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The Cairo bulletin. (Cairo, Ill.) 1872-1878, January 14, 1873, Image 2

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THE CAIRO DAILY BULLETIN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 14,1878.
THE BULLETIN.
.lullNIt.OUKKI.Y, Editor and Publlshe
TKKM.H OK TIIK DAIL ilULLCTINt
One week, by cjirrtcr $ -.23
One year by carrier, In advance .... lo 00
One year by carrier II nopild In
advance n.-m., 12 00
lino mouth, bj mall ..T. ..,..... 10
flirco month 1 00
rilx month , & lift
One year , , 10 00
nilfliOrXMt 'WEEK! liul.LKTIN
John It. Obcrly has reduced tho anbscrln
on price; of the Wkkkly catro Kui.i.ktin
o One Dollar per annum, maxing h i
eheapost pap r published In Southern Illinois
(Ik
GOVERNOR JOHN M. PALMER
TO 'THE
LEGISLATURE OF TIIK STATU OF
ILLINOIS.
Stats or Illinois, Executive Dep't,
'Sr'ntNoriKLV, .lnuury8, 1873.
To the Senato and Homo of Itoprciontn
tlvo'; .
Hv the constitution. It is tllBUO tho duty
of tho govornor, nt tho commoncomont of
each sossldn and At tho cloioof Lis term of
otUce, to (ivo tho general assembly In
formation, by message, of tho condition of
tlio stale, una also to rccomincnu, iuui
meMurci at ho shall dcom oxpodlent.
It is mi 1'iuv and nloasant talk for a ro-
tlrlng govornor of tlio Halo of Illlnoii to
invito tno aiionuon Ol inn Roiierm iijiimn-
WyAo the -evidences of development and
progross that marks tho condition of thu
tut
The cities and towns that adorn tho
fkhorus of tho rivers and lakes and dot tho
uralrlcs aru lncroaiiui: in population and
wealth, railroads aro In process of con
struction that will, when copiplotod, eon
nect'lhi) remotest and molt Isolatud dis
trict with tho centres of commoreo. (Tho
manufacturing intorosts huvo been ox
tended and increasod. tho furms and or
chard and vineyards woro, dnring the
past year, productive, and the means for
tho actual wants of tho population nro
more thun usually abutiiant. In nil tho
material clement essential to its futuro
growth and prosperity, tho statu of Illinois
tits nothing moro to uosiro.
Nor can it bo asserted that tho pooplo
of tbo stnto bavo bcun iiimijiidful of their
social duties, for public provision for tho
education of all tho children of thostato
is already made, and will hereafter keep
Dneo With tho advancing puono wains.
whllo institutions intended for tho pur
noses of advanced education and higher
culture aro increasing in numbers, ami tiro
widonllur tbolr ilelds of usefulness; and
although our gonornl systom for tlio euro
of iho rtoor and iioriiianontly helpless
classes Is not complete, nor yet entirely
satisfactory in its methods or results, the
peoploof tho state havo cheerfully suV
initled to all taxes Imposed upon them fur
that class of ohjects.aml have gone bdyotid
their representatives in demanding that
nothing required by tho most otillghtoned
humanity lor tho relief or maintenance of
tho objects or public charity shall bo left
undone.
It is with tho most profound satisfaction
that I am able to say, thai notwithstanding
rny extensive intercourse with ihoioplu
of tho State during my Miillci.il lurin, I
havo nover hoard from any pvrun a iniir
iriur against uiy tux actually luvied or
proposed for the betiollt o'l'lliu n'llllcled or
holploss; and tho roproioiiWtivos of tho
people in tho general assembly, true to
tlio spirit of their constituents, liavo been
always willing to appropriate as much
inonov for the samo olducU as tbey could
bo sairsiled would bo widely expended.
And willi qualifications and exceptions to
whlcli 1 will liereuller again reier, mo
criminal and nonal laws aro enforced, and
peace and ordor prevails throughout tbo
.St iite.
In my message to tbo general assembly
of January 4, 871, 1 had occasion to
Bpocify a mi in lor of instances of violence
by mobs, aud I regret to bo compelled to
say, that since that time other, though
fower outrages, of a nlinil.tr character,
havo occurfvd at ditlcretil points in tlio
tstato. In soino ol tho cases they havo
been reported to me, tho acts of the mob
wero done openly and publicly, and in oho
casu a band of armed aud disguised men.
assassinated a peaceful citizen at his homo.
In each of tho cases reported to mo 1 of
fered it reward of ono thousand dollars for
tho apprehension and conviution of tho
guilty parties.
