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WiSMtow ritwBttct-An Interest
tna; Chapter fne Lnrer r Flan U and
Jscribner's Monthly offers same hints
coDcernlag tho mmagement ol win
(low boxes for whiter flowers :
(liven fresh mosses and leaves, a
few trailing creepers and a spike or
two of flowers, and the effect mast be
charming, whether framed in enamel
or zinc, in ebony cr deal. And for
those who are ambitions only of such
effect there arc. a dozen cheap and
feasible methods of securing it The
box may be tin, paiutcd green, or of
common white pine, stajuea and oiled,
wilJu.6tXiD!Jf moulding, or a few
y - ---rzked on by way
HnnUnc ser still, it may
urfcate flair bv COV-
": ..c0vvir horizontal
jo iiVSugh-barked wood. Birch
bonghs or laurels, or both alternating,
will answer, halved lengthwise with
the saw. and cut into sections to fit
the box, the shelf which supports it
Itomir eiAtrn,! nrifli tliR gaiUC. T a
(LiuLninrol fiiniir mav lc made with
narrow strips of oil-cloth, finished off
witu a wooden mourning ouu
bottom, a set pattern being ctosen, of
bright solid colors, like inc uics
winch are so much in vogne for more
cxnciitiire arrangements. In citlicr
case, unless l he window-seat is of uu
usual width, a strong pine shelf must
be adjusted in the recess to support
the box, and the edge which fronts the
room must be ornamented or stained
The one essential of winter garden-
ing is snu. That secured, the rest is
easy. A south window, with a shade
which can be raised or lowered at
pleasure, is best The box provided
and the shelf set, begin oicratioii8 by
a bottom layer of broken charcoal. It
is wen 13 nave me large plains in pots,
both for convenience of removal, and
to obviate the need of box drainage,
which is a troublesome thing in a par
lor. Set the pots on top of the char
coal, arranging according to fancy,
but keeping the taller plants in the
middle. Free, hardy bloomers, such a6
fuchsias, tea roses, geraniums scarlet,
rose, aud white carnations, Chinese
primroses, do better iu the house, as a
general thing, than tropical ferns and
bigonias, which are so temptingly
beautiful in conservatories and perish
so quickly out of them. Ono or two
foliage plants also, a Colcus,"Atuniti
thus' or a 6ilvcr-lcavcd myrtle, will
be pretty, and two or three German
or English ivies.
Kill iu around the poU with a light
friable soil, one-fifth sand, aud smooth
the top over to &a to cover the pots.
Now, iuto tht intcroticcu you may tuck
smaller plants mignonette, lobelia,
sweet aylssum, crocus, and jonquil!
bulbs, ivy, geranium, inoncy-worL
There should be a maderia vine or two
to arch the window aud twinkle across
the upicr panes. Last of all, cover
the surface wkh mouses fresh from the
woods, amid whose roots will be
tangled all sort of sweet wild things,
partridge berry, tiny fcrus, cranberry
vine, and a dozen more. Water well
and sprinkle the surface every day
with a fine rose or whisk broom. loi
ter in the season, as sonic plant grows
yellow or dull, you can lift it out and
artfully insert a new one ; a hyaciif4
; a4 .. i
wim wane or uirjic dciie, a lan
salcin therrv, with fruit of coral; and
the sudden brightening of the whole,
by virtue of the new addition, wil1
r turtle you into fresh pleasure, like
the lovely surprises of t lie spring.
The water used for the plants should
be tempered slightly when the weath
er is very cold. It is a good plan to
keep a wet pongc hidden somewhere
about the box. All furnace-warmed
houses arc dry. and the more water
evaporated into the air the better.
KvsporiV.zrs of ungliicd clay for the
registers arc of great assistance. They
arc made to hold a gallon, and will
evaporate that quantity of water daily
iu tho register of an ordinary f urn acr.'
Inspiration," and good humor, too,
arc very apt to go down through that
hole iu the floor," as nerves and
temper give way under the 6traiu of
dry heat, aud the addition of four
pilaris of moisture daily to the air of
the siuing-rooiii in which you live,
will be found of sensible benefit to
yourplanls, your furniture, and vour
flow Coffee Is Cnltlratrd.
The manner of cu'tivatiug the coffee
plant varies but little in the several
Central American States.
The coffee beans arc first planted in
hot beds, from which they sprout, and
shoot up five or six inches high, when
they are removed singly and taken to
the fields which have been prepared
to receive them . There the young
sprouts arc planted anew, in rows,
with a space of from four to six feet
between each plant. For two years
they, need uo more, except au occa
sional plowiu j outof the weeds which
spring up around them. The third
year the plant is from three to lour
feet high, and commences to bear, pro
ducing about a pound of coffee fruit.
Each year adds to the size and pro
ductiveness of the tree, till it reaches
about ten feet in height after which it
gives a product of from !W to 'X
ponuds of green fruit.
The coffee fruit resembles in shape,
bic, and color, aplumpcranlerry, aud
grows clinging closely to the small,
lateral brauches of the tree. On some
plantation the trees are dm arfed, for
the double purpose of increasing the
fruiUge and facilitating picking.
The time of picking the crop ranges
from December to March. When the
fruit is ripe, all hands are employed
men. women and children and as fast
as picked the lcrrics arc sent to the
mills. In case ol raiu UiC kernels arc
rapid I v gathered under shelter, as raiu
upon them while drying would causo
irreparable injury ; and, on oinc plan
tations, machines for drying by hot air
have been introduce!. Alter a few
days in the sun, the kernels become
dry and crisp; Uiey arc then thrown
into a circular trourh, large wooden
rollers, shod with iron, crush the shell
and liberate the two beans which each
shell contains. The bean has still an
other coating its skin which is the
hardest of all to remove, but, through
lousr-contiuued attrition w ith the iron
hod rollers, this also w mostly re
moved, and then the fanuing-mill
cleans the bean by blowing away the
loosened skin and broken shells.
Before long tables sit the natives,
voting aud old, chattering, laughing
siuging as they work, and ou theso ta
bles arc poured tho bcausas they conic
imin the faiinimr-mill. Each Indian
holds a basket in his or her lap, and
with both hands rapidly picks out,
Mna.ratr! v. everv perfect bean, till
there remains on the tabic nothing
hut broken and inincrfect coffee. The
hands arc paid at this work so much
per quintal, of 100 pounds, and skill
ful pickers make good wages. It takes
WW pouuds id the fruit, as it comes
from the tree, to produce 1U0 pounds
of (ileau marketable coflee.
KemaRkahle Ssckxk. The Chicago
Advocate gives an account of a scene
that occurred in the Embury Metho
dist Church at f reepoi t 111., a few
weeks since : "In the absence of the
itastsr, Joseph Cary was called upon
luauiue prayer nicciiii";. 11c openea
the meeting witu a fcrvcut prayer,
and ursred the churc'.i to improve the
high privilege of addressing a throne
. or grace. The meeting 'dragged' a
little, despite the goodly number iu
attendance. After a season, l'.rothcr
L'ary prayed the second time, some
thing uuusnal with him. lie theu
arusc and spoke nf the Christian, and
said that some great gcucrals had oc
casionally differed defeat; -but,'
hhoutcd he, 'glory to (Jod! the Chris
tian is always trimphaat.' The words
were scarcely uttered when he fell to
(he floor dead.
J3y Llfrecl S. Hdrsley.
VHOWIUCAKE. ' .
' Who will care? "
When we lie beneath the dalsas '
Underneath the churchyard mold. '
And. the long gram o'er our laces .
Laya Its fingers damp and cold ;
When we sleep from care and sorrow
' , And the ills of earthly life ;
. Sleep to know no sad to-morrow.
n mi ii" uaurnew ana mnie
Who will carp?
