Newspaper Page Text
J jllX 11. OBBRLY, Kdilor and Publlihb
TKKJtS Or THE DAtui a'ULLETLN :
On week, by carrier t 25
Oaoyearby carrier, Inadvsuco 10 00
One year by carrier tt not p ild In
THE CAIRO DAILY BULLETIN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1873.
THK DOLLAR WEEKLY IllLLLTIN
J oka H. Otarlr ha reduced the lubtcrip
oa price of the Waasxr Cairo Bulletin
On Dollar per annum, making It the
"cheapest papjrpUMhhoJ la Southern Illlnol
Or the christian denomination, Baptist
and CopKrcgallonalisls aro tald to .bo tho
deepest In tho Credit Moblllor mlro.
Ex-Qov. Jou.v Wood of Qulncy, III!
nols, irat tendered tho appointment of
railroad commissioner by Gor, Boveridge,
but declined to accept.
Got. Beveridgo hut appointod JuJgo
Win. H. Green of tbii city, on the (tote
board of education. Tho other appointees
nro Clvin Goudy of Chrlitlan county,
Thomi R. Leal of Champaign county,
and Enoch A. Oastman of Mncon county.
Th farmer of the itate show nodlipo-
iltlon to yield in their oppoiilion to tho
railroad monopolies. Convention! are be
ing held in all parts of the state, and tho
ipirlt o( all the proceeding how a de
termination to fight ringi, railroad and
monopolies, Jand to carry the quotion
into politic and vote for no man for any
publio office who will not alto fight ring,
mil road and monopolies Tho dccliion
of the supremo court of tho ttato in tho
Chicago and Alton railroad case, will not
tend to tranqullize tho oxcltod ttato ot
feollng ezltting among tho farming com
munity. It it not likely, however, that
thi cause of dissatisfaction will long ex
1st, the general sentiment of tho pcoplo
and the press being with tho farmors and
opposed to the grievances of which tho
simply logaltEeJ, but substituted for the
poll. To thi fluid mutt tbe function of
the voter be confined, and tba represonta
live elector there cboeea mart not simply
nominate, but appoint. All pualio officers.
Tbu the people, ttlscaralngilae sbaddw6T
power, win seetirn iu substance, uaiy
by thli changa of tho function of tha Voter
can mo ur.o or mo constituency or wmcn
be forms n nart be limited to tho ordinarv
clrclo of pursooal acquaintance, and tho
ireoman no enaDieu intelligently to a is
cnargo ill political duly.
It i the chief nurooso of this cssar
present a dovice by mean of which thi
viul obicct can be accomplished,
Tho conijituency of tho representative
elector tr.uil bo esiablisu&l by Jot. for
thi purpose let tba votors In a town
application of tho railroad jaeito tie
la qtioeetcn, the court say:;?" U
i "I he iavlolability or railroad caarttfej,
regardea in tka liht of contract, M aV
1BE state tomporanco convention met
in Springfield on tho 25th instant. A
constitution and by-laws wero adoptod
and offioors elected for tho ensuing year,
Djr.Fowlorof Chicago, was made presi-
.1 a mi. at . .
uudi. xuo ioiiowmg resolutions woro
adoptod, and tbo convontlon adjourned to
meet in l'ana on tho third Wednesday in
no, tho friends of temperance, osscm
bled at Springfield, Illinois, on thi 25th
day of Fnbruary 1873, hereby express our
urm conviction i mo need or unilod and
harmonious action on tbo part oC nil who
desire to see our present tomperanco law
enforced, and tbo full .fruiti thereof se
cured to tba bleating of tho unfortunate In
ebriato of to-day, and of tbo generation
yet to be.
Vie aro also convinced that Ihn nrln-l.
