Newspaper Page Text
sundav, mav :w, istc.
I.orul tVdiflicr Slc)iul.
Cmo, Ii.t. , Mny bis.
1 i III.
Hah. ITiif.. I Wjm. ! Vkl. I Wi:aiiikh
.! : m
1 1 in
I ' I'nlr.
IUInMI,.istil liout-t .iff Inch
TJIOMAH .IDXM, Hrcl. S. s., fl. A.
'I'lii'. Itui.i.i'.iix olllco win patriotic yt
letday. It was engaged editor, ptln
tcr, ofllcu boys and cuilersnt the busi
ness of dedication. Wo are therefore
Dinjwlltil (u permit llic report of tho
dedicatory -L't;lu-atlr)ii to crowd out niot
other matter. Ittu wv will never do so
TliU society hold lliMr May picnic
to-day In the luidy groves of Kentucky,
nud we guarnuti c will lie 0110 ot the ino-t
jilcri'iitiL t'titi ttniiiuicnls til the ten -on.
I:khimIhiiII(iii nl I Ik- (Jitiiiiiii- liiin-1-i-ihi
The iwaiiiiiiatli.u nf lh Gcrinau-Amcr-Iryill
School Will lake place Monday,
May .11 it from U 12 In tho mornliigiiiid
from 2 to .' In the niicniooii.
The pupils will b examln-d lu Rend
Ing, Grammar, Writing, Arithmetic, Ge
ography, Natural lll-tory, Geometry nnd
There will he also an ONhlhltion oflhe
girls in their dillen nt m cdle woil;. nll'l
uiik' line sjM-chuctis- of Drawing hy Iho
I'ruf. Appl ovtendsn cordial invitation
to th'j patents ami frl ml ul tho school
to be present.
CAIRO AND ST. LOUIS It AH.ROAD.
CIiiiiibc or Time.
On and after Mond ly May 31t, atlirough
iaenj;er train on 1 lilt road nil! leave from
the corner of Cointnoicltd avenue Mid Sec
oncl meet, (near the S'. Cbatlt Hotel,) at
10:15 a. in , supping at the riatlunn ot tlio
Freight Houc, I ,ot of fourth street, to
ta'.e on piu.'cr, .ir.. wfiere t'ekets lor
.St. I.out. aal all laUnuviliatcfO'iiUcia be
obtained. Jonx KocnilT,
'flie I'lt-nlc 'I'oHlnv
This is the ihy tin- Turners have m
ieciH for thIr grand picnic at Port Jef
ferson. Tim they have not been Idle
during the pa.l two weeks the admirable
arrangement at the grounds for tne ac
commodation of those who will partici
pate, will testify. Tlio grounds have
been beautified, eat erected, etc., which
give them n most Inviting npp?araneo.
That a large crowd will Us present
to-day to participate Jn the festivities
there I not tin: Uut doubt, 'J'hj TnrneM
know how to get mi genuine enjoyment,
and plea-ure-sccker nro not -low to take
advantage ot any amusement they may
I... il nl.
One of the prlfoner-i In th" calabooie
who had ono up for ten dnj . ha ln
lx.cn iliiiuk. disorderly and peiinlle.'',
iitertaimnl MtC-orthy with the following
parody on italic' well i.nuun Ponr In
the lioheuihin rlrl, wlitoli, hcisMd, Iielmd
lennied from a scrap of tin; New York
llnnlil letl hi the cell by ono of the lit
erary ladle who had been routined there
a few hour mill let out by Mayor Winter
tiecati.' they had not Il.iuuted lll;e the
glided hiitterlly :
IVliiMi otlier Orinkt and olu-r ruU
'llirir IliMiHMiD'jrn lit.tl till
In nuyultli w!icnrrti.reuji vi
Vuu Limr Hit lain o well;
Whii blctxlsliot vyti ulull ' nrr tli lUk ,
At surliunli'inr, juti'll tin
Hut unv iurt'itrii:;lil l nil ymrllicl.
Wtivii you'll telmiiiUr nif .
WhwJlin-Jiir.il or . ?out fclull lillght
Tl.p I4iit) m,w yniiirlze
Ami l.mlkt it n ilesnulnl olll!
A ly am In jIi u ryp,
I lii-re limy, rliipi 'iiiM fi-v'rl!! ihrnni-,
Of ililnk llial How liuiii pup r ntn'.TIU.,
Anl ynti'll ti'ineiiitiT inc.
Now time on the (JAT r.illro.id
Turtle I luelnor tht- ntnniiiie; lu
The OiM fellows of the elly ih di.
rated ye.iterd.iy ahn.nt to si nun.
Agralii Uluke, with niulu lu hN xoul,
h'.uN tlio movement for open-air coniTrt j.
At the Methodic Church tlio pator,
Hev. .1. 1.. Wnllar, will coudiiet the muni
It U reported that a hrakeinau on tlio
C .t V. U. 1!. wa. killed yesterday be
tweon Cat ml and Vienna.
Tlio imial ccrrlees at the ('liureh of
the JtedcQiner this niornlne; and even
ing, by Unolor Gilbert.
Rev. W. W. faiili will pre.ull at tho
I'resbytcriau Cliuroh thU morning mid
ovening, nt tlio iiriml hour?.
Tho Delia Cornet Hand lias respond
ed to the reipiejt ofcltl.e.m and will fjlvo
Its llr.st open-air concert ni!.t 'J'tie-duy
I'venln at the Market Square stand.
Kveryhody wont to Mound City yes
terday, and nothing happened hi Cairo,
(t was ni quiet :h an empty eluircli or a
Tho dlrectoro ol tho Cairo & St.
Louis railroad company will probably
meet lu thU city on Wednesday next,
and make nrrangeuicnts to go out.
lliielncr will turtle soup tho people
of Cairo this morning nt lOnVlocl;; and
have bivr from Milwaukee, fre!i as
spring water, but it thousand tlmei
t Tinio will bo changed on tlm Cairo
nud SI. I.ouh railroad. On Monday a
through passenger twin will lonvn at
10:15 a. in. The tlinw of thu'ruii trom
Oniro to St. Louis will then ho shortened
Three nf tho fellows of Uw tow-boat
"Ohio I.odfio" got Into light yester
day wltli u hit ot ulggcM nt tlio eornor of
Tenth street and Ohio levee, and iiro now
sailing up tlio river, sad men with bluok
yand battered heads.
