"iamnm. onmuur, Editor.
...HteMAN tuffraM ,m expurgated tlio
tUlM'W W Wad election decent nn.l
..rilctlyMd Wi-emlhty nnil everybody n"
iowi h," mv 'n cxcliancc. Hut tlio
UulhU, women In Wyoming do not cx-
erclte their rigid of sunrogL lining
ecureU It, tlicy trrat It with an Indiffe
rence that U mortifying I H Anthony.
Mr. I.lvormorc, anil oilier. ol the lalthOil.
"Silting n tlio jury" too, M enu t hare
been regulated by the eternal Allies of
thing, and female Jurymen are seldom, lr
ever, called In Wyoming.
CHAHUttiK Cuihman, In her early
youth, bctrayeil no promise of her extra
ordinary hMrloiile ability. Her father
tailed In buslnes when die was twelve
years ol age, aud he dicd.U-nving a widow
and' lotir dilldrcn with email mean of
Miort. Charlotte' voice becamo the
liojic of the family and the youthful
tlnger developed Into the celebrated
nctraw. Her early experience ami .ul-
oequcnt crand career, tiring forcibly to
mind the truth of J3liakeeare . Mi
mortal line :
"Sweet rr 111 utft of ailrerilly,
Whlchllle tlirtiwd nly and t miiiiou.
Wun jet a jriclpJel In hi lie I. '
Tiik Austin. Texo. Slateonan fays
dial Mexico 1 In a more disorderly con
dition titan It has been for yean pn.t.
Disturbance are ascribed mainly to tlio
corruption Incident to . universal suf
ferage. The Western part of Coa
hulla m4 the Pacillc Slate are In ac
tive revolt. A Saltlllo letter convey
Uie Information that all Mexico I
in arms, and that half the pec
pie are ready to fight for the expulsion
of Preiident Lcrdo. The writer xays It
I the rabble against decency and order
aod property rights ami free thought,
and that the Holy church is on the side,
of the mob.
(its. Sciienck, It hviu!, has had hW
finjtrs in other pics besides the Emma
sunt swindle. The investigation or the
Memphis and EI J'aso lobby cbeinc now
More Uie Home Judiciary' committee
and In which Gen. Fremont figures
lirgtly, La? cxtocd the lact that Uen.
Schenck was on ol the ruling spirits in
that enterprise A lew facts dis
covered in connection with a bo
gus land agency of which he
was the attorney and out oi which
hundreds ol thousands ol dollars were
made, have made it necessary that
Scbenck should be called a a wltn.es be
fore Uie investigating comuiittcc.
Cel. IMMrftO.VN KKI'OKT.
We publUh to-day, as a matter ol gen
eral interest to tb people of Cairo, Col
Sfmp?on'i report of his survey in con
nection with the improvement of the
Mississippi river in the vicinity of Cairo.
ThltUrofihe -rtrvlary of war. trans
mitting the rti-ort, was laid before the
house of representatives on the 15th Jnst.
The report was referred to the Commit
tee on Commtrccand ordered to Ijc prin
ted. rAKTOS'a PEBPLKXITIKM.
The Judiciary commltee ot the la
sacbUH:tU house ot representatives has
concluded that there arc good reason s
why the law relating to the marriage of
certain relative-in-law should not be
changed ; thtrctorc, Mr. James i'arton
and Mlis Kldridge, his step-daughter,
who were married once la Ma.acliiiH'tts,
aud again In Xew Vorfc by the IJcv. Mr.
Tyng, are, according to Massachusetts
law, unmarried. The commonwealth ol
hH rttident State Hands In the relation
of a very cruel parent to Mr. i'arton, and
if the flame of love between him and his
bride has been blown into an unextin
guUhable blaze, as it naturally would be,
by the unexpected opjio-itlon It has met,
they will act up thtlr household uods
wittln the limits of a State who" statutes
do not lorbld a mau marrying ills tej
A CHAIUK wr TACTIC.
The Washington jeclal
graphic eorrerpondeuta of the
eago aud St. Louts papers
uie an Incident lu connection with
W' defense which gives renewed inter
est to the part played by the witness Mo
uw, who tetltlcd tliat he returned from
the letter-box to Joyce two letter on the
day Kverest slllrnied hehaddroppi.il lu
the box two letters addresd by Joyce to
a very ana Haucock In WmUlngton. The
Krfjullican'$ dispatch taye :
Vour corrteiKindent heard Irom
IriUtWorthv fixiitr,. friltit fin i.vte.w
Ciliary suuiueut tihout Uie wltni8, Mc-
rtwjruing w inif, SlcUlira teitl
ruony wa an aftcr-thought, the llrkt
plan ol the defense to meet Kveietfa
u'Pimionv (inrlni. i i....
