JOHN II OBERLY, PUBLISHER
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 1,1872.
I'ltKSHVTKIllAN-rTTSv'i ftrt-ct. I
rn-achlnj;, Sabbath nt )j u.lii. and 7) p.m
I'nivcr inci ilin.', WcmIiii'mIiiv nt7J p. in.
Sabbath School, ;i p.m. .). M. I.ansdcn, Su-pi'iliiti-ndi-nt.
Kkv. II. Tiiavkii, 1'attor
Sli:THOI)IST.-Ccir. Klfrlitli ami Walnut SU.
I'rcncliliiir, Sabbath at 10) a.m., and 7 p. m
I'ravi-r nicrtliiL, Wednesday,") p.m.
Sabbath .School, :). p.m. 1.. V. fctlllwell,
Superintendent. Kkv. I". I THOMi'so.f,
cni'itui ok Tin: i:i:di:kmi:ii-(E)Ii)co-
Mo ml Hi; prayer. Sabbath 10) a.m.
Ilvi'iilnif prayer, 7) p.m.
Vibliath School, tl a.m.
WASHINGTON LKTTKK., ;
TIIK mKSlDKNT'M MKSSAUK. f
Washington, D. C, Nov. 20, J87i'.
The president in his forthcoming
message will urge congress to take such
uctiou as will tend to restore our com
merce to ita former prosperous condi
tion. The secretary of the treasury
will devote considerable space in hi re
port to the subject of American bhip
M". I'A'ritlC'K'S r;it:il('ll Nlutli St. and i building, the means be recommend to
Public .crtlc..-, Sabbath 8:10 and 10) a.m.
Vcmur. 7 n.lii.
Sabbat It School, 2 p.m.
mli:n t-ti-ry day, 8 a.tn.
Kkv. I. .). ij'IIai.loiian, 1'rlcit.
!T. JOSEPH'S rill t(.II. (dennnu.) cor
ner ol Wii tin it and Crus street.
.Ma, r-tc-ry abbath lit 10 o'clock a. III.
eper, 2 p. in.
Muss ilurln week ibr, .i o'clock a. in.
Ki:v. i.'. I Ion m an, Priest.
accomplish bath not transpired..-.The
jolly secretary nf the navy will utitto
in hi. report that it cots more to repair
old vessels than to build new and im
proved ones j and our navy is go inef
ficient now tbat if not completely, re
organized will soon wholly pan nut of
existence an an nrin of our national
TIO.V- id-srmar meeting mcoihI lomlay
iucIi inontli at tliclr room ocr Hocktvt-Il
V Co'- liook'toiu, (.runmerclal arnui-.
Wci-kl) 1'rayir iiicvUii, Friday, 7j p.m. at
I.. V. Stii.i wi:m I'reildent.
nWONI) Jlls.-IONAKY KAI-riST
( lll'ltt II. -Comer -teamnre mid Fortv-Xir-t
Mud-. Preaching s.ibbath at II
o'rloLk a. m. and :i o'clock p. m,
Sunday m-IiooI I o'clock p. in.
The clililcli I-coimcctcil Willi th" lllllloN
A-'Oi lallnn, liy Hid I'lr-t Mi lonaiy Hap-tl-t
h in li oil ami.
Iti v. Solomon I.konwih, 1'attor.
FltlCAN MiniiODIST. Fourteenth, be
Ween Walnut uml ( Vilar.
irtius..-abbath, II ii. in.
Miulh school, I) p.m.
.a meets nt .'I p.m.
r:(ONi nti:i. wii.i. uaptist Kir-
rtrcct between Vii"liliiKt"ii Ateiiue nlid
i i. mill .irfini
Pn-achin; Sunday murium; at 10 o'clock, power. Interior Delano will puff Grant's
.-ahlMtli Mhool ill 2 oVIock p.m. II. C. ' '
i iiirifi-ke, ftupt-riiiiciiucin. ( i iiiuiiiii poucv nugeiy, nun rccommeou
l.r.v.ii.fli I. in... i u.iui , . . , n, ,
VOI'NC MKN'si cilltisTlAN ASSociA-1 ,,mt xt bc continued, lrcasurcr fepin-
tier hays tbat tbe conscijncc fund was
increased last year by 82,977 42, und
now reaches the sum of $120,121 77.
The treasurer recommends that nt the
cloe of oacb fiscal year there shall bo
published a list of unclaimed balnucci
due from the government to individ
ual, htating the names, of the pcrxon
and the nniounU due to each. '
In the appointment of Hrig. Gen.
Irwin McDowell to the major general-
tilth street., hctueen VV.iliiiuaiid Od.ir. , ,;., ma,ju va(.arjt )V ,e (icat, 0f Gen
Scnir i Mthhatll, I ) Mild " p. III. 1
ur.v. . hicks, ractor. Jlcaile, the iireMdent has Miuply car-
nun: wii.r. iiai'TIiT iiomk .mission 1 . ' . . . . .
