Newspaper Page Text
. 1 JIMif till. -
ir a unm laura iniaaa iv7
v. i v. .. tm btoak. fsbss.'TL
" FeoeUJ rl'-ao. vrato ths seetiosref
WU pr- Via ino vrti Ooart f Mjm.
rwiJ eosatfM. ud l th Em
mdoa given to oo!tloM. Of
Boel -vtrt Block, AV wit fcrket Stre,
Mn lwoly oocapied by FirieJwm Fi2-
. r lAHm9. Jim,
KVtaprscUe In tiiCorU f MnrrnJ
. -Attorney at Lw, r -
- . And Garml .CUotiaxjUw
THT B. r ' ' ,j '
A . W' . v.' Attomer at Lw, J .
Pjimpt attention tint ti ooIlcU--'
Prompt attention giTn to all boalneaaeif
traaled to bU care. Office: 'Whitthorae
BxTtOO. HUM. AUBBT V. STOCK KLU
1T0CKEI.Ii SHEET Jf.
Attornc7r at Law, '
. . - - u- rnrimtAut tm
Will praetiee ia Mury and the adjoining
-. eunatiea. ColleotioDt prompt 1 7 attended to.
rnca Front twa (ap liairf) Orer J. H.
r iae: Jewelry tore ,t febaTS.
v. j. rairu
job r. viififit.
- Attoroerf 'at Law.
WJt. H. TIMVOSM, .
- Attorney at Law,
"T - Columbia, Ten.
tbeeial attention siren to all basinera en
treated U hia. mar. S ly.
Dr. J. P. Iferadoai.
. i SCEGEOS DE5TI8T, ?
' ' l ' Coiumibia, Ton.
. Office : Photograph Gallery. . , -
r. Smanairl Iliclmell, "
: . ; f . DEST1ST,
. .. . Columbia, Tcnn.
. Oflloe: WmUhonio dock. (June 14, TOL
. . HOTELS. - -
Je Xravrellerw. "
. "'.)' THE KELSOI nOUSE,
. H. EUMALHL. Preprleter,
' ' Kecpe eood tables, clmn and oomfurt&lila
bedaand rooms, and the boKt of iwrvanta. all :
. at moderate prices. . , (ior. IK, 71. -2.
Gmntt 1 ante. " '
Havina refitted and taken charge of thla
Hotel, I eolicit a share of pablie patronago.
' My table shall be anpplled '
market afforda. Lodelnea
-." fortable. ftlees to ault the
lea wim we mt uia
clean and om
Jan. 1, 72. IX.
JAB. L. QUEST.
ksl Uoka ! ! BmIuU:
STATIONERY, WALL PAPER,
Window Shadea, Kewa, Notions, at
w. H. 13PfGI'ES
West Side Public Square," ;
" Oolnmbxa, Ten
EW. BCFORD, Breeder ofTlMroeia-Bi
. bred Berkshire Swine, atiifactioa rnar
anUed to all parehasen. Spring Bill. lenn.
WE. CBEEHLAW, Breeder mt
. Thoamnchbred - Berkshire Swine.
Spring I1U1, Tenn.
P. I.E DB ET TER, Breeder aad Ira
porter of Pure Berkshire Boca; near Co
HEX BY aOKES faaa Berkshire Vif
for sale at 10 0-J each. Jit. Pleaiant, Tenn.
It. SUITES, Breeder naid Importer
fare Blooded Berkshiret. Columbia.
(lEO.W.lLK, Importer awd Breeder
I ei Thoroufhbred iiarham CatUe, Colam
. bia, Tenn. -
BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
ACL dc TAVEL, Beokseller; Bts
tionen. Printers, aad Bookbiaden. No. a.
nioa street, Nashville, Tenn.
WATCHES AND JEWELRY.
U WIKCERK, Praetiral Watcbanaker
fj, and Jsweter, No. 3i North Cherry street.
Saihville. Tenn. Goods sent CO. D. for ex
amination, also watches, etc. for repairs
reeeired and retarned by Express.
BATTLE HOUSE. taa. Joel A. Batllo
Proprietor. Church street, Nashville
AXWEU BOUSE. Sahvllle, Teon.
BOOTS. SHOES, dkc.
pMKE, SETTLE Jk. CO. Jobber (
J Boots and rtaoes, 88 Pablie Bqaare. Nash
Tm,Tenn. Watson M. Cooke. Joel W. Set
tie. Rassell M. Kinnard- . J am as Poaaiv,
' rjaletnan. : 1
m E. WINSTEAD dt CO. Demi era a
. . ltoor, rtioes, rJatobels, Valises, ana
ranks. No. 7 Cherry street, opposite Max-
- r - veil House, Nashville, Tenn.
- X -' ' LIQUOR UEALEKS,
C' HEATH AM dt WOODS, Heta. I stud a
Son lk Colls st, corner of Church, Nash
l?800112 BE0THERs . '
, , .
J ' - i '- I - COLUMBIA. TENK,
Keep oa hand all kinds Field Seed at very
I ew price.
Everything New Everythingbonght low for
Cash and everything sold low -
. . OeWST. 1871-IT. . r-
OME INSURANCE COMPANY.
Caab Aaaeta OeC l.71.,
Lena e mt ' will
Leuvlwa- tTsMki aaaetn.
Oct. 13. 11171.
0 , ?
avs. AU losses will be promptly paid, and
Policies issued as nsaal.
- CII 1BLES J, MARTIN, Presides
J. tt. W AS RB URN, Secretary.
The Board of Directors have ansnimonMy re
elved te inereaM the eepital of the "Home"
to Capita Assets about .MM,OOw (four
million dollor) after psyinx all losses at Cbu
ro Policies issued by -
W. J. DALE, Agist.
Columbia, Nov. 10.
THE GEORGIA HOME
Or ColBmbsu, Georgrlav.
Isiooi'parmted ; lsafj
Costital asd Aaea.....Mt,B3 oo
rr?tnaBd br the Chleaaeaad other disaa
tors. rBtisaea to farnuvh iadeanity acainst
1 loss f Sre oa all insurable property, at ad
' vum rates.
J. -RHODES BROrfNS, Prer . .
D. F. 'WTLCOX, 8ecy,
Applications reeeired and pelieles braed
W. J. DALE. Aosjrr.
NOTICE TO HUNTERS
AU persnas taantioc or treepassiaa on ear
lands wiU be prosecuted to the extent of Us
J- W. Wisenor.
L. B. Forrey.
Mrs. M.J. West,
i. 8. West, W
8. 0. Wlseaer,
W. C. Wat,
klrs. J". Seers.
J- W. Thomas,
I nuiniui W.J
David K. uorteh,
hi...,- , ' eaaBBL . I ... pM F? jgWjy y, t mmmm ' ' "
W .r'j - . , c.t.'. -V, : t-u itrViCTTOy? V v.'r JlPlrfTl'h i-, , " " -.-..-mm .. i . i i.,-ja -
t V V i'l i. flfi f 1 t I ? I i i ' . (- . . ;..v ..- -i ; . . - ... . , -
AUTUMNAL VATS. "
' BOUJ3I K. SQCIXX,
The aowM bnve died at Sunmer tasab,
Tb. air i. laden, daajp awl chill ; ' v
Yet loet and lone amid the gloom
Which late was gay with bud sad bloom,
A fugitive from ball and room,
The undulating adds are dun, ' i (
And sere ami browife munaarmk
The forwt monarcba, one by one. . , ' ,-
wswre late the sepbjrn, t-ug oa.
Hang Summer's low and sweet farewell,
Storms are toy heralds, 'Antuma ; tnaie, i
banting their paeans loud and long,
remring their antheme through the tnes,:
STuoee outatreteiiefl 1 1 i k ,k - -
Hoar back a aoand UfceeuUea seas, - - ' , '
And aingera of .Uxy martial aong. ,-
Thine is a magic wand of worth, !!".
And typical of something won ; ' '
With thee around the bomely hearth,
Oetber the tillers of tus earth, . ' .
Drink to thy f ruitfuljese with mirth,
Aad rest from faithful labor done.
Thy prueenee here is not hi rata, - ' T
Though many s thing we love has' fled ;
Behold the fild of waving grain.