1'erhaps wo'aro permitted to hopo that
thostato will hereafter bo entirely exempt
from outburst!) of popular passion that will
ovorrldb reason and justice and law; nor
can it bosuspucted that dehiguiug aud tns
llgnant men will not be found who will bo
able to avail themselves of soipo pretext
for 'organizing and directing tho passions
of mobs, or, who may soir.o upon occasions
of passing frenzy of the public mind and
precipitate tho comniiinn of crimes ; but
fro.ni evidences ullordod me, 1' am per
suaded that tho peoplo of all parts of tho
stato aro impressed with the conviction,
supported by tho cxperiencu of some lo
calities, that mobs domoinli.o and deprave
tho public conscience and promote the
commission of crime. "Wo may thotcforu,
hopo that examples of such mob outrages
will bo hereafter rare in the history of the
state.
From tho languago of the nowsyapor
press and tho reported expressions of citi
zens in-public meetings, tho peoplo of tho
stato havo Ixjuu led to apprehend tliiit
crimo and disorder has increased in thq
city of Chicago and other largo citios of
tlio stale. Alter haying given much at
tention to the farts of tho moro aggravated
ollonscs reported to havo belin perpetrated
in Chicago, as well as to tbo general con
dition oftho city, 1 am i ntislied thut many
of tho report that havo inllueiced tlio
public boliot aro cxaL'coraled. and that con
sidering tho extraordinary cite itiistancu
of tho almost total destruction of tho city
within llttlo morn 'fliauti year past, and
tho groat influx of poimlatiim from every
quarter, tho laws urn in forced and order is
us woll maintained in Chicago as in other
great cities of the country, It is truo
that some sturtling examples of fraud In
commercial circles havo1, " occurred
in Chicago thai aro In ' their influence
moro disastrous to tho moru!s,thu bin in cm
and tbo character of the people of thu
itatq,.tliu i Uiq aggregato oU'ei't of many
minor odontic, and the parlies ImpIlcaUd
In them aro still unpunished. Aud much
opposition ha been mado to tho enforce
meat oftho laws rotating to tlio sale of in
toxicating riipion, and to keeping open
publicdriokiiin establishments on the Hub
bath, but the commercial frauds referred
to soom to bo but characteristic ot the
riorlod, and tlio controversies in respect to
the liquor and Hnndav laws can produce
no mischief while confined, to tho nte of
legal meaiiH lor thu iiialnteiranco of real
ftf rppposed righle, or for inliiiuiicing pub
Jic opinion. i u ,
The extensive acceptance of thn belief
UiM f Nn)et,)f poriaiiy tfcoso nf homicidal
f character, 'havo increased In frequency,
jia leu w iup suggvsiiim oj many cliangta
in me law; wun a view io a remedy.
Th( thniifrs Trtnst frequentlv Insisted
upon my bo staled to" bo; 1st. Tho aboil
lion lo lo preferred by the law nlllcors. of
tho itato. t!d. To taku from parlies
ehyced with crimes tho right to ft chnngo
otrtonuo. 3d. To disallow ouanenges
tiJ persons upon tho ground of art opinion
lornicu upon information otitaincu irorn
printed publications, nr, ns soino propose,
tho Information is nequlrcd, If tbo pro
posed Juror will swear that, notwith
standing any opinion bo may entertain,
ho can try the rasn Impartially. un. in
establish adJIllonnl rcstrlctloiil upon tho
right or accused porsons to demand con
tinuances, fith. To make death tho pen-
alty for ' murdor; and Cth. Abolish or
greatly rcslrir-t tho executive nuinoniy 10
grant'pardons, and wholly tako from
that department tho power lo commuto
tho death penalty to imprisonment for
life of tho tho person convicted, or for any
other lorm.
To thoo who havo such confidence in
moro legislation, that they ntsilmn Unit
every abuso may bo corroded and ovory
evil roprcssed by laws, and to that other
class, Ignorant of tho origin, history nnd
reason or tlio Institutions mid rules unu
mothods of procetluro proposed to bo
abrogated or changed, nnd who wolcomo
every chango In tho oxistlng lawa ns tm
improvement, nil tho alterations proposed
will bo acceptable: hut others will remem-
borthat thu irralid Jury, ono of tlio 'l is Ai-
tutlons" of our (rco spirited fathers, and
most of tho formal olid carefully guarded
rules of criminal procedure that nro now
tlio Milijoet of complaint, woro dovisod to
protect the lives and liberties of tlm peo
plo nualnst tlio nircrossions mid enctoach-
monts of tiowor. and othors, like lhat of
conlidini! tho. measures of punishment UP'
on convictions for murdor to tho jury, aro
the results of thu observations of men ot
tho most profound kno.wtodgo nnd tho
largest experience in tho administration
of criminal laws. They nro parts of u
judicious and woll fettled system, not per
fect, but that combines greater advantages
for thn prompt administration of iustic".
with tho proper "iniards for tho
safety of tho rights' of thu citizen,
tuan any mat exists in any coun
try or undor any form of government.
