BT CELIA TKaXTEB.
Chewing the end of reflection,
1 that am milking you. ail by your side,
Loct in sad retrospection.
Far o'er the fields the tall daisies blush warm.
For rosy the sunset ta dying ;
Arrow the still valley, o'er the meadow and farm.
The flush of its beauty to lying.
White foams the milk in the pefl at my feet.
Clearly the robins are calling ;
. Softly blows the evening wind after the heat.
Cool the long shadows are falling.
little duo cow, 'tis so tranquil and sweet I
Are you light-hearted. I wonder?
What do yon think abont something to eat?
On clover and grass do yoa ponder?
I am remembeHng days that are dead,
And a brown iiule maid ta the gloaming.
Milking her cow, with the west burning red .
Over wares that about her were foaming.
Cp from the sad east the deep shadows gloomed
Out of the distance and found her;
Li-hily she sans, wW the solemn sea boomed
Like a great organ around her.
Under the light -house no sweet-brier grew.
Dry wm Ui prwm, and no djui-ies
Waved in the wind, snd the flowers were few
That lifted their delicate faces.
But O she was happy, and careless, and blest.
Full of the sonCHtparrow's spirit;
Grateful for life, for the least and the best
Of tbe Mearfugs that mortals inherit.
Fairer than gardens of Paradise seemed
The desolate spaces of water;
ature was here clouds that frowned, stars that
What beautiful lessons they taught her 1
Would I could find yon again, little maid.
Striving with almost endeavor.
Could find in my brea-t that light heart, unafraid.
That has vanished forever and evf r !
An Unprofitable Customer.
Not a thousand miles from Pearl street
a city weigher has his office. A good
while ago he found that by means ofcol
lusion with the small shippers who em
ployed him to do their weighing, he could
obtain cigars less the duties. A fine pros
pect for money-making here presented it
self. He purchased of his patrons large
quantities of cigars, and keeping them con
cealed in a capacious closet in the rear of
Lis oALtc, deafed them out surreptitiously
to friends, at cheap rates. Everything
went on swimmingly, and he cleared
thousands of dollars through bis cigar traf
fic, in addition to his regular business.
One forenoon recerAly a stranger entered
the office, when the following conversa
tion ensued :
Stranger" Mr. , a friend tells me
that you have a prime quality of cigars
which you can sell very cheap.
Weigher " Oh, yes : step in and take a
chair. I have got some superb Havanas
whit h I can wholesale you at eighty dol
lars. Try one of them."
Stranger "Have you any other
Weigher" Oh yes, several kinds. Here
is a sample box at sixty dollars and an
other for forty-five dollars. They are all
first quality of genuine Havanas.
Stranger " But I notice they have no
stamps on the boxes."
Weigher4 Oh, that don't amount to
anything. I always manage that business.
I can get around the Custom House anv day
and don't care a for the officials. They
don't know where I make my purchases,
and what is more, never ,will."
Stranger " Are you sure?"
Weigher "Yes, indeed, there is no
doubt on that point Well, how many
will you take?"
Stranger Well, between you and me,
I guess I will take the entire lot"
With that, the Custom House detective,
far such the stranger was, threw back the
lapel of his coat revealing his badge. At
the sight of this insignia of office our
weigher comprehended the situational
once and fairly reeled from his feet into a
chair. To add to his discomfiture his
brother, sitting near by through the whole
interview, who had been opposed all along
u nis cigar speculations, nurst into an up
roarious fit of laughter. The wonder fully
cool official likewise smiled a ghastly
smile. The amusement afforded the
officer did not, however, deter him from
confiscation, and carrying away the entire
closet of cigars, amounting in value to
many thousand dollars. It my not be
necessary to add that our friend, ths
weigher, has abandoned the contraband
business forever, from this time forward.
N. Y. Cor. Cliicago Journ iL
Although everybody who patronizes
milkmen supposes that they are none
too honest, jct we imagine few people
arc aware to what extent this article
is adulterated, or that substances arc
in common use that cannot be detected
by the lactometer, and that only
a chemical analysis can discover.
The farmers of Westborough, some time
since, formed a co-operative association for
the purpose of bringing the producer and
consumer together without the aid of middle-men,
thereby saving one profit, and
also preventing the adulteration of their
milk. An agent was appointed in the
city whose duty it was to look after the
interests of the association, and to sec that
t he customers recei ve a pure article of milk
One day, after the business of the company
seemed to be progressing finely, the agent
was somewhat surprised by one of his
best customers informing him that he pre
ferred to obtain his milk elsewhere, and
that he need not leave anv more at his
house. The agent inquired the reason of
the change, when the customer informed
him that a neighbor of his was receiving
a richer and ix tter article at tbe same
price, and he was hereafter going to have
nis milk Irom the same man. " l he milk
that my ncighlor gets," continued the
customer, " has a better flavor, and is
more of the color of cream tlian what vou
furnish, and 1 suspect it comes from Jer
sey cows." Now, Mr. A.," said he after
hearing his story, " I will tell you what I
will do. You tike a can of our milk, and
also one from the milkman who supplies
your neighltor, and carry them to a chem
ist to be analyzed, ana it ne don t tell you
that ours is pure and tbe milkman s adult
crated, I will supply you with milk for
five years for not hing. The customer said
this was a fair offer, and he accordingly
took a can of each to a chemist, where an
analysis showed that the rich cream-col
oretl milk was adulterated with water and
burnt eugar, while the Westborough milk
was pronounced pure. The result was
that the agent, instead or losing a custo
mer, gained another, as the neighbor who
had tteen supplied by the milkman pre
f erred a pure article to one that contained
water and burnt sugar, even if it did look
a little more creamy. JJoaon Spectator.
How the California Chinese Go to
The congregation is composed principal
ly of men and boys, dressed in their every
day clothes. Some of them stare about
them, or talk with each other. Instead of
sitting down and paying attention to what
is said, many stand up and walk about.
Perhaps some will come up to the speaker
and try to look over his book, if he reads
from the Bible, or they will examine the
foreign 6tove, if it is cold weather and
there is a fire in it; or they will stand in
front of the clock and watch it for a while.
Others have with them parcels of mer
chandise, or a fowl, some vegetables, etc,
they have bought or wish to sell : and if
it is warm weather very many will strip
the upper-part of their bodies naked, and
fan themselves, so as to be cool as possible.
Oftentimes, unless forbidden to smoke,
several engage in smoking little pipes fuli
of. tobacco, naving first struck fire by
means of a flint and a piece of steel and
some very dry paper. Almost every
Chinaman carries about with him his pipe
and tobacco and materials for striking fire.
Sometimes a beggar woman will enter the
chapel and bawl out lustily for cash. It is
a verv common practice for most of those
who come to stay but a 6hort time, and
w hen one of them goes out all of his mates
and friends usually follow.
If an idol procession or a mandarin and
his retinue are passing along the streets,
or some sudden or unusual noise is heard,
the boys and most of the men rush out to
see what is to be seen, after which some of
them will perhaps come back. Yery few
are regular hearers of the Gospel, and
fewer still come in for the purpose of hear
ing about Jesus.
Almost all who come are prompted by
motives of curiosity. Exchange.
The Empress Carlotta has been stay
ing for some time at Spa. The other day
she insisted with so much vehemence on
playing roulette that it was impossible to
restrain her. On approaching the table
she deliberately placed a gold piece on the
number 19, The Emperor Maximilian
was shot on June 19. The wheel turned,
and, though 87 chances were against her,
she won. She smiled sadly, took up the
money, and quietly left the room. On
her way out a poor mart passed by. She
J3y Alfred S. Horsley.
A. GOBLIN BTOBT OF FRENCH FB0VTSC1AL
Drat is the name of a country demon
still believed in by many French provin
cials, a " tricksy spirit, a sort of Puck,
minuM Puck's good qualities.
Within what geographical limits belie
in the Drat is confined. I am unable to say.
