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Fayetteville observer. (Fayetteville, Tenn.) 1850-1966, June 26, 1856, Image 1

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PUJSLISIIEB riiOPUIETOi:.
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tCPTv Dollars for one yeaiif paid at
J,hetiraa pf9ubscjipti6n; Tvo Dollars
mty .veutSf without deviatios
-.afUrtheexpirationof three months.
i1! IS i 1 1 for AdTertisemcnts, rJoh
Worktr 8 abscrlptioB, considereddne, when
J -coatraited, except against those with whom
t we have" running; accounts; r ?. I , i-1 ?t f ,
07 SabsvjribersFaiiinst oorder a discontinnanrc
-of., the paper, at the expiration of the time
for which they m ay have subscribed, are con-
.-r siaorea aa wisning to renew; and it will be
contiaaed to them accordingly.,.-. i - V
ICJf Wo Paper rwill be sent out of the county
unless paid for in adrance. r 1 r.
tCPAdTertisenienls inserted at One- Dol
' far per-Sqaare of; Trclre L,lnes
or Lest , for the first: insertion; Fifty
Cents Tor each" corilinuance.
t3 Persons advertising by the year, willTxj
.charged Thirty Dollars for a whole eol
J umn, Twenty Dollars ' for trae-balf
ri'eu Dollars for one-quarter. No devia
tion from these terms under any circumstances.
) tCT The privilege- of yearly advertisers is
- trictly limited to their own immediate and
. regular business; and the business of an ad-
'Vertising firm is not considered as including
fA that of its individual members " " : t (
CirAnnouncing candidates Three Dollars ;
. to be piiid in advance in every case.
07Adrertisement3 not marked with thetinm.
i: ber of insertions when handed in, will be em-
linaed until ordered out, and payment exacted.
(jNo a-.loertisement can-be mierted gratuitously.
' 0O"Advertisements"or SfTersonal nature,-! nva
rialily charged double price. . J
JtZTJob Printing:, all' Winds, neaGy
: dune on lew Type, and on as. reasonable
terms as any office in'Teuiioaace. . i
o Paper will be discontinned instil all
' . ' arrearages are paid up except at the option ij
v. Jjie Publislter. - -j ,.- , '..,- '1 " , : k-; (
Tci sitting Sad and;Lone ;
I'm sitting sad and lone, lady, I :r
Dark" thoughts are gathering fast, '
I would that I could hush for aye, ;
The memory of the past; rf ;
I would forget that I had loved,, j
. -f would again be" free, tLiI
And from tny heart I'd tear, lady,
Allit has known of thee. ' j n .
; But, 0! I can't forget, lady, : . i'
.! Like shadows now they rise, . t ;
r" Arid one by one each hallowed scene r
, . Of- love 's before my eyes;; .. " ;
.And every holy word of love f
"- Sounds clearly on my ear-i
. V This throbbing heart declares, lady, :
That still thou art too dear. .
' I never loved bat thee, lady, . . -And
ne'er can love again
-" I now most steer my barque alone, t
. O'er life's tempestuous main j
No angry thoughts against thee rise, -;
c ; i I urge no word of blame "; I ,
I could not hear thee now, lady, '.
' Called by another's name. -
, . .T .r ' ": ?
. Thou hast been many years, lady, ,x
r -. My star of desUny, ' ' : v .
:" Whenever lost in thiclCning gloom, .
: ilv eve was turned to thee; -1.
- -. And 6till this promise seemed to come.
4 - ' Bear on, that light at last-'' - .
' ' Shall all be thine but now, lady, . , V
Such idle dreams are past. . .',
- ' . " J f
IVhilc looking on thy fairyonng Brow
.-While looking on thy fair youDg brow, ,
Uuscarr'd by care'or pain, . ; -
- I dread to think how soon 'twill change,"
Beneath the touch of time; ' p
, IIpw soon that eye's soft shaded light,". 'f ,r.