Result of labor and of pain.
Of Niinawr sun snd Summer rain,
-Grow gtadea where thy stepf have fled.
And though the swallow's circling flight . ' "
Amend onr doors no more is seen,
The rabbin angers to delight.
And through the cedar's foliage brij-ut,
Tb purple finches' notes unite. -
And squirrels glad the lingering greeiv
Earathas her dynastiee her kings, J"
Beyond the soope of man's hour ;. ;
And thou art one-. inanimate things,'
Wide lakes and streams and brooks and eprmge, . .
Forests snd groves each to thee brings, : .j
Some tenure of thy reign and power, t
The leafy inaple dares aspire, !
The ttrst cf all the fore old, ' '
To weloome thee in fit attire ;
Each. Uushing leaf thrills with desire.
And erimaon at thy kiss 4 fire,
And duns thy Urery of gold.
Trom yonder hill the thundering pines, : ! ' . ..
Bef use aUegiance to thy reign.
Loot in the forest's dark confines,
Or stretched afar in verdant lines.
They fling aloft unchanging signs.
Nor own the f eWers of thy chain.
Tet thoo art welcome unto me, t '
Though harsh thy winds, though Mea and chill ;
For through their wild, sad minstrelsy, .
There steals a strange weird harmony, .
As when low sighs the fretful sea, -
jfhat soothes and charms and wins my will.
AS Outward things to happy eyes.
Are worthy of our studious thought ; '
The storms that sweep Uiarchiag aides,'
The countless hues in sntnmn guise, ,
The merest forms our fancy priar,. L :
Hire some divinity Inwrought. '
The world is beautiful, far and wide, '
Whatever the seasons onay unfold,
To him who feels the peaceful pride.
Of some g)d action done who side 1
By saie with duty strews the tide,
ljit error on our life has rolled.
Tlrsn welcome be thy fruitful days.
Thy gulden sheaves, the yellow ears ; I
AU Nature lifts her voice in praise.
The murmuring brooklets sing thy ktyr, '
O thus be bit seed in eountieas ways - .
The Autumn of my closing years.
The flowers hsve died at Summer's tomb,
The sir is laden, damp and chill ;
Yet lost and lone amid the gloom
Which bite was gay with bud and bloom
fugitive from hall snd room,
Whence ah has fled, I loiter still.
1 1. .
0E SUMMER XIUI1T. .
L AT THE HOTEIi.
If I commenced niv storv according m
the way which was once fashionable
among the imitators of Sir 'Walter Scott,
I should have to describe the interior of
an old-fashioned hotel where the gos
sips of the neighborhood were eniovine
Eipe and glass, and mine well-pauncheil
out did justice to his own cheer. There
wr-re no flagons of Rhenish, or sack,
bowver; glazed framed notice proclaim
ed me ate 01 iurton, ana ardent spirits
did that moderate or immoderate work
which some constitutional authorities
declare to be absolutely necessary in the
rigors of our northern climate. More
over, it must be admitted that our
tavern had the title of the Railwav
Armes, which I suppose is nnromantic
as noay be; although! confess tba' -to
my minu, rauway, roau, canal and mod
ern mansion, as indicating the advance
and liappiness of man, really help fine
scenery; which is, I think, the idea of
lurners noble picture of "Feace."
StilL the Railways Armes was not the
pretentious, flaiing red brick building
so often runup near a railwav-stntinn?
but by a happy chance this stution was
a terminus; the railway had run its
course, and sank down, as if exhanste.1
by the side of an old-fashioned marini,!
inn, with gables, ivied porch and stone
rnullioned windows, which no nainter
would despise, and often T.tvKntA,l
scenes on wltich tho specter's eve for
the picturesque would not refuse to
dwell. The landlord, to mark his affin
ity with tho spirit of the times, had
adopted the name of the Railwav Armes
instead of tfce Cauvuce Armes. for of th
Canyngea nothing was left save some
broken nose and toeless effigies in the
huge old church, and some stray dcR
ceudants in far-off places. There had
been a great deal of cosy talk superad
ded to warm liquors this night, for mine
hotel being on the outskirts of an old-
fashioned market-town, and near a rail
way station, was in great request But
the roidniffht hour was well-nio-h rcta-h.
ed, the up-express had gone more than
an aour ago, the last farmers and gra
dient were adjnstiug their Inal views on
the Btatbof the nation, and were takimr
their ultimate sips; and then, when
"Mary, my dear." shouted on old
rubicund farmer. " vou mav.' brino- m
another irlass of hot irin and water? ami
that makes the twentieth; and "here's the
The door opened, an there strode in
to the apartment a gentleman with a fur
red traveling cloak and a short valise,
such as in the old days would have pro
claimed the Cavalier, or, at least, Mys
terions Stranger, in which the old ro
maicists delight, but which in these
practical days announced the bonnafide
traveler, in whose favor acts of Parlia
ment relax their stringency and exhibit
lne fanners and craziers touched their
hate and made cheery salutations, for
which the instinct of their class they at
once recognized that the new comer be
longed to the ordei of the so aires, the
eststed gentry to whom they paid rent
and obeisance, whom they met at hunts
ard in the country towns. He was a
man whom, accuratelv speakinc we
should call elderly; the kind of man
whom jjeople call "still quite a young
man, which reallv means becinrunsr to
getiid. He had an abundance of soft,
white beard, tender and rather restless
eyes, and a countenance of great nobility
snd refinement. He returnee the greet
ing with much kindness, and. calling for '
something, he sat leside his own reflec
tions, which apparently were, hardly of
a very ciieenui uescnption.; O .
' But the last customer had departed,
and the bonna fide traveler still lingeerd
on. As they went off steamin? from
their drinks, my landlord shows sigm
and appearances of shuttincE m for the
night: : ...- . -
" Are you wantiug a bed here to-night
J " No, landlord, I am train r on to Ash-
" Ashenford ! exclaimed the landlord,
rith a metaleic lustre coming to his eye;
'why that is nine miles across the
wolds, .y-l -ill want a conveyance.
" No, thank vou, said the stranger;
I think I shall walk. It is a fine moon
A queer time for walking, quoth
the landlord. " People generally finish
their journeys, instead of beginning
them, at tins liourr"
. " I have been in countries,": said the
stranger, "where people do as much of
their traveling as they can by night in
stead of day, as being more cool and
comfortable. And so, good-night to you,
And without waiting for any direction
as to his route, he marched into the air,
and the landlord saw him get over the
stile beyond which ran the path through
the water-meadows that led to the Ash
enford road. , t
"I don't know who that ' gentleman
can be," mused the landlord; "and I
can't call to mind bis face; but he must
know this part of the country pretty
well to make out that path by the water-
meadows into the road, I thought of
telling bim of it, but then any stranger
woula go wrong.; f , ' j ; ': ;.
. VU THE AFPABITIOS.
In the). Meanwhile onr traveler had
safely threads! the complexities of the
entangled path by the alder trees that
U led-towards the high "tpad. Bare and
wuiw ior mues ana miles onwaru
f learned' the high road in the distanoet,
'he toad was originally made by the old
Romans,' wh did such work bravely,
shrinking from no difficulties, sunnouiit
ing every hill and sonnding every ralley,
and disdaining the jrta by which mod
ern eniiieers evaue natural dimcuiues.
For a tune the traveler followed a road,
dux presently anaining im minenoe he
struck across the trackless wolds in a di
rection that, through a wild country,
would bring them sooner to his destina
tion. At tunes he listened to the mid
night sounds, for, let rde tell yon, in the
stillest , nights there are all kinds of
sounds in the - quietest, country; the
sighing . winds, the, stirs of leaf and
bough, the burrowing creatures, the
startled game, each thrill of water, each
several echo. There is something very I-
mysterious in mat under-current of life
is the .dead rjf eight? in an open lonely
country. Thus our stranger almost au
dibly soliloquized: - .. ,
"I really; think there is . something
most depressing and disappointing in
coming back t the! scenes of one's early
days. It is quite a mistake. The early
days are all a mistake. . If you want to
see a whole country-side perfectly dead,
to have every illusion dissipated, to
choke the last fount of feeling, and to
Eut ashes on the last bit of green, go
ack to the scenes of early days. The
brook, that lovely brook, alone is fresh
and -musical as when I first heard it rip
ple over its shallows. That old school
is not the same old school that I went to:
it'isrnfdler'aaid joorei-;'the playground
is nothing; the school not what it was.
