office:, STrXiXiSTir BtriiiiDXiN'a-, coe. isth btehet a.:et:d 'WAaHiiTaToiT a. vsasrxr
JOHN II. 013EKLY, PROPRIETOR.
CAIRO. ILLINOIS. SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 1873.
BULLETIN BUILDING WASHINGTON-AV.
Preaching, Habbath t 101 a.m. and 7J p.ni
Prater meeting, neunemjai i i i"
.', (.. n. uMinni. n n m. J. M. l.auitdcn. Su
t.crlntendent. IUV. II. TllAYKK, l'aator
METIIODIST.-Cor. Elglitli n J Walnut Ht.
t'reachlng, aanuain ai jo ' i"
I'rayer meeting, Wedneadjiy, J p.m.
Habbath School, 3. p.m. I.. W. SUllwcll,
Superintendent. Kiev. K. I Thompson,
CUUBCH OF THE KEDEKMElt (fcpUco-
Morning prayer. Habbath 101 "
Ktcnlnir prajren, 71 p.m.
Sabbath School, Ua.ui.
Hkv. E. Coan, Hector.
ST. PATltICK'3 OHUHOH-Nlntli St. aud
Public aervice, Sabbath 8:10 anJ 104 ".
Vespers, " ji.ui.
Sabbath School. 2 p.m.
Service every day, B ajii.
llEV. P. J. O HAIXOIIAM, Priest.
ST. JOSEPH'S CHUIM3ttfH0er,n") tur'
tier of Walnut and CroMtlrtcH.
Mam, every Sabbath at lOfc'clock . ni.
Vesper, 2 p. in. . . ,
as, during a. rn.
ltreet between Wailiiujwu yvveuuc u
Walnut eUeet. ,,,,,
Preaching Sunday morrlinf at 10 o cIock.
Sabbatn scnooi ai z o-cioca. y. m. ... v,
I hlelecke, SuperlnHmltnr.
itrv. llofc'T. llKLBto, Patitor.
vntivn tVS C'imi9TIAN ASHOCIA
TION. Uegular neetlng aecond Monday
each month at 'their room over Hockwull
b Co'i book ttore, Commercial avenue.
Weekly Prayer meeting, Friday, 71 p.m. at
ino room. .. , , .
t,. AV. BTILI.WKLL. Prcildent.
SKI'OND IIISSIONAHY BAPTIST
CHUKO'lt. Comor Syearoore and Forty
flrwt hirerti. l'rcachlnif Sabbath at 11
o'clock a. rn. and 3 o'clock p. m.
k'imtl.v Unl.nf.l 1 llclnV tl . Til.
The church U couuected with the llllttol
An oclatlon, by the Klrst Missionary Hap-
tll cunrcu 01 uairo.
Kkv. Solomon I.iconakd, Paitor.
AKlllOAN METHODIST. KourtceutU, bo
tween Walnut and Cedar.
Service, Sabbath. 11 a.m.
Sabbath School, 1) p.m.
Class meeU at 3 p.m.
SECOND KHEE WIJ.Ij HAl'TIST'-Klf-
leenlh Street., between Walnut and Cedar.
SerWcc Sabbath, U and 3 p. m.
lliiV. i. Hicks, Paitor.
r'KEE WII.I. UAITIST HOME MISSION
SAHUATH SCHOOL. Coiner Walnut
and Cedar Street.
iabbalh School. 0 a.m.
rMIUiT KHEE WILL, UAITIST CHUllCH
Services, Sabbath 11 a.m., 3 p.m. A p.tn.
Hkv. wm. kkixky, Pastor.
K II 1ST MISSIONARY BAPTIST CIIUHCH.
-Cedar, between Ninth and Tenth SU.
Preaching Sabbath, 10J a.m. and 7 p.m.
I'rayer meeting, Wednesday eeulug.
Preaching, Friday e.enlujr.
Mbbath school, 11 p.m. John alillaxtrr
aud Mary Stephem. Superintndcnt.
Hkv. T. J. Shokks, Paitor.
SECOND HAPTIST CHUUCH-Kourtccnth
fctreet, between Cedar and Walnut. I he
ouly Baptist ehurch recognized by the As
sociation. ftcnU.es, Sabbath, 11 a.m. 3 p.m. and T p.m.
Hkv. Jacob Biuut.:r. Elder.
CAIHO ;C0MMANDEHY, No. U.-Suted
Asciiibly at the Aaylum Maionlo 11 all, tiit
and third Monday In each muutli.
JAJRO COUNCIL, No.'JL-Hegular Couvo
cation at Matoulc Hall, the iccoud 1-riday
in each month.