Tho Turner's plcnin to-day should
bo held in remembrance, and everybody
Who vlihr to enjoy pleasant shades and
hours on tho Kenlueky shore should go.
The "Three, States" will leavo tlio loot of
fourth street for thigrnunU,at t);00 n.m.,
and l::f)nnd:i:(K).p. in.,ttuil retumnt Yl,W,
'2:i'i and 7:00 p. in.
Major Morrill nnd Cashier Oakley, or
tlio V. & V. It. I:., weni uctlvo nil day
yesterday in exertions lo accommodate Iho
people who went over their lino to Mound
City. Tho Major had n hard Job on his
hnnd., but he neqtillW-'d hliii'olf nw.
lenlly, ind Oakley was all that rould
bodeslreiL Ho always l.
l.itof letter-t remaining uncalled for
lu the I'oitOllleeat Cairo. llllnoN, Satur
day, May ao, IS7.
LA III III' 1.
Anderoii Martha, (reiisluiw Hell,
Copeland Mr .1. W. l'aley .loiephlne,
I'rauin Low, f.oodmau .lane,
ileniv Carrie, .Johnson Isabel,
.faek'on nter. .leuklus l.iielln,
Jones fiinule, Malieo I'hnira,
Weliou Tilda, NeNon Mrs Morgan,
I'oweri Amanda. Reynolds. Josephine,
ltoe Mary, Weeinyer llauiiah,
Wilght Aliua. Welli IMher.
Ill.llllllig (;h:l,.. ll.ll.er t.C-oiold.
)t:mou I'niil, llentley Win. A.
Cooper M. Crows 1'. A.
Draper K. f. Dean .lohu,
Dwyer Wm. Kvau Hlinoii,
I'ergii-on I'liiuk, farrell .la-.,
ferguioii Tho-., (iwsir Aiiilcroii,
(iailaiid .In-., Iliiinpliry 11. f .
I lyne.-.Stephen, ICatln? Martin,
Kate Tho., Kllley W.,
Litrcnt .loiejili, I.aiiuistr .1. T.,
Iieey W. I'., Myers A. D.,
McICnhc Geo.. Marshall Howard, 5
Miller .Jacob, MeGeo .las.,
Mnynard M.. MeKlhauy M. K.,
May Sim., M iljithnm S. '..
Mooney Tho".. Ohnstud ,t i'.itle.
Reynolds I. C. l!.il-toii .la-..
.Smith II. It, Sloan John,
Smith Martin, Thomas S. W
Welier David, Verner C. f.,
Wilkinson T. .1., WilklnsTho-.
ferons railing for tho above letter
Mill ple;t'e ay "AdvcrtlKil."
Gr.o. W. McICn.un, 1'. M.
Old i'eneli IIIoiih.
It. .1. Cuivllll has ju.t recih ed frnm Kocli
eter, New "fork', WO binheN choice large
pencil blow pntatoi", selected for Eced and
for f.iinlly iur, which he ollerr fur uli; at
Ids Krorory, not th -hlc of flijhth i-trect, be
tween Comtnoreial knd Wnstigton ave
Thoio who havo not ytt mado out and
drliverecJ to mo n ll?l or i-chedule of their
personal projierty, at icnulredby law.
an; re'peetfully requcfted lo do so nt the
ciirlicyt inoniint. (Jflltv No. 75 Ohio
Levee. Chas. CfXMMillAM.
itici: or nil; i;.itni &. Sr. Lovis R. R.
Co., Uaiuo, Ii.i.., May 27th, lt7.".
A iiieetlnirortlie Directors ot thU Com
pany will he helil on WnluifAil iy me Uud
d.sv of June noxt. A. D. 1S73, at o'clock
I'. M.,at the Wharf-ni.iiters ollice, comer
Lovie. nud Sixth ftreet, hi the city of
Cairo, Illinois. S. Staats Tavlou,
in nceord.ine with tho requirement? of
an order of tile hojird of County Couuuli
lonir, nottw is hereby given that I will
redeem county order unit jury certlll
cate.i on presentation. Interest will eaeu
on the !Uli day of June, 1S7".
C.iii.. Ii.i.., May -'7, lt75, .VJf-lOt
Ojii every day of tho week.
l'ur fia to.
A illvcr plated No.O Wilson .Shuttle Sew
lux Mucliiun, hard (pbuo) fhtbh, valued at
ts.l. Will ha told nt 6J0 discount, on Rood
tertiii, nnd orderi'd direct from the Victory,
A No.y WiUan .""Inlttlo Sewing Mncliino
valued at S75. Will he mid nt $lb illeount
mid ii'iluted direct (rem the lor.ory.
A !'J ltcnilagton Scwicg Maehlne-tf30
ofl for carh. Miltable fur tailor or hoot nnd
At a baivaln, and on good term;, a Howe
Sowing Midilac. May bo een at tho Com
pany olllec, comer Ninth 'trctt and (,'om
inerolal. roit sai.i:.
A now two-liorfO (inmblo v. axon,
for any of tho above articles, apply at
the lUiu.KTixoMeo. n. A. nunscTT.
l:ioI)itllt iri:sory Ilevri'lption
1MIIL II. SALT'S.
The Ol.l Iletliiiile.
1 hfrthy nim'o'iuco to tlio publlu that I
am better prepared than over to ae.-onuno-Uatrt
my patrons at tho 0 iilwl Hotel, on
Sixth street, botweeo Comr.iercUl and
Washington avenues. I havo taken a part
ner la the hotel business, Mr. Apploinun,
whohaslnd e inslderahl'j experience In
that line, and will not fall ta make ipiefts
fuel at home. The tablo will always tio
biil'plled with tho best tlio mivkot atlunU,
orved up In tho most palatnlilo manner,
Itonrd and lodging per week, $1 Bt) ; blnglo
ineal, -.Tic, to hoh'idul nil hours. I havo
nho In connection with my bote', a tht
class baiiio.'khop, nnd am prepared to glvo
iMUtoaiers a giod shuv., linlr-eut, hhanipoo
Ing, etc. 1 will run three chairs, nnd havo
employed tonwrl d artists who iiuilentnnd
thulr iJii-lnoj.i. 81uvlug, ID eo at ; (haul
po dng, 'J'J cents j nud h sir cutting! M i-tnU,
(live mo a call. fmiK. l llnl:iiKl
Dun thousand bushels of eholeo Mlelll
g.tu iieaeh blow potatoes, (or sale nt
I'AiiKntt, Axi.kv & AVimj'h.