SAIIIIATH sellout.. -Corner Waliiut "C'l out military usage winch bc vio
ahlh'schooirna..,.. ' '" ' appoint ne..t of Sheridan
rli:T Htl.I. WILL I'.Al'TLST CIll KCII ' l0 )C icll,ctiatlt i,t.Ia-r;.l. He ha. aluo
-t urrj ' Itarnck-.
scnlwr.iahiiath 11 a.riivap.ni. A:7)p.iii. i jipplicd the spirit and practice of the
lli:v. Wm. M:i.u:v. I'a.tnr. t ' 1 '
KIKSTMlsslONAKY K.vi'Tl.-T Cllfltcil. civil-fcr ice ru!e.s to the army, which
ia.';:iX.i1"'!o)"i ' " "f - termination to adhere
Prayer mettliii-. edncMlay earning. to them be could not consistently do
I'erachlnir, 1 riduv rtt-ulu. '
sJahtuili School, 1) p.m. .lohti Vanllaxter otherwise. He Grant's motive what
aud Mary Stephen-, ijiipcrlnteiideiit..
!ti:v. T. .1. Siioiti:.-. l'n'.or. ! thev may, the above promotion and the
b CO.NU UAI'IIM C1IL ItCII-l olllU-entU k;,M,,M. nf r.,;nr r:..ri Il-nu-npl-
atrcct. hetwccii Cedar and Walnut. The alignment ot .M.ijor len. Hancock,
only IUptit church roSnUd by the A.- , tle en50r uiajor-general, to the com-
ftcrvicNSahhath, lli..m. 3p,in.and 7 p.m. ' Uiand of the military division of the
Kkv. Jacom IIuaiiixv, IJdcr. , '
- - - Atlantic is commenablc when we rcmem
SKUKKT OUDKllS. . ,. , .. , f , e
1 ber that Grant never forget nor for-
AIKO COMil A.N'filfliY," No. IX-Sutcd ; Kive.", and he has had personal differ-Ai-omlily
at thf A-)liim Jla-onlc llall, tir.t ;.i i ,t MoDnwi'll nnl llin.
and third Saturday. In each month. ' tm.es twin uotn .McDowell anil nan-
CAIKO COi;NCIL'No.2i -Keular(Vpy.i. cock the furmer of whom would have
ration at Mauie Hall. Iho ni-cuud h ndat
In each month. ri?-!"iiiil hail he a-'aiti Ihtii ni'cr.
CA1KO CILU'TKK No. 71.-Kcsular Con-, , , . c .
yocatlon at .tla-itile Hall, on Hie lliiru l,-iugllC(l. I llf-e appotntmcilIS gIVO
CAUIU LulKii:, No. 2.J; l'..t A. M.-IU-ku- t general satittaction except to the "ring''
l.ir CoimiiiimcalioiM at jiaoiuc nan, me . , . . . .
ceoud and fourth Mondays of each month, ttb j desired tbo appointment of (n-u.
Tin: oiI)-ki:i. lows. m. t t... c:., ii,...iu r.r.ni.1 i,n
ALKXANDKK LOllOK, --Ji-.MecU In Odd- - c
l-cllowr' 1I:U, In Artcr'i-iiuiiiiinjr, eei) tiimIc quarleruiaster general lor :-pe-Thurday
evening at tt o'clock.
To judge from the earnest manner,
black looks aud muttering of the
m embers of congress now here, while
'leaking of the president's desigu of
Oovcmor .John M. l'almor;
Lk-iitcnant-tioM-nior .lohn Dougherty ;
Sccrctan of SlateIMiiiiind Kiimuiel ;
Auditor ol stale C. K. I.ippincolt :
Stale Trea-urcr K. N. Hales ;
snpt.ruMic Iintniction-Newton Ilatcwan
Scn.itor-Lym.iu Triniihull and .lohn A. ,1pllrPi,1 ,l,n snriii-n mlr. ilmro
cprcMiitaiitciioriiiesi.nc-ai.i.arKo-s. will be a jollv tunc when all the dis
I L. Ikucrul-c.
KeiirL-enUitlve ThlUecutli Dlftrict .lohn coutcntcu ones vol toL'ether. J he?e
M. Crcl.. I , . . ., . ,, . ... .
MI-.M.inKS OKNKKAL AsSHMKLY. S-'P "M gl.o.y
Seiiiitur. Kir-t DUtriet T. A. K. Ilolcomb. i about the "rules" iuterferinir with their
f L'nlon, ami S. K. (iib-on, of Uallatln. .... , '. ,
Kciiictnta!lte, Kir-t Ul-trlct u. tval-on -preiigauve.-, just as uiougu ine cou-
I stitution or the law made them the ap
pointing power instead of thn president.
.ludee-D. .1. linker, of Alexander. I In answer to an application from one
l'ro.cclltlnx Attorney .1. I. McCartney, . 1 1
lof Mai-ac. , high in the. Radical church, yesterday
Shcriil A. H. Irtln. i . ., , , , , :
Win. Martin A 4or and Trcaurcr. 1 Hie president slated that no othee-hold-
Judge 1 llru!'T C0L'UT er's would be remuved except for iuef-
A-oclatc .1. I.'. McCrlte and s. Marchll-1 :.. - ,.,ir,...a.inn. i ,..,,1
l.lon. ' " -
Clerk .Jacob fi. l.ynch
Coroner John II. (!oiiuin.
Mavor John M. I.anden.
Trea-urcr It. A. C'linniiiiiham.
Couiptrollcr C. A. Iluruull.
Clerk Michael Howie).
Miin-hal Andrew Cain.
Atlnrnt't I. II. Tope.
1'olico MaUtnileh 1 Ilron aud II. SI.an-
cmci oi rouce I., n. .'ivurs.
Mavor .lohn M. Lun-den.
Kli'-t Ward r. (i. Schiih.
