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CYBUS 8. ODEHLY, Editor.
A l,llr frm l;.HiBVi'r f in
grt Ihr I'. M. Hrmnte.
l;mbrri( n tl lr ttif Wcilletumt
I I he lilwMral nlr-
Til I'MIVKM Of I he ( IO
1 rMfrrrrl (lir Siipri'iur
Tli Wy Mlf '. hf a l ..nMlu-
IahmI Amendment to le Itrnlteil
ftMd Ariwntetl hy Iniiimun
t'mmtti" M. I i.tii. Ttiiip )
'I'll lollovmf letter was Iran. milled
yesterday to Senator Ferry, tle pren
k.nt o( the fs-naU-, to be bud l-ctoic I h it
body. It Is signed by Carl Selmrv.
John It. Henderson and other x merit -Iwr
of I bo senate mill hou-i-.1, and embod
ies the views of .Senator .Slitirr, con
tained in, the Wetflichr I'utt yesterday :
-. imk ri trnri. . ' ,
Sr. I.otis, Dec, ;f, 1VT0.
II m T. W. Frir, PriliMl nflhp Sen.Wci
The complications, in whicti we find
ourselves iuytilved at present, are well
calculated to impress two tacts upon
every candl I nvnd :
1. That tin- result of presidential elec
tion my depend upon a very small
number of electoral voter, Uiysc votes In
come from Mates in h 1Ntorled and nV
normal condition ; ami
2. That the constitutional method of
counting the electoral vote, of deciding
question' of legal i I y co 1 1 ner ted w i 1 1 1 1 hem ,
and ol determining tin? final result, ha?
b.'cnme r mutter oft lU-puU- between in.
tcrested parties. No doubt all patriotic
citizens deMrconly to have the offices of
president and vice president awarded to
those who Imve been rightfully fleeted
to them, no mattir to what political
party they may belong. At for our
selvs, we have lieartily and actively sup
ported t.overnor Hayes fur the presi
deney, rleiving Mint his election would
bed serve the true interest ol the repub
lic. But we deem il of far greater im
portance that the future president ol the
llii. ted Stat slioulJ have n clear title to
ni4 omeo inan inti ne snouia be itie man
of our choice. Wc horn' every patriotic
Democrat reciprocates tint sentiment.
Out how Is that title to he established so
clearly that it may stand above all doubt
and cavil ? IV e hear ol charge of Iraud.
intimidation and terror ism with regard
to the election in several- states, ns well
as charges of tii.u p practice, and illegal
proceedings in the operation ot canvass
ing boards, and there is reason to antici
pate' acrimonious party contest in the
final counting of the electoral votes and
the determination of the result.
The constitution provides only that
"the president f the senate shall, in the
presence of trtevnatc and house of rep
resentatives, pen the certilleates and the
votes shall be counted." .A. to Tlie
feM-aning ol that clause there are, rayc
.inflict nf nnfnfnn. " Tt T s held Tiv wnmn
that the president of the senate alone is
invested witji ftowuf to count th vote
an 1 declare the trtsulr, tlie two houses of
congress being mere, witnesses to the act,
without any authority to inlerlerc. It is
held by others that the two houses of
congress have power to Uircct the count
ing, and, ft they see fit, to throw
out the electoral rotes of a state, but only
by concurrent action. By other rtill it
is asserted that an objection sustained by
cither ol the two liouses is sulllcient to
exclude the electoral votes of a state
from the count. We have repeatedly ex
pressed our opinions on these points and
will not now rettate them. But wc de
sire to invite attention to the Important
U'-t, that the conflict ot the-; theories Is
legjK-ratine mora dud more tvwv dav
Into a strule ot party Intercits,' and
this at a time wun the electioa ol the
thiej uiagifttrat of the lpiit)li mar tie
pend ujx.n a siufck; tk-ttoml vote, and
when the two -ntendinr parties ar
s-ach in control ol one houe oi' con
fress. A ready do we iin I a live and Innu
eutial politicians (peulatir)g upon the
manner in which the power f cither
iiou- of congress can bo utilized to pro
mote or prevent the ucccMi of thw or
that presidential candidate. F.laborate
schemes are publi-hed by nieu ot rtand
in', Kiting forth how a condition ot
tilings may he brought about in which
the country is to have two presidents
contending for tho possession of the gov
ernment. By reckless character tiie car
of the people is l irniliaried with the
cry ol forcible resistance and civil war.
