Newspaper Page Text
lOmi H. OBBKLY, Editor.
Wc ptthlltli thli morning a very full
hlttory or tlio Wllllamnii county ven
detta. It is well-writ ten, mid will lc
found by the reader to Ik; IntcroMlng
from beginning tocml.
LIKKUAH'M I.KTTKB O.V TAXATION.
Wc publlih till? morning nn open letter
from I). T. J.hiegar, Esq., of tills city, to
Hon. V. S. Hidgwnr.StatcJTreasurer. The
letter Is well worthy of n careful pcrual.
It Is upon a subject in which every clti
icn of the State has a great Interest the
subject of revenue reform. Mr. I.lnegar
luu, evidently, been nn attentive reader
of the Buli.kti.v, und has adopted certain
suggestions made by in three or lour
Tin: nciiooi, ivi:ntio..
The resolutions of tlio Executive Com
mittee of tlie Citizens' Association on
the school question, submitted ut tlie
meeting on Friday night lat, will
awaken much interest in our community.
and lead, we hope, to n discussion that
may result in much good. Wo throw
open our columns to both side?, and In
vlto the friend:! of the system and its en
emies to nlr Micro opinions of the resolu
tions. Our render., wo arc sure, will
rend all that may bo written on the Mb
ject, and cry for more.
The Jacksonville Juumal, easily pleated,
thanks Gov. llovcrldgo for doing "some
thing" in tho way of discovering tliu
'Williamson county criminals and bring
ing them to justice." In tlie opinion of
the Jotrani his ofl'er of n reward "is tlie
more praiseworthy for him, in that it
involves somewhat of personal sacri
flee." Reason lor this belief the Journal
finds in the fact that "tlio law allows
him to offer a reward of $200 for a mur
derer, but the Governor lias offered $ 100
the difference to be taken from tho Uov
srnor's contingent fund." In other
words, the Journal believes the Governor
ought to be praised because lie offered as
n reward in two caes $100 or the peo
Die's UIOIIOV tll.1t 111- llllf'llt ll'U'n etnlmi
The Governor may consider such I
"praise" complimentary, but wc regard
it as extremely harsh abuse.
W e shall not say a word against Hardin
on tho reign of lawlessness hi .Missouri,
until the Democratic banditti in William
son county are all suppressed. 6V. I.oui
Democratic banditti ! The G.-D. is no!
posted, or it would not call the nswi.ins
of Williamson Democrats. The Hender
sons arc unflinching Radicals and there arc
many of them. The Bulliners lied front
tho South because they were Cnion peo
ple, and in Williamson acted with tliu Re
publican party. Slsney was a strong Re
publican, and at one time was tlie Sheriff
ol the county.clected by the Republicans.
J Jr. JllnclieJifl was a Democrat, and a few
ol the other parlies to tho troubles are
members of tho Democratic party, but
the prominent parties in the dilllcultles,
and nearly all of them, were and are Re
publicans. The G.-D. mmt amend its
squib, and make i! read: "Republican
banditti In Williamson county."
A KONV I'OHKY WAY.
Tlie Williamson County Monitor lias
discovered a way to pacify tlie aaslns.
It iwould do so by cultivating a pure,
untarnished public opinion. If this is
done all will be well. Then, exclaims the
Monitor, "our land which Is now cursed
for Its wickedness, stained with the blood
of our friends nnd relatives, and almost
drenched with the tears of wives, daugh
ters and triends, will bloom as tho roe,
while love mid friendship will throw
their curtains around us, and enclrelo
and cultivate the grand and sublime prin
ciples of 'Friendship, love nnd truth.'
Let tlio Jaw take it.s course, for 'Ven
geance is mine, nnd 1 will repay, saltli
the Lord.' " This is very pretty, and
would be excellent in an Oild-Fcliow.s
address; but the Monitor man surely
knows that the greatest need In William
son now Is a few brave men with revolvers
in their hands, and a public sentiment
that will hang men who pack Juries in
the interest of murderers.
This is the way they Mate It in Ken
tucky. The Louisville (Juiiria-'Jownal,
a newspaper or some pretensions, says:
Governor Beverldgo, or Illinois, lias
been compelled, by "circumstances over
which lie has no control," to Issue a
proclamation otferinir a large reward for
the arrest of the Wlllliuntoii county Ku
klux. Thu proclamation will huvo iUUu
or no uflect, fur tlicpcoplolu Williamson,
JackSOU and ScllUVler counties nn nlml.l
to call Ihelrsoulsthclrown.Migiiat Is tlio
criur wiiicii i no uaruig lvuKlux Have in
spired. Governor Beverhlnrn imii iu.ti,.i-
call out his militia, and, by a Midden mid
strategic movement, he may bo nhlu to
bag Bulllner, Henderson, Spenco and tho
rest oi mo villainous crowd.