I expect the new proprietary schools cut
out; all the old grammar and college
schools. And here so many years of my
early life was passed thirty years ago
before I went out to India. And here I
first loved Lettice Lettice, who jilted
me for one nearer home, widow of the
opulent brewer deceased, of brazen face
and voioe, whose virago tongue is the
terror of half . the -country. There are
only quiet and independence left me in
this world, and 1 must get what passion
less enjoyment I can out of them. Mv
life has not. been a happyonA. . Success
ful in-appearance it has beert a failure in
reality. My b"ne great-task in life, even
before I left Halleybury, was for love.
Love was the one. jabsurd dream on
which I lived for years amid the heats
and eolds of Upper-India. And when I
f)t the letter that told me all was over
sank into a life more solitary than be
fore; and, save that I loved my work,
and made sons and daughters of the
dusky people I had to look after, and
that I might study the stars of heaven
and the herbs of the field, most human
feelings died within me, and I cared
not for man nor" wbmen either.1 And
then the government quarreled with 'me
anout my annexation, and declared that
I was more friendly to the natives than
to ministeral interests, and so they com
municated all my claims and got rid of
me. And I suppose I shall have to drill
myself into a machine, eat and drink as
much as I may consistently with- the
safety of my liver, live by rule, sleep by
rule so much time for rest, so much
time for reading no duties, no ties, no
interests 'the long set life "and apathe
tic close.' I don't think I should have
gone back to that wretched old place at
home: but I suppose that I am prettv
wtJLthe test of the Canynge line; and 1 1
- 1 11 . T
eujjpuna iu uuiy uiing on earui j. can
claim relationslup with is the defaced
old Crusader in the chontry of the parish
church. And he's hardly more dead
than I am." ; .
I do not say that Canynge said all
these things in order as I have put them
down. But I do as the, cunning play
wrights have ever done select such
parts of his solilquyc as flings light on
his history. "
It was at this point that Canynge saw
what seemed to be a ghost The. coun
try waa one of that nature, that a long
chain of billowy downs rose and fell, fell
and rose, for a stretch of runny, many
miles. Sometimes the' 'undulations vt-re
extremely gentle, but at others the emi
nenoes rose to some height and sharp
ness of outlines, t Canyivg had come
down one slope, and was passing along
a eheep-puth above which towered
down frith, some abruptness. . On the
height immediately above him a figure
presently startled hi in, which might well
occasion an emotion of wonder. It was
that of a female' form clothed in perfect
whitej'a face clear, cold, 'pure, and of so
spiritual a eoniplrTxion'trrat it required a
little imagination to conceive an angelic
visitant, unless 'the prof used diamonds
that sparkled on her dress might betray
a mundane) origin. Her long golden hair
noated over her ehoulders, and her white
eeck and bosom glimmered through lace
flmbroidery. In spite of his astonish
ment, Cfinyuge- mechanically quickened
his pace, and in a - few minutes was
brought face to face with a fair girl who
was descending the path which he was
mounting. He saw how accurately his
eye had divined at once the rare type of
loveliness he had seen, and a hundred
thoughts at once rushed into Ids mind
as to whr-.t should account for this sud
den appearance at two o'clock in the
morning in such attire on these fart
away lonely wolds. Had she ran away
from some accident or outrage? had she
escaped from a lunatic asylum or some
unfriendly dwelling ? or what could be
the explanation of this strange event,
occurring thus startingly in the midst of
his complaints about his monotonous
and stereotyped existence ? He hardly
knew how to act, whether to alarm the
maiden by returning to addres her, or
to abstain from taking - any notice, and
yet keep her carefully in view. A man
in these circumstance falls back on
what one might call his mechanical mor
ality, the instinct of the -"benefiting"
that has gradually grown up into an ex
tra sense. Canynge drew back, raised
his liat, and inquired whether he could
be of any service,
She laid her white hand on his arm
almost caressingly, and said " Oh ! yes,
indeed, if you could get back into the
road, and help papa. It will be a long
time before we can get help from home.
Presently a brilliant burst of laughter
was heard, and two other ladies came
leisurely down the slope of an opposite
WOld. . 'r ' ; ' '
When they saw a strange gentleman in
confabulation with their companion.
whom they called Exeline, who had just
S rutted them, they, came up and told
leir story at ths t dead hour ef night .
The party were coming home ' from a
ball at a great house, and had left some
what early." . The story was a very sim
ple one. They had' taken the narrow
road across the wolds, and the coachman
was not quite sober, and had upset the'
carriage on -the bank,J One horse ; was
decidedly injured, but the difficulty was
to get the carriage straight " The young
ladies had easily got out of the carriage,
and, thinly clad as they were, they had
set off to walk in their evening costume
the most direct cut home across the
down. t In answer to the inquiry of this
chahce comer, they told hinr he might
certainly be of &se if he would strike off
into the road, and with a few hurried
polite phrases they started .homewards
to procure further assistance.
There were only two gentlemen with
the carriage, and the coachman was ly
ing by the side of the bank, .hardly sen
sible," "whether from drink or blow. A
young man who had evidently been on
horseback, for his horse was picketed to
a tree, was busily engaged in repairing
damages with aa elderly gentleman,
while an old turbaned lady, in a state of
dismay, was using somewhat incoherent
expressions of horror.
Canynage was able to be of essential
COLUMBIA, TENJf FRED AT', : DECEMBER 20, 1872.
Berne?, They made what use they
could of the one uninjured horse, and
both shafts being broken,' they managed
to propel the vehicle and to keep guard
try the window to allay the ladies fears.
which were not altogether destitute of
foundation, that there might be another
repetition of the disaster before. they
reacnetuiattue.- .. , T ,-v -?. :
. " I think, yoa inayt:be Sir Henry H al
oe rt, said (Janynge to the old gentle
man in the pause that ensued after the
immeqiato preparations rwere complete.
I " And TOn- I ' was the answer.
"Tour old schoolfellow, Canynge, bo-
ore l went to Uaileyburv.
r.Ouryn,-r said Sir Henry, warmly
grasping' ins band,
if you had known
how often I had thought of you. how
much 1 had desired this meeting. I
watched you for years in India, and
when, you left the Civil Service, and I
most - thoroughly took your side and
sympathized with you, you seemed to be
lost sight of altogether." . ?
' "I nave been in Italy and the east,!
said Canynge' "and only lately have
been traveling in England. "
" And where do you live now ?"
Nowhere. . That is to say, entirely in
hotels." . - .
, "And how do yoa spend your time?"
" Chiefly traveling about in express
trains. i P
'But where are your traps, and how
uo we una you nere ai miunigui t ,'
" My man has been at at Ashenford,
and I was walking over to meet him."
" " And in this' Out-of-the-way spot, at
this odd hour, we meet, lou were com
ing to see me, I hope?"
" I don't know. I had some idea of
it, but I am afraid that I should have
given it up. l am out of sorts, Halbert,
by which -1 mean out of health, out of
spirits. e are both oldish men, but
you have not been shriveled up in India
as i have. 11
. " You must come . on. for the nitrht
anyhow; stay for a month; stayjaf long
as yon like."
"I think not, Halbert I am the
worst possible sort of guest to Lava-.
selfish and solitary, rise and roost at all
hours not amusing, or to be amused
I a." regular badger in earth, only fitfor
the Indian jungle.
. "iWe will draw you out replied Sir
Henry, ''We will send over by and by
for your servant at Ashenford. You shall
do exactly as you like, and will be, at
least, as comfortable as at ai hotel."
It was a long pull round by the hall.
Aftr going four or five miles help came,
and all the disagreeables were effective
ly arranged. ' At last they reached the
hail door. As they stood on the thres
hold Sir Henry again greeted his guest
with both hands outstretched, and just
at that moment the first rich ray of the
morning sun struck from the east across
the world, ushering in a new world, and,
perchance, the dawn of a brighter day
to the worn heart and frame of the old
IIL LIUT AT EVKNISO.
t Canynge was undisturbed till late
next morning. The law of the host was
gone forth that the new inmate was to
be left to his own devices. The servant
came to take orders whether he would
breakfast in his own room or downstairs.
