Newspaper Page Text
W. L BRISTOL,
loops everything portainins to
bo lino of Staplo and Fanoy Gro
arioa, Woodonwaro, Vogotablcs,
fruits, Sic, Sic.
y My Now Stylo Mixed
Jflcront Combination Prom nny
Before OlTercd in tho Market,
and of Excellent Fluvor.
Sweat and Rich
Central Hop Yeast
Again Thl Summer.
Vo. 32 EIGHT STREET
R -Ja I I'AI I
T. L'AKHON B la MllddVi
Orders for Coal by tho car-load,
on, or in hogsheads, for shipment,
rompuv uuunuuu 10.
"To larcco consumers and all
CAIEO CITY COAL COMPANY.
llalllilay llro ' offlrr, No TO Ohio Le vrc.
rt-llairiilay llro 'auluirflwat
-Ai r.tryiuiuu .inn, or
At the Coal Iiuinii. foot of Thtrty-EInht
rJ-I'oit Olllcc Drawer, Xt.
utter, Eggs, Fish, Poultry,
Game and all kinds of fresh
Fruit and Vegetables.
ighth Street, Carro. Ill
hour, day or nteht. 7-I3-U
noiesale, Retail and
uwuun uudu jtiiuu imiu lor
KB buu vail n.
Book for the People.
or i '' st"uble lolumu I'.iiti.i.JJie flue
( ( "' f ngtmliiK., vutUt inlur.l,
RHIAUt.. I .""! hiiu. re utiouM.II he rxil.
rliyon ilim'uiiii.i.vKiiiiVr nary andOen
jrOr:iifMhMii.litluaihK u.i t..runut Irt-
ot camm utlore ami mur liiittlui, lrainIOirf.
01 gttUtS . ... w u.t fj.iv, 1 .lilt Ml Dm,
mI and (hoes euhleiiiMtllliK liurrltcc. Aol m m.r
I. bucUflic oiuy iiuulr rnwluil work
ii. n ptluni fur all tut .bu, di.i.,u.
Anrii.iiiinni.piiirtf.itii.iitor DD.rmaiurrn.a. n v.
pi of .tamp. Alto a .mm Maaioai i roaiiio ouihi
R. SMYTH & CO.,
Windfall) and Rftall I)ealM l
Foreign and Domestic)
WI2VKH OF ALL KIND.
No. 00 Ohio Levoe,
MKSSIt' , SMYTH A CO. have fnniumiy
a lare aKh k t the lint pwl' "' mar
ket, ami glir rniwrlal atlntlon to the uilwl
raiicii ui me uuemi'sn.
Tho Undersigned Iluving Given
In now Proparod to FurniBh Ico
At prices that will Compare Fav-
oraoiy witn any ucaicr. 110
will now Dovoto his a ton
tion Entirely to his
Comer Blslitla. IBtx-oot,
WK. WKTZHL. Proritor.
Trtl.'STV watch kept uitit and day for
train nnl eK-jiubosta
The lx-t nf aMommiHUtlurn for tTannlfnt
KUr.U ttl Two t)lr K t lUr. 3-lf-lf
HlKtl.tJ.AI.1: UHIII ERN.
STSATT0N & BIRD,
AOENTS AMEEICAN POWDER CO
57 Ohio Levee.
G. D WILLIAMSON,
No. 76 OHIO LEVEE.
Sl'KCIAl.nttrntlnn Kiu'ii loronf ignmrnH anil
I'.vi.vr A.VII OII.M.
B. F. PARKER,
r?aints, Oils, Varnishes,
JlTall Paper, Window Glass, Win
dow Shades, &c.
Always on hand, tbu crlrbruUtl Illuminating-
Corner Eleventh Street and Waahinif
CAIRO CITY BINDERY,
a, o. xxttxjxjm,
BINDER AND BLANK BOOK
lulletln Bulletin?, Corner Twelfth Street
and Wannineton Avonuo,
Cf Cmintv und lUilrnml Wnrk a mrrlaUy.
