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title: 'The Western advance. (Worthington, Minn.) 1872-1874, March 14, 1874, Image 4',
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Work and Worry*
IT is an old opinion that the literary
men and brain-workers generally have
often inadequate notions in regard to the
conditions of healthy work of the instru
ment which they employ. Other men,"
saya one of Barton's favorite old authors,
"look to their tools a painter will wash
his pencils a smith will look to his
hammer, anvil, forge a husbandman will
mind his plowshare, aDd grind his
hatchet if it be dull a falconer or hunts
man will have special care of his hawks,
horses and dogs a musician will string
and unstring his lute only scholars neg
lect-that instrument which they daily use,
and by which they range over all the
world." But there is an essential differ
ence between the two classes of cases
here contrasted, which constitutes some
sort of apology for the brain-worker. A
handicraftsman is able to observe at a
glance the very first indications of his
tools getting' the worse for wear but it is
by no means so easy a matter to tell at
what point the brain has done enough of
work. The indications of muscular ex
haustion after labor are quite unmistaka
ble, and the demand for rest correspond
ingly imperious. One cannot aft'ord to
disregard the monitions of jaded body and
aching limbs. But the signs of brain
weariness in a healthy worker are by no
means uniform or well defined, nor are
they so urgent as to give rise to
a peremptory demand for repose. The
healthy thinker has seldom any feel
ing of mental fatigue referable to
the brain, analogous to the uneasy
sensation from wearied muscle. The long
catalogue of symptoms familiar to phy
sicians, of exhaustion consequent on
mental strain, develop themselves
only after a prolonged course of
overwork. They tell, in Fact, not that the
brain is tired merely, but that it is dis
eased, -it is this absence ot any unmis
takably prohibitory sensation which
makes it somewhat difilcult to determine
the point at which, for the time, mental
work should be stopped.
The nearest thing to an indication that
the brain has been working rather more
than is good for it is the persistence in
the mind during the period of rest of the
thoughts which have engaged it during
its period of activity. After a good spell
of hard work the brain-worker is often
tormented by finding it difficult, all at
once, to turn off the steam. His work
day thoughts will intrude themselves, in
spite of every effort to keep them out.
A symptom of mental exhaustion quite
allied in kind to the last, but indicative
of a greater degree of mental strain, is
persistent wakefulness. The physiologi
cal cause of this condition is well under
stood. During the excessive labor of the
brain theie is an increased flow of blood
to the working organ, the vessels of the
head and neck becoming distended with
blood, as is shown by the flushing of the
face. If this condition of distension is
long continued the vessels are apt to lose
the power of contracting when mental
activity is diminished. Hence arises the
impossibility of fulfilling the physical
conditions of sleep, the most important of
which is the diminution of the flow of
vital fluid to the brain.
The fact, well known to every medical
man, that persistent sleeplessness is fre
quently the precursor or initiatory stage
of several most intraptable maladies,
physical and mental, always invests the
presence of this indication of mental over
strain with grave interest. But a continued
course of excessive mental labor generally
manifests its effects on the mind itself in
various ways, all more or less premonitory
of approaching collapse. The brain
worker begins to perceive an unwonted
want of clearness in his ideas work be
comes gradually less easy to him he is
alarmed at sudden awkward failures of
memory a feeling of surfeit or disgust
will steal over him in the midst of work
he becomes unable long to fix his atten
tion, and latterly feels as if all mental en
ergy was crushed out of him. If these
warnings of an overwrought brain, now
speaking distinctly with the tongue of
disease, are disregarded, the wonder fre
quently is, not that the inevitable retribu
tion follows, but that it should have been
so long delayed. What particular form
the Nemesis shall assume—whether of
physical or mental disease—will be deter
mined by accidents partly of personal
habit ana temperament, and partly of in
herited predisposition. It is noteworthy
however, that the common opinion that
excessive mental occupation gravitates
toward insanity does not appear to be
verified by facts. Indeed, one of the fore
most of living physicians doubts whether
alienation of mind is ever the result of
simple mental overstrain. It is to phys
ical, not to mental, derangement that ex
cessive work of the brain generally gives
It is not, however, the mere quantity of
brain-work which is the chief factor in
the production of disease. The emotional
condition under which the work is per
formed is afar more important matter. A
man of trained mental habits can bear
with safety an almost incredible amount
of brain-toil, provided he is permitted to
work without distraction or excitement,
in the absence of disquieting cares and
anxieties. It is not brain-work, in fact,
that kills, but brain-worry.
That the effects of worry are more to be
dreaded than those of simple hard work
is also evident from noting the classes of
persons who suffer most from the effects
of mental overstrain. The case-book of
the physician shows that it is the specula
tor, the betting man, the railway manager,
the great merchant, the superintendent of
large manufacturing or commercial
works, who most frequently exhibit the
symptoms of cerebral exhaustion. Mental
cares accompanied with suppressed emo
tion, occupations liable to great vicissi
tudes of fortune, and those which involve
the bearing on the mind a multiplicity of
intricate details, eventually break down
the lives of the strongest.
It will appear, then, from what we have
said, that brain-work, even hard brain
work, does not necessarily conduce to dis
ease. If, in a given case, it is produc
tive of this result, it will invariablv be
found, on investigation, that the wort has
been done under injurious emotional con
ditions, such as the distractions arising
from anxiety hurry, or the pressing sense
of responsiDility. Of all the organs of
the body, the brain is the hardiest, the
most capable of exceeding its ordinary
duties with impunity. Any extraordinary
exertion thrown on the other organs is
sooner or later emphatically resented.
The quality of the brain which is most
conservative of its health is its versatility.
