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V0L- L KNOXVILLE, TENN., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 8. 1S70 ' m
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH.
PROCEEDINGS OP THE LEGISLATURE.
Repudiation Gaining Ground I !
More Aid rftr the Knoxville and Ken
Tbe School Fund to be Investigated.
Sptcial Dispafcli to tho Chronicle!
Nasuvii.li:, Juno 1. Senate joint reso
lution directing the Joint .Tudlciury Com
mitteo to redistrlctthe State, anil to estab
lish Circuit Courts in each county, was
Hill to declare void the bonds paid to the
Mineral Home Railroad, passed Ha second
reading, and Avas made the special order of
the day for Wednesday next.
Hill forbidding the payment of bonds
issued to the Tennessee and Pacific Rail
road passed second reading, and was made
the special order of the day for Wednes
.Bill to amend the charter of the Knox
ville and .Tacksboro' Turnpike, refected.
Among tho new bills introduced was one
to reduce tho compensation of Circuit Court
Judges from 2,600 to $2,000.
Also, a bill to tax dogs, and appropriate
the proceeds thereof to tho School Fund.
A bill to investigate the case of T. R.
McEhvec. member of the House, impllca
- 4s1 .V Gutter, passed.
bill prohibiting the carrying of con
cealed weapons, passed.
A bill to perfect the titles made by S.
Watson, Trustee of the Hank of Tennes
see, Avas rejected, but on motion reeonsid
ed. The bill to permit tho Nashville and
Chattanooga Railroad to borrow money,
passed second reading.
A bill to provide for tho burning of the
Tennesso State money in the hands of the
Treasurer, passed. Da.aiox.
NABiiviiir.K, June 2. Tn theSonate Mr.
Cooper presented a petition from the Ten
nessee and Pacific Railroad, asking for a
suspension of action by the Assembly, un
til the return of the President of the road,
Gen. Mancy, was received and ordered to
bo sent to the House.
The. following bills were read tho first
time: a bill to protect the property and
rights of married women and minors: a
hill to exempt from garnishment for debt,
one hundred dollars and under, for work
lone; a bill for tho benefit of married wo
men seeking divorce from matrimony.
On motion, Senator Luttrell was appoint
ed in place of Nelson on the Committee
to redislrict the State.
Tn the House new buslnos was taken
A bill to iix-the salary of District Attor
ney's at $2,000, passed..
A bill that no new bills be introduced
after the 1.1th of June.
A bill to fix the tax on every hundred
dollars at thirty cents, passed.
A bill to provide for the payment of the
Rank of Tenncsseo debts.
The House then discussed a resolution
directing the Comptroller and Treasurer
not to receive bonds issued to railroads
Saddler offered an amendment, by speci
fying Pacific and Mineral Home bonds.
A bill to create the office of Immigration,
with tho Commissioner's salary at $2,500,
was lost for want of a Constitutional ma
jority. On third reading, a motion to reconsider
Nasua'ii.ij:, June a. House resolution
to appoint a committee to examine into
and report tho amount of Stato bonds is
sued contrary to law, was referred to the
House resolution to appoint a committee
to attend the Immigration Convention nt
Louisville, oil the 0th June, Avas adopted,
and Morris and Clemontson appointed on
tho part of tho Senate.
Etheridgo moved to recopsider.
House amendment to Senate resolution
for tho destruction of Rank of Tennessee
notes was concurred in.
Rill providing for tho assessment of a
poll tax on colored citizens for 1870, passed
its second reading, and was mado tho spe
cial order for 11 a. to-morrow.
Mr. Singleton ofl'ercd a resolution . to re
sist all propositions looking toward repu
diation, which Avas laid OA'er.
Rill to give light of Avay to the Cincin
nati and Chattanooga Rallroaid, passed.
- Tho House resumed tho discussion of the
resolution "to repudiate bonds issued to
An effort avus made to amend, by speci
fying tho Mineral' Home and Tennessee
and Pacific Roads.
