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OFFICE, BXTIiriSl'rilT BTTIIiPIlTCa-, 0033. 13TH BTBHBT A.XTX) -WASHIWOTOIT " AVTQTJE
J I -.1.LJ 4
JOHN H. OBERLY, PROPRIETOR.
PrtsM: Annual Mesg.
Wasuimuton, Dccombor 2, 1872.
A UOY VlKW.
To the Benalo and House of Representa
In transmitting to ,vou my fourth an
nual message, it in with thankfulness to
tho giver of hII good thut, ui a nation, wo
uavo uecn blest ror tiio Inst year wiih
caco at homo und abroad, and a general
prosperity vouchsafed to hut fw people.
exception of tho recent dovasling
ure, wnieu swept from the earth with a
breath, hi It wore, million of accumulated
wealth in the city of Motion, thoro havo
been no overshadowing calamities within
the year to record. It ii gratifying to
note how, like their fellow-citizens of the
city of Chicago under similar circurnstan
cet a year earlier, tho citizens of Motion
ore rallying under their misfortuno; and
the prospect I Hint their en
trgy und hi-mlsm will overcome
nil obstacles and show thu tamo prosperity
soon that they would have had had no
ditatler bcfiillofi them. Otherwlte we
have boon free from pestilence, war and
calamities, which often overtako nations,
and at far nt human Judgment can pene
trate the future, no cauto teemt to exist to
threaten our prctont pi'Hco.
TUB OKNKVA AWARD.
When congress adjourned In June latt,
a question had been railed by Great
Untaln, and was then pending, which for
time seriously Imperilled the settlement,
by fricndlv arbitration, of tho diflerenccs
existing between this government and
'.hat of Her Mritatiic Majesty, by tho
treaty oi aswngton, and hud been re
ferred to a tribunal of arbitration
which had met in Geneva, Switzerland
the arbitrators, however, disposed
- - ..v . ...... .....,. uai jv(iiuibw IHB
UOle OI Uiu treatv and tliri-nlnriml In in.
. ' . . . . " I'lV
oinuuiii wwaru eaeu finer, in ti manrmr
ntirely saturactory to this government
mi in amtAPiliiftnii artlli 41... a.t.... .....I !..
inn nn irm Minviuahih ii.n i Wnnif.M.
lilt .if I lit Jll4t'.l..r... s
hv .ft 1 I-
ue iriouxiRi initio 114 Ut'cmon, whereby
tt.(lu,l Vi a f Cir. trwiinr. t t.i
the indemnity tn ho n-ti hi (Ir-f
........ .rl 'V . "
cuniidorntion. Thii decision
null u l i ......... I .- w . I . . . I l r
I I J - " - - ..-iiiii 1.11-
uuttf uaiwwn iiiHivn uriviiriiniwni. unii
connection with anotheraward inudu by
uerman tmntrur tiniii.r u mfhri.nr...
him, by the tame treaty, leave the two
vcrnments without a shadow upon their
.ll - I .1.-.- , l ... .
vuuii rsiBtiuun, lTuicn ii is mr sincere
po muv forever remnin i-uimHi- un.
uunu, x ne report oi iho ag-nt of the
llwl rtlillf iitmn n(bi tr, .11..... 1 .1...
rman tribunal, accompanied by the pro-
oit 01 mo proceedings of the arbitra
ge arguments of the counsel of both
tMiuivnti! .iic nnaiu ui me iriuuuni.
tun opinions given bv
several arbitrator are tram
ted herewith. T Imvn p.m,t
ndly power.', who complied with tho
t request raado to them under the
ty, tho thanks of this government for
appointment of arbitrators made by
eruineni personages named by them
ray appreciation of tho dignity, pa
.o, iiniiiuiuv nim uruHi aunuy Willi
unctions. Her innieUvs govern
t has communicated to mo its appro
on, ol tho indefatigable induttry dlt
ed by Mr. Adams, the arbi-
. ...i .IMS
rnmcnt, during the protracted in
es and discussions of Ilia tribunal. I
ally unite with her majesty In this
eciation. It is duo to tho asont of
T..I...1 ........ l e .. ..."
uueu oiaies uaioro llin irihtinni in
u in j- uigu appreciaiion ni incmarKou
V. llflU'li.Plnil li u I lutii a nnH I. . ..
rfp ,-........., HUH VUU ,.. b
anil (I screi on wun wii rh im hm
idea tho very roponslblo and dell
lutics committnd to him, hs it ii ulo
to tho learned and eminent const!
ovornmcnt, to cxpreri my senso ol
lent and wisdom which they brought
r in inn ar imant r t ttn rAmit
ly reached. It will ho the provinco
concress to provie'e for tho
to ii, oi uicir rusnoctlvo shares or
onov. AlinoUCIl IhO Slim awardnd
pnyabio until a j-ear Trom tho date
award, It Is deemed advltablo that
10 bo lost in making a proper exam-
11 (f tllfl rMll In trlilnli imlnirtniflnu.
1 1 . ...
hv iih inm I nniAn MAnr V 1 .nnnin.
the creation of a board of commit
i for tho purpose.
THE BAN JUAN IIOUNDARr.
the third nnd fourth articlo of the
of 'NVashini'ton, the claims of the
I States and of Great Mritoin, in
construction of tho treatv of tho
Juno, 1840, doflningtho boundary
... 7 I .".p
SllOmllleil to Dm iirh Irntlnn on, I
of His Majesty, tho Emneror
many, to decldo which of thoso
was most In accordance with tho
elation of the treaty of 8iO. His
, ....,u v. ui uDi iiinu v. nu VI It IT
eased to lltldort'lkn tho HrViilrntlnn
earnosi nianits or this government
peopio oi mo united States for
r. iihiii nil 1 1 1'iirn n i in nn ima tin.
o tho considoration of this loni'.
mp t . n
aiuercnco. i navo caused nn ex
ofmanv thanks to ho cnmtmini.