- Who will caw T
Who will come to weep above us.
Lying, O t so u nite and still.
Underneath tbe skies of summer,
When all nature's pulse thrill
To a new lire, Kind and tender,
.Full of beauty rich and fcwajt.
And all the world is clad in splendor,
That t he world should e'er repeat
Who will caret
Who will care t
Wheu ttueeu Autumn's flow'rshlossom
And she Mtoops in pity down.
With a white liower lor our bosom.
Taken from the royal crown T
Who will come to kneel In pity
Hy our loni and narrow bed,
When the wild winds sing their dity
Who will care 7
Who will care?
When the spring time's glad smiles lin
gers On the meadows far and wide,
And she drops with rosy fingerx.
Bloom and tear on every side.
Who wlU come with tender yearning,
To the crave of those they mins?
Who will sigh for our returning
To their presence and their kits?
Who will care?
Who will think of white hands lying
On a still and silent breast,
Never more to dream of sighing,
Kvermore to t u ink of rest ?
Who will care ? No one can tell n,
Hut if rest ud peace be all,
Will it matter if they missus.
Or they miss us not at all ?
Who will care?
AT THE W1SDOW.
BV MISS MCLOCJ.
Only ti listen listen and wait
For bis ow, firm etep down the pnurl walk ;
To hear the rlit-k, rliek, of hi limi't t the rate.
And feel every heart-beat through cart'lc
Ah. loe is !wcct when life young.
And life and love arc hotu eo long.
Vulv to watch him about the room,
Lighting it tip with bis quiet miito.
That Mreiue to lift the wrfd out of frloom.
And brinehesven nearer me lor a while.
A little while rinee love i young.
And life b beautiful a! long.
Uuly to love him nothinc more ;
Never a thought of hia loving luc;
rmud of biui, glad in him though he hore
My heart in shipwreck en this niooth fs.
IaivcV faith sees only grief, not wroug,
Aud life is during when 'tis young.
AU. me! what matter? The world gor. rouii'l.
And bli-s and bane are but outside tbiug; v
I never can lofc w hat in him I founil
l'hough love le sorrow w its half-grown wing?;
And if love flic when we are young,
Why. lite still not long not long.
Ilv ricnnnnii was Nvrrlse4 in
The naughty Dou l'iult writes this
to the Cincinnati Commercial :
The other day General ricasatilon,
a delicate, sensitive little gentleman,
was drcsbing for dinner, lie had di
vested himself of every garment ex
cept the one spoken of by Hood in
that melancholy 6ong. called "The
Song of tho Shirt." lie was sailing
about uudcr bare poles, when he
heard a knock at the door, aud sup
posing it to be his man who ought
to have hecu there, and was not he
sang out, "Come in." To his utter
consternation that constitutional fe
male known as Mrs. Woorthull, M ii.h
a peaked hat and a man's overcoat,
terminating in unmistakable crinoline,
stalked in. As she did not immedi
ately stalk out, but 6(ood looking at
the Commissioner of Internal IJevc-
nuc iu the abstract, the last named
gentleman, hiding behind an armchair,
stuttered out, "Excuse me, insdamr
"I want to sec you on business, den.
"Well, madam, won't you be so good
as to come to my office. 1 am not in
a condition o see any one on business
just now and I beg of you to dc3ist
and come to the Bureau."
'I don't care anything about your
condition, (Jen. Plcasanton ; but it is
a matter of seme importance that I
wish to sec you upon, and this is as
good an opportunity as any."
"My Oou: mailam, exclaimed the
agonized Commissioner, shifting his
financial person from one leg to the
other; "won't you permit mo to dress
I'l have no objection to ycir dress
ing for dinner, but what I want to
know is, what arc you going to do
about this Vandcibilt case? Tha
Vaudcrbilt case is a great outrage,
sir, and 1 can see that somebody is to
be swindled out ot halt a minion ol
dollars," and here followed a state
ment of the Vaiiderbilt case, that oc
cupied just twenty minutes by the
clock, and was vcrv forcible and em
phatic. At the end of it, when the
strong-minded constitutional Wood
hull paused for breath, the Commis
sioner said :
'1 don't know anything about the
VsiKtcrbilt case, madam. 1 have not
looked at a single paper. 1 have not
heard anything but what you have
told me. 1 have not had time. My
Coil, I don't git time to get on my
breeches. 1 dou t want to oe rude, tmi
1 wish you would go away and let me
At this moment a knock was heard
at the door, and rieasantou yelled
louder than ever he gave command to
a battalion, "Come in." The door
opened, and the substantial Ugure and
handsome face of our Commodore Al
den appeared upon the entrance. So
60011 as he did this, the Commissioner
chassezed from the rear of his arm
chair to the back of a sofa, and Aldcn
thinking that he was intruding upon
some tender scene between the Gen
eral aud the female, beat a hasty re
treat. But the Commissioner was not
to be forsaken, and he ran to the door,
jerked it open, and with the tail end
Ol 1119 Illicit ll.vmg i ." ov..v
Commodore Aldcn, and brought him
back, when the cool aud courageous
Wood hull rose in a majestic manner,
and wished them a good day. IMcas
auton sink exhausted into a chair,
and begged Aldcn tor a little brandy,
to trv and rally from this tremendous
attack of woman's rights made upon
''With the 'jri-r garment l'a eK defense
lie rt-od appalled."
m m -m
A Xew Ckewit System. A certain
merchant in Austria was recently met
at the door ot his store by an honest
looking Frenchman, an entire stranger
to him, who asked credit for a barrel
of flour. "I can pay half ze cash down
and ze balance next Saturday, sure."
The merchant, without hesitation,
turned to one of his clerks, and, with
a kindly smile on the would-be owner
of the barrel of flour, said : "This good
man wants to get trusted for a barrel
of flour, hell pay half down and the
rest next Saturday. I'll risk him; he's
good as gold ; open a fresh barrel ;
weigh out half, deliver it in good
shape at his house, put the barrel away
safely, aud take it down next Satur
day when he pays th'c rest; never rc-
lusc to trust an iioucm-ioohui;; man
for bread." Ii was done ; the money
was paid, aud the French gentleman
departed, rejoicing in an abundance
of flour and v iiliuiited credit,
Y'hy docs the gorilla prefer the
tropics to any other part of the world ?
Because it is tho only place he can
call his zone.
MODEL'S AFFAIR OF flOXOK.
Lpon the ground now occupied by
the celebrated Lloyd's Coffee I louse, ia
London, there stood, in 1710, an estab
lishment of a similar kind. It was the
rendezvous of all the city merchants',
wno came to transact business.
One day in the autumn of the 6anie
year, a stranger, about six and twenty
years of age, was seated by himself at
a small table. He looked with an air
of indifference upon the crowd of per
hodk passing to and fro in front of him
Jiw lrow seemed to contract, and a
secret tear from time to time escaped
from his lively aud intelligent eyes.
This young man was named George
Frederick Handel. He had only arrived
in London two or three days, and left
Italy for the English capital upon the
recommendation of some amateurs of
Absorbed in his reveries, he had not
remarked that at the same table with
himself was seated a tall man of large
proportions, who appeared to regard
with interest the dejected countenance
or iiis vta-a-vt.
This man was a celebrity. His name
was Jean Jacques Heidegger, born at
Zurich, and married there. Fatal con
sequences of an intrigue, however, had
compelled him to leave his country,
and trust to his wits for a livelihood. A
rich gentleman, fond of travelling, en
gaged him as his companion. By this
means Heidegger was enabled to see all
the principal cities of Europe, where a
feeling and taste for artistic enjoyments
developed themselves. The rich gen
tleman also conducted him to London,
in which city, by his insinuating man
ners, he knew how to conciliate the
good graces of the young friends who
took him under their protection. Cer
tain ingenious observations upon the
absurdities of the mi-ensccne in operas
and masquerades struck the persons
intrusted with their management.