Jtoouis to rent lu Wilcox.' tlocf.
THE PEOPLE AT
Interesting and Impos
Tho Procession, tho Flow
er-Strewing and tho
TUT. US V.
Yesterday was notable lu Hie history ol
our sl,w city of Iho
Mounds. It enjoyed the sen
atloii of n dedication of n monument
to the memory of heroes, nnd was visited
by inore jieople than over before were
gathered at one time within Its corporate
The day might have lieon more ideas-
nut. The sun poured down u tream of
very hot rays, and rendered walking u
dlagreeablo business. Rut, nfternll, the
day might havo bwn hotter, du-ller,
more disagreeable far, nud therefore was
everybody thankful or ought to hare been,
Tlio people of .Mound City not ! very
numerous community had n great woivi
upon their hand- in making the neee.
niry preparations for the occasion, but
they did their duty nobly. Kverythlng
win In order, and worked llku u charm.
what ir wa ai.t. aoout.
The purpoe ol the. demonstration wa,
in uddltloii to the iiiiuual ceremony ol
decorating the grave m the Nallonal
Celiiftery, to dodleito to the purpose for
which It was intended, the beautiful Sol
diers' Mouniii 'lit that ha bi-.-n built by
the State lu honor of the soldier who
sleep hi tint elly oi the dead.
nisionv or Tin: moxthknt.
To Hon. Xowton R. Ca-ey, more than
to any other man, 14 due the credit of this
monument, lie was nieuiber of the
Twcnty-Klghth General Aenibly, nud
hy bis skill and tact lu the management
of the bill obtained nil appropriation of
$20,000 to build the monument that was
dedicated yesterday. The bill as It was
passed Is lis follow
Wiii:iti:.is,Tho federal government has
purchased :i plat of ground near Mound
City, nnd ha eatl-ed to be buried there
the remain-, nf.'i.ic:! brave men. who fell
in defending the principle- of the rontJ
tiition ; and wln-rea. In said eemeterv
many of the miiis of Illinois -leep thefr
last Mecp; and wln rea, It 1, but n ju-t
and lilting tribute to their nieinorv that
the state of Illinol fhould erect" upon
saldground- a suitable monument; there
lb ro :
Section 1. The governor appoint
thnsj eouiml!onfr. whoe diitv It shall
be to adopt a tillable derlgn and a plan
lor u inouuiuent to be erected upon the
ground of the national eemeterv near
.Mound City; nnd Mich commlMloners
are by this net, empowered to receive
propoal and contract for the erection
and completion thereof: Vorwf the
same shall not eot toexeeed Slio.OOO.
Sec. 2. Tho -atd eotutuUsloner are
empowered tor and on oenair ot trie
stale of Illinol-, to confer with Iho proper
otllcer of the government nud agree
upon the site for said monument.
St.c. J. for the purpose ol ineetlng
the cost of tho construction of said moil
iiment. the sum of S2.'i,0o0, I herebv a
proprlatcd out of the tate trea-nrv, and
th" auditor of public accounts I- lierebv
uuthoriul to draw his warrant on the
.late treasury for said amount, out of
any money not othenvi-o appropriated,
upon tlio certlllcnto of tbu eoiumls-loiiers
appointed under the provl-lons of thl
net, from time to time, as may be uccos
ary, during the progress of'tlio work:
J'roridcd. no money .-hall be drawn under
the provision; hereol, tirlor to the llr-t
day of April. 17I.
Mr. Ca-ey introduced tlie bill January
U, 1S7H, and on Iebruarvl2, it passed the
fIouo by n vote ol S3 In tho ntllnnatlvo
and II in tlie negative. April 10, billow
ing, the bill pasted tlie .Senate, III vote be
lug'in the ulllrmativo and 7 in tlie uega
the. April 11, the hill was approved by
the Governor, and wa in force Julv 1,
On Jauuary 10, 187-1, Gov. Ileveridgeap
pointed Mesr. J. C. illLs, William L.
Hambleton and Win. A. Luuey eoniuils
slouers under the bill. The eommlioii
wa organled lu .M.ay and tho
contract for the woik let lu the June
following, to Lmery Co.. of l'adu
cab, who very energetically prn-ecuted
the work to completion,
nr.scniiTiox or tub ioxtJMi:xr.
Tim monument I a beautiful piece of
Work, Tlio design Is appropriate, and
It execution all that could havo been de
sired. It U twenty feet square at
bacaud stand? seventy-two and a half
feet high. Name, Statu and number ot
regiment to which lie belonged, of eieh
of the n,li!:i soldiers burled In theeemc
tery Is engraved on the monument, the
names occupying four sides of lower
part. Threo statues not yet in place,
will stand upon tho top of tho shaft the
Goddess of Liberty, a soldleraud a sailor,
to show life size from tlio ground. The
stouo of tho iiiomuincut is line, and lu
every rcpecl tlio work I-a credit to tlio
cnmmls'toner and tlio contractor.
OL'T Of CAIRO.
The llrst train on the Cairo it Vln
cennes road left Cairo for Mound City nt
allttlonrterhalf-iu-tn in the nionilug.
The ear wero crowded with men, wo
men and children. Tlio Odd-fellow.s
with tho Delta Cornet baud, wero out In
force. Tho Concordia was also on hand,
ready to luruMi tlio let vocal music that
had ever been heard lu tho rural region
that boasts .Mound City lor its center.
All the trains went out crowded,
fortunately no neeldenf. happened,
Uurly lu tho morning tho people from
tho country regions of Pulaski county,
began to arrive In town, nud hooii trains
nuil boats commenced to pour in crowds.