There are no traces of it in George Sand's
Breton legends, or in the German myths
of Alsace and Lorraine on the other side
of France, I doubt if any can be found
in Marseilles literature. The local super
stition is probably confined to the South
west, that territory which was once Na
varre, or which formed a dcbataMe land
between the Kings oi r ranee and Navarre.
It is said to be very strong in what is now
the Department of Lot, and was formerly
the district of Quercy in Guienne, the
chief town of which is Cahors.
The Drat is a mischief-maker. Old
people use him as a kind of bogey, to
trighten truant boys and giddy girls, lie
plays his pranks chiefly by night, and the
especial objects of his malice are those who
disbelieve in his existence or deny his
When the following events are supposed
to have occurred, it is not very easy to say
the old woman, who was my informant s
authority, not being particularly accurate
in her chronology. Internal -evidence,
however, seems to refer them to the third
quarter of the last century. The hero of
the tale is just the sort of man, in a small
way, to have been a precursor of the first
great French Revolution.
It was a fine,, sunshiny afternoon in Au
gust. Ramounct, butcher of the town of
Figeac, having closed his shop at the usual
hour, sauntered out apparently for his
usual evening stroll. Short and stout, yet
well built, with an active, healthy, good
humored look, he was just the stuff to
make a village beaux or bully, or both. It
was not, however, his physical qualities
that had rendered hiin the wonder and
scandal of the neighborhood. Having re
ceived the rudiments of a liberal education
from his uncle, the canon, he was proud of
his intellectual superiority over most of
his fellow-townsmen. His learning (for
so it might be called, considering his time,
place and condition) had made him skepti
cal, sophistical and disputatious. Not dar
ing openly to deny the existence of God,
he did the next thing to it, by deny
ing the existence of the Drat. He
stigmatized the popular belief as an
old woman's superstition, and declared that
he, for his part, would believe in the Drat
when he saw him, and not before. "And
if I do see him," he would add, " I prom
ise you he shan't get away in a hurry."
L nfortunately, our learned and skeptical
butcher had not the reputation of bein
proportionately honest ; his customers had
more than once complained of short weight,
and there were several dubious reports
about him. Still, he had not as yet come
to grief in any way; on the contrary, his
business was as flourishing as his health ;
it seemed as if the Drat had forgotten him
or was afraid of him. But as he walked
along at his ease that afternoon, the old
women, sitting on their doorsteps, shook
their heads and muttered, " We shall see,
if we live long enough." From an indi
vidual of the other sex he received a dif
" Hullo, Raymounet! you're jusf the man
" What's wanted, brother Iveraet?"
Ivernct and Ramounct composed the
guild or corporation of master-butchers in
the town ot Jvigeac. it was not so Dig a
place as to need a larger allowance of
them Ivernet seemed very anxious to
speak with Ramounet; and the latter, who
bad his own reasons, as will be seen, for
desiring an interview with his fellow
tradesman, did not require to be asked in
" I am righUcurious to know what you
will say this time," began Ivernet.
" What 8 in the wind now?
"Somebody who will do you a bad
turn, if you don't look out ; depend upon
44 The Drat?"
"Hush! Just so."
"What! you're not cured of that yet?
"Just listen to what happened this
morning in the village."
" Bah ! some story invented to deceive
those stupid peasants.
" But all the villagers who came to my
shop this morning told me the story, and
all in the same words."
Well, let's hear it."
. " You must know that this morning at
daybreak, at the place where the women
wash their linen, suddenly a horse ap
peared. No one could tell where he came
" Good ! he came out of the mud of the
pool, that fellow did, as they say that the
crocodiles are bora of the slime of the
Nile, after an inundation.
"The Nile, what's that?"
" I'll tell you another time. But about
bis horse. Handsome, was he "
" Superb. And so a little urchin, seeing
this splendid horse, which didn't look a
bit vicious, jumped on mm.
" Well then, my dear fellow, the other
boys wanted to get on too, and, as they
climbed up one after another, the beast s
back lengthened out, till by-and-by it held
twenty-lour of them!
" Come, now, say twenty -three."
" It's all very well for you to laugh, but
that horse was the Drat, and as soon as he
had his load, he made for the pool, and all
the poor little devils "
"Were drowned? That's nothing to
"No, were saved by a very pious old
woman who was passing, and just had time
to make the sign of the cross. Then the
Drat gave a caper, shook all the boys off,
without hurting them, and disappeared."
" What a flash of lightning and a smell
" Now, what do you say to that ? "
" I should like to have seen it"
" Ramounet I wonder how you can talk
so, when the Drat is just next door to us, as
one may say, and perhaps hears you talk
" Let him hear ; I'll talk loud enough
no I won t either but 1 11 tell you a good
stroke of work I know about in this very
village next door, as you call it that
all the drats and devils in the world won't
hinder me from having a try at
" A good stroke of work ? "
"Just so, and, as you are a good fellow,
I'll let you in for half of it and cure you of
your Drat at the same time. Only you
promise to keep it a secret"
"Trust me for that"
" Well now, brother, suppose you could
get your stock for nothing, and still sell
your meat at retail for the same price,
you'd make more profit, wouldn't you ? "
" Of course. But how could I ?
" I know how."
"What!" and the covetous butcher
drew closer to his fellow-tradesman, who
dropped his voice mysteriously, and j con
" There's a pound full of sheep near the
" In that pound there is a shepherd to
take care of them."
" I know for sure that this chap, instead
of staying at his post all night, goes to
court a girl at the other end of the vil
lage. Eh ! What do you say to that ?"
I don't understand, exactly."
" More stupid, you. Don't you see that,
while the watch is away, two handy men,
like you and me, can slip into the pound,
pick out a good, fat sheep, carry him off
without any,noise or fuss, and then divide
him ? Now do you understand ?"
" Yes, but but that isn't all right in
fart, it is stealing isn't it?"
"Mere prejudice. Ivernet, don't you
know that what you call stealing was
highly honorable among the Spartans, who
were a great people of ancient Greece ?"
" You don t say so !"
" Besides, I don't want to draw you into
a bad action. Quite the contrary. Some
scoundrels might take advantage of this
shepherd's absence and clean out the
whole pound in a night But if the own
ers lose one 6heep, it will put them on
their guard, so we shall really be doing
them a good turn."
" You are quite right But then"
"The Drat was oat this morning, and
no, Ramounet it won't do. Better say no
more about it"
" As vou like ; I can find somebody else
to help me."
"Dear me! It's a pity to lose such a
net profit If I only knew
" Now, my friend, you are too ridiculous.
If your Drat is such a terrible fellow, why
hasn't he ever come down upon me, who
do nothing but laugh at him from morn
ing to night ?"
"That's true. Why doesn't he?"
14 And, besides, if there's any risk, it's
for me, because it's my advice
" To be sure you advise me.
" Exactly. Come, now, it's hardly more
than a league. We go at eleven o'clock,
and can be back early in the morning. It's
settled, isn t it?
" Yes; it s settled. I go in.
And the butchers parted.
Ivernet addressed a special prayer to his
patron saint To keep out of temptation?
No, but to keep him out of danger in his
expedition. The men met, and started at
the appointed time. It was a warm night
and they took nearly an hour to reach the
village. When they had arrivod at the
farther end of it, Ivernct was, or professed
to be, somewhat fatigued.
" Never mind, said Ramounet, " one of
us ought to stay here, for fear our man
should come back too soon ; do you stay,
while I go to the pound and letch the
Ivernet made a lace at the idea. - atay
here by the church-yard ? "
" Would you rather go to the pound
" v hat ! Alone in tne country r
"Nonsense, you coward!' claimed
Ramounet losing his patience. "Stay
there, where you are ; if you see anything,
whistle, to let me know.
And off he started. Poor Ivernet was
left alone, whether he chose or not with
only his fears to keep him company. To
be sure, they made a pretty large troop.
On the other side of the road, opposite
the church and the church-yard, was the
house of Jacques Ponel, the sexton. No
one lived with him but his wife Madeleine,
who had been the ornament of his life for
many years. This night, as usual, they
were sleeping quietly. But the butchers
had not long separated when the good wife
awoke, sat up, listened and gasped. It
was a low, but wierd and awful sound
which she heard. Trembling and terrified,
she shook her husband ;
"Oooo!" quoth Jacques, more asleep
" Do you hear that noise in the church
" Wba-at ? and ne ruoDea nis eyes.