) his majesty, air. Mancroft, tho
ntative of this government nt Her
ducted tho caso and prepared the
nt on uiu pari oi mo united
with tho nlillity tlmt
ptst fervlce justllled the
no in expecting nt his hands. A;
cr of tho cabinet nt tho date of
ty which has given riso to this dis
between tho two covcrnments, as
tier to ureal isr tain when thn
uon now pronounced unioumied
rst advanced and as tho
nnd renrAspntntlvn nt tin.
hiil ill nrngnni inn piia
ocoivo the awnrd. ho hn been .
with the question in all its phases,
very stage line manifested a pntrl
I and earnestness in the tnninle.
tho claim of the United fitataa.
titled to much credit for the ago.
which has attended tha
ii. J imp n Tint I an r in
on of tha case, and at
t he stalomcnls of each party, Ills Mnjosly,
tho Emperor, on tho'Jistduy of October
am, tigneu nit award in writing, deciding
" ciaim oi lue governinoni or the
United States that tho boundry lino be
twnon iho territories of Her Mritanic
Junjesiy nad tho United Stntes should bu
drawn through tho Haro Channel is tho
iruo interpretation of tho troaiv. con
eluded on the loth of .tune, 1818, between
"Konia oi uer jiruanic Majesty nnd
v.. mo umiuuoniCT, copies or tno caso
presented on behalf of each and a trnns
anon of tho award are transmitted
norowilh. This award confirms tho
united States In tbelr claim in
tno important nrchlpalogo of tho isl
ands lylnc between tho contlnnnt
and Vancouver's island, which for twenty
six years, since the ratification nf thn
treaty Great Mrltnln hat contested, nnd
Icavct ii for tho first tlmo in tho history
of tho United States as a nation, without a
.i .... .... .
juviuon oi dupuiou oounaary between
our territory and the possessions of Great
Mritaln on this continent. It is a grate
ful duty to acknowledge the prompt,
spontaneous action of her majesty's gov
eminent In giving effect to tho award. In
anticipation of any request from this gov
ernment, and before tho reception In tho
United States of tho award
signed by the emperor, her maj
esty had given instructions for the
removal of her troops which had boen
stationed there, and for the cessation ol all
exorcise or claim of Jurisdiction, so as to
leave tho United States in oxclusivo pos
session of tho lately disputed territory. I
am grateful to be ablo to announco that
tho orders for tho removal of the troops
havo been executed and tho military lolnt
occupation or San Juan has ceated. The
Islands am iio in the oxclualvn nn.piiin
of the United Stutes. It now Wnm..i
necessary to complete tho survey and d.
termination of that portion of tbo boundary
lino through tho Ilnro channel, upon
which the commission which dotnrmlnod
tho remaining part of the linn
worn unaoie 10 avreo. I iivntn
menu the bddo ntmunt nf
w'jiniiiiFMuij io nci joinny mtu one
which may bo named by her majesty for
TUt AL1SICA IIOU.fDAKY.
ixperieneo of tho dilllcultics attending
i... .i...... t .i .. . n.
.im uciuriuiiiuuun oi our auuuieu line o;
boundary after the occupation of th tr.
rltory and Its settlement by thoso owing
allegianuu to the respective governments
iioiuis io i no iinporianto or establishing
by natural object or other monuments.
. i ii i . '
mu nuiutti iino ueiwecn me icrritory ac
quired by purchase from ISutsIa and tho
aujoining posc-sion of her lintanlc maj
csiy. l he region is now so sparsely oc-
euueu, mai no conuicung interests of In-
uiviuuai or or jurisdiction are likely to
Intertere to the delay or embarrassment
oi uiu actual location or tho line. If de
rred until population shall enter and oc
CAIRO. ILLINOIS, TUESDAY. DECEMBER 3. 1872.
At tho last sottton of congress authority
was given for tho uppolntmonl of five or
more agents to (represent this government
at tho exposition. Tho authority thus giv
en nas ocen exerciser, but in the absenco
of any appropriation thoro Is danger that
me important Dentins winch the occasion
odors will, in a largo degreo, bo lost to
citizens of the United States. 1 commend
tho subject strongly to your consideration,
and recommend that an adeouato annro-
priatlon bo mado for this purpose. To
rurlber aid American exhibitors at the
Vionna exposition, I would recommend,
in addition to nn appropriation of money,
that tbo secretary of tho navy bo author
ized to fit up two veftult to trantport be
tween our Atlantic cities and Trieste, or
the most convenient port to Vienna, and
11 ... ... .
uncK, ineir articles lor exhibition.
cupy the territory, some trivial
contest ot neighbors may again array the
two governments In antagonism. I there
fore recommend thn appointment of a
commission to act iointlv with one that
tnuy bo appointed on the part of Great
iiriiaiu loueiermine mo line between uur
territory of Alaska and the co-terminus
possessions of Great liritaln.
Ill 111V laAt Hnnilhl In.tArvn T -omm
mended tho lecislatlon neceisarv on thn
part of tho United States to bring into
operation tho articles of tho treatv of
YVushlncton. of Mav. 187 1. rnlAtirif tn
Ihu fisheries und tooth'er matters touching
uiu iuiiuiuim oi uio unuoii states toward
the 15riti.li Notth American possessions,
to become opcrntive to soon as tho proper
legislation should Lu had on the part of
Great Mritaln nnd its possessions. That
legilation, on the part of Great Hritain
and lu possessions, had not bean had, and
during the os!on of Congress a ques
Hon was raised, which, for tho time,
raised a doubt whether any action by con
gress in tho diroclion indicated would te
come important. This question has since
been disposed of, nnd I have received no
tico that tho imperial parliament and the
legislature of the provincial government
havo passed laws to carry tho provisions
of th'i treatv on the matter referred to
into oporation. I therefore recommend
your early r.doption of the legislation In
the samo direction riecussarv'nn thn
r .i.i " -
ui un. government.
OUR NORTH WK.bTKU.V 1I0UNIUKIKS.
