys are haff rotes, and the
other haff children. They an good eating
when they are yung but they leave it oph
ai they git stronger.
- They are alwus poor in the boddy, but
paatt in tne stumicK. What tney eat
teems to all go to appetight Ya mite az
well agree tew pbatt an lnjun-rubber over
shew bi filling it with klam shells, as tew
raise enny adipose membrane on the out-
sloe bust ov a gote.
A phatt gote would be a literary curi
osity. They use the same dialekt as the sheep,
and the yung ones speak the language
more fluently than tne parienis da
Thare iz only two animals ov the earth
that will eat tobakko one iz a man and
tuther iz a gote, but the gote understands
it tne most, tor ne s wallers tne spit cnaw
Tne male gote, when he iz pensiv, is a
venerable and philosophy looking old
cubs, and wouldn't make a bad professor
ov arithmetik in sum ov our eoliegea.
They are handy at living a long time.
reaching an advanced age without arriv
ing at enny definite konklusion.
How long a gote livs without giving it
up, thare it no man now old enuff tew
Methuzelar. if his memory wuz bad at
forgetting, mite give a good-s!z9d guess,
but unfortunately for science and this
essa, Methuzelar aint here.
Qotes will live in enny klimate, and on
enny vittlea, except tanbofk, and if they
ever cum to a square death, it iz a pro
found sekret n the hands of a few, to
... m t m
MY FIltST MCH ET.
It was a sixpence! New. clean, and
shiny, bearing upon it the Image and su-
nerscrintion of our aueen i Victoria. D.
a., Britanniarum, ka, just like other six
pences, but so white, so glossy, and so
well struck, that no other sixpence on
earth could have borne comparison
with!- ...... -
This was not ft tact open to question, i
had already classed it among the articles
of my belief, when taking the " sixpence "
delicately between my fingers I laid it ten
der lv uoon mv bed. and then knelt down
on the floor in order to have a better view
of it This was my first adoration of
Mammon, mv Irst worahin of the rolden
or, to speak by the card, the silver
calf. I was fife years old i the sixpence
was four years and a naif my junior.
Four years and a hail I This was a great
deal, the advantage of age was mani
festly on my side, and this, I suspect,
had not a little td do With the semi
patronizing glances which, notwithstand
ing my immense veneration for this idol
ized sixpence. I occasionally ventured to
throw upon it For I should not I feel,
have gs zed thus at an elder sixpence. An
octogenarian coin, for instance, would have
impressed me with a certain degree of
awe. It might have been round the world
in the breeches pocket of Captain Cook,
it might have Witnessed Trafalgar from the
waistcoat of Lord nelson, it might nave
passed through the hard fingers of the
Iron Duke. A sixpence cf that sort could
not have been viewed with flippancy.
No, it was better to have a young and inex
perienced sixpence, a sixpence with all its
troubles before it like a youthful bear. It
and I were more on a footing of equality ;
there was no need for me to stand upon
ceremony with it and I could freely give
vent to my sentiments in its presence
without transgressing the laws of propri
ety. There was no fear of its looking
sourly at me, as much as to say, " You
little simpleton, it is lamentable for a coin
like me to fall into such ill-bred hands as
yours.- Ner Burke, nor Sheridan, nor
Charles James Fox, all of whom I knew
most intimately, ever grinned at me as
you do ; and the young William Pitt (to
whom l was introduced or nis illustrious
father the Earl of Chatham) never laughed
That was the great sdvsntage of a young
sixpence it being so fresh, to the ways of
society. There was no danger or its hav
ing learned its manners from the Prince
Regent or modelled its demeanor upon
that of Lord Castlereagh. It could aflord
to be indulgent if I chuckled too loud, and
could make allowances, if, in the jubilant
pride cf possession, I rubbed my hands
too ecstatically. Besides, considering the
matter from a more material point of view,
a young sixpence was larger, brighter,
heavier, than an old one; there seemed to
be more of it ; there were no disgrace
ful patches of black about it, such as
spoke of a sojourn in a dust-bin, in the till
of a rag-shop, or in the purse of an econ
omical sweep. The features of the Queen
upon it were not disfigured by scars,
crosses, or knifa-niarks to prove that its
former possessors suspected the honesty of
their familiars, and were obliged for pru
dence' sake to mark their coins. It had
no unseemly holea bored in it a d no He
brew had sweated it to the thinness of a
bit of tin. It had everything in its tavor
beauty, youtb, distinction, and novelty.