Dealer in Fresh Meats
Between WavahlnirtoD vid Oommeroial
iMHti.i Ajllnltiinv V.nnM1.
X?" KKI'S for aal the btat Bwf, I'urk. Mutton
imrH to ;ToPimlllrs In nn sccerUble iDtumfr
OOMi Ue)tlM. autlAlBe, Qstntt r-wela. Sltxaat aai TTxlvlivctoia. .A.TreJ.u..
THE CIIRHTMVT TKKK
llarc and brown una the chcatnut trcr,
wtitn he wmt mr Uner. uwajr from if ,
Hut under the liranche lirown and mrv.
lie iiruniinol asaln to nu-ct me there
IJuil hti'I liloisoru. awcet clieatnultri,
And hrlK my lover again to me.
'I he hloi.om wiu hlte on the chettuut tiw
When ho came my lovert nitaln to ran.
Hut he came with a rurno. Tor a rivals gullu
nwurr to unotlirr 1 ite my amllc.
Turn flower to Otilt. awett cheitnut trff,
And (urn my lorer njraln to me.
Tho llo pol ftll from the cheatmit tie
When hec.irneai(aln, hut iiotfurmc
for mylalre, l'uluc rhal aiat hlnnlde.
And thcrliurch Ix'll. rnnp for the orlhy bride,
Mionrrdouii tliyilraM leati'i, rhejitnut Irer,
And buiviny broken heart and met
IK W. Iloitrdlllon, In the Independent.
LOCAL REVENUE REFORM.
Tli tlilrimi.Tlmrioii I.T. Unrjrnr
Mr. I). T. LltK't'ar, au Ksyptl.ni lccis
lator, lias l-ucilau "ojhmi leik'r''iiiiiuvo
tsicy of it cnuiplutc rcfiiriiiatloii of our
local ruvenue cystctn. The programme
is almilar to, hut in Minn; repects eimpliT
tliuii. iliat wliicli u:n hrouglit forwaiii in
tins Kciifral iitM'tnl)!' .1 cotiplu of yi-arH
ago ly Mr. Alcxati(ltr.St.iriif. Mr.fiiarue
proposed to ahamlou taxation hy vulmt
tiou altogether, ami adopt in lus Ftc:id n
ct'iicral y&tfin ot llwnM.s nnil royaltli'5.
What Mr. I.lncgar propofs U tv aban
donment of taxation hy valuation for
stati; purposes only, leaving municipal
revenue to he rai.fil hy lhat method. Mr.
I.ineg.ir's project iscoinpreheiidedln live
propositions, a" follows :
1. Keleao all properly of corporations
(used lor corporate purpoe) from taxa
tion hv any mode for municipal purposes.
2. Id-lia-e till (iilicr property Irom tax
at Ion liy any modo for iat purpo-ee.
3. itli-e all state revenue hy a lax (roy
alty) 011 thu groin reai)t of corpora
tions 4. Kalsi! all municipal revenue hy taxa
tion by valuatlou. 011 property other
than lhat of corporation (used for cor
porate purposee) and by licenses.
o. The ktatu 10 uuuie till municipal
liidebtednes for railway purpose, and
pay the game oat of its revenue, derived
Objections hvc been raided to this
'clieme as follows : 1. That it would di
vert the holders of Illinois railway bonds
of 11 part ol the tecttrity given lor their
payment, namely, the obligation rup re
re filed by the municipal railroad Indebt
edness An obvious reply to this would
be that, as compensation lor -ui-h divest
ment of security upon municipal taxa
tion, it would give to thu holders of such
bonds the probably more, satisfactory
curity of a elate obligation. Whether
Mich charge of Mjciirily would he "Im
palrini: the obligation ol contracts" wi li
nt the meaning ol thu national constitu
tion, Is, at lcat, doubtful. Probably the
railroad bondholders would not o con
Hut a fccond nbjf ction Is that It would
lro 11 iiiellKx.1 of Uixiiit; tin; erpnratloiin
to pay the bontlt) which the mimicipuU
ties iseiiud In "11111" of raUroml viitur-prl-es
; that U, It would he compelling
the p.irlies aided to refuiid to thosu who
contribuied the aid. or to pay back the
aid they received. Which Is exactly what
they contracted to do, and which it cer
tainly would bu iu-t to make them do.