The large reward he has ollered isSlOO
for the arrest and conviction of tlicassas
In of Capt. Sisney, and $100 for another
Of course this reward will hae little
effect, but not because the people of Wii
llamion, Jackson aud Schuyler counties
are afraid to call their souls their own.
In tyilUamsou jcoplo are, wo admit, in a
fright; aud in Jackson they arc a little
nervous, but the people of Schuyler are
wr removed from danger most of
uiem have not heard of the vendetta.
Probably me cw. meant Saline county.
If Grandmother Bt-vcridgo should call
out m, imutla a lnake a BuMm tra(c.
glc movement, benight bag some of tho
Henderson! and Uuliinm, but he
couldn't bag Spence. Z J
gtd a few days ago In a comn.
c,- SV ver' much desire to have the Oiam.
'fkxu of extravagance In tlio puhnc
Mkeotertuhupou the Executive Com.
MlttM of the Citizvn' Association.
iviti:i not to 'omi:.
HorKford and Winnebago county are in
n ferment. Tho announcement that Jeff.
Davis had nceepted the Invitation to de
liver the niinit.il address nt the agricul
tural fair "has stirred up tho
people there more than any event
since tne close of the war."
Tlio Grand Army or tlie licpubllc has
come loyally forward and passed rcolu
116ns protesting against tlie action of the
board of director., pledging themselves
to withdraw all support from tlio fair
unless tlie Invitation I withdrawn. Thev
resolved that it was an Insult to the loyal
citizens of Winnebago county to invite
the "arch traitor and coward" to address
tho relatives and surviving friends of
thirteen thouand men murdered at An
dersonvlllc hence the committee will be
compelled to cancel its engagement wit I
Mr. Davis and to inform him that tlie
truly loyal farmer and grangers of Win
ncuago county ltnve refused to have him
tell them what lie thinks and knows on
the subject of iigiieiilture-lii fact that
they Insist that having been Invited to
come, tic sliall now be Invited not to
Tlie truth appears to bo that the "stur
dy Itcpublle.iii fanners" of Winnebago
nave a van deal more loyally than sense,
and that they also appear to have surreu
.1 1 A t. . . 1 . ...
ueieu meir juuguieni ami tliclr po
liteness to the Grand Army of
the Republic. It may have been
:t hasty nnd ill-considered move to Invite
Tellbrson Payls to be the orator of the !
fair. Hut (lie iiroeeedliiirs were ctitlrelr
regular, the invitation extended and ac
cepted, mid the Republicans of Whine
bago county would have been setting an
example worthy of emulation ir thev
had allowed it to stand. Tlie sense or
wounded feelings which tho withdrawal
will occasion to Mr. Davis and his friends
is a small matter compared to the hostil
ity which the resolutions show the or
ganization known as the Grand Army of
tlie Republic harbors toward the South.
It lias nothing In common with the spirit
shown by tlie martyred Lincoln or tliu
lamented Sumner, whose "loyalty" even
the Grand Army or tlio Republic could
not question. By Its resolutions, the G
A. R. ha thrown overboard one ol the
most paying attractions or tho Winne
bago county fair, ha- performed an act
of rudeness which a Hottentot would be
a-li.niied or, and shown a plrlt or unrea
sonable hatred which could emanate from
no other source.
the nt hi; ntoiiv or minm:r'.s
Gen. Spinner, wlio talks much,
lias been Inclined to throw
blame somewhat on Secretary
Bri-tow. This is not to lie endured calm
ly by Keiitucklans or Kentucky news
papers. To exonerate Ilrittow from the
imputation of any underhanded dealing
in the matter, llio Washington corres
pondent of the Courier-Journal tells the
"true story" of Spinner's resignation.