Some splendid arrangements on one
occasion attracted Uie attention ot King
George, who nominated Heidegger in
tendant of the royal and public diver
tissements. This employment gave
him, in his sphere, great influence, and
brought him five thousand pounds
sterling a year which, nevertheless,
hardly sufficed to meet the calls of his
folly and extravagance. -
The exterior of Heidegger presented
a singular contrast. He was, as we have
already said, robust and tall : he was
also well made. His features, however,
were repulsive in thea,r ugliness, aud s
exceptional that he made a boast of it
He was ever the first to laugh at his
hideous countenance, and make it the
object of inexhaustible jokes. Thus,
one day, he offered to make a bet with
Lord Chesterfield that he could not fiud
in all London a face as ugly as his. The
wager was accepted, aud Lord Chester
field introduced as his champiou for
the pri a very old woman, with a
nosd like a but-end of a lemon. At
sight of her, the judges of the wager
broke forth into peals of laughter, cry
ing : 'Heidegger has lost." He, with
out moving from his seat, took off his
peruke, placed it on the head of the old
woman, ami finished by carrying off
the victory. In fact, this change of
costume had an overwhelming effect ;
under her masculine head-dress the old
dame became supportable, while Hei
degger had the veritable physiognomy
of a witch.
A countenance so striking could no
fail to attract tbe looks of the youn '
artist. He raised his eyes to Heidegger,
and fancied he saw in his features an
expression of raillery.
"At last," exclaimed Heidegger.
"You have been weepiug a long time
like a woman ! Be a man."
Handel was astonished. " What
liarht," he asked, "haze you to busy
yourself with my tears ?" J
"l no not HKe to see young peopi
bewail themselves shamefully ; and for j
what ? For a pair of pretty eyes, or a
rosy cheek. . Ilemember the words of
Fontenelle : 'A lovely woman is the
paradise of the eyes, the hell of the soul,
and the purgatory of the pocket.' "
"My paradise is snatched from me,"
murmured Handel, in a low voice.
"And that is what chagrins you?
sooner deliver yousself up to the will of
an assassin. He at least would put you
out of misery."
"You despise woman, like ail de
bauchees?" "There are no virtuous women; I,
with my disgusting mask of a face, even
I could captivate and possess any wo
man I chose, no matter whom: I
maintain the same thing in regard to
Haudel jumped from his seat. "Sir,"
he said, with a tone of voice full of no
bleness, "whatever your philosophy
may be, it gives you no right to mock
an unfortunate wretch. Allow me to
ask for your address ; I have an affair
"I reside in Coruhill street, and you
will always find me at home at seven
o'clock in the morning. You have but
to ask for Tc Owl the first child you
meet will show you my dwelling."
Handel bowed and departed.
The next day at seven o'clock pre
cisely Handel walked Into the chamber
of The Owl.
Heidegger made him a most gracious
salutation, "l'ray be seated. Will
you take a cup of chocolate with me?'
"Sir, I have not come to your house
to breakfast with you, but on an affair."
" 1 am delighted ; but, before going
out, I alway take my chocolate. I do
not wish to change my habits in any
way, and I shall be most happy if you
would do as I do. Y ou decline ? As
As soon as breakfast was finished,
they went out together, rassing before
a church, Heidegger entered.
"What are you going to do there?"
"To pray, to be sure ; I always com
mence business with prayer; that's my
"Very well, theu, I will accompauy
you." reioiued Handel, upon whom the
vanyfroid of his adversary made a deep
On issuing from the church, Heideg
ger directed hi steps towards St James'
"What do you intend doiug here?"
"I go every moruing twice rouud the
great alley ; that is my custom."
"To-day, I think, you will renouuee
it, and you will not refuse to fight with
"To fight with you ? Indeed, I have
not the least desire for such a thiug ;
besides, you have not mentioned the
'affair you alluded to, aud I am anx
ious to have your communication.
Moreover, I would thank you to make
haste, as the royal orchestra of the
oiera awaits me for the rehearsal."
"The orchestra of the opera? Who
ai you, then?"
'l am Heidegger, the ktendant of
the king's privy pleasure-purse."
"Iu that case I have letters of recom
mendation for you. I am George Fred
"The composer of whom Europe
talks so much at this moment?"
"You intend to write an opera here ?"
"Who told you that?'
"Then tell her majesty I will com
mence it to-day, and that it will be
ready for performance iu a fortnight"
In short, fifteen days afterwards all
the fashionable world of Loudon gave
an enthusiastic reception to the new
cpera of Handel,ntitled Eiiuddo.
The advantage of having oue's crani
um uucrowded with too much brain,
was recently realized in a remarkable
manner by Trince William of Baden.
A bullet entered his head, within an
inch of his left eye, and, piercing the
duct of the ear, came out a little behind
it. The leaden explorer found nothing
of consequence in its track, except the
ear passage, the damage to which leaves
the Prince deaf on that side. He suffers
no other serious trouble from tbe punc
ure of his skull.
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,' MARCH 4. 187U
."THE riClLUB PEOPLE."
Stne Farts AkaaU the nillUn Jews
In th rnitd States.
No one but a Jew can commensu
rate! y appreciate the intense happiness
of the Hebrew neoDle in this country.
Free America is the modem Moses who
nas delivered them from Euronean
bondage, perhaps far worse than the
Egyptian. They have not been made
to driuk the bitter waters of Marab in
this land ; they have not thirsted in the
wilderness of Blmr, not hankered after
me nesn-pots. Tney have sped to this
nospitaoie province, this modern 'Elm,'
however, where there are more than
'twelve wells of water, and three score
and ten palm trees,' .and they were
wanaerers no more." Tnis is tne lan
guage of clear-beaded Hebrew. Mr.
J.J. Noah, who has contributed to Mr.
Eaton's new Report on Education one
of its most valuable Appendices. Os
tensibly, this Appendix is an account
oi Hebrew Jducation iu the Lnited
States; but it is more than this. "We
do not know of a better historical and
social sketch of the American Jews
than that which Mr. Noah has put to
gether, nor one which compresses so
mncu curious information wittnn
There are in the United States about
one million resident Jews; and it Is a
Bingular circumstance that the majority
oi uns numrjer no longer consider a
knowledge of the Hebrew language
essential. On this point we quote Mr.
Noah, who says :. "Education in the
Hebrew language is now purely second
ary, ana it only taught for tbe pur
pose of enabling them to participate iu
the yarious religious ceremonies which
are given in Hebrew. Modern Ameri
can reforms introduced in synagogue
worsnip do away witn the exclusive
ness of the Hebrew, and sermons or
lectures are now commonly preacned
in English and German languages.