pie of total abitlnenco and cntlro tro-
uii.ii.ii.ii, nru mo uniy uuimnte rosuils to
which we mutt at a true aud loyal people
aspiro; and wo reaffirm our pledgoa to
uwo principles, in our own lives and
practice, as a duty wo owo to God, to our
elve, and the 'cuuso of justice and hu
inanity. Recognizing tbo effective labor and
Rlorlout acslevoments of tho various tom
prance organizations of pur state, wo
horeby earneitly'lnvite their oo-opomtlin
to unite In carrying ouUlie objects of tho
Stato Temperance organization of this
MB7 " 0L AYK'S TRU E METHOD OF
We" have received from Peter Cooper;
Esq, of New York, a pamphlet Jon the
'Truo Method of Representation in Largo
Constituencies," by O. C. 1 Clark, M. D.,
or Oiwego, New York, and which is
claimed by Mr. Cooper to be a "radical
'and thoroughgoing rcmedy.for tho alarm
ting abuie or party politics." That tho
abuses of party politics, which tho devel
opmenta of every day prove to.bo moroond
more astounding, i, alarming
is an assertion which needs no proof other
man mat xurnunoa by tho example of
such prominent men as Colfax, Pomcroy,
Harlan, Caldwell, and on down through
the scale of corrupt public officials whoso
sins have found them out. That thee a
I I abates mutt be remedied, and that speed
" 8 ily, to Hho end that Republican govern
j ment in the United States bo not made the
j means byvbieh bad men aro lifted into
1 power, thence to work its destruction, is a
1 truth which all good citizens feel to
bo an Important one; and how this
end is In bo accomplished, or
an effort made in that direction, it a
I question alike Important and interesting
to tho good citizen. Tho plan proposed
i by Mr. Clark may or may not bo a good
onehut lis ol)eot, a.reform incur method
of representation by which tho best men
Toftho country may bo introduced Into its
iofllccsof publlo trust, is good, without
'doubt, .ur. uiaric amrm tbut the root
of tbo dlfflculty. viz : tho elevation of
corrupt men to high political position lies
ln tho caucus system, a system by which
wire-puller and bllot-bor stuffers In
1'each party manage everything." Mr.
'Clark does not proposo to do away with
the systom. In order that our readers
may form an Idea of hi "true method of
representation," we subjoin tbo following
xtracU'from Mr. Clark's pamphlet , ,
There itf But one retort. We m.ni
fc Jeaioa from politicians themselves, it
tba catjeue-ctuxen aeUeates. falielr
Maiming to representtbe people, that now
iaCect'"lct and appolut all
io ucetloasries. We must maka
liM-ayor or tbe palace kinz. The
iaople matt transfer tbe privileco uf
ieaMBf imnjr servants, now nominally
karcteatj tw.iae oauownox, vo representa-
raMifjiji; Xba caucus must be, not
ward be registered. Lot their names' bo
publiclr drawn br tho prnpor authorities
a tbo name of juror aro now drawn for
ino nancl. till tbo wboio aro divided. lv
tlltle, or nundteai, or omor suitaoioouin-
br, into a many lists as tne resistor win
fill. Lot each such list conttl
tute a primary electoral constituency,
Let this constituency bo assembled at soon
as convenient after tho drawing, and after
notice to its memoers, una proceed, retired
by itself lileo a Jury, to chooso It repre
sentative elector. Let tbit establishment
of constituencies and choice of representa
tive electors De repeated every two year,
or as ofton at may bo judged expedient.
i."t citizens no rorbidden to decline in
ufflco of elector.
Ibis constituency should not bo limited
in its choice to us own mombers, but
hould bavo tbo ranco of tho town or
ward of which it mlith. form a part, in
votlnc tbe roll should be called, and vot
ing tbould bo by ballot or viva voce, as
each voter might prefer. It might be
wei: to provide that in case ol insu
perablo disagreement in a constituency it
hould bo ruprosontod, In duo proportion,
by mo two wno naa received tne largest
number of votes. It is believed, however.
that utidor tbit system party feeling end
other dittractine and IlletsltlmMe lnduen-
co would, alter a nine lime, io disappear
trom mo puonc mina inai unison ot sen
timent would not bo difficult to obtain.
Undoubtedly tbit plan will work belter
and better with the progress ot time nnd
.Let tuo body or representatives so
chosen in any ward or town constitute a
collecoof electors for tbe officers of such
ward or town, ana appoint in public set-
ion ana viva voce, us supervisor. Its
justices of the peace-, its town agent, its al
derman, ana an us oincr lunctionarles.
Lot them also appoint ono or moro olec
tors of a hihor class to ropretont them
and tho pooplo for whom they act, in a
manor coucco tor mo selection oi countv
officers, mombers of attemblv. and state
senators. Tbo olectort so chosen in an as
sembly district should appoint Its mens,
bsrs of assembly, tboso choson fu a son
Htorlal district, its senator, and so on.
In llko manner, this secondary col logs
in every county should chooso a still
higher grado or electors, to reprosont it in
a higher electoral collcgo in tbe appoint
ment of tbo executive functionaries of tho
stato and tho high judiciary.
Tbo voto or an doctor in any grade
should havo weight in his collcgo accord
ing to tho number or registered voter
that ho might represent.