This "objection'1 (instead of being an ob
jection it Is really 0110 of the bee-t argu
ments that can be made in .support of the
K'lieuic) i o strange mat It is wortu
while to examine It a little. Jjavs the ob
"The railroad debt referred to Is, hi
round miinbers, SJO.UOO.OW. The tieotile
contracted with certain corporations to
this ellcct : If vou wilt build certain lines
ot railroad wo will give you a lien upon
our piniierty In the shape ol bonds to the
extent of $20,000,000. The roads have
been built, and now Mr. I.lncgar wauls
to absolve the people from those obliga
tions by inakiiii; the companies them
selves keep up the Iniere t on the bond.-.
1 lie property 01 me nartle" to whom I lev
were ts-Mied must meet the greater Dart of
the Interest payments. hut Is this but
This Is 11 statement of only one side of
the case. The other fide may be stated
thus; The corporations contracted with
tile people to this eflect: If you will
bond your property in our favor to an
amount siilllclent to build certain rail
roads we will kindly build thu road (and
own them, too.) but wu will give you
stock tor your bonds, and thus out ot
the profits of thu roads which we will
build, and the Increased value they will
give to your property, and the additional
.source of municipal revenue tlicv will
create, both the Interest and principal of
your boiuN will bu paid. We ask you to
give us nothing, but simply to tend us
your security upon a 10:111 which tu real
ity we, and not you, proinlsu to pay.
Thu "aided" railroad corporations
have not kept their part of the bargain.
Indeed, they never meant to keep It. They
got. squandered, embezzled, and Crtdit
Mobilized what money they couid rale
on thu bonds, and left the deluded bond
giver with a lot of worthies wildcat
railroad slock as the only recompense for
their folly. Thu Llncgar proposition Is a
mode and perhaps the only praticnl one
of making the subsidized corporations
stand up to thu letter mid meaning of the
contract they entered Into with the boud
i.suing municipalities. "If Mr. Llncgar
had 11 mortgngu 011 n farm," says thu il
lustrative objector, "would ho think
it fair for the mortgagor to
compel him to keep up his
own Interest thereon without in
creasing the obligations of thu mort
gagor?'' Hut. If, in consideration of that
mortgage, Mr, I.iucgar hud agreed to
furuieh to thu mortgagor the wherewithal
to keep up tho Interest, and pay thu prin
cipal, too. would thu mortL'iiL'or think It
fair If he refused to do It? Tho whole of
the municipal railroad aid debt ot Illinois
Is not hlntr whatever hut n. loan liv tint
people to thu railroad companies, which
the latter agreed to pay. If they don't
do It. what is their failure but repudia
tion? What Injustice can there be In re
quiring them to lultlll. Instead ot sutler
lug them lo repudiate, thu plain consider
tion iiponjwlileh thu bonds were given?
Neither of theso objections to thu I.in
gar programme Is good. What other
objections appear njralnst It?
An obstacle In its way undoubtedly ap
pears In the sixth secth of the re ve into
urtlclo of tho state constitution. To bring
It Into effect would require nn amend
ment of the constitution; though proba
bly not nn nmendment rcs-pectlug tho
mode of raising revenue. The levying of
n tax by valuation lor statu purposes Is
cluurlv not obligatory, seeing that tho al
ternutlvo niodo of taxation by royalty or
license, "uniform as to thu class upon
which It operates,'' Is nllowcd. Tho prop
erty oi the Illinois Central railway com
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1875.