One part of the organ may be fresh,
while another is jaded, and it has the
power of resting in parts that are ex
hausted while it continues active in those
parts that are still vigorous. One of the
secrets of safe continued brain-work is to
vary frequently the kind of mental -occu
pation. This is a species of mental eym
nastics by which all parts of the organ of
thought are exercised in turn. Even in
many cases of cerebral exhaustion change
of work is probably preferable to complete
cessation from mental toil. The mine
cannot lie long fallow without bringing
forth weeds. Through want of employ
ment it becomes relaxed in tone, less
amenable to discipline, and less fitted lor
steady work.—Christian Weekly.
If is permitted to few men or companies
to achieve acknowledged superiority in
any important position or business. The
present generation has witnessed stu
pendous rivalry in several branches of in
dustry, and notably the Sewing Machine
business. Amid a multitude of compet
itors, steadily and surely the Wheeler &
Wilson Company held their way from the
beginning, upon fixed and honorable prin
ciples. Long since, their leading position
in America was established. Abroad, at
London, in 1862, they won the highest
premiums at Paris, in 1867, they dis
tanced eighty-two competitors, and were
awarded the highest premium, the only
Gold Medal for Sewing Machines exhib
ited and lastly, amid unparalleled com
petition, followed the splendid triumphs
at Vienna, noted in our advertising col
An Interesting Railway Decision.
An important case was tried in the Som
erset County Court, New Jersey, recently,
the result of which will be of particular
interest to railroad companies and to
passengers who may meet with accidents.
John Knable, the plaintiff, received in
juries on Dec. 21, 1871, while riding
in the rear car of a train on he Connells
ville Railroad, a bruised rail having
thrown the car down an embankment into
the river. It was shown to the court that
the repair-master of the division on which
the accident occurred had been notified
of the defective rail. In the instruction to
the jury the Court held that when an acci
dent happens and a passenger is injured,
the presumption is- against the carrier,
and that the defendant must remove it by
showing that there was no negligence. On
the question as to what the law requires
in regard to the structure of railroads, the
Court substantially charged as follows:
The road must be constructed of the
best materials in the best known manner.
It must be safe and sufficient beyond
uestion, in view of the business to be
upon it. The ties must be sound
and strong, well laid and well fastened.
The road iu its structure must
be up to the standard. The ut
most care and vigilance is required of
the company in keeping it in repair. It
must be kept in the best condition. It
must not be suffered to be out of repair
for a moment longer than the utmost dila
gence requires. It must be always is
good as new, as good as the best. The
railroad company is bound to keep hands
enough and of such quality as to keep the
road in the best order. Not to have the
road up to the standard indicated is neg
ligence. The slightest neglect to keep it
in this condition, if hurt or loss occurs to
any one, will render the company liable.
If injury results from a defect in the road
the carrier can relieve himself from re
ponsibility only by showing that the de
fect was one which could not be discov
ered or cured by any attainable skill, fore
sight or intelligence.
On the question of damage the Court
affirmed the point of counsel to plaintiff
in this regard, which is to the eflect that
the plaintiff can only recover such com
pensation for loss and damage as the evi
dence clearly proves him to have sus
tained, not exceeding $3,000. The jury
rendered a verdict for the plaintiff for
If animals when in a wild state are
guided by an infallible instinct In regard
to eating and drinking, they lose this
instinct after a few generations of domes
tication. We are disposed to believe,
however, that innumerable wild horses
and cattle perish from imprudence in this
respect. Certainly our domestic live
stock cannot be trusted to select its own
hours if we expect to bring it to a high
state ol perfection. Especially is this true
in regard to drinking cold water in the
winter. It is too often the practice to
turn a stable-full of cattle out into the
yard on a cold morning, and allow them
to crowd by turns to the trough, the weak
being of course kept away to the last, all
standing about chilled and uncomfortable,
to their direct disadvantage in loss of
flesh and appetite. An animal will often
refuse to drink the ice-cold water of a
trough early in the morning, and this is
possibly a bit of prudence taught it by
that instinct to which we have just, rather
incredulously, referred. The fact is that
animals whose whole systems are in har
mony with the comparatively warm air of
the stable are quite unfit to go at once into
the freezing temperature of a winter
morning, and still less in a state to chill
their organs of digestion and assimilation
by a half-bucket or so of ice-water. If it
is impracticable to water them in the
The Patent Combination Lock.
Mr. Rafferty, of Darby, has less faith in
the Patent Combination Lock" than
formerly had. He bought one a few weeks
ago and placed it upon the front door of
his store. He chuckled as he went to bed
that night, to think how he had check
mated the fraternity of burglars. But in
the morning he forgot the combination
by which the key was to be fixed, and
when he tried to open the lock he couldn't.
He worked at it all that day, and during
the entire week he had locksmiths down
from the city endeavoring to pick the
lock and meanwhile his business was
entirely suspended and his customers all
went to the rival store over the way.ties
Finally he got a fence rail, and, leveling
it like a battering-ram, he broke the door
to splinters. When he got in he found
that burglars had had one of the back
windows open for four nights, and had
nearly cleaned the place out while he was
agonizing over that lock. There have
been madder men in Darby than Rafferty,
but very few who have felt so mad all
over, from toe nails to hair, as Rafferty
does now.—Max Adeler.
—It is gratifying to learn that the sav
ings banks in New York are receiving
largely increased deposits from persons
of small means. This looks as if the hard
times had spent their force, and, although
there is doubtless a good deal of destitu
tion, these evidences of frugality and
thrift among the laboring classes are cer
tainly encouraging. It will be well if the
experiences of this winter are turned to
account in greater economy and provi
dence among those classp&^who are in
especial need of them. ^I**ir'
IT is said that the limits of microscopic
investigations have been reached.
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
—Warts may be removed with kerosen
oil. Apply it daily with a camel hair
pencil. ,They will generally disappear in
about two weeks.
—Asthma is sometimes cured with a
mixture of two ounces of the best honey
and one ounce of castor-oil. Take a tea
spoonful night and morning.
—Alum water is good for frosted feet.
Bathe with it every night before going to
bed. It will generally remove all pain
aud soreness in three or four days.