The alarm ot capital and the stagnation
of business are grow ing more distrcsing
very day. Neither Is ihe end of this ha
rnsHiig uncertainty I j be lonecn. The
counting of the cht-toral vole in congress
may bring ui, iustcad ol a speedy and
' conclusive M-Ulcmcnt ol ail ditlkuhles,
only a more exciting struggle of party
. interests and ainbiiions, and intteail of an
election remit uuivtrsally accepted as
legal and Just, a national government ap
pearing as the offspring of terrorism or
ol party chlcaiuiy, a ro'.ernmeut the
ligbtfulnesg or whos.u authority may
then-lore, be qu tioned. and ubove very
exhtence may give ri-e to long and
uiuignuu "juurni-. certainly no
i greater nti'-fortune could h. lali the eoun
It U eiJent that, in order to avoid con-
Mpjenccs ka grave, the determination (,
the result of this presidential lection
t-hould be contided 10 a tribunal whoe
verdict will -coinmajid universal conii-
deme, and hi order to command uniyer
, aai couujeiiei in limes ol cxeiUd party
feeling the tribunal should le is far as
' potskble removed Iroiu the party strife,
party Intercut and paity aiubitiou. Only
then will tlie impartiality ol Its ludg.
uieiit be generally and unreservedly Lo-
Ikved in. L'u'iuetloiiiMv (ingress U
. not aucu a iriwmai. j nere are, no
doubt, lUi-o in tL aeiiata and in the house
of representatives who in thi
di'Chnrgo ol Important tiulics en
deavor lo divest their minds
ot nil party Ida. But on the whole
In.'U-murli as the member of the national
legislature owe Ihelr place to U? Instfii
tnetitality of party organization, it Is not
Unnatural that In many rcpect jiarty in
tcrest nnd spirit should have strong 5n
tlirince In shaping llnir opinions as well
as their actions. It can scarcely lie other
wise: nnii even siii'imsing metiihcrs to
net upon motives cvvr so conscientious,
Ihelr impartiality ill not have general
credit when In a matter luvolvlng paitv
interests of sueh niagidtmh' n the result
of a presidential election their jiutgni"nt
favors n candidate ol their oigania
1 ion. But in acrisislikc this the final
vcrdiet should notortly 1h? Impartial'; It
should also appear so.
When looking lor a t r ihimal lilted by
il character and recogniwd authority to
net a the great umpire ol political par
ties iu determining the result of a dis
puted prcsideiili.il b ctioti wc lin 1 only
one it i-1 the supreme coiut of the
I'liired Mate. Ill the di bate vvhii h
:onie time iir' oc nireil in the senate on
a hill ro regulate the counting of the
electoral vote the idea was frerptcnlly
put forth that, when the two houses dis
agree 1 on the reception ot the electoral
vote of a state or iu cae o fit presenta
tion ot two sit ol certitVatcs iroiu one
state, on the question which of the two
should be received, that question should
be rcfi;rned for decision to the fiipn ine
court or to one or more members of it.
The only stroiii.' argument urged agaiiir t
this proposition wathat the juri-tliction
of the supreme court is 'uned by Ihe
constitution and :.nviic enlarged by a
mere leslsUtiye enactment. The force
of that objection cannot be dmicd. But
there is still anothi r way open. Il hotii
political pirties iiree that it would serve
the rreat interest to remove th!,i count
iug ot tlie electoral Votes from the theater
ol party stritc and to entrust that impor
tant olliee. with power to decide inciden
tal questions, to the hilie.-l judicial au
thority in the land, there is still liuie U
fcc u ru tlie adoption of a constitutional
anicndivicr.t to that cJle -t Udore tlie day
fixed by law for Ihe counting of Ihe elec
toral vole arrives. 'I here are nearly
three ecl,s he lore Christmas, during
which a resolution to submit su h an
amen. liiii nt to the legislatures ol the sev
eral state may be di-'cused and deter
mined upon by both houses of emigre.
In.lanuaiy uiostf the legislatures nr
in session, and those that are not way be
convened tor the t ici-lid purno-e of con-
sidcrln-r the ratiflentinn cf the' amend
ment. To accomplish this great object
action must indeed be prompt, but ac
tion may be prompt, if both political par
ties cooperate in good faith to that end.
There Is probably no more powerful iu
rluencu to bring about such rn'-operation
than that of the two presidential candi
dates themselves. If (iovcrnor Hayes
and (Jovernor Tilden botlLinuke their re
spective supporters understand that such
is their sincere and urgent wish 1'or the
political good, that kind of oppos'lion at
least w hich may spring from party Fplrit
will quickly yield in eohgn s as well as
In the stale legislatures. Thus the most
formidable ami dangerous obstacle
would be removed and the two parties
might harmoniously unite upon :v meas
ure most important lor the peace of the
country and the stability ol our institu
tions; Jt may be said tint it would be
unwise, in haste nnd merely lor the pur
pose of averting a temporary danger, to
enjalt upon the constitution of the re
public a permanent provision which
could not again be got rid ot without
great dilllcultv. But wc arc not here
providing against a mere temporary dan
ger. I'lifortutiatcly it is but too proba
ble that from the condition o the coun
try, a the civil war has left it, similar
complications w ill arise in the future, not
Indeed at every prc-Mental election, but
from, time to time. Moreover, every
thtnVln man w ill admit that tlie makers
of the constitution, when (raining that
vaoe provision concerning tbe counting
of tho electoral vote, did certainly not
foresee and contemplate the ca-e of di
put -id t-Iect oral vote, and of a presiden
tial fch'Ctiu depending upon disputed
electoral votrs. Had thty forest n it, no
doubt they would have provided for it
more cloarly uu 1 carefully. Kven in more
jieacetul time when the result of a presi
dential election ifl 1 noi turn upon a in
gle state the imb iiiuteness of the consti
tutional clause caused now and then much
embarrassment and perplexity. It is ev
idently n.t adequate lo the more dillicult
t IrciiniFtaiu cs at present surrounditig us.