Some reformers iusist that all the ser
vices should be conducted in Euglish
should understand ; for it is true that
tbe per centage of Hebrews attending
synagogue, and employing tne Hebraic
understandingly, is very small. In
other words, it is evident that the He
brew language is fast losing its import
ance among the Jews, it being no longer
necessary to employ it hermetically.
although the orthodox Israelites cling
witn great erunacity to tne old Habits
aud customs, and refuse to be separated
from the ancient landmarks. It is but
a ijuestiou of time, however, with ortho
dox Judaism it must give way to the
reformatory spirit of the age."
the laimud (continues the writer)
is no longer taught in Jewish schools as
an exclusive study. It is referred to
aud interwoven with other school ex
ercises, but is not a specialty. The
Isnolites do not, as heretofore, com Del
their children to an exclusive study of
iieurew, aud or .tie brew law, at tne age
of five or six years; but they impart to
them a general knowledge of Hebrew.
so that they may read it fluently, even
if they understand It but imperfectly,
to uie end tnat wnen tney become JJar-
tuitzvaft, or thirteen years of age, (the
Oriental age of manhood, when parent
al authority is considered to cease.)
they may read their portion of the
Itjrai, or Uie law of Moses, in the syn
agogue, as the first witness and exhibit
of their entry into the mystic rite of
manhood. The Hebrew has been here
tofore wrongfully classified as one of the
dead lauguages. It has never expired,
but nas constantly na i life. Wheu it
is considered, however, that the He
brew youth are no longer compelled to
master it or to use it as a langua&re of
conversation, it is fast going into deca
dence, and. like tne Latin, will only
serve the purpose of a language of relig
On the general subject of Jewish ed
ucation, Commissioner Eatos remarks :
Tne Hereditary characteristics of tins
peculiar Deoole are shown to be in a
remarkable degree the result of a train
ing at once so minute and so compre
hensive as to embrace almost every act
in the life of an Israelite, from the cradle
to tbe grave. Education with him Is
not a tiling apart as with the other na
tions; it is rather the companion of his
wnole existence, his relations to nis
family, to his fellows, to the synagogue,
and to strangers ; his habits of life, the
preparation of his food, the ceremonies
of his religion, are all ordered in accord
ance with traditions centuries old. This
constant education has produced a ho
mogeneous people, wnose characterist
ics, preserved under so widely varying
conditions, have outlasted the most
persistent and fearful persecutions.
Their fondness for American liberty, .
and their support of the common school
system, are specially worthy the amen
tum of tnose foreigners wno come nere
to perjwtuate antagonism."
And Mr. jNoali confirms this state
ment in the followiug passages, which
give some interesting incidental infor
mation on outer points : -
AMERICAN EDUCATION FOR THK JEW.
One of the most praiseworthy results
of Hebrew education is tbe fact that it
teaches and begets education. They
keenly appreciate the idea of Plato,
that "education consists in giving to
Uie body and Uie soul all the perfection
of which they are susceptible." There
fore a poor Israelite will sacrifice every
Uiing he possesses in order that his
children may be educated. In European
countries where it was not possible to
promote Jewish schools, the Ismlites,
whenever it was permitted, contributed
freely to the schools of other sects, to
Uie end that Uiey might enjoy the ben
efit of educating their youth therein,
even at the expense of their religious
In the United Stales, however.it is
worthy of remark that, as we have pro
gressed in educaUon, liberal laws, aud
unrestricted liberty, tne progress and
reforms of the Israelites have been
commensurate! y achieved. It was re
served for the republic first to unveil
tne obscurity and hermetic character of
Jewish education. It has not been
compelled to secrecy, as in madieval
and even in modern times it existed in
Europe, and therefore has been thrown
open for public examination. 1 '
The American Isnolite undoubtedly
rejoices in our system of free schools,
aud watches with anxiety and hope the
progress of American education. He is
grateful for the blessings of free govern
ment, and Uierefore is in accord with
the wisdom of Aristotle, who asserts
that "the most effective way of preserv
ing a State is to bring up the ciUzeus in
the spirit of tbe government, to fashion,
and, as it were, to cast them in the
mould of the CousUtuUon."
JEWS AS CITIZENS.
It is Hebrew educaUon to insist that
inasmuch as Uie promoUng of wise and
liberal governmout is the true aim of
education, so the Government, in re
turn, should foster and conserve it as
the most important end to be attained,
aud as contributing the greatest happi
ness to the masses. It therefore follows
that prominent educational refoimers
among the American Jews do not con
sider it any longer absolutely necessary
to the well-being of their race that they
should educate theh children exclusive
ly according to the old Hebraic cus
toms. They feel they are citizens of
this Republic, entitled to enjoy all its
blessings, to share in its advantages,
and to contribute to its well-beiug.
They believe that educaUon should be
common and universal, but leaving re
ligious instruction to the care of the
ditlereut denominaUons. They rejoice
in the existence of civil and religious
liberty, in Uie separation of church and
state, and iu the enactment of recent
laws which proclaim the obliteration of
all disUncUons of race and condition,
all being equal in ciUzenship and re
ceiving equal application of the laws.
This is their present education. ;
MODERN HEBREW SCHOLARS.
Although the" names of
Hebrew scholars are legion, it may not
be amiss to indicate a few.- -In
later days may be menuoned the
names of Disraeli, Cremieux, . Monto
nore. Borne, Anerbach and Fould, and
in the United States, Messrs. Noah,
Raphael. Wise, Lilienthal, Leeser, Ein
horn and Isaacs, all noticed by modern
encydopedists. To enumerate the He
brew Talmndists, divines, poets, phi
losophers, philologists, historians, pub
licists, linguists, mathematicians,
astron jmers, physiologists, ichthyolo
gists, and orators of ancient and modern
days, would occupy too much space in
this necessarily limited "paper." Poli
tics, law, medicine, the fine arts and
the drama, have many representatives,
and in music Mayerbeer, Halery, Hera
and Gottschalk, have become as Im
mortal as has Rachel In tragedy. In
finance and commerce special mention
is absolutely unnecessary, for In these
essentials they lead the world, T iA r -
JEWS AS AMERICAN. tXtWXUOSXA. u
Although the Hebrews are not natu
rally politicians, they carefully note
aud give countenance to every species
of legislation, every doctrine of political
economy, and every public act calcula-
ieu to extend liberty and to difluse ed
ucation. Nothing in this regard escapes
them. The Hebrews throughout Eu
rope and America purchased our bonds
liberally aDd aided in their negotiation,
tnus manifesting Their confidence in
American securities. It is believed
that they hold fully one-fifth of our
outstanding indebtedness in Europe
and America. - :. -
Til R EXT PRESIDENCY.
The BlflTereMt Ilea Talked flros.
perts of Cieneral Grant for Rrnoml
nattoit Ills Republican and Demo
cratic Cent neuters.
Correspondence of the New York Herald.
Washington, Feb. 12, 1871.
The politicians and Dartv managers
of both the Republican and Democrat
ic organizaUons, are earnestly at work
nere shaping things for the rresidenU-
al nomination of 1872. The several
candidates and their friends, with the
execpuon of General Grant are anxi
ous to keep their movements as quite
as possible first, because they are
afraid their rivals may ascertain what
they are about ; and second, because
tney do not want to trot out their can
didates too early in the race. Grant's
admirers make no secret of the fact
that he will be a -candidate before the
National ConvenUon for renoiniuaMon.
Indeed, the President himself, it is said.
is not in the habit of denying it. There
was a time when no other person than
Grant was mentioned as the nominee
of the Republican party. During Uie
last lew weeKs,' however, other asuir.
ants for Uie Presidency in Uie Senate
and House have begun to be mentioned
v.. !.: r.t 1 .
jy uieir iiieuua.
Stroncr nartv Hlpn. Il1cf TVforfon lion
BuUer, Henry Wilson, Chandler and
Conkling, think there will be no seri
ous opposition to Grant's renomina
tion, except he should commit some
serious blunders within the next twelve
or fifteen months, which they say he
is not likely to do. With regard to his
elceuon, Uiey seem to rely to a great
extern, ior its success upon the blun
ders of the Democracy. An injudici
ous nomination and an obnoxious
platform on the part of the Democrats.
like that of 1SGS, will, in the opinion of
uiese sagacious politicians, enable
urant to walk over Uie course iu 1.872
with more ease than he did two vears
ago. A mistake by the Democrats of
this sort is regarded as important for
the Republicans, owing to the peculiar
poltUcal complexion of Uie Southern
States and the doubtful position of such
large taies as Pennsylvania and Indi-
There is a third class of ReDubliean
politicians who manifest a cold indif-
lerence about Uie renomination of
urant, and yet show uo peculiar par
tiality for any ether candidate. Care
ful invesUgaUon shows that at present
this class is by far Uie most numerous.
