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JQHN II. OBERLY, PROPRIETOR.
CAIRO. ILLINOIS. SUNDAY. JANUARY 12, 1873 WITH SUPPLEMENT.
lMlESIrtTEJlt ANW5Vi Strccf.
TrcicliliiKi Habbnth nt 10 a.m. and 71 P-tn
rrayor meeting; Wednesday at 71 p. m.
'abbath Hchool, .1 li.tn. .1. M. .amnion, Su
perintendent. ItKV, II. Tiiaykk, VasUir
CTIIOl)IST.-:or. Kltfith and Walnut 8U.
I'rcachlnff, Sabbath at 10 a.m., and 7 p. m
I'raycr meeting, Wednesday, 71 p.m.
Snblintb School, :i. p.m. I.. W. fitlllwell,
HnprrlnUsndctit. Kiev. V. U. Thompson,
CUUItCU OP TUB ItEDEKMJi:K-(KpiCO-pal.)
Mornlnc prayers. Sabbath 10 a.m.
Kvpnlntr prayer, "1 p.m.
Sabbath School,!) a.m.
ItKV. K. OoaN, Hector.
6T. l'ATMCK'S UllUKUll-Moth Bt. and
Wo-nliitfUiu Avenue. . ...
1'ultllc ncrvlce, Habbatli 8:10 and 101 .m.
Ve.pers, 7 p.m.
i-nbfiatli School, 5 p.m.
Ken leu e cry day, 8 a.m.
ItKV. r. .1. O'llAl.tOlUM, 1'rlest.
KT. JOSEPH'S CIlUHCll.-tOennaii,) cor
ner ol Walnut and Cro. street.
Mm, ecry Sabbath at 10 o'clock a. m.
Vutpi-rs, 'i p. m.
JIaM durlliL' week days, 8 o'clock n, m.
, Hkv. O. Hoi'WiAN, Pried.
htrcct between WashlnKton Avenue and
Waluut street. . , ,
Preaching Sunday morning at 10 o'clock.
Sabbath School at 2 o'clock p.m. JI. C.
ItKV. lton'T. IlKi.nin, Pastor.
roiJNO MEN'S CIIUISTIAN ASSoCIA
TION. Hvfrular meellliK second Monday
each month at !lbclr room over llockwcll
A (.Vii hook store, Commercial avenue.
Weekly Prayer meeting, Friday, "J p.m. at
L. W, STIIXWKLL. President.
SECOND MISSIONAItV HAPTIST
CHUItCII. Conierl Sycamore and Forty
tlmt Htrerts. Preaching S.ihhatli at 11
o'clock a. m. and .1 o'clock . in.
Sunday School I o'clock p. in.
Tlie 'church It connected with Uio Illinois
As-odatlon, by trio First MlsHonary llap
litt (.hurch ol Cairo.
ItKV. Sol JJMOM I.KONAltU, Puttor.
FlllOAN JihTlIODIST.-Fourtcciith, ho
ween Walnut and Cedar,
crvlcen, Sabbath, 11 a.m.
'(bath School, 1 ) p.m.
,nm mccU at rf p.m.
iCCOSD 1'ltEE WILIj IIAPTrST'-Vlf.
trenth Street., between Waluut and Cedar.
Sen Ices Sabbath. 1) and II p. m.
ItKV. .V. Kicks, Pator.
nti:i: wn.r. tiaptist homk mission
SAItltATlI bCIIOOI.. Corner Waluut
ami Cedar Street'.
Sabbath School, !i a.m.
F1IIST FitEK WU.L HAPTIST CllCltClI,
Services, Sabbatu 11 a.m., S p.m. p. m.
ItKV. Wm. Kf.i.i.kv, Paftor.
FIItST MISSrOSAHY IIAITIST CIlL'ltCII.
-Cedar, between NIntli and Tenth St.
Preaclilns Sabbath, 10J a.m. and 7J p.m.
Prayer iiifCllnir, Wcilne.day evening.
Pre chln'. Friday evening.
Sabbath School, 1) p.m. Iohn Vanliaxtcr
nud Mary lUipheiu. Superintendent)'.
llr.v. T. .1. Sllonns, Pa'tor.
SKCOND 1IA1T1ST C1IUHCH Fourteenth
Street, between Cedar and Walnut. The
onlvJtaptK church rccogulzed by the As
sociation. Service, Sabbath, 11 a.m. .1p,tn.and7 p.m.
ltfV. Jacob ItnADLEV, Eldr.
BULLETIN BUJLDING WASHINGT0N-AV
AIKO rCOMlANL)KUV, No. 13.-Statcd
Aii-embly at the AylUmMaonle Hall, tlrt
and thirit Suturduvn In each mouth.
CAlllO COUNC1 1,' N. Ketrular Convo
cation at Mastmlt Hall, Uiu tccond Friday
in civil tuouth.