Tho joint commission fur determining
tbo boundary lino between tho Unitod
states and tho Mritlsli possessions between
tho i.ako of tho Woods and the ltockv
Jiountains hits organized and entered
upon Its work. It is desirable that tho
force bo increased in ordur tht th n..m.
pletion iifthu survey und determination of
tno lino may bo thu sooner attained. To
tins end 1 recommend an appropriation to
OTHER KORKtn.V RKI.ATIONt.
AVItli Franco our earliest ally, and Hub
sia tho constant nnd steady friend of tbo
ITnilllll Stnlll. f ? P... n r. .. r..lll. ...1
w'...uv. u.t.., uuiiiiuiii mill WiHIStJ fUV-
crnmont and , pcoplo we hnvo to manv
casos of friendship, and so many common
sympathies, ana tno other powors of
huroiie, our relations are maintained on
tho moH friendly tormt. Since mv latt
mee.ago the exchange hat beon madc'of
.1. ..m .1 .r . .... . .
iuu riuiiicHiiont oi n ireatv wun iho Ans-
trifc-IIungary emplro rolating io natural
izatlon ; nlso of a treaty with tho Gorman
empire respecting consuls and trade
marks j also oi a trcnty with Sweden and
Norway relating to naturalization, all of
which treaties havo beon duly proclaimed.
Concress, nt its last session, having
mado an appropriation to defray tho ex
pense! of tho commUsion on tno part of
tho United States to tho international
statistical congress at St. Petersburg,
tho porsons appointed in that character
proceeded to their dostinatlon!and attended
the sessions of tho congress. Tholr report
shall in duo season bo laid before you.
This congress meett nt intervals of about
three years and has held its session in
savnrul of tho countries of Europe. I sub
mit to your consideration tho propriety
of extending an invitation to tho congress
to hold its next meeting In tho United
Tho centennial celebration to be held in
1870. would bo an appropriate occasion for
THE VIIJJNA EXPOSITION.
Preparations are helntr made for tho in.
tornatlonal exposition to bt held during
tho noxt year In Vienna, on R scala of
very groat magnltudo. Tho tendency of
these cxpoiitiont it In thn ii.nnt.
advanced civilization pnd of the elevation
of induttry, of labor, and of tho increaso
of human happiness, us well nt of the
grr ater intercourse nnd good-will between
rations. At this exposition it to bo th
first which will havo beon hold in eastern
ii j rope, it is believed that American in
ventor and manufacturers will he readv
to avail themselves of the opportunity for
tho pretentation of their productions, if
encouraged by proper aid and protection.
Since your latt session tho president of
me juoxtcan republic distinguished by bis
nigu character nnd hit tervicct to hit
country has died. His temporary tuccos
tor has now been elected with irrcat nnmi
imlty by tho pcoplo, a proof of confldcnco
on their part in his tmtr ot sm and win.
dom which It is believed will bo confirmed
by tho results of his administration. It !
particularly desirable that nothing should
be left undone bv tho irovermnent of
miner republic io strengthen their rela
tions as neighbors and friends. It Is much
to ba reirretted that manv lawless acts con.
tlntio to disturb the uuiot of the scttlument
on tho border between our territory and
that of Mexico, nnd that complaints of
wrong to American citizens in various
parts or the country are made. Tho revo
lutionary condition in which the nolgh
borinir republic has so loni
been Tinvolved has In tomo decree
contributed to this disturbance. It is to
bo hoped that with n moro settled rule of
order throughout tho republic which may
uo i-Autn'u wun mo present government,
the acts of which just complaint is made,
The proceedings of tho comtnis.lnn nn.
der tho convention with Mexico of the
Oth of July, 16C8. on tho tubject of claims
have unfortunately been checked by an
obstacle for the removal of which measures
hare been taken by the two governments
which it it belluved will prove tuccestful.
The commissioners appointed, pursuant
to tie joint resolutions of congress of the
7th of May last, to enqulro Into the dep
redations cn the Texas frontier, have
diligently mado investigations In that
quart'T. Their report upon tho subject
will bo communicated to you. Their re
searches wero necessarily incomplete,
paniy on account or We limited
appropriation mauo by congress.
-Mexico, on thu part of their
government, hat appointed a similar com
mission to investigate these outrages. It
is not announced olllclally, but toe press of
mat country states the luiiest investigation
is demanded and that the co-operation of all
parties concerned is invited to secure that
end. I therefore recommend that a spe
cial appropriation bo made at tho earliest
day practicable, to aid the commissioners,
on the part of the United States, to return
to their labort without delav.
of April, 18CC, That republic is under-
stood lo be almost If not entirely tranquil
ized. It it hoped, theroforo, that It will
loso no tlmo in providing for tho unpaid
uaiances oi us national ucbi, winch, hav
ing originated in injuries to its citizens by
tho Venezuelan authorities, and having
been acknowledged pursuant to n treaty
in tho most solemn form known among
nations, would teem to desorvo a profer
enco over debts of a different origin, and
contracted in a different manner. This
subject is again recommended to tbo atten
tion of congress for such action as may be
Our treaty relations with Japan remain
unchanged. An imposing embassy from
that interesting and progressivo nation
visited this country during the year that
is passing; uui neing unprovided wiih
powers for thu signing of a convontion in
this country no conclusion in that di
rection was reached. It is hoped howevor
that tho interchange, of opinion which
took placo during their stay lu this country
has led to n mutual appreciation of the
interests which may be promoted when
tho revision of tbo existing treaty shall
be undertaken. In this connection 1 ro
now my recommendation of ono year ogo,
that to give importance and to add to
cfllciency of our diplomatic relatlnm with
and to farther aid in retaining the good
opinion of these people, and to securo to
tho United States its share of th n rnmmnpnn
destined to flow between these nations and
the balanco of tho commercial world, an
appropriation to bo mado to tupport at
least four Amorican voutha In nli nf
these countries, to serve at a part of our
official family. Our ministers and repre
sentatives would tiien bo placed upon an
equality with iho.rcpretontatlves ol Great
Mritain or somo other powers. A. now
situated, our representatives in Japan and
vmna uavo io uepenu lor niernreters and
i.ominiura upon nauvos oi inose countries
wno know our Janeua-te imperfectly, or
procuro for the occasion tho service nf
employes tn foreign business houses, or the
luiepreters oi oilier loreign ministers.
