Newspaper Page Text
ilJiU BIS1NESS IIOUSES.
l.-.Bylniiiirii an lvethre lines
i toe. in thU column uwler iwroriUi beadlnf
Wrui i H. iwr number UpJw
Hardware, Movm and Tl" Waro.
A. HAIXKY-UiaUr in Stuyea, Tia end Hard
Uei.tan awl rainier.' ''nPD"v,l!
Commercial Avmuo. .mtlng, Olid
rVnra Unlit- en Imrl uotlcr.
i Mii;aHEV ilarlBbarilaiidaortloin-
lath eari ebln-)i. Offlo. aud jard
rer iwMitiMh efrwl mil Wanbtngton .Tenae-
LANCASTER KICK-Peaters Ik .
I.iori, blinds, etc., bard and eort lumber and
hill!'. Van! mid oitie, Coiunirrdal avenue
, Kirnw I7tb etiwit.
Ii. HARTMAN feeler'ln Quniwere, Toje,
Uti.p. ml all Und" leury article, tomuiet
ral vtuCanr,tUi auwt.
WILLI AM WINTKH th itrert between
ortuiitrianlnv.nue nU VVMiaiiton ou.
t Ivtniiiv tad Jl-rliaul rallurlua-.
JOHN ANTRIM Merchant Tailor and Unlet
'k lleadr Mailt Clothing. 7S Oblo Uvm
Ileal Kdtnta Attract.
M J. HOWLKT Real KUU AgmU Buys
,id IIa rial wim. eullecU renu, pays !
, uiu-reliUnti, etc. Omiiuerrial aveuue, be
i urvMi Klnlh ami TtlUlrirtl.
( otloo mill 'Iulm:m Kactori (nil ro-w-irtiiM
ot tb. fumiwuj Tobaoro W arbuu.
t fi 17 Coaiinnierclal Avena.
I iM-nrral r'orwardiiiK and toimiinmon
iniit, lor ihe wile of farm, lianlen, r--ii.rJ
awl Dairy I'roduee. 'iihn lint.
M lll VllU K. 1(1.-
iMrnl f orwurdiiiir ami I'umiuLsaion
i,.nvtiuuu. anil ilmlrr. In all Minis "f r mil and
t roiliMM!. 04 Ohio Ixfi. LonmitiiiiKuu .oiic
I 1 Tlir kril((liU t b aNire orl ineet
I a at Ilwir ball the Hrt aul ih.nl Wnn.Wy
h eai b ntonlb. toninriarcuil mrai, iloor
lUiliWOll'ylbiaa, BIUVU) til
Uv JiiM 1 biklf-inal WVD, in 1Mb
islloira' HU. "".
1..lnsuUnt Onb u (Mtl-rcl-
'-: umtU er lbufl lifbl
.il.t mi. in Ibrlr all on
tanwKial avrnu. "' S"",B
lAlHO KNCAMfMKKT, 1. 0. (1. D-.U
vln OiM-IMlowa 1111 n th ftr aJ Uunl
lIHM.lar luw raoulb, .J'
" 'V VJ'lAJwlt. NO. Eff.A r i A J
Uubl rviruUr ooinrnunifunn In 1U
KXxjiiic HaU, Btf'iwr Cronwtcii! muj
UI Kiifblb . n tbe nrt
irth llonJat of aai uionlli
1THENEUM -t On Kight Only
Saturday, Dec. 22.
THOi. W. HROVrX....Biiibeu. Manager
.U MtIT rUU9 UTZlTHmUtfT U AKZVOAI
The Marrlu living Wandrrin (omrdy,
SOL SMITH RUSSELL
jUd BU Great Company d"
Musical Stars !
JULES G. LOMBARD
ilm AUKTTA CAMl', Soprano.
AJi-t ANNA HOLBUOOK, Cuntrltft.
MUi ANNIK L ESTKLLE, Planlit.
Mr..lUI.Ki O 1. 1' M BAUD, Frofuodo Bao
Mr. I.Ol 18 IM'KAU, Tenor,
And tbe Inimitable
Sol Smith Russell.
J loort open at 7 ; Concert coiuineiite at t).
ADMISSION, 75 and 00 Ceuts
Seat! can be lecured iu advance at Dan
Martman'a without extr charg;
nannil HeMona tor FMth.