A change is Uierelore decidedly and ur
genljy' n,.Ied, and if that change juiist
be rccogi.i.ed as necessary, why should
it not be taken In hand at one to help us
through the threatening dangers ol the
Neither can it be d 'liied Hi it su h a
chungi: w .idd fail ot its object if it Aid
not w ithdraw tho counting ol tin: electo
ral votes, and the determination of there-
suit Irom Ihe.struggleof political parties,
and that this can be accomplished only
by selecting for this ollieo a tribunal
standing above all party strife. Thus the
supreme court seems elcaily pointed out
by the neec-Mties of the case. There 1,
only one other question requiring an
swer: will not the discharge of such
duties (haw the Milireuie court itself
Into the struggle ol parties V We lu'lievc
not. uly once every lour ycti . are tho
electoral vote to be counted. In most
i Xscs the re-uli is beyond all question do.
cidcd.and Ihe lijrures universally rco".
hi .id betol'C theeoUUl'mg U'gius. iOllhl
lul cases ol ureal linlioitanee lu:iv ninl
probably will hem i forth occur more Ire
queiitly than loinieily, but even then
they are not likely u o.cur more than
once or twice during the average oOh lal
llle ol a judge i, the supreme lieueh. The
exer.1! of greut power In connection
with that duly w ill, therefore, 1 eof rare
occurrence ; so rare, indeed, a not seri
ously to alleet the character ol the tribu
rial, whiU the possibility o packing the
supreme court lor spei iul wcaslons may
be pn-vi ntcd by suiu,hl provl ions n
the coiisUluliouul aiucndiut-iit.
We commend this proposition, which
U by no lucaus new ami has ain a ecu
discused to Jhfl public press, fi lhcn;
tetitioln of ths; tho may tucnilw- Mu ln
(loisier in lavor of IU accomplishmenU
llie wid vci liare in view appeal, to the
patriotic: ferliiijrs ol every gnort citizen.
It I the preservation of peace and of the
moral authority ol our imtioiial Kovern
tneiit. That both are In jeopardy, no?
body will qucstloiir To' avert this dan
ger now and also In the (ut tire, the plan
here discusssd appears to tn a good one.
But Its spejcify exeeutlou depi lids Upon
the prompt eo-opcratlon of tho two polit
ical parties, each f w hich would prove
by it acccptnnce of this proposition Hint
It his confidence in Hie light tallies of it
cause or that it esteems tlie. public wel
fare above all else.
.liuiN B. HnNnm.sOx, and other.
South Carolina Did Not
Give Us the Expect
of the Legislature
Leave the State
Rather Thau be Thrust
Out at the Point of
The Gubernatorial Vote Not!
Canvassed, and the Result
in the Supreme Court.
A Day of Argument and Per-j;
suasion Before tho Florida
Governor Kellogg Thinks Ho
Will Let His Returning
Board Announce the
iuvks civks ir,i'r.
(sffeiul to the St. Iami i inie )
CiN-ciswii, Iec. I. There i.i a state
ment vvhiih comes Very .straight Iron
Columbus, to the il'cct that tioycrnor
I laves, at hi Thanksgiving tinner Uhie,
while talking over the situation, said he
was satisfied Tilden was honorably elec
ted, and if the conviction' was iKirne out
by further developments as strongly as
during the last few days, lie would not
accept the presidency, eve n if he could
obtain it. . j
.Sherman. Stnughton nnd little Kiicne
1 1 ah are Ii. consultation with hiin today,
and it is, quite possible they rnav lie aIe
to persiiado him that v hat strike com
v.VMi people as trauds arc nothing
tiut "clerical errors," nnd so brace Idm
up again. Still there is hardly any
doubt that (iovcrnor Hayes did make the
remark attributed to lmn. A.
So it I ii Carolina
. 'IIIK 1)1 MIX It IS WIlHMtAW.
t oi.i Mi.iA, Iec. I. After tlie two
houses were calhnl to ot.lt r. Sneaker
U'allai-e. aiinounctvl. Jiat as there
were l(K) spis iiil cout!i!)le in the State
house to eject the ieinocratic membi'rs,
and a., ho feared sucb a movement would
Ix-resisu d and blood.-hed would en.-uc,
he adjourned his house- to meet at Caro
lina hall, where, they are now in session.
f lU'RKT MISSION.
Thj Keiublicaiis then went into secret
session in n,c. ,tuie hoiisi'. Tlie town is
full of M'ni.lc. ail 1 L'rcat cAcilemelit ore.