A TRANSFER KKCOMMENDKD.
I renew tho recommendation made on a
previout occasion, of the trantfer to '.ho
by tho actt ol congress at its last tostlon,
tho expondituro ol tho government will ho
much reduced far tho next fiscal year. It
is vory doubtful, however, whether any
ui.uui luuuvkiuu ui so vexatious n nur
present laws, until suflie ent timn i...
elapsed to prove that it can bo done nnd
still leave sufficient revenue to meel tho
current expenses of tho government, pay
Interest on tho public debt, and provide
for tho sinking fund established by law.
.onuii ui uur nationui credit II
of tho highest importance.
A NATIONAL CURRKNCV.
Next In Importanco to this comes n
tolemn duly to provido a national cur-
rencr. of fixed vl lift, nt ffimnaMil ssa!U
ii i ' v-...,.iW nihil , - e miu n ttJt'su ur
cold, and as Boon m pracaicablo, having 1 pl"or enterirl0cs until It is clearly shown
o debtor nai W10' wo not only of national interit
BULLETIN BU1LD1IVG WASHINGTON-AY.
jraiii-poriation ol ih.i coinintitly increns- m,.n.M J . ' ""-rea,. ' tsrvice from
m. V. J . . ":mon.V'v 'P n tha
.1 i i n'"""P rii, for a tubs dr In
"d " i lMlihm,i of an Am.llc.n
a post-office tav-
e Increase nf tha
bureaus. I faava
IsiIdpI v.ll win, .1.7. . """"'oro recommended the abolition r
Untie, with" Charletton, a. 0 , and , now fornh5 Pr,vill,g no reason
Savannah, Oa., by water bv wav l K t, . that tub-
"".U.,?.yj"n-n";M'l" -V canal. Warded bv"K...V!blT "
uu luv.-nwnmr navigation, and to t
Savanah nnd Ochniulgeo rivers have boi
lllVntail n t l a. 4 1 ..
, , 'Fu'lnuo oy an accom
plished engineer otllcer of the navy.
oeconu and third, new routes will bo
proposed for tho consideration of Congress
namely by an extension of thaChotapuaka
and Ohio Canal. I am not prepared to
recommend government nld to theso or
mg surplus ol tho western
-.' .naVwil, Kf
.7. i i .i . . . """ mat- me leg is alive branch of thu mpmn.i.i 1 V. . "amrs
ter of Justice to tho holders of the nation's ,oono?oa later, and I suLieestTat n Ln. ' J r"ncUco' New
cortlfleates of Indebtedness. I would re- bo taken to ca n all mvinJfd. ?i ' T0' lblishment of
commend that no moro legislation bo to lnvo.tltIon o tho uT V lns bank nd tot h
had on this sub ect unless it bo to correct Just CSn. A ,,, T 1 f81"'0" of of
rrun hi omission or commlst on in tho thn Mli.
due regard for the interests ot th
class, and tho vicissitudes of trado and
commerce, and convertible into gold at
TUB RKPORT OF THE SECRETARY Or WAR
tnowt tho expenditures of the department
lilt. 1 .1 . .
u. iiinu woiupieieu in vaiuo com
mensurato with their cost. That
production increases more rapidly
than the means of transportation in our
country has been demonstrated by past ox-
j.ciii-Hto. xiiu rapiu growth in population
for military appropriations for tho next ' du,nmllc1a in ,lu future Is equally
fiscal year, ending Juno 30 1871 d.e,monitrHble- theroforo suggest
are $33,601 378. Tho eUlmatel ,' of tho L8 hZlJ?TJTnr ,??mttlilitett 10 bo
cbiof of engineers arc siibmittnri i.n.t.
ately for fortifications on river and harbor
improvements, and for public buildings
and grounds, and tho Washington
acqueduct. Tho affair! of tbo freed men's
bureau have nil been transferred to tho
war department, and regulations havo
been put into execution for tho speedy
payment of bounty nav. etc.. dim rninroH
soldiers, properly coming under that bu
reau. All war accountt for money and
property prior to 1671, have examined and
transmitted to tho treasury for final set
tlement. During tbo fiscal year thero hat
been for transportation on railroads $1
300,000 paid, of which $80,857 was to the
Pacific railroad ; for transportation by
water .v6,373, and by stags $48,675, nnd
It Is with regret that I have airain to
announco a continuance of the disturbed
condition of tho island of Cuba. No ad.
vauco toward, the paelficaton of the dis.
contented part has been made, while the
insurrection has gained no advantages and
exhibits no more of tho elements of
power or of the prospect of ultlmati suc
cess than wero exhibited a year ago.
Spain, on tho other hand, has not suc
ceeded in its repression and tho parties
stand apparently in the same relative at
titude which they have occupied for a long
time patt. This contest has lusted now
mi uiuiu man iuur j ear, were ll seen
at a distance from our neighborhood we
mi, .hi I... tAtW. T.- - ..... .
ug luuiuetuuL ua lu lis results, m.
though humanity could not be unmoved
by many of its incidents wherever they
might occur. It! is a fact, howover. I
cannot doubt, that the maintenance of
slavery is nmong the Inducements to tho
continuance of this strife. A terrible
wronc is tho natural trouble of a terrlbln
evil. Tho abolition of slavery
and the introduction of other
reforms in the administration of thu cnv.
eminent in Cuba could not fail to advance
the restoration of peace and order. It is
especially to be hoped that tbo present
liberal Kovcrnment of Spain will volnn.