—Plain Tea Cake—Two eggs beat
whites and yolks separately one cup
sugar one-half cup butter one cup milk
one large teaspoonful baking powder
flour to stiffen. Lemon one teaspoon
bake in a quick oven.
—Isinglass Jelly.—Boil one ounce of
isinglass shavings with a slice of brown
bread crust and a handful of Jamaica
peppers, in one quart of water, until it
is reduced to a pint. Strain into a
A a of is
taken in milk ig a good tonic for dys
—Pain Killer.—Alcohol, one quart
gum guaiac, one ounce gum myrrh, one
half ounce gum camphor, one-half ounce
pulverized Cayenne pepper, one-half
ounce. Mix. Shake occasionally for ten
days, and filter or let settle tor use.
Apply freely to surface pains. Dose, one
teaspoonful for internal pains, and repeat
according to necessities.
—Genuine Erasive Soap.—Two pounds
of good Castile soap half a pound of
carbonate of potash, dissolved in half a
pint of hot water. Cut the soap in thin
slices, boil the soap with the potash until
it is thick enough to mold in cakes also
add alcohol, half an ounce camphor, half
an ounce hartshorn, half an ounce color
with half an ounce of pulverized char
coal. This i9 excellent for removing
grease, etc., from clothing.
—A Favorite Sauce for Puddings or
Rolls —Cream six ounces of butter until
light and white as possible then stir in
gradually the same weight of finely-pul
verized white sugar. It looks very invit
ing made up into the shape of a little pyr
amid, thickly strewn with grated nutmeg.
In addition you may use at pleasure
vanilla or any other seasoning you prefer.
How to Make an Orchard.
In commencing to make an orchard
bear ii maid that it is not for a day or a
year, but for a lifetime, and if we make
mistakes it may take years to find them
out and many years more to correct them.
We should, therefore, consider carefully
what we will plant, and where and how
we will plant to bring the best returns.
A small orchard well tended is worth
more than a large one that is neglected,
and no one should plant more than he can
Select, if possible, the highest ground
on the farm for your orchard site and have
itnatuially or artificially drained so that
water will never stand about the roots.
The soil should be well prepared by a
thorough and deep plowing the fall be
Having the ground selected and pre
pared for the orchard, go to the nearest
reliable nursery and get the trees fresh
from the ground. If not convenient to go
to the nursery, make up a club with your
neighbors, and select the trees or send
your older to some reliable man. If vou
cannot find any better way to get your
trees buy of a peddler rather than go
without, though it is much the better way
to buy direct from the man who grows
stable, the door should be left open for a the rows, and raise the earth about the
ft v« *v* 1 r- 1 Jl 11
whilIe that th animals. ma.y. b^eA gradually
prepared for the change in temperature.
It is said that if two milch cows are
watered in the morning, one from the
trough and the other with water from
which the chill has been taken, a differ
ence will very soon be noticed in favor of
We notice by the way a plan practiced
by the editor of the Working Farmer,
whereby he prevents the ice from form
ing to an inconvenient thickness in his
out-of-doors watering-trough. When he
goes to his barn to see that all is safe
for the night, he breaks a hole through
the thin ice which has usually formed by
that time, and lowersthe water by dipping
out three or four quarts. The whole proc
ess of freezing has then to be repeated,
and in the morning there are two thin
coats of ice which may be readily broken
up, and will generally melt in the course
of a few hours. To the inquiring mind it
will at once occur that by having a faucet
or a movable plug at the bottom of the
trough the ice-breaking and dipping
process may be dispenced with. An un
broken sheet of ice on top will be a more
effectual check against farther freezing
than a sheet witrTa hole in it, though it
may be best to make an opening with the
point of a nail or knife to prevent the ice
from breaking by atmospheric pressure
when the water is removed from below.
Do not expose the roots to sun or air,
and as soon as ou get them bury them
in moist earth, taking out only as wanted
for planting. Never dig large, deep holes
for water to stand in under the trees, but
have the ground all well worked. Throw
out enouerh earth to give the roots ample
room to set your trees in and fill up care
fully with fine mellow earth, pressing it
firmly about the roots. The planting
should be done when the ground is in
good order for working and not too wet
if dry, water when the earth is nearly
filled in, and then fill up with dry earth
to prevent baking.
On good soil, not too light but well
drained, plant two or three inches deeper
than the trees grew in the nursery. If
the soil is tenacious and not well drained
plant almost on top and ridge up to th ?m,
leaving dead furrows for drains between
i?_ 1 1_
trees thre o— four inches, so willi
stand deeper than they grew.
In a light, sandy, well-drained soil
plant five to six inches deeper than the
My experience teaches me that the best
time to plant is in the spring before the
growth starts, but it will do to plant until
the buds are fairly opened.—Kansas
THE Calhoun (Ga.) Times of a recent
date produces the following: One even
ing during last week several little shavers
were sporting near the new residence
being erected for Mr. Ferguson, when
one of them threw at a hog that stood
near a window a small stone, which did
not hit the hog but broke a window light.
What did the little fellow do? Did he,
like George Washington, go and tell the
workmen 'It is I who broke the glass?'
Not much. He calmly walked up to one
of them and said, his face the very pic
ture of innocence: 'Lor, Mr. Eason, did
you see that hog kick out that window
glass Mr. Eason couldn't see it without
the aid of eye-glasses."
O N A E W I A O a in
the whole category of diseases to which hu
manity is susceptible, the cough is most neg
lected in its early stage. A simple cough is
generally regarded as a temporary affliction
unpleasant and nothing more but to those
who have paid dearly for experience, it is the
signal for attack for the most fearful of all
diseases—Consumption. A cough will lead to
consumption—if not checked—so sure as the
rivulet leads to the river, yet it is an easy ene
my to thwart, if met by the proper remedy.