Rosson offered tho folloAvlng amend
llcsolvcd. That nothimr in this resold
tion shall bo so construed as to apply to
lwnds purchased in good faith by railroad
companies 10 nquitiaio meir liuieotouness,
as provided in tho JaAV of January last.
After tho discussion tho House adjourn
ed. The above STRAW means Something.
Nahiia'IMjH, Juno 4. House hill for the
election of Judicial umcersAvns reauonco,
and referred to the Judiciary Commltteo,
Rill for creating tho business of Courts
of Record Avas read once, and referred to
the .Tiullc arv Committee.
Rill to amend the act of March !!d, 1800,
relative to the transfer of eases irom ono
court t mother, Avns read once, anti r
ferrod to the Judiciary Committee.
V' . , iv . r r r ik uci i nd prove ni li' ti,
cides AA'as read once, and referred to the Ju
Rill to regulate und fix the payment of
poll tax Avas read once, and oforrcd to the I
The amendment oilered yesterday pro
viding that bonds purchased by railroad
companies to liquidate debts should not
beallected by this bill, and Avhlch AVns
tabled by a vote of 31 ayes, to 20 nays, AA'as
reconsidered. A motion to lay on the
table Avas lost ayes 25, nays 35. It AVas
finally amended by making It apply to any
debts Avhatcver to tho State lives 33, nays
ItccI on tlie Urnlu I A Chapter or Law
Murder. In oldcu days, when tho people were not al
lowed to rend tbe Bible, tho .lesuiu frequently
bought all tho Bibles offered for sale to prevent
their circulation;" and it was no small pleasure
to these Jesuits to cast theso Bibles, one by one,
Into a great flro built in public for tho purpose,
and nt the same timo to utter an awlul curse
uiiou all who dealt in that holv book without
leave of, tho. churcji, A Similar pleasure teams
to havo prompted tho recent Legislature at Ten
nessee. Tho principal work done nt Nashville
in tuo last eight week nn3 been clone in the re
tat' renealitia business. No less tlmn foriu-
chapters of the published nets of 18CJ-70
m dovoted to repeals of former acts. And
Avaat is more remarkable, (considorinc tho "in
telligence" and "statesmanship" of tho Demo
cracy,) many laws havo been repealed over and
over again, a? if one repeal was not quite suf
eientl But moro; not satisfied with repoaling
livo laws, tho present Legislature has actually
repealed laws that have been dead for years.
To illustrate. Tho law requiring that jurors
should bo legal voter was repealed October
2Utli, 180'Ji but, either from shortness of mem
ory, or because they remembered only tho law
that kept them and those who elected them out
of tho jury box. theso Dcmcrntic law maker?,
or, more properly, law immakcrs, in a few weeks
afterwards neain reuealcd the vcrv same law I
And, as if continually to remind tho peoplo that
this to them hateful laAV is "dead, dead, ukau,"
as tho Judges say when sentencing a man to be
hungjjho repealing ucts are published no less
than three times in the statute book 1 ((iJoo
chapters 4. So mul 117.) There is nothing l)ko
Killing a tiling ueau. .Again; mo "act to en
force tho laws of tho Stato" was repealed De
cember 17th, 1KG9, (chapter 90;) but tho Legis
lature having forgotten it in their Christmas
wine-cups, on rc-nsscinbling again set to work on
the already dead law, and Uiially succeeded
(February aStli, 1870 chapter 80,) in repealing
it a second time by a large majority I The
"act to regulato the publication of legal notices"
was first repealed October J9th, 1800; but as the
rcUcalinir net did not "restore Justice to tho nrcss
of Tennessee," exactly one week afterwards this
' 1 i t T-l . ... ... .. : , . - .
WfcU, CUUIIUIIHU-.U .UI'13illlUIl-, Willi W1C111U1 1U3 Uk
least six days long, repealed the dead net again,
with a llolirisli of rhetorical trumpets to intro
duce tho second execution of tho already
slaughtered act. These two repealing acts stand
side by bide on tho statute book as chapters 1
and 2 a llttlnc introduction to tho Avholo book.
Surely the author of tho story, "Twico Killed,'
must be in tins legislature.