CAIltU CHAPTER No. 71. Regular Con
vocation ut Masonic Hall, on the third
Tuexlar ot every month.
caiiio i.oixiE, No. 'it; r.& a. m. ucku-
lar C iiuinuidcutloiiK ut Mapoidu Hall, the
fccibud aU't I'ourth Muulvoreuch liioutti.
ALEXANDElt I.ODdE, 121 MeeU iu Odd
Fellow' Hall, in Artcr'i" bulldiiis, every
Thursday evenln-j nt 8 o'clock.
fOvernor-Iohn M. Palmer;
Lieutenant-Governor John Dougherty ;
Secretary or state Edmund ltummel ;
Auditor of State C. E. l.lppincott :
State Treiwircr E. N. Hates ;
bilpt. Public Iiiatruction-Newton U.tteman
Senator Lyman Trumbull and John A.
teprotentatlvci for the Sute-at-Largc S.
llprceutativc Tlilrtecuth District .lolm
M. Creb. q t '
MEMBERS OENEHAl. ASSEMBLY.
Senators, Find DlilriclT. A. E. Holoomb,
af Union,' and S.'li: (libkon,,of Ualtattn.
ReprcseiitaUrc, Flrat Dutrkt 11. Watson
Webb. " & " M
.lude I). .1. linker, of Aluxnnder.
Pniecutlns Attorney J. F. McCartney,
Clerk R. S. Yocuin.
Sheriff 'A. II. Irvln.
Win. Martin Am-cior and Treasurer.
Judac F. llrofs.
Ak'ociatcs J. E. McCrite and 8. Marchil
iton. Clerk ilacoh O. Lynch.
Coroner John H.'Oomau.
MUNICIPAL TlOV ERNM E NT.
Mayor John M. Lunvden.
Treasurer II. A. Cunningham.
Comptroller E. A. Ilnrnctt.
Clerk Michael I Ion ley.
MaiMml Andrew Cain.
Atlornuy P. II. Pono.
Police Miigistratcs V. Itross and It. SI.nn
nciy. Chier of Pollcc-L. II. Myer. '
Mayor .lohu M. UiMlcn.
Second )jrd-C. R. Woodward.
Tlilnl Ward Jlio. Wood.
Fourth Ward 8. Htaatu Taylor.
Clty-at-I.arb'e W. P. Halltday and I).
nOAKI) Of AMiF.nMKN.
Flmt Ward -lamos Itearden, A. II. Saf
lord, Isaac Walder.
Second Ward H. n. CtinnliiBlmm, E. Hit
dcr, ). Stnnccl, James Swayno.
Third Ward-Wm. Stratton, J. 11. ridllls.
Fourth Wurd-Jno. II. Robinson, o. II.
Scaac, J. II. Motcalf.
ATTORNEYS AT LA.f
OFFICE WINTER'S HLOCK,
s f ' T
GREEN & QILBEHT,
- . km- ,
... . i'i
COUNSELOBS AT LAW,
William H. Ureeo, 1
William B OuW, I OAinO. lWjlNOIH,
Hle f. ClllWrt, J i ,
MTBpMuv. ttntion lT"o to AaintriHT tad
Minbaat biuloen, '
orrw-ono lituXmoim T a ith
omr vatiovai ajtk. "
" Forty wliolo u)llri, ' Alice said,
looking nt the cricp 1'rcflh batiknote
laying in AntiiB lap. " You never cun
spend it all, Ann. You can buy you
a watch and n pink silk dress and O,
everything 1" (
'.'.The likes o' mu in a pink isilk
dress 1" naid Ann "No, im hotter
than that I'll do with it. Its laud I'll
ho buying; a quarter section, may
be." " What do you want of land ?" John
ny questioned, as Alice nodded her
bond till every curl danced. " Vott
(dou't f aai to gt ai"l Hvo by yourself,
" Of course fiho doacn't," paid Alice;
"fcho'll have a hou-n, and big Dennis
will live with her Won't he Ann?"
"Ill no, big Dennis 1 want," paid
Ann, looking rather guilty. "Why
shoutd'nt 1 live by tnyselt, thin ?
" But you wouldn't want to go away
from us, would you V Alice asked re
proachfully. " After you havo been
hero so long, and all."
"-No, 1 wouldn't thin," faid Ann.
" Hut there's no harm in having the
lurid. It can't break nor be Ftolcu like
as if I put it in a bank. There it'll
be the name as money any d iy, an' I'll
have an estate to myself, an' my own
hands to thank for it."
"Maybo you'll find another calf nud
sell that, '! .lohnny (aid.
"No sueh luck," naid Aim rising.
"Now I'll go and put this away with
the rest. Its near milking time."
"Let mc come, too," Alieo uaid fol
lowing on to Ann's room, opening
from the kitchen and overlooking the
Ami took an old family llible from
her closet and laid each bill carefully
between the leaves, putting it back on
the' top hhelf.