. , - Be quenched in. mist and tears, ,, 4
And blossoms Dope may foster now"-, j ;
, . Blast 'ncalh the "frost of years." ; ; :
r Soon Pleasure with her painted charmi,
V", And soft decrtive smile, " i
May lure thee w h er lighted halli, ; ', ' -:
Thy Benses to beguile; . - - -There
proud Amhition rears within -' 1
' . II ia crumbling altar-stone, . ; -.'
Where many a quivering victim lies,
.' ' -' -' Ills folly 'to atonal - ' - - -
. .' :- -
- -Turn then from all, my lovely g'.rl
r .The garb those phantoms wear, ' v
Are crimsoned with each hue of sin, :
" Or sabled with. despair; .
1 - Religion may thy thoughts inspiro, ; . '
"'' As through this life' you pass,
; And when the strife of life Is o'er," ' v;
Soce thee IIeav'4 at last .; .
". The Revised Code of North Car
olina declares that if a person fight
a duel and either of the parties shall
.tw killed, the survivor on conviction
shall euflcr death, and the aiders and
.and abettors shall be considered ac
cessories -; belora the tact. II no
deatb shall ensue all - parties shal
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and on conviction be punished ac
cordingly, and moreover be ineligible
to any oince in me oiaw.
:. We seo it stated that traveliqg on
Ilia Lord's day ia the Sandwich Is-
and cept in Jhe direction of a
, church? U strictly forbidden by-lair.
Wonder what they do with - people
js&o travel homo from church!
E 3D iff irulh mittr dJrigtanbi
Message from the President of lit
: v ; 4 Uaiied iStates,
Communicating i Cessation; of Inter
1 course with tlic Envoy Eitraor(Lna-
.ry and Minister PUmpoUntiary of
Ureat bruain. ., ' 'r
j; MH.MAJSCr. TO MB. DALLAS. I
; ; 1 5 ; : i? V Iconcloted. u . l j.I itel )
" It does riot suffice for Mr. Cramp
ton iiow' to say that he did not intend
td; committor' participate' m the com
mission of any Infringement -of the
laws of tbd-UnUed'StatesHe' Was
the 'directing' head of lon-contiriued
infringements otthe law:-it was 'Un
der, -Superior authority from bim that
acts of- continuoo's violation2 of law
vvere perpetrated by the" inferior a
gents; Bome'of those agents "are prov
ed by his own k letters to have held
direct' intercourse with him; and at
every stage'of inquiryin numerous
cases investigated by " the" American
Government,. there is' reference, by
ettet and "orl.l "declaration, to the
general ' " superintendence , of ; Mr.
" 'His moral and . his legal responsi-'
bility --.areth'us" demonstrated. ; With
full information of the stringency of
the laws of the United States against
foreign'recruiting, with distinct per
ception of its being aU but impp33:-
" ' ' ' t t " it'""
oi9 to raise recruits nere whqoui in-
ringing the. laws, and 'with knowl
edge of the. Condemnatory, judicial
proceedings of' April and May; at
New York And-Philadelphia, yet he
persisted in carrying on the oechemo
until August,'' when its - obstinate
prosecution had at length brougbt on
amdet unpleasant controversy . be
tween the United States, and Great
Britain. : ; And it is notthe ; least of
be causes of complaint against .'Mr.
Crampton, that by his acts; of com-.
mission in this business, or in failing
to advise his government of the im
practicability of the . undertaking in
which he Was embarked, and the se
ries of illegal acts which it involved,
but in neglecting to 'observe the gen
eral orders of his, government, and
to jstop the recrui tmc here the ,moj
inent its illegality" was proxounced
by the prbjperiegarautboritiesbf.the
unitea oiaies, ne was recKiessiy.en-
dangermg tne narmony ana peace oi
two great nations, vVhich by the char
acter of their commercial' relations)
and by pther considerations, have the
strongest possible inducement' to
cultivate.reciprocal amity.', j.i- : .