When tho Itcputuicnus Avere in power at
Nashville, "our Democratic friends" insisted
that not stidy the acts of thr Republican Legis
lature were null and voul, out that tho .Legisla
ture itself AViu "bogus and unconstitutional."
liut now, presto change ! we find these Repub
lican laws not only valid and binding, but so
valid as to rcquiro at least two repealing acts to
kill the most "unconstitutional of them all."
"Our Democratic friends" seem now to think
that Republican lav,s havo as many lives as a
cat. These tilings grimly reminds us how, du
ring the war, Avnen a uemocranc oyuet nau
slmii tunic Union soldier in battle, there were
not wanting Democrats, "chivalrous gentlemen,"
to niutilftto tho doad body of the fallen patriot.
As a specimen of the repeal of laws repealed
long ago, I merely refer to one whoso repeal
ought nave been very well known to every
country rsquirc tho law for tho transfer of suits
back to the county Avhoru originally brought.
This law Avas repcalod-ltarch 12th, 1808, (chap
ter 02;) but the present Legislature, gone blind
on the subject ot rcpcnl,sct to work on tho dead
and buried law, and on March !5d, 1870, two
years after tho law bad been repealed, they suc
ceeded in repealing tho defunct statute once
more, tehapter 101.) This digging up of laws
that have been dead and buried for years in or
der to gratify political vengcanco by again stab
bing t. e carcass to tho heart, calls to mind how
tho tyrant English king had the body of the
great Crdmwell dug up from tho gravo wnere
it had loin for years and hung upon i gibbet.
Surely it ayouUI havo been better for the over
burdened taxpayers of Tennessee if tho pres
ent Legislature had gone into tho wholesale re
pealing business, and by one sweeping act, "red
with uncommon Avrafh," haye repealed every
statute passed since the war. Noro, tho greatest
of tyrants, Avishcd that mankind had. but ono
nee fc, t-o that ho might exterminate tho Avholo
rnco at ono blow. But this Legislature, with
ihorc political hloodttiirtinoss than Jfcro, enjoys
the pleasuro of killing tho Republican laws of
Tonnes'-.co one by ono, just as their felldw-Dem-ocrnU
atLibby,Andcrsonvillo and Salisbury en
joyed the hellish pleasuro of killing their Union
pri'oncrs by slow degrees.
But no ! To havo done all their repealing at
one blow would httvo mndo the session too short,
Tho Democratic politicians were much in lovo
with siorr sessions while out of oftico, but now
they ure in office, avo bear no more of "short
sessions" And to show conclusively how run
mad this Legislature has been on tho subject of
repeals, they have actually repealed some laws
thuy did not intend to repeal, and repealed
others they had to turn right around and re
euact. Ween tho Republicans were m power,
"our Democratic friendB" stoutly insisted that
thoro Avas no such being as a "Jvuklux:" and as
men can tell a Ho so often as at least to believe it
to bo truth, so tho Democratic party, having
lied itself into tho belief that there Avas no "Ku
klux." ono of their first acts wus to repeal the
"KuklUx law,'' (chapter 112.). But n6 sooner
was this'uone than tho "Kuklux" began again
to swnrm out of their secret holes to- maltreat,
rob and murder, under cover of masks and mid
night, so that in a few. days the Legislature
passed the "Kuklux law" over again, (chapter
W,) almost lu tho samo words as tho old law!
Consistency, truth and statesmanship 1
If, therefore, it toke.i two or three repeals to
to kill an ''unconstitutional" stato law, enacted
by a "bogu3. Legislature," how many repeals
would it rcipuira to kill' a constitutional United
States law, enacted by a lawful Congress' "Wu
pauso for a reply.'' It' tho Democracy should
get into power, it would take thorn forever to re
peal all the laws passed by Congress sluco this
fcnri.e Dcmwrary llred tho first gun on
Ff t, - iit'r' And if it would tako forever to
rtj li i' e., . r ihi-ttiunn of tlie eternity of
' ii ',. w I -ng v 'id I tt take to repeal mo
va i i Oonsiit itioral Amendments adopted
i- i lojli'ini" (he Democrats rebellion
ii 1800? Let tho Democratic arithmeticians
Miurpeu uicir pencils.