Tlie old gentleman, i! appears, had made
a social can on tliu President. In conver
sation, he spoke of ills long term of ser
vice, the heavy duties of Ids olllee,
and tlio fact that- as lie was grow
ing old, tliey were pressing heavily ujion
him. Jfo thought (lie time was approach
ing when he would bo compelled to yield
them up to some ono el-e. President
Grant expressed his regret, hoped Spin
ner's health would improve, and the two
parted. A few days afterward, when
Gen. Splutter named a cashier ol tho
treasury. Sism-iy Miietuw took the
nomination to tliu I'rcsUlont : the Presi
dent repeated Spinner's conversation: tlie
situation was dlscu?cd ; it was decided,
that as Spinner had concluded he would
soon have to resign, lie should be
asked to name the day at once;
aud, singularly enough, the present
treasurer, Mr. Xew, was then named as a
very proper person to succeed Spinner.
Leaving the President, Secretary Bris
tow saw Splutter immediately and inform
ed him that tlie President was prepared
to accept his resignation. Spinner was
naturally greatly surpri-cd; he marched
to the White House and Informed Presi
dent Grant that lie had been misunder
stood he had not intended to
resign so soon; but the Presi
dent, singularly enough again,
informed him that hU .successor had al
ready been notlllcd of his selection and
liN acceptance was liouily expected Wy
telegraph. Spinner (hereupon went home
aud wrote his resignation, in the Inter
view between Ilrlstow and the President
it had been decided that as Spinner In
tended to resign it would not be fair that
lie should name a cashier for'lils succes
sor, therefore, the nomination should re
main in abeyance. This is the "truo
story" of Spinner's' removal a told by
the correspondent, who hisisli that Ilrls
tow had nothing to do with it. Rut if
tho trim story is true, it annear.s that
Bristow had really a good deal to do with
iiaiiii:hs sr.JAixif run sv.v-
Harper's Magazine for September, con
taining seventy-live excellent engravings,
lias a happy blending ol tho light and
picturesque with its graver and more Im
portant articles. Foremost among the
latter will bo ranked Professor Sumner's
comprehensive review of tlio lluanelal de
velopment of (Ids country, being the
eleventh chapter ol tho "First Century"
series. Xo topic could bo more timely,
when it I eoin-ldercd that "the uionetay
history of the l.'nlted States," as Profes
sor Sumner says, "from tliu llrst coloniza
tion until now, is a history of experi
ments with cheap bubMltutea for money."
The Number opens with a beautifully
Illustrated article on "Gloucester nnd
Cupe Ann," by S. G. W. Benjamin, (ho
author of recent Illustrated papers on
Brittany aud the Channel islands.
Porto Crayon reappears ns a contribu
tor, with tin entertaining sketch of a Vir
ginia tournament, characteristically Illus
trated. Another illustrated paper, by Edward
Rowland, gives a graphic description of
the tournament of medieval times.
Mr. Conway, in an interesting illustra
te article on tho South Kensington Mu-
MMim, gives n very complete rtu w ot
the art treasures in Great Britain ; re
counts the history or the Mitetini at
South Kensington, and treats of Its archi
tecture and decoration as well as of Its
art collection''. Among the Illustrations
of tlie article arc pictures of specimens
or the celebrated Henri Deux ware. In
another paper Mr. Conway proposcs to
consider the museum with reference to Its
educational or art-training method and
.lames 1'ai ton contributes an lllu-t rated
paper on "Recent English Caricature,"
nnd 1'rofo-sor Ran conclude Ins series or
illustrated papers on the "Stone Age in
"The Song ol Deborah and Barak," ac
cording to Dr. Conant's version and ar
rangement, with bore's striking Illustra
tion, will prove interesting as a reproduc
tion in more poetic lorin, not Mmply of
tlie mot remarkable ot Hebrew lyrics,
but of the grandest triumphal ode in any
literature. Poems are contributed by
T.B.AIdrieh, John W. Chadwlck, Fan
nie R. RobliHon, .lames .MaurleoThonip--im
and Martin Smith.
The Number contain!) three short sto
ries, in "Garth," .Julian Hawthorne
presents n serial novel of absorbing lu-
terc?t uncqualcd by the productions of
any living American novelist.
John Blgelow concludes his entertain
lug scries of Haytlan proverbs, nud Ml-s
Anna C. Bracket! contiibutcs a suggos
live paper In answer lo the question,
Can we speak English?'1
To tlds excellent variety of contents
arc added the live Editorial Departments,
covering topics of current interest In their
Tho Xcw York 6'im, not satisfied witli
the result of (ho Beeclier trial, aud de
termined to make "the Old Man" wince,
nlms at him every day a poisoned arrow,
In the issue of the Sun. 11th hut., is a
decidedly "good tiling,'' an arrow which
we have no doubt will reach a vital spot
of tlie iuipurterbablo preacher and unex
Taking for a text a few sentences from
an article by Beeclier, in which he says
that It has been "the special good for
tune of Oils generation that in it.s most
eminent Kngllsli poet, genius has been
matched by thu purest morality and
steadfast spiritual faith," tlie Sun asserts
that ltccchcr Is himself one of die most
marked love poets ol the age. This as
sertion is proved very Ingeniously.