in v low ol tlio necessity mat nag always
been admitted to exist tor carulul rcgula
tions lor tho protection of individuals, it
tkm pfUfQ grand Jury system, a
ftUuiloa tot n Ipdictuient of
nd the sub-
an accuia.
is painful to witness tho -mistakci zeal
that prompts a portion of tlio public press
and influential public bodies to urgo fun
damental change, simply that citizens
may bu made moro duleiicelcss when pnr
sued by tho authorities of tho law upon
recusations of crime. Kvorv cliaiiuo in
tho criminal laws that deprives parties ac
cused of a means for obtaining an Impar
tial trial, or that purposes lo substltilln
tlio discretion or thuiuduo or of iitliito's
attorney for fixed and vyell deliued rules of
law or settled modes nt pmccediiro, is n
sacrifice of tho surety of the citizen. Hap
pily, except on occasions when the public
mind is oxeitod by appeals of popular fears
or prejudice!, tho passions ol tho Ameri
can peoplo nre not cruel : but who is pre
pared to sar. that when u citizen may bo
put upon his.triat upon a charge that in
volves ins me, in liio tunisi oi a coiiiuiu
nltv lllled with prejudice against him
without tho. power to demand of right tho
removal or bis trial to an impatml vici
ily, with no right ol' continuance j.o nwait
n'hettor statu ef publiu sentiment or to
obtain evidence, no challengu to bis triers
upon tho around ol opinions Termed
auainsi nun, ueiiin inn inevitaoio con?0'
quenco of conviction, and the governor
without power, even upon tlio cleartt
faols, to arrest the bloody sentence, tho
vindictive prejudices or some community
may not demand n victim, and that then
a state's attorney may not bo found who
will consent to accuse, and tho judge,
upon wlio'o discretion tho rights of tho
citizen depend, yield to a public clnmo
and content to the pucrillcoV
Tho "institution" nl'urand nnd pelil hi
ries Nun essential part tif tlio judicial sy
tout of a frwi state. Theotims who can
demonstrate thai tho rule of a single wise
man l belter than that of tun multitude,
and law reformers who would substitute
tlio discretion of a htate's attorney or
judgo for tho deliberations of u trrnnd jury
or llxed rules of procedure, nil I; o forget
that no method of election has been yet
devised Unit will insure tlio choice or tho
wisest for rulers or stato ntlorneis or
indeed, nor do tlioy uttach enotiHi import
anco to tho fact that in n repuhlle no sys
tom of laws can bo dovised that will, with
out endangering the public liberties, bo of- J
fectivo fur tho prevention and punishment
of crimes, unless tho laws themselves pro
vide rortho participation of tlio peoplo In
tliniradmiilralion, and tnal neither public
nor privalo rights can bo secure when thny
aro in liny important sense subject to tho
discretion of any ruler or magistrate.
It seems to tno thou, that, while tlio
attention of tho general assembly should
bo directed to tho present state of the
criminal laws, and thn' rnles of criminal
procedure, with a vlow to their improve
ment, nothing could bo done to oiilargo
tho discretion of courts in criminal cases,
nor doludujtho people witli tho boliot Hut
any that can be made will roliovo them
from tho necessity or giving their atten
tion to tho proper execution of tho laws.
It is at once the vice and weakness or
wealthy and prosperous communities,
that a majority or those who should bo tho
most ciipahlo and useful citizens, from
purely sollisli reasons, prefer to delegate
tho discharge of thoir most important
public duties lo others, aqd oxpcrloncn
lias dsmonstrated that whether tno mer
cenaries who undertake the protection or
tlio public interests, or who by thn imliU'er
ence of tho people nro nllowdcd to seize
control or public nllalrs, nro tho hired sol
diers ot a standing army or tho traders in
office, who cajole, neglect and plunder tho
people, or thoso who mako jury duty a
trade, thu result is tho same: tho degrada
tion or tho laws, contempt for publlo.
justice, and in tlm nnd all tlio seen ritim
for tho safety or life, liberty and property
iiro.doitroyed.
1 da not feel nt ljberty to consamo much
rnaco in tho discuitiou of tho change in
tlio law, insisted upon by many, to taku
from tho juiy on trials for murder thu
right to dotcrmino whether thu paity
found guilty shall sutler death or be pun
ished by conlliiemeiil lit tlio penitentiary
for any term oxceodiiii; fuititeeu venr.
mud that may extend to the whole of hU
lite, nnd make tlio judgment ol death tlm
aiiiuiuiu lugai cousciiuciicoot a conviction
lor murder.
T have no doubt of thn rinlit oftbo bin to
to put persons lo death, who hv their own
dolibornte criminal acts make 'that course
ncces.ary Tor the public safety, nor,do 1
quuUlon tho exislenco of tho rlcht to in-
lllctllili death penalty as n punishment for
crime; bullion quite us decided In the
conviction liisl tlio inodo or puuUhiiionl
has but little iulluenco to deter from the
commission of crimo, and that on tliu
otinr uand it Is a worn out veitigo of
Imilmrlnii, that hardens and dopnivoi the
pcupiu.