Such Is a briof exposition of only ono phnso
of the present Legislature a Legislature whoso
chief- pride and main work seem to havo been to
pcform tho duty of Jack Ketch to every Repub
lican statute. But all this' Is very natural. It
has all along been tho great hopo and object of
tho Democracy to got rid of everything done
during or sinco tho war, If they could only re
peal the Avar Itself and all its results ; if thoy
could repeal every Union victory and every
Democratic defeat; if they could only repeal
the surrender at Appomatox nnd the triumpn of
Republicanism but alas for them 1 history can
not be repealed. If theso Democrats could re
peal their own acts sinco they shed tho first drop
of Union blood in 1801; if they could repeal
their own damnable treason ; If thoy could re
peal Libby, Andcrsonvlllo and Salwbury ; and
if by their repeals thoy could restore property,
hcttlthi happiness nnd life to those they robbed
thereof Avftfi bloody hands, wo Avould all wih
them God speed in their Avork. The Democratic
party was once noble O
"But with its last attempt it wiped it out,
Betrayed its country; and its name remains
To tho ensuing ngo abhorred."
The past Is beyond repeal. And Dcmocrncv is
past recovery. The one is gone tho other is
going. Let it fro. ' fsiioNiitnu.;
.incksboro, Tcnn. ' "
Letter from C'olonol Raxter'--Xo. 1.
JMUorx of thr Chronicle, :
My "Curd," AVhich you avoio kind
enough to publish about tAVo Avecks since,
commits me to " Investigate " the " iiiA-cs-tigation."
With your permission t Avill
now proceed to reticent this pledge, though
I confess to some little humlliatwon in en
tering upon tills labor of Ioa'o.
Not long since a gentleman from n rural
district in Ncav York a plain, unsuspect
ing fanner avus so unfortunate as to be
elected tt) the legislature, fr-'oon after tak
ing his seat, lie avus approached avIUi the
ofier of iv bribe. In the honesty anil sim
plicity of his nature, he repelled the Oiler
ami mOA-cd iircsolutlonof "hiA'cstigatlon,"
but instead of the sympathy und "support
which he expected, he found Jiintself de
nounced us uj'ool, and threatened Avith ex
pulsion for blowhu on (he parti).
Soihewhat ukin tt) this is my present sit
uation. For several veins past, I have, at
the imminent risk ot sustaining pecuniary
loss in my professional and other prh-ate
business, grappled Avith corruption in oil of
its local strength nnd in cA'ery form In
Avhlch it presented Itself exposed and de
nounced it as tending to subA'ert and over
throw tho integrity of tho community; and
after live years of incessant effort, my ear
nest expectations seemed to have been re
alized in the election of a Conservative Leg
islaturc, supposed to bo in active sympathy
Avith tho great object for Avhlch I liad been
so persistently struggling. And believing
it to be composed of honest men, who in
tended, with n Unit nnd unwavering step,
to inoA'o right forward to the development
nnd exposure of the ninny frauds Avhicli
lintl been practiced upon the peoplo of the
State, I prepared and had presented to
them an elaborate memorial, falling their
attention to some of the most migrant
frauds Avhicli had been perpetrated. Rut
the memorial fell nlmost still-born upon
their listless ears. They seemed to' regard
the memorial Avith distuA'or, u presenting
a disagreeable subject for theirconsiileru
tion. What? Must Ave investigate Gen.