For you must remember it was my firt
sixpence, the first coin upon which I had
ever gazed as my own, the first money of
which 1 had ever had tbe free disposal.
True, a few specimens of the currency
had occasionally passed through my
hands, in the shape of fugitive half-pence ;
but as my mother had always requested
me to put these into the poor-pox, 1 could
scarcely be said to have had tbe full enjoy
ment of them. Hence this money waa in
deed my first, and, O Plutua ! the gold
mines of Peru, made over to me by bond,
duly signed and sealed, would have de
lighted me less than this sixpence.
It was my father who had given it me,
and under memorable circumstances. He
had been a long while involved in one of
those suits in Chancery, which are the
triumphs of our legislation. Seven-and-twenty
years bad it lasted, but at the end
of that time, by a happy dispensation of
Providence, he had been so fortunate aa
to gain his cause. Lawyers, solicitors,
add barristers had, however, been
to work so merrily that U costs
and expenses paid, there was left
of the estate which formed- the
bone of contention the exact sum of five
pounds ten shillings and twopence. Three
letters and a consultation from our family
solicitor, informing us of this edifying re
sult swallowed up the five pounds of this
total, and the conscientious member of Lin
coln's Inn then scrupulously forwarded to
us the remaining ten shillings and two
pence, merely deducting theretrom six and
eight-pence, price of the envelope in
which the residue was enclosed.
My rather thereupon ranged seven six
pences on our breakfast table. " My boy,"
he said. " see what comes of going to law
in Great Britain ! Your mother has told
yon that I have won my suit in chancery?"
" Yea, papa."
Well, then, look ! That ia all I get of
it;" and he pointed grimly at the x
pencea. I opened wide my eyes.
"All that you get of the whole tvitTl
echoed, with a puzzled air, firmly convinced
that a suit in chancery waa composed, as
other suits are, of a coat waistcoat and
trousera " Why, papa, those are only the
This deplorable joke had earned me
my sixpence. My father had thrown it
over to me, laughing, and, like a dog Who
is pelted with a bone, I had rushed hastily
off with it for fear they should think of
taking it back again.
Six. . . .pescb I
For a time anything like cool reflection
was impossible, I was too giddy, too
startled, to think. How think, indeed,
when one has sixpence! My sixpence
was as a moon of which the rays dazed
me; my .head swam, my fingers tingled,
my eyes saw whirling through the air in
a fantastic gallop several millions of six
pences, all white, all lately issued from
the mint all bearing upon them, like my
sixpence, Victoria, D. G., Britanniarum,
&c, with her Majesty'! head at tbe royal
At last, however (and happily, too, for
I waa a small boy, and unused to these
emotions), the intensity of my sensations
subsided. I grew more philosophical,
and after a time waa enabled to bring
upon the subject that waa absorbing me a
becoming amount of self possession. Yon
know, of course, what it waa, this subject
Uut was absorbing me? It waa tbe ex
penditure of my sixpence. Like a Coan
esl,ir dj tU Errjequer with th furplui cf
a year's budget, I was wondering what I
should do with it
Momentous question I Bat it needed a
refreshing breeze of out-door a to enable
me to solve it with coolness. I accordingly
rose from bv bedside, where I knelt like a
Persian worshipping the sun, and having
laid my elbows and my sixpence upon tne
sill of the open window, " multa corde
voratana," began deeply to meditate.
Now, it may, perhaps, be accepted as a
symptom of my great precocity of spirit
that I had not been merged above ten
minutes in reflection before I had made
up my mind upon one capital point, to
wit that there were only three things
upon which my sixpence could worthily
be expended, a donkey, a gold hunting
watch, or a pewter squirt
The only question to decide waa upon
which of these three my choice should
pitch ; and here was the rub. 1 had an
artistic admiration for squirts, pewter
squirts especially, which 1 classed
amongst the snbllmeat contrivances due
to the ingenuity of man. Their nse as
mediums for the conveyance of ink or
soapy water upon the pa-'Sers by ia the
street had always struck me as peculiarly
practical, and I think, on the whole, my
sixpence would have gone to the purchase
of one of these astonishing instruments
had not a reflection suddenly fallen upon
me. and drenched mv enthusiasm as an
der a bucket of cold water. . I could not
remember ever having seen a grown-up
man make nse or a squirt i blj rauer,
for instance, had. to my certain knowl
edge, never spent his morning in squirt
ing ink upon the public through the draw
ing room window ; and I could not recol
lect ever having heard my uncles advo
cate this species of pastime. This was
important Yesterday 1 had been a boy,
and could do boyish things; to-day the
case was altered; my sixpence had laid
upon me the duties of manhood ; it was
necessary to be cautious and dignified.