Second Ward ". K. Woodward.
Third Wuril-Jnn. Wood.
Fourth Ward S. Slant-. Taylor.
tourlli tt aril s. Slant-. lavior. I ,.;.o ), nnlitifi'iiw
Clty-at-lirKe-NV. I'. Halllday and I). I ,rlUs 01 u politicians
urtf. I nnnn.
nOAKIl Or Al.KKUMKN.
Fiit Ward -.lame-. Kcardcn. A. 11. Saf-
I lord, Imiiiu Waldcr.
Second Ward It. II. cunnliigliam, K. Uu-di-r,
Q. Staucel, Jaim-n Swayne.
i mm tvarii tt m. siraiion, ,i. n, i-niuix.
Fourth Ward-.lno. II. Kobiiison. ti. 11.
ISea-e. J. II. Mctcalf.
that all vacancies would he filled in ac
cordance with the civil-service regulation-.
The examining board yes'erday
held a session in the treasury depart
ment to examine such clerks in the
auditor's otliee as tvero candidates for
promotion to till five vacancies.
The work goes bravely on, but grave
doubts are expressed us to Grunt's
mulcishncss being a match fur the
Wo shall ee
There is a devil of n time here owing
to the scarcity of money and ttio high
rate of interest that it commands,
r.uiging from 2 to 10 per cent, a month,
which no business can rtund. The
sufiering merchants und business men
U.S. 11 It I ti 1 1 AM, M. D.,
Illotiicnnathle l'hv-lclaii and Siii-lm-oii. Of-
Itlcii KM Coinmcivlal atcnue. Kc-ldeiice on i n,iriit it t l,itiv,,IU's nnliev of
riVnili street, three iloor west ol C. It.1
Woodward. KRi.vjm. , r-nntraetinir the curreucv. and tbo
PH. 11. U. TAHKK,
Will reMlino the ti'riirtlce ofhU m-ofi-thlnn
lullli csiieciiil relcrence to thu elucirien
Ittcutnifiit ol ilicas(s In all the new and lin
protcd iiit-tln-ilK nfiipiillcallou.
I in an cu-es oi .i-in.nu comiuainin a lauy
will be ill attendancii.
Olllcc, I2.S Commercial at f line, up Ktalrn.
WILLIAM H. SMITH, M. I).
t KSIDH.NivK No. 21 Thiriri-nili tret, be
IX twe oci Wm-hmgir'ti apnuaml WhIiiiiI ntrert.
JlHoe UiOoiniiienlilavc-DUe, up kIhIth.
U, W. DUNNING, M. I).
lljKSlIiKNCB-coriierNiiilh and Walnut Ht,
lAXOlV'-e i-oidoi nuth el uu I Ohio lee.
lOlfne hour from a.m. lo U n-., ami imii
II. WAHUNKH, M. I).
RHluKN'CF.-Corner Mnetienlh nlrret anil
WaHlilnL-lim avemie, near court Ikiiih-. ()!
Ihcn oyer Ar'erXiro-'i-ry Store, Oilic lloum trom
lUn.ni. la I'J in, nml '-oni 2 nil n. m.
1)11. 11, ULU.M,
.Suicon uml Mechanical
lottlce, Commercial Avenuo between Ninth
d ii corner grocer, as ho is called, is
cursed iu the- plainest as well as in the
most classical manner according to the
tastes and ability of tlio cus.,cr.
During the past Hummer our hotels
have all been improved and re-decorated.
The onotthero wealth and fashion
centres, tbo Arlington, has for the
third, timo in thrcp years under-gone
a thorough embellishmont. Tlio
Messrs Koossle havo dctorinined to
make this lite, hotel of tbo country and
they certainly have succeeded. It has
'just been uuwly painted and thu walls
of all tlio chambers coverol with the
new und beauiiful style of gold aud sil
ver corruscated papor which adds great-
comfort, convenience and luxurious
magnificence, but is celebrated for tbo
excellence of the chiihv. It is one of
the institutions of the capital. .
PAIIDON OK MAJOH IIOLMJK. V
The president yesterday pardoned
Paymaster .1. II. Hodge who was con
victed about a year ago of embezzling
about a half million of government
funds. On thu trial he acknowledged
his crime, and voluntarilly turned over
to tbo government his private property
by way of reparation, his wife insisting
on surrendering ber individual property
for the same purpose. Hodge is now
a broken down ruined man, thu victim
of New York brokers and sharpers who
ucd him. To a man whose previous
character was so high ho has indeed
been severely punished by the degte
datiou that bo has brought upon his
innocent family. It is reported that
the government intends to use him as
a witness against certain New York
brokers who knowingly specula
ted with government funds furnished
by him. The government has nerer
been able lo convict in any similar
ca-i! anil now intends to make an ex
The British minister has oflicially
notified this go eminent of the evac
uation of the disputed territory on San
Juan boundary by the Hritish troops
and its Mtrrcndcr to the United States
military authorities, who jointly held it.
This it iu accordance with the terms of
the Washington treaty iu this case.
The 1 ouse committee on appropria
tions havo reccitedall the department
estimates, and with the exception of
the navy department, and Indiau Bu
reau they are larger tbar. last year when
for political purpotes they were made
Geo. W. Childs of the Philadelphia
' Ledger ' ani A. J. Drexee. banker,
of Philadelphia, are the guests oi the
president. The jolly tea-dog Secretary
llobcsou gave a dinner to Grant, Fish,
and Boutwell on Fridav evening, and
Admiral Porter's yorrcl pony died of
epizootic on Sunday.