tarily adopt this view. Tho law of eman
cipation which was passed moro than two
years sinco has remained unexecuted in
the absence of regulations for its enforce
ment. It was but a feeble step toward
emancipation, but it was the recognition
t..i.. i i -i i . . , .
ui rigui mm nas uniieu at sucn, and ex
hibited Spain in harmony with tho senti
mentt ot humanity and sympathy with
the other powon of tho Chrittian and
civilized world. Within tho past fow
weeks thu regulations for carrying out
tho laws of emancipation have been an
nounced, giving ovidence of tho sincerity
of intention of tho present government
to carry into effect the law of 1870, havo
not failed to urea the consideration thn
wisdom of the policy and tho justico of a
moro eUective system for the abolition of
the great evil which onprossed n racp and
continue a bloody and destructive cnntit
close to uur border, us well nt the expedi-
unvj- nuu ui-. jiiauuu oi conceding retorms
of which tho propriety is not questiona
ble. Jicoply Impressed with tho convic
tion that tho cuntinuanco of slaverly it
one of tbo most activo causes of the con-
tlnunnco or tho unhappy condition in
CuIih, I regret to boliovo that citizens of
tho United States, or thoso claiming to be
tuch, oro largo holdort in Cuba, of what is
thero claimed hb property, but which is
forbidden and denounced by tho laws of
tho United States. They aro thus, in defl
unco of tho spirit of our own laws, con
tributing to tho continuance of this dis
tressing and sickening contest.
In my lust annual metsago, I referred
to this subject, and I again recommend
such legislation as may be proper to de
nounce, and, if nut prevent, at least tn
discourage American citizens from holding
ur uvaiuig ui naves.
SOUr It AMKltlCA.
It is grutifyliiK to announce that tha
ratification of tho convention concluded
under the auspices of this government,
between Spain, on the one part, and the
allied republics of the Pacific on the other,
providing for nn nrmittico, hnvo been ox-
nanged. A enry or tho Inttrurnents is
horowith submitted. It is hoped that this
may bo followed by a permanent poace
betweon tho tamo parties.
Tho ditierences which at one tlmo threat
ened tho mnintonnnco of puaco between
Brnzll and tho Argentine Republic, it it
hoped, are in the way of tatitfactorv ad-
With thoso states, at wun tho rcpnbllcs
of Central and South America, wo continuo
to maintain the most friendly relations. It
it with reciet. iiowover. I announco tW
the government of Venezuela hat mado
no farther payments on account of tho
awards undtr the convention of tha 26th
department of tho interior, to which they for Purchase of transportation by' animals
seem moro appropriately lo belonc. of all ina waBon, n'r f teamsters, etc., etc..
.iiu iuwur uuu uutiet in relation to ter , nuuuk ji,vw uavo oeen coi-
ritoriet with which tho denartmnnt nf lectcd from southorn railroads durlni? the
state is now charged by law or custom
INSTITUTE CITIZENS ABROAD.
uuuii-.d iiuiu mu legiiiiung or the
government has wisely mado provision
iur mu reiiei oi uisiressed seamen in
foreign countries. As similar nrovliion
however, has heretofore been made for the
relief of citizens in distress abroad, other
man teamen, it is understood to be
customary with other governments to
authorize cnntulsto extend such relief to
their citizens or subjects in certain cases.
a similar authority or nn appropriation
to carry it into effect, is advisable, in
cases of citizens of tho United States who
aro sick, under such circumstances. It is
well known that tuch citizens retort to
foreign countries in rreat number-.
Though some of them are able to bear the
expenses Incident to location, thero are
tome, who through accident or otherwlte,
become penniless and have no friends ot
homo able to lUCCOr tbem. Persona In
this tituation must either perish or cast
toemseires upon ihe charitv or fort-Iimnr.
or be relieved at the private charge of our
own officers who utually, even with the
most benevolent dispositions, havo noth
ing to tparo for such purposes. Should
the authority and appropriation asked for
be given, caro will be taken to carry the
1 a -I , . . :
uaiicucieuce oi congress in io euect, and
that it shall not bo unnecestarily or un-
The money received and carried into
tno treasury during tho fiscal year, ended
uunuou, ion, ana wero: ttom customs,
$'J1C,370,286; from tales of public lands,
$2,676,714: from internal revenue. $130..
Cia,177 ; from tax on national bank circu
lation, etc., soAsSO; from Pacific rail
road companies, $79,8CI ; from customs,
unes, etc., u J,os,.a4 ; irom leet, con
sular, patent, land, etc., $2,i!8i,096j from
miscellaneous tourcet. S4.-il2.S54 : total
ordinary receipts, $304,091, 2.9: from pre
uiiuiii on saies oi coin, sv.flliUi ; total
net receipts, fdi4.luu.Ha7: ba lanca in
treasury, Juno 30, 1871, 109,93o,705, in
eluding $18,222,835 received from una
vailable; total avuilnblo cash, $484,042,.
. mi.. . ... ' '
ou. me net expenditure ot warrants
during thn samo period wero : for civil ex
pontes, 5.10,169,1103 j ror foreign Inter
ests, lb,409,309; Indians, i7,005,729;
pensions, aj,aM,wi tor military et
tabllshment. includine fortifications, har
bor and rivor improvements and arsonnls,
'J.-. nTn i . t i ..... . '
wiii'i"i loruavai esianiisnments, in
eluding vessels and machinery and Im-
provoraonts at navy yards. S21.249.n09
for miscellaneout civil, including public
buildings, light houtos, and collecting Iho
ruvuuuu, i.,voo,j.u ; interest on tno pub
11. J.ll l 1. ill onn. . . . . .
voar. Inuvlnip ntmni ll nnn rwi .1111 .1...
-.,vvv,vvv Skill uut.
The quartermatter has cxamlucd and
transmitted to tbo accounting officers for
settlement ?3iC,l72 71 of claims by loyal
citizens for tho quartermaster' ttores
taken durinc the war. Suh.litlno .un
pliet to tho amount of $8,904,812
iiuyu oeeu iisueu 10 inuiant. Tho annual
average main ttrenuth or tbo army wat
24,101 white aud 2.494 colored toldiara.