" Good Lord ! something is munching a
Christain's bones there !"
" I'll put vour bones there, vou old goose.
if you don't leave me alone."
With which amiable answer, he turned
round, and tried to go to sleep again.
" You old sot" retorted his lovely spouse,
almost forgetting her fear in her indigna
tion, " it's you that have brought the Drat
upon us. There he is !"
At the name of the Drat, tbe sexton
started up in bed. He listened, and heard
the same noise which his wife had heard
Crunch, crunch, crunch !
He was speechless with terror.
Bang ! came something against the door,
accompanied by a tremendous oath, worthy
of Satan himself
" The Drat !" cried the couple simulta
Madeleine plunged her head under the
bed clothes. Jacques plunged himself
bodily under tne bed.
The male, as was proper and natural, re
covered his faculties first Hearing no
more of the Drat for some time, conclud
ing that he had gone off, and fearing that
he might come back, Jacques took his
breeches and a resolution to run for the
curate, who would beat the demon if any
Slowly and silently the sexton opened
his door; then making himself as small as
possible, and, commending his soul to the
Divine protection, he stumbled and scram
bled along close to the church yard wall at
the best dog-trot he could raise, and found
himself, to his agreeable surprise, uninjured
and uninterrupted, at the curate's door.
Whether the honest villagers were in
the habit of leaving their doors unfastened
(as some New England villagers still do).
or whether a certain divinity hedged the
priest and made ordinary precautions un
necessary for him, there was no bolt or bar
to the curate's modest dwelling, and
Jacques was making his way to the bed
room, when the shrill voice of the old
housekeeper arrested him.
"Jacques, the sexton."
" And what does Jacques, the sexton.
mean by coming here at this indecent
" I must see the curate at once," said
Jacques, glancing round in the dark, as if
he expected to see the Drat at his heels.
" Jacques, is that you ? " called out the
priest from his bedroom.
The sexton knew the house well enough
to find his way in the dark ; the next mo
ment he was at the curate's bedside, and
pouring into his ears the terrible narra
tive. The curate congratulated him on his
escape, praised his pluck, and not willing
to seem behindhand in courage, rose and
dressed himself, in spite of his old woman's
grumbling remonstrances, armed himself
with the largest pot of holy-water in the
chapel, and started for the dangerous spot,
followed by the sexton.
Poor Ivernet! When his fright at
being lett alone had somewhat abated, he
began to be tired of waiting for his com
rade. There was a tempting walnut
branch within reach as he walked back
and forward. He gathered some nuts and
began to crack them with the help of his
knife and a stone.
The first batch was successfully disposed
ot, but m operating on the second, he
missed his aim and bruised his fingers.
The pain forced an oath from him, and, in
his vexation, he threw away the stone,
without looking whither it went. Then,
sensible of the noise which he had made,
he was so frightened at it that he dodged
away tor several hundred yards and seve
ral minutes, thus contriving to miss the
sexton when the latter emerged from his
house. Then he returned to his post but
in such a scare that though it was a warm
August night, he shookvery limb. He
started at the wind, he jumped at a bird, he
cursed Ramounet a thousand times. Sud
denly be saw a man, or rather the shadow
of a man, approaching.
"Is that you ?" he asked in low voice.
"The Drat!" shrieked, the sexton,
crouching down behind his superior.
"The Drat!" echoed the curate.
" Apage ! Vade retro ! In nomine PatrU
et FHU et n Losing his head, and hardly
knowing what he did, he let fly, mechan
ically as it were, the holy water, pot and
all, in the face of the apparition.
Drenched by the water, bruised by the
pot terrified by the exorcism in the un
known tongue, the unfortunate butcher
recoiled, then, with one fearful yell, " the
Drat !" he turned tail, covered three miles
of ground in a quarter of an hour, and fell
senseless at his own door.
He was found there next morning and
put to bed. We may be allowed to antici
pate the course of events by remarking
that his fright fatigue, and bruises, com
bined, brought on an illness which lasted
several weeks. Still he felicitated himself
at having got off so cheaply, and offered
up a six-pound candle to his patron saint,
who had delivered him from the Drat
Let us now return to the startled but tri
" Phew !" ejaculated the sexton, recov
ering courage and speech, " what a stench
of brimstone the scamp has left behind
him! Don't you smell it, sir? By the
lord, if I were to live a thousand years, I
should never forget the caper he cut when
he felt the holy-water. And that yelL
What a yell he did give !"
" Because it burnt him."
" And didn't he run ! I think I can see
him running there yet What's that?
Boo-oo-oo!" The sexton remained like
one thunderstruck, his mouth open, his
forefinger stretched out
The priest looked in the direction of the
outstretched finger. Fear rendered him
He beheld what?
A mysterious, gigantic form was coming
down straight upon them. It was larger
than s man, had two legs, two heads, and
apparently several arms. It advanced
rapidly but not silently; a hoarse gur
gling groan mingled with the sound of its
Alas, must their glorious victory be
changed to defeat ! Defeat without re
sistance, for the holy-water was expended,
and the very pot thrown away. Frozen
witn terror, they crouched against the
wall, and lifted their eyes and their hearts
"Cursed brute!" cried a gruff voice,
" I can't choke him ; he wiU make a row,
and he is so fat and heavy that I can't carry
him any farther. So I shall just cut him
op here." ;
The affrighted spectators could now
make out, in the dim light,' that the phan
tom was composed of two parts, one car
rying the other, and that the form had
"the outward semblance of a man," as Ser
geant Buzfuz said of Mr. Pickwick. This
probable or possible man as M. Victor
Hugo would have called him threw this
burden on the ground, drew a long knife
a deed of blood was about to be done !
The priest and the sexton fell on their
knees; their eyes closed; their mouths
opened in a cry of horror.
A diabolical laugh answered them. It
was some seconds, perhaps some minutes,
before they dared to look up ; then they
caught a glimpse of something like the
phantom in its original guise, vanishing
in the darkness.
They remained on their knees some
time longer, thanking the Lord, who had
a second time saved them from the terrible
Next day, Ramounet's customers found
his shop closed. He had disappeared, and
no one, not even the police, ever discov
ered any tract s of him. Wherefore, the
old women of Quercy believe to this day
he was carried off by the Drat Appleton $
Carious Illustration of Chinese Super
stition. The Shanghai Newt Letter says the fol
lowing story has obtained large credence
among the Chinese recently, and is inter
esting as showing the ease with which the
Chinese mind grasps superstition :
"It appears that sometime since a man
and his wife, who together opened a bean
shop in the city of Tai-tsan, some forty
miles distant from Shanghai, had a do
mestic imbroglio, which resulted at
length in the death of the husband by suf
focation, which the wife by a combination
of means effected. The body was con
cealed for a long time, a coffin provided,
and at a suitable hour in the night was
placed on board a boat and sent to a cer
tain place in the canal and sunk, a large
mill-stone from their bean shop being
used for the purpose. A few nights after
the city magistrate was awakened from
his slumbers by a fearful noise, as of some
one beating on the 'Distress Drum' at
the entrance of his Yamen. Next morn
ing inquiries were made, but no one
seemed to have heard the alarms but him
self The night after it was heard again,
but no person was seen. The third night
a watchman was stationed to observe
what took place. The noise came again,
but on being questioned by the mag
istrate, the watchman said it was the
wind. Go and arrest the wind, then, he
said, and forthwith issued a warrant for
the apprehension of the disturber. The
man charged therewith protested his in
ability to accomplish such a task, how
ever, but departed on his rambles and
allowed the wind to snatch his warrant
from him and dash it into the canaL Fol
lowing close after, he secured it again,
and bore it all wet to the mandarin, and
told him that the wind had taken refuge
in the water. Where t exclaimed the ex
cited button ; go forthwith, and dig him
out Away went the man again, armed
and equipped for a contest this time with
both the fung (wind) and ehui (water).