TIih American peojile arn shrewd and
observant. They are not ol ten dccelyed
ty ftham pretentions; but when they are,
f hey soon discover their error. If Jlost
etter'g Stomach Hitters had been a sham
thev would long since have discarded it
hut tlnding that there was not a claim put
forth in its behalt that Its curative prop
erties did not lustily, It hey Immediately
gave it the prcferenco to every article of
its class, 'i'lino has only served to
strengthen their lalth, and has increased
Its popularity to an extent almost beyond
parallel, even In this ago of successful
proprietary modiclncs. It ranks foremost
anions.' the standard preparations ol the
dav, and is endorsed by the medical Ira-
ti-rnity and the newspaper press. It
overcomes and prevents tcver and ajzue
and other malarial disorders with wondr
ous certainty, tones the system, banishes
dyspepsia, remedies constipation and
iivpr complaint, relieves out, rheuina.
i Ism. and aftections of the bladder and
Am I too LnttT
Not while there is lite left. The weary
pilgrim's heart is gladdened as be eouies
in view ot the desert's oasis, forjfctlul of
his past suflerlugs Irom tbe burning sand,
And thrlit. Tlio mariner's heart bounds
with joy as he sees bis native shore alter
months of exposuie, aud tho remaining
duties he hai to perform on board ere
tils foot presses again hli natlvo soil are
done with an alacrity attesllve ol bis in
ward rejoicing. So there is hope tor you,
poor sufferer, In rebuilding your enfeeb
led constitution, i ne aany use oi a cer
tain well known remedy will Increase
the appetite, assist tho accretions and ex
eretlons, promote natural rest, and bring
the bloom ol health onoe more to your
emaciated tmeeki. That valuable remedy
U the Home Stomach Bitters.
. A neat oottagt, four roetns. Apply to
" SUNDAY, December 1(I,1R77.'
Try them I'lill. Sanj' wsnlif!:.
- S. A. J. in yestcrtlny'i Sen, t'S
Shell oyteri Just received t the
Cryuul mloon, JIarrt Walkkr.
All ol the vnrloiu vburcliei hoM ser
Mlu Ida nendcrson, fiom Troy, It in
ttio city Yliltlng lier couiln, Mr. K. A.
just rerelveit fit Hie
Buy your Chrlntui'is candies ol l'liil.
A hnudsome little switch fiiiiie, No.
68, lor the X. O. J. A Bait, line pn-(d
louth over the M. V. It. Saturday.
We present Ir. this Issue a pupor icad
by Mrs. l A. Taylor before Hie Alex
andrian library asioelutlon.
Hhell oysters ust received at the
Crystal saloon. IIahkv Wai kkh.
A new batch ot chocolate nuil otliej
carauwls made till nioruuig by i'hil.
Saitp . I2-I2-U.
The Justice's courts werji'n tty busy
yi stcrilay in dispoln of a number ot
A tu!l line if flmiuels bd blahki ts,
from the best manufactories In the coun
try are now un sale at .1. Muiyi r's at a
sauntiue In the cost price. 1215-tl
-Milton Xiibles was greeted by a large
auJIcnce Lwt eTtning. Kvery available
leat was vti!Hfed trt-vlous to the prr
loriiiiiiu.c. 1 in. I'. M:Alliler was held in tin-
tiiiu of i.lW b.ui lor liiu appeal . im e lit I lie
next lei in ol the Circuit I' jurt lu id: trial
b :foru Mquire Comings yestt.-rdaj.
Tic "Peerless" is the Hneat 5-ixiit-
1 ljr in llw elty aud U koM only by 1'lnl.
found, mi overcoat. I tit, riwiier
itit rieov r the same by proving ni
erty aid paying cliHr". For partleu
)ai calj at tbisoill''e.
Keohler Bros, arc tut osui,sir' ot u
cow tint took tlie first premium at Hie
Charleston, Mo.' Ulr which they propore
1 1 butcher during ih's week.
Heiriovi u the Ueruian I.mlici.in
Church to-day. at U) o'clock, Jtev. ( .
PurKhner cllk,'a,jiig, Sundaj r :! til st
2 o'clock p. m.
We with pleasure refer to Keobbr
Bros. a the Diot't popular butehers in
our eiiy. Their nieaie are always in dt
tnand With houaektejie!.
No one should neglect n cough, cold
or sore throat. 1 r. Hull's Cough t?yrup
curei these and prevents consumption.
Price to c iiis.
No adultcrniivcsoi'an injmiuuf c!iu!
acter are used In the rumlles mmie by
PhlJ. atip. He has the fimt und be.t
seK-'eil ;r;ek in the city. 12-12-tf.
The outlook tor eoiuing events in the
amusement line is line, as a number of
bails, suppers and other ullalrs are eu-
For the next thirty days J. Ltirycr
will otter his extensive stovk l labrua
aud silks of innumerable grades and pat
terns to the public at greatly reduced
Mrs. Sam Williamson has au elegant
and well selected stuck ot millinery
goods which she is now closing out ut
extraordinary tow prices.