. . . .1 discarded the squirt and two things
then remained the donkey and the gold
watch. Once more I began to ponder.
The purchase of a donkey, 1 reasoned.
offered unquestionable . inducements.
There were, first of ail, the advantages of
locomotion ; in the second place, there
was the satisfaction of personal vanity,
for it was not to be doubted that upon my
first appearance in public upon the back
of an ass I should become the cynosure of
neighboring eyes, and at once take rank
amongst the parish celebrities.
This consideration nearly carried my
tote by storm ; but then, on the other
hand, a donkey, I could not but admit
was a leas handy possession than a gold
hunting watch. The latter would go into
one's pocket whereas the former would
not indeed, it was more than probable
that the donkey would need a certain
amount of space to move about in, and if
so what was to be done, for we had no sta
bles? Secoiid thoughts bring counsel. I was
a sharp boy, and I remembered the staircase.
If the difficulty of bringing the donkey
up to the third fl ior could be once over
come, I should be happy to allow him to
sleep in my bedroom there would be
ample space for him in the corner close by
the wash-hand-stand ; and he would be a
sociable companion when it rained. There
was no fsar of his catching a cold or a
cough, as he might do if left down-stairs
in the yard. Yes; but how about his
food? The postchaise of my thoughts,
which was at that moment going twenty
miles an hour, here stuck of a sudden in a
deep rut I had never thought of the
food. I was like the Irishman who had a
clock. I had forgotten the works. I could
not think of asking my father to board the
donkey. The thing would be indelicate
after he had generously given me sixpence;
and yet from whatever point of view 1
considered the matter, the donkey, I was
compelled to own, must eat I be
came miserable. 1 think I cried. I saw
my donkey depart at a gallop, and scam
per away into darkness, carrying away
with him upon his back my hopes, my il
lusions, and my dreams cf glory. - -
But after a few seconds my donkey re
turned as he had departed, at full gallop.
The idea had struck me that his mainten
ance could be effected by an equitable dis
tribution of my daily meals with him
This was the straw to the drowning man.
Having decided that my coming donkey
should be nourished upon roast mutton
and batter pudding, I was about to rush
out to effect my purchase, when, attracted
by a noise below, I thrust my head out of
the window and saw a small boy, aged
ten, throwing cherries in the air and try
ing to catch them in his mouth.
At this sight I forgot, for the minute,
the donkey, the roast mutton, and the bat
ter pudding, and considered the cherries.
It was a hot-day, and I was thirsty. The
cherries rose and fell, but always into the
small boy's mouth, and never into mine.
Like Tantalus with the flow and ebb of
waters, I began to find the thing monot
onous. If one or two cherries would
only have fallen on the ground now and
ti.en, th9 interest would have been enliv
ened ; but no ; one, two, three, four, all
came down like plummets without deviat
ing an inch from the right course, and
each laugh of the small boy (for he was
merry) gave me a violent inclination to
see his head punched. I don't know what
spirit of evil prompted me, but some such
spirit inspired me with a baleful desire to
substitute for one of the falling cherries a
pebble, a piece of coal, or a bit of soap.
My eyes sparkled. The youth had thrown
a plump bigaroon rather higher than
usual, and stood with his handa extended,
his head thrown back, his eyes shut and
his mouth gaping until it should return.
The temptation was too strong. I felt
frantically around me to find a projectile,
and in sweeping my hand over the window-sill
caught at something which, with
out D&nsinr to look. I threw with all my
might and main at the small" boy. The
thing struck him in the eye, and then
bounded on the pavement A shout of
triumph escaped me; but at the same
instant I burst into a cold sweat and stag
gered. The boy had stooped to pick up
the thing that had hit him, and was hold
ing it in his fingers. " Thank you I " he
shouted joyously, and disappeared in the
I had thrown him my sixpence ALl
(ht Tear Bound.