Having replied in the, latter way, Mr.
Canynge went down into the library. A
breakfast lunch was on the table, and he
had . hardly sat down when a tall ele
gant girl, the same whom he had first
met on the downs the previous night,
presently entered the apartment, and
quietly sat down by his side.
: " I am told that I am to have my
lunch fit your breakfast, Mr. Canynge, '
she said. "Paparkas l&eu eblirJ to
go over to the Pettv Sessions, where he
always takes the chair. Mamma is not
down yet, or my sisters either," she ad
ded, laughingly; "and mamma said you
were to be my special charge till the rest,
came in." , J
.""My child," said Canynge, with his
gentle smile, "I place myself in your
care, if yon will be troubled with a stu
pid old man. It ia quite a new experi
ence to me to have so fresh and good a
girl to look aftr niy. tea and toast"
" But you are not a stupid old man,"
said Eveline, with earnest eyes, "if am
ma told me that out in India you had
been quite a sort of king over a country
as big as twenty of our English coun
ties, and had done the people ever so
much good." .'...
"A man mnv lie a (.timid old msrL'iu
spite of all that. Miss Eveline, fla- yoni
will certainly find . out, if I stay here
much loner." .
. He thought he had never seen a high
er type of intellectual beauty than in
Eveline. .. The face had that expression
of goodness which is essential to4eauty.
That night had been a very eventful
night to her, for it had been her first
ball. She had not yet properly come
out, and was to be presented at. Court
next season: but the Talbots were such
'old friends and neighbors that she had
been allowed to go to their ball. And
Eveline was quite content with the com
parative retiredness that was hers until
the days of her first season should come
in. 1 5-
That young man whom he had seeu
the night before, with his steed tied up,
was evidently an institution in the
honse. It was pretty clear, indeed, that
he was kept there by feminine attrac
tions, and more than suspected that
this attraction was Eveline. Lady Hul
bert was anxious to get him for one of
her girls, but if the eldest would not
meet the occasion then even let it le
the youngest; but she had still hopes for
Caroline. Canynge did not see much of
Captain Mortoiu The Anglo-Indian
kept his morning to himself, rarely ap
peared . at tho public breakfast and
lunch, and almost limited his inter
course with the family to apparently in
terminable talks with his host ever the
wine; But he was a man of late hours,
and would sit in tho smoking-room or
billiard-room even later than the gal
lant captiin. And hearing from Lady
Halbert that the gallant captain had
been making proposals for Eveline, like
Lady .nalbert he was in favor of Caro
line. He granted that Morton was rich,
handsome, " gentlemanly, . and : if not
much good, at least with little vice
about him. . But he was a man of the
true voluptuary type, who had exhaus
ted all the round of pleasure, with no
notions beyond natural interests. Caro-
line was a woman of the world, cr.pableLa;ign is bent upon employing the Pyra
of taking and holding her own way,
having quite settled her character and
tastes..! But somehow he was sorry to
think of Eveline being handed over to.
such a man, who would hold her. " a lit
tle better than his dog, a little .dearer
than his horse,' and that, all her fine
sympathies and abilities should - be
dulled by contact w ith such companion
ship. ' '
For lie had seen a great deal of EveH
line. .Lady Halbert had especially de
sired her youngest daughter to le very
attentive to Mr. Canynge. She had
told her child that he was nearly fifty
years of age, and to Eveline fifty ir five
hundred were nearly similar quantities,
indicating the illimitable age of grand
fathers. Lady Halbert had uo objection
that her child should be the favorite of
a rich Indian. Poor Lady Halbert tfas
a good, worthy woman, out she acted
with the short-sighted selfishness of her
class." It was not wit or worth, or
character, but lands and houses that
she wanted for her children and Sic
Henry Halbert left the consideration of
these things ' to Lady Halbert, , Hec
ladyship even speculated- whether thi
wrealthv Indian' mnrlit not do for Onrn-
line, who was " getting on." . j
In the meanwhile Eveline was a great1
deal with the old man, mginally.she
took it to1 herself as a kindly duty at
her mother's desire. But the old man
in many wavs interested her very great
ly. He refused to take any part in the
society of the neighborhood, and as
Eveline did not go out they were hrown
, much on Mr. Canynge's great resource,
mnsic. He passed hour after boor in
the ' organ-chamber t the HalL ' and
threw open a new world of music to bia
young friend. . Then his man brought
over strange instruments of science,
with 'whose use he' familiarized his pu
pil, and he ' would go into the library,
ana taxing aown votume alter volume,
would have something to tell her sat
great jnen and of -stiiTing pages in their
writings, xuueeu, loose wno watcnea
Mr. Canynge wim Understanding eyes
might have een in him a life of leisure
and song,- of real leArning and genuine
high feeling, while his obvious unrest
ana unnappiness pernaps strucx a uan-
gerous chord oi sympathy. ? -
One day there was great mentaljdia
turbance at the hall,' The gallant cap-
um had auroptiy lea. The story came
.out after- dinner conterse. Morton had
insisted onr his answer, and he got it and
did not like it Evsrjne could not say
she loved him,' and so she captain called
ffr hjs teed, and?arode ojt My lady
would hAvetltrown Caroline at his head,
but " Caroline me no Carolines" was his
thought. Mr.' Canynge found much to
meditate on in thaterent It was time
for himto take hiafdeparhire ho better
time than Jwh there was soma sort of
trouble in the houee. The fate of the
captain made him aualyrt and disinteg
rate his own feelings towards Eveline.
He smiled very bitterly when he told
himself that he was an old fool and
loved .Eveline with a. love othe and
deeper than a rrandfather'ai It there
was a good reason for Captain Morton
to go there was good -reason for him abH
so. He Buonosed he must be in second
childness to love such a child. Being a
man . of quick resolves he settled that
that should be his last'night at the HalL
andlept ujou jiisfexihle determina-. ,
He announce1., it next morning, and
when Sir Henry tried to make him, alter
hid lans he imninded. him ' that he
would be 'a ''perfectly free agent so firm
ly that he stopped discussion. He
Lproniiscd to let his old school-fellow
knowvwhat; his plans would be, and to
arrange for a meeting again. Many a
golden fee, was given among the domes
tics at the Hall; many a kind word and
"Smile which some of them had learned
to value at least as well And then he
sought Eveline in the organroom. She
had looked startled and pallid when he
spoke of leaving, and he had not seen
her during the morning. He had a
diamond cross in his hand, one of rare
value, which he had brought from
Florence,. He entered, the room. very
quickly and . the young girl, who 'liad
not heard him enter, was at the bay-win
dow,' weeping audibly with the wet tears
on her" thin, delicate "fingers t'ti l !
" Jiy cnud. said alt. uauynge, grave
ly, "this is a famous cross which I pro
cured in "Florence. You,-' must take it
from me. It will be a memorial of an
old man's loving regard for you, when
perhaps I shall have- left thase parts
forever."-- - ' - ' 3 ' ' '
" Oh ! Mr. Canynge," she said, "you
must not say that I should grieve even
more than I grieve now ill thought that
I should never seeyou again. It is the
one tnrng to wmcn x snau iook ior-
Is it possible, my child, that you
shed these tears for me."
" Oh ! yes." she said: "who has been
so kind and patient, and loving with me
as vou Lave" been?' I only wish that I
hai loved you more." And now the
tears came fast, and almost nncontrolla
blv. " You love me, my child, but you do
not know i what love is. Some. bppy
man wiil Y-m-rcsi Lve ' Perhaps some
day poor Morton will .be BUCcessluL
"a ever mention jLaptam .Morton to
me, almost r.ngriiy exeiaimea tne mai
den. ,"I might have liked mm better,
perhaps, if I had not seen you."
Then a sudden thougnt strucK
Canvnge. "Was it possible that this
young girl, in the generosity of her na
ture, was giving bim the priceless gift
of her lova'f"
" Oh !" he said "Oh. heavens ! Is
it possible that you love me as you have
not loved others; that you would be my
"I love ton' with' all my heart, she
said, the warm blushes on her face,
" but I am not worthy to be your wife."
