Newspaper Page Text
! SON. V, P.-EttEY.
This gentleman, who lifts liecii'elecled to
Congress n'om hUJDlstriet (4th Pennsylva
nia) for fjve successlvb terms; has recently
Intimated his Intention not to again be
come a candidate for re-election. His coh
stiti36nt, In overwhelming numbers,
knowing that such a course on his part
would bo W calamity to tho country, Mr.
Kelley being ono of the fast. friends of pro
tectton to American Industry, ns well as nil
other great measures for the development
of our country's resources and the advance
ment of civilization and prosperity, ad
dressed n memorial, begging him to recon
sider tho matter, and again nllow his
friends tho use of his namo as a candidate
for tho position ho has so ably filled. After
giving some personal reasons which led
him to refuse to again bo a candidate, 'which
reasons ho Is willing to waive for tho bene
fit of Ids' constituents, and his country gen
erally, ho submits sonio timely Suggestions
for the 'consideration of his friends, which
we copy :
'But, my dear sirs, permit ma to remind you
that, since ny first election to Congress, in 1800,
tho population of Philadelphia has increased not
Ices than sixty por cent., and thnt of tho Fourth
District has moro than doubled. My correspond
ence and general duties, have thus been greatly
increased. Of this I do not complain. It is a
natural incident of tho offlco; but, meanwhile,
my constituents, and, to a considerable extent,
tho pcoplo of tho city at largo, havo superadded
to tho duties of a Representative tho impossible
ono of finding places for all unemployed per
sons of both sexes known to them, ana promo
tion for all ambitious or discontented employes
of tho Government. ' There was much of this
during tho war, but tho Government then necd
od tho sfervico of ovcry nblo-bodied man in somo
department, and it was quite possiblo that ono
might servo it and tho applicant both, by giving
him a noto to tho chief or .some Government es
tablishment. But such is not tho case now, and
the practice of sending peoplo to their Congres
sional Representative for employment has be
come so common as to bo insufferable. To the
fifty or moro good-hearted peoplo who, at their
convenience, each write a noto during tho day,
it is a matter of small concern, but to tho un
happy being upon whom they concentrate the
next day, and who, as has often been my case,
would gladly find work for some worthy and
suffering soldier Whoso case had como under his
own observation, but knows not whore to look
for it, it is a more serious matter ; and tho wrong
is not lessened by tho discovery that tho bearer
has been assured by tho rcspcctablo 'writer that
a noto from tho member will certainly get him i
Work and wages without delay.
"To such nn extent has this practice been car
ried recently that it preclude the. possibility of
social intercourse, correspondence, or study in
my homo ; but, annoying as this may bo to tho
Representative, that is tho least of it,- for it is, in
almost every case, a positivo wrong to tho peo
plo upon whom the practico is indulged. As
surances that tho Representative can procure
employment, given by persons in whoso word
thoy have implicit fuitn, inspires hopes that can
not ba fulfilled, and not unfrcqucntly a confi
dence that leads to destitution. Days and weeks
are sometimes lost in pursuit of the man whoso
magical power, it is believed, will secure them
employment ; and tho disappointment that over
takes many of them when thoy discover how
their friends havo deluded them is painful to
observe, and I am unwilling longer to ho a par
ty to such a pracaice. If, therefore, tho accept
ance of a rcnomination is to bo understood ns
implying a willingnes on my part to bo longer
regarded its a general employment agent, I
must beg leave to decline tho honor, grateful as
I would bo to receive it freed from this condi
tion, and tendered in so complimentary .a man
ner. "I assnro you, my dear sirs, I appreciate most
profoundly tho honor douo mo by your letter.
I regard thoJrequent.ro?clecUon of a citizen to
Congress by tho people among whom his lifo
has passed as intrinsically tho highest honor
that can bo conferred upon a man under our
Government, and would, bo willing to mnko
great personal sacrifices to" bo itSTCcipient. .Per
mit me, therefore, to suggest that it may ho pos
siblo that the Republican voters of tho Fourth
District, having had this great and growing evil
brought to their .attention, will condemn and
extirpate it. This could bo done by electing a
nommating.convention,which would npprovo n
proper civil scrvico bill, and instruct tho candi
date nominated to mako its' principle's his rulo
of action if elected ; or would adopt a resolution
deprecating tho interference of Representatives
in tho selection of subordinate employes in tho
public offices and .workshops. If this can bo
done, and tho Representative can bo permitted
to devoto his time to tho study of tho important
questions now at issuo and tho support of tho
great interests at stake, I will waive all person-,
al objections and gratefully comply with your
request by placing myself in your hands us a
candidate for rcnomination. Yours truly,
"William D. Kellky,"
Mr. Creswoll'8 Statement.