PHKPAItE FOB WINTEIl.
" lu time of peace prepare for war,"
is an old and wi-e maxim. It i often
too late to prepare for a conflict when
the emergency has actually arisen.
tVnil o iu all matters pertaining to the
farm, time must be taken by the fore
lock and preparation untile for the fu
ture, or he who neglects to doit will
find him-elf among the unfortunate.
Fanning, from the beginning to the
end of the year, calls for forecasting as
much a for bard work. The mechanic
may put off his work to auothcr week,
and suffer no loss; but iu farming
everything must bc done at the right
time, or the opportunity is lost for the
vear ; and many things must be done
before the time of need actually comes,
or they cannot be done at all. This is
especially true of work to be done iu
anticipation of winter. During the
month of November, even to the last
of the month, wo usually have a great
amount of pleasant weather ; our second
summer, the Indian summer, with
its bland, smoky atmosphere, induce a
dreamy earelesMu-ss iu regard to the
future ; but these nro the very days
which Providence has set apart iu our
climate for preparing to meet the "tern
rcaliiie' of winter, and they ought to
ho diligently improved in getting
thing- to rights and iu proper condi
tion for thu frosts and snow. Just
as the soaiuau, iu anticipation of the
coming storm, or when gnin- into a
turbulent sea, calls all Lands to put the
ship iu trim to meet rough w.eather,
so the farmer should at once look
oround him and see what remains to be
done before winter fairly sets iu.
If any crops are still out, they
should be housed or tuljeti care of at
once. Suitable provision should bo
made for taking stock to a good shel
ter at the very tlrst appearance of a cold
storm. Cattlu and sheep and other
stock, should not be left exposed to
the first and most trying blasts ot
wintir weather, which often conic .sud
denly. The first cold storm may pinch
them up for a whole season. The
fanner's own homo may need looking
after. Now is the timo to make the
needed repairs, A little attention to
tbo shutting out of winter will bo moro
effectual, or at least much moro eaily
accomplished now than when the win
ter storms are beating. There are
many things round about the house
and bams that should bo attended to
at once. Prcparo for winter, should be
the watchword on every farm, until
the proprietor can sit down at his firo
side at evening and feel that every
thing is ready, aud let the stormy
winds blow to their heart h content,
without having his
short born bull, and tlio best native
cows thev can 'obtain. Tbo farmer
can maku steers ot the bull calves, and
sell them for beef, and tbo best of the
females he can rcscrvo for breeding
purposes : and as they come ot sum
cicnt age, he can work off the old cows
to make room for the grade heifers,
and their female calves he can raise to
to take their places, and so on, always
using a thoroughbred bull, and females
an near thoroughbred as he can get
them, and in a tew years lie will have a
heard of cows which will bring him an
annual crop of calves which for beef
tmrnofc will t)osess nil the excellen
cics of the thoroughbred. He says :
" 1 handle a good deal of stock, and
my business takes mo into different
paitsoltliu country, and in contact
with farmers all the time, aud I am as
tonished ut tie lack of correct infor
mation on 'the udvautagc of good stock
over poor which prevails among well
to do fanners, who, on nil other sub
jects, arc well informed and wide
awake. I have bred cattle and grazed
them, though, iu breeding, 1 never got
so far along as to make a special busi
ness of raisins thoroughbreds to sell
toother for breeding purpo-es. But
when it comes to a matter of cattle for
beef, I think I know my bu-iness, and
what I am talking about. When I
was "razing, I would give more per
pound for n yood, grade, hhort-horu
steer or calf than for n common one,
(nnd I noticed they alwayn weighed
more, too, at the same agej, because I
could fit them for market earlier, be-cau-c
I could put on more pounds of
beef to an aero of pasturage, aud be
cause I could always seel it for more
' Now, a :i cattle-buyer, I will give
more for the same class of stock, than I
will for common stock, because I can
always find a ready maiket for it, and
can realize the best prices,
an l because 1 find there is less
risk In it. When the market is Over
storked ; when buyers from the Hast
are few, and holding off, prices droop
ing and drovers blue, 1 uotice iti-, 'al
ways the inferior and common stock
whi.-h feels the depre?ion most, and to
the grcatc extent. I have often no
ticed, that when I bad several lots of
good common becres iu the market, I
had to accept a very marked concession
iu prices in order to secure a customer,
while around u lot of high grades iu an
adjoiuiug pen, the buyer would swarm
iu troops, each one eager and anxious
to buy at full rates. And when prices
have dropped, I have noticed that
more than half a cent ou .common
stock was i ot followed by moio thau
half a cent on high grades, aud when
prices advance, the best stock always
tcels the advance the earliest. Fur
this reason, I prefer to handle this
kind of stock to common stock, aud al
ways expect to pay more per pound for
it, aud can make money by doing it.
It is with this, as with everything else,
there is always a strong, healthy de
mand, more buyers thau sellers, for a
chniri article than for a common one,
aud the fanner will make the mo-t
money who endeavors to supply the
" Another thing I have noticed, and I
have handled a great many cattle, and
this is, that high grades become good
mature beeves, aud can command full
prices iu matketat an earlier age, than
commr ii bu locks, and when 1 wis run
ning a firm, I confide ed this as a
grmt advantage. There is uo (jue-tion
about their maturing earlier, about
their fattening more readily, and about
their telling for a higher price."