Babcock got the letter aworn to, but that
mere wm no money In It. The etati
ment It that a witness wa actually taken
out irom Washington to St. J,ouU who
Ja to go on the ktand and a wear
be wa win. it,.,.i. .. i ..
Joyce utter wa received and
r i ? . J" 'n(--d. There was nothluj:
Inside but a pWot hlankpaper. Avery
hearlnjr of t iU plan protested against it,
f,a?J'!jrt. wouhl prove that the let-U-ra
mailed that day by Joyce actual v
irptto WaiJ.Iiigtoii.and thu. fZ en on
iilra the receipt of 50Q put in tl i,.tt,.r
addresod to him. Thl couiti'!
(hamjeaf tactic, nnd the resort to Mc
Tiio unfavorable ImpreiMon made by
McGlU'a testimony will not bclinproud
"ay uy this revelation. The defense
auouiu have saved llabcock at tho cx
pense of Avery, whose trial kft him nn
leelal reason for being ovcriy careful of
J. Ocorge HtciuliouMj may he ,0UIJj
Juee the Uro at his new ahop, on Klghtli
v.... uiu lexauucr uounty i!a..k
i LP y"fm II wtibtlc a
H!, jkvlUi Btnooth
hair cutting and
Th MfNln nn llppr Ornwrr-A Plul
prr-HKKBrrnnil llir rirml orttilvrhl
rain Tlmra-Utn. Uanlim'a Wlt-iMirnir-Nvnitlnr
Nrnnlorn, rlc, rlc,
trrnm our own Tonrmni1f nt.)
Wa!hi(1to.v, Feb. 18, 1S70.
TUK MI'.S IS AX t'I'I'KIt ItHAWKIt.
I wonder, .Mr. Kdilor, If you have any
Idea what tho top drawer ol u lady's bu
reau contain? If you have, then you
can fancy something of the condition my
note-book prconts, for 1 have lotieu
memoranda thens about a carelessly a I
have poked gloves mid laces, ribbons,
nU, candy, (urs, photograph and Jew
elry In that bU3ed upper drawer on the
other side of my room. A minute ago
I searched there for a missing ear-ring,
now, with equal digust, I've been whirl
ing over the leave where helroglyhplcs,
as mvrderloiu a any on the ltoelta
stone, protend to remind mc of Interest
lnir facts! O dear! what 1 one to do
when tills diverging Wushlngton life for
bids regularity lu.anythlng?
Every day I go to the capltol a regit
lary a any other mtmher of cvngrtu ; I
perch myself at my ilwk and llten
eagerly for oraelc that rv!ne to utter
anvthinc worth reiieating. More luveti
tlve and daring writers send dispatcher
concerning political tempests that have
ncyer occurred, but I don't kunvmough
of liohtleal technicalities to Incrcae
knowledge In that way. nud besides I
have still a memory of certain maternal
admonitions upon the sluol story-telling.
The funniest thing In thehouseyestcrday
was when lu the midst ol confusion n
Granger member felt his senses reeling,
and, having screamed "Mr. Speaker," at.
least six times, he succeeded in gaining
Ids attention long enough to say ner
vously, "Jlr. Speaker! 1 rise to a ;iif oi
order, aud I insist upon having it ! '
Then, while every body was talking at
once, and the gentleman from Iowa
(McCreary) was losing both lime and
temper, up hopped Morcy, from Louisi
ana, desiring the gentleman to allow him
'two minutes." "Two minutes':" in
quired MiUrtnry. "VcS, tWO mlHUtCS,"
quoth Morcy. McCreary yielded and
Mr. Morvy prepared liiiu-c-lf to speak, by
sending to the clcrk'd dck an extract
from the Chicago Ttmti, and buttoning
his coat tightly round him. Old member
of congress, men ot experience and
ability spring to their feet at any mo
ment quite ready for action, never ear
ing a picayiliic lor personal appearance,
unless indeed they give an additional
rumple to their hair, adding the lniprc."S-
Ivenss of a milled ciest to their already
excited faces, itut new men like Morcy,
men who amount to nothing in any way,
deliberately get ready beforeclainilngtho
floor. They retire to the dressiug-rooin,
use the congressional hair brushes and
clothes brushes, pull down their wrist
bauds aud olish their nails, then but
ton their coats tightly (they never omit
that), their toilettes are completed. So
Morcy came yesterday advancing down
the ai:le with as much dignity as a ter
rier, gracefully supiwrtcd hlmclf upon
a convenient deck nnd waited while the
clerk read what
TiiEKin.vn ofuu: Chicago timk
had chocn to print concerning a certain
conclave of carpet-baggers including Mr.
