Newspaper Page Text
"Bftvllaa; Kry Paw
EAS TO TAFT.
False Statements About
' -the Failure of tho
k Jetties Charged
Gen Ilumphreys and MnJ
on the Jetties-
" ilMMit t Dl With Hea
New Urlkan!, May Z 1S7C.
Jlon. AtphoDM Talt, Secretary of War, Wat.li-
- .' lailiM, U. c:
Sir My duty to those who have boon
ml are now supplying mc with monoy
toconsumntc the grant made by the
Forty-tbird Congress, compola mo, very
reluctantly, to call' your mention to tho
inclosed letttr (rnarkfd A), signed V. W.
Uowell, Captain of Engineers, l S. A.,
dated May 6, and published in the
n.,,t.U w'''i" w r
1 desire to Mibmlt with it, as briefly ns
possible, the following facts:
During the Forty-third Congress, two
plans for the improvement ot the Missis,
alppl were presented lor consideration.
The one known as Ui3 Fort St.l'liilip
Canal was urgvd chiefly by Uen. A. A.
liamptireyg. Chief pt Engineers, U.S.A.,
and Major Howell, U. S. Engineers; and
tho other, Uie jetty system, by myself
and others. The subject was referred by
Congress to a mixed commission, com
. posed of seven distinguished military and
' civil engineers, who, after careful delib
eration, reported (one member only dis
, seating) In tavor ot- the jetty system:
' whereupon, Congress granted to myself
and associates the right to improve the
South Fuss, an outlet unused lor com
merce; the grant expressly stipulating
that we are to U paid nothing in case of
failure to secure 20 leet depth of channel
through the Pass to the Gulf, within a
stated period. The act directs the Secre
tary ot War to appoint an officer "whose
, duty It shall be to report the depth of
water and witdth ol channel secured and
maintained from time to time, In said
channel, together with such other infor
mation as the Secretary of War may di
rect." The grant expressly provides that "1
shall be untrammeled in the exercise of
my judgment and skill In the locution,
design and construction of the works,"
' therefore I did not suppose that another
officer ot engineers, and one, too, avow
edly hostile to the undertaking, would
likewise, (withoutnuthority ol congress)
be charged with the official duty of ob
serving any part of our work or its re
sults. Least of all did I suppose that
be would be permitted to give to the
public with perfect freedom such unfa
vorable and unreliable information re
specting It as might best seem to support
. the predictions of its failure previously
' uttered so confidently by his chief nnd
and himself, and thus really trammel its
construction by increasing my difficulties
in providing means with which to carry
Anonymous statements circulated in
this city aud subsequently seal hence by
telegraph have beeu published in a num
ber ot ;idwtpapers through tlm country,
to the etlect that a new shoal was form
ing in advance of the Jetties aud that
their failure was therclore certain. This
report being persistently repeated, was
publicly denounced by inc. with, ir
Laps, too much feeling, as a 'malicious
falsehood," but without supposing that
Major Howell was at all responsible lor
. the statement. Appreciating the im
portance, however, of rvlutiitir such re-
iiorts by evidence that could not be chal
lenged. 1 addressed the superintendent of
tne biuteu states coast survey as loilows :
New Orleans, March 7, IsTO.
t'aiit. C. T. Patterson, Hurintciit1cnt I'. S.
Const Survey, Waahiiifftou, 1. t .
Dear Sib Last year Lieut. Marlndon
'.; made soundings on radial lines seawards
, lrom the bar of South I'ass. 1 very
.- much desire that these radial soundings
-' - should be : repeated before Lieut. l.
leaves here, and 1 think you will agree
Willi me mat it is important to know
where tho one or two millions of cubic
yards ol sandy alluvion, which have
" been swept out of South Fass from its
bar, have been carried and deposited,
... . and what changes, it any, have occurred
in the contour lines ofl the mouth of
. lUdial lines of soundings should be
made trout the east and west lands' ends
out two or three miles oil' shore.
Hoping that you will kindly oblige me
by ordermer this work to be done bv
Lieut. M.. I remain, . with sentiments of
nign esteem, yours, very truly,
.... J ah. U. Eads.
In answer I received the following
. . U.S. Cua.it Survey oniw. )
Washington, Mure 10, 170,
Dear Sir Yours of the 7th Is just re-reived.
Authority will be elven to Assistant
Marindcn to run such radial lines as you
may wish, but he has not the control
of a steam launch this season, only his
boats avail for the purpose, aud conse
quently he should run merely such lines
as may ue absolutely necessary.
Knowing the importance ol promptly
refatin toy official testimony these mis-
W. TfprpawUUons, 1 Uumediately addrosHod
- ineiouowuiK auumonai request to mo
V Btiperinienueui oi u , . coast survey ;
. ' ' :':'!' FtMrttaJ. La.. Airll 27. IBM.
' Cut. C. P. Patterson, Washington, It. C.
,,...- 1kak Sir As the changes within our
.-' )ecued channel nave been very great
V tiittce Assistant Marinden surveyed the
, " bar 1 would resnoctfullv aw'trest the im
perUnce ot havlne his uartv sound the
depth within the jetth and within a
mousaiiu ieet ot their mouth.
This work ttiu be done with mush
greater ease and much quicker now thau
: : before, as 1 liave signal rauges and sta-
- uuais eUDUsnea uy wnicli my assistant
engineersmake those soundings in two
days time generally. I will be much
obliged if you will order tlds work to be
done as early as possible, aud instruct
Assistant Mariudeu to lurnish me a ropy
' l the results. He is now here preparing
lor the radial souudiug beyond the
jetties. I will loan him facilities lor all
Very respectfully, Jas. 11. Eaps.