Among them are such men as Fenton.
Trumbull, Patterson, Morrill of Ver
mont, fepencer, Tipton, and Sherman
in the Senate, and Farnsworth, Dawes
Ranks, Kelley and Garfield in the
House. These men are not absolutely
against Grant's nomination, but they
are not enthusiastic for it The South
ern Republicans, as a class, express
their preference for Senator Morton as
a candidate for the Presidency in 1S72.
That genUeman, however, is too warm
a friend and admirer of Grant to allow
his own name to come authoritatively
before Uie Convention when General
Grant will be a candidate. Besides,
the Southern Republicans will hardly
be able to carry any of their own States,
except, perhaps, South Carolina. Mor
ton, however, is strong with the lead
ing men of the party in the North and
west, were he a candidate it is twin-
ceded on all sides that he would give
General Grant trouble. Rut it is un
derstood that in no event will lie be
come a candidate except Grant should
voluntarily retire irom the field.
.Boutweii's unpopular financial poli
cy has ruined whatever Presidential
chances he may have had.
Oeneral John A Logan, recently
ilected United States Senator from Il
linois, is talked of as a candidate
against Grant. Unlike Morton, he
will have no scruples in allowing his
name to be brought before the conven
tion, tie is not at sworus points with
Grant; but he evidently does lfbt re
gard the President as the greatest man
in the country, or even iu the Repub
lican party, Logan has some elements
of strength which the former aspirants
lack. He is at the head of that semi
political organization known as the
"Grand Army of the Republic,'" which
has its ramifications in every State of
the Union. If he chooses to use this
be can do eo with a great deal of effect
in sending Logan delegates to the Na
tional Convention. Logan is one of
the "boys," and his repeated election
to the command of the Grand Army
of Uie Republic shows that he is popu
lar with whatever there is left of VT.'J
. There are mysterious wliisperings
about Colfax appearing upon the scene
when the scramble begins for the nom
ination. Shrewd fellows from Indiana
who are familiar with Colfax, having
known him from his4irst entrance up
on public life, assert that as a ioliti
cian he is full of
Wy that lire diirk '
Anj tricks that arc vain.
These men regard his famous letter
withdrawing from public life as a
smart attempt to couceal his real de
signs. The majority, however, agree,
that, politically, Colfax has fallen in
to "the sere and yellow Jeaf," and that
it would be hard to galvanize him into
popularity. v i
Grant's friends count greatly ori his
being able to settle the Alabama claims
the fishery question, and to secure the
acquisiUoaof San Domingo and one
or two other West India islands be
fore the close of his present tern.
Should he complete these negotiations
and make this part of Uie policy of his
administration an assured success pri
or to the assembling of the nominating
convention it is conceded that he will
be hard to defeat
The Democrats are as busy President
making a their brethren of the domi
nant party. They are more bothered
about a-candidate than the Republi
cans, probably because they have more
material from which to select.. Ex
Senator Hendricks, of Indiana, has
been here all winter, watching every
movement of Uie Republicans, and
keepingasharp eye on the little games
in progress among Uie aspirants of his
own party. Of course Hendricks is a
candidate. He wishes to be consider- i
ed Uie only candidate upon that side
of the House, At the brilliaut stag
party given by Sam Cox, a few weeks
ago, in honor of Hendricks and Blair,
the sagacious Sam remarked, with an
air unusually impressive and solemn
for him, "There are men in this room
who will settle the question of thenext
Democratic nomJaatioa for the Presi
dency' It wa notieed, however,
that neither Bo Tweed nor Governor
Hoffman was present, liter is 0e
fact, recognized alike by Democrat
and Republicans, to wit: That to suc
ceed tbe next Democratic Presidential
candidate must be able to carry Penn
sylvania. . That is the stumbling block
ami Uie rock of offense in the way of
Hendricks. He is a pronounced Free
Trader, and the opinion is that the old
Keystone State, with her mountains
of coal and iron cannot swallow him.
It Is ger erally admitted that he would
be a strmg man in the West, thongh
there are those who go so far as to
question his popularity to some of the
Western States. Hoffman does not
seem to enter into the calculations of
the 'Democratic President makers.
The trouble with him seems to be his
connection with Tammany, and Uie
fact that he is comparatively unknown
in the West. Besides it is held that
the State of New York will t certain
to give a large majority for the Demo
cratic candidate, no matter who is
nominated, and it is not considered
necessary, therefore, to take a man
from that State, at least to lead tbe
Senator Thurman, of Ohio, in spoken
of, but he is of Uie extreme school of
the Democracy, and even if nominated
would not prove a strong candidate.
With the more sagacious and mode
rate Democratic politicians General
Hancock is evidently Uie favorite for
the Presidential nomination. Tbe ar
guments urged in his favor are num
erous and plausible. It is said he bss
a good record both as a soldier and as
a citizens, having served all through
the war against the rebellion. . His
nomination, it is alleged, would be a
sort of guarantee to Uie country that,
in case of election there would be no
fears of revolutionary and reactionary
measures, no notification of the new
amendments to the Constitution, and
no assumption of the rebel debt What
is most of all in his favor is that it
seems to be conceded that he would
carry his native State of Pennsylvania
a very important consideration.
The Southern Democrats are nearly all
for Hancock. Of course, the Pennsyl
vania men are for him against all coin
ers, with Uie exceptions of a few super
anuated politicians like Judge Wood
ward, who seems to have been asleep
for the last ten years.
Such are Uie views ard speculations
of the prominent politicians of both
parties here about Uie Presidential
candidates for 1S72, together with some
of the reasons put forth by the friends
of the various aspirants in favor of
their nomination. -
The Bothschiid thatcaa.
A German correspondent of the New
York Evening Post writes :
"Even in the grandest palatial resi
dences no one is found except, perhaps,
an old household servant, wno is as
much a fixture as the house itself.
When Uie staff officers first arrived at
the chateau of Uie banker Rothschild,
at Ferrieres, they were received by such
an official, who appeared to have been
detailed by his master to receive and to
do the hospitalities to Uie 'guests un
bidden.' The royal headquarters w ere
removed thither on the 19th of Septem
ber, and remained there until the first
week hOctober, when they were re-move-.Vto
Versailles. Ferrieres liad
been IPterved from devastation. The
King f d everything as of old ; deer
aud phlasants filled the park as they
did inj2, the memorable year when
NapolMn III. was the great gold-man's
guest, when a great pheasant hunt was
arranged, which resulted in Uie loss of
eight hundred innocent lives in the
short space of three hours, whereat a
Parisian actress was guilty of that
well-known bon tnrjf, that the day of
Ferrieres 'was a second of December in
a new edition.'
The place is a modern paradise. In
the park the flora of the whole world is
represented ; the picturesque Scotch fir
stands by the tremb ing-foliazed silver
poplar; tamarinds lard weeping willows
line uie brooR that winds among tbe
lawns ; grand old cedars dot the vista
here and there : broad woodshaded
paths lead to and from tbe villa, where
uie most Deauurui iorm or oriental
vegetation meet the eye. The chateau
itself, Uie creation of tbe iate Baron
James Rothschild, is built in Uie style
of Renaissance. The interior is grand.
