Newspaper Page Text
u vss ins rzjfus
now i woua srre to ne aatater them !
All that 1 lack la a asere pretenss
Icoold teap over the low waita feces. '
..... . TtaaUaM -
Of the rtpwfcff M
IWb ha tha tieated Bad
Hw Terr Saw wenthac,
Jaat aa the ttmmm t amid. -,,;
In CCUl MM Ae rt"WJSd CfOW
. eOMCISSCaV -
Tale b the way that crlsaee eoanieaee
Sia aad Borrow arseerUaleace.
Over the kaes teas t(us aay salt.
Thea I can f la (or It that is aH ;
Picking aa apple xrp near the tree
Would be reauy a theft, job see.
Ob the snroattnf Mmj;
Tne imi mpi wu on mill no :
And the raccooni aad eoainels hare had
"tty -AOfrcd S. Horsley.
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1869.
VOL. XV.-NO. H.
Thn Is a BUseheod a weak miens.
Of all the fod BanVa WD and cm ;
oia aad sorrow are over tte Race. '
And the blackbird are Socking fro Sioooe knows
Where. ., i r ,.
Bat bow his tlsM hM eosse ; terra y
To the eelds. lade to-day . .
Our work wilt ptay.
Apt tha sasirrea) scold cherry
We'll take Itob. tfwt lobe that too from
Coaa alome, om) and bO. MJil -B
boysaad ssmB hoys.
Loog-eraawl Aatos, sad Joel, sad Jtm I
Bring ilcklea to mb. or Wadae to strika.
Before the? hare lost
IB BBS I
B acker d Btaik aaast be Jhin ,
Suroud thesa, sad send thesa, them kit with
- LMftBtBDdtaf tfcf,
Thr from woody and etfonr;
The corm ta U shock will ripca still. - .
Carry toot rtroke, leda, ctaee to the ground, - '
Het the etBlka aprisbt, , ....
And pack them tight
Ib pyramid! shapely and stately and roand. .
ive the old lady's skirta a genteel apread;
Slope wril the aboalders, ao M to ahe4
The Aetna, rata . ., .'
Frwa the vnhacked gTBta, ' '
Thea twist a wisp tor tfc ttt nUlt head.
There ah is, watting to bs omhraead I
Reach roand her who caa I
TwiH take mob . :
Aad a boy, at heat, to dan her waist!
Wnern a bar Hk that? How die w
Tightly the airdle of food eel-auaw!
With the priBiBaH wait
That arar wa faced
Goes the narrowest -'ffc"--p erer jroe saw.
We Mad the eora aad leave It sang ,
Or rest la the shade
or the shocks we bare made,
4To eat oar taacbeoa, aad drink freea the jar.
The chUdrea come bringing the bands, or play
llide-aod-ro-aeek la the corn all day ;
And Bow aad thea race
WHh a cMpasonk. or chare ' 4
A scared tittle tetd-Bxxua scampering away. (
AJ1 day we cat and bind till at night-
Where a leld of eora ta
The misty BMraing
Waved, la the level Septmher Krtt
AU over the shadowy atsbbie land, -
The stooka, like Indian
There leave theai to core,
TU1 the merry basking-tlase is at hand. -
Tbea the fodder will be te stack or to house. '
Aad the oars to hask. ; .'"
Bat now the dosk
Falto'soft m the shadews of coot ptae-boagba ; -
or rood day'a work la doae ; the nttbt
Bring wholeacmie fatirae aad appeuu ; '
rp ceanr the UUooa
Of the red mooa.
And home we go, atnfiaf gay aonca by tta HgbL
Ws are hccnstomed to conuder " home
eickneaa" m a transitory sentiment, that
fades a war among noTel Kenes and fresh
aoqn&intanoe ; and soch it is with most
To those who have been educated among
the associations of large communities,
whose minds are under the constant in
fluence of changing scenes and faces, the
lore of home does not appeal with the
force that it exercises upon individuals
brought closely into contact with Nature
and less with man. The citizen oldier,
sent on long campaigns, sever sickens
with nostalgia. The country conscript or
recruit is almost invariably subject to . it,
and in degree according to individual
temperament. Soldiers and Bailors as
classes are more generally observed to suf
fer under malignant forms of this complaint
than any others : and this is owing, in a
great measure, to the monotony of their
daily lives, to the anpalatable restraint
under which they are held, and to the
character of their probable future, which
is unfavorable to a speedy return to the
associations and scenes whose absence
they regret Among these classes of men
uic uepioraiMC cuecis 01 nuoiajgi are, ua-
. fortunately.Bot confined to individual cues.
Frequently it takes an epidemic form, and,
spreading with the rapidity and virulence
of cholera, or the plague, a whole com
pany or a crew will become demoralized,
sink into utter inaction and depression, or
become insubordinate and mutinous. To
guard against such melancholy results it
has been found necessary, in the
French army at least, to give - orders,
issuing from the highest authority, that
any conscript suffering under a marked
and serious attack of maladU du
rtayt shall be returned to his
home for cure. There have been cases
known, among 'the slaves in the West In
dia Islands, of this disease assuming an
epidemic form, and numbers of the unfor
tunate victims have hang themselves in
community of despair, to the branches of
trees surrounding the plantation. And,
after aU, why should it seem surprising
that these things should bet There is
certainly no more powerful influence ex
ercised over the thoughts and actions of
mankind than habit and what habit so
potent as the constant presence of the
scenes and surroundings of home T Even
the lower animals are subservient to this
great law. The deer, pursued by the
hunter, circles round his accustomed lo
cality, returning with undeviating accura
cy, though with uncertain and faltering
steps, to die tn the presence of the scenes
with which he is familiar. The tiger,
wounded at a distance from his lair, will
drag his bleeding body while life lasts, that
he may yield It finally in his native jungle.
Th funMtfj tm wrill nil nmt wmw
miles of dusty road to seek the home to
which it is accustomed. Throw a crab
upon the sandy beach, and instinct
teaches it the way to the sea. Thoughtful
consideration may find similitude be
tween , these phenomena and the impulse
that leads the murderer to the scene of his
crime. Indeed, they are all to be re
ferred to the influence of impressions
upon the brain. I he stronger and
more fixed the impression, the more
determined the habit or impulse, and the
more marked and injurious the result of
its deranrcment Thus the chance from
grand and conspicuous aspects of Nature
tn the. mrmntanv of anenea lew varied in
their features cannot but have an imme
diate and depressing influence upon the
A young man from Basle, far from his
' native land, fell into a profound melan
choly, aooompanied with sleeplessness,
loss of appetite, and general lassitude,
' which soon deranged his health, and he
became in a danzerous condition. Left
alone with servant", they imagined that he
was moribund, and proceeded to read over
him the prayers for the dying. As he still
lived, however, they sent for a physician,
for form's sake, - who, recognizing the
symtoms of nostalgia, proposed at once
the removal of the young man to his home.
- The mere suggestion had a reviving effect,
and the patient did not cease from that
moment to grow stronger, until he was
able to depart for his native land, where
his cure was effectually completed. Ap-
BertJflat wf a Boy.
A bjsidkitt of Knight's Landing sends
ns the following account of an act of ju
venile heroism: On Saturday last two
men went to the farm of Philip Prather.
on the Sacramento river, about two miles
above Knight's Landing, and finding only
- a small boy at the house T.a son or. rra
- ther's), who, upon teeing strangers ap-
S roach, went Into the house and locked the
oor. The men demanded admittance,
and threatened to kill him if he did not
open the door and give them what money
was in the house. The boy went up
stair, ostensibly to get the money, but in
stead he brought down a loaded rifle and
told them to leave or he would shoot One
of the men told him he could not do it,
and they then attempted to break in the
door with clubs, when the boy aimed at
t ie larger of the two, through the win
cow, and shot The result he does not
know as the fellow halloed aad ran away.
The boy thinks he hit- his man a center
shot The little fellow is only 11 years
old, and his mother was at Knight's Land
ing trading. Mr. Prather is at present in
the East The boy deserves credit for his
heroism. Wsyx&uwi, vat utmocrat.