Tho total deaths of soldier for th
MEDICAL HISTORY OF SUE WAR.
IhO distribution of the medical and
turgical history of tho war it yet to b
ordered by coneress. Thero exists an sh
solute necessity for a medical corps of tho
full number established bv act of
of July 28th, 18CC, thoir being uow fifty
nine vacancies and the number of succosi-
lui candidates rarely exceedt 8 or 10 in
any ono year.
RIVER AND IIARIIDR IJIl'ROVEMENTS
1110 river und harbor iniiirnvumunti
i i . . .
uavo oeen carried on with mim.-i-
. i i.. . . Oi
nuu uvuiiuui y, UHU aiinOUl!! manv urn
only partially completed, the i-7mlu
nave laved to commerce manv times tha
amount expended. The increase of com
morce, witn greater depth of channels.
greaior tecunty in navigation, and the
laving ot time, adds millions to the wealth
of tho country, and increases the nsnnp,
oi me government.
Tho brideo across tho Misslssinni river
ll-l. IT ... . fr .
ui. uws xsianu nas been completed, and
tho tiro Der alto has henn dntarmfnnH nn fn
tbo bridgo at LaCrosso. Tho ablo and ex
haustive report made by tho commission
appointed to investigate the Sutro tunnol
hat been transmitted to concrnn. Thn
observations and report of the signal office
havo been continued. Stations liavr l.w.n
maintained at each principal lake and
scaport, and river cities ; ten additional sta
tions havo been established in the Unitod
States, and arrangements havo been made
for exchango of reports with Canada, nnd
similar exchanges of observation is con
templated with the West India Islands.
The favorable attention of congress is
invited tho following recommendations of
the secretary of war : The discontinuance
oi tho appointment ofoxtra lieutenants to
serve at adjutants and quarter-muston j
the adoption of a code providing tpeclflc
penalty for well-defined offenses, so that
tno ineqallty of sentencos nd
i..i . .
juagca by court mMrtlal may
ua aujustca; me consolidation
of accounts under which expenditures are
maae : as a measuro oi economy a reap-
propriation of tho money for tho con
struction of a depot at San Antonio, and
nuthonzed to contldcr this whole question
and to report to conirrt-ss at mm inin-n
day for its bolter puidanco In lcgislatinir
w.i i.,.o miiv! tail b ruilJl'Cl.
Tho railroads of tho countrv lmvn !..,
rapidly extended during tho last few yean
to meet tho growing domands of tho pro
ducers, and reflect much credit upon tho
capitalists nnd managers engaged in this
construction. In addition to these, a pro
ject to facilitate commerco hv tho build
ing of a ship canal around jJfagara Falls
on the United Statct side, which hat beon
agitated for many years, will no doubt be
called to your attention thii tcssion.
Looking lothogreat future of the coun
try, and tho increasing demands of com
merce, it might bo well while on this sub
ject, not only to havo examined and ro
portod upon,the various practicable routes
for connecting tins Mississippi with tho tide
water on tho Atlantic, but the feasibility
of an almost continuous land-locked navi
gation from .Maino to the Gulf of .Mexico.
oucn a rouie along our coast would bo o
great value ai all times, and of Inestima
bio value in caso of a foreign wau Na
lure his provided a groater part of thi
runic, nuu tno onsiacics io to overcome
aro easily within tho skill of engineers,
havo not alluded to this subli-t-t with t.
view of having any further expenditure
of public money at tills tlmo than may bo
necessaiy to procure and place all tho
necessary iniormntlon beforo congress in
nuiiieimu lurm, to enauie it herrafter
deemed practicable and worthy to
lato on tno subject without dolay.
'! I garded by congress, however m,w susr.
tho I gesta modlfica'tlon'of that 'prlviCo lo
mi- 1 would reenmmamt .1...
po ntmont of a committee or commlsilon
nn, fi.t to.con,l,durMl,un 11,0 nirthod
havo nvetted time and capital n th. et
tabllshment of telegraph lines, and of ac
quiring the title to all telegraphic lints
now In operation, and of connecting this
servi:e w th the postal sorvica of the na
Hon. It Is not probablo that this tubject
cou d rece ve the proper oontlderatlon
during the limits of .hurl tes.lon of con
gress, but it may be initiated so that fur-
action may bo fair
the government and to
private partiet concmH. tk...
nVi' t!1,re?o,ine ?r 0C9n t-'i.mers, naraelr :
The Pacific mail steamal In mmn.n. k' .
tween San Francitco, Chma, and Japan,
with provitlons made for toml-monihly
tervlenafini.liu.tni. i m-n. .. .. ..'.
a. . . r 1 ,0"; me uniud
Slates and Brazil lino monthly and the
California, New Zealand and Auttralia
lino monthly, plying between the United
States and foreign parts and owned and
operated under our flag. I earnettly re
commend that such liberal contracts for
carrying the mailt be authorlxed with
these lines as will insuro their csntinu
anco if the expediency of extending the
aid of the government to lines of steamers
Which hithertn hava nnl j -.
. . v. ICC1VMU II.
I1UUIU CO '
lie debt, $117,357,839 : total, exclusive of the title toUhetite now preferred : a tpeclal
Kn "DU, rr""um on public dobt, act placing tho cometory ut tho city of
, ' a i . Prm,um un Junu Pur- Jloxico on tho samo basis as ollior nationnl
chased, HOobGO; for redemption of tho cometerios j authority to purchase silo for
y . . .7 V ' lu'B'' uui"'r military posit in loxas: tno appo ntmont
.w.-. , jn,no,iui oi commissary tcrgoantt rrom non-
n In ""yyi uno on, ivt-J, iiHo,- commissioned officers at a measure for se
u-iojoua ; ioibi, ieij4z,s73. curing tho better caro and protection of
..V.i ""-a"'s aiiiuiii. n n uuuurs supplies , an appropriauon or tho cata-
that the not reduction of the principal of logues and table of tho anatomical section
. 0 n , !" tb0 fl'cul unJinB of tho army medical museum : an nppro-
.Innn Hntli. 1R7'1 umm HQ Oi-.ll OR-l rni,. . !..!. . ' r..