. The foregoing considerations suri
stantially apply to ".tbe ". "conduct of
theBntish consuls . at New York,
PhiladeIpLia,and Cincinnati, Though
of subordinate' official character, they
are not less responsible .than -. Mr.
urampton. , ine . conunnous viola
tion of the. law - proceeded , within
their respective" consulates month'
after month, under their eyes, " not
only, without ; any apparent effort en
their part to stop it, Jmt. with more
or less of their active participation
therein. . The consulate at New York
appears to have been the point ' at
which the largest expenditures were
made: and it is proved, by documents
herewith transmitted, that payments
at that consular office I to. gome ofl
the recruiting agents continued , to
be made by the' secretary of the
consul, and in -the 'consul' presence
from time to time, down to the ; be
ginning ' of January' of the present
vear - .? ; ;
- The rresidont, as caa aireaay
been stated bymercahnot admit fof
the lorce oi tne oojecuonnow. urgeu,
bfr alleged .: want r of. respectability
on the part of gome 'of 'the witness
es bv whom these facts were proved,
and as to whom a prominent cause of
such alleged . wan; .01 xespeciawuvy
seems to be tne tact tnauineir. evi
dence has inculpated, their, accompli
ces in thevioiatioa - ot'law. The
testimony which most ..directly in
culpates the British consul; itNew
Ynrt: ns will bi' nerceiffed 4)y the
, . - W
enclosures herewith, is in . the atfld
vita. -of the very" persons telied on by
her Majesty a government lor prooia
in this case, and wnoso depositions
accompany ' Lord Clarendon's note
to vou of the. 30th of April: ' ' v
. : The Earl of Clarendon; perfectly
well understands that in Ureat Bri
tain, as well as in the United States,
it would be; impossible to adminis
ter penal justice withdnt occasional-
iy receiving me evidence 01 accom
plices. " In Great Britain not only
is evidence of . this Class ' received
continually, in State trials as well as
in inferfor matters, but rewards' and
other "special inducements ; are held
out to'fluch witnesses bv not A few
provisiohsof abts of Parliament.
The Competency of such 'persons "as
witnesses in' a eiven case',; and" their.
aiiesUohs upon which the court and
j ury, In their rrespective bphere Vbf
jurisdiction, ultimately pass, in the
present case , conclusions have been
established on ."documentary proofs,
and other unimpeachable evidence,
Dy proceeamgs neiore . ino proper
tribunals ofi the; United , States, by
the verdicts of juries, ; and by the
rulings of judges, which must beield
as r final in the estimation j of, - the
President
,r;The Earl of Clarendon suggests,,
as a' consideration pertinent to this
question that. the, minister and con-
suls had no means or opportunity 01
rebutting the charges' thus, indirect
ly brought against them in the trial
of the inferior recruiting agents. ; ,;
v In regard to the consuls, the hm
of Clarendon errs in supposing that
they had not full means and oppor-
unity, f .they saw ut," to appear and
0 confront and contradict any- ac.
cusingt witnesses.-
. ThQy were 'not allowed 10 inter-:
fere in the trials bv : mere' letters
written for the" occasion,' 'which,; in
deed they'-eonld not nave done law
fully had' there been no; such prohi
bitionvbut if conscious of their own
innocence, 'and that of the 4 partios ;
on ttrial,and their own acts would
bear examination, itjwas alike itheir
duty and - their right,' to appear and
say so on bathj and to contradict by
their testimonvlrhatever was. alleged
against British officers or agents, t
Known 10 inem to oe umrue.. .v.
Nor is it anv1 inst cause of' com-,
plaint -,t hat V . evidence j was received
upon these trials impugning the acts
01 air. v;rampion.j- it was, , ia ;iuoj
due course of proceedings, required
to.: be shown as Against the parties
on trial, 'that V.thei recruitments: in
which they ' were engaged , were for
the service of a foreign government.
Mr. Crampton .was himself privileg
ed from - trial v for.- violation, ;ct the
municipal law, but the persons whom
he employed 1 were noLforthat cause
d- go ; nnpunishedy nor was the ad
ministration of: penal justice 4 to be
indefinitely suspended on account ol
his position, and the diplomatic im
munities which that . conferred.; . On
the contrary, it was peculiarly, prop
er that the facts.by' which ' he was
implicated) but for which be could
not' be tried, : ehould be verified in
due form of law for the : information
of his own government,' as ' well as
that of tho United States.'.; .'.