The ofllcinl statement made by Postmaster-General
Creswcll to the, Senate, as
published some time ugo in the dally pa
pers, respecting the franking privilege, Is
certainly conclusive, und very plainly
.shows tho Senate what lt,i notion should be
in regard to tho abuse. Mr. Creswell's fig
ures prove thnt there passed free through
the mails, in January last, matter thnt
should have paid S15O.7O0 postage. This
amount only represents tho partial returns
of four hundred and fifty-four post-ofllces.
If full returns had been made from nil tho
post-olllces. the Postmaster-Geni'ml thinks
tho amount would have exceeded 200,000,
or'nt tho rato of $2,400,000 n year. Accord
ing to this estimate, tho franking privi
lege costs tho country for each of the two
lmndred and ninety-three members of
Congress aliout $8,000, which Jrf double tho
Hilary paid. This matter Is now before tho
Semite, and It is to bo-hoped that Its action
maybe in nCcordunco with tho desires of
tho people, and tho recommendation of Mr.
Cregwell.-jy, X. McthodUt.
A Beautiful Comparison.
Rev. T. Dewitt Tuhuage, now of Brook
lyn, closed a' sermon ns follows:
Seated at a country fireside, the1 other
day, I saw tho flit) kindle, blaze, and go
out, und I gathered up from tho hearth
enough for many rellectlons Our ' mortal
life is justyliku tho lire on that hearth. Wo
put on fresh fagots, und tho ilumo bursts
tluough, and upland out, gay of sparkle,
gay of Hash, gay of crackle emblems of
boyhood. Then thaflro' reddens into ooals.
The heat Is fiercer, and thu nioi olt isstlrrcd
tho moro It reddens. With sweep of
llaino It clears its way till nil the hearth
glows with tho intenwltyr-einblenis of full
manhood. Then cqincs n whiteness In tho
coals. Tho heat lessens. The dickering
shadow s have died along tho. walls. Tho,
fagots drop npart. Tho household hover
over the expiring embers. Tho last breath
of Miioke has been lost In tho chimney,
Frru is out. Shovel up the whito remains.
a Tigris cFSinPiftASC&
Coiuical Demonstration by an IiiebrIutcRo?i
A .prominent saloon' keeper of this city
amused himself a few days slnco by giving
a favorite dog a glass of whiskey and
then watching It In Its nntlcs. Tho dog,
which Is named Jim, drank the liquor
with an npparent relish, and about live
minutes later was In a beastly state of In
toxication. Jim tried to walk across tho
room, but his short, chubby legs becamo
entangled, tho tall hung lifeless about tho'
hinder parte, and tho drunken bruto stag
gered about the same as would a two-legged
drunkurd under tho same circumstances.
But tho most ridiculous action on the
part of tho dog was yhen It tried to pick
up a small Cracker which had been thrown
on tho floor. Tho cracker lay about seven
feet away. Jim saw tho cracker, and like
other drunken brutes, supposed there were
two crackers. When ho endeavored to go
for tho coveted morsel, his shuky legs took
him to the left and about four feet, out of
the way. Recovering himself, Jim man
aged to again point his nose toward the
cracker, and elevating his tail and bracing
himself up, onco moro started, as ho sup
posed, in a straight line; but instead of
reaching tho bait, landed head first against
a large spittoon, standing at least threo feet
to tho right of tho cracker. Nothing dis
couraged, and remembering tho old saying
which had been taught him when a purp.
that "perseverance conquers all things,"
Jim tried it again, but in n different man
ner. Ho shut ono eye, and with tho other
satisfied himself as to tho exact wherea
bouts of tho cracker. Ho looked up at tho
ceiling, looked sideways at tho bar, and
then jumped for it. Alas! for Jim's good
intentions ! ho tumbled all to pieces ; that
Is to say, he Vent down, and instead of
reaching the cracker, struck on the head,
rolled over on his back, and made two or
threo deeperato attempts to get up, rolled
over once more and under a chair, and in
less than a minute was the sickest looking
speclmeu of canlnity that over barked at
the moon. Chicag'o'Timcs.
From the Scientific American.!
Our New Paper Currency.