Mabry? n gtjntlemuh who controls two
tiCAVspnpers", and' who renderedVucli signal
service in selling GoA-ernor Senter to our
party lust summer ? Such a proposition is
uiiAvise in a party point of vIoav, and un
grateful. The member from Knox, fully
cognizant of all tho facts alleged in the
memorial, nnd pledged by his public
speeches made during his cuimiss to " in
A'cstigate" the rascals, avium quick to inti
mate thutj the memorial was. a matter of
personal-pique, ami in his zeal to defend
tlsfrtcndj Gen. jfabry, he exhibited all his
parliamentary tact to prtwent its reference
to u Committee. Rut absolute non-action,
hi the face Of the specific charges made and
proof tendered, avus rather too bold, and the
memorial avus referred. The Committee,
hoAvoA'cr, took no action. After n month
or twt had elapsed, about the time T sup
pose the- Committee avus prepared to act,
the mutter was Avithtlrawn from the Jirxt
mul referred to a second Committee ; and
when this second Committee hail slept un
til it could defer action no longer, it Avas
superceded by a third, the imo of Avhlch
Mr. Clementsou Is Chairman.
This last Committee the 3rd series Avas
authorized to "Investigate" tencralj, and
to sit during the recess of the General As
sembly, Finally recess came nnd so did
the Committee. Tho "corruptionists" (but
hold, 1 haA'ousctl this term iiiudA-ertnntly)
Mr. Nelson Senator Xcfsion tho Hon.
P. P. C. NrjLSOX, doesn't knoAV avIio they
are. He has been a member of the Legis
lature for five years. As such, ho has par
ticipated ncth'ely in Legislation, Avhlch lias
fraudulently squandered 820,000,000 of
State bands upon projected, and fictitious
railroads ; and lis n mcnibcrof tho "Iiwesti
gating" Committee, he has proof before
him thnt one man alone, to say nothing of
many others, hud expended $28,000, tho
1.. r in ami l l
icon appropriated for the building of u
.V. ........... ...
raiiroati. in ins ciioris u
annroni'latlous from tho
"'X Jjuu yeiJl' noes nor -kiioav aviio ine
"corrupUonisjs"nro. I know ho does upt,
from'tlio'faot tliiitn-short'timd ago he of
fered ami had passed a joint resolution,
AVhich has been duly crttestefi-by.theSp.enk-ers
of tho tAvo Houses and approved by the
GoA'ernor, appointing a committee to In
quire of nioAvho the' 'corruptionists," Ayere.
Hence, for tho Information of himself (as
Avell us for tho other RepresejitntiA'ctf of the
peoplo, none of AVhonr seem lto kiioAvlmy
at tho "corruptionists," else tho. inquiry
Avhlch their resolutions directs, avouIu not
JuiA'c been made,) I avIII gho a general de
scription of tills class, so that Representa
tives of the pcoplomay hereafter recbgnizo
them Avlthout reference to -inc. Tiie "cor
ruptlonlBt8"thcn, aro allbornl, enlightened
anil enterprising set of gentlemen, avIio
dcA' dc most of their time in furthering
legislation, for the promotion of intcrnul
improvements and other proJerU, by
AVhich, through appropriations to be mndt
f'om the State Trcasn-v t'u" cxptnded
through them, the "resources" or the State1
are to be deA'eloped and the public interest I
promoted, and for the purpose of main
taining such pcrsonul influence Avith Goa-- I
ernors, memtiers or tno General AssembU,
nnd other officials, avIio are litA'csted Avith
tho poAver to appropriate and ivr bondu,
they do not deem It inconsistent with their
solf-respoct or personal ilignitA-, to concili
ate the kindly feelings of gentlemen in po
sition, by polite and obsequious attention,
and should tho public interest demand the
sacrifice, the very patriotic class to which
I am referring the "corruptionists"
noA'er hesitate to loan a member, Avhen re
quested, n STiO or an $100; to present him
with U gold headed cane; a fine hat; a
suit of clothes; n fine saddle horse: a pair
of fine lambs, or to unite and publish as a
part of current noAvspaper literature, ubu
siA'e articles of such persons as tho General
Assembly don't like, or complimentary
articles of the members whose votcH they
need nnd expect to command. Nor do
they hesitate, Avhon the public good re
quires it, to furnish committeemen Avith
liquor and cigars, free of charge, and pre
sent their avisos Avith gold Avntchcs and
chains, jeAVelry, Sewing machines, fine
dresses, etc., or to turn the heads of three
men at once Avith promises to elect them
till from the same district, to Congress, at
the same time.
These ure the leading characteristics of
the "corruptionists," and if the J fan. Mr.