Allen's Lung Baham is the great cough rem
edy of the age, and it has earned its reputation
bv merit alone. Sold by all good druggists.
THE Washington correspondent of the
St. Louis Republican expresses the opin
ion that if newspapers had then existed
Alexander the Great would have been
historiographed in more subdued colors
than he has come down to us."
SIXTY THOUSAND DOLLARS' worth of appa
ratus and appliances for the cure of deformi
are annually made and applied at the Na
tional Su.gical Institute, Indianapolis, Ind.
It has the greatest reputation of any institu
tion in the Union for the successful treatment
of all kinds of human deformities, Paralysis,
Piles, Fistula, Catarrh and Chron.'4 Diseases.
Their large journal will be sent free to any
address upon application.
THE New York Weekly Witness, at One
Dollar per annum, is the best Weekly
newspaper in America. It has increased
in circulation ten-fold within a year.
The New York Daily Witness, at Three
Dollars, is best for business men. Send
(by postal card) for sample copies.
IT is a rare thiog that physicians give any
countenance to a medicine the manufacture
of which is a secret. About the only excep
tion we know of is Johnson's Anodyne Lini
ment. This, we believe, all indorse, and many
of them use it in their practicewith great suc
PERSONS requiring purgatives or pills should
be careful what they buy. Some pills not only
cause griping pains, but leave the bowels in a
torpid, costive state. Parsons' Purgative Pills
will relieve the bowels and cleanse the blood
without injury to the system.
A Wrong Cwatom Corrected.
It is quite generally the custom to take
strong liver stimulants for the cure of liver
complaint, and J»oth the mineral and vegetable
kiugdomg have been' diligently searched to
procure the most drasticand poisonous purga
tives, in order to produce a powerful effect
upon the liver, and arouse the lagging and en
feebled organ. This systemof treatment is on
thesamepiinciple as that of giving a weak
and debilitated man large portions of brandy
to enable him to do a certain amount of work.
When th«stimulant iswithheld, the organ, like
the system, gradually relapses into a more
torpid or Bluggibh and weakened condition
than before. What then is wanted? Medicines,
that, while they cause the bile to flow freelv
from the liver, as that organ is toned into ac
tion, will not overwork and thus debilitate it,
but will, when their use is discontinued, leave
the liver strengthened aud healthy.
BERGEN, Genesee Co., N. Y., March 23,1871.
Dr. R. V. PIERCE:
Dear Sir—Your treatment in my case has
been quite successful and satisfactory, and for
which I desire to express my gratitude. I
have been troubled with a disordered Liver
and Catarrh and general weakness for a good
many years, and was failing slowly all the
time, and last August I called on you and got
some of your Golden Medical Discovery and
Dr. Sage's Catanh Remedy, and one of your
Natal Injectors, and since that time I have
been improving and am now better than I
have been iu years, not having had the sick
headache in months, which I used to have to
average once a week, the Golden Medical Dis
covery being the principal medicine used. It
has worked wonders in my case, and I recom
mend it to those similarly afflicted. Let me
express gratitude to you for euch invaluable
Truly and gratefully yours,
WM. F. CRITTENDEN.
PATENT MEDICINES.—That there are
some good patent medicines no intelligent
man dare for a moment deny and pre
eminent is the great California hero med
icine, VINEG\H BITTEBS, discovered by
Dr. J. WALKER, a prominent physician of
San Francisco. This medicine, although
called Bitters, is not to be classed among
the vile fancy drinks" recommended and
sold over the bar by rum-venders, but is a
combination of pure herbalistic extracts,
known to possess bterling medicinal qual
ities, and is compounded without the use
in any shape of spirits. Its action upon
the internal system is not stimulating to
the extent that alcoholic poison is, but it
at once attacks blood-impurities, and by
removing the original cause destroys the
germs of disease and invites returning
health. Its action upon the stomach and
liver renders it an almost certain specific
in the most stubborn cases of dyspepsia,
and in truth imparts new life and vigor to
the whole system. It is one of the best
medicines ever invented. 32
THE LITTLE CORPORAL MAGAZINE.—
The serial story, The Lucky Stone," by Emily
Huntington Miller, is continued in the March num
ber, as is also Life on an Island," by Helen C.
Weeks. There are also several short original
stones and sketches, with appropriate illustrations.
"Prudy's Pocket" is well filled with letters from
little folks, and the Work and Play" Department
contains several interesting puzzles. Great in
ducements are offered to agents, who meet with
good success canvas-big for this popular youths'
magazine. The subscription price is $150 per
year, for which sum beautiful chromos are also
furnished. Single number fifteen cents. Address
JOHN E. MILLER, Publisher, Chicago, 111.
Years E of a Ol
MRS. WIJJSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP is the prescrlp
tlon of one ofthe best Female Phj sicians and Nurses
in the United States, and has been used for thirty
years with never-failing safety and success by mill
ions of mothers and children, from the feeble infant
of one week old to the adult. It corrects acidity ol
the stomach, relieves wind colic, regulates the bow
els, and gives rest, health, and comfort to mother and
child. We believe it to be the Best and Surest Reme
dy in the orU in all cases of DYSENTERY and
DIARRHCEA IN CHILDREN, whethei it arises from
Teething or from any other cause. Full directions
for usin will accompany each bottle. None Genuine
unless the fac-simile of CURTIS & PERKINS Is on
the outside wrapper.
SOLD ALL MEDICINE DEALERS.
O ok a a S
From no other cause than having worms in the stom
BROWN'S VERMIFUGE COMF11S
will destroy Worms without injury to the child, being
perfectly WHITE, and free from loring or other
injurious ingredients usually used In worm prepara
CURTIS & BROWN, Proprietors,
No. 215 Fulton street, New York.
Sold by Druggists and Chemists, and Dealers if
Medicines, at TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A BOX.
N O I N E E said Dr. John Ware, of
Boston, than Cutler Bros.* celebrated VEGETABLE
ULMONABY BALSAM,for Coldsand Consumption.