He probed and exerted himself but a
short while, before discovering its refuge ;
'twas a curious something, but on being
hauled up to light was found to be a coffin,
containing a dead man and weighted
down by a mill-stone. Tbe mandarin came
and held an.inquest ; no marks of violence
were discovered, but all the circumstances
were so suspicious that the mandarin at
once, taking the mill-stone as an index,
ordered a search for the perpetrators. A
bean-shop was soon found, and a woman
in mourning for her husband, and as the
other stone of the pair was wanting in its
place in the mill, and no satisfactory ac
count could be given of it, a comparison
was instituted by producing the one found
attached to the coffin. No evasion could
satisfy the officer that she was not the per
petrator of the foul deed, so mysteriously
communicated to him in the watches of the
night by the spirit of the departed. She
was arrested and dragged to prison, there
to await sentence, which, according to
Chinese law, is decapitation. The above
has recently traspired, and obtains large
credence among the ignorant Chinese. It
is on such slender threads that the great
superstition fung thui hangs, and not un
frequently by such reports that a mandarin
succeeds in bringing himself into notoriety
and securing promotion."
A Kovel Invention.
Two lads, who out of respect for their
genius shall be nameless, left Clinton
for Utica the other day, riding after
their father's Dobbin, sound and
well buttoned, but provokingly slow.
No whipping, or yelling, or urging
could increase his speed beyond the
average trot of a cow. For a couple of
fast youths it was a ride altogether too much
protracted, and the inventive genius which
hasjjalways existed in the family was
called in to devise some method for slight
ly accelerating the locomotion of their beast
on the home trip. Various plans were
proposed and voted down impracticable,
when the youngster suggested that a long
crooked switch be procured, and fastened
by a leathern strap to the rim of the for
ward wheel ; at each revolution it would
hit the horse, and relieve them at least of
their labor of constantly nrging him.
" The very thing ! " said the other ; and
he immediately applied the improvement
For a while things went well, until Dob
bin became at length waked up, and start
ed off on a run. " Rackety -swat rackety
swat," went the long crooked stick, and
faster and faster flew the infuriated Dob
bin. John Gilpin's ride was a stroll, com
pared to the flight of our great inventors.
The roadside took on the appearance of
ribbon grass; canal boats like weaver's
shuttles, and telegraph posts resembled thCj
teeth of a fine-tooth comb. There was no
" whoa " to the concern there is nothing
now of the wagon. Doctors have dressed
the wounds of two boys who got run away
with, who beg of us to mention no names.
Selling Off 'at Cost."
We met Muggins the other day in a
quandary. He stood upon the street cor
ner contemplating a pair of gloves which
he held in his hand. We accosted him,
and asked why he thus solemnly medi
tated? He gave a sudden start and
" Ah ! Ah-a-ah ! D'ye see these gloves?"
We saw them.
" D'ye know Smokington ? "
We knew him.
" Well," explained Muggins, "I was com
ing by Smokington's this morning, and I
saw, stuck up all over the front of his
store, big signs ot 'Selling off at cost ! '
Thinks I to myself, ' Here's a chance ; '
and I went in and bought these gloves and
a half a dozen linen handkerchiefs. I asked
Smokington was he selling to me at cost ;
and he said 'Certainly.' I carried the
handkerchiefs home and asked my wife
to hem them She asked me what I paid
for them, and when I told her she laughed,
and said I'd been cheated. They were not
linen at all only cotton and she could
buy any quantity of them for just one
half what I had paid. I wouldn't believe
her. I knew or thought I knew Smok
ington to be a man of honor. I came out and
Jut on my new gloves. They ripped,
ones saw 'em and asked what I had paid.
I told him. He laughed, and said I'd been
cheated. He could sell the very same ar
ticle for less than half what I had paid.
"Now, what I wan't to know is is
Smokington a cheat? Has he been lying
to me ? '
We asked Muggins why he difl't go
down and ascertain. He wanted J to gjj
litl him, and we went, " 4 '
TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, 1869.
We found Smokington .Terr smiling,
and yery busy customers plenty, and
goods going off at a rush ; but at length
Muggins managed to draw him aside, when
he spoke as follows :
"Look here, Smokington, old boy
you've cheated me."
"Eh? cheated, Mr. Muggins? Really,
I don't see it"
" Didn't you tell me you were selling me
these things at cost ? and ain't you telling
everybody so by the signs you've got stuck
Smokington smiled, and said, "Cer
tainly." "Weil," demanded Muggins, with im
mense assurance and indignation, "do
you mean to say that you sold ma these
gloves and these cotton handkerchiefs at
"Smokington 1 1 thought you were a man
"My dear Muggins," said the trader,
with a smile that was fairly bewitching,
"you don't understand these things. It's
all right I sold you just as I said. Of
course 1 could not anord to sell goods for
what they cost me. I am telling off at cost
to the customers ! D'je see it now ? "
Muggins considered himself enlightened
in the especial commercial department of
-ueutng off at com;" but he thinks he
shall never be able to put full confidence
in Smokington again. Exchange.
"Mr. Brown, of Chicago."
3We have often heard of men having
" cheek," and making a free use of the
article go a long way, but the following
rather entitles " Mr. Brown, of Chicago,
to the belt The story was related to ns
by a gentleman who was "thar." He
says : I was at the laying of the last tie,
and had noticed among the crowd a large,
kind of half-dressed man, who was con
stantly very busy doing nothing, but rung
himself in whenever " drinks" were
called. After the last spike had been
driven, and a reasonable quantity of wine
deposited under the vest of everybody
who was bibulously inclined, I strayed in
to the private car of Governor Stanford.
The Governor, somewhat weary with the
labors of the day and the heat of the sun,
was reclining on a sofa, evidently glad it
was over, when in walked our friend of
numerous drinks. He stopped at the
door and asked a by-stander, " Which is
Governor Stanford V' " That's him," said
the person questioned, pointing to the
Governor. The fellow walked in, drew a
chair up beside the Governor's sofa,
sat down in it, slapped the Gov
ernor on the knee, and said, "How are
you, Governor? My name is Brown. Mr.
Brown, from Chicago. This is a great oc
casion, Governor; we usually take a drink
on such occasions as this, Governor."
"Yes," said the Governor. "George,
open a bottle of wine." The wine was
opened, passed around and drank. " Gov
ernor," (hitching his chair a little closer),
" this is a very great occasion ; now take a
drink with me. George open a bottle of
FWM . , 1 J. . . , 1
wine. i ne servant aiu as uirecxeu, ana
that bottle was quickly disposed of, a good
share of it running down the capacious
throat of " Mr. Brown, of Chicago." " This
is a day that will be long remembered,
and I congratulate you on the success of
your enterprise. George, open a bottle of
wine." "George" looked hugely dis
gusted, but obeyed the fellow had got
possession, and never stopped until the
basket was empty and George announced
that the wine was out Mr. Brown then
arose, shook hands with the Governor,
and took rather a crooked way out of the
car, still asserting "that it was a very
great occ(hic)asion7" Elko, Col., Independ
A Female Operator.
The money article says: "The latest
operation on the street is that of a rich fe
male speculator getting the best of some
shrewd stock operators. A short time
since several prominent parties on the
street started to 4 bull' Reading, and after
a short campaign got the stock up to 101.
The parties were generously favored with
the intelligence that the earnings of the
road were increasing rapidly, as well as
tie report tnat freights would soon be ad
vanced fifty cents per ton. The public be
gan to bite at these reports, and were just
beginning to take the stock off the hands
of the clique. Everything looked well, and
big 4 bulls' began to dream of handsome
dividends from the pool, when the stock
suddenly commenced to tumble, and did
not stop until 88j! was reached. There
were accusations and counter accusations
of cheating, ant a big row was threatened
among the clique. Now it appears that
there resides in Massachusetts the wealth
iest woman in America, whose sole delight
and ambition in this world is to make
money. This female operates largely in
Reading at times, and is generally the
owner of 30,000 shares, which she occa
sionally turns on the market. It is not
long ago that this same female sold her
stock on a ' bull ' party, since which time,
until recently, the stock has been neglect
ed. The 30,000 shares were all bought
back quietly, and the street did not sus
pect it, and held for another favorable op
portunity to selL The recent 4 bull '
movement presented the opportunity, and
30,000 shares were sold within a few days
past at 101 if to 100, and are now all on
the street Hew York Expreu.