Amused with Cost.
It is doubtful if we spend ai much pro
portionately for real, substantive recrea
tion as the people of any other civilized
nation ; it is doubtful, indeed, if we spend
enough in that direction. Bat we have a
sad way of making mob-like attacks on
our amusements, and shooting them down
with greenback pellets ; and the more it
requires to bring them down, the more
relishable they prove.
Thus the man of business pinches him
self and worries himself all the winter
long, and all the spring long, and half the
summer long, to get a few hundreds or a
few thousands in his pocket, and makes a
grand dash at Long Branch, or Sharon, or
the mountains, with a great trail of band
boxes, and women, and portmanteaus, and
overeats himself, and sleeps in a hot
chamber, and talks politics, and drinks
sulphur-water, and is highly amused.
The question is, if this sharp, stimula
tive, pestilent worrying, full-baze recrea
tion wonld not be more serviceable and
relishable, every way, if it were distribut
ed over a larger portion of the year, and
provoked a little greater serenity and
quietude. What if a man should give an
hour or two a day to his family, if he have
any, or to his horses, if he have any, or to
the task of making his home less out-sided
and more home-like?
We are growing to be great music
lovers, and crowd with fifty thousand
others to endure what lodgings are possi
ble when fifty thousand overrun a town
to hear a hundred anvil-hammers, and
a thousand voices in chorus; but what
girl thinks it worth her while to learn
those simple, old-fashioned snatches of
song which rail babies to sleep, and which
stay the devil in old men.
We are well enough aware that a man
will value, rationally even in way of
amusement what costs difficulty. But
are we not somewhat too much disposed
to master those difficulties only which
yield to money spendir g, and to count for
nothing la the way of recreative indul
gence those others which yield to wise
search, to resolution, and to aelf-eulturef
The oagnificentcphoistery of our hotels
nd itamboaU in iq rainy bal'4 for
VOL. X1T.-NO. 50.
those who measure the pleasure of a
summer's travel by what it esta ; and if
we perspire in an attic, np six fi ghts of
stairs (as we are pretty apt to do), we rec
reate ourselves with the n flection that
we are paying the same moneys with the
(itneral Uanxum, a Irtend or tbe house.
who has rooms upon the first flior. We
doubt very much if ample, clearly, home
like comfort and only two flights or stairs
to reach it, would meet with any perron-
are in one or our larrer dues, riot that
we do not like our economies many of
us but we like to conceal our economies,
and we cover our repugnanc to a sober
simplicity and moderation in oar living,
as in our amusements, under boast of our
republican equality. As if and here lies
the pith of the matter differences in the
spending ol money made ainerences in
maniioods. In fact, the secret of half of
our most absurd extravagance lies in the
ridiculous aasoclauon or our equality and
independence as citixenz with a certain
amount ol moneyed demonstration.
The American of tender years and ten
der judgment travels tnrough Europe
always " first-class," and looks eondeacend-
ingly upon the $avaiu and quiet capital
ists, who, without any manifest sacrifice of
dignity, content themselves with second
class places. In tact the inn-keepers of
Europe are beginning to understand that
the Americans especially young Ameri
cansare the most royal paymasters ia
the world ; and this, not so much for the
love of being be-lorded and showered with
titles by valets and chambermaids, as for
the indulgence of a grand indifference to
Is it not worth while for ns to consider
if possibly we are not straining our amuse
ments somewhat ia the direction of cost 1
HtartA and Horn.
A Tonehlnx War Incident.
Mast uterestinr narratives and expe
riences are told at Henry Ward Bencher's
Friday evening prayer meetings. Last
night one of the prominent citizens of
Brooklyn, doing business in Wall street,
related the following. I reproduce the
story as it fell from his Ops :
" Not long since I found myself at Cin
cinnati with a little spare time, and I
thought I would improve it in visiting
some or the Southern battle-fields and
burial places. I first proceeded to Nash
ville. On going out to the Soldiers Ceja
etery, I observed a man planting a flower
over a grave. I approached him and asked
if his son was boned there.
" ' No,' was the response.