Nelson will study the picture, he Avlll be
able in all his future leglsluttvo career, to
recognize and Identify them Avithout refer
Rut enough on this point, n 1 perceive
my luirenthesls Is growing rather too long.
The Committee came to KnoxA'ilie. IIiia--ing
mado the charges, und acting upon the
hypothesis that the Committee Avere act
ing in the character of judges, clw.red
Avith the duty of iiiA'estignting matters involving-
priA'ato character as Avell a the
public interest, 1 purposely kept aloof from
them (except Avhen suinmoucd to testify)
to iiA-oid the appearance "of endcuA-oring
unduly to inllueiice them in the dl.-chargi
of their high and responsible duties. Rut
tiie parties to lie iiwestignted manifested
no such sensibility and reserve. "Without,
going into detail upon tills point, it is
enough to say that the hobnobbing ox some
of the Committee hud the "corruptionists"
was such as to excite general comment,
nod to irovoko from many of the he.t
men in our community the most unfiiA'ora
ble criticism. Then, again, the purposes
of tho corruptionists Avere facilitated bv my
own pertinacity. Kvory fraud developed
through my instrumentality, mediately or
immediately, involved GoA'ernor Soiiter.
As a member of the Legislature, he voted
for the appropriation of bonds to the Min
eral Homo Railroad Company, and us Goa--ernor
he Issued to It the bonds. He uftor
Avards, with a full knoAvlcdge of Ills
frauds, continued Gen. Mnbry as Reeeh'or
of tho KnoxA'ilie antl Kentucky Raiiroati,
and so on from alpha to omega. GoA'ernor
Senter is a cousin of Mr. Fleming, avIio,
when not drunk, av.is the controlling mind
upon the Committee. Mr. Nelson, anoth
er member of the Committee, ayd a Sena
tor from the Senatorial District including
Johnson county, thoroughly acqitalntetl
with the location of the proposed railroad,
and knoAvlng thnt It hud no connection
nt that timo, or in prospect, witli any other
road, voted for the appropriations Avhicli
Avero made to tho Mineral Honto Raiiroati.
It Avas plain to be seen that tltOM- gentle
men regarded my presence, and the sug
gestions Avhlch I from time to time made,
intrusions, and tho evidence Avhicli, I
pointed out as unwelcome. The result is
seen in the sequel. The Committee, in
and by their report, assume to have given
a fair resume of the substance and legal
effect of all the evidence In The case. Rut
I charge that they hnA'O not done so that
by tho suppression of importuut testimo
ny, coupling together facts and conclu
sions which luiA-o no connection, an at
tempt, in my opinion, avus made to com
plicate me Avith the fraud of others.
The facts suppressed are the.se: It ap
pears from the evidence taken by the com
mittee that 1 had no connection Avith the
passage of the net chartering the Mineral
Home Railroad Company ,-or the soA'cral
acts making appropriations to it : I hod
no ngencv in procuring, or knoAvlcdge of
tho issuance of the bonds by the GoA-ernor
to it ; the deposit of tho bonds made by said
Company in tho Exchnugo and Deposit
Rank, Avns A'oluntnry and Avithout solici
tation from tho Rank; and that neither I
nor the Rank hntl any connection Avith or
interest in snld raiiroati company, orin the
proceeds derived from said stile, but that
the. Rank simply acted us the tlnancinl
agent of the Raiiroati Company, making
the sale of tho bonds under authority and
In pursuance of a resolution sanctioned
and signed bv every member of the Roard
of Dlrccton. Hud these facts been impar
tially stilted, tho mouth of malice Itself
AA'ouhl have been stopped; for before the
facts as they exist, antl its they Avere proven
by tho testimony taken by tho Committee,
no one but a, fool or a dishonest man would
dare to impute blame in me.
Rut enough of this for the present, hi
a fcAV succeeding numbers 1 will go a good
Avay back and sIioav avIiv It is that tho
"corruptionists" htvA'O followed mo Avith
such relentless malice fver since 1 became
a citizen of Knoxville.
Knoxville, Mayjil, 1870.