CAIHO CHAPTER No. 71. Regular Con
ocatlou at Maoulc Hall, on the third
'1'ue.day ol every month,
CAIHO LODGE, No. 237 K. A A. M. Regu
lar Communication at Maioule Hall, the
.ecoud and fourth Monday of each mouth.
ALEXANDER LODOE, 2a Meets In Odd
Kcllown' Hull, In Arter" building, every
Thunday evening at 6 o'clock.
Oovcrnor-Rlchard J. ffgleiby.
Lleiiteualit-lioveruor John L.ltoerldge.
coretary of State Ueorge H. Harlow.
Auditor of State-C. E. I.lppiucott.
SUte Treaurer Caper Huu
Attorney Ucneral Jarne h. Ldiill
Supt. Public luitructloii-Newloti Hateman
Senator Lyman Trumbull uud John A.
iepreicntatlvc for the Statc-at-Largc S.
L, Hevcridge. ...
Uepreentutlvc Thlrtccntli Dlitrlct .lohn
MEM11EILS GENERAL ASSEMI1LY.
Rcprerntatle lu the Mh dUtrict.
.lohu 11. Oberl)-, Wm. A. Lemma and Math
ew J. Inicore.
.Senator for the MtU district. J;c are,
Judge D. J. Uaker, of Alexander.
State' Attorney Patrick 11. Pope.
Clerk R. S. Yoctim.
Sheriff A. H. In In..
Wm. Martin Acior and Treuiurer.
Judge F. Ilross.
Amoclatc J. E. McCrlto and S. .Marclill
don. Clerk Jacob G. Ljticb.
Corouer John 11. Goinmau.
Mayor John M. Lamden.
Treaturer H. A. Cunningham.
Comptroller E. A. Uurnett.
Clerk Michael Howley.
Marshal Andrew Cain.
Attorney 1'. JI. Pope.
Police Magistrates F. Hrois and li, SLan
Chief of Police L. n. Myers.
Mayor Johu M. Lansden.
Flnt Wurd-P. G. Schuh.
Second Ward O: R. Woodward.
Third Ward Jno. Wood.
Fourth Ward S. Staats Tavlor.
Clty.at-Largc W. P. Halllday md I).
I10A1U) OV AI.DKUMK.
First Ward-Jamc Rearden, A. U. Saf.
lord, Icaao Wulder,
Second Ward-R. H. Cunningham, E. Hu
dcr, O. Stnncel, Jauic Swayne.
'AlrU Wara-Wm. Stratton, J. It. PhllU.
Fourth Ward-Jno. H. Hobliuou, U. H.
caao, J. H. ilctcalf.
DO. 1). 0. TADER,
Will rcBume the practice ot hi profession
with especial reference to the electrlca
treatment ot dUeunca In all the uew and lin
proved method of application.
Iuall case of lemale complaint a lady
wllllto In attendance.
Oilke, 123 Commercial avenue, up sUlrs.
WILLIAM It. mVSU, M. D.
KHIDKNCE Nn. 21 Thirteenth ltreet, be.
Imrra W.ililDumn avenue and WiIdu! ltreet.
oe UlOominercUlavtuuii, up ttalr.
0. AV. DUNNING, M. D.
TKHiriKNCE-cornrrNlnlh and Walnut t,
lyjitice comer hlatli itrcot and Ohio levee,
Office hour from A a.m. to 12 m., and p.m
H. WARDNER,' M. D.
RBHIDKNOR Corner ti'lsetienth itrt and
WaihlMton avenue, near court houie. Of.
cejowArter' Grocery Store, Office Hourdrom
a,s.. te 12 m, aad ,'rom t to 4 p, m,
. JO.SIK'S WEDDING (JIFT.
"An J ..o I nut to undorstatul that you
jiositivcly rcl'uro lo give up that yount;
lortunu liuntcr, Murmniluko Marly?"
"I do positively rcfit'c."
'I! von uftcr thu lnmk rujiloy which
Ii.ih reduuucl him to beggary, you etill
wMi to fulfil your eiigageiticiit ?"
"Most certainly. '
"Then hear " mc." and Captain
Wycherly a retired naval oflicer in
the United .States iorviee dashed his
(tout cane upon the floor with an em
phasis that made the I'lassefl and
decanters jingle "nnd mark what I
cay 1 If you persist in such obstinate
disobedience to my wishes, by Jove
I'll disinherit you. The day that you
become bis wife will find you homeless
aud penniless. And you may both
sweep the crossings for a living for all
1 care, lor I II never help you to a pen-
Josie n cheeks uurucu scarlet.
"And I say," she retorted, her blue
eyes all aflame with honest iudigua-
tion. "that no consideration of
broad acres or bank stock, or even the
commands of a father" here she
choked down a rising sob "can tempt
Josie Wycherly to break her word."