E N I I N O A E I S E S
ear you a the a is
In this paper
Bronchitis, Asthma, and Croup.
As an Expectorant it has No Equal.
It is composed of the active principles of roots and
plants, which are chemically extracted, so as to retain
all their medical qualities.
ALLEN'S LUNG BALSAM.
is at in a Offered
or S a a A
Its good qualities were soon made known at home,
and very-soon its fame was noised far and near, now
it Is sola in nearly every drug store in the United
States. No similar medicine stands higher with the
people. It is well known on the Pacific coast, and
even from Australia large orders are received for it.
And throughout Canada it is well and favorably
known, and sold everywhere.
Ministers and Public Speakers,
Who are so often afticted with throat diseases, will
find a sure remedy in this Balsam. Lozenges and
Wafers sometimes give relief, but this Balsam, taken
a few times, will insure a permanent cure.
Will all those afflicted with Coughs or Consumption
give this Balsam a fair trial? They will be pleased
With the result, and confess that the S E E
E I S O N A A S
REA THE~FOLLOWINC I
What the St. Louis Journal has to say:
READ AND REFLECT.—To such as may desire a rem
edy for this curse of humanity, Consumption, Allen's
Lung Balsam gives the anchor of hope.
Allen's Lung Balsam lias been tried oy thousands,
who give evidence, not only by writing testimonials,
that they have been cured, but by their physical ap
The recommendations this valuable remedy has re
ceived from those who know the good it has done for
them, place Allen's Lung Balsam in the front rank of
the healing and life-restoring remedies of this century.
CATTTION.-Be not deceived. Call for ALLEN'S
LUM* BALSAM, and take no other.
l^fDirections accompany each bottle.
J. N. A I S & Co., Cincinnati, O.. Proprietors,
For Sale by all Medicine Dealers*
SPLENDI AN UNPftRALLELC
Sewing Machine Co.,
N E W YORK,
Over Eighty-one Competitors,
WORLD'SEXPOSITION, VIENNA, 1873, &e.
he I a
Orde ot a is conferred by
His Apostolic Majesty the Emperor of Austria
upon the Honorable Nathaniel wheeler, President
of the Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine Compa
ny, as the founder and builder of Sewing Machine
9. The Grand Diploma of Honor, recom
mended by the International Jury for this Sewing
Machine Company only, for their important con
tributions to the material and social welfare of
3 a a for awarded
for their New No. 6 Sewing Machine, being for
progress made since the Paris Exposition of 1867,
at which the only Gold Medal tor Sewing Ma
chines was awarded to this Company. Hence the
Vienna award marks Progress not from a low
level or Inferior medal, but from a Gold Medal,
the highest award made at Paris.
4 a a for it for the de
velopment of Needle Industry and excellence and
superiority of manufa jtured samples exhibited.
5* A. a a for it for excellence
and superiority of Cabinet work, the only award
of the kind in this section.
0o a for S a Co-operators of the
Wheeler & Wilson Company for superior ability.
7 Official published by the Gen
eral Direction of the Vienna Exposition, signalizes
the supremacy of the Wheeler & Wilson Company
for quantity ai quality of manufacture, and po
sition in the Sewing Machine business as follows
OFFICIAL REPORT, VIEiTNA EXPOSITION, SEW.
ING MACHINES, &C.
The greatest Sewing Machine Manufactory in the
world is that of Wheeler & Wilsos, New York, which
alone has brought already over 900,000 of their Sew
ing Machines into practical use. -The complete pro
duction of the parts by machinery Is so regulated that
each complete machine may be used as a sample for
exhibition This firm produces 600 well-adjusted ma
The latest production of this firm, and which is
the wonder of the Vienna Exposition, is their new No.
6 Sewing Machine. This universal machine sews the
heaviest leather harness and the finest gauzes with a
truly pearl stitch.
"Wheeler & Wilson have received the highest
prizes at ail World's Expositions, and at the Vienna
Exposition were extraordinarily distinguished."
Further Distinguished Honors.
W W S
To all persons suffering
from Rheumatism, Neuralgia,
Cramps in the limbs or stom-
ach, Bilious Colic, Pain in the
back, bowels or side, we would
say TH E HOUSEHOLD PANACEA
AND FAMILY LINIMENT is of all
others the remedy you want
for internal and external use.
It has cored the above com-
There Is no mistake about it.
Try it. Sold by all Druggists.
A A I I For the Grandest
A I I Iff A N I E Book published.
YOUMA\»S DICTIOJJABY of EVERV-DAY WANTS,
containing: 8O,Q0O RECEIPTS (bona fide numbers-be
ware bogus imitations). Intensely interesting, at
tractive and useful to ALL CLASSES, saving money
daUy to every buyer. Selling faster than any other
three books combined I One Agent has already sold
over2.000copies! 16-page circular and terms free.
Address F. A. HUTCUISSON & Co., CHICAGO, 1 1 1
I N S A N E I E a A A
a a Cur for he A 3 I IVB A
Immediate relief guaranteedbyusingmy Asthma rem
edy. Isuflercdl2years,notlying down for weeks at a
time.but am now rNTTBELY CURED. Scntbymall on
receipt ot price, S I per box. Ask your Druggist for
it. CHAS. B. HURST, Rochester, Beaver Co., Pa,
Send S1.00 to S. S. BLOOM, Shelby, Ohio.
for Often'* Lightning Calculator.
BALTIMORE, Md„ October 81,1873.
The MABYLANP INSTITUTE has awarded WHEEL
ER & WILSON the OOLD MEDAL for their New No. 6
Sew ing Machine. Other Sewing Machines received
N EW YOBE, Sept. 15,1873,
THE GRAND MEDAL OF HONOR
American Institute, New York,
Was unanimously Tccommended by judges
of Sewing Machines for
WHEELER & WILSON'S
NEW No. 6 SEWING MACHINE,
as being a decided improvement over all other ma
chines In the market," and which must revolution
ize certain branches of industry, especially in Shoe
and Harness Manufacturing."