pany Is now exempt from nil taxation by 1
valuation, ami 11 omy taxcu iorsuuopur- ,
doms by royalty. This h Just what the
Llncgar plan proposes to npply to all
corporation;; tins 10 "c.u 01 an
other taxation. Beyond any question,
this Is the most economical and cfllciunt
mode of getting from corporations their
tlue contribution? to the burden of gov
tiient. Nor Is It, ns some people Imagine, lia
ble to thu objection of being a modu of
inequality In thu distribution of taxation,
li the rate of the royalty bo "uuirorm as
to tho class upon .which It operates,"
there is no injustice done by this mode
to any corporato enterprise whatever,
and the burden ot tho royalty, which the
corporations pay wholly In the first In
stance, Is distributed In their rates of
charges to all who patronize them hi the
most equitable way possible. There Is,
of course, no such tldng possible as "abso
lute uniformity of taxation," in the legal
distribution of taxes by any modu what
ever. The utmost that can bo attained Is
11 relative uniformity, and this can bo
attained as well, and probably better
by other mod as than valuation.
Without expressing positive approval;
of the Llncgar programme of state reve
nue reform, Uiu VY considers it. as de
serving of thoughtful examination and
serious consideration. There nre many
very strong masons to recommend it.
But it also involves some dangers (as, for
Instance, the liability ol municipalities to
rush headlong Into some new debt as
soon as relieved from the burden of an
old one), which It would bu ol trmiscend
etit inportuiicu not to incur.
A stray copy of Lt I'eupU, a journal
published ill 1'ort-aii-I'ruu.v, has lallen
into the hands of a Havana correspond
ent, who sends enough extracts from the
pajier to Prove It quite a lively sheet. It
is edited by J. J. Audalti. who adds to
his editorial functions the elevated cliarge
of senator ot the republic, and also keeps
11 "variety" store. Tim editorial notice
which employs a prominent place In Hal
lo, Is quite a cut lenity, us may be
seen from thu following translation:
"Kx-JJepuiy, C. A. S., 01 Corfal, i- re
quested to pay me the lew hundred dol
lars he owes iuu since ls'H. Mi. 1. U.,
ot l'etlt Goave, is requested to settle lor
the $700 hu has 10 my credit. Mr. M., of
the Cape, will please till me If I ought lo
lose the $1,600 i paid him, lor his liouse
of Mouruu-u-ruit, besides the lawyers'
fees. Their names shall allappvar hi full
within fifteen days, unless they settle
their accounts, and there shad also b'
given the initials ot other tardy payers,
and amounts due fur subscriptions
to Lt I'tuple, and the names of
men owing me S 15,000 for goods. I am
tired ol giving these notices; I shall
act henceforth, and those ,vlio pay up
shall not be "shown up." 1 declare 1
shall no longer serve us a foot-rug for
anyone. I work for my money, eisplre
enough to cum it, and do not want any
mote blood suckers to come to my house
and take my iroods lrrutiiltouslv or 011
credit. I have received no Inheritance
from anyone ; all that 1 have has been
jialii lor wiiii the sweat of my brow, and
I owe no favors to niiyuno; on the contra
ry, people owe uie favors. I imvu mild.
.1. .t. Al'PAI.V."
This redoubtable scnator-tliopmau-cd-Uor
was bitterly opposed to the nction of
hu government In giving up the cargo of
the Laura l'tlde, ami i.rovwl hli.U,t n
continual thorn hi Its side. In reporting
the affair he states that public rumur
credited thuSapnlsh consul with demand
ing the expulsion of M. Fernandez, an
honorable Cuban, who was professor ot
mathematics and Spanish at the National
lyceum. and indignantly asks, since when
has Haytl made a treaty with. Spain which
gives her represent itlvea right to make
such ndcuiaud:"' What," wrotohe,"ve ne
groes and mu attoes put beyond our walls
a man who has sympathy lor our broth
ers who are hi slavery ? lona done!
One ot two things, cither we have blood
in our veins or we have not!" So free
was Audain in expressing his criticisms
on the government that the Moniieur, thu
olllclal organ, which afterward published
the decree giving up thu Laura Pride's
cargo to thu Spanish mau-ot-war, ulso
contained n caution to M. Audain, and
threatened the suspension of his news-paper
it he did not tone down his remarks,
lie did so.