"Think," said the father, "of the
homes where grim want sits day after
day besides the hearthstone, whure
children with pinched features and hol
low eyes beg vainly for food which is
denied them ; and yet you deliberately
choose such a fate as this I"
Josie's heart quailed a little, for,
like all refined women, she loved the
cai-e aud luxury which wealth could
purchase, and which tdic all her life
had enjoyed. But she loved Marma
dukc and her own honor more.
"We plighted our troth with your
full concent and approval," she argued.
"If he has been unfortunate, it is plain
ly my duty to cling to and comfort
him. 1 have uivcu my sacred promise.
and I shall keep it."
And her father, recognizing tiio
Wycherly obxtinaoy, knew that further
remonstrance was iweless. Hut being
by nature despotic, aud expecting to re
ceive at home the Fame implicit obc-
lience he had exacted on board a man
of war, he raved and swore and scolded
so continually at being baulked in his
plain, that poor Jonio was glad to yield
to her lover's entreaties, and become
his wife, tu escape persecution at
So one moruiuK they quietly walked
to the neuoht church, and in the pres
ence of a" few friends, to whom they
had confided thu circumstances, .losic
Wycherly wa, by a few brief sentences,
transformed into Mrs. Marly. Scarcely
had the bridal party left the church
when they were confronted by Captain
Wychcrlv, hfs stout cane coming down
emphatically at every step, his eyes
blazing with wrath.
'?o you've been hatchiii'' vour mu
tiny under my very tool", and have out
witted the old man at la.-t !" he ex
claimed, glaring on the trembling bride,
who stood surrounded br lier tcar
strickcu friends. "Hope you'll find
smooth sailing with your pretty craft,
vouns; man ; lor oy the the heathen
gods, you'll never see the color of old
Mark Wychcrly'a money. I'll disin
herit the ungrateful girl this very day!'
And he meant to be as cood as his
word ; for he walked straight from the
church to the law oflice of Hunt t
Kctchum, and astonished the senior of
that lirm by requesting them to draw
up a new will, leaving all his effects,
real aud personal, to the .Seamen's
Charitable i'uud, aud striking out the
name of his daughter loscphiuo from
that important document altogether.
"Hut, my dear sir, it is impossible to
cxccufc the provisions of such a docu
ment," replied tho bland and smiling
Mr. Hunt. "Such a will would be
illeal, and consequently worthless."
"Confound it !" said tho irate old
sea-dog J "do you mean to toll me that
a man cannot sail his own craft in any
water he chooses?"
And after several stormy interrup
tions, the lawyer at last made clear to
his wrathful client, that, in order to be
legal, the will must contain the name
of Miss Joscphino as legatee, be the
sum ever so small.
"Very well, since it must be so,"
replied Captain Wycherly; aud he bent
his shaggy head to listen to the read
ing of the document that conveyed
railroad shares, bauk. stock, and farm
ing lands, amounting in all to the aforo
said half a million of dollars, to the
said charitable fund, and left to his
daughter, "Mrs. Josephine Marly, the
sum of two dollars, to buy a stool of re
pentance, whereon sho could sit and re
flect upon tho ingratitude of her con
duct to tin indulgent father."
"And you may give," said tho old
man, with a grim smile, "the Wycher
ly homestead to Iter portion also."
"The Wycherly homestead!" re
pcated Mr. Hunt. "I cannot say that
I ever heard of it before."
"Ha I ha 1" roared Captain Wych
crly, who relished his joke now and
then. "I dare say you uovor did ha,
ha ! Ten acres in all, and the most
barren, unprotected soil conceivable
covered with rorks aud stones, and
watered by tho blackest, dirtiest stream
that ever run, with a few girled aud
moss-grown apple trees, shading a log
hut iu ther midst such. is tho birth
placo of all tho dead and gono Wych
erlys for generations past a magni
ficent place ha, ha I Or, stay ; in
stead of putting it in tho will, supposo
you niako put a deed of the placo, and
present it to Mrs. Josephine Marly, as
a wedding gift from her affectionate
father, on condition that she and her
husband spend'tho honey moon there.
I'vo heard that my gentleman was
somcthiug of an amateur artist, and he
cannot fail to admire the scenery."
And with this parting joke the cap
tain went his way.
So that evening, Mrs. Josiei Marly,
sitting by her husband's side in their
lodcinci, was surprised with a packet
I of paper from the office of Hunt fc
Kctchum, settine forth the abovo con.
I ditions, and indorsing tho deed to the
i ychcrly homestead.