Cmiivihia, fee. 4. The Democratic
house continued in caucus all this after
noon. Whatever action was taken is un
known. Tin: Hepiililiean members of the
senate held a caucus prev ious to Hie regu
lar hour ol meeting of that body, whh h
was not harmonious and 1 isled until 1 p.
in., when the senate met. The session was
unimportant until just before 1 p.m..
when it was moved that the niiate ad
journ, the motion was carried by a
vote of M yeas to II nay. This action
regarded a- important, as 2 o'clock
to-day was the hour set for counting the
vo'c for governor, and as the sen
ate adjourned without considering that
rpio'linu or postponing it to some future
day, il is virtually dispn-fd o in that
body and must originate iu the house to
come up again. J he oucFiion is now
whether tin; bciute will recognize th
Mackey house as a cnustiiulkmul body
with a membership n rifty-idx oidy.ludd
ing cei titicatcs o the board of state c in
vassers. while -il -three is iiecMirv in
ipiiuii. The I iciiiocraH have sixty,
requiring only three to make a quorum.
The city to-night is lull of people, and
other are arriving.
I UK Ml Ht.MI COI ;.
'I he supreme court heard mvuuieuU
during the euiUoUy on thn niipllcatlon
lur a mandamus requiring the secretary
ot tlate to deliver the returns for gover.
nor and lieutennnt-gorernor lo speaker
Wallace, and adjourned at 7::td p.m., un
til to-morrow at II a n). As this ques
tion involves the other question as to
which is the legal house cf' icprc-eiita-tives.
the action of the court Is looked
forward to with great Intcrof.
aciion or ink: HvfKr.UK ricRr. !f
(Uu. jx.i i.iiiw-'Irlcyr4iu )
Com vii,i. H. r.,-e a.- r ioiu the
tone of northern newi-papcrs, the action
of the tuprcme court with rcfercuce to
- . --- w; ' s- .
the hoard of ranvasscis Sccnift t he gKJ
rmily mlstttiilerstooil.il jlio Rttt irUCd,
unuV r'tlie 'constitutlcnBiwl 'by derision ,
th puprerhc court ha original JnriStlie-
Hon In disunited clei tion eases. In the
next place the supreme court, by its hte
decision ordering theWnnrtttif rftnvnsscrS
lo return tho members Irom Kdgelieid
and Laurens, did not in any senso pass
upon Ihe validity ol their election, or at
tempt lit any' manner to lutt'f ferri" Vi!h
Hie right of the, houses to judge; of liio
election aini qualilicatiou of tlieir iuvil
members. All Hint the com I did Was lo
order tlie board to return the members
having a majority from these two dis
tricts, leaving the question as fo the. va
lidity of their election lo he decided by
the bodies having Jurisdiction, the legis
lature of South Carolina.
TIIK COXSIUI TI'iX savs:
''I he house tha'1 cnu,-4t ol 121 litem
her." The returning board wished to
return a houc composed ol live less
Iliati the constutional number. The mi
pieme court sinqdy said return the con
stitutional number, and let the justness
or olflctwi.-e of their election be pa-ied
on by theonly body having juristliclioii
the lioitse itself. It may be said that
so lar as the right ot Him couit lo inter
fere in this case was concerned, it vas
not even questioned when Ihe case
against the returning board was argued.
And, again, with reference to Ihe action
of the board in assuming to act judi
cially, with rv.cct to state officers and
presidential elector, it a- held that
the !o;ird was
rivnviinrn kp.hm jm:i(Csi ,. ji in t i.
On the ground that every member ot il is
a state ollh ial, otherwise exercising ex
ecutive powers, whilo the constitution
e.pre-"sly forbids the sunt,; person cxer.
cisin.; executive and judicial powers.
The e.i-e ol the Tilden electors V. tho
Hayes electors, before Ihe supreme court,
iu which application in made for a writ
ol quo warranto, will be argued on Tues
day. The foci ml.it ion of the application
is that tins relators received tlie largest
niim'ii r ot votes. The real intent is lo
force tin board ot eaiiya'.rs to go back
of tilt icturns of the county canvassers
S'ld compare them w.ih returns and
Malcmeiits of precinct liianaireis, iu
which e:is(. Hie i'ildeii ( Icejors claim they
would have a majority.
1HK AE IS AS IMCOKTAM' ONK,
ISul its hearing licing set for tlie day be
fore the meeting of the electoral college.
It Is doubtful if any tiling could be done,
even if Hie petition for quo warranto
'hould be granted. Something will have
to 1m: done very soon with reference to all
tlie matters in dispute iu this state. iMv
alter to-morrow a L'nitcd States senator
will have lo be elee'e 1. There can bo no
postponement of this duly as of that of
counting tlie votes for governor. This
will bring the senate and house together,
and will force the issue as to which is the
legal house. There is no question as to
which is the legal house, but. the i.suo
wiil then be made as to which ol the
house the senate will rrcogiiie.' Of
this, however, there I aNo very little
mi: r.icst'i.T 70 wv. know n- to-dav.