But she became his wife. Let no one
say finch love was not deep and true. In
the estate that was once mat w me
Canyngea, and was bought back by their
descendant, there is a hale happy man
restored to life and energy; and the ine
quality of years is not so much, as year
by year he grows younger as she grows
older. . It is a curious fact that the jeal
ous captain did marry Caroline after alL
: - f The Pyramids.
It is said that the Khedive intends to
turn tho great pyramid of Ghizeh into
: a lighthouse. He, is an enterprising and
somewhat ' ' tinimaginative sovereign;
prone to works of utility, and with
scant veneration for that which is mere
ly old or curious, and it is quite possf
ble that he may cause that ancient sum
:mit to Je crow-ned With a Federal lan
tern and occupied by a discontented
stipendiary with a coil of Manchester
wickiug and a Copic pitcher of clarified
benzina. Notwithstanding the advan
tage to the neighboring commerce of
the Nile of such a lofty -and far-beani
tog Pharos, all reverent travelers who
have seen it from across dim levels of
desert, a pillar of cloud by day, will re
gret to see it turned into a pillar of fire
by night -The Arabs had a tradition
that these structures were built by the
inhabitants of the elder ; world, and
alone of human works bore the burden
of the flood. Whether or not this be
trne, they are at least old enough to be
released . from obligations of utility.
The mummied sovereign in the base
ment, whoever he was in life, Memos or
Cephren, Thotnies or Barneses, or Pha
raoh, . must experience an emotion of
posthumous . resentment . at the mere
mention of such an employment of his
towering and venerable monument If
it were Cleopatra who slumbered there,
she would break from her cere-cloths in
rage at such presumptuous audacity,
and disperse avenging asps throughout
the twenty-five palaces of the present
ruler of the lands of Egypt II indeed
that able but rather sacrilegious sover-
mid in purposes of use, let him turn the
crypt into a consular residence. He
may again have accredited to him a pe
culiar official like Butler, in which event
he has but to watch the ingress of that
inconvenient and objectionable function
ary, brick up the entrance, and thus re
lieve two rations by one act of masonry.
Xcw York fribune.-
. If Too Please. I
, Boys, do you ever think how much
re"al courtesy will do for you ? : Some of
the greatest men were" ever cautions in
this respect When the Duke of Well
ington was sick, the last h$ took was tea.
On his servant handing it to him in a
saucer; and asking if he would have it
the Duke replied, " Yea, if you please."
These were his last words. How much
kindness and courtesy is expressed by
them ! He who had commanded great
armies, and was long accustomed to the
tone of authority, did not overlook the
small courtesies of life. Ah, how
many boVs do ! .What m rude tone of
command they often use 'to their little
brothers and sisters, and sometimes to
their i mothers !. : They order so: That
is ill-bred, and shows, to say the least,
a Want of thought ' In all your home
talk remember. "If your please." To
all who wait upon or serve you, believe
ithat-"If you please" will' niake you
better served than all the cross or order
ing words in the whole dictionary. Do
not forget three little worth : "If you
"Speak gently; It Is better far
To role by love than fear,'
(The "Hock" alluded to Is a tremendous precipice
to us iuihii river, wnicn rises perpendicularly
from the water to a height Of three hundred f eeC
It is probably four r and red yards IB length, and ai
the headland of one of the ridges of the- Cumber
buio, wmcn appears 10 nave been broken in twain at
that point to allow the river to pass. Along the top
u us pracipm uarwe are many puces where the
water exades, strongly Impregnated with iron and
other coloring suhstsjnices, which, running down the
face of tbs "iters' rive it the appearance of bavin
oesw ruueiy - painwt. rrom una eimunstaace it
tarn Its name. Old Indian tradition; however.
assign another and very different cause 'for the
eoloriag, battering that it was the blood of their
noted -braves'' aiaip in battle. upon the nnun&,
wblrh so deeply dyed the river front of the famous
Lung yean rustle by, like the tune-tinted leaves
That low on the waters are shed.
When the wind thromgh the frost-emit ten foliage
Aad the birds of the Bummer have fled. .
Yet leave they an echo those swift-gliding years.
vi nm iua xeaneM ana rise -Here
dwelt, (ere had settled the stoat "Pioneers, ")
vu uie uauss w we ongni xennessee.- ;
It rises from river, from valley and glen,
That echo. it atola fmm the aA.
Ajfif it whispers its stories of derk-viwaged men
" In the depths ef the old forest shade.
And here, where, the craggy, and weather-plalued
Bangs over the murmurhur tide. ' .'
It tells of the night battle's terrible shock. . ,, . .
And the valiant who met it and died. ' .
True, toarisU may tell ns that over the faoe . ,
Of that precipice hoary and dread,
nde marks of the graver and paint we may trace "
Hnt the colors b A'afprearera anresd. .
But they know sot the tale of that nighthadoweat
fight, r . , f .. . )
Both summit and side of' that perilous height .
nnni uirwu h, uie unu 01 we warn. . .
nere ayea with tne blood or the brave. . ;
Twss the season when the first chilis of Autumn
Had fallen, and blossoms all rale.
Lay dying sway on the f roet-eovered ground
in the aeus of that beautiful vale :
Far down on the lowlands the buffalo herds
Sought out the green msrursse still. .
And hues like the plumage of farad urn birds , ..
aay pngnf oer ue sun-crestea mil. ; i ;
0ar tha chestnut tree )hsking their hardy brown
v hmrrm -v ,
The wiid-crane lav trailing across :
And ripe eonee, fresh fallen from cedar and firs
Half-covered the emerald mass.
Blue mountains from ander ttar rich siBber base
Looked upoii- westeaaa ann.
Whose softening splendor and lonR-fcUnUng rays. '
.-,-.. ... . . 1 . . - ;
ah iimi i, 111,1 . .i 11 1 r aia guuc
A flarse osrthe rref iptee I Boldly its gleam , '.
snoots ap from the toa of the Bock . .
Tis the trunk of a pine-tree that hangs o'er.' the
stream, , r . . . .,
Aad breasted the knrrleaneV shock.
And there on the aunimit a warrior band ,
- Lies, gathered to silent repose, "''''!
Tie the brave Tuecerora the pride of the land . .
on the track of his treacherous foes. , . ..
He scorns in the lowland to ttske him a lair ,
He scorns In the forest to hide : , . . ,. 5
When the foeman comes on, Tuscarora is thece, .
W ith his warriors, trusty and tried.
He loves on the erag-rif ted mountain atone v
To sleep on some teuantiees peak. . ' i
Where the cry of the vulture can answer his own
vt 1th a hungered and-dtsth-teuing shriek , . .
And here where the night wind in rapid career ,' . .
Sweeps over the rock-cradled nest
Of the sun loving. eagle, the dark mountaineer,, . .
And his followers, laid thenl to rest :
While rose oa the night a Bisgaiflcent.blaze
As the pine beacon's quivering glow
Caet down its huge fire flakes and dorp-Unted rays
nhere the water-tones unue oeiow r
Like a red eye In heaven the blood circled, moon
Looked ont with a wondering stare' - -
And cloud-cuff and river, and precipice soon
.- Were lit with Us a-udarssg glare.
And tbt atist telling ,np from the face of the
stream ' '
Hung heavily over the height, t
Yet, shining beneath it, the bright billows gleam
In the wizzard and wandering UgfaA '
As down the deep gorges the winter wind launches,
His voice through the caverns re-echoing hoarse; -His
fury abroad mid the bare forest branchaa, -; .
Uprooting the rocks in his terrible course ( .
So, dread to the aleeiwrs, the sadden up-breaking .
Of pleassntest dreaming and peaceful repoee, .
The sentinel's shout brought a fearful awaking
- That saw them environed by mordero. foes 1
Cloie gsthered tkx " Braves'' tike a thunder-bolt
a. rung ' i ' t f l .
The Chieftain's defiance on high;
Abroad to the wind-gust his signal was flung
And his warrior's echoed the cry ;
His eye in its socket, a fountain of flame, ; ,
Boiled redly, as guxhing his cheek " '
Down-nsihing the blade of a battle-axe came,
( ' And was died with the blood-gushing reek. -
- . r .