I "Wc will co : won't we, dear Duke?'
whispered Josio, her rod lips quivering,
and a tear or two clittcritit? on the
silken brown lashes that shaded her
sweet bluo eyes. "I think we'd bet
ter co, dear : not for the land, which
it appears is worthless enough ; but it
is papa s request, and, perhaps, its the
last that ho ever will make," and hero
she broke down iu a temptcst of sobs
For though she had willfully dis
obeyed him, yet, next to her husband,
Josie loved the stem, tyrannical old
man whom she called father.
Captain Wycherly was ill. Ser
vants went to and fro through tho ele
gant rooms, trying in vain to satisfy
the capricious whims of tho childish
old man, who, now that his fit of pas
sion was over, longed daily and hour
ly for the presence of his child his
darling Josie. But his stubborn
pride was not yet humbled enough to
allow him to seek her; and so the
weary days went by, and he heard no
tidings ot his daughter, whose face he
had not seen since the morning of her
At last, when golden dandelions and
delicate anemcous began t'j write the
sweet promises of spring all over field
and wood, and infused a warmer tint
into tho golden sunhinc, Captain
Wycherly could sit at his chamber
window and look out upon familiar
"What houe is that?" he asked of
John, the servant, pointing to an ele
gant brownstone mansion, of palatial
dimensions, which occupid the place
formerly dedicated to a row of cot
tages. "That, sir?" said garrulous John,
"why, that's the new houdo built by a
foreign gentleman, who took a fancy to
the place, sir aud paid a good rouud
sum for it, too. Why, they say there's
no end to his money ; and he has a ti
tle, besides and lord or duke ; some
thing, sir, whatever it may be. I'er
hap you've seen 'em, sir?'
And John, who regarded his master
as a sort of traveled paragon, to whom
nothing foreign would be at all un
familiar, from i oval duke to a Bengal
tiger, looked up for a reply.
"Yes, John, I've seen 'em ; aud I
can't say they look much different
from other people, except a tritlo
"Oh, sir, not any better than other
people ! aud she the 'dukess' I mean
sending you all that nice wine when
you were ill ?'' Yes, aud tho nosegays,
'Stop, Johu ; what do you mean ?"
"Why, sir, when they came, the
lady heard that you were ill, and she
sent over a bottle of rare wine, with
her complinients ; and every day since
then she has scut a servant to make in
quiries about you, sir; and always a
boquct of choice llowers for your sick
room uot that you ever noticed 'em,
sir, any more than if they had becu
chips, sir," said Johu, with some dis
gust ; "and so I told tho man who
brought c'm, but they camo every day
just the same."
"And why," said his gruff master,
touched more than he would have
chosen to confess by these attentions
from a stranger "why should this
foreign lady do all this for a rough old
man like me ?"
"Perhaps this will toll you, nr."
And John drew from his pocket a
dainty little note. "It came thismorn-
"Captain Wycherly opened it, and
read as follows ;
Dear Sir :
"I hear that you arc a lonely old
man, with no kith or kiu to cheer your
solitude. Though in all this wide
world there is no one to call mc daugh
ter, yet I remember when I eujoyed
tho loud protection of one who was the
ifearest uud most indulgent of fathers.
I have only done for you what I would
wish another to do for him, if ho was
ill aud louely like yourself, 1 hope you
will allow me to call some time, to
cheer aud amuse you.
"Heaven bless her !" said the old
man, with tears in his eyes ; thu rugged
lines iu his face softening as he read,
"heaven bless her for her kindness to
a lonely old man, John "
But John had disappeared. A mo
ment after he opened tho door, aud
railed out in a stage whisper. "Oh 1
master, sho's coming iu a silk fit for
an empress, aud with jewels shiuuiug
iu her hair. Oh, master "
But this rhapsody was cut short by
tho cntranco of tho lady hcrsolf, who,
with her silken robes trailing on tho
floor, crossed tho room, and stood by
tho captain's chair.
"Madam" ho began, but stopped
Was it a dream, or was it Josio who
stood beside him, her arms around his
neck, her cheek pressed to his, and,
amid sobs aud broken exclamations,
told him again and again her joy at
this meeting"? It was too much. The
captain's resentment molted away, dis
solved in tho toars which fell upon tho
face of his darling as he pressed her in
a close embrace.
"But what docs this mean ? he said
at last, when ho had made her sit, op
posite, wlnro he could gladden his
eyes with the sight of her fresh sweet
face. "Whero did theso come from,
Josio?" Aud lie touched the glitter
ing jewels that shouo amid her sunny
"Why, don't you know, father? Is
it possible you have uot heard ? When
you gave your Josio tho nychcrly
homestead, you garo tho richest of
your possessions, though you, none ot
us, knew it then. ' Yes." she contin
ued, not noticing her father's question
ing look, "tho black aud sluggish
stream that watered the Wycherly
farm developed a source of wealth rich
er than all the gold placers of Califor
nia. Our petroleum oil wells have
enriched us boyond our wildest dicams
and"" to-day 'Duke 'S,nuLlcon.nt our
wealth by hundreds of thousands. But
wo do not forget," she added, with a
mischievous smile, "that wc owe it all
to you, dear father."