The " Earl t)f Clarendon remarks
in Ms letter of the 30th of April
yrhe intentions of the British gov
ernment, and the arrangement made
to "carry these intentions intb execu-
tio n. were not concealed ; from the
govern ment of tho united otates.
"Those intentions ana nrrange-
rnenta" were frankly1 ' stated by Mr.
Crampton 'to' Mr. Marcy in a conver
sation on the 22d f of March. 1855,
and the only' observations' which Mr.
MarcV made in J-eoly were , 'that tbe
nealraiityj? theUnited States
would be rigidly; entorced, but that
&nv number of persons who desired
it mignw leave. too uuucu ijtatco
. -.'11 1 . itr tt-.ia 1 Qt..
ana get ennsiea in any toreiga , avt
if ' 'f '!' ' - -' i- - - - :yi
vice.
It is incumbent on me to say that,
in this respects the. Earl of Claren-
don labors under serious misappre
hesswn; which, .while' it serves m
Dart to explain .ihow. it happened
that the: enlistment went on for so
rninv months in a manner, contrary
to the intentions and express orders
of the . British : government .'also
serves to'ancrease the weight of Mr.
Crampton 6 responsibility in this re
spect ' . ' - f """'".
I repeat now with entire Con
sciousness of ita'vaccuracy,' ' what I
stated in inv letter of the 28th of
December last that at that inter
view (n ine 22d of; March, the on
ly 'one I ever had with Mr.. C. as he
admits,1 inwbich A the recruitment
business was alluded to) ';"he (Mr.
Crflmnfonl bad satisfied me that his
government had no connection with
it, and was in no Way responsible for
what was doing inthe United States
to raise recruits for the' British army."
f'But I. anxquletcertain that, on no
occasion has he intimated to me that
be British: government, ;or any, of
its, oiucers, was, or naa ueen iu auy
way ' concerned in sending agents in
to the United States to. recruit
therein, or to use any inducements
for that purpose; nor did he ever no
tify me that he was taking, or inten
ded to take, any part in furthering
such proceeding. . Such a communi
cation, timely made, .would probably
have arrested .the 1 mischief at . its
commencement'' . , .-, .,
If he had apprised me of the sys
tem of recruiting which had. at that
time been already arranged, and put
into operation in the United States
by British agents, and under his su
perintending direction, he would nave
been promptly. notified, in. tbe most
positive terms, that .such acta, were
contrary to the municipal : law,: in
compatible with the neutral - policy
of tho country, a violation of itsna-
ional sovereignty and especially ex
ceptionable in the person '-of tbe rep
resentative of any j foreign govern
ment.' . Mr; Crampton admits that I
specially warned him against the vio-
ation of -our -neutrality .laws, but
blames me 'now for not then stating
0 him that my construction of that
law differed from hs own;, but - no
6uch difference of opinion- was ", then
devoloDed.' Mr. Crampton on that
occasion7 manifested a coincidence in
,he opinion as to the ' provisions of
hat law which I then held, and have
since fully disclosed He' called up
on me to show a letter which he bad j
written on that day to the-consul at
New York, '""disapproving the' pro
ceedings of a Mr. Angus McDonald
because-I (he) thought these proceed
ings would or- might " be ' taken to
constitute a violation'-of the act of
1818' the neutrality law of the
United - - States. -What - were.' the
Droceedingsbf Mr. McDonald wbich
Mr. Cramptbn ' thought might con
stitute a violation of our 'neutrality
law?- -The simple issuing of a hand
bill specifying' the terms on which
recruits would be received at - Hali
fax into the Queen's 'service. This
opinion of Mr. Crampton ascribes as
much stringency to our neutrality
acts -as has ever been "claimed for
them by thegovernment or courts
of the United' States. - I bad then
no suspicion,' nor did Mr. ' Crampton
give any cause to - suspect, that he
was acting," or intended to act, upon
an interpretation of that law whicn
would justify f the act of McDonald,
which he then condemned, and make
that law but little better than a dead
letter. I could not but suppose that
he viewed it in the same light as
Lord Clarendon did when he wrote
bis' dispatch to Mr. Crampton of the
12th of April thereafter, 'in wnicn
his lordship declared it to be "not
only very just, but very stringent."