"II thieves was an thick 03 blackber
ries, which they isn't," the said, "not
one o'f them would open n book to find
money, let alone a Hiblc.
"lhats so. .lolniny said confident
ly ; "they don't like to have much to
do with a Bible, I guess."
iSohodv taw two eye which looked
eagerly in for a inquient and then dis
appeared m Ann went into the kitch
en, and tho children returned to their
play in the barn. Aor did they no
tice the faint ru.tlc in the cow house,
or feel that the same sharp eyes
watched them between the boards "of
tho old Htall at the very end where
strv was piled in for the cow's bed
ding. Mr. Carter catno up from the
field presently, as tho first bell rang
for Biinper. and stopped for a moment
as he passed the barn.
"ics, Hit is plca-anl to-morrow,
Alice heard him fay iu answer to home
question from Wiuthrop, nud ran out
"O papa I aro you gjing to take us
all? Ann nnd everybody."
"All but one, who must stay to
keep house," Sir. Carter answered
"You did last time. Alice, so it is
Johnny's turn now."
"Ob, dear I I wish house.' could
keep themselves, papa." Johnny
groaned ; "you won't be gouo all day
will you I
"Till late afternoon, my boy; wc
must get iu our winter supply, for soon
the creek will be so swollen wo cannot
cross the lord, luu snail go nest
dav, when we shall haul thcln home."
Johnny brightened up at once, and
began to plan what should bo done iu
tho hours ho would spend alone ; and
the family went iu Milkitig-tiiue passed,
the great barn doors were sliur, and
i obody saw the dark figure, which
later in tho cvoniifg dropped from a
little window of the stable ami skulled
away through the orchard, muttering,
' All alono nil day ! Couldn't have
come round better."
iSow lorty dollars will not Feeta.
very much to you, but it was n great
deal to Ann, who worked hurd for all
tho earned in Mr. Carter's family, and
to whom this was just so much clear
beyond hor yearly income. And this
is how it came to hcr. Three years
before, nn immisrant wagon, bound
still, further west, camped nil night on
tho great Illinois prairie, iu tho midst
of which was Mr. Carter's section of
land. Tho Vcrmilliou river ran close
by, a stream full of rapids nnd deep
holes and treacherous quicksands.
Supposing the ford perfectly safe, tho
owner of tho foremost cow did not un
tie tho cow following behind, but
drove iu carelessly, to fiu l his horses,
in a moment, off their feet nud strug
gling in tho swift current. How they
got across nt last he could not havo
told, but when tho Fcrcaming children
wcro safe ou tho other side, tho poor
cow was found to bo dead, strangled
by tho ropo which had wound about
hor neck. Tho calf, only n day old,
had been lifted into a wagon behind,
and tho owner discouraged nt tho loss
of tho mother, went on next morning
leaving tho' little thing 'by tho camp
firo. Hero Ann found , it in tho after
noon, almost dead, and iu her own
strong arms, took it homo and fed it
with warm milk, .Nobody thought it
could live ; but Ann's baby us Alico
called it, aftor n"month or two'whoreln"
it seomcd daily dyiVigj' ttlrned about
and grew as if to make up forlost time.
In a year there was no finer heifer
among ;a! Mr. Oivfter cattle, and.
wnen oy uuu uy mo begun lo give m k
uiu iiuiguuuio mi uveiarcu it was as
good as their cream. Furmora camo
to bco hor and Ann in tinio found that
her nurscing was a Devon, uud worth
mora tbaa any oow la tb neighbor
hood. Tho calves wcro in demand nil
about, and tho money you know about
was tho second forty dollars Ann had
received nud laid away in tho old I)i
,blo..i-Big Dunn is, the .head man on
tho farm, looked upon licr as an heiress,
nnd was ready at any time to begin
house-keeping iu the way talked of by
tAlico ; but Ann liko many another
'heiress, was afraid ho loved her moncv
better than herself, aid still held back
from Answering his question.
Johnny rode witii .tlicni thai morn
ing, as fur as tho ford and watched tho
wogou safely through, wondering
meantime whore tho bridge bad gouc,
which iu the spring freshet had floated
" Don't go fur from tho homo 1" his
ifather called at the last moment.
' " All right I" Johnny shouted
back, almost wishing that something
would happpen so that ho could ring
the big bell, uud call Dennis nnd the
other men from the distant Geld where
they were ploughing for winter wheat.
Then ho walked slowly up to the
house, going into every room and
banging every door as he came out.
Jt seemed very lonely and silent,
though the sun streamed in everything
looking just as usual. Hut Johnny had
his own plans, and, going to tho barn,
ho picked out two big pumpkins and
curried them into the kitchen, stopping
a moment, to watch big Dennis, who
had come up for a spade.
" There is a wagou on tho prairie,
camping, " he said. " I wonder it
don t ro on. such a hue day as it
" Maybe there is semebody sick, "
safd Johnny, remembering tho baby
that had died on the camping ground
" I'll go over at noon on' ax them, "
said Dennis, walking away.