"'Whose memory then do yon cher
ish T I ventured to ask. After delaying a
moment and putting down a small board
which he held in nis hand, he replied :
WeiL i win tell you. When the war
broke out I lived in Illinois. I wanted to
enlist but I was poor and had a large family
or children depending upon me for their
daily bread. Finally, as the war contin
ued, I was d railed. No draft money was
given me ; I was unable to procure a sub
stitute, and made up my mind to go. Af
ter I had got everything in readiness and
was just leaving to report for duty a, the
conscript camp, a young man whom I had
known came to me and said : ' You have
a big family whom your wife cannot sup
port while vou are rone : 1 will ro tor
you. In the battle of Chicamauga the
poor fellow was dangerously wounded.
Owing to Brsgg's offensive demons tra
tions on Chattanooga, he, along with
others, was taken back to hospital at
Nashville. After a lingering illness he died
and was buried here. Ever since hearing
of his death I have been desirous of com
ing to Nashville and seeing that his re
mains were properly buried. Having
saved sufficient rands I came on yester
day, and have to-day found the poor fel
low's grave." On completing his story
the man took up the small board and in
serted it at the foot of the grave. Turn
ing to look at it 1 saw this simple inscrip
tion, and nothing more : " He died for
ma" N. Y. Cor. Chicago Journal.
The Canon of the Colorado.
The news, whether true or false, from
Msjor Powell and his party, who,
for more than two years, have been
engaged in preliminary arrangements
to explore tne great canon ot tne
Colorado, and who hoped during the
present summer to accomplish it wul add
new interest to this important subject
Many may suppose that the results to be
obtained will not warrant the labor and
expense, not to speak of the dangers to be
incurred in exploring the hidden myste
ries or this wonderrui. canon, isut
reorraphical problems of far less interest
and importance have cost the world a far
greaterexpenditure of effort to solve them,
and mankind will always both applaud
and reward those who increase the sum of
human knowledge. To add to that
knowledge is the controlling motive that
impelled Major Powell to risk everything
in order to unveil tne mysteries tnat sur
round one of the great rivers cf the conti
nent la its course to the sea. jsren u it
has cost him his life, this will not deter
other daring explorers from solving the
problem wiin which the nsme or i'oweu
is now most honorably and. perhaps, sadly
associated. The following lathe sua of
about aU we know or the Colorado ltiver
and its unexplored canon :
It gainers its waters on tne western
slope of the Rocky Mountains, on the
north, from a point opposite the Yellow
stone, down through at least nine degrees
of latitude to a point opposite the head
waters or the lied ltiver, and crams an
equal space along the eastern rim of the
Great bait Lake basin. The mountains
which surround the vast valley which it
drains are the Rocky on the east the Wind
River on the north, and the Wasatch and
Uintah oa the west ; and, as they all rise
far up into the regions of perpetual snow,
they furnish the water for one of the
largest rivers of the continent All its
principal tributaries, with the exception
of the Gila, the Little Colorado and the
San Juan, are gathered into its terrible
current before it dashes into what the
frontiersmen call the Black Canon of the
Colorado. The river has a tremendous
fall to the Golf of California. At Green
River Station, where the Union Pacific
Railway crosses the principal tributary
of the Colorado, bearing ai least as
much water as Rock River at ' Ster
ling, the elevation above the ocean is
about 6,000 feet In the three or four hun
dred miles between this place and the en
trance of the canon the fall is probably
not more than a thousand feet The river
runs with a steady current, and the only
considerable fall we ever heard of is that
in which Major Powell and his party may
have lost their lives. At the head of the
canon, the river, according to all accounts,
rushes down aa awful cataract worse than
that below the bridge at Niagara Falls,
and through which old trappers who have
been there roundly assert no boat or ves
sel could pass without certain destruction.
From this point the canon is variously
estimated at from three to five hundred
miles long, and, if our estimate as to the
descent ol the river between tbe crossing
of the railway and the head of the gorge
be correct, it must fall some five thousand
feet, or about a mile, in its passage through
the canon Much of the way tnrough tne
canon it is known to. run with a very slug
gish current and hence there must be
many fearful falls before tbe river reaches
the foot of It near Call villa.