Morey'x name. Mr. Morey listened, then
lu those two precious minutes lie begged
leave to explain that he was not present
at any such conclaves ; that he had not
been in any way responsible for proceed
ings there, etc., etc. Well, the atten
tion of thehouH; had been claimed for
nothing so the house courteously re
venged Itself, by a burst of derisive
aughtcr auda chorus of voices snecriugly
asking: ''Who cared whether you were
there or not?" It was rich, for Morev Is
carpet-bagger, aud there I a very
striking resemblance between his own
hair and that of his duky constituency.
Theirs U black and vvooly, while his
capillaries are deeply, darkly, lieautlfully
red, but they kink ns tightly as
any African's ; so tightly Indeed, that
hU forehead is drawn ui in aspirin?
wrinkles. And I am morally
sure that hair was a win-
ning card in hU
CiKX. iOIIIKN'rt wn ! Mil
Apropos to this comes the recollection
of Morton'ii Interception ot Morton's
tpeech. Vou have seen some people
who never were happy unless thcv
were miserable. The senator Irom Indi
ana 1 never happy unless lie can ;make
somebody miserable, so a the Issues
of the late war are fading out, and
the bitterness between the two gee.
tlons subsiding, Mr. Morton delights to
atrlke bruited spot with heavy
Mows-, to light local fires with stray fag
ots he can llnd lu remote corners, hut
now and then some wit aharjivr than
his own, deals him u thrust not easily
parried; and If (Jen. (Jordan had nevei
sain anything ela worthy ol attention
uis remarks at Atlauta the other day
would make his fame. Urging upon his
friends the necessity for patience and
caltnuess lie added ; "You have now to
only tight the endless Christian battle
ugalntt the world, tho flesh and f7.r
atorfrvm Indiana !" lie called no names
he made no libelous charges, but every
body knows thu third person Usually
completing the ufoieaald trinity, m thu
lilt ellvlU ahouta wheievcr 11 is repeated.
Mr. Lamar, (whoe ie:imt Lritmmimnt
election In MUsUlppI bus lejolced the
hearts of all who care to have btutcMnen
hi our uutlonal councils) was chatting
with some liUndj. the other day, whcnl
ollercd my siuo-r,, congratulations, say.
Ing I MippvMxl 1 iimt at once call him
"Mr. Senator." "O by ,,.,;.. 8all,
Mr. Ii. with that plea-ant emllu of hU
"by no means naif w Mr, Murtw't ml.
Last week a prominent lUdloil imm
MlSSlftllllll Was I lILIn.r VI. i
acknowlcdgliig Ills emtnincnt Utiles lu
every way for any high position, and
finally concluding by saying "Well.
there's oiks tiling about'Mr. I.amar-hu
certainly is not Suspicious. Why, though
he knows I am opposed to him 0)lt I
'', ho wouldn't hesitate to talk u-r
hi plaint before me! hr m io Moroifriy
honorable hiiwietf that it never ieeitrt to
him other mat be ten ic'mputoufl 'When
a iifin'g dally' lile can force from Ids oi-
portents- such tcstlmonyiaa that, ho need
scarcely fear any III which may bo threat
ened by 'tho world, the llesh mid' M
$4H(itor fmn Indium "
On the Democratic side of the senate
chamber there ha set for many years a
quiet gentleman, who ha soberly dl
charged Ids duties lu committee rooms
nnd conscientiously voted with his party
whenever his vote would tell, but he lias
rarely matlo speeches until lately. Now
he often make hi opinions known, aud
people nre beginning to llnd that Senator
Dayl Is worth attention. Tho?e swift crlt
leg lu the reporter' gallery stop writ
ing now when Mr. Davis rises, and lis
ten, sure of some item whleli will give
their fertile brain a test for more than
one dispatch. Senator D.ivU occupies a
hou'e on Maaclin-etts avenue, which
has thu rare distinction oi mi entlo-iire
crowded with shrubcry. Mrs. D.ivU I
not fond of society, co a young lady
daughter receives for her upon senato
rial days, and there are few houes when!
call are so" agreeable; this young .lnntess
make her guests assured of welcome
when they enter; the has really some
thing to say during their stay ; her table
ol refreshments Is tempting, aud it you
know enough to say a bright tiling your
self it falls upon an appreciative ear.
KKxrechv's xi:w su.vatok
was here hut week looking especially
radiant in a buid'omo suit more care
fully worn than the garments lie dis
played while only a member, while his
whole face beamed with the conscious
ness of ids new dignity. Mr. Heck will
make more fuss and get his name oftener
In print than Mr. Stevenson, whom lie
succeeds, but whether he will accomplish
as much real good for Kentucky is quite'
nnother question. Mrs. Stevenson will
be missed, for she Is very generally be
loved, and her kind, motherly face in
spires confidence at a glance, aud her
Thursday receptions are very fully at
I pity people who have to make duty
calls aud can't talk without twenty-four
hours notice. To-day 1 was sitting in a
pleasant palor when a lady entered who
evidently was making her rounds. As
solemnly as If her visit had been one of
condolence did she enter; she took her
chair as If it was only for ornament and
could by no means bear her weight ; Iter
wordi cams out clipped of their fair pro
portions In little spurts; she never smiled
once during Iter stay in the room, nud
she drew the deepest sigh when she re
tired. mi:. ciii:miANc v.