Feeling indignant and outraged at the
uu warranted conduct of Major Howell's
assistant, 1 publihhed a letter in the
i Orleans Tumi, herewith enclosed,
v 3 (aftarked H), In which 1 agtdu pronounced
the reported sboalinir In advi,i
Jetties as absolutely ImIsa. 1 had, how-
ver, to much eonfldence In Major
'. iiowell's houor, and hi the delkate
of propriety which characterizes gentle.
men of the army, that 1 e'woutrated him
; la tiV) foilowmg language, in tlie letter,
, worn oMipuuiy wt uiw enort to in
Jura me and my associates. 1 said :
"But as tltese works s.-e not under tU
upenrliloo of Major Howell, it Is un
just lo lum to uuer inai ue uss auuutr
iutd anr of his aaslstaut to make an 'of
tdsV MurjY of the bouth Fast bar at the
governmont's pxicne, or ffit ho would
countomiiK-n on the part of h. altnnt.
any ellort to create in l ho minds of the
visitors by Ihe tlraud l.'epublic or in
those ol any other persons whatever, the I
lalse impression that this Imr, which has I
thus lar been removed by the oftVct of
the Jetties, Is being roiormod in advance
of them, or that he would, ns readers ot
your editorial might, possibly suppose,
permit the draft of such soundings to
be exhibited on the Crand Kcpublic or
In his office with any show ot 'official
sanction.'" , , ,
An editorial herewith enclosed (marked
t ) shortly nltcrwnrd appeared in the
New Orleans Democrat, containing state
ments that could only have boon obtained
in M.iior Howell's office, nnd which ap
parently sustained this lalsc report. 1
immediately answered ;the editor of the
Dcmocrnt by letter, a copy of which is
herewith enclosed, (marked I)) that this
and similar reports had their origin
either In ignorance or malice, ns they
were absolutely untrue. 1 did not, how
ever, even then charge Major Howell
with being the author or prompter ol
Tills second letter was followed by the
publication of tho enclosed objectionable
letter of Major Howell, before roterred
to. Major Howell declares in this letter :
11 you could furnish hint tho ue of a
small steamer, tho work could bo exe
cuted more rapidly, and doubtless with
more satisfaction to you and himself.
The state of our funds does not enable
us to lueur the expense of n steamer.
mtp't I;, fi. ronst.Snfvi'j'
I agreed to furnish the necessary steam
boat and those soundings have now been
On the 2(!ih ult. n large party, eompri.-'.
ing many influential gentlemen, visited
the ietties on the mammoth steamer
lirand Kcputiiic. It was staled in the
New Orleans Times, alter the return of
the boat to New Orleans, that an nssMant
of Major Howell had gone on board t lie
boat at the jetties, with a chart of sound
ings lust taken by nun, wnieii ncexmn
lied and explained to the passengers. I
was assured by several prominent citi
zens ot New Orleans, whose names will
be given if deshed, that his apparently
reliable nnd official statements had cre
ated great distrust in the ultimate suc
cess of our work throughout the whole
city, as it was generally believed Major
Howell's surveys revealed a rapidly form
ing shoal lit ndvancc of the jetties. I
was reliably Informed that a lurge amount
of stock subscribed in aid ot our under
taking was actually oflered at the time at
half its cost in consequence, ain my
self received at the same tune a letter ak-
Iii2 the release of one of the parties aid
ing it, lrom his obligation to pay a largo
balance due on hU subscription.
"On my own part this considerate si
lence would not have been broken but
lor the recent insiduous attacks of Mr.
Kads, aud alter this date I shall feel at
liberty to either repel further attack or
let Ihe violence of Mr. Eads of itself
gradually disgust the public."
As "tne recent lnsitiuous attacks oi air.
Eads" seem to bo the only justification
ottered by Major Howell, you will, alter
reading my published letters herein re
ferred to, be able to judge of the merits
of this excuse. Of course 1 cannot re
ply to Major Howell's personalities, for
when an officer of the army makes state
ments that are untrue, and uses his offi
cial signature to give them additional
weight, discussions that nitght otherwise
be instilled between us, nra at once for
bidden, i hose untrue statements are us
"The fact is, that on the day of tho
Grand Republic fplurgo there was at
Soutn t'uss only a cnannei oi twelve icei
entitled tope mm-u uaviiraoie. wmie ui
Southwest Fass there was a navigable
channel of over eighteen feet.
"I know that on tho day the (Irand
Ilopublic visited South Fnss the nucleus
of a new bar existed 1000 feet in front ot
the jetties, and that a shoal had made out
lrom the end of the west jetty three hun
dred and eighty toot towards this, and
diagonally across the trout oi the Jetties."
"1 know that since the commencement
of the jetty work the low water cross
section ol south 1 ass, one mile below its
head, has been diminished one-sixth ;
that the velocity at this point has rela
tively decreased, nnd that tho volume of
discharge of the pass which, before the.
commencement ol the jetties, was found
to be niiecn per cent, oi tne total dis
charge of the three passes, is now but
eleven per cent. Mr. Eads has probably
discovered these lacts, having such a se
rious bearing on Hie ultimate success of
his work, and knowing that they will
soon be made public throurh official
channels, seeks in ndvancc to break their
lon e by crying out 'malice, ,'lalsehood,
A direct and positive refutation of
lour of these tiutrue and injuriout state
incuts will bo found in the following
letters lrom three of the gentlemen as
sisting mo in the engineering department
ol tho work, and who arc no less respect
ed lor their voracity than lor their pro-
New OiIi-hii.s, May 12. lilii.
Ciiiit. .1. II. Ki1n. I hk'l' hnKiiiwr, Soulli rB
Jvlly woik.s, New Uileuas, La.;
Dear Sin The statements td Major
Howell, Lulled States engineers, con
tained in his letter recently published
respecting this work, haviug been re
ferred by you to me lor examination, 1
have to tUUe that there has beeu no
shoaling in advance of the jetties, but on
the contrary, there has been a very
marked and general increase in the dept h
immediately in front of the outer slope
ot the bar in advance oi the jetties as far
out us we have made accurate examina
tions, nearly 2,000 fis t beyond the jetties.