Jr. Barnes, Superintendent ol the
Southern Illinois Hospital lor the Insane,
which la located at Anna, together u ith
his associate, Ur. Mercer, wan in t he city
The festival ol the colored Ladies
Christian 'leiiipcruuve I'tilon closed last
evening. It has met with sueceas through
out, the public having appreciated Hie
object for which the supper was given.
For excellence the sausuge made by
Keohler Bros, is unexcelled. We have
fremieuUy heard housekeepers speak of
the sausage made by them a being a su
Aa unexcelled variety ol zeplijts,
wools and fanVy articles, ot all . shades
and colors, form an attractive feature In
the elegant holiday display at J. Burger's,
Ot course take your customary an
nual trip to the country, but dou't for,
get Dr. Bull's baby syrup, that Indispcn
sablo help In every emergency. osts
only 25 cents a bottle.
A flue lineot caramel, is now being
mado by Phil Saup. Physicians recom
mend his pine tar and hoarhnuml cara
mels as preserving medicinal properties
which afford relief to persons nlilicted
with colds, hoarseness, etc. 12-12tf
3akor's Cod Liver OH, Mine, aud
Wild Cherry ip'lckly relieves Throat and
Lung discuses, and Imparts vigor and
new lite to deblllated constitutions. Plea
sant In taste. J. C. Bakkr it Co.,
(Oct. 13, 5-v) Philadelphia, Pa.
It is nn undisputed fact that the
finest general line ot dry goods, carpets
and oil cloths to be lound In the city can
be seen it the popular house of .T. Bur
Sol. dmlth Russell Is announced to
appear here In a short time, lie has one
of the llnest troupes on the road, and ho
will undoubtedly be greeted with a tlno
audience. An announcement appears In
-Services ,ln the Methodist Church
orulng and evening at the usual hours.
Subject ot the inorniug icrmon, "Sing
ing." Iu the evening Mr. Morrison will
take for his text, "Tbe place which' is
called Calvary." Sunday-school atthuf
uiualhour. The public li Infitetl.
I.aclies and Muss' 'loa o.l tur o
the finest material and workmanship,
will bo n special feature n the sale of
iroods during the holidays at the house
of J. Burger. 12-13-tl.
In tho communication publlthid in
yesterday's Bulletin, under the blading
of A Question of Orthography," a lino
was accMcntly omitted which somewhat
Injured the sense of the artielo.
The ladies of tho Presbytorlun
Church will give n fair tit llinklo fc
ThMlewood's warehouse on thooveninjr
ol Dec. 20ih. It Is given lor tho benefit
of the Church, aud otir clti.f-na should
turn out en masse..
Persons contemplating their holiday
purchases will do well toeall attlie house
ol .1. Burger, lor elegant and unlimited
Variety his stock is unsurpassed, and
prices have been reduced toastoiiifhingly
low figures. U-iJ-tf
A boi-t! belonging to .Mr. John
flproat, which was standing in front of
Carl s livery Ktubli! ycUrday afternoon
became trlghtened, iind rcai ing up several
times fell baek upon Ihe bugy almo.'t
striking Mr. O-tramier who was In it.
There will be services in tho Press
byterlau Church this morning and even
lug at the usual hours, Kev. Mr. Ueorge
officiating. The organ having been re
paired, will he in ue to-day. Mimlaj -ccliool
ut the u-uiil hour.
Phil Saup makes a fine display or
candies in his show window. Unreports
that his holiday trade ni cessilaies the tax
ingot manulactory to in utmost capaeity,
as he 1 boih filling orders from noun-sat
other points and preparing fir ( hrMuias
and New Vcur's sales. 12-12K
It has become an almo.-t uinver-al
complaint lb it it is linpos-lbl to procure
a good 3 cent cigar in Calm. To smoi
kers we would say that the "Peerlcs,"' a
X cent cigar which is manufactured ex-pre'r-ly
lor PhlLSnup. is a cigar which
vx.li niei t wMh their favor. 12 12-tt.
f.l-t frldar twning the (Ml Fel
lows gave their ball mid supper, which
was largely attended by mcinlicrs ot the
order and tlitir laiuili.-. i.'jod riiuic
was lu ii!te.vlanee. and Hip lesliyities
Mere eniilihiu 1 until a late hour.
toike If JJonnel has opened a a..luO!i
mi Commercial avenue, next iloor to the
corin r ol Niueteemh street aud Hut av
enue. Mr. O'Donr.cl is an old citizen,
and will undoubtedly attract to his pl.o e
a large, custom, on lie has lio.-U ol in lei
In this coiiimuuiiy.