This gradation could not rail to securo in
tho hichor collcco of elector men nlckod
out not only for their high and established
character, but also for tholr understanding
of tho exigencies of tho public aervico and
irr meir acquaintance witn tne men test
Gtted to meet them. The mero nomina
tion of a member of congress or presldon
tlal elector by a body of such mon. sneak
ing for their concessional district, could
not fail to prevail against any combina
tion of politician or any device of party
Thus any stato adopting this system would
rorelvo It full advantacea even while it
had not yot been introduced into tho fed'
TITK PEOPLE OP THE STATE
OF ILLINOIS EX REL. THE
COMSirsSIONERS OP RAIL
ROAD AND WARE
HOUSES VS. TnE CHI
CAGO AND A MON
APPEAL FROM THE "CIRCUIT
COURT OP McLEAN
from tho Illinois Stnto Register.
Thu opinion of tbu supremo court Was
dollverea by Chief Justice Lawrence, and
tiled on tbu ii'd lnt.
Tbo suit originated in tho circuit court
of McLean county, in the nature of a quo
tcurranto, was heard before that court nua
Judgment renaored, ousting tbo railroad
of iu franchise. Appeal was taken to
tho supreme court, mid, after hearing,
judgment of reversal, of tho decision bo
low was rendeiod. The court considered
but ono point, and to it an exhaustive con
sideration is givon. Tbo opinion occupies
twenty-sevon pages of closely written
legal cap. Wo bad intended to givo tbe
wuolo opinion enliro; but as only one
point is decided, and that tho important
one in this controversy, we bavo concluded
to divest tho decision of much of its vor
biago and give only such portions of it
as bear upon tho real question in issue.
This is, was there unjust discrimination
made in exacting ireigbt for transporting
lumbor from Chicago to Lexington, a dis
tance of ono hundred and tun mile ?
The supreme court say ;
"Tho record bring beforo the supremo
court tbe proceeding upon an Information
in tbe naturo of a ono warranto, filed bv
tbe railroad commissioner, setting forth
that tho company, in violation of law, had
repcaieuiy cuargca auu roceivca lor trans
porting lumber from Chicago to Lcxinc
ton, a dlsunco or one hundred and ten
miles, tbe sum or lire dollar and sixtv-
Uvo cent per one thousand root, while at
tuo tamo timo It bud only charged for
transportation oi into lumber irom wnlca
go to Uloomlncton. a distance oi one bun.
drod and twenty-six miles, tho sum of five
dollars per ono thousand feet. Tbo conip-
uiijr lueuucu, vj way ot ueiume, ii Quar
ter, and alleged that tho rates of toll from
Chicago to Lexington wero, in fact, reason
able, while tbe rate from Chicago to
Uloomington woro unreasonably low, and
wero established because of tbe compoli
tlon, at tbe latter point, with tho Illinois
Central Railroad company. To tbit ploa
tbo relators demurred. Tbo demurrer was
sustained, a judgment of ouster was pro
nounced against tbe company, and its
franchise was declared forfeited, 1'rom
Its judgment tho company appealed.
"The question involved in tbit case is
tbo constitutionality of tbe 'act to prevent
unjust discriminations and extortions in
the rates to bo charged by tbe different
railroad in thi stale for tbo transporta
tion of freight on (aid roads,' approved
July 1st, 1871. The provisions of ibis
act, which are quoted, are io well known,
that it It unnecessary here to reproduce
them, the tubttanco being that ratet of
transportation mutt bo uniform, and tbe
chartse uniform for uniform distances."
Alter declining to ontor upon the wide
field of discussion to which tbe court i
iovltd by the proposition of counsel,
irom a sent of Impropriety of discussing
principles not necessarily Involved In tba j
ceded, bttl theeourt M6ld tbit the Its
Mire hat tho olearest right to pass an act
io prevent unjust discrimination la rail
way freights, and to 'enlorce its obser
vation by appropriate penalties.
'Tho ground of this opinion is, in brief,
tbe nature of tho function and duties ex
ercised by a railroad company, which are
inoso ot a common carrier. Nothing can
excuse a common carrier lor mo Ilon-uo
livery or goods received by him for 'car
riaire, excpt tho act cf God. or of tlm
public enemy. Tbis stringent liability is
uv uauiuu iu uu courier oi too raurond
corporations in mis state, and yet lb
supremo court Ha flrrolv hold them
it not permitting them lb ovado it by
notice, or by any means short of snoclal
contract with tbo shipnor. to which his
I TOO aSSont must bo ibuwn In liava (.nun
given. I( common carrlors, in tbo lan
guago of Chief Justice liolt, exorcise a
(uoiig employment,' toon it necessarily
follows that they must deal with the pub-
no miny arm wnnoui unjust discrimina
tion. It is not necessary that this ll.bill
ly, any more than the othnr. ahmiM tut
staled in tho cbartnr. It is implied. A
corporation, discharging tbo Unties of a
common carrier, nas tne samo rights, and
i suljoct to tbe tame restriction and
limitation, as an individual In tho oxor.
else or tbo samo function."