Ono of Beecher's letters to Mrs. Tllton
Is In tlie following language :
"Tlieblctslnir of Con rest nnoii vim. I'.irrv
p:iikof lileiinii vrurmtli In uur uun Iioiim
will lie a star unit a sun In my tlwdllntr.
Your note broke like spline upon winter, ami
KUe me an luwaiU U'IhjiiiiiI to life. -No one can
everkiiuw, none tint Uoil, throiiKli wliut nilrmrv
wlliltrnees 1 liate wuinleml. 'Jhtie uas Mount
Sinai, there was the barren khhI, anil there unit
tlie allernutiuii ol'h) ami despair Unit markol
thc)illKrimui;e ol'ulil. 11" only it might lead to
the I'lomleiil Ijinil-or, Ilkw .Mixed, uhall 1 ilie
on (lie bonier. Your lioneaml roiiruire lire liki-
iiHiliclne. MiouM Uoil lnpire jou to restore
mm rviuuiii m uouie, anil wiuie uouitf i in cneer
ami B1I9IUIU mnsiiieoi n anoiner hiio mireiy
uwhNIii.i in he.n t mill snlrit. it uiil nrotc a lile
Ht noble as lew ureuMo lo liva, m unctlir
woilil lheeinuiiciatel mi u 1 may tiller I hanks 1
"If It woulil be of comfort to of, now ami
then, loicnilmo a letter of true inh aiiiiaes.-
(he outcome of vniir Inner Ilk it Uoiilil l-oi-aU',
for 1 am mm- at home here with inv ulster: anil
It litj'EiiMiTTMiTo vol', anil ill lie an i.eeet-
iuricfre.hineiit tome, fur vour heart exnerien-
W3 are olten like lircnil iroin lieaen to the
hungry, tioil has enrlchul j our moial natuie.
.ay noiotnem partake v
Tills the Sun puts Into verso "without
any material alteration," as follow s :
a ixftTiiuit man's wii'i:. iiy h. w. ti.
n.l.rn.lnKor Ooil n'8tliinn yolll
Kncli paik of your warmtli ami j our life
A Mar U unit n sun, In my ihrcllliig;
My ilarlliiK another linn's wile,
Your note broke like spring upon winter--Uautan
Inwutil rehouiul tutu life;
TIiespriiiB or your line warms my winter,
My ilarlinganothcr man's wile.
I've walked 'twist your I)e(that'Mt.Mimi)
And j-our Silence (-and banen of life),
ltut your hope is medicinal cauraKc,
.My darlliiK anotlicr man's w lie.
Oil , may I but reach the baud rruml'cd
iirmut I, like .Mused, my life
ItellnmiHIi while out on l.uve's borili t,
My uailitiK another man's w He?
should I ioiI'h Inspiration Incite you
To halving tlie lou- nfyotir life
' Twl.t jour husband aniline, 'twould ei
.'i j iiaiiiiiK anoiner man's wile
Then willcn line inwanliics- letter,
'I lie oil t t o 1 1 ic ofinneriiioKt llli'i
'Twill be safe I'm alone Willi my ulster
.My il.iilliiK"anothcriiian's wife.
Another of Becchcr'a letters that of
contrition is as follows :
"JliioohLv.v, Jnnu.tiy I, l7l
"liitru-t with l'.H Moulton
' '.M v JlKAii I'iiiknii Moixton: I ask through
you '1 lieniloie'l llton's foigU cness, und I humble
inyrell before him as I do before my Uod. He
woiiui nine neen a nener man in my eiieiim.
stances than I hac lui-n. lean ask iiothitig ex
cept that he will remember all tlie oilier hearts
that would ache 1 will not plead for mj-M-lfi
1 eeu wish that I weie dead, Hut others mu-t
lUcnmt sufter. 1 will die befoie any one' but
mjtclf shiill be iiiculpuleil All my fhouglits
were limning toward my Irlenils, towurd the
poor child lying theie and praying will, her
iiiuieu nanus, nne is guiltless, sinned ngatnst,
iH-ariug the trausgit'So ous ofanolhr ll. i IV, i.