Johnny lupged his pumpkins to tho
kitchen, sat down on the floor and was
soon busy digging them out for
It was hard work, but ho refreshed
himself by thinkiug hoy fine they
would look on each side of tli6 great
gate, when all come home. Once or
twice he looked up, thinking ho heard
a sound 113 if somebody wcro trying to
open a window ; but those in tho
kitchen were wide open, and Ann's he
knew was fastened ddwn by a big nail.
The pumpkins were hollowed out, and
Johnny was intent upon tho eyes, when
a step behind tuada him jump up and
cry out, as he was caught nud held
tight by a dark, gypy-looking lad of
seventeen or cigMccn, Johnny
screamed loudly, hut in a moment was
silenced by a handkerchief stuffed in
to his mouth and another tied over
" That'll keep you quiet long
enough, I reckon, " said tho boy,
looking around uneasily, as if fearing
some on j might come "Now, you
little vcrmint, you sec that kiiifd 1 If
you stir or muve, I'll cut your throat
as easy ' as I'd cut n pig's. I know
what 1 want and I'll help myself.
Johnuy kept his place ou the floor,
half chuked, but so frightened he could
not stir ; while tho boy, tir.-t bolting
tho kituhen door so that no one could
come in that way, and fastening down
the windows, went into Ann's room,
took out the tho nail and opened the
window, from which ho could step at
once into thu orchard, and then turuod
to tho closet. The upper shelf was
too high for, him and, after reaching
up for a moment he brought a chair ;
mounting upon that, he threw down
the various bags and bundles which
Ann had piled over tho family Bible
till bo had it iu his hand and begun to
turn over the leaves.
Now tho door of this closet had
been taken from a log houso used iu
the old Indian days, uud had uot only
lock nud key, but two heavy bolts nt
tho toji nud bottom, never used now,
to bo sure, but strong as over. And
as Johnny sat there, his senses nnd
courago coming back, ho saw what
should bo done, and did it at once.
With a bound so sudden that tho thief
had no 1 1 mo to turn, ho dashed into
the room, threw himself agaiut the
door, aud turned tho key. Then, as a
kick camo which might have burst the
lock alone, he shut tho lower bolt,
climbed into a chair aud did tho same
to the upper one, and then, droping
from Ann's window, ran like mad to
the field where Dennis was at work,
tearing off tho handkerchief as ho
" Go to tho house 1" was all ho
could gasp when oncoMn tho field ;
and Dennis thinking it must bo firo,
ran with three men after him.
Johnny sat down in a furrow a mo
ment to recover himself, then sprung
up and after them.
" You'll havo to got in at tho win
dow I" ho Bhoutcd, us Dennis, finding
tho kitchen door locked, ran aroud tho
houso. "Ami's window is open I
Look in tho closet ." ho added, as Den
nis, pausing outsido to hear the
storms of kicks and blows on the,
door, turned to tho men and remarked,
as ho jumped iu, " Shuro an' tho divil
himself is shut up in Ann's room I
Whatever yo are, yo'ro in an' can't get
out, " ho wont on ; " so, Johnny, mo
boy, there's timo enough for you to be
tcllin' what it is,
It's uot I that'll bo Icttin' you
out I" ho shouted, with a rcspoiiBivo
kick on the door. When Johnny hud
finished his story. "Be nisy now,
bonoy 1 Yo'il get all yo want when
the roasters comes, and iu tho same
timo we'll have a quiet pacablo timo
keeping yo con.pauy outsido. For
tear, tnougu, yo may make Uiduon
of Aou'i oiothei, I'll just tie ye a
That was a scooo, when Dennis
opened tho door, and tho 'four men
wore kept busy for a fow moments,
whilo ho wound tho rascal up with two
clothes lines, and Johnny danced and
screamed with excitement. Then
Dennis laid him back among tho
bundles, picked up tl o money, and
Iiiblc, and ngaiu-bolted tho, door.
Mrs. Cody, who had seen the men run
ning, comb over Johnny, crying
hysterically; was placed Su her care
till1 his mother should come home, and
was nt once put to bed and fed with
catnip tea. But he waa.up again whon
at five o'clock the big Wagon drove in
to the yard, and tn the children's ex
citement lived it all over again'. Tho
emigrant wagon was nowhere, to bo
seenftud it wasnot Jill so'o ymoVa
afterward when the hoy was hrpught
up for trial, that he confessed to hav
ing stolen away from it, intending to
rob Mr. Carter's hen house, nnd, hid
ing in the shed, had seen the money
which tempted him.