. , , , ' , ""I'""!-"-'- aiio priaiiuu ui inu amouni lor the
sourcuoi mis reuuction itas ioiiows: JNet manufacture of brecch-looding arnit
uniiiiory receipta aunng me year, 5304,- should the soloclion bo so dolayed by the
08-1,229 :net ordinary expenditures, In- board of officers to leave tho former ap-
Wi .; P ,uw"n "u "1U puonc uoot, wv,- proprlationt exponded ut tho close of tho
609,095 j total, 94,134,624 ; add amount fiscal year; tho talo of tuch arsenalt east
of receipts from premium on sales of gold of tbo Mississippi at can bo tparcd, and
in excels of tho premium paid on bondt tho proceed! applied to the establishment
purchased, $2,454,470 j add tho amount of of an arsenal of construction and repair!
tho reduction of tho caih balance at tho on the Atlantic coatt, nnd purchase of
nnTTi.o mil7 "'u"i0'i lo", JJim ul "wo Biio lor approving and experiment
000,153. This statement treats tololy of lug ground for heavy ordnonco: tho
mo principal oi too puouo iioni. abrogation of laws which deprive in
isy tue moniniy statement or the public ventors in tho United States lervice from
debt, which addt touothor with the urincl
pal and interest duo and unpaid and inter
est accrued to dato duo. and deducts the
cash in treasury on the day of publication,
tno reduction wat $iuu,Q44,49i, The
source af this reduction ii at followt
doriving any benefit from their inven
tions; tno repeal ot the law prohibiting
promotions in the stall corpt:
a continuance of work unon tho
cost dofencetj report of the seventh sec
lion of act nf .Tnfv in iRi'.n inbtiw. r,m
Reduction in principal account, $99,96o,- engineer loldiers tho per diem granted to
003,64; reduction in unpaid interest no- other troops; a limitation of ilmo for pre-
count.eS.saO.oezgO'.total.llOS.lOOOeo; vention of subsistence of supplies under
reduction In cash on hand, $2,740,405 22; net of July 4, 1864. and a modification in
total, $100,644,491 28. the mode of the lelection of cadets for Uio
On the bases of the latt table tho state- military academy, in order to enhance the
monts show a reduction of tho public debt, usefulness of the academy, which is im-
from the fint of March, 18C9, to tho paired by reaton of the largo amount or
present term, us follows: From March time nocessarilv ex Ulflia nans
1st, 1809, to March 1st, 1870. $87,134,782- cadott a thorough knowledge of the moro
84 ; from March 1, 1870, to March 1, 1871. elementary branches or learnlnc which
$117,019,030 26; from March 1st, 1871, to they should acquiro bltot mt.
ajarci lit 1BJ2, 94,1195 ,34H U4; from Ing the academy; alto an
March lit. 1872. to Nouember 1st. 1872. annrnnrUUnn ViP tf I I1nsnrtrital u nno fain.
eighth months, $04,047,237 84;, total $303,- and an Incrento In the number and the
090,099 87. pay of tho mllitarv acadmnv banila
TAXES LOW KN0U01I. TRANSPORTATION OF I'RODtrCTU.
With the great rtduction of taxation The attention of congress will be called,
Tho report of tho secretary of naw ),....
with accompanying explains the condition
of tiiat brannli nf imlilii. s.iFvtnn ii- ..........
deficiencies, expenses Incurred during the
past year, and appropriation for tha namn
It also gives n complete hittory of the ter-
vices oi tue past year, in addition to its
regular service it it evident that unlnu
Hops uro taken to preserve our navy, that
In a very few years tho United States will
uo me weanest nation upon the ocean of
an greai powers, with an energetic and
progressivo business people like ours. linn.
etrating and favoring buiinest relatloni
wun every part oi the known world, a
tiairj .iruiig tinougn io command the
respect of our H.il abroad is
mo jiuicviiuii ui llivir riglllfl,
I recommend careful consideration bv
congress, of tho recommendations made by
tho tocretary of tho navy.
The accompanyinc roport of tbo nost.
master general furnishei a full ami cutii.
factory exhibit of tbo operations of thn
pott-office department durinc the past
year. The ordinary revenue for the de
partment for tho fiscal year ending June
30. 1872, amounted to S 12.01 ft -iti ami
oxpenditurei are $20,553,192; compared
with tho previout fltcal year the Increase
of rcvonuo wat $1,878,880, or 8-37 percent,
and the increaso of expenditures wat
$2,268,088, or 0-29 per cent. : addlm- tn thn
ordinary rovonues. tho annual appropria
tion $700,000 for free niattnr .ml
tbo amount paid to tho lubiides bv mall
steamships linet from tpocial appropria
tion!, tho deficiency paid Ollt of tlin if An
eral troaiury wai $337,177 05, an exec's! of
jo,iu over mo uencioncv for the year
un. uiuor iiiieresiing taiistlcal inror
mation relating to our rapidly extending
postal tervice it furnished in this roport.
The total length of railroad mail routes
on tho 30th of June, 1872, wat 67,911
miles, 8,077 additional miles of tuch
torvico having been put into operation
during the year. Eight now lines ot
railroad post offices havo beon abolished
with an aggregate length of 2,909 miles.
Tbo number of letters oxebanged
in tho mails with foreign countries, 24,302
500, an increase of 4,060,602, or 20 per
cent, over tho number in 1871 ; and tbe
postage thereon amount! to $1.871, 257.
The total weighti of the mailt exchanged
wltli Kuropcan countriei excecdi 820 tons.