Ni.w Oiti.r.AXS, Dec. -I. All sorts of
rumors are ailoat, but nothing reliable
has transpired a to the result of the
canvas by the returning board. (!ov
crnork'c Hogg Mated to-day that a com
pilation would be completed of tlie elec
toral vote IcfOre Tuesday noon.
IHE SITI ATION IX (il Xl-RAL.
fCorn-siionilcucr to tlie St. Louis 1 inu.).
Ni:w Oitt.KANS, lec. 1. Ihe feeling
here continues calm and patient, but
very watchful. To-day the Washington
artillery turned back to the state on a
requisition from Kellogg, presented by
the chief ol police, tike arms equipments
an 1 artillery ued by them since their re
organization, and which they had bor
rowed from Hie state for purpoes of
drill parades, etc. Tlie Mitchell K'ttlcs
and other city companies having state
arms, are expected to do the same. Kel
logg itfetetids that It Is Ids duty to have
all state arm replaced in the arsenal by
the time he transfers his ollice to his suc
cessor. There are graver reuions be
hind all this for sud: a utep than those
alleged. Ho is like the conscience
.stricken rogue that "in every bush sets
an otlicer." The returning board it is
believed will promulgate the electoral
and gubernatorial vote next Tuesd;.y.
Kettirns from all Ihe parishes arc now In
and opened, the last having been handed
1 ni-: voi 1. n kkc -j- ivr.n
l.y the boird, that is the vote returned
by the supervisors ol registration, wfcoin
Gov. Wells considers the only sourco ol
eorrei t returns, shows prima fafir nine
thousand majority for Tilden and over
eight thousand lor NicholN. Five or Ihe
Kepuhiieau electoral candidate, by be
ing left 011 the llcpublieau ticket, lost
over J,h Ml votes, nild this fatal oversight
they are laboring to overcome- by
patched up returns supplemented lo
original returiu 111 the hands ot the
board, and assenting that Ihe electoral
candidates were all duly voted for. The
board will count tlu ni all lu Intplteoi
protest. If the returns wi re. faithfully
counted they would show that five ot tho
eight Tilden electors would have at least
nine thousand majority. And yet there
is not the shadow of a doubt but that by
eonio sort of ' '
A t l.SAlilAS l'fcl i.SS '
Hayes and I'ackard w ill be counted in, or
rather cirved out ot 11 minority vole.
Howeve r, many nllect to believe Hint
I ho board will weaken, :fs it will now see
the imposihility f overcoming such a
large majority as ttju. ijy tilujr ovu, fc.
pcrvlsors' fim,lllite,t rr turns U'liUh (jv.
rmor H'fltt itay u, ,' mtly uuli,iieJ
tcUfi.-c ol l,e ,.,. ,;,, if,, A-vuv trill
These icturns give Nurholls at bust
fifty-live lii'.ndred majority. They ex.
eiu.ie, 01 course, all Ihe polls which lite
superrisors determined to leayo off their
return, lor instance, when in Kat
Ualonltougeiheactual volo east showed
,n, e . . .. V ,
OTcr WOU Conservative majority, Sujjryi-
v-r, liihinj; leivautage 01 a qutu
ble stated that he woubiMiot tsko upon
his owu returns those polls whero the
- 7-r. - - 7
rrori1slonefsreiuriis artrf tally-siieftls
wre lockeil upin Ihe bitllot box s by
lOhtnkc. The. consequence vvatj that the
vole at seven polls w a ' X.
TlllKlW.V Ol'T AliUim A 111 V
By this .upci viiwrftinl tliat, too, in fact
oftlu.'f ict that the duplicate original re
turns ol the commissioner. wens properly
filed in Hie clerk V ofllee, and easily ne
cessiblo lo'hint in roiuiklatJng (he vote
of the parish, and the vote returned
shows in arly lOil majority. This i not
the only parish sri'trcati'ifi .T nngipalion
Kcd UiVcri Orleati ahfl i few olhcf iari
Ishcs arc to be passed upon iu like man
tier. Xow the law is explicit and not to
lie mistindt'rstnod.' The, nocond wi tloii
of the election lnw provides a lollows :
"The presiding i ttfllocr dmll at
sueh meeting of - the linard open,
jt) tie . presenci' of ' Ihe s-ail
tclurnlug olHeers, the Stat, incrtfs ol tin'
conuiiissioiifrs elcclion; ami the said re
turning olliccr shall, from said tnte-incnf-:,
canvass and eonipili' the returns
of the election i-i duplicate." It will
thu he seen vvlen' flat atnl inexcusable
Violation of Ihe law the board has been
gulity ol In Refusing J examine the lat i
of radi poll.
Aiict mi:nt hftock int: iuuimi.