The publlo schools of Nashville have
been very successful durlngthoflesslon just
closing. Would that avo could say thesamo
for Knoxville. -
ThoncjW State officers entered upon their
duties on "Wednesday.
Col. Felix A. RceA'o accepts the nomina
tion, in tho FirstJudiclul Circuit, submis
sively placing his fortunes in the hands of
A -Tontpemnco convention Avlllfbo hold
nt Cleveland, on the 15th Inst,
The roll mill at Chattanooga, Is expected
'to commence operations about the ICth
llKCOH.VTiON D.LYVT GEUMAXTOWX.
Oration or Hon. Romeo Maynnrtl.
Tho l'hltndolidiia Press, of Tuesday, gave a
very full nnd Interpsting account of tho Decora
tion wrvipcsj .oiitonday, at Philadelphia nnd
GeriunntOwii.. Attho, hitter place, tho oration
for tho ocenploinns delivered by our distinguish
ed Representative in Congress. Its longth for
bids us from'.puWUhing it in full. We give the
opening nnd closing parte, which 'wo commend
to tho nttfntiotvof our renders ns fine specimens
of eloquehee: '
"Tho grand mystery of llfo nnd death still
hnngs over tho race. As it 1ms been from the
beginning, man . goes to his long homo and the
mourners go nbqilt tho streets. Tho conscious
ness of our own" mortality but makes more
polgnnnt the niigiilsh when our friends aro takon
away. The bereaved lienrt cries out, "Behold,
nnd see if there is any sorrow liko Unto my sor
row." As tirnc.by degrees, assuages the bitter
ness of grief, faith intervenes nnd suggests top
ics of consolation. Dentil is tho common lot,
and it is".lilitinJnliestion of sooner or later. Said
tho Grecian fath'6r when told of tho sudden and
premature. denth'of a favcrito son, "I know he
avus a child of nfortnlity. "What results hntl life,
short ns it va,. accomplished ? What remained
to do? Wan il,b'ctter, nobler or inory honorable
to dio thnn to l(vo? Row Btandsthc account be
tween tho'livinnndtho dead?"'
These inquiries arise unbidden around the
graves of those who died honorably and beau
tifully for their country. Their lives Avero hon
orable, their deaths were glorious. Our sorrow
gives plnce to joy, our funeral marches to fiotes
of triumph. As year by year wo recede further
and furtlior from them, their clinrnctcrs are
thrown into a firm liirht. Thov stand out In lof
tier proportions. And admiration, respect, vene
ration suo'ceedvio the first involuntary distress of
natural nil'ectioTi. Who now sheds tenrs for
Washington nnd Lincoln, or bewails their death?
Their memory places tliem in higher sentiments
of mankind. Their wonderful and heroic liA'es
stilt llngerinthu thoughts of some, their death
i forgotten.- JMnny aro .immortal.
. iiey were not bom to die."
Lewi llllistyiiius, not less honorable, tho hum
bler iinmosand thojiumblc sleepers, scattered
through th'cdantluhllrfhfiir hist warrior's rest.
They, tho,arUip'pi'brifitjTheir deeds of renown
shall. wiiiariJii.yoniVtona'nntl bo one of thetra
ditinns orflt(fsptupld JVilong as our Republic
holds its pliicoaui!&nK tho,nutions of tho earth,
Let it bo told overnibrO to tho honor of our
countrymen thai, urf'sbon as tho national life was
assured by feats of the army: thoHlirst thought
wns of tho df'nd vlio hnd fallen in Its defence,
scattered as thoy Avero half across, tlfo continent-'
From tho Atlantic to the remotest frontier,; the v" "
lay abreast as they foil, Avith nothing to mark
tho spot or preserve their names. '
In a few yoarH all tracos of their fjravos would
haVc been irrevocably lost With infinite pains
and griefs, tho avIioIq land has been searched
and the mighty army of the dead gathered to
gether, and none, it is believed, havo been over
looked. The streets swept by the artillery,
the victims of disease from tho hospitals nnd
prison pens, and others, Jinv.obeou rescued from
the tronehes where thoy havo been thrown by
hurried friends or careless enemies. Tho pick
et, shot down by stealth on his lonely post, nnd
buried by somo passing stranger ; the wounded
who crawled from the bnttle-flelu, socking a bet
ter spot to die, and ever after borne upon tilt rolls
ns missing, hn'o been dilligcntly searched out.