Mr. Drake, who put down the first
oil well in this country, who at one time
was worth a million, recently died in the
poor house. The first aemcx ana engine
still stand over the welL and are very
carefully preserved. A monument is to
be erected to bis memory, which will con
tain a room in which the engine is to be
A touho girl was recently found guOty
of infanticide before the Criminal Court
of rHockholm, and sentenced to the peni
tentiary for life. Upon hearing the a read
sentence she drew a pair of scissors from
her pocket and subbed herself to the
HOW I GOT EICH lfilOST KT WILL.
BT MAC AB09K.
Arm battling for many years with
misfortune, misery, reverses and disap
pointments, 1 nave squatted in bt louis.
lam sow ncn man a narjoo. ine
eessor has assessed me at $275,000. I
have "line Arone Castle" nearly com
pleted, and a crowd of upholsterers and
supply merchants solicit my patronage.
Piles of sweet-scented notes daily beg the
favor of my society to dinners, suppers
and evening parties. ' -.:
JUKI yd f VH 7W WWiyi X M.
recollect when I was as poor as poverty
whenl vainly solicited employment where
by I might live honestly and decently.
Nobody would listen to me ; nobody cared
for me. Bankers looked suspiciously at
my appearance. Clergymen gave me a
mess of "cold shoulder." They could
make nothing out of me. Grocers and saloon-keepers
eyed me with mistrust when
I asked for five or' ten 'cents' worth of
their wares. My tailor would have the
money in advance for a suit of clothes I
. Unable to do anything in St Louis, I,
with two friends companions in misery
resotred that we would try our
luck in Kansas City. Their names
were John Smith, a Tender of pat
ent rights, compiler of directories, and
projector of advertising dodges; and Al
bert Robinson, a Bohemian, who was for
some time local reporter on one of the St
Louis dailLss, but at the time I speak of,
out of situation, money, friends and hopes.
Robinson had a manuseript of five hun
dred and forty pages of foolscap, entitled
"Millerism Exposed; or the Perpetuity
of the Earth," It was a well-written, log
ical treatise, and would nave made turn a
reputation to be proud of. But no pub
lisher would undertake to print it for the
We three packed up our little valises
and took a cheap passage on one of the
boats for Kansas City. There we were
more fortunate. 8mith obtained a clerk
ship in a dry goods house, Robinson se
cured a position on one ox the morning
papers, I became salesman and book-keeper
in a rrocerr house.- We had about
seventv-five dollars a month. It was not
much: but it enabled us to have a little
reunion once in a while, talk of the i
and devise projects for the future over a
quiet glass or Deer, in a reurea room just
off from Main street
After a long chat one evening on our
hopes and tears. Smith said: "All non
sense, my dear fellows ! we have neither
of us the means of making a fortune.
But an idea strikes me could we not get
trie creaii oi oeing near
"And to what purpose?" I sug
M It gives one a position in the world.
A large inheritance augments the con
si deration in which we are held. Then
evervthine becomes carr."
I recollect" said L"cfan uncle of
mine, who went out to California at the
time of the gold fever, and he has never
returned nor been heard from since." .
That's Just it Well bring your uncle
tn Ufa or rather, well kill him. Ingots.
gord-dust, shares in mines and crushing
mills, shares in railroads, banks and gov
ernment securities, will have a grand
effect No doubt there are many re
turned gold-seekers of that time, for
tunate and otherwise, from St Louis to
St Joseph along the river towns, that re
member roar uncle or have met him in
"Let us kill himr continued the two
scamps, " and leave the bulk of his for
tune three millions and a half of dol
larsto Mac Arone."
We laughed heartily at the Joke,' and
had another round of beer. I thought no
more of the circumstance, and you may
guess of my astonishment when I took up
and read among the city items :
A Luckw reikne. We learned yes-
terdav. from a oartv of gentlemen lust
returned from Montana, of the death of
Mac Arone. Br- one of the most fortunate
of miners, who was attracted to the gold
regions several rears ago. lie was mor
tally wounded by a party of Indians, and
time to make his will, and leave the bulk
of bis savings some 13,500,000 to his
nephew, Mac Arone, who now occupies
the humble position or. Doox-Keeper at
Brown & Co.'s grocery house on Main
street We wish Mac Arone, Jr., joy of
his good fortune : and as he was always
hearty, jovial kind of a fellow, he has now
.. . . i f .... 1 1 . i i
three ana a nan muiion auuiuon&i cuums
on our regard."
The evening papers and the other
morning papers rehashed the item, and
the two fellows retailed the story with all
the seriousness imaginable.
The next day people came in groups to
compliment me. My employers wanted
me to go in panoerwuip wuu mem aim ex
tend the business. I disavowed the re
port as a matter of course, but nobody
... .a VAST . IT a"!!
would oeiieve me. many in xansas v;iiy
knew mv uncle well they had met him
in different mining districts of Montana
and California. Some had been fellow
travelers of his from one place to another.
All put him down as a lucky, aurewa, in
Among the number or tnese visitors
was one not the most agreeaDie. vviin
the whim of a voung man, I had some
time previously ordered a fashionable suit
r iihM tn an nni in 11 wu neariv
worn out "d I was yet owing about half
the price or it There naa Deen ior some
time past a coolness between the tailor
and myself His importunities I wished
to avoid. The rumor or my legacy maae
him hasten to find me. Such was the
penalty I paid for the foolish pleasantry
of mv friends.
"Good day. Hi. enip " saia.j. with
some embarrassment, "I suppose you
have come for those fifty dollars that I
" Br no means, my dear Air. mac Arone
T never thought of it You do not imagine
I would think of dunning you for such a
neJtrr trifle? No. sir: I came to solicit
you for the. manufacture of your mourn
What mourning suit ?"
For your, uncle. No doubt you will
desire two suits for a change ux hat,
rrartML white shirt black studs, etc."
"Just now. Mr. Snip, such an order
fWm mm amnld tat imOOesible."
I hope you don t think, Mr. Mac
Arone, of withdrawing your patronage.
You know my. mKeriate are prime, my
wnrtmni first-class, and mr prices as
moderate as you can find them even in
"I tell you again, I have not yet re
; 1 S
" I beg of you, my dear Mr. Mac Arone,
not to speak of money I am not pressed
it will mme soon enough" and Mr.
Snip, who had already taken out his scis
sors, passed his measure round my waist
I was certainly in want of clothes, and
therefore permitted him to take his meas
No sooner was he gone than another in
dividual entered. He began :
"Mr. Mac Arone, you must do me a
great service. 15 uy my house ana roc
You are rich very rich ; you want some
real estate in Kansas City. Forty thousand
dollars are nothing to you, and at present
I am in urgent want of money. I expected
Mr. Hardcash to buy it, but he does not
decide, and 1 hare some pressing engage
ments to settle." -
"buy your house what nonsense 1"
"It is no nonsense. It is a safe invest
ment. In two rears it will be worth
double the aoraunt I have your word,"
and he left without giving me time to re
nlr. So well did he circulate the report of my
purchase, that very soon Mr. Hardca&h,
apparently in bad humor, honored me
with a hurried visit Ho at once remarked:
" Mr. Mac Arone, I cannot do without
that house. I thought It was aireaay
mine. I offered thirty-seven thousand
fiw hundred dollars for it believing that
the owner would soon and surely come to
terms. But there is no hope of starving
vou into an agreement; so without fur
ther preliminaries, I want to offer you an
..r.iuv nf fifteen thousand dollars on
Fitteen thousand dollars coming to me
T aaroolv knew what to make of it I
who had so much trouble to procure work
I, who had to toQ so incessantly for seventy-fire
dollars a month : -
Although but little acquainted with
business, I saw in -a twinkling the advan
tage to be derived from my position, and
"P"6.. ... ?1
" it is impossiDie, sir, ior me to give you
answer just now. Keturn by nve
Meantime I will consider the
At a quarter before the appointed hour
Mr. Hard cash was before me.