In our news gfttliei mg ramlln Sat
urday we noticed that B. F. Blake had
rc-ai ranged his ofliee, making it some
what smaller, but more convenient, by
placing his paint-mixing departu'rut in
the rear of the olhe, :u,d di... hi'.i.ging
It ner.rcr the IroM.
Tiie ladies of the Prcshyteri m
Chiiruh will iiold a lair on l.'eeenibi r 20th
at Mesara. Iliiikle 4- Tl.isiiewood's ware
ho'.i?, for the sale of u n-l'ul and fmey
Admls.iion id n--. supper V)
12 K W.
. ;.uUur Lluluieuts are the great---t
iw''.:.-.. yver discovered lor all fii-bh,
bolie kul .u'J.C Ii.' allmuiits biles, bi ui.iex,
pwellJugs, hums, rheiiiuulisiii, piiil 'Joints,
etc. Wnat tho White Liniment does li-r
tlie human lauiily, the Yellow Liniment
does lor horses and aiiimaK They )irc
cheap, they ;ire convenient, and ihey arc
certain In their effects. ll-ll-i:Lv
Tiiu reputatiou which the house of
J. Burger has attained in the sale t t
gent's I'lruishing goods will not de
teriorate. An examination ol Ihe line
stock now on hand ill satisfy the loos'
skeptical of its superiority. tf.
Ladies wishing to lake lessous n
dancing are solicited to meet at Turner
Hall promptly at 2 u. in. on Saturday
next, 22d Inst., at which time Pro!,
Smith will be ready wiih a competent
lady assistant to receive them. Terms'
reasonable. 12-10 lit
Late county treasurer Hely yesterday
made his final settlement with bis suc
cessor, .Mr. Alden. Mr. llily carries
with him In liN retirement from office the
knowledge that the public appreciated
his srvii'e. and we believe that tbe
county loses a laitbful and efficient o!!
cial in Mr. Ilely.
H I G AM KM.
Leading' brands of Seideuberg's La
ltosa K.spaiiola, Key West cigars, lor 10
cei.tsat P. II. Si iu ii's.
As the liotuc has concluded to go out
of the trade in ladies' shoes, lor tho next
thirty days .1. Burger will offer thlsllr.e
of goods at actual cost. Ladles desiring
to purchase will find a lull and complete
stock ol the best make from which to ses
Seivie.es will be held at the Kpiseo
pul church this morning at 10:30 o'clock.
The subject will be "Bring forth there
tore, fruits meet lor repentance." Owing
to the fact that the rector will he obliged
to attend a meeting of the ilioceso ut
Spnnglleld, there will he no evening
In the line of ea rpels and oil cloths
J. Burger would announce to the public
that he lias recently received a large In
voice in different grades and patterns,
which ho will sell durliig the next thirty
days at figures corresponding to the rt
duetlon In price ot other goods, A nun
btr ol new and elegant patterns are now
Atlcnd the Hibernians' ball by all
means, and If you don't want to attend,
buv a ticket anyhow, and help the boys
In their efforts III so worthy a cnuse. It
Is their intention to appropriate the re.
celpts ot the supper and ball to the pur
poso ot building them a new engine
house, of which they are very much lu
need. ' '
The holidays are about here and we
desire to imprest upon our readers the
tact that Phil. Saup has the best assort
taout and linent display Oi' candies to Ls
found In the city. Mr. Saup manufai
tures his own candy and can thus un
hfyllHtlngly vouch for In purity.
So many bails and other entertain
ments are announced for the holidays
that a .man with a limited supply ol lucre
Is In a quandary as to which to attend.
On New War's evening the Turners pro
pose to give a ball at tbelr hill, to which
an admission fee of one dollar will be
Charged. The popularity ot these enter
tainment is so universal that no word of
ours would materially benefit them, but
wn would say to those ot our citizens
who dcniro a good time to ba sure and
The proprietors ol the Cardiff Giant
arc laboring with the Council In un effort
to persuade them to permit tlie exhibition
without tlie payment of the five dollar
per day license lee which the Mayor In
sists shall bo forthcoming. In all probs
ability the giant will be compelled to
pack up his collar box, as our eity dads
are not disposed to reduce.
1 hiklri ii eiy tor Pitf. tier's Castoria
It is as pleasant to take as honey. It
contain no morphine cr other deleter
lovs Ingredient, and is sure to expel
worm", cure wind colic, regulate the
bowels und stomaeli, and .overcome Irri
tation caused by rash or cutting teeth.