From Uie north one enters first a ves
tibule, with marble busts of ltoman
Emperors. Amending a few steps the
largest hall of Uie chateau is entered
a salon with galleries borne up by Io
nian gilded pillars. An indescribable
wealth is here displayed in gold orna
mentation and paintings. The rear
wall is occupied entirely by Uie library,
all the books of which are bound iu red
morocco. The upier rooms consist
chiefly of dwelling and sleeping rooms.
all being fitted out with extreme luxu
ry, aud in part decorated with valual le
"The more valuable articles have been
taken away, though the Austrian cellar-master
at Ferrieres says that what
is left is valued at twelve millions of
"This chateau was, until recently,
the King of Prussia's headquarters. Of
course, uaron itothscbild had not invi
ted the King to the hospitality of his
house. Tbe King and suite used the
rooms and nothing further. Even Uie
Rsthsuhild cooks were not called upon.
since the royal cooks were on hand,
aud wine arrived from Uie royal cellars
in tverlin. . All vegetables and fruits
taken from the gardens were paid for
to Uie cent, and Rothschild will not
sufler the slightest loss."
A Gallant Soldier.
We publish the following from the
pen of General D. II. Hill, editor of the
gouttern Home, Charlotte, N. C Au
ej-e witness says the meeting between
the General and Captain Randolph
was touching in the extreme :
Caitain Lewis Randolph. We
were shocked to fiud at Uie depot in
Charlotte this famous scout of Lee's ar
my dying of consumption. He liad been
spending, sometime at Aiken, S. C,
and was trying to reach his home in
Virginia to die there. Captain -Randolph
is the great-grandson of Presi
dent Jefferson, and uephew of General
G. W. Randolph, late Confederate
Secretary of War. He inherited the
stalwart figure, the iron constitution
and Uie great physical strength of Uie
Jefferson, lie always selected the
darkest, coldest and most inclement
nights for his visits to Uie enemy's
campa. Many of his perilous adven
tures excelled Uie wildest incidents of
fiction. General Lee gained from him
much of that information which so of
ten baffled and confused Uie enemy's
plans. Oue of the most terrible nights
we remember to have known Captain
Randolph crossed the Rappahannock ;
below Fredericksburg and weut iuto
Buruside's lines. After a week's ab
sence he came back with full knowl
edge of Uie strength, position and plans
of the Federal General him with tbe
powerful field-glass. General Bradley
T. Johnson mentioned In his report of
the second Manasses that the Confed
erate line in the railroad cut got out of
ammunition and fought the enemy
with rocks.- On Uus occasion Captain
R. struck a man ou the forehead and
killed him instaully. This was but one
of his many marvelous feats .' of
strength. To think of such a man dy
ing with com sumption 1 The once gay
light-hearted; chivalrous' athlete dying
of cousumptiou on a railroad trair
dying, but talking sweetiy of his Sa
vior, and joyfully of his hopes of a
low Irlghani Tons Vide a Wheat
. Corner. .
Bringham Young is imbued with the
spirit of prophecy with an eye to the
main chance, and while acting as a
middle man id spiritual revelation, is
not above a "corner" in corn. He is
immensely wealthy; not altogether in
his position as head of Uie church, but
Individually he is worth millions of
dollars. This wealth is parceled out
and deposited at interest in this ami
other countries. ' The secrets of its at
tainment are leaking out, and among
them may be specified bis operations
as a speculator in grain, working with
the advantages of the relations he
holds to tbe deluded disciples of Joe
Smith, and Uie sole owership of tele
graph and railroad communications.
In tbe year 1808, when Young and bis
crowd were engaged as contractors
building the Pacific railroads both
branches grain was selling in Utah
at prices ranging from one dollar to a
dollar fifty per bushel, and there was
at Uie same time a good supply in Uie
hands of the farmers. " To get this pro
duce into a "corner" was not a dif
ficult tiling for Brigham Young, and
therefore, over his own telegraph line,
he sent Uie following order :
Salt Lake Oct 27, 1860.
To Uie bishops and saints from San
Pete south to Cache Valley north : It
is wisdom for you to sell your surplus
grain and and flour to the brethren on
the railroad, before the price comes
down, as it is bound to do before the
railroad gets much nearer.
"D.H." Brigham Young.
"The brethren" were B. Young aud
his agents; the saints in accordance
with this order immediately put every
bit of surplus grain and flour they had
into Young's bands ; and, presto ! in
sixty days grain had run up to'six dol
lars per bushel and flour in proportion.
The farmers received, in payment for
Uie grain, the "promissory notes of
the church," which cost Uie specula
tive Brigham just the printing, and he
sold tbe merchandise they procured for
greenbacks. This rather takes Uie
wind out of the most successful swindle
Wall street ever raised its pious hand
in holy horror over. At Uie same time
tbe local titiiing houses were filled with
produce, aud that also was disposed
of according to such as this :
Salt Lake City, Oct 27, 1S8.
To C. W. West, Ogdeu :-It Earn
est Young, in charge of my teams, have
seventy-five sacks of my flour.
"D. H." Bkigiiam YocNti.
And another dispatch runs "Iet
John W. Young's teamster have thir
ty sacksof my flour; signed by Brig
Where all this flour w ent may be
seen by another "D. H." over the De
seret Telegraph Line :
Oguen, Oct. 1!, 1S0S.
To President B. Young, Salt Lake
City : You had 13 sacks tithing flour
here. H. S. Young got 1-3 sacks, J. Ii.
Maxwell 10, E Ellisworth 8, J. W.
Young 185, Stowell & McKnigbt 40,
leaving still a balance of 177 sack here.
C. W. West.
Similar orders regarding the delivery
of flour and grain out of the various
titiiing nouses were issued by Young,
and the proceeds of the sales all went
to swell Brigham Young's purse. He
is a clever, unscrupulous man wiUi
great administrative ability, and a
knack of turniug "the peculiar institu
tion" to his own particular benefit,
aud this 8iecial "corner" is not the on
y piece of rascality he hai been engag
DKOOED BY INCHES.
A Man Bar led In n Well -The Water
Slwlx Blwn and Drown Him.
An accident of a horrible nature oc
curred ou the farm of Mr. Houston,
near the village of Wyton, Canada, on
eainruay afternoon last, resulting in
the death, by drowning, of an aged
weii-aigger named William iiobius.
Tbe well on the premises became foul.
and several parties were applied to to
cieanse u ; out eacn one, on examina
tion, refused, as from the construction
of the well the process lid not appear
saie. ii was an oid-iashioned well,
thirty feet deep, and walled up with
loose boulders. Robins undertook the
job without fear, as he had been a well
digger of some thirty years' experience,
and expressed no fears for his safety.
inc water was pumped out, and he de
scended. About midway was a piece
oi pump-iog running across the well,
and blocking up Uie way. This he
found it uecessary to remove. But no
sooner bad the tackle been applied,
and Uie wood started, than the stones
and earth caved in on ail sides, burying
him beneath them. The block in some
measure checked the descent, or else
the unfortunate man must have been
crushed to death immediately. '
But ho was only spared to meet a
terrible death by slow drowning. Part
of the debris formed a partial arch over
nim the rest wedging him in tight
below. Those above were almost par
alyzed by the sight before them ; aud,
for some time, thinking poor Robins
beyond all hope of recovery, did no
thing to 'extricate him. At last bis
voice was heard, as it were, afar off,
feebly calling to those above to clear
away the stones and let him out. This
reassured Uie meu, and one and all set
to wxk with a will in the best manner
that suggested itself : aman went down.
and by means of a tub, lowered and
raised by a windlass, a large quantity
of stones and earth was rassed up. As
fast as they worked, however, the earth
kept falling in. All this while the voice
of ltobins was heard at intervals now
imploring deliverance, in affecting
terms, now making incoherent ejacula
tions, and again iuvokiug mercy.