Tai r..ii sr.i:. I 'la.. Jee. 4. Tin
morning was consumed prim ipaiiy w it!;
the prc'eutatioii ot the general argument
ol the Heniocrat. This wa prepared
by I iciiiociMtie I.iwycrs who are here,
and was presented by CjI. t.u-orge W.
r.i.ldle, of I'hiladeljiliia. It is an r labor
aie (locunient. laying down certain gen
eral and well settled principles of law,
and then discussing the cases of
the contested counties under one
or Ihe other ol thee prin
ciple. It closes by a-king rir- t, that the
board simply figure up the face ol rc
lurnson which it claim, 12fi majority lor
Tilden. or. If it sees fit logo hehmd the
face of the returns, that it throw out cer
tain count .' and precincts, which will
leaven majority ot I.':7 for thu 'I ibJ.-n
'1 he l.'rpiiMican oir'.-rcd 110 general JT.
gumenf. but .-pent the Jay In oIL-ring
new aflidivils and ti-imony. The de-
cUion of the board i couli lently looked
for to -morrow.' It i not poihle to
luaku a reasonable "tic a to n hat It
IIIK l:i.i'oi:i k.i i.i.(,i;ik,
Humphrey?. Itepublicnii candidate l"r
elector, who was reported to bo ineligi
ble to n lector-hip a he was a ship
ping mtc ter at rcn:icnln, i-am-' before
the board tolay ai d swore that hi? re-sign-d
In O.Mob.r. and that his nign
tiou w as nei , ptr,l a week ! tore tlie elec
Immense Crowds at the Opening
of the. House. .
Admission of the Colorado Mem
ber Under Discussion.
Sam'l. J. Randall Elected Speaker.
WAsnttoTov, !pe., f. The interest ol
the public in the opening procetsling of
tho M-iiate was not so great as that iu the
house, though the g;Ulciics were Weil liii-
cd betore noon.
Many I lemoeratic senators were in their
seat tiefore that boily was culled to or
der, but tint Kepublican senators being
in caucus did riot occupy their seals oil
a lew minutes before twelve.
A change In the arrangement of de-ks
to accornruoiluto the new senators from
Colorado, and to give senators who oc
cupied waits ii.iilerthu gallery more de
sirable ones was made by placing three
desks upon either side cif the fourth or
last platiorru. - The seats on the repub
lican side were a-sigried lo lilaine, ami
t-'halhe and Teller the new Colorado
senators, and on the 1 lemocratie side to
J'rice, new senator from West Virginia,
.lout s ot Loiij.iuna; and Kaudolph ot
When the senate was called to order
tb new rnemln-rs were sworn in and the
two from Colorado drew tor their respec
tive terms. ,Mr, liullee secured ttio long
term, ending March 1. 1n,:i, and Mr. Tel
ler the short term, ending March I, 77.
Committee were appointed to notify
the president and house that the senate
was ready fr busbies, and a recess taken
till I o'clock.
At- I l:l!l)OX hl-.SslOX.
When the senate reassembled .Mr. l.d
uiiinds submitted a resolution instructing
the committee on privileges and elections
he appointed to inquire whether In the
recent election iu South ( urolin i, Louisi
ana and Florida the, right ol auyciiicu
to vole has Ix-en denied or abridged, and
also as to the eligibility of elector, w hich
was rea l, ordered printed, and lie on the
Mr. Jngulls 'submitted a joint resolu
tion recommending that a conveidiou be
held at Columbus, Ohio, In May next, to
revie and amend the constitution of the
l'nitcd States. Ordered printed and lie
on the table.
The wrinte then adjourned till to-morrow
at noon, the hour agreed cpon for
meeting daily until otherw ise ordered.
Wasiiiv;io, Iter. I. The opening of
thes ssioil ol the holis-e was witnessed
by an immense eoueoiirsa ol spectators.
There were very few members absent.
The speaker's chair was driiied in
mourning iu respect to the inenury ol
the lato Speaker Kerr.
There llng, Iherefore. no presiding
ollioer, the house, was called to order at
noon by clerk Adams, who thereupon
called thu roll ol members,
A call showed 2111 member present,
the whole number 011 the roll lieing Jks'.
As soon as the call was linisheit Mr.
Holinan ro..f to oiler a resolution lor the
election ol speaker, but Mr. iSanks inter
posed as a question of superior privilege,
the rigid ol the member eh t Irom 4 ol-'
orado to have his name planed on Ihe
roll so he might participate iu the elec
tion of speaker, and sent up the creden
tials oi the t'ohirad's member.
A diseussiou ciiMlcd 011 thu qitostion of
preeeslenc, Holinan and other Oeiuo-i-rats
contending that the organization of
the house w as necessarily Him first busi
ness in order, while JUnks and other
Kcpiiblicaiia ciiiituiided ssll the inenil rs
nnii a riuht to participate j it the elect ion
Ki, - .1 10 ' 1 , "V ".'V'T' "-'i1 ,,,r
In' oolleagii", flcted in place of Mr.
UJshie. II r. t ullalv.