I had no wish for that house," said
"and did not even think about it
when the owner came and begged me to
bur it As it suits you, and as any other
will do as well for me, I accept your
" You shall be paid In two weeks, in
paper on St Louis," said the purchaser,
delighted with, my promptitude in busi
Paper on St Louis I . X was so little ac
customed to financial nomenclature and
that I imagined I should send
t thither for payment
I accordingly wrote to a banking-house
not far from the post-office, stating that I
had certain fundt to invest, and awed ad-
rice on the saiest mode, it appears, the
phrase "certain funds" has different ac
ceptations, "on "Change," according to
the name and the position of him who
The news or my inheritance must nave
reached St Louis. No doubt it found its
wsyinto the "Missouri. State Items" of
the papers. Perhaps the mercantile agen
cies became posted. "Certain funds,"
situated as I was supposed to be, was a
modest manner of specifying a considera
ble amount At least I supposed so, on
receiving an answer from the house to
which I wrote.
They said mr letter had just arrived in
time to take one hundred and fifty thou
sand dollars worth of Iron Mountain
Railroad stock just offered on 'Change.
f 1 thought Mat too much, a large pront
might be immediately realized, as it had
rapidly gone up. A Postscript in the
writing of the President, who was an oily,
hypocritical financier, congratulated me
on my accession to fortune 1
A hundred and fifty thousand dollars 1
The letter fell from my hands. The
amonnt fnchtened me. Itelefrranhed in
stantly to my correspondents that so large
a sum was beyond my means; that I had
no remittances as yet irom Helena, .Mon
tana, and that I was not then able to satis
fy their claims.
A reply came in a couple or days, say
ing that in accordance with my implied
wish, they had disposed of the stock at a
profit of seventy-five thousand dollars,
wbich was placed to my credit They
begged of me not to he uneasy, as they
were aware that in consequence of the
troubles on the overland route (the Union
Pacific Railroad was not yet in operation),
remittances were slow from the. WesX
The prospectus of a new German bank
was inclosed, in which one hundred shares
were secured for me.
Seventy-fire thousand dollars ! Did the
clerk put in a few cyphers too many My
situation became embarrassing. I was
overwhelmed with congratulations, par
ticularly when I donned the suit of black
the black silk hat with broad crape,
1lack kids, black tie and studs, dainty
boots, tt cetera. The editor of one of the
newspapers thought himself obliged to
give a biographical sketch of my uncle,
and asked me for additional particulars. 1
was besieged with annoying questions or
every kind. In what way would l fur
nish my house ? samples or ciotn, grocer
ies, etc., etc- were submitted to me for
inspection. I never knew of so many
churches in course of erection that were
short of funds! so many public institu
tions with depleted treasuries! so many
orphans who wanted fathers, and widows
who wanted hasbands, at the impover
ished asylums, who would bless my boun
ty ! Missionaries told me harrowing tales
of the poor children in Timbuctoo dying
or cold in the aog-uays. rews were ten
dered to me in twenty-seven churches in
St Louis and Kansas City, l would be a
second Peabody. I would be the Roths
child of the West, the Astor of the Missis
sippi Valley, the VanderbUt or Missouri.
.Lucas and bhaw were nowhere, com
pared with what my piles of correspond
ence made me. But I was ruined in post
age stamps and stationery. In the midst
of all my riches, whether real or imagi
nary, l had no money! fortunately.
from the moment I was held to be rich no
one would take a cent from me. Every
body counted upon the honor of my
At last I decided on going to St Louis.
Immediately on my arrival I went to my
banxers, who received me wuu ail the
warmth due an inheritor of great wealth.
"I regret" said the President "that
you mistrusted that speculation : for rail
road stock has again gone up. No mat
ter, however, you hare some left"
Will rou hare the goodness, saia i,
"to tell me precisely how much all these
funds are worth which you hare bought
"The calculation is easy, and taking
out a pencil, he ciphered on the back of a
blank check for a few minutes, and then
said; " Four hundred and twenty thou
sand dollars 1"
I opened both my ears and. eyes.
"You ssr four hundred and twenty
V nn A A r-vllaa wfl wvsxrl alT1 1 f A itAVt A Tt
" Perfectly "
Not wishing to appear too startled, I re
plied briefly :
That is wen. . lou spoxe aiso or a
Yes: the establishment of the hank
has met with some difficulties but the af
fair is not less good. We are on the eve
of terminating it, and scrip is well up."
" Uould that scrip be also sold r
" Yes : and holding as rou do, one hnn
dred and fiftr shares one thousand dol
lar shares which are tolerably up, yon
can realize thereby eighty thousand dol
" Although as yet I have paid nothing ?
"All right since you say so. Now,
would like to make a good and safe in
restment of the whole, be so kind as to
tell me what rou, think."
You will need a home here, iteserve
enough for that and invest the balance in
five-twenties, seven-thirties and ten-forties
and other safe enterprises that will arise,
and the coupons and profits will insure
rou a nice income.
" By disposing of what I have, in the
way specified," said I, "what will be the
net annual income r
" About twelve thousand dollars a year
on all vour investments, which might be
judiciously used in increasing 11."
" Twelve thousand ao liars a yeari
guess I can manage to lire on that," con
tinued L "When can I receive it ?"
" To-morrow, if you confine the transac
tion to our house.
That of course," was my rejoinder;
" what other idea could inspire me with so
treat a degree of confidence ?
The president of the bank bowed, and
aak-Ml me to have a class of champagne.
Win it be believed ? in the midst of all
these treasures I felt a certain embarrass
ment in asking for a small amount of
which I stood in the greatest need. I had
not a dollar in my pocket
With some confusion. I asked :
" Can I, without indiscretion, beg you to
advance me. lor me tune Deinr, a smau
sum, which I need in my progress through
44 Certainly, my very dear sir. Our safe is
at your disposal How much do rou want ?
three, rour, or ten wousana aouars :
i "I do not reouire so much just now
one thousand dollars will be sufficient"
- After I got the United States bonds, and
other securities, ana the taousana dol
lars I wanted so preeeingly, I arose to de
nart "May I beg you," said the 'president,
leading the way as I was going out, "may
I beg you to continue your favors to our
H Certainly, sir ; you well deserve it
I replied, conscious of haying the
vouchers of a twelve thousand dollar in
come in my breast pocket one thousand
dollars in greenbacks in my pocket-book,
and sufficient securities beside to secure a
lot and build upon it a residence suitable
to niy tastes. .
" I have another favor to ask of rou.1
said the president; "come to tea this ere-
ning, my wife will be so happy to meet
I regret that other engagements just
now call my attentions for the day, and
will deny me the pleasure."
" To-morrow any tune : ray house you
may consider yours; you will always be
" Thank you. Good evening."
As I parted from the banker I began to
realize my wealth mr importance. Se
curities for a princely home and a princely
Income ! IhadnodoorA that I was destined
to resuscitate the noble house of Mae
Arone lrom the dark ages of oblivion. I
was now possessor of anhnotneof twelve
thousand dollars a year. When I landed
in St Louis, I had not where to take my
trunk, and not much more than its bus
hire in my possession. .But now I ordered
hack Irom the court nouse square, ana
taking my trunk from the Pacific railroad
depot, I put op in a nice room at the
For several days I was tormented With
importunate risita The entire staffs of
the four newspapers called about fifty
times to solicit my subderiptkm. Begging
letters lay in piles upon my table. I ir
ritations to suppers, evening parties and
soirees, rose around me tn oaoruenous
pyramids. Hungry editors came to ask
me if I didn't want to run on the inde
pendent ticket for Congress, or for Mayor
at the next election. I could hare their
support They could mold the American,
German and Irish elements in St Louis,
as the potter molds the plaster clay.
About a wees: arter my arnrai at tne
Southern Hotel the waiter brought me n
the cards of my friends Smith and Robin
son. I ordered them to be shown up.
They were astonished at my situation.
"It's the deru to be permitted to see
you," said both, nearly together.
- les; l am oesiegea oy persons wiui au
sorts of solicitations and projects; but you
my dear friends, you will be always wel
come. You are just in time to come with
me to see a site I bare purchase!, and
where I am about to hare erected a regu
lar medieval castle. It will cost about one
hundred thousand dollars."
"I suonose it must be some considerable
way from here," said Smith, with signifi
"Not far from the Fair Grounds," said
"Let me take you there in my car-
"Your carnage T"
" You hare a carriage ?