"The water is rising ; it's now up to
my knees; but work away boys and
you'll save me yet," came from way
down in Uie bowels of the earth in a
faint tone, but yet distinct enough to
Then the voice broke into sobs of
racn ume it was heard the meu in
the well and at the windlass put on
fresh energy, and worked till gre
beads of sweat rolled off their brows ;
Uie crowd continually iucreased, until
at last there was a very large and ex
cited assemblage ou the spot.
"It rises very fast; O, let me out of
IbHl" , '
The thought that the man, besides
the agony he must have endured from
the pressure upon his body, was slow!
drowning, lent fresh vigor to tbe wor
of deliverance; but the exhumation
was extremely slow from the sandy
nature of Uie soil, which fell in almost
as rapidly as. it was taken out Thus
Uie work went on for three hours, and
at last tne uniortuoate mau was reach
ed. But be was dead. The water liad
gradually risen, and, unable to move.
so firmly was he jammed in, he at last
succumbed actually drowned hydrops!
How frightful must have been hU last
The Coroner was communicated with,
with the view of holdinsr au inoueat.
but noon bearing all the cireumstauces
ne UKi not ueem it necessary to tlo so.
Gail Hamilton iusist, in Harper's
Bazar, that men have no right to dis
inherit or disown their sons for any
offence whatever; Uiat a 'wayward
child may be separated from the other
children, and ills portion may, if neces
sary, be held in trust, its delivery de
pending on reformation, but that "no
person can commit against society so
great a crime as a father commits who
& thus false to the trust which he him
self has imposed who thrusts of I from
himself the soul which be called into
being. 'A lather should be governed
hy no motive but his child's best in
terests, and a child's best interests can
never be served by anything but his
father's constant and loving care."
TOL. XVI. NO. 28.
XoTement or Water la the Soil.
If a wick be put in a lamp contain
ing oil, the oik. by capillary action,
gradually permeates iU whole length,
thai which is above as well as that
below the'surface of the liquid. When
the lamp is set burning the oil at the
flame is Consumed, and as each parti
cle disappears, its place is supp'ied by
a new one, until the lamp is empty or
the flame extinguished.
Something quite analogous orenrs
in the soil, by which the plant is fed.
The soil is at once lamp and wick,
and the water of the soil represents
tbe cil. Let evaporation of water
from the surface of the soil or of the
plant take the place of the combustion
of oil from a wick and the matter
stands thus : Let us suppose dew or
rain to have, saturated the ground
with moisture fcr some depth. On
recurrence of a dry atmosphere, with
sunshine and wind, the surface of the
soil rapidly dries; but as each parti
cle of water escapes (by evaporation)
into the atmosphere, its place is sup
plied (by capillarity) from the stores
below. The ascending water brings
along with it the soluble matters of the
soil, and thus the roots of plants are
situated in a stream of their appropri
ate food. The movement proceeds iu
this 60 long as the surface is dryer
than the deeper soil. When by rain
or otherwise the surface is saturated,
it is like letting a thin stream of oil
run upon the apex of the lamp wick
no more evaporation into the air can
occur, and consequently there is co
longer any ascent of water; on the
contrary, water, by its own weight,
penetrates the soil, and if the under
)i"g ground be not saturated with
moisture, as can happen where the
subterranean fountains yield a meagre
supply, then capillarity will aid grav
ity in its downward distribution.
It is certain that a portion of the
mineral matter?, and perhaps also
some organic bodies which feed the
plant are more or less freely dissolved
iu the water ot the soil. S j long as
evaporation goes ou from the surface,
so long there is a constant upward
flow to these matters. Those portions
which do not enter vegetation accu
mulate on or near the surface of the
ground; when a raiu falls, they are
washed down again to a certain depth,
and thus arc kept constantly changing
their place with the water which is
the vehicle of their distribution. In
regions where rain fal!s periodically
or not at u'l, this upward flow of the
soil-water often causes an accumula
tion of saits on the surface of the
Thus in Bengal many soils which in
tho wet season produce the most lux
uriant crops, during the rainless por
tion of the year become covered with
white crusts of saltpetre. The beds
of nitrate of soda that arc found in
Pern, and tbe Carbonate of soda and
other salts which incrust the deserts
ot Utah, and often fill the air with
alkaline dust, have accumulated iu the
same manner. So in our western
caves the earth, sheltered from rains,
is saturated with salt Epsom salt,
G loo her 6alta and saltpetre, or mix
tures of these. Often the rich soil of
gardens is slightly iucmsted in this
manner in our summer weather; but
Uie saline matters are carried into the
soil with the next rain. .
It ii easy to see how, in a good soil,
capillarity thus acts in keeping the
roots of plants constantly immersed
in a stream of water or moisture that
but never at rest, and how the food of
the plant is made to circulate around
the organs fitted for absorbing it
Tbe same causes ttat maintain this
perpetual supply of water and food to
the plant, are also efficacious in con
stantly preparing new supplies of
food. As before explained, the mate
rials of the soil are always undergoing
decomposition, whereby the silica,
lime, phosphoric acid, potash, etc., ot
the insoluble fragments of rock, be
come soluble in water and accessible
to the planL Water charged with
carbonic acid and oxygen is the chief
agent iu these chemical changes. The
more extensive and rapid the circula
tion of water ia the soil, the more
matters will be rendered soluble in a
given time, and other things being
equal, the less will the soil be depend
ent on manures to keep up its fertility.
Johnsons A'ir'c Wort, "Jloie Wants
A Carious Fart In Life Insaranre.
An article from the pen of Shcppard
Hoinans on the growth of life insur
ance in the United States, published
in a recent number of tbe Ametican
Lifo Assurance Magazine, contains
the following, which will be read witb
"A very remarkable example of the
effect of the humau will, although ex
ercised unconsciously, perhaps, has
been developed by the experience of
our life companies. This is in the se
lection by au individual from among
the different kinds of policies issued
by the company these are in general
for a short term of years for the whole
life, or where the insurance is payblc
on the attainment of a given age, or at
death if prior. The first would uatn-
rauy uc scccieu oy eucii persons as
had some reason to fear thai they
would die before the close of the term
of years (and which reason might not
be discernible by the keenest medical
examiner); the second would natural
Iy be selected by persons who had no
reason to believe that death would
occur sooner or later than the aver
age, but who, knowing that death
must occur, desire to make provision
for their families. The third class
would, on account of the increased
premium, be chosen ouly bv those
persons who had some reason to think
that they would live to enjo they
money. As a result in our largest
American company we find that the
annual mortality among holders ot
short term policies has been 1.73 per
cent, whole lite policies has becaO.ifJ
percent, endowment assurance poll
ties has been 0.10 per cent
Fiftekn Ckxt Dixxebh The my;
tcry of iew York eating-houses lias
been solved by the Star. The problem
which has nuzzled so many promiscuous
dinners and luucners, who ltiu m here
with to satisfy apetites at one place for
a dollar and half, and at another the
same food for fifteen cent is no sooner
perceived and secured. There are live
men according this investigator, whose
bu-inss is to sell second-hand provisions
to the teu-ccnt restaurants. They em
ploy an army of forlorn creatures to beg
" cold victuals from charitable house
keepers all over the city.
They have otber agents who secure
the remnants ot party slippers club diu
ners and other largo entertainment?.
Thew titbits and refuse are carted off in
hampers, sorted and sold to be trans
formed into dishes with popular or for
eigu names- whose hungry consumers
acknowledge the mystery of such econ
omy, but never dream of the secret oi
the alchemy of tin restaurant kitchcu.