Tbo court then proceeds to consider the
question oi unjust Ulicriminutlon, and
show that it has been discussed before
Hie court, nnd decided by It In tho sevoral
cases set forth in tho opinion. It then
"Conceding what is claimod for tbe rail
road charter a contract, tho constliii'
tlunal powor of tho legislature to prohibit
unjust discrimination rest upon a firm
foundation. Tbo counsel for appellant do
nos aistinctiy assert a rig lit, on tbe part ot
tus company, to mako unjust discrimina
tion. The court understands them, in
tho conclusion of their argument to con-
cedo tbo power of tho legislaturo to pro-
uiuii iucu discriminations ; but may in
sist that no discrimination is unjust, if tho
person against wnom it is mado is not
himself charged an unreasonablo rata.
They thereforo averred, in their plea lo
the Information, that their Charcot for
freight to Lexington, wero in fact reasona
ble, and thoso to Jiloomiugton were un
Oomini;, thou, to tbo real difficulty, tho
court says :
" Uut, iu tha opinion or tbo court, if tbo
act of tho loglslaturo had directed its pen
alties, as it should have done, not "gainst
all discriminations, but only against un
just discriminations, and had made thai
the issue to bo tried, it would havo been no
aniwer to aver, In the ploa, that the larger
rale for the less distance, wore reasonable
rale. That would bavo had only an
argumentative boaring upon tbo Issuo to be
tried, to-wit: Tho oxistunco ofanunlust
discrimination bolweou uuighboriug towns.
What is a reasonnblo nito of freight over
a railroad Is, at host, a mero mutter of
opinion, depending on a groat variety of
complicated facta which but few persons
could intelligently investigate, and which
it would bo wholly in tho power or tbe
company to furnish or withhold, Rail
road exports might bo produced who
would testify that, in their opinion, tbe
rata to Lexington, in the presont caso,
was a rvasonublo rate, but tho fact
that a less rato was charged for
tho groator distunco to Dloominctun. if
the difference was pormanentlv estubliih.
ed, and not a casual difference, and if it
could bo explained only bv tbu fact ih.t
thero was a compotlog line al ono place
and not at tho other, might bo woll accep
ted as conclusive proof that the rata to
iiuxtngion was not a reasonable rate, ho
only isuo to bo mado under aWnmn.
erly framed, would bo whether thero was
an unjust discrimination or not. If, on
the trial of such an issuo, tho prosecutor
proves it peimanently established discrim
ination, like that dUclosed by tbo present
recoru, auu mo coiapany can show no
omvr reason ror II tnuu mo exitteuco of a
competing lino lit tbe favored point, the
def'uuto must, bo hoid unsatisfactory,
uutnimiuuuuig mmuiBea juay testily
that they believe, as a matter ot
theoretical opinion, that tbo rates to
Lexington aro reasonublo. They can
not be reasonable, and tlm dli.
crlralnutlon must bo unjust if tho lessor
rates ror the ureater dUianco hate Lnnn
otlubllsuod merely because tbe company
ha ceased to exercise, ut that point, u
practical monopoly, xi cannot be sup
posed that either or tho competing lines
would establish a very permanent rate of
charges upon a acalo that would not fur
nish a remunerative price. Tbo rates to
Bloomington would bo established undor
the influenco of a fair competition, which
by tbe ordinary laws that govorn com
merce, might bo relied upon as establish
ing a rato not unreasonably low. At Lox-
ington tbey would bo established by tbo
uncontrolled discretion or the company,
and it should not cause surpriso, if they
were Uxed unreasonably high. If tho
ratos aro not unreasonably low at Rlooin
ington, they are unreasonably high at
Lexington. If tbey are unroasonablv
low at liioomington andatull other points
touched by competing lines. Is it not cor.
lain that tbe company will Indemnify it-
sen ty cnarging ni mo stations wbero
there Is no competition, a rate unrcasona.
blyhigh? And will not a discrimination
arising solely from such a cause, bo neces-
tariiy an unjust and Injurious discrlmlna
lion, as to ail persons shipping or recolv
lug freights at the non-computing stations?