"Yes, and asrjanktagteamlboughttwo
Mr two friends retired to the window.
where they whispered to one another,
looking all the time very lugubrious.
" Mac," said they, turning to me, " do
you know that your uncle is not dead."
-1 don t Know u ne oe aeaa, saia 1 ;
"for I am not very certain that he ever
" You know that this story about your
inheritance is all a joke?"
"I am also persuaded wat oniy you ana
believe so," was my answer.
"We hare done you wrong, rejoined
the twain; " great wrong in what was in-
for fun. it cost us much sor-
The friends thought I was forced to
leare Kansas City by the pressure of
creditors, who expected pay on the
strength of the joke.
" un the contrary; i manx you cordial
ly for it," said L
"It is our duty to aisarowit; we are
going in public . to declare ourselres
entreat you to leare things just as
they are. A few days more of credit will
prevent the necessity of displacing my
Smith and Robinson regarded me as
"Come," I said, "let us lose no time;
the carriage is ready. I will tell you all
as I go along. Smith I hare secured you
a gooa poena , anu, iwuubud, a nave
made arrangements with a publisher for
the getting out or your doox.
Troth, however, always comes out
Some were on the watch for express pack
ages from Montana for me. Well-advised
people shook their heads wnen speaxing
of me. The rumor so quickly raised, tum
bled down with equal rapidity.
" The best of it is," said some, "he has
ended by falling into the snare he laid
for others. For my part I nerer believed
I comprehended the situation by finding
on mr table some twenty notes. They
were all nearly of this style :
"Mr. Snip presents his respectful em
nliments to Mr. Mac Arone, and, haring
an urgent need of money, begs that he
will be so good as to pay, in the course of
the day, the utile account wmcn ne naa
the honor to inclose."
My answers were aU alike
"Mr. Mac Arone thanks Mr. Snip for
the bill which has been so long looked for,
and herewith sends the amount"
Only one letter contained no request for
money. It was from a mena wnom i naa
almost forgotten. Fearing that I had been
duped, he wrote to lend me fire hundred
douars should I wish to remove from a
Elace where so many rumors were circu
ited prejudicial to my character.
Mr reolr rare the necessary explana
tion, which I concluded thus :
"lam rich; not by an inheritance, in
which I nerer believed, but because it was
determined, in spite ef bit protestations,
that I should be rich. I hare, in reality,
been made rery rich I scarcely know
how. This is what I would wish you to
Bar to those who would talk of me.
I owe more thaufortune to my singular
situation, since it has assured me that I
hare a friend on whom I may count in
adversity, should it erer risit me. For
another week I was a common topic for
"He has been fortunate, if you will;
but I say he is a clever fellow, who has
known how to take advantage ot circum
stances. It is not everybody who could
maneuver in this way "
For mr rjart I was for a moment tempt
ed to applaud my own genius ; but a little
reflection convinced me that talent had
nothing to do with it I quietly took my
place in society as the possessor of twelve
. . . . i i.
thou sanu aouars a year, auu wu a.cp i.
Mnralizinff on mr sudden change of po
sition, I can only took upon it as one of
those strange freaks of fortune which all
the world allows to be unaccountable.
WeMern Monthly. '
Hints to Houdaepen
Vmu ai ftdtnt nf ansno nf the best
authorities on tne suojecw neiw rao
T ! imu tn th fnTlnvinw con
clusion: Vessels intended to contain liquor
.... . . i , j i . -..
a nigner wmperature, sboum isb nr
ucted of materials which are the worst
wAinrm tiaat - ThnB tpa im and BFJO,
pots are best adapted for their purpose
SUCH WIUBWWrMa VI jruMol.. imi, m.
WV191 ..ni ii i r
a tvijV wnn.ltit taa nnt la tha worst
conceirabfs material for that Teasel, for
both tta materials ana cuius: au rm
radiators of heat and the liquid contained
in it mnls with tha rreateat rjossible
rapidity. .On the other hand, a bright
wukt. to. Mil ta - rttMax fimrauiii MIT us
.nm Knanaai it ta tha wnrat radiator of
heat ana tnereiore coots as biuwit h
BlDie. . A pousnea surer US urmsa was via
la Kaita. aantaal tn retain the heat of the
niM than am nf a dnll brown colo.r
anrh as is most commonly used. A tin
... . . . m . - - t
it more effectually if it be kept clean and
o;.Wa than if ft h BJlnwad to eoDect
the smoke and soot to which it is exposed
M .1 -.1 1. alw WhM anataA
irum toe acuuu u iu n - wu-.x-
:v. .via ttm wnua hamniM rnaurh and
black, and is a powerful radiator of heat
A close store, mtenutxi k warm apair
.v..u ,nt hawai a nnlialuid aor.
i b. u. that mm it ta nm nf the worst
radiators of heat, and nothing could be
contrived lesant ior tne purpowowi wbm
it is applied. On the other nana, a rougn,
nannKikad anrfaos of cast iron a favor
able to radiation, and a fire in such a
store will always prouuee a moa jwww
rol enect vor. mrmamvmm jaeyrv.
Th tha mnst vol la. hi data thai can
be had from all parts of the country, it is
estimated that tne corn crop wui uej
nnnnnn Knakota annrt nf tha iwmm.
which is not far front 800,000,00 bushels ;
but other food crops more than make up
ior ute uuiurc m v-im.
TTkat It ft IaWOiMtiTe Engine f
First, and perhaps most important is
the Boiler. This is a magasine in which
is stored the power of a thousand giants.
If it be suocientry strong to hold in this
reserred force, then man has successfully
harnessed the elements, and compels them
to do his bidding. '
The second part of this machine is the
Engine. This consists of a cylinder, pis
ton and valves, with machinery attached
to make an automatic machine. The pis
ton presents the surface and area on which
the power shall act ; the valve measures
the quantity of force-to be admitted at
any one time, and the machinery guides
the ralre intelligently, so that the breath
ings or the monster ahau be refuiar and
controllable: for. when once the ralre is
opened the huge lungs take in tha breath
or life, and the monster becomes a living
thing; and haring been baptized in fire,
it yields gently to the controlling power
of man. The third part of this machine
the carriage, without which it would
not be a tooomothre.
This carriage, whilst it must be strong,
yet may hare almost any form the designer
may choose to give it
These three parts, properly fitted and
rightly joined, make the locomotive of
modern times, with which all the people
are more or less acquainted.
First of the boiler. The economical
idea to be carried out is to get sufficient
strength for safety, sufficient heating sur
face for steam, and at the same time not
add too much weight so that it could not
be readily transported. To do this we
make the boiler of steel, iron and copper.
The fire-box itself, and aiso the tubes.
are surrounded with water, and as the
fire and heat spread orer a large amount
of surface, the heat Is easfly communicated
to the water and steam is rapidly gen
erated. The comparative menu of any
two boilers are, first, as to strength and
durability ; and secondly, as to the econo
my with which they generate steam.
Another indispensable Quality in a loco
motive boiler is lightness, by means of
which it is rendered portable. The upper
part, being about one-rourth or the Doner,
is devoted to steam room. Steam being
lighter than water rises to the top of the
boiler, from whence it is taken ana earned
in pipes to the cylinder or cylinders.
A locomotive is so constructed that it
may be worked with one or a number of
II 1 TT 11 X. 1 . .3
cyiliauem. uauauj u naa tiu, auu buuic-
Looked upon as a fine piece of machine
ry, the locomotive engine is unsurpassed.
In utility it stands without a rival It con
tains the rjent-UD forces of a thousand
giants, and yet is as obedient in the hands
of its master as the gentlest (steed of the
Arab. Swifter than the wind, and strong
as Jore's thunder-bolts, by day and by
night it is driven over blooming prairies,
and thronrh mountain glen dar time
and night time it is the faithful servant of
a generous public, ana tne great aruizer
of the age.
.Aa.j . a .
The cost or a nrst-ciass locomotive, at
the present time, is about thirteen thou
nd five hundred douars in currency.
This price includes engine and tender fit
ted up for complete service.