Another extract seems to confirm the
horrible cannibalistic propensity of the
savatre liaytian Africans. An account is
given of the arrest, in the outskirts of
I'ort-Hii-l'rlnce, of a loup-garon woman,
at the very moment she was about to suck
the life-blood out of 11 child. The ac
count states that it is well known that
many children die without having ever
been ill, owing to tho witches who suck
them ns they would suck an egg, and
many of the children who died recently
were found to have holes In their heads
or backs, through which their life had
been sucked away.
$& During the epidemic or intermit
tents in the H est this season, thu whole
Immense stock of AVer's Ague Curu be
came exhausted, and the producing power
of his Laboratory was found Inadequate
to meet thw demand. Many who knew
its extraordinary virtues for thu cure of
Chills and Fever, paid exorbitant prices
for it. Tills Aguo Cure is said, by those
who use it, to never fall. Header, if you
must have medical aid, take thu best of
medicine. Poor lemcdles are dear, as
good nre dieap, at any price you havu to
pay for tlietn.CAarfafon Conner.
The unileraigned has the pliaaure of announc
Iiir to the citizens of Cairo and the turrouudinjr
cuuutry that lie hits eatubll.ticl u
for the rale of Josenb Scbaaldev's ccIebruttU
ST, LOUIS LAGER BEER,
and on shorte-t uotice beer will be delivered
culil and itwly tor tap
TONY NlEDEinVIESEU. Agent.
Iicpot under Haulers' House.
If OHTII SIDE OF EIGHTH STREK1
Betwa WM&lavttm ui 0oauBrcl4
PAINT AND OIL DEALERS.
JOBBERS AND RETAILERS OF
DRUGGISTS' FANCY GOODS.
WAX FLOWER MATERIAL
f K solicit correspondence and orders from
t 01 kq'his in our line .steamboat, riuntation
tilled with reliable Druga at reaaonable rotes
74 Oblo Levee.
II'. 1 LfJLL.
Alt B. SMITH, X. S.
llKSIDKS'CK: No. 21 Thirteenth street, lie
tween Washington avenue and Walnut afreet.
OKFlCEi North aide of Eluhth street be
tween Commercial and Waahlnjiton avenue.
W. DUNNINQ, X. D.
KKHlDEKCE: Comer Ninth anil Walnut
OFFICE : Corner Sixth itreet and Ohio Levee
OFFICE HOURS: rrom 6 a.m. Urn., and
from 2 to 3 p.m.
fOHN H. W1XEY,
Attorney at Law.
OFFICE: Elihth Street, between Commer
cial and Washlugton nvennc.
Attorney at Iaw.
OFFICE: Ohio Levee, over room formerly
occupied liy Firm National Hank,
Q.REEN ft QLLBEBT,
AttorncyH and CounNclorN
OFFICE: Ohio rooms 7 and 8 I
Uty Natloual Ikuit, I
William It Green, 1
William II Glllwrt. CAIUO. IlJ.lNOis.
MlloiFrcd'k tillbert S
0Speclal attention iclvtn to Admiralty and
Sewn boat bu!lre5.
HKXl. KSTATK AO KMT.
JOHN a. HARMAN &
MKVEYAXCSKS, M0TABIES PU1IIC
Land AtrenU of the IlllnoU Central and
Burlington and Uulncy B. B.
North Cor. Sixth a-ad Ohio Lovoo,
M. J. 1IOWUEY,
LYNCH & H0WLEY,
Collectors and Conveyancers.
OFFICE -At the Court House,
MRS. ! J. SP ARS
West aide Commercial Avenue, between
Eighth and Ninth atreeta.
(Next door to J Uurgvr's dry goods atorr.)
A full line ot the luteal uud inont fadblouuble
HATS AND BONNETS
always on band. AImo erary variety or
Ribbons Laoos and Trimmings,
from the cheapest to the roost coatly. Ladle
will llnd any and everything In heratore fure
comidete atrett, ball or rty putHt.