Tho cott of tbe United Statet trans-Atlantic
mail iteHiiishln sorvico was $2,203 31.
Tbo total cost of tho United States ocean
steamship service, including tho amount
paid tho subsidized linet nf mail tteaniers
was $1,027,027,020. Tho followlnc am tha
only tteamihip linet now rocoivimr subsi
dies for mail service under tpeclal acts of
congress: Tho raclflc mail iteamthip
company rccclvot $600,000 for carry
ing a monthly mall between San
Francisco, Japan and ChinB, which
will be increased to ono million per an
num for a teml-monthly mail on and after
October 1, 1873; the United State! and
Brazil tteamihip comoanv recnlvns Stan.
000 per annum for carrying a monthly
mall between New York and Uio deJa-
iicriti, urszii, anu mo Ualltornln, Oregon
and Mexican iteamthtn
TR nfi .. . lamw
i'i i annum lor carrying a monthly
.inn ou,, rrancitco and Hono
lulu, llwain Island!, making tho total
amount of mail iteamthip subsidies at
$725,000 per annum. Our pottal commu
nication! with all parts of tbo civilized
worm uavo neon placed upon most advan
tageous footing by tbo improved
postal conventions nnd arrangements
recently concluded with the leading com
mercial countries of Europe and America,
and the gratifying statement that with
tbe conclusion of a satisfactory conven
tion with Franco, the details of which
havo been doflnitoly agreed to by the head
of tho French postal department, tubjected
to the approval of tho minister of finance,
little romalnt to bo accomplished bv treaty
for lome time to come. Your favorable
consideration is respectfully Invited to tho
orthy of the consideration of
concress. Political an.i t.i
, I ' 7 " wuiuuifHUIHl
objects make It advitable to
bestow sucb aid n . it
under our flag between Panama and the
Western South American ports. Bv this
mean much trado is
countries which might bo brought to us to
tho mutual advantagoof this country and
thoso lying in that quarter of the contl-
The report of the secretary of the treat
ury will show an alarniinv falling i
our earring trade lor tho last ten or twelve
years, and ovon for the past year. I do not
believe that tho publio treatury can be
bettor expended in tho interest of the
whole peopio than in trying to recover thii
trade. An expenditure of $5,000,000 per
uiinum for the next four years, if it would
rettoro to us our proportion
of tho carrying trade of the
world, would be profitably expanded.
Tho price of labor iu Europe hat to much
oxhanced within tbe latt few years that
tbo cott or building and operating ocean
tteamors in the United Slates is not so
much greater than in Kurope, and I be
lieve the time has arrived for congress to
tako thii tubject into serious coniideration.
A detailed ttatement of the disbursements
through thu department of juitlco will be
furnithed by the report of the attorney
general; these havo been somewhat in
creased by the recent acts of congren to
enforca tbe right! of citiceni or tha United
Statei to vote in the teveral states
of tbe Union and to en
force the proviiions of the Fourteenth
amendment to tbe conitltutlon of tbe
United Statet. Kecklesi and lawless
men, I regret to say, have associated
themselves together in some localities to
deprive other citizens of the rhhti pilar.
anteed to them by the constitution of the
United Statei. and to that nnd h nm.
milted deedt of violence;, but tbo preven
tion and punithment of many of thete
persons has tended irreatlv to thn iummi.
sfon of such disorders. I do nnt Hm.ii
that a great majority of tbe ddodU In all
parts of the countrv favor tha full m.
ployment by all classes of persons of the
rights to which they are entitled under
tbo constitution and the laws, and I
invoke the aid and influence of all o-nnit
citizens to prevent organizations whoso
objects are by unlawful meant to interfere
with their rights. I look with confidence
to the time not far distant when the ob
vious advantages of eood order and naann
will induco an abandonment nf all nn..
binationi prohibited by the acU referred
to and when it will bo unnecessary to carry
un luuicuuiiuna or muict punishments to
protect citizens from the lawless doings
of such combinations. Applications have
been made to mo to pardon persons eon
vlctcd of a violation of said acts upon
the ground that clomency in
such casct would lend to Iran
qulllzo tho public mind and to
test tho virtuo ot the policy. I am dis.
posed, at my seme of justice will permit,
to gtvo to thoso pcrtoni a favorablo eon
slderation, but any action thereon' it not
to bo construed ai indicating any change
in my determination to enforce with vlg
oriuch, so long as tbe conspiracies therein
named disturb tbe peace of tbo country
It is much to be regretted, and it is r
gretted by no one more than myself, that
a necessity has ever existed to enforce tbe
enforcement act. None can desire more
than I that tbo necessity of applying it
may nover again be demanded.
Tho secretary of tho Interior rannrta"
satislactory improvement and progression
in each of the soveral bureaus under tha
control of the Interior department. They
aro an in excel ent condition, tha wnrk
which in tome of them fur soma iaa h..
been in arrears, hat been brought down to
u recent date, and in all the current bust.
nest has been promptly ditpatcbed. The
policy which was adopted at the begin
ning of the administration with regard to
tho management or the Indians has been
as luccettful as itt most ardent irlendi an
ticipate. Within so short a time it
nas reduced me expense oi meir man
agement, decreased tho forages upon
the white settlements, tended to stive tha
larcest opportunity to the extension at
great raiiroiiut tnrough the public domain,
and tbe pushing of settlements ia more re
mote distances of the country, ami at tha
same time improve the condition nf tbe
Indians. The policy will be maintained
without any change excepting such as
farther experience nuy show to he neces
sary to render it moro efficient. Tbe sub
ject nf converting the to called Indian
territory south of Kaniai into a home for
tho Indian and the erection
thereon of a territorial farm by tbe govern
men I, is one of great -importance ai
a complement cf tho now existing Indian
policy. Tho question of remover to the
tenifory within the past year been pre
sented to many of the tribes residing upr.n
other and less desirable portions of tbe
publio lands, and bet asnerallv been r.
ceived by them with favor.
Continued on fourth page.