Doubtless Mr. Chriz-tiaucy had a large
reception yestenlay, lor every one Is
eager to k-c the maiden so easily won.
Goodness! only three weeks of court
ship! Just think what a blunder!
There'i precious little romance in marry
ing a man forty years your senior any
way, and the young lady ought to have
prolonged the delight ol anticipation for
her own sake. Senator Christiancy came
here with a high reputation for legal
ability la-t winter, and wc all remember
hU r-pcech upon the Louisiana question,
because it was o concisely clear, so per
fectly free from all Useless digression.
Doubtless the arguments by whleli lie
persuaded MIs3 Lugrcbcd to forget her
love in the South aud lake his own aged
hand were equally cogent.
TIIK .NEW fil'KAKEIl 1'IKJ ll.il .
Mr. Kerr's falling health absolutely de
mands rest. He has gone away for a
time aud Mr. Cox (Suu-et of course) has
the chair he so earnestly coveted during
the contest for Its occupancy. Like
many other coveted objects, I don't be
lieve ho finds Its possession equal to his
ideal of Its charms. He doesn't like to
sit still and keeji an eye upon the
perplexing contusion of bills aud amend
ments and points of order.so lie frequent
ly resign in favor of Mr. Blackburn
ot Kentucky. That . uentleninu makes
an admirable prcMdlng olllecr, insisting
upon order, and showing a genteel fair
ness in all his dec-Mom. lly the way,
congress hasn't collapsed yet, it Uarelay
ilid resign. Another Kentucky gentleman
(Mr. I'awong of Louisville) made a hiking
gfieecli yesterday lu defence nnd glorifi
cation of hit native city. JU has a fine
voice. Is decidedly a handsome man, and
is nereaner to have attention when
lie says Mr. Speaker. The new nu mbers
are gaining courage to try their wings
very rapidly. A. S. 11.
Thr Nufri.riil Pliyalrlan,
(From tin- m, Iiii (Ho!.)
There la probably no mini to whom llm
community owe to much a, to the lioiiett,
lair-fponen pliji-lclau, who does his act
ual duty both to hlumelf and to hi. patient,
ltealiy tklllful phjah-iiusare not o nunier.
ou mat uieir virtues need no inentioD, and
iiencc me uuvertl.eiinnt nf lir it v
Plena, of llairido, may well claim the radl
awcuuoo. nr. norce U a type or a
aim well dlwcte 1 effort, not attempting too
uiutii, oi4cruauiit lal.c Wean ai to tlio abil
ity. The only reliable phy.lclan la these
da) a of complicated dUonlcr and high,
premire llliij U thu "upcclalUt," the man
who uii(lcrtuiid hU one i,r-,,,,.i. ,.r .i...
business, bucti In Id lint I, l)r. PUne.
i oi mo Uenentof his reaicrs tic ha wilt-
ieaa"UmiUIOU 3cm;e Modlal Advl.nr.ii
which In well worth reading by tlioie who
nuuu auen a wqik. With strict business
honor, high luoha.lonal skill. n-u.nniU,.
leec, nnd u lurgu corps of competent uasUt-
,r. a-ierve will Uouhtleiis make his
name iniiiiiur as 'houaehold word."
.tnw I'onl UNIT,
T. M. Wanl has ojieued ucoal olllce on
Miutli aide of Eighth atrect,No.3,lK-twifii
Couiiueiclal and U'atlilngton avenues, In
Sargent's shoe More. He will acll liar
rljburg coal delivered lu any part of the
city at W ai per alnglo ton, or $.'1 jer
tou.'n fuur-ton lots; lllg Muddy coal at
f I per single ton, or $7 W for two tone,
all delivered. 'J'htsc nre rock bottom
prices, nud mean casli iindcath only.
I -i3-l in
Rtport of Col. J. H. Simpson on
the Survey of the Mitels
sippi River In the Vicln
. ity of Cairo.
LEITEH Ot THE MCRETARY OF WAR
AND OF CHIEF ENGINEER PARKE,
Wait Dici'autxk.nt, Kehruary 12, ism.
1 he seeretnry or war lias the honor to
transmit to the house of ivpreseutntlves,
for tho Inlorniatloii of the committee
on I'oinmerce, in compliance with
the request of Hon. William
llartzell, copy of ft'port of
Col. J4 II. ,simpon, of thu corp. of
engineers, on his survey In connection
with the Improvement of the Mississippi
river .between St. l.oiiK nnd Cairo, and
letter of the chief ot engineer accom
panying the same.