S AVJU. AH, November 4,1873.
At the GEORGIA STATE F*IR a SILVER MEDAL,
the highest and only premium for Leather Stitching,
was awai ded to WHEELER in WILSON for samples
done on their New No. 6 Sewing Machines."
Principal Office, No. 625 Broadway,
3 S E W O
Agencies in All the Principal Cities of th« World,
AGENTS WANTED FOB THE
HISTORY OF THE
FARMER'S WAR AGAINST MONOPOLIES.
Being a full and authentic account of the struggles
of the American Farnu rs against the extortions of
the Bailroad Companies, witn a history of the rise
and progress of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry,
Its objects and prospects. It sells at sight. Sendfor
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sells faster than any other book. Address NATIONAL
PUBLISHING CO., Chicago, 111. or St. Louis Mo.
A I 1 1 A Unscrupulous publishers have taken
I I ad\ antagc of the great demand for
this History of the Grange Movement, to issue unreli
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riculturalnewtpiipet \. Do not be imposed upon. See
that the book ou buy is indorsed by the leading
FROM $10 TO $35 PER DAY.
r. A S E S N E W E E I O O
Agents wanted in every Tow and County in the iuttd
States and Canada to cam ass for the IV EYV BOOK.
byDr A. W Chase, entitled "Dr. Chase's Family
Phj sician, Farrier, Bee-Keeper and Second Receipt
Book," just published, and sold by subscription 1 his
is the best-selling book e\er offered to agents It con
tains 644 closely-printed octavo pages, is elegantly
bound in cloth, and the price is only W O O
A S Sample copies sent postpaid upon receipt
of price. For circulars giving terms, etc address the
CHASE PUBLISHING COMPANY,
No. 4:3 Jcllcrson Street, Toledo, Ohio.
IS A PURE
JSH^LCK: E A
«ith the Green Tea flavor. War
1 anted to suitalltastis. Pors.ik
eter} where Andforsalc whole
silc onlvbj the 01 re it Almtiei.
PiuticTeiCo ,3"and37 Vescy
street,N, Y. P.O. Box5'06.
Si ndfor'Ihea Nectir Circular
aloguefor 1874 will
be sent free to Agents on application.
N E W A S A S O
MO, & Our new Maps of INDIANA,
ILLINOIS, OHIO and JflCHIG AN are
the best and cheapest published.
E. C. BBIDGMAN,
5 Barclay Streets New York.
E A I lOODecalcomaniaor Trans
I A W 1 1 er Pictures postpaid for 50
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A variety of pictures, catalogue and instructions sent
for 10 cents. AGENTS WANTED
J. L. PATTEN & CO 71 Pine street, New York.
O I E
for circular TRUSS
FS of .ill kinds, AH
DOMINAI, SUPPORTER^. SHOt'LDLR Bit \ChS,
CRU1CHES, all kinds of Instrimunts foi DFIORM
ITIES, SILK ELASTIC Si Of MNGb.BODi BEL1S,
&C. OK A. OT.1V,
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or a having spare timejn selling oui N
Ao fancy or transietitworl, but a necessity to :ill
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eis. ok A seeking something and
a in aud a haMng any spate time for
pie isant work, without rihk, write at once for com
plete 16 page descripti\ccireuhirandlib«Talterrn»
to F. A.TIUTCHINSON & CO Chicago, 111.
walocitl Truth Tnumphantl Agents,
oldnnd voung, male ana female, make
more money selling our French and
For Treatment until Cured. Call on or address
DR C. BECK. Cincinnati. O.
A A wanted for the great RECEIPT book,
A I I O a of in W
in or E 000 wants supplied.
for E in A booic that 35-* cry
body W a «plrnrt\d O O E E
A A W S Continental Pub Co. St Louis.
plaints in thousands of cases.
two nnTtbin elM ndli th*J
Diamon Catwra Remedy!
onm lb wont CUM af Ntull
•»rrh It reliens «ld ml
hra cteansing and bod I
|"Ou(ht to t» la arerj fuul
•ly," My. one.whs tried
lit. At Proprietor.' ezpeiu.
•any dn^gitt ia authoriied
luarantre satisfaction or
•fund tno money Prioor
•eta Sold by an SchaMk
•SteTOuoa IWiJ, Cbicag5o
AGE5TS wanted in town and
I Jk% -Country to sell TEA, or get np club or
for the largest Tea Company In
America. Importers' prices and inducements to
Agents. Bend for Circular. Address
ROBERT "WELLS, 43 Vesey St., N. Y. P. O. Box 1287.
E O O W N I N E A and know it
pure. Easily prepared and cheap. Send SO cts.
and 3-ccnt stamp for full directions. J. A. MORRELL
Physician and Chemist 96 John street, N. Y.
I A AGENTS—J or Dr. Cornell's Dollar
I E Family faptr—Religion and Health
•united—TA splendid premlvrr- to every subscriber—
nnth ng ike 11 tfoe.countrj —a rare chance—particu
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1 4 4 School Teachers Wanted
To engage, during the spring and summer, in a busi
ness in their own coanties.^paylngS190a«r
Address ZIEGLEC,Mgctifufr 4 CoTcScigO,nUL.
THE FIRST VOLUME OT
MURRAY HILL SERIES.
Science" in Story?
S A S E O O O
Sponsle, tlie Troublesome Monkey,
By E. B. Foote, M. D., author of "Medical Common
Sense' "Plain Home Talk," etc., etc.