From all accounts of thcaw who have
seea the canon at various poiata, aad
rom the reports of tbe only two rersoM
who, it )s sow claimed, ever went through
it it seets to be a -huge crack ia the
earth's erase, about a mile wide, with per
pendicular walla, from two to five or six
thousand feet above the river, made b
some terrible convulsion of nature. The
whole country along the eanoa is volcanic
and utterly destitute of vegotatioa. Lat
eral canons branching oat at right angles,
and requiring several days' tourney to go
round them, render it impTsai bis for parties
to follow down the hanks of thai rivr,
could water be obtained fna ha terrible
current rushing between its walls nearly
a mils below the explorer. Hence, tbe
plan of Msor Powell, as detailed to at
when hero h SUy last, was to wait at the
head of the eanoa UTI the sp.
had passed down, when he hope .).
narrow plateau along the ma 1 c' ; -
river from which the waters r j,
aad along which he could I it'j
hoata over anv rapids that mlg . t f --
in hia way. That there era sow 'asi
along the Columbia and other livers ht
well known ; but the question of wirier
they exist along the shore of the river fax
the canon of the Colorado is still fa doebt
Till recently it was supposed that only
one man a Mr. White, now living near
Callville, oa the Lower Colorado had
ever gone through this canon. His thrill
ing narrative is well known. We find ia
the last number of tbe ttttern Konthiy
wTUt seems to be a well-authenticated ac
count of a lad of 15 years of age, who
went dowa the San Juan and thence down
the canon of the Colorado, by at times
lashing himself to a raft He represents
the sand bars at some of the places he
was ashore as largely composed of parti
cles of gold a thing we can readily be
lieve, for gulch mining is extensively and
successfully carried on among the moun
tains at the head-waters of the Colorado.
Should the report of the loss of Major
Powell and hia party prove true, that
should not stop all eSn-ts to explore the
canon of the Colorado. It is a geographi
cal problem of the highest interest which
future explorers will surely find the means
to solve. It cannot be that a great nation
wul allow one or Its largest rivers to re
main unexplored through some four or
five hundred .miles of the rublimeet '
scenery to he found anywhere on the face
of the earth. Southwestern Colorado,
above the canon, is said to be one of the
finest pastoral regions upon the continent
and, when once settled by a hardy, enter
prising people, aa it will be in a few years,
they will be sure to Had some means to
follow down, their noble river to the Gulf
of California and unfold the mysteries of
its "Black Canon." Chietgo Tribune
FACTS 1SD FIGURES.
It coats 150,000 apiece to kill Indians .
Toledo clerks hare formed a protect
ive association. . -
A. T. Stxwxbt has devoted six ralltions
to hotels for working women aad working
The Vermont Agricultural Society waa
organized in 1860, with ninety- fire cor
pora to ra None are now living.
Tin Daniel Webster farm and home
stead, in Franklin,-New Hampshire, has
been sold for $15,000,
Mam has 196 Congregational churches.
representing 60,000 population, contribu
ting $43 030 for charitable purposes.
Adolf KB Thiers, it Is sid, has deter
mined to write a history of the Revolu
tion of 1843. and of the Second Empire.
The Russian Railroad Oautit says that
T? rtaaoiea ktaa at laenesv-a VMsi in vaarea rvsT OfVl
aiuooiiB aacata smsvssuj Mr mif nrvTf
000,000 roubles to American railroad con
tractors. A Philadelphia, travelling in 8outh .
America, haa found at Cartago, State of
Canca, some of the prettiest women ia
The authorities of France have recent
ly obtained indisputable proof that three
persons executed for murder in isoo were
M. Rochkvobt's father has written to
theBappd to say that his son, who waa
in receipt of a large income derived from
the sale of La Lantern, had left him in
The increase of the number of horses
in the Unite! States since 186J is estimated
at 1.750,000, or 25 per cent The whole
number ia mdi to be about 8,000,000, valu
ed at $1638,000,000.
A peculiar feature of the Fourth of
July procession in San Francisco was a
procession or boys, more tnan ten years
of age, who were born in California since
the discovery of gold.
Josxpa Kerb, a cabinet-maker of Lan
caster, Pa, a man of some 60 years of
age, has not had half an hour's continu
ous sleep in 4 years. Opiates of almost
inconceivable strength fail to have any
effect on him.