To show that ! was not mistaken
in this respect.I quote a passage from
a letter of Mr. Crampton, dated the
12 th of March, to Sir G. le Mar-
chant: . . . -. ..T ...
. "Any advance of money by ber
Majesty s agents or. ? others in tne
United States would constitute an
infraction of the neutrality law.'.'
f vThe depositions which accompany
this dispatcb,made by some of the
same, persons who have furnished
the British government: with affida
vits to impeach StrobeFand Hertz,
prove conclusively that Mr. Cramp
ton' did -disburse various sums of
monev to agents : employed m re
crnitiog within the United States,
It was? indeed, apprehended by
me at that time that violation of
that' law would ensue: " tIt could not
fail to be seen that any ' organized
scheme of a foreign government, to
draw recruits from the United States,
though by invitation, would necessa
rily tend to, and result in, violations
of the municipal law. . So decided
was my belief in this 1 respect, that
measures "had already been . taken
bv me in behalf of this5 government
as it happened upon the very day
of the interview with Mr. Crampton
to' institute prosecutions against
persons engaged in this ' business in
New V York .and .Philadelphia. ' 1
then notified Mr. Crampton of that
fact," 'as he "expressly admits in - the
report of that interview made to his
government -"" '; '. ;.
An attempt . is made to deduce an i
an excuse for Mr. Crampton's coune
in ths business of recruiting in this
country from , tbe alleged .fact; that
ha communicated to me on that occa
sion the arrangements which had been
made for that purpose, .and that 1 did
not disapprove tbem otherwise than
by insisting upon tbe observance of the
neutrality law of United States, lhis
allegation is bardly consistent with Mr.
Urampton s own statement 01 wnat
what then passed. In the. defence
of his conduct recently sent by him
. 1 1 3 :
to nis government, ne manes aumiais
ions inconsistent witb tbe allegation
that there was no concealment on his
part, and that the r recruiting ar
rangements . were . communicated .. to
mo. i He says 'that ."it ia perfectly
true that . I did. not enter into any
details of the means which were ;to
be adopted by ber Majesty's govern
ment to render available tho services
of those who tendered them, to 11s in
such numbers. v Hiere' seemed to? be
obvious reason ; for - abstaining from
this,-even if it had occurred to :me.
I should have been unwilling to do
anything which might have borne the
appearance of engaging Mr. Marcy
in an v expression of favor or appro
bation of a plan favoring the interests
of one of ' the parties m the present
war; All I could desire on bis - part
was neutrality and impartiality.".
'."! y - '. ; ' ' ' .
. IBs ieas'on' . for withholding from
me tho details .of. tbe' system the
most jmportant part of it for this
government are, not satisfactory.
If Mr. t Crampton . believed what he
was doing, or intended to do, in the
way of recruiting wasrigbt,'be .could
have no reluctance to communicate
it to me, for , bis . instructions requi-
rea mm 10 mase mat aisciosure.- .
Acting in due frankness," and; witb
a: proper ; regard for-. the ' dictates of
international comity, JMr. :-Urampton
sbould, it would seem,: have disclosed
0 me all the measures intended to be
pursued within the United States by
a m m
the agents of nis government, . inclu
ding himself, in the execut ion of the
act of Parliament for raising the. For-
eign Legioru . Nay, he was expressly
commanded. by his: government to
practice no concealment with the Amer
ican government on tho subject. If
be had "obeyed these orders all mis
understanding between tho . two gov
ernments would have been prevented.