The trains from tlie north, on tho C. A V,
road.wvro literally Jamuied, Hy 11 o'clock
probably 0,000 had urrlved and
others woro still coming, Tho crowd
swelled until It numbered not less than
At 2 o'clock the proceslon began to
form. This was a work of great dilll-
cully, hut the inarhals dually succeeded
In bringing order out orehaos. ot one
tlilrtl of tho peoplo prcont were lit line.
.Most of'them played the game of dedica
tion nud decoration alone, and rode ori
walked to the cemetery nt their own com
inaiid. The procession was under the
marshnlshlp of Mr. Phil. Howard, of thl
The Odd-fellow assembled nt the Ord
nance iliilhllng, their headquarters,
where they were received by the com
mittee, ilros. John W. Carter, John Lin
egar, 1M. Hays, Geo. Taylor, nud T. J.
ritnltli, of Mound City Lodge.
The procession oftho order, headed by
Iho Delta Cornet band. wa formed by
Past Grand Mator P. Iiro, lu the fol
lowing order: Alexader Lodge, Cairo
f.nrainpiiient, Joueshoro Lodge, Carml
Lodge, Vienna Lodge, Mound City
sr Tin: bkmktuiy.
Alter the arrival of tin; proeeloii at
the cemetery, the ceremony of the deco
ration ot tlio graves was performed,
and tho people gathered Into ,ijuad to
indulge In the luxuries of a luuch.lu (lie
green sward, If such an "aillletlou" may
lu i-.dled a luxury.
At half pat 1 o'clock toe peopl wero
uciiihlcd around the tnml which had
been built outlile the 'cemetery in tlie
shadie-t pot that could lie found.
At o'eloek the louvtlug was called to
order, and Hon. Newton R. Casey was
fcleolod prc;ldent of the day.
Mr. Casey returned thanks for the hon
or In a few word, when tlie following
additional olllcer. were elected :
Vice Piesldent?. A. M. Ilrown, Pu
lakkl ; C. Klrkpatrlek, I.'nlon ; A. n. S af
ford. Alexander: A. J. Kuvkendall.
Joliuon ; Geo. W. CnrlU, Masae: 1.
('lenient-, Jackson; C. hloan, .Saline:
ILL. llo-emaii, Wliito; I). Leslier, Wa-ba-li.
Secretaries. II. O. Joue, Massac;
II. f. Potter, Pulaski; T. I". Ronton,
Colon; A. Ackerman, Pulakl; D. L.
Davis, Alexander; A. J. Aldcn, I.'nlon.
There was then music by the Cairo
Delta Comet band, and a song by the
iii.SArroiXTr.ii axii a suiiSTirru:.
It wa announced by the chair that the
eminent gentlemen, Senator? Logan.
Oglesby and Morton, who had bjcii In
vited to address tho people on the occa
sion could not be present, ami that Mr.
John II. Oberly had consented to do
what be could to supply their place.
Mr. Oberly wa then introduced, and
utter reciting substantially the history of
the monument given above, said :
Tills, briefly. U tlie history ofthc beauti
ful monument you purpose to now dedi
cate to the memory of the heroe who
sleep In the National Cemetery eloe at
QUEsrioxs ash answehs.
Whv did the nconlc of Illinol-. hi
General Assembly convened, appropriate
money to build this monument Why
are you here to-day to dedicate It? Why
iiuvu you Drougui in your nanus tne mi
grant llowers of Spruit; to make beauti
ful the jrraves of the iJead burled here?
Who were they that the-e honors 'hould
uhere. Grave Ihrrow the earth, the
great tomb of man, and each contains
but a handful of (hut. I the (In-t of the
dead of thh cemetery inoreprecious than
that of (he dead of the village church
yard? of the dead of the more preten
tion cemetery ol the liu-tllng cltv? of
the dead who sleep
"Whtic rulU tlie Orcion, nml lieari no ouiut
Snrchl owu Julilni's!"
In graves not honored bv monuuient
like thN, not distinguished anniiallv bv
the presence of multitudes who come with
lloral decorations tor them in graves
quiet in tlio sunshine and the darknos.
uureuiembcrod save by those who knew
and loved them. repou the nshes of men
and women tlntlullfedl-'ulliedhuinanltv,
were true lo duty, and with kind hcaits
and open bauds lived faithful to tlie
Golden Rule. True; and thee were
moral heroes of private lite whose mon
uments are the Iullueuees they have left
behind Ihciu their good works that Were
not burled with their bones.
Here, however, sleep greater than
tlioe live thou-and one hundred
sixty-three bravo men who fell defending
the nrlucinlc of the constitution, devo-
tees of patrlotUiu, of nil forms ol hero
im the mutt iuuelll-lu They died for
their country, ami their reward la the
gratitude oft ho nation, to which this mon
ument, not nut of its poudtroui and mar
ble Jaws, but in n silent language more
potent than uttered words, will give mys
the .tii'iimci: of hie riitVATi.
At Reliuont, fort Doni.elon, Shlloii,
Vick-burg, mid on other I'wld-, they fell
went down in the tumult of battle. Most
of them died without even the hope of
po-thuinu, fiune.forelblviall'slby l.eekv
"the niol rellned and sui'r-enunt of all
that can be called rewarJ." and "the
martyr's ccstaeyol hope lmil no place lu
their dying hour."