TTwiihering tat red lhe spirits were given,
They fought not for victory then
And souh that knew, naught of the mercy of
Heaven ! n
Disdained now to ask it cf men :
The red stream of carnage a cataract runs
Fsr over the precipice side ; -, : .'' ;
With the Mood .of a thousand the wfldertwea'
The eaard on the summit was dyed ! ;
The conflict was over and Mit on the brow
Of the "Buck," where the beacon bad shone,
AU wounded,' and bleeding, and desolate now,
Stood ths brave Tuscarora suone.
Hi falcon-eye measured the perilous steep . ,
. Deep-dved with it streamlets of gore '- i.
Quick I ere'the foes reach him one tigar-Iike trap,
Aad they saw the young Sachem no more l f j .
Swift water, closed oVr him the gallant and
. brave ' ' : . '
And the pride of hfc -nation and land . .- -Bank,
whelmed In the rushing and fetterless
wave mi.- -ii
The IsM cf his warrior band. I -And
red wtth Ms Webloo was aMllied the foam
Of the Mae lilkws sbinlisrng free, r .
When the battle was kr aid "he sought hh last
In the depths of the dark Tzskeshkb I
, 'irifinia trench.
Amuseuieits of the Queen.
. . . ;
The Queens' wallaa4"drivi are not
confined within"' her own policies ; she
crosses the Dee almost daily, and is
quite as oftnTfeen on the opposite side
of the river. She always uses an open
carriage, but not always -the ; same.
Sometimes it is a wagonette, sometimes
a low pony plupton. No guard of honor
accompanies the royal equipage, how
ever. Her trusty attendant, John
Brown, site on the-box beside "the
coachmarl and when tlare is liof room
for him there b4 ridest"i horseback b.vt
the aide 01 tne carnage. . iu
tends the Queen. An outrider a little
in advance of the royal carriage clean
the road, and the Queen goes quietly on
her way, with a smile and a nod. for any
who chance to meet her. But as a rule.
Her Majesty is not intruded upon when
she ventures beyond the royal dorninions,
unless on Sunday, and then it is strang
ers only who run-after her. ' The cot
tagers do not annoy her, and she comes
and goes without molestation. Indeed,
they make a point if keeping out of
the way .when, the white horse of the
outrider appears in sight Should the
Oneen. however, happen to come' unex
pectedly -on her subjects by Deeside,
she is deferentially acknowledged. The
Queen and her ladies frequents 'pie
nio" in the woods or on the hillside
should.it be handier. Materials , to
make a fire and cooking utensils are
taken in the" carriage, and tea is made'on
the green sward, and handed round in
rustic fashion without "any ceremony.
At these afternoon "teas" tbtr Quev.
has no special chair of honor. Her seat
is pretty often on the clump ofa tree,
with her cup in her hand, or any dtei
casual resting-place that terns up con
veniently. . Excursions are made also to
various places of interest, and every
corrie and glen within reach has beeu
visited by the royal family. Court Cir
cular. r : "' '.-,: ' ,
Thr? Wonders of tae Yello w.Uaai ! i
There is probably no more, magnifi
cent region of strange freaks of nature
than the valley of the Yellowstone river,
and the country almost immediately
around it Here, lying fax tip ohhy
arsvthe nterparts of the Geysers of
Iceland and mountains abounding in the
rarest form of crystallization. New dis
coveries are being made here constantly.
The United States Geographicbl Survey,
now at Fort HalL report, recently, jthe,
exploration of another Geyser basil),
rivaling the "Fire HeleT of the Yellow
stone. . Thia last is hear Shoshone lake.
One Geyser the " Union "presented
the curious phenomenon, of sending wa
ter from oa?, raid steam from the other
mouth, "resembling a great engine."
Another was named the " Minute Man "
one minute never passing without an
ebullition. . The crater were beautiful
ly colored by" mineral deposits A cor
respondent of the Hv4tMng Pott says: -'
The effect of the Umon Geyser, when
in action, was most grand, the -water
shooting to a height of seventy feet,
when, breaking into spray, it fell to the
earth in a shower of drops, each, one
sparkling under " the sun a rays, and
forming a splendid bow; while from the
other mouth rose thundering a cloud of
steam, whose misty column contrasted
strongly with the limpid water of the
COMMODORE XATHE Tf F. MAURY.
Bxtraeia from his Aaaterijr Addroaa fee
foretlao Aarrtemltmrml Aaaortattosk at lbs
ansa sw. aessua sssi stale r air.
Co-ope ratleia Aanoatsj AsrtcsritsrrUta B
. sorsus vv mscat ey jnigai uetaia.
- GkNtiAikn I have subjects to dis
cuss of great interest to all the bread
earners" of the land. . These subjects
concern, in an especial manner, the wel
fare of those who earn their bread from
the agricultural and mechanical pur-
i The question of which I am about to
treat is one of this sort : How shall the
fanners of the country procure from the
General Government that degree of con
sideration, and such legislative enoour
agement for agriculture as it requires
and deserves ? Its importanoei when con
trasted with the other great interests of
the country, such as commerce and nav
igation, railroading, mining and manu
facturing, is to say the least, quite equal
to theirs; then why should it not receive
as much consideration from the law
givers? '; . . ;. ; '
According to the official statements,
statements not generally very accurate, I
admit but sufficiently so in this instance
perhaps to give an idea of you wealth
your crops last year amounted in- round
numbers to Si.iAM.ow.iM): that is me
annual produce of your labor, and it is
increasing. Y hat, compared to this, is
the produce of the mines, the -gains of
commeree or the earnings of railroadM?
"-"According to' the late census, there
are said to be 12,500,000 " bread earn
ers in the United States. These nil
the mouths of the 39,000,000 of people
who inhabit the country. Thus every
one who ia not a drone, has oh the aver
age, to earn bread for three months,'
irouowmg up these statistics, it ap
pears that these several industries sub
sist respectively : The agricultural and
mechfihiiral.t23'630,rj0tf souls, the manu
facturing, 1,117,000 ; the5 mining 472, 000;
the railroad and expressmen, 690,000. '
Therefore you - beat in numerical
strength the several industries that are
so much. '''.'' ,..,.-..:? ' - .
iCOKK COMPACT IX 0B0ANIZ ATIO JT '
and powerful with Legislatures than
you are, some ten, some twenty, and
some fifty timej and all combined five
to one. - "
Hitherto your combinations have ex
tended only to the formiug of State and
counties societies, and the influencing
of State Legislatures. Theirs are gen
eral, they impress Congress. , j
Follow their example, and foster the
great National Agricultural Congres tltat
had its birth in this city on the 2Sth of
The interests of agriculture, not in
Missouri alone, or in any one State, es
pecially, but of the whole country, re
quire me adoption by Congress of cer
tain measures which are too weighty for
any one State or section to carry. They
TOirlired the united combinations of all,
and bre it is, thia Congress, with 23,-
830,000 "bread eaters" at its back, pre
pared to bring forward those measures
and press them with a vigor that no
government can withstand, "","''
It has already spoken with regard to
one of these great measures, and ere its
memorial could be enrolled and sent up
to Washington, the public press took up
the petition, and legislators catching the
spint, passed though they were upon
the very heels of the session an act in
creasing the appropriations for the Sig
nal Office, and commanding it to address
its labors to the benefit of agriculture
as well as commerce.
This information will enable you to
fix prices upon your staples instead of
going to the merchants to set the prices
forytra- -it will be proclaimed by tele
grams, distributed througn me raaus
and repeated by the county and village
press throughout the land, until every
farmer will, in his own interest and for
self-protection, be compelled to take at
least one newspaper ; so here, besides
the general and patriotic, is a direct pe
cuniary interest which the press has in
advocating this measure and in helping
us to "roll this call along."
Of this Congress the St Louis Agri
cultural and Mechanical Associatfiroris
somewhat the foster parent. ThafOon
gress met and was organized in this city
under the wing of your Association, and
because of your usefulness,
,. TOUa INFLUENCE AND OL0RT
in the land, I am here to ask you to en
courage this Congress, to speak well of
it, to help support it, and send your
clear-headed men to represent you in it
tint May, at Indianapolis, and annually
thereafter! for there are other measures.
of' general concern to come before it
which are second only in importance, to
the great scheme which it has already
in hand.' I call it a great scheme, be
cause wherever it has been brought for
werd it has metrwith approval from wise
and good teen, ?