Johnny nt unco became n hero in
tho neighborhood, and indeed, iu
Ottawa, too, where he had to go as
witness. Hut tho proudest day of nil
was that on which the whole trial ap
peared in tho county papers ; and
Johnny felt that Nupolcon Bonaparto
was small, and Wellington a cipher,
when compared with him. He is older
and wiser now, and yet I doubt if ho
will ever do a braver thing than his run
against the door on that September
day. Helen C. Wkeks.
HUllKS FOR. MEASUREMENT.
The following rules for measuring
corn and liquids will bo useful to many
of our readers :
1. Shocked com: Measure the
length, width and depth of the crib in
feet; multiply the three dimensions and
their product by eight ; then cut off
two figures to the right ; those on tho
left will ba so many hundredths of a
2. Unshocked corn : Multiply ns
in rule first in the above example, and
the product obtained by five and a
hall ; then cut off two figures on the
right ; those on the left will be so
many barrels, nnd those on the right
so many hundredths of a barrel.
For grain, fruit, herbs, iu house or
box, find the length, breadth nnd
depth ; multiply them together ; then
annex two ciphors and divide the
product by four huadrctLand twenty
four. Answer in bushels, pecks aud
3. Liquors: Find the length in in
ches from the bung, tho under edge of
the chime, multiply it into iisolf twice,
and the product by live hundred and
seventy. Answer iu gallons, quarts,
pitit.i and gills.
Measure three hundred and seventy
feet on each side, and you have, lack
ing ouo inch, one square mile.
GlUiEN FOODFOH FOWLS.
The last requisite in the shape of
diet is a regular supply of green food.
Hero, again, fowls kept on grass will
need no attention ; but for birds penned
up, tho daily provision of it is an
absolute necessity, though most begin
ners nic igtiorant of it. We well re
member, iu our own early experiences,
how our fowls died ; we could not at
first, tell why, aud one fine buff Cochin
cock, whoso otily fault was a strong
vulture hock, was in particular greatly
regretted. An experienced friend let
us into tho secret, aud after that wo
had no difficulty in keeping fowls,
even where it is oftcn said they cannot
be kept in health vii, iu a yard paved
with largo .flag stones. Tho best sub
stitute for natural grass is a large fresh
turf, thrown in daily, to ouch four or
five hens, and even iu towns it is oftcu
possible to produco this, by giving
children a few pence every week to
keep up a rcgulav supply. Where
turf is not allowed to bo taken, grass
may bo cut or pulled, but iu this case
must ho cut into green chaff with
shears or a chaff machine. Tho latter
plan is how wo actually managed for
years, in a yard only sixty seven by
thirty-five lcet, divided into six pens :
paying somo.childa few pence to bring
fresh-cut grass daily, cutting it up and
mixing it with their sott meat.
Wright's Book on Poultry.
Tho history of tho introduction of
tho potato into Franco affords a strong
illustration of tho inllucnco of authori
ty. For more than two centuries tho
use of this invaluable article of food
was vehemently opposed. At last,
Louis XV. wore a bunch of its bloss
oms In tho midst of his courtiors, and
the consumption of tho root became
universal in France.
Analogous diseases seem to pervade
tho ar.imul aud vcgotublo world indi
cated by the periodical visitations of
epidemic maladies, viz., cholera, cattle
plnguo, potato blight, odium in grapes,
aud mould in hops. The primary
cause no lpngSr remains in obscurity,
being clearly traced to tho baneful in
flueuco of malaria, widely' diffused, pud
alwa'ys attended wilh sad consequences.
J'ho deadly poison can, howcyor. bo
oon decomposed, and its virulence
subdiied, by proper 'ohomical agents,
easily provided and safely used. It is
well-Known that tho gem-liko dew
drop id charged with electricity, and
when, impregnated with marsh, miai
I BaU or noxlouJaM, corabJafdtUt
rious elements, which, inhaled by tho
lungs, vitiate the blood, engender
various disorders, nnd often prcvo fatal
to human life. Silk being a non-conductor,
respirators contrived cliiufly of
that material will afford protection
from tho infected vapor, obviate the
dangers incidental to exposure, and
achicvo tho object designed. A sim
ple method is suggested for purifying
foul or contaminated air, which will
be found on trial peculiarly effective
in restoring a wholesome condition,
whilo involving a small outlay in ap
plication, and little skilf in perform
ance. Tho expedient consists in burn
ing green wood, refuse branches of
trees, and collected weeds, with a
sprinkling of sulphnr and limo, at
convenient spots iu the several garJcrji,
vineyards, or hop grounds on the ap
pearance of night-fogs, and repeating
the experiment when necessary. Tho
operation will servo as an inducement
to eradicate wasteful plants, followed
with tho ndvautngo of increasing thu
growth of profitable crops. Tho anti
septic qualities of pyroligncous acid
aro duly valued and successfully tes
ted. The system of lighting bivouac
fires in military encampments, nnd iu
the C'ampagna, near Rome, at harvest
time, has been lotig'practiccd for sani
tary purpocs, to dispel foetid effluvia
and destroy tho germs of disease. Tho
custom that has existed in Ireland for
ages of lighting fires throughout tho
country ou the eve of St. John's day,
nnd chxsiug tho cattle iu the field with
burning bushes, regar Jcd by many ns
a Pagan rite of Raul worship, proba
bly originated iu precautions against
murrain, usually prevalent nt midsum
mer, displaying simple devices to
purify the atmosphere by menus of
fumigation, and stimulate perspiration
in thu animals by active exercise to
preserve health. Among the meas
ures advisablo for abating pestilence
and preventing the spread of rontagioti,
fumigating deserves special notice.