It Is true the common indtcri that fall
In any great cauo are not forgotten as a
mass, but few of them aw lemeinbered
as individuals. The luilv verse U bulldeil
and tlio rhetorical line written, sacred ti
the memorv oflhe great soldiers of an
tlqultv; but who remembers tho ho-ts
upon whoc sacrlllivd lives was built the
grand monument of their
fame? In fr.ince still lauglilng
iliouh In woe hy all lier pleasant rivers,
lu all her delightful valleys, on all her
vine-clad hills. In her cities and villages
and hamlets, Is cherished u name that
once skied the world a sicy from which
fell the lightning oftho sword,
"Scitlilni; Ih eclm of tlif world drawn
lu Imrnlnp, by Hie mtlitl of croirn; "
hut wlio reineiubers tho bravo men, that
believing Napoleon to be franco, on
trampled battle sod, with shouts of pa
triotism, died a;they had lived, bravo and
true? lly the placid lakes and on Iho
lieathercd hill of Scotland, still resounds
Iho iiiu-Io of the names of Wallace and of
llruce, but who remembers tho Scots who
bled with Wallace and whom Rrueo so
often led? Hero In America, and under
overv sky in which the bird ot fame has
Ilown, the name of Washington Is hon
ored' bid who eau mention the names of
the h'eroe that HI in the battles in which
wero achieved our Independence? And
the brave men who sleep hero thesn pa
triots "'nt tlie- government
Washington gave to in might be pertiet
tutted what has f num to do with tfielr
names I"4 trumpet peals forth the
the name of Grant and Sherman In every
eirn..i. of tho earth, but how few of-the
name of those they led lu the storm of
battle to wounds nnd death grace tho
blatant month-of tho world ! Von can
count them without trouble. In a
lew J'cara onr children may
number them upon thom lingers
of one baud. Hut you our heroes In
asheil yu who sleep beneath these
wave ol flower-decked earth you shall
not bo wholly torgotteu! A grateful
people have determined to perpetuate
your iiaintM. If noisy Fame will not
mouth them In the market place, and
give them to poetry nnd rhetoric ns pre
clou (Jem-Is to nilorn verse and declama
tion, the people of the republic will, as
we no io-uay, mu mo granite ol our lillis
sneak them In unlet nl.ices to rcncraiions
yet unborn and tell the story of your
vaior. j.ikc tne siaiue mat sits In the
midst of a plain near old Cairo,
"serene nnd vigilant, still keeping tin
tired watch over tho lapse of ages and
the eclipse of Egypt,'' and which, lu the
olden time, sent lorlh, from lips of stone,
a voice of iiiu-lc to the morning sun, so
shall this monument, Memuou-llke. slug
the praises ol tho heroes It commemo.
rates; but, unlike tlio statue of ancient
Kgypt, it will nmer losolts voice, norwlll
It lie ever dumb. It will speak forever
to nil who shall como to hear Memuoti.
what ntu tiikv no? ,
"I'iTe tliouand one hundred lxty
three of tlio brave men burled luthlccm
ctry," says the preamble ofthi! Caey
monument net, "fell defending the pilu
clples of tho constitution." What are
they? L'nlon nud llbeity, oiuMind Insepa
rable the government of the people, by
Iho people, for the people. Nomav dif
fer about tlio tarlfi and the currency and
internal Improvements upon an lutlutto
variety of othcrquoMloin but there miit
b-nodiflVrcnceou the subject oftlie I.'nlon
of these State? and the llhcrtvoftlm elt
len. Theie are the pillars oi' the Con
stltutlou, and II any Sauipon of ml
cblef should ever tear theiii down, the
temple of tho Republic w ill fall with n
cnili iiud all our hopes be crushed.
txio.v otT or wm.
'The L'lilnu ; It iuut be jirerveil !"
rang from the lips of Jackson, years ago,
and his hand made motion to grap the
sword ; but Jut before the War of seces
sion w3 Inaugurated, the bcllet pre
vailed wry generally throughout tho Re
public, that the Union could not he prc-n.-rved
hy the sword. Douglas declared
that war was disunion, and Ids words be
came a common echo hi the land. "If the
mailed form of Civil War shall ever ap
pear in the Republic." 'aid timid pa
triots, "tlie Colon will be dctroved, and
the lair features of Liberty be beaten bv
the clencl.ed hand of Military Power into
tho tiLdines ofDe-potlsm."
P.vent have not itmllled these sii-cr-tlons.
for out of war has como true I 'nlon;
and thou.' who look back beyond the late
conlllct of arm, now know, that there
cxtited, for many years belore the South
ern States took up the sword, no real
l'nlon between the Xorth and South.
The Colon of the constitution had been
destroyed by the fell spirit of
Sectlonall-m, that was bom of the
womb or Slavery, and sat with Its
mother. n ugly ns she. i-hakliig Its dart
and execrating freedom. Ho of the
.Vorth who p.ied to the South before
the war, felt that ho wn a stranger In a
Mratigo land. The moment lie cro-sed
the Imaginary line between tlie Northern
and (oiitlir-rii State, the knowledge
came forcibly lo him that he wa- among
people w ho dlil not svmpalhlo with the
sentlcients of the people of his w-ctlon
among people proud and Jealous of In
stituthus he deprecated, who applauded
what he disapproved, and denounced
what 'ie reverenced.
There wa, Indeed, asmuehblttcrueasof
fcellnj exi-tliig between Hie North ami
South before the late war. ns ever existed
betwifii f ranee and Liiglaud. when thoe
two countries were mortal enemies ami
kept Europe coiKtuiitly in war or in dread
of war. "There was a time," says
ltuckV: lu the Introduction to hi Civil
Hl-to.-v ol England, "when every honc-t
Rngll'buian llrmly believed he could
heat tell Frenchmen : u ela's of beings
whom he held in noverelgu contempt, as
a lean and stunted raee, ho drank claret
Instead of brandy, who lived en-
tlrely oil' frog." Our people have
nui jori;oiieii mere was a
nine u-moii mo f ouiiiii-o.-r tlrmiv
believed he could lie.it ten Northern men.
f.V.l I j.U'l.JMI' l.i IIIU 1UI III Jll Lllll-
tempt ns a race of despicable and cow
ardly beings who drank cider lu-tead of
whiiky, and lived entirely oil" cheese.
We were hostile people, bound together
by compact that wa labeled the Union,
but which wa n weak thread. The
progress of Improvement, bv bringing
the two countries clo-or together the
mere lorce of increased contact dis-ipated
thofooll-li prejudice existing between
Frinco and I.tiglnud, and made them
friends by teaching them to respect each
other. Steam applied to the pur
poses of traveling was the great
peacemaker In this Instance. Hut
not so here. Intercourse between the
sections was common ; There was no
barrier to trade; but tho people were lu
name only fellow-cltl.ein. Tlio Vnneevs
ofthe South might, It 1 true, argue in fa
vor oi ine uocuiiie ot secession at tlie
North, and the Hammond,
without exciting our resent
ment, deiiouui'i! our mechanics as
mudsills but tho suspicion that the
Northern man In the South admired
Wendell Phillips or William
l.oyd Garrison that lie hated
slavery was resented bv violence and
not Infrequently by death. Steam could
not cure this UUeao of hatred between
the sections ; lint tlio sword a medicine
wo feared the heroic treatment did.