1 am able to assert this in the mo-t posi
tive manner, as we have a number of
carefully located ranges covering the bar
and the deep water lu front ol it, un.l I
have made careful soundings all over
It at least once and sometimes twice
a month lor several months past, each
sounding at the moment it was taken !
lug located instruincntally ironi lived
and well verified points of observation.
1 am able to state positively that there
has, at no time sineo we commenced
work, been any shoal making out diag
only from the west jetty towards the so
called "nucleus of a new bar" in advance
of it, as stated by Major Howell.
1 tan also state positively that what he
terms "the nucleus ol a new bar." 1000
feet lu trout of the Jetties, is tho remains
of a lump shown on the coast survey
map belore wo began the jetties, and
lrom approximately correct estimates
made by me, alter coniparing, as caro-
luuy as possible, the depths over it u
year ago, with tnose now existing on It,
that the cubical contents of it above a
plane thirty iiet lielow the mean level of
the gulf, have diminished nearly one
hall. The depth on the shoalest part of
it, which is a mere point or apex, was
last year fully throe feet less than It is at
present. This lump Keoum solr, tena
cious clay. It has d.-ep water all around
it, and contititues no liuediment to the
cafe and easy navigation of the jottiod
1 have further to fetate that 1 have
made n-ceut soundings across the South
FaS, one mile below the head ol it, at
the point referred to by Major Howell,
and compared them Vvlth those ! the
eowt survey ol last year. 1 find no
u h diminution of Its section as Major
Howell has stated, it has certainly not
decreased, since tho Jetties were com
uiewvd, ut this point. 1 have also made
careful soundings across the pass boh.w
OraudUayou.uiorethewiJon ot the
bayou Mas reduced by the dam now par
tially completed, and which now throws
an additional quantity of water into
South Fass, nnd found it considerably
larger than the sie shown by coast sur
vey soundings made last year.
I would further state that on tne day
when tho Orand llepublio visited the
jetties, there was a navigable depth ol
fullv sixteen foot entirely through the
jetties at high tide. It was measured by
inyscit ami several oi nor persons on mai
day and the day previous.
Very respectfully, etc.,
E. L. ( '(iHTIII.i l.,
Chief Assistant Engineer,
I fully concur in the statements made
by Mr. fori hell, and certify to their cor
rectness. 1 myself superintended the
taking of a lino of soundings into the
pass between the jetties on the day the
Orand Republic visited Tort Eads, and
in no place found a less depth at average
high water than sixteen feet, with only
one place so shoal as Unit.
V'erv truly yours,
ti. W. K. 15wi.i v,
New .rlcaus, I.a , M.vy .-, IsTC.
Port Kmlf, Ls., May itf, isitf.
Clint . .las. 11. K:ul., New OiU liliS, I.a. I
1 have assi-ted Mr. E. L. toi lliell lu nil
the surveys that have lieen made under
his direction at the mouth of South Pass.
1 have mapped them out carefully and
lrom my own studies of the changes that
have iocurrod inside and out.-ide the
jetties, I can fully indorse Mr Coillioll's
statements and testily to their correct
ness. Very rcspoetiullv, your oim ,v...i,t c
vant. 'Man E. Si ii.miki,
Assistant Engineer South Fass Jelly
About the time Major Howell pub
lished his letter, I received the following
courteous refusal ol my second request
lrom the superintendent of the coast sur
t Mates Coital Suvvoy.
U iielnni;loii, P. L'., May I, I.VTi!
Dkau Sin Your letter of April 27 is
duly received. 1 would cheerfully com
ply with your wishes, but the law ex
pressly provides that the inspecting of
ficers ot the engineer corps (ion. Coin
stock) shall execute the class of surveys
you wish within the jetties.
The radial lines from the outer ends of
the jetties were run nt your request, lor
the purpose of liuding, if possible within
their limits, the deposit ot removed ma
terial. 1 shall be glad to oiler any nssisfanoe
in my power to tienor.il Comstnck,
should he express a wish for the survey
to which you refer.
C. F. I'ahkrsov,
Supt. L. S. Coast Survey,
lames B. Kmls, New Orleans.
Immediately alter the visit of the (Irand
Republic, dpt. Brown, V. S. Enineeers,
(assistant of I cn. Comstock,) commenced
a survey of tho bar, aud believing that In
formation in his posses-ion would com
pletely refute Major Howell's assertion,
1 asked him for tin official statement of
the depths of channel at that time. This
he declined to give, stating as a reason
that he had not made bis report to lieu.
Comstock. Learning that the latter ol-
lieor bad just gone to the jetties, I tele
graphed the secretary of war as follow :
New Orleans, I.a., May IsTli.
Hun. Alplionso Tuft, Secretary of War, Wai-h-liiKloi),
Fleae instruct (Ion. ('. 15. Comstock,
now at Fort Fads, to sound the channel
between the jetties with me ; likewise
dredged channel through southwest pass
bar, and furnish me with the results
promptly. Major Howell has published
a misstatement, allectlng public conli
denee in my work, nnd this information
is required in justice to myself, nnd will
iK-neilt the public. Jas, It. Eads.
I proceeded tn ! jctlii-s. met
Oen. Comstock on his way back. 1 urg
ed his return, that bo might measure the
channel with me, if so authorized by the
secretary of war. On my urgent declar
ation that n wrong had been done me
and one that was seriously nllceting tho
prosecution of the work. lien. Com
stock consented to return, and remained
during the day at the jetties awaiting in
structions ; but as no answer to my dis
patch came, he left that evening for New
Orleans. He declined lo give me any in
formation respecting the depths in ques
tion, tor the reason that he had not yet
made his report to tlcncral Humphreys.