POL AH EXPEDITIONS AND AH
The Northwest Passage was dis
covered by Englishmen. Iu 1830 Mc
Cluro and Collinson tailed through
ueiirmg mraus ana steered duo cast
own. Doubtless the matter is not one
towards Mel villo Sound. There, locked ' '" w,,ich a economical chancellor cau
if.L-.nl in. i. be cxpectid to take nnv float iiitciL-,t.
t..:i.i ,.. .. i i i it . . I .
a... u! jears. is sue i a ucit-at to I (Hero lives nnd dominates n .selfishucss
u.m ... u,u j-iigiauu oi jyruKe i that is hideous and hateful.
aim I-robi-ilinr. nl IliiiUm. ..,.) K..ii:n ... i i . .
,. , , ' ""'""!' -ts we are in uiu nabit o pta s nt;
... . .......,. vfsuoni i , in tlio Habit ol
cureiy uic giory oi iiiscovering this
open .Northern sea ought to be
speak i in; vcrv con
teinptouslv Ot the liianneM nf the
our i characteristic American. That iu the
in the ice, they were picked up by
i.eicuer, who uau made lus way up in
lo uic sounu tiirougli Urcciilaiid
ud Uafliu's Bay. Thus. then. Me s,0" SC!""Ch Expedition, that the case
Mr. Lowe would probably reply, as be
replied when asked to aid tbo "Living-
Clurc aud lus company are the
navigators who have ever accotnplis
the Northwest Passage, and who have
shown that it is possible to sot sail
from Liverpool, aud to, leaving Green
land ou the right, skirt tho Great
North Amcricau Coutincnt, leave
Kamchatka on the right again, and
east anchor in the waters of tho
h ono eminently suited for private en
terprise, and to which, so long as it is
lower tonus ol American social life
ft.-.... ! -. l. .1. . . , .
iii-jiu is iiiueii iiiji me ruue and un
couth U admitted ; but it is r.so claimed
mat, in some re-jieels, tb American
is the best-mannered man liviusr. Ho
is never quarrelsome, his whole educa
tion ha made him careful to rcsp-ct
inu rigius oi uioso around him, and
i! . s. .
"I '"'" 'V, l'm!UL lu,n " 1 6V,Ct,t' ' U! -"''' egaril for woman which
...... i -iv,m .si.uu. Dm is i me characteristic representative of no
tllltf tile U-tlV ullnli ft .,.,. ... ..-.t. . , .. . v " '
" "'v "" (! i..fi.iiii sii-.u (i-ncr namm shares with liim, The
as oiirowu-the .pieei. of the ocean theory on which the institutions or his
he mistiess of tbo seas-ought to country are founded, aud the influence
u.-u.-iiiu uci umii-i. iii uiu nays Kings 1 ol Iho:
and emperors, had wider and broader
insulin o s tinon nun mipn
thu day of his birth, aio favorable to
Mikado. Great as the dueoverv is. it ! v.,c"' 1 llc records of the H.-ickluyt the development iu him of thm t,n,
ttuii narrative alter liar- for the rights of nil men which is cs-
GOOD CATTLE ON SMALL
Tho (uestion whether small farms
cau afford to keep thoroughbred stock,
is being discussed iu tbo ' National
BUYING A HOUSE.
First, acquire a knowledge of horses,
as to know a good horse wheu you see
one that is a model. There is more
money lost, and more honest men are
defrauded, in buying and selling of
i hor.-es, thau in any other product
of the farm. For the last twenty
i years, I have had all sorts and shapes
i of horses, from the pony to the Shan
ghai, aud thu greatest weight iu the
least bulk is the animal tor service. A
i horse .weighing from 1,100 to 1 .100
pounds, is largo enough for farm work.
You must understand what you waul
an animal tor, before you go to buy.
One minute is long time enough to ex-
amine tlit- standing points of a horse.
These are: A good litely eye, iu
! eliued to hazel, and u pleasant couiitt-
uunco ; a flat leg and open foot ; shoul
' ders set rather back, and thin at the
1 withers ; a short back, and no objec
j tion if it is slightly arched ; the proper
, shapo of the hinder parts depends ou
what you wish the horse to perform.
The prevailing blemishes are blind
ness or weak eyes, ringbone, spavin,
t hoofbouud, curbed or thorough-pinned,
stifled, tic, all of which an expert ob
, server will delect iu no minute s time.
he heave is the most difficult to tie
; tect, as that depends, upon thu treat-
uient the uiiimal has had for tho week
previous. 1 uu mumps, or palpitating
of tho heart, may bo delected easily!
by moving aud exciting tho horse, and
stopping him suddenly. As to tho age
of it horse hurting him, it depends
upon how he has been used until he is
six years old ; if sound then, he is good
I for ttvelvo or twenty years service yet.
judging uic age oi u norsu uy his
mouth, is very uncertain. You can
tell to u certainty within one year un
til ho is six years old, then you must
judge from general appearance. Some
judges rely on tho tusk, but some
horses noyer have any tusk about the
same number of inures havo tusks as
horses that have none.