'It is meet therefore, that your Na
tional Agricultural Congress , should be
diligent in this matter, for as soon as it
moves the'government in Washington to
issne invitations for the International
Conference it has to turn its attention to
the subject of
,f 1XLAJJD TBAPE -
with the view of urging Congxeea up to
its duty v of "regulating commerce
among the States." ' .-
I need only mention railroada and
wayrfreighta .to wake you. up on this
subject, and to remind yon of grievioua
burdens unfairly , laid npon you and
hard to bear.
Your oppressors in this are encouraged
aided and abetted by the very power
that should protect you, viz : the Gov
ernment of the United States itself.
Now, speaking in a gefceral w ay, all
agricultural produce reaches market in
the first instance, as wtfy-freight. The
farmer pavs that, and then the groceries
and supplies which he receives in return
often, come to him" charged also with
Lerdioris way-fariffk. -
The Government you also anow, nas
made . munificent land grants to many
of the railroads ; but the bounty came
from ycu, and was created by your own
enterprise and labor, e. g., here were
pablie laad Take a drag in the market ;
the farmer settled upon them and by
improving, amid hardship, toil and pn-yationf-,"his
owsf traet, lie enhanced the
value of the rest He opened a way to
it through the wilderness ; he made
roads and a clearing; he tried the cli
mate and proved the soil ; built mills,
shops and churches ; established schools;
paved the way for immigration and set
tlement: and thus value was given to
the unoccupied land around about
The Government profiting by such en
terprise, and forgetting the laborer, said
practically to one railroad company , af
ter another: "Here, take these lands
ifraltrflfitcr sections; which these far
mers have by their labor made saleable ;
I will double the price of mine that re
main you may do what you like with
yours ;we together will encourage set
tlers to come ; and thus, when by their
present inustry.vthty 'shall have im
parted sufficient value to your portion,
you can raise the money to build your
road, and make yourselvee rich."
Suppose that the money which is use
lessly expended npon the army and navy
aa much of it is were applied to the
construction of certain grand works of
internal improvement, built to carry
pheap and regulate commerce between
the States. Such would . completely
provide for the common defense; they
would be aa useful ifKpeare as in war,
and being constructed Vrt ..of savings,
they would add nothing to'jqur taxes,
while they would vastly mcrease your
ability to pay., . . . ..
-Moreover, considering .that it w the
farmers who have given value to Vie
public lands; considering how-ihte
lands have been often squandered and
rtfJaatedly misused and how it is now
proposed by the politicians to "use them
in the future, la it not quite time for
VOL. XVIII. NO. 24.
the farmers to rise np in the great Agri
cultural Congress, and say " Stop !
henceforth let the pnblio lands and the
proceeds thereof be applied to the agri
cultural interests, not of States and sec
tions, or of monopolists but of the whole
country; and among other things. Jet
them be ayed for the encouragement of
certain great national highways by
which and through which Congress may-
regulate commerce among the several
States, and so relieve way freights and
agricultural transportion of the unequal
taxation under which they now labor
and are now oppressed. The only sure
way for the Government to secure itself
and the public against such ' impositions
in the future, and of regulating railroad
commerce between the States, is to pro
vide certain national lines 4oth by wa
ter and ' rail between thia -valley and
the sea.. Let them be independent of
all other lines, and managed, not in the
interest of "rings," speculators or cor
porations, but 'of the public Let the
tolls on them be sufficient to keep them
in repair.-- Let them be so ordered and
equipped as to satisfy the demands of
trade, meet - the requirements of the
agricultural interest, and " r
PROMOTX'. THH 'oEXKBAL ' WELFABB ' Kf
j. - - . .
while in war they will enable the Gov
ernment to meet the exigencies of mili
tary necessity and make sure the com
mon defense." ,., : -.'.
The General Goveahment can, if you
in your Congress will say the word, give
all the encouragement necessary for the
construction of such works, and that,
too, without any increase of your taxes
whatsoever. '' ' , .
What i there in the condition of the
country to make a large navy and a
greater armv more necessary now than
they were before the war? - The ship
ping engaged in the foreign trade ia not
so much now as it was then. The In
dians are not so- nuinoroua. The out
posts are not so difficult of access, neith
er are the frontier lines to be guarded
as long now as they were then, and the
yeomanry, of the country consists not of
raw militia as then, but largely of vet
erans in war; and yet I venture to say
that there are few who hear me that will
not be astonished to learn that the cost
of the army now is far greater than it
was before the war. It ought to be
less. " ... ' "
Now, then, suppose the expenditures
of the army and navy had been reduced
to ante-bellum proportions, here would
have -been a saving of $640,000,000 which
might have been applied to the con
struction of those highways. Suppose it
hud been applied, you would have had
something to show for it, whereas now
you have notliitg. Yon would have
had two inland water routes between
the great valley and the Atlantic, each
wholly within onr own borders, and as
available in war as in peace ; and you
would have had the beginning of a sys
tem of national railways with multiple
tracks and branches between the great
centers o4jroduction in one section and
those of export and consumption ia the
other, which would regulate commerce
in peace, provide' for the common de
fense in war, and as highways for com
merce be almost as valuable as the Mis
sissippi River itself.
Remember, that when vou get. these
water lines iu the shape of ,
r 'r, ,A SHIP CASAL , . - , ,
between the James River and the Ka
nawha, and between the Tennessee and
the Coosa and the Ocmulgee down to
the sea in Georgia, all toll free, except
for maintenance and repair; that when
you get two or, three national trunk
lines of railway to cross the Alleghanies
and branch out at both end, each wfth
double or multiple tracks to such places
as Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Richmand and other sea
ports at one end, while on the otlier the
racliatihg stems lead off to Chicago, St.
Louis, Louisville, Memphis, etc., you
will bo able to deliver your produce on
board ship at one third, and even less,
of present rates. -
If instead of looking into the past we
look to the future, then in reducing tha
army and navy to the ffu quo mnto
bcUunt, we may assume a saving w hich,
with the public land fund, will amount
to not less than 840,000,000 a year.
Something like this sum being useless
ly expended ujion thing that contribute
nothing to the wealth of the country, it
might be most advantageously and ben
eficially davoted to these works.
You "permit your representatives in
Congress to vote millions, annually, for
the encouragement and protection of
fYirfi'or, ronimerce by sea. But yoa do
not require them to vote anything for it
by : laud. Besides the navy, which I
have already told yoa about, there are
light-houses, the coast survey, and the
consular system ; they absorb millions.
Now, let us inquire what is the value
of this commerce in .JniericaTt vessels,
on account of which so many millions
are annually expended. Its total value
for the last year was 8343,910,318. Why
even the tolls paid to the railroads ex
ceed that by nearly a third ($111,038,
C32 !) and the total value of the coin-;
merce over them according to Poor,
who is held as the best authority is no
less, than fifteen thousand millions of
dollars a year, or more than forty times
as much as your foreign commerce, and
yet .Congress does everything for one,
nothing for the other. t
f Surely you will move your Represen
tative there to reconsider and act in
Among the Herculean labors that de
volve upon a truly National Agricultu
ral Congress is the strangling of these
monster monopolies, and the rescuing of
the industries of the land from these
odious tariffs. The adoption of this
plan will give it strength for that.
Your Captain Bent suggested the im
provement of the Missismppi aa a lit
subject to come before your Congress.
I agree with him. There is no industry
in the land that is more dependent
than agriculture upon river navigation.
Agricultural produce is the basis of
river commerce. - .
The adniirality jurisdiction ' of the
Government extends to river and lateral
waters alike, ami inland navigation de
serves aa much of the fostering care of
Congress as coant navigation, and you
fanners must look to it also.
Tlir'Se's-Pestal Telegraph Schetae.