I'rlcta to coniiete with auy In the Wejt.
r.l-o agent for the Houie sewing .Machine.
nno a T3 A OTTTPm O
i SiXJA. autt OAPJJU vvr
All kinds hard end soft,)
FLOORING, BIDING, LATH, fto
Mill u4 Yard,
3ornr Thirty-Fourtk Strt sod
COLLIER WHITE LEAD,
Druggist. I'byalcUoa and Geaeral Stores in wan
ami f amily
Medicine Cam furnished or .
OTahlniror Av., Oof. 8th
112 COMMERCIAL AVE.,
Pianos and Organs,
SHEET MUSIC AND
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE OF
HALLET, DAVIS & CO.'S
Of World wide Reputation.
Acknowledged by all good Malclun. to be the
ue.i i-jano now mane.
THE GREAT UNION PlB.NO,
Of which wo have sld over 409 dtmng
twelve ear- pai, becoming more and morn
popular every day.
SMITH'S AMERICAN ORGAN,
Splendid tone. Power and Durability.
, Kimball's Orchestral Organ,
I Aim " liwtrumcnt, adapted to lntru.
I iu uini as wen 11 Yucai muftic.
ALL THE ABOVE A HE OFFERED ON
Kay Monthly I'u yments, at loir flguic
regardlen of I.mt Prices
In f-rct variety, Including all the new
and popular miiaic ol the day.
Orders from the Country
promptly fllld and ent
violins guTtars B4IVJ0S
FRKNCII IIAItPS, ETC., ETC.
Band Instruments of all Kinds
FurrJabcd to Order.
TBIN0I 70S VIOUM, OtJlTAJW, ZT0.
Ot tho Heat Quality.
Classical Studits and Exercises
Of allgraileH for Piano or Voice.
UaTEvery decrlptIou of Musical Mer
uhandlae furnished lo order, promptly and
at prices lower than eer offered before.
l.ENCY ALSO Or
ROGER'S ELEGANT STATUARY.
Send for Illustrated Catalogue and Price
1.111 01 inose iioauuiui grouped.
All Ooodi Warraattd ai Btprtitnttd.
ROBBINS' MUSIC BAZAP,
WXOUtSAUB AND BBTAXL.
IN THE CITY.
Goods Bold Very CI 010.
Corner 19th St. and Cosuaerelal Av
C O. FA17EB CO.
It. W. MXLXaXR,
And dealer In v
FLOUR, MEAL. GRAIN HAT,
I CAIRO, ILLINOIS
AVD PKAtitt tM
LIKE, CEMENT, PLASTER,
VuAmr City Natloaal Baak.
IWfl.L tell la car-load tots at mMiLfactnrtrs
prices, adding Freight.
JOHN B. PH1XLIS
(euceeaaon to John II. FhlllU)
And Dealer In
HAT, CORN, OATS, FLOUR,
MXAI, BBAX, etc.
AgtlU for LaVLTH iTbaMO NWBIB CO
:Caniar Tarnth "itreet aad Ohla
Z. I). Malhuas.
HATHUSS Sc UHL,
84 OX-alO XjO-tTOOl
No (0 Ohio Levee,
K. J. Ayrcs.
S. U. Ayrc.
AYRES Sc CO.,
L. D. THOMS,
And dealer In
STAPLE AND FANCY
Yore. lro aad Domestic Frulta and Nuta
1M COXKZBCIAI AVXKUK.
II. U. Cl'MNINCUXVX.
PARKER & CUNNINGHAM,
(Successors to Miller A harkcr,)
And Dealer Iq
WHEAT, MEAL, GRAIN, HAY,
61 OUIO LKVKK.
ft"We have leaxtl the Larire Yellow Ware
tiou.e. alurvsecauacitr a.ivi ton: whirl) !
tu ample fiicilltd'o for luring anil hljuiig.
O. N. HUGHES,
Oyer KatltUM VU'l.
NONE bat rirt-Cla Comuaute mr
S AFFORD, M0BRI8
73 OEUO LV, .
Olty STatttMuI Buk SaiUiay, HrP
Taa OldMtBaUallahed AtrfaeT la SMtk,
re tlUaoU, re we ttngt aw
MK 000 000.