Mothers can rest, and children enjoy
health, who use Castoria. It Is harm
less, it Is iTrtalnlv sjieedy, and it is
In another column ot the Bi i.i.kTin
w ill he lound an advertisement ol a grand
masquerade ball which is to be given by
the members of the I. I). K. Club, which
promises to be the coming event. The
preparations that are being made indicate
tli it a largis number of persons will he
present, and as the entertainments here
tofore liiveu by tliis Club have proven
unusually enjoyable, a good time Is
The .Women's Temperance L'nion
appointed, at their meeting on Thursday
Htternoon, a committee of two from each
ward to liuut out the poor of the city
who needed assistance, especially mem
bers of the l 'nion. The committees have
gone to work in earnest, and ve learn
that iu tli first ward Ihe lade s visited
evm lioiie, where help could possibly
be needed, and tounJ but oue or two ca
res where they would admit that they
needed help, atil tho W. C.T. U, will tec
that they aril provided for.
A young lady lrom the country,
named Sar.h I.ai.tz, yesterday procured
a wan ant lrom Judge Bird for the arrest
of a yourg man named N illlaui Scott on
a charge o bastardy. After seine cons
sullaiion tlie parties Immediately Inter
ested concluded to compromise tlie mat
ter, and tcott went to the o.1ke ol the
County Clerk and procured a marriage
license, alter which Judge Bird performed
ihe eejeniony. ScoUlsu young man ol
only twenty years of age, while his wile
I; evidently several years his senior.
Wo believe that no eff ort has j et been
made with a view ot ats!iit'ing the poor
diirii)"- tin- w Inicr. A number of sugges.
lions have been made as to what siuiiW
be done, but no definite action has been
taken. Weeannot'for a moment enter
tain tlie idea that the citizens ot Cairo
will stand idly by and witness the sutler
iig a-id destitution which threats ns our
poor without offering assistance. It is
only necessary .lor seme two or three
persons to take the mutter in hand and
they will find a large numher who will
Mariiu oilee is dead. Jte. died Sat
unlay at 2 o'clock a. m. ol typhoid pneu
inonni at Mike. Bainbrick's boarding
house, after a severe illness. His whole
life was characterized with tr.its of kind
ness and unrelenting toil. Xolnirm wi I
in the deceased for other than himself,
Iu h's loss his friends ure bereft of a
noble-hearted man whose place will al
ways remain vacant. Peace to his ashes
is the unanimou-. wish to him in his last
r.'Siing. place, lie had been an employe
of the l.C. I!. P. Co. lor the pustth.r
-S vera! days ago a itranjfer, whose
n ime we were unable to obtain, while
standing on tlie boat McComb In conver
sation with Cupf. Mclvinney, he was
seized w ith a violent tit of coughing, and
suddenly loll forward upon the deck.
He was Immediately raised up, when It
was noiioed that blood was oozing from
his mouth, and it was thought best that
bi. taken to the hospital. L pon ex
amination it transpired that the man was
ycrcly afflicted with hernia, and li s
coughing had caused a serious rupture.
He now lies at the ho'pitul m a very crit
Cairo secni i to bo going to tho deiu-
nltlon bowwows. Three difllcrent cases
ol doubtful parentage occupied the at
tention id ihe Justices' courts yesterday,
and it this sort ol thing keeps on there
s no telling what the Paducah Xeiva will
be saying next about tho morality of our
city. Justice Coinings had a case yester
day In which Miss Jane Nelson stated
upon oath that Wm. P. McAllister was
the individual whom had destroyed her
peace of mind. A the evidence adduced
was pretty conclusively against Mr. Mig
All stcr it Is probable that the county
clerk will issue another license before
The members ol tbe W. C. und L. A,
are engaged In the study ol history under
the direction and guidance ot Mrs. G. G.
Alyord, who has tor so long been one ol
the best among our many excellent teach
ers. During the fall tho subject of Turk
ish history, with especial reference to the
Eastern question, lias been thoroughly
examined by tho ladies of tlie club, to
their great Interest and profit. At a most
Interesting meeting of the study class on
Friday lust, among the many excellent
papers given was ono upon the Alexan
(Irian Library, by Mrs. 1'. A. Taylor,
which is so lull of Interesting Information
that we lay It before our reader i.
THE ALEXANDER LIBRARY-
Its Origin, and Some Historical
Facts in Bofereucd Thereto.
An Interesting Letter Read Before the
Allocution H-re Friday Evening-.
The Alexandrian Library was estab
lished and maintained by the Ptolemys.