Of the new postal telegraph scheme,
the Express, in its money article this
afternoon, says: "It will be revived,
but in a shape somewhat different from
that presented during the previous ses
sion. The new scheme will lie a com
pany with $20,000,000 capital, to con
struct an entire new line throughout the
United States. It is stated that this
company will ask the right of way from
Congress; agreeing in return to connect
all tile postoffiees of tho -conn try by
wires, transact all government business
at one-half the rates charged forpnvate
messages, and finally divide with the
Pohtoffie Department one-half the an
nual profits. The company wdl also ak
from the government accommodations
rent free ia the different postoffiees.
The projectors of this enterprise will
claim for it the advantages of a postal
telegraph without any expenditures by
the government .Thia scheme is now
being matured, and in backed by a
prominent New England member of the
House of representatives. It is report
ed in financial circles that it was origi
nally intended to make the capital $10,
000,000, but, after consultation and de
liberation, it has been decided to in
crease it to $20,000,000 .in order to. cover
contingencies. Cincinnati Commercial.
A majj of Iowa Falls, who has a lime
kiln, asserts that, with wood and corn in
about equals parts, the fire is better,
and scarcely more expensive, and that
the lime is somehow vastly better.
- IIISToRIC BELLS.
A late number of Appletona' 'Journal
contains the following sketch of old St
Michael's Church, Charleton,Jand its
chime of bells:
Very dear to the people vl Charles
ton, South Carolina, is St Michael's
Church in that city, which ia said to
have been built after the model fur
nished by Sir Christopher Wren, and
copied from St Martin's-iri-the-I'ielda,
London. - The likeness to St Martin's
is so strong that no Charlestoniaa J
coming to London needs have that
church pointed out The spire of St
Michael a, however, is much the more
beautiful. Any one who had seen it
would remember the church, with ite
old-fashioned mahogany pnlpit, and
great brasa chandeliers, and high-back
mahogany pews, where the devout
might pray, and the careles sleep un
seen. But chiefly were the people
proud of their bells. There was no
such ehime in the colony when they
were hung, and after they bad changed
their tune of God save the King to -Yankee
Doodle, there never were any
bells in New York or Boston that came
np to them in their Fourth of July per- -fonnance.
Of all the works of man's
hand there is none which seems tv have
such a life of ite own as bells. How
they sympathize with the people, giv
ing voice to their joys and their sor
rows ! How, with "prophets' voices,
they speak to each man in Ida own
tongue 1 .
V hen the Jintiau took Charleston in
1780 they stabled their horses in the
church, aud, unhanging the bells, sent
them off to London, where they were
dumped on the Tower wharf, and left
unnoticed for many years. At last the
vestry of St. Michael's received a letter
bidding them to expect their bells by a
certain ship sailing from London. The
people went in proceasion to bring up
from the ship their beloved bells, which
tliev Lad narer hoped to listen to again.
and with prayer and thackngivings
they were replaced in the church tower.
The pious 'benefactor never made him
self known, but he was supposed to have
been some British officer who had been
at the taking of Charleston. For 70
years did those bells regulate the social
life of the city. For, not only did they
call to worship, and celebrate all occa
sions of public joy and sorrow, but
nightly they rang a curfew. Ii was in
tended to warn the negroee home at 9
o'clock in winter, 10 in summer; after
that hour they might not go into the
streets without a written pass.
It would not suit this sketch to recal
the - memories of the day when the ,
United States flag, lowered from Fort
Sumter, was brought up to the city ;
some one ordered the bells to ring a
clangor. ' ' ' ;
Time went on, and Charleston behind i
her defences of sand resisted all the ef- '
forte to carry her. During the five
hundred (546) days of bombardment all
the lower part of the town had to be
abandoned. Houses and churches were
, .. . . . it . . j r" 1 I .
siiaiteretu jet tne spire oi oi jn;-.iim?i a
was untouched. ' Perhapa good angels
guarded it But, what neither the
malice of the enemy nor the spite of
fortune did, the people themselves ef
fected. For the bells were taken down
and sent to Columbia, to be cast into
cannon. Gen. Beauregard pronounced
them unfit for the purpose; and the
fate, which heaped up at Columbia for
safe-keeping everything of value in the
State, there detained the bells alao.
Then Sherman'a army passed through,
leaving ite track aa of lightning. A
partv of half-drunken soldiers, out for
a lark and for plunder, were accosted by
a negro who offered to show them the
bells which they had rung in secession.
"Never," said the men, "shall they
play that tune again ! and they smash
ed them into a hundred pieces.
Sad was the return to the desolated
homes, and the meetings in the dumb
church, to which no miracle might now
restore the voice of the chimes they
But they were men of pluck still, and
as soon as they had shaken themselves
np and provided for the first pressing
needs they resolved to tax themselves to
iud u iiuvn, r3- . - .
Scarcely had the rector bread, and
the vestry and congregation were all
very poor, but they wrote to C. R. Prio-
lean, ol London, to inquire we cos oi
a new set Thia geutleuMai had l.
so long in England aa to hav wome
almost an Englishman. fai Eng
lish wife and bl-a handsome English
children, bat -Li" heart stirred at the
recollection f the dear-old voices that
had called him in childhood, and he un
dertook he task withr loving seal that
brought about the most surprising re
sults. There was no record at Charles
ton of where the bells came from. But
Mr. Prioleau searched the directory for
the oldest founders of the city, and
went from one to the other until, at
Meares k Co., White Chapel, London,
a firm which had been in existence three
hundred years, he found, by patient ex
amination, the record of bells cast for
St. Michael's Chnrch. Charleston, 8. Q,
ia 1759. The proportions of the metal,
and sizes of the bells, were all entered
in the books ; and the present Meare
engaged to turn out a new set which,
when hung, should make the Charle
tonians themselves think they heard
their veritable old bells. 'But Mr.
Prioleau was not content with thia ; he
wrote back to hav all the fragments
that could be found sent omt, and this
was done. Meanwhile, Mearea still
found iu his service an oil man of
seventy-six, who had been apprentice
under the very foreman who, more than
a hundred years before, had cast these
1k11 ; and he, stimulated by Prioleau'a
generosity, never rested till he brought
to light the very original moulds for
the castings. Into them the new metal
was melted with careful distribution of
the broken fragments, so as to make the
illusion a reality. All that was wanting "
to make up the cat Mr. Prioleau add
ed, and the reward of his perseverance .
and generosity was to send to the vestry4
these new bells, which are the very bid
ones still. Again did the congregation
with tears and thanksgiving receive tho
Wlls from this their fifth voyage across
the Atlantic and hung them up in St
May they never again be removed by
the rough hand of War, or ever sound
ought but peace on earth and good-will
On of the saddest thought that
come to us in life ia the thought that in
this bright, beautiful, joy-giving world
of ours, there are so many shadowed
If suffering came only with crime,
even then we might drop a tear over
him whcee errors wrought their owit
V a. a a t 11. H
recompense, uut it is not w,uai -u
we should not have it to record that the
noblest and most gifted are often among
those who may count their fate among
shadowed lives. With one it id the
shadow of a grave, long, deep, and
narrow, which falls over a life, shutting
OUt me jriaKlue-w " ' rwiiMMii,
blighting the tender blossoms of hope.
With another, it is the wreck of a '
great ambition. He has buibled hi j
ship, and launched it on the sea of life,
freighted with the richest jewels of hi '
strength, his energies, hut manhood.'
Behold, it comes back to him riten,
battered, torn in some horrible tempest,
" the wreck of a first rate."
With some others, disease throwa its
terrible shadows over the portals, and
shuts out the brightness and jo '
outside world from the sufferer within.
Bnt this is the bghtest shadow of all ;
for it teaches the heart lessons of
endurance and faith, and through ite
darkness the sufferer sees ever the star of
promise shining with rays that tell of the
u-lories beyond. Of all shadowed lives.
we find it in our hearts to feel most for
those which are darkened by an un
happy marriage. .
Unhappy marriages ia the quintessence
of human bondage. It wounds daily
our fondest and sweetest impulaea, it
trifles with and buries our holiest ami
dearest affections, and writes over the
tomb thereof : " No hope; It embittert
the victim with the thought that lost
forever to his or her life ia a glory of a
great love ; closed forever to him or her,
the portflofw a hapjry borne that
fountain-of Irecraesa arj delight, at
which the-sionl musaV nr i dnak to
gather strengh for thelJ and buxdou
of tH outside battle. : '
, "" f i