Wm. v . Itui.KNAi'.
Secretary of War.
Omen Of TIIK Ciiikv of Knmnkkh.
Washington. I. C, Feb. 12 1870.
Sin: The letter of the lion. William
llartzell, ol .the Mil Infant, asking lor a
ninvnl llm ..I i'nl Ul....nl. r
tuIV "i ,IIU lt:uil UIIIII1VII, Ul
thocorps of engineers, on his survey lu
connection with the Improvements ot (he
Mississippi river between St. l.ouU and
fTnlris. riilnrni.il I.. fhi ,itlli.i, fiii r.timr,
Is herewith resitectfnUy returned.
1 beg leavo to hivltil attention tn (lie
enclosed copy ol report recently received
nt this olllce from Col. Simiwnu in il la
tion to the wearing away ol llio bank of
thu Mississippi just above Cairo, sent
for transmlidou to the Hon. Mr.
UnvtyiiU In fillllllltanni. ,vltli lit j r...
quest, nnd. In view ol tho Importance of
the matter would suggest that hu he re
quested to take measures for having It
printed for the inlorniatloii nf the com-
.!.... nnllllllnrViil nfll.ii ..i .....
Hi .Itrf'Hoil nf 1lrlrmi11nr.l!mw.ifi1
llumphrev" and liihls absence.
vr h.'sivv;i.iiiiji, juur uuciiiciu ser
vant, John O. I'arkk,
Major of Engineers.
Hon. Yi, UKI.KNAI.
Secretary of War.
sunvKV or tiik mississiiti kivkii is ru
VICINITY 01' CAIRO.
ENdlNEKIt OkFICK. U. B. A.. 1
St. I.oui4, Mo., Feb. 5, 1870.
Gkneiiai. : I liavo the honor to for
ward herewith a tracing of a compara
tive map ol the MIssMppl river In the
vicinity of Culro. Hhowlliir the clmnt-fs
during tho interval between July, 1S74,
and November, 1875.
The shore-lines lu black are those
given by the survey made in November,
lSio; itioso suown in yeuow are irom
careful topographical sketches made at
the time the trlaiigulatlon was made lu
July, 1871. The rapid erosion ot the
Illinois shore oimoMtu Kll.a Towliead
lias caused great alarm to the citizens of
Cairo, ami lear that mo .Mississippi may
continue to work its way toward a Junc
tion with the Ohio above the city, and
leave the city on an island, both sides of
which will be exposed to the action of
the currents ; or, it not, that thu bend
will approach the Ohio at u lower point,
and lu that case endanger the
site, of the city. They, consequently, as
1 have been informed, propose to apply
to congress lor an appropriation for tho
protection of thu caving bank from near
the foot of Dickey's Island to the spur
dikes opposite the town. Ju anticipation
of such application the survey of Novem
ber, 1875, was made in order that the
necessary information might be in readi
ness when required to enable congress to
pass upon tho propriety of affording the
relief asked for.
In order to fairly represent the approx
imation of the Mississippi toward a junc
tion with the Ohio above the city, tho
shore-Hues ot the Ohio river have been
carefully transterred from a map pub
lished In the coast survey report lor 1801,
(which is the best authority in posses
sion of tliis olllce,) aud whleli Is presum
ed to be substantially correct, as the
banks of the Ohio are judged to bcstablc,
aud have chaiiired but slightly, it at all
since the date ot the survey Used as au
The minimum distance between the
two rivers is thus shown to be nearly
j.ihjo icct now, wnereas it was. in July,
lh74, 4,175 feet, a decrease of 175 feet dur
ing the interval of fifteen months. The
polntof least distance between the rivers
docs not coincide with the locality where
the greatest erosion has occurred. Accord
ing to the usual tendency of physical
changes to progress down stream, It Is
reasonable to expect that the locality of
greatest erosion the comiug sea
ion will more nearly coincide with the
point of least distance between the two
rivers. Should this be the cac, with
tlic rate of maxlmtiu erosion in thu past
a au Index to the future, the di-tance be
tween tlie two rivers is likely to bo re
duced the coming seaon to about 3,r00
feet. Jty scale uiea-un'inent on the
coast survey man of 1801, tho dis
tance between the two rivers was
then i,88S feet, and u map made
In. the olllco of the Cairo nud St.
Louis railroad, makes the same distance
1.800 feet ; tho latter map was made after
the location of tho railroad, which was
made in tho autumn ofl871, by Mr.S. K.