Pen Portrait of Josh Billings."
In many of his articles in broken Eng
lish "Josh Billings" surpasses all who
have tried that class of writing. But to
fully appreciate him, you must see and
know him. He is about forty-eight years
old, and is the quaintest specimen of hu
manity with which we have ever met
Five years ago he was an auctioneer in
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. He has since moved
to New York city, where he keeps a board
ing house amused by his irrepressible od
dities. As he passes down Broadway he
cannot escape observation. His broad,
bent form, his immense hat and his large,
eagle-like features, are always noticeable.
His weakness is for chewing tobacco and
telling stories. Such quaint, laughable
yarns as he can spin are not easily put in
Erint When the lecture season is at hand
e sends out a humorous prospectus. He
makes from three to four thousand dollars
a year from his lecturing, and as much
more from his newspaper work. Always
cheerful and genial, always witty and yet
kind, he is liked exceedingly by his circle
of friends. Perhaps some of our readers
will remember the publicity that was
given a little time ago to the marriage of
one oi nis aaugnters, wnose beauty had
become notorious. She was as handsome
as he was ugly. St. Paul Dispatch,
A few words in regard to a favorite
method adopted by pickpockets, known as
" knucks," to successfully ply their nefari
ous vocation, may serve to place the pub
lic on their guard against the encroach
ments of these light-fingered gentry.
Pickpockets, as a general thing, are toler
ably well dressed, and so far as outward
appearance is concerned, might readily
pass for gentlemen. Those of the frater
nity who have made the profession a sort
of science dress with scrupulous neatness,
are at times exceedingly polite, pleasant
in speech, and affect such unostentatious
ness that they seldom fail to make a favor
able impression upon society. There are
others who do not come up to this stand
ard; they are simply confederates or
" pals," their business Being to hide the
plunder " forked " by their superiors. The
favorite resort of the fraternity of pick
pockets for the purpose of pursuing their
profession was, for several years, the street
cars, generally those which started from
railroad depots immediately after the ar
rival of the trains, or at the places of
amusement at the time of closing. These
thieves would select crowded cars, and so
well arranged were their plans that they
never came in contact with each other. At
the present time they deviate a little from
the old practice. 1 hey do not always se
lect crowded cars. They get on tbe rear
platforms of cars very nearly full, and in
sist upon standing there, always being
ready with some plausible excuse, such
as "going to get off directly ""only
going a couple of squares," or,
"it's too hot there." At such a
time their plan of operation is as follows:
Toe car itopa for one or more pajMntreri,
who have some difficulty in effecting an
entrance. The crowd opens the way, and
as the passenger passes onward his hat is
slightly pushed from behind so as to near
ly cover his forehead. This is so adroitly
accomplished by the thief as to throw the
passenger aforesaid off his guard. He
puts his hand up to adjust his tile, and at
the same moment the scientific "knuck"
relieves him of his pocket-book, or other
valuables, which he hands to a " pal," who
gets off and disappears.
The hat-tipping business is quite a fa
vorite practice, although it is not always
attended with success. Persons who meet
with such an event either in getting on
railroad cars, or while waiting at ticket
offices in depots or at places of amuse
ment, should remember these words of
caution : In case any one should feel his
hat move from behind, in the manner
above stated, whether on a crowded plat
form or any other place, as already indi
cated, let that person immediately turn
around to the one behind him, and say,
" I'm on that myself" After that he may
feel perfectly secure from further annoy
ance on that occasion. Philadelphia Bul
Finding a Mammoth.
Is the year 1799, a chief of a native tribe
was searching for ivory along the banks
of the Lena, when, to his great horror and
fright, he saw, in a cliff of the gravel, a
huge block of ice, and in it what he con
sidered a beast of evil omen. He became
ill from terror, but on his recovery, re
membering that the beast had tusks which
were like those he was searching for, he
again visited the spot There stood, all
encased in transparent ice, a creature like
an elephant in shape, nine feet high, and
16 feet long, and with enormous tusks pro
jecting for eight or ten feet, and curving
at their tips. The huge brute was hairy ;
it had long, black bristles all over it and
they were from a foot to 16 inches long ;
it had also long hair covering the whole
body, and short fur. The chief waited
and watched for five years. By the end
of that time the ice had melted, and the
mammoth presented itself in its flesh and
its hairy hide to the astonished natives.
The tusks were cut off and sold, the neigh
boring inhabitants came with their dogs
and feasted on the carcass, and the wolves
picked the bones. Fortunately a nat
uralist heard of it and collected the bones
and specimens of the hair, 30 pounds'
weight of which were gathered from the
wet sand bank on which the mammoth
rested, and the tusks he purchased. He
carried the whole to the nearest capital,
St Petersburg, a distance of 7,330 miles,
where it became one of the wonders of
the world, and where it may still be seen
in the museum, of which it forms a most
How Far Down a Diver May Go.
The greatest depth to which a diver can
descendj with the greatest appliances of
safety, is about one hundred and sixty
feet, and for this a bunch of hundred
weights must be disposed about his per
son. The average depth at which he can
work comfortably is about ninety feet,
which was near the depth at which the
operations upon the Royal George were
conducted. In the water, from sixty to
seventy feet deep, the men can work for
two hours at a time, coming np for a ten
minutes' rest, and doing a day's work of
six or seven hours. An English diver,
encased in one of Siebe's dresses, went
down in the Mediterranean to a depth of
one hundred and sixty-five feet, and re
mained there for twenty-five minutes ; and
we have heard that Green, the American
diver, inspected a wreck in the Canadian
lakes at the depth of one hundred and
seventy feet; but his experience was
enough to convince him that he could not
work on it without danger of life. At
this depth the pressure of water on the
hands is so great as to force the blood to
the head anl bring on fainting fits, while
the requisite volume of air inside the dress
to resist the outward pressure of the water
is so great that it would speedily suffocate.
Means have been tried to obviate these
difficulties, but for the present a limit has
been set to the extent to which man may
penetrate the secrets of the deep. An in
genious Italian workman has brought to
England a sort of armor dress which
would resist the pressure of water ; but
our submarine enginers think that this
would not obviate the difficulties arising
from the limits placed to human endurance.
The Comet Is Here.
For more than ten years past the most
scientific astronomers of the world have
told us, through publication in the maga
zines and otherwise, that during the months
of July, August and September, this year
(1869), the most wonderful comet the world
has ever known would re-appear. They
have also assured us that it would ap
proach nearer the earth than any comet
ever did before, and that either the earth
or the comet would have to change its
course, or a collision would be inevitable.
As this comet is said to be many thousand
times larger than the earth, and as it is a
solid mass of fire, with a tail of fire that
would reach around the earth more than a
hundred times, it is not at all unlikely that
a collision with it would prove as disas
trous to the earth as the late accident on
the Erie Railroad did to some of the more
unfortunate passengers. According to as
tronomers, it was this comet that immedi
ately preceded the terrible civil wars in
Greece, and was immediately followed by
a terrible contagion in Persia and other
Eastern countries, a most dreadful plague
that in a few weeks swept from the face of
the earth more than one-half the people of
the countries visited by it some years
after, this comet appeared again, and was
preceded by a most terrific civil war in
Rome, and followed by a plague, or scourge
that piled the dead up in heaps in the
streets of that proud but corrupt city, until
there were scarcely enough persons left
alive to bury the dead. This comet is now
visible, having made its appearance on
time, thus verifying the prediction of the
astronomers, without postponement on ac
count of weather. It may be seen with
the naked eye, in any clear night in the
northern part of the heavens, at from 11
to 12 o'clock and from that time till day
light, or till the morning star rises. The
late heavy rains have not had the effects
to delay its appearance and progress, or to
dim its brilliancy, though it will grow
brighter and brighter as it approaches the
A Remarkable Clock.