Four days niter sending 'my dispatch to
the secretary of war 1 received the bil
lowing tolog-am :
WiiMiiugt'in, Slay 11, 1 70.
Mr. Jas. Kailt, Nrw Orleans, 1..
1 accordance with the law, lien. Coin-
stock received authority and instruc
tions for complete survey and cxamiiu
lion of the South Fass Improvement be
fore leaving I 'etroit. A copy of the re
sults ot lus soundings will be luriiislicdns
soon as received. Ai.riioNso Tai t.
On rccicpt of this telegram 1 dispatch
ed to tlus Superintendent of the Coast
Survey requesting that Mr. Assistant
Mariudeu be permitted to iutorm me of
the result of his soundings just made,
chiefly at my own expense, in advance of
the bar. lu reply 1 received the billow
Wamuni.ton, Muy li, ls;u
C upt, .las. II. hauls;
Regret Marindcn cannot lui nish his re
sults. Gen. Comstock will give all in
formation required by Jaw. W ill write.
C. 1'. I'AiTKitsos, Sup't, etc.
It will be seen that I have been unable
at the cud of three weeks to obtain from
any government olliclals.tho facts in their
possession or control, with which to detend
this enterprise form the pcrshitcnt and
injurious misrepresentations that have
apjH'areti Anonymously, Koiui-otlieially
and authoritatively during the last tew
weeks, and that 1 have been refused the
request to direct Oen. Comstock, when
on the spot, to measure nnd certify to me
the depth of channel, to right a wrong
done by a brother officer. In nroiiiincnt
contrast with mo difficulties 1 havo en
countered in getting tlds ollii ial iidorma
tion. which would have been of r,.ut
value to me if promptly obtained, 1 quote
inc. following ironi tlie letter Ol Major
Howell rojrardiii!' his surveys :
"The surveys have been made at gov-
ci mucin expense, uocause needed to aid
hi solving the great problem presented
ot II... ......,ll. . I... II : . : . :
t,li tilU IIIV1IVII Ul UIU .! 'iBippi,
"II the results had been available be
lore the passage ot the jetty contract, it
is probably, that the country would not
have lieen saddled with tiiu adventure.
"My charts, observations lor velocity
ot currents, amounts of material carried
-In suspension Ly the river water, nnd
vonimes oi discharge, liave always been
open for the Inspection ol any courteous
gentleman interested in seeing them, in
this there is no impropriety, ns Mr. Eads
1 have no reason whatever to complain
of the course pursued bv dot. Fatterson.
Oen. Comstock or dpt. Itrowu in this
manor, as u has neon, I believe, lu strict
accordance with official propriety.
Major Howell says :
"I know that liotweon distances two
and a half nnd seven aud a hall miles
seaward of the outer end of his Jetties
the gulf has shoaled at a rate which, It
continued, will lu eighteen. hiirh water
seasons bring ihe gull bottom to the sur-
lace, and necessitate the prolongation ol
tho jetties at least seven and a hall
W hen it ii understood that t!.ls reputed
shoaling Mas known before tho li ttles
were com inonoed, mid that no soundings
have Im-cii made over it since last Novem
ber, to determine whether It I Increasing
or diminishing, ut which time the erod
ing aclluu u the jetties had scarcely be
gun, lis "serious bearing upon tho u'ti
mute success of his myj Work," can be
estimated, ns well as the fairness of the
writer in leaving Ids readers to infer that
this shoaling is an cidenee of the truth
of tho prediction of himself and his chief
regarding the reformation of the bar.
An extentlou of the jetties of seven nnd
a half mile in eighteen years, or nearly
six feet per day, would notle incompati
ble Willi the following nssuraneo given
to the New Orleans Chamlicr of Com
morccby Major Howell, nnd which will
be round in' his- letter to Mr. .1. 11.
Oglosby, president, that, as no littoral
current exists nt the mouth of (he M is
sissippi, "jetties would have to be built
further nnd further out, not annually,
but rdeadily every ilny of each year, to
keep pace with tho advance ot tho river
deposit Into thetiuir, provldml they nrc
attempted nnd the attempt warranted lv
having tlie relative character ot bed and
1 quote again from Major Howell's
enclosed letter as follows :
"Holding these views, no nrniy en
gineer has thrown a straw, in the way
of .Mr. End's jetty work.'
There is another misstatement. Afrr
I fie etlii nyatctn mii finally alolel hy Ihe
l(ti Cf'rigi-cs. Oen. ilumphreys published
tour essays, termed by bint "memoran
dums." to prove that the jetties would Ih
a failure; these wore published tis a part
of his official report to the present Con
gress. They w el eat the same time extract
ed lrom that voluminous document and
illustrated with maps, were bound in pam
phlet lorm nnd distributed throughout
tho country li months HfO. 'I'd i-ohii-irnici
the injurious ollcet ol these private
opinions ol Hen. Humphrey., to which
lie gave ail the weight of his ollioial title
and position, I deem it necessary to ex
pose the fallacies upon which his argu
ments wore founded l reviewing the
United States leyee commissioner's re
port, vhich was based upon the same un
sound theories, nnd to which report he
had given his emphatic approval.
Major Howell endeavors to excuse this
conduct of his chief in Ihe dosing words
of the following extract :
"Since the passage of the late jetty con
tract those opponents of the experiment
who took part In the discussion preceding
the passage of the contract, ooti'idored
lirst that they were in no way responsi
ble for the experiment. Second, that
further discussion would be useless, ex
cept so far ns required to eompleto that
Iclt unhnished by mo notion oi congress.