Mr. Crampton was the more imper
atively called upon to make full expla-
nations on tne suDje.ct,notomy oecause
he was commanded by his government
to do so,but for the further reason that,
immediately after ;.the breaking out
of the war between Great Britain and
France on the one' hand and Russia
on the other, te had, by an official
note addressed to me," invoked -the
efforts of this government to enforce
upon the inhabitants ot the country,
citizens orpthers, the necessity 01
observing the strictest, neutrality to
wards' the -belligerant' parties, and
especially to enjoin upon them: to
abstain from taking part in armaments
for the service of Russia, or in. "any
11.11. Ja? . :
otner measure opposeawine auuesoi a
strict nenttality.' To their application
the. undersigned, by express direction
of the President, replied, declaring
that the United States, "while claim
ing the full, enjoyment of 'their rights
as a neutral power, will 'observe the
strictest neutrality towards each and
all the belligeranta," Reference was
madb to the' severe restrictions im
posed by law, not only upon the cit
izens 'of the United Stites, but upon
all persons residents within, its terri
tory, prohibiting ths .."enlisting men
therein for the purpose of taking a
part in .any foreign war." It was
added; "that the President did not
apprehend any attempt to - violate
the laws; but should; his just expec
tation in this respect bo. disappointed
ho will not fail in his duty to use all
the power with which be is invested
to enforce obedience to the'm.'V : .
In view of this' formal and 6olemn
appeal by Mr. Crampton to the Amer
ican government, aud of the assurance
he received its ofdetermination to main
tain strict neutrality it wa3 not for
a moment suspected that Mr.. Cramp-.
ton' could misunderstand ..-the 'pur
pose,'" or believe : that he would - be
permitted to set on foot and execute
for five consecu tive months, a sys
tematic schema to obtain military re
cruits for the British service, in ;the
United States.. -. - ;
That Mr. Crampton did enter most
deeply into this scheme is proved by
the evidence already submitted to
her Majesty's government, but is
still more conculsively established by
tbe additional proofs wbich accompany
this ; dispatch. -Whatever detraction
from the value of ' the testimony
against Mr. Crampton may result from
the attempt to discredit Siroble. and
Hertz, is much more than made up by
the additional proofs now adduced
This body of strong cumulative evi
dence confirms the President's former
con elusion as to' the : complicity of
Mr. Urampton and the lsntisri consuls
at New York, Philadelphia, and Cin
cinnati in' the illegal- enterprise of
recruiting .soldiers for tne xSriusn
armv:within the United States, and
the President does not doubt that
when this new evidence shall: bo
brought , under the consideration of
her" Majesty's 'government, it will
no longer dissent ironi U113 conclu
sion.-- v ' ; : - , - '
The gratification which the . Presi
dent fetla at the ; satisfactory ; settle
ment of the recruiting question, in so
far as respects the action oi tne
British government itself, has induced
bim to examine the case again . witb
a ; view to remove, if possible,- from
his Mnind the personal ' objections
against her Majesty s . mimster and
consols. ; This examination has ;not
produced that effect; but on the con
trary, has strengthened his conviction
that the interests of both governments
require -, that thos e - persons snouid
cease to hold their .present official
position in; the. United States. He
sincerely regrets that her Majesty's
government has not been able to take
the same view of the. case," and to
comply : with bis request for their
recall; but it has not consented to do
so. : . . , . s .
If, in iho earnest desire to act with
aU possible courtesy towards her Maj
esty's government, the President
could have suspended nis determina
tion in the case in order- to submit
tbe new testimony which he is con
fident would have been found sufficient
to induce compliance with his request
for the recall of the British minister,
he is precluded from any such thought
of delay by the' exceptionable cnar
acter of 'despatches of that gentle
man copies . 01 which having been
recently laid, before Parliament have
thus, come to the knowledge of this
government, ' and 'which are of a
tenor to" render further intercourse
between the two governments, through
that mimster, alike, unpleasant and
detrimental to their good understand
ing. .." . ',. V ' '
The President has, therefore, been
constrained, by considerations of the
best interests of both countries, re
luctantly to. have recourse to the only
remaining means of removing with
out delay, these very unacceptable
officers " from ' the connection tney
now have with this government. ' This
.... CJ
course has been deemed necessary on
account of their unfitness lor the po
sition they hold, arising from the
active part they have taken in getting
and carrying out the , system or re-
cruitmg, which has been attenaeu witn
I nnmerous
infractions of our laws.
which has disturbed our internal tran
quility, and endangered our peaceful
relation to a nation with which this
government is most anxious to main
tain cordial friendship and intimate
commercial and social intercourse.