it juexingion is a town wbero
considerable business Is done, it Is
evident that this discrimination of
rates, if permanently established.
will diminish its business and check its
growth. It was never intended or ex
pected that these corporations should use
their power to benefit particular Individu
als, or buna up particular localities by ar
bitrary discrimination in tholr favor that
must cause injury to olbor porsons or
piaees engaged in rival pursuits or occu.
pying rival positions. It Is in vain to say,
in defenso or such discriminations, mado
without just cause, that the rato of charges
against tho Injured person or locality is a
reasonable rale, and thereforo no injury Is
dono. An Injury, at a matter or tact, is
committed in the manner just suggested,
and tho legislature ho tho rUfat to ro
quiro tho corporation lo show a' sufficient
cause ror the discrimination which pro
duce tho Injury, and it cannot bo permit
ted to ovado tbe issuo by raising tho specu
lative inquiry as to whether tho rates
charged against the Injured parlios or lo-
cniinoi are not, auor an, reasonable rates,
Kvon it reasonable, when regarded in ref
erence to tho profit upon tho capital in
vested In tbe road, thoy aro not reasonable
in tho urto sense of the term, if no satis
factory roaion can be given for charging
less rates for tbe same or, greater sorvlces
rendered to persons doing business with
the company at neighboring stations."
Tbo court, conceding that tbe objoct of
tbo law under which tbis suit was brought
Is clearly witbin legislative powers, pro!
coeds to consider whottor there uro de
fects In the details or the law needinK
amendment, berore it can be executed,
such defects, it concludes, da ktIo it
just or unreasonable discrimination Is ror-
hi (I Hon !, .1 1 . '
v ', "" iaw to common
carriers, and also by tbe contltutlon of II.
Ilnois. Tbe lancuava uod
Just discriminations may bo made, and
that the legislature shall be confined to a
prohibition of unjust ones. But. sar tlm
Dllttheact lllftlf MM fntllia. Tl
forbids any discrimination whatever, tin-
der any circumstances, and whether Jnrt
or unjust, in tho charges for transporting
the samo classes of 'freight! overequal
distancos, even though moving in ioppo
no uireotioni, mmm aoes ; not periuil
tho companies to show that tho dtierimi
nation is not unjust. The moro proof of
uisuiseriminniion maneeoui a case against
tnu railway companies, wnicii lliey are
not allowed to meet by ovldenco showing
tho reatou or proprloty of tbo discrimina
tion, and then, upon tnis sort or ex parti
tiial, imposes, as a penalty fur tho uUeme
a forfeiture of tbe franchise, which would
often be equivalent to n lino of millions of
raendable, but such a proceeding, to bo
rollowod by such a penalty ror mo first
otTense, cannot be sustained, Itcould only
havo been authorized through tho inad
vertence or tho legislaturo. Tho law, as
It now stand, makes an olfento out or an
act whlrli might bo shown not to bean of-
lente. but me oxorciso or a wiso d Iter a.
tlon, really beneficial to tbo people or tha
state, ana wiuie debarring mo companies
from nil right of explanation, conistatcs
tholr franchise upon tho first conviction.
"Tho summary application of excessive
penalty is considered by me court viola.
tive uf the spirit of tho constitution, which
authorize law wftfa penalties to tha ax.
tont, if necessary, of forfeiture of property
"Thenakod fact that n railwav enm.
panv chari.es a larger sum for inn
inc freight of tho samo class ovor lvn
distance, than it Is charging for tbe samo
dlstnnco ovor another part of Iu road, or
iu tho opposito direction, is nm. nr u..ir
conclusive evidence or an union dlmrim.'
(nation. Tko, for Instanco, the road of
me appomni. Willi ono ttrtn nn m S'M
cago ana me omr at iast St. Louis. At
onu season oi the year moro fre eht am
inoTiuK irom uoicaffo ot'irrii K..t u,
liOtus man in tbo opposite direct on. Th
consequence, or course, fs thut tbo supply
or empty cars at tho Utter point will be
in excess of the demand. There Is a wa
ter routo betweon these points, which also
touches several intormedlato stations upon
tho. road. Now, unless tho railway com
pany is permitted, under such el renin.
stances, to Induce shipments ovor Its lino
by lowering Its freights, it is evident that
a portion of it car will remain itmntr.