Some men will tell you that they
know tho ago of a horso by tho jaw, or
tho wrinkles about the eye or by tho
joints of tho tail. You might as well
say that you know tho age of a man
by tho wrinkles in his face. 'Hie
wcariut: of the tcoth depends upon the
general health and lungs of tho animal.
vet is ueless. We have out Hue i I Society teem
rami.- oi expeditions sent outat the ex
pense of the national exchequer. The
outlay of nionev that such undeit.-ik.
may soon perform :t similar exploit at
Panama. 'J he Cent ml Pucific line
binds hau I rancisco to New York, and
before another generation has passed
away a continuous road will stretch
from Table Bay to the Mozambique
Channel. lint another problem awaits
us, more important by far and more
interesting than the discovery of cither
Northwest or Northeast Channel. We
know that Noith America, with its
huge pendant of the Southern Conti
nent , that Asia and Europe, aud to
add yet auothcr continent Greenland.
aro but enornnus islands; that Bcbring
straits, the Gulf of Greenland and the
open sea between Spitzbergen and Nova
.cnibla are all iu tree communication
with one anotltcr. But how about the
Polo itself, bow about tho mystic space
which lies laud-locked between these
continents? The general theory, and
one which facts strongly support, is
that toward the North Pole sets a con
tinuous umUrcurreut of warm ea
water, which -ising at the Pole itself,
forms a hugj fiee Arctic Se.i, sur
rounded by monstrous icebergs and in-
tinite floes, wlile itself is uuruftk-d by
winds, untouched by tempest, teeming
with life and ever open. From its
centre the cuircnts set southward, and
soou the chill brine is converted into
huge mas.-es of ice, floating towards the
Equator, block up Behring Straits nnd
Baffin's Bay, and cut off all acce-s to
this noble Artie ocean. It is the old
story of the Hyperboreans over again.
We hate to gel well behind the north
wind, and whet: once behind it we
bicak upon the scene w hich old Lucre
tius paiut-. Wo see the glorv of
heaven, the quaint dwelling where uo
winds rattle, uo rain drops, no hail, uo
snow, no hoar frost works its cruel
will but n cloudless sky, unflecked,
laushs with wide flood oi' light.
tt ho is to bc the first to break into
this silent sea ? '1 hat it is there that
it lies in all its open glory under the
Polar sky we know as surely as we
know any truth of science.
The great warm Gulf stream is ever
flowing toward the Pole ; it is ever
rolling back, converted into huge and
hideous blocks und hummocks aud
bergs. More than this, tho process has
of late years become nior.1 rapid.
Greenland is now one vast thriliiug
region of thick-ribbed ice. Tlio Gulf
of Greenland used to be navigable up
to Grinnull Land aud Kane's open sea.
Now it is blocked with an immense flood
of crystal, which comes rolling down,
crumpling up before it all that comes
in its way, as a railway train would
crumple up an eg'. Parry keenest,
truest, most chivalrous of our Arctic
voyagers did his best to reach tho
open ocean upon sledges. Tho ice,
with him upon it, traveled faster to
ward the south than he upon it could
make headway toward the north. He
found himself, as it were, upon n huge
glacial treadmill. The fates were
airaiiist him, and he bent hi wiy sadly
back. Hut where one, through no
fault of his own, has failed, others cau
win, and it is certain that this glorious
open Northern Sea, where the whale
wallows and tho seal aud walrus head,
will yet be cut by Lnrnpean keel. Iho
Austrii'tis havo an expedition at pres
ent wintering in the Nova Zcinbla
Ocean, under Woyprceht and Paver.
A Swedish expedition, ruled by Inlan
der and Vordeuksiold. will eatly next
'spring attempt to cut its way northward
in light sledges, drawn by fleet rein
deer. The Danes are sending explor
ing parties toward the ultima Tliuk
by land over tho extreme Polar bounds
ofwastonud barren Greenland; and
even tho Freuch, amid all their
troubles from within and without, pro
pose to dispatch an Arctic expedition
under Ambertand Mick, though for
the pre.-eut it is postponed, owing to
some obstacles which stood iu the way.
Nor is this all. It is also understood
that Prince Bismarck and Priuco Ho
liculohu take much iuteiest in these
discoveries, nnd that it is not unlikely
yet another German expedition may bo
dispatched next spring to follow up the
researches already described.
Where is Knglaud amid till these ex
peditious? Ought sho not, too, to hold
her own ? Where so great a problem
is to bo solved, ought she alouo to hold
back and tin-usurc tho net value of the
Tcsults of such it ti undertaking against
its net cost ? Grant that tho discovery
of tho opon polar sea will lead to no
real good, will not add a penny either
to our imports or our exports; that the
wretched images who live on tho ex
treme northern fringo of tho world's
two huge contineutH have uothing to
offer us for our beads and cutlery save
seal skins and walru ivory, nnd that,
on our pa-t, it is cheaper to procure
ivory from Central Africa and Fcal
skins from Alaska than to despatch
vessels to tho terrible Northern Sea.
Even when all this is admitted, the
broad question yt remains behind of
our natioul glory und credit : Is Eng
land to once oeain allow herself to be
outstriped in tho race? While wo wcio
i tig involve is a mere bagatelle. The
reults in which ihey may end, and
often do end, arc incalculable. The
discoveries of Livingstone and Stanley
supge-t to ii. a possibility of a great
line of rail running due east and west
from trom Congo to Comoro, and ren
dering unnecessary tho tedious pas-age
round the cape. So. too. it would
sei tial as Hie basis of good manners
In no country but America can a wo
man, unattended, travel wheresoever
she will without insult, or thu danger of
insult. J here arc uo countries in the
world in which a woman travellingalonc
would travel iu so much danger as iu
tin so most noted for fine manners.