It is an undeniable fact that when genius
and poverty are combined in Europe the
latter is too heavy a burden for the former
to carry, and genius sinks under it There
are exceptions, but as usual, these only
prove the rule. Hence genius that will
not down seeks other countries where
antiquated prejudices do not obstruct its
way. This country has profited much by
being adopted as a home by many of the
most talented men to whom England has
given birth, and our list of eminent men
in the sciences, the arts, in all the diversi
fied branches of mechanical industry, con
tain many who saw the light of day under
a European sun, but who climbed the lad
der of distinction under the free sun of
America, though poor and unknown at
first they started out
Another somewhat similar illustration
of this truth we are enabled to give to-day.
There lived at Aries, in France, a poor
watchmaker, who was considered one of
the most expert at his trade, but was looked
upon by his fellow-workingmen as lit
the better than a fooL since, for years, he
spent all his surplus earnings, small as
they were, in experimenting upon a pro,
ject he had in his mind, of constructing an
astronomical clock. This man was Menes
treL At last he succeeded, and his work
was finished. . For six years he had been
laboring at it and his scant means enabled
him only to use the cheapest material, and
forego all attempts at embellishment But
he was poor, and that was his misfortune.
He was but a common artisan, with no
high-sounding title, no noble protection,
and for this reason he failed. He wished
to exhibit this work in London at the in
ternational exhibition of 1862, but from
London he was referred to the imperial
commissioners at Paris, and there was
flatly refused, FaUure and disappointment
surrounding him everywhere, de
spaired; disease came upon him airt he
died. The brother of his widow then tk
the matter in hand. He had for more than
ten years helped and assisted, advised, and
worked with his brother-in-law, and,
though not the originator, he had a right
to chum the work as partially his own.
He also failed wherever he appealed, and
despair came over him also.
At last only a few months ago, he
came to this country. Poor, friendless,
and homeless as he was, he knew not
where to apply,, and after a few days was
appointed sweeper at Castle Garden. He
then sent for his sister and the clock, who
arrived but last week, and took quarters
in one of the cheap tenements around
the battery, where this remarkable clock
has been put up. It is indeed a remarka
ble piece of mechanical work. In size it
is not larger than the old-fashioned mantel-clocks,
and is run by weights. It is a
regular dial, showing the hours, minutes
and seconds. Above this, is a sort of
frontispiece, in which revolves the moon,
giving with perfect exactness her different
phases and the changes from day to day,
and the degrees of the inflection of its
course. The front of the socket is cov
ered with a number of dials, giving the
solar cycle, the Dominical letter, the
lunar cycle, the easter cycle, the month of
the year, the day of the week and the date
of the month, the declension of the sun by
degree, the hour, minute and second of
sunrise and sunset from day to day, and
the true astronomical time, which latter is
given by minutes and seconds punctually
at noon each day with the same exactness
as a well appointed sun dial The dials
are all calculated for the meridian of
Aries, which is 2 min. 21 sec. east of the
meridian of London, and 43 min. 34 sec.
of northern latitude. The " Castle Garden
sweeper " proposes, if he can find time,
to adapt this clock, the work of himself
and brother-in-law, and its many astrono
mical dials, to the latitude of New York.
New York Herald.
Historical Humbugs. No. 1. Wil
liam Tell. There are hnmbngs everywhere.
Whether we seek them abroad, or look at home,
this truth ia manifest ; bat it is particularly remark
able what a number of them still remain on the
page of history. Becauxe they are venerabU) and
romantic, people are afraid to expose them. Bat
truth must out, and we propose to have a tilt at
them all round, Treat and small.
Let us begin with William Tell. How many cen
turies has that patriotic nonentity been shooting at
that eternal apple? Dramatically treated by Schil
ler, he is interesting: operatically, by ito$ini,even
more so; but as to facts, the remark, "Tell et la
vie." is anything but applicable to this case, since
William Tell never had life at all, but was a myth,
as pure if not as simple as that other William im
mortalized by Madame RacheL
The following facts, at least are now admitted by
all historians :
1. Gessler was not a tyrannical Governor.
2. There never was a Governor of that name.
3. Tell's father-in-law was not maltreated.
' 4. He bad no Father-in-law.
5. The Swiss Revolution was not led by Tell.
A. Tell never existed at all.
If this is not enough, let us critically examine the
well-known legend, and we shall find that it will
not stand the tet.
- William Tell's father-in-law, an aged man, hav
ing incurred the resentment of the Governor, was
barhsrously punixhed by him.
"Tell resolved on revenge. Gessler. to humili
ate the disaffected Swiss, ordered the Ducal-cap of
Austria to be placed on a pole "
Very unlikely that a Pole should be made Duke
of Austria. What was the name of the Pole, and
how many oi his descendants are living?
"He commanded all who passed by to stop and
bow to it."
How conld they stop and bow to it if they passed
by; Tell was evidently nnable or unwilling to un
dertake the difficult feat; so he was taken into cus
tody, and then
-Gessler tyrannically commanded him to shoot an
apple off his son's head."
Surely this was not so very tyrannical. It was an
easy ta?k to shoot an apple off his head ; the diffi
culty was to shoot it when it was on his head, with
out injuring him. However, it is recorded that
William Tell performed the operation successfully,
and -cleft the apple to the core." Immediately
"There was a General Shout."
What further proof have we of the existence or
an Austrian General of that name, and what had he
to do with the affair?
"And Tell, to the satisfaction of all, was about to
be set free, when Gessler noticed he had a second
arrow in his belt. He asked what it was for, and
Tell replied, 'To send to thy heart, had I slain my
This was altogether so unnecessary and melo
dramatic a reply, and so obviously intended
(thongh no pun is, here) to produce a Tell-ing and
Arrow-ing effect, that we dou't think it really hap
The legend then relates, that William TeU. being
taken in a boat to Geasler's seat of Government, a
storm came on in the middle of the lake of Zurich,
and all the governor s lollowers became instantly
reduced to lmnecility. I
" Tell, who was noted for a steersman, as well as
for an archer" (the mountaineers of Switzerland
were naturally perfect in navigation), "undertook
to steer the vessel : so he was unbound, and imme
diately seized tbe tiller."
We imagine the only sort of tillers the pastora
Tell knew much about were tillers of the soil
"He guided the boat safely ashore. Landing
first, he levelled his bow and shot Gessler to the
Tbe legend thus contradicting itself, for it else
where describes the Governor as
" A tyrant who heart nothing could touch.
"A revolt followed, the oppressors of the coun
try were driven out. and independence crowned
the efforts of the patriots."
Being Republicans, it is doubtfnl whether they
cared much about having anything or anybody
crowned in their country.
But we think enongh ha been said to prove that
William Tell is entitled to a first rank as an histori
cal humbug, and to make our readers, when they
are bothered about tnat mythical hero, scornfully
exclaim, "Don't Tell me!"
The students in one of our colleges be
ing frequently annoyed by the nocturnal
and inquisitorial visits of a Professor, who
suspected them of playing cards, one
evening prepared a kettle of mush, other
wise called hasty pudding, and by the
time it was I :led had seated themselves
around the table in the attitude of card
playing, waiting patiently for the well
known step of the Professor. It was
no sooner heard than a large outside
pocket of one of them was forthwith
filled with hot hasty pudding, and all were
seated as before. As soon as the Pro
fessor had opened the door, the student
who was loaded with the mush made a
sudden sweep over the table with his
hand, as if to gather up the cards, and
with another motion apparently put them
into the ' pocket containing the mush.
These movements could not help being
noticed, as they were intended to be, by
the Professor, who, considering them as a
pretty strong evidence of guilt, broke out
with the following :
"Well, young gentlemen, I've caught
you at it at last, have It"
" Why, yes sir, we are all here."
"So I see you are, and you have been
playing cards, too?"
" No, sir, it is not so."
"It isn't ha? What have you got in
your pocket, young man ?"