Tho process, correctly conducted with
right ingredients, seldom fails to pro
duco satisfactory results. The fumes
of burning coal tar, mixed with oukum,
aid beneficially in relieving asthma,
whooping cough, and other pulmonary
complaints. New Orleans journals re
marked, that during the late outbreak
of yellow fever in that city, persons
engaged iu gas works and iu laying as
phalic pavement escaped from attacks
amid unprecedented mortality. Gun
powder, ignited in a damp state, or
othcrwiso artificially prepared, ex
hibits rare disinfecting powers, arising
from the united action of sulphur,
carbon nitre, and hydrogen gas iu
combustion. Tho fact is recorded that
the cholera at Paris, iu tho year of its
last visit, suddenly ceased, just after a
grand display of fireworks. It is wor
thy of obtervutiou that Lisdoonvarna,
iu the couiity Clare, has been invaria
bly exempt from cholera while raging
iu tho vicinity, doubtless owing to ex
halations from sulphur springs which
abound in that locality. 1 ho proper
ties ol sulphur n c as yet imperfectly
understood; but when its intrinsic
worth becomes fully developed, a rea
sonablo expectation isiuduU cd, that an
article largely consumed in the busi
ness of de-tructioii, may, ere long, bo
wisely reudercd available for a more
noble pursuit, iu mitigating some of
the ills which flesh is heir to, and,
favorjd with divine blessing, confer
signal benefits on mankind. M. J.
Keating, Dean of Kilfennra.
HOW TO BE RICH.
Since it is well known that we havo
no other dclVct.as a nation, it may bo
admitted that wc Americans are not a
cheerful people. Wo luck specific of
levity. There is too much care in our
lives, too much ambition iu our souls,
too much oxygen in our nir, perhaps.
(Jeiierally, we grow lean ns we grow
older. Wo "sober down," us the
phraso is, .at twenty. otic, and much
luughing, thereafter, seems an indis
cretion, Our national humor is gro
tesque and astounding rather than
rollicking, nnd wo enjoy it with n
snicker instead of with great, round
laughs. - ,.-
If wo go to funny lectures, wo do it
hulf-shamcfiiccdly, and, being cheated
into unseemly roars, wo uvenge our
dignity by remarking to our neighbor,
ns wo eonio away, thnt Twain is cer
tainly au ass ; but it is, well enough to
go once, just to sec him, jam know.
Any crowded ferryboat has its
congregatiou of grave men and serious
women. Tho men aro pondering
weighty matters, as how to niako more
mouoy, how to mauugo that election at
Spunky Point, how to smash Robin
sou's circus machine and sot up Jones',
how to rent tho brick church pews,
and how to punish Tom for running in
the streets, Tho women coutompluto
subjects not loss momentous. How,
ou, two thousaud dollars, to appear
aa " respcctablo " as tho Smiths on
five. How, with ono 'servant, to kcop
houso on sculo demandiug two. How
to havo tho iiirls tuko musiu-lcssous
his winter. How to advance the in
terests of tho mission at Borrioboolu
Uiu. Whe'ther to havo that black
silk made with apron-f rout nud flounced
back, or with scarf over-skirt, to save
tho material. How to persuade tho
girls to care more about domoatio life,
and Tom not to worry his poor mother
into tho gravowith his wildness.
Disporsiug to various homes, these
grave facts do not becomo loss grave, i
Fathers cat silent suppers, read tho I
papers in eilenoe till bed-tirao, and go
silent to bed. Mothers nag and worry,
half in sheer bodily wcariucis, half!
from consciousness that tho home is
Dot what ituhould be, aud that it is
omihow tbtlr fault, tu oonclcuioa b-
ing that moro money and more Icisnro
would set thing3 rig'ht. Tho children,
not finding the situation agreeable,
themselves grow disagrecablo with
Yet theso homes nro intelligent and
often rtllgious. Their inmates nre
deeply interested in doctrines, or tho
condition of tho Irish peasantry, or
tho Bubjcct of religious toleration, or
tho success of Livingstone, or the
Bible iu schools, or tho labor question.
Thuy aro full of inquiries on these top
ics, but they havo never thotmht to
ask why their daily lifo is dull and
homo is Hat nnd cares nre rasping.
They havo not brought it homo to
themselves that it is only godliness
wilh contcntmcut that is gic.1t gau.