In July. 1809, letters patent were Issued,
through the Scientific American Patent
Agency, to James M. Willcox, bank-note
paper manufacturer, near Philadelphia,
for an improvement in paier. to prevent
counterfeiting. As this peculiar paper has
been adopted by the Treasury Department
for United States securities, and reaches
the hand of everybody in the shnpe of
greenbacks, a fow words in explanation
will bo usclul to' all handlers of money.
Protection in paper, as in engraving',
consists in jicculiarlty and in dlfllcnlty of
Imitation ; nothing else. Many yeius ago,
bank-note paper was made peculiar by tho
mixing' of red, blue, und other colored silk
shreds in the pulp before converting It Into
sheets of paper. This peculiarity was con
sidered a test of genuineness, and was so to
a certain extent. Paper made in that way,
however, came into the, open market, and
could be bought by counterfeiters as well
as by bank ofllccrs and engravers. Mr.
Willcox hits added a new feature to the in
troduction of colored shreds, which makes
a paper so peculiar that it cannot be made
by hand proceas. or by cylinder machine,
but only by the better class or Fourdrlnler
machine. Even hero special machinery is
required to locate the colored shreds in cer
tain parb' of tlie notes and not in others.
As this'machlnery exists only In his own
mill, nnd tho process is protected by jiatent,
tho paper Is kept out of tho market, and
the Government and tho public have the
benefit of Its excluslveness. The mill Is
guarded night and day by an armed force
In the pay of the Government, to prevent
robbery, and there is every reason to be
lieve that this paper will be kept out of un
It will bo observed that a line of blue
shreds cross the left hand end of all legal
tender notes' (new issue) of. the denomina
tions of one, two, five and ten dollars ; and
a similar lino crosses the right hand end of
all notes above ten dollars. As these lines
are in-graln, the alteration of a low noto to
a high one would be, at onco detected by
the position of the localized shreds. As
these shreds are interwoven with the fibers
of the paper, care should be used to make
sure that they are neither under tho surface
nor entirely on the surface, but both.
In tho United States currency u doublo
process Is carried out. In the first place, a
red fiber is mixed indiscriminately through
the pulp, and consequently through the
sheet. This Is done in the grinding en
gine, A second process (with special machine
ry) Is carried ontiii the Fourdrlnler paper
machine by tho localizing of a blue fiber as
the pulp Is changed into paper. All Is in
terwoven together, and wlieu the sheets,
arc cut into notes the, blue fibers find their
nosition as described.
The new fifty cent noto which tho De-
partmentls preparing to Issue, will be upon
paper, of this description ; tho localized blue
fibers occupying ono end only of the notes,
while all the remainder will havo the in
discriminate red. The doublo process of
manufacture will be shown and the exclu
sive feature will be prominent.
The thanks of the community are due to
the Secretary of tho Treasury for his ear
nest and well-directed efforts to protect
them from counterfeits ; nnd their atten
tion Is called to u proper understanding of
this now featuro In protection.
As it has boen placed under tho guar
dianship of tho Department, it Is behoved
to Iks effectual, una we aro glad to have hud
an agency in bringing It Into use.
Agitation In Salt lake on the Polygamy
Sat,t Lake, March 27. A meeting of
merchants and professional men was held
In Masonic Hull last night, to adopt a me
morial to the Senate of tho United States
praying for tho expurgation of those, sec
tions of Mr. Colloni'e bill, which punish
lV fine and imprisonment the continuance
of tho nntriarchlal family relations. The
meeting was addressed by Messrs. Kelscy,
Harrison, Stenhouse, Marshal, JennlngH,
Shearman, Tullldge, Chlslett, Walters, and
Lawrence, who argued that illiberal policy
toward the Olleiidcrs of the past would bo
of advantage to tho government of tho
whole country, and that such action would
arrest polygamy In tho future. Messrs.
Robertson, Marshal, Carter, Hussey,Kahn,
Walker and Holllster. uou-Moruions, wero
.appointed a Committee to prepare n me
morial to be telegraphed to tho President
of the Senate. Tho Interest on this sub
ject heii' Is Intense. If tho Senate pass tho
House bill in Its nresent shnne. tho Terri
tory of Utah, It Is claimed, will become "a
The funding Bill..
I The funding and Banking bill, intro-
"l by Senator Sherman, provides tho
following "000 five per cent, ten
1 That 4(KI,iivy- 'sued at par for gold
twenty year bonds o ..ear bonds. The
or for present 11 vc-twe;uy, -t,ion of flvc-
gold to bo used for ran.. nt"
vweiuy uonus. , lpr
2. rJ'hatS400.000.000 four and a hu
cent, fifteen-thirty year bond bo issued
par for gold oraiiy Government debt bear
ing a higher rate of coin interest.