This series Is Intended mora
particularly lor the young. An
atomy, Physiology and Hygiene
are inextricably mixed with a
comic story of a physician's
door* boy and mischievous
monkey. The former is bent
upon learning all (tie Doctor
knows, while the latter lainvari
ably turning up in the most in
opportune manner and putting
everybody and everything Into a
complicated muddle. The series
is intended to surpilse the young
mind with facte relating to the
human system and its needs,
while at the same tune it ia sur
prising the reader with the un
accountable pranks ol an animal
which understands nothing but
mischief. The volumes will give
a general knowledge ofthe hu
man body—Its organs, functions
and necessities,and will plant in
the young mind sufficient inter
est in these important subjects
to ead it to further Inquiry and
Older ones wholhave little or
no knowledge or themselves,
and no time for studying techni
cal books, will also llnd this se
ries entertaining and instruc
Vol. I. now ready. It contains
about 230 pages, square 16mo.,
tinted paper over sixty pen and
ink illustrations by Henry L.
Stephensj bound In extra cloth.
The first volume will be fol
lowed quarterly by others (the
series not exceeding five vol
umes), containing about the
same number of pages and illus
trations, andat the same price
per volume. Vol. I. treats of
Bones, Cartilages, Muscles, etc.
VoL II. will treat of the Circu
lation Vol. III. of the Nervous
System, etc. Contents table sent
free to any address. The series
will be sold only bv subscription.
AGENTS WANTED EVERY
WHERE. Experienced agents
will find these volumes just the
things to sell these times. Send
for our circulars and you will be
A I I S I N CO.
1 3 9 E a 3 8 S
"THE THRESHER OFTHE PERIOD.'
This is the famous I A O E S E
which has created such a re\olution in the trade
and become E VBLI&HED as the
"leading Thrcbhci of this dav and generation.
Move than se\en thousand pmrliascisand ninety
thou'sind Ri un u-cispioiiounce these machines
EN IRI 11 M.yi vii 11) lor gram sa\ing, time
sJMiig,and mone\ ikiiiC.
feizes a 2 4 2 8
in 3 2 ii a 3 6 in in
C, S, 1 0 a 1 2 1 lorise
A so S a a
pree*.ly Jo S am a I
O A E S E A E N I N E S or
S am a in
All iieison- intending to liny Threshing Ma
chines, oi Scpiiatoi-s "alone," or Horse Powers
".done," as. ell a» Grt N WSTR S A N I'ARM
ERS who want then gram tlne«lied, «a\edand
cleaned to the best ad\ antage, ai in\ ited to send
for our new foit\ page IUu-tiated Pamphlet
and Cue ul us (sevtfiee') f,ningfull partKulais
about the-o in cd Mat limes and other infor
mat ion valuable to iaiineis and thre&hermen.
XICHOLS, S E A & CO.,
Battle Ci eek, Afirh
Amrf I OvLre.
W I S O N S
Carbolated Cod Liver 09
Is a scientific combination of two well-known men*
cines. Its theory isflist to arrest the deray, then
build up the system. Phys'cians find the doctrine cor
rect. The really startling cures performed by ill
eon's Oil are proof.
Ca?'bolw Aoid ponhrcly arrest? Decar. It is the
most powerful antiseptic in the known world. Fn
terlng into the circulation, it at once grapples with
con uption, and uecay ceases. It purifies the sources
0»i Li I ,-?• Oil is Future's best assistant in resisting
a in he in to a a is
sold best is Ti epareu by
H.WIL.I.SO1S, 8 3 St., N
w—,.n™T »^,*. 5 HUULBl & EDSALL,CHICAGO
"So Much Insurance for So I Money,"
ST. LOUIS LIFE
A STRONG STOCK COMPANY.
Wants Competent Agents in All Unoeenpied Territory.
Addres he a a of Ageiayies,
S I O I I S
MILLIONS OF ACRES
I3ST N E A S A
NOW FOR SALE VERY CHEAP.
Ten Years' Credit. Interest Only 6 per cent.
Descriptive Pamphlets, with Sectional Maps, sent Free.
A handsome Illustrated Paper, containing the Horn*
stead Law, mailed free to all parts of the world.
Address O. F. DAVIS, Land Commissioner U. P. R.
O E S I E I I N E
LAURI E & McCLATCHEY.
0 1 1 1
American Jewelry, Boote »nd Games,
than at anything else. Greatest induce-
ments to Agent* and Purchasers. Catniojnics, Terms, and full
particulars sent free to all. P. O. VICKEEv, Augusta, Maue.
O E A I
only known an
S E E E
•***on within tnree years just received,
us the most complete and reliable work In print:
1,037 pages, substantially bound, price $5. A mahog
any case with complete set of 1W medirincs for »12.
Book and case sent to any pait of the Lutted States
and Canada on receipt of t!7. N. -Jt saves twice
itse cost in every family vtuli children each year. Ad-
.v O E I E & A E
Homoeopathic Pharmacy, 115 Grand bt. Kew York.
Business established in 1835
b«i.D Foat DESCRIPTIVE CIBCULAB. I
S POTATOES —N'ew kind, without an equal
large, sound less bups, enormous yield,
excellent quality. Pure seed, lbrl. $7.50,1 bush. *3 By
malMJbs $1. li 50c. .7 MOXLKY.OWOSSO. Mich
Dr. J. Walker's California Vin
egar Bitters area purely Vegetable
preparation, made chieflyfromthe na-
tr. herbs found on the lower ranges of
tue Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor
nia, the medicinal properties of which
are extracted therefrom without the use
of Alcohol. The question is almost
daily asked, "What is the cause of the
unparalleled success of VINEGAR I
TERS?" Our answer is, that they remova
the cause of disease, and the patient re
covers his health. They are the great
blood purifier and a life-giving principle,
a perfect Renovator and Invigorator
of the system. Never before in the
history of the world has a medicine been
compounded possessing the remarkable
qualities of VINEGAR BITTERS in healing the
Bick tf every disease man is heir to. They
are a gentle Purgative as well as a Tonic,
relieving Congestion or Inflammation of
the Liver and. Visceral Organs, in Bilious
The properties of
VINEGAR BITTERS are ^erient, Diaphoretic,
Carminative, Nutritious, Laxative, Diuretic,
Sedative, Counter-irritant, Sudorific, Altera
live* and Anti-Bilious.