This would, or course, nccossltato a higher
l'iihiku iur iruigut moving toward bt,
Loui than It would bo ncccssarv to Im
pose ft tbo return frecht rnntd tn
cured by lowering tho ratos on tho return
' Tho real nbuso which tho WMitnrn
was enJenvorlng to provont, va not uch
proper discriminations at thoso Just sup
posed, but tha practice which bad become
general among tho railways, of charging
n blghor compensation for carrying thu
agricultural product of tho ttato to mar-
Koi wnen snipped at a station where there
was no competition than when shipped nl
a station whoro thero was such coiiinoll.
tlon, although tho distance over which tho
ireigni wa. cnrrlod in tho latter caso,
might greatly excoed tho distaaco in thu
former. Tho tamo svstem alio urovntli.,1
in regard to tho freight from Chicago to
points in tho Intorioi, nthoug1i probably
not felt to bo socreat an evil. 1-ordi.
llqitnatlons of this character, when adon.
tod ta system, tho court can tee neither
uttlllcation nor excuse: but nuvorihelMt
It Is tbo right of a com panv, when proso-
ilunoisceAral r It
Blftstr BUIeaUielkoHeat Koate
KO CHANGE OP CARS
FROM CAIRO TO
ST. LOUIS OR CHICAGO
ONLY ONE CHANGE OP CARS
nu niffm qvi
Cincinnati, i'. lunaooll. Toledo.
ufrA' Clevelaed, Mcra hlls
;.r.:" r,r,,,a, vv uniniion
uwumore, Fftlladflphta, Utw York.
Boston and all nuiata aus.
Mitwankle, Jaautllla, Madlaon,
LaCroata, . Bt. Paul aad all polaU nortli.
Thi I also the oolv dlri Milt tit
P;a(ur, BloomlDglon, SlpnnitolJ,
IVorla, Uulncr, Kookuk.
HjM- men, ' rr'ri
uiwaa, unbuqae, Pious ullr.
unana and all to nt northw..t.
Elegant Drawing Room Bleoplng Ca
jh mn iiignt x rains.
Btage Cheeksd to all Important point.
ror nctai and iDrormalmn, apply to 1. 0. R.R
?-,.,.',ri.,-,I" on fcJ. ,n" ' auamir be
twn Oolamtio aed Cairo, and at In prlnolpa
"'?. JleA " tht ouihout lbs south.
w. JOllKillN. OfD'l Fa. Ag'l. Cblcato.
A. MiTcaiii, Otn'l 8upi. Chicago.
J. JOHNaON, Ag't Cairo.
oFUINGFIELD AND ILLINOIS
owuxuuAaTJCKN K. R.
On and aftor Monday, Anrll 84th, 19T2
iraiua win run a I0II0W1!
tis oqixo sor-inttiT.
bearo Vlrtlnia- (.40 a. m .........
pprlnKfllil- s.o ' ,
TurlorsllldM.... lo ft
Armral l'ana. u.te
"i ooixa Moirnvtsr,
I.a I'ina 4,ui a. m
" TiTlur.ill. 1 in it
i.o pprintnriii. a.s
Armea! Vlisinia 8.5
..S M a. m
taaiit Ofliaa ncinr.
U-ae Kdgwood .5.30 a. m. - .10.18
Klnrik A II in
Arrlf at ahawntM'n .3 " ....".".'."..ft IS
etited on tbo grounbVof unul discrlmlna'
lion, to oner wnai os -oo it can bv war
e "Beforo tha act can bo cn.
forced, it should bo so amended a to cor-
rupond with tho requirement or tho consti
tution bydlrecting its prohibitions against
unjust discriminations, ltshould malm ilm
chargihg or a greater compeusutlou Tor a
ien ontancc, or ror tho samo distanco,
morely prima facio ovldenco of unjust
discrimination, instead of axclitsive evi
dence, at it now is, and it should glvo to
;" companies mo ngnt ol trial by
jury, not only on tho fact of discrimination
but upon tho issue whothcr such discrim
ination Is just or not.
Tho conclusion reached by tho court is
thus stated :
"Whllo tbo legislaturo has an unques
tionable power to prahlblt unjust discrim
ination in railway freights, no prosecution
can bo maintained undor tho existing act
until amended, becauso 't does not pro
hibit unjust discriminations morely, but
discriminations of an v character. nd b.
causu It does not allow tho comnanlna In
pxplain tho reason of tho discrimination,
but rorfoits their rrenchtso upon an arbi
trary nnd conclusive presumption or guilt,
to bo drawn rrom tho prooror nn act that
migiu oo snown io bo porlectly innocent.
In thnso particulars tho existing act vlo
latns tbo spirit or tha cnmtltutlnn Tl,
Judgment orthu circuit court, ousting tho
f.'i'iiii ui ita irancnise, must, thcreioto.