Aud that this contentment Is' only
good-nature, cjnstaut, hearty, trouble
Doctor Johnson used lo Eay that the
habit of looking nt the best Fido of
things was worth moro than a thou
sand pounds a year. And only is this
radiunt good-nature rirhes, but is the
most active charity. All other rich
es must bo hoarded, more or less
Our horses, our houses, our pictures,
our jewels, our books, in the most
generous hands can gluddcn but a few
friends. But our hcartsomo good
nature brightens every human soul it
meets, and is reflected from each to
some oth'er. There is no end to its in
fluence any more than sunshine. And
ns it is lavished it grows sweeter and
fuller. It is the beautiful secret of
which all tho old stories, arc allegories.
It is the clue thnt opened the hard
labyrinth of l:fc, tho spell that tamed
savage beasts, tho mysterious fountain
that conferred perennial beauty, the
swcct'suiclling apple that contained
the spirit of health, the magic glass
wherein all thing, looked fair, the blos
som, eating of which all care van
ished. The best of it is that this blossom
will grow in the barren soil of the
grumpiest spirit, nnd multiply exceed
ing if it be nourished a little at tho
start, jiut those who wear it ever nre
crowned therewith, and, above nil tho
sons of men, they nro tho children of
light. Hearth and Home.
THE FASHION OF PERFUMES.
Perfumes nre agaiu in fashion. Tho
iicklo goddess has once moro tnken
them into favor, and her votaries will
again appear redolent with sweet
Not ttd part mtikfc or civU can wc cull,
Nor another'", but u rich result ;
So she was all one sweet part,
lu due proportions mixed, proclaimed
thu maker's aft"
sang the poet of his mistress.
Tho sweet odors which in old times
were procured from tho burninpr of
gums, spices, aud odorous woods, to
gratify the souses, nnd which later
wcro furnished by tho musk, nmbergris
nnd civit, and by a few llowcrs, aro at
this duy uot only tho result of the
cnflcur ago. or maceration of almost
nil known blossoms, but are procured,
by chemical process, from articles, in
themselves the opposite of sweet.
Ono reason for tho decline of the
use of pertumcs at particular eras, was
their employment as vehicles of death
by poison. In the reign of Louis XIY,
the art of poisoning by this means hud
reached such perfection, and persons
had bccouio such adepts iu their uso
that it was dangcious to partake of or
usq anything which did not como
through trusty hands. Somo of
Louis' nearest relations perished by
poisons supposed to have been ad
ministered in snuffs, liquors, fruits or
perfumes. To mix a subtle poison iu
a fuvorito perfume was a common mode
of removing one who had becomo ob
noxious. Louk ero Louis' time.
Catharine do Mcdccis was accused of
causing tho death of tho Huguenot
queen, Jeanne d'Albret, by tho prcsout
of a pair of perfumed poisonod gloves.
Tho story goes that Anne of Austria,
the mother of Louis XIV., suffered
from an offensive disease, and beiug
fastidiously particular not to bo disa
greeable to herself or others, sho lived
in almost nn artificial atmosphere, so
heavy was tho nir about her always
with Econts. Tho court followed .her
lead, and tho lady ol fashion ot that
day reveled iu sweets. Ono reason of
Louis XlY.'s disliko to them is said to
havo been their excessivo uso by his
They have always been more or less
in favor. Our great-grand mothers
used little silver boxes which they wore
attached to their girdles, call poman
der boxes. Sometimes theso boxes
woro round liko a bull, perforated with
holes, and having chains by which thoy
wcro swung. These woro filed with
articles giving out sweet scents.
Tho ancients wcro particularly found
of the roso, nud iu order to enjoy its
fragrance nt great banquets, had tho
floors of their dinner halls covered two
or tbrco feet dcop with tho blossoms,
nud n net spread ovor that thoy might
be kept in place and yield their odor
when pressed by tho foot of tho guests.
The roses thus used at ono of Nero's
festivals were reckon to have cost
Now-a-duys, in following fashion's
behests, pcnplo aro content with all
sorts of essence and waters distilled
from flowers raised for the purposo, to
whith French names aro t'iven to make
them moro saloahlo, Thoy havo uot
yet bdeome, liko tho nnoicut Arabians
so cloyed with sweots that thoy find it
necessary to burn pitch nnd huir to re
store tho sonse of enjoyment destroyed
by oxces? of fragauce.
BETTER LATE THAN EVER.