Deliberate homicide by publlo authority
has much creator influence to weaken re.
speet for human lll'u than tho commissloh
ol murder by lawless persons, and It Is ro
markablo.tbiit the eVeleslrihtical bodies and
that portion of thu so-Called rulh'lnn and
secular press that doinaiul thu moro fro-
quent inlllction or dcalh by Judicial sen.
tuuee, concede tlio whole point In illmule.
whon, Impressed with tho horrlblo nnd de
praving iulluenco of; public executions
I buy Insist upon the necessity of excluding
tliuni) friirn the speeliiclo.who are to he In
structed and Jmproi'iyd by the example.
It may bo triiatlmt thrnaroclasns of per
sons who can only-bo restrained from thn
COtnraiasiun of crimes bviho fear of ilealb.
There may bo cominun,llfos In which the
cxaniplo of thu ilnfllcllon of the
death penalty wonVI. be "pwductlvo
of, boncllt, nnd Itji.lBny also .bo true
that mocstnrs of crimo may sometimes .bo
found wlioro MtormiiMtton is dbnianded,
not to vindicate- tho authority of law, but
the dignity of human naturo. It would
not llioroipro ho judicious lor tno statu to
renounce thti power to Inflict death,- but
thn propriety oflhu exercise of thu power
in nuy inslanco can bo determined by n
ury drawn from tho body of tho people.
And It may bo propefr for mo to mako
sotuo'nlliislons to thu priUiiihfu Infliinncoof
tho oxorclso of thn pardoning po.vor by
tlio governor upon tho iidministralioti ol
the criminal laws,
Tho oxenutlvo authority to crnnt par
dons, repriovos nnd commutations, is, it ri
dor tho ronstitutlon, nbsolute. apd to bo ex
orcised by him nt hi discretion, nnd llku
all discretionary powers confided to' pub
lic oilicou, is extremely liablo to nbuso.
L iinvo oxe-reiscd tho pardoning powor,
In proportion to the wholo number of con
victions In tho Htnte, moro sparingly than
nny of my predecessors, nnd I nm sallsllcd
that I liuvodoiio so In improper cases.
Hut 1 havo had tho satisfaction of releas
ing porsons' from tho d'onitcntlary nftor
they bad furnished to mo tho most tin-
qticllnnahlo proof of their Inifoccnco of
tlionlleged crimes ol which tlio jury nnd
found them utility, I hnvn, by pardon,
shortened terms of imprlsonmont that
woro certified to mo by tho judges nnd Ju
ries Imposing them to be oxcessivo, nnd I
hiiyoin moro than onolnstanco interfered
for thn relief of tho poor and ignorant
who wcro tlio victims ot tno ot designing
porsons.
wo. Know mat tno minuncss or legal
list co is but a fablo. and that thotiirh tho
laws, in thoir lottornnd spirit, nro Just and
humane and equal, as n practical tact, tho
wealthy and influential do disregard or
violato tlietn with a moasuro of Impunity
not permitted to tho poor and friendless.
Wo know, loo, that tlio jails into wlilcn
those who nro accused of tho commission
of crimes and nro tiuablo to furnish bail
crowded nro moral nost-housos
wliero vico is taugiit to tlio innocent, nnd
thu guilty inndo moro depraved. AVo
now that. instancos nro not wantlni;
wliero jailers or their subordinates, alone
or in conjunction with somo of n class of
professional men who dishonor tno Inw
and disgrace tho courts'that tolerato their
presence, have deprived iriondlcss pmou
ers ot their possesses, and havo then dolly
orcd them over to it certain conviction,
their sentences of imprisonment aggra
vated and lengllioued ly tlio vllo diame
ter of Iholr counsel, who first robbed and
then betrayed tliem. I liavo pardoned
somo ol this class ol unfortunates upon
tho ground that It tlio stale cannot pro
tccl them it ought to make them tho rupa
ration of rormveness. '
NosnhW't is moro worthy of tho ntton-
tinn or tlio representatives ot an en
lightened christian pooplo than tho im
perfect rrrovUiun mndo by tho laws of tho
htato for Iho protection of tho rights of
the poor, tlio Igmirnnt, the inexperienced
and thn friendless, in tho criminal courts
J hu evil is most apparent in tlio cilies and
populous counties of tho state. Kvery
year thu population ol tho stato is in
creased by emigrants from all tho nations
ot I'.uropn,- and Irom eviry stato ol tlio
union, who are of r.verv grmlu of charac
ter nnd ovory degreo of intclUm'tico. Of
tlio thousands that come, into tho state,
many nre ignorant or our languago and
our l"ivs, and many am upon their arrival
poor and often 111, dispirited nnd inex
poricticcd. In tho cities, thu missionaries
or vico are over active, and its temples ale
alwnysopon, and from thoir doors noiu
aro uriveii nwny; 10 wiopo mo inexpere
eiiced nnd unwary nro often tempted to re