The museum was not as its name mix lit
imply, a collection of curiosities, but an
Institution of learning, consisting et a
body of learned men, who devoted their
time to philosophical and scientific pur
suits. The Institution wui richly endowr-
eci. iiml mnguillccnt buildings were erect
eiJ lor its use. The King who established
it began Immediately to make a collection
of books lor the uso of the members
ot thu institution. This was attended
with great expense, as every book thot
was added to the collection required tole
transcribed with u pen on parchment.
Great numbers ot scribes wero constant
ly employed upon this work at the mu
seum. Tho Kings who were most Inter
ested In forming that library would seize
the bocks that were possessed by indis
Vidiial scholars, or that were deposited
In the various cities of their dominions,
und then causing beautiful copies to b
made by the scribes of the museum they
would retain the originals for tho grett
Alexandrian Library, and give the copa
lea to the man or the cities that had been
thus despoiled. In tlie s,nue manner,
they would borrow, as they called It,
lrom all travelers who visited Egypt, any
valuable books they might have iu their
posses-Ions, and, retaining the originals
give back copies Instead. In process ol
tunc the lioiury increased to four
hundred thousand volumes. There
was then no longer room In the Museum
for further additions. There was, hows
ever, in another part of the eity, a great
temple called Serapion. This temple was
a very magnillccnt edifice, or, rather,
group ot edifices, dedicated to the Cod
of Serapls.- The origin and history ot
this temple was very remarkable. The i
legend was this : It seems that one of the (
ancient and long venerated gods ol the
Egyptians was a diety named Serapls. ;
lie had been aiilong other divinities tlie j
object of Kgyptian adoration ages before 1
Alexandria was built or the Ptolemies
reigned. Thero was also, by curious
coincidence, a stiitno of the same name at
a great commercial town named Stnope,
which w as built upon the extremity of a
prohibitory which projected from Asia
Minor into the Euxtno sea. Sinope was
in some sense the Alexandria of the
North, heing the centre and seit of a
great portion of commerce of that quar
ter of the world. The Serapls ol Sinope
was considered as the projecting diety of
seamen, and the navigators who came
and went from the city mado sacrifices
to him, and offered him prayers and
oblations, believing that the v were in a
great ni.nsure dependent upon some
mysterious and inscrutable power which
he exercised for their safety in storms.
They carried the knowledge ot his name,
and tales of his Imaginary Interpos'tlotis.
to all 1)10 places that they vis'. ted, and
thus thu lame of the god became ex
tended, first to all the coast of the F.uxine
Sea, and subsequently to distant prov
inces aud kingdoms. The Serapis of
Sinope began to be considered every
where as the protecting god of seamen.
It is said that when the first ot the
Ptoliuies was forming his various plans
lor adorning and aggrandLIng Alexan
dria be received, lie said, one night a
divine intimation iu a dream that he was
to obtain the statue ot Serapis from Sin
ope, and set it up in Alexandria in a suit
able temple which lie was in the mean
time to erect in honor ol tlie god. It is
obvious that very great advantages to
the city would result lrom the accoms
pli.-hmeut ot this design, lu the first
place, a temple to the god Serapis would
be a new distinction for it in tbe minds of
the rural population, who would uns
doubtedly suppose that the deity hon
ored by it was their own ancient god.
Then thu whole maritime and nautical
interests ot the world, which bad been
accustomed to adore tlie god of Sinope,
would retr.ru to Alexandria as the great
centre of attraction, If their venerated
idol could be carried and placed in a new
and magnillccnt temple made for hlra
there. Alexandria could never bo the
chief naval port and station ot the world
unless It contained the sanctuary and the
shrine of the god of seamen. Ptolemy
sent to the king of Sinope and proposed
to purchaso the idol. The embassage
was unsuccessful. The king rctused to
give up tho god. The negotiations were
continued for two years, but all in vain.
At length, on accsuut of the lailuro ot
the usual course of seasons on that coast,
there was a famine there, which finally
became so severe that the people ot the
city wero induced to give up their deity
to tlie Egyptians for a supply ot coru.
Ptolemy sent the corn and received tho
Idol. Ho then built the temple, wlilcn,
when finished, surpassed lugranduerand
magnificence almost every sacred struct
ure in the world. It was In this temple
that the successive additions to tlie AU
exandiiaii library were deposited when
tlie apartments at the museum became
full. In the end there were tour hundred
thousand rolls or volumns lu the museum,
and three hundred thousand In tho scra-
nlon. Tho former was called the parent
library, and tho latter the daughter.
Ptolemy Pheledelphus, who Interesteu
hlmecll greatly In tho collections ot this
library, wished to make It a complete
ooilectlon ot all the books m the world.