Down in Muncey, Pennsylvania, the
following lingular oireunitano U.aald
.to havo happened: Forty -eight years
ago a young man left that borough,
" between two days," to avoid arrest
upon a warrant iworn out by a young
lady who was .left with a little re
sponsibility which she thought should
have a father's as well as a mother'
care. Timo pa?sod, and the then girl
is now au old woman. The other day
a stranger appeared upon the streets
of tho borough whose locks were sil
vered (as was afterward learned) by
tho frusts of soventy-two winters. By
somo means ho was recognized as the
truant lover of fortyeicht vears nco.
nnd his presence in town, coming to
the cars ol the deserted one, she at
onco had n new warrant issued for him
nnd catucd his arrest: That the old
gentleman was taken by suprise when
waited upon by tho constable may
easily be imagined, but having been
caught in the meshes of the law he de
termined to mako the most of it. A
meeting took place before a Justice of
the reacc, ami negotiations eutered in
to for tho amicable settlement of thu
difficulty, which was finally accom
plished by tho venerable gentleman
paying the injured woman 8200.
This was cheap enough, all things con
sidered. As tho old iTcntleman left
town on the first train after ho was
discharged from custody, wc suppose
ho has returned to his home in the
West, whero ho has resided for nearly
half a century, no doubt feeling all
the hotter for havingdischarged an ob
ligation for so many years resting upon
THE BOTTOM OF THE ATLAN
Tho soundings which wcro made be
tween Ireland and Newfoundland be
foro laying tho Atlantic cable have '
made the bottom of the Atlantic al
most as well known as tho surface of
Europo aud America. It is covered
with a fine mud, the remains of mi
croscopic insects, which will one day
doubtless harden into chalk. Of the
inequalities of this ocean bottom,
l rol. Jluxlcy says:
" It is a prodigious plain one of the
widest nnd most prodigious plains in
the world. II the eca wero drained off,
you might drivo a. wagon all the way.
brom Valentia, on tho west coast ot
Ireland, to Trinity Bay in Newfound
land, and except one sharp incline,
about 2U0 miles from Yalentia, I am
not quite sure that it would ever ba
nccc-sary to put tho skid on, so gentle
nre tho accents and descents upon the
long route. From Valentia the road
would lie down hill for about two
hundred miles, to the point at which
the bottom is now covered by 1,700
fathoms of sea water. Then would
como tho central plain, moro than
1,000 miles wide, the inequalities of
the surface of which would be hardly
perceptible. Beyond this the ascent
ou the Americau side commences, and
gradually leads for about 200 miles to
tho Newfoundland shore."
According to Dr. Stallard's work on
" Loudou Pauperism, " tho mortality
of Jewish children uudcr five years of
ago is much lesj thau among other
childcn. There is no hereditary sy
philis, and scarcely any scrofula. The
mother engages iu no employment that
takes her a way from her children.
From ouo year to five tho Jews loso
only ten per cent., while the Christians
loso fourteeu. Tho average life of the
Christian is thirty-sevcu years : of the
Jaw, forty-nine years. Beyond sixty
years, only a quarter of a Christian
population will bo alive, but a quarter
of a Jewish population will exceed
seventy-one years. In Prussia the
Christian population requires fifty-one
years to double itself, but the Jewish
population will double itsslf in forty
Mrs, GtiUNuv myt that tho Soxodont
oelip.ca all uther prvparullons tor the
1 1-0 tli and i;uma. And what Mrs U. iay
is reiterated mott emphatically by ninety
niuu ono-hutidredlhs ut thu beauty and
fiuliion of the land. l-l'.'cod&wlw.
A Family Tkeasukk Tho happleit
nnd bcH monitor of a family is usually
culled the light of tho household, because,
besides being happy and cheerful himself,
or horjolf, he or she makes all olse happy
or cheerful. Thu Charter Oak blovo w
such a treasure. MSd&wlt.
IMI-OIITANT TO IloHSKMEN. Frof.
" Aiidvrson'i Dermndor" is the bvst lini
ment in uso for' horses. This fact is
known by numerous letters from all part
ot tho country. A late one reads as fol
Wo lmvo been experimenting with your
Dermador on horso tlesh, and Hod it a
very superior remedy much superior to
any other liniment we ever used in our
livery stable. IMcaso send us two docaa
largo bottle by express, C. O. I).
WATSON & CoorCB,
Waverly, Ind. ,
Seo advertisement in another col
What unspeakable rollul Is afforded to
tho burning nnd throbbing flesh by a sin
gle application of that unoqualed balsm
tor human or brute suffering, Mexican
Militant Llnlmeot. The tormctlnc; and
sleep-destroyint- pains of rheumatism,
goul and neuralgia, nro completely ban!
ishod bv Its uso: stiffness f thu lainu an1
painful swellings, quickly yluld to it
emollient Influence j it heals bruises, cuts,
scalds, etc., with astonishing rapidity.
For strains, spring halt scratches, saddle,
collar nnd harness galls, as well as the
moro 'serious external maladies of otaa
horio, it I a swift and thorough reniady.
1 000 IN ONE WKK,
To any shrewd man .who can do buB
on the quiet, I guarantee an lauer as YtrJ
tunes, easily, rapidly, audio perfect Mfftf
Address lu perfect coafdeace,
WM. WlHBl. 'I
, t i it