3. That an unlimited nmount of four per
cent, twenty-forty year bonds bo issued, as
tho Secretary of tho Treasury may decide
necessary, in exchange for any Indebted
ness of the United States, including legal
4. Total exemption from taxes.
5. That coupons bo paid abroad ns well ns
0. Agents to bo appointed here and
abroad to sell and negotiate the loan, and'
not more than 1 per cent, to be paid them.
7. Reserves S1CO,000,000 each year out of
import duties for payment of interest and
reduction of principal of public debt.
Bonds now, or herealtcr to be, held by tho
Treasurer in the "Sinking Fund" and
"Special Fund" shull lie canceled and de
stroyed. 8: After October 1, 1870, no other bonds
than those under thls.act shall bo received
as security for National Bank circulation;
And two-thirds of such bonds must bo of
the 4 per cent, issue. Existing National
Banks must withdraw their securities ahd
substitute bonds as above.
8. No bank can receive over 60 per cent,
of the par value of bonds deposited.
10. Any bank can pay legal tender notes
to any amount to the Treasurer, nnd re
ceive circulating notes therefor, based oh
tho the 4 per cent, bonds, without limita
tion, and said legal tender notes shall bo
canceled and destroyed.
Godliness has tho promise of and secures
the blessings of both worlds.
A ship should not bo made to depend on
one anchor, or lifo on ono hope.
God warms tho earth with snow ; can he
not also warm the soul with grief?
There Is no salvation of tho soul, no hopo
of everlasting life but In the Cross.
There is no real use in riches, except It
be in the distribution : the rest is but con
ceit. Shall I grudge to spend my lifo for Him
who did not grudge toshed his life-blood
Man must have occupation, or bo mis
erable. Toil is tho price of sleep and ap
petiteof health and enjoyment. The
very necessity which overcomes our natural
sloth is a blessing.
Our trying to love an object is like our
trying to laugh' when we are not pleased ;
the more Ave try, tho less we shall succeed.
Tho trying part of the process implies it is
a thing we do not prefer.
Bad thoughts are worse enemies than
lions and tigers ; for we can keep out of the
way of wild beasts, but bad thoughts win
their way everywhere. Tho cup that is
full will hold no more ; keep your hearts
full of good thoughts, that bad thoughts
may find no room to enter.
With nil the lessons that humanity lias
to learn in life's school, the hardest Is to
Wait. .Not to wait with the folded hands
that claim life's prizes, without previous
effort, but, having struggled and crowned
the slow years with trial, seeing no such
result as.elfort seems to warrant nay, per
haps, disaster instead. To stand firm at
such a crlsis of existence, this is greatness,
whether achieved by men or women.
Most young men consider It a great mis
fortune to bo born poor, or not to have cap
ital enough to establish themselves, nt their
oiitset in life, in a good and comfortable
business. This is a mistaken notion. So
far from poverty being a misfortune to
them, if wo may judge from what we every
day behold, it Is really a blessing: tho
chance is more than ten to oile against him
who starts with a fortune.
An English paper tells the. following an
ecdote of South American origin;, A rich
merchant at Valparaiso, being challenged
by nn officer to light a. duel, wrote to his
adversary the following simple letter: "I
have no desire whatsoever to kill you, and
still less do I. desire to bo killed myself.
Here is what I propose : Go to the nearest
wood. Chooso a tree about as stout as my
self, place yourself fifty, thirty, or oven fif
teen steps from it Just tus you like, and
then flmbravely on the treo. If you hit, I
will admit, that I was in tho wroug, and
will offer you an apology. In the contrary
case, I shall be ready to receive yours."
Tho officer laughed, nnd was disarmed.
Ho invited his adversary to dinner, and
bumper in hand the reeoncilllatlon was
A physician residing In Andover,
Massachusetts, gives the following instance
of canine sagacity: "On Wednesday of this
week I was called (o see a patient living
some distance from town. During my vis
it a daughter of tho sick woman drove up,
whereupon her husband exclamed: 'Tho
dog did reach her, after all.' On asking
for an explanation ho told lno that, having
no one to send for his daughter, he had
sent oil at noon, on that samo day, his lit
tle black and tan terrier dog, with aiote
fastened to his nock, simply saying: 'Go,
sir. to Ehnlra'fl.' At 3 o'clock, the little
fellow arrived at tho daughter's house,
having traveled a distance of over seven
miles over an exceedingly tortuous route.