KlM'unss I lint i- 1 humblypruy lo Cod that lie
may pin a in mu ueariot tier ninDanil In forglie
me. 1 hate triulfil tills to .Moulton in confi
dence, a v. iiKix'imit "
TJiIs the .Suit renders as follows :
a SKiacmt's co.viitirio.v nv n. w. n.
Humble I myself beforo
Thee, as (iodl And I Inijilure
Thy forglvenessl '1 boll luilst btcn
in my place like better men.
I'ormjelfl cannot plead
Think of other hearts that bUed,
Hru my ciime shall Inculpate
miters, ilcnih Mull be my lule
Klin w lulling I were dead,
S-eelng sullertts in mv sfiad,
All my Ihuuglits loward ollieri tends,
Itunnlng self-lunie towutd my frlendst
Tmvatd th ;oor child lying there
V ilii her folded hand"lii prayer.
.She Is guiltless, siuueil against t
she Is bearing my ollence,
Silio forgives me and 1 pray,
'1 lint her tJod-hclicd husband may !
To "My Dear Frank" Beeclier wrote :
"Hi'MiAV .Moii.-fixu, Juno I, ISM,
"Mv UnAit t lUNh ! '1 he whole earlh Is trail
qtill and lite beaten is setene.us bellts one who
has about Mulshed his woilJ-lile. Ittjuldilo
jiotlilng on Satiirday--my head wus (wnfusedi
but ti good sleep has nuile It like crystal, I have
i cttrmincd to make nu more resistance. Then,
dore's tntiierameut It such, that thefiiluie,
etetl It lemponil iiy earned, would bo absolutely
troubles, filled w 1th abriiit changes, and rend
ering me liable at any hour or day to be obliged
to stultify all tliodcvlces by w lilcil We hat e saved
"My iiiliul Is clear, lam not In huste. 1
shall writelor tliu liulillirn ..tjiii.im.iti ti......iii
bear tlie light ol" (he Judgment duy. liodwill
take care of mciiiid mine. When I look on
earlh it Is a deep night When I look to tlie
IK.IHU3UNUIC tie i lie morning meaning, nut,
oltt Unit 1 could put In gulden letters my deep
IhaioaMroiiR IctllnKiipon mtMiixI It lrin
Kru iKiccs with it, tlmt 1 am bpi'iiiliut' my
hrsiuY und nnnclilnjrmy itttbfnnii.
'l)fiir. trniiii Uoil. 1 thiinL- tin i i i.Vii i .
fir. i V r''",mi" l"l"lli- 'Ihu lialnof
... ... I .1 i T I,'"" ifioij "i eieriasting
iinaiicl latimi Is tvonlless, Inronceiruble. mil ot
beckoning glory. Ohl my beloved r'nink,
Hiallkiiywjoutlictc.iiniHoreKr hold fellow
your tilUiniewlci nii-mUtiiii, Your noliiY win
loo, hus iH-on to iitu oueor Upd'a cmni'irti'w.
llllTellilP. Illl'lt 111 ll.li 111 I'ltrllim. I.. I...-
li tt lib ton, nnd look Imck ntuUmlle nt the
i our lot nig H. tt . 11 ' '
'See," ays tlio .Sun, "how well Hint
reads when veHllcd :
a firii.TV r.ision'.s co.vtkmi'i.atihv iw
m riiii:. IIY II, w. u.
I lie cnrlli Is truntiull.nnil the Heaven l uor-nn.
llcllfllinr one Mlmsc flmltered earth life it
. .mi m u tiiiiiii'M" .jin. iiiic mi mure!
Dcvlrrs will ti"t i!hr lno Iiomii whieh to 1 .-n i .
.'ij intnn i" m-.n, nun i inn nni in tmie. rn
CuurVsiloii Hint will lie-.il- Hit Dav of .tiidc
men! ' Until.
!ml will iiiVrnKf of mu ti ml nilni- nuenrth
ltut, lonkliifT .wunl lo 1'iirirUliiK Heaven, I
Inianeliintiiur .'lirv lieekonlnir in inn.
The rit lliiL- timt I Mltinj ntioii nie. Iirlnirliiff
1 that t 111 Suti-lsi V Is the lint before telene.
tear (!od! I thank 'Ilii elornSMirlng sight
Iff rest wilh llicc-lrluinplmnt, glorious rest
Where, salcl;. h fitful, I tuny smite upon the
The .V'oi writer is a genius.