American society is comparatively
new. We have very little among us
that is traditional. The. national stvle
of manners is iu a formative state ; but
seen, that the Nicaragua Canal ought , wo certainly possess tbo basis foi good
to .have been discovered years ago; j manner iu a formative state ; but' wo
that, in short, it is thcf iult of our gov-1 certainly possess the basis for good
eniineiii.-i mat we Know so little as we
do of the earth's surface. "I believe,"
says Socrates to his pupils iu the
"l'hiedo,""that the earth is very vast.
and that Phassis to the Pillars of Her
cules along tho borders nf the sea are
just like unto frogs about a marsh, and
inhabit n small portio.i only; and that
manners in a preeminent degree. We
. arc a good-natuicd, facile people, not
j ungraceful, and certainly not lacking
iu self-possession. We have need only
to lespect ourselves a little more, ccasu
looking across the water for models,
and give a graceful an expression as
wu i-nu io our senutncnis toward urn.
nnd woman, to become the
many others inhabit like n ares." I Inn- 1 .......
-- i , Hid i ,iui
! . . i- , . i .i I
iuns;aru woio nx ouruesircs ovtnecartn i aoknow ei Wmii nmc.aw.r i
which we know.' It is possible that 1 r.orx.
Englaud is to yield up her own place I Fine manners ill . l,,,,,,,. :.
dnd to allow the world to be manned I VPfs.'ll mill nlfirntfarSuiwt r.l1 Ai...!flM..
out for her by others I (.an it bo that I life, for immv Tl, i.t.,...,;..
. J j . ..v. Ul."ll fltlUII
what Mr. lot thu American mind in the develop
lieutenant I ment of the material re-ources of the
country, in the prosecution of its indus
wo have already forgotten
Stanley's chief said to his
wheu the discovery ot J.iving-tone was
at stake? "Draw for jL'IUOU; if that
will not do draw for 2000 ; if that will
not do draw for .C3000." Is Euglanu
Drake's England to be outdone
by a New York journal ? Ought we
not at once to send yet another expedi
tion northward, with orders not to re
turn until it has broken into the re
mote Polar Sea? If ever our national
prestige will be lessened, it will betcken
another nation, poorer titan ourselves,
snouiu snatcti trom in Itic glorv ol solv
trial interests, and ui the nursuit ol
wealth, forbids that .esthetic culture
whose natural outgrowth is fine man
ners. Good manners, which we already
possess, and for which wo hold thu
only legitimate aud reliable basis, need
simply to be refit.ed. The refinement
of good manners will not come to us
through tho pursuit of " fine manners
as u line art, " but they will come as a
natural outgrowth of general tcsthetic
Culture. As the lift till 11 lirttnmnj i..n,t
the great mystery of the North. ' refined, manners will be onlv one of
tho forms and modes through which
t ho growing idea of that which is grace
ful and beautiful will express itself.
Tho man who feels lin ly will act finely,
,.... uu milieu; miuii'ii'iiu v in so
ciety to act freely. There is I.o value
in nuy form of fiuo art without line
feelii.g, aud there must bc souilthiug
better than the character of the typical
Latin ou which to base a style of man-
do not propose to criticise it, and we I ner worth possession or emulation,
allude to itonly to point outuud enipha i Manners pursued as an art, for their
size the distinction between good man- own sake, will become artificial, and
ners aud fine manners. A maimer ma' i thus react upon character iu a very dis-
be Hue without being good, and uood i ngrceaoie anil Uangerous way. Ur. r.
U. llollaud. iu benbuers tor Decern.
.(inon Daily TtUgraph, Oct. 21
Mr. James Jackson Janes, iu a late
number of the ' Independent, ' bus an
exceedingly interesting and well-writ-ten
paper on " Fine Manners as a Fine
Art." It is written from the stand
point of an artist, and relates mainly to
the icsthetic element iu manners. We
without being tine. It may also be
good aud line at the same lime. The
mauuer of mi aristocrat, who looks
down upon ever nine persons iu tun
whom he may happen to meet, may bu
flue, but it is not good. The mauuer
of the Frenchman a member of the
Latin race, which Mr. Jarves praises
We'll nofsay anything of the livinc
plants and flowers, but if you took the
may be line, but it is not good, becauso j ' .V"rl'r ' advice, and piesscd plenty
it is not based in that profound respect
tor whom without which all tine man
ners exhibited in his intercourse with
her are no better than an insult.