Perhaps no protestations, couched in
the most eloquent ter.vs, would have
shown tho change in Captain Wycherly
as did the simple sentence he uttered in
"I confess myself beaten," he said :
"and I thank heaven for it. Hence
forth ono roof shall shelter us, and we
will never be parted again until the old
man launches his craft for the last
And they never were.
TASTE IN FARMLVO.
The following is from the 'Country
"If careless fanners could appreciate
how much good taste and order add to
tho value of their farms, how much
more standing it cives them among tho
classes whoe opinions are most valua
ble, and how much easier it is to sell a
neat aud well kept farm, thev would
certainly take more pains. iu this mat
ter, farmers complain a cood deal
md no doubt justly that business men
row iu wealth aud influence at a rato
out of all just proportion to the com
parative labor aud risks involved, but
at the same tiuio thev should remem
ber that there is a growing desire for
country homes among successful busi
ness men but specially to make more
money but to be free, a part of their
days at least, from the harassing anxie
ties ot business cares. 'There is a feel
ing abroad, led with sufficient means
to place a man above anxiety, is, all
in all, the most desirable of all for
real enjoyment ; and hence as wealth
increases in the cities there will be
more and more buyers for country
homes. But these men abominate
untidy, shiftless and badly planned
aud managed farms. It is true thev
may iu any event mako great changes
in the buildings, fences and grounds,
one object of a wealthy man's going
into the country being to entertain
himself with improvements which will
keep his mind and body actively en
gaged ; but tho first thing to attract
hiui, next to the locatiou, "is tho tasto
manifested by tho owner. A farm
which has nothing to commend it to
a man of taste, not even good trees,
which require so much time for their
growth and development, will general
ly be shunned by such meu. They
dou't often wish to begin at the begin
ning. "But there is a higher view to take
of this subject. A farmer himself
ought to be capable of enjoying such
work. If his energies are confined
simply to working, eating and sleep
ing, with no enjoyment iu anything
else, his mental coustitution is badly
put together, aud there has been a
very serious fault somewhere iu his as
sociations of training. But if too old
himself to develop uew tastes, he should
remember that something is due to his
family. There is a most delightful
pleasure in making things beautiful
iu planting, or training, or creating
beautiful objects about as much as iu
enjoying them afterwards, or more
sometimes. It is rare that all mem
bers of a family arc deficient iu taste,
aud so innocent a pleasure should bo
encouraged. Wc do not refer, of
course, to expensive tastes such as may
be beyond a farmer's means, but to
those little things about tho house,
garden or grounds which can be ac
complished tit odd hours by a little ex
tra labor. Tho writer cannot claim
that he ever enjoyed work for its owu
sako merely, but ho does recall vividly
how much pleasure ho experienced
sumo thirty years ago, when a boy, in
voluntarily digging nut a littlo thicket
of elder bushes iu a marsh which in
tercepted a desired view from the
'stoop' of the old homestead. It was
dono iu hot weather on successive
evenings, and after working hard Jail
day, but it was a delight to put the
worthless bushes out of sight, and to
sco what an improvement it made in
tho landscape. So let a boy plant a
tree somcwhero, or a littlo hedge ; givo
him somo hints about the proper caro,
aud tell him in what book ho can find
farther information, and pleasures will
bo awukeued which he never kuew be
fore. Aud if such pleasures aro
strange to any farm reader let him look
over his premises and see if ho can't
deviso a better placo for his wood pile
than tho imracdiato neighborhood of
the front gato ; or if the pitf-pon can
not bo located a littlo further from the
kitchen door, or if shade trees and flow
ers planted along some nicely gravelled
walks, all well cared for afterwards,
will not constitute n now departure in
his routino of dull experiences, which
no win always love to cnensh. it it
docs not, he may confidently count on
being given oyer to hardness of heart
in rural matters a stato of thincs
which evidently docs exist in parts of
the country too numerous to mention
iu this connection.
At a meeting of prominent farmers
recently in Illinois, the following re
marks concerning poultry were read :
"The best breed for the farmer is :
mixod breed or a cross between the
common stock and some of the distinct
breeds, or what poultrymcn call fancy.