Tut! .Million Monitor defends C.w: llm:
crldge, and talks about thu howling per
secutors of IIIj excellency. In vlndlca-
lonoflhe (governor the Monitor pun
ishes a letter lie wrotu to J. I). F. Jen
iliiL's. .State's Attorney of Williamson
county, in November 1871, advising him
) enforce tlie law. .icnnlng.s attempted
act upon the (.iovcrnor'.s advice, and
as coniDelled to resltrn ntul lien from
the county. The Governor was calm;
he slept on.
Tin: 7Vim Is oiino-ed lo n VIl'II:iiwi
t'oiiiiulltee lor Williiiinson county. It
thinks the Democratic roll of Illinois Is
small enough already. ,S7. LmU Globe
Only one good Uemocrat has been killed
u tin' vendetta Dr. Ilincliclill". Tlio
light has been among the Republicans.
It ltu-been taking (he names ol'tlie Repub
lican roll ol'Illhiols, and IT tlio murderers
could beat-rested and .strung up the Re
publican roll oC Illinois would be still
Tut. Committee on General Improve
incuts or the Citizens' Association has
been Instructed to determine how tlie city
may be relieved from the rain-water that
accumulates In the low places in the city
while the sowm arc elo-ed in periods of
high water in thu rivers. Thu committee
can tin tills without dllllcultv.
Ai ron.sT.Y-Gn.s'iuiAi. Field, of Louisi
ana, has been hi the habit or drawing fif
teen hundred dollars a year as salary for
a clerk hi ills olllee. It has recently
tran-pired that this clerk is ids wife.
Tut; tlNastcr at Hhawneetown is (o be
regretted. The levee was new, and the
little city hopeful ; ltut its hopes have fill
been dashed by the ovcrllow.
Letter Prom D. T. Line
gar, Esq., on the
A Now Systom Suggested and
The State to Assume
the Kauroad Debts.
C.ttito, I i.i.., August 9th, 1873.
Hon Thomas s lildgway, Mate Treasurer,
Siirlugfleld, Illinois :
DkauSiu: I write you on u subject
of great importance to the tox-pavers of
this State, nntl one that will command at
Tho railroad debt contracted by conn
ties, cities and towns. Is a great burthen
uiion muuy localities : so much so that it
paralyzes Indu'trios and depreciates
values. Most of thee debts were con
tracted under the railroad law of lbC!).
How to relieve these communities frniii
this burthen without doing injustice to
other communities which have not such
debts, is the question. I have given this
siinjcei consiuerauiu iiiougnt, unit iroin
reflection, conversation and reading, have
reaciicii me coneiiisiou mat njitst and
eitultable mode can be cstnhllslmil wlilr-li
will be sucees-l'ul and satisfactory to tlie
people. I submit It to you for your
eoiisiucraiiou ami criticism. Tne plan is
.ii lunutvft :
First. Release all railroad, telegraph,
ami insurance cornorporatlons or com
panies from taxation for county, town or
vuy inn iiu-o.
Second. Release all other property, real
and personal, from taxation for State pur
poses. Third. Ral-e all Statu revenue from
a tax upon the gross receipts of Rail
roads, Telegraph, find Insurance Com
panies. Fourth. Raise nil municipal revenue
front local taxation uiion real and ncr-
sonal properly, licenses &e.
Fifth. The State to ussumc tliu County,
Town, and city railroad Indebtedness,
and pay the same out of the revenue de
rived from the gross receipts ol corpora
tions. Tills mode ot taxation Is slmnle. eliean
aud equitable. It taxes thc.su corpora
tions aecorilln,' to their prosperity. The
new railroad that is struggling for exis
tence is not taxed beyond all means to
pay, and the old, wealthy ono Is liiadu
to give nil a portion of Its earnings for
thuMipport of the State government.
The pie-cut unequal ami iiniist cys
tcin of taxation (In practice if not hi
theory) will bu broken tin. Tlie board of
equaliiuiiou will be unnecessary and may
uu Huoiisiii'ii, ami itiereoy a largo ex
iiense f;ived to the State. It will greatly
lessen Hit- expense of the legislature by
removing therefrom tho vexed question
of revenue bills, which is the gliost of
almost every legislature.