Tub Kinar of Sweden recentlv said to a
gentleman who complimented him on bis
efforts as a poet and litterateur: "My
dear sir, my merits as an author cannot
amount to a great deal. I never yet re
ceived altogether $500 for my literary
Son citizens of Savannah. Oa who
. . ... i a
Doug at awl oi ruDoisa as au auction saie
or " uuotatraed express parcels," lareaten
to bring suits against the auctioneer, al
leging that the packages were never sent
by express but were packed up for swind
Petxb Ctrxjoxos, of Tonawanda,
who was drowned a short time ago ia the
Erie canal, aged about seventy years, '
drove the first team that towed a boat '
after the completion of that canal, on the
26th of October, 1325. He has driven on
the canal every year from that day until
he was drowned, making in all forty-four
seasons in succession.
A contract has been made in San Fran
cisco for the supply of 20,000 Chinese la
borers, to be employed as plantation hands
in the State of Tennessee. It fat under
stood that the passage of these laborers
will be paid by their employers, and they
wQl be pid $20 per month. Another
force of 25.000 is being contracted for to
proceed to the S'ate of Mississippi.
A band of wandering gipsies ia the
State of Delaware have been detected ia
attempts to kidnap handsome young girls.
The object is supposed to be ransom. It
is a dodge resorted to by the robbers of
Italy and of Mexico, only they do not
confine their kidnapping operations to
children, but grab anybody whose friends
can raise money.
A hew monthly paper, entitled the Di
vorce, is about to be started in Paris, with
the object of legalizing divorce. Tbe
prospectus states titat there are not fewer
than 45,000 separated men and women
living in France, that the Courts have at
the present moment 1,533 demands for
separation, and that moreover, the num
ber of couples separated voluntarily is
The total value of the real and personal
property in the city and county of New
York, for the year 1869, according to a
recent official statement ia $964,100,597,
against $908,439,327 in 1868, being aa in
crease of $55,604,270. The separate items .
are as follow, in 18W : Real estate. $684,-
140.7&8, and personal estate, s arv.uoa.o jv;
in 1863. real estst, $623,238,555; personal
estate. $385,199,774, tht the real es
tate has increased $60,90413, and the
personal estate has decreased $339,9 43.
Among the items of personal estate, the
bank shares are valued at $74,547,134 in
1869, and $75,993 019 in 1368, being a de
crease in 186) of $1,450,885.
Ah American, some time ago, arrived
at the conclusion that leavea turn red at
the end of the season through the action
of an acid, and that the green color could
be restored by the action of an alkali.
The conclusion has been verified, the
London Athenmun now declares, by ex
periment Autumnal leaves placed under
a receiver with vapor of ammonia ia
nearly every instance lost the red cofcr
and renewed their green. In some, such
as the sassafras, blackberry and maple, the
change was rapid, and could be watched
by the eye, while others, particularly cer
tain oaks, turned gradually brown, with
out showing any appearance of green.
Thb numerical streugth of the Pres
byterian Church in the world is stated by
the Protectant Chmrdunan as follows:
United Stat... ....... OOSTOO
Great BrilalB S.MUWtl
Prance 1.800 0
A aatrta aad Rnaala ..S,i4Q.t09
Briiiah and Catcfc Colonies.
These fourteen millions constitute one
seventh of the entire Protestant popula
tion of the globe. But if to these art)
added the fourteen millions or the United
Evangelical Church of Prussia and tha
German States, which is Presbyterian ia
form, it would give them a total of twenty-eight
million-!, a, a numerical supe
riority over any of the Protestant fbxxr: .
of polity and belief.
A bathes singular accident wt! f
first threatened to be serious, oerzrr .
yesterday to an attache of thit fr
Indulging in an unconscious yawa it r
inordinate calibre, the beat curi 1
"old jaw bona" to expand and locVa vr
open. His own best effoit and tic "
hut associates present were insuCcwr
restore the unruly member, and Cti
vices of Dfc Beach were ctlled in, wl
a dVxteroua insertion of his th- "
the yawning abyss caused the r:
machinery v rwume its proper r
and ail was apparent'y well, C:
patient oompieised of a tendeif
part rf hia jaw to leap Jfrom I
and also of a slight lameness the
promises not to do so any nvr
far as porslble t "hold his j
occurrei ea caused a rood L
sonnr tbe aympatnlziB r
ihou;h the v&im saw so I.
ia it CWjapfP " -