He has, -therefore, determined to
send .Mr.' Crampton, her Majesty's
diplomatic representative, his pass
port, and to revoke the exequaturs of
Mr. Mathews, Mr.. Barclay and .Mr.
Rowecroft, the British consuls at Phil
adelphia, New York, and Cincinnati.
I am, sir, respectfully your obedient
servant-- -W.
L. MARCY.
Geobge M. Dallas, Esq., &c, &c, &c,
London. --
1. The Power of the Press.
" .
$h6 Costa .'Ricans attribute their
failure and repulse in Nicaragua chief
ly to a : samll printing press which
Walker carried with him as a part of
his munitions ot war, and .which, tbey
say, -constantly turned out proclama
tion ands bulletins announcing bis suc
cess and rousing the native poulation
against them. They had no weapon
to counteract this subtile and potent
agent-of war no engine of death
that could influence public opinion
and etir men's hearts like this. - Vain
were all their efforts to get possession
of the press; it w. s guarded and
defended as the Palladium of tho
Nicaraguan cause; and while this bat
tery - continued in play, unsilehced
and unspiked, the successs and tho
overwhelming numerical superiority
of the Costa Ricans were rendered
of no avail; Walker possessed a wand
that could change even disaster into
victory, and call np fresh and enthusi
astic recruits at his bidding. ; Truly,
'the pen is mightior than the sword;
and the pres3 and the types are more
terrible and effective even in war than
the cannon and its iron hail. All hail
to this peculiar American Institution'.
and its triumphs-in peace and in
war.- ; i - "
. An American . Principle Recogni
ta. One of the Conventions held
by the Peace Conference jn Europe
ha3 attached to the treaty tne pnnci
nlrs that neutral flags cover an ene
my 's goods, that neutral goods are
not liable to capture under an enemy's
flag, and that blockades to be bind
ing must be maintained by a force
sufficient to prevent access . to tho
coast of an enemy. These principles
were first : asserted by the-United
States , as necessary to the freedom
of commerce and the right of navi
gation. After many years cf oppo
sition, they are at last adopted as an
international law by the leading pow
ers of Europe. The Unite d - States,
without being engaged in the war, has
therefore won a victory for commerce
wbich will redound as much to the
advantage of tho world as it does to
the American character, for never as
serting any principle as an interna
tional rule which is not recommended
by justice and the sound policy of na
tions.'" : - N -1 '. '
We have heard, says the Cincin
nati Commercial of the 3d inst, fre
quent complaints recently, by etran
cers. of tbe exorbitant charges for
board and lodging, by landlords, du-
ring the convention.- Une instance
has been related to us of a delegate
from Massachusetts, being charged
the enormous sum of ten dollars a
day fox a room in the fifth story. -Shame.
. , . . . -
Mr. Albert Allen, . of Fayette
county, Ky, sold a few days ago, a
heiler calf about six montns cw,
Goodness 2d. to Mark R. CockriU,
of Tennessee, for the sum of gSOO.
This calf is the offspring of Mr.
Allen's imported cow, Goodness,
and Bellviile, (now dead) also im
ported. ' ; - -.; -,
It is tho law in France that men
drawn for the tailitary service most
either serve themselves, procure a.
jubstitute or pay a certain amount
to the government. The sum raid
into the treasury in this way tmount
ed during the'eontinuance of the lata :
war to 63.400.000 frances, rerrv-
f Knling 22B0 substiius.
1

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