M ilN CmWHH NTMECT,
CAltMI, - ILLINOIS.
lood stahlini? ennnprtKil will. iln. Imn...
nnd Kiniplo room furi oiiimcn lal traiclcrn.
Krcp mnnlhii. and from nil trains.
6 md. J. M. DAMIlON. I'ronrlelor.
On Commercial avenue, between Twcllt
nud Thirteenth strcetf.
OULSTS WILL FIND OOODKOOMS AND
TIIK VKRV BEST OK nP8
A.T THIS HOTJSE:
TranIcnt ratronage Solicited.
1-mtf EujES Mcc'ATilY, I'ropr.
rALL AiND WINTER '73
C. HAN NY.
KKSTTUOKT JXAMS, TXTRA,
LARGE STOOK OF 0AHFJ5TING
Ills Kb tire Htook
VERY LOW FIGURES.
OORMKH 8tH BT. AND OOUMX&OlAL-AY.,
CKO. P. FAT, Proprietor.
trains'60 kPt day and night for boat, and
TERMS TWO DOLLARS PER DAV.
Ohio Lcvce, corner of SUtth street,
2'1 f. CAIRO, ILLS
ST. JAMKS HOTEL,
Northeast Corner Public Square.
A. CARUTH PrJfrivr,
, This house has recently Ua rviid uud
lurnisncu newly throiiKbout. Jt . wutvtiL
cnt to the busloeaa bouct wj tUt ovun-
mw.v. uuou aampie rooms.
Homo Advrtiwtiifkifa. I Our Home Advertisers.
SELLING 0P AT COST
JflAOARA, H. T.,
t eet !
OntlAMlA, sr. T,,
HAKovaa, ir. r,
BirUBMC, H. T,
Comprising Ihc Undrwrltr'AasMy,
IS SSSSISMtSIIIISSISISSSSSSMMt ST I 4M
MRS. MARGARET JACKSON
Formerly Swander, Intending ta remove
to Kentucky, desire to dlspoie or her large
and elegant stock of
Immedlatoh-. In oMer to ftcllltUta the solo
of her goods, Mrs. Jackson btt determined
to offer tho
ENTIRE STOCK AT COST
And lavftes the ladles el Cairo and viV'iUy
to call on her If Iter. ddr mod h.K.m.
.TM an oo Mrs. Jackson's
GOODS ARE ALL NEW
lonabln mllllntrv at At ni4i TrtM? 1.!!
eonalrt, rTblwna,,'flowcra, bo
ladlea u ndsrwear. etc. eto. ' li-joti
viaxuiK's rvHD, a. r..
' ilOnsUTT, N. T. UAWNlt,
arorm. iwaiiinM. Wtt , ..ti. .j
manent areurltv will wnrrant. r
NHW Mlt.t.tuinv . r . ta r.
W. II, Mcrni,
II. M. 1'aadea
Wo. fob. aad tf.tt.Oom
LATKST FAtt AMD WttSTM
HaaitM a tall lis of
FIRE, HULL. CARGO, LIVE STOOK
NORTH AMKRICA. PA.,
BoasriiTaaars ac hats
ITrimraJ sad natnramad.t
FhCWCU KbOWKRU, RIBBONS, TRIttMINUI
or an aiod., Iao, .
lira. Mcfla. ! iiu . i.... .
Fancy AillclM.iuchiT " "" o
NCOK Tl.S. OMMta. UNDKKSI.Kvn
KHPrH.BAHIIlH, FAIUS, '
Ani all oitit rarticls usually fousd Is
FIRST-CLASS MILLINERT STORK
.,M,joi Mik. McOee. in addlUon to bar etock of
ancr anu Millinery Goods, bat a Itntoae and
niplote utertment of cininn.n ...
t.TU,ooooo code Ladles' and Misses' Hboes and Chll-
mmat uoota. Mlack ami in r.nlnr, Tk...
reacknowledgod to be tho finest and best
lunrni, anu mi in tii nn
" . ....-..IIJSI,! H
INTERNATIONAL, N. Y.,
' m.ft,SU,as I
" - 518,73 M
thcclty that makes them a apeclalty
AMKRICAM CENTRA L, MO.,
OONNKOTICOT MUTUAL. LIFX.
. M...t,ooo,eoo oo
TIUVELKIW, UARTFORK. L1K AND
" -- ,ri ii ii i, I
RAILWAT rAHURNOERS At8U1UNCK
T..eif .. V)0 000 00
S AFFORD, MORRIS &CANDKK,
71 Olsla SVTw.
HARRY WALKER Prop'r.