At tho South the Northman found
slavery dominant and Insolent, and was
compelled to speak with bated breath lu
It presence. A monster it was, that sat
like a blighting fate upon tho posterity of
the f.tlre.t land tho suit lu all his course
looked down upon. It created favored
class-tho lords or the South, who
ruled at home with absolute
sway and would not brook opposi
tion from nuy source an oligarchy of
ruleornilu. It destroyed the Union in
fact; and when nCl.istlts votaries manv
ol them honest hut all tuisled attmpted
to consummate disunion by tliecereinonv
o! Secession, the dread tlio monster hail
created tlio tear it had Instilled Into tho
publlo mind tho perverted lessons It had
taught Induced public onlluient nt iho
North to declare, that If tho resistance of
the sword wero Interposed, all hopes of
tho Union must lie abandoned and tho
presence of Anarchy and De.-potl-m an
ticipated. Tliero was therefore hesita
tion at the North, always slow to wrath
and Inclined to walk with steady step In
the pleasant paths of peace. Hut when
a blow luid been struck by tho South
when Slavery angrily sprang upon free
dom tho spirit oftho ilavs of Lexington
and Concord was arouod.
"Who ilurcs, "lids was thr p.itHot'i ay
"for lr to 1 1 n, for tier t j OIb 1 "
A million li.imUlluni; up rrplr,
A million volci'-siinsMiidl, "1 "
And the Northmen then, with resolute
step, fell hastily Into tho ranks of war.
1 will not rcelto tho story oftlieennlllct
that ensued. You all do know It hy heart,
for years the shadow of war was upon
tho laud ; for years tho death angel went
about, marking tho lintels ot doors with
tho blood of loved ones ; for years tho
uolso of battle rolled among tho moun
tains, through tho valley, by tho sea, and
valor was exalted, finally, Victory, llko
a luminous bird, perched upon tho ban
ner of tho Republic, and tho Confederacy
went down never to rl-o ngaln. Tho
Union was restored, or rather u true
union was created. Tho peoplo of the
North and South wero taught by war to
think mora favorably of each other, and
...t.l. .1... .I...... .... .1... 'l..l
W illi uiu ueiii Hi-nun hi am, n j mu iii-su-
tutlons oftho Republic becatuo homoge
neous. "Mason and Dixon's lino" was
washed out in tlio blood of Northern and
Southern soldiers ; nnd to-day tlie hind
ncross tlio river there the lair Southern
land Is no longer tho land of tho stranger
to the peoplo o? tho North. Day alter
day tholactlsbeooinlng more apparent,
that out of the war ha grown, llko a fair
and fragrant llower out of a ntosomosoll.
ii perfect Union of tlio State.
iiavb wi: Tiir.oi.Diir.rutiMC?
lint wo nre tntil anm-.ll... .I.-. .1..
. -vii.iiiit;.,, ,ut ujt.
government Is changed that the war
revolutionized our Institutions that the
uepuuiic is 110 longer the Republic of
Wllslllllf.tntl mill .ti.ll.rjnn tint, I.....
, , ' . "-m-i t'.i. ,.. nil, u
III it atfi'iil ti f.tfciitit 1..9mtf... 'I'l...
... .. - ....... .. iiniiji, iii...iHlllllli 1 nu
imagination of the evil birds of omen
no singulis song oi woe, migiii call lo
our mind tho picture D.inle paints ol a
conlllct In the doleful regions of Male
bolgo between 11 serpent and a spirit
11 ""iimh lurm, nun sav to us mat ft is
typical of the results of the war between
the Serpent or Slavery nud tho Spirit of
.. .. . . .
, , "i n 1 loosen
row mil them, W n spithU with lx trrt
liini " "'inn inn iipnn
And then n transformation !
"Kuril lucltcil IhMolhfr. ii.liu-lli.ir h,
The two heads became one, and thu fig.
lies were uieuueii 11110 one lonu, In w bleb
holh nf tin. hi u-M i,.ui
t. I - -... 11KI.1 I HUM,
''J, 'oiiic, In the battle
IK.-IWVCII i reeiiom aiiit Slavery each
iiieltisi Into the other tlio two wero
lilelioeili ntu tiiut frini, ,1... c...... i- -....
.111.-.ni III III Ull-
ra ied Dcpotlm-ln which both wei-o
nisi, miiis 11111CWCI1..VU thereforu neither
the l.cpublic of the early times nor that
ol the days of the domination ofslavery.
llie-o doleful singers sing an untrue
song, freedom was not loit hi the con
lllct. but was triumphant, a political
St. George, bo placed his foot upon the
Dragon, nud hi his victory was round the
consummation of the Republic of the
lather stronger of limb somewhat,
Morncr It may be, proudcr-cyed. hut tlll
the nine Republic the bov grown Into
Hut we cannot hide from ourselves Iho
l.'icr tllllt III!, ivsolta nfil,,. 1
...... - - - ' ..U Hill H.HU llilll
it inaiked el lect upon the government
lion uie peopie. eaitn lias heen con
centrnled Into mounded heaps and
money has obtained undue power. The
men oflhe bonds nud toeks have stet
ied Into the domineering shoes of Hie
old-time slaveholder., uud monopolies
have n-sunied the right to rob Ihe peoplo
and crush nil who ilaro to question the
wl-doni of not permitting them to con
tinue In po."-esIon ol dangerous
powei-. A great debt, has been put upon
III., mil. Hi. .I.,.,.l,l..-, .. 1 .V.i. . tL 1.
...v. i'iiuiiv ciiwiiiiivi.-- 11 III..,, miotic 11 1
trite, but strong as thoe of Atlas are the
snoiiiiier onne Ainerl&iii people. Cor
ruption, like n noxious weed, has grown
In rank luxuriance out of speculations
that resulted trom the llnaucl.il poller the
war tendered necessary. Economy Is no
longer tlie rule. Ignorance ha been
made an clement In our polities, and tho
lilit'l nTHm ..nut i-ittnll.iii nr t.f.it-.iH li...