Indeed, some very large locomotives
cost rery much larger sums of money, but
the above is s fair price for a good loco
motive. Water is a liaukL nroduced from a
chemical union of two gases, oxygen and
hydrogen. It is abundant in nature,
though it is seldom found pure. So great
are its solvent powers that in its percola
tions through the earth it dissolves sud
stances and holds them in solution. It
also, in falling from the clouds in form of
rain, beats down various gases and float
ing particles, which render it more or less
Large bodies of water that hare no out
flows or are only diminished by evapora
tion, are more or less salt; as the oceans,
and some ef the lakes.
A cubic foot of pure water weighs one
thousand ounces, or about sixty-two and
When heated to two hundred and twelve
degrees,.? Fahrenheit," it vaporize, and if
unconfined, passes rapidly away. If
heated beyond two hundred and twelve
degrees and confined, it gives a force or
pressure, and this force or pressure in
creases with every degree of heat till its
force becomes fearful, and its pressure be
At a temperature of three hundred de
grees it has a pressure of fifty pounds on
the square inch.
At a temperature or three nunarea ana
forty-two degrees, it has a pressure of one
hundred pounds per square inch. At a
temperature of three hundred and eighty
two degrees, it has a pressure of two hun
dred pounds per square inch, so witn
every increased degree of heat there is an
increased amount of pressure, which,
though not following in exact ratio, yet
pretty nearly keeps pace the one with the
When steam is kept in contact with
water it is usually saturated steam. When
steam is heated separate irom water it is
what is called dry steam, or in other words
superheated. Steam mar be superheated
to such a degree that when brought into
contact with water, or when water is in
jected into steam, the whole is instantly
In n fa. V. VJ !
nasnea into steam, ana terrioie expiauons
take place in consequence.
There lore, it wiu be seen that rery
great care is necessary in the management
of steam, for, though a good servant, it is
a bard master.
Then to sum un the whole, how won
derful is the thought, that from the misty
vapor that rises from the earth until it
forms the cloud, is distilled the gentle
rain, and from the rain-drop, baptized
with fire, we derive the power that bids
defiance to time and space.
With this nughtr rorce we traverse the
ocean against wmd and tide.
With ribs of iron and sinews of steel
the fieryhorse of the present day comes
forth. The earth trembles at bis tread.
and the mountains echo back bis sonorous
breathings. His shrill roice startles into
new life the unbroken silence of sixty cen
turies. His course is onward orer the
mountain ranges and through the broken
canons. He stops not at the borders of
civilization, but pushes rorwara to arag
drilization in his train. The pulpit and
the school house follow the path of the
shovel and the spade, whilst the locomo
tive becomes the neraia or a more gion
ous civilization to our whole country.
JaefummU, tn ElttmngUm, JiL, Ltaatr.
How to Unhitch a Team.
Tbxhx is alwaTt a right war to do srery
thing, and the right way to unhitch a team
is that which is tne quickest ana Barest
We hare often noticed farm boys, and not
only farm boys but men, disconnect a team
from a wason in a Terr unsafe manner:
something as follows : The driver springs
from the wagon, roes to the sides of the
horses, nuts up the lines, unbuckles them
at tha hits, lets down the neck-yoke, un
hitches the nuts ana leads tne horses away
Now this mode is rery common, and
rery risky. Let ns notice why. In the
first place, as soon as the lines are put up
you hare tost your means of control, as
soon as the pole is down your horses are
in peril Supposing they should take
fright which is common to the most quiet
ni tha result of a team running
with only the tugs hitched can be imagined.
We hare cases in mind where horses hare
sped away with maddened fury in exactly
this condition. The pole plowing the
ground, and at erery plunge of the fren
zied animals, the wagon striking on their
heels, frightening then to desperation.
Now the right way, or a good war at least,
is to keep the Ones in hand or where they
can be reached until the tugs are all un
hitched, then your team is free from the
wagon unless a stationary neck-yoke is
used; next go directly in front of the
horses and let down the neck-yoke ; and
after this separate theni as conrenient
ant rarmtr. . .
At Adrian, MWl, a lady partially
filled a lamp with kerosene oil, a few
mornings ago, placed Et on a shelf, under
a chimney, Tn a room in which there was
no fire. About dark, without any fire
haring been near the lamp, it exploded,
and ft was onlr br great exertions that the
house was saVed,
TALK WITH A LETTS BITZtTlTil
. "QATH,"the Wsshmgtonconespondent
of the Chicago Tribune, recently had a
talk with a Postofflce detective, in which
the following incidents were related :
A THTCF BT BAPTISM.
I was ordered up to Newcastle, Penn- a
year or two ago, to examine into the case
or a man wnose letters had been taken out
of the Postcffloe by some one else, checks
and money substracted from them, and
who was still subject to depredations by
this invisible unknown. The man's name
was Leri Miller. A person had called at
the Postofflce for letters for Leri Miller,
and had received one in which was a check
for payment on some lands which the wri
ter had sold for this Miller. Not only had
the strange man accepted the money, but
be had replied to the letter, continued the
correspondence, and intercepted more pay
ments. It was a case which puzzled the
Postmaster and Miller also, to know how
the interloper had got the checks cashed. I
found that the latest letter received from
the rascal had been dated Wilhamsport,
Penn., and he had ordered remittances
sent there. So I hurried to William sport,
two hundred miles eastward, and called at
the banking house which hail cashed one
of the checks.
" How did you happen to gire a stranger
the money on this V
" We did net He left it for collection,
and we forwarded it to the drawer, who
duly cashed it The man then came in
audi obtained the money."
. " Would you recognize him again f
" I dont think we would. We took no
notice of him particularly, and it has been
some time ago." -
I then went to the Postofflce and asked
the Postmaster's clerk if he remembered
anybody stopping for letters for Leri Mil
ler. "Why, yes! he was here a few. days
I took up a printed notice and filled it in
with the announcement that there was a
registered letter in the Postmaster's hands
for Leri Miller, and this I dropped in the
mail. -Scarcely had I done so when the
clerk said : '
" Hist I Mr. Depro, here is the man out
side now. inaulnng for a letter."
I slipped out the side way and came to
the man irom behind.
"Is your name Levi Miller ?"
"Come in here. There is a registered
letter for rou." He steooed inside and I
rare him the registered blank book, tell
ing him that he must sign his name. As
he did so I looked orer his shoulder and
saw that the handwriting was the same as
that upon the intercepted checks.
" You are just my man, sir; I want you
to come with me orer to this bank."
" What do rou mean, t"
"That roue been robbing the Post
offlce !" As he went along with me, I felt
his arm tremble.
"See here," he said; "I hare property
enough to pay for that check I took. I
don't want to go to jaiL"
' " now did you happen to get lien Mil
" Because my nam u Levi MHUr. I was,
traveling through Western Pennsylvania,
and expected a letter. I opened, unsus
pecting, the letter addressed to me, and I
found a check in it It came orer me in a
moment to appropriate that money, al
though I knur it was meant for another
person bearing the same name"
He was recognized at the bank, paid up
the sums he had abstracted, and was not
BOBBED BTHIS BOBT.
A rery large percentage of depredations
on letters is made by the families of men
who suffer, continued Mr. Depro as an
example of which I recall, just now, the
name of a celebrated claim agent of Wash
ington City. He was in the habit of re
ceiving every day large fees from his cli
ents in ail parts or the country, ana be
came to the Postofflce to complain that
quantities of his letters were dally robbed
of their remittances and returned to the
writers with taunting remarks appended,
as : " Didn't you think this money was
going straight t You're a fool to-think
that your cash can reach the agent!
Robbed by the Postofflce man; try
again !" The agent came to the Postofflce
with loud complaints of dishonesty there,
and the Postmaster asked me to Investi
gate the case. I saw speedily that the
emptied and returned letters were super-
fv.j .1 1 jv , i t. 1 .1 a
Bcxiueu Willi mo ieit jianu. uuwerea
me to know what object there could be in
thus returning the covers of robbery, and
I was sure that no Postofflce clerk would
be so absurd.