1 ho object ot this is to prevent iii-aud-iu
breeding, us that tends to degener
ate our barnyard fowls at a rapid rate
All of the fancy breeds, except small
iramo nnd Brahnias, wore commended,
and the ouly objection to tho last
named was from a bad habit iu setting
and not making good mothers. I tic
hens are heavy and clumsy, aud liable
to break many of their eggs in setting.
At tho same time, a Hironir dash of
lilood from this breed is a good thing
to keep up size ; but the pure-bred
Bruluuas are only desirable fur a cross,
and that only at loug intervals.
1 One farmer had been iu the habit
of making a new cross annually, by the
purchase of a setting of eggs from somo
well-defined breed, and he has become
well satisfied that this is tho best
course to be pursued, as it is certain to
give him good, healthy- chicks and
plenty of eggs. Six years ago ho star
ted with a lot of common fowl, and his
first effort at improvement was with
the large breed of game-chicks. The
hens proved first-rate layers, excellent
mothers aud r.'ady to civc battle to
any stranger, cat or dog that dared to
invade tho poultry domain. Among
his best layers are four hens of that
cross. The Domiuick, and other largo
breeds have taken turns, aud will no
doubt continuo to do so. After sup
plying a family of five persons, his
sales of eggs have been from sixty to
eighty dollars a year. Other members
corroborated this statement, and it may
bo taken as tho sense of the club in re
gard to tho value of select breeds for
the farmer who raises chickens and
eggs, first for family uc, and a small
surplus for market.
CHEAP ICE HOt'SES.
At the meeting of tho Ehnira (N Y.)
Farmers' Club it was argued that a
heap ice-house could be made out of a
simple well roofetl enclosure, without
hollow walls and pits, or any C03tly ap
paratus ; six inches of space should be
left next the sides all around, into
which clean sawdust should be clo?ely
packed and the ice packed with a foot
of the dust. The ice is cut into large
blocks aud made to fit at the joints as
closely as convenient, but whero tho
edges are jagged ho fills iu with poun
ded ice or sawdust the latter being
tho cheapest. Drainngo is important,
but if the house stands on porous soil,
or is so elevated that tho water will
run off readily, it answers every pur
pose. Ice lias becu kept several years
iu such a building, nine feet square
aud the same iu height, the sides being
ouly of inch boards. hen ice is ta
ken out, bo careful to keep all cavities
covered with sawdust, or it will waste
away rapidly. Iu answer to a question
as to the cost of a house fourteen feet
square, it was answered that S50 would
pay for it and tho "awdust ; and, built
of cheap lumber, it might cost only
S25. In packing, spent tan or cut
straw would answer nearly as well as
CORN AS FUEL.
A curious state of affairs exists iu
some portions of tho West. Farmers
are not ouly burning corn for fuel at
the present time, but laying iu supplies
to serve for the winter. It is asserted
that coru gives a better heat for cook
ing purposes than any woodt excepting
hickory, whilo, for economy of con
sumption, it is cheaper. Hard wood
on tho spot costs 67.50 per cord, corn
85. (10. As compared with coal, it is
estimated that three tons of corn will
givo heat equal to ono ton of, coal,
while iu economy of use, it is equal to
one aud a half tons of tho latter.
That this is an unpleasant commen
tary upon our facilities for transporta
tion caunot be domed. The cost of
food hero in tho East is notoriously
largo, aud it is equally tiuo that living
expenses havo iu but n, small degree
decreased since the darkest period of
the war. Yet, such aro the rates of
freight or tho fewness of carrying lines
that it seems a better paying operation
to bum food than to send it to Eastern
markets fur sale.
A contemporary aptly suggests that
evidence is hero afforded of tho gradual
diminution of our forests, a serious
fac to which wo havo frequently ad
verted. There are strong efforts boini;
made by tho National Bureau of Ag
riculture, as well as by stato societies,
to protect tho growiug timber, and
suggestions from these sources should
bo heeded aud acted upon. If, as tho
burning of grain implies, the woodland
in the neighborhood ot corn-producing
districts in tho West has becomo so
sadly depleted, it is tiuio that protec
tive means were adopted aud effectivo
moans inaugurated which will at least
supply tho deficit to future inhabitants
of tho oountry. Coru may mako ex
cellent fuel tor future generations, but
it will scarcely answer as a material
from whioh houses or furniture can ba
constructed. Scientific American,
DON'T Willi1 HIM.
Our Ilabr wa pinching the kitten
And kicking hi primmer about,
And pulling a beetle to piece,
III face all awry with a pout ;
IIli mamma, who, silent and patient,
Had biard all hi trotting and nolne,
.Now reached for the whip on the niautle-
fho terror of four-year-old boy,
Hut crandma, with snow white 'kerchief
I'lnnod over her warm, lolng breat,
Wlnre ten little heart had been pillowed,
And rocked into childhood' tweot rent,
Looked up from her little wool itocklng,
Jut llnlihod and laid on her kuee,
And uid : "Hear, jou'll ruin hli temper,
Vou hail far bcttel let the child be.