Tbis house is newly Cited up wit
And two flae
EUTONIA LIFE INSURANCE
OT CHIOAOO, ILLINOIS.
Cxxr'L.OrricK, 172 WasiiikqtomSt.
Thi German Lire lnmrinca rnmnnr
guarantee not only Paid-up Policies but
also a alue In Caah on the Non-forfeiture
JENNY LIND TABLES
with the br
ftllTV A IT TT n U"
W1MKM AMU tAHOVtui.
NEW YORK STORE,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. .
LABQIST VABiriT STOCK IK THK CITT
GOODS SOLD VEBY CLOSE, '
Oorsser or Mlsteteesttli street sutsl Casta
R. SMYTH & CO.,
Also kaep oonstaatly on band a most com
plu atoek or
scotch avd iaisn wnisKixa
-a i N 8.-
Port, Maderia, Sherry and Catawba Win
RJT". co; " ese ulte y for eah,so
. whloh fact they Invlta the apwlal alMo-
F. M. STOOK FLE TH ,
teotirfer nuA Wlsoleaala Deale 1st
ril anu oomtmuB
WINES AND LIQUORS
No. G2 Ohio Lxvke,
KkriDlOn hand eonitinilv Snli .i..w.
OU Kentucky bourbon. Kve and MononU
WDIaklei, Krone h Hraailf, I'l l ,u
no nnd nallfornla Wlnaa
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
WINES AND LIQUORS
Commomlal Ave., Cor. llth Kt.
Ahvava nn liainl n mmnlv nf c.v..i.
Loudon l'nrter. Itrnmnn Rn.r l'h.r(,n..a'
Amlaett, Alarascclno mid ller.neasy Urundy!
Ale, Porter and 'alt til l, nlf to be found on
Fare from Liraarooi,
Fare! from Lovdcvdibbt
Fare from Glajioow,
Fare from Qumitstowk
CAIRO, i i i t i i j s4 8 30
Btflofd, Jlortls k Candce Agnls,
JOn.V W. PRITESS,
Ajent for Cairo and vicinity.
SECTION NO. 47.
. "2i'.? l"l P"notln; Lire Inrorance
and nick Uellef by weekly dun and mutual
cooperation n objects el public benefit.
The Ll'e Insurance Policies wlU be Issued
uf ma tcuionia Mie insurance Company.
H. MEYERS, Frosident.
JOHN W. PRUES3, Ao't.
""t Imwrmiw mm eletsiity.
are compounded in the most approved style
3T Come and see for yourself, jd
UKAV ssaTATB AtUCI.
0. WINSTON k CO.,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
74 (BXCOKD FLOOR) OHIO tXTKE,
,Bnr and Sill Rial Estate,
rutlMMU ABSTRACTS OF TITLE
And par-Are Cooveyaaaaa ofKiadt!
5 5 9 t
John Q. llarman. Chas. Thrunn .
JOHN Q. H ABM AN -ft CO.,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
Nor 111 Vor, etb It. atsd klo Leve.
Abstracts of Title. Convevannl
ojiuuiuiiv. neai iwuiio nougui ana SOIU.
larTaxes raid. etc.
HOME TIRADE! I
WM. GLENN ft SON'S
HEAD q UARTERS FOlt GROCERIES
COFFEE. Rio, Laguayrs, Java, Mpchfc.
SUGAR,-N, O., Hard fc Soft Refined,
SYRUPS. New Orleans and Easlorn.
WS MAX! aracuuTiiB ov
-A. 1ST ID OZQ-ABS.
10 t 7t Vint St. CiA'CA'.VA S7.
J. C. HUELS,
Late of St. Loul.
BOOK BINDER AND BLANK BOOK
Cornor Twelfth street and Commercial Ave
DLANif 'tnnif s nr nvcrr description done
with ncMtnewi and dispatch. All kinds of
iniiiii; aono at snori nonce, uium, uc.
JlaKurlncs and l'oriodlcals bound neat and
at tho lowest poxlbla rates. t
Countv work, mcli as Records. Docket.
Fee Hooka, lilunki. etc., made a speciality
lloxo, rocket Books, Jtuvoiopea. etc.,
mado to o'ir
No. 104 CbMMWCiA AywUR,
rrencli. Bcoteh and Arooricsn caailmcte
erSi ?oSlorrand beaver nnd broad cloths
CONSTANTLY ON HAND,
And made up InUhe
And at the lowest price. A tine fitand irst-
close work guarantied. iSatUUeUo la U re