Admitting lieiieril Humphrey's ability
to complete discussions left unlinished by
congress, his jtistihcation in this case
would have been more satinao.tory bad
Major Howell Informed his readers by
w hat authority nn officer of I'nited States
engineers presumes to publish his gratu
itous opinions at the puuti"! expense, or
to indirectly criticise tlie president and
congress of the United States, for declin
ing to he guided by the judgment efOou.
Humphreys and .Major uowcii in tins
Rut few persons Inexperienced ill the
difficulties of raising ol tlu.lareninouuts
of money requ red in works of great
magnitude, can appreciate the injurious
etlects of unfavorable arguments or
apparently well authenticated reports
against an enterprise, especially when
they involve, if correct, the certain loss
of capital invested. For several weeks
past we liave, through the self-acknowledged
conduct ot Major Howell, been se
riously trammelled in the prosecution ol
the works we are constructing, by mis
representations to which have been glyen
a real or seeming assurance ol official
truth, while it. has been out of my power'
to obtain, officially, the real facts to dis
In View of the annoy anoo nnd embar
rassments already snirered Ironi the olli
oial aiitagonis-.n ol Oen. Humphreys nnd
Major Howell, and of the fact that there
official positions give them the ability to
couilli'lc tiel opuii or WitUluuiiS i(in.
sition to this work, (the one being chief
of tho corps ot fiiginoos, U. S. A., nnd
the other stationed in this city in charge
of important engineering operations in
the vicinity,) - have to respectfully nsk
that any further 'officious or unauthor
ized official interference on the part of
these officers, be interdicted, and that in
structions be issued to the inspecting of
lieer authorized by the act, and "de
tailed" by you to make the exami
nations, to promptly supply me with any
official information ho may from time to
time acquirercspocting these works, and
their results, which I may deem impor
tant to facilitate us in carrying out the
intent of the grant, or in protecting us
lrom misrepresentation; and that his re
ports hereafter be made directly to the
Secretary ot War, instead ol through the
medium' ot the Chief of Engineers, U. S.
A., as tlie Secretary of War alone is, by
tho words ol the giant, authorized and
directed to carry into effect tlie provi
sions of the net."
We nre assuming all risks nnd expend
ing our own money under a grant which
gives us no power to deceive the govern
ment, even if we desired to. Our com
pensation depends wholly upon results to
be achieved, and upon tin; good faith of
tho government. c were entitled to
eight months to commence the work, and
thirty months within which to secure
twenty feet ot depth, yet before httccn
have elapsed the largest, coasting steam
ers trading to New Orleans have beeu
sent tosoa over the bar on which scarcely
eight feet of water could be found Inst
year. chavc thus shown nn energv
and good laith, not only entitling us to
the moral support ot the government, but
to its confidence. 1 cannot believe for a
moment that the policy of your depart
incut will, with your sanction, bo allowed
to embarrass mo in the prosecution of a
work ol sucli;iinmense.importame, when
tho untrammelled control of it was con
tided to me by the almost unanimous no
tion of congress, and tho approval of the
president ol the I nited States.
1 have tlie hor.or to be, very rcspoet-
tuiiy, your very obedient servant,
Jas. IS. Eads.
!. Tit, llfH, Tilt, IIouh, Th.
I'n v Maiisiiai.'h ()i i ici:,
Akaii Emiixk HorsK,
Cairo, 111., June 1, ls. )
All owners of dogs and sluts within
the corporate limits of tlie city of Cairo
are hereby notified that tho city tax upon
the same must be paid on or before the
15th day of June, 170, after which all
dogs or sluts found within the city limits
on which the tax bus not been paid Viiii
be killed. 1 will be found hi my office
from now until tho 15th to receive said
tax, from !i o'clock a.m., to 12 o'clock m.,
ol each day. Jons 11. Hodman,
linking Muile i:ny,
Ry using ihe Centennial cake pan, the
lateft and lest invention for oak baking
yet ollcrcd. Made of Russia iron; dur
able a lil.'-tiino. Will hake your cake
more evenly than in the old-fahioned
tin cake pans. A solid cake or one with
center tu!" can be baked, thus practically
giving two pans for price of one. Tho
shies and lubes can be removed from the
cake Instantly without injuring it lu the
least, leaving it uudi turbi d on its huso,
to he Iced or frosted while hot. Every
lady roelng in advantage will want one.
S. W. Stilw II, icgeut, is now oanvaislng
l 'aim. o-J-Jt
Stock of 1 try Hoods at very low prli-s
ttl 5-11-1111. C. HaksyM.
. 1 i... - ... . i .
Thirty thousand )w l received at Ihe
Hi i.f ktix office.
Largo stock ol Carpet oflering very
cheap nt ' 5-ll-Im. C. IIanny's.
Itm! Alwn Ihe I'hrnprxl.
Choice hams of Henry Amos nnd also
Worstcr's brands nt the
o-Jil-ot Ni:w York Stout.
I'mipriiH lor Ihe l.mlle.
Just received n large assortment of
R.izaar (ilobe Fitting Fatterns, the liest
fitting in use, nt lm. C. Hannv'.s
Linen Unmask Napkins nnd Towel
ing oflering nt reduced prices nt
ft-M-lm. C. IIanxvV.
l or KhIo.
WastewoodfroinForenian Saw Mills
for sale at $s 00 per ear. Inquire nts
Cairo Vinoonnos freight depot.
tVaoil! XV ooil ! t
On nnd niter this dale C. W. Wheeler
M Co. will oiler cord wood nt $: 50 per
cord; same sawed nnd split, $5 00; sin
gle loads $1 75 per loud. Strictly cash.