sort, or from want of employment tho ir
resolutn nre impelled to tlio commission o
crime, nr often they aro mado tho dupes
and Instruments or thoso with whom crimo
is u trade, or, being strangers nnd friend
less, they nro readily suspected, and whim
arrested they nro unable to llnd ball and
are committed to Jail, and if indicted, the
judgo, however humane nnd considerate,
is compelled to entrust their defence to
somo lawyer without standing or oxperi
enco in his profession, nnd n coiivietion
follows, for there is no ono to demand Jus
tice or imploro mercy. It is limn that tlio
prnctlco of delivering tlio living
bodies of poor prisoners to legal
students for professional' Instruction
was abandoned, mid I insist that
provision should be mado by law for tlio
olectiou or appointment, in large cities and
populous counties of tlio stale, of suitable
persons whose duty it should bo to visit
thu places wliuru persons aro coullncd upon
criminal cnargo, center wun and ndvipo
poor prisoners, protect them from oppress
ions nnd extortions, attend examinations,
investigate tliu charges against them, ad
vise with injured parties, nnd thu court
and thu states attorney, witli a view to
tlio dismissal of prosecutions wliero the
ends of justice would by thut courso be
promoted, or with rufereiico to tho proper
measure of punishment in ca.es whom thu
punishment is discretionary witli thu
judgo, or in proper cases alone, or in con
Junction with tliu counted unsigned by tho
court, manage tnelr doleiiso. A proposi
tion to providu for the appointment of an
ofllccr lo watch tho administration of the
litws from the standpoint of .those who aro
accused of crimes is novel, but oyery one
familiar with tho administration of the
criminal laws of tha stato, Is fully nware
of tho fact that n truthful statement or all
tho wrongs inflicted upon persons charged
witli 'oflonces would prove that many
crimes huvo been committed in tho name
of tlio law.
liAii.noAPs.
An important exception lo thu general
disposition to obey laws, which piovalls
throughout the siato, is found in the re
fusal of common carriers of passengers
and freights by railways to obey thu con
stitutional and legal enactments provided
for tlio regulation of that important inter-
a,t, and thu people of tho state', aware of
tun relusul ol tins class ol porsons to obey
tliu laws nnd of the mischief their con
tempt of tho authority of thu statu pro
duces, look to. tho general assembly to
mako further and ulliululit ell'orts to pro
vido u rfcniftdy.
Tho report of tho Krilroad and "Ware
house Cumiuissiuiivu, which is now in tho!
hands of the printer; and will bo laid be
fore thu general assembly ns curly as pos
tihle, will contain full information us tlio
pretentions of tliu railway managers, und
or thn cllorts mado by tlio commissioners
to enfou'o thu authority of the state over
thum,
.Succoxfiil roiistane.o to tho Constitution
nnd laws of tlm .Statu suhvurts thum. It
can mako no dlHereneo whether such re
nNtniico is made by physical muans too
powerful to overcome, or by combinations
of financial interests that merely treat tlm
laws with contempt, and rot'uso. to obey
them. Tho ollVeU of succeful physical
tho stale, and to pais laws to correct
nbuietand to prevent unjust discrimina
tion nnd extortions in tlM rate of iroight
and passonger tnriCion the different rall-
luniia ui uiv.Btniuj mm ujr nuiuer pro
vision of th constitution, railroads here
tofore constructed, or that may hereafter
no consiruciou in mis stato, aro dociacod to
bo publlo highways, ami freo to nil per
sons for tho transportation of thoir per
sons nnd property thereon, na may ho pro
scribed by Inw.
In opposition to tlicsn distinct provi
sions of thn atato constitution, and tho
laws on acted In pursuance ot them, tho
railroad corporations dony thoir obliga
tions to obey, and oponly porslst in refus
ing toconiorm to tno maximum rates ai
hfwod by tho acta of tho gonoral aiiom
blv. for the transportation of passonirors
and frciu'hti on thoir linos: and thoy con-
tinuo to practice mo nbusos ana eniorco
tho unjust discriminations and extortions
forbidden by tho laws: and they continue,
tiotwithstnndine tho lecisiatlvo prohibi
tion, to assort their rights to tlx tholr'ratlo
ror tho transportation or paisongors ana
frolchts on their roads, and to establish
discrimination at their pleasure J and thoy
deny tbo authority or tno stato to interforo
ror mo regulation oi tno ono or tno prohi
bttlon of the othor.