1 he clerk decidd that Ihe resolution
oil, red by Mr. sdoluian took preeedncis
Kroiu that decision ui, sdjuuI was
POSITIVE PROPiSJri), FROM. EXPLOSION,
Safest, Cheapest and
Family Safeguard Oil.
Advantages of 'Elaine
s.,n,i. renins, rot Jaiuiliur lib .ils. wh.. s not the turf or Inclination to i.iakii
un n l sis. n- k S y
Elaine, the Family Safeguard Oil,
sliding I:,'. dc l'..-e. , .t-f I,.,.,,., .c,j ; i(.a,)j.,ljt
Of H. ''"-' t.-.t tin- i., w I.i. Ii c i,,.,te aMV. r a. follows ;
X MM. i- tsk.n out at p.,i0 in di.,tia?,.ri, uhere It is free fro.,, vahuuse,
kknink. and a .Ui,,r....jsc.e i. , ,,,,,, ,,,o., )M t,,,,,..,,, ,,, K(.ri) Til,
and the ji, id out .-,( .(titenaiuoHiitoferitdecili. v.iy m:,I, wi.i.l, umk,M fll8 ,,0.i
Liher th,., thd ol jic.-,.Might. LI.AISi:l. u ,J,m,e.l, ..on-eiplta, and p.rtfclly'
-sfe ; where, r.r.flu.ri h-a -Mlgl,.. rdls e.,M ,i ;, ,u,, ol p.-.railine, ...d the higher
the t, t ite l,..vi,.r they ,,,-e nnd the more par.lline the; , oi,t:.i0. 'I hi ex,., of yMi.
Ihne obstructs the w h-k. Uu prventinR to gr.at txteul the eape ol ,l,e .l:,v.rou
l':.s. and cau.ii,-. in sot.e cnit, tbose terrible
ri.e ec-tor Cltmnii; street ars, tiken
lar'cn lues,,, I'lttsburif. was only lv cent-:
Dixections how to Test
m mT :m m n um
'fake aiiy ciiiiiiukii I., rosenn .r . o-il n, lamp ynn r . fit it, n-a. f ;t ,i , I at;, an t
do tint uo a i:k thst l, , bu n u-. d in :ii,y olbiroil. t ill the ,u niu, Klaine, and
arti-r ll jitln the funis un.crcw Hi.- I mm r and tire to the n 1, 1 at the .,vrciid,
niidjfra.lusllyiiimier.eitlntbebowl of the l.nuj, ; .i,-i(.:i. f ti. KUinc iKmiii,t.. a
would he the eac uiili ordinary oiln.it uill cxtin.nii.i, t!. u,,e f( tlip wt.-V a. it enttr.
thood; tin u i-civ.v ihe t.uinr li.ht on the l.unp. hit it up and carry It as a viry rare
lets person .r fluid would, v le v.,j. i.r upide .. -. :i, ;u;d It will invuiiahly l;o out ; or
npet it, as il by accident, and Hie s.iuie rrsu'l m l I c necon.pli h. d. I In 1, t ke tl,e
wi. k and place it in a half pint measure or other r.pc;. o-..,. fi, , win, P line, se t' ,tlc
end on lire, and with a piece or wire, r a nail, move the burning wit k ab.,nt lu tu oil.
Alter . in- sittdied that the Kiaine will not igrdte. reij.oveihe nick, and .ae it burn
ing upon a show. I or hoard, and when it Is all li u rtmiie, pour the Wain. Iroiu the
measure or cs-el nj .mi the biiriiiiii; ui-'. siel It will he iiutueilistely extiiK'iii.hed. Kt
sure and j-our pjenry of Kl line upon the lliune, or cl-e the flame being the ftroiit'ct. will
ennvurue the oil iu.-t as wa-r is cnu.,iiiii when a kou-c H on 1'ue.
Exclusive Agents for Southern Illinois, and
the adjacent country South ; and
West "of Cairoi
taken by Hanks w hich appeal Cox moved
10 jij on me lai'ic.
Agreed to ; yeas Pi.", Nayes SI.
.Mr. Holmau's rcidutiou then came up
for adoption and it was a.huiti d niu .m
oiiDObition. IL was as u,ll,iw 'I 1,.. i
house .being informed that since itslatj
unjonriiiiient, M. ( '. Kerr, who, at the'
commencement of the present congress,
w us eieeicn Eiii'.-iLi-r tin. i..,n.
Darted this lite, creatin-r a v.-ii miicv In 1I10
ollice of speaker; it is iherclore
tY'fl lli'lf tit si isrfillt stt linn'
r-eeil to the election of speaker viva
Mr. Silllllll 1 .1 l?n,wlill tin,ii:ti-iti.il
by Mr. ox. and .Mr. .lames A.iarlied
r-y Mr. .Mci rary.
Messrs. lyuier. IS innuig, Hanks of
Massachusetts and Wilson 4 Iowa, were
1 ne vote resulted as Pniows : u hole
niiriilw.v ' x ..ti.a tc i.j...viim' i..
hoiee 121: Samuel . I. Kamlall received
i. i. 1 . . . ,. ... ! . . .