The only live poiiormmg elephants
ever soon in America will Ik exhibited
and performed twice in Howes' Orent
Loudon Cireiii ring on Saturday,
A monster wnrilopliant, will prome
nade the streets ol Cairo on Sat
urday morning, in coiiipanied by his lour
companions and give a grand perform
ance in Howe's Croat Loudon fhow, nt
tcrnoon nnd evening.
Mi rup Iron Vt'mileil.
Wanted, fiOOtons of scrap iron in Id
ton-.- lots for cash.
Vri t ax Mam FACit HiMi Co.
17 McLeans' Rloi k. St. Louis, Mo.
i'hat It takes forty-two railroad car.
each thirty feet long, to transport
Howes' (I real. London Circus and
Sanger's Koynl Euglidi Menagerie
through Ihe country, three times the
number ever employed by any other
show in the world.
Ho j h I'riHi i-H 4 IMIlllIK til llll o.
l-'our Frinccs of royal blood w ill vi- it
Cairo on Saturday morning. The- no
compnny Howes' Croat London Show.
They will be dresood in nil the barbaric,
splendor of their native country, and
will entertain all who may vi-it the Rig
Show. They arc natives of the Province
of Rongal, India.
Skk fvocu. r;. hor-h, at Ins shop and
store room, No. H) Commercial avenue,
has for sale a stock of boots and shoos of
his own make ; alio a lull stock of leather
and finding lor sale; nnd n
largo stock of St. Louis cus
tom made ltoots and shoos. He
keeps the best material nnd is up in all
the latest styles. His tit are perfec t, ami
sit Wf'ioti.r l.i tmrnntoc.l. (Jiyr liim n
I!y virtue of nn eeetitiim to me ilirortiM hy
the t lerli ol tlie i ireuit l uni t uf Alciiireler
County, in the Mute ol Illinois, in luvor of Hit
oeoile ol the Mule ol" Illinois, niel .-iKainnl
Mi in v WntMiii Wel.li met Ari'lri-W .1. tulle, 1
liuvu levied IIhii tlie Id I'iWiiix itescriliett io
erly, in ttiU County oi Alexumler uml Male ol
Illinois, to wit: a portion of lot liiiinUiil
twenty-nix (-') in block niiiiihrri-O tveiity -i
(-) in tlie oily of jtiro, mid ileeriUi't u follow.-.,
to Wit; Colnliieiieinif t a point on Ihe
eunleily Hue of uiliini-'lon Avenue, nine uml
0111-1111111'';) feet Irolll tlieeorlierel lotNlui uly
live uiel twenty i in Hie block ulore-uhl, run
nintf tlienee noutlieilv uionif the line of Wn-h-iniOim
Avenue, three (!) feet, theiie ca.t.-ilv
I'lk-nllcl with Iheliue ilivi.luirf the I. .If Hloicvii.l
one hundred feci,, uml to ihe westerly line ol l-.t
lueiily-hine in Mini Mock, tliein e iioitherly
ulonj! tlie westerly line of met .,t luentv-uiiie
(."'Jltiov led, Ihelice We-.teily piil'iillcl Hilhthe
liue!iviilin;Kiii.l lot .'".an I .''i, one linieheil i.-ei
to Ihe place of liejiinnimr, iih the properly o the
ui.l Henry W.ttnun Webb, w hi. Ii 1 i h.ill olb-r ul
public, mle nt Ihe coiitli-vvc t iloor of the Court
ll. mac in the I ily of I airo, in helouuly i.l
Alexander uml M.ib: of Illinois, on Hip i Ul day
ol .hint, A. I. I7'., ut the. hour i.r eleven
o'clock A. M., fji ex-li, to Mitb.fy kiiiil t-xccii-tion.
AI.FX. II. I It V IV.
Mierill of Alexander oiii.lv, Illinois.
Cairo, lilt . June 1st, J Ii .'.
Wm. Glenn & Sons
Headquarters for Groceries
4,000 Rio and Santos Coffee,
2,000 hhds New Orleans Sugar,
2,500 bbls N. Orloans Molasses,
1,500 bbls White Rofined Sugar,
1,000 bbls Yellow Refined Sugar,
500 bbls Louisiana Rico,
100 Tierces Carolinr Rice,
500 h'fehs Green and Bl'k Tea.
ALSO, It ALFIti IX
AMJ OlIIKK I'ltOM i K.
IIH, To ami 7 j line Kirci-I, J v., .
WINTER & STEWART.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
No. 100 Commercial Avenue
Ailvaucef ina.le on ('uu-i;tiiiieiit.i. Al
Mructs ol 'litlcs iiimlo, t eiiveynncet uml
t ollcclioiiM Httcli'leil tii.
AflKNTKiN To lil siSKSK" ANI
Auelion Sales Ltery Buturtlay Moniln;'.
KA XX XEXfilS9iafl.
NORTH SIDE OF F.lQllTU STRF.E1
otwa Wuhl&ffton vi OomntrcU
City National Bank
CAPITAL, - - $100,00
W p. IIAI.MliAV, l rcilent.
IIICVUV 1.. IIAI.I.1UAV, Vievrn-fl.
A.. II SAl r'ullK, ( jrthii-n
V A 1.1 Kit 1IY.SI.OI'. Am-t I H'.liiet.
S. STAATi TATLOIt, It II. C'ltHlllMllMAM,
II I.. MM, III. AV, W . P. llAI.I.IUAt,
li. I. N M LIAM-O.. HlKI-lll limit.
A K. Hafkoiiu,
Excliftngo, Coin and United StatOH
juonua uougut ami sold.
K POSITS reccive.t urnl i-enrml l.unkliiR
llllH I I1I-.B lIotlB.
r I'.n.n, iTiMi.tent. II. Weill, t'hier.
P. Nell, ice pi-ea'i. 1 . .1. Kei III, A -l. iifli'r
t'nmet Commercial Avo nnl Bt.h Rtret,
I-'. P. '.-!. I'llil-.l. Will It luiri. I 't.i...