.uvt '. ..... .. .. ..., ,1. nr.1LI llifc-?
become familiar lo the people. There nre
many evm 10 oe oepioreu, one in wnat
nation and lu what era oflhe world's his
tory WltllU not trim? Wluiti-verinnvtin
said the laet remains that
the Republic still exists not Im
paired, huttren;thctied and beautified.
Still, as when llrancroft wrote his llrst
volume, we may boast that the sov
ereignty of the people Is with u a con
ceded axiom. The law, c.-tahlhlicdiipou
that liasi. nre cherished with faithful
iiatrlotlsm. Prnsnerltr liillou'4 llin ne-
cullon of even ju-tlce; luscntlou is
quickened by the freedom ot competi
tion. Our national resources aro devel
oped by an earne-t culture of the nrts of
peace. Every man may enjoy tho fruits
of hi Industry ; every mind Is Ireo to
publish Its convictions. Even the ene
mies of the State are tree to publish their
opinion undisturbed. Religion is
iieituer perseeuteil nor pant liy the State.
And now. also, wo can nolnt to a trovem-
iiienl 110 loiuicr in neril from the attrac
tive but dangerous doctrines of Calhoun
to a government airalust whieh ran
not bo thrown the reproach that the
Union under It I. a rope of sand ; and,
num-111.111 1 ins, w e eau lace uoristeiiuom
I without ili i,ir 01 s;i,iiuo upon our
eiiei-Ks, iiiiu poini 10 u lauii untainted or
human slavery, hi wldch tlio Declaration
01 independence lias heen Indicated,
and all Iioru hi tlie Republic are equal lu
political rights. Wo might with prolit
have lost more than we have to se
cure from war n more perfect Union
nnd the destruction of slavery that God
cursed and man-execrated Institution of
inhumanity and Injustice.
TO Tilt: (111KAT IlLKSSIXO
of a free country we advanced slowly.
War the war in which (ell the brave
men who sleep lu thl eemeterv forced it
upon us. At llrst, in the language, ot the
Crittenden resolution, with general voice
we demanded thu "Union as it was,"
with slavery undisturbed. President
Lincoln long hesitated tostrikeatslaverv.
"What good," lie exclaimed 011 one oc
casion, "would a proclamation ofeuianel
pation from mo do nt tills time ? I do not
want to Is. in; u document ,ho whole
world will see iuu?t iiece-arily be Inopera
tive, like the Pope's bull ngahit tlie
Comet." Hut God was wler than tho
patriot, Crittenden, or the leader, Lin
coln. Wc were led along hy the arbitrary
power ofn Illuhor Will out of tho crime
ofslavery. "What tun li" said tho Pres
ident, "that I should content the will of
God'1 .Vnd lio was compelled to be
come tlio (ireat Emancipator. Timidly
ho advanced. Ills llrst wonl wa a threat
to thu government of the South, a prom
ise to tlio slave. "It the annr or the reb
els are not laid n-UUi by the Ut of Janu
ary, ISM," bo said in September, 1SC2,
"I will lako Iho sword and knock tho
shackles from the limbs of the slaves of
WHAT WAS IT
On the night of December III, ISCD,
thoioof the slaves of tho South who knew
the matter, If lu their sipialtd cabins time
was marked, watched with awe-struck
gaze the hand upon the dial until it told
Iho hour of twclic, nnd the new year was
born 11s they experienced lor the llrst
time tho sensation of frivdoiu. They had
II, but what was It'r The rliuplo mind of
the negro could not comprehend it. He
had dreamed of It bad built often thenlr
tlo of liberty, a g-irgeotis castle, full
of splendor nnd happiness, through
which roamed angels with golden crowns
upon their head-, shod with slippers of
silver, harp lu their f.tlrhauds and songs
upon their lips, freedom to him was
gold a California of wealth, a Paradise
ol rest and enjoyment ; ami, as tlio llrst
moment of tho Great Day was marked
upon tho dial, uud ho grasped the longcd
tor prl.e, ho wondered that light did not
burst upon him In a flood, and K'ory did
not ral-e Mini Into I he heaven Ids Imagi
nation had pictured. IIHcaMlo fell stouo
hy stone, slowly, from turret to founda
tion; liionngels melled Into the darkness,
nud the iiilHo ol harp mid voice died Into
miserable silence. Ills California lived
no longer In his Imagination, uud the
ParadUo ho had pictured became tlio
bleak and Inhospitable world, lie was
ulono with freedom and thu Night.
Reside tho Ideal of freedom liow cold
was the reality ! Tho frecdinaii won ns
certnlned that freedom gavo to nlm no 1
exemption from labor, but (hat h thu ,
sweat ol his free face ho inu-t earn his
falling lo obtain the blessings ho be
lieved he would seen ro with hit liberty,
ho looked forijoinctlilng else, aial was told
tbur hi the use of thu ballot was fortune I
and happlucs3 ; but when that also had
been secured to Mm. tho consummation '
of his hopes was still In the future.
In tho freedom of tho slave uud Ids en
franchisement, the desponding patriot
sees danger to tlio Republic, unit pro
claims that lu these results of the war
will be Ion tho blessings (or which tho
government fought and soldiers sacri
ficed their II vcs. In thw gloomy fore
bodings 1 share not. Tnw it Is thai lino,
ranco wa enfranchised when the neirm
secured the ballot, and lgnornCe Is al
ways dangerous to tho liberties of wo
l!e who govern thcrdselvc. It Is there
ore tho duty of tho State, since the bal
lot eainot now betaken from Ignoranci .
to drive Ignorance out nnd enthrone h. ,
telllgenco in Its place. The schoolmaster
has become thu hope of tbo Republic.