I dropped a couple of letters to the
claim agent, and ia day or two called on
14 Who gets your mail from the Poet-of
" My son brings it erery morning.
"WelL it's your son that is robbing
The old man nusnea up inaignauy :
"Mr son. sir (That is a slander! it is
impossible ! he is the son of honor and my
"WelL do you want me to examine
"Yes. sir; but you will find it rain. He
is my only son."
Directly the boy came in, and I ad
dressed him r
" Did you receive, yesterday, two letters
from B and J "
As he said this, a red line started from
his jaw and ran up to his temple a
"Look there!" said I to the father, "I
dont always beliere in marks of guilt
but how is it that your boy's face flushes
like that! when I merely mention two
- ' . a . a . . W
names? Thomas, it is necessary tnat l
1 searched him and round notning i -"There!"
said the father, "rou nerer
were more off the track in your life."
" Thomas." said 1. " where do you sieepr
I should like to go to your room?
Arrived at his room I openea his cnam
ber secretary, and there I saw one of the
envelopes I had myself directed.
" Thomas, what are you doing with that
arelope ?" ?
He threw up his hands. " I own up," he
cried ; "I am the depredator."
" What did you return those letters with
remand for, in your left handwriting?"
"Because I did not want my father to
lose that money. I wanted the people to
know that it had not come to hand, so that
they might re-enclose it"
I took the boy again to his father, who
said, in a tone of triumph :
"WeB, sir! I suppose you are satis
fied!" "Yes!" said I, "I am ar tisfled that
your son is a thief."
"Father," said the boy, "he's right I
The old man burst into tears.
"I leare tout boy with you," I con
cluded, " there is no charge against him
unless rou make it"
The son was soon after sent to risit the
uttxb cAuitnra euTTrHo ran wtixu
Another case that I figured in, continued
Depro, after I had questioned him some
time, was that of a great quantity of rifled
letters and envelopes which had been
found in the harbor of Baltimore floating
arainst the base of Federal HilL There
were several hundred of them, coming
from all parts of the world, and though no
complaint had been made, it was probable
that there had been an extensive robbery
of the maiL I took all the envelopes and
patched them together, and I found that
they were directed to certain quarters of
Baltimore exclusively. Borne parts or the
town were not represented at all amongst
those addresses, and observing this, I in
auiredof the Postmaster how the carriers
received their maiL He told me that they
sorted it over upon a great table separate
ly. Number One, who served Number
One route, selecting his letters ; then Num
ber Two picking out his, and so forth. By
consulting my envelopes, I found that
Numbers One, Two, Three and Four must
have received their mall before the robber-
carrier came to his turn, because not one
of the rifled letters were directed to their
districts. My espionage was therefore re
duced to the remaining carriers, and I
r 'trhed upon one as the culprit because he
ii i-l l itely been buying some property. So
I wn.t to his snug little home while he
wa i J on his route, and his wife confirmed
iuy notion that he was makingtnrestments
beyond his honest means. While I wait-
, he came in, and I told him that I was
a detective agent, ana wunea to sausry
myself of his honesty by going through
the house, to which proposition he readily
assented, alleging that everybody in the
Postoffle was anxious to see the depredator
secured, and he concluded by saying that
as I should possibly want to search up
stairs, he would go up and unlock the
trunks, closets, etc
Ashe went up stairs, I slipped after
him, in a minute or two, and peeping
through the crack of his bed-room door, I
saw a nand glide from underneath the bed,
and it was as quickly withdrawn.
" Mr. Adams," said X, " what are you do
ing by that bed? Come out this way."
"Why, Lwas unlocking the secretary
here, to give you a chance?
I felt under the bed-bottom, and brought
out a large bag of gold.
"Adams, this is a good deal of gold for
a poor letter carrier to hare on hand.
What were you doing with your arm un
der that bed ?"
"I surrender," he said; "it's nouse. I
robbed the mails for a good while, and
threw the envelopes into thePatapsco,
supposing the tide would take them out,
but it carried them only as far as the oppo
site side of the harbor.
He plead guilty to robbing one letter,
and by the aid of a smart lawyer, got only
two years in prison, was pardoned out,
and actually recovered at law the gold he
had stolen !
01TLT OSCR A THTXJf, BUT FOB $40,000.
You would be surprised to see, some
times, continued Depro, how people be
come thieves by the mere habit or hand
ling valuables, which are exposed by some
body's carelessness. A short time ago, a
package of bonds to the amount of $40,
000 was stolen in the New York City Post
office. They had been sent from Newport
Rhode Island, and were for soldiers
widows' warrants, eta, so that the outcry
was natural, and it came from all sides.
The bonds were too bulky to go inside an
envelope, so they were tied to the envelope,
but this tact we did not ascertain till we
found the thiet The package was put in
a red-backed envelope, signifying a "regis
tered" letter. Now at the Postofflce a
mail is tumbled upon a large table, and
consecutive clerks go through it energeti
cally, each picking out his portion. First
of ail comes the clerk of registered letters
which are always important letters
and him we surrounded with spies for two
years, In rain ; for nothing was seen in
any place or at any time to give us a wink
of evidence that he was the culprit
The real thief let me anticipate was
the newspaper clerk, who handled that
mail some time afterward. The red
backed envelope turned undermost in the
ransacking, and left the wrapper on top, so
that the registry clerkmistook it for a cov
ered newspaper. He therefore left it and
so did successive clerks, till the newspaper
sorter came along. Discovering this prize
among his books and newspapers, the lat
ter was seized with a sudden impulse to
steal it and it was at once transferred to
the pocket of his overcoat which was
hanging close by.
The thiera name we may can lippy
RamsdelL and, when he got home and
opened it the poor pauper was so over-
come to uiiu nimseu puesestieu ui ,wu
instead of a ten-dollar bill, that he was
frightened out of his little wits. He hid
the bonds for nearly two years, and we,
meantime, having exhausted all means of
detection, had given up the task.
Suddenly we received a dispatch:
"Bond number 18,664 has turned np."
We traced it to the New York house of
Jay Cooke & Co. It was a small bond for
1100, and the clerk at Cooke s remembered
well that it had been presented by a boy
named RamsdelL clerk for a bounty
agent in Park Row, who said that he found
it in the park.
My mind went back at a wink to the
hitherto unsuspected name of Tip Rams-
dell, the boorish newspaper elf rk. I knew
that he had a brother at JSiizabetb, ana
that this brother had a spry son. So I
arrested the boy, and myself and another
special agent went separately to work
with him. The boy had been well drilled,
and nothing could shake his story that
he had found the bond in the Park, while
my colleague tried erery means to bring
out the truth. Then I went into him.
" Boy where did you get that bond ?"
" I found it sir, in the park ! "
" You lie, you rascal ! Tell me who gave
it to you, and if the rest are given up no
body shall go to jaiL"
lie still protested that he bad round it
in the park. I talked to him awhile and
found that he was not a bad. boy ; that he
had been to Sunday school, and had some
moral ideas, and I pictured to him hell in
all its material horrors of sulphur, and
thirst and fire.
"Now," said L "I mean to, make you
take an oath that will send you there if
you swear false."
The boy's lips turned white. "I can't
take that oath," said he ; " I can't go there.
My lather gave me that bond and told me
to sell it"
We took the boy's affidavit and arrested
his father, who had become the custodian
of Tip Ramad ell's secret for Tip being a
poor shyster, without mind, had nearly
died of this awful responsibility of wealth.
The brother, Crosby, being a little sharper,
but not more honest had bought some ink
to cancel the name on the bonds and men
had made a renture with No. 18,664. We
found half the bonds on Crosby and half
on Tip, and as we had promised the boy,
we let the poor pair or thieves up as un
worthy of further notice.
Tshe Plague of the House.
Thtot-ootawk have been extremely duz-
zled to determine what the great Jewish
law-giver meant by the terms, "leprosy of
the bouse" and "leprosy of the garments."