McOregory, who is now nn assistant in
this office, and bears testimony that at
that time tlio current did not set against
the bank of the river; a statement which
must be correct, as the road was finally
built quite close to the river bank, which
certainly would not have been dono If the
bank hadliecu caving nt that time. Tlie.se
tacts confirm the older maps in their testi
mony that the changes were slight be
tween 1801 and 1871. The waste between
1871 (and probably n considerably later
date) and July,18i I, must have been about
;J5 feet. Thu changes during the last few
years have therefore been rapid, and by
applying the rate It would bu easy to cal
culate the comparatively short period re
quired to establish the junction of tho
two rivers above thu city.
All such calculations arc deceptive, a,
erosions In any particular locality or lu
any particular direction arc known to In
crease to a maximum, then decrease to a
The ujiex ol the bend will move down
stream, and the point ol maximum ero
sion travels with It. I therefor Incline to
the opinion that tho apprehension ot tho
junction of th0 rVcrs above tho
city is unfounded, as also that
as to the present town-sito being endan
gered at any date within provisions now.
At the same time there can bo no ques
tion but that a large part ot tlio vacant
ground In thu rear ol the town will bo
cut away in the early future, unless tho
river changes tho course of Its strongest
current, which ihero is no apparent rca
son to expect.
3At thu lower end of thu bend, as it now
exists, a K-rlcs oi bpur-dlku, are found
which were built v the Cairo Land
Company lu Um CI.0( between 1B68
ami ihw, to cheek a then threat
ening croMon; tlieso dikes doubt
less served n,,, purpose ol Uiclr
construction. JUt mulur the
new conditions uro themselves exposed
lo au attack In Hank to which they present
no sulllcient lesUtanco ; one ot tho aeries
at A on map has already lioen detached
I " U.'.H ballk ,l"d tho rock or which It
was built now Cs In mldchaimel, form-
ug a dangerous obstruction and also aid
. "K tho river in tho destruction of tho
next of the series by directing upon its
lank the rapid current which passes be
tween It remains and tho Miore. 'rids
ttcoml spur U already lu h precarious) Ml.
nation, and will probably heluro spring
he ili'tiii hfil, when it will form n second
dangerous' ohtructioii, nud lu Us (urn
hasten tin destruction of the huxt of Hip
series, uiiil thu Dually all wllf lo tic
lu my Judgment It Is very important
llut these dikes bo preserved, as they
would serve a an elllelent protection to
the front thoy cover If themselves pro
tected from Hank attack by works above.
In my report upon "I'art of the third sub
division of llm MlMinlppI transportation
route," (km Appendix CC I, report ol
Chief of l''.ngineers, 1875, eeoud part,
page -Hi.',) I said :
"To maintain that navigation will n
qulrutlie revetment or other protection
of caving hank. The estimated sum of
$1,000,000 Is Intended to cover the cotol
such works, to preserve the channel at
those points where the necclty 1 likely
Further examination would bo neces
sary to determine where work of this
character aro most needed. Tlio greater
pari, we may safely say, would lie re
quired between Commerce nxd the Ohio. '
The bend now under consideration,
nml also the succeeding one on the Mis
souri shore nearer the mouth of the Ohio,
also shown on the map as the scene of
very active erosion, were In mind when
that report was prepared a probably the
first localities where protective works of
serious extent would be required, and, In
my lodgment, the necessity for protec
tive works nt both thee lucalltie i im
mediate, lu the Interest of an Improved
navigation ; because the position, shape,
and depth ol channel, throughout the
part ol thu river shown on this map, urn
now favorable, and could be rendered
iK-rmancut with a little cot as will ever
be MH.ible In tho future, and conditions
equally favorable may not occur again if
thewoik bo delerred ; mon'over, delay
will assuredly result lu transforming the
spur-dlkes already mentioned from bene
llclal structure to dangers similar to the
noted itacoii Hock lately removed under
the authority of congress, after having
caused many ill-asters to boats.
I'lissing to tlio consideration of tin;
plan propofed for tho protection ofthete
banks, three several systems
are suggested as probably ellcc
tlve. The llrst Is a suggestion made
by pcrtous living at Cairo, and contem
plates the construction of a dike exteudlng
irom the Illinois shore, near the upper
limit ol the map, so as to force tlio chan
nel to the right of Kli7.a Towliead. This
Is objectionable on the ground that It In
volve n radical change, which cannot bu
secured by any single dike, for the rea
son that single dikes jicrpeudicular (or
approximately so) to the current have no
determinate cflect ; the employment of
such dikes is legitimate only In systems,
and a series ot dikes sulUclant to insure
the result proposed would be very ex
pensive In till locality. The second plan
Is to protect the caving bank by a series
ot short spur-dlkes; nnd the third Is to
do the same by a continuous revetment.