Cemeteries, happily selected and laid out with
ta'tc add much cost of labor, and many, havo
been consecrated to their remains. Thoy arc the
nation's dead, who died- not to vindicate her
fiowcr, not to assert her rights, but to tave her
il'e. Aud'what topics of fanaticism tire taught
in their silont shades? Go, rend tho monument
al inscriptions, very simple, tho namoof tho sol
dier when not known, Ids company and regi
ment, nnd the dnte, of his death,
.Siilo by side lie the youth from every part of
tho land, separated by no sectional or Stato lines,
but united in a common cause nnd thnt cause a
united country. Anil thrice blessed they who,
in your own burial grounds, sleep side by side
with the soldiers of earlier iuine. Thoy tiled a
mutual hixtre over a succession of generations of
patriots and heroes.
It wns natural that surviving comrades nnd
stricken friends should, in nlomory of the dead,
resort to the pfircn of their gniA'es with spring
flowers, to deck Iho turf that Avraps their clay.
It was but tho instinct of a better humanity. Re
pented from season, to sonon,'it grows into a cus
tom something like a holiday. Indeed, it has
been proposed by formal legislation to declnre it
n technical holiday and enter it on' tho calendar.
It is certainly a beautiful thought, on eneh re
turning spring, to consecrate ourselves anew to
our country by A'otive offerings upon the graves
ofthti-c who died in hor defense.
O O "
0 1 no, no, no. our dead have not died in A'ain.
Tho cause for which they guvo their livos and
poured out their blood as a libation, is tho cause
of truth, tho cause of justice, tho causaof hu
manity, the cause of God, and llkq God's cause
ill nil tho nges it is mndo illustrious to men by
tho blood nl its martyr. Wo-do Avell, there
fore, to bring our fragrant oll'erings with chosen
words in honor of their memory. Amid these
tokens of pleasure, those -notes of joy do we
hear an ill-omened voice saying Avith indigna
tion, to wlint purpose is this wnsto? To such nn
one it is worse thnn a Awisto, for it has awakened
feelings in Ids unsympathb.ing heart, and better
had they slept. Nor yet for the dead. They
nro beyond tho sphere of eulogies nnd coronnls.
This day and theso imposing perenionies nro for
the living. Theso draped nnd festooned hnlls.
theso decorated graves aro full of inspiration to
tho patriotic soul.
Standing here in the presence of tho aAyful
and invisible dead, avo unconsciously renew our
vows of fealty to tno country, nnd goTiwav hot
ter citizens, better men. To tho young, tho ad
vancing generation, theso sorvices aro especially
inUiMiMivi. 'rhnv keen nllvo in their tender
hearts the bi-rt traditions of tho Republic, and
.stir a spirit of mutilation, which in the coming
Vl'HIS. Will UU Jimiiuniyu i uuviw ,....
heroic devotion. While loyalty nnd patriotism
and liberty and justice, coutinuo to bo moro than
idle names, our annual visits to some honored
grnves. will not bo Idlo pastime.
Thrice, yea. four times happy aro you, tho peo
plo of this ancient borough, with the names of
four generations of horoes, tno martini dead of
the JtevohytiOif, hnd of our historic pngo. Thus
stands and shall (forever tho glorious rocord, an
oxomplar of honorto tho latest posterity, our
children and their children shall rend it with
nobler resolves, nnd a holier purpose never to
falter in their duty as citizens, clvio or martial,
public or private, in peaco or in war."
Colored schools are being rapidly organ
ized throughout TenftcsHQo, tho funnel's nnd
planters taking treat interest in tluf es
tablishment The Columl'a ' avs
tlintAVhen there Ls n colored h -hoc 1 in the
neighborhood, there Is no diHeuly In ob