"Don't whip him ! Hl father before him
Was flogged and ahut up iu the dark,
And Mood on one foot in thu corner,
And disciplined up to the mark;
We gave him no credit for honor.
Hut watched him a plder watch tile.
And what did it teach him f Why, mainly,
To practice deceit aud tell Ilea.
"We called It affection and duty
(lod know we were tond of the boy
Hut I giiCM hi remembrance of childhood
Ij not qulto a well-spring ol Joy,
So put up that willow whip, daughter,
And try little Hobby once more f
You tee he' forgotten his paiklon,
Aud lies, htlfaalecp, on the Ilo jr."
The grandmother lifted her darling,
Aud patted hi head on her bicast,
And sing an old favorite ditty,
Till all Hobby' woe were ut rest.
And to tho wee whip, bright and yellow,
Was laid on the mantel again,
And that I the way these grandma
Spoil nine little boy out of ton.
WASTE OF FOOD.
A farmer who has an nbundancc of
food for his stock may not feel the ne
cessity of practising economy, and
while fecdiug large quantities may
think he is doiug his whole duty to
To L'ive animals more than they ac
tually need to keep them healthy and
iu good condition is a waste, and the
prudent farmer will endeavor to learn
the exact quantity of each kind under
certain conditions, aud then supply it
accordmdly. iiut the conditions un
der which stock arc placed has much
to!o with tho quantity of food required;
for an animal exposed to the cold of
winter without protection will need lar
more than one kept in a warm stable,
and it is just hero that many farmers
waste a largo amount which might bo
with proper care placed on the profit
side of the farm accounts.
Tho clothes which wo wear aud the
shelter for our domestic animals serve
in winter as an equivalent for a certain
amount of food, aud the more warmly
we are clothed, and the better sheltered
our animals, within certain limits, the
less food will be consumed. Licbig
says: "If wo were to go naked like
certain savage tribes, or if iu hunting
aud fishing we were exposed to tho
same degree of cold as the Samoydes,
we should bo able with ease to con
sume ten pounds of flesh aud perhaps
a dozen tallow candles into the bargain
daily, as warmly clad travelers have
related with astonishment of these peo
ple. Wo should then be able to take
the same quantity of brandy or train
oil without bad effects, becauso the
barbon aud hydrogen of these substan
ces would only suffico to keep up the
equilibrium and that ot our bodies."
A want of attention to the effect of
comfortablo external heat upon the in
ternal nlimcnt, causes an annual waste
of many millions of dollar's worth of
winter provender in America alone.
How often do wo see farmers carrying
out bay, straw or corn-stalks iu win
ter and spreading them upon snow
banks, so that tho animals, to obtain
food, must stand uot ouly iu the suow
but exposed to cold winds whilo ob
taining a poor and scanty meal. Ani
mals will not tako sufheicut time to
masticate their food, or even cat enough
under such unfavorable circumstances,
any more than a man would who was
obliged to cat his dinner under the
same conditions, and it is' not only
cruelty to animals, but a waste of tho
products of the soil to feed stuck in this
This is but one of the numerous
"leaks " that occur iu tho system gen
erally followed by our farmers. Taking
the whole country together we may
safely assert that twenty per cent, of
tho food saved by feeding stock m
winter is wasted just for tho want of
shelter for our animals. Wo do not
suppose that our farmers are really
willfully negligent iu these matters,
but they havo never given tho subject
any attention. 'They do just as their
fathers did before them, aud perhaps
some of them still believe that these
animals aro mado more hardy aud
vigorous by exposure to hardships.
Such things aro often talked of among
larmors, aud wc havo heard men declare
that young colts should bo allowed to
run iu tho barn-yard in winter exposed
to tho cold, aud havo nothing but
coarso food to eat, iu order to make
them tough and hardy.
But tlr.s kind of acclimation is not
practised among tho breeders of im
proved stoolc, and tho best horses or
cattle of wiy kind aro not raised iu
this way. It is timo that this waste
upon tho farm was cuded, aud wo be
Hove that every man who will try to
ascertain tho truth of our assertion,
that twenty per cent, of tho food cau
bo savod by giving warm winter quart
ers, will bo satisfied with tho results.
It is by atteudiug to all these apparent
ly unimportant things that our Eastern
farmers aro enabled to coiupoto with
aud often excel the Western fanner in
the profits of cattle raising. Where
there is nothiuc wasted there is pretty
sure to bo something gained. Now
A SIGHT OF CAltLYLE.