Thu experience gained Irom thu work at
Sawyer llcnd, nbovu St. Louis, con
structed under this olllce, affords the
means of comparing the merits of these
two methods of bank-protection. Ilotli
having been tested, and both being suc
cessful, the choice may properly be left
to consideration of cost ot construction
and repair, so fa; ns the portion of tho
hank above the ordinary mean stage
of tlio river is concerned. Ilclow the
level of the mean stage no de
pendence, is to be placed Ukjii
any work which is not continuous.
In Sawyer Bend, both revetment aud
spur-dike rest upon a heavy iongltudiual
wall ol riprap, founded lu a trench nt
least eight teet below low water aud ex
tending live nnd n half feet above ex
treme low water, or about to the level of
the mean low water ol navigable seasons.
Although tliciu works have stood (satis
factorily, It would not be Justitlable to
duplicate them in the light of present ex
perience, since a cheaner and cfiuallv el-
ticient mode of construction has been de
vised, ana practically tested, widen can
be annlled to cafes such as wi ini.i t in
the yiclnity of Cairo, where the depth is
too great 10 nuuiu oi me use oi plies una
the construction of the heavy loii"ltiidI.
nal wall which, with its trench, lias con
sumed tne greater part ol the cost of tho
Sawyer llcnd work.
The method now pursued, ami which
ii recommended for uso at Cairo, Is to
use continuous rafts of brush, formed in
place, aud extended down stream as
work progresses ; these rafts to be
moored so as to hold the inner side close
against the bank, and In that position to
be loaded with riprap, the loading to
Erogress down stream and from the
ank outward, so as to firmly anchor thu
inner side upon the slope of the hank,
and avail ourselves of the tenacity ot the
rult to carry the Increasing load of riprap
gradually, aud without breach of conti
nuity, to Its lllial restlug-nlncu on the
sloping bottom. Where the depth is
considerable, these rafts must lie nronor.
tioually widened to reach from the foot
oi uie steep part oi tne hank well out on
the under-water slope.
In this connection It is well to state
that, however steep the vl'lhle part of the
hank may bo below ordinary low water,
the hanks of the Mississippi, between the
Missouri nnd thn Ohio, almost invariably
present a well-dellned declivity varying
from one to two horizontal to one per
pendicular within tho breadth ol a
raft of ordinary dimensions; more
strictly the declivity Is a curve, approach
ing the horizontal us wo recede from
Protection of this character extending
only to tho level of tho mean stage Is not
claimed to prevent the erosion of thn
upper part of tho bank at llrst, hut Is de
signedly kit at that point in order that n
further abrasion may take place above that
level, lu thu conlldeiit expectation that,
tho foundation remaining secure, only
surlace currents will act on the exposed
bank, and tho result will be a prolonga
tion oi tho lower slope, which will ulti
mately assume a form of stability either
with or without nrtlllcial assistance.
The length of bank ho.o protection
Is necessary, Immediately above Cairo,
Is 11,500 feet which, at an estimated cost
of $15 per foot, would cost $172,500 on
on tlio Missouri side, near mouth of Ohio
21,700 feet, at $15 per foot, would cost
$325,500 ; total $407,500, ol which $200,
000 could protltably bo expended during
tho season of 1 870.
Works of protection and maintenance
having been separately estimated lu tlie
report on transportation routes from
works for Improvement of the naviga
tion, the estimates hero given, being lor
protection, are to be taken from thu $1,
000,000 item of the estimate. Tlio esti
mate of funds required, specllled In my
annual report, dated July 12, 1875, hav
ing been for Improvement works, the
present estimate Is not properly provided
for In tho annual report.
Very respectfully, your obedient ser
vant .1. II. SIMPSON,
Colonel or Engineers V, S. A.
liiiio. Ok.n. A. A. Hiuii'imKVri,
Chlcl of Engineers U. S. A.
The I.ltllr t'aiiKli,
that makes a white bico handkerchief noe
ci.ary rouud the throat, is Interokting ut
Un.t, and only seemi to cull lor unlimited
liidiilgeneo lu marsh-uiallow or gum iliops.
llut by and by the young lady tlmU herself
too woaktocaro for droning and going out,
and tier friends mUa her from the parties.