of ferus last June, and saved brightly
tinted autumn leaves, and great ruddy
boughs of o.i k iu the fall, this is what
you cau do with them. Your ferns,
gathered in June, are so flexible, with
And this brings us to the only point ' rta'.-'rei in June, are so flexible, with
wo choose to make in this artie'le. A I tluj,,r hrcad;liko steins, that they wave
catholic love of humanity, and a genu- I ?ml .MV!l Wllh B 1 "t?1" "owtl-
ine respect for its rights, is the only
sound oasis for good manners. A ten
der aud pure legard for woman, added
to this among men, furnishes all the
spring aud impulse necessary for the
best and finest forms of politeness. It
is not necc-sary to go to the Latin poo
pies, with their traditions of art and
their icsthetic culture; it is not neces
sary to see countries whero classes are
recognized and manners take the
and are shaped to the arbitrary rules
of etiquette; it is not necessary to stu
dy manuals of social usage, or sit at
the feet of Mr. Turveydrop. in order to
learn goon manners, provided a man
ing in ti vtvso spoils the uracelul effect :
but fill your vases with dry sand, aud
you can group your ferns airily, and
they will keep their place, and "not bo
easily upset. If trees were scarce, aud
you have only single leaves of maple,
. put long stems ol Hue wire, sucli as
is used iu wax work, and you can
J twist them in clusters, or arrange just
I where you want. Spaces behind pic-
c.r.,, tl'' are tiuely tilled with boughs of
11.11 7 1 .1 I
oiik. tviiicii iioHi uieir leaves
I the flourishing of a feather duster, and
i form :iu admirable background to a
' bright ehroino. Somewhere you waut
! n bracket, and if you ktiuw how to
11.1111 UllWM 11I.II1IIWI .-, IflUtlUllt l Ill.lll I , . ., - , . ,
thoroughly rcpect his lo low, and finds I ,lr'vo "" ean make one from half
himself possessed ol that soutiment to- " b,:n'T lic;'ld, I,n,,d P0I " ';;,ul:d
suck oi woou i icavc inorougu uark on;
ward woman which makes her his ideal
and his idol. Without this respect
and this love, there is nothing more
hollow and woithk-ss than fine manners.
They become, in this case, simply tho
disguise ol an egotist moro or less baso
Wn L-iifiu tliMf it t mitre nnunnnii tA
attribute flne'manners lo the Latin poo-1 Ka'on l)r"w"' Ky ", ami Jjtch
plo as a c'haracteristc. That their I ull H,eh . . )'nn 1,,;,.-v fiet, irom
forms orpolileness are graceful aud , "mjm, anil u Ugs, ami lau lences.
;,-l,ir..Sf ... is not tn l,e denied Tl.nr,. A "W ot shell llko lltollCUS should till-
two or three bits of barrel hoop nailed
(curving inward) from the bottom of
your round stick to the outer edge of
the top piece. Then another strip ot
hoop flat around outer edgo, to conceal
all the upper cuds of the supports,
and glue over the whole affair
is more of tho show of courtesy among
the common people, and more of what
may be called gallantry iu the treat
ment of women, than among the Saxons
and the Celts ; but a form of courtesy
which is u form of fawning for a pur
pose, and a gallantry which originates
iu sensuality, ure neither lino manners
nor good munners. The French havo
been for many years regarded as the
politest nation of tho earth. The
French capital is looked upon us the
very homo and high court ol'liuu man
ners ; yet thcro is prdbably not u city
iu the world that entertains so little re
sncct for women as Paris, or that is so
thoroughly permeated by distrust.
Tho Frenchman docs not trust the
Frenchwoman, nor docs sho trust him.
His treatment of her, though fine
cuouc.li iu its iiauuer, is dictated b;,
that which is base in him. It has the
look of gold, but both ho aud she
know tbat it is only la -quer. France
is lull oi lino munners, but tvo should
imports. Set a
ish tho edge, and a
cone the bottom of thu
pot of iff or a L'reat vaso of ferns and
leaves on top, and it is finer than any
thing the eaiver ever made.
Beautiful transparencies may be
made by arranging ferus aud grasses
between two panes of glass, fastened to
gethcr at thu edges by a ribbon, glued
over them ; and exquisitu brackets and
wall pockets may be made from cigar
boxes and ornamented by ferns and
bright leaves glued carefully on in bo
quel and wreaths, aud varnished with
sliullao varnish. Tho top of a little
stand, or a work-box, may bo turned
into lino lacquered work by paiuting
with several coats of black paiut, rub
bing to a polih after each one, and
then ornamented with leave, glued ou
aud varnished, Little Corporal.
To Ockan Paint. Use but little
water at first ; keep it warm aud clean
hf i-hant'iii"- it nlieu. A tlanncl elnt
known nil i
at very lc
tviili to weal
co, kid or pu
Uyie, go tJ
iiev. II. II. 1
it. Louis toll
line saloon id
whero can brl
Tn i vv
or suiters, mil
and in nnv
would mv trfl
The St. La
durables as nl
tecnth nnd Nl
A lessa for tv
Apply to Joll
Mu. Geo. Si
of the beardodl
tor of hit prij
Uo hat besrdel
calls (or more
nnd 10th street
for ca-h. Thil
four good lots,!
in oxcellcnt orl
ro moved from I
where he it pu
cash for fcrnpj
bru;i, lead until
Also, the highti
for hide?, furs,
place. No. 'J'jI
nuc, tiAs lust rJ
itOCk Of full glH
ment of ladici
Mo thing fori
bom, flower;, al
of which will
knows, and wl
body, i now fl
quarters, on Ei
mercial and WJ
fers to thu pub
tbo choicest brnl
liquors to bo fci-J
Unit these, rivil
ihnro of puhll
leo Louit in hill
como for every!
a cordial one.
oysters by tbo
raw or on tho J
ccn or barrel, l
tho city where
juicioH and Ih-sI
consent U the
thu corner of
Louis luc,? r ;
loruign, or soinl
your own god
Tlmlla, call fori
drink, nnd if
Sold by drl
Have You i
for tho lust tlvu
fnthion in Nov
-cri twicH wl
drivin" a inlr
i'urk. hm rt-crd
cle to which Mill
liclo In ftiutal
and lutr to til
anil cumins u
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