P. Neir, Mini. iii. Wolie, I an...
A . SiiMiiikii. t uirn. It 1.. Kiiiii.tfi.i.-t- s i u.iii
K. I'li'lcr. iilni II. Wells. I mi-,..
I- II. PiinklliHit, M. Limn),
. (leiietnl Iliuiklnw HiiMnrm llimr.
ft -Feyninfe un.l l.nncht Inter. -.1 .ni.
I the :, 1 1 1 1' 1 llel.urtlliclit. ( ..III. Ili.i.-i inu.le.
in I nil Iicine4.i .riiin.tly ult' lel.-l In.
CHARTERED MARCH 21, 1HH9
CITY NATIONAL DANE, CAIRO
A It PAKKlUtli, Prerti.Unt
H S 1 A l.i ill. i. I'n-m.li nt
. SI V"jl.uP, tec'V nl rreuiurrr.
flll.lil toh :
P.W llAHi f.Ar, iiA. (Ui luimH,
J". At stih kh.ii rn, Pam.Ii .iiicii,
It II tlNNI.M.IIAM. il J, llALl.IUAV,
I. M Phillip.
INI I IlKS'I .it i . I on -I.-.(ihiM u( tint rate ..I a
. n r cent n r hiiiiiiiii, M-.r. I. I I mcl Me.t. in
i. r lit Inten-rt in. I Willi' lr:iii in u M.-.I inline
Initelv l.i the . r lie 1 1 ... I i.f the . t- .nr-1 1 1 , tin n by
fix.liK I lit lu cinuoiiU'l Mil. l. -I
Married Women and Children may
Deposit Monoy and no ono
clso can draw it.
Oiirn rrery I'liAlnrnniluy I'mtiitM tit t-i )l p m.
J -"Hlnflnv eetiinro ..r ini . Ic .o tit r. ui.ly
rum t. t(i p ii'cIim k .
W. HYSI.OP. Treasurer.
MT. CARBON(Big Muddy)
Orders for Coal by tho oar-load
l,on, or in hoKiihoada, for obipment
aromptlv attended to.
triTTo largo constimors and all
nanufucturoi-fl, wo aro prepared
to uupply any quantity, by the
aionth or your, at uniforiu rates.
CAI0 CITY COAL COMPANY,
rT-iliilli.Uy Itro 'Hf.nice, No. To Ohio I.cvre.
I rllalfnluy rtro 'h wliuiil,.,ut.
I ) -At l.K).lin MiIIh, ur
li"Al the l.'oul 1)11111)., loot of TlilltT-KivIl
IJ-Post OOlee Iirawer. Sfm.
R. SM YTH & T CO.,
Wliolesule ami Kotuil lienler in
Foreign and 'Domcslio
h im:s ov aix hiis
No. 60 Ohio Lovoo,
M KSSUP. CMTTII A Ol. Imve ooimtuntly
i.hf aim H tri mc iH-dl aj;ihio iu- Jimr-
kcl, fkwi Rive tHiM-riul atumiuu to Hit; HhulvBulv
ruiu'li i.l' it. ii 1. 1. -1.4 .
I lic iHlckl, itreulekl, Ui t i. lml.le
remi dy ever Jilll U.;elher l.y llil .llcal xeieuee,
liir Klli'llllillllnin, fMlllll.ln, Melllll(fS, lllllllH,
I HKl.tl Kri-ILMt. Ac Irf II... I .-I. tu.tr I iltilt.....!
'1 1,. I cure vii kin, 1.1 Wliitt the White i.il.ilu.ht
In tor Hie hllinuii l-iniilt . Mi , y ll, .xv 1 ei.luiir
l.iluln. Ill is ,u- iiiviiici, l ime ami Hlriliiie.1
nui jcu uu. uiuumlb. iimy..'- l It
4 lillilreu f'rjr lor fahfriii. It U ni
iile.ivHIlt tJ lake u-t ln.ney, un, n ul.-vlillcly
iiuiinlei-M. Ii m mie in exix ! wuriint, cure win, I
Colic, le'iilule the b.miln un.l Homii'li, un.l
vverciiiiia il l llul.lllly cmiac.l liy ihsIi ur culllnK
le. Hi. It it it H iu miUiimte lur t n . liir oil,
unit I'm- I (c liveueH in vuiiiik or ul.l there 1m
ii'iniiifr in ei.-,n.ncetitieu.:cine un.l rclml.le.
o irit ia
BUMIOM. CUTS.'feRUIkiM, C'HIL
iBLAINS, ULCKRS, SOrfEft,
t tfiit-Nd 4 CO., miwarbttattu, Cw.tu-.
I ttl I- very IIcim iiplimi
a 1 IIPIIII.
AttUlSl'I.I KlIN Oilhe tAtKO, lit
I V HllNr- II 1 III' II
(Or 11 plced la Una, orer)
IQ" MILES 017
SOLD DURING tho YEAR IS75
hVMiY STOVK 11
V liert vcr t '.tl i.r SM ,
Nos. m, 38, 39, 47, 48 and 40
Are St'irvelutis ( iiiiil'iimtn.n of
An,! nil Ihe I.M.eiitml P.,ii,trt Hmt Miii.i
Most Perfect Cooking Stovo
r.trr IMIenil In I lie I'uiillr
Mn-le Only l.y the
Excelsior Manufacturing Co.,
. 1,1-.', HI, l.l'i ami (,H N M ni, i .