He employed scholars to read and study,
and travelers to make extensive tours lor
the purpose of learning what books exs
Isted among all the surrounding nations;
and when ho learned of their existence,
ho spared no pains or expense in attempt
inir to nrocure cither tbe originals thenis
selves, or perfect and authentic coplca if
them. Ho sent to Athens and obtained
the works of tbe most celebrated Greek
historians, and then causing, as in other
cases, most beautllul transcripts to be
made, he sent the transcripts back to
Athens, and a very large tun of money
i wUb them, aa an equivalent lor ' tne din'
Bargains for HoIMay o
Extraordinary Inducements to Purchasers
Until rtr G-brlflM
FOR THE NTT7LV
Willi offer to th Public some
The Finest ansortuient of Lodiei' Cloaks and Fan In the City.
Unequalled Attractions silk Ilandersblcfi, Collars, Cuffs and Tisi in lance variety aa
A Full and Complete Line ol dent,' furnishing
Zephyrs, Wools and Fancy articles ot all shades
Ladles Hlioei actually at Cost.
Carpets and Oil Cloths in endless variety, quality and pattern.
We take nb asure in announcing to our
are now ottering special inducements to those who purchase within the next 30
days. A thousand new and attractive articles of vertu are now on exhibition, and
are being ottered at most extraordinarily low prloes.
PHCENIX DRUG STORE
Corner 18th Street & Oorn'rl Av.V n)
I Have Opened an
DRUGS, MEDICINES, CHEMICALS, STATIONERY
And Toilot Artiolca,
To Which I Call the Attention of the Publie.
Daf I w ill make the accurate oompcundlng of physUians preemptions IM
clalty. O. E.OTL4JUL.
ereuce in value between oilglnals and
copies in such an exchange. In tlie
course of the inquiries which Ptolemy
made into the literature ot the surround
ing nations, in his search tor se
cessions to his library, he
heard that the Jews had certain
sacred w ritings iu their temple at Jeru
salem, comprising a minute and extreme-
iy interesting history ot their nation
ironi tbe earliest periods, and also many
otIPr books of sacred prophecy and
u0).try. These books, which were, In
fact, the Hebrew Scriptures of the OIJ
Testament, were then wholly unknown
to all nations except the Jewi, and
among the Jews were known ouly to
priests mid scholars. They were kept
sacred at Jerusalem. The Jews would
havo considered them profaned in being
exhibted to the view ol pagan nations.
In fact, the learned men of other nations
would not have been aide to read them,
tor the Jew secluded themselves so
closely lrom the rest of mankind that
their languugc was In that age scarcely
ever beard beyond the confines of Judea
and Galilee. Ptolemy very naturally
thought that a copy of these saci ed books
would be a great accession to his library.
They constituted, In fact, the whole lit
erature ol a nation, which was In some
respects the most extraordinary that
ever existed on the globe. Ptolemy not
only conceived the idea of adding to his
library a copy ot these writings In the
original Hebrew, but of causing a tram
laliou of them to be made Into Greek,
so that they might easily be read by the
Greek and Uomsn scholars who were
drawn iu great numbers to bis capital by
the libraries and learned Institutions
which he had established there. The
first thing to be effected in accompliihi
ing either ot these plans was to
obtain the consent of the Jewish
authorities. They would probably ob
ject to giving up any copy ot their sacred
writings at all. There was one clrcura
stanco which led Ptolemy to imagine
that the Jews would be averse, at that
time particularly, to granting any re
quest of such a nature coming from an
Egyptian king, and that was that during
certain wars which had taken place in
previous reigns, a considerable number
of prisoners bad been taken by the Egypt
lans, and had been brought to Egypt as
captives, where they had been sold to the
Inhabitants, and were now scattered oyer
tbe land as slaves. Tho masters ot these
hapless bondmen had bought thorn of
the government at tho close ol the war
for a consideration, and that fact would
certainly givethcra a just claim towards
tho govern men t ot whom they were
bought in ease of subsequent manuraisN
slou. Ptolemy, or his minister, for it
cannot be determined at this late day who
was the real actor, determined on liber,
atlng these slaves and sending them back
to their native land, as a incaus of pro
pitiating the Jews aud inclining them to
listen favorably to the request which lie
was about to prefer lor a copy of their
sacred writings. Ho, however, paid to
those who held the captives a very liberal
sum tor their ransom. According to an
cient historians, the sum paid for them
as compensation to their owners was six
hundred taleuts, equal to six huiulreu
thousand dollars. The Greek talent is
equal in English money to two hundred
and liity pounds, lu American to a wou
sand dollars. The historian further lays,
that as large as the sum total aeemi to
have been tho amount paid lor ecu in
dividual was only about live dollars, and
yet this was only a preliminary expense
to pave the way tor the Requisition oi a
single series ot books to add to the varl-
. 1 1 ...it A
ety of the immense couecuon. iwh
the liberation and return oi tne captives,
Ptolcmv sent a splendid embassage to
Jerusalem, with very respectful letters
to the high priest, and with raagulllcent
presents. The embassadors were re
ceived with the highest honors. The
request of Ptolemy was very readily
granted. The priests caused copies of all
tbe sacred writlugs to bo made. These
coiies were executed In the most magni
ficent style, and were splendidly llluuil-(
nated with letters of gold. The Jewish
government also, at Ptolemy'a request,
designated a company ot Hebrew schol
ars, six from caih tribe, men learnod in
both the Greek aud Hebrew language, to
proceed to Alexandria, and there, at the
museum, to make a careful translation
ot the Hebrew books into Greek. Aa
there were twelve tribes, and six tram
lators chosen lrom each, there. weUM
unprecedented Bargain! In
Goods told at aatonlahlagly law prices.