It gives to the State an ample revenue
to pay thu expenses of the State govern
ment, and pay tlie interest upon thu
State debt, and tlie Municipal Railroad
debt, in this way the State 'overninent
eau be run, tliu Statu debt and the Mu
nicipal Railroad debt be paid oil, and tliu
people never feel tho burthen of taxa
tion. It leavss all real and personal nroncrlv
to be taxed for local purposes; County,
lowii.tind City government, Improve
ments of roads, bridges, streets, avenues,
&c. it does away with the unjust dis
crimination in assessment in dill'crent lo
calities under tho nresent pvsteni. Un-
der tliu proposed t.y.stcm, eaeli locality
makes its. assessment upon its property,
and If its assessment is higher than some
other county, it Millers no inconvenleucu
became nf tho unequal assessment.
There Is only so much tax to bo raised,
and If tlio assessment is high tlio per
centage will bo correspondingly low.
Tliu Railroad debt that we arc
trying to dlsnoso of for tho re
lief ot tlio btirtlieucd localities, was nx I
have stated, mostly created under tho
law mused In 18(10. which irate to the lo.
ealitles tliu State tax upon tho increased
valuation ol property lor ten years, tak
ing I SOS as the liaets of vnluatlonsi (Ids
law has been ilcijlarcd unconstitutional.
The people voted tills debt with tlie un
derstanding that the taxes upon such in
creased valuation should bo nppllcd to
tlie p.ivnicnt of the Interest upon tlie
debt created under the law of IW, find,
hut tor that law ntot of litis debt would
never have been created, and many miles
of railroads, that vu now havo and en
joy, would never have been built, and
wiille local causes, no doubt, prompted
most of the vote-, tlio debt o voted lias
Inured mostly to the public good. It
lias opened up lo the public, in tliU State,
more (ban 2iH) miles of railway. These
railroads have added largely to'tlie pros
perity of the Slate, find will continue to
add largely to tho prosperity of the State
and public for nil time to come.
Let u examine (lie bearing or this plan
upon all the parties interested In it. It
is llrst ptopocd lo release till Railroad,
Telegraph and Insurance- companies
from nil local taxation upon property
held by them for their legitimate
business, and that hi licit thereof they
fhall ho taxed upon their gros receipt.
These corporations would bo released
Iroin the annoyance of local taxation.
ii inn ihu uiiiiut unco ot
They would pay directly
Treasury. This would be
into thu Statu
:o a ureal con
venience. They would not bcunnoyed i y
local assessors and collector!. It would
bo a simple inodo of assessment nnd col
lection of taxes by the Slide. These cor
porations would deal only with the Au
ditor and Statu Treasurer. Tlie law
would fix tho amount lo ho paid, and tho
times of payment. Tlie corporations
would know the amounts to be paid and
when it would have to be paid, and could
make their arrangements and business
conrorm to the demands of (lie law. Tills
mode of taxation would bu catteeiullv
just as to the local and foreign liiur:iiicu
companies, ai present our i.ocai in
surance Companies pay u tax upon nil
tliclr property and capital stock, while
the foreign Insurance Companies do the
largest portion of tlie business and pay
no revenue to the State.
Tne secomt proposition W to release all
real and personal property from taxation
tor mate purposes, which win ne equiva
lent to an appropriation iiy the State of
all the State taxes upon Mich property.
Proportions have been made and favored
in some localities to have the State as
sume all municipal Indebtedness Tlds
plan Is hinuilcr nntl mure cutiitublc. and
certainly more hciicllciul to localities that
have large local debts. For example,
take Cook county and the city ol Chi
cago where there is a large local debt and
see how the rule will work. Cook coun
ty had a total valuation of property, as
appears from tlio Auditor's report of
equalized assessments lor ISTIJ. of $TOG,
U0!i,G00.(J0: or this tliu equali.ed valuation
of railroad track and lolling stock was
s;ifiiii,'jMj.uu; equalized valuation ol cap
ital stock S-'.&IO.OH.OO; a(liletl together
make, a total of $fj,l'J-.','J70.(XJ; deduct
from gross valuation leaves $:ilK).OSO,:i'J0.
00. Jtotv by till iimi c'ook county sur
renders to the State her right of taxation
for.Municlpal purposes iijioiiSO,12,'jrO,(JO,
and secure-, hi return therefor a release
from State taxation on $:i(X),05G,:i'JO.OO.