It It norhaus but lust that It should be
stated that it is somolimos conceded sb
those who mansco tho interests oftbo rail
way corporations that ns carrion tboy aro
in some way, or to somo extent, bound to
conform lo tho principlo of reasonablnesa
in their charges; ana on lome occasions
tomo of them aro understood to have ai-
sontod to tho proposition, which loomed
to bo Corroct undor the constitution of
1818. that reasonableness Is tho limit of
railroad, rates for transportation, and tbo
qucslian or wnat aro reasonable rales u to
bo sottlod by tho court when particular
chargoanro disputed.
llut tho (loneral Arsombly, by the act
of April 7, 1871, which was enacted to
prevent unjust discriminations and extor
tions in tbo rales to ho charged ror too
transportation of freights, fixed certain
rules for tbo determination of tho rates
pormitted to bo charged by the railways
in this Stnto, declared nil rules and regu
lations and by-laws of nny railrord corpo
ration thai llxed, proscribed or-ostabliihed
any groator toll or compensation than tbo
rates permitted by tno act, lo bo void,
provided penalties for tho violation of tho
provisions ol tno act, and tnon declared
any willful violation of any of tho acts
to bo n forfeiture of its rrauchises, and by
tho net of April 15, 1871, tho maximum
rates allowod to bo charged by railways
for tho transportation of passongors was
fixed, nnd provision made for thu enforce
ment of tho net.
Itopoatine expressions employed boforo,
it soenisto mo to bu due to tho lntorosta of
iho peoplo of tha stnto, nnd to tho dignity
nnd authority of its constitution and laws,
that thq moit euurgeliu nnd decisive meas
ures should bo deviled and adoptod by
the general assembly, to limit' tho preten
sions or this rapidly growing and all ab
sorbing interest, and to compel its obe
dience. In tills view it Is essential that nil
the oflenses committed by thu railway cor
porations should bo prosecuted by Indict
ment preferred by tlio grund juries, and
tried by juries or tbo proper, viclnago.
Ono of the nets now in force provides that
state's attorneys miiy prosocuto ;
tliu othor that bo shall proso
cut for forfeitures after tho almost impos
sible ovent of tlio fifth conviction ; but
state's attorneys will not bo likely to de
tire lo encounter these formidable inter
ests witli no othor support than tho con
sciousness of having discharged their 'du
ties. I, therefore, recommend that tho
Our Ifotao Advortisors.
HALLTDAY BBOTl'lERS,
GEN ERA L, AGENTS
POUWAllDING andCOMMISSION
M BUOHAHTH.
DEALERS IN PI OUR;
And ixeati of
HI0 BITXS ANb'KAHAWna,
SALT OOMIA.3SriaH30.
70 Onto Levek,
Oaimo. Illimoih.
per-
redstimco are lmmedluto and easily
cuived, whiln thosu produced by persistent
nu'd contemptuous duohcdiatico nro re
mote and may not nt unco ;npiionr, but
limy silently sap and weaken thu founda
tion of public order, nnd in tliu end de
stroy. Thu Issue mado with thn slate, by tho
distinct rorusal of maungurs of railways to
oboy thn laws enacted by tho general as
(oinhly for tho correction of abuses, and to
prevent unjust discriminations and ex
tortions, is pun oi power, it is not pre-
iciiueii inai in tun enactment ol tliu laws
disobeyed tho general assembly trans-
conned tno nulbority vested in tho legi,.
latum! for by the tornu of tho constlm
lion it Is mndo tlio duly of thu general ns.
sembly, from time to time, to pais laws es
tablishing re.'iHuimblu maximum rates ol
charges for thn transput tiition of passengers
and IrMghls on tho dltleront railroads ot
fourth section of tho act ef April 7th, 1871,
bo amended to ns to mako Iho penalties
provided by that section recoverable by
indictment against tlio corporations and
thoir employes, aud that thn tilth section
bo so amended' as to make it thu duty or
tno attorney general to prosecute railway
company's for violations of thu law, and
that similar alterations bo made in tlio act
of April 1Mb. 1M7I.
Hut it seems to mo that tho real causes
or tbo manifold abuses, extortions and
oppressions to which the peoplo aro sub
jectod nro to bo found in thu fact that rail
road proporly has passed under tho con
trol or combinations or financial adventur
ers who aro in no wise Interostod in tho
proper management of thn roads.
This condition of tho managomont of
railroads may be accounted for by refer
ring it in part to tlio great increaso of the
speculative wealth of tho country, tho
tendency every wliero, in every Imsinuss to
organization ; ami tlio circumstance, lo un-
lortuuato for thu pooplo, thr.t tlio general
assombly did not, in tho ouactmont of
general and special laws authorizing the
creation of railroad corporations, expressly
reserve sufficient power lo regulato and
control their internal management as
would insure tlio protection of the inter
ests or the body of the stockholders and
the public. i,
To be concluded in to-morrow's Issue.
x. d. UATUuaa.. s. o .uni
MATHUSS Si UIIL,
AHD OEXEBAI.