"Hot hasty pudding, sir." .
" Hot hasty pudding, ha ! hasty pudding
have you ? I'll hasty pudding you," said
the Professor, at the same time thrusting
bis hand half way to the elbow into hot
The dolorous looks, the shaking of fin
gers, the groaning and capers of the
Professor are better imagined than de
scribed. . i m
Accidents by Lightning.
Siuce the advent of warm weather this
year, there has been an unusual number of
accidents by lightning. Many of these
have been noticed in the city papers, and
many others only-in the provincial jour
nals. They have served to attract atten
tion, in consequence of their number, and
the extraordinary character of some of
them, to the electrical phenomena of thun
der storms; and they have illustrated,
quite remarkably, the ignorance of many
persons upon this subject.
Some singular accidents have occurred.
But a short time ago a locomotive upon
one of the New Jersey railroads was
struck by lightning. The metal probably
attracted the electric fluid. Near Orange,
in the -same State, a house upon which
there was a conductor was struck during a
heavy shower. . The lightning entered by
the window, and killed a person who was
near it. Very recently, a man who was
swimming in the creek near Hunter's
Point was struck and instantly killed.
About two weeks ago, a house in Mo
riches, L I., was struck by lightning in the
middle of the night ; the wife of the farm
er who owned it was killed, while he, who
was sleeping beside her, remained un
It is important for people to understand
that there is danger in exposing themselves
to thunder storms; for a large proportion
of accidents arise from unnecessary and
careless exposure. Almost all metallic
stubstances are good conductors of elec
tricity, and consequently it is dangerous to
carry such articles .as a hoe, a spade, or a
pitchfork, when out in a thunder shower.
A few days ago a laborer In Greenwood
VOL. XV -NO. 2.
Cemetery was struck by lightning, which
was attracted by a shovel he was carrying
on his shoulder. He was killed. Light
ning is also attracted by a rapid current of
ir; and hence it is unsafe to allow a
draught through the windows and doors
of a Vmse during a thunder storm. Many
persona have lost their lives through neg
lect in reference to this.
New-mown jjay seems particularly to
attract lighting, anj barns just filled with
it are often stivk. It is always safer for
persons at work o such barns to leave
them on the approach f thunder show
er. A man was killet by lightning while
riding on a load of hay Rochester last
It is generally thought tVat lightning
rods are efficient protection to buildings
to which they are attached. This proba
bly correct, if the tods are properly made
and properly put up. The accident in
New Jersey, which w have mentioned,
where a house on which there was a con
ductor was struck, seems to show that
sufficient care is not taken in this respect.
The question as to fcether or not lightning-rods
should be insulated that is, sepa
rated from the building by a non-conducting
substance, usually glass has been
much discussed late ly. It seems that high
authorities differ about it
If some one of our scientific men who
has made a study ot electricity would pub
lish a short treatise on precautions against
accidents by lightning, he would confer a
real benefit upon the community. A trea
tise of the kind would have a large circula
tion, especially in the country, where the
danger is rather greater than in cities, and
better appreciated. It would undoubtedly,
by the knowledge which it would furnish
the community ,be the means of saving many
lives. New York Sun.
"A man never sees good health again,"
once said a clever physician, " when once
he begins to dissect himself." In other
words, over care of diet, and a smattering
of medical knowledge keeps many a per
son in chronic trouble about his health.
The good old lady in the comedy, who
thanked her Maker that she had no nerves
having been born before nerves came in
fashion were she living now, would ex
press the same gratitude that she had no
digestive apparatus. Once it was the
nerves that were always in fault ; now it
'With the season of fruits and vegetables,
and the abundance of good, palatable and
wholesome food, comes the annual alarm
at summer ailments. Unquestionably,
many persons suffer inconvenience; many
children are sick, and not a few die; but
it is not the children's fault that they
sicken and die. It is the error of their
guardians, the over care, or no care at all,
and one extreme is as bad as another.
We do not mean so much care in regard
to food, as care to improve the three
best hygienic agents, air, water and ex
ercise. Give children well-ventilated
sleeping-rooms, take care that they
are kept clean, and let them alone for
exercise, and unless they are fed with re
fuse food, and too much of it, nature will
manage the rest. They should not be
kept so clean as never to be permitted to
soil their fingers. They may roll in the
sand if they please, and will be better
rather than worse for it. But at night let
them not go to sleep in all the perspiration
with which the day's work or romping
has hi led tne pores ot tneir skins, we
carefully groom a heated horse, and should
be at least as careful of our children and
ourselves. Rub the children down with a
sponge or a damp towel, and be sure that
they wear at night nothing that has done
duty through the day. Let the same care
be taken in the morning, and let their
clothing be loose and comfortable, ihey
need not be plunged too often in bath
tubs. Man is not an amphibious animal,
though many nurses seem to think so; and
many of the pale children of wealthy
parents look as if all the color were
washed out of them, like a faded garment.
Attention to the functions of the skin
woukl preserve the life of many a child.
Happily, such attention is within the reach
of everybody. It requires only patience,
and the " rule of not too much water.
There are few mothers who could not, if
they would only think so, treat their child
ren to a run in the parks, a street-car ride,
a water trip, if only across one of the fer
ries once or twice a week. These precau
tions, with simple food which an old
fashioned matron pronounced to be " a lit
tle of everything wholesome that is go
ing" are all the care that is ordinarily re
quisite. The oor, who are crowded in
close closets, cannot of course do all that
is desirable, but much more could be done
than is done. If parents, and especially
fathers, would deny themselves indul
ge ncies.w h ich ii re absolutely noxious as well
as expensive, they would have more money
and more leisure to devote to their families,
and the bills of mortality in cities would
not show the frightful preponderance of
" deaths under ten years or age, u common
sense did but wait on common humanity.
Remarkable Landslide in the Town of
Stockton, S. Y.
Hcdsos, N. Yr August 7.
The town of Stockton, in this county, has
been the scene of considerable excitement,
this week.on account of a gigantic land slide,
and thousands have visited the spot. The
lace where the phenomenon occurred is
ocated on the old post road, near the con
fluence of the Kinderhook and Claverack
Creeks, about five miles north of the city.
It comprises nearly five acres, and was on
an elevation above a dry ravine. A hill
intervenes between this ravine and the
creek on the east and north, of a little
less than the altitude of that which caved
in. The crash took place about half-past
6 o'clock last Monday afternoon. The
movement was gradual, and the surface of
the earth undulated like waves of the
ocean. No noise was heard until the mov
ing mass struck tlie base of the interven
ing hill, when there was a dull, rumbling
sound, resembling distant thnnder, and a
quivering sensation, like a slight shock of
earthquake. The earth caved in
to the distance of over eighty
feet, and the surface, as indicated
by trees and fences, moved a distance of
ovef six hundred feet. So gradual was the
movement that it occupied about half an
hour, and the sight was described by those
who witnessed it as sublime in the ex
treme. Among the most marked incidents
of the phenomena is the fact that an oak
tree, which stood by the roadside, was
moved with a section of the fence to the
bottom of the ravine, a distance of 000
feet, and the tree and fence now stand as
firm and upright as ever. The weaker
trees, such as pine and hemlock, were
snapped as pipe stems, and some trees of
this nature, two feet or more in diameter,
are doubled and twisted, like a wisp of
straw. The land is clay, founded on quick
sand, with a soil surface of not more than
two feet in thickness. It is understood
that the quicksand has been gradually
washed away from beneath and passed on
into the stream. The copious showers of
last spring left the surface a mere shell,
and the dry weather which followed caused
this shell to crack, and finally fall into the
vacuum below. A crevice of several inch
ea in width, flftv feet in leneth. and eep
beyond sounding, has appeared on the land
adjoining tne Boxen portion on me buuiu,
and fears are entertained that this tract
will soon falL
fight Between a Baboon and a Ship's
As English steamer, which arrivad at
Liverpool from Africa a short tiro since,
had on board three giant cbacmas or
baboons, two crocodiles, several monkeys,
and other specimens of the natural history
of the country. The baboons were very
ferocious and possessed of great strength.