I had imagined that tho next best
thing to seeing England would be to
see Scotland ; but as this latter pleas
ure was denied mo, certainly tho next
best thing was seeing Scotland's great
est son. Carlylc has been so constantly
and perhaps justly represented as a
stormy and wrathful person, browing
bitter denunciation from America and
Americans, that I cannot forbear to
mention tho sweet and genial mood in
which wo found him a gontto and
affectionato grandfather, with his de
licious Scotch broguo and rich melo
dious talk, overflowing with reminis
cences of his earlier life, of Scott, and
(Jocthe, and Edinburgh, and other
men and places he had known. Learn,
ing I was especially interested in bird?,
ho discoursed of the lark and nightin
gale and mavis, framing his remarks
about them in somo episode of his per
sonal experience, aud investing their
songs with double charm of his de
scription and his adventure.
"It is only geese who get plucked
there," said my companion after we
had left a man who had known Car
lylo intimately for many years ; "silly
persons who have no veneration for the
great man, aud come to convert him or
change his convictions upon subjects
to winch he has devoted a lifetime ol
profound thought and meditation.
With such persons ho has no pa
Carlylo had just returned from Scot
land, where ho had spent tho summer.
Tho Scotch hills aud mouutains, ho
said, had an ancient, mournful look, as
if tho weight of immeasurable time bad
settled down upon them. 'Their look
was iu Ossian bis spirit retlectcd
theirs, and as I gazed upon tho venera
ble man before mc and noted his home
ly and rugged, yet profound and mel
ancholy expression, I know that their
look was upon lum also, and that a
greater than Ossian had been nursed
amid those lovely hills, lew men iu
literature have felt tho burden of the
world, tho weight of tho inexorable
conscience as has Carlylo, or drawn
such fresh inspiration from the source.
However we may diner from lum (and
almost iu self-defence one must differ
from a man of such intenso and over
weening personality), it must yet be
admitted that he habitually speaks out
of that primitive silence aud solitude
iu which only tho licroio soul dwells.
Certainly not in contemporary British
literature is there auother writer whose
bowstring has such a twang. "From
London to ew lork, " by John bur
roughs, iu February Galaxy.
A valvable collection of Peruvian
antiquities has lately been added to the
ethnological section, of the Berlin
Museum. It consists of a number of
mummies, articles of pottery, aud other
remains. Three of the mummies are
completely clothed, and the fabrics
which from their wrappings will seivo
to show the state of textile art at a re
mote period among the Peruvians.
Ono of the mummies, that of a woman,
bears in its arms tho image of an infant
in clay. This collection also embraces
tho various objects usually found in
ancient Peruvian sepulchers, such as
the food bag, tho drinking cup, and
tho spindle and loom tiio last named
objects being found only in women's
tombs. These mementoes of extinct
American civilization aro very highly
prized in Berlin, as belonging to a do
i r.i J.. .,..: i
was almost without a representative iu
tho Museum. Scientific Miscellany iu
In a memoir prcseutcd to tho French
Academy of Science, M. llirn endeav
ors to show that tho rings of Saturn
aro not solid, continuous bodies, nor
yet fluid or liquid. Ho holds rather
that tlioy are simplo aggregations of in-
continuous matter, its parts being sep
arated from ono another by intervals
considerable extent, as compared
with their diameters. M. Hint claims
that this throry does not differ essen
tially from that of Laplace. Tho
rings ot saturn, accoruing to tins wri
ter, aro mado up of au infinite number
to tho refrigeration of tho original mat
ter. Hcnco tho only difference be
tween tho rings of Saturn and the sa
tellites of other plants would consist
merely iu tho greater number of the
smaller mass of the bodies which re
volve around the former. Scientific
Miicellany in February Galaxy.
HlNTB Foil You.nu Motheus. The
three requisites for babies aro plenty
of sleep, plenty of food, plenty of flan
nel. Tho saying that man is a bundle
grown children. If an infant is ac
customed from its birth to sleep from
six o'clock at night until daylight, tho
habit of early sleep will bo formed, aud
the mother may have all her ovcuiugs
to herself. If tho baby sleeps all night,
a long morning nap will naturally come
about dinner time, afte; which tho
child, except when very young, should
bo kopt awake until six o'clock. Per
sevcranco iu this routino will soon re
sult in sccuriug quiet evenings for both
tho child and parent. Some mothers
have a long season every morning aud
every night in getting tho baby asleep.
They rock them and sing them till
Morpheus enfolds them. With
most children this is entirely unneces
sary. An infant can bo accustomed, by
a tew days' training, to go to sleep
itself for a morning, nap as well as for
the longor rest at night. Journal of
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