The daughter recognized . the dog, read tho
note, and reached her mother's house at
An Illinois undertaker sent the follow
ing entertaining note to a sick man :
"DKAit Silt Having positive proof that
you aro rapidly approaching death's gate,
I havo therefore thought It Hot imprudent
to call your attention to the inclosed ad
vertisement of my abundant stoclc of ready
made cotllns, una desire to make tho sug
gestion that you signify to your friends a
wisli for tho purchuso of your burial outfit
at my establishment.
A church in Depere, Wisconsin, glories
in tho name of the United Evangelical
nnd United Evangelical Church ami
Christian Brethren of the Glorious Reform-
KKOxvillc ' IreH Column
- ManufiictiircrH of
BAR IllGJTi '
MINiERS A:ND, DEALERS
Celebrated Anderson County
COAL AND COKE.
Three Hundred Size or
Suitable for Farniug and Mechanical
Particular attention given to
REBUILDING AND REPAIRING
Saw, Flour and Bark Mills,
WROUGHT AND CAST
ONE HUNDRED SIZES GUDGEONS;
Hollow -Ware !
BOLTS, BOLT -ENDS, CAST
All Klnda of
The COMPANY now manufacture , the
In Market. All Sizes from 3 to C(f Penny.
Their Stock of
Bar Iron is More Uniform
' Thanevcfbfcforc, and WarranteO.
Is made at the Foundry every working day
Orders Promptly Filled
ES5 TEBMSOASH I,
Oflftc! nml BIauuftictory
EAST TENNESSEE, VIRGINIA AND
Weit or l)eiot,
1J1ITA HI.. II
LIFE ASSURANCE SOCiETY
of Tin: rxrrr.D static,
Now. 110, llS.ItiO.lvi'i niitl Ili'oniluny,
Ptmpr v urirrif Al, ALL I'HOFITS AN'XCALLY
Vu , i MuT-OAli. Holder. .$1.2l2,r.W In
divided ainonir. l'ollc,. Mors lu lw. '
dividend paid to lt wlioy ho.
Amnitnf Iiiviirril for lSfld.
Actlre AfiEXTS WANTED In ctieh Co-
inty In Fm
Tenner. Ap,ly to ir. nowIVM;
flonrrnl Airfnt. tot Eat Tennessee.
Office No. , Court Houfe. TsnxviLtE, TKS-.
Mi I10YD. Medical Examlnon'
SIGN OF THE BfG GUN!
STAOT & ANGEL,
Manufacturers of Rifles,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
C it i 1 1 i l jr e -4 ,
SPORTING ARTICLES AND GI N
G. I). Water Proof and Jluskcl Caps,
I'OCKKT CUTLEUY. PISIHXH TACKLE.
SHOT. LEAD, H7N 1IAKHEL?,
And every other Artlcie usually fmiivl In a fir! law
Agents fur the
Orange IMllc Powder.
A largo lot ofl'owder and Fuso always on hand.
Wo uuvo good workmen and are irci:ircil to i .vitu.
pairiu? of nil kinds. "iw
ItKIcM Made to Order. . n
Wo arc still buyinir Old Amu. Send for l'rico 1 -Orders
solleitc1 and carefully filled. .
' tj'Jff tlit-.heatlniiiifl
No. 106, Gay itreeCiaei's,in the;
fTio P.jvf idciit
,i "ooaf ulV M
. FOR CISTERNS AXD WKLL'
Galvanized and Wrought . .
... - ... .1 -7n
Hollo wware and Castings ot atria-
JAPAIVXEO AM) TIX WJf ,J
Pressed Ware or all Uimlf ,
ROOFING & GUTTERINf
Done at fdiort notlrc
Sw Jf Ml.
Vc now. have the lunicit ttock of STOVES p(tTrtn
fe'red in thU market mbracinsr the
For Coal and Wood, tho only Stovo In this luurkt'l UH
the Fonitono Hack. Alo, the celebrated Cook R'ivi'
i"or Wood and Coal
totrcthcr with Ten other . ti -tentf t
imttcrns of Stoves.
Wo are also manufaetnrina tho cclcbrfltf I Htou jj," '
" SOUTHERN STARaf
Which wo offer ttftho Trado at l'rico Hint ttoftthq Pwt,'i
All Stoyc? Kiiarantcwt to bivo soiiMM'iiflg
Jr. - tri"p. .
itetf Mill 'V
Our House Furnishing De
Innowconudete, having Juit reecvol
which wap jmrchafcd at ianic Trice