M. I.ouli, Mm.
O. W. HENDERSON,
" :lwe,IAti 'in A w
Hint I ritubllii
l'K. I IIIMIlil.
tiutli icl l' Ihe
Mule i.l lihlu.ls
fur II" in-.-
.1ll'Nv. f, V llll
in nil cittc.i n .rivie, i-lin.ui' an.l uruiHi y ili-fricw-i
ill ul I their C(.ni.li. atiil li.imu. It in Weil
knuun turn lir .lame im nll m lli Iw-wl ol
the pruluiMou lor tl.r il mn. Arrnml
eip. riein-enreitil iiiiirf.iunt. Nrmlniil ttenk,
nm, iiu-ht Iimm-a Ly .Ircim. piinpl' n Hie
Tni-e. I.c.l ihiiiiIiimhI, i hii ik.-Hi,. ly ir rnree,
l.lii uantuiK tlie IiiiimI tV Iit ie utti iition, mil
or w rite. Pliwunt Imirw for i.nli'iiU. A Ihh.L
lor Uie iiiilli.in. (Miii riuife mile, which lelU
you ell foonl tli,iliMiiw4 who fliniil I limrlf
-whr nol l"cenu Ui .y iMMilntfV. Ir. I.in.ei
hk:ll rouin niel i lor. Ion M-r no utie but
the .I.M'tor uili.-e hums, i hi. to 7 . in. Mm-.liv-,
I" lo 1.'. Ail I, nunc- ftri. tU -.. i. II, Ini
tial. 4----d -l .
O'CALLAHAN & HALL,
Roofing and Guttering a Specialty
Slate Jloofiing a Specialty in
any part of Southern
Lightning Rods, Pumps," Stovoo
Jobbing Promptly Dona.
i.l.tiunel in tlie I l c
Mul. n, (.'ana. la, an. I I n
ri. ; leinm a- low a
iliic4-ol uny other i. lia
Lie Iioiim. i:ortc.'iit.n -
tleure ,n tr.l ill Ihe f lu--
li.ih an.l foreign ni.'ii'ik'c.,, w un iiiveuur, Al -I
.rueyt. ttl ImW , un.l olhi r .-..lii iili.n, i--.i- ull
W III IhoM-who liuve Ici.l tl.ell 1 U--1-3 I. ic. li.1 111
llirlmniU ul other nttoineys. In r. i.-i I...I . a .
olir let-rt Hie 1'euHiiliiihle, HI., I llu l haiye IB lliu.le
lliil.n.-i w e aie nlieceKul.
If you wniil a pat-
i liten.) ii.-: a In. . It I
gnr i-k. Iclh uml :
lull .le.-li.li..li i.l
We will lunke an
exuniiniitionat the pulent ulllep, un.l II we think
il iiiWutal.le, i ill heml you uim-ih ulel a.lvice.
un.l i.ro.--ciiie vour ca.-.e. uur lew w in i in (r
I1 ru) or written In nmlii-r.i
gi lt, Kx-Coniniinnloner o PutentH,
lev.lim.l, Ohio ; . II. kt-llcy, f'.., 'ei:'v
S'nlioHal (truuire. l.oiiiHville, Ivv ( .mi m mI. -i u
Ihin'l Alliincn, 1'. h. N., Vu-hliil..ii, l. I .
J 3s. ml Mump f, .rou r "ijiii.ie l..r iht.iiii
IHK PntenU," B hook ol'.'rfj uitr.-i.
A.hlic H l.onit ltiiKK-r A 'o., Solid
..n of I'alenU, Wudliiiiglou, It. V.
Ten ehKunt hIkh-Ih ot I hon e Muic ariniifji .1
l..r the liun.i Poi tew ill U-b.l.t l.y until ou re
reii.t ol'one l'.ll:ir, (Mixt )Kiitl) Ol i.iulr cu.n a
ul i-i centKCHch.
'l licy cmi hIho I oi.lerc.l HiioiikIi Mil)' lirwi
ileal in tlie tlllt.-il States.
Ilni).ier iliiya liiBtriiiMi-iitii! Tom Prow n
N by can I not forget t lnril.li'
Par O'er Uie Vu. ..... Maylulh
lll'll I.ilc Walt. Mniiiab
1 "ow II where the Violet liruw WtMteiiu.'
When OM.In l.Mon liml liid I'uy Wi-nii-mc
The t.ninil t M.I Kami liul.le.-
'1'lie Collide QuUkntei .. ..Htu.hlui.t
'1 lu re's a Letter in the Camlle Cuole
Do you lU-ally 'I hinkhe 1'ul.'
Ail.lreaa orUera to lleuj. W. Hitchrock. Pub
IwheiB.io Ihinl Avenue -N. Y. -Uiu.
To whom Pensions are
MT iXm jfitTwpi 1.1. while In tho Hue
aail ailcbarge of tluly, either by avyiMant o
ibrwlM,(houlJ havo a portion. Tbaloaaoj;
anger entltloa you to a peiuioo. A ruutuit
vo matter how llht, glraa youa penatoiu
'i ka loaa of a toe al vea you a peuloa.
I he IomoI an ere Ivea you a pen loo,
r will Kive youa ueunioo. .
IXUiMCS MA.MY iwnoua
Who are bow arawiuica "cicma, arejuawy aim .
tied toan inoreaaa. TIATTTTiTrlT
ajSnuJ I iuiiiiwj9 U II X m
for oopy ofPettaioa luia Bounty kcU.
Aiare-O. h. FITZCCRALD,
Vnlte Matot Ciatai Airent, iMDHHAroLiB, I n.
aWOu all luitera mara P. O. Box U.jmi
f (mm auto I a whal caiwr ton uw U.U lrrUiuwb
rpue "Ukly liulleliu,"
l.'.'.'i r)'er, iMialaxe ).riul,l, to any u.l.lie-s.
UKST AM) tlltAPKST
Pawr pnblialunl In Souihern lllinoia.
At the BiLLiTiH oiBee, Cairo, llllnolj,
T 1 t
riiiini I hvS