The word ii, "failing fast, quick coniump.
tlon," and tb scones that loved her, know
her no more, forever. A little prudenco,
cro enough to have taken a fuw doict of
IUl.l.'s;iUusiM.aiHl ihe might bo enjoying
the glorious days of autumn, tho gayest of
the gay. Price, f 1 00. (22) -2-21.lt
kFvr cSnu Ln51?i?uiSS.u,d ef rool a Cljrr urn you would w ih to amokafc
hhiI OhVuri 'Jt2ut .TUdy.?mokoaJlhrnis Uurlnth. ww irold w.ntuptoUOO
their own Whv i. Sh7V',t,.,R,,UL,.ao!a h"" "ou bck' but Olwra aMtn to hold
manufacture! n akSli. iLiit AK' to u certain extent, to the advanced coat of
(The mamirurtiirt r hy tin- nso of mlrnlisl MurJiini ry arc MmMnl lo iimke the alinr ci'lrlmtnl
tlirnrnlaio.li.r Iwrrly-frvm r crnl I?m tlmn ntli.r Miiiir.Tturvr Mil products Cigar of
i-iiml imillly , thus kU h;K tlif IrarttiM an opportunity to supply niiioki-ni wUh a uarlor lu rml
I, lioir for .1 1 Hit") Me plitci; lx lurroiir palrons u
WASSANIED GENUINE CLEAR HAVANA FILLED CI9A& FAR FITS CEN
Tlie iniiiiururlun rniTcof nlJlnif the fact Itint llm majority r.iniikrriiprt'rt-r In buy tlirlr Cigmraaa
limy necl Ihiin. liMr xlnpliil Hit plan nt ravinliiK the iiiniiirlty, nmlrad nfllif minority (as liai
Ihvii thr ruli', hy m'IIIiii; a kIukIc (.lar at tlio aamr rale an riie, (tn, lllly, nra Ixix.
lly uppolnllni; a IiikI affriier In n clly , Ihoy iiiimnlral llirlr liualnrsi. rulnrr Ihrlr Iom ami
riiM,aiiil kwiiii tli..iiulllyor Ih.- clirar, r.ir Uie mutual iclvanujcv ol tlwinM In, Ik cu
nuiiitm, nml lliriraittutii.
Civ thm a Trial and b Convinced.
Sole Agents, Cairo. Ilia.
F. M. STOGSFUBTH,
Importer and Wholesale Dealer in
Wines and Liquors,
62 OHIO LEVEE, - - CAIRO, ILL.
Koops a full "took of
Monongahela, Rye and Robinson County
FRENCH BRANDIES, HOLLAND GIN,
KELLY ISLAND AND CALIFORNIA WINES.
ONLY $1.25 A YEAR.
WHOLESALE AMD RKTAIL.
IN THE CITY.
Goods Sold Very Close.
Uorner 19th Ht. and Commercial Ay,
C. O. PATIER & CO.
STEATTON & BIRD,
AGENTS AMEBIOAN POWDER OO,
57 Ohio T.mm.
Q. D WILLIAMSON,
Ho. 76 OHIO LEVEE.
QI'KCMf, attention given toconlKumcnlni
vD IIIIIiik orlrra
-'Tit lK,UUI 1WR 11111 K
umned to cttll for ftvu cunt ClKar.
rho People's Bemody.
Tho Universal Fain Est aotor.
Note: Aak for Pond'a Extract.
Take no other.
'Ili-ar: fur I will nmk of excellent tliiii-.'
I wj II rla to Mali or llnuU,
Xlralaa, Hurmlm. Contu
I'rarlam, Cult, Irrra
Ul ut Inclftatl Wiui ml..
UlrcdluaT I.UBaT", or
Nmu HIveal, auj litee.1.
InifOum. or Tcctli.
VomlllMK BIoojU au.l
rilra - lllradinf Hit,
llliml I'ilM. Ilubllilila t
Tut IfcarlM, Kararhc, Nm-
ralKla, SwrllKl race.
KUf uuiatlaui, llhriuiia
tie N wcllinir or Soncnaaa .
Ultrura or Sottutnt.
Ijuuliaco. Iaidc Hack
Horr Threat or Uuloav,
iNur or Inflamed Kyu or
Morn NlniilM, InflfmaJ
Pnliirnl or too I'rufu.e
Milk Ik, Orarlau I)U-
rami ami Tumari.
Uravel and Slniiaurv.
ChaMnaja and Excorla-
uoni or inranti, or
Varlroaei Velaa. Kn-
Vlreira, Old Wore, Inter
Bolla, Carbuncle. Til
tnor. Hot Hwelliiura.
Coma anil liunioni, dial
ed or Sore Feet.
I'clon or Whitlow, Froit
ed l.lmba or l'art.
Moaqullo Bllva, Intect
BiinKi, mapi nana.
fOND'H KXTBACT I Tor sale by alt Flral.
t'lnaa IruKkTll,ni rvcoinruendedby
all DruirgUUi, I'bralciaua, and every
buily who tana ever uteil it.
Pnniiililet contalnlnff lllitory and UM mail,
nt frre on aiiIicatlon , If not found at your
POND'S EXTRACT CO.,
Hew York and Lemdoa.
t i i . . , . 1 1 -. 1
CAIRO CITY BDfDERY,
T. O. SCuelav
BINDER AND BLANK BOOK
mm m mmm mm f MfH 1 11 " -H
CfC'oanly and Itallroad Work a 8pecUIT .
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