natrons and the public grneraUy that we
Satire New Btoek of
entystwo translators in all. Tbeymade
these translations, and it was called the
Septuagint, from tbe Latin Septuagmtav
which means seventy-two. Although,
out of Judea there wis no feeling of rev
erence for theie Hebrew Scriptures aa
books ef divine authority, there wm a
strong Interest lelt in them aa very en
tertaining and curious works of history
by all the Greek and Roman scholar
who frequented "Alexandria to study
at the Museum. Copies were made of
the Stpiuatitit translations, and wtte
taken to other countries, and then
in process ot time eoples were made,
until at length the work became
extensively circulated throaghoat the
whole learned world. When, finally,
Christianity became extended oyer the
Koman empire, the priests and monks
looked with even a stronger interest than
the ancient scholars bad fell upon this
early translation of so Important a por
tion of the sacred scriptures. They made
new eoples for abbeys, monasteries and
colleges ; and when at length the art of
printing was discovered, this work was
one of tbe first on which tbe magic pew
er rf typorrspby was tried.
On Dee. 21st. a grand maaqueradeball
will be given at Kiuge'a HaU wider tbe
auspices of a number of tbe young gen
tlemen ot t'Jls city. Tbe beat mute that
can be procured will be In attendanoo,an4
It is proposed by the manager! to make
the ball the most sacceiatul of the season
lu point of enjoyment. As the Initiatory
masquerade of tbe year there Is no doubt
but what the attendance will be larce;
and as the larger the number, tbe more
the pleasure at a ball mask, we do sot
hesitate to predict a good time for those
who attend. The following are the eoa-
mlttee ot arrangements :
Geo. M. Eraser,
Geo. M. Fry,
Pprties who wish to attend eaa pros
cure masks at Dan Hart man's.
Cloaing Out of the Bualmesi.
Greas fterafle er Haefol (loads few
. Holiday Frosoata.
Owing to the determination ol one ol
the partners to retire from th firm, we
now Oder our uxtln stock of Dry Goods;
Notions, Shoes, Ac, in a grand closing
sale, commencing Monday morning,
Dee. 17th. This Is a rare opportunity to
secure your holiday presents at price
never before seen in this eity, and every
buyer of Dry Goods should take advant
age of it.
All accounts due the firm must posi
tively be settled by Jan. 1st, le7S.
We mean business, and do not forget It.
Btuart et GhoUom.
SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL BALL.
The Uiberulan Fire Co.,No.4 wUlgive a
GKAND BALL AND SUFFER
on New Tear's Eve, Dee.' 31st at
Seheel's llalL The proceeds will be ap
plied to the building of our w SnglM
House. The committee are makmg ineh
arrangement aa will Insures pleasant and
agreeable evening's entertainment. The
public is Invited. Ticket $1.
A. SiiaMKA. ED. Utteiu.
P. J. Thit.wooi. W. M. 8Txne.
M. J. Howuy.
Members of tbe Hibernian Fir Co.
No. 4, you are hereby notified te meet et
your hall, In full uniform, it 1 o'elock
sharp this p. m.. for the purpo eX at
tending thnini-el of our deeeaaed tooth
er, Martin Coos. Th train will tear
th foot et Eighth street it IM p. m.
P. Loceaux, aw.
likeary leUee. 22
The patron ol the Library hrf
notified that, by resolution ol th Beard
ot Trustee ot th W. C. audi th
fine for not returning books to Library
when the time Us expired hat tee
changed lrom eoU per day t 10 eest
per week. JK. H. Limiton, aW7.