Is Cook county not placed hi better con
dition than she would be to have the
present .sy-teni of taxation remain nnd
have Ihu Statu assume her entire local
debt? Tlie amount of State taxes upon
the surrendered property will pay
thu interest upon her local debt,
create a sinking mud to pay olf the prin
cipal as it lulls due, and send a surplus
Into the county and city treasuries.
The samu beneficial results will bu found
proportionately lo apply to almost every
county in tlie State. Tlie counties that
have local railroad debts will all favor
this plan. Tlie counties tii.it have no
railruads or nil I road debts will favor tins
jifati, lor liey will oc released from all
Statu taxation linon their nmnertv. mil
aud personal, and surrender iiutliltt. Tim
oilier counties win receive u ncuelll so
much greater tliau what they surrender
that they will ho in favor of It. And es
pecially will the cotintli-s along tliu line
of the Illinois Central Railroad favor it,
for they have for years sull'ered all the
disadvantages of this plan without any
of It.s benellts. The railroads will gen
erally be for It, especially the new ones,
and I have no doubt many ol tlie ohl
ones. The I.ocai Insurance Companies
will be for it. '1 lie only interests that
will be seriously hurt by it will bo the
Foreign Insurance Companies nnd tin;
Telegraph Companies two institutions
thai have thus far most adroitly managed
to avoid taxation.
A point of great importance to be con
sidered, is the ability of tlie proposed plan
to nccompllsh its purpoes.
I think it may be Kilely assumed that
by tlie time this plan eau bu put into op
eration, tlie gross earning will equal SGO,
000,000.00 from railroads, lile Insurance
$5,000,000.00, lire and marine ?0000,
000.00; making a total from railroads and
insurance of $71,000,000.00. We have
not at hand any Matlsllcs showing the re
ceipts oi telegraph companies in tlii
At ." per rent, on railroads we havc.$.J,e"o,Wii) no
.u.iereeni on iiisuraneewvnate iw,wj v
Making ii total letenue from the two
1 do not insist that the pcrccutiigo is
only llxeilfor tho puriioseot showing tliu
ability of the plan to create revenue.
The earning pott er of thetu corporations
will constantly increase while tliu taxa
tion will decrease. This State has all its
public buildings, Stale bouse, charitablu
institutions, etc., nearly completed. The
State debt will toon disappear. Tlio rail
road debt referred to, aiiiouutii)'' proba
bly to $20,000,000.00, can no doubt be
tiindcd Into twenty year live nor cent.
gold bearing bonds ; the holders
ot tne present nouns would gladly
make tlie change. Thu pcr
centafro upon these corporations
would in a Jew years become compara
tively small, It may renonahlv bo as
sumed that an ample revenue can he
raised from tliu sources indicated for all
tlio nurnojes indicated. It is not tho oh-
ject of tills letter to do anything pioro
tliau outline tlio plan lor a better system
of taxation tliau thu one. we now have.
This plan will undoubtedly require tlio
amendment of the Constitution.
'J lie plan indicated would hu in viola
tion of Sections one aud six. Article nhi
of tlie Constitution. ArtWo nine f-liuuld
to amended us tirovlded for In Section
two of Article fourteen ot the Constitu
tion. My object in writing tills letter to von
is to call to your attention and to the at
tention of the nconle this iuiDortatit sub
ject, in hopes that some action may be
tnKen. .o question is ever understood
until it lias been fairly und fully dis
cussed, it appears to mo that this plait
of taxation will bring relief to every com
munity in tills State. If it will bring re
lief to an ovorbutherned people, itnliould
bu fi'dtatcd, aud the sooner it is ii'dtntcd.
aud the people madu to understand It,
it must and will be agitated oon hv
tliu ovcrburlhciicd communities of this
Somtt mode of relief will loree ilself
into thocomhi'rcaninal'rns. and men and
parties will bo compelled to tnko sides.
These cornoruttons are the children of
tlio people, and they, It Is to bo hoped,
will willingly come to tliu help of tboso
who breathed life into them. This plan
Is 110 net with me. If nut' nun r-.-in tnrr.
gest a better one, or amendments to this,
let them do so.
Tills llhlll Hint' bn SllllWt in ci.vurn
criticism; If so, let It receive It. There
may no a Doner piuu lor raMng revenue,
aud at tlio samu tlnio glvu relief; If so,
let It bo shown, mid let It bo adopted,
ltut some plan must and will be ndoptcd.
i our iiuciueiii mtviiui. nun menu,
0. T. I.ijsr.n.ut.
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