Commi b bionMf.rchants
ftEALKlta iti
I AY AND WESTERN PRODUCE
MOIIIO I.Kf..
m.SCKLI.A.M:Ol)N.
IDLEWILD MILLS
Corner Tvcnty-econd street
l.cvec.
and Ohio
SUl'F.ltlOU
STKAM
MKAL
Dill F.I) COKN
Always on hand, and at the lowest marko
price. Also a good artlelo of
OO-W FEED
Very eheiiji. Leave orders at IIAI. I, IDA Y
lillOTllKltS, or apply at tlio mill,
10-t-dtt,
ARTHUR ROVJiE,
Contractor antd Builder
il.is returned to Cairo and is prepared to
take contracts lor '
A LI j KINDS OF HUIhDINOS
And especially refers to, his past record In
Cairo as a bulkier,
llcaduuarters at It. II. Ciiunliudiam'x.
Commercial avenue. ItefcrenccH to jtccd.v.
Maun, It. II. Cunningham and ,lohii Wood,
lq. 1-lOtf.
LIME
CEMENT I
JAMES ROSS,
Diuta ns
OA V K GIRARDEAU AND ILLIAOsU
Ooinrooroial-ny., Foot of Elovonth-at.
Host quality of Llmo' and Comont al
ways on hand, und for salo at tho
yorv Invest llsrures fur cash.
T II E
CAIRO TRICE CURRENT
IHSUKD 8EMI-WKEKLY. .
DAYS OriBSUETUKHDAY ANDKHIDAY
Olllco lu "the liitlletln Untitling,' corner o
Twelfth tit. aud Washington avu.
Furnished In quantities to suit suhicrlb
crs, with tnelr card at the head of the first
column: l'rlco fU per hundred, payable
evervfiaturday.
QTLoavo order on morning of Issua
J". M. PHIfJilPS ei'CO.,
(HuecoHtors to E. I. llraJncii A Co.)
Forwarding and Commission
MERCHANTS,
AID
WnAHF-BOAT PhOPRIKTORS
S LlburelAilraneMiieiiiamadii
sslk uiiou (inalKDroenU. SEiJ
Ata prnprrd to reviuvs, storo anil lorwsr.l
fri'iglilii In ull points and buy and
hciI on eomniimnun,
WnusinrsH alUniUd to prnroptlr;
Homo AtUrtiynjcii
...i......rl J ' I iStr I 1
Jil 1.1
-
w
to
G
n
w
w
i Si
w
w
99
CI
ri
ft
i
CRYSTAL SALOON
AND
READING R00MH.
"MICHAEL COYNE, Proprietor.
(old i-oht ovkick stand.)
Corner Hlxtli; atreq t atid Cotiimr(!la( Ave.
i no nest brands ol Clxara, choice Wines,
bpiors, etc., always on hand.
KxTOpen day and nlght.Jd
4
H
C
f
w
H
cc
K
M
W
o
I
o
o
P1
c
o
w
S. D. AYKIts. K. .1. AVKIIH
A VERS ,"t CO.,
FLOUR
AND
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS
No. 78 Ohio Levek, Uaiho, Ili.h.
l-7tf,
J. A. 'JUNNINOIIAM,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANT
o
c
ta
ipiipg Q
HOOKS.
and niAi.rn in
OATS. CORN
AND IB I Lis FEED.
OAIHO, - - - ILLINOIS
MILLER & PARKER,
GENERAL COMMISSION
4MB
FORWARDING MR KOFI A NTS,
4MD
DEALERS IN FLOUR, CORN
Oats, Hay, etc.,
AGENTS yon FAIKliANK'S H0ALE8
Ohio Levee. OAIIIO. U.I.INOLS.
JOHN R. PIILLIS & SON,
tHucucisoratoJolm II. I'lillhs,) .
GENERAL COMMISSION
FORWARDING? MKROnANTH
SkD
DEALERS IN HAY, CORN, OAT
Flour, Moal, 13ran, &c,
Cor. TENTU-8T. and OHIO LEVI.
(fAIRO, ILLH.
i. M. A li D E N,
Late of 'I'liomas & Aldcu,
AND
COMMLSSION MERCHANT
l'LOUlt, -Mi: A I,, OUAIN.Il.VY, Ac.
No, KIT) Ohio l.itvr.i:, Caiuo.
tSTOiuh advances ou Goods on sight.
Huvkiikn'CKH i City National Itauk of
Cairo, Kirat National llmik of Chicago.
1-10.
WOOD KITTEN HOUSE & RRO.
. FLOUR
General Couiniisnlon MerclmnlB
183 OHIO LKVXK,
w w
'A 'A
o o
-
3 tO
U
v m r
.i "S 3
O P
V) m m
O ! "
O ' 11
M 2" '
w
5
o o
r -
H H
09 CO
i
a
B
4
h
U
i5
u
v,
3
s
M
A
a
J3
V)
a
a
3
I
.3
a
a
B1JTS1IIKHSI.