,uij .lames .1. 1 ariieni, j ; iiaries u.
W iili ii,, j U I 1 I... I., .
.. ........... ... ..-. .4,.-.,,,,. ,, cl,..,, ,.J
colleague .Maeo.in ; Win. J. Morrison. I,
given ny r uier ot .Michigan: tun. 1 .
Hoar, 1, given by Set lye .l MasMichti
setts. The aiiiiomieetiicnt of the result, was
greeted Willi applause ir, the galleries.
MaHa tf'.v .... I If ..... .. .l.i..,...l
-." r - ...V lilt t ..I' l.l.' I IFII'llll 11.11
Speaker Kamlall to bis chair, win 11 he
1 l.: , 1. - .
11 .ci i,i rtieccii iruiu liuillllj-) ripl.
Popular illustrated 1xiok(2'jopage'n
IM.v.vii'jon ! Womanhood! Mauuiai.i'I
Impediments to Marriage; the cause
and cure. Sent arcitreti fiMtli d, post
paid fur 50 cents, bln. C. "Wiuttikk,
f'17 St. Charles Street, St. Iouis, Mo.,
the great i peciali.-t. Read hit. worko.
- A Nil -
No so Old., IV vw.
1 a if.
.7 A COB WALTER,
Dealer in Fresh. Moat
, : " t i t 1 riiii
fiotwusa Waahiusrtojt , ni Comssrcls
. .. ; . i . t
Avnas, Kd.ioittnv Ussny'i.
KKKI'S for alti Hie bnt lUx-f, Perk, Mutten
tl. Lamb, .sttudKi. met is 1"
r4 K rw Uuidi la a aowutU'ls nm' r
' ' .........
Best. Light Known ! j
tji :tit f f ' t -t r, a M
- v . v . t
cxplr.moriST hi, bhsi ptu so ti, mieiitly.
fro,,, un SM rs.re d .,E(. ytar, on m,.- of Ibe
. r m hi for tno lil,t, p,.r car
Ayer's Cathartic Pills,
For all tho purposes of Family Physic ;
. nnd for curing CohU venous. Jaundice,
JndiKOHtion, Foul Stomach, ilrealh,
lieailaehe, ynipeliiH, Kheuiiiu
t iHin, t.ruptioriH ami Skin lliMcajicri,
JIiIiouhiicsh, UropBy, Tuinorr,,
Worms, Neuralgia ; as a lin
rcr Pill, tor pur:!yin,' the illocd.
Arc tlie most
gative ever dis
covered. 'I hey
:rc mild, but.
c ti c c t ii a 1 i 11
t i o 11, nun iie;
I b lin w e I s
j sii re ly a n d
f If v Without pail.
VjLt! Allhouiili gen-
I'HfO He lu their .ip
fire still the most thomuuh and ear h
in' cathartic medicine that ran be
I'liiplovcd: i l. ansiug the stomach and
bowel's, nnd even the blood. In small
doses of one pill a day, they Ktiniulatc
the digestive organs and promote i'
Ayi.i:'s I'll i.s have been known for
more than a iiartcr of a ceiiimy, and
liave obtained a world-wide reputation
for their virtues. They correct dis
eased action in the several assimila
tive organs of Hie body, and are s
composed that obstructions within
their range can rarely withstand or
evade them. Not only do they cure
the every-day complaints or every
body, but also formidable and danger
ous diseases that have battled the best
of human skill. Whilo they product
powerful ctlccts, they arc, at the saino
time, Ihe safest and best physic for
children. Uy tlieir aperient action
II icy gripe much lct titan the common , ,
'pureatlven, nnd never give pain when .
the bowels are not Inflamed. They
reach the vital fountain of the blood,
mid Hrciigthcn the system by fleeiutr
it from the elements of weakness.
Adapted to all ages and conditions .
iu all climates, containing neither
calomel nor any deleterious drug,
these Pills may lie taken with safety
lv anybody. Their sugar-coating pre
Mrves them ever fresh and makes
them pleasant to take; while living
purely vegetable, 110 harm can arise
from 'their use iu any quantity.
Dr. J. C. AYER & CO., Lowell, Mass.,
I'ructlcal ud Aualytlcal Cl"-
hOi.d nv all nntoorsTS KVF.KVWIHtHK.
5i,2O0.pbofit on ;ioo
MaJ ay day in I'us auJ Cafs, Invest according
V) vow uieaits. lii, ''i or l'SJ, ia vroti t'Kl.V
JU-GI-S. l,Iua' saudl Iuiuiim is uw
invesfir. M' a.lvise whea and how lo Ol'tUA II.
S At I V. I'.ook with full inf,.nnlioif ut Jr4i
AdJrcii-oiucr liy mail and IclcgraiA to
BAXTER & CO.,
Bankers and Droker IT Wsll St ,K Y