Ttiis explanation is not appetizing.
Even the operators, with a deference to
prejudice, style themselves ."jewellers,"
and know a fragment ot fowl a " a
pearl," a mangled rib of beet m a "ruby,
etc. Indeed, it may be questioneue
whether it is not. in this cae folly to b
wise for the blissfully Ignorant public of
-'"'? f ' r $ 'V.
An amendment to the ConsC -
of Louisiana prohibits the Increase of
Uie State debt above $i3,000,000 rik;r
to 1800. j . . -- .. . .
The Earl of Mentmore is to bf
title of Rothschild, and he is to bee JL
to the English House of Lords.
A lady of Spillvllle, Iowa, recently
gave birth to four ."precious lumps of
incipient mortality ''two boys and
twogiria. 4 - ' '
An Illinois paper is trying to raise
the wind by putting the Hon. Sidney
Breese at the bead of its columns for
Von Moltke don't intend to remain a
widower. He has, it is said, induced
Miss Von Vincke-Albendorf to agree to
cBange her name.
Sir Culling Eardley, the bigamous
baronet, who enjoyed a very wide-spread
newspaper infamy in this country and
Euglaud two or three years ago, has
been heard from again. He is in Paris,
under arrest for swicdling.
There are not so many Presbyterian
churches in New York city by two a
there were twenty years ago. Some
further reduction by consolidation of
congregations, it is believed, would
add to the future growth and power
of the Church. :
A farmer's wife, iu speaking of tbe
smartness of her son, a lad of six years
old, said : "He can read fluently, repeat
Uie whole catechism, and weed onion
as well as his father." "Yes, mother,"
added Uie young hopeful, "aud yester
day I licked Ned Rawson, throwed the
cat in the well, and stole old Hickley's
At a juvenile party in Ixiwell, one
little fellow, rejoicing iu the splendor of
his ne clothes, sidled up to another
with the triumpliaut remark, "You
ain't dressed as well as I am." "Well,"
retorted the other, "I can lick you,
anyhow!" which U what is often
thought, but never so well expressed, at
parties of a larger growth.
The Xew England school marms are
relentlessly opposed to the election of
women as directors. With a board
composed of that element, they say, Uie
female educators would have no chance
of employment, for the preference
would always be given to pretty-faced,
long-haired persons of the pautaloon
- The Troy Times is responsible for the
statement that a couple were married
the otber day at Plainfield, Otsego
county, partook of their wedding din
ner at Win field, Herkimer county;
took tea in Bridgewater, Oneida county,
and were all tbe time under the same
roof. - The house stands " across Uie
An Iowa paper hastens to make this
correction : "We reported that Mr. IX
A. Dodd'a wife had seven pairs of
twins and two odd children during ten
years of married life. We were wrong.
Mr. Dodd, just in our office, informs us
there are eight pairs of twins and three
odd ones, nineteen in all ten girls and
nine boys iu fourteen years, aud they
are all Uving." ... , , ,
A benefactor of the human race has
invented, in London, a "digitarium,"
a small dumb piano, upon which pupils
can learn the whole art and mystery of
piano and organ playing without mak
ing any noise. Where Is the benevolent
instrument maker who will confer a
boon upon America by iutroducimr
here this noblest of modern inventions
The Government of Madagascar has
certainly taken time by Uie forelock.
Gold ore having been found in that
island, it at once prohibited the search
for more, and we may be sure ordered
what was found to be thrown away.
The reason is, that "if gold is discovered
in remunerative quantities, there will
be such a rush or Europeans to the
couutry as will dispossess tbe native
At Mansfield, Ohio, the retail liquor
dealers have invented the following
mode of avoiding Uie penalty ,f the
State Liquor law, which gives Uie wife
the right of action for damages against
tbe man who sells strong drink to her
husband. The wi fe wai ves her righ t to
action bysfgning the following card :
"To , I hereby authorize you to give
my husband whatever he wants to
drink, so long a he can staud up and
A devoted worshiocr in a Rhode
Island church, having a large interest
in a patent medicine factory, lately of
fered the pastor two hundred dollars a
year for tbe privilege of having brief
"notices" read from the pulpit every
Sunday agreeing to offer none more
"worldly" than some of these customa
rily read in Uie sacred desk. The otter
had too much of Uie flavor of profane
business in it, and was declined.
A New Orleans man, "of a peculiarly
saturnine and unpleasant disposition,"
took his eighteen-montlis-old child,
and placing it at tbe door of a neighbor,
left with hia wife for St Louis. . The
foundling was advertised by Uie report
er., and the circumstances attracted the
attention of a lady. An interest she
could not account for compelled her to
inquire into the matter, when she dis
covered that it was her own grandchild,
being her worthless son-in-law's third
foun lling. . .
We infer from occasional remarks in
the Baltimore papers, that a prejudice
exists against Uie practice of "salting"
snow on Uie car tracks. One of the
complainants says : "This salt slush is
ruinous to leather, and also to arum
shoes fend boots, and damaging to
clothing. But Uiis is Uie least ot Uie
eviL The intensely cold, damp atmos
phere engendered, penetrating to Uie
very marrow oi tne bones, is murderous
to health, especially where there is a
predtspositiou to lung and throat afiec- .
tious," . , -
Tie Chicago Times says : "Last Sun
day evening, Mr. Jerry Monroe, pro-
rietor of the Crystal Palace saloon, on
tate street performed some Distot
shooting most extraordinary. Witi a
Smith fc Wesson seven-fchooter pistol,
at a aisiance oi ten paces, ne struck the
ace of diamonds on a card held between
the UiumlMwd4erefinfferef Mr. frank
Nye, otherwise known as Dutch
Frank.' Afterward Monroe loaded a
gun walking-cane, and at a distance fo
ten pace- fired at a lemon resting on
Lnitcli I1 rank's' head. Seven shots
were fired, and seven lemons were
pierced through and through, without
touching a hair. . The feat is only the
more remarkable when it is taken into
consideration the kind of gun made use
of by Uie skillful marksmau."
Hold Fast Bflow.
A party of Irishmen, once upon a
time, contracted to clear a very deep
welL Having none of the usual conve
niences employed for such purposes,
Uiey were at a loss to get one of, the
party on a little ledge near the bottom
to assist in the proceo of getting eut
water, mud, etc. A t IxM, J immy Plie
lan, a herculean fellow, proposed a
plan which was considered just the
It was this: Jimmy was tocIup bis
big fists around Uie wiudlass ; then an
other of the party was to clamber down
and hold on by bis legs, aud so on un
til the last man should be able to leap
upon the ledge.
Being slightly cornered with liquor,
the party prepared for the descent with
out stopping to contemplate tbe diffi
culties involved in the adventure.
With bared breast, and sleeves tuck
ed up, big Jimmy seized the round
portion of the windlass directly over
the well and swung himself over. An
other of the party crept down Jimmy's
body- and grasped him by tho booU.
After several more had followed suit.
and the human chain began to stretch
far into Uie well, Jimmy became alive
to one great difficulty s.. the wimllai
did not afford him a eood bold ia the
first place, and Uie weiirht wan intoler
At last human sinew c ul.I stand it
no longer, and Jimmv hailed the lower
link iu the chain with :
"Be jabew, Pat hold fa.it below till I
sphit on me bans." -.
Suiting the action to Uie words. I it-
released his bold, when, of course, the
wiioie party was precipitateu to tbe
bottom of the welL Aa luck iron wi
have it, there was more mud than
water where tbe Hibernians lit. aud
Uiey wisely considered themselves par
ticularly fortunate in
actual loss of either life or limb.