. .T!,RLtl"r? dangers Inthopafh
w ay ol the Republic who can deny r:But;
they cannot harm us If wo arc true to
ourselves. 1 hey are bound, like ttiollon
that roared against Christian, and If vr
keep In the midst ot tho psth, no hurl
shall come to us. '1 he future Is certaltily
sccure. The sacrifices made by the he
rocs w ho slumber here were not made lu
"Mr ml n J ttironc wlth'tlilnlsir Mgurl
Circle on circle, lirl jlit u Chfriuilm,
Willi KoMon trumpiM nllcnt, but wlt
The Biiml to Mow news of kxh! fur nmn "
Willi the Union vindicated, thegrear.
doctrines of the Declaration ot Independ
ence become facts, and a whole continent;
for Its theater of action the Republic
must perlorcc go forward upon a grand
career. It Is the hopo of humanity thu
refuge of the downtrodden nf all tho
In his funeral oration, nt Ccramlcus,
over the dead who had fallen lu battle,
Pericles boasted that tho Athenians wens
ready to communicate to all the advan
tages which they enjoyed ; that they dh.
not exclude the stranger Irom their walls.
mm mat Alliens was a city open to too
unman miniiy. ucicrrillg lo tills promt
boast of the great Grecian, Senator Sum
ner, said, in Ills eulouv of the lamented
Raker tho tnhllcr, orator and patriot,
w ho fell at Hall's Hluir that "th n fi.iiiu
boast may be proudly repeated by u..
w iiu oeuer rc.iou. ns we coiiinienioratu
our ueait (alien in battle."
Willi mrA better reason in.ir
we repeat the boast of Pericles, for the
Republic of America belonirs to tin,
people of the whole earth. It is lhelr i..
enjoy. Ifawtborno calls St. Peter's, at
Rome, the cathedral of tho world. It
doors are never closed. In the Winter
mid tho Summer time, day and night,
they Miami open, inviting nil to enter, anil
on Its pavement, stretching "out lllimit-
aniy, a plant ot many-eoiorcu marule.
where thousands of worshippers might
kneel together, and shadowless angels,
tread among them withoutbrushlng their
heavenly garment agsinst those earthly
ones," the man or woman of almost anV
nation may llud an altir before which h'e
may bow a confeslonal at which, in
his own language, he may pour out
Into ears that will under
stand him, the feelings of hK
heart. "In thl vast and hospitable ca
thedral," say.s Hawthorne, "worthy to be
the religious heart of the whole world,
there Is room for all nations." Am I
wrong when I say, that what St. Peter's
Is lu religion, the Republic of America
Is In politics that It Is tlie political ca-
incurai oi me worm r u is exquisite m us
proportions, nnd yet how vast! lt
pavement ! the broad acres ot
a continent, decorated with mountains,
forests nnd cities; Its dome, tho skies;
its proportion, grand beyond concep
tion. No door bars the entrance of any
one ; and, to employ the words ot Curran,
" no matter m wnat language ins uootn
may have been pronounced; no matter
what complexion an Indian or nn African
sun may liave burnt upon him : no mat
ter in w not disastrous oaiiicms nocriy
may have been cloven down ; no matter
with what solemnities he mar have been
devoted upon the altar of slavery, the first
moment he crosses Its thresu old, he
stands redeemed, regenerated, and disen
thralled." auout mm isinc panopiyoi mo
h.w nnd he the equal ot the greatest.
Within Its portals dwells the Genius ot
Human freedom, and all tho oppressed
of the world may bow before Its altar
nud obtain Ihe coiisoatons of political
liberty. To such heroes as those who
sleep In tho graves of this cemetery do we
owe does the world owe tlm nrpoorva.
Hon of this great temple from destruction.
They died that It might continue to bless,
mankind, and to their memories, there
fore, be nil honor paid. k
WHO WEKE THET ?
They were not of the common stuff
out of which hired soldiers are made a
body of men got together to kill other
men for money, when they are bid.
They had not, many of them, read the
noble passage of Cicero, In "which he
echoed the common opinion of antiquity,
but they believed that tho love wo owo
our country is even holler and
more prefound than that we owe
our nearest kinsman, and that ho can
have no claim to the title of a good man
who even hesitates to die in its behalf:
and, when the alarm was sounded, they
rallied from tlio hills nud plains of the
Xorlh from far-off Maine nnd Massachu
setts; from Connecticut, NcwiHainpshire
and Vermont; from Ohio and Indiana;
from Wiseon-lu ami Iowa; from Minne
sota and Michigan: nud from the prairie-,
of our own beloved State.
The fair-hatred boy was among them,
and, as he left the paternal roof, the tears
of mother, father and sisters fell In
showers ol sorrow : tho vounc man In his
vigor, of high aspirations aud great
hopes, tore himself from the loud em
brace of mother and nearer one still
and dearer one ; tho husband and lather,
clasping wife and children to his breast,
marched forth into the battle; and even
the gray-haired man, his patriotism
making nlm young, from underneath bis
own vino and tig tree, went forth to defend
the Hag of the free heart's houic and hope.
"Alas: nor who nor children more
sludl fhev behold, nor friends, nor sacred
homes." Whcro the battle was fiercest
they fell, martyrs to the causo of their
country. All that remains of them rests
within this hallowed ground,
"lie the (lowofite InUntl rlier,
w he nre Iho fleet of Iron have fled,
Whci-u the blxle j ol the srnre-gnut qnWer
A'lttp nre the rnk of the ilesd."
Peace t their inanes, heroes of tho
And now, with the recollection of the
sacrifices made for ns and posterity by
the slumbering heroes of this burial place
flesh lu our lionru. with all reverence and
yet with patriotic pride, we dedicate thU
monument deuicato it to tne memory ot
tho soldiers whoso valorous names are
carved upon It In letters of granite to
uiu memory oi inesc our ucau, our glo
rious dead !
At tho conclusion of Mr.Obcrly's ora
tion, Gov. Dougherty was called, and
iiindou brief address.
Mr. Mcrfz offered a resolution thank
ing Mr. OWerly for his oration, aud re
questing Its publication, and Dr. Condon
made a motto n thanking Gor. Dough
erty. Iloth adopted, of course.
Then tliero was muslo by tlie band, and
tho procession was formed and moved
hack to Mound City,
Tho crowd though Immense was or
derly, Everything passed, off pleasant,
and tlie people returned to' their home
pleased with tho ceremonies and alj the
events of the day. ,
nova t it
On and after J una 1st, 1375, all dogs ruu
nlng at large, on whlsta tut teal set
paid wlUbs disproof CMtfet the CM
Clork's offlce.ud 17