Grateful Thousands proclaim VIN
the most wonderful In
vigorant that ever sustained the sinking
No Person can take these Bitters
according to directions, and remain long
unwell, provided their bones are not de
stroyed by mineral poison or other
means, and vital organs wasted beyond
Bilious. Remittent and Inter
mitten Fevers, which are so preva
lent in the valleys of our great rivers
throughout the United States, especially
those of the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri,
Illinois, Tennessee, Cumberland, Arkan
sas, Red, Colorado, Brazos, Rio Grande,
Pearl, Alabama, Mobile, Savannah, Ro
anoke, James, and many others, with
their vast tributaries, throughout our
entire country during the Summer and
Autumn, and remarkably so during sea
sons of unusual heat and dryness, are
invariably accompanied by extensive de
rangements of the stomach and liver,
and other abdominal viscera. In their
treatment, a purgative, exerting a pow
erful influence upon these various or
gans, is essentially necessary. There
is no cathartic for the purpose equal to
DR J? WALKER'S VIXEGAR BITTERS,
as they will speedily remove the dark
colored viscid inatter with which tha
bowels are loaded, at the same tima
stimulating the secretions of the liver,
and generally restoring the healthy
functions cf the digestive organs.
Fortify the body against disease
by purifying all its fluids with VINEGAR
BITTERS. NO epidemic can take hold
of a system thus fore-armed.
Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Head
ache, Pain in the Shoulders, Coughs,
Tightness of the Chest, Dizziness, Sour
Eructations of the Stomach, Bad Taste
in the Mouth, Bilious Attacks, Palpita
tation of the Heart, Inflammation of the
Lungs, Pam :n the region of the Kid
neys, and a hundred other painful symp
toms, are tbe offsprings of Dyspepsia
One bottle will prove a better gudi antee
of its merits than a lengthy advertise*
Scrofufa, or King's Evil, White
Swellings, Ulcers, Er^ hipelas. Swelled Xeck,
Goitre, Scrofulous Inflammations, Indolent
Inflammations, Mercurial Affections, Old
Sores, Eruptions ofthe Skiu, Sore Eyes, etc.
In these, as in all other constitutional Dis
eases, WALKER'S VINEGAR BITTEKS have
shown their great curative powers in the
most obstinate and intractable cases.
For Inflammatory and Chronic
Rheumatism, Gout, Bilious, Remit
tent and Intermittent Fevers, Diseases of
the Blood, Liver, Kidneys and Blaader,
these Bitters have no equal. Such Diseases
are caused by Vitiated Blood.
Mechan4eal Diseases.—Persons en
gaged in Paints aud Minerals, SUCH as
Plumbers, Type-setters, Gold-beaters, and
Miners, as they advance in life, are subject
to paralysis of the Bowels. To guard
against this, take a dose of "WALKER'S VIN
EGAR BITTERS occasionally.
Fo Ski Diseases, Eruptions, Tet
ter, Salt-Rheum, Blotches. Spots, Pimples,
Pustules, Boils, Carbuncles, Ring-worms,
Scald-head, Sore Eyes, Erysipelas, Itch,
Scurfs, Discolorations of the Skin, Humors
and Diseases of the Skin of whatever name
or nature, are literally dug up and carried
out of the S3'stem in a &hort time by the use
of these Bitters.
BUY J. & P. COATS' BUCK THREAD for voor MACHINE.
A N INSECT POWDER FOR
'Bats, Alice, Roaches, Ants, Bed-bugs, Moths, &c.
F. HEMtl, CUItltAN &C0., N Y., Sole Agents.
AGENTS SEND YOUR ADDRESS.
*ntFrce. O E E
A A A
159jClairEs Street a I
DR. WHITTIER, «*/^*5«ffi2^.
Oonaultatloan orupamphlet free.
A N If t" "'^,
Novelty Co., 1 0 8 Sout 8t I'liila. pa.
per day 1,000 Agents wanted. 6end
to A. H. BLA1B& CO.. St. Louis,Mo.
Pin, Tape, and other Worms,
lurking in the system of so many thousands,
are effectually destroyed and removed. JSo
system of medicine, no vermifuges, no an
theimmitics will free the system from worms
like these Bitters.
For Female Complaints, in young
or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood, or the turn of life, these Tonic
Bitters display so decided an influence that
improvement is soon perceptible.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood when
ever you find its impurities bursting through
the skin in Pimples, Eruptions, or Sores
cleanse it when you find it obstructed and
sluggish in the veins cleanse it when 't ia
foul your feelings will tell you when. Keep
the blood pure, and ine health of the system
MCDONALD & co.
Druggists and Gen Aprs., San Francisco, Califorma
and cor. of Washington and Charlton Ste., N 1
S O iiKgixt* a a
Agents wanted! All clusec
4o IU J)£ .f working people, of cither sex, yoaam
or old. m»ke more money at work for -us in their spar*
moments, or all the time than at anything el?e Particn
tarsfree Address S S ON It Co Portland, Main*.
DR. WHITTIER, ™gZ&3E£***~
A a 'n«s.8ogrfw^s:'ktoa
A. N K-
A I A »ve foundsomethlnesBWfor
I agents. It will sell better than «ny
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UFA JTUB'G CO..145Clari or If* MadlBon SUChlcago
W A W W.GrLE8.St.l.ouia.Mo.
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a I I W E Agents wan^d. PartiCB
rpms PAPER Is Prtntea wim in£ liannractnreo
1 by «. B. KANE & CO.. W Dearborn ft^Chlcago
For Mis by A.N. Ksuoe*. 71 Jackson Bt, Chicago