That it was something highly detrimental
not only to the house and the garments,
but to the occupants, may be inferred
from the injunctions given for its des
truction. The house was to be vacated
and cleansed : the stones affected were to
be removed out of the city ; the walls were
to be scraped, etc And if, after the pre
scribed treatment the leprosy remained,
the house was to be destroyed, and the
stones thrown into some unclean place
without the city. Garments affected with
leprosy required equal care in their purifi
It is now rery generally believed that
the leprosy of the house and of the gar
ments is the mildew of damp and moist
places, which the microscope reveals to us
as a fungus or plant growth. Two varie
ties of leprosy are mentioned in the Leviti
es! account namely : "redduh" and "yreeia
uA." The former is commonly known as
the dry-rot (Mmiliui lachrymans of botan
ists), and appears wherever there are
moisture, warmth, and a stagnant air. It
is quite universal in its prevalence, but is
found more frequently in wood and organ
ic substances. Disced under the conditions
above given as in the hollow places of
trees, in tne mme-wora; oi snips, auu m
the timbers of houses. At first it. re
sembles a spider's web, spreading, by
means of fine white threads, from a com
mon centre. Gradually, it becomes con
solidated into a yellowish-white mass, like
a cushion, and may be seen in great num
bers in the crevices of the wood or wall in
fected. As the vegetable grows toward
maturity, these maewrn become covered
with reddish vines, which emit drops of
water, and hence the name vtryraiu
(weeping). At maturity, this .plant sheds
an immense growth of seeds, so minute as
to float unperceived in the air, but having
such vitality that when they fall into a
congenial soil, they immediately take root
Thus the fungus spreads with amazing
rapidity in places adapted to its develop
ment The destructive effects of this
olant noon wood are well known to ship
and house carpenters. The tenacity of the
fibre is destroyed, and the wood falls in
pieces like sand. Ships, once affected,
are soon rendered useless, and houses fall
into irremediable dilapidation. It is only
by the complete removal of every germ
that the work of decay can be arrested ;
and for complete restoration, the sunlight
and fresh air are inaispensaDie.
The "greenish" color is doubtless due
tn annther fnne-ns. more e-ene rally seen
than the "reddish" namely: mildew or
common mould (jpenteiiuum gUtucum).
This plant finds a proper soil in erery
place where moisture, warmtn, snaae, ana
stagnant ' sir exist together, and even
where but the two conditions, moisture
and warmth, co-exist The housewife
flnda U in the cellar nrton her n reserves.
in the crevices of the loaf of stale bread,
fringing a pumpkin-pie, covering the Tin
egai. and among her linen which has been
packed away .when' damp, ine lamer
finds it in erery shady nook, upon his
Sunday boots, on old harness and saddles,
on the damp hay and grain; in tlie grana
ry, on vegetables, etc. It is proline to a
most extraordinary degree ; its -germs fill
the air of our rooms, penetrate our lungs,
fill our clothing, and whererer they can
find a place for germination, take root and
multiply so rapidly as often to excite the
surprise of those most ianiilur with it
Like the "reddish," tha "greenish" lep
rosy is destructive or house and garments.
Every article upon which it grows will
sooner or later undergo decay, and become
useless, except where a ferment isneces-
sarr to its utility.
But these forms of leprosy are not, un
fortunately, always confined in their inju
rious enects to our household surrouna
ings. Ther often attack, when the weath
er is propitious, rarioua crops, the wheat,
the grape, the potato, and in a few days
cause immense destruction of property.
But eren this is not the limit of their eril
effects, for the thrush of children, and
manT of our most fatal diseases, are trace
able tothegrowth of these fungi upon our
throats, within our stomachs, liver, and
eren our blood.
. This leprosy within our houses and gar
ments has nerer attracted the attention it
ought In many dwellings, especially of
the poor, it prevails as a permanent pesti
lence, and not only destroys in time the
tenement but also its occupant In our
best houses it may be found insidiously
spreading decay and 'death where and
when least suspected. It should become
universally known that dry-rot in the
wood, or bricks, or stone of our houses,
and common mould or mildew upon our
clothing and food, means a tendency to
destruction of house and family.
The remedy for this domestic plague is
simple and eiiective. in sunlight and dry,
fresh air, these fungi cannot grow to ma
turity. The lesson is a most important
one to all housekeepers, and especially
those having damp, un ventilated rooms.
How common it is to find such apartments
occupied as bed-rooms, especially for
children I No room in the house should
be left unaired. and, if possible, unsunned
for a single day. Living and sleeping
rooms should always hare a southern ex
posure, and the sun and air should be
freely admitted the lire-long day. If the
plague clings to the wood-work and gar
ments in spite of cleaning, the summary
measures recommended by Moses had bet
ter be applied namely, destroy the house,
and cast its fragments into an unclean
place without the city. Eminent i'Ays-
cuia, in uearui ana iiom&.
f ACTS ISO FIGURES.
Thxbx are 12,000 nuns in Spain.
A cLKRontA the other day took
$5,000 wedding fee in New York.
Bells Boyd, the noted Southern spy
has been sent to the California State In
Pasts will have, on the 1st day of Jan
uary, 1870, a dry goods store employing
Nirw HAMPMmus has a stage-driver who
has held the lines for thirty-seven years
on one route,
- It is estimated that over a million bush
els of peaches were shipped from Alabama
during the past season.
Titers are three times as many men en
gaged in selling liquor as in preaching the
Gospel or teaching schooL
A Nsw Bedford marble worker has
an order for a couple of tombstones for
the tombs of two hens.
A wedding guest in New Tork esti
mates that out of 82 marriages which he
attended last season, only 19 were "love
Bishop Kutgslxy, of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, expects to ordain nine
native Chinese ministers on his reaching
Katkoff, the most eminent journalist
of Russia, was, fifteen years ago, an ap
prentice in a house-painter's shop in Mos
cow. Vermont's funded debt is $1,073,000
a net reduction during the past year of
$157,042, and since the close of the war of
Tub total number of voters on the Eng
lish parliamentary register last year wsa
1,203,170, and the number who Toted was
A TOTxa lady, who has been studying
finance for some time past, wishes to know
whether the day rate of gold affects the
nitrate of silver.
Ytctok Hugo is 67. Alexander Dumas
66, George Sands 65 years old. The three
great French authors have sons who are
celebrated authors themselves.
A tamil t of seven brothers and sisters,
the youngest of whom is sixty-eight, hare
resided together all their lives, in Knox
AifovsL feature of the Danville, Va.,
Fair, was a pistol shooting match, partid-
Sted in by a number of young ladies,
iss Ella Yates taking the premium.
T McHenrr county. EL. there are 11
cheese factories, which use the milk of
about 3,400 cows, and the past season have
made about 1,600,000 pounds of cheese.
Lord Palmxrstoh never visited the
most important seaport of the British Em-
Eire, Liverpool, which the railway had
rought within four hours of Broadiands,
his country abode, until the year before
his death. .
A wbttxr in the Providence Journal,
addressing Senator Sprague, says : " Gov
ernor, you have no idea how much money
one able-bodied, industrious man can lend,
in the course of a day, if he is so dis
posed." SrnrjrorTCLD, Massachusetts, has an en
thusiastic Christian who attends eleven
religious meetings a week, works at his
trade erery day, and goes twenty-six
miles by rail to his work, and finds time
to read his Bible and his newspapers.
Thk new Roman Catholic Cathedral in
Boston will probably be finished in. 1871.
It will cover an area of 55,000 feet It
will hare a chime of bells, and it chief
tower will be 300 feet in height The style
of architecture is the early Gothic. .
Ih a bayou near Natchez, a short time
since, two field-Dieces. loaded with slurs,
stones, balls, etc, were discharged into a
crowd of alligators fighting orer the car
cass of a sheep, and twenty-one of the
reptiles were killed.