UYIiAND & SAUER,
BUTOHEBS
AND DKALKK8 IN
CHOICE FRESH MEATS
OK KVKUV blCSUUIP'i'ION,
Corner inth treet and Commercial aveiitlj
nun uoor 10 iuo llylnud saloon.
11-10 tf. CAIRO. 11 LS.
Homo Advertisements.
NAMMtNSS,
OLD DELMONICO
SALOON AND READING R00M.S
Corner 7Ui street and wtM,-.,a ,,
ccauaerciai Av. "
PARKER & MONTAGUE
Proprietor.
..JBTTho boat brand of Ciyarf, choice
Vlucs, Llquort, etc., always on hand t!
JAKE WALTER,
BUTCHER
SOU Dlttit IM
FRESH MEAT,
Eiqiitu Stbkkt, Uktwkkn Wabuimotoa
andOomuiroial Avxnusb, ,
Adjoining Hl'lruliomie and Ilanny'a
Ktsop tli. boit or Heel, itk, Muttoa Veal.
I, unb, Ssusuhc, etc, uU arv irepared lo !
eitisoDS la Iuo inont wcenliblo mauDer,
JAMES KYN ASTON,
iiUTCIIKIl AM) DKAI.XIt IN ALL KlNDS 01
FltUIt 11 K ATM.
COKNKH NlNKTKNTII AND l'OM.AH Slfl.,
OAlltO, ILLINOIS.
lluys and slaUKhtera only the heat ealtlo
hog aud sheep, and U prepared to till unv
demand for fresh meat rroui one pound to
ten thousand pounds.
DEMIS, DROWN & CO.,
BAG MANUFACTURERS.
Auentu Houe Cqtton Mills, .,
NO. 80 Ohio Levee, Cairo, 111.
1-3-2IU.
EL DORADO
MILLIARD JALOON AND BAR-
BOOM.
HM HATES, rrritor.
IO( Oomaiareial Aveaaa, OAIBO, II.LINOlrJ
Baatbraadbf Oallfo 01rau reaehvl,
UlLLIAltD aaloon furnished with the Lent
oftable : and bar supplied with wlnea, liquor
ami ciicanf oi innneav unui'i".
THB
LITTLF KENTUCKIAN
SALOON
AKD
RESTAT7BA1TT.
(Optn Day and Night.)
J. E. PARKS, Proprietor,
Ohio Levee, bet, 4th and Cth streets,
CAIRO, ILLS.
HEALS AT ALL IIOU1LH.
A tine UVW Dlnlmr Hall with everv inn.
vciiknce has beea added to thin populr
mnauiiii), uu me guutu nuiiuuu every
rciUlite lor tUilracceuiodatiou.
THE DILL OK KAItE
consists of every iubstantlal aud delicacy ot
me ncann.
THE B-A-ISs
Is supplied with the
CHOICEST LIQUOILS.WINES & CIGARS
3)llxed drink prepared with care.
11-16 tl.
MTU V KM. TIN MT A UK, Kit. .
EVERY HOUSEKEEPER
Wbm want n Hannr ramllj,
EVERY HOTEL KEEPER
Was Al war wanla m Vmil !,
Every Stove Dealer
Who Maana isnalsMaa,
KVERY MAN) WOMAN OR CHILD
Who desires Health by Oood LiviOK,
SHOULD DUT OKI Of
THE CELEDBATED
ASK YOUB TINNER KOK TUEM.
If he does not have an assortment,
SKND YOUIt OHDKlt TO
EXCELSIOR MANUFACTURING -CO.
SAINT LOUIS, 110.
Wholesale dealer in all kind of
and to All
i v k stove deal:: t
LIKK
0. W. 1IKNDK1W0N,
Commercial Ave., Cairo, III.
I'i-d&Wtw,
OAT NTStBRM.
S'AM WILSON,
330JV.T BTOBBQ
r,
QlOOlllll,
rUOVIHIONH 11 TO.
M. 11
Onra Lvrsa
Oaibo, III.
HWOK BINMNU.
l'ATKONIJSE
HOMBTRADB !
J. 0. HUELS,
lata of St. Lout.
BOOK BINDER AND BLANK BOOK
MANUFACTURER,
BULLETIN BINDERY,
Comer Twelfth atroet and.. Coaunorolal Ayo
ULANK BOOKS of every decrintjon done
wltu.ueatue uJj11l't:B' .A' knd of
rulink done at abort lib t lee , lilbles, ;Jluslc,
MaKazlue aud 1'erlodleaU bouud neat and
utOioJowert oilUIa raUii.
Coiinty.worV, tucli a Itecord, Dockats,
yee lkiok. Blank, etc., wade a ipociaUty
,Moxe, Pocket Hook, JCaTalepei, ate.,
made to ordar. . ll-'itr.
ijJIiW.)Nmw

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