For their safe cuvtody, a strong den with
iron bars was provided and placed near
the forecastle, so that they could con-,
stantly be under the eye ot the crtw. All
went well until the morning of the second
day out, when a crash was heard, and ia
an instant the large chucma had wrenched
several bars off, and the nxt instant was
on the fore-castlo,' srnnd with the bars
with which he bid bem confined. Here
his majesty paused fory-nvuncnt, and in a
dignified manner survey! his captors. A
rope having been got, a noose was formed
and ca&t over his head, -and he struggled
hard to extricate himself, but withes
avail Ha then attacked one of tha se
men, whom he seized by the arm, ax t
notwithstanding that several of the du
belabored him with weapons, the brute
would not relinquish his hold until he had
torn the flesh from above the elbow to
near the wrist, and had been rendered in
sensible, when henna carried to his den.
Blinds ea Horses' Bridles.
As a general rule, blinds should never
be employed on the bridles of valuable
horses. Colts should be trained without
blinds; then they would never require
such appendages in after years. A horse
should be allowed to see whatever is Re
curring around him. Were horses always
employed without blinds, there would be
much less difficulty in the management of
high-spirited animals. Horses soon learn
to confide in their drivers when the latter
treat their steeds with proper respect and
confidence. In such instances, blinds are
a nuisance. They sometimes injure the
eyes of horses ; and, more frequently, they
so obstruct the vision, that the poor brute
will be frightened at the rustling of a leaf
or a bit of paper, and run away, if he can
do so; whereas, were his sight unob
structed, he would see at once that it was
but a leaf, that there was no cause for fear.
Many serious accidents have occurred
which were attributable to the use of
blinds. Besides these things, there is a
grand beauty in the flashing eyes and head
of a noble horse, which should never be
hid by such useless and injurious append
ages as blinds. Hearth and Home.
In Umbrella Biter Bit.
In the evening it rained hopelessly.
The cloqds came down in sheets and slui
ce. Monsieur deH , an elegant "of
the first water," found his second water
too wet for him. He was islanded under
another man's portieo, and not a hackney
coach or an umbrella within screaming-at.
Suddenly around the corner comes a plain
citizen, housed under a protecting heaven
of blue cotton and whalebone ; but under
his enviable umbrella, walking alone. A
thought seizes Monsieur de H . He
rushes to the citizen's side, and seizing him
affectionately by the arm, commences the
eager narration of a touching train of
events. Not giving his astonished listener
time to respond, he hurries him along,
sharing his umbrella, of course, as he goes
and clinging closely to his side and voci
ferating the confidential communications
till they arrived at the Boulevard, he stops
at a cafe, and then, for the first time, ap
parently, takes a surprised look at the face
of his umbrella lender. Overwhelming
apologies had wholly mistaken the per
sonthought it was his intimate friend
begs ten thousand pardons and dodges
in to the safe inside of the coffee-house.
But the fun was to be in telling the story !
To a convulsed circle of delighted fellow
dandies, Monsieur de H was telling his
adventure when, by chance, placing his
hand on his heart, he miased the usual pro
tuberance in his vest pocket. The vain
able gold watch was gone! Ia bis cleee
clinging to the apparently plain citizen,
the gay joker had hugged a pickpocket ;
and" consequences !
FACTS A5D FIGURES.
THERaisan8yearold girl in Winter
port, M&, who weighs 152 pounds.
Thomas Hoixakd, an Erie engineer,
has fallen heir to $300,000 in England.
Iff May last not less than sixty Ameri
cans matriculated the Berlin University.
The Baptists of Germany have increased
to ninety-six churches and over 17,000
Thb first Sabbath-school in Spain has
been organized in Seville, with seventy
Is Cleveland, up to a recent date, over
one thousand dogs have been drowned in
the pound this season.
RonntsoiT Crcsok's cocoanut cup and
sea-chest have been secured by the Anti
quarian society of Scotland.
Ah Indianapolis grocer opened his sew
grocery by holding a prayer-meeting
therein from 7 to 8 o clock.
Hok. Join Bioklow, the new managing
editor of the New York lima, is said to
be a Swedehborgian.
A negro boy eight years of age com
mitted suicide at Halifax, N. C, a few days
since, rather than take a dose of medicine.
Ti ore has recently been discovered
near Augusta, Me., at the point of Junc
tion between a silicious slate formation
In 18C0 there were but 403 miles of
horse railroad in the United States. It is
estimated that there are at least 4,000 miles
At the Washington shooting festival, the
other day, Secretary Rawlins took a hand,
and hit the bull's eye five times out of six
Ths Supreme Court of New Brunswick
has decided that a magistrate cannot sit in
any case to which one of his relations is a
Thk whole number of Protestant native
Christians in China is about 4,000. Chris
tian churches are erected at all the mission
From 1863 to 1367, inclusive, 4,641
soldiers in the British army were branded
with the letter D, for desertion, and 1,270
Thr San Diego Union states that out of
55,000 head of cattle that started from
Texas, during the past year, for California,
not over 5,000 reached that State.
A prize, valued at $500, is offered by
the managers of the St. Louis Fair, for
the best milch cow, to be tested on the
grounds for three days during the fair
It is claimed that Great Britain has now
such extra facilities fprshipbukiing.thatin
case of any emergency, she could send out
an iron-clad daily from the works on the
Thk number of soldiers' orphans main
tained by the State of Connecticut is 1,994.
Nineteen-twentieths of them are in private
families, the others being cared for in pub
Tn capital invested in the publication
of sheet music and musical works in the
United States, is estimated at $5,000,000.
Probably $300,000 will cover the annual
importation of sheet music -
A Camden, N. J, policeman should be
called " dead shot." He only had to shoot
twenty-seven times to kill a little mad dog.
The dog got tired of the fooling, and died
a natural death.
English locomotives are reckoned to
last for about 350,000 train miles, though
on some roads this may go up to 400,000
or even 500,000 miles, as the wear and tear
depend greatly on circumstances.
At the Springfield street Chapel, Bos
ton, the other day, Dr. Chapin s father,
who is 83 years okl and lame from a falL
was supported down the aisle by Father
Cleveland, aged 98, and another spry vet
eran aged 100.'
Tim total rental values of London are
estimated for the purposes of taxation at
20,000,000 per annum. Supposing this
to be five per cent, on the capital, the real
estate of the city is worth 400,000,000, or
$3,800,000,000 of our money.
Thk coolest place in London is the reading-room
of the British Museum. The
officials keep the room cool by steam ; that
is, tbey drive a current of cool air into it
by means of a steam engine, and the stu
dent is thus provided with a most agreea
Thkt have now at Saratoga a young
lady possessing eight trunks of Parisian
toilettes, and $10,000 in rings, ear-rings,
brooches, neckhue j and other ornaments.
Five years ago this fair demoiselle resided
over her father's dram shop in Sixth ave
nue New York.
A prize baby show has been held at
North Woolwich, England. The exhibi
tion contained 800 babies ; though there
were applications for no less than 2y500.
Purses of 3, 3, 5 and 10 were offered.
Only one set of triplets and four of twins
At Catlach, India, recently, an elephant
beknglng to one of the Rajahs went into
a tank to drink, and in doing so put his
foot either on or close to a crocodile, which
at once bit it very severely. This so en
raged the elephant that he trod about un
til he got his adversary firmly beneath his
feet in the mud, when he trampled his life
A Paris rogue, while chaffering"! n a
store, abstracted a pair of silk stockings.
The ck rk perceived it, and, when he was
going out, complaining of the high prices,
called out, "I cannot letyoo hare those
stockings so cheap." The thief calmly
laid them on the counter, saying, " Verjr
well, I cannot take them at a higher price,
and quickly departed. .
Ajc aristocratic lady of Lennox, after
anxious inquiry as to what would remove
some paint spots from her window glass,
was told that " elbow grease " was the best .
thing known. Whereupon she naively
exclaimed : " Oh, Via so glad to have found
out! I wender if they krp It at hnf
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