Phi. Brvxn. Mass- has a bank with
1400 000 canital and only eleven stock
holders, a majority of whom are named
Bravton. There are four thousand shares,
and of these one gentleman owns twenty-
Air eccentric capitalist In Buffalo offered
a man, presumed ta be lazy, seventy-two
dollars and some groceries u ne wouiu
wheel a barrow containing one hundred
pounds of stone a certain distance twice a
day for twenty-four days. The offer was
accepted and the contract faithfully exe
a wan nf iron one inch in diameter
will sustain a weight af 28 tons, a bar of
steel 50 tons ; and, according to compula
tion, based upon the tact that a fiber only
l-4000th oi an men in diameter wm sus
tain 54 rrains. a bar of iciders' silk an inch
in diameter would support a weight of 74
tons. '. . t
Tn atstiatfoa nf tha lsjst General Con
vention of the Protestant Episcopal
Church shows : 39 dioceses ; Bishops and
clergy, 2,662 ; candidates for Holy orders,
849; total number of baptisms, 90,730;
confirmations, 59,940; conununicanta,
195,183 ; Sunday School teachers, 21,478 ;
scholars, 188,132 ; amount of contributions
for three years, iu,iaj,iam.
' Wnx men are puzzling themselves to
account for the fresh water which comes
nn thronrh an iron tube, sunk fifteen feet
through the constantly shifting sands of
(Jape (Jou. irom sixteen to twenty xeet
from high water and not more than three
feet above it The water in this tube
rises and falls regularly with the tide, yet
more than lOO barrels bare been pumped
from it at one time without finding the
slightest trace of saline matter. It is of
such fine nualitT that Teaaels supply them-1
selves for a sea voyage from this well .
Wboae Is the wjfce that thas wptk o plain I
Twice have I heard n, and aot la atn,(
as er wiu i TBotore to look that way.
Lest 1 shall do aa I planned to-day.
1 the way that an aria eommene.
wniaiaawui Si ever IN BWOB.
TRUE 8T0XTES ABOUT POLLT.
fob TBnurriJt ohm.
Tmk was once a Poll Parrot who
loved to pick chicken-bones. She would
sit upon the back of a chair, holding on
by one claw, while she grasped a chick en
bone with the other; and then she looked
rery much as if she were playing a flute.
Kitty liked chicken-bones, too; and
whenever she saw Polly enjoyingone, she
always thought that she ought to have it
herself. She was a sly puss, and at last
she thought of a way to get Polly's bone
from her without being bitten by her
strong, black beak.
Polly had a violent temper, so that
when she was angry she did not know
what she was about Kitty made the most
of this. She would jump up into the seat
of the chair upon the back of which Polly
wat sitting with her bone. Then, watch
ing her chance, Kitty would raise her paw
and gently tap the end of her bone.
Polly would get into a great rage at'
once; she would scream out and try to
bite Kitty, and this would make Polly
drop the bone. Then Kitty would quietly
jump down after the bone, and scamper
off with it Wasn't she a sly Kitty
Polly had a grudge against Kitty for
getting her chicken-bones. So one day.
when she saw Kitty lying sound asleep
on the kitchen-floor, with her tail straight
out behind her, she climbed down from her
CWaddling across the room to where Kitty
was peacefully sleeping, Polly seized her
tail in her beak. She bit pretty hard, and
Kittr gave a piteous mew, and fled from
After Kitty had had her tail bitten, she
nerer went to sleep in the kitchen with
out keeping one eye open to watch Polly. .
Polly would start for Kitty's taiL but as
it took her a long time to walk across the
floor, Kitty would lie quite still and take
a nap until PoOy had reached her;. then
Kitty would jump up and run to the other
end of the room. '
Kitty would then lie down and calmly
watch Polly waddle back after her, only
to hare Kitty again jump up and run back
just where she was before.
Polly would scream and bob her head
up and down in a great rage ;' but she rwver
seemed to make up her mind that she
could not catch Kitty. Polly would keep
waddling back and forth after Kitty for
an hour at a time ; and I really believe
Kitty enjoyed it as a veryfeood joke,
. It was funny to hear PoDy scold her
self She liked to get up on the window
seat and rap with her beak on the pane ;
but we were afraid she would break it; so
we always scolded her when she did so;
and at last she learned to scold herself
This is the way she would go on : Rap,
rap, rap, rap, lap: -naugnty, naugnty,
naughty, naughty Polly !" -
We could always tell when she was
going into the dining-room, where she was
not allowed to be : because, as she waddled
through the hall, she would call out "Go
back, Polly ; go back r
Once Polly climbed idto a' neighbor's
pantry window, and began packing to
pieces some bread and vegetables that
had been laid on the shelf; ready for din
ner. The folks found out that she was there.
but did not dare touch her, for fear of be
ing bitten. They sent over for one or us
to come after her; but by the tune we
arrived, the nice slices of bread were aU
crumbled, and the lettuce was all bitten
Polly was sometimes very loving, espe
cially to my sister Anna. Anna would
take her, and hug her close up to her
bosom. Polly would spread her wtags,
and make a cooing sound.
At these times she was as genue as a
dore ; but when her anger was aroused,
woe to the incautious hand that ap
proached her! Lucky for that hand if it
were not bitten to the ..Done. in
A Lesson of Perseverance.
At a recent Sundar-school concert in an
Eastern dty, an anecdote was related to
the children which is too good to be lost
It illustrates the benefit of perseverance in
as strong a manner as erer. did a Bruce,
One of the corporations of the city being
in want of a boy in their mill, a piece of .
paper was tacked on one of the posts in a
prominent place, so that the boys could see
it as they passed. The paper read, " Boy
wanted call at the office to-morrow morn
ing." At the time indicated a host of boys
were in waiting at the gate: All were ad
mitted, but the overseer was a little per
plexed as to the best way ot choosing one
from so many, and said he, "Boys, I only
want one, and here are a great many, how
shall I choose f After thinking a moment
he invited them all into the yard, and
driving a nail into one of the large trees,
and making a short stick, told them that
the boy who could hit the nail with a
stick, standing a little distance from the
tree, should have the place. The boys all
tried hard, and after three trials each, sig
nally failed to hit the naiL The
boys were told to come again next
morning, and this time when the
gate was qpened, there was but
one boy, who, after being admitted, picked
up the stick, and throwing it at the naiL
truck it every time.
"How is this r" said the everseer, " What
hi re you been doing?" And the boy, look
ing up with tears in his eres, said, "ou
see, sir, I hare a poor old mother, and I
am a ;poor boy; I hare no father. , air,
and I thought I should like to get
the place, and sohelp her all I can ; and
after going home yesterday, I drove a nail
into the barn, and hare been trying to hit
it erer since, and I hare come down this
morning to try again."
The boy was admitted to the place.
Many years hare passed since then, and
now that boy is a prosperous and wealthy
man, and at the time of the accident at
the Pemberton Mills, he was the first to
step forward -with a gift of one thousand
dollars to reliere the sufferers. His suc
cess came by perseverance.
The ragged-school system in London
is to a very small extent, a substitute for
the free-school system in America. - There
are in London of these ragged schools
attended on Sunday, day and evening--about
600, and it is calculated that about
50,000 children, taken from the gutters
and slums, and alleys, attend the schools.
There are about 500 paid teachers, while
at least 3,000 charitable persons volunteer
as teachers, without charge or emolument
About 1,000 of these children attend regu
larly during twelve months of the year,
and those who are found industrious ana
honest, as they grow up, are furnished
with means to go to Australia from the funds
of the Ragged-School Union. For one
year the attendance is aa follows : Sunday
schools, 25,260 ; dar schools, 17,231 ; week
evening schools, 9,840. The attendance
was at 586 schools. Eighteen hundred
scholars were placed in situations by the
exertions ef the union dvring the year.
A rsCTOxra who escaped from the Au
burn jaiL in Maine, a few days since,
showed much ingenuity in making the
false key for his purpose. He borrowed a
pair, of scissors from a prisoner, ostensi
bly to mend some clothing, but used thea
in cutting up a tin dipper, out of which
he cut his false key, using a naillof vv
handle. The tin is of many thickner j,
and fits the lock precisely. The hax
was made by winding a black cloth net- j
around the end of the key, on which tie
constructor worked in white threads 1,
patriotic legend, "1776." ; s
Fruit-trees, planted in timbered
wiQ, it is said, bear sooner than tLz
nUntMl em nralrie land: but the k' r
will continue fruitful much longer t i
rarjL ran: .Nautfhtv roily, naughty tri
ly 1 " Rap, rap, rap ; " Naughty Polly I
Ran j "Naurhtr. naughty Polly 1" Ran.
a- w o '